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E. W. BARRETT.Editor Entered al the Birmingham, Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-Herald.... |8.00 Daily and Sunday, per month.70 Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum... .60 bunday Age-Herald. 2.00 A. J. Eaton, Jr., and O. E. Young are the only authorised traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in its cir culation department. No communication will be published without its author's name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-llerald will not be responsible for money sent through the malls. Address, THE AUE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs build ing. European bureau, 6 Henrietta street, Covsnt Garden, London. Eastern business office, Rooms 48 to 60, inclusive. Tribune building, Nea York city; western business office. Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private excnange connecting ull departments) Main 4000. When the lion fawns upon the lamb, the lamb will never cease to follow him. —Henry VI. BEGINNING THE DAY—Help me to rest. O Lord, If I am tired. Help me to trust Thee to restore my soul. May I wait with Thee until Thou art ready to begin work sgnln. May I camp with Thee until Thou art ready for the march. May I lay me down and sleep until Thou shalt call. For Christ's sake. Amen.—H. M. E. Distress In Poland Henry Zienkiewicz, the famous au thor of “Quo Vadis?’’and other novels, like many of his fellow Poles, has been driven out of his home by the war and is now a refugee in Switzer land. He is staying at the Grand ho tel, Vevey, with members of the com mittee for relief of victims of war in Poland, of which he is president. He gives an appalling description of con ditions in Poland, which has suffered as much, if not more, than unhappy Belgium from the horrors of the European war. But while substantial aid has been given to Belgium, Poland, on account of its geographical location, has been cut off from neutral help to a lift’ge extent and the suffering there has reached an acute stage. Although Poland had nothing to do with the war, the novelist points out that a million and a half of her sons are fighting fratracidal battles in the armies of belligerent powers. Poland lias been made the “cockpit” for the battles of Europe, and lias been de vastated from end to end. At pres ent 750,000 Poles arc fighting in the Russian army and an equal number are bearing arms for Austria. In the kingdom of Poland alone 15, 000 villages have been burned or dam aged, says Mr. Zienkiewicz. One thousand churches and, chapels have also been destroyed, while in nine out often provinces, seized by the Ger mans everything has been taken, even to the peasants’ chickens. Homeless people have sought shelter in the for ests where it is said that women and children are dying of cold and hunger by thousands. Of the 127,500 square kilometres of territory in Poland, it is said that 100,000 kilometres have been laid waste. More than 1,000,000 horses and 2,000,000 head of horned cattle have been seized, while in the 100,000 kilometres of territory invested, not a grain of corn, a drop of milk or a scrap of meat was left for the civil population. This statement seems al most incredible, but is made by a man who is at least entitled to a respect ful hearing. No fewer than 400,000 workmen have lost their means of livelihood, declares Mr. Zienkiewicz, while in Galicia the situation is just as bad. Belgium has enlisted so much sym pathy and aid that the American peo ple are prone to overlook the shocking state of affairs that prevails in more remote Poland and Galicia. The Panama-Pacific Exposition What will be in many respects the greatest international exposition ever held will be opened in San Francisco next Saturday. The Pan-Pacific show is one of the few world’s fairs that has been completed on scheduled time. Saturday will be a carnival day in San Francisco. Governor Johnson has declared February 20 as a legal holi . df.y and all business houses will be closed. President Wilson, standing in the rotunda of the capitol at Washing ton, will press the electric button that will officially open the great event. The President will visit the exposi tion. San Francisco is prepared to enter tain vast throngs of visitors, and it is k believed that the gate receipts will mark a new high record in the annals of world’s fairs. The foreign pavil ions are said to be particularly attrac tive, and many of the states have erected large and beautiful buildings on the grounds. 4 luhamu is one of the few states that has no building at the exposition. When the Panama-Pacific exposition proposition was presented to the Ala bama legislature four years ago the enterprise had not crystallized fully, ind it was too soon, it was thought, for Alabama to make an appropria tion. The fact that this state will be tonspicuous by its absence should have prompted the new legislature to pro vide for a building when it met in January. Three or four months would pave been required in the erection of i creditable structure, but even so it would have been better than having no building at all. Alabama’s neigh bors—Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi ind Florida—have attractive state buildings at San Francisco and they will get much good advertising there from. But in the absence of an Ala pama house on the exposition grounds some kind of a headquarters place should be provided even now, for Ala bamians will be seen in San Francisco in large numbers. The exposition will be kept open un ;il December. New Opium and Cocaine Law While public attention is focused pn the lawmakers at Montgomery, Iruggists and physicians of Alabama should not overlook the new federal inti-narcotic law which goes into ef fect all over the United States and its possessions March 1. It is a law regulating the use of ‘opium or coca leaves, their salts, derivatives or preparations” and is regarded as one of the most revolu tionary statutes ever enacted by the federal government. It requires every person or firm handling these drugs to register with the internal revenue collector. Every order for such drugs must be made on numbered blanks furnished by the internal reve nue collector, and every sale must be recorded and turned over to the gov ernment. Physicians cannot write prescriptions for these drugs without having obtained a permit from the revenue collector and even when ad ministering them to his own patients he must keep a careful record of the time, place and person, all of which data must be available to the govern ment inspectors. It has been estimated that there are four million people in the United States who use these narcotics, so that the consequences of the new law arc sure to be far-reaching. Director Holmes of the United State! geological survey, predicts that radium v.Ill he produced at one-third its presenl cost. According to a bulletin recentlj Issued by Ills department, the output Iasi year was 4300 short tons of dry ore, con tabling S7 tons of uranium oxtde ant 22.4 grains of metallic radium, valued a $445,000. It is thought that about nine tenths of the radium In these ores cai he recovered by improved processes. Tin production of carnottte ores from tli, Henry mountains in Utah and the com rnercial production of uvanlte, which i: a radium bearing mineral, has beei started. The Standard Chemical compan: was the country'a largest producer o radium last year and shipped more thai half the total output. The war In Eu rope has seriously retarded the radlun Industry. A cartoonist pictures I'nole Sam sayini to the Kaiser, "Remember the Maine.' It ie to be hoped that Uncle Sam wil say nothing of the kind to the Kaiser who probably knows the Inside facts o our little brush with Spain, and migh laugh. The Chicago man who Is said to pos sees 57 suits of clothes, 175 vests and 7 rtercoats could become a phlianthropls on a large scale by simply sending hi cast off clothes to the Belgians. Marshall P. Wilder, the humorist, let an eptate valued at $280,000, which Is con slderably more than he would have lef had he been a mere poet. Instead of i story teller. A war expert says the aeroplane ha never done any serious damage to a enemy. Perhaps not, although It ha piayed hob with a few noncombatants. American churches gained 753,000 mem hers In 1914. It would he Interesting t [know how many of these new member are credited to "Billy" Sunday. The New York Tribune is fighting fak I advertisers through Samuel Hopkins Ad atns, who Is a sort of "happy medium for that sort of thing. The press dispatches don't even tell u who was the admiral of the latest Frenc and English air fleet to bombard Get man positions. Xlne out of ten people In this countr will agree with Speaker Clark that thirteen-hour speech isn't worth llstenln to. A Pennsylvania gravedigger killed hln self because he lost his Job. He coil] have found plenty of work In Europe. Ijower radium Is promised, hut lowi wheat would be more acceptable In tl present world crisis. Huerta cultivated foreign represent tlves In Mexico. Carranza seems to ha’ a different plan. "Home Hun” Baker may find farmlt quite as profitable aB baseball and fi less strenuous. That last earthquake In Italy may ha been merely a seismic wave subsiding. A favorite way of wasting ummunlth In Europe Is shooting at aeroplanes. NO LACK OK ATTRACTIONS I From the Louisville Courier-Journal. An eastern paper predicts that ne summer will be a great season for t summer resorts, the railroads and the trolley lines, since “the war in Europe, will cut off the usual rush for that con tinent.” There is a good deal of room in the United States for tourists to circulate, and it is to be suspected that some of them in the past have been neglecting their own country In order to acquire information about Europe and other for eign lands. An embargo on European travel this year ought to result In a lot of money l»-lng spent at home which Is ordinarily distributed among the various agencies which exist, In large part, for the purpose of separating American trav elers from their money. The United States is a great country. It abounds in health and pleasure re sorts, and It is rich In scenic attractions of historical Interest. The tour ist is everywhere welcome—especially when he has the price of a welcome— and, of course, those who have coin to throw at European birds will not lack the wherewithal to become acquainted with the flora and fauna of their native land. There may be those who will re gret to forego the pleasures of foreign travel, but If continental United States Is too small for them, there are rivers yet to be discovered in South America and unknown country to be explored in the direction of the Arctic circle. If the tourists who have been throw ing millions of dollars annually into P^u ropean tills will spend their money at home this year, they will accelerate busi ness In all lines. Not only the health re sorts. the railroads and trolley lines will benefit, but the general prosperity will be enhanced and we shall cease to hear complaints of hard times. THE GLOVEMAKEft Elizabeth C. Watson in The Survey. Do I make gloves? Just watch me doin’ it. There ain’t any kind I ain’t been work ing on since way back, when I was a little girl helpin’ my ma sew gloves, down Gloversville way, and I’ve kept It up pret ty steady ever since, and now-a-days, with my man out of work, 1 sew gloves, I eat gloves, l sleep gloves! I can do 20 dozen of these gloves a week—once, not so very long ago, I done 10 dozen pair in less than three days. A rush order came In and the boss sed he'd pay extra if I got them back quick. | I worked late at night and I finished them in two days and two hours over on the next; but. mind you, I had to be gin at 0 in $he morning and run that ma chine like marl right up to 12 o'clock at night. Well, would you believe it, when my husband took them back to the shop (I was just ttoo dead beat to walk over the bridge with them), the boss said: They ain’t worth over $1.80 for the lot.” My man i/llowed I sed they was to be $2.50 (25 cents a dozen pairs was the reg ular price, saying nothing about the ex tra the boss had promised). “Two fifty,’’ says the boss, “for two days' work! 1 guess not. Your woman took them gloves a Tuesday mornin’ and now it's not quite noon Thursday. I guess $1.80 is pretty good pay for two days’ work.’’ 1 don’t know what some folks is made of. I’d a-given up the whole $1.80 then and there, but what can I do? Here 1 am, been working at gloves off and on, mostly on, since I was 11 years old, and that’s 22 years ago. I’ve turned into a mit myself, I guess. You see gloves is all I know, and I can’t kill off the gocse that lavs the golden egg—even if the egg's only a cop per one, A FINANCIAL MIND CURE From the New York World. The history of the cotton loan fund is short and highly instructive. When it was subscribed last fall the south was glutted with its greatest crop and no body seemed to want it, even at the starvation prices that then prevailed, j There was considerable opposition also to the creation of the fund. Conserva- j tisin said it would esetabltoh a bad prece- I dent. Calamity said it would mako more ' trouble. Speculation said it would kill trade. Manufacturing said it would hurt business. Jurisprudence said it was con trary to law. L Nevertheless the fund was subscribed by bankers and business men to the amount of $131,000,000. and arrangements were made to loan the money to holders of cotton on the basis of about 6 cents 1 a pound. When the fact became known, the demand for cotton at home and * abroad increased and this was followed by rising prices, and rising prices in their turn were acco’mpanled by easier financial conditions in the cotton belt, so that to everybody’s surprise the great j fund was not needed at all, the total amount of loans made being only $28. c 000. * In this episode we may find proof that timidity, mossbacklsm and greed are sometimes economically as mis L chevious as famine, pestilence and war. ‘ So long as there was no money to fi t nance a crop that was as good as gold, L cotton rotted in the fields and whole states were threatened with ruin. The moment it was known that money had been provided to carry the staple, nobody i wanted the money and everybody wanted l the cotton. Most of our other commercial and in dustrial troubles might be cured in the same simple fashion If we had the will and the nerve. 3 DRIVING VICE UNDER COVER From the New York World. 3 In the suppression of vice in a city like New York it is never to be expected that j either the law' or moral agitation will be wholly effective. What the committee of fourteen shows in its annual report, by a review covering a period of ten years, is that a considerable nqmber of noto rious resorts have closed their doors or been driven out of existence. There is 1 more of the “outward order and decency" - Mayor Gaynor used to advocate than pre vailed in 1905 in certain sections. To restrain the open traffic in vice is v easily within the power of the police, 1 when public sentiment demands it. But g the committee of fourteen is forced to admit that a situation exists where its old plan of operation fails to serve. After i- all that has been scattered and sought fl new places to thrive. That was the re sult of the Parkhurst crusade and will be of all such campaigns. For a city, through reform agencies, to keep up out r ward appearances and to enforce private e j morality are two wholly different things POINTED PARAGRAPHS From the Chicago News. l" Public opinion is never tongue-tied. g Some coining events cast their shadowi in all directions. To have a good time is easy if you hav< g a vivid imagination. Lr But one-half the world know's exactly how to work the other half. The young doctor’s profession is usually re better than his practice. You can’t judge a woman’s religion b: the bonnet she wears to church. Some people will never be popular—am * there’s do reason why they should be. Probably a new born babe cries beoaua it discovers the mistake it made in get ting born. Woman has an advantage over man ii ft buying hats. When she finds a shape t it suit her she can arrange her hair to lit if IN HOTEL LOBBIES Tbe Minstrel Make-Up “ Honey Boy' George Kvans, who is now 39 years old, started his career as a minstrel man with Haverly when he was 21. consequently he has been ‘black ing up’ for 18 years,” said a show man. “He has averaged 40 weeks of work for each one of his 18 years in minstrelsy and vaudeville. It is a simple problem of the multiplication table to arrive at the re sult that this makes 720 weeks that the little minstrel man has devoted from his young life to entertaining in black face. "It may be of interest to know that the preparation used by the ‘minstrel fokes’ can be purchased at any drug store where theatrical ‘make-up' Is sold. It comes in little tin boxes, and each box contains 16 ounces of ‘burnt cork’ and costs 75 cents a box. ‘Honey Boy’ says that he used two boxes of ’cork’ each week, so, in his minstrel and vaudeville career he has expended $1080 for 1440 boxes of ebony make-up, a total of 1440 pounds. Credit him with an average of 10 performances a week, and he has blacked up 7200 times. It usually takes him 20 minutes to thor oughly 'wash up’ after each performance, and another application of arithmetic shows that this popular little entertainer has spent at least 2400 hours, 100 days, of the past 18 years in doing nothing but wash his face.” Cheer Up and Expand George Blinn thinks every busiuws man in Birmingham ought to read the following words until he knows them by heart. They are obtained in a re cent issue of ‘‘Weekly Letter,” a pamphlet published weekly by the In ternational Association of Rotary clubs and are taken from the New Year’s speech of Secretary Redfield. “If ev ery man in Birmingham would preach this doctrine to himself until he fully lealizes what it really means, there would be an immediate wave of pros perity sweep the town off its feet,’ says Mr. Blinn. “This is the best time in years to start construction work of any kind; material can be bought for prices that would have seemed lldiculous a year ago. I wish every man in Birmingham would read It.” The excerpt from the Rotary letter is as follows: “If you want prosperity, do your share to bring it and do it now. Get that addition on your shop going, it will cost you less today than six months hence. Is trade a bit dull In these works? Get those improvements begun. Prices are low and likely to rise. You’ve been thinking of that con tract work. Better start it yourself be fore things get the start of you. “This country slows down a bit now and then but it never stops growing and it. always moves up and not down. We don’t know what it means in most of the United States to have real gen eral distress. “Think of Belgium and Poland, oh, man with a grouch, and slink into your hole and pull it in after you. Then think of your sins and your blessings and come out with your courage in working order. “There are lots of good American ex amples of pluck. Do you remember Pan Francisco, Galveston. Chicago. Bos ton, Charleston, Baltimore and Dayton and many others like them? Remember Thomas A. Kdlson and lots of others of your fellow citizens who showed pluck when things were hard. “Nothing Is the matter with the man with a grouch except on absent heart and missing nerve. Cheer up; go to work, do your level best; quit talking misery. The war Is over yonder—not here. Men are slaughtered yonder— they are living here. It’s all clouds there—clear day here. “Get out and sell some goods. Plant some more acres; do more work than you planned. Talk cheerful talk* and you will find this country of ours a pretty good place after all.” ______ • oliarrrnnce of Lent “it is really surprising how many peo ple have the wrong conception of the Lenten period and the purposes of its observance.” said a prominent church man. “The Idea seems prevalent that by the faithful observance of the rules laid dowm by the church at this period one can indulge In anything questionable during the balance of the year. To the informed person such a proposition is ridiculous and absurd for the purpose of the observance of Lent Is to strengthen the religious convictions of those who observe it. "To assume that by the .observance of certain rules for 40 days one would be licenced to stray from the paths of rec titude during the other 325 days Is a reflection on the Intelligence of church people. Tbe real benefits derived from the keeping of Lent are the broadening of the religious views of those who en deavor to obey the rules daid down by the church during this period, and to bring about a greater realization of the truths of the gospel and the teachings of Christ.” # Automobile Tire Business Good H. F. Smith, sales manager of the Marathon Tire and Rubber company, ofc Cuyago Falls, III., was a visitor to Bir mingham Monday, leaving yesterday morning for New Orleans, whence he will make for the west. “The price of rubber recently has de clined,” said Mr. Smith, ‘‘and a reduc tion on automobile tires, of course, come* with it. As to business now, it is good. In fact, It has never been anything else but good with our organization. When an embargo was declared on rubber at the beginning of the war things began to look dark for us. However, that em bargo has been lifted and we arc getting our rubber cheaper than ever. ‘T have heard a few people who passed through our home city en route from New York and other money centers say that business was bad, but really, I couldn’t say It Is from personal observa tion. Our sales In 1914 topped the record of 1913 by about 300 per cent. And 1915 has started out to top the 1914 record about 600 per cent. In fact, the January selling record was the greatest the com pany ever had. “I am glad to see that Birmingham is getting out of the rut. I was here Iasi fall and noticed that the business people generally seemed to be more or less upset. However, they now seem to b* i getting back to earth and I believe busi ness here will move along toward norma! i irt the very near future.” Broom ,MaklBg “Birmingham now has an enviable rep utatlon throughout the United States ai an Industrial center,” said J. R. Pttti ’ of this city, “and each year its man ufactured products become more vaife< 1 and show a greater increase in volume. “Among the many useful articles nov | manufactured here Is the household neces slty, the broom. We now have two larg » broom factories In full operation in Bir > mlngham, and the output of one factor; , serves partly to meet the demand of loca retailers, while the other concern caters to the wholesale trade in all parts of the country. I have been engaged in the broom business here for almost five years, and am thoroughly acquainted with both the sales and manufacturing ends of the industry. “A broom factory under good manage ment almost, invariably proves a profit able investment, and comparatively small capital is required to begin business. The most important factor to be con sidered in this business is distribution facility. This must be developed to a high degree, but in a good territory such as the Birmingham district ob stacles of this nature are easily over come by a man who is thoroughly fa miliar with the business. In fact, i believe there is now ample opportunity for another factory or two in this local ity. The manufacturing end is rathpr simple. It consists chiefly in assembling the different parts from the maker who is best equipped to give the best for the money invested. Several machines are required in assembling the different parts into the finished product, and skilled mechanics tiTe necessary. I WAR ECHOES New York World: In one day we have three expressions by high German au thorities bearing upon the neutral rights of the United States. Ambassador Von Bernstorff at Wash ington informs the state department that unless we compel Great Britain to keep its hands off food intended for Germany’s civil population, his country will begin a naval warfare based upon unprecedented practices. This seems to mean that we must become an ally of the Kaiser or take the consequences. Without establishing a blockade, the German admiralty reiterates Its warn ing to all neutrals to keep out of British waters on pain of being torpedoed "ac cidentally.'’ This amounts to a declara tion of war against the whole world. The German foreign office admits that from the American viewpoint certain questions raised by the government as to Germany’s proposal to run amuck are "quite justified,” and yet It ad heres to its own viewpoint," which is that international law is played out, and it can see no reason why this should involve the United States and Germany’ in difficulties. Do nations go crazy? Charlton Bates Strayer in Leslies: The right of this country to buy the ships of belligerents has been ably de fended in the Senate by Senator Walsh of Montana. Citing the sale of some 600 : American ships to neutral citizens dur- ! ing the civil war, he declared: "We lost, our merchant marine because when wej i were at war other nations at peace with ' ! us could buy them.” A more convincing j argument with Gi#eat. Britain concern ing the transfer of the enemy’s ships 10 neutral flags is found, however, in Ger many's two recent submarine raids on English merchantmen. Five merchant ships have already' been destroyed, and 1 a continuance of such raids would prob- 1 ably force the British government to adopt a more yielding attitude toward the transfer ol’ ships to foreign flags if they' were to be utilized in trade with England, thus slmpl/fying for her the receipt of supplies from the United States. "The submarine,” says the Lon don Daily News, "has become in this war a serious peril to our food supplies. In the unhappy event of future war it will dominate our position unless in the meantime science discovers an effective weapon of defense. Should it then threaten our shipping with destruction and ourselves with starvation, it will not be an unimportant fact if a great neutral country possessing a mercantile marine of its own can send Its ship's into our ports unmolested and unafraid." 9 -*•*-* “DIAMOND JIM** EATS OYSTERS Washington Dispatch in the New York World. * James Buchanan Brady, wearing pearls and sapphires pieced out with diamonds, went over to the Gridiron club dinner in AVashington on Satur day*. As he alighted from the train he met Colonel Hayward, who Is running for public service investigation, and another friend. "Come with me." said Brady*, speak ing with the authority of a champion two-handed journeyman banqueter. "These dinners are usually* so funny you don’t get a chance to eat much, so we’ll stop by Harvey’ s and have a few steamed oysters." As it was about 30 minutes before the time set for the gridiron to be gin. they stopped, and Brady ordered a bushel or two of oy’sters steamed. While he was waiting he ordered some on the half-shell by way of an appetizer. Old Henry', the opener, was not fast enough for Brady, who loudly demanded more speed. "Mr. Brady seems to have it on you tonight," said Colonel Hayward to Henry. "Yessuh,"' the old fellow answered; "he suhtnly is got me beat tonight, but All’s seen de time when Ah could *a’ choked him daid—just as daid as if he'd been bohn daid, and you couldn' be no daider ’n dat.” Twenty-seven raw and 62 steamed was the resplendent one's count before , he sat down to his regular dinner. MEALS OF A SALESGIRL Esther Packard in the Survey. “When I pay 7 cents for lunch, I’m extravagant.” remarked a girl clerk in a large department store In Buffalo. A 6, 6, or 7-cenf lunch, day in and day out, month upon month, year upon year! A sandwich, perhaps, washed down by a cup of coffee, every day in the week! Can those of us whose lunch Is seldom j so restricted comprehend this mode oJ . living? Can our minds grasp in the ^ faintest degree the meaning of this pinch ing economy? If we experimented with a 7-cent lunch for a yyeek,. "just to so* hew it really felt,” should we even ther comprehend? Is It not the psy’chologica 5 reaction of hopelessness and grubbinesi that we cannot sense rather than emptl 3 ness from a meager meal—the certait knowledge, which 7 cents in one’s pocket e hook brings, that lunch can never gt ' beyond the limits of bread and buttei and a cup of coffee? “Sometimes I just long for a good 30 cent meal,” said one girl who was earn - ing $6 a week. “But I never have th< 8 price of It in my pocket-book. I get s< 8 tired of those 20-cent dinners year in an< _ year out, that often I think I’d rathe d not eat at all." It was this hopeless attitude towaru v life—the feeling that expenditure mu* i. fc lever be hedged about by* petty savin* e which to me stood out most prominent!, .. in the stories gathered from workini y girls by the New York state factory in il vtstigating commission. • c ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES THE PESSIMISTS. However fair the skies above, However bright the day, However filled the world with love And all Its vistas gay, Still you will find complainers who Are never satisfied And moan, “What are we coming to? Alas, what woes betide?" THE HEATED KIND. “You say he's a famous German air man?" * “Yes. ^"An aeroplane expert, eh?" "No. He has charge of a publicity bureau." ALL FOR PLEASURE. "When I got married my wife said she would go to the end of the world with me." "A noble sentiment." “But I found out later that she meant the Paris end.” REVENGE. She's planning for a party, Her heart is wondrous light, There are so many people That she will not Invite. And well she knows that each one Will disappointed be And, as she hopes, will fall to Lamenting bitterly, Convinced that they should never Have vexed a stylish dame, Who punishes severely By crossing out a name. MARSE HENRY’S CHOICE. Writing from Cuba, where brunettes abound, Henry Watterson states his pref erence for blondes In characteristic style. He says: “Let me confess at once that brunette Is not my preference. The Owen Mere dith type of female—'the jasmine flower in her raven hair, and the diamond brooch • so bright’—hag never been just my style o' girl. I like the dizzy blondes—not too 3lzzy—enthusiasm, innocence, dimples and roses! No mystery in woman for me. Nevertheless, as an artist, I can admit the effectiveness of the senoritas whether in singles,' or ranged round the dress circle of a theatre—the veils a trifle too pronounced, the eyes too flashing—yet deeply, darkly, beautifully Byronic and seductive." ••••••••• HAD SOME LUCK. Job had his troubles, yes indeed; That's what he was created for. But still he never had to read All day about the foreign war. —Milwaukee News. Job found existence rather tough And led a somewhat painful life. But he escaped the endless stuff About the current baseball strife. —Louisville Courier-Journal. Job suffered many earthly ills And never did his temper lose; No "solons” then were passing bills ’Gainst everything, including "booze.” —Birmingham Age-Herald. Job did have troubles, one or two. And had more trouble than was right; But he had no problems to do Till after bedtime every night. —Houston Post. Job had his troubles, ah, for sure! For he was in that business, see? Save for his boils naught could cure. He'd long ago forgotten be. —Memphis Commercial-Appeal. UNPRODUCTIVE. "Does brain work have a tendency to make a man bald?” "I wouldn’t go so far as to say that, but I’ve noticed tha^ men who have good heads for business don’t always have good heads for hair.” HOPELESS. "After a woman has had eight or nine children she doesn’t look like a high stepper.” "No. And what's more, she doesn’t seen? to care whether she does or not.” A TOUGH SUBJECT. "Doppel has a sunny disposition. He seems to see the good in everybody.” "How about the footpad who held him up a few nights ago and took his watch?” "Oh, Doppel says he’s sure there W'as good in that fellow, too, but when Doppel tried to draw him out he got mad aw* said, VBeat it!’ ” MAKING STRlpES. "There was a time when it was con sidered improper for women to study botany.” "Fancy that! And now they are dab bling in politics.'' PAUL COOK. >•••••••••••••••■•••••#•■••••••••••••••••••••••••••••* TEN YEARS OF THE DUMA From the Kansas City Star. THE Russian Duma lias been figur ing conspicuously in the dispatches in the last few days. It has been addressed by ministers and has adopted resolutions approving the conduct of the war much like other legislative bodies. Also it lias announced various demands for the extension of popular rights as a condition of its agreeing to the budget. The Czar still bears the title of auto crat, but his power is being gradually limited by the growth of representative government. The Duma has nothing like the power of the British House of j Commons, for instance. But it is becom ing a real factor in Russian affairs. Representative government was insti tuted in Russia in 1906 to meet the dissat isfaction that resulted from the failure of the war with Japan. Of course po litical liberty is something that cannot be conferred on a nation by a decree of a benevolent d^pot. It must gradually be won by the people themselves. The first and second Dumas were un able to work wfth the administrative of licials, and so were dissolved. Sir Donald Mackenzie Wallace, the English authority on Russia, has told of a conversation he had with a liberal leader, in which • he suggested that the liberals had made a mistake*in not co-operating with the gov ernment on the basis of a compromise in stead of trying to kick the table over and get all reforms at once. “In the course of 10 years,” said Sir Donald, “your party BIRMINGHAM MOVIES From the Montgomery Advertiser. The Pastor*’ union of Birmingham had the movies closed onJ3undays. Bitter con troversy follows the action of the city commission in closing the places of amusement. We are interested for the moment in the address of Jack Wood, president of the Birmingham Trades Council, in which he said in part: ‘‘The Trades’ Council has taken no of ficial action, but I know that at its next meeting it will unanimously indorse Sun day shows, and it has been forced into this position by the intolerant position of the clergy of this city. Wheri we ap proached this proposition it was for no other purpose than charity, but no soon er did this honorable board give permis sion to operate the shows on Sunday for charity than the ministers of this city rose up on their hin^ legs and howled to the heavens. Perhaps they know that with the money we secured that day we fed 215 heads of families and close on to 900 people who were actually hungry and in need. And yet they held up their hands in holy horror ,at the undertaking. One of the very pastors who is \oudest in his opposition was asked to contribute to the aid of these poor people and refused, and if he were here today I would call hi! name in your presence. • * • We can't come to you and get permission for a tae day and allow our women to go out or the streets and blackjack the business men into giving up money. We must ash you for the use of the picture shows foi the aid of the unemployed. Then the preachers bob up and tell us what wc shall not do; but they do^iot tell us wha) we shall do.” It is of course not our affairs, but we cannot refrain from a word of query Are the kindly, honored men of the clott of Birmingham, by whose influence this thing happened, quite sure that by theii action they have brought the thousandi of workingmen of Birmingham closer t< the drurch; or have they aroused the re sentment of these people so that they wil go farther from the church? PLAYER’S DEBT TO SHAKESPEARI From the New York Herald. An actor who is steadily forging aheac in his profession said in a recent inter view that he owes a debt of gratitude ts . Sliakespeare, whose quality he came t< i know through Interpreting him in th< i smaller towns of the far west, and undei l great disadvantages. “I won’t say tha * I did much for Shakespeare, Out he di< a heap for me,” is the tribute that tnii j actor pays the dramatic bard, t These are wise words. Much has beei , «aid about those players who have kep r Shakespeare alive, but the truth is tha r it is Shakespeare who has kept the ac • tors aiive. Good plays make good actor and from the days of the strutting play \ ) would have become an important factor In advancing the cause of democracy.” “Ten years!” exclaimed the Russian, “we can’t wait that long.” But Russian politicians have been learn ing by experience, and of late the Duma has been making progress toward getting control. While the Czar has the same poVer as the German Emperor to retain a prime minister against the will of the legislative body, the power is to some extent limited by the necessity of having a minister who can get on with the Duma. The Czar can dissolve the Duma, and so retains the supreme direction of affairs. But this Is done only as a last resort. All varieties of the population are rep resented in this legislative body—business men, peasants, workmen, priests, Cos sacks. Mussulmans in their oriental robes, But they are learning to work together and to meet the governmental problem! with intelligence. The great weakness of the Duma hai bee*, and Is still, not in its constitution, but in the ignorance and inexperience oj the mass of the people behind it. Th* will be gradually changed. The numhpi of schools is increasing, and a degree t:i\ compulsory education has now been mad< part of the compulsory army service.! A high percentage of the recruits canjiol read or write. They are taught the rudi ments after entering the army. Gradually Russia is being swept intc the drift of the civilizing influences ol European culture. INNINIMNMIMIIMIMMIHIHIMIHHItllHIIMII ers down to the present era of so-called “commercial” management the Sliakespe rian dramas have continued to create great actors. Garrick, the Keans, the Kembles, Mrs. Siddons, Mac ready, the Booths, Irving, Ellen Terry, Barnay Salvini, Forbes Robertson—not one 01 these who has not owed to the greatest of dramatists the debt that this Ameri can actor is proud to acknowledge. In deed, the worth of a playwright may bi estimated by the number and ability ol the players w hom he develops. For drama gives actors their opportunity. Dialogue no matter how witty in epigram, doei not. The Bernard Shaw wave will pas: over us without leaving a single great dramatic artist in its foaming wake. A Shakespearian revival would do mor* to revive theatric art than anything ttaa can be named. OVER THE DUXES Norreys Jephson O’Connor, “Beside th* Black water,” John Lane. Overnhe dunes the ducks are flying. And the sea breeze brings their genth crying Over the dunes. Out where the sea’s white hair is blowing The long dark line of ducks is going ! Over the dunes. The leafless trees are straight and spare The sea is singing an ancient air Over the dunes. The marsh lies lone and dun and still; The fine sand follows the wind's will Over the dunes. A gang of geese comes from the south, And heads the marsh at Mill Creel mouth, Over the dunes. My heart is glad for an open place— The sea, and the sky, ana the infinlt space Over the dunes. My heart is glad for the things that are And yet I long for a land afar, Over the dunes. A land where clouds of silver-gray Circle the hlllstops far away Over the dunes. The sight of all in the world most fair Is the Irish land in the evening air Over the dunes. | Turing my back to the silent sea 1 1 go where the house-lights summon me Over the dunes. . In the garden walk, by the patch of ferr [ A fair-haired girl waits my return Over the dunes. i Sing her the song my lone heart sing*5, i Wild duck, flying with beating wings Over the dunes. ' Over the dunes the ducks are flyinif, ' And the sea breese brings their gentl 1 crying Over tke dunes.