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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, September 22, 1917, Image 1

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Letter From Bernstorff to His
Government Made Public
Showing Infamous Du
plicity—Heflin Makes
Sensational Speech
In the House
Washington, September 21.—The message, dated January
22, 1917, follows:
“I request authority to pay out up to 50,000 (fifty thou
sand) dollars, in order, as on former occasions, to influence
Congress through the organization you know of, which can
perhaps prevent war.
‘‘I am beginning in the meantime to act accordingly.
“In the above circumstances a public official German dec
laration in favor of Ireland is highly desirable, in order to
gain the support of Irish influence here.”
Washington, September 21.—The American
government’s publicity spotlight revealing Ger
man intrigue in neutral lands turned today upon
the expenditure of money by the Berlin foreign
office in an effort to influence Congress on the
eve of the ruthless submarine campaign which
drove the United States to war.
Secretary Lansing made public without comment the text of
a message sent by Count Von Bernstorff to Berlin last January
asking authority to use $50,000 to influence Congress through
an organization which the foreign office was reminded had per
formed similar service before. To supplement this move Von
r Bernstorff suggested an official declaration in favor of Ireland
for its effect here.
The organization to be employed was not named in the message and Mr.
tatising did not discuss its identity. It was freely suggested among other
officials, however, that it was one of the various societies which flooded mem
bers of the House and Senate with peace messages when President Wilson
was asking that a state of war be recognized.
Tliis disclosure adds another chapter to
the amazing story begun with publication
of the famous Zimmerman note in which
Germany proposed an alliance with Mexi
co and Japan against the United States
and which has Included the Germ&n
Swedish breaches of neutrality in Argen
tina and Mexico. Tt connects the German
government and Count Yon BernstorfC
directly and conclusively with* machina
tions which the American public had as
sumed was a part of the world-wide Teu
tonic intrigue, but which many people
firmly believed were carried on or financed
in this country by German-Americans
without actual authority from Berlin.
Little surprise was occasioned either
in official circles or at the capitol, al
though members of Congress were highly
indignant. There was some talk at the
capitol of demanding an investigation
and Senator Overman, chairman of the
Senate, lobby committee, and Representa
tive Flood, chairman of the House foreign
affairs committee, arranged to go to the
state department tomorrow and ask for
more information.
On the floor of the House
Representative Heflin of Alabama
iiNserted that he could name 13 or
14 members of the two branches
of Congress who had acted suspi
ciously and expressed the opinion
that they should be Investigated.
Generally, however, the disposi
tion was to regard as absurd any
suggestion that any part of the
$50,000 sought by Von Bernstorff
was intended for members of Con
The me1 . uS was sent nine days before
the German government proclaimed its
unrestricted submarine warfare. When
he wrote it Count Von Bernstorff was as
suring the American government and
press that under no circumstances would
Germany violate her pledges of the Sus
\ sex case or do anything that might draw
k the United States into the list of her ene
f mles. With the Lusitania and other cases
In abeyance the American government
had' made no move since the Sussex
pledge and there was nothing on the sur
face to foreshadow impending trouble.
Two 'weeks later, whten Von Bernstorff
was handed his passports, he professed
ignorance of prior knowledge of his gov
ernment’s intentions to throw its prom
ises to the winds.
Evidence has been accumulating to
prove that the ambassador not only was
cognizant of but actually directed the
activities of Boy-Ed and Von Papen, the
military and naval attaches, who were
sent home long before the United States
broke relations with* Germany because of
their connection with bomb plots, passport
frauds, spying and other phases of the al
most unlimited operations in this country
of the German secret system.
How complete is the evidence of Ger
man diplomatic duplicity in possession
of the United States government is only
conjectural but that it is far more than
.lias been generally supposed now is cer
Jjftian. It was intimated by government
- ~ officials/ today that the series of reve
lations is not nearly complete. From
the outside there are reaching the y*$te
department echoes of the apprehension
<Coi»tl»«etf qm Pax* Two)
(. ~
r i ■ S*.., A t
Associated Press Correspon
dent at Buenos Ayres
Hears of Action From
Official Source
Buenos Aires, September 21.
Argentina probably will sever
relations with Germany tomor
row as the result of new devel
opments today, the Associated
Press learns from a high of
ficial source.
Buenos Aires, September 21.—The
Chamber of Deputies late today post
poned discussion until tomorrow of j
the crisis with Germany caused by
the unfriendly action of Count Von |
Luxburg, the dismissed German min- 1
ister. This postponement was taken
after receipt of a statement from
Foreign Minister Pueyrredon that the
government has received new informa
tion which he will present to the Con
gress tomorrow.
After a meeting of the ministry this
afternoon it was announced taht the gov
ernment was prepared to take grave and
rapid measures in view of certain new de
A high government official declared
that these measures probably would in
clude an immediate declaration of war
against Germany, to be followed by the
dispatch of troops to Europe.
Summary of News
1—Spotlight of publicity reveal* how
German gold wax used to lnflu«
ence Congress.
Berlin and Ylennn end replies to
Berlin and Vienna send replies to
Alabama boys at Camp Mlllw have
one day off with money In their
Argentina to break with Germnry
Jl—-Oklahoma antidraft organisation'*
were financed with German mone>
a*—-Rountree reaches Washington on
pioneer road tour.
7—General Bliss succeeds Scott as
chief of staff.
ft—Barrett says he will conduct com
palgn on decent lines.
Ward says T. A/s want to control
affairs at city hafl.
Formal r*l”ns to honor selectmen
ltusbton gives out details about
Ward conference.
Mass meeting In aid of suffering
Jews of Poland.
! ft—Mystery of double killing bellies
4—Kdltorlal comment.
6—Society and Dolly Dalrymple.
fit\iMil I
An “Ice* Cream Debauch” at
Near-by Towns Is First
Real “Outing” They
Have Had
Daily Round of Training Is
Now Most Strenuous of
the Fifteen Months in
Federal Service
Camp Albert L. Mills, New
York, September 18.—(Spe
cial Correspondence.)—The
work of the Rainbow divis
ion is going forward surely
and steadily. The daily
round of training is the most
strenuous the old Fourth
Alabama (now the One
Hundred and Sixty-seventh
infantry) had experienced
in all its fifteen months of
camp life.
There are drills, exercises, marches
and conferences from reveille almost
to taps. After taps, there is “nothing
to do till tomorrow.” Though most of
the twenty thousand troops en
camped here are old soldiers, their
training goes on just the same. A
man can’t be too good a soldier for
everseas service, nor can he know his
trade too well.
Though practically every hour of the
day is taken up, provision is made for
the necessary recreation, j The men har e
Wednesday and Saturday'afternoons off,
during which time they are gravely as
sured they may wash their clothing,
clean their equipment and take the nec
essary vaccines and inoculations. Those
who have nothing else to do may "put
in” for passes, which entitle the bearer
to absent themselves from camp. As
these passes are demanded at almost
every turn by stern-visaged military
police and as those luckless ones who
“forgot" theirs are hustled off under
guard, they are a very essential part
of a pleasure seeker's equipment.
i It is a pleasing ckstom of the military
I police to haunt railway stations, trolley
(Continued on Page Three)
Australians Holding
All Positions Taken
In the Great Drive
Gains Made on Flanders Line Thursday Consid
ered Most Important of Entire Year. Germans
Counter Attack Many Times But “Anzac”
Flag Still Flies Over Victorious Field
British Front In France and Belgium, September 21.—During the night the
British forces, with comparatively little opposition, consolidated and consid
erably improved the new line which they had won in their offensive against
the Germans to the east of Ypres.
Today from the newly acquired enemy stronghold, known as “Anzac,” south
west of Zonnebeke, flutters the Australian banner, a symbol of the greatest
victory which has markect British operations in the western theatre In the
past year, not excluding that at Nlessines.__
Southwest of Cheluvelt the Germans
still are holding a position which the
British desired, and today at 9:30
o’clock Field Marshal Haig began a
local attack here.
This morning found the British still
holding strongly the important posi
tions which they had wrested from the
Germans. The consolidating process
effected in the night was facilitated
by the British artillery, its effective
work preventing the Germans from
bringing up their reserves.
The importance of the new ground
won lies in the fact that it was high
ground taken on the ridge on which
the Anzac flag now files and extend
ing southward and constituting the
keystone of the German defenses here.
Over this the onrushing British yes
terday swept with irresistible force.
Aside from the local operation south
west of Ghlenuvelt the situation today
south of the Anzac stronghold was
virtually unchanged. The Germans
shelled the left of this front heavily
during the night and showed consid
erable activity also immediately to the
Northeast og St. Julien the Germans
formed last evening for a counter at
tack, but the B. Uish turned a heavy
rifle and machine gun fire into the
enemy ranks and dispersed them with
heavy losses.
The fighting yesterday was very bit
ter in many places. The enemy battled
determinedly to hold their positions
and when once forced from the lines
they were defending continued to re
turn to the attack in an endeavor
to oust thp British. During the day
no less than six counter attacks were
delivered on the front north of the
Anzac. but in each instance the as
saulting troops were hurled back.
Throughout this time the British
continued to improve their lines,
reaching out here and there to occupy
positions which would give them a
stronger hold.
In the day's success many parts of
the empire were represented. Aus
tralia. South Africa, England, Scotland,
all gave of their magnitude troops
who pushed out across the Inhospit
able marsh lands and battled their way
through concrete machine gun em
placements and redoubts.
The whole operation was a remark
able demonstration of what organi
zation, backed with plenty of big guns,
can accomplish.
Summary of Outstanding
Developments in News
From Fronts and Capitals
By Associated Press
The opposing armies still are
busy from the North sea to Swit
zerland in the west* from the Bal
tic* In the east. In Macedonia and
to the Adriatic. In Flanders, how
ever. the activity Is not intense.
Field Marshal Hals has made
complete his latest success and
his men are holding: tight to the
new positions taken from the Ger
mans on Thursday. Crown Prince
ltupprecht hurled counter attacks
against the new British lines, but
the Britishers held on firmly to
their gains. Berlin officially ad
mits that the British effort was
successful and that the Germans
were forced to evacuate some of
their defenses in the vital Ypres
salient, but it attempts to mini
mize the Importance of the ad
The British losses in the assault
are reported to have been light.
On the southern end of the west
ern front, the German crown
prince has suffered severe losses
In an unsuccessful attack on Mont
Haiit, in Champagne. Other at
tacks by the Germans on the
Aisne front and near Verdun were
repulsed by the French.
There has keen no marked fight
ing activity on the eastern front.
The Austrians and Italians ap
parently are resting on the Carso
front. In the Treutlno. however,
the two armies have been more
active, in an attack at Cima Stef,
in the Dolomite Alps, the Italians
gained the enemy defenses. The
Impossibility of securing shelter,
however, forced the Italians to re
Naval Academy Opens With
1452 Midshipmen Present
Annapolis, Md.. September 21.—All
attendance records at the Naval acade
my were broken when the Institution
opened for the academic year today
with 1452 midshipmen present. Seven
hundred and forty of these are mem
bers of the new fourth class, formed
during the summer month*.
German Kaiser and His Ally
Express “Desire For
Peace,” But Offer No
Terms Which Would
Not Mean Victory
For Them
By Aafiodatfd Pre»»
In reply to the peace proposals of Pope Benedict, the German
and Austro-Hungarian governments express the hope that the
pontiff’s efforts may bring about a cessation of hostilitiea
Emperor William “cherishes a lively desire” that the Vatican
appeal may meet with success.
Germany’s reply is written by a member of the Emperor’s
entourage, while that of Austro-Hungary is a personal missive
from Emperor Charles. Both notes to the pope were made
public almost simultaneously and apparently both follow the
same general trend.
Emperor Charles declares the “proposals will lead to peace
if the belligerent nations would enter into negotiations in the
sense of the pontiff’s suggestions in which he sees a suitable
basis for initiating exchanges toward a just and lasting peace.
He expresses the hope that the opposing belligerents may be
animated by the same idea.
The future arrangement of the world, the Emperor says, must be based on
the elimination of armed force, the freedom of the seas and on the rule of in
ternational justice and legality.
Emperor William has been following the efforts of Pope Benedict toward
peace- with "high respect and sincere" gratitude. The German reply desig
nates the pope's note as an "emphatic peace appeal."
Amsterdam, September 21.
The German government, in
its reply to the peace note of
Pope Benedict, a copy of
which has been received
here, “cherishes a lively de
sire” that the appeal may
meet with success.
Emperor William, the German note
says, has been following the efforts
of the pope toward peace for a con
siderable time with high respect.
The text of the reply reads:
"Herr Cardinal: Your eminence has
been good enough, together with your
letter of August 2, to transmit to the
Kaiser and King, my most gracious
master, the note of his holiness, the
pope, in which his holiness, filled with
grief at the devastations of the world
war, makes an emphatic appeal to the
heads of the belligerent peoples. The
Kaiser-King has deigned to acquaint me
with your eminence’s letter and to en
trust the reply to me.
"His majesty has been following for
a considerable time with high respect
and sincere gratitude his holiness' ef
forts In a spirit of true Impartiality to
alleviate as far as possible the suffer
ings of the war and to hasten the end
of hostilities. The Kaiser sees in the
latest step of his holiness fresh proof of
his noble and human feelings and cher
ishes a lively desire that for the benefit
of the entire world the papal appeal may
meet with success."
! Montgomery, September 21.—(Special.)
Col. Charles Wes brecht, commander of
the Tenth infantry, which was split Into
machine gun battalions by Major Gen
eral Treat, has been designated as colo
nel of the Eighth Ohio Infantry, an of
fice he held before. Final plans for the
splitting up of the regiment were com
pleted by division headquarters Friday.
Lieutenant Colonel I.ove of the Tenth
will become division exchange officer
and will have control of all regimental
As soon as tentage has been Issued
the Ohio division camp will be ready
for the 7000 selective service men of Ohio
who will be sent here to become part
of the division. It is probable that the
bulk of the men will go to the Fifth
infantry of Cleveland. Every regiment
will receive some of the men from Gen
eral Zimmerman's brigade, which will
be discontinued.
Practically all advance detachments
are ready for their regiments to move
southward, but they will not start until
the selective service men have been de
livered to their cantonments.
The engineers are now working on “no
man's land" and within a week will turn
| it over to the chief of staff with barbed
wire entanglements, shell craters and
I trenches. It will be used in training.
Camp Sheridan Nearing
Readiness for More Men
Part of New Orleans Is
Still Tied Up by Strike
New Orleans. September 21.—Expect
ed conferences between officers of
longshoremen’s unions, the 2100 mem
bers of which are on strike, and rep
resentatives of the steamship agents
association failed to materialize to
night and the tie-up of freight at the
local port continued. All together,
there are approximately 2600 dock
workers on strike.
headers of the longshoremen an
nounced tonight there was no neces
sity, in their belief for conferences as
the men nad decided definitely to re
main on strike until the employing
stevedores signed five-year contracts
at wage increases already agreed upon.
The stevedores ha\e been supported
by steamship agents in their refusal
to sign for more than three years.
Amsterdam, September 21.
Peace would come from the
recent proposals of Pope
Benedict if the belligerent
nations would enter into ne
gotiations in the sense of the
pontiff’s suggestion, Em
peror Charles of Austria
Hungary says in his reply
to the Vatican note.
The Emperor sees in the pope’s
peace proposal a suitable basis for
starting negotiations toward a just
and lasting peace and expresses the
hope that the nations opposing his
own may be animated by the same
Austria-Hungary’s ruler received the
pontiff’s note with a thankful heart, and
with an expression of hope that the pon
tiffs efforts may lead to the realiza
tion of the Emperor's desire for a last
ing and honorable peace for all parties.
Freedom of the seas is one of the peace
hopes of Emperor Charles In order that
heavy material burdens could be taken
from the natlonp of the earth and new
sources of prosperity opened to them.
The Austrian Emperor admits that the
future arrangement of the world must
be based on the elimination of armed
force and on the rule of International
justice and legality.
Austria is prepared, the reply states,
to enter into negotiations for the sub
mission of International disputes to com
pulsory arbitration.
The reply, received here in a dispatch
from Vienna, was handed to Monsignor
T. Valfre EH Bonzo. the papal nuncio
at Vienna, on Thursday.
The text of the reply follows:
"Holy Father: With due veneration
and deep emotion we take cognizance
of the new representations your holiness,
in fulfillment of the holy office en
trusted to you by God, make to us and
the heads of the other belligerent states
with the noble Intention of leading the
heavily tried nations to a unity that will
restore peace to them.
"With a thankful heart we received
this fresh gift of fatherly care which
you, holy father, always bestow on all
peoples without distinction and from the
depth of our heart we greet the moving
exhortation which your holiness has ad
dressed to the governments of the bellig
erent peoples. During this cruel war we
have always looked up to your holiness
as to the highest personage, who In vir
tue of his mission which reaches beyond
earthly things and thanks to the high
conception of his duties laid upon him,
stands high above the belligerent peo
ples and who is inaccessible to aJl In
fluence, was able to find a way which
may lead to the realization of our own
desire for peace, lasting and honorable
for all parties.”
"Since ascending the throne of our
ancestors and fully conscious of the
responsibility which we bear before
God and men for the fate of the Aus
tro-Hungarian monarchy. we have
never lost sight of the high aim of
restoring to our peoples as speedily
as possible the blessings of peace.
Soon after our accession to the throne
It was vouchsafed to us In common
with our allies to undertake a step
which had been considered and pre
pared by our exalted predecessor,
Francis Joseph, to pave the way for a
lasting and honorable peace.
"We gave expression to this desire
in a speech from the throne deliv
ered at the opening of the Austrian
Keichsrath, thereby showing that wt
are striving after a peace that shall
tCuUsned « Pigs Mae)

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