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Saturdays at 9 P.M. Aye, and gladly so, because Ibis early closing movement is just another step forward in our great city’s progressiveness, and Blach’s is al ways a staunch supporter of anything that works to the good of our people. In stores like Blach’s, whose employes are men, no direct benefit is attained, but there ex ists in Birmingram an army of salespeople, particularly girls and young women, whose wel fare is of vital importance to all good merchants and all good citiens. Not only this, but the Sat urday evening shoppers themselves will reap a benefit, and will ultimately join us in thanking the good women who worked so earnestly for the inauguration of this excellent movement. YOU can help the cause by shopping early on Saturday EMPLOYERS’ LIABILITY BILL UP IN THE SENATE TODAY Measure Generally Regarded as Most Drastic and Far-Reach ing of All Which Pend Before Legislature—Senate to Consider the Bill as a Special Order By HUGH W. ROBERTS Montgomery, September 1.—(Special.) As a special order for Thursday, the senate will be concerned with the em ployers’ liability bill, regarded by those who employ labor as the most drastic and far-reaching of all which pend be fore the legislature. For the purpose of opposing the passage of the bill, a large- and militant delegation from Bir * mingham came to the capitol tonight, and it is said that in addition to heads of corporations, representatives of practic ally all other business enterprises will be included. REAL HOT IF YOU LIKE ITTHAT WAY Natural Vitalitas Will Be Found Wonderfully Bene ficial for Many Ills As a morning draught, 15 minutes before breakfast, a teaspoonful of liquid Vitalitas In a half-glass of hot water has tonic and curative effects different from any other medical product. There is noth ing else in nature like it and no man made medicine is to be compared to it. It is pleasant and you know w’hen you take It that it will benefit you. Vitalitas Is usually taken in cold water after meals and at bedtime, but many find it more agreeable and its effects more pronounced, particularly as a laxative, by substi tuting hot water and taking it before meals. Either way. the results are won derfully beneficial for those who suffer with indigestion, sour stomach, bilious ness, rheumatism, liver, kidneys, bowels and blood. Vitalitas is a heavy golden liquid ex tracted from an earth substance that is rich in chemical properties and forces that are essential to life and health. Mul titudes who have failed to find relief in ordinary medicines are being healed and cured by Vitalitas. It is all good. Talk with the demonstrator and sample Vitalitas at Averyt’s Drug Store, 109-111 Twentieth street, or write there for in formation. Also for sale by Pegram Patton Drug Co., Bessemer, Ala.—Adv. '■ ■ "■ I The South’s Greatest Institution Treating DRINK OR DRUG USERS By Doctor Neal’s Scientific Methods krr—r'lissi—Mesa 815 So. 30th Street, Birmingham, Ala. Phone Main 4510 The secret of the great International success of the modern "Neal Way" 1a that tt DOES MORE for the Drink user In from three to seven days or the Drug user In from seven to fourteen days by the use of harmless vegetable medicines taken by MOUTH ONLY than can be done by the "Old Way” in several WEEKS OR MONTHS. It Is more “economical" In both time and money to get a PERMANENT CURE by the modern "Neal Way” than the TEMPORARY effect of frequent trips to mineral springs and "BATHS." SATISFY YOURSELF that our claims are true by a personal call and Inspection, or come and TRY IT at our expense. If not cured at end of treat ment. Call, write or phone as above for full Information In plain sealed envelope. 60 Similar Neal Institutes in Other Cities The sections of the bill which are said to be especially objectionable are those which provide that the employer shal be held not immune from responsibility for damages inflicted upon one employe through the carelessness of another, and which deny judges the right to modify verdicts for damages in which the sum ordered paid is considered excessive oi to modify verdicts which were rendered through ignorance, malice, or prejudice. The bill, in part, folows: SECTION 1. He it enacted by the legislature ol Alabama, That every master or em ployer shall be liable in damages tc any person suffering injury while be is employed by such master or em ployer or In case of the death of such employe, to his or her personal repre senttive for the benefit of the surviv ing widow' or husband and children oi such employe; and if none, then of such employe’s parents, and, if none, then tc the next kin of such employe for such injury or death resulting in part fron the negligence of any of the officers agents or employes of such master. SECTION 2. That in all actions hereafter brought against any master or employer under and by virtue of the provisions of thi; act to recover damages for persona! injury to an employe, or where such injuries have resulted in his death, the fact that the employe may have beer guilty of contributory negligence shal not bar a recovery, but the damage* shall be diminished by the jury in pro portion to the amount of negligence attributed to such employe; provided however, that no such employe whe may be injured or killed shall be held to have been guilty of contributory negligence in any case where the vio lation by such master or employer ol any statute enacted for the safety oi employes contributed to the injury ol death of such employe. SECTION 6. That no action shaM be maintained under this act unless commenced w'ithir two years from the day the cause of ac tion accrued. SECTION 6. That any right of action given by this act to a parson suffering injury shall sur vive to his or her personal representa tives for the benefit of tlie surviving widow or husband and children of sue! employe, and. if none, then of such em ploye's parents; and if none, then of the next of kin of such employe. SECTION 7. It shall he competent to prove, the age. the health, the habits, the earning capacity and the condition of the family and next of kin of sutd employe. IRON AND STEEL __ Important Advances in Many Lines HIGH PRICES RULE American Steel Foundries Purchase Basic—Feverish Activity in Tool Market Cleveland, O.. September 1.—(Spe < ial.)—The Iron Trade Review tomor row will say: With demand for iron and steel pro ducts in many rases running appre ciably ahead of supply, prices are in creasing steadily and past week has witnessed important advances in many lines Following heavy sales of steel mak ing pig iron, basic has jumped to $17 delivered in east and many valley pro ducers are asking $15. Sales of Bessemer have recently been made at $15.75 valley. In east also very high prices rule on semi-finished material, forging billets being held at $38 mill. Increased figures are quoted on many finished products. For large rounds, suitable for shells, as high as $3.50 eastern mill has been paid for early shipment. Galvanized wire has been boosted $2 ton account recent sudden turn in spelter market, cold rolled strip steel has been ad vanced $3 ton, structural rivets are now being held at minimum $1.60 Pitts buig, representing increase of $2 ton. Some galvanized sheets sales have been made as high as 4 cents Pittsburg for No. 28 gauge. Shapes and bars are firm at $1.35 Pittsburg and in east $1.40 Pittsburg has appeared. Iron Bars Advance Iron bars have advanced $1 ton in New York territory to $1.30 Pittsburg basis. In Chicago light rail prices have been increased and eight-pound sizes are now quoted $1.25 to $1.30. Alloy metals entering into high speed steel are exceptionally high, tungsten being quoted $3 to $3.50 per pound of con tained rlloy. American steel foundries have pur chased 13,000 ton8 basic for shipment •uring remainder year to plants at Sharon. Pa., and Alliance, O. A Bridge port, Conn., buyer has closed for 12, GOO tons basic which will be shipped from Pennsylvania furnaces during early part of 1916. An inquiry for from 50.000 to 75.000 tons steel making iron has appeared in Buffalo. Two eastern Pennsylvania steelmakers are negotiating for their requirements ranging from 40,000 to 50,000 tons. Foundry market also is fairly active. An international steam pump company has put out inquiry for various plants aggregating 11,500 tons. The Westinghouse Electric and Manu facturing company has purchased 9000 tons for second and third quarter ship ment to Its Cleveland works. Export inquiries aggregating 15,000 tons are before eastern market. Feverish Activity Feverish activity continues to char acterize machine tool situation. Buyers :ue unable to obtain deliveries before next year on many classes tools used in manufacture war munitions and complete units of rifle-making machin ery cannot be secured before March. Babor troubles show no tendency to diminish and additional strikes have recently appeared in Bridgeport. Conn., Edgewater, N. J., and South Bethle hem, Pa. SECRETE AITCUS OF PROHIBITIONISTS IS WITHOUT RESULT (Continued From Page One.) would Insist on the passage of his bills. “I was at the conference,” he added, “just a moment. I know that the sub ject of more prohibition legislation was discussed pro and con, and that difference of opinion among the lead ers was pronounced. However, I will insist on the passage of the bills, and I am confident that w’hen the members of this legislature wdio have declared internecine-warfare against the liquor traffic are called upon to vote, they will walk up to the trough and stand there. I introduced the bills, and I have never yet started a movement and abandoned it before its comple tion. I hope to secure for the new measures a place on the calender which will make them the paramount order of business for tomorrow.” CERTAIN HOUSE LEADERS OPPOSE NEW MEASURE Nevertheless, it is true that certain leaders who In other dayst fought and woii battles for prohibition are not danc ing to the weird music of the tom-toms which would in the present call the present call the “faithful” to arms. Mr. Merritt of Macon said this morn ing that he did not attend the confer ence of last night and that while he would take any sane action tending to prevent the consumption of liquor, that he was not urging the passage of the Davis-Bonner bills. Mr. Merritt has taken the position that the prohi bitionists by amending their January legislation would materially injure the cause of prohibition and that he would not be instrumental in further arous ing the people in opposition to statutes which to all practical purposes they have accepted. Mr. Brindley of Etownah declared it ids opinion that it would be unwise for the prohibitionists to attempt to ,nake their January legislation more stringent. “It is my belief,” he added, • that the legislature in passing pro •ioition laws last January did not in tend that a man every two weeks I could secure whisky and beer and wine, but did Intend that he could secure whisky or beer or wine in limited quan tities. I would vote so to amend that the original Intention of the legisla ture might be carried out. But I do not believe that it would be expedient fri the prohibitionists to reduce the supply as is proposed in the Davis Bonner bills.” FITE OF TUSCALOOSA AGAINST THE BILLS Mr. Fite of Tuscaloosa did not at tend the conference. "I was not Invited,” he said. “This was probably due to the fact that it «s generally known that I am against the Davis-Bonner bills. In January we enacted state-wide prohibition and the laws are stringent and constitutional. I am entirely satisfied with the work accomplished. I think our duty was dis charged satisfactorily. For that reason I do not believe it w'ould be the part of wisdom to attempt at this early date new measures and thus without according the old a fair trial, abandon them as failures.” As has been reported in The Age Herald, the Davia-Bonner bills would i educe the supply from two quarts of whisky and five dozen bottles of beer and three gallons of wine every two weeks to one quart of whisky or three dozen bottles of beer or one gallon of wine; would make delivery impos sible after 4 o’clock In the afternoon; would prevent all aelivery on holidays, or later than three days prior to Christmas. When the bills are called up the prohibitionists, differing among tnemselvcs respecting the political ex pediency of the proposed regulations, will Join, it Is anticipated, an inter esting debate. €j ■ BIRMINGHAM TRUST MONTHLYLETTERON TRADE CONDITIONS Immense Reserve in Banks for Handling CropsShould Bring Prosperity to the Farmer The* monthly letter on trade condi tions for August, issued by the Bir mingham Trust and Savings company, j follows in part: The purchasing power of the people 1 of this country is greater today than | ever before in history and will be j steadily increased each month for the j next few months at least. Our financial ability to handle our tremendous crops Is a vitally Important factor. That our crops will be tremendous is generally conceded and the total farm production will exceed in both quantity and value all previous records. On the other hand corn, oats and some of the smaller crops will probably fall far short of present estimates but a decline of sev eral per cent from present expectations could not be considered a calamity as even with such reductions our com bined crops will be record breaking. The surplus reserves of the banks, all of which can be used to help move the crops, exceed $710,000,000, while last year at this same date we had only $14,000,000 in our surplus reserves. It is apparent that moving the crops this year will not be felt in commercial cir cles ns the hank position for the whole country is such that while the crops are being moved ample funds will be available for all legitimate commercial needs. This will be a novel situation as crop moving has always brought a considerable financial pinch In manu facturing circles. Business failures for July numbered 1591 compared with 1315 a year ago and 1117 two years ago. The failures were of less importance, however, as the liabilities totaled only $17,000,000, compared with $25,000,000 a year ago and $38,000,000 two years ago. As the assets of the failed concerns for tills July amounted to over $7,000,000 the net liabilities of failures were less than $10,000,000, compared with $11,000,000 a year ago and $16,000,000 two years ago. Disbursements of dividends and in terest for August will almost reach 1x21,000,000, nearly $*>7,000,000 of the amount being dividends and more than $61,000,000 being interest. This com pares with dividend payments of nearly $59,000,000 last year and interest payments of nearly $60,000,000 last year. Dividends on railroad stocks will be $27,000,000. only slightly less than last year: on industries nearly $26,000, 000. more than $1,000,000 less than last year, and on street railways, slightly over *4 000.000 or a trifle less than a year ago. Total disbursements for the month of August of nearly $121,000,000, compare with slightly over $11S,000, 000 a year ago. No dividend Increases Have been announced by other than mining companies and only one rail road company announces a reduction in dividends. Maturities of corporate se curities for September will be about $55,000,000. most of which has already been provided for. Full report on July foreign trade are not yet available, but the 13 principal customs districts handling over 90 per cent of the foreign trade showed im ports for the five weeks ending July M of $4 7,000,000. and exports of $240, 000,000. The same districts for the first two weeks of August report imports of 157,000.00 and exports of $100,000,000. Cotton exports during .July were 24 4, 000 bales, compared with 126,000 bales a year ago, and Imports were 36.000 bales, compared with 24.000 hales u year ago. The production of gold in the Trans vaal during July was 770.000 fine ounces compared with 755.000 ounces a month previous tnd 732,000 ounces a year previous. The value of the July output was approximately $16,000, 0U0 compared with a value for July h year ago of something over $15, 000,000. Commodity prices on August 1 showed a fractional decline as com pared with the month previous, but are still higher than at any time pre vious to July 1 of this year. So far as reported gross earnings of steam railroads for July show a de crease of about 10 per cent as com pared witir a year ago. the grain movement having been iar below that o4 Inst year. The movement of cotton, while light, was somewhat ahead of July, 1914. The gross earnings of all steam railroads for the first six months of 1915 were 1388 million dol lais compared with 1430 million dol lars for the same period last year, a decrease of 41 million dollars or nearly J per cent. Gross earnings for the same period last year showed a decrease of nearly 6 per cent as compared wtih the year previous. Net earnings are not yet completely reported but on ac count of economies in operation they will make a much more favorable show ing than did gross earnings. On the first of the month idle cars numbered 264,000 compared with 276, 000 a month previous and 197,000 a 'jear ago. An increase in idle box cars was largely due to lighter grain ship ments but a considerable decrease was reorted in idle coal cars and flats. Mill shipments of western pine for June were 89,000,000 feet compared with 84,000,000 feet in May and 86,000 feet In June of last year. No figures are available for the production and shipments of lumber since March, in which month the cut was 790,000,000 leet compared with 737.000.000 feet a year ago and shipments were 772,000, ilOO feet compared with 669.000,000 feet a year ago. July domestic consumption of cot ton amounted to 498,000 bales com pared with 448,000 bales a year ago. 1 he number of cotton spindles active during July.was 31,194 thousand com pared with 30.677 thousand in July of last year. There will not he a failure this year of any individual crop, although we will perhaps have about 20 per cent less cotton, 19 per cent less apples and 10 per cent less sugar cane. We have .>11.000.000 acres in the 14 principal ci ops this year compared with 301,000, 000 acres a year ago and 300,000,000 two years ago. Crop conditions on Au gust 1 were 4 per cent above the 10, year average and the average of all farm prices wras 1 per cent higher than a year ago and 11 per cent higher than tw’o years ago. General domestic trade is Improv ing as the results of our tremendous exports are, through the expenditures for raw materials and labor, finding Llieir way into every branch of domes tic trade. Heavy shipments of gold already arrived, in transit, and in pros pect from Europe to this country, are putting us in a strong position from a monetary standpoint. The general stock of money In the United States now exceeds *4,000,000,000. Business conditions generally arc good throughout the country and will Improve as soon as the movement of crops is well under way. The best conditions are found . In the western and Reeky mountain states and the poorest conditions In the southeastern states, in central New York, central Pennsylvania and on the western edge of the Pacific slope. British Los* Heavily Berlin, September 1.—(By Wireless to Sayvllle.)—The semi-official Mllll News agency at Constantinople baa received advices from Bagdad that the British lost more than 2000 In attempting to take Bender Buchlr. The excitement ef the natives la declared to be increasing. —— Two Live f Birmingham, Ala. Stores ( Jacksonville, Fla. Quality brains demand quality hats—-Knox /Governors, statesmen and financiers wear Knox hats. Such men, upon whose judgment rests the vital questions of national significance, have no hesitancy in indorsing Knox hats and Knox quality with the prestige of their personality. and Knox Hats deserve it! Knox Hats are at AA Porter’s only. Everything Men and Boys Wear B/Fi M/PJ GHAM, A°LA. 1922-1924 First Ave. In the Heart of Birmingham In Ordering Good* I'lense Mention TIIF AGE-lIKIlA 1.0 "The Municipal Court of _Marital Hope and Good Will SOCIAL SERVICE DEPARTMENT Bj MRS. SIDNEY M. ILL II AN "Ten years ago a moment arrived in Chicago when it was found impossible to put up any longer with ‘her manner of handling crime, it had become ludicrous,’’ says Ida Tarboll, in writing about the court of domestic relations. So the whole structure was razed to the ground and a substitute devised. The municipal court of charities was the substitute and has been in operation for six years. Ninety per cent of the cases are disposed of in 24 hours, and the end of each year secs the docket practically clear. This is the only court in the United States that fur nishes full statistics of its transactions. Thirty-one Judges make their own rules of practice and procedure, they decide on the number and the salaries of the bailiffs and clerks who assist them, and once a month they meet to discuss and criticise their own work. The court was established by a group o' women under the leadership of .lane Adda ms. This court became the agent to keep men and women together in tlie marriage relation find thus give the chil dren the home Influence they should have, just as other courts heretofore had been the agent in separating them. This court haH furnished two of the great needs of men and women in trouble, a confessional and a hand of authority. The chief confessional is a woman, called the social secretary. Since per cent of the cases come up from the woman’s side of the family, frequently the story can be told only to a woman from a woman, and through a woman’s understanding and sympathy can best be determined whether a warrant shall be is sued for the husband or whether the com plainant shall be persuaded to "try again.’’ The evidence gathered as to the causes of marital infelicity Is impressive as given out by the court of domestic rela tions in Chicago. "Excessive use of liquors (intoxicating). 4<i per cent; immorality of husbands, 12 per cent; immorality of wife, 2 per cent; ill temper and abuse by husband, 8 per cent; ill temper and abuse by wife, per cent; venereal diseases of husbands. 12 per cent; interference of mothers-in-law, <» per cent; Interference of fathers-in-law. 1 per cent; youth of parties. 4 per cent; lazlm ss of husband, 3 per cent; sickness. 1 per cent." Chorlott Perkins (Tillman In commenting on this list of "reasons” and offenses ,says: "On the face of it the offenses ‘of hus band' loom up; but we must always re member that a man does not like to com plain of ‘ill temper and abuse by wife’ unless it is pretty severe. The proportion of the sexes In "excessive use of intoxi cating liquors" is not given; but in this country it is pretty genera’ly 'by hus band.’ Mothers-In-law hold their old place as mischief makers apparently: this by virtue of tfie fact that resident mother-in-law Is ‘an elderly woman out of a Job.’ She has to live In tin- house of another woman, where the work is done according to the older one's methods; and whether it he her own daughter or her own son with whom she lives, it takes phenomenal self restraint not to biter fere. If an elderly man had to give up his business and live In the workshop or office of his son or son-in-law, seeing Die work he had done all hs life go on before his eyes in ways dlstateful to him, it would be a very wise old man Indeed who never interfered. When the mother’s In tense affection is added to this business annoyance, and also the parental habit of . — - — .. — dominance well, we have the facta be fofe us." Judge Ooodnow who presided over the 'ouri for the first year, was able to keep 1000 cases out of court. Over one-third is many as were tried. The second year 2462 cases were disposed of without war rants. to 3699 heard and disposed of other wise. A good index of the results obtained is the amount of money the court is able to collect from men brought in for non support. In the last report of the court in its second year. $7500 had been paid the •ourt and as much more paid directly to wives and children. Its what Miss Jane Addams .'ails, 'Getting something from nothing." When a man says. "Can't do It, judge, no work." the answer comes ov ary time promptly, "We’ll get you work." and they' do. The good results tile court's efforts neat is due in a large measure to the 'o-oporation of the Chicago people. In Birmingham, the Juvenile court pels largely as a court of domestic rela tion. It has been found that many iMses of dependents and often delin nuent children can be helped byf tho rc-eatablishment of the family relation and the home. Often assistance is roll • :lo. red by communities, neighborhood interests and church welfare work. To Hun Against I.ea Memphis, Tonn., September l.—M. K. Patterson, former governor of Tennes see, tonight formally announced his can didacy' for the I’nlted States Senate. Ht* Reeks to succeed Luke Lea. himself a andidato for re-election. Other candi dates are Theuts \V. Sims and K. D. Me Kellar. present congressmen. Bell Telephone Service in the New Home THE Bell Telephone is the first require ment in the new home for newlyweds and all others who keep house. It brings the stores and market to your elbow and, best of all, friends and relatives are within the reach of your voice day and night. In planning for housekeeping or changing your residence, do not fail to arrange for Bell is Telephone service. Notify us in advance so this great convenience will be at your dis posal the day you move in. During the hot summer months you will find thousands of uses for it that will save you from worry and heat. Keep Cool and—Telephone SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE * ' ———rillllLijjlHJI i11" 1 v, ;■* .yK\ 1 *»'■;• ' * '/*. '• • ! • V • , . /«•; ,, " > * . y v.r! .