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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, May 03, 1915, Image 1

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Several British Vessels Are
Sunk By German Torpe
* does in North Sea
I -
French Steamer Meets Watery Grave
When Struck By Torpedo—Brit
ish Destroyers Sink Two
German Torpedo Boats
Capturing Crews
A London, May 2.—01 P- m.l—The British
uteamer Fulgent was sunk by a German
submarine northwest of the Ske#ig rocks
in the dark of Saturday morning, says
Lloyds dispatch from Kilrush, Ireland.
A boat containing nine survivors and
the body of the captain, who had been
shot and killed, was rescued by a trawler
and landed at Kilrush. The trawler was
^ unable to*find the second boat containing
the remainder of the Fulgent’s crew'.
London, May 2.—(8:03 p. m.)—The Brit
ish admiralty announced tonight that two
German torpedo boats had been sunk in
the North sea. The British torpedo boat
destroyer Recruit also was sunk.
( The text of the statement follows:
“A series of small affairs took place
in the neighborhood of the Galloper and
North Hinder lightships Saturday.
"During the forenoon H. M. destroyer
Recruit was sunk by a submarine, four
officers and 21 men being saved by the
trawler Daisy.
"At 3 p. m. the trawler Colombia was
attacked by two German torpedo boats.
* who approached her from the westward
and commenced an action without hoisting
their colors. The Columbia was sunk by
a torpedo, only one deck nand being saved
by the other trawlers.
"A division of British destroyers, com
prising the Laforey, Leonidas. Lawford!
and Lark, chased the two German vessels
and after a brief running fight of about I
one hour sank them both.
"The British destroyers sustained no
"Two German officers and 44 men were
rescued from the sea and made pris
oners of war."
, The destroyer Recruit was on patrol !
duty Saturday morning when the subma-!
l ine sank her. According to details re- i
reived here the Recruit when struck sig
nalled for asisstance, and her call was
answered by the trawler Daisy and 30
men out of her complement of 65 were
It is stated that p torpedo was fired at
the Daisy, which was forced to leave one
of her rescue boats behind, and that the
l submarine chased this boat and fired her
1 gun at It, wounding four men.
British torpedo boat destroyers, sight
ing in the distance two German torpedo
boats which had sunk the trawler Co
lombia and apparently wrere supporting
a submarine, engaged the Germans at
long range in the vicinity of the North
Hinder light. The Germans endeavored
to run away, hut the British boats pressed
them hard and shortly afterward sank
them. The British boats rescued some
of the crews of the Germans and landed
them today.
London, May 2.—(11:03 p. m.)—The
French steamer Europe, from Barry for
St. Nazaire, with a cargo of coal, was
(Continued on Page Seven)
Says Correspondence Made
^ Public Could Not Be Con
sidered Private—Scores
Rockefeller, Senior
Cinolnnati, May 2.—Frank P. Walsh,
H chairman of the federal industrial re
H lations commission, answering the
( charge of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., that
he had made public private correspon
dence said today: “No matter which
has to do with breaking down the
civic organism of the state or coun
try can be called private.”
”]f these letters that Mr. Rockefel
* lor has sent to this commission are
true.” Mr. Walsh continued, “tnon 1
have violated no confidence, inasmuch
as the facts in these letters show con
m ditions which heretofore have not been
f given to this commission and which I (
believe are vital to the understanding!
of the Colorado coal strike situation.
“Rut I have nothing but pity f.,r
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. He Is repre
senting the greatest fortune in the
world, I want to say (n doing this he
does not do anything without first get
} ting orders from Tarry town. John Ij.
i Rockefeller. Sr., is still managing all
the mines in Colorado: he is still build
ing up all of bis investments the same
as he did when building up the Stand
ard Oil company.
Commission’s Existence Justified
‘‘And in this respect, 1 want to say
that if this commission did nothing
^ more than open up the doors of 26
P Broadway, it would have justified its
“I believe the fortune of Rookefel
ler and the Rockefeller industries point
the way to the solution of industrial
unrest in the country today. I base
this conclusion on what the commis
sion has found to be facts. The source
ot the potential employing power of tl.e
United States i« almost entirely *«>
M xestcd !n New York city, and 1 might
* say it is almost subject to the will of
one man. and that man is J. T>. Rocke
teller, Sr.”
Turning to t'ne Colorado situat^Uh,
Mr. "Walsh said:
‘‘It Is a crime in Colorado to fix
prices, but in a letter from I* M. Row
ers said: ‘The Colorado Fuel and Iron
tre said: “The Colorado Fuel and Iron
company usually leads in the fixing of
prices.' Mr. Bowers is now in the east.
(Csatlssa# m Pam i«m l
Secretary of Commerce Writes Chairman Stone of
Senate Committee—Deplores Fact That For
eign Carriers Prosper at American Cost
Through High Ocean Transportation Rates.
Washington, May 2.—Secretary of Commerce Redfield, in a letter to Chair
man William J. Stone, cf the Senate foreign relations committee, made public
today, declares that unless some unforeseen change in the export movement
the balance of the trade in favor of the United States will reach, if not ex
ceed, $1,000,000,000 during the current fiscal vear.
'This," writes the secretary, ‘‘is coinci
dent with the absence of an expenditure
on the part of the American travelers
abroad, estimated net at about $170,000,000
per annum, and also with the absorption
by us of large but undetermined amounts
of American securities owned abroad, by
reason of which the interest on the se
curities thus purchased is now paid to us
instead of to others. Not only, therefore,
is the favorable balance remarkable in
itself, but it is not subject to the offsets
that heretofore have been usual.
Mr. Red field deplores the high ocean
transportation rates by which foreign
carriers are prospering at American cost
' while we remain in the humiliating posi
tion of depending upon foreign navies to
protect the movement of our own com
merce, which we ought to control, but do
“The conditions during this year, dur
ing which President Wilson has so aoly
guided our ship of state amid stormy
seas,” the letter concluded, “are such that
the favorable balance in our foreign trade
Is so great that it already reaches a sum
sufficient to purchase the largest of 0\lr
great railway systems, and that if it con
tinued for the balance of the fiscal year
at the current rate, it would he sufficient
to extinguish the entire interest-bearing
deht of the national government. It would
several times pa’ the cost of the Panama
canal, would/- e than discharge the
debts of all 9 ates, or more than pay
the entire <1/ *f the great city of New
York plus- 1 of the city of Phila
Captain of Oil Tank Steamer, Gulflight, Dies of
Heart Failure as Result of Shock—President
Wilson Informed—Makes No Comment.
London, May 2—(6'20 p- m.)—The American oil tank steamer Gulflight,
which Bailed from Port Arthur, Texas, April 10, for Rouen, France, was tor
pedoed at noon Saturday off the Scilly islands, according to a Central News
dispatch today.
The captain of the Gulfright, according to the same advices, died of heart
failure as a result of shock. Two seamen jumped overboard and were
a lie outer memun» ui me wcic
taken off by a patrol boat. The vessel t
was towed into Crow sound and beached.
The Gulflight was a steel vessel of 3202 r
tons net, and was built at Camden, N. «
J., in 1914. She was owned by the Gulf *
Refining company. The vessel was 383 c
feet long, 51 feet beam and 30 feet deep. '
she was equipped with wireless appa
New Haven, Con , May 2.—News of the
torpedoing of the American steamer Gulf- 1
light off the Scilly Islands on Saturday f
was communicated to President Wilson j
tonight on his special car, en route from ’
Wiiliamstown, Mass., to Washington. He 1
declined to comment.
Washington, May 2. Press reports of J
the torpedoing of the American steamer
Gulflight and the loss of her captain and ,
some members of the crew created a stir t
tonight in official circles. -y
ji met lepuiiM Hie oorne out, me ai
Lack on the Gulflight constitutes the first
-as© of an American ship struck by a
torpedo with the consequent loss of lives,
fwo have been sunk by mines, the respon
sibility for which never has been fixed,
ind an American, Leon C. Thesher, was
drowned when the British ship Falaba
was torpedoed.
The United States government has just
completed its investigation of the Thresh
er case, Wf m' view of the direct at
tack on an American vessel now repprt
i'd, it is probable that both incidents will
he dealt with in whatever diplomatic ac
tion itj taken.
U was recalled tonight that in the note
sent to Germany In answer to Germany's
proclamation of a sea war zone the
Washington government stated that it
would hold Germany "to a strict account
ability" for the loss of any American lives
ir vessels.
The course of the United States in the
ase of the Gulflight Is not likely to lie
letermlned for several days as sometime
probably will be required to get the facts.
I'iie possibility of any action other than
i, demand for damages is considered re
mote because of the belief of the officials
[hat the attack on the Gulflight probably
will be found to have been accidental.
Says 14-Inch Guns On Bat
tleship Pennsylvania Are
Superior to Any Other
Gun Known

Washington. May 2.—Critics who
claim the American navy’s 14-lnch
tlflcs are inferior to the 15-inch British
naval gun are answered in a statement
issued tonight by Secretary Datitcls,
declaring that the bureau of ordnance
has developed a 14-inch gun "that will
shoot further, shoot straighter and hit
harder than any gun now In use or
known to be designed by a foreign
While conceding that the British bat
tleship Queen Elizabeth's guns throw
a larger snell. Mr. Daniels points out
that she carries only eight 15-inch
titles, compared with 12 14-inch weap
ons on the United States battleship
"The question of the proper calibre
for tile main battery guns of our bat
tleships." says the .Secretary’s state
ment, "Is one that has received the
most careful consideration by the bu
reau of ordnance and the general
"There is an axiom with regard to
calibres which amounts to this: That
a ship would mount the smallest big
gun that w-ill pierce the enemy’s ar
mor over vitals at the maximum prob
able fighting range. The 14-lnch guns
of the Pennsylvania will get thiough
the maximum armor afloat, so far as
our knowledge goes, at a range of 12.
000 yards. The Queen Elizabeth's 1.1-i
inch guns will do little more than
that. If our Information is correct as
to the velocity of the British lr.-lnch
sun. the 14-tncb guns of the Penusjl
.anla will range a little further that’,
the Queen Elizabeth's 15-lnch gun. The
Hat trajection of-the 14-inch gun gives
it increased probability of hitting in
comparison with the 16-Inch gun.
“The Pennsylvania mounts 12 guns
to the Queen Elizabeth’s 8.
"The navy department has built and
proved a 16-inch gun superior to both
the 15-lnch and 14-inch, so far as pene
tration of armor is concerned. Tf the
Pennsylvania were to be armed with
the 16-Inch gun she could carry only
Several Improvements In
All Lines Indicated In Re
ports From Regional
Reserve Districts
Washington. May 2.—General improve- ;
ment in business conditions with “re
turning confidence” is announced today
in the federal reserve board's digest of
reports of agents in the 12 reserve dis
tricts into which the country is divided.
Development of considerable activity in
certain industries in connection with the
war are pointed out.
“'Improving conditions and promvsr of
continued betterment,*’ is Iti me summary j
ot reports from the Richmond district.
Progress is still retarded by war condi- I
tions. There is decided improvement In
cotton prices with confidence in the fu
ture. Cotton milling is prosperous. Short
age of dyestuffs is causing some uneasi
The Atlanta district report indicates
“increased activity of sound and conserva
tive nature in all lines." though no re
markable improvement. Increased rail
road. hotel and postal receipts reflect cot
ton trade advance and growth of confi
dence. “Industrial and manufacturing in
terests,” the report says, "are again on
a normal basis and conditions are im
proving in all trade lines.”
Steady and conservative increase is re
ported for retail trade in the larger cities
of the Dallas district.
“The feeling through the entire business,
agricultural and live stock section is en
couraging,” adds the report. Cotton and
cotton seed products show an increased
demand ami satisfactory prices. All emer
gency currency is expected to be retired
before May.”
The announcement says that in the New
York district general improvement with
optimism in New York city is noted. Slight
Improvement is reported from Boston and
Improvement in some lines is claimed for
In Cleveland the metal trade has been
stimulated by foreign orders. The Chi- ,
cago district shows improvement esp-j
cialiys In fines profiting by war orders.
The St. Louis. Kansas City and Min
neapolis conditions are improving on pros
pects of good crops. San Francisco re
ports prospects as exceptionally good.
The federal reserve board,tbdav Inaugu
rated the publication of a monthly “Fed
eral Reserve Bulletin.” Its pi#po»e. it an
nounces. is to afford a general statement
concerning business conditions, federal
reserve affairs and other matters of in
terest to banks.and the public.

Providence. Pastor Gets a
Thousand Dollars For
Essay on Peace
Liberty Finds It Necessary to Make
Its Way With Sword—Religious
Tolerance Was Won By the
Sword, He Says
New York. May 1—(Special.)—The prize
winners In the peace essay content held
by the Carnegie Church Peace union,
which closed January 1 of this year, were
announced today. The first prize of $li*w>
is awarded to the Rev. Gains Glenn At
kins pastor of the Central Congregational
church of Providence, R. I., well known
as a leader among the Congregationalists
in New England. The judges were Rob
ert Underwood Johnson, former editor or
Century; Canon George William Doug
las of the cathedral of St. John the Di
vine, and Dr. Washington Gladden of
Columbus, O. The prize awarded to Dr
Atkins was offered to “any pastor of any
church in the United States.
Three prizes offered to students in theo
logical seminaries were awarded to the
following: It. W. Nelson. Phillips uni
versity. East Enid. Ok la ; P. V. Blanch
ard. Andover seminary, Cambridge, Mass.,
and R. Niebuhr, Yale School of Religion,
Lincoln, 111.
The 10 prizes offered to church mem
bers were all awarded to men. They are
as follows: Hoyt H. Hudson, Couer
d'Alene. Ida.; Bryant Smith, Boulder.
Colo.; Oliver C. Moles. Edgewater. Colo.;
Philip Arnold. Cranston, 111.; Benjamin
Lloyd Knight. Iowa City, la.; Roy Fran
cis Howes, Palo Alto, Cal.; Arthur Lock
wood Johnson. San Jose, Cal.; Charles L.
Stewart, Urbana, III.; Walter B. Brock,
Bethesda, Aid., and Clyde Eaglcston, Ox- j
ford, Tex.
Some of the striking paragraphs in
the essay of Dr. Atkins, which is en- 1
titled, “The Causes of War," are as fol
Dr. Atkins* Essay
“This war is teaching us first of all
that humanity has not lost its fighting
edge. The hopes and fears of those who
believed tliut old fighting instincts
were dead or so blunted as to have lost
their primitive r.nd terrible power are
alike disappointed; we are offered from
day to day proofs that men generally
are capable of displaying a finer and
more, desperate kind of courage than ever
before. ' •
“So our world being what It is. we see
how necessary it has been for liberty
again and again to make its way with the
sword. Religious wars are always quite'
as truly wars for religious freedom as
wars of religious intolerance; a good part
of all that fighting which we owe to im
perialism is only the noble and saving
resistance to those who refuse to be
imperi&lized. it is not too much to say I
that there is no real freedom today. ;
whether In the administration of the
state, in the unhampered worship of God
or in the operation of democracy itself,
that lias not been won by fighting. The,
measure of religious tolerance which
holds in Europe today was. to begin i
with, at least won by 1 lie sword; at the
edge of the sword Holland cut herself1
free from Spain; at the edge of the sword i
the 'divine right of kings' was hopelessly
and finally beaten down In English soil;
at the edge of the sword the better part
of the French revolution got room and
chance for life; at the edge of the sword
the American colonies freed themselves
from their overzealous mother; at the
edge of the sword slavery in America was
ended and paid for; and no prophet is
wise enough to say that this long and
heroic chapter in the history of hu
ni}' nit>' is finally closed. j
inn ita b nriny
"W here In America have maintained a
standing arm' which may be dismissed
as negligible, have reluctantly built a re
spert-cnmmandhig navy, and have on the
whole been perhaps too careless of our na
tional defense, not because we are un
willing to pay the price or tight. If need
be, there is nothing in our national his
tory to prove that we have been afraid
to fight, but because on the whole we
have Instinctively given expression to the
peace-making, pern e-malntalnlng. peace
trusting forces which are Implicit In the
life and temper of democracy.
"Republican France left to herself
would have forgotten her military ideals
and ambitions, and have even foregone
her revenge. In spite of the menace of
that cordon of steel lying over against
her northern frontiers. France was rap
idly becoming a peace-loving nation, and
another generation without war would
have gone far toward transforming her
national character.”
In his conclusion Dr, Atkins makes a
plea for educational activities toward the
end that the causes of war may he elimi
nated ' He points out In this direction the
opportunity of the church. "At the heart
of our American life," he says. "Is the
American church; free from entangling
alliances with the state and its parties,
with no cause to serve save the causes of
an ultimate justice and a regnant right
eousness. she has leadership, power. In
fluence to feed Into the life of this na
tion an Idealism which shall east its
light far down the future's broadening
way and make plain the path along which
the people shall come."
A similar contest is now being held by
the union, to close December 31.
t Await Answer From Vienna !
1 -*- 4
4 Rome. May 2.— (Via Paris! *
4 Although Vienna's answer g|c- 4
4 Ing the Anal decision of the 4
4 Austrian government concern- 4
4 Ing territory to he reded to 4
4 Italy has not arrived. Indications 4
4 received in official quarters here 4
4 leads to Hie supposition that the 4
4 answer will contain further con- 4
4 cessions. It Is not believed, how- 4
4 ever, that the concessions will 4
4 satisfy the Italian claims, which, 4
4 If ss affirmed, are really mini- 4
4 musn, mean virtually an end 10 •
4 the negotiations. , 4
_French and German Shells _
—:r"1 • — " —■ ■ — ■ ■■ ■ ■—'
The photograph shows three kinds of projectiles in use in the present
conflict In Europe. The large shell in the centre of the picture is a German
siege shell. It is six feet high and weighs 1,800 pounds. The small shell at
the right is a French 75-millimetre shell; that at the left, a German 77 milli
metre. The picture was taken by a French officer in the Fifth Army Corps,
Describes Desperate Fighting for Possession of Summit of
Hartmann’s-Weiler—German’s Brave in Charges and
Carry Battle to Bayonet Point—Contrasts
War With Pastoral Life
Hartmanns-Wellerkopff, Alsace. Fri
day, April 30. (Via Paris. May 2. fi P
m.)—Shells, great and small, fell on
this spur in the Vosges mountains at.
the rate of from $0- to $4 a minute for
hours last Monday, after French moun
taineers had carried the crest by h.n
•ault. Twice' before had the Alpine
troops won the summit and had been
forced from It by obstinate Herman at
t&rkri. This time they clung to the cra
ters made by mines and shell- and to
the scant shelter of abandoned trench*
and dug outs.
When the shell Are sudden!> stopped
and the Germans swept upward again
the Alpines, supported and reinforced,
threw back attack after attack
The Germans persisted with the ut
most courage and the fighting after the
first rushes was with the l>ny"i>»*t. h«t«l
and wounded fell so thhklv hat the
bodies touched each other. Presently th.*
assaults died down and th*- Germans
sank Into their trenches on th* Hopes.
They have remained there since, while
day and night the French are enlarging j
and deepening their trenches ami dig j
ging and roofing in shell-proof shelters, j
This Is the culmination of three]
month:- of violent efforts by one side to I
hold and by the other to take an emi
nence dominating the plain of Al&Ace.
Correspondent With 'french
A correspondent of the Associated)
Press was with th© French troops fori
an hour and a half today on the top of
Hartmans-\Veller. now rcoccupied
by French soldiers. Ii is a harsh scene.
Splintered and jagged stems of what
were thick pine woods stand up among
the boulders. The forest has been cut
down by machine gun and shell fin-.
The whole place is scarred by the dead
ly business of the Iasi three weeks.
Sharp shooters on both sides snipe
away at any show of a hostile helmet,
peak of cap. Observers watch througu
crevices between stones or bags of
sand concealed by pine branches. A
periscope thrust above the trenches is
shattered three or four seconds after Its
a ppearance.
The foremost points of the French
position now are well roofed in with
pine logs. Machine guns have been
closely placed to swe.-p th© approaches
with cross fir©.
Th© German trenches in which no
doubt the earn** deadly alertness pre
vails. are at oik* pin* within 2.» or 30
feet and at no plan are they farther
away than lf>0 yards.
Position Explained
The colonel in command took the cor
respondent to one of I he forward obser
vatories and In whispers explained the
position. The men standing by that,
pieces, were taking morning bread and
coffee. The instant readiness suggested
a well ordered American fire engine
house, where the men at tin. sound of,
a gong each Jumps to hla place.
Looking far heyond the German
trenches to the plain below, sprinkled
with villages and farmhouses, one can
see a cherry orchard now In full bloom.
This Is the country' where klrschwasset
(cheri'y water) Is made. The landscape
stems to be whitened by the tens of thou
sands of cherry frees In bloom. Mur
derous mountain knots and the beautiful
country spread out In the country below
are in poignant contrast.
Through Glasses one could sec women
Washing clothes in a creek, children play
ing and farmers working with oxen in
the field. All the ordinary business of
country life was going on as If this
part of the 400-mlle battle line was not
at tbelr front doors.
Men In Trenches Quiet
The men In the trenches were uulot,
weather-seasoned men They talked sim
ply, - even with dignity, of their work.'
One of the men cut open a loaf from a
batch of German army brown bread left
behind and compared it with tile white
French bread of his ration. Meet, pre
served and cooked, in gelatin casings, la
being served to part of the troops, and
they seemingly like It better than the
American canned meats.
rI he forests hack of the lighting point
are astir with men cutting and .sawing
trees for roofing trenches. Others are
wHemng 44 w» mountain paths "into roads
ah ng which wind strings of mules loaded
with shells, ammunition boxes, bread.
cu: ks of water and Wine and a thousand
articles essential t*» operations in the
forests. They also carry packages ft dm
home for the soldiers.
Passing down the other wav are mule
tiles with empt.v nags, casks and boxes,
and with wounded soldiers swung In a sort
of basket chair, one on chou side of a led
mule Those more seriously wounded are
carried by stretcher men. Near here, in
another part of the Vosges. Harvard am
bulance men are working.
Paris papers two days old at. delivered
repulari; and the men and officers off
duty m this rugged region read the gos
sip which circulates on the boulevards
and the same pleasantries are repeated.
The Associated press correspondent was
the first civilian who had visited this part
of the battle front In months. Every .me
talked of a long war and even of an
other winter in the trenches.
“Ah. yes.” they said, “these Hermans
must take a lot of heating."
The only solution of the war from the
soldiers' wav of looking at it is to kill
many ni«m* hundreds of thousands of
theli adversaries and to keep on killing
and pushing them hack They i»t«l 11• Mt
they are making positive ga ' at losses
less than the ones they inflict.
Toklo. Saturday. May I.-(Delayed in
transmission.)—It is generally believed in
Toklo that negotiations between China
and Japan have entered a distinctly hop -
ful stage, .as a result of Japan's decision
to make important concessions In Its de
mand* on china.
Japan, it is learned, lias agreed to t -
store Kianchnn to China if China will
accept the Japanese amended demand •
Japan has abandoned the demand w hi* i
relates to Chinese police administration
and that dealing with armaments i
changed by leaving for future consid
erations whether a Japanese arsenal shall
h«- established In china or whether muni
tions shall he purchased In Japan. The
question of China granting to Japan the
rigid to build railways in south rn Chlin
has been postponed pending discussion*
between Japan and Rw governments of
other interested powers.
A Peking dispatch under date of May ’.
said that *r»t the conference in Peking
Saturday the Chinese government defi
nitely had refused to accept some of the
clauses embodied in what Is known ns
group V of the Japanese demands. The
conference terminated witjj* neither the
Japanese nor the Chinese asking for an
other meeting.
Rankers to Meet
Dothan, May 2.—(Special.)—-Group k.
of the Alabama Hankers' assort 11 i.r"t
will meet in this city Tuesday. May
Local bankers are making extensive
preparations to entertain the delegate s
to this meeting.
1— -Bnlane*4 of trade in favor of United
States will he a billion dollars.
Activity at sea marks Sunday in Eu
ropean fight.
Atkins wins first, prize in Carnegie
pifo'ca essay contest.
Torpedo sinks American steamer.
2— Genuaph claim to have Russians on
run south of Mitau.
. r> -Ebglish expert Is sent to assist in
buying supplies
V-Editorial comment.
' i>—Dr. c. Clifton Ferrell shot and killed
4 near TTaco by negroes.
Formal opening of sociological con
gress today.
Make .Uod yoar banker is advice of
s. T. •Slaton,
M Itlder to look into local conditions.
6 -Bports,
7— Cotton falls for moderate decline
8— Attempted jail delivery foiled. ^
..... V h.
Former Secretary of Navy
Reviews Secretary Dan
iel’s Letter
Says Conflicts In European War
Have Emphasized Necessity For
More Modern Armament and
Vessels—Aircraft Is Im
portant Factor
Boston, May 2.—Former Secretary of
the Navy George Von L. Meyer made*
public tonight n statement reviewing:
the open letterifrom Secretary of the
Navy Daniels to President Garfield of
Williams college, concerning the pres
ent status of the naval equipment of
the United States. Mr. Meyer opens
with the statement that Secretary
Daniels' discussion of this subject
"leaves much to be desired In the way
of Information." The statement fol
lows :
"The Secretary neglects to stale
"hen he refers to the last two years
of the Taft administration, that the
i louse of Representatives, which
< riginates appropriations, was in con
‘rol of the democrats on account of
the by-elections. That they went into
caucus and voted "no battleships.” It
was on the issue tlial no party could
afford to caucus on patriotism, placed
before the people by some of the lead
ing papers at my request, that we
broke the caucus and obtained, very
grudgingly, from the democrats one
battleship for each of the remaining
two years.
"The war and the campaign of edu
cation on national defense, has in
fluenced Congress in making more lib
eral approprtali ins. hut the third bat
tleship Mr. Daniels obtained was made
possible by tile sale of the Idaho and
Mississippi to Greece, using the fund
derived from tills transaction for an
additional dreadnought. But the Idaho
mid Mississippi were both modern
ships, built in 1004, and while President
Wilson's sale was a good businoa
transact ion, It will not, apparently. In
crease our tonnage. It should also bo
i.i.dcd that the Indiana. Massachusel' y
end Oregon can no longer bo included
In our tonnage list that the Iowa,
K carange. Kentucky , nd .Alabama will
teach their age limit in 1 PI6, while the
Illinois. Wisconsin, Maine,. Ohio and
Missouri are due for replacement by *
2020. as battleships become obsoletu
in 20 years. It is obvious, therefor©,
that a policy pursued according to
Hi in year s prngminm© of two battle
ships with certain auxiliaries, no scout
eruirers and no battle cruisers will
lead nowhere if It is the real purpose
of the nation to hare ah Adequate navy,
j for wo an* not even following a pro
l gramme of m w construction intended
to teplacc those vessels which have
been or will soon bo condemned be- 4
those unfit for service on account of
\iivy at .Maximum Mrcngin
"W hile, as the Secretary has stated,
the nav\ Is today recruited to Us maxi
mum strength (which is due to th** de
i reused demand for labor in various
lines of trade throughout the I’nltod
Htat* h >. .ret tin cominaiidiT In chief of
the fleet. In a communication to the
I Naval academy gives the opinion that
'lie fit . i lacks in its complete equip
I merit, about B0«0 men ami a number
1 «»f fit1 > i ch. To put all the ahipu ;n /
| « ommissioii that could l>c useful in
ilinu of war. would require 18.000 ,»ddi
tloual men and many officers, accord
ing to Admiral Badger in Ills evidence
t eforc the naval committee this win
ter. and >et, in his letter tho Secre
tary assures the public that the navy
in I!»1 f» Is larger, better equipped an-1
tin better condition than In any pre
j \ iouii vi'iir, while experts know that
this is Impossible, since many of tho
battleship* hav*' been retained .so long
it Mexico that fleet maneuvering, vital
for efficient > , has Iwen terribly .tam
pered and |ntc--ff»red with.
"The navi conflicts of the European
v.nr have emphasized tlie* importance
of speed, range and armament. Tho
Him her, faster than any of our ships,
a;j dcstioycd because she was slower
than aii\ of the other ships in the con*
Hid Vet we are building no fast
ci uisers or battle cruiser*. Tin Sccre*
lary, tu his enthucdnrm over our t4
inch guns, which he says will shoot
I urt her, shoot siraluhtcr end hit
i aider Hum an> naval m.n now in use,
overlooks the fact that Japan has In
commission and building eight naval
ships willi 14-Inch k ’ns probably as
good as our 1 l-lnch guns, and that
England has the yjuecn Elizabeth In
commission with 15-lnch guns, a bat
tleship of over 117.000 tons, with a speed
of i* r» knots, and nine other capital
shifts building with 15-lnch guns.
Neod of Aircraft
I he war has demonstrated tho need
I snd value of nln raft. The general
l oard recommended the appropriation
• f $5,000,000. liui only one-fifth of the
amount was obtained.
"In view of the increasing number of
submarines and the accident in Hawaii, ’ %
there is urgent necessity for testing
r ml wo-,.eking docks that may bo ufted
lor salving submarines of any si::e,
docking mu I>marines and testing to de •
termlnc tho resistance to external
water pressure. Two flocks of this
description will be requtrdH for tho
Atlantic and tv\o for the Pacific
•Tpon the efficacy c*f the supply
ships depends th*' efficacy of the Meet.
i The importance of supply ships
has also been demonstrated in
this wa\. one was authorised In 1013.
It would have been nearly completed
by this time if built under contractu
but It is to be constructed in one of
< ur navy yards, anil It has not yet
been laid down
Without ample coal and oil storage
at distant bases. In the absence of a 1
large met chant marine to Insure a eon
t muons supply of fuel, the range and
* ffh ier.cy of the fleet will be seriously
impaired In time of war.
"The general board In a report to q
tho Secretary stated. ‘The strength of
♦he fleet Is measured too often in thft
1C««Usm4 •• «rh Twsft

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