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USE COTTON GOODS
IN SPITE OF m President Duncan Makes a Speech in Boston Which Attracts Attention SLOCUM FORESEES : REVIVAL AHEAD Other Leaders Cannol Help Thinking But That a Boom of I'npre cedented Magnitude Is in Sight Wy not.LAtin New York. May 4.--(Special.)—Albert Greene Duncan of Boston, president of j the National Association of Cotton Manu facturers. spoke at the annual meeting of the association at Boston last week. Some mho heard him have%returned to New York and these speak of that address as though It is as well worth reading as it •was worth hearing. Mr. Duncan is prob ably without superior In New England in his knowledge of the cotton manufac turing industry in all its departments. His executive relation to some large cotton making corporation? upon the financial aide have qualified him to speak from that point of view. He is also familiar with the technical and operating, as well as the distributing or marketing, department of | the business. Moreover, he is qualified by an excellent gift for speaking tersely and with clearness to expound the cotton manufacturing situation. His address I was short, did not occupy more than 10 or 15 minutes in delivery, hut those who beard it and who have since returned to New York speak of It as unsurpassed by any of the other addresses delivered in years past to this association. The southern states, as well as New England and, in fact, the entire country, | are deeply interested in the growth of the cotton manufacturing business. it has not been as yet thoroughly or perfectly developed. For instance, the council which'is made up of representatives of the national association, whose offices are at Boston, and of the American Cotton Man ufacturer’s association, whose offices an at Charlotte, N. C., is at present greatly occupied with efforts whereby more rapid as well as more economical handling "t the cotton mill products can he obtained There seems to be no way as favorabh for promoting this purpose as by tin bringing of mills and representatives oi the.m who soil the products Into confer ence out of which will come agreements Of course, agreements of this kind, if the\ be formal, cannot be entered into withoui danger of violating the federal statutes. Still, there may be informal or tacit un derstanding which will he as effective ir economically handling the products of the cotton industry as they have already beer ) made effective in the steel industry, the •ugar industry and in some other of thf great industries of the country. Dual II year the output of the cotton mills of th< L nited States lias of the money valut of 51,700,000,000. In speaking of this, T. 1. | Hickman, president of the great cotton manufacturing company of Augusta. Ga.. *nd formerly president <>f the American Cotton Manufacturers’ association, who •peaks, therefore, by authority, said that “notwithstanding the great lack of China trade, the goods have disappeared some where.’’ The industry at present is rep resented by approximately y_\no»u»no,noo of capital and 9u0,000 persons receive wages for what they do in these mills. ’■'-csldent Duncan in his address stated \m« rn an industry and initiative are imply equipped so as to take advan L* if* of the marvelous change in the r ' » conditions which have been due to E ir in great part. The cotton manu lng Industry should occupy itself to secure both legislative and social D inomleal aid in the expansion of ah trade. Furthermore, and signiti illustrating the new trend of t in the United States. Mr. Duncan lat tlie time has come when busi lust stand in perfect and well or ;o*operation This does not mean j that there are to be combinations of a kind which would be a violation of the jU statute, or a brutal competition. Unfair :) v\ methods in business have been exposed [ '.and are now condemned by the American E' people so emphatically that they cannot longer be in a large way practiced. But tpe Cotton Manufacturers’ association and ottiw trade organizations can now speak authoritatively, and persuasively, to the representatives of th«- stab legislatures ami to Congress so that legislative bodies will hereafter aim to conserve rather than destroy the business interests of the United States. This was a sentiment which was great ly applauded by those who heard it and Informal conversation between members •f the association at the Boston meet ing made it clear that there are no sec tional lines iu the United States so far CROUP, COLDS TAKE CHENEY’S! EXPECTORANT Clears your head and! throat and cures a dull, hacking cough, violent throbing headache. It soot h e s the irritated throat and stops the worst cough—even whooping cough —and cures colds of all kinds. 25 Cents At druggists. Lyric Vaudeville ! JEWELL'S MANIKIN MIM1<\S BALL A- WEST Monarch Comedy Four: Prunclle Sister? ! and Stephens: Cycling Rrum-ttes; Putin Cartoon Comedies and Weekly Newi '. Service. I 10c "nSET 20c 20c ?,3ol,ilS 30c Reserved Seals nil Performance* ChaulMuqun W eek Here 31ny 20 to 2* Redpath Chautauqua May 20-27 Sale Of season tickets begins 3loy S mm4 may be bad at Cable Plano Co. Cabeea Bros., Five Totals Drug Co. on< lavcaan, Joseph A Loeb’s. Adult Tickets $2.50 | Children’s Tickets $1.2? 1 THE WEATHER 1 Weather Forecast Washington, May 4.—Forecast for Ala bama: Cloudy Wednesday and Thursday; probably showers Thursday. For .Mississippi: Fair in north, unset ■ led in south Wednesday; Thursday fair in north, showers in south. « For Tennessee: Fair Wednesday and] Thursday. ! For Georgia: Cloudy Wednesday; Thursday unsettled, probably showers in west. Local Data For the 24 hours ending at 7 p. m May j 4. 1915: Highest temperature . So | Low est temperature . 70 i Mean temperature . To | Normal temperature . 68 , Deficiency in temperature since Jan. 1. 324 I Rainfall . 0.00 1 Total rainfall since Jan. 1.12.8s' Deficiency in rainfall since Jan. 1.6.66 Relative humidity. 7 a. m., 82; 2 p. m., 21; 7 p. m., 31. Weather Conditions Summary of observations made at th* United Slates weather bureau stations during the 24 hours ending at 8 p. m., seventy-fifth meridian time. May** 4: Ternperature Stations ami Weather at 8 p. m ____ y Atlanta, cloudy . 70 78 68 ‘lO Birmingham, cloudy ... 71 SO 7ft Boston, pt. cloudy _ 4S 58 46 Buffalo, raining . 44 5ft 46 .18 Calgary, pt. cloudy _ 46 56 44 Charleston, cloudy _ 74 84 75 Chicago, cloudy . 48 5ft 46 .14 Denver, cloudy . 48 54* 36 .06 Dcs Moines, cloudy _ 54 56 46 Duluth, cloudy . 52 54 38 Ft. Worth, raining _ 64 72 6n Galveston, cloudy . 68 76 74 1.02 Hatleras, clear . 68 76 66 .02 Jacksonville, raining .. 66 ss 7ft .02 Kansas City, clear _ 60 6ft 44 Knoxville, pt. cloudy 66 72 60 .12 Louisville, pt. cloudy.. 56 60 56 . 22 Memphis, pt. cloudy ... 7ft 72 60 Minneapolis, cloudy ... 52 52 . Mobile, cloudy . 74 86 72 .02 Montgomery, cloudy ... 71 SI 72 ... Nashville, clear . 66 70 ’ 6ft New Orleans, cloudy ..71 8ft 71 New York, cloudy . 50 54 48 .06 Oklahoma, cloudy . 61 68 5ft ...I Phoenix, clear . 76 76 46 ...I Pitt*burg, cloudy . 50 66 56 .08 j Raleigh, clear . 71 SO 66 .061 San Antonio, cloudy ... 64 76 66 .32 Shu Francisco, cloudy.. 52 5s 50 .11 Shreveport, cloudy . 68 71 66 Spokane, cloudy . 66 68 42 St. Louis, pt. cloudy ... 56 60 50 Tampa, pt. cloudy _ 76 84 72 Toledo, cloudy . 18 48 42 .26 Vicksburg, cloudy . 68 76 7ft Washington, pt. cloudy 61 78 54 .08 Winnipeg, pt. cloudy ..60 64 4ft KAPPA SIGMA FIGHTS ANTI-FRATERNITY LAW Washington, May' 4.—Constitutionality ol the Mississippi anti-fraternity law was j argued today before tlie supreme court, I tin- first anti-fraternity art to come be fore that tribunal. The case whs that of J. P. Waugh, Who was refused admittance at 1he Uni versity of Mississippi because he would not sign a pledge not to aid or encourage Greek letter fraternities while there Waugh at the time was a member of Kappa Sigma fraternity at Millsaps col lege. His counsel today rested their case on I alleged unconstitutional discrimination against Greek fraternity men not .students when the act was passed in J912. EMPRESS T,HANKS AMERICAN RED CROSS Washington. May 1 The Empress of Germany has expressed her appreciation of the American Red Cross work in behalf of Germany through Count Rernstorflf. German ambassador, who today sent this letter to Miss Mabel T. Boardman at Red Cross headquarters here: "1 have been commanded by her ma jest:-. the Empress, and have the honor to convey to you and the American Red ] ('rose society her majesty’s most heartfelt | ihanks for your continued and generous | activity in forwarding charitable gifts to Germany and for the services rendered by the American delegation of live doctors and 22 nurses, who are doing splendid work in Silesia.'’ as public sentiment is concerned with re ! sp.-ct to conservation of business inter jests Thomas W. Slocum's View As well qualified as any other leader In I the cotton manufacturing4 industry of the j United States to speak upon present eon 1 bilious is Thomas \V. Slocum of New I York, who is associated as executive head j with several large cotton manufacturing | plants. Mr. Slocum attended the meeting at Boston and upon his return to New York fold the writer briefly what the present situation in the industry appears to he. There is on the whole excellent promise, Mr. Slocum said, of a satisfac tory revival of the industry. In certain special lines it is already very good. Those manufacturers who took heed of the low prices which raw- cotton was commanding last fall are now In position to manufac ture with a conlfortable margin of profit. Others who waited too long may not be so advantageously situated. There is. 1 however, promise of a greatly increased domestic as well ns export trade, and j tliis w ill be stimulated in part by world l conditions. A Boston uusiness man who was in touch with many of the members of the Cotton Manufacturers’ association, and who lias been Kir several days in New York, said this morning that while he has not changed his views respecting the out look, nexthelesB there is a factor of doubt in ills mind. Until within two or three weeks he has been persuaded by j \tiiat he knew and saw* that we were on i the edge of what is llkly to prove a , business boom unprecedented in its mag ; nitude. it might be short and the larger it is the briefer will be Us existence, in I his opinion. He had, however, within a I few’ days obtained what seemed to him excellent information respecting the dura I tion of the war in Europe. The great authorities among the allies are still per suaded that the war will be long contin ued. This, of course, will entail steady and increasing purchases of all kinds of material in the United States, both war commodities and those which are in use in times of peace . But how are these j to be paid for? Already there are signs of inflation of the currency in Great Brit ain and very likely In Prance. Herein is i contained the factor of doubt, although it is an apprehension which has reference to the future rather than to present-day conditions. Shortly after the return of H^jiry P. Davison, of J. P. Morgan & Co., from his visit to Ixmdon and Paris of last win ter, he said that In the United States the bottom of business depression was reached in October, and he felt confident that we should have evidence of that io the spring of this year. In his view only one danger lurks in tile situation, and that is a remote danger. U is the possi bility of great inflation of the currency by and by. However, in his view, a ten | dency of that kind may be in great meas ure checked by the authority of the fed eral reserve board at Washington. Mr. Davison had no doubt about the ability of the belligerent nations to meet in full all the obligations they enter Into with the United States on account of pur chases in thl-3 country, no matter howr large these may be. 6. B. COMER BEFORE Protests Against Rate In creases Asked by Carriers Montgomery. May 4.—(Special.>— For the first time in several years B. B. Comer, former governor of Alabama, was a witness he fare the state railroad com misslqn this afternoon. Governor Comer appeared before the commission volunta rily to protest against Increases In freight rates asked by the carriers, and. while on the stand, made a lengthy state ment dealing with various* phases of the railroad rate situation. The former governor first took up the request of the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis railroad for an advance of rates on the Huntsville division of the line. He called attention to Hie law of the stale which prohibits a railroad, the majority of whose stock is owned by another road in the state, from charging higher rates than the parent line. He said that inasmuch as the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis is a subsid iary of the Louisville and Nashville, it cannot, legally ask to advance rates* above those charged by the Louisvills and Nashville. Enters Protest Governor Comer also entered a vigor ous protest against the continuation of the 10 per cent increase. He declared that there are a nutnber of articles hauled that are staple commodities and that the business depression does not affect this class of business, hence saw no reason why the commission should grant the railroads' petition for a con tinuation of the 10 per cent increase after June 30. Regarding the rate on coal from the mines to special industries at Anniston, Gadsden, Talladega and other places, the former governor said this rat*1 should he reduced front 70 cents to 30 cents. He declared that he had built his mill at S.vlacauga on the representations of the railroads that he would receive a rate of 60 cents, and stated that since the rail roads had increased this rate to 70 cents he had contracted with the Alabama Power company to use electricity in run ning I,is mill instead of coal. Governor Comer also made mention of politics in his statement before the commission, calling attention to the va rious amounts of money which the Louis ville and Nashville Railroad company had spent in several state campaigns. On the whole. Mr. Comer's statement was a clear exposition of what ho con ceived to be the situation with reference to the rate increases asked by the roads. It was not sensational, nor did it con tain any of his former charges to the effect that the state had been “sold’* to the railroads. He was on the stand 30 minutes. Coal Rale Cases Heard The commission today entered upon the hearing of the coal rate cases, all of them being grouped together. These cases Relate to the late from the mines to Birmingham, from the mines to An niston, Selma and other places, and nu merous changes in the rate on coke. The railroads are asking a 10 per cent increase in rate on coal from the mines to Birmingham and the city of Anniston is asking n reduction of 30 cents per ton on coal from the mines to that city. Most of the cases have been heard be fore. The three cases of the Nashville, Chat tanooRa a ml St. lands railroad were con * hided today. The most important of these cases was the petition of the load I for an increase in rates on the Hunts ville division of the line. The other two <ases pertained to a readjustment of the rate on cotton seed. • A number of witnesses are here to testify before the -commission in the coal Rate cases, which will not be con cluded for several days. HAS BEH DELAYED Walker Says They Want Everything in Shipshape Order Before Resuming Col. Alex E. Walker, state super intendent of hanks, announced y» ster day while a visitor to Birmingham, that the doors of the Jefferson County Savings bank would not be opened Moftday. and not before June 1. Colonel Walker attended yesterday to matters affecting the business o! the ban!; and he will remain here throughout today. Snowden McGaugliy of Gadsden, who will be president ol the bank, will come to Birmingham Thursday and will open an office tor the transaction of the business of re i ergrnization. "The bank." said Colonel Walker, "will not open its doors Monday, the date on which, in the beginning, we hoped to open. It is reasonably cer tain that 'he bank will not be ready for busine&s before June 1, for we are determined that everything be In «hip jfhape order before appearing before ilie public. I will remain in Birming ham tomorrow and Mr. McGaugh> will come Thursday. Both of its will Ije In attendance on the bankers’ associa tion convention next week and will work together regarding the details of j reorganization." JUDICIARY BODY VISITS LAW SCHOOL University, May 4.— (Special.)—The Ross judiciary committee of the leg islature, now sitting in Tuscaloosa, visited the law school of the univer sity this afternoon. They were received cordially by President Denny and the faculty and students of the law school Pleas for a separate appropriation for the law school were made before the committee in order that the feet | of students might be reduced and the course lengthened to three years, j Talks were made to the student* I present by the members of the coin 1 mittee. They seemed much Interested I in the welfare of the law' school. ! Accompanying the committee wer. Senatoi Brown, Representative Fit* and Probate Judge W. W. Brandon, til! of Tuscaloosa county, who also spoke According to Dean Farrah, who ha* been making special efforts toward this end. annual appropriation of $5CU( ts desired. Majorities of all three ol the recess committees now seem tc favor such an appropriation, he rays ■ STUDIO i ■ MEMORIAL ART J I n««l«i*r« and Builders ot ■ HIGH CLASS E ■ Monuments \ Suite RSftO Brown-Mars Bids. ■ | Birmingham, Ala. I 'vV Men Who Chew Are Men Who DO V /v IN the big power plants, like those that harness ^\ /v 1 Niagara Falls, and aid the progress of American JK manufacturing, we find men chewing—and they’re chewing ffl And here’s why men of big minds and big bodies chew and boost STAR: I ■ STAR plugs are thick —that means more of the rich, chewable inside for you. H jj 3 A thick STAR plug won’t dry out like a thin plug B and every STAR plug weighs a full 16 ounce pound. 16 oz. jjjt El STAR is made clean and kept so. ^u®8 B B Try STAR and you’ll know why one hundred and Ai||^kJ||^ J 10c. K ■ twenty-five million 10c. pieces are sold each year. <4 Cuts ' 1 : , . CHEWING TOBACCO LEADING BRAND OF THE WORLD PAGEANTS PHD By DRAM LEAGDE One Will Be Given During Fashion Week Next Year Several pageants are to be produced in Birmingham within the next yea: according to the report of the educa tion committee of the Birmingham (’enter of me Orama f^eague of Amer ica. Report to this effect was made | at a meeting of the board of managers, of this organization held at the Tut wiler yesterday afternoon. One of these pageants will he pro duerd on the streets of Birmingham during Fashion Week next year, ac cording to the tentative plans. Another will lie presented on the occasion of the Shakespearean tercentennial cele bration in 1916 by children of the city under the supervision of the Junior department. The Shakespearean cele bration will he a part of the nation wide movement inaugurated by the Drama League of America at its recent annual meeting. A civic theatre will also be estab lished in Birmingham at some future date if tlie movement inaugurated yes terday afternoon proves successful. The officers and members of the drama league do not expect this movement to take form at once, but they do ex pect there will be a growing interest that will culminate in the establish ment of such a theatre. The educational committee also re ported that drama reading circles were being organized in the Y. W. C. A. and Y. M. C. A. and in other social and educational institutions of the city. Chapters of the Junior league will be t str hlished in connection with the re creation department during the sum mere* Lectures anil dramatic readings by prominent people of Alabama and es pecially by prominent actors and act resses who come to the city will fea ture the monthly programmes of the drama league during, the next season. The president, Mrs. B. F. Wilkerson, was authorized to appoint a special committee to arrange for these meet ings. A special committee reported that the lyceum lecture course com mittee will co-operate with the drama league in bringing here next winter dramatic readers and lecturers on the drama. A report from tlie membership com mittee indicates that there are now about 17o members Rate Discrimination Charged Washington. May 4.—Complaint wag made to the interstate eommerce com mission today by the postoffice depart ment that railroads throughout ths country discriminated against the gov ernment in the transportation of stampad envelopes and newspaper wrappers by failure to give them h proper rate claa slfleation. The department asked for clasiflcations not greater than third class. HERE FOR DATA ON Judiciary Committee Will Hear Witnesses in Bir mingham Today and Bessemer Tomorrow The members of the legislative recess committee on the judiciary reached Bir mingham last night Hfter having sat for two days In Tuscaloosa. The opening ses sion of tiie committee In Birmingham will begin this morning at 9 o'clock at the Molton hotel. Tomorrow the committee will sit in Bessemer and on the following day return to Birmingham. The main object of the second coming of the committee to Birmingham is to se cure further information touching work men's compensation, it being the duty of the committee to write and foster a bill embracing that subject. It Is understood that heads of corporations, representa tives of the Trades Council atid others will be invited to express their views to day. The committee, too, Is anxious that lawyers whose experience and qualifica tions make them of great value as ad visers. appear and give testimony concern ing the Judiciary system of the state. Yesterday afternoon the members of the committee addressed the law school of the University of Alabama. A. It. Brind ley of Gadsden, member of the commit tee, stated lust night that the visit to the embryonic attorneys was most in teresting. Each of the members of the committee made a speech and the stu dents, Mr. Brindley added, seemed to be entertained by the bulk of advice of fered. The members of the committee are W. C. Davis of Jasper, chairman; A. R. Brindley of Gadsden, D. C. Blackwell of Anniston. Ira B. Thompson of Bay Min ette, John C. Dusk of Guntersville. Sam M ill John of Masslion and J.- C. Milner of Vernon. FURNISH FUNDS FOR ILLITERACY FIGHT Commission Plans to Send Out Speak ers in Order to Arouse Enthusi asm on Subject The finance committee of the Alabama Illiteracy commission, on account of the fact that the legislature In creating the commission neglected to provide funds, agreed yesterday to guarantee the initial expenses to be Incurred in the prosecution of the campaign against illiteracy. The members of the finance committee of the commission, W. D. Jelks of Bir mingham, chairman; W. F. Fcagln, state superintendent of education, secretary, Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTORIA and J. B. Ellis of Selma, met yesterday at noon In the Empire building and de termined to send speakers throughout the state for the purpose of arousing enthu siasm. An address to the public is to be pre pared and put into the hands of the press and the public generally. The members of the finance committee arc enthusiastic in their work, and anticipate no trouble in securing the co-operation of Alabama's » orators and students.