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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, October 22, 1917, Image 4

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THE AGE-HERALD
to. w. n\itKiorr
lOtlitor
Entered at tain Biiniiinwtt»m, Ala.,
postoffice as second-class matter un
der act of Congress. March S, 1879.
Daily ami Sunday Age hLeraiU. y«ar
Dally without ritufcJa.v
Daily ana Sunday, per month..
Daily anu Sunday, three months..
Sunua> Age-1 lerald. yei uiwuum.
Weekly Age*Herald, per annum..
.<u
2.0 i
ISo communication will •>« published
without its aumor s name. Kejecteo
nianutecripi will not be leluru*-..
stamps are enclosed for that purpose.
Kemi nances can he made at current
rate of exchange. The xvge-iieraid vvul
nc-t he responsible for mouey aciiv
through the mails. Address.
THE AGJS-111SRALJ5,
Birmingham. Aia.
Washington Bureau. U0» Hihhs Build
ing.
European bureau. G Henrietta streo.,
Covent Garden. Band oil.
Eastern business office. Kootni 4i> -o
§0, inclusive. Tribune Building. .New
york city; western business office.
Tribune Bu.Bfclns. Ohicaeo. The S. C.
Beckwith Special Agency, agents Soi
foteign vdvertlsin*.
Member of the Ahaoeiated Frees
The Age-Herald is the only morning
«nd Sunday newspaper in Birmingham
carrying the Associated Press dis
Pfitcil€o
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for reuublloatlon
of all news dispatches credited to it
or not otherwise credited In this paper
and also the local news published
herein.
All rights of republication of spe
cial dispatches herein are also re
served.
TELEPHONE
Bell < private exchange connecting
nil departments) Main t*W.
There was never yet fair woman but
■he made months In n glass.
—Kin* Lear
BEGINNING THE DAY—Father
of all being, lttt nee this day with
the realisation that the thing I
carry Is greater fham all the ntars.
Teach me that the eye that looks
is greater than all It earn see, that
the mind that thinks Is grester than
nil It can think abont. O, what shall
it profit a man if he gain the whole
world and lose his own soolf Amen.
II. M. E.
Liberty Day and
Liberty Bond Sale
LAST week was liberty week in
Birmingham. The patriotic
■workers in the second liberty bond
campaign were markedly successful.
This city’s allotment of bonds—
$4,500,000—lacked only about $500,
000 of being disposed of, and now
that the enthusiasm of the people
has been aroused to a very high pitch,
the committee in charge is confident
that the local oversubscription will
run close to 100 per cent.
There will be a great “speeding up”
throughout the country and when
Liberty Day arrives the maximum of
this second bond issue—five billion
dollars—will have been absorbed by
the American public. All patriotic
citizens now appreciate the gravity of
the war situation. And it is gratify
ing to know that in all the large cities,
including Birmingham, the demand
for the bonds is becoming more eager
etch day.
But the administration has been
particularly desirous of popularizing
these bonds in the small towns and
villages, and this is being done. In
several of the small towns of Alabama
liberal subscriptions have been re
ported already, and this week rural
totals should make a fine showing.
Wednesday is Liberty Day and it
will be observed in Birmingham with
characteristic ardor. We have had
many patriotic parades here since
America entered the war, but that of
day after tomorrow will eclipse them
all. The air will be filled with mar
tial music. There will be convincing
©ratory, and heartthrobs, and if any
man had hestitated about buying a
bond he will hesitate no longer.
Everybody will be keyed up to do “his
bit” and one of the ways he can do it
ia to purchase a bond. It is not giv
ing away money; it is simply lending
to Uncle Sam at a good interest rate.
But lending at this time, when the
nation is facing- its greatest crisis, is
an act of real humanity. It is at
ibnee a safe investment and a deed of
* philanthropy.
Not only will the government raise
five billion dollars on its 4 per cent
bonds, but other loans will be floated
jf livith comparative ease as the time for
| A mighty drive of our brave men in
^'Trance approaches.
Blit let all Birmingham remember
Wedncsday and be in line.
* * *
Tuberculosis as
a War Problem
THE Southern 1 ubsruulusts con
ference of the National associa
tion, which is to meet in Chattanooga
November 9 and 10, will be attended
by some of the best known specialists
| engaged in fighting the white plague.
Every phase of tuberculosis in its re
lation to military problems will be dis
cussed. Alabama will be ably repre
sented on the programme by the Rev.
Pp. George Eaves, secretary of the
Instate league and recently elected a
director of the Notional Association
| for the Study and Prevention of
: Tuberculosis.
The entire programme was made
[with reference to the particular bear
ing of tuberculosis on the “special
i problems and responsibilities created
| by the war.’’ On the opening day Dr.
; Eaves will discuss facts* and figures
: about tuberculosis as a war prob
! lem and on the following day hospital
and sanatbrium provisions.
In the general medical session Dr.
Charles L. Minor of Asheville, N. C.,
will read a paper on “What Consti
tutes a Diagnosis of Tuberculosis Suf
ficient for Rejection From the Army.’’
Every physician in Alabama who
can sgare the time should plan to at
tend the conference.
* * *
Entire State Shocked
By Assault on Doty
EDWARD DOTY, editor of the Tus
caloosa News and president of
the Alabama Press association, a pop
ular and widely known newspaper
man, was assaulted in the office of the
News and so badly beaten that he was
taken to an infrmary in a serious con
ation. The persons charged with at
tacking Mr. Doty behind locked doors
are directors and employes of 'the
News. They were arrested on war
rants charging assault with intent* to
murder.
According to the statement dictated
by Mr. Doty, the assault was a mo«t
outrageous affair in which at least
four men took part. The trouble re-*
suited from a disagreement over own-,
ership of stock and control of the
News. Mr. Doty’s adversaries say
they will give out a statement at the
proper time.
Whatever explanation may be of
fered, there is no getting around the
fact that Mr. Doty was severely beat
en, as his present condition shows,
and the entire state is incensed by an
attack on a defenseless man that was
both cowardly and brutal. The
affair is most shocking and dis
graceful. It is a serious reflec
tion on Tuscaloosa, a delightful old
town, noted for its culture and re
finement. It fact, Tuscaloosa is about
the last place in the world where
anyone familiar with its history and
environment would expect the “gang
ing” of one of its prominent citizens
by his associates in business.
Mr. Doty took charge of a moribund
[newspaper in Tuscaloosa and soon
made it one of the best small dailies
in the south and something the Druid
City had never had before—a real
daily newspaper. The sensational af
fair of Saturday should be given a
| thorough airing in court and the good
jname of Tuscaloosa vindicated.
Recruits Wanted for
“Gas and Flame” Service
A SPLENDID opportunity to see
active service in France is of
fered expert mechanics and chemical
workers in the “Gas and Flame” serv- j
ice of army engineers. Major Atkis
son of the Thirtieth engineers has au
thorized The Age-Herald to urge en
j listments in this regiment, which is
now being recruited and will be sent
abroad by Thanksgiving Day. Any
man who is accepted may rest assured
that he will soon be in France and
engaged in a service calling for the
highest qualities of skill in his pro
fession, as well as personal pluck and
energy.
Men who are skilled and practical
are wanted—the sort of men who have j
had experience, are physically fit and
will be able to give a good account of
themselves. The regiment will super
vise in the field the “gas and flame”
work of the American offensive which
starts next spring. They will be used
as instructors along the front and
will perform a very important and pa
triotic work, a service by many
deemed the most exciting and pic
turesque of modern warfare.
As the Thirtieth is the pioneer
American organization in “gas and
flame” service, men who enlist now
will play an important part in Gen
eral Haig’s operations. All recruits
will have to enlist as privates with
pay of $33 per month and expenses,
but they will have a chance for rapid
advancement to noncommissioned and
commissioned grades. Men who have
had the necessary experience may be
assigned to special duty and given
noncommissioned ; ank, with pay
ranging from $40.20 to $96 per month
and all expenses. Ability will gain
immediate promotion.
Chemists, analytical, research and
manufacturing; chemical workers,
powdbrmen, men experienced in gas
manufacture, machinists, automobile
repair men, men able to operate and
repair gas and steam engines, pipe
fitters, electricians, designers, inter*
Ipreters, carpenters, blacksmiths,
| boiler-makers, plumbers and chauf
| feurs are wanted.
Loyal Americans between the ages
of eighteen and forty, who have not
i been drafted and have the necessary
; qualifications, may join the “gas and
flame” service by going to the near
; est recruiting station or the United
States district engineering office,
where they will be examined and if
accepted will be sent immediately to
(the headquarters of the Thirtieth regi
ment of engineers at Camp American
University, D. C.
Here is a chance to serve Uncle
Sam that no red-blooded man with the
necessary qualifications can afford to
miss.
Christmas Packages
for Boys in France
EARLY shopping for Christmas
has come to be the rule in re
cent years, but our soldiers in France
are to be remembered by parents and
sweethearts at home, and that has
necessitated shopping earlier than
usual.
The mail to the boys in Central
Pershing’s expeditionary army has
been heavy for several weeks past, but
it will be still heavier between now
and November 10, when the Christ
mas pouches will be closed.
As much pleasure as Christmas
shopping ordinarily affords good
mothers, in many cases it is accom
panied by deeper tenderness now'.
Many a package sent by a loving par
ent to a son serving with the colors
abroad is hallowed by tears. The sol
dier boy who is ready for the firing
line may have looked spon loved ones
■at home for the last time. But many
vf our women are as brave and pa
triotic as loyal men. They have forti
tude and the right spirit, and while
they pray for the safe return of their
sous they would rather hear they were
among the slain than that they had
faltered in defense of their country.
Beflore it is too late for the mail
schedule thousands of kind people,
other than relatives, will remember
the bdjys and dispatch Christmas
greetings. But the son who is lonely
finds no love like a mother’s.
One reason why Berlin police have pro
hibited persons under 16 years ol age
from smoking is because there is a
shortage of tobacco and older smokers
have difficulty in satisfying their wants.
Still, a lad who is too young to smoke
may be sent to the trenches, it seems,
a * a
With Turkey, Bnlgaria and the lmai
Mniar.’hy weary of war and sick ot
Prussianism, the Kaiser Is doubtless
wondering how much longer his plunder
bund will stick t»gether.
* * S»
The Age-Herald erred in saying that
Robert Fitzsimmons was knocked out
by Hon. Corbett. It was Hon. Jeffries
who administered the sleeping powders.
* * *
The Hun airman chooses a night when
4
the moon is shining to do his dastardly
work. Unfortunately for London, there
is no way to "turn off” the moon.
o • a
It would not be surprising If a certain
one of the Kaiser’s allies were to dou
blccross him, with,a fine disregard tor
his iron crosses.
* * a
The arrest of AEce Paul for picketing
the White House was one of the least
disturbing items published In yesterday's
newspapers.
a * *
Zeppelins are becoming active again,
thus disproving the report that they had
been sent to the scrap heap in favor ot
airplanes.
* a a
A New York chorus girl Invested Jltxxi
in liberty bonds. Probably one of the
poorer girls who doesn't own a Rolls
Royce.
a a »
‘‘The omnibuses, however, continued
running.” It takes more than a flock
of Hun airmen to fluster a London om
nibus.
* * *
Senator Vardaman has become eo un
popular In his state that Misslsslpplans
no longer care to hear him recite poetry.
• ■So
The high price of highballs along the
Great White Way has not lessened the
consumption to any noticeable extent.
* * * .
"Would you call your two feet a pleas
ure vehicle?" asks the Washington
Times. Not when our corns hurt.
a a *
It certainly is gratifying to read so
little in the papers nowadays about
Mayor Thompson of Chicago.
• * •
It may be due to food conservation,
but something Is wrong with this sea
son's crop of mince pie.
• * a
When you come to think of it, tne
Japs are in a fair way to enforce a Mon
roe doctrine ter Asia.
a a a
Speaking of the pleasures of shopping,
v. bat could be more soul-satisfying than
buying liberty bonds?
• a a
The mortality among the Kaiser’s six
sons since the war started Is hardly
worth mentioning.
a a a
There is no war slogan In the capital,
but there Is a settled conviction that the
Kaiser must go.
a a a
The Demoii Rum as a factor in Ala
bama politics simply will not down.
V
TN HOTEL LOBBIES
AND ELSEWHERE
Max Blakr Much Better
"I am glad to state that my brother
I Sam is rapidly recovering from tho re
cent operation that he underwent for
I appendicitis." said Sam Flake. "Ho was
able to leave the hospital in Nashville
on Sunday night for Atlantic City,
where he will be for several weeks be
fore returning to Birmingham."
_
Fine I,ectnre Course
"I am glad to announce that I have
! booked some fine lectures,” said Prof.
| C. A. Brown, the chairman of the Bir -
jmingham Lyceum course.
I "I am pleased that we will have as
one of the speakers, the Hon. Frances
Neilson, who was a conspicuous mem
ber of Parliament from 1910 to 1915,
and for 15 years the leader of the ad
vanced liberal party in England. He
I has a great subject for his address,
j Secret Diplomacy and Sudden War.’
[and in view of some of Secretary Lan
sing's revelations amt Ambassador Ge
rard’s book It Is exceedingly timely.
The course will open about the middle
of November.”
Good Possum Weather
"Yes, siree, 1 am glad we had a good
frost, for possums are now ripe,” said
Vann Mason of the Wimberly & Thom
as Hardware company. If you don't
know him by name he Is the man who
meets you at the door and gives you
such a hearty welcome.
'T went out Saturday night on the
river with some congenial friends and
got me one. I am sorry for any one
who has never been possum hunting
or who Is too old to tramp over the
hills and follow the possum dogs.”
See Atlnnta Fair
‘‘I went over to Atlanta with Messrs.
Dent, Burton and Blinn to attend the
Southeastern Fair,” said II, A. Brown,
"and we were delighted with the dis
plays and the buildings.
‘The cattle and agricultural exhibits
were really very fine, and the com
modious cement buildings made us all
want some for Birmingham mighty
bad. But Just wait and we are going
to show this district and Alabama
something to be proud of in the way
of permanent buildings and an educa
tional and entertaining fair.”
Had Pleasant Hour
“We are more than pleased with the
outcome of the luncheon held Friday,
said R. L. Sparkman, president of the
Furniture Dealers’ association. “Every
one had a very pleasant hour and it re
sulted In a better understanding be
tween not only members of the associa
tion, but between the association and
the city commission-elect.. Talks of co
operation were the features of the meet
ing, being given not only to the encour
agement of the individuals, but to the
organisation as well, to co-operate and
strengthen each other with their ideas
and suggestions.”
Caught In the Draft
“The draft is taking many of the
well known figures In and around
Birmingham,” said Hardie Brown, the
latest being Robert Kyle, the genial
day clerk at the Morris hotel, who will
leave on an early train this morning
for Cleveland, O., where he was living
at the time he registered. Mr. Kyle is
well known here, having been con
nected with the Hillman hotel a num
ber of years and lately, since his re
turn from Cleveland, has been with the
Morris hotel. He will join the Ohio
troops in their training camp.”
Leaders of Music
"The concert at Loew's Bijou yes
terday was very enjoyable to those who
like music, not only of a classic na
ture, but also the good, old songs that
we all know and love,” said W. F.
Redding, who was stopping at the
Tutwller yesterday, “Itobert Lawrence
is a wonderful leader and Phillip-Mom
oli, conductor of the Philharmonic or
chestra, is a real musician. These two
artists can do much for Birmingham
along this line if the people will get
behind them and give them the proper
support."
LUKE M'Lt'KE SAYS
It often happens that tne fellow who
can’t hear conscience when it usee a
megaphone has no trouble in hearing
temptation when it whispers.
Compulsory education is a great thing
in many respects. But the great mass
of the eommun peepul will continue to
prefer a vodville show to grand opera.
The first time a man tells a-princess
that she Is an angel, tho princess makes
up her mind to begin taking lessons on
the harp.
If you do not believe that this is a
land of promise, just go Into business
and extend credit to your customers.
It Is a good thing that men do not
wear lingerie. If they did, it would os
black after they had worn it for a day.
Isn't It strange how hard it is to make
a small boy take a bath and how hard it
is to keep him from going swimming?
A man considers it mighty cheap to
only have to pay >2 to obtain a licanse
to get the light of his life. And later
on he may consider It a whole lot
cheaper to only have to pay $200 to get
a decree to get rid of her.
You may imagine that you are some
pumpkins as a fighter and that you will
always be able to fuss your way through
life. But Napoleon finally met some
one who could whip him, and so will you.
You may also have notice that the
man who wants to do all the talking also
has a habit of interscoring the “1" in his
conversation.
A man may be dumb in other respects.
But aftei he gets married it doesn't take
him long to discover who Is boss.
If jou want your old ags respected
you should see to it that you get gray
before you get bald.
There was a time when daughter
feared that the young man might peep
into the big Family Bible on the center
taoie in the parlor and discover her real
age. But women folks do not take
chances like that any mors, and the
beLing la that you couldn't find any
kind' of a Bible In the house with a
search warrant
The expression “sweating bloc-?’
plies as well to the ftrat evening a young
man spends at a girl’s horns in the pres
ence of her father as it does to the
first time he has to stand up In front
of the judge in police court and tell how
It happened.
Now that German textbooks are barred
from our publ'c schools. It Is about time
that the apostles of kuftur set tire ts
a few of these institutions and earned j
an Iron ososs by burning a few doxen
children to death.
Give a young man his choice between
rheumatism and smallpbx and he will
take rheumatism. But an old man
knows better end will choose smallpox.
A woman Ukes to purchase expensive
goods beesuse they wear better than the
other kind. But that isn't the reason
Why she buys silk -C
MEN, WOMEN
AND THINGS
T am glad that Birmingham is thor
oughly aroused on the necessity of tak- <
ing her allotment of the liberty loan j
bonds. Chairman Carson Adams ana
the committees working under him
are doing splendid team work, but I
am also glad that other Alabama cities
are equally stirred.
I went to Anniston, and was there
Thursday and Friday, and was in elose
touch with those Interested in getting
the question before the Annlstonians
ns well as the soldier boys at Camp
McClellan. I overheard a civilian say
it was a shame to ask the soldier
hoys to subscribe. I did not know who
he was but I "butted” into the con
versation, for I gathered he was not
much in sympathy with anyone's buy
ing thorn. I am afraid I was not cour
teous, for he sneaked away and left
me the center of the group in the lobby
of the hotel.
• • •
It's bad enough for a man not to
buy as many as he can without try
ing to throw cold water on the pa
triotism of the men who are willing
to make sacrifices to own one or more.
The soldier boys JJtemselves did not
seem to want anyone to put a "soft
pedal” on the efforts of the speakers to
explain the bonds to them and give
them a chance to buy them. There are
always a few men in every town whose
motto is to “get all they can and keep
what they get.” It’s bad enough for
them to do this without trying to keep
other people from having civic and na
tional pride.
I via;: invited to speak at the Rotary
lunch at the Alabama hotel on Fri
day, where the local campaign was
launched, and I was mighty proud to
tel! them the part the Birmingham ISo
tarians were having in doing their bit
to make the second issue a success.
They are young in the Rotary game,
but they have the true Rotarian spirit.
After the lunch they formed in line
and inarching behind a military band,
paraded up and down Noble street,
carrying banners and stopping on the
principal corners, various members
spoke in behalf of the bonds. They
put me on the firing line, and being a
Rotarian I had to speak.
Dr. Lang, the president, at the
luncheon was telling how hard it was
to get speakers to make four-minute
addresses at the theatres, and that
while he was accustomed to making
addresses on all kinds of occasions,
that he really hated to talk at the
movies. Up spoke a Rotarian saying;
"The only thing the Doctor hates about
it is that he has to quit in four min
utes.” I thought of the persiflage that
some of us have to put up with at our
Wednesday lunches when we get the
floor at the Tutwiler, and my heart
went out to him. But if a Rotarian
can't stand the gaff while on his feet
he had better sit quiet at table.
» • •
T was standing on a prominent cor
ner about 4 p. m. when Dr. Lang came
up to me and said; "I want a speaker
at the Savoy at 4, will you serve?” It
was foolish question No. 900.1, for every
one who knows me knows that for 20
years I haven’t declined when called
upon to make a speech no matter what
the occasion. I remind myself of a
sport who used to make Eufaula on
his rounds. The local editor inter
viewed him and Sim said; ”1 have
been away two weeks. Talked politics
several times each day. Discussed the
weather morning, noon and night. Ate
three times each day. Asked to drink
31 times, drank 31 times." If you
want to know how many times I spoke
in Anniston I do not mind telling you.
Askld to speak four times, spoke four
time. At the camp, at the lunch, on
the streets and at the theatre, ana
was only sorry that I was not invited
to stay over and preach Sunday.
I was about to overlook an Invita
tion that was extended. I was stand
ink at division headquarters. Gorm
ler. our representative at Camp Mo
di'Ian, came up almost out of breath
saying. "Walter Blackman told me to
get you and bring you with me as
he has got a chance for you to speak.
General Gaither and Tom kilby want
you to address a big gathering of sol
diers.” I started to go, but It began
to rain, and as the speaking was in
the open air, I thought it might be
called off before X could get there. I
never thought of It until too late or 1
would have gone and given them a
rain check and apoken at a later date.
I do not mind owning up. I like to
speak lust as I like to preach. If my
audiences enjoyed It half aa much a*
I do I would never lack for an op
portunity to talk. Why not? = There
are so many Interesting things to tall
of In this twentieth century. I could
sympathize with Secretary Lana We
were at Florence Just having made the
trip through Muscle Shoals Bitting lu
a carriage together. Around us were
hundreds of fine stalwart men. Turn
ing to roe ho said: “How I would like
to address this crowd on the opportu
nities In Alaska.” He had the oratori
cal temperament. He saw an audience,
and he waa eager to get at them. He
felt he had a message.
• • e
I am saying this beacuse this week
you are going to have a chance to hear
the four-minute men. There are some
of them who will speak from a sense4
of duty, they would like to get out of
It, while there are others who will get
a lot of fun in doing it. If any of the
60 men selected for the work get up
to talk at the movies or the theatres,
be sure and give them what theatre
people call "a hand.” It helps a whole
lot. Up to and through Wednesday
they are going to drive home to you
the need et buying -- liberty loan bond.
Give them applause when they stand
before you, but the best way to show
your appreciation of their talk win be
to ipveat In a bond. They will stand
an encore when it comes to buying.
iiUmi/ttYt (ft i
A PROFESSOR’S Flint
From the Chicago Tribune.
The danger of sending your huebatxi
on errands la illustrated in the follow
ing: "A professor in a western univer
sity went to Missouri ter Ms Wtte AM
married a pretty little country itrL"
INDUSTRY IN THE SOUTH
ny HOLLAND
New York, Octoiber 21.—Special.)
Several years ago a convention was
held at Atlanta. Ga., whose member
ship was made up of representative
business men of the nouth. The con
vention listened with much interest to
several addresses delivered by men
who had achieved greatly In business,
Industry and finance Jn th,e north.
Two of the addresses commanded espe
cial attention and have become tra
ditional. One was delivered by George
Westinghouse. It was in fact the last
of Mr. Westlnghouse’s Infrequent ad
dresses. He was much interested In
the inexhaustible natural resources
which the south possesses in its water
powers. He asserted that through the
utilization of these powers converted
by modern apparatus into electrical
energy, the south could in a com
paratively short time match If not
surpass any other section of the coun
try with respect to industries and
could at the same time secure abun
dant energy far the operation of rail
roads, highway trolleys and for light
ing purposes.
George W. Perkins also delivered an
address in which he called the at
tention of the business men of tli»
south to the fact that the econom
ically sound principle upon which sue
fessful industry is based is repre
sented by Co-operation, co-ordination
and a new and satisfactory co-opera
tive spirit between those who work
with their hands and those who work
with their heads.
Partly as a result of the suggestions
which were made at this business con
gress of the men of the south, re
markable advances in industrial ac
tivity have been made, especially in
the utilization of the water power of
the south. This inexhaustible resource
has made it possible to establish a long
chain of cotton manufacturing plants
which, as a whole, bisect North Caro
lina and penetrate South Carolina and
Georgia.
Now the government is to establish
in the south a great plant which will
reflect the achievements of men of
science and research who have at last
taught the lesson whereby nitrogen
in vast quantities may be taken from
the atmosphere.
It was thought expedient by those
who have the interests of the south
constantly in mind that there should
be held in New York in this month of
October a convention entitled “The
Southern Commercial Congress.” ft
may seem strange that the great
forces which are now in co-operation
working out the possibilities of the
south so that in due time that section
may become as pre-eminent from an
industrial point of view as it has been
from an agricultural point of view,
at least in the production of cotton
and sugar, should have made choice 1
of New York as a place for holding
a commercial congress devoted to the
interests of the south.
Nevertheless it has been well known
to southern leaders that New York
capital has been furnished in almost
unlimited amounts to aid in southern
development. There is no section in
the country whose industrial advance
has been more closely watched or
more encouragingly stimulated by men
of capital of New York than has been
the case of the south.
One of the foremost bankers of New
York when speaking some weeks ago
of the amazing advance of the south,
an advance which began a little over
30 years ago—said that the time was
not distant when by reason of her in
dustrial development which was pro
gressing sympathetically with her ag
ricultural development the south will
have secured, through the new. wealth
which she has created, all the capital
needed for the advancement of her in
dustries and agriculture. That has
been to some extent an experience of
the farmers in many parts of the west .
and especially in the northwest. Not
withstanding the magnitude of the
crops this year, much less money has
been sought by borrowing from the
banks for financing the crops from the
harvest fields to the markets than was
formerly the case. The farmers are
beginning to finance with their own
accumulations from their industry.
Richard H. Edmonds, editor of the
Manufacturers Record at Baltimore,
who is recognized as perhaps the lead
ing authority upon industrial and ag
ricultural conditions of the south, re
cently stated that the money value of
the agricultural product* harvested in
the south in the year 1917 Is approxi
mately $6,000,000,000 and that is nearly
$1,500,000,000 greater than the monay
value of the crops harvested last year.
It this estimate is correct, and there
is no doubt of its accuracy, then the
money value of the harvests of the
south this year is fully equal to the
money value of the crops harvested in
the northwest and in the great grain
producing states.
Mr. Edmor.ds says that this agricul
tural activity is well balanced by the
Industrial and railroad advances which
have been made in the south during
the year. It was expected that this
would he a special feature of the ad
dresses and discussions at the South
ern Commercial Congress in New York
city.
Mobilizing industry and infusing en
ergy into industry so that it is put to
its proper speed has been in this year
of 1917 especially conspicuous of the
south. Every mining enterprise, every
furnace, every steel plant, and almost
every cotton mill In the south is
crowded to the limit of its capacity
and its ability to obtain needed la
bor, while lumber Interests are hav
ing an increased call for their output
and shipbuilding which is running far
into the hundreds of millions of dol
lars is in progress. From one point
of view there is no longer any exclu
sive or purely local industrial sec
tion in the United States. Every in
dustry whether upon the Atlantic,
upon the Pacific, in the valley ol’ the
Mississippi or in the south is, under the
stimulus and leadership of the fed
eral government, rapidly becoming
mobilized and in a sense centralized. \ *
WASHINGTON IN WAR TIME <
"Observer,” in the New York Sun.
S I observed how the civil war
** “ I am induced to make a com
parison which may be of interest. In
1861, then 16, I visited Washington
with a brother who was 18. The whole
way from Philadelphia the railroad was
guarded by sentries, making a great
impression on our youthful minds. .We
attended a White House reception and
shook hands with President Lincoln on
one of his "public bath” days,, as he
styled them. We hired a buggy and
drove across the long bridge into Vir
ginia. where we inspected General Mc
Clellan’s 'fortifications. Taking our
lunch along, we shared it with a sol
dier from Maine who was posted at
the wayside.
In Washington all the hotels were
jammed \yh excited and noisy people.
Soldiers were everywhere, a Tot of them
rushing about mounted on horses,
lounging around bars and other public
places, spitting over everything in
reach, sitting with heels up in hotel
corridors, and most of them apparently
had nothing in particular to do. Look
ing back on this trip it quite makes
one shudder to contemplate Abraham
Lincoln wasting his time receiving such
a crowd as we helped to form and his
NO MONOTONY IN NATURE
Gavld Grayson, in the November Am
erican Magazine.
One of the greatest curses of mill or
factory work, and with much city work
of all kinds, is its interminable mo
notony; the same process repeated hour
after hour and day after day. In the
country there is Indeed monotonous
work, but rarely monotony. No task
continues very long; everything ohanges
infinitely with the seasons. Processes
are not repetitive but creative. Nature
hates monotony, is ever changing and.
restless, brings up a storm to drive the
haymakers from their hurried work in
the fields, sends rain to stop the plow
ing. or a frost to hurry the apple har
vest. Everything is full of adventure
and vicissitude! A man who has been
a farmer for two hours at the mowing,
must suddenly turn blacksmith when his
machine breaks down, and tinker with
wrench and hammer; and later In the
day he becomes dairyman, farrier, har
nessmaker, merchant. No kind of wheat
but grist to his mill, no knowledge that
he cannot use! And who is freer to De
a citizen than he? Freer to take his
part in town meeting and serve his state
in someone of the innumerable small
offices which form the solid blocks of
organization beneath our common
wealth.
IF YOU DON’T SLEEP
From the Kansas City Times.
If you don’t sleep well, don’t worry
about It Tour lack of sleep isn’t going
to kill you or drive you insane. That
is the substance of the advice given by
a doctor writing In the American Mag
azine.
It is advice \that a good many nerv
ous people need. How often do you
hdar someone apprehensively complain
ing that he lies awake “all night"
The chances are that ha only thinks
and this world war started up,
army so ignorant and so careless o£ its
high calling.
Last week I again went to Washing
ton. The place had greatly changed.
The capltol is finished, and it has many
splendid, businesslike looking sister
buildings to keep it company on at
tractive avenues radiating in many di
rections. These avenues and cross
streets wefb alive with multitudes
coming and going, happy colored (oik
seemingly the only idle inhabitants/
Women appeared to be as busy as the
men. Again many soldiers about as in
1861, but they were on the move. They
were in no way conspicuous, beyond
the (act that they Impressed one as
being busily in earnest, with ne time
to driirlC or spit In public. They be
longed to both the water and the land,
and looked as though they had no in
tention o( being driven from the one
or the other.. In the o((ices there was
everywhere quiet organization and
polite and prompt attention to the
business in hand. Northing seems to
be thriving here outside o( the busi
ness in hand. There is no slogan, no
"On to Richmond" cry. Our destiny
surely is, (or a while at least, in the
hands of soldiers, gentlemen and pa
triots. It was noteworthy, too, as sug
gestive, that you could catch no man
smillh; the social spirit of 1861 had
vanished. Have we not. possibly, got*
back to the spirit of ’76, and is that
not a subject of congratulation?
between the spells of wakefulness. But
even if he was wakeful. It is nothing
to be alarmed about. Especially is It
nothing to warrant taking medicine.
The way to get over insomnia Is to
pay. no attention to it and not to talk
about it. Sleep Is largely a matter of
habit. It depends on living rationally
and-going to bed at a regular time.
Tou are lively ,to bo wakeful it you
stir yourself up in the evening. If you
work at nfgitt or get deeply Interested
in anything, you And it difficult to re
lax. That is the chief reason for wake
fulness' after a party. Tha excitement
of the crowd Interferes with sleep.
The ideal way is to taper off the day’s
activities as evening comes.
"The quality of the night.” Dr. R.
H. Cabot- says, "depends on the quail
ty of the day. Routine, peaceful ac.f J|
tlvity of mind and body, outdoor air j
and exercise make for good sleep. I
Dally emotional strains, such as wor- I
ry, discontent, remorse, fear, anger,
excitement. Upset the night as well."
That is, if you have a bad day you are
likely to have a bad night. Control the
day. and the night is likely to take
care of itself.
ON A CHILD’S PORTRAIT
By Arthur Stringer.
Deep In the fluted hollow of Its shells,
Dimly some echo of the ocean dwells.
Still in September's fruitage, mellow
cored.
The filtered sweets of golden moons are
stored.
And shimmering on a bluebird's migrant
wings > T.
Some poignant touch of June’s teat asure
clings.
Still In the rustling sbsaf today there
gleams
The lingering gold of April's vanishee
dreamt \
Still in the cell of one autumnal bee
I find lost summer in epitome.

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