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E. \V. BAKHETT.Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1879. Dally and Sunday Age-Herald.... $8.00 Daily and Sunday, per month.70 Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .GO Sunday Age-Herald. 2 00 A, J. Eaton, Jr., and O. E. Young are the only authorized traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in its cir culation department. No communication will be published without its author’s name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address, THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs build ing. European bureau, 6 Henrietta street. Covent Garden, London. Eastern business office, Rooms 48 to 60, inclusive, Tribune building. New York city; western business office, Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting all departments) Main 4000. Nor or those empty-hearted whose low sound reverbs no hollowness. —Lear. BEGINNING THE HAY—O God, help me to believe 111 and try to ■waken the bidden hero In every coward, the unseen atrlver In every sluggard, the burled beauty In ev ery ugliness. Give me n fond faith in the ultimate victory of God in His efforts with men. In Christ’s name. Amen.—H. M. E. Economic Advantage of War Theodore H. Price, whose views on economic questions have always car ried weight, especially in the south, advances a theory in the current issue of World’s Work contrary to the teachings of practically all the world’s great political economists of past years. He presents the novel idea that wars, instead of being a drain on the world’s resources, may after all be an economic advantage. In other words, in spite of the enormous waste of wars, the economies of the people as a result of wars much more than offset the waste of war itself. By estimating the cost of the Eu ropean war to date and comparing it with the population of the belligerent nations, Mr. Price finds it has so far cost $15 per capita. He says there is scarcely a family even in the United States which has not brought about economies of more than $15 per capita since the present war began. How much greater then must be the eco nomies per capita in the nations ac tually engaged ? Mr. Price cites figures and quota tions of securities to prove that during the past century the greatest periods of prosperity have been during and immediately following wars. Thus the United States had phenomenal pros perity as a result of the civil war up te the panic of 1873, and following the Spanish-American war up to the finan cial panic of 1907. Similarly England’s greatest period of prosperity in mod ern times followed the Boer war. His theories open up a field for thought and discussion, and if sus tained by more thorough analysis will upset the long accepted pronounce ments of such great economists as Mill and Adam Smith. The Lobbyist Alabama has been grieviously af flicted with lobbyists, both the “un holy” and the “holy” kind. If left to a vote of the people, in spite of his faults the “unholy” lobbyist would doubtless be preferred to the “holy” kind with a penchant for interfering with personal liberty and the pursuit of happiness. The ministerial lobbyist is by far the worst example of the 1 politician who thinks himself called upon to regulate his neighbor’s con duct by statutory enactment and forces people to accept laws of his own devising, regardless of whether or not the so-called “sovereign voters” are amenable. Of the political parson Alabama has seen enough and his passing will not be lamented, but the chances are that we will always have lobbyists, as long as the present way of making laws is in force. The lobbyists occupies a peculiar place in the political economy of this country. He is ubiquitant but not al ways. visible, the man who uses prop erly elected legislators as his puppets ' and “plays the game” to suit his own ends. He iB shrewd, calculating and thoroughly competent. No*'man is bet ter fitted for his job than the success ful lobbyist, and when he ceases to be jikcessful he is no longer a lob Ttyist. He must be a good mixer first of all. He must have an insinuating personality, must be able to use the wiles of the fox on occasion and at Other times browbeat with merciless aeverity. As a spender the lobbyist has no equal. In fact, spending is one of the chief factors of his success. There is the money he spends in a more or less legitimate way for dinners, drinks, au tomobile rides and other favors. And j then there is the money, a much larger | amount, which he pays over to his tools in the privacy of a hotel bath room or in some other equally seclud ed spot. The money is not his, of course, but is supplied by the “power ful interests” he represents. Perhaps that is one reason why he seems to extract so much enjoyment out of apparently throwing money at the birds. However, the astute lobbyist hits a “bird” about six times in seven when he throws, and the “bird” event ually belongs to him. All in all, the lobbyist leads a joy ous life, although he has to work hard. The chief drawback to his profession is that when he wins a notable victory he has to do his celebrating in secret. Birmingham's Varied Industries There has been a steady increase in the number of small industries in Bir mingham within the past few years, but there will always be room for more. The industrial bureau of the Chamber of Commerce will, it is understood, strive to make a high rec ord this year in assisting to establish new manufacturing plants. It has a splendid opportunity. The Birmingham district as the cen ter of large mining operations and iron and steel works is in a class to itself. But in addition to its extensive plants it has many varied industries of the smaller kind that contribute greatly to the volume of production and the volume of the pay rolls. Some persons have a habit of say ing, “What Birmingham lacks is the small manufacturer—the small shop and the small factory”—-just as if we had only the big plants. If they would inform themselves they would find that Birmingham has made marked progress along the very lines they refer to. The variety of commodities manufactured here widens every year and will continue to widen; but with renewed efforts on the part of the Chamber of Commerce Birmingham’s progress will be all the faster. The newdy appointed industrial bu reau of the chamber could make a good start by ascertaining the num ber and character of the manufactur ing plants here, together with the operating capacity and the average monthly pay roll of each. This work should be thorough. It may cost something, but a comprehensive re port show'ing what Birmingham has would be not only a revelation to many, but would be the basis for a campaign seeking to obtain such ad ditional industries as this field especi ally invites. i.et tne industrial Bureau get busy and make a signal reputation for it self and at the same time help to make 1915 a banner year in Birmingham’s upbuilding. No More Congestion at the Polls The election bill enacted by the present legislature, providing for a uniform system of voting precincts with a maximum of 300 voters to a polling place, is a good measure and one that will be greatly appreciated by all the citizens of populous cen ters who exercise the privilege of the ballot. Such a law should have been adopted long ago. But after each gen eral election the voters, who were up in arms, so to speak, because of the congestion, cooled down and forgot about it. What was everybody’s busi ness seemed to be nobody’s business, and legislatures came and went with out any action for polling place relief. Birmingham, Montgomery and Mo bile were the worst sufferers. The congestion in this city was particu larly bad. There were only four poll ing boxes in the central part of Bir mingham, when there should have been 18 or 20. As many as 1500 ballots were received and deposited at one place. Even if the ballots had been short the voters would have been unduly delayed, but in these office-seeking days the ballots are always long, and when the names of 40 or 50 candi dates were to be voted for, much time ,was consumed in marking the ballot and sometimes election officers were kept working 48 hours—working night and day—in order to count and tabu late the vote. The public was under a strain of suspense and the whole business was intolerable. At the next election, no matter how great the number of candidates, the voter will experience no discomfort. Three hundred votes can be cast in a few hours and the result of the elec tion will be known shortly after the polls close. This remedial legislation was slow in coming, but the voters will feel truly grateful that somebody took it up at last and got it through. Of course, jf Germany pays for the Frye and courtmartials the commander of the Prinz Eitel Friedrich we are willing to be just as friendly as ever. In fact, the German government could make more friends in this country by courtmartial i0g the commander than by paying for the American ship he sank. Germany's undersea blockade seems to be a failure on the surface, and nobody seenu to know what is at the bottom of it. Secretary McAdoo is one of the few people in the country who can afford to have appendicitis just at this time. ■> The importation of beer in South China has been disturbed by the war, and the present is thought a favorable time for | the Introduction of American beer. Al I though the native population consumes | comparatively little beer, large quantities have been imported into China for the use of the foreign population, for the supply of ships and for a small consump tion among Chinese. China has imported cheap beer from Japan, German style beer of fairly high grade from Tsingtau, beers from Germany, ale and stout from Great Britain and quantities of beer made In Manila, Tsingtau beer has a strong hold on the market. It Is cheaper than the beer imported from Germany, but re sembles it in quality. The opportunity for American brewers seems to lie in providing beer to take the place of the Tsingtau product, and that imported from Germany. American beer is popu lar throughout the far east, sales de pending largely on the price. However, the demand seems to be for beers that contain less alcohol and a heavier hop ele ment than American brews. A report has been circulated in Ger many that the American Legion will make war on that country under the lead ership of Colonel Roosevelt. The German people are being deceived. The American Legion is merely the latest attempt of a tireless politician to keep himself in the public eye. The Rocky mountains are gradually be ing wort down by erosion, but the chances are that the Great Salt lake, said to be drying up, will be reduced to the size of a fish pond long before the Rocky mountains are the size of a molehill. Manager Molesworth of the Barons seems to have a lazy lot of recruits at his training camp in Florida. Birming ham baseball fans don’t want any players on the local team wrho are apt to fall asleep on second base. It Is rumored that the deposed Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Hamid, has escaped from his captors and may start a revo lution. This seems to be the logical time for an undertaking of that sort in Tur key. A St. Louis music teacher advertises "painless vocal lessons.” However he puts himself in the class with "painless destists” who promise what they cannot perform. Grace, charm and beauty are required! of policewomen in Jersey City. Why should any woman who has grace, charm and beauty want to join the police force'.' Chicago claims to have the cleanest res taurants in the world. However, it is no longer food, but cabaret features that at tract people to restaurants. "Fashion Week” in Birmingham has been an unqualified success. If you don’t j think so, ask any of the city’s tireless tango fiends. Since Diaz, no President of Mexico has sat in the presidential chair long enough to make his trousers slick. A good spender is much more welcome in California just now than the flow-ers in May. Thaw suffers from rheumatism, but this entire country suffers from the Thaw case. ALABAMA PRESS Carrollton West Alabamian: The legis lative investigating committee, now sit ting in Montgomery, appears to be find ing some pretty hard nuts to crack. Decaturs Daily: With Montgomery and Washington quiet for a brief spell, there will be more time to give to baseball and other matters of real consequence. Gadsden Journal: Birmingham is now devoting her time to the effort to make Alabama believe that Birmingham is the style center of the state. Shelby County Sun: Birmingham has had during the past week some daring robberies. If our recollection serves us right this has been the cry in Birming ham for the past 20 years. Anniston Star: The Atlanta couple who married an hour after meeting were evi dently trying to circumvent the high cost of courting. MAKING “ANTItllK” BUGS From the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. For years it has been no secret that a good many so-called oriental products are just about as oriental as a Sheffield blade. We know that merchants from the far east in this country lay their rugs in the street to be tramped on, and the same trick is employed even in mystic Bagdad, that new rugs may thus be given an ancient appearance. For eign manufacturers in Persia now make rugs, and, that their profits may bo greater, sell them through Bagdad. It is said that there fine rugs may be seen lying in the filth of the streets in front of the bazars, and the usage they receive in that way makes them more highly prized by rich Americans. Citizens of this country in search of aristocratic trappings have long been a prolific source of revenue to fakers, but they are becoming wiser than they were. Undoubtedly the shake-up that will result from the war will contribute to modernizing ancient crafts, but the production of “antiques” will not cease as long as the supply of gulls holds out. POINTED PARAGRAPHS From the Chicago News. Even men wtjo say but little talk toe much A genius is a man who seldom make* good at it. Trying to dodge work tires more men than hard labor. Haste makes some people waste a lot ol other people’s time. Hatred is often the result of knowing but one- side of a person. The less a man thinks of his neighboi the more he admires himself. Most women are born leaders—and mosl men are born followers thereof. It is easier to break the will of a deac man than the will of a live woman. Ministers may come and ministers may go. but the choir feud goes on forever. The things that come to those whe wait are apt to be stale by the time they arrive Unless you have more dollars than sense do not expert others to consider your troubles interesting. IN HOTEL LOBBIES Itenl Mutate Outlook "The real estate market is still quiet, but there is of course inquiry for j property needed for some particular purpose," said S. E. Thompson. "With the coming of spring I ex pect to see a decided improvement. When a brisk speculative demand starts up there will be active trading in every direction. Values here are low now compared with what they will be a little later on. Prices therefore should be tempting." Farm band Values in flic South "An especially interesting article in this week’s Baltimore Manufacturers* | Record is that entitled ‘Farm Land Hold | ings in the South,' made up of data fur ' nished by the census bureau," said a I member of the Chamber of Commerce, j "Between 1900 and 1910 the value of all ' farm property—land, buildings, imple ! ments and machinery and live stock increased from $5,262,278,902 to $10,971,865, 176, or by $5,709,586,214, equal to 106 per cent in the south, and in the rest of the country from $15,177,622,202 to $30,019,683,914, or by $14,841,961,712, or at the rate of 97.7 per cent. "The rates of increase were greater for farm lands alone. In the south the in crease in value was from $3,233,461,752 to $7,337,310,297, or by $4,103,857,545, equal to 126.8 per cent, and from $9,824,546,240 to $21,138,354,872, or by $11,313,808,632, equal to 115.1 per cent, in the rest of the coun try. "In Alabama there was a very large increase in 2910 as compared with 1900. The value of all farm property in this state operated by whites was $132,481,529 in 1900 and $272,767,681 in 1910; value of farm property operated by negroes in 1900, $46, 918,353 and in 1910 $97,370,748. Arkansas values, like those of Alabama, more than doubled in 10 years. "In 1900, of the total of 2,895,590 farm operators in the south, 1,313,165, or 45.3 per cent, were tenants. In 10 years the total number increased by 466,363, or at the rate of 16.1 per cent, to 3,363,955, of whom 1,615,175, or nearly 47.2 per cent, were tenants, their number having Increased by 302,010, or at the rate of 22.9 per cent. In the rest of the country the increase In the number of tenants had been at a rate less than that of the increase in the total number of farm operators, the total number increasing l’roin 2,841,782 to 2,997,574. or by 155,765, equal to 5.4 per cent, and the number of tenants from 711,799 to 789,501, or by 27,702, equal to 3.8 per cent." Originated l»y lllllie Hiirko "Miss Billie Burke originated the scheme of copyrighting her stage dresses that so many actresses have since adopt ed," said an attache of the Jefferson theatre. " ‘I just had to do it.* said the ac tress. ‘I used to be proud of the fact that the dressmakers copied my clothes for their customers, but I found it made it very expensive for me. I had to be getting new frocks all the time to keep ahead of my audiences. Ho I have seen my lawyers in Newr York and they tell me it can be done and that after my dresses are copyrighted I can prosecute anyone who copies them/ "Miss Burke, it is well known, is one of the best dressed women on the Amer ican stage. She designs most of her cos tumes herself and so they have a dis tinctive touch that differentiates them from the prevailing fashions. Dress makers in Now York especially—but in other cities, too—were quick to observe this and whenever Miss Burke appeared in a new play in New York there were always a lot of the fashionable costumers of the city in the audience and it wasn’t long before a lot of Imitation Billie Burkes were to be seen on Fifth ave nue." hood Year In the South “This will be a good year in the south,” said J. AV. Bateman of Cincin nati. “At least there is such promise, if weather conditions are favorable. “Conditions in Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and several other southern states that grow cotton on a large scale have improved very much since the price of the staple reached the S cent level, and as many farmers have much cotton still on hand they will get 10 cents and that will yield a fair profit. ‘But it is to this year's crops that the country now looks. Even If the cotton acreage reduction Is only small the south should be able to come out well because of the crop diversifica tion movement. The south will raise more food products this year than ever before; and the total money value of the 1915 crops will show a large gain over any previous year.” The Iron Market Matthew Addy & Co.’s Cincinnati re port this week is in part as follows: “At a meeting of iron men the other day there was much conversation re garding the probable advance in the mar ket, and one of the gentlemen present gave much good advice on the necessity of holding together. ‘What we want,’ said one of the others, ‘is not advice but orders.’ That Is what everyone in the iron trado wants today. The situation may be discussed from all kinds of the oretic angles but when reduced to its last analysis what is really needed is enough orders to satisfactorily go around, and March seems to have started out to be much better than January or Feb ruary. “Business this week has shown a pro gressive improvement over last week. There is no special feature to the mar ket, that is, there is in no one depart ment of the steel or iron trade any notable change. The shops running on war material are still running to their full capacity; the ship building plants are beginning to be rushed, and the shops in other lines all show increased ac tivity. For example, the second largest agricultural implement maker in the country is now operating up to 75 per cent of capacity. In November this com pany was down to about 25 per cent.'’ GOSSIP IN LONDON From the Philadelphia Telegraph. Tlie Bishop of London states that churchmen of the London diocese who are at the front or In training during Lent may consider themselves dispensed from the rule of fasting during the war. In view of the scarcity of fish, it will suffice if others observe the Friday fast only and that in such manner as may be found possible. Rev. Father Cheray, Catholic rector at Hitchln, on leaving his parish after six and one-lialf years of ministry to serve with the French army, has been presented with a purse of gold by the parishioners and non-Catholic friends. a In a farewell speech Father Cheray said: “I look upon it as an honor and a glory to go and fight for my country, and the hardships of the warfare have nothing to frighten me.” The German government has paid to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg tho initial sum of 100,000 marks as com pensation for the interruption of the telephone service, caused by military operations. Other payments are to fol low; the rates of telephone subscrib ers will in consequence be reduced. Henry Dickens has given splendid proof of the power of his father s name by the large sum which he lias collected | for the Red Cross society’s fund by j giving readings from his works in Lou don. A letter written from the front by a captain of the Royal Artillery tells how he gave a recital of the "Christmas Carol.” The recital was announced in camp orders and 300 men had to be turned away from the doors because there was no more room. ‘‘All through the dialogue,” says the writer, “the men j (I could feel it) simply sat breathless, hoping against hope that Scrooge would turn up trumps. And, then, at the last words, ‘And therefore I'm going to raise your salary,’ there was an extraordinary outburst of relief—laughter and spon taneous applause.” PERSONALS FROM LONDON TIMES. Handsome retriever wishes to enlist with regilnent in country. Write "Kim,’' 5 Pilgrim's Lane, Hampstead. London. Will some one kindly take care of dog (spaniel) whilst officer is at the front? Write Captain Thompson, 45 Alma road, Sheerness. The British Hotel, Restaurant and Club Employes’ society desires the help of all patriots to keep the alien enemy out of our midst. A list of hotels and restaurants where patroitism has stood before profit can be had on application to the secretary, George Sims, 4 Hart street, New Oxford street, W. C. Phone Museum 60.3. P. S.—Mr. McKenna states that there are 20,000 alien enemies at large. We should like to know how many are employed, and so displacing British labor. To tho Powers That Be.—Re-sentenco on soldier’^ wife. Middlesex sessions, Saturday, February 7: "The quality of mercy is not strained It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven Upon the place beneath; it is twice blessed, It blcssetji him that gives and him that takes; ’Tis mightest in the mightiest. It becomes the throned monarch better than his crown.” "When mercy seasons justice.” —Humanitarian. First Aeroplane Bomb.—A contribu tion to the fund has been made in tho shape of a fragment of the first bomb which fell on English soil in this Eu ropean war. The contributor considers that, as an enduring record of the war, the fragment should increase In value as time goes on, and he has decided that it shall be offered for sale to the highest bidder, and tho amount realized credited to "The Times” fund for the sick and wounded. The donor will give to the purchaser of this fragment of the bomb the authentic history of how it came into his possession. The highest bid received bv noon on Marcn l will be accepted. Offers should be addressed j Box U 96, The Times. Pittsburg Sun: The interesting news that comes by way of London is to the effect that Abdul Hamid, deposed ruler of Turkey, has managed to escape from his prison, for that Is what it really was, and is again foot free. If this proves true, and he Is able to get back within speaking distance of his friends in Tur key the result may be momentous to the allies. There is no denying the fact that the old Sultan lias many powerful friends in the country willing to rush to his aide if there is a possibility of again coming into power The Young Turk party will have in the old man and ills shrewd associated a clever and crafty band of orientals to combat. Abdul Hamid would in all likeli hood throw his fortunes with the allies, because the Young Turks are completely dominated by Germany and Austria. Even though the old Sultan did not support the allies, still the division of the Turkish nation, possibly civil war, would split the opposition to the allies and make their conquest of the country easier than It would bo with a solid front of loyal Turks opposed to them. , Of coursj it Is all problematical re garding the old Sultan. The wish of the allies may be father to the thought that he has escaped and was arranging to gather ills supporters about him and make an effort to regain his lost crown. Providence Journal: Horses and mules are the most striking items in the official statement of January exports—$7,866,795 wortli of the former and $1,312,195 worth of the latter. The war accounts for this, of course. Horses and mules fall in the classification "miscellaneous.” The mis cellai eous exports in this month, a year ago amounted in value only to some $G00, 000, but in January last almost to $10,000, 000. The horse was not worth distinguishing as an item of commerce before the war broke out. The wonder is that the sup plies have been ample for the sudden de mand. But, from time to time, it has been remarked that the industry of horse breeding was flourishing, despite the pre valence of the motor vehicle. A pro nounced effect of the automobile has been to cause breeders to pay close at tention to quality. The market for first class horses has remained steady enough. The result has been that the average grade of American horses was never so high as when the call came for thou sands of the best obtainable for service in the war. THE SOUTH, THE NEGHO’S FRIEND From Leslie’s. Friend! The south, after all, is the negro’s best .friend. The light in the House upon the Senate’s negro exclusion amendment to the Immigration bill, which was defeated by the decisive vote of 252 to 75, was led by Representative Burnett of Alabama, chairman of the committee on immigration. Such an antenaemeqt, had it passed, would have been a reflec tion on all the millions of American citi zens of African descent. Its defeat will leave the questldfc where it has stood since 1870 by which persons of African nativity and descent are eligible to ad mission as aliens with all the rights of pcssible citizenship. The fact that by far th< largest part of the negro race con tinues to live in the south is evidence that they recognize the opportunity they have there, and that they consider the southern white man to he their friend. There are lynclilngs in the south, it la ttue, but so there are in the north under similar provocation. These are the work of mobs, and mobs know no law, human or divine. The recent action of a southern governor in seeking to prosecute and con vict the leaders in a lynching mob, is In dicative of a growing purpose in the south to let the orderly process of the court take tho place of lynch law. ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES ALL A PRETENSE. His ways seem hard to fathom, He wears a cryptic smile; He has a reputation For craftiness and guile. He shakes his head profouhdly When his opinion’s sought, As if twere wondrous weighty And with much wisdom fraught. He never gets excited, Is always calm and cool, But in her heart his wife knows That he is Just a fool. JOY WORlt THEN. “I'd hate to be a bookkeeper. It's dry work running your eyes over a row of figures." “It Is unless you happen to have a front seat at a musical company." A RARE SORT. "They are a model married couple." "I prpsume they never quarrel?" "Oh, yes. They do that." “Then, why do you consider them worth emulating?” "They have decided that they won’t buy an automobile until they can afford it.” HARD TO DO SOMETIMES. “In the old days every gentleman was supposed to go to bed drunk." "To certain extent I guess that was true.” “The age of efficiency has put a stop to such conduct.” “Yes. Nowadays, no matter how full a gentleman gets, he has to sit up late and pretend he's sober." WHY HE MOURNS. The hard-worked humorist Is sad It must not bo forgotten. Some days his stuff is merely bad And others simply rotten. ONE OF THE DEVOTEES. "Old Mr. Gadderson carries his years lightly.” “Too lightly, I fear." •■res?” J "A man of his age should know that there is something else in life besides dancing.” NOTHING MORE USEFUL. ®-i "I suppose you have a great deal of poetry to handle in the spring,” said the visitor. "Oh, yes,” answered the frayed and frazzled editor. "But there are times when a manuscript contains just what I'm looking for.” "And what is that?” "Stamps.” WEATHER. The sround hog shakes with joyful gles And nibbles frozen clover— And gives the laugh to you and me, Because he put one over. —Painesville Telegraph-Rrepubllcan. The ground hog should be soundly sassed In every burg and hamlet. In fact, he really should be classed With March's lion and lamblet. j —Youngstown Telegram. The ground hog may have called the turn ! When he came from his cellar; But the one we blame for it all’s Our local weather feller. . —Houston Post. The ground liog and the .feavher clerk Compose a luckless team. For neither does the kind of work That wins him much esteem. TRUE. "A noted stage beauty who has tried it says there is nothing to being an old man’s darling.” "Ah! But she overlooks the advertis ing.” BATHOS. A popular comedian died rv-entlv. was a good fellow and everybody loved him. However, an effusive obituatry no tice in a theatrical magazine makes him appear to have been a saint on earth. There is such a thing as carrying the doctrine of "de mortals nil nisi bonum” too far. PAUL cOOK. [VINTAGE AND VANTAGE STORIES OF THE NEWSPAPER CLUB T. S. Abernathy, the popular motion picture theatre owner, told of a conver sation he recently overheard In Atlanta between two moving picture actors. One had recently become a benedict and his friend inquired: “ •Well, old top, how’s the double blessedness progressing?’ “ ’We're still in episode No. One,’ was the reply.’’ Apropos of the operation recently per formed upon Mme. Sarah Bernhardt, a well-known member told the following: “When Mme. Bernhardt was In Bir mingham the last time I had occasion to drop Into the Jefferson at the end of the second act, when I observed A. V. Ben nett, then chief of the fire department, standing around with a very weary look on his face. I lost sight of him in fol lowing the play which, of course, was given in French, and was absolutely un intelligible to the majority of the people in the theatre. On the stage Camille'» enraged lover was showering her with gold and hank notes and the emotional pitch of the play, presented with true Gaelic fervor, was at its height. I heard a sigh and looking up saw Chief Bennett towering above me. ’Say,’ he exclaimed, 'when is this thing going to begin? I'm getting awfully tired.’ ” "George Ward, president of the city com mission, has a sense of humor that many times extracts him from what otherwise might prove more or less serious situa tions,” said Ralph R. Silver. “At all times he tries apparently to keep in the good graces of the newspaper men who cover the daily events of the city hall, but he is sorely tempted occa sionally to challenge one of the scribes to a duel and usually in these temptations his sense of humor comes to his relief and saves the situation. “Some few weeks ago, when the sub committee of the committee of 100 was investigating the conduct of the city gov ernment, one of the newspapers pub lished a statement to the effect that the board of commissioners probably would bo given a ‘clean bill of health.’ Paoli Smith, city hall reporter for the Ledger, immediately took up the phrase and every day for about a week he ran a story to the effect that the commissioners would in all probability be given *a clean bill of health.’ It finally got on G. Ward’s nerves and one morning he called Paoll into the royal presence with the full in tention of blacking his eye. “ ‘Pool!,’ he started in. rolling Lack the cuff of his right sleeve In preparation for the onslaught, 'I’m getting d- tired of you stating every day that we are going | to get a clean bill of health. Tnat phrase is conveying the impression to j the public that there is something down here that might smell to the high heav- | ens if uncovered" and tl.at 'here is a frame-up with the investigating commit tee to keep it covered and give us, as you say, a clean bill «*f health.’ “He spat four times on the costumer ‘ hanging full of garments, threw his cala bash onto the table and cleared the deck j for action. Paoli saw the inevitable and started a flanking movemen' with the , idea of .keeping the big glass covered desk between himself and ‘the mayor.* The two or three others in the room set tled back prepared to enjoy the scrap. “It was then that Mr. Ward turned to one of these and said: “ T feel as if I had literally been picked to pieces by pifflin’ Fooli’s pid dlin’ prophesies!’ “And in the laugh that followed ’Pooli* made his escape and the next day the two made up.” „ “While standing in front of the Jef ferson county bank building a few days ago waiting for a car,” said a newspaper \ woman, “I overheard the following con versation: “An old negro man W'as bewailing the fact that his savings of a lifetime—$35 —were tied up in the Jefferson County Savings bank. A white man near said: ‘Why, Uncle, I wouldn’t worry about that J if I were in your place. The closing of the doors of this bank is only tempo rary.’ I “ ‘Yes, sir, boss,’ replied the old negro, ‘but I bears um singing round here, j ‘Hit’s a Long Way to Temporary.’ ” ANOTHER MONTH IN EUROPE I From ‘ The War's Now Alignments,” by Frank H. Slmonds, in the American Re view o£ Reviews for March. VIEWED from the military side, February was for Germany the most brilliantly successful month since October, when she took Antwerp and approached the very walls of War saw. Eastward her victories over the Russians were as complete In Bukovina as In East Prussia, and her armies brought new life to Austro-Hungarian efforts in the Carpathians. Only the de feat of a naval raid directed at the Brit ish coast and the loss of the Bluecher gave Berlin cause for regret. Yet the solid and splendid triumphs of German arms had for the world less meaning than the official declarations which by their very defiance of inter national practise and neutral rights seemed to emphasize how serious for Germany had become the question of her food supply and how terrible was the advantage of sea power possessed by her most relentless und most hated en emy, England. Napoleon, having conquered at Aus terlitz and Jena, and become temporarily master of Europe, had sought to crusii British commerce by his famous Berlin and Milan decrees, the first of which proclaimed that the British Isles were in a state of blockade; the second declared that any ship which touched a British port wa3 liable to be seized and treated as a prize. Germany’ still holding Bel gium. Northern France, Western Pol land. In February , struck at England with the proclamation that the waters about the British Islands were a war zone in which neutral ships would be exposed to attack and destruction by German submarines without the formal ity of search. To her foes such a declaration could omy mean tliatg Germany foresaw the coming of a time when her own fodii supplies would fill. This view was fur ther confirmed by an earlier official de cree which placed all grain supplies in Germany under the control of the gov ernment. Taken together these two acts w ere accepted as confession that Ger many feared defeat by starvation unless she could break tho iron ring about her j To <lo this she must compel the British lj lalsc tlie embargo on food supplies, and her only weapon was the submarine, by which Bhe might hope.to intercept food ships bound for Britain and by compell ing the English to suffer from food short age force the abolition of the food block ade. As to English ships, Admiral von Tlr jltz had. In January, frankly proclaimed a policy of submarine aggression which contemplated sinking ships t and crews, and thus conduct a reign of terror on ! tlie high seas. In February the cam paign opened, not by sinking crews and ships, but by torpedoing several ships ? at very mouth Of the Mersey and setting their crews ashore. Such a course must > and did provoke unfavorable criticism Jj among* the neutrals, but to extend thie * policy to neutral ships was to open new j horizons, was a frank confession that ! the German campaign to win sympathy abroad had given way to a stern neces sity to make wkr as terrible as possible for the foe even at the expense of neu trals. AIX-LA-CHAFELI.E By William Wordsworth. Was it to disenchant, and to undo. That we approached the seat of Charle magne? To sweep from many an old romantic strain That faith which no devotion may renew! Why does this puny church present to view Its feebled columns and that scanty chair? This sword that one of our weak tlmM might wear; > Objects of false pretense, or meanly true! If from a traveler's fortune I might claim A palpable memorial of that day, Then would I seek*lie Pyranean breach Which Roland clove with huge two-hand ed sway. And to tho enormouB labor left his name, Where unremitting frosts the rockjr crescent bleach.