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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, September 23, 1917, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038485/1917-09-23/ed-1/seq-3/

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This Is Clearly Indicated in
Washington on Reecipt of
Notes From Berlin
and Vienna
Washington, September 22.
There will be no more dis
cussion of peace at this time
by the United States and the
entente allies unless it is
forced by a fresh appeal
from Pope Benedict.
This was clearly indicated both at
the state department and by allied
diplomats today after publication of
the unofficial texts of the replies of
Germany and Austria to the papal
appeal. There was nothing unex
pected in either response, although
the Austrian note aroused some in
terest because of its apparent sin
Officials believe that, heartened by the
replies of the central powers, the pope
will make a fresh attempt to bring the
belligerents together at the peace table.
If he does, it was indicated that, while
his note would receive courteous con
sideration, it would strike no responsive
chord so far as the United States is con
cerned" unless addressed directly to the
points involved in Presient Wilson’s re
ply to the first communication from the
Notwithstanding the apparent sincerity
of Austria’s reply, some diplomats held
the opinion that Germany was responsi
ble to a large measure for its character.
Many government officials, however, ap
peared to think that Austria’s response
was the cry of a government sickened by
warrare ana perhaps indicated a grow
ing spirit of revolt against German dom
Officials of this government have not
changed their conviction that while th«
pope was actuated by the noblest mo
tives, the governments of the central
powers are nevertheless taking full ad
vantage of it to further a skilfully con
ducted peace propaganda that has only
falsity for its basis.
London, September 22.—The reply of the
entente allies to the peace note of Pope
Benedict now Is being awaited by the
Vatican, after which the pope will again
address a note to all the belligerents.
The pontiff will point out that the ques
tions on which all agree really represent
the foundation of a new order of things
in the world and a new era of peace for
humanity. The secondary problems, he
will say. certainly can be adjusted easily
and better through good will and friend
ly discussion than by force of arms.
Il is understood that the next papal
note virtually will embody the views ex
pressed by Cardinal Qasparri, the papal
secretary of state, to tire Associated"
Press today in commenting upon the situ
ation after the publication of the reply
of the central empires to the pope's note.
“President Wilson's proposal to reduce
armaments and impose international ar
bitration by force through a society of
nations is a dream,” said Cardinal Gas
parrl. An international army to enforce
the verdicts of the court of arbitration?
In which country would it be located
without being influenced by local politics
and prejudices? The moon is the only
place possible.
"All the other conveniences and ob
jections could be avoided by suppressing,
conscription with the proviso that It
could not be re-established without a lav.
approved by the people, which in normal
conditions would be improbable, indeed,
morally impossible."
Tn Pent and Ecuador only one per
son in 1? is white: nearly three-riuar
ters are Indian, the rest are Chinese
and mixed—very mixed.
Seals Removal Sale
We have cut and slashed the price of every Piano and Player Piano to prices positively
never quoted before in an American newspaper. So ridiculous have we cut the prices of
these Pianos the reading public can hardly conceive the idea of us selling these high-class
Pianos at such unbelievable prices. Don’t say we can’t afford to make such ridiculous
cuts—come and see—be convinced. These Pianos will be sold absolutely regardless of
price o rterms. Included in our stock will be found such well known makes in new or used
Pianos as:
Wonderful New and Used Piano Bargains
You must hurry if you want one of these wonderful bargains. Don’t wait
one day—come in at once. These are only a few. We have many more.
30 Days Free Trial
o Money Down—S1.25 Per Week Up
t Everett
30 Days’ Free Trial—$1.25 Per Week
Htrt’» nn excellent Player-Piano. nuhafuny cnee, and the blgccat l>ar
«aln JOU ever saw tn your life. You can pay for thla Player on terms of
S1.75 per week.
We Must Move These Pianos. Your Terras Are Our
Terms. Select Yours Now
Look at These Bargains
Now is your chance. Buy from Alabama’s oldest piano house and get the
benefit of our 35 years of piano buying experience. All 88-note, latest de
sign. oak. mahoganv and walnut cose players.
Wow only
VVn* f650
Mr. Cash Piano Buyer
Make your dollars do double duty
here. Imagine going into Tif
-— -2/ —— fany’s jewelry store in New York
and buying a $250 diamond for $100. Would you do it? Would you pick a roll of money off the sidewalk? You save at
least $50.00 to $300.00 on your piano puchase here. Our proposition is simply this: We are going to move and we have
decided to close out the whole stock at practically any price offered Come in if you are going to buy for cash
tiever will regret it.
The Seals Piano Co.*s Policy:
Rvery Instrument fully guaranteed to be ns represented or monev re
funded without question or argument. Could anything be falrerf You '
ire given the ebolve of the finest pianos and player pianos In the world. "
Within one years* time you may eschange the piano or plover piano
you select for another piano or player piano of greater value on our
floors and nil payments made on first Instrument will be credited In full
against the second.
Out-of-Town Customers
Write for complete bnrgaln list of pianos and
player piano*. We ship anywhere In the atate
on 30 days' free trim and pay freight both
ways if you are not satisfied.
2017 First Ave. 0pmu%ild%c,«ST*1 Phone Main 206
(Continued from I’nxc One)
flee the United States must bestir it
"When I built the first submarine 1
at once began to think out means of
combatting it. On soundings, or in com
paratively shallow water, such as we
had in the Gulf of Finland, I suggested
to Russia the sfnall submarine chaser
of which we have built so many, with
bombs to explode at given depths or on
striking the submarine.
‘But such vessels are of no use in
deep water where there is plenty of sea
"The Idea that some magnet-affected
by the mass of a submarine thousands
of feet away may give notice of its
presence is visionary.
"No doubt an airplane could see a sub
marine at a good depth and possibly drop
bombs on It.
"Yet we see many seabirds flying and
few fish brought up and usually these
are got from a hovering position. I tried
once dropping oranges on tugs passing
under the Brooklyn bridge and did very
poorly. Yet I was standing still.
"Of course finely drawn theories of
running torpedoes from flying machines
are interesting, but they do not produce
results, and will not.
"The weakest spot In the Teutonic ar
mor is food. Their forests and their
crops cannot be destroyed, however, ex
cept by superior air forces.
“Such fleets of air vessels can be pro
duced and probably must be produce*]
unless the German government admits
the impossibility of winning and con
sents to stop further slaughter.
“Of course both sides now have fleets
of such vessels and the German airplanes
fo far beyond their battle lines.
“The. United States must produce
' enough vessels to feed the forces of the
allies during such construction.
“The best England did was 1,800,000
tons of merchant shipping a year.
“Speed is now the best protection of
the merchant vessel, but speedy trans
portation of freight is not economical.
A vessel at 12 knots burns about twice
as much coal as a vessel of the same size
at 10 knots.
“The only course Is not to design even
cargo carriers for peace service when
they are to be used in war. After-war
use, while of vast importance, must give
wav to present needs.
“And if we are to have 15-knot cargo
carriers we must not expect too much
from our country where shipbuilding has
heretofore been one of our great national
“For 50 years our policy has been 1
against our flag upon the ocean. If we
pay some attention to men who know and
j not try to run counter to economic truths
j we may in time become a shipbuilding
and a successful shipowning nation, but
we are not going to elbow other flags off
the ocean after the war without some
form of preference for our own vessels.
“It would be a brave man who would
hazard a guess as to the tonnage we
may produce.
“I hope it will reach 3.000,000 tons a year
and if this rate is arrived at in the next
18 months we may increase this each
year progressively by 1,000,000 tons, but
this will be with standard vessels, and
even with such type we shall not be able
to produce With a proper balance of ln
j dustrles in other productive lines as
much as u.OOO.OOQ top* per year in the
next 20 years.
“Where should the submarine boat be
checked if it is to continue to sink 4,000,
000 tons per year? The one sure way is
where it is built and where it issues.
“Helgoland must be taken or made
harmless and the entrances to Zeebrugge
and other bases blocked up in some
way. A policy of desperation will build
! submarines and send them forth with
large supplies of torpedoes, even if they
! are never expected to come back, and
once at sea most of them are effective.
The factories can only be attacked with
overwhelming air power—but the harbors
or bases can be reached both by air and
“As to the preparation. It is a matter
of thankfulness that our officers of the
army and navy are in control.
“For years we were told that armed
tugs would repel foreign fleets and cob
blestones foreign armies, by men who
wished to draw the people’s salaries on
the plea of saving their money.
“We have had a sad awakening and
J now the devoted men of our two services,
I with their connecting link, the gallant
I marine corps, are fitting us to flgfct.
| “Our battleships and destroyers are sec
j ond to none. Our submarines still leave
i much to be desired. We are gradually
• acquiring the auxiliaries needed, however,
! all of the best.
“Our army is splendidly organized. No
better guns and powder than are accum
ulating will be found in Europe. Niggard
ly policies have held back both army
and navy but now they are discarded.
“The President and an unusually able
Secretary of the Treasury, with vision
! and Courage, are leading the way in the
| necessary credits.
“Congress may pass the danger line
rn taxing earnings and do much dam
! age to initiative and development, but
| the country can afford to pay even though
j burdens are inequitably laid, the evils
of unscientific taxation simply being an
! other burden for all the people to carry,
j “But now the trained fighters of the
• country must be given what they want
• and the people of this country and other
I countries must face the expenditure of
j billions because they have refused to pur
I chase insurance at the cost of millions.
“The diletant in war who are now
coming forward by the thousands are ex- I
pensive but they are always with us.
The best policy for our people is to lis
ten to the fighters, and the reticence of
good fighters is in proportion to their
ability to realize that they are doing bet
ter far than untrained men could do the
work and to pay the bill without squeal
“What is the weak spot
“Not overtaking or checking the des
iiiation of cargo vessels.
-*Too many vessels are lost in the
dedlterranean. Submarines should
not be permitted to pass in by way
jt Gibraltar. Bases should be de
stroy eel on the Adriatic and If Eng
. and still holds Sed ul Bahr at the end
; of the Gallipoli peninsula, egress from
i ,iie Dardanelles should be prevented.
| “If submarines are permitted to
j pass out into the North sea. they will
continue to destroy. Naturally they
! are Increasing in size and efficiency.
"If overwhelming reinforcements
cannot be supplied to Italy and the
I sacrifice that is required to stop the
' egress of the submarines is not made,
then the war becomes a seige and it
becomes a question of one side sinking
ships faster than they are built and
the other side burning crops and other
food supplies.
“No great unknown force produced
; in some laboratory or in the mind of
some scientist is going to end the wa*.
“The world wants peace, but must
fight to get It and probably will get
it in the fall of 191S. when the wast
age of the men of France and England
is made up by arrivals from the Uni
ted States, while such wastage in the
Teutonic ranks about equalling that of
the allies cannot be replaced. If the
Scandinavian countries enter the war
against the allies, the conclusion of
the war will be put off through their
entry on the side of the allien would,
of course, hasten the end.
“The disclosures of the New York
Herald as to Germany wishing to
build Russian men-of-war are borne
out in my own experience When
meeting with the council of imperial
defense in Russia in an advisory ca
pacity, I prepared a number of designs
of various types of vessels and was
given to understand that I was to
build three, part in Russia and part
In the United States. One day Ad
miral Rojestvensky said to me in De
cember, 1905, that all our work was i
wasted as he had been told that U’.e I
Czar expected our vessels to be built !
in Germany as the German empire was i
ready to arrange a loan to the neo- j
essary amount with the understanding j
that they were to be built in Ger- |
“The advantages to the United
States growing out of its entrance
a belligerent are tremendous. We are
obtaining military equipment absolute
ly necessary to our national strength.
VVe are teaching millions of young
men co-operation and team work, self
dlsclpllne, proper appreciation of the
value of the man, understanding of
the necessity of safeguarding health,
high ideals, courage and patriotism.
“Much buncombe has been uttered on
the subject of immigration. If a cer
tain standard of physique and health
Is necessary for a man to be permitted
to fight for his country, an equally
high or higher standard should be re
quired of aliens seeking citizenship
to guarantee their right to bear future
Americans. Reports will In time show
that a mugh higher type of man is
found in native Americans on the av
erage than in those of alien birth. A
health standard is far more important
than either educational or financial
and I trust such a standard will soon
be adopted.
“Those in charge of the safety of our
young, men abroad must face preven
tive problems equal to those of the
strategy of war, that such men may
i>e guarded against diseases that may
sap their lives and be passed on to
generations to come. And sanctimon
ious sentimentality at home should
have no power to curb tho
methods of those having such tasks to
The colored Alabama Stgte fair, which
commenced here this week at Tidewater
park, Is meeting? with the greatest suc
cess of any h*eld here in recent years.
A “bigger, better and brighter” line
cf attractions are being presented, in ev
ery respect, and one of the main fea
tures of the demonstration department Is
the canning of foodstuffs and the making
of novetly and fancy garments. The suc
cess that has already made will prob
ably cause the management to continue
the fair the whole of next week.
Community Singing Will Be
Continued During Winter
at Popular Playhouse
All is 1n readiness for the first of
the Sunday afternoon “sings'’ that are
to be given for 30 consecutive Sundays
in Doew's Bijou theatre. The time for
beginning the programme has been
changed from 4 to 3 p. m., with the
doors opening at 2:30 o’clock.
The Philharmonic orchestra will play
Flotow’s beautiful “Stradella Over
ture,” three little numbers by Mo*
skowski. Dvorak’s “Humoresque,'* a
military number by Lampe. The so
loist for the occasion will be H. J.
Posner, baritone, who will sing “It
Was Not So To Be” and “Gypsy Dove
Several new members will be found
in the orchestra, among them being
Arthur Sewell, the new'ly appointed
bandmaster in the public schools.
The complete programme follows:
Overture. “Stradella" (Flotow), Phil
harmonic orchestra; Philip Memoli, di
Doxology; Invocation, Dr. James M,
Salute to the flag; “America.''
“Spanish Dance,” “Melody," “Sere
nada” (Moskowskl). Philharmonic or
“Nearer, My God, to Thee” (Mason),
“Humoresque” (Dvorak), Philhar
monic orchestra.
“It Was Not So To Be“ (Scheffel),
Mr. H. J. Posner, baritone.
“National Defense” (Lampe), Phil
harmonic orchestra.
“God. Hold Our Men” (tune “Amer
ica” >, everybody.
“The Star-Spangled Banner."
William A. TTudiburg, purchasing agent
for the 1'nlted States government at
Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Miss., and a
brother-in-law of Frank Rea, editor of
the Birmingham Magazine, has been fur
nished through the Birmingham Civic
association with a list of Birmingham
dealers, and It seems that Birmingham
lobbers are on to their jobs from the
way they are getting Dtislness out of
the Hattiesburg camp.
The hardware dealers of Birmingham
have already sold $150,000 worth of goods
to the government for Hattiesburg de
livery and there are many other lines
being recognized. A local department
store sold $400 worth of blankets re
cently on a rush order.
It is said this business la available
to all Birmingham merchants If they will
get on the mailing lists of the gov
ernment and watch out for the calls
for bids. The building has about been
completed, and now the supplies will be
bought to equip the camps, and calls
for bids may be looked for on articles
and goods of this nature soon.
Fashion Says “Boots
With Buckloth
The genuine Buckloth is as
smooth and smart as real
buckskin. It is cravenetted,
therefore, rain and spot
proof. It will not
roughen up like
cheap substitutes do,
but will render a
highly satisfactory
At Porters you get real Buckloth \
Dark brown Russia calf
Boot with real buckloth
top and 1 3-4-inch
military heel ....
Dull Russia calf Boot with
real buckloth top and
1 3-4- inch mil
itary heel.
Other new styles women will approve of
Patent Boot with 9-inch
sole and
Black gunmetal
Boot, with welt
the newest
walking heel
Same style in
Russia calf ..
Pearl, field mouse and
dark gray Kid Boots, with
9-inch matched cloth tops
and Louis
heels .. «PJLU
fawn cloth top and Louis
heel. Special QQ
Dark brown English Walk
ing Boot. A very attrac
tive new de- $10
sign at
This is the one store in town
That gives the child's foot every consideration and care in fitting
footwear. Only the best materials, correctly made, arc good enough
for our young patrons. Prices, according to size and kind, are
$1.00 T0 $5.00
Women’s Kayser Silk Hosiery,
Special Values .
Pii-e dye, Ingrained, which means that the yarn is dyed before being
woven—giving the wearer greater service and absolutely fast color.
1922-1924 First Ave. In the Heart of Birmingham

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