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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
A VOLUME XXXXV BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, SATURDAY, JUNE 12, 1915 V2 PAGES_NIM BE 11 BRYAN APPEALS TO LJ Ends Efforts to Lay Before the American People the Situation Which Caused Him to Resign REITERATES STAND FOR PERSUASION RATHER THAN FORCE Urges Hyphenated Citizens to Use Their Influence in Showing World President Wilson Is Really Neutral i _ Washington, June 11.—William Jen nings Bryan tonight issued an appeal addressed to “the German-Amer icans” urging them to aid in main taining peace between the United States and the Fatherland by exert ing their influence with the German government to persuade it not to take any Bteps that would lead in the di rection of war. With this statement Mr. Bryaa expects to end for the present his efforts to lay before the public the situation which caused him to resign the portfolio of Sec retary of State. On Wednesday ne gave out an explanation of why he left the cabinet rather than sign the last Amer ican note to Germany regarding subma rine worfare; yesterday he issued an ap peal to "The American People" to stand for persuasion rather than for force in asserting rights under International law, and today he made a brief statement ex pressing gratification at what he termed a change of tone on the part cf the "jingo editors" regarding the note to Ger many. v Referring to German-Americans as fel low citizens, 'in whose patriotism 1 have entire confidence," Mr. Bryan besides ask ing them to use their influence with the German government, urged: That they forget never to be recalled, any suspicion of lack of neutrality or friendship toward the German people on the part of the President of the United States. Cases Are Different That they should not attempt to connect negotiations between the United States and Germany with those between the United States and Great Britain, "bocause the cases are different.” That Germany should acquiesce in de mands that nave been rnaue by the United States without condition, trusting the "United States to deal Justly with her in the consideration of any chahges she may propose in the international rules that govern the taking of prizes" growing out of submarine warfare. Mr. Bryan declared that President Wil son had been unjustly criticised r.y par tisans of both sides in the European con flict; expressed confidence that German Americans would stand by their adopted country in case of war between the United States and Germany; maintained that killing of innocent women and chil dren. either by drowlng or starving, could not be Justified and suggested a change in the shipping laws to exclude passengers from ships carrying contraband or ammu nition. Mr. Bryan’s statement follows: “June 11, 1915. "To the German-Americans: > "Permit me to address a word to you as one American citizen speaking to fel low citizens in-whose patriotism he has i entire confidence. It Is natural that in a contest between your fatherland and other European nations, your sympathies should be with the country of your birth. It is no cause for censure that this is true; it would be a reflection upon you if it were not true. Do not the sons of Great Britain sympathize with their mother country? Do not the sons of Prance sympathize with theirs? Is not the same true of Russia and of Italy? Why should it not be true of those who are horn In Germany or Austria? The trouble is that the extremists on both sides have mistaken a natural attachment felt for birthplace for disloyalty to this coun try. "The Preeident has been unjustly crit icized by the partisans of both sides— ♦he very best evidence of his neutrality. If he had so conducted the government, as to wholly please either side it would excite not only astonishment but mis givings. for partisans cannot give an -un biased judgment: they will of necessity look at the question from their own point of view, giving praise or blame, accord ing as the act. regardless of its real char acter, helps or hurts the side with which they have aligned themselves. Why the Criticism f ‘‘The fact that the administration hai received more criticism from German Americans than from those In sympathy with the allies Is due to the fact that while both sides are at liberty, under In ternational law, to purchase ammunition In the United States, the allies, because of tbelr control of the seas, have the advantage of being able to export It. It Is unfortunate that partisan supporters of Germany should have overlooked the (Cnllsstd ea Pag* Two) ENGLAND VIEWS THE ! HCAN NOTE ID GERMAN KAISER AS “FIRM BipCIFIC” British Public Keenly Inter ested in Stand Wilson Has Taken on Submarine Warfare Proposition RUSSIANS ATTEMPT A COUNTER THRUST AGAINST AUSTRIANS Preliminary Success Causes General Satisfaction in London—German Offen sive Is Believed Broken Rome, June 11.—(Via Paris, June 12, 3:20 a. m.)—It is officially an nounced that the Italians have occu pied Gradisca, six miles southwest of Gorizia, in Austria-Hungary, London, June 11.—(10:30 p. m.) The American note to Germany, which is considered here as “firm hut pa cific,” divided the interest of the Brit ish public today with the successful Russian counter thrust against the Austro-German lines in Galicia. When placards of the evening news papers announced the receipt of the note there was a general rush for copies, as the text had been anxiously awaited. It arrived too late, how ever, for comment in the evening edi tions. The Russian success has caused grati fication and relief and military experts expect there will be a reptition in Ga licia of what occurred before Warsaw last winter when the Germans Buffered enormous losses in their efforts to break the Russian front. As on that occasion, the Russian reinforcement* , arrived in time to force back a portion General Linsingen's army, which had. crossed the ‘Dniester river near Zuraw na, before It could be strengthened or entrenched. The German and the Austrian official reports do not mention the fighting in ithis region, but from an account Issued in Petrograd the Austro-Germans must have suffered heavy reverses as they are said to have lost 17 guns and 7000 prisoners. In fact military men express the belief that very few of those who crossed the river could have escaped. Russians Claim Success The Russians also claim that farther up the Dniester, directly south of Lem berg, they have pressed their opponents back and have taken another 2000 pris oners while near Mosciska, east of Przemysl, they say the Germans suf fered severely when they attacked the Russian position. In eastern Galicia and in Bukowlna the Russians continue 'o | fall back to the Dniester under the I Austrian pressure. Following the example of the Italians, who occupied Avlona, the HerviarflJ are marching across northern Albania to wards the port of Durazzo, while tlie Montenegrins are making for the port* of Alessio still farther north. For some time Albania has been over-run by bands, which, it is alleged, were or ganized by Austrians and Turks to har rass ^ervia, and In fact these bands more than once have invaded Servian territory. The opinion is generally ex pressed here that these occupations probably will spell the end of Albanian integrity. Heavy Fighting Continues Heavy fighting continues along the Italian frontier, particularly on the River Izonso, where the Austrians are making their most determined effort to stem the Italian advance. Today’s toll exacted by German sub marines is five vessels: The British bteamer Strathcarron, the Russian steamer Dania, the Swedish steamer Otago, the Russian bark Thomasina and the British trawler Intrepid. A British warship also was attacked by a sub marine in the Adriatic but readied port siightly damaged. •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••■••••••••••••a TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Bryan appeals to German-Araer icans. England thinks Amerlea/i note mild Submarines sink 12 vessels. Optimism felt at Washington over note. 2— Italians capture important post. 3— Bank incidents of war will go down in history. 4— Editorial comment. — 5— Lonnie Webb being tried. Northside city jail in deplorable condition. Crawford returns from trip .ait. Bowers restrained from collecting solvent credit tax. «—Boclety. 7— Entertainments at Ensley Metho dist. 8- 9—Sports. 11— Markets. 12— Roosevelt upholds President Wilson WHAT GERMANY THINKS OF THE AMERICAN NOTE Amsterdam. June 11.—(Via London i |:S5. p. m.)—A dispatch from Berlin to 1 the Kolnische Volkszeitung. a copy of 1 which has been received here, says: I "Without doubt. Mr. Lansing, In com parison with Mr. Bryan, is a man of ^ very sharp tone, but the German press will do wfcll not to Inquire too anxioualy whether he Is a man of sharper peaceful tons. "Our submarine war will not cease on that account. If American ships or Americans In British ships enter the ' war hone, they must, despite Mr. Lun- j sing and President Wilson, talte the ' risk Involved In such a voyage, America «oa claim the right to judge neutrals' i I u ights only when she herself maintain; isutrallty. Such was not the case un ler the pacifist, Ur. Bryan, and probablv will be just as little the case under th< nternatTonal law expert. Ur. Lansing.' Berlin, June 11.—(Via London 7:11 p n.)—The Vosslsche Zeltung says: "The note probably will not be an iwsred sooner than two weeks, becaust he arrival of Dr. Anton Ueyer-Gerhard vlth special messages from Count Vor icrnstorff, the German ambassador al Washington, to the German govern nent, must be awaited. His arrival !■ iot expected before the 17th and the inswer cannot be prepared until after his." The note has been well received In ifflclal quarters. k&jft ’ v'l'. iv NERVOUS MONEY|f| ,-! M/r /HOTTER .] I S££ h/*4r ttR/VAAV'n <so'a/' r.£fz -&0 '&0&£\ W/liSO/vp A/ors J 3P£CUM*T£ ' ' I U. S. Notifies Powers It Intends to Terminate Pro visions in Treaties That Conflict With Act -T-rr 'IVanhlngion, June II—Twenty-one of the principal nation* of the world have been notified by the United State* th/it It Intend* to terminate provision* of evlMtlns treatle* with tho*e conn trie* which are In conflict with the Mcamen'n act paused by the last Con grew. It was learned today tliat this notice was given as required by the law through the American embassies and legations, just w’ithin the prescribed limit of 90 days from March 4 last, when the act was approved. Previous denunciations of treaties by the United States have covered the en tire conventions. It remains to be seen whether the nations interested in the present Instance will consent to the ex cision of certain articles to meet the provisions of the seamen's act. If they will not consent to this, then the state department is under obligation to cancel all of the treaties. Such a proceeding would result in de stroying between the United States and all these nations provisions for the set tlement of estates, the transfer of prop erty. the exercise of consular functions, diplomatic Immunities, customs and port and lighthouse dues, and a hundred other subjects which have formed the basis of treaty regulations and stipulations be tween civilized powers. Far-Reaching Result Then It would become necessary foi the state department to Immediately be gin negotiations for new treaties to pre vent the infliction of serious injury upon the business and diplomatic relations oi I the United States. Objection already has been made to th€ seamen’s act by Spain. Italy. Austria Hungary. The Netherland and Great Brit ain and it Is known that other European governments are prepared to adopt a similar course. Generally speaking, thes« objections are based upon the provisions (Continued on Pare Ninel SUBMARINESSINK TWELVE VESSELS Startling Activity By German Under sea Fighters Arouses England l/ondon, June 11.—Startling activity by German undersea fighters during the past few days has created a deep impression in England. Twelve ves sels, including two Russian and one Danish steamer, were torpedoed and sunk last night and today. At least one vessel has been sunk by Zeppelins. Innsbruck. June 11.—(By courier to the Swiss frontier and Geneva, 10:45 a. m. and Paris 2:50 p. m.)—Announcement has been made here by the Austrians that one of their submarines yesterday sank a British cruiser of the Liverpool type 30 miles off St. .lean Medna, in the Adri atic. London, June 11.—(1:40 p. m.)—The Swedish steamer Otago, bound for Hull, was torpedoed and sunk last night. London, June 11.—(12:53 p. m.)—The Rus sian bark Thomasina has been torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine off the southwest coast of Ireland. The crew has been landed at Queenstown. Cardiff, June 11.—(Via London, 2:20 a. m.)—The Glasgow steamship Strathcar ron was torpedoed yesterday without warning by a German submarine, while outward bound from Barry. The crew, which put off in boats, was rescued by a steamer and landed here. Maasluis. Holland, .June 10.— (Via Lon VILLA WILLING TO RETIRE, HE SAYS San Antonio, June 11.—The Villa con sulate today received a message dated Aguas Calientes in which General Villa reiterates the offer he made sometime ago to retire from Mexico provided Car ranza would agree to tha same course. Carranza representatives here say there is no likelihood of the first chief agreeing to any such terms at this time. The Villa message reads: "I am in a disposition to resign and go out of Mexico if Carranza will do the same thing. This may bring pefice to my disgraced country. •FRANCISCO VILLA.” ion. 7:15 p. in.)—The British fishing unaeks Welfare and Laurent ins were at tacked and sunk by Zeppelins in the North sea. The crews, which took to heir boats, were picked up by a Dutch smack and brought here. London, June 11.-4:39 a. m.) Among the ships torpedoed yeeterday by German submarines was the schooner Express, the crew of which was landed at Liver pool. Lonriqn, June 11.—(1:15 p. m.)—-The Hus-1 sian steamer Dania has been torpedoed by a German submarine. The members :>f her crew were .saved. London. June 11.—(8:55 p. m.)—The irttwier liilit-piti litio Inrcu aUP.k by n. icrman submarine in the North iea. 1 he members of the crew of the vessel, who have been landed by a steamei .it Lewestoft were In one of the ship's boats for 21 hours and without food be fore the steamer picked them up. Plymouth, June 12.—(12:30 u. m.)—Oap-i tain Smith of the British schooner Ex press, has arrived here and reports that his vessel was sunk by the German sub marine 17-25. Captain smith says one of the officers of the submarine told him that he disapproved of submarine attacks on merchantmen, but that unless the sub marine commanders carried out their; orders they would he shot. The officer added, according to Captain Smith, that! submarine warfare such as the Germans were engaged in. was useless to them. I “Why, Captain Smith says tlie German I officer asked him, “do not the big ships come out and fight?" __ i CHOLERA CONDITIONS ARE BAD IN AUSTRIA Paris, June 12.- — (3:30 a. in.)—A Ha-| vns dispatch from I'diro. Italy, says:! "Bosnian deserters declare that < liol era In Austria is much worse Ilian the outbreak of last year. A great panic, it la asserted, has been created in Vienna by the epidemic." Cattle Ship Detained Galveston, June 11.-The shippers were notified today that the American steamer Leelanaw, Galveston to Gothenberg. with cotton has been detained at Kirkwall. She departed from here May 5. with linOO square bales of cotton, valued at 1818,000, going via New Vork for fuel oil. I FIGHTING IN GARDEN OF EDEN T IT JC F? V , } -.1 U -»MaN I (K W ogHt^'V Li -'"'i ^-^_*lBA6I)^’%f, >*^ye^^5Lir“*<r * v\\„, ^KT\AX4 «Acr^\ '< ;$£ "jH '7 * -\ \'*'Z<r* XXX’ 7 / w 1 \ S |f% \ |v >4c, ' ,rf' iv> " < •-.. dKURfW* v [ ^ J*L> '* Ww%ry/*n QEM=jg==g^B|MJ§Qmile^,\ \ Jtw 6ulf British forces are hammering away at the other end of the Turkish empire at well as at the Dardanelles. Starting from the Persian gulf, they are steadily push \ Ing up the Tlgrle river and have crueaed the legendary eite of the Garden of Elen. Bagdad le their objective point and they have just captured Aniura. ^abuut half f ' / . a' ' \ L r. .A . way toward that city, dlsperslng'u Turk ish force that threatened to cut olT their communications at Kurnah, further soutt^ sinking a Turkish gunboat in the Tigris and capturing a transport. OPTIMISM IS FELT AT CAPITAL OVER GERMAN PROBLEM Wilsons Note Entirely Friendly and Leaves Way Open For Peaceful Adjustment of Trying Situa tion, Is Official Belief Washington. June 11.—Optimism—more pronounced than it ha3 been since he diplomatic correspondence with Germany over the sea zones of war began —was manifest today in official quarters here over the prospects for a peace ul outcome of the pending controversy between Germany and the United Itatea. The American note presented to the Ber- ’ in foreign office today by Ambassador lerard was interpreted on all sides as de iidedty friendly and leaving the way open o a satisfactory solution with honor to >oth sides. Officials made It clear that he note purposely had been phrased so as 0 reiterate the earnestness of the United States with respect to the principles of hu manity and international law, and at the same time to afford Germany an oppor tunity with dignit> to make her practice iquare with the principles expressed. It was officially stated today that a >ote would soon he sent to Great Britain ind hei allies, insisting on a change in he operation of the blockade conducted )y them ho an to conform with the prin tples of international law forbidding in-* erference with trade in noncontraband articles passing to and from a belligerent country through a contiguous neutral country. This, it was generally believed, svtUild he an important factor in convinc- | Ing the German government that the United States would maintain the same vigorous position on the fundamentals In international law with respect to the allies as lias been the case in the Amer ican correspondence with Germany. The statement issued tonight by Wll Up/.si” HELD DULENT Land Valued at $15,000,000 Affected by Decision in California Los Angeles. June IT. Ten sections of California oil lands near the town of McKtttrick. Kern •county, valued at $15. 000,000 were declared to have been fraudu lently patented by the Southern Pacific Railway company in a decision by Judge Robert S. Bean of the United States dis trict court of Oregon, filed here today. The land. part, of a large area which was alleged to have been claimed illegally by the railroad eompanles, was ordered restored to the government. The land is In Kern county and would supply the navy with petroleum for To years, accord ing to Willis N. Mills, special counsel for the government, who made the closing argument here before Judge Bean last January. Another suit involving oil lands in the same area valued by experts at $3-0,000,000 Is pending in the United States district court. In the suit just decided, hearings were held in various parts of llm country dur ing a period extending over three years. The government alleged that C. W. ICber lein, a land agent of* the Southern Pacific company, had filed affidavits that the land had been inspected and found to he not mineral, but agricultural. Patents were granted in 1004. At the trial of the case, however, TCberlein testified that he never bad caused the lands to be inspected, as set fortli in the affidavits upon which the government granted title. STRIKERS AGREE TO ARBITRATION Chicago. June 11- Union carpenters, whoc strike tied up building opt ra tions here for a month, today agreed to arbitration. James Kirby, general president of the Carpenters’ international union, was chosen to represent the union.s, and Charles W. Gindele, a builder, to represent the contractors. The two chose Joseph E. Lindquist, vice prcsl dent of the Central Trust company of Illinois as umpire. The Garibaldis Enlist Rome. June 11.—(Via Paris. !>:30 p. hi.) General Riccottl Garibaldi, accompanied by Colonel Pepplno Garibaldi and two other sons, today enrolled themselves for army service. The people greeted them with great enthusiasm as they gained much popularity through tlioir recent 1 experiences In France. r--*. '^7 4 TO 1>HFEU ANSWER 4 4 — - 4 4 Berlin. June 11.—(Via Txmdon, 4 4 Juno 12, 2:27 a. m.)-No steps have 4 4 yet been taken hero for the publics- 4 4 Uon of the American government's 4 4 note to Germany concerning Ger- 4 4 any's methods of naval warfare. 4 4 The German government, which 4 4 plans to defer an answer to Presi- 4 4 dent Wilson until the arrival in 4 4 Berlin of Or. Anton Meyer-Oer- 4 4 hard, the representative of Fount 4 4 Von Bernstorff. the German anibas- 4 4 sa<lor to Washington, would, it is 4 4 said, have been hotter pleased if the 4 4 note had not been given out for 4 4 the present in the United States 4 4 to avoid newspaper comment in 4 4 the Interim. 4 4 4 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••»«••■•••••••••••••••••••« Ham Jennings Bryan revealed that while Secretary of State Mr. Bryan favored the sending of a note urging prompt adher ence by tin1 allies to the requests of the American note of March 30. to Great Brit ain and France concerning tlie order In council. Mr. Bryan disclosed that the President had differed with him as to the time when the note would be sent, but that the intention to send such a com munication was fixed. >•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••—••••••••••••• Rear Admrial Fullam Re sents Insinuations Against His Administration Annapolis, Md.. .Tune It. In an author ized statement tonight Roar Admiral Ful Utm said he would welcome a searching investigation into his administration as superintendent of the Naval acedarny. lie expressed strong ludignutioli at what ho considered reflections and insinuations against him and the officers under his command in the course of the proceedings ht fore the court of inquiry investigating Irregularities In examinations at the academy. Since ho had been superintendent, the admiral said, he hud endeavored in every way lo impress upon the members of each MUn'Psoi\t' fiinl vutap i licit t!i«y uw longer were boys, but soon were to be come commissioned officers In the navy. Especially in their lust year as mid si) ipmen they were to maintain a high standard of honor among themselves and. thus set an example to the under class men. Admiral Fullam said that while he con sidered reasonable precautions wore taken to guard the examination papers he did not believe In any system that was cal culated to give the midshipmen an idea I that they were not to bo trusted. Admiral Fullam’s statement supplement ed a letter to Captain Russell, president of tin* court, read at the afternoon ses sion, in which the admiral requested per mission for himself and fellow officers to appear with counsel "to hear testi mony against us, and to cross-examino witnesses who gave such testimony." COOK TO TRY T0~ TOP MT. EVEREST £au Francisco, June 11.—-Dr. Fred erick A. Cook, explorer, intends to at tempt the ascent of Mount Everest of the Himalayas, the highest known mountain in the world, he declared to day on his arrival here on his way to India. The trip will require seven months. — .-. i.. - -• i ■ ■■ * ♦ » MIAINST (lUANT I NO ♦ i WILSON'S DEMAND ♦ t London. June 12— (.7:45 a. m.> t 4 German opinion is unanimously 4 • against President Wilson's demand 4 4 for assurances that American ships 4 4 and lives will not bn endangered 4 4 by submarine warfare, according to 4 j 4 a Berlin dispatch to the Exchange 4 4 Telegraph company sent by way of 4 • Amsterdam. 4 4 ♦ Paris, June 11.—(10 p. m.)—The following official communication waa is sued tonight: “On Friday we fortified our positions in front of Neuville-St. Vaast. "We continue to inventory the war material captured by us. We havs found thus far in the ruins three 77-millimetre field guns, three bomb throwers and 15 mitailleuses, which were buried in the ground or damaged, thousands of grenadek, 1000 rifles, 800,000 cartridges, incendiary implements, a number of 105 millimeter shells, a very large number of engineers’ implements and tools, numerous cases containing explosives and victuals and articles of equipment. "In the region of the Toutvent farm, southwest of Hebuterne we have organized the positions captured last night. We captured four batches of 150 prisoners, among them a major. In addition many German wounded have been admitted to our ambulances. The bodies of dead Germans can be counted by the hundreds. We have captured three more mitrailleuses. We have bent the German line on a length of more than two kilometres (1 1-3 miles) and on a depth of one kilometer (2-3 of a mile). “This morning we completely repulsed a counter attack by the enemy. "To the eaet of Tracey-Le Mont, in the neighborhood of the Quennivieres farm, our trenches, which are strongly established, are in Immediate contact' with those of the enemy. The Germans have not yet counter attacked. They confine themselves to using their artillery. “In Champagne In the region of Beasejour the enemy has not renewed hi* attempt against the trenches, the scene of the latest engagements here, which are now completely In our hands." Rome, June 11.—(Via Paris, 11:40 p- m.)—An official statement issued her* tonight says: “The report contained in the Austrian official statement that a British war ship of the Liverpool type had been aunk off San Giovanni Oi Medua Is untrue. The British ship alluded to in the Austrian statement participated with our flotillas in successful operations against the coast of the Gulf of Drin on the 9th and returned with them to on* of our naval base* at a speed of 17 knots."