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K. W. BAItKKTT.Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., Lost office as second class matter un* j der act of Congress March 3. 187a. Daily and Sundty Age-Herald.... $8.10 Daily and Sunday, per month. ;> Dally and Sunday, three mouths.. 2.no ! Weekly Age-Herald, per'annum., .of Sunday Age-Herald . 2.u0 George McMasters, O. E. Young ai d W. D. Brumbeloe are the. only author ized traveling representatives of The Age-Herald in its circulation depart ment No communication will be published without its authors name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned un less stamps are enclosed for that pur pose. | Remittances can be made at current late of exchange. The Age-Herald will Hot be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address. THE AG E- IIER A ED, Birmingham. Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs build ing. European bureau. 6 Henrietta street. Covent Garden, J^ondon. !j Eastern business office. Rooms 4s to 60. inclusive. Tribune building, New “York city; western business office, Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. ! Beckwith Special Agency, agents lor | tign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private nohsnse cossfctln* all departments) Main 4000, The worst Is—death, and death will j have his day. —Richard II. | BEGINNING THE DAY-o God, help me to demand for myself no aped a I privilege. Take away from me even the secret desire for It. May I accept life share nnd share alike with all the world. Give me to know hut one King, bnt to count myself ■o better than any oilier. lor ■ Christ’s sake. Amen.—II. M. E. ___—- I Wiping Out Typhoid The American Medical association has recently issued a report of its in vestigation of the typhoid plague in this country—if indeed it can be called a plague any longer. The report shows most encouraging progress to ward wiping out this disease which in the past has wrought such havoc to human life. Reports have been compiled show ing conditions in fifty-seven of the large cities of this country, compvi» ing nearly one-fourth of the popula tion of the country, and therefore show quite accurately the typhoid condition as it exists. It is found that now only ten deaths for every hundred thousand result an nually from typhoid. This is a won derful reduction in fatality. As an ex ample of what is being done to wipe typhoid out. Pittsburg presents some interesting figures. For the period | between 1906 and 1910 Pittsburg had the highest death rate from typhoid of any American city, there being sixty-five deaths per hundred thou sand population. This has been re- I duced to but 16.8 in the same city last i year. jjBure water and pure milk have been ttie -principal influence in decreasing typhoid, and continued effort toward purity in these two essentials will practically wipe out the disease. The i cities have awakened to the necessity of action along this line, but unfor tuantely the same degree of activity has not characterized all rural dis tricts, where there is necessarily less organization. More attention is, however, being i paid every year to sanitation in and about the rural homes of the country, with corresponding decrease in ty phoid and other contagious diseases, j: What the cities have done in spite i bf congested conditions and the easy spread of contagion resulting from t it', can if organized as well as in dividual effort is made in country dis tricts, be more than duplicated. The water supply of the farm should be free from contamination. Wells should be protected from all seepage that would polute the water. Prompt disposition of waste matter and careful screening from flies, will do the rest. 9 - »T- ■■ —■ Clowns in Office Mayor James Rolph, Jr., of San Francisco, who made a speech at the dedicatory exercises of the Turkish building at the Panama-Pacific ex position, gave an exhibition of bad form and execrable humor which was equaled by that of William Bailey La- j inar, acting as representative of the United States government. Mr. La mar alluded in his address to the # “terrible Turk,” the “unspeakable Turk” and the "Sick Man of Europe.” .When he had finished Vahan Car dashian, the Turkish high commis sioner to the Panama-Pacific ex position rose and said, in reply to Mr. •'.» Lamar: . “The major portion of the troubles of Turkey and her backward place as • nation are due to the efforts of the Christian powers of Europe to divide up for themselves the sick man, who refuses to be divided. I have been one * of the keenest critics of the faults and abnormalities of Turkish government, but I have been just as keenly disap pointed in the humanity and morality of the Christian nations as I have been in the want of intelligence of the rul ing powers of Turkey.” Mayor Rol|jh indulged in time-worn wheezes about Thanksgiving turkey and joked about the marriage customs in the Ottomap empire. When he had f‘, M 'finished his speech Cardashian said: .‘‘The mayor made a very good speech. ; I had thought of asking for a copy to j send to Constantinople, but on second (thought it might result in his being | made mayor of Constantinople. And (then Mrs. Rolph would suffer.” His sally is reported to have been j received with laughter and applause that continued until Mayor Rolph, with a crimson face, rose and showed his hapd. Under the circumstances that was the best thing Mr. Rolph could do. He and Mr. Lamar failed in their efforts to be humorous and showed themselves painfully lacking in courtesy to a friendly foreign na tion. The Turk has his good points, a great many of them, and whether a public official thinks him a fit subject for jesting or not, to belittle the Turk ish people in the presence of one of their national representatives and on an occasion like that at San Francisco is unpardonable. If Messrs. Rolph and Lamar have been correctly quoted they deserved the squelching they received from the Turkish commissioner, who is himself a graduate of Harvard. Mrs. Hundley's Brief Twenty, or even ten, years ago the people of Alabama would have thought a movement for woman suffrage ab surd and therefore not to be seriously considered. But public sentiment on this question has gradually changed. In some states of the union where equal suffrage is already a fact, and in England, once so staid and con servative, where a suffrage agita tion was in progress, the suffragists or suffragettes have been violent; in England revolutionary and incendiary. But in Alabama the suffragists are of a different type. The leaders of the equal suffrage movement are rep resentative of the best womanhood of the south. Their methods have been along orderly lines and they have en deavored to win a strong following among the men of the state by ap pealing to reason rather than by working upon the emotions. They have been conducting an earnest but a very quiet campaign and as a re sult the cause has many more ad herents than it otherwise could have claimed. Mrs. Bossie O’Brien Hundley, as chairman of the legislative committee of the Alabama Equal Suffrage as sociation, has issued a brief in behalf of pending bills and constitutional amendments seeking to confer the right of suffrage upon the women of Alabama. It is addressed to the mem bers of the recess joint committee on judiciary and is in accordance with their request. Some briefs are voluminous, but Mrs. Hundley’s is not. In pamphlet form it covers only eight pages. After presenting the facts concern ing pending legislation Mrs. Hundley states the question at issue thus: The legislators who shall vote In favor of these measures which we have caused to be Introduced will thereby simply register themselves as being In favor of allowing the male etiuvns of Alabama to decide at the next gene ^ election whether or not the female cit izens shall be clothed with the same rights and privileges as they: whether the female taxpayers of the state shall have a voice In the government under which they live and which they help to support. As chairman of the legislative com mittee Mrs. Hundley makes a forceful appeal with the hope that the mem bers of the legislature constituting the joint committee on judiciary will recommend to the two houses the remedial legislation which the suf frage association asks. It is a reason able appeal. Let the present voters be permitted to say through the ballot whether or not they are in favor of extending the suffrage to the women of the state. The Tale of a Dog j From Bartlesville, Okla., there' emanates a story which is vouched for by a newspaper of that place, and which must have a tendency to bring to “the lords of creation” in Bartles ville a feeling of humility and a new respect for woman’s sense of humor. For, be it known, there is at least one woman in Bartlesville who pos sesses grim humor that not only ap peals to the imagination but com mands respect. This woman, according to reports, has another virtue—that of scrupulous honesty. And when the date arrived, a few days ago, for annual payment of dog taxes, she promptly appeared before the city clerk and paid the tax on her pet. While waiting in the lobby of the office several men made merry at her expense, laughing at her for paying a tax which they boasted it was their custom to evade. The woman listened patiently to their comments, then quietly made her way to a telephone booth. She called up the dog catcher and told him where certain men of Bartlesville kept their dogs, on which they paid no tax. Upon their return home that even | ing, these men found the dog catcher had taken their pets to the town pound, where they would be held pending payment of delinquent dog tax! To the admonition ‘boast not” might well be added “in the presence of the modern woman.” Baltazar Avilez. former governor of Lower California, and Geronimo San doval of San Diego are on trial in Ijos Angeles charged with conspiracy t*» violate American neutrality by sending ■arms into Mexico. Meanwhile, Bethlehem steel stock has been soaring skyward i because of the receipt of orders for arms from European nations running millions of dollars. Certainly neutral ity seems not to have the stability of the metal involved. "The aeroplane that drops its bomb from above and the submarine that snoots its torpedo from below are less to be feared than the schooner that crosses the bar," says Mr. Bryan. Due, no doubt, to the much greater activity of the schooner. New York coffin makers have de cided to postpone their strike until the death rate of that city shall have in creased by reason of hot weather. The coffin makers are alive to the main idea. A Wisconsin man who claimed to have lost his memory had it restored by a woman's tongue lashing. The galvanising qualities of a sharp tongue have been a subject of remark for ages. "Why do poets fail to rhapsodize over the delights of rhubarb pie?" asks the Chicago News. Probably because they recognize a good thing when they see it. Kansas City is planning a "prosperity parade." In Birmingham returning pros j parity Is so evident it doesn’t have to be dressed up and taken out for an airing. England has about decide^ to tax liquor almost out of the country. It will prob ably be a surprise to see what a load of taxes some British subjects can carry. Judging from recent pictures, Ger man photographers have no difficulty In catohing Germany's war prisoners wearing a pleased expression. ----t— A "Gentleman Raffles" recently con fessed his sins with so much contrition that the judge was moved. Wonder what became of his mocking smile? Travelers to the San Francisco fair will find that the most interesting "ex hibits’* of the far west were not de signed by the hand of man. Still. It is hardly probable that this coun try and Germany will go to war, simply because a Harvard student won a prize for an anti-German poem. "Cigarette beetles" have eaten all the padding out of the upholstered furniture in the White House. More of the people’s money gone up in smoke. It is really too bad tHat Dr. Kuno Meyer feels aggrieved, but it is impossible to do an>thing with u person who can't see hut one side of a question. Tlie peace delegates at The Hague are finding it difficult to make themselves heard in the war zone, but the grand old U. 8. A. is listening. persons wno cannot artord a netv ear | tills year, may alter the appearance of 1 their last year’s model by a new stylo of windshield. War is being made against the dandelion in Kansas City, and tons of the weed have been dug up. Thai's going to the root of the trouble. If Mr. Barnes merely succeeded in launching a presidential boom for T. R. he will feel the need of a kicking ma chine. To some dwellers In cities life is just one flat after another until the under taker removes them to a permanent abode. A stupid deliveryman left a bassinet at the White House, instead of at Secretary McAdoo's house, and the secret was out. War In trenches filled with water has resulted In many cold feet, both in a literal and a figurative sense. The auto bandit is not always a young man with a gun and a stolen car. Some times he runs a repair shop. Some of the language attributed to Jess Willard Indicates that an intelligent press agent has been on the job. There Is no breach of neutrality, of I course. In an exhibition of paintings by Swedlsh-Amerlcan artists. The Russian prisoner says "Nltchevo," which seems to he the Russian equiva lent of "lsh ka bibble." Los Angeles recently met Old Man Winter himself for the first time In more than 30 years. If Boss Platt were alive now the Situa tion at Syracuse would be greatly compli cated. It Is presumed that the windmills are still running full time in Holland. WHAT ADVERTISING DOES From Leslie's. Advertising: Fortunes have been made by advertising, yet how seldom are pub lications given credit for th • achieve ments. It Is refreshing, now and then, to hear a frank acknowledgment of the wonderful power of advertising. 8everal of these testimonials have unexpectedly been given of late. They deserve men tion. At the annual meeting of the Corn Products Refining company, a mes sage from President E. T. Bedford was read in which, while excusing hla ab sence because of the necessity of at tending the hearing of the government’s suit against the company, he said that the government's witnesses had testi fied that where the Corn Products com pany had a greater percentage of the business, it was due largely to liberal advertising. The Wall Straet Journal says that the late N. W. Halsey, the well known New York banker, shortly before hiB death, said to one of hla associates: “I never could have built up this busi ness to the point I have. In the time I have, unless 1 had advertised regu- ■ larly from the start." Recently Presi dent C. M. Woolley, of the American Radiator company, paid a tribute to ad vertising publicity as one of the prin cipal factors in the steady growth of his company t business. The successful business men are those who advertise most freely during periods of depression and who thus obtain the business that drops away from the non-advertiser. This is the kind of business, too, that "•ticks." / IN HOTEL LOBBIES Talking Prosperity “The industrial situation in the Bir mingham district has been Improving steadily since the first of the year and everybody now is talking prosperity,*’ said Felix M. Drennen. “Here In the city the retail trade did not feel at once the benefit of the ac tive operations at the big industries. But the merchants are feeling something of the general prosperity now I believe we are entering upon a long period of good times.” Leek 17 Celebration “May 13. when we celebrate the com pletion of lock 17 and when Secretary of War Garrison and many other distin guished public men will be present to participate in the momentous event, will be a great holiday occasion in Birming ham,’’ said W. Blanks Everett, assistant secretary of the Chamber of Commerce. “The opening of the Warrior for navi gation from tills mineral district to the gulf will be of such far reaching im portance that the people generally have not fully realised what the lock 17 cele bration means. But hundreds of Bir mingham citizens will visit the lock May 13, and after hearing the addresses and taking in the scope of the open Warrior as a traffic proposition the public will be aroused to a high pitch of enthusi asm.” Open Air Music “As some one suggested in the Lobby Column a few days ago, it might be well If the ladies of the Music Study club were to organize a campaign for popular sub scriptions for the park concert fund,” said a citizen lond noted for hlh public spirit. “General appeals made for popular sub scriptions for the band fund have met with only meagfer response in the past, but if every corner drug store and cigar store were a soliciting agency we might have excellent results. But I have great faith in the ability of the officers and committee workers of the Music Study club to devise wavs and means. We are indebted to them for delightful park con certs in the past and they will provide something good again this summer." BlrmlngkaitTs Shade Trees “It is readily surprising to note the large number of shade trees that are lo cated along the sidew'alks of the city of Birmingham," said a member of the city beautiful committee. “That they add to the appearance of the city cannot be ques tioned and in my opinion ought to be care fully preserved. I have noticed that quite a number need ‘trimming;’ that is. the cutting off of dead and useless limbs which would add so much to the beauty and symmetry of the trees. “Then again their appearance is great ly enhanced by a coating of whitewash on the trunk, and which aids to preserve the trees as well. Tree culture has gained much prominence during the past few’ years, and specialists who study the meth ods of preservation are much in demand. An abundance of shade trees is an asset to any city, and Birmingham should take the best of care of those so plenteously planted within her borders." Business improvement General "There has been a great deal of pros perity in the west for some months past, and now prosperity is prevailing in other sections." said Charles F. Charton of Phladephla. "Business is fairly humming in the east. Last fall depression was more acute than I had ever known it. But it ta now strid ing forward ami everybody I meet is buoyant. The European war was respon sibe for a great deal of our trouble. It certainly caused the bottom to drop out of the cotton market, and that, of course, made hard times In the south. "in January business began to Improve, but the Improvement was very slow. In April the improvement gained good speed, and It will be more and more marked every week. May will be a very busy month, and June will be even busier. "The south Is now In good shape, and next fall the farmers will probably be bet ter off than they have ever been before." Criminal Court Conditions "Tho dockets of the criminal court are fast getting into shape," said Coun ty Solicitor Hugo Black. "All three divisions are working strenuously In order to be able to dear away the greater portion of the cases pending by the first of July, when pro hibition goes into effect here. There will probably be many violators of the liquor law. but I expect the criminal court to be in position to handle this extra work In excellent style. “At the present time the county jail has a fewer number of prisoners than has been the case In several years. The whole basement hae Been emptied. There are only about 2B wheit men in the jail and six of these have already been tried. The Jail eases are being given prefer ence on the dockete, and all of those persons now in Jail arc scheduled to come up for trial during the present month. "The Ideal condition fir a court is to be In position to try cases as fast as crimes ere committed; for what the criminal dreads le prompt trial and punishment. We are working vigorously with this ideal in view end hope to bo able to realize It in the not tar distant futurs.” DISAPPEARING IRALtOWTAII.9 From the New York Sun. Much has been written of the prob able effect of the war In Europe on the fashions of men In this country. They are to be more characteristic of this land, they are to be emanlepated from foreign Influence altogether, and after their superiority has been established and the men of other nations have time to think of anything else than a uni form, it will be the American styles in drees that will conquer the world. This Is the optimistic view of the looel designers, who look to the da? when their efforts will be Imported by all other countries. The selection of America as the source of men's fash ions will be largely Influenced by the event of the war. There will be no prejudice on the part of any European country against fashions which had their origin here. None of the rosy visions of the American tailors le so revolutionary as that which looks to the reform of even1 lng drees. The dinner coat, which has gained such wide popularity in spite of the derision which greeted Its first appear ance In the modish world, will succeed Its more aristocratic predecessors. Satin lined tails, argue the designers, are uaeleee. They Interfere with the ease of the dancer, which Is a dis advantage not to be overlooked In these days. The dinner coat Is much more comfortable for diners, an important quality. The demand for greater simplicity ' and common sense In dress has In the opinion of the designers made the re tention of coat tails an Impossibility. They must go. along with the frock coat and other survivals. If the American tailor does succeed in abolishing the tails of the dress coat, he will make an impression on ihe sartorial art of his century; an impression, moreover, which is likely to be received with general favor ulti mately, however harshly the radical change may be regarded at first. "Eye-witness' ” latest dispatch is a de tailed description of the system by which fee troops at the front are fed. It cotatns the following: The soldier lias bacon for breakfast, bread and cheese for luncheon, a hot meal of meal, vegetables and bread for dinner, and bread and Jam with his tea. In case of emergency he carries with him an "iron ration ' composed of preserved meal, biscuit, tea. sugar and two concen trated meat cubes. Since the commence ment of the campaign several additions have been made to the scale of food ordi narily allowed. Pea-soup Is provided twice a week for the troops In the trenches, as well as extra tea and sugar. Cigarettes are served out In lieu of part of the weekly tobacco allowance, matches are provided twice a week, and butter Is substituted twice a week for Jam. In these circumstances it is not surpris ing that this is the first campaign In the history of the British army in which there has been no grumbling as to the quantity or quality of the food. Indeed, the most serious complaint that has ever been made is that plum jam has been Issued too fre quently. From the Philadelphia Evening Tele graph. The London Board of Trade announces that in order to mitigate the effects of the shortage of Indigo for dyeing pur poses. and also to prevent any speculative holding up of natural Indigo, the gov ernment has acquired the greater part of the crojs of natural Indigo, now coming forward, for the use of dje users in the United Kingdom. “I want to go and see my girl, sir." said a soldier in Kitchener’s army who applied to be excused Saturday guard duty, and was asked his reasons for the request. "Not good enough," replied his officer laconically. The applicant flushed deeply, his chest heaved, and only by an obvious effort did he retain self-con trol. At last he blurted out: "Begging your pardon, sir, but how can you say that when you’ve never set eyes on her?" The Germans have now found a marvel ous way of levying tribute on the poor Belgians. A million pigs have been sent into Belgium and billeted on all the in habitants according to their remaining for i lines. Some receive one pig, others three, four, live or some many more. These mate and Increase and the Belgians have Btrlct orders to send into the Ger man authorities a health bulletin weekly as to the well-being of the pigs. The Bishop of London's offer to spend Holy Week and Easter at the front was accepted in most cordial terms by Sir John French. The bishop started before Palm Sun day for the British army headquarters, and conducted services among the troops every day until after Easter. The bishop, who is chaplain to the First battalion of the London Rifle brigade, and Ills chaplain, the Rev. Ver non Smith, who holds a similar posi tion to the Second battalion, went oui. in their khaki uniforms. The Rev. Vernon Smith said to a rep resentative: "The date of the bishop's departure from England was, for obvi ous reasons, kept secret. The authorities arranged everything, and so soon as they arrived In France they were abso lutely in the hands of the headquarters staff.” ■ nI'. IIS!I Ur TUB JIT.SBY From (he Springfield Republican. Experts who have been studying the jit ney point out that the real test of this new competitor of trolley and 'bus lines is still to come. The economic problem of a well-sustained public Bervlce by these automobiles can be worked out only after enough time has elapsed to demonstrate the cost of the wear and tear of the ma chine, usually known as depreciation. The jftney originated In business depres sion. A man with a Ford was the first operator in I .os Angeles. Men whose reg ular business had been dislocated there upon put their private cars on to the streets to carry passengers in order to earn a little cash. They did not figure ul timate costs at all. It Is "easy money" for a while, with each passenger pay inf 6 cents for a comparatively short ride, but investigation already shows that after jitneys have bsen operating In a city for a month the first drivers nearly all dis appear. Their cars have quickly worn out on account of the hard usage, it is estimated that a $2400 car can be run for 30,000 miles at about 37 cents a mile, in cluding repairs, new tires, general de preciation, gasoline and wages of driver. If that is a correct calculation, the man who makes a permanent business of run ning Jitneys has a serious problem in final costs to solve. It Is an advantage to jitneys that they are operated almost exclusively In the congested parts of cities where traffic is most profitable. Within a radius of three miles In the larger cities the trolley com panies can carry passengers profitably on 2 or 2ts-cent fares, but they are also under obligation to Operate long-distance lines which are very expensive. This difference Is pfobfkbly what makes Jitney competi tion unfair to the trolley companies w hich have to give service to the public, in itself yie’ding a loss. For a time the jitney service tends to maintain itself and prosper because of the large number of second-hand automo bile* for sale. These are bought at low prices, by Jitney operators, who undoubt edly wear them out rather soon, but so long as the supply of cheap second-Hknd cars lj available the Ji(ney competition cat be maintained. When business prosperity returns the jitney fever will probably wane to a great extent. Inasmuch as the operators will have had a chance by that time to esti mate the real coat of the service. It ia to be expected, also, that legislation will make profits seem less atractlve. In ease the service Is long continued, by the levy ing of taxes for the repair of streets which the jitneys help to wear out, by license fees, by the supervision of public service commission and by the requirement of bonds for the safety of passengers. It is of some interest that when the street car strike in this city ended last week til" Jitneya disappeared. POSTMARKS From the Pittsburg Post. By the way. did any one think to look to see whether the war had started? This la May. While cleaning up the city let a few words drop now and then about keeping it clean. Villa now threatens to crush his foes. We thought that was what he has been trying to do all along. The prosperity bulletin has changed from "more mills going hack on full time" to "building of more mills begun.” Just to get a line on the difficulty of ending the war In Europe, how many of your enemies would you be willing to «r bitmu WiU>< • * . - l ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES \ A FEMININE FOIBLE. The matter of dress Is urgent and real. We cannot express Quite all that we feel, But seeing the piles . Of money that’s spent In following styles, Whatever their bent, We wonder if Eve, Who started the thing, Did ever conceive Of trouble she'd bring OTJ a world where a coat, Or a hat or a shoe Makes some women gloat • In the way that they do. BOOMING THE FIRST ROW. Speaking of the "chorus girl lure," a Winter Garden show advertises, "100 svelte sirens of the red runway.” MAY BE A REASON. “Old Mr. Grabscomb says that when lie dies he wants a quotation from Dante on his tomb." • “Isn’t that—er— rather in bad taste?” “I can’t say. Why do you ask?” “Dante, you know, was an authority on the lower regions." A BACKSLIDER. “I don’t believe you ever did anything in your life that was worth while," sa'id the hard-featured housewife. “Yes, mum. I did—onct," answered the tramp who smelled strongly of liquor. “What was it, I’d like to know?” “Twelve years ago, mum, I signed the pledge." DISPOSSESSED. t The swift approach of cleaning time Is noted In the news; It keeps the housewife feeling prime, But gives poor hub. the blues. NOW OR NEVER. “What must I do, mother? Every time I get Reginald to the point of proposing he changes the subject.” •NIHHHMMHMMtlHNMMHtMMMtMMaiMtMl “There is only one thing to do, my daughter. The next time you get him to the point pin him down.” MORE OF IT. He kissed his hand to trouble— “I’ve had enough of that.” And then a little breeze came by And took his new straw hat. CHEERFUL ROGUES. “Human nature presents queer con trasts.” “For instance?” "Men who have a sunny disposition and a shady character.“ A SENSIBLE DOCTOR. "What did the doctor say about Pro fessor Grubbins, the historian?" “He said the professor needed a rest.” “Did he send him away to a resort?” “No. He prescribed baseball.” THE CAUTIOUS INVESTIGATOR. “You say this summer hotel you recom mend is only a stone's throw from the sta tion?” "Yes.” “By hand or catapult?” MAKING PROGRESS. One of the newest dances is the step and-a-half. For a while the onc-step was popular. Now it's the' step-and-a-half. Maybe we’ll gradually work our way back , to the two-step. A GOOD WORD AT LAST. “There Is one thing which I have never said in public, but which I have always been conscious of, and that is that the greatest blessing we American women have is the American man.—Mrs. An toinette Funk. A compliment to us all and to the man Mrs. Funk married, in particular. LABOR AND THE WAR From the New York Times. THE attitude of an overwhelming majority of Europe’s socialists to ward the war was simply that of emotional human beings in whom the racial ego is aroused. That was evident from the beginning. What was not so dramatically clear at first, being partly obscured by the opposition of the laber party’s leaders in England, is now un mistakable. namely, that labor's attitude toward the war is equally devoid of clasa consciousness. That is to say, there ‘a no distinctive labor attitude, just as there is in fact no labor vote in this country except in everybody's imagina tion just before election. Talk of an in ternational “strike” to end the war is only something to put in place of a futile, disappointed dream, which was that labor, being the source of all things could and would by a simple revolution ary act prevent war from taking place. It was only necessary that everybody should stop work at once. That would make war impossible. The effect desireo was certain, provided the first caus& could be made to operate, but, alas! that was beyond all human command. In the French “Yellow Book," docu ment 5, is a report on the state of pub lic opinion in Germany in 1013. Among those In Germany opposed to war and constantly in favor of peace it enumer ates “the bulk of the workmen and artisans and peasants, who are peace loving by instinct.” The same might have been said of the corresponding classes In England France and Belgium. And their peace loving instinct had been powerfully organized. The syndicalists of France to guard against being taken un awares by war. in 1011 adopted a resolu tion defining the attitude to be taken by the working classes. The declaration of war should be “for every worker the command for an immediate stoppage of work. To every declaration of war the workers must at once answer oy a gen eral revolutionary strike.” In Paris the trades councils of the Seine on July 27 last made a demenstration against war in which 100,00O persons took part. But when war was declared socialists and syndicalists took up arms together, as by one impulse, because France had been attacked by Germany. And how did the German working classes view their own hated Prussian military system’s assault upon demo cratic, socialistic, syndicalistic France? Why, just as If they had never thought of themselves as an international class at all, or even as a class with a para mount interest in peace and a greater horrer of war than other elapses. Ed ward Bornstein, social democrat. In a lecture to the metal workers on October 24, remarked that “even among the work ing people the annexation of Belgium is demanded." He himself deplored that attitude .and steadily thereafter was In clined to oppose the government, so that Wolfgang Heine, answering him through the Yolkablatt fur Anhalt, wrote:' “Whether we wish it or not. we must fight in the w^est. • • • England has decreed a 20 years’ war against Ger many, and English labor leaders have adopted this goal of war annihilation.’ The official organ of the%Building Trades union, the Grundstein. declared it noth ing less than scandalous that a little group in Germany should hold out agalpst the majority and “fall on the back of brother workingmen w’ho are on the field of battle,” killing workingmen of other nationality. In England the vehement political op position of labor leaders to the war cre ated the assumption of a. labor attitude or consciousness apart from that of the whole English people. The independent labor party and in general the labor press, has been extremely critical of the English government's part in the war, its motives and its intentions, and there is a very large hostile pamphlet litera ture of labor origin, but the British Fed eration of Trades unions has pronounced for the destruction of the Prussian "mil itary caste.” That is purely the English attitude. English labor in particular sit uations. as on the docks and in the mu nition works, has been recalcitrant, has threatened to strike, and has demanded higher pay, until the government was forced almost to commandeer labor like any other commodity, by threat of forc ing the men to submit to martt&l discip line. but none of that could be rightly construed as a labor protest against the war. It was mainly a protest against what labor thought an unfair distribu tion of the profits and hardships of war. Wages at first did not rise as fast as prktf. although some of the v • >. . t turers were known to be making enor mous profits from war office orders. > Irately wages have been rising faster than prices. They have increased 50 per cent in many trades. The condition of labor is now almost too prosperous, as suggested by the in crease of drinking and the difficulty of keeping some of the unskilled at their jobs full time. Unemployment has wholly disappeared. Indeed, such is the change for the better from normal conditions that one correspondent naively says it would not be a very popular thing for the government to force an early peace and bring all this luck to an end. The workers of the world obviously could make war impossible, provided they absolutely subordinated national and racial ideals, suppressed all con trary emotions and thought and acted all at one time as workers. That they Jiever have done, and probably never fill do. For people have a pretty con stant capacity for elemental feeling. ^ wnaiever their work happens to be. WAR ECHOES . _ i | Louisville Herald: it was Lloyd-George [who remarked: j "After weeks of trying to find a solution !I cm prepared to take a pledge never, po | litically, to touch liquor again.” We commend those words to the consid eration of the democratic party. We com mend them more especially to the care ful and prayerful attention of candidates [Bosworth, McChesney, McDermott, New man and Stanley—we place them alpha betically to avoid all suspicion or reproach of favoritism. Every last one of the harmonious quin tet that began as a sextet and, for all we know to the contrary, will end as a duet— be he for one horn of the dilemma or the other or, as some seem to be, for both— wishes the (leaky, tempestive, fratricidal problem anywhere else but where it is right in front of him and all around him. A campaign of insincerity and make-believe; of high assertion and some marvelous log- / erdemain; of down-right lying, too. ) Men who voted against county unit are l now its dearest friends. Men who take \ one on the side, for the stomach's sake, are of a sudden aghast at the evil thing. These eleventh-hour converts ure always the worst zealots ever. But how steer clear? It’s a case of how happy could I be with either, if t’other f fair charmer were away. And it's lots of fun for the gallery. I Those who look on see most of the game. ALABAMA PRESS -- / Gadsden Evening Journal: The real Turkish bath now seems to have a daali of shrapnel in it. Huntsville Mercury-Courier: Brooks - Lau rence's resignation as manager of the [Anti-Saloon league does not cut much fig ure In state politics. What we want to know is Iihs he resigned as manager of the Alabama legislature? | Anniston Evening Star: Even Switzer land seems about to cheese it, having mob ilized the sixth division of-her army. > Opelika Daily News: Lee county needs I a system of road maintenance. The state \ highways bul^t at heavy costs a few vears J ago are now juat about the worst roads * wo have, all because no attention has been given to keeping them up. WAR RISKS C. Pox Smith in the Westminster Gazette. „ "Let's go aft".and out she slides, Pitching when she meets the tides.... She for whom our cruisers keep Lordly vigil in the deep.... Sink or swim, lads, war or no, Let the poor old hooker go. Soon, hull down, will England's shore. Smudged and faint, be seen no more; Soon the following gulla return Where the friendly dock-lights burn.... » Soon the cold stars, climbing high, March across the empty sky.... Empty seas beyond her bow, (Lord, she's on her lonesome now.) When the white fog, stooping low, Folds in darkness friend and foe_ When the fast great liners creep Veiled and silent through the deep.... When the hostile searchlight's eys Sweeps across the midnight sky, • • S / Lord of light and darkness, then, Stretch Thy wing o'er merchantmen! When the waters known of old Death in dreadful shape may hold..,. When the mine's black treachc Secret w'aijje the Insulted sea.. (Lest the people wait in vain For their cattle And their grain*, Since thy name ka mercy, then Lord, ka kiwUa |»gf'k4Kkge»l I V.