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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD I VOLUME XXXXV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, TUESDAY, MAY 25, 1.915 NUMBER 19 ITALY WILL STAND OR FALL WITH ALLIES IN PRESENT CONFLICT Gives Her Adhesion to Agreement Already Signed By Allied Powers Not to Conclude Separate Peace FIGHTING FOLLOWS CLOSE UPON DECLARATION OF WAR _j— i Believed Austro-Germans Under Von Hindenburg Will Seek to Discourage Italians by Quick and Decisive Blow—Heavy Fighting in Both East m^West --, Bombard Italian Coast h Vienna. May 24.—(Via London, May 25, 1 O war office has issued the following statement regarding th O „ against Italy: "Our fleet, on the night following the deci*. jf war, undertook action against the Italian east coast between Venice .d Barletta and successfully bombarded at several points objects of military importance. "At the same time our aeroplanes threw bombs on a balloon shed at Thiarvalla, military buildings at Ancona and the arsenal at Venice, caus ing visible damage and fires.” London, May 24.—(8 p. m.)— Italy has given her adhesion to the agreement already signed by the allied powers not to con clude a separate peace. The signature of a formal document to this effect is imminent. London, May 24.—(11:12 p. m.)—An Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Odessa says it is reported that the Italian consul at Constantinople has been killed. London, May 25.—(3:10 a. m.)— A dispatch to the Stefan! agency from Rome says that Prince Von Buelow, German ambassador to Italy, accompanied by the Princess Von Buelow and all the German representatives to the Quirinal and the Vatican, departed from Rome by train at 9:30 last night. Vienna, May 24.—(Via Amsterdam to London, May 25, 3:53 a. m.)—The Italian ambassador to Austria-Hungary, the Duke of Avarna, and the mem bers of the embassy staff left here this evening on board a special train by way of Switzerland for Italy. Their departure was without incident. London, May 24.—(10:15 p. m.) Little or no time has been allowed to elapse between the declaration of war and actual fighting between Italy and Austria. Austrian aeroplanes, de stroyers and torpedo boats early to day descended on the Italian coast of the Adriatic and bombarded several towns, including Venice; while in the Tyrol and on the eastern frontier Italian and Austrian advance guards have fired the first shots. The plan of campaign has not been disclosed, but it is generally believed pttempts to Inflict a quick anil de cisive defeat, or, at least, one that will discourage the Italians, will he un dertaken, largely by the Germans un der Field Marshal Von Hindenburg. It is said the German troops, with heavy guns, aeroplanes and Zeppelins, already are passing through the valley ; of the River Adige in the direction of Verona and that rapid and fierce blows will lie delivered almost immediately at the Italian center. This, the Germans doubtless believe, would serve to hold off an Italian advance from the prov ince of Venice, where the flat nature of the country would give the Ital ians a greater chance of success. Throughout Austria and Germany there is hitter denunciation of Italy, which for the moment has displaced • England as the most hated enemy. In the allied countries, on the other hand, Italian intervention is hailed witli de V HKht and In the Italian quarters of 1 London and Paris there have been en thusiastic demonstrations and cheer ' ing farewells to the Italians leaving to join the colors. No Move Made Roumania, Greece and Bulgaria have made no move. The government of Bulgaria has reiterated that It will continue neutral so long as Bulgaiian interests are not dtrectly affected, and It sees no reason why they should he. r. he opposition, howrever, is voicing the opinion that Bulgaria should seize the opportunity to join with the allies. Bulgaria may be drawn In through nn Incident which has arisen between her and Turkey over the seizure by Turkey of a number of Bulgarian rail way cars loaded with goods. Sofia has Ron mania may be affected by a change of fortune in ttie battles in middle Galicia. Russia here l» delivering a strong counter offensive and has re gained some ground along the San north of Jaroslau. The most important battle, however, is that raging southeast of Prxemysl where the Austrians and Germans are making repeated attacks in an en deavor to break the Russian line and thus relieve the pressure the Russians are bringing to bear on the Germans who crossed the San. Fighting in East Fighting alBO is in progress In Cour land, along the Cast Prussian frontier and in central Poland where the Ger man have attempted an offensive along the Rawka river. None of these ac tions apparently had been decisive, al though heavy losses have been suf fered on both sides. Russia expresses satisfaction with the situation along her front. Heavy fighting has been resumed in the west from Arras to the sea and both Germans and French claim the advantage. It is evident that the al lies do not intend to relax their ef forts on this front, although a big gen eral movement has not yet been un dertaken, the present operations hav ing as their object Improvement ir their positions and forcing the Ger mans to counter attacks. The allies have landed additional troops on the Gallipoli peninsula and although progress there must continue slow, there is every confidence here that the resistance of the Turks will before long be broken. The loss to the allies is heavy, as is shown by the casualty lists, but it is asserted that fhe Turks are suffering much more se verely, as they are under crossfire from the ships. Complete Calm in Rome Rome, May 24. — (1:30 P- m., via Paris, May 25, 12:50 a. m.)—Complete calm prevails in Rome. Satisfaction 13 expressed everywhere at the serenity of the people, which is taken to In dicate their reliance in the army and navy. Naval Commander Bravetta, In an article in the Giornale D’ltalla today, s*ays the declartion of war against Austria was the realisation of the se cret aspirations of the navy. Owing to the severe discipline In the navy the men were prevented from showing that they favored the war, but Italian sail ers have desired such an event for years, always having been prepared and anxious for a chance “once moie to measure themselves with their an cient hated enemy/’ • Commander Bravetta recalls in his *(Continued on.PiK* Seven) GERMANY TO REPLY TO NOTE ON FRYE CASE Action Taken in Sending Case to Prize Court Not Considered Answer to American Memoran dum Asking Reparation for Sunken I Vessel, Says Gerard Waahinaton May 24.—Ambassador Gerard at Berlin In a cablegram receive* ..... — >“ •* send a formal reply to the American note asking reparation, without ref aroma : ......«—•- ■h">. wi111*" p F.yfcPPBk by tb. p®mm.re» r.tb.r. Pr'rlr‘ . r .. C_ '.,. The ambassador had been lnsiru to inquire whether the Bending of the Frye case to a prise court was to be regarded ia an answer to the note from the United States suggesting that such a procedure was unnecessary. Germany agreed In the first place to pay tor the ■hip under the old Prussian -American treaty. The atate department late today rave gut Uii statement; a cablegram from the American ambas sador at Berlin, dated May 22, 1*16, ai follows: " 'Foreign office state that It did not Intend to leave unanswered the note lr the William P. Frye case Or to reply bj sending the ship to prise court. A for mal reply shortly will be sent WhiU under the German laws the action 01 the prize court In issuing the admoni tlon Is Imperative, It remains totalli Independent Of diplomatic negotla tloaa”* >k& JUST ONE MORE IN THEGRIP OF DEATH | ■ ' ■" 9 9 ' .. .. ...“ 1 (••••••••••••••••••••••••••a*••••••••••••••••••••••••< t NEWS OF ITALIAN ATTITUDE CALMLY V ' ' ' — Entrance of New Enemy Fails to Ruffle Berlin. Big Demonstrations in Vienna Berlin. May 24 —(Via London. 9:45 p. ml No arrangements have been made for the departure of the Italian ambassador from Germany. The public learned of Italy's declaration of war with remarkable calm ness and today seemed more bent on en joying Whitsuntide holiday outings than worrying about the latest accession to tho ranks of Austria-Hungary's enemies. Street demonstrations took place late last night and small crowds paraded the streets at an early hour this morning singing patriotic songs and cheering for Austria-Hungary. The paraders attempt ed to make a demonstration before the Italian embassy, but all approaches to the embassy had been closed by the1 police. What comment Is heard on the situation Is not flattering to Italy. Her action In ; declaring war against her former ally Is generally regarded by the populace as "political brigandage.” The average German declines to take the Italian military rpeance seriously and seems to consider that Italy's onslaught will merely put off the ultimate victory of the Teutonic allies without rendering vic tory doubtful. In discussions of the official Italian explanation for the declaration of war the comment Is heard everywhere that it took Italy a long time to find out that the treaty of alliance had been violated, It being argued that Italy's note on this subject was dated In December, and tlgit It required months longer to determine that the violation of the treaty constituted a reason for war. Big Street Demonstrations Dispatches from Vienna report that big, street demonstrations in favor or war with Italy have taken place. The obser vations of a correspondent of the As sociated Press who spent the greater part of the last two months traveling lr. Austria-Hungary were that a war against Italy would be highly popular. The feeling against the Russians In com parison seemingly was not particularly bitter. The victory of the Austro-Ger mans In Galicia was received with satis faction, mixed with bitter personal hatred by the Austro-Hungarians, but It was evident from the actions of the people that a successful campaign against Italy would result In unbounded exulta tion. The Indications were that the average Austro-Hungarian would be almost willing to forego a victory over Russia for the pleasure of punishing thetr country's former ally for breaking with her. Germany la whole heartedly on tho side of her ally. The Italian military attache recently was summoned to Ger man headquarters and shown on a map the location and strength of the Auetro German armies on the Italian frontier, so that his government should have no reason to doubt that Germany would as sist Austria-Hungary with every available man in case of war. Worldn gon New Cabinet London. May 24.—(11:20 p. m.)—Prog ress In the formation of the new coali tion ministry was made at conferences today. Details of the new ministry were not sufficiently advaneed, however, for an announcement of Its personnel to be made tonight. ■W • ... ■ ■ ■ . «-t t PEACE CELEBRATED 4 t - * t San Fran deco. May 24-—A can- 4 1 4 tury of peace between America 4 ' 4 and Great Britain was cele- 4 4 brated today at the Panama-Pa- 4 « clflo expoeitloa. 4 t ■* ; ... , wftl’V. U. S. NOT PARTY TO TRADE AGREEMENT British Ambassador Issues Statement in Ref erence to Arrangements Regarding Cotton Cargoes Under English Order in Council. The Government Not Involved Washington, May 24.—A formal statement, designed to clear up misunder standing over the participation by the state department’s foreign trade ad visers in unofficial arrangements regarding cotton cargoes was handed thi department today by Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, the British ambassador. It sayi the British government “quite realizes that these unofficial arrangements ir no way Involve the United States government.” f ollowing is me text oi im* , sador’s statement: “The arrangement with regard to shipments of cotton and other articles of commerce were agreed between rep resentatives of the British government and the representatives of the American interests concerned. The government of the United States were in no sense a party in these agreements and took no government quite realize that these un official arrangements In no way in volved the United States government and that they do not and cannot com mlt either government to any departim from the views which they have alread.v expressed in their official notes wltl regard to the declaration of March 1 I Continued on Page Seven.) OF WAR, IS REPORT; MAY I0IN THE ALLIES Government Is Negotiating With Triple Entente, Says Dispatch to London From Bucharest London, May 25.—(2:44 a. m.)—A Daily Chronicle dispatch from Bucha rest says: “The Roumanian government ia ne gotiating with the allies. King Fer dinand has reviewed the army. Great enthusiasm prevails.” "The general belief that Houmanla la on the brink of war for the fulfillment of her national Ideals has been strengthened by Italy's declaration of war against Aus tria-Hungary,” says the Times' corre spondent at Bucharest. Celebrations of the anniversary of ths coronation of the late King Carol were held Sunday and were attended with un usual fervor. King Ferdinand and Queen Marie were present at a great military review. The troops wore their new field service uniforms of gray khaki Instead of the usual parade dress uniforms. To Respect Neutrality London. May 26.—(4:36 a. m.)—Germany and Austria-Hungary have notified the Swiss government that they will respect Swiss neutrality, according to a Berne dispatch to the Reuter Telegram com pany. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Italy will stand or fall with allies. United States not party to trade agree ment Pan-American conference meets. Miss Anne Watkins heads golf associa tion. 2— Banks may be able to discount papei In France. 8—Howard alumni hold banquet. 4— Editorial comment. 4—Ask survey of road to Warrior. Petition for Injunction denied. Mild sensation In Burns prellmlnar] i trial. I^lll not summon Italian reservists tr 'United States. 6— Society. • 7— Tsrks defeated In the Dardanelles. 8— Sports. b—Abercrombie addresses Judson sty dYnts. > 11— Markets. 12— Legal Issues of ct ■••■••••■••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••■•a WASHINGTON BUSY AS RESULT OF ITALY’S ENTRANCE INTO WAR U. S. Officially Notified of Action and Neutrality Proclamation Prepared. Take Over Embassies Washington, May 24.—Italy's en trance into the war set in motion to day various branches of official ant diplomatic activity. Count V. Uacchl Dl Cellcre, the Ital ian ambassador, formally notified thi United States of Italy's declaration o war on Austria, and explained In formally to Secretary Bryan and Coun sellor Bansing the contents of a not to be delivered tomorrow, giving Italy' reasons for her action. Dr. Constantin T. Dumba, the Alls trlan ambassador, also conferred wltl Secretary Bryan, advising him of th existence of a state of war between hi country and Italy. A neutrality proclamation similar t those made early In the war was pro pared for President Wilson's slgnatur and will he Issued tomorrow Take Over Interests Secretary Bryan announced that th American embassy at Vienna had take over the care of Italian interests ther< Ambassador Thomas Nelson Page ad vised the state department from Horn that Spain had been entrusted .vtt Austria’s diplomatic interests. It de \ eloped that while preparations ha been made by the American embassy u Borne to take over Austria's affair the final decision of Austria was t place her Interests In the same hand as those of Germany, which had calle on Spain. Notice of formal declarations of wo by Germany and Turkey on Italy wl mean eddltlonal Interests for the Un ted States to take care of at Constat tinople and possibly Berlin, althoug it is believed Switzerland may care f< Italian affairs In Germany. Ambassadors Arrive When the Italian and Austrian an hassudors arrived at the state depar ment today about the same hour, Ei die Savoy, the negro messenger wl guards the entrance to Secrctai Bryan’s door, escorted Dr. Dumba In the diplomatic anteroom and, In a cordance with diplomatic etiquette, b Count Dl Callere Into one of the atlt offices. It has been Savoy's task sin the beginning of ths war to keep tl (GsbUbmI mi raws tansi OBSTACLES WAR HAS THROWN INTO PATHS OF INDUSTRY IN THE Speeches by President and i Cabinet Members Feature! ’ Opening of Pan-American Financial Conference WILSON ON NEED FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Delegates From 18 Latin American Countries Par ticipate in Meeting to Pro mote Trade Relations Washington. May •4.—— Sonic of the obstacles which war across the At lantic has thrown Into the imths of industrial and commercial prosperity and the march of trade In the western hemisphere were outlined today at tlie flrat session of the l*nn- American llnanclnl cougreaa. The outstanding thought of tlie confer ence as expressed by many speakers was the need for improvement of transporta tion, for a readjustment of methods of financial exchange and for uniformity of laws north and south of the equator In relation to subjects which vitally affect international relations. Steps were taken at the close of the day to pave the way for uniform statutes through appointment of a committee with a representative from each Invited nation and several repre sentatives of the United States. President Wilson, who welcomed the delegates to this country, dwelt on tl» * j reed for development of transportation and Secretaries Bryan, Redfleld and Mc Adoo and Postmaster General Burleson later added their recommendations for ! steamship lines independent of Europe to ply between nil the principal points >f the two Americas. Expression of this idea culminated to nigh in the promise of Mr. McAdoo to se lect a committee of representatives of ttie United States and of South American re publics, including Argentina, Brasil, Chile and possibly others, to take up tomorrow the question of steamship lines, with co operation under these governments or un der private control. Many to Participate Upsides delegates from 18 Uatln-Ameri ■ an republics participating In the confer ence. which Is to continue throughout the week, are member of President Wilson's cabinet, the federal reserve board, the federal trade commission, treasury of ficials and more than 100 representatives of great American banks, Industrial enr poratlons and commercial houses. Th" American bnslness men atnl financiers were named by Secretary McAdoo ns of ficial representatives nf the United Stntes at the conference. The opening day wan devoted chiefly to speech-making. Presi dent Wilson began with an unequivocal declaration that the conference was not lor the exploitation of the Invited nations, but for a union of Interests In which the United States will not try to make use of the others, but to labor to the advantage of all. “It would be a very great thing,'' said the President, “If the Americas could add to the distinctions which they al ready wear of showing the way to peace, to permanent peace. The way to peace, for us, at any rate, Is manliest. It Is the kind of rivalry that does not Involve aggression. It Is the knowledge that men can be of the greatest service to one an other and nations ot the greatest service to one another when the Jealousy between them Is merely a Jealousy of excellence and when the basis of their Intercourse Is friendship." Enlarges an Idea Secretary Bryan enlarged upon the Idea of the President by recalling Mr Wil son's speech at Mobile, in which he an nounced that the United States dons not want a foot of territory from any other nation. The other members of the cabi net spoke also of the posslhlltles of help fulness for both South and North Amer ica, and the delegates from each country In their responses voiced similar senti ments. 1 The only private American represen tative who spoke today was, Prank A. Vanderllp of the National I'lty bank of New York. Mr. Vanderlip declared that at the present time the national hanks of the United States as shown I by their last reports to the comptroller of the currency have a total surplus * over the legal reserve requirements of , more than $700,000,000, and, that the state banks probably have a "similar plethora." Have Capital for Loans "That means,' said he, 'that we have * an enormous capital for the expansion ■ nf loans, probably enough to expand : loans two or three billion dollars, sd if we arc In a state of unpreparodneas for war we are prepared to extend our financial relations abroad and for the s development of banking credits at i home." Mr. Vanderllp said that an Important * consideration to be remembered In a building up relations with South Ameri i ra Is that the countries there are It " about the same position that the Unite. J States occupied a few years ago ant * that they need most of all, outside cap - (tal to aid development. "I believe, add 0 ed he, "that the growing wealth of thh * country under the new banking law J and for other causes will open this flel. so that It will amount to somethin, * vastly greater than it has been before.' II Between the two sessions today tin delegates were received by the Prcsl dent at the White House. Tonight the: ‘ Were the guests at a reception given b: 1 Secretaries Bryan and McAdoo, in th Pan-American union building. Most o the members of the cabinet, scores o government officials and members o t- the diplomatic corps were present. I- Tomorrow morning there will be an ,0 other general session of the conferenc. •y at which speeches will be made by Gov :o ernor Hamlin, Paul M. Warburg of th ■- federal reserve board. Uater a numbe til of delegates will be guests at luncheoi sr of Secretary Bryan. se In the afternoon will begin the "grou: It conference" at which those responsibl (Oeatlue* #■ Po«« Hlae* MISS ANNE WATKINS CHOSEN PRESIDENT ANO CHATTANOOGA GETS THE NEXT MEET Miss Alexa Stirling Lowest in the Qualifying Rounds With a Score of Eighty Eight BIRMINGHAM TRIO LOSES TEAM CUP TO ATLANTA IN PLAY-OFF Play for Team Cup Was the Most Interesting Feature as Morning Score Re sulted in Tie \ FEATURES OF THE FIRST t * DAY'S HOI.F TOl UNAMENT • ♦ ♦ 4 The features of the first day’s 4 4 play of the fifth annual tourna- 4 4 nient of the Southern Woman's 4 4 Golf association. In progress at 4 4 the Country clul», were: 4 4 Miss Anne Watkins of Chat- 4 4 tanooga was chosen president 4 4 of the association for ensuing 4 4 term. 4 4 (hat tanooga won out over 4 4 Montgomery and Atlanta* in a 4 4 spirited contest for host city 4 4 next year. * 4 Miss Alexa Stirling of At- 4 4 lanta won the cup for low qual- 4 4 Ifylng score with 88 4 4 Atlanta won the team cup in 4 4 a play-off against Birmingham * 4 In the deciding contest Mias 4 4 Stirling played the best golf of 4 4 the tournament to date, making t 4 the 18 holes In S3. 4 4 ♦ Yesterday w i I n e ased the most propitious stiii'l of what will prove to he the most suc cessful tournament of the Women’s Southern Golf as soeintion. 'Die qualification round was begun at 8 o’clock, and when the deciding test of a competi tion for team trophy between Birmingham and Atlanta was concluded, it was 8 o’clock in the evening. The day dawned with a clear sky, which, by noon, was overcast- At that hour a gentle shower fell to cool the atmosphere and render the re mainder of the day delightful. Seventy-eight women, representing eight cities of throe contiguous south ern states, participated in the first day’s sport. The majority of these re ported for play at H o’clock, when tho first couple in the qualification tests sent balls whining across the green. By 10 o’clock the course was completely covered by players and little galleries which followed their favorite players, j When the count was reckoned at 2 o’clock, Miss Alexa Stirling, the girl star from Atlanta, with a score of 88, was declared the winner of the beautiful cup offered for low qualification mark. Then followed the division of the players Into flights. ( and the drawings for pairs. ELIMINATION PROCESS WILL BEGIN TODAY Today begins th*» elimination process. For the championship, Miss Stirling is considered the one best bet Should sho fail to play her usual game however, the honor for which all contestants will strive may go to either Mm. K. G. Duf fleld of Memphis. Mrs. F. O. Jones of Memphis. Mrs. Thomas Paine of Atlanta, or to one of several splendid golfers among the Birmingham contingent. In the afternoon, the Country club and surrounding green presented a moat at tractive appearance. On every hill where flew standards out of holes, women gently punting to the fore of Interested galleries were to he seen. On the veranda of tho club, sat scores of women and men, the latter having cut short their office hours In order to witness the sport. Apparently all care had been forgotten and happiness reigned supreme, and the crowd having assumed the festive mood and holiday attire, creatf-d the atmosphere which pre vails about the little and fashionable fairs of continental Europe. And yet throughout, there was the fascinating spirit of polite rivalry which lent a spice to the whole. YESTERDAY DEVOTED TO QUALIFYING ROUNDS Following the rounds of qualification, the association met in executive session for the purpose of electing officers for the ensuing term, and choosing the plaeo of the next tournament. And It happened that in the councils Chattanooga won victories, and thus with Atlanta victorious In the field divided the honors of the day. For not only wag Chattanooga chosen as the city for the ‘ next tournament, but a Chattanooga woman. Miss Anne Watkins, was elected * president of the association. There were two other candidate cities— Montgomery and Atlanta. Early In the ' balloting, however, Montgomery withdrew. ‘ On the next succeeding ballot. Chatta I nooga won out by a vote of 47 to 31. Mrs. Howse of Birmingham, president, f was elected vice president for the ensuing term. Mrs. Frank Meade of Knoxville. virtue of her office as vice president, wag . automatically placed on the board of cU* ■ rectors. For the other two places thero » were spirited contests. In which Mrs. O. • Somerville of Montgomery. Mrs. Percy i I.ockett of Nashville. Mrs. Tilt of Atlan ta. Mrs. Kirkpatrick of Birmingham, and i Mrs. Thomas Paine of Atlanta took the 3 lead as, candidates. After several ballots.