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BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD • ; ' • • ' , - • --- / , , ,! VOLUME XXXXJV BIRMINGHAM. ALABAMA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 17. 1917) 10 PAGES / NUMBER 287 -i-_ GERMANS ARE BOMBARDED 1 BY ALLIES’ AEROPLANESI Forty Aircraft Take Part i in General Attack With Telling Damage, Claim Britons INVADING AIRMEN CONFINE ATTACKS TO MILITARY POINTS Heavy German Batteries and Gun Positions Bom barded—Seaplanes Tak< Part in Battle London, February 16.—The aii Wing of the British navy today mad< another masked attack on the Germai positions along the Belgian coast it an effort to destroy or damage th< submarine base at Zeebrugge, th< guns at Ostend and Middelkerke am the aerodrome at Ghistelles. According to the official report goof results were attained. Forty machine were utilised. While the British airmen were drop ping their bombs on the gun position and the supply trains, barges am trawlers, used in mine laying and mln< pWecping operations, eight French air men attacked the Ghistelles aerodrome piWentlng the German airmen fron it/uking an attempt to cut off the Brit machines. j The official report makes no men ition of the airmen engaged, so it ii h resumed they all returned safely. Tin day was blight and clear, condition! 11 more favorable than for las hveek s raid | The official statement concerning th< [raids says: I “The air operations of the naval wlm X*gainst the Bruges, Ostend and Zee (biugge district were Hlntinued this aft lernoon. Forty aeroplanes and seupfanei 1 bombarded Ostend, Middelkerke, (3 Ids (lelles and Zeebrugge. “Bombs weer dropped on the heavy bat t cries on the east and west side of Os tend, on gun positions at Middelkerke on transport wagons on the Ostend-Ohis telles road, on the mole at Zeebrugge, ti widen the breach damaged in former at tables, on the locks at Zeebrugge, or barges outside Blankenberghc and or ttrr.wlers outside Zeebrugge. I “Kight French aeroplanes assisted the naval machines by making vigorous at lacks on the Ghistelles aerodome, effec tively preventing German aircraft fron cutting off our machines. It is reporte< that good results were obtained. “Instructions are always issued to con fine attacks to points o£ military impor tance, and ©very effort is made by the lying officers to avoid dropping bombj un any residential portions of towns." TO ME GERMANY’S FIGHT 0N^“ Receives Kaiser’s Offer for Compromise on Situation, But Proposal Will Not Be Accepted ♦ , • * rnr/is cbe« ox wiumt Hn A 4 t London, February 16.—A prize 1 4 crew of three, officers and 16 men 4 4 was placed on board the American j * steamer Wllhelmiria at Falmouth 4 * today. The Wllhelmlna is loaded 4 * with foodstuffs bound for Germany. 4 * I l. ...., . . ... . . London, February 16.—(10:20 p. m. )—Great Britain received today through Ambassador Page, Germany’, »#fer to withdraw her threat of a lubmarine blockade against Great Britain if the British navy will per mit the free movement of foodstuff, » the civil population of Germany. It is not believed here the offer will b< iccepted. In fact, Great Britain alrepd) s preparing to retaliate against Germans »y placing under more stringent contro ihlps destined to German ports, and t sroclanjation momentarily is expected de -laring a blockade of tho German coast >r, at any rate, the prohibition of food ituffs destined for Germany. The cabinet tonaidered this question today, and it li inderstood the decision Is awaitinf ormal confirmation by the privy coun til. .. . la the meantime British and neutral teasels are moving as freely as usual, iscept those belonging to a few Dutct Ines, which have reduced their numbei if sailings. Norwegian and Danish In Urance companies have given inatruc Ians that steamers insured by then gCf tlmmal mm race Twe) *•'- ' i:4; ' fi.' AMBASSADOR PAGE CONFERS WITH GREY Germany’s Compromise On Shipping Problem Discussed London, February 16.—Walter Hines Page, the American ambassador, con ferred today with Sir Edward Grey, the British foreign secretary, concerning the German note offering to cease attacks on British ships if Gre ritain will j Dermit foodstuffs for the civilian nnnulatinn fn ane>e C>e~. Air. Page and Eir Edward also dis cussed the steamer WJlhelmina. loaded with food for Germany, which is being held at Falmouth for a prise court, and the status of which has not yet been de termined. The British government has evidenced in many ways that it is unterrifled by threat* of attacks on shipping, and that it has no thought of making any concessions to Germany, but on the contrary is pre 1 paring to tighten the restrictions upon freight movements toward that country. — - . 1 Statements in Fax* have in dicated that it ^ determination of Great Brital' ey ^ e reprisal* If Ger many enfy*^ threat to destroy mer chant O JlP Jther with their crews. Shv efforts or the commission for thv ‘ .-f of Belgium to buy the cargo of the vilhelmina fail, the evidence of the owner* that the food is destined to the civil population of Germany ulone probably would be submitted to the prise court. It is considered unlikely, how ever, that any evidence could be produced w’hich would induce Great Britain to per mit the food to go to Germany without the action of any prise court. GERMAN TRENCHES TAKEN BY FRENCH Paris, February 16.—(10:50 p. m.)—The war office official communication issued tonight says that German trenches three kilometers in extent (nearly two miles) have been taken in Champagne, northwest of Perthes and north of Beausejour. “Along the whole front the day of February 16 hae been favorable for us. In Belgium there has been an artillery engagement. “A small French squadron has bombarded a German aviation park at Ghistelles. A small British squadron has bombarded Ostend. I “To the south of Ypres the British army are masters of a number of trenches where for two days a rather spirited combat has developed. I “Between the Oise and the Aisne. near Bailly a very efficient shelling has been carried out by our artillery against gatherings of troops, automobile con ' voys and bomb throwers. “In the neighborhood of Rheims we have made progress near Loivre.” 5 . England Had Cut Off Food Supply and Action Was Necessary to Ger many’s Existence Berlin February 16.—(By Wlrelena to Sayvllle. I—(lermnny'n purpose In 4e olarinp; a aea war none around the Brit Inh Inlet* in explained at leapth In a statement made by Admiral Dehnvke of the marine department, and transmit ted to Lieutenant Commander Walter 11. Gherardl, naval attaehe of the Amer ican embaNN).. It la given out official ly rn follown: “Up to the present time Germany in t' » war at sea has followed the Lon on i declaration or the stipulations of the Paris treaty on which the conduct of war on the sea had been based be fore the London declaration. “In waging this commercial warfare Kngland had In view the subjugation of Germany by starvation. Germany in every way had sought to bring the attention of the neutral powers and all ethers to the necessity she was under tv* obtain food for her civilian popula tion, which was her right under the laws of war. No results could be ob tained from her efforts. Insufficient Food '.Since the shutting oft of food sup plies hail now come to a point where Germany no longer had sufficient food to feed her people. It became neces sary for her to bring England to terms through force. Germany knows that by the use of the submarine England can be placed In a position where food will be lacking. Her life as a nation and the lives of her people depend on puuing this campaign Into action, and she must do so, ■The difficulties in the way of this campaign have been largely connected with the care which it Is desired to give to neutral ships and to the lives of those on board all commercial ships; whether neutral or belonging to tho enemy. "First—In arming her merchant ships with guns for self-defense England adopted a policy against which Ger mans strongly protest. The United States took the British point of ylew. Submarines cannot approach British merchant ships and make examinations without exposing themselves. "Second—-England has advised her merchant fleet to fly neutral flags, to cover up names and change stacks to escape the consequences of their na ' tionallty. This plan was designed to bring Germany into conflict wltn other nations. "Germany does not wish to harm American or other neutral ships or their cargoes unless carrying contraband. She Is, however, in a position where her life depends upon her putting into effect the only means she has of saving her self. She must and will use this means. Will Safeguard Neutrals “Commanding officers of submarines have been ordered to make every effort to safeguard neutrals. In spite of the precautions, the possibility was noted that neutral ships through error or attack might be destroyed, for this reason a strong warning waa laaued. "In addition, tha English coast has been mined by tha British themselvea for protective reasons, and would be mined by the Germane aa fn act of offensive warfare. Ships were, therefore, in danger from mines. "In spite of the great effect tha admlr fflwttaoad aa np Wtmmi AMERICA AWAITING GERMAN AND BRITISH REPLIES TO NOTES Diplomatic Situation Re sultant From the Kaiser's Water War Zone Policy Admittedly Is Grave ^aahlnftoB, February J«.—The t lil ted Staten made bo further move today *n diplomatic eon trover my- with i Britain and fleruBiy over the "«■ Of neutral flag*, the submarine earn. on merehantmea anil the shlp mrat of foodstuffs to Germany. Otflelnla awaited formal replies from Great Brit ain and Germany to the recent \inert ran notes on the subject. Ambassador Page at London and Am bassador Gerard at Berlin sent dispatches to the state department telling of Informal conferences with the high officials of Great Britain and Germany respectively, but did not indicate that the former in tended to alter Its policy on shipments of conditional contraband to civilians, or that the latter would recede from Its announced intention of waging a subma rine war on enemy merchant ships. Ambassador Gerard reported that Ger man Officials were friendly and disposed to take Into consideration the embarrass ment of the United States and other neu trals In the situation." Situation Grave While awaiting answers to the various American communications, high officials here, admitting the gravity of the diplo matic situation, were disinclined to dls cuss future steps or policy. One sugges tion of the German government—that American organisations or consular of ficers supervise the distribution of food stuffs as a guarantee of its delivery to civilians—seeqis to be set with more dif ficulties than were originally evident. While making It clear that the subject had not been considered formally, officials stated that such a procedure could be un dertaken by the United States only with the acquiescence of all the belligerents. The situation in Belgium and In Ger many proper were In this respect held by state department officials to be analo gous. It was revealed, however, that be fore Minister Whitlock and America!? or ganisations were permitted to supervise food distribution In Belgium the consent of Germany as well as Great Britain has been obtained. For a neutral government to assist the civilian population of a bel ligerent to to obtain supplies without the consent of the other belligerents would be unneutral, according to American of ficials. But while the situation presents many difficulties officials are still hopeful that an understanding on the question of food stuffs will be reached whlcn may avert the necessity which Germany declares will ensue for making war on enemy mer chant ships. England's Position The British government has made Its position clear on the principles under which conditional contraband will not be interfered with when destined to civilians In an enemy country; while the German government has stated that If It can get a food supply tor lu civilian population It will recede from Its submarine cam paign. These declarations contain no concur rence of views but officials say there Is always the possibility that through the good offices of an intermediary a common ground for an understanding may be teached. In this connection the British supple mentary note, replying to the American note of protest about contraband and ship ping generally, was laid before President Wilson today. It contains a lengthy argu ment on the subject of American shipping land concludes with observations on the 'subject of conditional contraband and the decree taking over the supply of Hour 1b inmi by tbs govtramsnt. IF THIS IS THE KIND OF “BULL” _BONNER MEANS, WE’RE FOR HIS BILL THST Bull Os/f OLD, <SO LOCK r News Item—Representative Bonner introduced a hill to prevent the running at,large of hulls more than a year old M’ADOO DENIES NEGOTIATIONS TO PURCHASE SHIPS Secretary of Treasury in Letter to Fletcher Repudiates Charges by Opponents of the Marine Bill Washing^mu . Ptbruarj*. hi.- tSenclury McAdoo pave »>u4 tonight a copy of *» letter to Senator Fletcher emphatically denying Intimations that he had entered Into negotiations for the purchase of mer chant steamers of belligerent nations for operations under the propos'd whip pur chase bill. The letter replies to a reso lution introduced several days ago by Senator Burton. Mr. McAdoo summed up his statement as follows: "in view of false rumors and stata tnents, permit me to say in conclusion that the Secretary of the Treasury has at no time had a communication from or discussion with any banking bouse, bank ing institution, or banker. In or out of the United States in connection with the purchase, sale or disposition in any man ner whatsoever of the German ships In terned in the ports of the United States or elsewhere, or in connection with any other ships of belligerent or neutral na tions for any purpose whatever." Replying to Senator Burton’s Inquiry as to whether tenders of steamers flying bel ligerent or neutral flags bad been made, Mr. McAdoo referred to information con cerning available ships contained In a report be marie to the Senate on freight rrte increases. He added that lists of ate amors under French, British and Ger man flags had been furnished by .1. V. Mc Carthy of Boston and B. N. Baker of Baltimore, and that offers of neutral ships were inclosed with the letter from Mr. McCarthy. These offers probably result ed from published reports of the proposed ship purchase legislation, he said. Mr. McAdoo declared he had no knowl edge of any loans by anybody In the United States to owners of ships tied up in American ports or any options held an such ships in contemplation of their transfer to the government or any citi sen. Cut Oil Prices Oil City, Pa., February 16.—A cut in mid-continent and central west ol! \ prices was made today. New prices j on mid-continent are: Corsicana light, ; 46; ^Corsicana heavy, 40: Blectra and Henrietta, 45, a reduction of 10 cents a barrel. The reduction in central west was 6 rents. The new prices are: North Lima. 88; South Lima and Indiana, 83, Wooster, g 1 .10: Illinois and Indiana 84. Anderson Retained Washington, February 16.—Secretary Bryan announced today that Chandler P. Anderson, former counsellor of the state department, had been retained to assist i In handling a press of diplomatic work now before the department. Mr. Ander son’s duties, It is announced, would be of bi general advisory nature. He recently returned from Europe, where he assisted the American chancellories in disposing of questions that arose with the war. NEW EARTHQUAKE IN ITALY CAUSES Population of Province of Aquila Flee Their Homes Fearing Another Catastrophe IUm, February 1«.—Another earth quake la tbe are rimer at Aqalla today tauant may hoaaes, reader, aq a •auber of them taaqtron ter bablte llea.. The aoqolatlon. greatly alarmed, haa erea abaadoaed the aedamesed kauaeaq taulaq a aether aataatnyhi SHIP PURCHASE BILL WILL KNOW ITS FATE WITHIN A FEW DAYS Leaders Agree It Will Be Passed Soon or Killed for This Session at Least r—~~—--i ♦ IIOl.SE PASSES RIM, * * - ♦ 4 Washington, February J7.—1The * 4 government ship purchase bill as 4 4 an amendment to the Weeks naval * 4 auxiliary bill was passed by the 4 4 House of Representatives at 1:20 • 4 o'clock this morning by a vote of 4 •4 214 in KM. 4 4 The passage of the bill followed a 4 * H-i.our parliamentary struggle 4 4 which, until long after midnight, 4 * threatened to extend Interminably, 4 4 because of a determined filibuster 4 4 directed by Minority Header Mann f 4 who yielded only after administra- 4 4 tion leaders decided to apply a 4 4 second special rule to brine: the 4 4 fight to an end. 4 * - ♦ Washington February IH.—Drnft crntle leader* In both hounen of Con gress agreed tonight that the govern ment ship purehaae bill either would be i before President Wilson for hla signa ture within ■ few days or dead so far as this session la roncerned. The house remained In session late to night to pass the Week’i-Gore bill, as the amended measure Is known, and tomorrow the administration forces will begin a final effort to get a vote in the Senate an the House amendments over the oppo sition of republicans and revolting demo crats. Majority leaders spoke confidently today of the prospect of victory and Pres ident Wilson, after u conference with Senator Kern, told callers the bill would be passed. On both sides of the capitol belief was current that If present plans for prompt action In the Senate fell through the ship bill would lie abandoned and all efforts centered upon disposing of appropriation bills to make unnecessary an extra ses sion. Discuss Cloture Rule While the House debated the Weeks Gore bill the Senate continued its dis cussion of cloture rules and Senate lead ers of all factions were engrossed In con ferences as to the next moves to be made. Heport has It that the administration forces tomorrow would attempt to shut off all debate by moving the previous question, and thus forcing a vote on a motion to concur in the House amend ments. Should this prevail It would be equivalent to passage of the ship pur chase measure and thereby end the long and turbulent fight. There were evidences of unusual actlv- j ty on the part of Senate committees In charge of appropriation bills, preparing the supply measure for Senate consider ation as soon as the legislative ways arc cleared of pending business. The ship bill as It will go to the Senate from the House includes the ship pur chase measure as agreed upon In Senate caucus, and a provtslion that two years after the dose of the European war ships acquired by the United States shall be turned over to the Secretary of tha Navy to be operated or leased for commercial purposes under the terms of the Weeks bill already passed by the Senate. To Continue Debate Senator Smoot has given notice that the jCnotinned ea Face Seven) ROOSEVELT TO GO ON STAND IN DAYTON HEARING Investigation Into Charges Brought Against Judge Colonel Roose velt Appointed Near Completion Wheeling, \Y. Va February H au i.oiincement that Theodore Rooeovoll had been summoned to appear before the congressional subcommittee inves tigating charge* against Federal Judge Alston CL Dayton was made late to day by United .Stales Marshal Edward Pniltli. The committee heard many wit nesses today and held a session tonight that it might go to Washington to hear the former President Thursday. Judge Dayton was appointed to the federal bench in 1005 by Roosevelt. The first witness today, Widner Cor - der, clerk of the Barbour county Ai:-cult court, read a deposition alleged to have been made by Judge Dayton In a suit. It said: “There was no man on Oarth respon sible for my appointment as federal Judge. President Roosevelt stated t<> me that he wanted no influence, brought but wanted it to be a personal appoint ment and that he would make It. if all the congressmen and other influences were against me." BRITISlf STEAMER DULWICH BLOWN UP London, February 16.—C11; 15 p. m. > A Lloyd’s dispatch from Fecamp, France, says the British steamer Dul wich, Captain Dudley, bound from Hull for Rouen, was blown up yesterday 2.’) miles off Cape Antlfer. The dispatch says that seven oi tbs crew arrived in Fecamp last night. They reported that no one had been in jured and that all of the crew could have made their escape in the lifeboats. The Dulwich was a vessel of 3289 tons and whs owned by the British steamship company. Suffrage Amendment PasNed Boston. February 16.—The proposed woman suffrage amendment to the state constitution passed the house today, 196 to 33. It will be voted on at the Novem ber election, having already passed the senate. When the vote was announced a shower of Jonquils thrown by women in the galleries fell among the legisla tors. Canadians Suspected Halifax, N. 8.. February 10.—Fourteen men who enlisted with the first Canadian contingent for European service have been brought back in irons as “alien sus pects.” it was learned today. All are of foreign parentage, but some have lived In Canada for more than a quarter of a century. Further Friction Between Carranza and Diplomats Mexican Chief Orders Foreign Representatives to Transfer Activities to Vera Cruz Or Quit the Country—Villa Reported Victorious Near Coast Washington, February 16,—Further Indications of friction between Can-an sa officials and diplomats In Mexico City were contained In official advices today to the state department. In Vera Cru*. seat of the Carranza government, several newspapers were said t>> have printed articles Intimating that the dip lomats should transfer their activities to Vera Cru* or leave the republic. Secretary Bryan said he did not In terpret Carranza'* order that all diplo matic Intercourse must be transacted with him personally as preventing American Consul Stillman and other foreign ministers from remaining In Mexico city and -dealing with General Obregon on nondiplomatlc business Hr said that if business arose that could not be transacted with Carranza's sub ordinates. Consul Canada at Vera CTus could take up the negotiations or Mr. Sllliman could go to Vera Cm/, for the purpose The secretary suggested that other governments might fallow a similar course. Keporte to the state department to day said Carransa forces evacuated Guadalajara February 14, without fight ing. and that Villa was following them toward the Pacific coast. The Carransa agency In Washington gave out a telegram tonight from Gen eral Carransa saying he would be pleased to receive Duval West, recently appointed as one of President Wilson's personal representatives In Mexico. JEFFERSON SOLONS SETTLE INTERNAL DISSENSION AFTER SPIRITED DEBATE Judge Amends Welch Bill and Limits Money a! the Disposal of ('minty Solicitor WELCH THEN STARTS WAR ON JUCTICE OF PEACE MEASURES Split in Ranks Is Finally Healed and Points of Dif ference Have Now Been Settled fly 111 fill W. ROnilHTS Montgomery, February lb.—(Spe cial.)—The Hon and the unicorn of the Jefferson delegation, after en gaging in a spectacular tilt this morn ing, settled their differences this aft ernoon and tonight are lying down together in aimty. The net result of fhe ^o-called split, therefore, was a more or less ani mated moment in which the house and senate pricked up their ears and im mediately afterwards resumed the consumption of their mutton. The trouble originated In the action of Senator Judge in amending a bill of Mr. Welch so that instead of the entire fund of Jefferson county being at the disposal <»f Hie solicitor only 16000 Is subject to. his Jurisdiction. Senator Judge considered ih*' hill passed by the house as a remark able hill In that It provided that the. so licitor could draw on the general fund for the amount which he considered nec essary. When he proposed his amend ment the senate accepted It heartily. But Mr. Welch from appearances did riot. Welch Resolution •Mi. Welch, as a matter of fact, intro duced a resolution recalling from the senate the bill of Mr. Shapiro, In which Serntoi Judge is deeply Interested, that which would abolish offices of justices of the peace in Birmingham and croaU* another judgeship for ihc municipal court I The house permitted Mr. W elch to i »* I cull tin* hill, hut Only slier Mr. Shapiro h*d expr« s«< d r ns,*If \ »ry < andldly i - A> rdUtg what he Mrmed the 'log rnllfuTT and political frouclng" of his fellow mem her. Mi. Slmplro as a matter of fact Inti mated that th** action of Mr. Welch was the outgrowth of his spite resulting from the action of Senator Judge in amending the solicitor's bill. Ho raged for sev eral minutes, but although Mr. John of Hal las came to his assistance, he was In effective. The house recalled the bill from the care of the senate. Peaff Restored Al that moment the Indications were that a serious split had developed in the Jefferson delegation, which, as Is remem bered, promised to settle Its differences among Itself and not on the floor of the house. But later peace was restored. Just what It was tliat created the little puff of wind which blew the cloud away no one knows. At any rate, late in the afternoon Mr. .Shapiro declared tliat the. points of difference had been settled, and his motion that the house reconsider Its action recalling his bill from (lie senate prevailed. And the lion and the unicorn, after fighting for the crown* laid down together In peace and there obtains now, on the surface at any rate, a rich and calm con tent. Marriage Annuled Chicago. February IB. The marriage of Ouy Bates Post, an actor, and Jane Pey ton Post was annulled here today. The evidence showed that Mrs. Post was di voced October 23. 1907. from A. O. Gordon Wold, to whom she was married May 31. 1903. Mrs. Post testified she understood that the decree had been entered August H. 1907. She married Post August 21* 1907. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1 --Germans bombarded by allies’ aero planes. Germany explains position in com merce war. Shipping bill passed by House. Jefferson solons settle differences. 2 — Flood conditions In Italy better. 3— Germany unable to add to gold supply. 4— Editorial comment. 6— Luckless hound in terrible plight. Anthrax appears In city. Whitehead on stand in Standard Home case. No action on jitney busses, ti—Society. 7— Sports. • 9—Markets. 10—Activities al the capital.