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REPORT OF PROBE COMMITTEE
DEVOID OF THE SENSATIONAL (Continued from Pane Three) the wild life of Alabama to rally to the aid of the department.” Attorney General's Office Our investigation shows that while for merly the main portion of the work in this office was the preparation of crim-i inal cases for the supreme court and the writing of opinions for state officials, it has become the gristmill for all of the state's legal troubles of a civil nature, | and a great many of a criminal nature, j A bill passed the house of representa tives during the winter session. “To fur ther prescribe the authority and duties of the attorney general,” H. B. No. 386. carrying these and other provisions neces sary to the proper conduct of the office, and providing an appropriation of $15,000 per annum. In view of the fact that the attorney general, to perform the regular w-ork of his office, should have a force1 of at least three assistants at salaries, approximating $2600 per annum each, and . three stenographers or clerks, the prob- | ability of much litigation which will neces- j sarily arise from a vigorous administra- j tion promised by the railroad commission, | and of many additional and far-reaching i prosecutions arising from the work of this committee, which must first he thor- j oughly investigated at the expense of the 1 state, the committee recommends the bill referred to be enacted into law and that the available appropriation be fixed at $26, 000 instead of $16,000 pet annum. Educational Department In considering this subject we deal with the most vital interest of the state. Our rank in the scale of illiteracy warrants us in taking any step which will upbuild and better the educational condition of our citizens. Economy should he here as elsewhere practiced. But our educa tional Institutions should not be deprived of necessary nourishment on account of financial depression. Normal Schools It is generally admitted that there are too many normal schools in Alabama. We advise that the Class A normal schools, four in number, shall survive, and that the Class B normal schools, two in number, shall be discontinued as normal schools, but converted into high schools. Reformatory Schools The committee has visited the Girls’ . Rescue Home at East Lake, the Mercy Home at Birmingham, the Boys’ Indus trial school at East Lake and the col ored reformatory school at Mt. Meigs. We commend all of these institutions to the favorable consideration of the leg islature. Deaf and Blind School The Alabama School for the Deaf and Blind, located at Talladega, receives a per capita appropriation per annum, and we reoomrtiend that the law’ be amended to make a specified annual appropriation for these institutions. Railroad Commission There was involved several millions of dollars owing by these roads to the taxpayers of Alabama in the form of over-charged freight rates and passen ger fares. The attorneys, who had been representing the state for tw’o or three years and who were thoroughly familiar with every phase of the question, were not asked to give an opinion. The at torney general, the legal adviser of the state, was not called In consultation. Therefore, the secrecy surrounding this transaction in the eyes of these parties and apparently the railroad commission. Nobody was concerned. Nobody could object. The proposition of the railroads that they be released from all liability on the several millions of coupons issued by them under the ruling of the courts was considered altogether reas onable and accepted without question We have through the present officers of this department made every effort to find the agreement of settlement which was signed by the railroads in advance of the conference and was as after . wards executed by the railroad commis sioners. This agrement referred to has not been found. We submit that no state has ever seen a more flagrant and inexcusable surrrender of its rights than Alabama witnessed in this instance (settlement of rate cases). We strongly condemn it. We believe that the interests of our state were wholy forgotten; or, if not forgotten, made subservient to the ad vancement of private interests. Archives and History Department It gives the committee pleasure to hear testimony to the efficiency of the state department of archieves and his tory, to the Careful and systematic con duct of its business, and to the uniform courtesy of the director and every member of his staff. The department deserves well at the hands of the leg is<ure, and while no Increase of sup port is possible at the present time, its existing appropriation should be con tinued. This department, at an expense of $1800, publishes bi-annually a statistical register. We recommend that this reg ister be published hereafter quadreni ally. Executive Department, Departments of Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, Convict and Banking Since the recess of the legislature we have devoted our entire time and at tention to this work. Even with this, it has been impossible to make a full Investigation of all the departments and affairs of the state and thus com plete the work referred to us. We have only casually examined the executive department. One of the examiners of accounts who has been assisting us has not made final report in reference to the motor vehicle taxes which have been handled through the office of the secretary of state. Another examiner is now at work checking the accounts of the Insurance department, another subdivision of the secretary of state’s office. Other things have been brought to our attention in reference to this department which call for additional investigation. Charges have been filed before us against the present secretary of state. The same charges have also been filed with the speaker of the house as a basis for Impeachment proceedings. This mat ter will have to be finely determined in a judicial hearing before the legis lature. We deem it unwise at this time to make any comment on the matter. We have not had time nor opportunity to make any examination of investiga tion of any kind in reference to the of fices of the treasurer, auditor and bank ing department! Theodore Lacy, chief clerk in the con vict department, has been convicted and Is now serving sentence for the defal cation of over $90,000. The circum stances surrounding this embezzlement show that there must have been othe: participants in this crime. The admin istration of Governor O’Neal conducted an Investigation in an effort to fix the responsibility which cost the state $14,498.80. This committee has used •very effort within its power to un cover the conspiracy which culminated • in the theft of this large sum of money. We have secured valuable information. If the legislature deems It wise to ex tend to us additional time we are con , fldent that a solution of this mystery will be found and the other participants in this crime brought to accountability. We will undertake either to accomplish this or to give to the legislature plain and satiasfactory reasons for our fail ure. Insane Hospital The insane hospitals at Tuscaloosa for white people and at Mount Vernon for ne groes constitute one of the largest busi ness undertakings connected with the state. There have been complaints of cruel and unueual punishment Inflicted upon the inmates of these institutions. As far as our ascertainment goes, these ci m plants are not sustained. Something like 190,000 a quarter Is placjl In a bank In Tuaealoosa for the use of the Institution and. In a report made by Us treasurer to this committee, it is shown that during the past 12 months the bank whicn has had these deposits has had to the credit of the institution an average monthly balance of S2S.000. Notwithstand ing this, exchange is charged the state 1 n all drafts. The treasurer of the insane hospital, who has nothing to do except to keep a small account of the total amount received and the amounts drawn out, re ceives the sum of #250 a year for his services, the bookkeeping being done by the bank. We see no necessity for the payment of this $250 a year t"> the treas urer and recommend that it be discon tinued. We further recommend that in i stead of this money being drawn quar | terly, that it be drawn monthly, »»s it can | be kept as well in the state treasury as j in the bank at Tuscaloosa. Expenditures for Printing I We are unable to estimate the amount I of money that has been lost to the state I of Alabama through wastefulness In ex penditures for the state’s piloting. We went through the basement of the fapitc.l and we find this basemen: and every va cant corner of the capitol full of tons of useless and waste printed matter. \\ e en ! deavored to take an Inventory of the j cost value of this unused and out-of-date printing. The amount of it is staggering, j It approaches $1,000,000. Here again v e find a total lack of systehfi. A few figures In reference to the print ing expenditures of some of the depart ments may prove interesting The insur ance department, from October 1. 1913, to September 30, 1914, expended $2,001.30. The health department for the same period of time. $2900. The state game and fish com missioner for the same period. $1,157.75. These amounts do not represent the con tract printing, but only cover incidental printing, including stationery, pamphlets and printing of this kind. All of these amounts have been paid to the Brow n Printing company. A bill has been pre sented by Marshall, Bruce & Co. of Nash ville for $(>S00 for printing and material sold by said company to the secretary of state for the different departments at the capitol, there being included in this bill none of the contract printing. It docs in clude, however. $65 for blotting paper, pencil sharpeners at $5 each, pocket knives at $1 each, and fountain pens at $4 each, which w'ere distributed among the various employes of the capitol. The waste of the peopl’s money has been reckless and sin ful. We have had evidence which con vinces us that rebates have been received in consideration of some of these printing contracts being let. . The letting of the contract for printing last year to the Brown Printing company and the circumstances attendant upon the same discloses a peculiar situation. This contract supposedly was to be let to the lowest bidder. It appears from the evi dence before this committee, however, that before the contract was let or the bids opened, the Brown Printing com pany. W'hich was the only bidder, had pre pared and had ready for service a special train to take the employes of the capitol to a barbecue in celebration of it securing the contract. State Purchasing Department The facts detailed in reference to ex-' pendituros for printing as well as oth er conditions that have been brought to our attention emphasize the great need of a state purchasing department We submit herewith a bill providing for a state purchasing agent. The Governor’s Mansion The legislature of 1911 appropriated' $50,000 for purchasing a governor's mansion. The present building, includ- ; ing the furniture and fixtures then therein, was purchased by the state for $46,500. After the purchase bad been made, but before the mansion had been occupied by the governor, much of the furniture, carpets and other things were removed from the build ing by the seller. Mrs. Hattie L. Sabel paid back to the commission the sum of $2500. This left the net cost of the building $44,000. In addition to this Governor O'Neal expended the sum of $5972.10 for fur nishings and improvements as shown by vouchers on file. In addition to these amounts Gov ernor O’Neal drew' In 1911 $1000, In 1912 $2008.5,8, In 1913 $2000, and in 1914 $2000, making a total of $7008.58, which sum was drawn against the mansion maintenance appropriation, but no ac counting as to where this money was expended has in any way been made. The governor refused this accounting, stating that at the beginning of his administration a bill was passed in creasing the governor's salary to $7500 a year; that Governor Comer refused to sign this bill, and that his friends passed a bill providing $2000 a year for the maintenance of the governor’3 mansion, w'hlch was intended ns a sup plement to this salary. The consti tution forbids the increase or decrease of the governor's salary during his term of office. Neither the legislature nor the governor has any right, di rectly or indirectly, to violate this con stitutional provision. This maintenanci fund could have been used legally only for the proper maintenance of the gov ernor's mansion and a strict account ing of this fund should have been made. In addition to the amounts which were drawn against the two funds named above. Governor O'Neal also drew' from the governor’s contingent fund the following amounts: 1918— J. A. Weiss & Son .$ 91.80 Henry Kulny Grocery Co. 15.00 Crew & Smith Furniture Co.... 13.50 C. W. McConnell . 8.00 $125.30 1914— IjOveman. Joseph & Loeb.$403.37 John Wanamaker . 817.45 Montgomery Fair (sundries) .. 398.24 John Wanamaker . 92.25 $1739.61 The state is out on this transaction $60,000 and representing this invest ment has a lot w'hlch originally cost $18,000 and a building which was com pleted nine or ten years ago at a cost of $24,000. The woodwork about the building is cheap, the hardware is shoddy and the flooring in some of the rooms, supposed to havp been hardwood, wan uneven pine flooring. The mansion has been greatly im proved under the supervision of the present governor. We call upon the building commis sion to make a detailed report of its entire work and operations In refer ence to the purchase of this mansion t^ this session of the legislature as re quired by law'. Trips by Officials at Expense of State A practice that has Increased too much is that heads of departments, clerks of departments, and persons other than of ficials, take trips outside of the state at the expense of the state, attending conferences and conventions, or for the purpose of delivering speeches before some association or conference. We can understand how’ in exceptional cases it would be a legitimate charge against the state for an official properly au thorized to attend conferences out of which some good -to the state can be rea sonably expected. There is no excuse, however, for the large number of trips at heavy expense which have l>een taken. Homer Billingsley, of the department of agriculture; John H. Wallace, Jr., state game and fish commissioner; Cyrus B. Brown, insurance commissioner; Lorrie Rice, deputy insurance commissioner, and former Governor O’Neal, and other state officials and Louis B. Farley, president of the Farley bank at Montgomery, have taken these trips. Governor O’Neal has expended on these trips the sum of $2315.28, in addition to the $400 subscribed and paid as Alabama's part of the cost of the governors’ confer ence. We recognise that the governor of the state is necessarily called to New York and other money centers at times In looking after the finances of the state, and reasonable expenses for such trips are proper and legitimate charges. In discriminate trips to various cities and I conferences for the purpose ,of delivering addresses is not a legitimate charge against the state. A calculation shows that Governor O'Neal expended on these trips $1.58 a day during his term of office. Salaries and Fees Under our laws all the state officers receive salaries and not fees for their compensation. And yet we find that a general practice has prevailed in some of the departments of charging, collecting end appropriating fees for work done and information furnished, which should prop erly go into the state treasury. We herewith submit a bill which will prohibit this practice. Examiners of Public Accounts The present legislature passed a bill i educing the number of examiners ol Public accounts frbm seven to five. We are not prepared to say at this time that this number should be further reduced. On account of the disclosures made where examiners of public accounts have checked over the hooks of piTblic officials and pronounced them correctly kept, some changes are needed and some system must he inaugurated whereby full faith and credit can be attached to the staterhent of an examiner of public accounts in Ala bama. The system that we propose calls for appointment by the governor of three reputable public accountants who shall constitute an examining board, and who >hall examine all applicants for public accountants or public examiners of the state, and that no person shall be eligible to appointment as an examiner of pub lic accounts, or continue as such ex aminer of public accounts, who has not passed a satisfactory examination. Tuberculosis Commission The act creating the tuberculosis com mission, passed by the legislature of 1907, should be repealed. Under this act, which carried o conditional appropriation of $40,000, during the month of December. 1910, $20,000 of this appropriation was re leased by Governor Comer, drawn out by the commission at that time, deposited ir. the tank in the city of Montgomery and there remained withbut drawing any interest until the fall of 1913, when a por tion oi said money wrb drawn to make payment on land purchased by the com mission near Cullman for the purpose of locating the tuberculosis hospital. The testimony offered by this commission be fore your committee disclosed that about $15,000 ot this money has. since the fall of 1913, been expended in the purchase of tlie land, the expense of selecting the same, and in boring a well to see If suit able water could be obtained, and the com mission is not yet satisfied that a suffi cient amount of water, or pure water, can be obtained on the land. It was an unwise business venture to purchase the land before ascertaining if there was a sufficient supply of pure water. It is certain that at this time the state is In no condition to further pursue this undertaking. We submit herewith a bill repealing this act and providing for the sale of the land and the return to the state of the proceeds of the sale and the unused part of the appropriation. The Compromise Board We recommend that the compromise board, consisting of the governor, the at torney general and the auditor, be abol ished. Appropriations for State Institutions No appropriation for public institutions of the state should be made without an itemized statement of the purposes for which such expenditure is to he made, set ting out in detail the sums to be expended for any buildings, supplies, provisions, etc., which statement should he filed with the state auditor. After such money has I been expended a complete, itemized statement, accompanied by vouchers, should be filed with the state auditor, set ting o.ul in detail all expenditures. A bill la submitted covering these recom mendations. State Geologists We have investigated the department of geology and find that much valuable work has been done. The present head of this department is able and has ren dered very valuable service to the state. The law provides that the state geologist shall draw a salary of $100 per month during the time in which he is engaged as an instructor v the university, anf that when he is not so engaged he shall draw a salary of $200 per month from the state. It appears that the head of the department has been drawing $200 a month ttie year round, and. at the same time, drawing a salary as a director of the museum and nominal professor of geology at the university. All expenditures made by this depart ment shouto^he itemized and vouchers sub i mitted. I Temporary Clerks Section 562 of the code, giving the gov ernor an unlimited right to appoint tem porary clerks, should be repealed. The] j different departments in the cnpitol have j in the past been flooded with temporary 1 clerks. Textbook Commission We present a bill repealing the present] text book law enlarging the powers of j ] the present text book commission, mak ing the law more effective and producing | better results, not only for those who! handle the text books, but for the chil dren of the state. If the legislature thinks that our work has been worth while, we respectfully request that the. time of the committee be extended in order that we may com plete our labor. Swarm *)f Bees Make Home in Automobile From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Boise. Idaho.—J. Richard Haughan, whose friends all call him Dick, is shy a brood of tame bees, became at tached to his automobile on Thursday morning. They were captured by r H. Drake, elevator officer at the Owyhee, by means of an apple box and a tin pan. ' and are now resting comfortably in Mr. Drake's honey factory. Mr Haugatl was out at his ranch near Emmett on Thursday morning at the crack of dawn. When he Jumped into his car to start for home he noticed a number of bees buzzing around the Ann on the port side of the nuliator. On the way back he was consciyrt of their com pany, but paid no attemion. I saving his car alnu# the curb in front of the Owyhee. Mr./Haughan went up to his room. Soon the car was sur rounded by a curious crowd. On tile left front wheel was a lump of bees as large as a coal scuttle. The spectators kept at a respectful distance. Enter Drake, who keeps bees at home. Business of rustling an apple box jjnd a pan, like wise* a few tree benches. Drake makes medicine. Bees fall for the dope. Exit Drake with swarm triumphantly. Crowd disperses. Something New to Smoko From the Popular Magazine. Jesse Carmichael was walking downtown in New York with his friend. Bob Ginter. Bob was puffing industriouslv on a fat. dark cigar, and had succeeded in con suming about half of it. causing the cov ering to curl up with the hear. “What in thunder are you smoking?” asked Carmichael. 1 A fine cigar,” replied Ginter. “Oh.” said rnrmichael sadly, “I thought It was an umbrella.” SOCIAL. SERVICE DEPARTMENT II jr MRS. SIDNEY M. ULLMAN With a very poor equipment, foreign children, and entirely new material to] work with, the result of the playground moot in which West park won all th • prises is indeed remarkable. Miss Annie Shapiro deserves ail the credit, and her splendid work has put West park at the head of the line. This little woman is during the winter a teacher at the Henley school and her acquaintance with the childr. o thtough this medium had made her popc.iar before the season began. Even w th this knowl MISS ANNIE SHAPIRO Supervisor of West Park playgrounds edge to assist the work, at first the chil dren were slow to come, until they found 1 out the supervisor was really their "Miss; Annie.'* Now the daily attendance is ISO children. The right hand man and playground president—he is called playground presi dent as this park has never been ab'o to get an organisation started, is Mr. Jacob Bruno, the aide de camp in al the work done on the playground. Mr. Bruno bus helped with the colections for equipment, kept the boys hi order and made himself general y kind to the neigh nor hood. AH the older girls help with the little ] I children, and the older boys took up the track team work. Hyman Dorskoy, one of the doer hoys. I acts hs coach, while Max Copeland, Julius i j Copeland and|Abe Warner, help with ihej | athletes One small boy named Bennie ! Copeland w/is expected to win nil the ! honors at the meet, as Bennie was known I to 'mop up with the 85-povnd class," but , Bennie, contrary to all deslr- s, except his 1 own, seeing fun ahead at the Boys' club 1 camp, decided to make a trip. The day | before the meet was to come off several i boys came back, but no Berime. There was fear of defeat without this champion, and Bennie had to bo gotten at any cost After some investigation it was found this small boy couldn't return for the ob vious reason that he had no funds. Then the telephone got busy and after several attempts Mr. Blackburn was located. Ben nie reimbursed, and can*** home, and then it rained. It mined so hard the m**et d dn't take place until a week later. ‘‘Miss Annie" says the four Copeland boys .<tr the ‘sweetest boys in the world." and that's saying lots. One small boy known 1‘‘Shaike’ Is the playground clown. All the neighborhood knows this youngster and he is a general favorite on the y"minds. Another boy is known to Imi tate Charley Chaplin to the delight * f all the children. If the boys are doing helpful co-opera tive work at the West park, the girls, too. aid in the making of everything a suc cess. Tdttlo Margnrite Boyd, alias Piggy, 1* noted all nv»r tlie neighborhood for h?r graceful dnim'ng. running and jumping, foe her quick temper and the ease with which she gets over !t and also for the tempestuonsneFs with which she car *ses "Miss Annie." The best nil-round athlete on the play grounds is Fannie Hirsh. This young girl made 8 points Individually in the girls' meet and brought in the team that won first place In the 115-pound relay. Ida Mendel son. the sweetest tempered girl on the park, helps dally with the little eh*1- ! dren. and is also a fine jumper and run- i ncr. West park Is one of the oldest parka In | Birmingham, although the plavground has onlv been In operation two years, and it l probably has the poorest equipment of! any nark In the city, nod the saddest feet of all. this splendid little supervisor has no organization to assist her. Tf Went park could come off at the meet with so much honor, it is certainly up to the parents and older people of the section to make n strong organization and hack up the work. Directed play Is undoubtedly the great est posslhle sourrp for good, but with the lack of equipment even as able a su pervisor as Miss Annie Shapiro is hand icapped. It Is hoped the West park neighborhood will rally around this fine little wo nan with a slogan to make Went park the finest playground !n Birmingham. Hein the children May. Ileip the supervisor's work. And form a big organization to back it ail un. Hub's for Prize Essay Contest The \ge-Herald has opened n wonder- ! ful prize e^say contest, in which such valuable additions to your library as a complete set of encyclopedias and sty sets of great authors will be given as pr!zes. Everybody over lft years of age Is eligl- ; Me and the prizes are attractive enough to make everybody come In. The subject of this essay is the "Social Purpose of Victor Hugo's T,es M'sser nbile.' " This great work has been called the "opening note of humanity in fic tion," today the novel that does not striae a human note of sympathy Is not consid ered worth while. The judges will he announced ’atcr. The rubs governing the contest are ns follows: The essays are not to etfFeed t(X¥> words, nor less than All manuscripts must be In the office of STATE RESTS CASE AGAINST H. THAW Alienist Claims Harry Thaw Tried to Hypnotize Him New York. July 13.—The state rested late today in the sanity trial of Harry K. Thaw and the case will reach the jury : tomorrow. John R. Rtanchfield. chief ! counsel for Thaw, announced that no | ether witnesses would be called for his client. ' A new angle as to the mental calibre ! of Thaw was given by Dr. Austin Flint, ( ’he nlienlsr. w ho told the court that Thaw ; had attempted to hypnotize him. Judge ! Hendrick regarded th** alienist with some ! interest, then asked him if he really be lieved Thaw was trying so-called hypnotic powers. With great emphasis. Dr. Flint lepeated his statement, declaring Thaw had stared at him for lo minutes. The court's gavel was used vigorously to restore quiet. Other witnesses today were Dr. Amos T. Raker, assistant superintendent of Mat teawan, and Dr. Raymond F. C. Kieb, a physician at that institution. Dr. Raker testified he had examined j'hnw Nii several occasions, had examined his will and a codicil, and that from these he had come to the conclusion that he was insane. ’Van you state with reasonable cer tainty whether at the present time Thaw is rang or insane?” asked Deputj At torney General Becker. "lie is insane." the witness replied. Dr. Baker admitted he observed no signs of insanity in Thaw during the (•resent trial except that while on the witness stand he had persisted in answer ing questions after objections had been raised by his counsel. This, he said. In dicated bad judgment. The witness said he thought Thaw was suffering from constitutional inferiority with a paranoiac : i gnd l't*. Kieb agreed with Dr. Baker that Thaw was suffering, from constitutional inferiority with a paranoiac trend. A Rare Medicine From the Louisville Herald. Dr. Finds—There is nothing serious the • natter with Freddy. Mrs. Blakely. t think a little soap ami water will do him as much good as anything. Mrs. Blakely- Yes. doctor. An’ shall I give it to him before or after his meals? The Age-Herald by 12 oclock noon Sep. t epiber i. IMS Manuscript to be signed with some llc titious name; the* same name to bo on an ! accompanying sealed env elope, in w hich I must lie the real name and address of j the writer. Manuscript to bp written on one side only, and on typewriter or very legible script. Address Jill manuscripts to The Birming ham Age-Herald. Prize Bssay Contest. The prize essa> s will be printed In this paper, and winners will be announced ss soon as possible. Mutt and Jeff ■ « ^ M By Bud Fisher WHAT 00 YOU KNOW I ABOUT HISTORY f \ you tJONY even' 1 KNOW that sir wACTep.1 Raleigh ducovs rrts r ' (TOBACCO/--' One whiff of “Tux’* makes the whole world kin. The rich, mellow, fragrant goodness of its rare, ripe tobacco leaf is enough to stir the soul of any smoker who has one. Made abso lutely biteless by the original “Tuxedo Process.” Try Tuxedo for a week and you will smoke it forever. You can buy Tuxedo everywhere. Convenient, glassine wrapped, moisture-proof pouch, 5c; famous green tin with gold lettering, curved to fit pocket, 1 Oc. In tin humidors, 40c and 80c; in glass humi dors, 50c and 90c. BUD FISHER Famous Cartoonist, says: "Tuxedo has made a pipe my favorite form of smoking. Its coolness and mildness make pipe smoking a real pleasure." Illll..