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Mobile Doctor Says That the
Body Is Efficient COMPARISONS MADE Says Collection of Vital Statistics Is Done More Economically Here Than in Virginia—Fight on Yellow Fever To the Editor of The Age-Herald. In order to provoke interest in a movement to disorganize the existing public health system of Alabama, many charges have been made against the state board of health, conspicuous among them the charge of Inefficiency and inattention in the collection of vi tal statistics. A statement was made at the last meeting of the State Medical association }hat “the records of vital statistics for Alabama were not worth the paper they were written on.” I hold that the charges and such state ments as the one quoted are without foundation in fact, and brieve that m.v position can be sustained before any fair-minded and unbiased person. During the year 1914, five years after the state board for the first time had money to expend for this pur pose, reports comprising the records signed by physicians and midwives, were filed in the office at Montgom ery showing that: Thirty-nine counties reported 90 per cent or more of all births; 17 counties reported 90 per cent or more of all deaths; six counties reported 90 per cent or more of all births and deaths. Comparison w'ith the records of other southern states (which can show' any records at all» will show' that not only has the state board been efficient and attentive, but that it has been very efficient and attentive in the collec tion of vital statistics. If the pres ent legislature will enact a needed law to provide that no dead body can be buried or otherwise disposed of, with out a permit from some designated authority and provide the necessary money for the operation of the law, the state of Alabama will be in the reg istration area within one year, and even under existing conditions she bids fair to be among the first to be in the registration area for births. If it is true that the records on file are worth less as was claimed by a member of the association at its last meeting, then do the doctors of the state of Ala bama stand convicted of utter incom petency in reporting deaths and giv ing causes of deaths and in reporting births. 1 believe such a charge a slander on the medical profession oi the state. I know they are the peers of the doctors of any or all states in the union. Who is qualified to give tne information needed if not the doc tors? The work attached to the collection and tabulation of vital statistics costs money; when the cost is considered, that is, the money paid out to collect the facts, it can be shown that Ala bama has received more for the amount paid out than has any other state. All money so expended must be furnished by the state, and the amount is controlled not by the board of health but by the legislature. Compared to Virginia Virginia is in the registration arei for deaths, the amount available to the state board of Virginia for the collec tion of the statistics is $35,000. Ala baman has spent per annum $6000. The amount of cost to Virginia in excess over Alabama is $29,000 per annum. The death rate in Alabama in 1914 was 10.9 per cent per 1000 per annum. The death rate in Virginia in 1914 was 13.9 per 1000 per annum. Difference in fa vor of Virginia was 3.0 per 100 per an num. That is, it cost Virginia $29,000 to collect the records of 3 per lOiift of the deaths, assuming that the collec tion of 10.9 per 1000 cost the same as It cost Alabama to collect the same number. It cost the state of Virginia 58 cents per death, whereas, it cost tbrt state of Alabama 8 cents per death. Whatever It may have actually cool, these amounts were spent for the pur pose stated. T am not arguing that Alabama should be satisfied with the results so far accomplished, on the con trary. no effort should be spared until all deaths are reported, but T do claim that since so much has been done with a $6000 per annum expenditure, complete returns can and will be ef fected when a sufficient amount of money becomes available. Tn Alabama there is no special appro priation made by the legislature for the collect*' .i of vital statistics, as Is the case in many states, the $6000 which is I paid annually for the purpose Is paid out of the general appropriation of $25,000 made for all of the purposes and activi ties of the board of health. Inquiry made of the various state health officers devel opel the following information: Annual special appropriation or other wise made available for collecting vital statistics: Alabama—Special appropriation, none; amount paid out of general fund, $6000; death rate, 1914, 10.9. Arkansas—Special appropriation, $1200, amount paid out of general fund, none; death rate. 1914. none available. Florida—Special appropriation, none; amount paid out of general fund, no law for collection; death rate 1914, none avail able. Georgia—Death rate 1914. none available. Kentucky—Special appropriation, $8000; death rate 1914, 12.8. Louisiana—Death rate 1914. none avail able. . North Carolina—Special appropriation, $17,COO: death rate 1914, 12.4. Texas—Special appropriation, $3000; death rate 19M. 5.9. Tennessee—Death rate 1914. 14.03. Virginia—Special appropriation, $35,000; death rate 1914, 13.9. Mississippi—Death rate 1914, i**ne avail able. Of the southern states only three are in the registration area for deaths (1913), namely, Kentucky, North Carolina and Virginia, in fact, only 24 states in the union are included in the registration area for deaths. And it is charged by the ob jectors that Alabama has done nothing. Any one who desires to know the truth and is interested, and surely all doctors and legislators are Interested, should read tho last report of the state board of heatlth and the reports which have ap peared in the transactions of the State Medical association from year to year. Fight on Yellow Fever The state health officer recently re viewing some of the work and activities of the state board cited, as evidencing its efficiency, the fact that yellow fever has been kept out of the state since 1897, and briefly rehearsed the experience in a fight against that disease in 1905. 1 know that this statement was sneered at by many who are seeking to overturn our system of public health, who said. "The same old story, yellow fever, what interest have we in yellow fever; it is the privy we are after." Who did that work? Who ef fected what seemed to many people the impossible? How it was done and how It was made possible does not signify to these pien. The fact that a disease was kept out of the borders of the state and the means by which it was done, prevent ing an epidemic of disease, which meant so much to commerce and the happiness of the people, ought to appeal to the citi zens of the state as great work and evi dence of efficiency of the agency by which it was accomplished. Having been actively concerned in this work, I feel that, knowing the facts, I am competent to testify that it was effected by the ac tivity of the health authorities as consti tuted by law, and that its success was made possible only by reason of the splen did organization of the public health sys tem, which it is now proposed to destroy. Within an hour's time under the present system, the most complete and scientific quarantine can be established, which can not be done by any of the systems prevail ing elsewhere. At that time did any of the infected states succeed as did Ala bama? And why not? It was not be cause of inefficiency of the state health officers, but because of inadequate sys tems, the kind of systems obtaining in those states are of the kind that our pres ent opponents are advising that Alabama should adopt. During the past two years at least three outbreaks of epidemic cerebro-spinal men ingitis have been suppressed In the state, in which the success of the activity of the board testified to the efficiency of the system. The state board of health has been fighting for all time county health officers for all counties for some years. It has been successful in two counties, namely, Walker and Tuscaloosa. It was recently proclaimed with much gusto and triumph by one of the most active would-be de stroyers of the present system that there were only two counties in the state that were doing the right kind of work, one of which, Walker, was doing banner work, the other was Tuscaloosa. Were the policies of the board adopted every county would have its all-time health officer and the work of Walker county repeated in each one. Keeping Up Hookworm Campaign Does not the work of the laboratory, the Pasteur institute, the sanitary en gineer, testify to Invaluable service in the prevention of disease and conservation of the public health In Alabama? Not withstanding that the Rockefeller Foun dation has withdrawn from the state, the state board is keeping up the hook worm campaign. Further proof of the work and activity of the board might be cited. I have given but very few ex amples of the work and activity of the board, and those cited are Intended to indicate the character of some or the work. Because I have left unsaid much that the board has accomplished will not justify the conclusion that I have at tempted to show all that has been done. When all is considered, compare the amount of money which has been avail able to the board and the money avail able to other state boards of health op erating other systems and you will find everything In favor of the system of public health as It now exists in this state. Still the critics are fighting for the de struction of the present system claim that all rtates are doing so much and Alabama Is doing so little and particu larly naming neighboring sister states. As examples, the following shows the annual appropriations and other avail able funds for the use of the boards of health of the named states: Alabama .$ 26,000 Florida . 129,000 Georgia . 30,500 Kentucky . 38.000 Louisiana . 80,000 North Carolina . 48,600 Texas . 51.200 Virginia . 71,000 Massachusetts .1HS.669 Maryland . 24,000 Mississippi . 23,000 New Jersey . 126,000 Kansas . 23,060 Ohio . 79.000 Minnesota . 70.000 Pennsylvania . 2*000,000 New York . 286,985 Illinois . 113,500 Nearly all of the health officers of these states make the same complaint—lack of | sufficient funds. The states all contain ■ large areas of sparsely settled country, Can It be true that In these or In any other state, the county health officer has charge and supervision of the water sup ply and sewage disposal of every family and residence In bis respective county? It was said by a prominent objector that the county health officer should have this charge and supervision, his argument evidently being that since the state board of health of Alabama had not provided that this should he the case. It stood con victed of incompetency and neglect of duty to the people of the state. CHARLES A. MOHR. Mobile. July 7, 1915. TALLADEGA noth Plrien PlMntlNflod With Court's Decision—Chlorine Treatment Ap plied to Water Supply Talladega, July 10.—(Special.)—In tile rase of Hamilton and others against the Alabama Power company, which was a bill filed by the power company to stop suits in six counties for dam ages because of damming Coosa river «t Lock 12, and which was recently decided by the supreme court against the Power company, both sides seem to be dissatisfied with the decision, as applications have been made by both sides for a rehearing. The register in chancery has received notice from the supreme court to return the certificate of reversal, pending the hearing on ap plication for a rehearing. A warehouse company will occupy the Selocta Hosiery Mill building on Bat tle street in the future. Enlargements will be made with every facility for storing and handling cotton added to it. The same parties who conduct Hits warehouse will also have charge of the McElderry warehouse. Contractor A. J. Randall has been awarded the contra- t for enlarging the Selocta building. P. S. Williams will have the management of the two warehouses. The chlorine treatment applied to the water supply of the city of Talla dega has proved a complete success. Six hundred cities of America have chlorinated the water to prevent ty- j photd fever with unfailing success. Since the chlorine gas has been used there has been no case of typhoid, and no complaint of bowel trouble from tbe use of the water. It cannot be tasted in the water, and many are unaware of the presence of chlorine gas. TROY Troy, July 10.—(Special.)—The sher iff and his force on Wednesday took from the residence of George Ammons, on Brundidge street, a large quantity of beer and some whisky, being more than the law allows. No arrests have been made. Tax Collector C. T. Spradley has com pleted his tax valuations for the conn ty. The total vulue of taxable property in Pike county Is $6,680,000. This is taxed at the rate of $1.40 per hundred dollars valuation, of which 65 cents goes to the state and 75 cents goes to the county. Two splendid Sunday schools were held July 4, one was held at Center Kidge and the other at Henderson. Much Interest is being manifested, and It will be a very successful year, It Is thought. A new feature is the memory work with the graded lessons. Children give the books of the Bible and dif ferent chapters they memorize in the Bible. Pike is a Gold Star county and hopes to reach the Front Line stan dard. ANNOUNCEMENT We Wish to Formally Announce That, in The Most Sanitary Manner And at Surprisingly Low Prices, We Are Doing Finished Family Washing EVERY PIECE IRONED BY HAND Before Sending Out Your Wash DU AMI? 'IQQ 411(1 let 113 ex r nUfNtL ZOO plain in detail. People’s Washing Co. M. K. ERDREICH CHAS. B. LEVY -‘Maid” in Birmingham •Drink 1 \ Glec-Golcu \ k L TRADE MAI3K teCOI5TCT3ED Js S I IT’S DELICIOUS! 5 ■ All the pleasures of a Cola beverage ^ ■ without the bad effects. A mild, re W freshing and invigorating stimulant >J ^ ^ ^ A ,N 1^^ AT ^ I BOTTLES > FOUNTAINS^ 7 y THE BRISK THAT WILL MAKE BIRMINGHAM FAMOUS Juvenile Automobile Given Away On Exhibition East Lake Park Sunday Puy a drink of delicious Glee-Cola and obtain 10 votes for your favorite candidate The beautiful little car Is going to be given away on August 2d. 1915. to the boy or girl having the largest number of votes. So get busy and help your little friend win this automobile. Remember, 10 votes with every Be glass of Glee-Cola. I r _ _ --- j[_ANOTHER DAY AMONG THE MOTHERS By MRS. J. B. RKII1 We had the pleasure of a day with the mothers at Warrior last week. Ever since the roadway for the through trains of the Louisville and Nashville .railroad has been changed around the mountain, leaving Warrior out of its territory, we have thought of the town naturally as a neglected and deserted orphan, but In this we were decidedly wrong. Heretofore Warrior was a coinci dence along the way—today she has proven her Individuality, her import ance to trade and she has four passen ger trains in and out of her limits a day. operated for the convenience of travel and the moving of freight. It was from the Warrior coal fields that the United Fruit company purchased its enormous tonnage of coal very te cently, and from one mine. There are other mines Just as busy—so the little city, that we almost felt sorry for. has asserted her rights to recognition at,.l is booming with good spirit and good business. Every resident is satisfied with their home and a general content ment pervades their world. It was more apparent to us among the women, be cause we heard from them generally, and when women are satisfied, the world feels their spirit—thus good deeds grow. What these women want, and want as determinedly ae these 50 women, who compose the Warrior Improvement association, is sure to come. They are going to have a new school building. There is no brick and no mortar on the grounds, but the spirit is there and It will hover much alive over their I eautiful building spot until Warrior has a school building adequate to the demands of the People, and we shall watch the process of their efforts with a keen Interest. The usefulness of the school improve ment association to a community cannot be estimated until one is among the workers and can personally note their plans and enthusiasm. The small towns seem to possess more determination among their workers, owing probahly to fewer diversions to consume the leisure hours of the populace, and they pull to gether. a well-organized team, for the cause common to all. Every programme that is arranged to serve the needs of the association meets an appreciative audience, and furnishes the cash for pub lic improvement—thus the women work ers are busy with means and w'ays for that one great object, the new school. A recent "spelling bee" netted $64, besides emphasizing the need of a bigger spelling room. I It was very gratifying to see so many gardens and poultry yards, and to watch the graded cows glazing in the pastures. Warrior is little more than a pleasant suburban neighborhood to Birmingham, only miles removed. Among the moun tains. with a fairly good road the better part of the way. winding through the gorges of rock and crossing the flowing streams that pour into the Warrior river or Turkey Creek. Everybody is look*ng forward to ' the highway" and then It will only be a delightful automobile drive. This highway will be a great factor for the homes on the roadside and a splendid accessory to our markets. We noticed so much new ground under cultivation, and apple orchards, a few of them, with trees bended with apples. The cornstalks were small. The leaves had a good, healthful color, and the cotton patches were few and this plant seemed unusually small for this season of summer. How ever, these rains will grow both crops and grass very rapidly and keep the plow and hoe busy to make the best harvest. We did not feel a stranger in this sec tion of the country. We had traversed this land the wagon-way. wfhen all there was to Warrior was a few primitive homes, and those were only known from the prominence given to the neighbor hood by 'the game chickens in Jay Thomas’ poultry yard. He became famous in those days for his fighting cocks, and was himself so popular with the trav-1 eling public on their way from south to north Alabama, that few left without be stowing on him the clan of kinship—for he became everybody's "Uncle Jay." He has gone now, but his name lives In War rior yet, and the Thomas stock of game chickens have been perpetuated by game fanciers In north Alabama as the Oakley breeds in the south. Few men or boys ever drove this way that did not carry away under their arm a Jay Thomas game cock. Life is strange and opportunities come into the lives of those who travel over old camping grounds to recall many memories of childhood Joys, and then again, we are compelled to count the years between and look for the silver threads after the lapse of so long a time. Circumstances are strange. Tn 1874, just at the close of summer, in September when the writer was leaving for Mobile to attend school, from a summer at Blount Springs, a .good mother died in that neighborhood leaving two girls about the ages of 7 and 5. and one son. The father, j broken up in his home, wanted to send the little girls to relatives in Mobile and (hey were placed in the school | girl's charge, and delivered to their I new home in the gulf city. This was 41 years ago. An invitation tame from a lady at Warrior to meet with the School Im provement association last Wednesday. We accepted the invitation and the hostess met the train. To a beautiful cottage home we went and there on the galler> stood one of the little girls of 41 years ago—the grand mother today—in the home of my new made friend. Mrs. O. W. Wood of W'oodlawn was the guest of her daughter. Mrs. C. U Moss at Warrior, and a stranger face had brought us accidentally together again. One can imagine we forgot the things of to day—'twas of yesterday we thought and talked. First at Blount and then to Mobile we traveled in words and then we dwelt upon all of the changes that time had wrought, not In human form alone, but in the development of a country that seemed a hopeless mass i of rock and poor people: of the eggs at 5 cents a dozen, chickens at 8 cents a head and beef and mutton at 8 cents i a pounds, nothing ever got so high I as "two bits" in those days. The L. ] & N. railroad had not long fixed its path along the way—Birmingham was :i baby crying over the aches of cholera and Woodlawn had not been born can you doubt there was much to talk about, and can you imagine a day more full of pleasure We had known the little girls Thula and Rosa Hudson. Rosa died lust as she reached womanhood and Thula is Mrs. Wood today, and in the home of her daughter she is visiting, and there w’e found her grandchildren nestling at her knee, when we spoke of things so new ip them. There we met the old-time friend and made the new. Auld T^ang Syne is a wonderful tie—that keeps alive the interests of the old and the young. Mrs. Moss Is the moving spirit among the women of Warrior and they have named her president of their school Im provement association. We caught the home-bound train for Birmingham and wondered, as we were seated comfortably, in this great influx of people how many old friends might meet by chance ill such a way as this. This.verifies an as sertion we have often made before—mix ing with the people gives one half the pleasures of life. "Pleasure lies thickest where no pleasure seems: There’s not a leaf that falls upon the ground But holds some Joy of silence or of sound. Some sprite begotten of a summer dream.” _ COLUMBUS, MISS. Boll Weevil Appearing In Affirming Numbers—Sylvester Patterson Demi. Working for Oirucgle Library Columbus, Miss., July 10.—(Special.) Heavy rains which have fallen In this section during the past week have ma terialy Injured crop prospects. Culti vation has been greatly retarded and ( both corn and cotton fields are overrun with grass, while the menace to the lat ter plant from boll weevil has in creased ten-fold. These Insects, which I made their appearance here nearly a month ago, propagate rapidly during wet weather and have greatly increased in number as a result of the recent rains. _ Little Sylvester Patterson, a 3-year | old boy, died this morning at the Palmer orphanage, of which institu tion he hnd been an inmate for the past three years, his death having resulted from an aggravated ease of whooping cough. While the father of the child is dead his mother still lives, making her home at Meridian, and the body was sent there for interment. In response to a request from the Chamber of Commerce the city council at itb regular monthly meeting last Annunciation. Thief Funk is a faithful and efficient officer, while his bride Is an attractive young iady who is uni versally admired. The wedding was quiet and unostentation, the ceremony having been witnessed only by relatives and a few intimate friends of the con tracting parties. - - ■ ■■■—■ - ■■■ ... in Kicks at Hat, Injures Knee From the i^t. Louis Globe-Democrat. Philadelphia William Greely, 28 years old. of 4928 Kershaw street, was taken to the West Philadelphia Homeo P'lthlc hospital last night suffering from a dislocation of his knee as the result of a badly aimed kick at a large rnt he had lured into the alley in the rear of his home. For several days Greely had made Ineffectual attempts to trap the rat. Last night ho placed a generous piece of cheese on a board and hid behind a nearby ash barrel to await results. Winn the rnt appeared, Greely rushed forward to kill It, but kic ked the hoard instead. night agreed to take the Initiatory steps toward securing a Carnegie library for Columbus, and appointed a committee consisting of Mayor W. C. Gunter. Councilman L. A.«Vaughn, T. W. Har ris and B. A. Weaver to go to West Point, where the Carnegie commission has recently established a library, for the purpose of securing details regard ing the structure and other informa tion that will be required. In order to secure the library it will bo ueces.->ar\ for the city to furnish a site and guar antee an annual appropriatl >n equal to 10 per cent of the amount donated for the upkeep of the building, and it now seems probable that this will be done. R E. Funk, chief of the Columbus tire department, and Mrs. Elizabeth Mc Hugh were married last night, the cere mony having taken place at the home of the bride’s sister, Mrs. Percy White. S26 South Eighth street, and having | been performed by Father P. s. Vo* rg, priest of the Catholic church of the ^^YES TESTED OPTICIANS FRAMES FITTED Woolworth Bldg -upstairs- 191= Si u 3-Avt In Ordering Good* PleRRf Mention THE AGE-1IER \l.n The Tires That Fell Looked Like Goodyears at the Start Don’t Trust Looks In a great tire, most of the virtues are hidden. In a poor tire, the skimping is unseen. The difference is enormous, but it doesn't show. The Goodyear extras on oar output this year will cost us $1,035,000. That’s for five great features used by no one else, and for other features not commonly employed. Yet Goodyear Fortified tires with plain treads look about like others. Thick Anti-Skids The Goodyear All-Weather s an extra tread vulcanized on to the regular. This means a double-thick tread. It means deep, enduring grips. This I Snap Judgment Don t buy a tire on somebody’s snap judg ment He may have had rare luck. One tire meets mishap or misuse and other tires escape them. But the best-built tire will serve best on the average. Better trust the seasoned judgment of motorists in general. Goodyear tires out sell any other after 16 years. They have held top place for long. And this year then good repute is adding thousands to our users. Quantity Values In Goodyears you get quantity values. Despite our extras, our mammoth output brings our prices down. In two years our price reductions have totaled 45 per cent. This year s reduction saves our users about five million dollars. Makers with small double thickness will cost us $1,000,000 this year on our output of this type. Yet dozens of regular treads, with shallow designs, pass for anti-skids. 7 | YEAR AKRON. OHIO Fortified Tires Rjm*C«ts—by our No-Rlm-Cut feature. Blowouts—by our "On-Air” cure, ro lined Loose Treads—by many rubber rivets. Against Insecurity—by 136 braided piano wires. Punctures and Skidding—by our double thick All-Weather tread. outputs can’t match Goodyear values. You must not expect it. You cannot get Goodyear features unless you get Goodyear Tires. Any dealer will sup p!y you. (252S) Goodyear Service Stations—Tires in Stcck Brownell Auto Co., Inc., 323 S. 20th St. Capitol Park Auto Co., 6th Ave. & 20th St. Drennen Motor Car Co., 228 S. 20th St. Highland Oarage Co., 2012 Magnolia Ave. Robertson Tire & Auto Co., 1912 4th Ave. Bessemer Motor Co., Bessemer, Ala. Long-Lewis Hdw. Go., Bessemer, Ala. I. B. Richardson Auto Co., Blossburg, Ala. Wade Drug Co., Calera, Ala. Ensley Motor Co., Ensley, Ala. Morrison Motor Car Co., Ensley, Ala. G. C. Shaw & Son, Jemison, Ala. Talladega Hdw. Co., Talladega, Ala. Tarrant City Motor Co., Tarrant City, Ala.