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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD f -Ja——- ■ - - - ■ VOLUME XXXXV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, FRIDAY, MAY 14, I'M.") Nl MHKR 8 FORMAL OPENING OF LOCK 17 DRAWS VAST THRONG OF CITIZENS Prominent Citizens From Every bqrt of the State Take Part In Big Celebration MISS BLAIR CHRISTENS LOCK WITH PURE WATER ' Senator Bankhead Is Hero of Day And Is Greeted With Tremendous Ovation—Governor For mally Receives Lock From Representa tives of Federal Government By HUGH W. ROBERTS Tuscaloosa, May 13.—(Special.)—On behalf of the state of Alabama Governor Henderson received from representatives of the federal government the completed Lock 17, that- makes nav igable the year around the Black Warrior river, and to all prac ticable pna^astlS gives Birmingham, the Magic City of the coal and steel bplt-of the south, an outlet to the sea. in m* celebration ,>«wi true epocnai event the industrial history of the state, many thousands of people par ^ ticipated. The Black Warrior fleet, in command of Commodore A. H. Wood ward In the flagship Rickwood, dropped anchors tonight in Tuscaloosa and the hundreds of citizens of Birmingham. Mobile, Cordova and other cities who had followed the stream from its Walk «r county source, were greeted by the entire population of the community. In the public square Congressman W. B. Oliver gave the visitors welcome, and *W. B. Bankhead, son of Senator Bank head, responded. Later a gigantic bar becue was enjoyed and after hours of * rejoicing everyone agreed that the event had been fittingly celebrated. Senator Bankhead. Senator Under wood, Governor Henderson. Lieutenant Governor Kilby, Congressmen Gray and Oliver, State Treasurer Lancaster, many members of the legislature and several of the industrial captains of the Bir mingham district were among the prom inent citizens of the state who testified by their presence to the importance of the occasion. Greeted at Cordova Birmingham’s official ..-delegation, several hundred strong, was greeted at Cordova by hundreds of enthusiastic citizc.is. Words of welcome were spoken by K'pe M. Long and responded to by Colonel Beach of the federal govern ment and Senator Bankhead. Later on the Nugent, M .Carney, Swan and Rick nvoood, the celebrants began the jour ney to tlie lock. Jin route they were Joined by the Birmingham Chamber p(’ Commerce delegation, 500 strong, and together, at 3 o'clock, they reached the lock. The Mobile and Tuscaloosa dele gations awaited them in the John Quill. McCalla, Myrtle, Goldbug and other launches and barges, ft was estimated that the crowd numbered nearly 5000 people. At this point Governor Henderson as sumed charge of the ceremonies. After , he was presented by Judge W. W. Bran ^ don he introduced Senator Underwood and v later Senator Bankhead; then followed the christening ceremonies. The sponsor, Mies ► Madeline Blair of Tuscaloosa, and her maids, Miss Mabel Hartwell of Mobile, Miss Mabel Maxwell of Cordova and Miss Marie Ars of Demopolis, were escorted to the platform. Miss Blair, smashing a bot tle containing water drawn from the well in Moscow, Lamar county, out- of which when a barefoot boy Senator Bankhead was wont, to quench his thirst, exclaimed: **I dedicate to public use this Lock No. J7." Then she Smashed the bottle of wine with those words, "And christen the pool k above Lake Bankhead." (ft Wings Swing Open By the time of completion of the cere monies ot chrlsteneing the giant wings of the lock had swung wide, and the fleet driven through. Then began the second leg of the journey, the boats with the flagship of Com unodore^Wood ward to the \ fore, plying their course in battle forma tion. P It waa night when Tuscaloosa was reaohed at the Lock 12 landing, the re ception committee, accompanied by a large delegation of enthusiastic citizens welcomed the visitors. In automobiles and street cars the journey to the heart of the city was made. There a blaze of light greeted the comers In public square, In the center ot which was ex tended the table of the feast. Practically all the residents of Tusca loosa were on the ground in holiday mood and holiday attire. Beauty and Chivalry with the spirit of the yesterday had Joined with modern industry to celebrat*1 a new event m which the skill or man had eliminated an Impediment of nature. There was music and song and cheers and oratory of which wit and eloquence and prophecy were the characterizing fea ture. After th<* welcome of the city had been expressed and responded to, the F.uesls surged about the barbecue and there until the hour of midnight were steadfastly engaged. The hero of the day was Senator Bank head. Wherever he appeared, he was greeted with wild acclaim. At Cordova. Mr. Bong sung his praises. At the lock Judge Brandon and Senator Underwood attributed to him the chief credit for the. splendid industrial accomplishment ami crowned his brow with laurel wreath;-? denoting merit-. In Tuscaloosa Congress- \ man Oliver declared that if in the fu- j ture one would see the monument of tie j senator he would simply have to look j about him that his stature was a con- : quered warrior that his tame like th-1 monument of Horace would be more last ing than brass would endure forever. In his addresses, the senator very mod- I estly disclaimed the credit. He declared! that but for the assistance of former ' Congressman Taylor of the First Ala-j bama, and the constant aid of other patriotic Alabamians, together with the willingness of the federal government and the skill of its engineers he could have done hut little. lender wood Speaks The theme of Senator Underwood’s ad dress dealt with the navigable Warrior, not so much as a blessing, but as an op portunity. He urged the people to take advantage of this opportunity if they would achieve, to bare their arms In other wor-is, and go ce work in development. Hundreds of i»eople from the Cordova landing to Tuscaloosa, participated in Unj general celebration who neither rode upon the river, sat beneath the eloquence »f the orators or seated with the rejoicing throngs of the Druid City. At every land ing on the river big crowds greeted the passing steamers with loud acclaim and the waving of flags. There was evidently « general realizing on the part of every one living on the hanks of the Warrior that a new day had been born in the industrial world and that a magnificent opportunity was, offered for the pros perity' if not affluence of the people. To the same effect, heads of corporations in the Birmingham district, along with of ficials and representatives of the peo ple testified. George B. McCormack. Erskine Ramsey. A. H. Woodward. George Gordon Crawford, and other lead ers in industrial life expressed the opinion that the opening of the Warrior would cause further extensive development in the coal and steel industry, and by affording a great reduction in rates, cause the Birmingham district to blossom like the rose, and take the ascendancy' in sup plying the markets of the world. And that fri this matter the silent but everlasting monument to Senator Bank head would he rendered more glorious and significant was the gist of their opinion. t MARSHALL IN JACKSON TODAY \ i Jackson, Miss . May 13.—(Special.) 1 * Vice President Marshall will arrive * * in Jackson Friday afternoon and $ * he and Mrs. Marshall will be the $ * guests of Governor and Mrs. * * Brewer at the mansion. Mr. Mar-. * t shall speaks at the Century that ? * night and at the conclusion leaves i i for Washington, so that his stay in i $ Jackson will be short. He \Yili be i $ introduced by Senator John Sharp $ * Williams. | * ♦ BRITISH WARSHIP GOLIATH TORPEDOED L IN THE DARDANELLES Over 500 Lose Lives When Big Battleship Is Sent to Bottom—Only 20 Officers and 110 of Crew Are Saved—Is Third Big Sea Fighter to Be Lost In Straits London, May 13.—(3 p. m.)—The British battleship Goliath has been tor pedoed in the Dardanelles. It Is feared 500 lives have been lost. Twenty officers and 160 men of the Goliath’s crew were saved. • The announcements were made in the House of Commons today by Winston Spencer Churchill, first lord of the admiralty. While no definite information had been received as to the number of lives > lost on the Goliath, Mr. Churchill said he feared it would reach 500. Mr. Churchill said: I the Sea of Marmora, sinking two Turkish "The Goliath was torpedoed last night and a torpedo attack by destroyers while protecting the French flank just Inside ' the straits. ■ "Twenty officers and 160 men were JpP saved, which I fear means that over 500 ware loat. "The admiral commanding at the Dar danelles also telegraphs that the sub ainrlne K-14, Which, with an milch daring penetrated to the Sea qf Jdarmora. has re ported that she hang t*o togs of Turkey and a large Turkish transport." ■ - ■ *. • Kuuuoais ana a Turkish transport. The Goliath was one of the older British battleships of the pre-dr (Old naught typo. She was built In 1808. Her complement was 760 men. She was 400 feet long on the water line, displaced 12,950 tons, and was armed with four 12-Inch and 12 «-lnch guns; 12 12-pounders, six three-pounders, two machine guns and four torpedo tubea. Tbe Goliath is the third British battle ship whose loss in the Dardanelles attack has been announced by the British gov ernment. Loss of the Irresistible and Ocean was announced March 19. On April 5 a Wireless dispatch from Berlin said the British battleship Lord Nelson also had been destroyed. That retort was not confirmed. VAST CROWD THAT CHEERED WILSON AT PHILADELPHIA | ■— ■ ...— --- - _ ■ -_-—-—-—-■-■—-*> * CROWO U5TENIN<a TO PRE^lDENfTS SPEECH. The photographs above were taken by our special photographer in Phlladelpnia. Pa.. Monday night, when President Wilson said: “The special example -.r America must be an example not merely of peace because it will fight, but of peace because it is the healing and elevating influence of the world and strife is not There is such a thing as a man being too proud to fight. There is such a thing as a nation being so right that it docs not need to convince others by force that it is right." 10 BE REPATRIATED; RIOTINGJUBSIDES English Government Yields to Agitators and Will Take Drastic _ Action —1 Many Participants in Riots Are Punished lA>nclon, May 13.—(10:30 p. m.) Premier Asquith's statement in the House of Commons today that all aliens of enemy countries of military age would be interned and that this applied to the naturalized, against whom there was suspicion, and that others would be repatriated has satis fied those agitating for drastic action. As a result riots in J>ondon ami provin cial towns have largely subsided. Suel rioting as did take place today and to night was carried on by mobs of boy girls and women, who were out lor fut or bent on looting; German shops, while men stood by laughing or encouraging their youthful Imitators. The police, strongly reinforced by spe cial constables, were better able to bandit tho situation today. Severe Penalties Imposed Following the wild scenes of yesterday end last night some 5Hi or more active participants in attacks on German .-'hop* appeared in London’s police court today and the magistrates read them severe lectures and imposed heavy penalties, ir most eases. Some of the most culpable were sentenced to jail at hard labor, sen tences ranging from a month to four months. Others, mostly women, weir fined. When men of military age ap peered before the magistrates they wen told sharply that the best way to ge revenge on the Germans was to enlist. In this connection the Westminster Ga zette said today: "People who hunt aliens and assail 11 their persons and loot their shops an not the people ,who are going to hel| us right our wrongs. They are loafer* and shirkers who are not going to wai and whose violence has no patriotic mo tive." It is notable that no complaints hav< been received of aliens suffering frorr personal injjury. Of the many hundred who appeared at the American embassy and consulate today seeking protectior none showed signs of having been en gaged in an encounter, but they deslrei compensation for the damage done theii property and assurance that they would be no repetition of the acts. Must Pay Compensation Under English law taxpayers of local ities where the shops were wrecked and goods destroyed must pay compensatlor for the damage done In the riots, so thal In many cases the very people who tool* part In the dernonstratidps will have tc pay their share. At Southend the authorities took amort serious view of the case, as many ol the men arrested were prominent citi zens who were angered by the Zeppellr raid. They were remanded for a Wee>* and a heavy ball was demanded. Naturalized Germans, Austrians and Turks were busy today In signing declara tions representing their allegiance to Greal Britain. One memorial from men of till! class In the city of lamdon haa been sem direct to King George, ©ther memorial* hav« been handed to the mayors of va rious cities. In all the memorials »ht men reaffirm their oath of allegiance and express abhorrence of the German meth ode of warfare. Vice Consul Arrested Vancouver, B. yC., May 18.—T. Von Ul* rich, vice consul Ifor Austria Hungary In Vancouver at the time .of the outbreak of war, has beeA arrested. It was an nounced today mdU sent to the intem ment enmp at Napalm* to. be detained until tha end of-thk*Ungfle. - ’ •• Ilf. V . Germany Told United States Will Spare No Act to See Rights of Its Citizens Protected In Every Way Note to German Government On Lusitania Incident And Recent Attacks On American Vessels Is Couched In Firm But Friendly Tone Kaiser Must Not Only Atone In Every Way Possible But Must Give Guar antee That Such Acts Will Not Be Repeated In Future | . # i Washing iob, May 13.—The United States government today cabled Ambassador Gevaul lor presentation to the German government a note calling attention “to the grave situation which has resulted’’ from violation of American rights on the high seas, culminating in the sinking of the Lusitania with a loss of more than 100 American lives. The communication expresses the confident expectation of the United States "that the imperial German govern ment will disavow the acts of which the government of the United States complains; that they will make reparation so fare as reparation is possible for Injuries which are without measure, and that they will take immediate steps to prevent the recurrence of anything so obviously subversive of the principles of warfare for which the imperial Ger | man government in the past so wisely and so formly contended." In its conclusion, the note states that “the imperial German government will not expect the government of the j United States to omit any word or any act necessary to the performance of its sacred duty of maintaining the rights of the United States and its citizens and of safeguarding fheir free exercise and enjoyment." I . j. .i. .. (tier fit nut Uvi rihinv nl f frntn nil emit- struid. t lt#> liiitu>rln I Uoi'inuti mivni i,ni„nt ' public tonight by the stRte department as | follows: • rtepHi trttent of State, "’Washington, May 13, 1913. ! "Tile Secretary ot State to the American ; Ambassador at Berlin: I "Please cull on the minister of foreign affairs and after reading to him this j roirnimiicntion, leave with him a copy. I ‘"In view of rer-ent acts of the German 1 authorities In violation of American ! rights on the high seas which culminated In the torpedoing and sinking of the Rrlt ‘ isii steamship Lusitania on May 7, 1916, by which over luo American citizens lost I their lives, ll is clearly wise and de Isirable that the government of the United .States and the imperial German govern ment should come to a clear and full un derstanding as to the grave situation which has resulted. Incidents Cited "The sinking of the British passenger steamer Falaba by a German submarine on March in. through which Leon' C. Thrasher, mi American citizen, was drowned: the attack on April 28 oil the American \esscl Pushing by a German atvoplane: the torpedoing on Mgy 1 of the American vessel Golfllght by a Ger man submarine, as a result of which two or more American citizens met their death: and finally the torpedoing and sinking of the steamship Lusitania, con stitute a series of events which the gov ernment of the United States has observed witli growing concern, distress and amazement. "Recalling the humane and enlightened attitude hitherto assumed by the Imperial German government in matters of inter national right, and particularly with re gard to the freedom of the seas; having learned to recognize the German views and the German Influence In the field of International obligation as always engaged upon the side of Justice and humanity, and having understood the instructions of the imperial German government to Its naval commanders to be upon the same, plane of humane action prescribed by Hie; naval codes of other nations, the govern ment of the United States was loathe to believe—It cannot now bring Itself to be lieve—that these acts, ao absolutely con trary to the rules, the practises and the spirit of modern warfare, could have the I countenance or sanction of that great ! government. It feels it to be Its duty, therefore, to address the imperial Ger man government concerning them with tiie utmost frankness and in tbe earnest hope that it la not mistaken in expecting action on the part of the Imperial German government which will correct the un fortunate Impresslofls which have been created and vindicate once more the po sition of that government with regard to the sacred freedom of the seas. Mast Take Precaution "The government of the United States baa been-apprised that the Imperial Ger man government considered themselves to he obliged by the extraordinary circum stanced Of the present war and the meas ures adopted by their adversaries la setk merce .to adopt methods of retaliation which go min h beyond the ordinary meth ods of warfare at sea. in the proclama tion of a wai zone from which they have warned neutral shipa to keep away. This government has already taken occasion to Inform the imperlul Herman govern ment that It cannot admit the adoption of such measures or such a warning of danger to operate as .In any degree an abbreviation of the eighth of American shipmasters or of American citizens bound on lawful errands as passengers on mer chant ships of belligerent nationality, and that It must hold the imperial Herman government to a strict accountability for any infringement of those rights. Inten tional or Incidental. It does not under stand the Imperial German government to question those rights. It assumes, on the contrary, that the Imperial government accept, as, of course, the rule that the lives of noncomhatants. whether they tie of neutral Itlzenship or citizens of one of the nations at war, cannot lawfully or rightfully he pul In jeopardy by the cap ture or destruction of an unarmed mer ehan Snan. and recognize hTSo, as all other nations do. the obligation to Ink.- the usual precaution of visit and search to ascertain whether a suspected merchant man is in fart Of belligerent nationality or Is In fact carrying contraband of war under a neutral flag. "The government of the United States, therefore, desires to call the attention of the imperial Herman government with the utmost earnestness to the fact that the objection to their -present method or at-| tack against the trade of their enemies j lies in the practical Impossibility of em ploying submarines in tile destruction of commerce without disregarding those rule* of fairness, reason, justice and humanity which all modern opinion regards ns Im perative. It Is practically Impossible for Hie officers of a submarine to visit a merchantman at sen and examine her papers and cargo. 11 Is practically Im possible for them to make a prize of her; nnd, If they cannot put a prtj-.c crew on hoard of her, they cannot sink her without leaving her crew and all on hoard of her to the mercy of the sea in her small boats. These facts, It ts under ....MOM.. frankly admit. We are Informed that in the instances of which we have spoken time enough for even that poor measure of safety was not given, and in at least two of the cases cited not so much as a warning was received. Manifestly sub marines cannot he used against merchant men, as the Inst few weeks have shown, without an Inevitable violation of many sacred principles of justice and humanity. Can Act Within Nights •American citizens act within their in ilfsputable rights in taking their ships and in traveling wherever their legitimate business calls them upon the high seas, and exercise those rights in what should bo tiie well-justified confidence that their lives will not be endangered hv acts done n clear violation of universally acknowl edged Internationa] oUlgiatlons, and cer tainly in the confidence that their own government will sustain them In their ex ercise of their rights. "There was recently published In the newspapers of the United States, I regret to inform the imperial German govern ment. a formal warning, purporting to some from the imperial Gerpian embassy it Washington, addressed to the people of lhe United States, and stating, in effect, that any citizen of the United States who Bxerclsod his right of free travel upon the seas would do so at. his peril If his lourney should take him within the zone nf waters within which the imperial Ger man navy was using submarines against the commerce of Great Britain and France, notwithstanding the respectful but very earnest protest of his govern ment, the government of the United States. 1 do not refer to this for the pur pose of calling the attention of tho Im perial German government at this time to the surprising Irregularity of « com munication from the imperial German embassy at (Washington Uddressed to the people of the United States through the newspapers, hut only for the purpose of pointing out that no warning that an un lawful and inhumane act will he com mitted can possibly lie accepted as an excuse or palliation for that act or as an (Continued on FS|« Two) INDIANS ATTACK AMERICAN COLONY Three Killed and Several Wounded Near Espetanza, Mexico, as Result of Yaqui Uprising—Conditions in Sonora Re • ported Little Less Than Appalling .\ogalea, Sonora* Max.* May I*1.—\ aqul Indiana attacking a colony of HS Amer icana Including women and children near Knperansa, aouth of Gaaymaa, hare killed three and wounded aeveral other*. according to Information re ceived today by Frederick Simple!', American ronaul here. The battle eon. tlauea. The Americana reported killed are John .William*, W. X Fay and William Stocker. J. J. Donovan Is missing and In believed to have been killed. Jose Maytorena, governor of Sonora, has ordered a detachment of 500 troops to entrain at Guay man and proceed t*» the aid of the Americana. The railroad, however. Is only partially repaired. Itofngeee fr/im the Interior report conditions in Sonora to be little short of appalling The Yminis and lawless elements of all sorts are pillaging and committing murder, they nay. The In diana are reported to ba butchering man* Women and children indiacrlminately. Official Note on Action Is sued in Rome—King Re serves Decision as to Ac ceptance of Resignations GERM A NS CONTINUE TO HAMMER AWAY AT THE ALLIES’LINES French Claim Progress in Counter Attack—Russians Check Teutons’ 1 >ash After Losing Much Ground London, May 11.—(2:02 a. m.) The Knlian cabinet hns rcsigiv’d. “The counril of ministers," says Reuter’s Rome correspondent, “con sidering that it did not posse's the unanimous assent of the con-tltutional parties regarding its international policy, nhich the gravity of the situ ation demands, has decided to hand its resignation to the tvir.g. \n of ficial note to this effect vtas issued tonight. ‘Tin* Kin#; ha* reserved ids decision .<;s t»’ wbethci' th© resignation wilt h© ac « opted." London, May id. p mu--Viscount Haldane, lord high cham-Tor in tin Won ft- of Lords* tuduy int ma 11 d (hat the government was ©ohHid< ring ttm .»■ *My or departing from th© voluntary .•» lent of ndlUary enlistment and \ < sorting to universal service throughout the utnii dom. For th. present, h© said, the hand* of th© war <i! litv were fillrci with »h j iin*n thf*.\ possessed, hut t ml#;hi h© neces sary in rreonMldn- th© situation hi th© light of th© tremendous necessities wHu which th© nation was i©mft onted. This appears in ©nnflrm th© Idea pr© Milent her© that, wh 1© rerulthr? has ^ br©n #at !sfa©t ory th© heavy fUbumt will Flanders t Ijuwf that mit’i\ nm© men will h© required if victory 1 ato It© attained. Withstand Attacks Thus fiii', British troops, neeuydlfV- t * Field Marshal Mir .John l*»»*u©h iqi'e wit i©.loud all th> Ct»*rrno.n onslaughts, a ml while at times they has© h©>*n com pelled to'give some ground their counter attacks have brought th©in back lo rh© position from which they startl’d. How ever. this has been eo*dy. for th© Gci - nian artillery homhardment uas h©©n se vpi'c and counter attacks always ar© fol low ©U by heavy casually llata. in tli©ir attempt last fab to reach Calais .tin Germans cm 1 Untied th©ir at tacks for sl\ weeks, but the allied fore was mu©b weaker then, and th© German* did not meet the counter offensive they now meet in the west. Of these th© most important Is that in which the French'are carrying out fro*n Arras to th© point where their line Joins the British, and In which they continue to meet with unvarying success. They report again today the capture—which th© Germans admit of strongly fortified positions, and one road at least which th© Germans have been using to bring up reinforcement* to their positions near ' I«u Basse©. Therefor© It is believed hero the French surceases will lighten th© pressure th© Germans ar© bringing to bear on th© British around Tores. The A ust i <> • L i man offensive von?*nues in wetsorn Galicia, where th© Russian* hav© been driv©u 4<> miles hack from their old positions and to within jr> mites of I I'nseniyl. Tin* fighting, however, hns bo • corn© less intense. Thi Germanic hIUhh I estimate their captures at mom© IbO.OOu men. tJ9 guns and 2ou machine guns. To Prevent Advance The Russians claim that they are In a position to prevent a further advance oy th© Germans and Austrians, but as it i* they have lost much ground. In eastern Galicia the Russians assert that as a result of their new offensive the Austrians have ©ctunieueed a dlsov derl> retreat. Fighting continues in Com* land and in the neighborhood of the Nie men river. Another battleship, the Goliath, ti-i third the British hav© lost since the at tack'on the Dardanelles began, has been torpedoed by th© Turks and of th© crew , of 700 or more, only 180, Including JO of ficer* were na\ed. While the Goliath wh*» an old vessel, she was useful for the work to which alie had been assigned and th© loss in men Is serious. There Is some consolation to the British in other news from the Dardanelles that a British submarine, in a dash Into the sea of Marmora, torpedoed two Turkish gun boats and a large transport. Thl3 probably Is the submarine th© Turk* thought they had sunk, hut which ap parently got back through the mine strewn passage. BRUMBAUGH SIGNS CHILD LABOR BILL Harrisburg, May IT -Governor Brum baugh today signed th© Cox child labor bill, under which children under 14 years of age, except newsboys, will be barred from- working at any occupation. Mes sengers employed between 8 p. m. and ft a. ni. must he J1 years old and children 1 under lft will he prohibited from working | unless they attend school eight hours a ! week. I Domestic servants and farm laborer* will he exempt from the act. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1 —Lock IT formally opened. Italian cabinet resigns. Wilson sends note to Germany England’s enemies to h© repatriated. ‘J Roosevelt charges denied by Barnes. ©— Estimate* made of Vanderbilt estate. 4— Editorial comment. &—Vardanian predicts shoals will be dammed. Outlook for Chautauqua bright. Local products to be exhibited. Memorial exercises Monday. v'' ft—8ociet.\. 7 -Attitude <>f Japan totally unexpaetad. * Sports. 14— Baptist* go to Ashvdie next 11—Markets. JS-sBirmirigham people have fine time on excursion.