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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE HER ATT)
VOLUME XXXXV 0 _ BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, SUNDAY, JULY 11, 1915 42 PAGES (IN FIVE PARTS) , * NUMBER 6« NO INDICATION OF COURSE WILSON WILL TAKE ON NOTE PRESIDENT WILL TAKE NO ACTION UNTIL OFFICIAL TEXT IS RECEIVED r~ r __ Everywhere in Official Quarters the Kaiser’s Reply Is Regarded as Unsatisfactory TWO GOVERNMENTS PRACTICALLY HAVE REACHED DEADLOCK President Wilson Asks That Document Be Brought to Summer White House as Soon as It Is Received Washington, ,Tulv 10.—Of ficial Washington takes a grave view of the situation produced by Germany’s re fusal to meet the demands of the United States growing out of the sinking of the Lusitania with a loss of more than .100 Americans. Upon President Wilson rests the. burden ©f deciding the policy which the United Ftates is to follow'. Quietly and carefully fie Is considering the situation, it was •tated at the White House after telephone communications with the President at Cornish, N. H., and the country may ex pect him to act with “deliberation as well fis firmness” when he has examined all phases of the problem. Secretary Lansing withheld comment. As soon as the eomp’ete official text of the German reply at rives, which will he tomorrow, he will begin a careful study of it and on Monday or Tueltday will go to Cornish for a conference with the President. The. President will then return ■ to lay befove the cabinet the course upon which he has determined. What action the United States will take officials today could not predict ■with certainty. Some of those who have been familiar with the President’s point of view and with the details of the present situation, however, point ed out that there seemed to be but one course open with dignity and hon or to the United States—the continued essertion and exercise of the rights of r.eutrals on the high seas in accordance with the established principles of in ternational law. Responsibility for any rupture in friendly relations which might subsequently ensue between the United States and Germany, it was de clared. would then fall upon the Ber lin government. Reply Unsatisfactory There is as yet no definite crystal lization of opinion among officials as to details but the distinct tendency is toward a reiteration not only in a formal note but in actual practice of the principles for which the United States has been contending. The unan imous verdict of high officials was that the German reply was thorough-' l.v unsatisfactory and leaves the sit uation exactly at the point where it was in the days immediately following the sinking of the Lusitania. While the continued exercise of American rights in the future is urged ps a logical course to he followed, it Is recognized also that the United States cannot abandon the demands it has made for the disavowal of intent to drown Americans and the question of reparation. Germany's refusal on these points may lead, it is believed, to steps by the United States to show its disap proval of the last note. Whether Am bassador Gerard might be recalled or a complete severance of diplomatic re lations ordered was again discussed in official circles as well as among dip lomatists. In the absence of word from the President no definite indication of what might be done eventually was Obtainable. Before taking any definite steps, however, officials familiar with dip lomatic precedent and international usage declared that the American gov ernment probably would send a note to Germany formally rejecting the pro posal to permit the unrestricted use of American passenger ships or four hos tile merchantmen under the American flag provided they carried no muni tions of war. In the same note formal notification probably would he given to the German government of the in tention of the United States to con tinue to exercise its rights with the (Continued on Page Tea.) THE WAR SITUATION In all the vast field of European warfare comparative quiet has prevailed, so far as official reports reveal. Developments of importance are Impending, however, In the view of military observers abroad. There have been reports recently of a big movement of German troops to the western front, while In Petrograd the belief is prevalent that operations preliminary to another frontal attack on Warsaw are under way. The recent halt in activity on the part of the German forces In southern Russian Poland and eastern Galicia and the failure of the German official statements recently to say much of anything about conditions in this field of war, might support either view, it Is held. Russian military commentators, however, seem confident that there has been a general movement of German forces to the Warsaw front. Recent activities In the Przasnyaz region and In the Bobr and Oryzc section are cited to support the view that a drive at Warsaw from the north is in Its Inception. * German submarines have sunk three more merchant ships. A London naval correspondent says he has identified the German battleship sunk by a British submarine in the Baltic on July 2, as the Pommern, a 13,20Oton veasel. Rome is preparing to meet attacks by German Zeppelins, which, according to reports, have been taken to the Austrian Adriatic coaet for a raid on the Italian capital. The British chancellor announced the great new war loan had been supported In a way that Justified expectations. - - - GERM AN-A MERIC AN CRISIS FOREMOST IN EYES OF THE WORLD Composite Views of Leading Newspapers of the World On Situation Given—Berlin Papers Up hold Kaiser’s Attitude—United States Thinks Severance of Diplomatic Relations Between the Two Countries Now Imminent. Denver, Col., Herald (German1): The friendly spirit which permeates Ger many's latest note to the United States government should go a long way toward allaying fears that Germany is looking for more trouble. No one cognizant with the real state of affairs could for a mo ment imagine that Germany would give up her submarine warfare as long as Eng land's tactics are contrary to all interna tional laws and usage. Milwaukee Sentinel: As a specific reply to specific requests, it is more open and satisfactory than the evasive and cava lier British memorandum in reply to American protests against what is vlrtu j ally an embargo on American commerce. San Antonio Light: It is entirely pos sible that diplomatic relations with Ger many may be severed. Whether or not this transpires, the United States will go quietly along, exercising her full rights on the seas and elsewhere. Seattle Post-lntellgencer: Von Jsgow, politely evading the real issue, presents Germany's case strongly. Germany craves this nation's friendship and re spects the American flag. This is mani fest. Hence an understanding should be reached without diplomatic breach. Denver Post: Germany’s reply to Amer ica's demand in reference to submarine warfare will be shocking to all who love peace and right and Justice. Her demands are that*Germany must survive, though It be necessary to destroy the entire world. Duluth (Minn.) Herald: If fn this declaration from Germany there is any thing that can be seized upon to settle the issue while preserving America's self respect It will be seized upon. If the por tion offered by Von Jagow Is unpalatable and to swallow it is to sacrifice self re spect, it will not be swallowed. Pittsburg Gazette-Times: Under the circumstances it is difficult to see how President Wilson can refrain from doing one of two things: Either communicate, in positive terms, a final request that Ger many comply with the representations made in the note of May 13, and await violation of these, if any there be, to de termine his next step, or else discontinue diplomatic relations with Germany until Buch time rs its attitude is adjusted in harmony wMth American rights. Pittsburg Dispatch: Considering the radical difficulties of viewpoint at the outset, it was not reasonably to be ex pected that Berlin could at once be brought to agreement wltiv * Washing ton view. But this shows an earnest effort to reRiJ® yC^oaais of un derstanding. It be acceptable to the President vV is not conclusive. It marks a * step toward a sat isfactory and should be taken in that - ™ <*'* _ Phila '■ilia Press: The tone rather than the substance of the note encourages the belief that a satisfactory adjustment of the Issues between the two countries may be finally reached. Philadelphia Public Ledger: The Ger man note is In effect a flat refusal of the American demands. • * * Such a re ply Is an insult to the intelligence of the American people. • • • Discussion Is useless, debate Is futile. , Germany has not disavowed, and will not disavow a crime against humanity; she will not ! abandon a policy that mocks at clviliza i tlon. The President promises to omit no word or act to vindicate the honor of the United States. The word has been spoken and rejected. It is now time for the act. Cincinnati Commercial Tribune: The reply is tantamount to saying, even though the language is courteous: "We propose to conduct this war as we please and neutral nations may go hang!” The question on the main issue still Is un answered. What does the administra tion propose to do in reference to the matter? Kansas City, Mo., Journal: The press version of the answer from Berlin seems scarcely to be viewed as a defiance. The only other meaning to be read into it Is that Germany Is unwilling to make formal acquiescence to our demands, but will allow us a victory by default. Chicago Tribune: "The German reply offers a modus vivendl by which safe passage of Americans in the war zone can be assured. * * * There is, we are confident, no disposition to undertake a (Continued on I’qge Ten} I FRANCE || Paris, July 10.— (5:40 p. m.)—"The official German note regarding the j Uusitania incident contains nothing in j the nature of concessions which the de lay in its preparation had seemed to indicate," says the Temps, and adds: •The proposition made by Berlin to allow* ships carrying American passen gers to pass in safety provided that sailings are reported to the German government; that they carry distinctive! signs and that the United States gov- | #•••••••••#%••••••••••*••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ernment guarantee that they do not carry contraband, certainly cannot be admitted by the cabinet at Washing ton. “President Wilson, from the begin ning, has placed the question on the broad principle of international law and humanity, and the firmness of his at titude gives assurance that he will not abandon that principle or lend himself to any arrangement that would dimin ish the dignity or encroach upon the sovereignty of his country." >••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• GERMANY 1 Berlin, July 10.—(Via London, 10:15 p. m.)—A review of opinion expressed by the Berlin press relative to the Ger man reply to the American note show s that, aside from a few irreconcilables. the newspapers generally approve con cessions offered the United States. They seem to be sincerely desirous that a way be found on this, or perhaps a modified basis, to preserve the friend'y relations with the United States ami satisfy the just wishes of America an 1 other neutral countries without put ting into effect what would be virtu ally “a partial disarmament of Ger many in the midst of the war.” The Tageblatt, the Lokal Anzelger and the Morgen Post, representing three great Berlin press combinations, all point out with a certain degree of satisfaction that the response will dis appoint a coterie “of sabre-rattling heroes of the pen” who for weeks have been insisting on an uncompromising answer and defiance of the United States. ‘‘The question,” sayB the Lokal An zeiger, “was not one of granting fa vors to British goods and Interests, but whether it was possible to give greater protection to the justified,, interests of neutrals without abandoning in princi ple a method of naval warfare which lias been demonstrated as one of the greatest efficiency against the British enemy." The Lokal Anzeiger and other papers, therefore, greet wdth satisfaction tilt German proposals, laying stress upon the statement that they are of a prac tical nature. The hope is expressed that the United States “will consider and appreciate the sacrifices which Germany makes in the use of this. Its most effective weapon of war against Great Britain, for the sake of con tinued peace and friendship with the United States, and the fact that Ger many’s wishes regarding the non transportation of contraband on pro tected ships were not even pro posed as a condition, but as an appeal to the fair play of the American peo ple.” A general survey of the editorials would Indicate that the German gov ernment, if negotiations should con tinue, will have far less difficulty with the press in arranging a settlement along such lines than the publicity campaign of recent weeks promised. The Taglische Rundschau and the Kreuz Zeitung express dissatisfaction with the concessions regarding new ships under the American flag, declaring that Great Britain would be certain to imitate any special ma^Jfcfng in order to disguise their ships carrying contraband and thus ren der the task of submarine commanders more difficult. The concessions In that regard are great, these newspapers say, and the fact should be appreciated by America, j I The Morgen Poste editorially began with the exclamation: “Warfare of submarines goes ont** “For we wage It,” the editorial con tinues. "for the sake of maintaining our national life. It is a battle for existence necessitated by self-defense. That is in brief the German answer.” The Poste praises the courteous form of the answer and approves, guardedly, the concessions regarding ship-carrying Americans. It says Germany has granted all it could. George Bernhard, political writer of the Vossische Zeltung, says: “The German note Indicates the uncon ditional rejection of every foreign at tempt to prescribe how far we should go and with what weapons we should defend ourselves against the British war of star vation." vation. We realize Joyfully that the Ger man government has made It unmistaka bly clear that its humanitarian obligations are in the first place toward Its own citi zens. The slneerelty of the German atti tude is evidenced by the suggestion con cerning the number of neutral ships to sail under the American flag. Germany is liberating America from English slavery. “Charity begins at home, and it is the part of humanity to prevent women and children from being starved and to prevent shipment of munitions to Great Britain no matter whence they come.” The Gokal Anzelger says: “The main point is that there Is no surrender of the German standpoint as regards Ger man interests and rights in face of the operations of neutral powers. Proof that the standpoint which Germany assumes was foced upon Germany by England that we cannot* abandon it without su; rendering the welfare of the German people is furnished in such a conclu sive and convincing manner that Amer icans, if Impartial, can aay nothing against it ENCOURAGING A NATIONAL SPIRIT I recruiting l.OOFFfCE- * GONZALES OCCUPIES MEXICAN CAPITAL CLAIMS CARRANZA Meagre Details of Defeat of Zapata Forces in Reports of the Investment Washington, Julv 10. -Gen. PaLlo Gonzales has occupied Mexico City, ac- , cording to information given by Car-1 ranfca officials to American consular | officers at Vera Cruz tonight. No details were given in the mes sages which reached here late tonight, but tlie advices were regarded as prob ably correct as the Carranza forces had been reported earlier in the day in the outside districts of the city It self. Whether any fighting occurred in the streets or the Zapata forces had evacuated was not stated. Situation Hidden Washington, July 30.—While the mill-! tary situation in central Mexico was hid- , den today behind a screen of conflicting claims of victory issued by the Gar ranza and Villa agencies here, state de partment advices from Vera Cruz made it clear that Mexico City, with more than 20,000 foreign residents, most of whom are Americans, was completely hemmed in by Garranza troops under General Gonzales. The opposing forces are fac ing each other in the outer streets of the city itself apparently, as Consul Sil liman reported General Gonzales had es tablished his headquarters at Guadeloupe, the first station out of Mexico City on the line of the Mexican railway, only a few' miles from the city terminal of the road. Telegraphic communication with Mexi co City was still cut off today and the state department was without informa tion as to the situation within the Za pata lines or as to the extent of the fight ing that is taking place. The fall of Monclova. in the state of Coahuila, wap reported tonight by the Carranza agency, which said its dispatch reported the Villa defenders had been routed after a pitched battle. An ad vance against Piedgras Negras was in progress, the statement said, and there was panic In the city. It was said a Villa force of 300 had been captured at Barroteran. Charles A. Douglas of this city, legal adviser to General Carranza, who is now in Vera Cruz, telegraphed the Carranza agency here that after an investigation he had sent to Secretary Lansing a "statement of facts in the Interest of truth," as to the food situation. In Vera Cruz, he said, there was no disposition to obstruct the work of the Red Cross, but there is a feeling that its work is not needed in the city, however great its needs may be elsewhere. In Vera Cruz demand for labor exceeds the sup ply, he adds, and wages are good. The government of Vera Cruz, reports Mr. Douglas, "is now and has been for sometime selling foodirtuffs at one-half the regular price to those able to pay and making free distribution to those unable to pay." As soon as Mexico City Is occupied 300 carloads of food will be taken into the city by General Gonzales, the report states, and details the quantities of corn, flour, oats, beans, sugar and other food stuffs purchased for the relief of the poor. HOWARD ADDRESSES CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR Chicago. July 10.—Addressing the Christian Endeavor convention here to day. Clinton N. Howard of Rochester, N. Y., said: "America's great single Item of ex penditure is for liquor; Europe's great est single Item of expenditure is for war. What is to be done? Answer: Abolish both. Wipe out war by arbitra tion; wipe out drink by prohibition.'' He asserted trade rivalry and Jeal ousy are back of the present war. Roy Creighton of California said moral conditions In high schools are such they cannot be mentioned In mixed company. "California has the reputation of having the worst moral conduct In its schools, but this Is only because the limelight has been turned on our schools," he said. "The same conditions exist throughout the Uni ted States." BIG SUM OF MONEY SECURED BY L. & N. ROBBERS IS REPORT Federal Authorities Reticent Regarding Amount Stolen—May Go as High as $100,000—The Bandits Evidently Knew Large Sum Was on Train New Orleans, July 10.— (Special.)—Despite the fact that federal authorities here are reticent concerning the amount of booty obtained by bandits who held up the Louisville and Nashville passenger train No. 37 near Greenville, today. The Age-Herald correspondent has learned from an apparently reliable but confidential source that a large sum of money and several packages of Jewelry were taken. Estimates place the amount at from $60,000 to $100,000 An Investigation conducted here today Nothing has been heard from them up to by postoffice inspectors appears to havo verified the belief, it is said, that the robbers had Information that a shipment of more than $100,000 to be made from Atlanta to Houston, Tex., would be for warded on the train. C. H. Mills, chief mall clerk, said the robbers on entering his car threatened to kill him if he refused to deliver to them "the package for Houston." Officials Investigate Greenville, July 10.—(Special.)—Willie suspects are being held in Montgomery, Butler county officials and postal inspec tors. special agents of the Louisville and Nashville railroad and other detectives are late tonight searching the woods in a radius of over 30 miles of Greenville for the robbers of Louisville and Nashville train No. 37. Extra detectives left here late this afternoon heavily armed and it was reported that they had a clew. a lata hour. The trouble confronting the work of the officers Ih determining the pluce where the robbers left the train. It Is I thought by officers In clmrge of the search that, they left the train between Chapman and (Jeorgiana. It Is also be lieved that the bandits are yet hiding themselves and loot In the dense wood in the vicinity. The amount, of booty gotten In variously estimated, but nothing official regarding tills has been disclosed in Greenville. Mobile, July 10.—Railroad officials arid ! rostofflca Inspectors investgatlng the rob bery near Greenville early today of a liouisville and Nashville passenger train, expressed the opinion tonight that thw bandits not only seemed to be thoroughly i familiar with the country, but apparently I knew considerable about operating a I train. The engineer of the train said (Continued on Pnge Ten) ••••••••••••••••••••••••••■•••••••••••••■••••••••••a BISHOP QUIGLEY OF CHICAGO DEAO IN ROCHESTER Body of Catholic Archbishop to Lie in State Today and Tomorrow — Arrange Funeral Services Rochester, N. Y., July 10.—The body of James Edward Quigley, Catholic archbishop of Chicago, who died here late today at the home of his brother, Chief of Police Joseph M. Quigley, will lie In state tomorrow' and Monday In St. Patrick’s cathedral and then will be removed to Chicago, where appro priate ceremonies and burial will take place on Tuesday. Prelates from mar.y parts of the country will be present at the church ceremonies. Arrangements for the funeral serv ices in Rochester and in Chicago are in charge of Right Rev. Thomas F. Hickey, bishop of Rochester. Death came this afternoon a few hours after physicians reported that one of the prelate’s lungs had been completely affected. One of the physi cians said tonight that death had re sulted from paralysis, pneumonia and oedema (filling up) of the lungs. The Most Rev. James Edward Quigley, archblsho pof the Roman Catholic Arch diocese of Chicago, was known as a pro found logician, a scholar and a linguist, and one. of the most unostentatious And conservative prelates of the Catholic church in the Unite! States. He was born in Oshawa, Ontario, Can ada, in 1864. While i\n infant his parents moved to Lima, N. 1 . and when he was 3 years old the family home was estab lished in Rochester, N. Y. He was the eldest son of a large family and a rela tive of Rev. Edward Quigley of Buffalo, who took a great-interest in him and di rected his education from his first school days. Under the direction of the Christian Brothers at Niagara university he pur sued his studies at St. Joseph college, Buffalo. From there he went to the Uni (Con tinned oa Pace Tea.fr AMERICAN RANCHER MAKES COMPLAINT Nogalos, Arl*., July 10.—Frederick Dow, j an American rancher of the Mayo river valley of Sonora, complained today con- j oerning brutal treatment he declares was ' accorded him and his family by Villa sol- ; diers operating near Fundaclon. Dow ] declared his crops had been burned and that he, his wife, daughter of a wealthy Mexican, and their three children had been thrown Into Jail. They were released 10 days ago with the warning, Dow declared, that If they ever returned they would be killed. Ramon Saldldo, Dow's father-in-law, was a part ner of the brother of Gen. D&varo Obre gon, Carranza leader. Dow believes this prompted the raid on his place. president"IN AUTO ACCIDENT Cornish, N. H., July 10.—President Wil son was in an automobile accident near Newport, N. H., today, with members of his family, but no one was hurt. When his machine stopped to avoid frightening a horse, a small automobile bumped into tfie White House car from behind, break ing the front lights on the small ma chine. President Wilson, Mrs. Francis B. Sayre, Miss Helen Woodrow Bones ami Mrs. Norman Galt of Washington were shaken up by ’the collision. Secret service men, a short distance behind, soon learned that the President's party had suffered no in jury and that the five men in the other car were unhurt. General opinion was that the President’s chauffeur was blame less. ESTIMATE TOBACCO CROP ACREAGE Washington, July 10.—A reduction of 6.5 per cent in this year’s production of cigar tobacco compared with last year, and an Increase of 10 per cent in chew ing, smoking, snuff and export types was predicted today by the bureau of crop estimates on reports of acreage planted and condition on July 1. The decrease In cigar tobacco probably will reach 12. 362,000 pounds, and the Increase of other types 82,332,000 pounds. The New Bright district In western North Carolina and South Carolina Is sajd to have prohably the largest area ever planted to chewing tobacco. The only real shortage, according to the bureau, is in the Perlque district In I,ouisiana. where never more than a few hundred acres are grown. ENGLAND TENSELY AWAITS AMERICA’S MOVE AS RESULT OF GERMAN REPLY Again the Question. “What Will America Do?” Is Asked Throughout Great Britain RUSSIANS DELIVER SMASHING BLOWS AT AUSTRIAN ARMY Western Front Quiet as Whole — England’s New WTar Loan Is Center of European Interest Trondon. July p. m.>—TIM* German reply h> the American note, a anmmnry of which appenra In the Lon don afternoon papers, la the aahjeei of general discussion throughout TCng« land and again the qneatton la asked i “What will America dof** Th<f rlewa held here are Indicated tn the newspaper heading*, which i scribe the reply aa “An amaslag of ft “Impudent claims,** “Hypocritical PIT.” The text of the German reply Is p llehed In the Sunday morning pap most of which treat It ss the most portant news of the day. Outside of this the public continue interest themselves in England's h war loan, subscriptions to which are still being received by mail, and with which the chancellor of the exchequer has expressed his satisfaction. The gen eral expectation today was that the total subscription would reach between $.1,000,000,000 and $3,500,000,000. al though some expressed confidence that tho full $5,000,000,000 would be reached and that it would not he necessary to continue to sell to small subscribers through the postoffice. War Zone Quiet There is little news from southern Poland, where the Russians, according to (heir account, are delivering smash ing blows at the army of Archduke Joseph Ferdinand, the advance of which toward the laibllti railway received lt^ brat check ; 'itd&j'. Apparently General Von Afackcnsen, who is cover ing the Austrians' advance on the right, between the Krasnik region and the Mug river, has been unable to rend^v ' unv assistance or has withdrawn wrlma of ids troops for an attack e\a**where. There arc those who believe the next German stroke will be.frontal one on Warsaw, despite th/e failure of the Austro-Gcrmans oiy two previous oc casions to break the Russian front on the Maura arid l/tawka rivers. Others, Mgnln think th« A us t ro-Germans are awaiting the arrival of guns to make another thrust,/ town rd the Dublin rail way and attempt to outflank Warsaw from the southeast. W^atch for Surprises Fighting/ elsewhere, such as that at Ossa wets, ^ shows that both sides a r* alive to xhe necessity of watching for surprise^ along tho whole line. Trenc/h warfare continues incessant ly In t/he west, but the official state ments /do not Indicate any change in the situation. Th/pr,> Is a report tnniKht from fhlas *r> that the Italians have won a battle \vh|eh had been r*KlOK for six day* on th</ Corxo plntpan and that after fierce rh.Ul Ki'fi hy the Italian infantry they raptured many Austrian positions and ^everal thousand prisoners. Tha report tsaya the prisoners passed throuKh vM Man today. HEAVY FIGHTING ON EAST FRONT Austrian Headquarters. .July 10. (Via I-ondon, 10:45 p. m )_Heavy fighting near Krasnlk, Poland, rot,. tinned with undlmlnlshed vigor, yet lias not reached a decisive point. No 4 events of Importance have occurred elsewhere on the Russian front. On the Italian front (100 Italian dead were counted before the Austrian lines at Todgora and the bridgehead at Oor tr.la. Russians Ask Armistice Czerno wits, July 10.—(Via Rondon, 1:45 P. m.)—Tile Russians, because of severe lueses on the Bukowina front and along the Dniester, recently re quest! d a four hours' armistice to bury their dead. This whs granted. The Russians on the Dniester front suf fered severely from the Austro-Hun garian artillery fire and have retired at many points. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1—No Indication an to course Wilson will take on note. Big sum of money taken by bandits. England tansely awaits America's next move. Mexico City taken by Gonzales. 2 Bar association elects officers. 3— Mohr defends board of health. 4— Diversified industries in Fayette county. 5- legislature will split session. No sliver lining to cloud which hangs over city. Oppose cut in number of Judges. 6- How a blind broom maker made his way in the world. 8— History for Birmingham on banks of the Warrior. 9— Coleman's views on franchise clause. 10— Newspaper club campaign closes Mon* day night. 11— Judicial reform of far-reaching natura planned. 14-15—Sports. 10— Automobile gossip* 17—The hook shelf. 21— Markets. 22— A corner in ancestors. 23— 24-25—Society. 26— Ned Brace and editorial comment. 29—Dolly’s dialogues. 31-38—Magazine section. 39-42—Comic supplement.