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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, September 10, 1917, Image 1

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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE HERALD
VOLUME xkxXVH BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1917 NUMBER 127
STATE DEPARTMENT’S REVELATION OF THE PRO-GERMAN
ACTION OF DIPLOMAT IS GREATEST SENSATION OF WAR
$12,000,000 SPENT BY RED CROSS ‘
IN RELIEF WORK IN EUROPE
Henry P. Davison Addresses Report to American
People Regarding First Six Months of War
With Germany—More Than $10,000,000 of
Total Sum Expended Was Used in France.
Washington, September 9.—Approximately $12,000,000 for
war relief work in Europe will have been expended by the
American Red Cross in the first six months since the United
States has been at war with Germany, according to a report ad
dressed ‘ ‘to the American people” today by Henry P. Davidson,
chairman of the Red Cross war council, in which full details
are given of the activities of the organization in various nations
abroad, chief of which is France.
More than $10,000,000 of this sum, appropriated up to and Including August
31 by the war council since Its appointment May 10 last, is for use In France.
Other countries to receive relief are Russia, Rumania, Italy, Serbia, England
,T and Armenia, the grand total amounting to $12,339,681, the greater part of
which will be used by November 1, although some of the appropriations cover
Most of the persons in charge of
the Red Cross work in France are
giving their time and paying their
own expenses. A special fund of $100,
000 has been privately contributed to
meet the expenses of the members of
the commission to France unable to
pay their own way.
SEPARATE COMMISSIONS
The war council has sent to Eu
rope five separate commissions, each
composed of representative Americans
skilled in. business adminstration in
medical and surgical work, and in
other lines of Red Cross effort. The
work covers a wide scope of relief,
from the establishing and maintaining
of hospitals for American soldiers in
France, to civilian aid, including the
care and education of destitute French
children and the rehabilitation of the
devastated areas in France and Bel
gium. Relief and preventive means
against tuberculosis, which has great
ly increased since the war, also will
be supplied. A plan has been devised
also to extend aid to soldiers and ci
vilians held as prisoners by the enemy.
These are only a few of the many
avenues through which Red Cross re
f lief will flow to the countless thou
sands fit war victims
1 The Red Cross in France has as
sumed the management of the war re
lief clearing house. It has taken over,
under control of the United States
army, the administration of the Amer
ican ambulance hospital at Neuilly. It
has assumed financial responsibility
for Dr. J. A. Blake's American hos
pital in Paris. It has allied with it
self the work of the American sur
gical dressing committee, which dis
tributed in France in July 782,949
dressings among 435 hospitals.
CARE FOR ONE ARMY
The effect has been in accordance
with the expressed views of the Pres
ident of the United States and of the
civic and military authorities of
France to co-ordinate along helpful
lines all relief work being done in
France and America. The first and the
supreme object of the task is to care
for our own army and navy. Toward
this end the Red Cross is establishing
field canteens, which it will provide
for every corps of the French army as
well as for the American army. There
now are large reception camps near
the coast where United States soldiers
are received.
Along the route to the firing line
f the Red Cross has established infirm
aries and rest stations. At railway sta
tions canteens are being established
where our soldiers may find 1'est and
refreshment. Baths, food, games and
other comforts will be available. When
American troops start for France the
men are given comfort kits. Christ
mas parcels will be sent over later.
Various appropriations have been
made to worthy causes, such as $1,
000,000 for the relief of sick and
wounded French soldiers and their
families; $100,000 for medical research
work in France; $500,000 for supply
warehouses; $1,500,000 to buy food
stuffs to be sent to France; and $1,
000,000 for the hospital supply serv
ice.
TRANSPORTATION DIFFICULT
The transportation problem with
which the Red Cross has had to cope
in moving supplies overseas has been
most difficult, but through official
British, French and Italian co-opera
tion with the United States shipping
board and leading steamship an,d rail
road companies, vast quantities of
supplies are shipped almost dally. A
special Red Cross transport service
has been developed in France as the
railroads there are overtaxed with mil
itary needs.
Six base hospitals were sent to Eu
ropean fronts in advance of the Amer
ican soldiers and more than a dozen
are actively in service there and oth
ers are rapidly being made ready.
It is nbt the policy of the Red
Cross to rebuild French villages, but
it is hoped to afford new starts in
life to a large number of persons des
titute through ravages of the Ger
man army. A provisional experiment
along this line is being worked out.
Lawrence County Sends
First Contingent Off
Courtland, September 9.—(Special.)
Lawrence county sent her first contin
gent to war last Wednesday, consist
ing of 11 men. The next allotment will
go to Camp Pike on the 15th, and will
consist of 88 of the best young men of
the county. It was thought at first that
this county was lacking in patriotism,
but that thought has been dispelled.
Many young men outside of the draft
ages, are enlisting daily. Irwin White,
age 14 years, a son of John White, edi
tor of the Moulton Advertiser, joined
the army last Thursday by the enlist
ment route. Irwin is probably as young
as any man now serving Uncle Sam.
Shot In Foot—Retired
Montgomery, September 9.—(Special)
G. H. Conway of Castleberry, private
of Company I, One Hundredth and
Sixty-seventh infantry of Opelika, has
been notified that he will be dis
charged from the army on three-quar
ters pay as a result of the amputation
of his foot Just above the ankle. Con
way was accidentally shot in* camp
three weeks ago and because the bul
let came from a rusty rifle it was nec
essary to amputate the member.
Summary of the News
1— State department revelation of
Swediih diplomat’s action.
912,000,000 spent by Red Cross In
relief work In Europe.
German peace terms to be made
public soon.
Colonel Joyce inspects muscle
Shoals for nitrate board.
2— Murder mystery may be solved.
Two thousand men left in camp at
Montgomery.
3— Fountain of sold at Anniston.
4— -Editorial.
5— Local news.
6— Sport a.
7— .Market.
Col. Joyce Inspects Muscle
Shoals Site For Nitrate Board
Inter-Departmental Nitrate Board Representative and Party
to Be Given No Public Reception—Tri-Cities Again Hope
ful of Ultimately Securing Plant for Muscle Shoals
J Sheffield, September 9.—(Special.)—Acting under instruc
tions of the inter-departmental nitrate board, composed of
Secretaries Baker, Lane and Houston, Colonel Joyce of the
ordinance department, engineers’ corps, United States army,
will arrive here from Washington tonight and tomorrow will
make, a further investigation of the Muscle Shoals site, which
was sometime since inspected by the nitrate board as a possible
location for the government nitrate plant.
Colonel Joyce will be accompanied by a small party and a
number of local citizens will accompany them up the Tennessee
river to the Muscle Shoals site.
In the visit of Colonel Joyce, Tri-Cities people confidently be
lieve that the government officials are regarding with favor
the Muscle Shoals site for the location of one of the smaller ex
perimental plants, if not at this time the larger nitrate plant,
for which Congress has already appropriated $20,000,000.
J There will be no public reception tendered the party while
I here tomorrow, because of the plan to devote the entire day to
l inspection of the Muscle Shoals site.
F Naturally the second investigation of this site has aroused
> much local interest and discussion, and future announcements
1 concerning what the government will do will be awaited with
j much concern.
V
SEDUCES SHORTAGE
OF CARS 70 PERCENT
SAYS E. HARRISON
20,000,000 Miles of Train
Service Saved Annually
by Eliminating Passenger
Trains Not Essential
AVERTED CONGESTION
OF FREIGHT TRAFFIC
BY MOVING EMPTIES
Besides Increasing General
Efficiency of Railroads
the Board Has Assisted
Military Operations
Washington, r 9.—Accomplish
ments of the railroad war board in meet
ing the country’s transportation require
ments since its organization four
months ago were pet forth in a state
ment tonight by Fairfax Harrison, its
chairman. The board, comprising be
sides Mr. Harrison, Howard Elliott, Hale
Holden, Julius Kruttschnitt, Daniel Wil
lard and Samuel Rea, is operating the
natlon'p 693 railway lines as one conti
nental system.
What it has succeeded in doing is told
in the following summary:
Reduced the car shortage 70 per cent
and increased the general efficiency
of the roads in moving freight 16
per cent over 1916.
Saved 20,000,000 miles of train pervtce
annually by eliminating passenger
, trains, considered not essential to
pressing war needs
Averted freight congestion by mov
ing promptly empty cars from one
road to another, irrespective of
ownership.
Saved 50,000 cars by pooling lake
coal and ore and 133,000 cars by pool
ing tidewater coal.
Increased generally the loads here
tofore carried by cars of all classe,s.
Besides increasing the general effici
ency of railroads the war board, Mr.
Harrison points out, has assisted the
government in solving military prob
lems. The statement says:
“Skilled and experienced railroad men
have been sent to every cantopment to
assist the constructing quartermasters
there in the movement of supplies. A
trained executive has been stationed in
Washington to aid the headquarters of
the supervising quartermaster that every
car uped in the transportation of gov
ernment supplies might be available
when needed.
"At the request of the government
plans have been perfected wherby 1,000,
000 men are to be moved from nearly 6000
different points to the 32 training camps
for the national army and National
Guard by October 20. About one-third of
these men already are under way, and
are carrying their tents and equipment
with them. This means that in addition
to the coache,s and tourist sleepers oc
cupied by them more than 12,000 freight
cars must be transported.
“Freight generally is moving in unex
ampled volume. Practically every fac
tory in the country is moving to its
capacity, turning out supplies for the
government, the allies and for the
American people.
“If the maximum amount of transpor
tation ip to be obtained the shipping and
traveling public and all railway employes
will have to continue to co-operate, in
many ways; submit to many Inconven
iences, and sometimes even bear losses
due to changes in tranpportation serv
ice.”
CAMP JACKSON
READY FOR DRILLS
Columbia, 8. C., September 9.—With
virtually the entire first quota of
drafted men from Florida, North and
South Carolina quartered at Camp
Jackson today, preparations were un
der way tonight to begin drills In com
pany formation tomorrow. Forty hours
of intensive instruction will be given
the n$w poldiers each week, regular
army officers said.
According to records at the receiv
ing station. 1619 men had reported up
to 6 o'clock tonight.
Cotton Seed Crushers
Will Aid Hoover In
Conserving Food
Washington, September 9.—The cot
ton seed crushing and refining indus
try is about to put itself under vol
untary regulation by the food admin
istration. Representatives of the in
dustry have just held conferences
with food administration officials to
discuss the subject.
The voluntary control would be ad
ministered in a manner similar to
that exercised over the sugar industry
with a view to the elimination of
hoarding and all forms of speculation.
FREIGHT HANDLERS
ORDERED TO STRIKE
Kansas City. September 9.—A
strike order Issued here late today
calls upon 7000 freight handlers and
checking clerks of the Rock
Island. Missouri. Kansas and Texas
and Missouri Pacific railroads to
quit work tomorrow.
Map Showing the Location of Riga
German Peace Terms to
Be Made Public Soon,
Says Dr. G. Michaelis
Committee of Seven Members of the Bundesrath
Appointed to Draw Up An Answer to Pope
Benedict’s Note to Meet This Afternoon,
When the Reply Will Probably Be
Drafted, Says Note From Berlin
London, September 9.—Germany will shortly be able to pub
lish her peace terms, according to Dr. Georg Michaelis, the
German chancellor. Dr. Michaelis, in an interview, said he had
so informed the Reichstag main committee, an Exchange Tele
graph dispatch from Copenhagen today states.
The main committee, said Dr.,Michaelis in the interview, had
“tried to make final arrangements regarding peace conditions
and the question of Alsace-Lorraine, but no decision has yet
been taken. The question, however, was eagerly discussed and
Germany will soon be able to publish her peace terms.”
Draft Reply Monday
Copenhagen, September 9.—The. committee of seven members of the
Reichstag and seven members of thex Bundesrath, appointed to draw up an
answer to Pope Benedict’s peace note, will meet on Monday afternoon and the
reply will probably be drafted then, says a Berlin dispatch today.
\ OUTLINE OF TEKMS
Washington, September 9.—What
purported to be an outline of Gei
many's paace terms has been circu
lated among diplomats here within the
last two weeks, but has been regard
ed by the entente embassies and most
of the neutrals as a "feeler." The or
igin of the so-called terms has not
been disclosed, but they are said to
have been written by Foreign Secre
tary Von Kuhlmann before his visit
to Vienna, which since has been point
ed to as strengthening the probabil
ity that they bear evidences of au
thenticity.
Briefly the so-called terms were as
follows:
Restoration of Belgium and north
ern France, to be paid for out of the
sale of Germany's colonies to Great
Britain.
Alsace and Lorraine to be independ
ent states. (High French officials re
cently have stated anew the deter
mination of France to be satisfied with
nothing less than the recovery of her
lost provinces.)
Triest to be a "free port.’’
Servia and Rumania to be restored,
and Servia to have a port on the Ad
riatic.
The Balkan question and the status
of Turkey to be subjects for negotia
tion.
Disarmament and international po
lice.
Freedom of the seas with Great
Britain in control of the English chan
nel until the projected tunnel is built
between Dover and Calais.
This outline of terms, circulated
without definite stamp of any offi
cial authority, it will be noted, bears
in many respects a resemblance to the
general tenor of the peace proposals
of Pope Benedict.
By some diplomats such an outline
is regarded as presenting something
susceptible of discussion. It is dis
cussed merely as a possibility, Without
having yet advanced fully into the
range of probability,
FRENCH DRIVEN BACK.
Berlin, September 9.—(Vial London.)
French troops which attacked the Ger
man lines in the Verdun region were in
general driven back to their original
positions, retained possession of some
ground in the southern part of Chaumea
wood and on the ridge to the east, army
headquarters announced today.
The objective of the French was the
village of Ornes, it is declared, and this
they failed to gain, /suffering extreme
ly heavy losses, while 300 prisoners were
taken by the Germans.
On the Flanders front British attacks
last nigTTt northeast of St. -Julian were
repulped.
german attacks
Paris, September 9.—Strong German
forces attacked the French positions on
the right bank of the Meuse over an ex
tent of nearly two miles and succeeded
in gaining a foothold temporarily In
one section of the line, according to the
statement issued by the war office to
night. French counter attackp eventual
(Continued on Page Twro)
1
CERTIFIED FOR DRAFT
MAN AND WIFE DIE
RATHER THAN OBEY
Pitched Battle With Posse
.Results In Death of Con-,
script and Wife at Haw
kinsville, Ga.
Hawkinsvllle, Ga., September 9.
Mrs. Thomas Simon and her hus
band were killed here in a fight
with citizens lasting during the
most of last night and which
started as a result of trouble over
Simon being certified for draft In
the national army. A posse to
night was searching for Mose
Simon, a brother of the dead man.
Three citizens aiding the officers
were injured. Allen Dortch fell wound
ed in a lung. M. L. Dembry was shot
in an ear and John Hill, a planter,
received a bullet wound in an arm.
Thomas Simon maintained that he
was an alien enemy and had a broth
er In the Turkish army, when he
claimed exemption from the draft.
This could not be established to the
satisfaction of the exemption board
and he was certified.
Last night Simon met a member of
the exemption board in a drug store
and it is stated struck lflm and ran
to the store operated by him and his
brother. Persons who saw them enter
the store stated today that they and
Mrs. Simon immediately armed them
selves with pistols and rifles.
Sometime afterward officers went to
the store to arrest Thomas Simon for
the alleged assault. They were greet
ed with a fusillade of bullets, but re
turned fire and Mrs. Simon fell dead.
Every cartridge In the pistol found
by her right hand had been dis
charged.
After this first brush the two men
In the store barricaded themselves In
a vault and, it is stated, fired at any
one showing themselves. Several ve
hicles were struck.
At 4 o'clock this morning the offi
cers and citizens closed in on the store
and the two men attempted to escape
by a rear door, firing as they went.
Thomas Simon was killed, but Mose
got away.
Tropical Storm Is
Warning to Shippers
Washington, September 9.—An
other tropical disturbance has made
its appearance over the east Carri
bean sea In the vicinity of latitude
15 decrees north, the weather bureau
announced tonight. Shipping In those
waters was advised to exercise cau
tion. The bureau added that further
advices regarding the disturbance
will be Issued tomorow morning.
Baron Lowen Terms the
News As Great and
Disagreeable Surprise
“I Have Not Sent, Nor Caused to Be Sent by the
Legation Under My Charge, Any Telegram
From the German Legation,” Says the
Swedish Minister to Argentine
Washington, September 9.—The government’s exposure of
how Sweden’s legation in Argentina acted as a secret channel
of communication for Count Luxburg, German charge in Buenos
Aires, and the Berlin foreign office, has created a sensation
which absorbs the diplomatic corps and all official quarters al
most to the exclusion of all other subjects connected with the
war.
As a revelation of the machinations of German diplomacy it takes rank sec
ond only to the celebrated Zimmermann note plotting war between the United
States and Japan and Mexico.
State department officials today continued their policy of absolute silence,
but it was plain they deplored any attempt to color the incident as forecasting
a diplomatic break between the United States and Sweden.
Officials and diplomat^ entertained the
possibility that the Swedish ambassador
may have transmitted Luxburg's dis
patches without knowing their exact con
tents, taking the German charge’s word
that they were no breach of Sweden’s
obligation to Argentina. They alBO en
tertain the possibility that Luxburg, with
a diplomacy of which the world has
learned more since German secrets be
gan to leak out, may have told Lowen
one thing and written another in his
dispatcher
Whatever becomes the accepted ex
planation, officials and diplomats here
are unanimous in their belief that Swe
den must disavow any participation or
responsibility and take appropriate
pteps to show her good faith.
INTERNAL SITUATION _
This may be difficult because of the
Internal situation in Sweden, where the
upper circles are admittedly pro-German;
because of the fact that Sweden mili- j
tarlly a weak nation, lies at the meres i
of Germany at her borders, and alsi
because Sweden may wish to adopt on«
course while Germany may wiph her to
take another.
It is thoroughly understood that in
Stockholm the pro-German classes are
the court, tlse prof's { ’he ... iver
sities, the banker/s, ’ht officers of the
army and the Journalists. The most in
tense Germanophtle is the Queen, who
is a cousin of the Kaiser, while the
King has little to fay, but in spite of
contrary opinion, at heart favors the
English. The government is, in the main
neutral, but the lavish bestowal of re
ward in the shape of orders and decora
tions has won over certain officials to
the German /side.
The existence of an active German
propaganda in Sweden and Norway
dates back before the beginning of the
war when the fear of Russia was used
with the Swedes to such an extent that
the great mass of the people were pro
German.
No such development is even thought
of at this Juncture. At the present stage
it is wholly a matter between Argentina,
Sweden and Germany, with the United
States, her allies and the rest of the
world Interested onlookers, eager to
know how the mopt remarkable train ot
events will be explained or dealt with
by the three governments.
ACTION DISCOUNTED
Germany’s probable action is more or
less discounted. Anxloup to retain the
friendship of the few nations which have
not gone to war with her, it ip expected
that amends will be offered to Argentina
for the German charge’s references to
the foreign minister as a “notorious ass”
and his recommendations that Argentina
Hhtpp be destroyed “without leaving any
“trace.” This might take the form of
Luxburg's recall and a repudiation of his
action.
How Argentina will receive the in
sult, coming close on her “diplomatic
victory" with Germany, and apply it to
her determination not to Join the United
States in war, or even to sever diplo
matic relations is the subject of a good
leal of conjecture.
Undoubtedly public opinion in Argen
tina will go far toward determining that
point and there ha.s not been time for
It to erystaltze.
To Sweden, however, the United
States and its allies, as well, looks for
action which will purge the Swedish gov
Brnment and the Stockholm foreign of
fice of the stigma of knowingly having
been Germany’s tool in her newest in
trigue. American officials would like to
believe that Sweden officially dlpcounte
nances any such encroachments on her
neutrality; that the guilt was personal
to some particular officials, or possibly
that Count Lowen, Sweden’s minlpter in
Argentina, was imposed upon by Lux
burg and supposed that at the worst he
was lending the inviolability of his le
gation’s diplomatic privilege to an at
tempt to preserve peace rather than to
recommendations that Argentina's ships
and seamen be destroyed “without leav
ing any traces."
LONDON COMMENT
London, September O.—The Washing
ton state department’s revelation of
a Swedish diplomat In Argentina act
ing as an Intermediary for transfer
rlag German messagea to Berlin has
created one of the greatest Interna
tional sensations of the war. The de
SWEDISH MINISTER
DENIES CHARGES
Buen.ji Aires, September 0.—The
Swedish minister to Argentina,
Baron Lowen today denied that din
patches in cipher had been sent to
Berlin by the German charge
through the Swedish legation pt
Buenos Aires. He said:
“I have not sent, nor caused to
be sent by the legation under my
charge any telegram from the Ger
man legation. The news is a great
and disagreeable surprise.”
velopment itself is not, however, a
great surprise, the chief surprise be
ing that the American officials were
able to obtain the messages as they
did the Zimmerinann note of last win
ter regarding German overtures to
Mexico.
The Swedish government, with the
monarchy, the aristocracy and the
army officers, has been rated strong
ly pro-German throughout the war,
and Queen Victoria, in several publio
utterances, has proclaimed her Ger
man sentiments as strongly as any
German could. The Swedish people, on
tkf*- other 'land, a?;e repu ted a^-Ieaiv •
ihe strongly against Germany ; the
more recent stages of the war, par
ticularly since the unrestricted sub
marine campaign began.
Sweden’s leaning toward Germany
was regarded as a natural comple
ment to her old fear of the Russian
autocracy, but the entente nations held
the hope that when the cause for
that distrust was removed by the
revolution Swedish feelings might un
dergo a radical change.
SUSPICION CURRENT
The suspicion has been current in
England throughout the war that Ger
many was obtaining much informa
tion of military movements which
could not be secured through ordinary
spies, the spy industry, in fact, hav
ing been pretty well stamped out here
for more than a year past after a few
lessons taught by several executions
in the Tower of London.
The belief that Lord Kitchener's
death when the Hampshire went down
was the result of information trans
mitted to Germany of his departure
has been persistent with many and it
has at least the foundation that his
plans were known and discussed at
dinner tables in high society before
he started.
Compliments to American diplomacy
for the skill displa>ed in obtaining
the messages are a part of all the
comment on the affair. Incidentally,
there is much discussion as to wheth
er in view of the British and Argen
tine experience with Sweden, the right
of sending code messages should be
given to neutral diplomats during th6
war.
This identical question arose In “oa^
pan during the Russo-Japanese war
when Germany sent a military mis
sion headed by a Hohenzollern prince
to the Japanese army. The mission
claimed that international courtesy
and the princely rank of its chief re
quired that its correspondence bo
transmitted without censorship. This
claim was granted but against the
Judgment of most of the officers of
the front, who thought that no un
censored correspondence should go
from th* army in the held and soma
of who suspected that even the prince
was not virtually an observer for Rus
sia his reports would reach Russia by
way of Berlin.
AMERICA GIVEN CREDIT
"The discovery and deciphering
of the present series of telegrams
is due to the watchfulness and
skill of the American intelligence
service," says the Sunday Ob
server. The Observer states that It
received this information from
“truthworthy sources." The news
paper continues:
“It must cause some ground for
reflection to the German govern
ment that one of the first acts of
their new enemy, whose activi
ties and value in the prosecution
of the war they have affected to
despise, has been to expose a pro
cedure which affords damning evi
dence against themselves and
(Ceutiaoed on Page Two)
Two Shot—Soldiers Stop Parade
Springfield, Ills., September 9.—Two nr. e shot and wounded and
others were beaten wii.t revolver butt this afternoon \yhen the
Ninth Illinois Infantry broke up a lab' - planned as a demonstra
tion of sympathy with striking stree. «u conductors and moterinen. A
leader of the parade was Knocked down while carrying an American flag..
Several arrest* were made aud soldiers are patrolling the streets.
*

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