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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, June 13, 1915, Image 1

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German Troops Crossing
Stream Have Been Thrust
Back While Russians Lose
in Eastern Galicia
French Offensive in West
Repulsed, Say German
Reports — German Sub
marines Again Active
London, June 12.—(9iS0 p. m.)—to
other big battle la being fought along
the line of the Dniester river In Ga
licia, In which Russian forces are
pitted against those of Austria and
Germany. Those German troops which
had crossed the Dniester at Zuranna
having been driven back, and the Rns
alans In eastern Galicia and Buko
wina also having been forced to with
draw to the river, the two armies now
face one another across the wide and
crooked stream, each making thrusts
In an effort to gain the Initiative for
an offensive.
The Austrians in their official re
port claim to have succeeded in cross
ing the river east of Horodenka. a
movement which, In view of their re
cent experience near Zurawna, might
prove dangerous.
The Austro-Germans, however, still
have Lemberg as their objective end
they are not likely to allow any re
verses they have suffered near Zur
awna and east of Przemysl to put them
off. So that fighting as severe as any
witnessed in recent weeks may be ex
pected during the next few days.
Fighting in Baltic
Heavy fighting also continues ir. the
Baltic provinces and on the east Prus
sian frontier, in which both sides claim
advantages. With the view, doubtless,
of preventing the Russians from send
ing reinforcements to either of tholr
wings, the Germans yesterday at
tacked on the Rawka river between
Bilimow and Sochaezew, the scene of
important battles last winter. In yester
day’s attack the Germans claim to have
broken into the Russian positions and
to have taken 5000 prisoners.
At points at Rheims and north <»f
Arras the French continue their at
tacks, which they report to have been
successful, but which the Germans,
however, invariably state have been
Although no big forward movement
ha3 been made, fighting is almost con
tinuous along the line from the sea
to Champagne and in the Woevre. The
British and Belgians are playing an
important role in these operations, for
on them falls the task of holding large
German forces on their front by
threatening an offensive and thus pre
venting the Germans from sending re
lief to those troops which the French
^ are assailing.
Italians Successful
The Italians have scored another suc
cess on the Isonzc river by the cap
ture of the town of Gradisco. and it is
reported they are carrying out. a
strong offensive all along the river
as far up as Tolmino, which they are
trying to outflank.
Unofficial reports state that the al
lies are steadily progressing on the
Gallipoli peninsula, but no details are
given and official confirmation is lack
Today’s report of German submarine
activity show's one steamer and three
trawlers were sunk. Since last Satur
day German submarines have sunk 54
vessels, of w'hich seven were neutral.
The others comprised two French. tw*o
Belgian, three Russian and 40 British.
Of the British vessels 32 were fishing
craft. In addition two fishing smacks
were sunk by a Zeppelin.
Twelve Killed by Bombs
Nish, June 12.—(Via London, 10:35 p. m.)
Three Austrian aeroplanes yesterday
dropped bomba on Kragojevatz, killing or
wounding 12 persons. Servian aeroplanes
pursued the hostile machines, bringing one
down. Another aeroplane with tw'o Ger
i man officers was captured at Agipalanka.
German Official Reports
Deny Reverses and Claim
Progress in the East Is
Italians Continue to Press
Forward and Austrians
Are Reported to Be in
The Russian claim to have admin
istered n cheek to the Germanic allies
on both hanks of the Dniester river In
Galicia and the I'etrograd authorities
In consequence express the belief thnt
the Anatro-German forces hove aban
doned their attempt to recapture Gem
berg, the Galician capital. On the oth
er hand, the German official state
ment says the Auatro-Garmana con
tinue to make progress In the south
eastern war cone and thnt forces un
der General Glnslngen have retaken the
town of Ziirawna, which lies to tlic
east of Trsemysl.
Along the battle front, stretching from
the North sea to Switzerland, compara
tive quiet prevails, except on the Bel
gian front, where a heavy artillery duel
is in progress.
Franco-British forces are reported in
advices from Athens to have joined bat
tle with the Turks for the possession of
the town of Gallipolli, at the entrance of
the sea of Marmora. Fierce lighting also
is reported to be raging near Maidos.
which is situated about half-way through
the Dardanelles straits on the European
Pressing Forward
The Italians continue to push forward
on the east bank of the Isonzo river. In
additidn to occupying the important town
of Monfaleone, the Italians claim to havf
captured the Austrian town of Gradisca,
neeu Gorizia.. Retreating v»*>fnrp Italian
troops near Rovereto the Austrians are
reported to have evacuated and to have
blown up the fort of Fozzacho. This
position was considered one of the strong
est of the Austrian defenses.
Turkey announces the sinking of a Rub
I siari torpedo boat in the Black sea on
Friday. The warship was destroyed by
the Ottoman cruiser Midullu, formerly
the German cruiser Breslau, which re
turned safely to port.
Four more British vessels have been
sunk by German submarines. The steam
ship I-euctra. of 3027 tons, and three
truw lers wrere sent to the bottom in the
North sea.
In a statement issued at Nish the
Servian government says the reason for
the present Servian expedition across
Albania in the direction of the Adriatic
is that Albania has been a hotbed of
Austro-Turklsh intrigue.
Rome, June 12.—fVla Chlasso and Paris,
6:08 p. m.)— It is understood that Italy Is
In accord with the allies upon the friend
ly representations from Belgrade concern
ing the Servian advance into Albania, ex
pressing the desire that the question be
left for solution by the peace conference
after the war. It is Btated that neither
Italy nor the allies oppose the Servian
military advance toward the Adriatic
across Albania, but prefer that Servia
should not divert part of her forces from
the main objective of the campaign, name
ly, to light Austria.
t—— 1 ‘ . . . . ...
♦ - ♦
4 Constantinople, June 12.- (Via 4
4 London, 4:58 p. m.)—Official an- 4
4 nouneement was made today that 4
4 a Russian torpedo boat destroyer J
4 was sunk In the Black sea Friday 4
4 night by the Turkish cruiser Mi- 4
4 dullu, formerly the German cruiser 4
4 Breslau. The Midullu returned 4
4 safely to port. ♦
♦ *
t-.-.1 *
I Dr. Bernard Dernburg
Leaves United States
Kaiser’s Spokesman in America Sails for Home Aboard Nor
wegian Vessel—Says His Feeling Toward This
Country is Unchanged
New York, June 12.—Dr. Bernhard
Dernburg, former colonial secretary of
the German empire, whp has been
termed Emperor William's unofficial
| representative In this country, sailed for
home today on the Norwegian steanier
Bergensfjord. He seemed In rare good
humor, chatted smilingly with friends
who came to the pier to wish him bon
voyage, posed for photographers, talked
. with newspaper men for a few moments
and went to his suite aboard the steam
er, which had been turned Into a
! bower of rotes by admirers, with the
hope, he said, that the war would soon
end with honor for all engaged.
For America and his treatment here,
Ur. Deraburg expressed kindly senti
H| feelings for this oouatry are ab
K 'A «■ : -.i": M . --a1
solutely unchanged," he said. “I have
been treated with Indiscriminate nicety,
except on one occasion, which I do net
care to discuss.”
"What occasion Is that, Dr. Dern
burg?" a reporter asked.
"The Lusitania matter," he replied
Although pressed for an Interview
Dr. Dernburg would not violate the
rule of silence he has observed for a
"I've said everything I've got to say,'1
he told the newspaper men.
During the forenoon Dr. Dernburg
kept In seclusion, but it was surmised
he bade good-by to Count Bernstorff, the
German ambassador, who was staying
at the same hotel.
On his way across the ocean, Dr
Dernburg will occupy what Is known as
"the King's suite,” the finest on the
steamer, a suite of rooms which every
Norwegian vessel Is required to main
tain for possible use of the King of
The One Battle In Which America Is Most Interested
A/JF/V-S /3T2V*p
* • ' bconomir Situation Grows
Steadily Stronger. Says
Dun’s Review
L ■ — _ c~CU
Superintendent of Naval
Academy Implicated in
Testimony Given by
Annapolis, Mel., June 12.—That Rear
Admiral Fullam, superintendent of the
Nnval aendemy, himself probably will
be made the defendant In the proceed
ing before the court of Inquiry in.
vcKtlanting- Irregularities In connection
with examination papers, was Indi
cated by today*s testimony.
Presidents of three classes of midship
men gave practically the same testimony
to the effect that at a conference with
the superintendent, after seven midship
men had been recommended by him for
dismissal for cheating in examinations,
Admiral Fullam said if the navy depart
ment did not back him up in the mat
ter of the previous investigation, he would
be inclined to resign. He further re
marked that he would rather go to sea
ir. command of a collier than stay at An
napolis under such circumstances.
There were four presidents and a presi
dent-elect of the new first class present at
this conference. The three who were
cross-examined today by counsel for the
defendant midshipmen concerning this
conference were Ensign Richard R.
Adams, president and "honor” man of
the recently graduated first class, who
\*as the first witness to testify that he
had heard the admiral make the state
ment attributed to him.
Midshipmen H. B. Broadfoot, president
of the second class, and B. R. Holcomb,
president of the new first class, testified
to having heard the admiral make the
What Took Place
Captain Russell, president of the court,
asked Broadfoot just before he left the
stand what took place when he reported
at the office of Superintendent Fullam
this morning prior to coming to court.
Broadfoot said he did not see the super
intendent, but his aide. Lieutenant Man
ley, warned him that if he allowed him
self to become a defendant and accepted
the counsel of the present defendants,
he would assume the status of those de
"Did Lieutenant Manley discuss or at
tempt to discuss with you your testimony
to be given before this court?" Captain
Russell asked.
To this there was a negative reply.
Several midshipmen have testified. In
cioss-examination by counsel for the
seven original accused midshipmen, that
Admiral Fullam had warned them not to
become associated with the seven defend
ants who are under arrest.
Broadfoot, in his testimony, said that
he and his classmates considered that
L. P. Wessell and T. W. Harrington, Jr.,
members of their class, who were recom
mended for dismissal, were honest, and
that their honesty never had been ques
tioned. He thought they should have
been put on the stand as principals, rath
er than as witnesses, at the investigation
made by the board of officers before
they were recommended for dismissal.
Speaks for Claaimatea
Asked If he thought he could speak for
his classmates as to their present feel
ing In the matter, he replied In the affirm
ative. The sentiment was that they would
be going out of the service for the same
thing that 40 per cent of the class did.
Broadfoot said he had seen a copy of
the "dope" going around, but did not pay
any attention to It, because It seemed
too far advanced.
"We place most of the blame upon the
men who came over here (to the language
department) and got theae examinations,”
said Broadfoot. "He was the one who got
us Into the whole trouble because moat
of us thought we were only getting the
regular kind of ‘dope’."
Midshipman Holcombe said the Instruc.
tor in his section, Professor Des Garennes,
was In the habit of giving the section
advance information on examinations,
such as the fact that there would be no
verbs, or that there would be no dicta
tion. That was called legitimate "dope."
But he believed that If any professor
knew what the actual questions In an
examination were to be he would refuse
to givo out Information concerning them.
Paris, June 12.— (12:30 p. m.)—The following official communication was Is
sued by the war office tonight:
"In the region to the north of Arras there has been an artillery engagement,
particularly violent on the plateau of Lorette. The enemy In that sector—Alx
Noulette-Ecurio—has sought by 3 continuous bombardment to Impede the or
ganization of those positions which we have gained. Our artillery replied
against the trenches and batteries of the Germans.
“In the region of the Toutvent farm, southeast of Hebuterne, the enemy de
livered this morning a counter attack which was easily checked.
[ “There is nothing to report on the rest of the front except an artillery ac
tion of a somewhat lively nature In the sector east of Rhelms and on the
Parthes-Beausejour front.”
Vienna, June 12.— (Via London, 8:50 p. m.)—The text of the official state
ment issued by general headquarters today follows:
"Between the Dniester »nd the Pruth, the army of General Pflanzer again
attacked several Russian positions. The villages of Jezlerzany and Nledzwiska,
north of Obortyn, were stormed.
“Our victorious troops, advancing toward Czernlllca, have crossed the
Dniester east of Horodenka. We captured Zale Szczyky, against which town
the Russians yesterday and In the course of the night made desperate attacks,
all of which failed with very heavy Russian losses.
“An attack by a Cossack regiment also collapsed under our fire.
“In Bukowina the Russians were forced to give up their last positions on the
Pruth and retreat across the frontier. The Russians have suffered severe
losses. The army of General Pflanzer yesterday captured 5000 men."
Advance Pushed So Closely
That Cities May Be Oc
cupied Already
Verona, Italy, Jnne IX—(Via ChlaR^
mo and Parfln, June 13, 12t30 a. m.>—The
Kalian advance ou Rove re to, In Ty
rol, 13 mile* Mouthweat of Treat, and
Mori, IS mile* south»>o*t of Trent, ban
punhed mo close to both towns that
either they already hare been taken
or about to be occupied, according to
reports from the front.
Chicago, June 12.—Mayor Thompson
apparently made little progress today
In his efforts to avert the threatened
strike of employes of the street car
and elevated companies. The mayor held
two conferences with representatives
.of the street car employes unions and
had one meeting with traction offi
The employes declined to submit to
arbitration and insisted upon their orig
inal demand for wage increase. The
street %car officials offered to arbitrate
and asked that no strike be called until
a meeting of the board of directors was
held Monday to pass on the question.
The labor leaders said they would
notify the mayor If it was decided to
postpone action until Monday.
1— German advance In Galicia.
Fullam may be made defendant.
Carranza seeks recognition.
American note to Kalaer received.
2— Bessemer plans to celebrate Fourth.
3— Percy opposed to rate Increase.
6— Great Interest manifested In Spanish
Weatherly points out Iniquities of
utility commission.
Inside story of live commissioners bill.
Restraining order against liquor com
ft—Conditions of rural schools discussed
7— Sweeping changes In courts agreed
8— Will not exhume body of Guthrie.
11—Permanent exhibit to open July 15.
13— A corner In ancestors.
14- 15-21—Sports.
16—Automobile gossip.
20—The young people.
22— Renew protest on transfer system.
23— Markets.
25— Birmingham's Industrial High school.
26- 27-29—Society.
28— Ned Brace and editorial comment.
"0—The Duke-Drexel-Biddlo romance.
32— The Book Shelf.
33— How to amuse children In hotels.
34— Aardenburg revived by war.
35— 42—Magazine section.
41-46—Comic supplement.
7 ' . . ■ ' * - -
Preserve Western Hemi
sphere From Internal as
Well as External Invasion
Boston, Mass., June 12.— A\ covenant
among all American nations to supple
ment the Monroe doctrine and preserve
the integrity of the western hemisphere
was proposed by Senor Santiago Perez
Triana, delegate from Colombia to the
recent Pan-American financial conference,
at a banquet given here tonight in honor
of these delegates by the Boston Cham
ber of Commerce.
“In order to secure the whole-souled
support of the Monroe doctrine through
out the length and breadth of the con
tinent," said Senor Triana, "that doctrine
must be carried to the extreme length of
its logical development. The Monroe doc
trine has closed effectively the continent
to European conquest, but it has not pre
vented the exercise of conquest in both
sections of the continent. I am formu
lating no indictment, my contention is
purely analytical. It should be enacted
and covenanted among all the nations
of the continent that the territory of the
American nations is no longer subject for
conquest, either from within or without
the hemisphere.
“Such a declaration, as far as the Uni
ted States is concerned, has already been
made by the President; It Is not to be
supposed that any other American repub
lic should be less explicit Internal in
violability is the essential foundation of
inviolability from the outside. The prop
osition that violence and pillage—that is
to say, conquest—are iniquities in the
stranger and virtues in the neighbor is
unworthy to be maintained or accepted
by any self-respecting peoples."
Senor Triana's speech marked the con
clusion of the trip which the delegates
have been taking about the country for
two weeks. They spent today in Boston.
The Colombian delegate was chosen by
those in charge of the trip to make the
final speech in this city.
Montgomery, June 12.—(Special.)—The
officers' school of the Alabama National
Guard closed this afternoon, following a
week of arduous work on the part of
the officers of the state troops. The school
was held near the grounds of the Mont
gomery Country club, and was conducted
by officers of the United States army.
According to the state officers the work
this year was more thorough and com
plete than at any other school ever held
in the state, and the course of Instruc
tion was considered highly beneficial.
About 125 officers of the Alabama Na
tional Guard were In attendance upon the
school. Col. G. J. Hubbard, acting ad
jutant general, was In charge of the en
—tinmen L
Washington, June 12.—General
Carranza has issued a proclama
tion at. Vera Cruz making a bid for
recognition by the United States.
American Consul Siiiiman tele
graphed its text to the state depart
ment today.
What effect, if any, it will have
on the President's Mexican policy
can only be conjectured. A state
ment. by General Villa, already re
ceived in Washington, is expected
to he laid before the President
Carranza’s proclamation calls on
the other factions to affiliate with
his government and claims that, he
now controls nine-tenths of the
poulation and seven-eightha of the
territory in Mexico.
Mexican Chieftain Issues
“Proclamation to People”
Asserting Right of His
Party to Authority
Waihlnffton, June 12—President Wll*
Min had before him tonight the first
reply to hla recent statement regard
ing Mexico. It consisted of n lengthy
“proclamation to the people" issued
yesterday l»y General Citrrnuxu assert
ing the right of the constitutional gov
ernment to recognition by the I lilted
States and other foreign powers. I.aek
of recognition la declared to be the
one difficulty remaining In the nn> of
restoring constitutional government In
Mexico* and the statement asserts i
“At this time we believe ourselves to be
In a position to overcome this last diffi
culty because the constitutionalist gov
ernment is now actually in definite pos
session of sovereignty, and the legitimate
exercise of sovereignty is the essential
condition which should be taken into ac
count when deciding upon recognition of
a government."
General Villa’s answer also reached
Washington today, but was not delivered
at the state department. Until It is pre
sented, the Villa agency declined to make
ptiblic the text.
Decline Comment
Department officials declined to com
ment on the abstract of the Villa state- '
ment carried ii\ press dispatches, or upon
a copy of a letter from Villa to Carranza,
also received at the agency, which urged
that differences be forgotten and suggests
a personal meeting between the two lend
ers to arrange lor co-operution and res
toration of peace.
General Carranza's proclamation was
promptly laid before President *\ iison,
and state department officials would not
discuss it. The document recited the his
tory of the revolution beginning with the
Madero uprising and what Is termed the
economic and social inequality of -.lie co
lonial epoch. The length of the revolu
tion. it asserts, is due to attempts at
compromises with the elements of the
old regime at Cuidad Juarez.
President Madero’fi failure, the docu
ment attributes to the opposition from
Orozco. Reyes and Felix Diaz of the old
regime, and Zapata, Instigated by their
adherents. General Huerta, it. contends,
consummated the movement with the co
operation of “a group of foreigners fav
ored by the old regime who surrounded
Henry Dane Wilson, former American
ambassador to Mexico, and under the
pretext of saving Mexico City from war.
The statement explains that, as governor
ot the state of Coahuila. General Carranza
assumed representation of the republic
In accordance with the constitution which
by its own terms “will not lose its force
and vigor even though through soma re
bellion. its observance is interrupted."
The schism of Villa and his followers,
which later occurred, the statement at
tributes to the further Intrigue of the old
I» in Control
Although It was thought the constitu
tionalist element had lost the support of
the people when they withdrew from Mex
ico City, the statement asserts, In fact
It now has control of over seven-eighths
of the national territory. Administra
tions, it is claimed, are being organized
in 20 out of 27 states of the republic,
and the Vera Cruz government controls
all the ports of the gulf and Pacific ocean,
with the exception of Guavmas. and all
ports of entry on the northern and south
ern frontiers, with the exception of Pie
dras Negras. Ciudad Juarez and Nogales;
that more than 13,000,000 of the 15,000,000
(Continued on Pane Tno)
Joseph M. Brown, who was governor of
Georgia when Frank was arrested for
the murder of Mars' Phagan, was the prin
cipal speaker In opposition to clemency.
He told of his plans to protect Frank
when he heard rumors that a mob would
attack the Jail. These rumors, he said,
later proved to have been without foun
dation. Mr. Brown protested against any
overturning of the verdicts and judgments
of Georgia Juries and courts "on petitions
of persons outside the state." In closing
he declared:
“If your excellency wishes to Invoke
lynch law; If you wlBh to weaken. If not
destroy trial by. Jury In this state, you
Gerard Informs Lansing
That U. S. Note Has Been
Delivered to the German
Foreign Office
Revision, However, Not Suf
ficient to Make Him
Change His Determina
tion to Quit, He Declares
Washington, June 12.—Official an
nouncement of the delivery of the
American note to Germany reiterating
Inalntence that submarine warfare con
form to rules of humanity and Inter
national Ian was received today from
Ambassador Gerard at flerlln.
The message came at the close of a
■I*i3 marked by a more optlih. tie feel
ing In official quarters that th. Ger
man answer would forestall any pos
sibility of war between the two na
tions and also avoid a breach of diplo
matic relations.
Apparently there was a general relaxa
tion of the tension of the international sit
uation. President Wilson spent part of
the day at golf and let it be known that
later In the month he planned to taka &
short vacation at Cornish. No Answer to
the American rejoinder is expected for
10 days at least.
Former Secretary Bryan, who resigned
rather than sign the second note ta Ger
many, Issued another statement today,
declaring that the note was materially re
vised following the presentation of his
resignation. The revision, Mr. Bryan
averred, softened the note, but was not
sufficient to Justify him in withdrawing
his resignation.
“It is true.- said Mr. Bryan, “that I
saw the final draft of the note just before
my resignation took effect, but it con
tained an important change. I lnd no
knowledge of this change at the time my
resignation was tendered and accepted.
Change Not Sufficient
This chunge, while very much softening
the note, was not. however, sufficient. In
my judgment, to Justify me in asking per
mission to withdraw my resignation. As
Germany had suggested arbitration, I felt
that we could not do less than reply to
this offer by expressing n wintnirncsa to
apply the principle of the peace treaties
to the case.”
“What was the change in the not#7"
Mr. Bryan was asked.
"I cannot discuss that.” he replied.
It whs suggested that the clause added
to the note was that saying the United
Plates would entertain any evidence Ger
many might have that American officials
had not thoroughly performed their duty
In examining the Lusitania before her de
parture to see that she was not armed
for offensive action. Mr. Bryan only
smiled at the suggestion.
Secretary Lansing also declined to dls
ciihs changes made tn the note.
The clause referred to follows:
“If the Imperial German government
should deem Itself to be in possession of
convincing evidence that the officials of
the government of the United States did
ont perform these duties with thorjugh
ncsH. the government of the United Plates
sincerely hopes that It will submit that
evidence for consldernt'on.”
“Irrespective of whether that clause
was inserted or not," Mr. Bryan was
asked, “docs It not open the way for
further negotiation with Germany””
“I can only reiterate what l have said,
that the note was softened." Mr. Bryan
replied, “hut not sufficiently to Justify
me In asking permission to withdraw my
In his statement tonight Mr. Bryan
replied to published charges of In
consistency because he signed the first
note after the Lusitania disaster and
refused to sign the second.
“The notes.” he said, “must he con
sidered In connection with the con
ditions under which they were sent.
The first note presented the case of
this government upon such evidence na
wt had then. Tt was like the plain
tiff's statement in a case, his claim bh
<Continued on page Klrvea)

Former Governor Brown Urges Georgia Execu
tive Not to Overturn Verdicts and Judgments
of Juries—Howard Speaks In Frank’s
Atlanta, June 12.—Arguments for and against Leo M. Frank's application
for commutation of his death sentence were made at a hearing before Govern
nor Slaton here today. An adjournment was taken until Monday to allow
Solicitor Dorsey time to prepare a brief and to present his oral argument
against the application. Frank’s counsel also will be heard in reply.
ran do It by reversing all the courts*
decisions in the present case."
William M. Howard In hts opening ar
gument for Frank said the condemned
man would rely on the record of ths
case to convince the governor of his inno
cence. Governor Slaton put many ques
tions to Howard concerning material cir
cumstances brought out at the trial.
Among them were questions as to wher*
In the pencil factory Mary Phagan was
killed, how her body was taken to ths
basement and what evidence there was of
assault prior to the murder. The governor
said wanted to ascertain how the tes
timony of James Conley, a negro, on#
of the state's principal witnesses, h*r»
iC'ea tinned na Page KI#hs|

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