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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, November 18, 1918, Image 1

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In High Spirit The
Yanks Get Away
In Rhine March
Nothing Spectacular Occurred as the Americans
Stretched Out Towards the Enemy Country.
Many of the Men Being in New Uniforms
With the American Army in France, November 17.—(By the
Associated Press.)—General Pershing’s forces moved forward
early today in territory just abandoned by the German troops.
On the old line between Mouzon and Thiaucourt, lying from the
region of Sedan to the south of Metz, the troops had been sta
tioned to await orders for the advance, and at 5:30 o’clock this;
morning the patrols marched out, not in line of battle, but in
columns along the high roads, which are only slightly impaired.
The first steps of the Americans into regions so lately con
trolled by Germany were not spectacular. The men were keyed
up and keen for“the new adventure, but, like they were on the
day of the signing of the armistice, there were comparatively
no demonstrative manifestations of their enthusiasm.
Many of the men had been newly uniformed, and all of them
were “polished” as though for inspection. The men appeared
eager for the word to go forward.
The relatively small units that are moving forward as ad
vance guards were sent to the line before daylight.
Tfte night was cola ana ine mini
. that yet marks the roads, notwith
standing there have been two or
three days without rain, was
slightly frozen. The men shivered
as they rested by the roadside.
When the command finally was
given for the advance, <he ele
ments who were to push forward,
in some cases miles apart on the
longaline between the extreme left
and right, moved off into mists
that appear always to shroud this
part of the* country and disap
For the first time since the *
Americans had been ordered to ad
vance into enemy-held territory,
there was assurance that they
would encounter no hostility. The
Intelligence department, which has
never ceased 10 function, had ac
curately reported that the (*er**
mans were carrying out their
agreement of evacuation and there
was evident the belief both by of
ficers and men that no trap was
awaiting them.
No chances were taken, however. Tne
engineers were the second units to
press forward, and they carfully began
their work of looking out for mine-:
and tainted water. Every obstacle*was
tested before it was moved in order
to find out if it masked explosives.
For sometime the Germans have
showed a sort of co-operation in in
forming the Americans where mines
were located ‘and themselves destroy
ing them.
it was sometime after the engineers
moved forward before the heavier col
umns took the roads. The entire army
finally was moving, and moving along
the lines of peac# days. But it was
in such order ttiitf. it might quickly
be transformed into battle array. Ev
ery brigade was covered by a regiment
of the 77s, the heavier artillery follow
ing close behind. The flanks of the
advancing column were well protected.
It has been impressed on ofieers and
men alike that this is an operation
under an armistice; that war Still ex
ists and that the possibility remains
that at anv time it may be necessaty
for them to play tjieir part with tne
same grimriess of the past year.
Fraternization, not 'only with the
German soldiers who may be found
either as stragglers or voluntary pris
oners, but with the civilian popula
tion, has been sternly forbidden. Loot
ing and even souvenir hunting al*3
have been forbidden the 'American"'.
It has been plainly impressed upon the
men thaJt property is inviolate and that
those persons with whom they come
in contact must be regarded as ene
London, SaturHay. 'November 16.—Field
Marshal Haig publishes th« following
telegram in a special order of the day:
From General Pershing. November 11:
"My Dear Marshal—Please accept my
hearty greetings and congratulations and
those of the American expeditionary
'forces, which we send you and the
sitmies under your command on this da)
It has indeed been an honor for the
American troops to fight beside your Brit
ish veterans in the war against the tyran
ny of militarism. The new associations
we have formed will be cherished evei.
From Field Marshal Haig, Novem
her 13: ,
•*I am greatly touched by the kino
^uu iio.v o ueen guou miuugu
send to us. The whole British army
joins me in sending our heartiest thanks
and greetings to you and the American
forces in France, who so greatly con
tributed to the present successful issue.
We shall ever remember the heroism of
your troops in dangers and difficulties
whicji we shared in common in the re
I cent great battle, and we heartily recip
rocate, the feeling you express that our
new relations may be developed and con
tinued through all time.”
Field Marshal Haig also issued simi
lar cordial telegrams exchanged with
Colonel House.
Basel, November 37.—A dispatch from
Vienna says the Uerman-Austrian nation
al assembly discussed at Thursday’s
meeting the question of frontiers, espe
cially the Moravian towns of Bruenn,
Olmutz and igiau, which the Moravian
deputies demanded to be incorporated in
German Austria.
Stockholm, Saturday, November 16.—(By
the Associated Press.)—The German ar
mored coast defense vessel Beowulf ar
rived late last night in the ♦northern
Stockholm archipelago. The vhsier'XviH
be interned. Other vessels of the Ger
man Baltic fleet are expected to arrive
in Swedish- waters.
Copenhagen, November 17.—Admiral
Von Tirpitz, former minister of the Ger
man navy and the man who was chiefly
responsible for Germany’s intensive sub
marine campaign, tied to Switzerland
immediately the revolution in Germany
| broke out, says the Frankfort Gazette.
Basel, November 17.-r-French troops Sat
urday entered Colmar and Mulhausen,
two of Germany's great fortresses in
Alsace, according to a dispatch received
here. There was no trouble in either
London, November 17.—The prisoners
of war department announces that it
has been informed through the Nether
lands legation at Berlin that the Ger
man soldiers’ council has taken charge
of the Ruhleben prison camp. All the
prisoners are reported to be well and
quiet prevails.s
London, November 16. — (Saturday.)
The British government is arranging for
the departure to the United States of a
number of German vessels for the pur
pose of bringing to Germany foodstuffs
which the allies will permit Germany to
Copenhagen, November IT.—The Ger
man Held marshal, Von Maekensen,
who has been operating in Rumania, ar
rived yesterday at Debreczln, Hungary,
with 2C00 of his troops, according to a
dispatch from Vienna. The troops were
disarmed and started towards Ger
London, November 16.—(Saturday.)
Gen. Von Der Goltz, the German com
mander in Finland, haa informed the
Finnish government, says a Copenhagen
dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph
company, that German troops are being
withdrawn from Finland in order tc
Uputlnued on Pngf Two)
I Governor Henderson Issues
Appeal For United War Work
Montgomery, November 17.— <£ps
ctal.)—In an appeal to the people of
Alabama, Uovernon Henderson Sunday
again asked that liberal donations
be made to the united war camp fund.
Many communities, he says, have fallbn
short of their quotas. The governor is
sues the following:
"It appears from reports which have
been sent in by the different state
committees engaged in the united wa'
work drive, that the total amount that
had been determined' upon as_ being
necessary to meet the situation and that
should be raised at this time, has fallen
short of expectations. This,, no doubt,
has been influenced in part by the
first two days of the (period that had
been set apart especially for this work
being devoted to apjolcing over the
complete victory that *had bean
achieved by the allied armies and con
summated upon the signing of the
armistice at 5 o'clock on Monday morn
ing. A 'misinterpretation of a state
ment by General March in. reference
to tha rapid demobilisation of our
army also had its influence.
"Direct information that comes to me
from the state director shows that
many Alabama communities have not
reached their quotas, and that while
the state as a whole is approaching
the amount which haB been alloted to
it. no community ehould be satisfied
ynttl the full amount bas been secured
so that the state as a whole and each
community can look back with print
upon the splendid record that has been
made during the crisis through which
we have been passing. (
“The director general in charge oi
the national campaign has requested
that the time which had been set apart
for this work be extended until
Wednesday night, November 20, as the
amount that had been- raised was in
adequate to meet the nteeds of those
who have charge of this work. W i
must not think that because the fight
ing has ceased that all work that tends
to the comfortWnd welfare of our sol
diers should aao cease. This is jusi
as important Vow, if not more so,
than when theyVvere engaged in actual
hostilities. - w
“In order that Alabama shall raiss
her full quota, I, Charles Henderson
as governor of the State of Alabama
request that all committees that havi
been heretofore engaged In this woil
and who were appointed to secure sub
scrlptions. continue the soltcitatioi
of contributions until the full atnouu
that Is eapeeted of each locality ha:
been raised, and it is hereby orderei
that the time heretofore set apart fo
this work be ex|ended until Wednes
day night, November 20. I earnesll;
urge all committees to continue thei
endeavors until every cttiien has ha<
an opportunity to show his apprecia
tion of the achievements of the Ala
basis boys as a part of our nationa
Qn Morning of the Last Day’s Fighting a Genera! in Charge Well Up To
ward the Front Lines, Said That Two Minutes Before Time Was
Up, the “Boys Were Going Like Hell”
Paris, November 17.—(By the Associated Press.)—Out of the confusion and daze of the
crowding military events on the western battle line since late in September, when battle fol
lowed battle, until from Flanders to Verdun there was ceaseless action, it is now permissible
to outline to a certain extent the part played by the American armies in the final decisive bat
tle of the war, which ended with the armistice of last Monday.
Military reasons heretofore have prevented accentuating the accomplishments of the Amer
icans, except iq a most general manner. The dispatches from the field have been necessarily
fragmentary and possibly were overshadowed by the accounts of the more dramatic opera
tions over the historic battle fronts to thr jTjt..
But it may now be stated that 21 Ame f £ divisions, totalling more than 750,000 American
combat troops, participated in the actio * *1 .inning September 26, known variously as the bat
tle of the Argonne and the battle of th# ise, but which history may call Sedan—th* battle
that brought Germany to he. knees, ! f f i far as human foresight goes, ended the world’s
bloodiest and costliest war. 1 *t‘
In order to understand the military situat ! (J, , ich made the Argonne operations the crux of the war, it is
necessary to go hack to the reduction of th# ** iihiel salient in the middle of September. This brilliant Ameri
can accomplishment is still fresh in history. & it off at one stroke a f enacing enemy projection toward Verdun
and weakened the enemy’s defensive by threatening Metz, one of Germany’s two greatest advancd’ railway centers
for distributing troops and supplies along the Montmedy-Sedan line.
Met* also was (the pivot on which the enemy swung through Belgium into France, and therefore obviously it
was the pivot on which his retirement must hinge. The Argonne, the next step below here, threatened the great
railway arteries running westward from Metz.
With the conclusion or me si.
Mihtel action, the steady Inflow of
American forces canned n displace
ment of power ns between the al
lied and German armies. Thus It
no longer was necessary to pursue
a policy of reducing: a salient or
nibbling; at It. The American
troops had shown what they could
A broader policy of general at
tack along the entire line was then
adopted and the high command
called upon General Pershing to
take the Argonne sector, admitted
ly one of the most, if not entirely
the most, difficult of the whole
front. The broken terrain, the to
pography and the lank ^f roads
made a problem difficult to de
scribe. Germany had In four years
fortified It to the last degree of
military skill, with superb - «*rgds,
both rail and motor, connecting up
to the rear positions and bases.
The outstanding feature of the
Argonne forest is a long chaiu of
hills running north and south, cov
ered with a dense growth of trees
and undergrowth, making an ad
vance dificult and offering superb
defensive qualities. \ Irtually no
roads exist in the forest except for
a few transversal passes running
east and west. The soil Is such that
the least rain converts it Into a
slippery, miry mess. In other words
the physical condition is mich that
the line of attack for an advanc
ing army I* limited to valleyh,
chief among which Is that of the
Aire river.
From the edge of the forest, where
the resistance was viciously strong, ths
enemy possessed innumerable fland
ing positions. But beyond this dif
ficult reglpn lay the Montmidy-rieuai.
line, which was recently captured. A
German order described It as ‘our life
artery." It represented one-half ol
the German rail supply on the wester*
front, it meant death if cut.
The high command-told Pershing to
cut it. The American First army was
pat In motion from St. Mihlel. In nine
days it was on the Argonne line ready
for an attempt, the failure of which
might mean disaster and the success of
which would give untold results. This
quick movement of an enormous body
of men. the establishment of- a now
line of supply and ail the complicated
military preparations was regarded
with pride by the American com
The American knew what con
fronted them. They realized that thia
was no second St. Mihlel, but an en
terprise at which other armies had
balked for four years. They knew that
there was to be fought a fight to rank
with the first battle of the Marne,
with Verdun, with the Somme and the
Chemin-des-Damcs; and they knew
that on them depended the fate of
the great attack on the rest of the
front. If forced back here the enemy
musl, give way !o the west. If he held
he could hold elsewhere.
■It was daybreak of September fd,
zlien the Americans went in. Using
line divisions for the preliminary at
ack and under vigorous artillery spp
iort, they advanced five kilometers the
irst dav. But the enemy was not
alien wholly by surprise. The second
ay he threw Into the line five coun
,r attack divisions he had held m
lose reserve. They were his best
roops, but they failed not only to
rush the Americans l»ack, but they
ailed to cheek the gradual advance of
he Americans over the difficult l^i
l'he tlrst phase of the action ended
ietober 31, during which the American
alns were not large, but the> compelled
he enemy to use a large number of
(visions, which became slowly exhaust
d and thus were unable to parry tne
ammerlng he was receiting from the
"reneh and British on the west.
It was bitter fighting in the woods,
►rush and ravines, over, a region per
ectlv registered and plotted by the en
mv’where his guns., big and little, could
,e 'used .with the greatest efficiency.
The original nine American divisions,
„ some cases, were kept in the line over
hrec consecutive weeks. The American
eserves then were thrown in until every
livision not engaged on another part ol
he line had been put into action.
It is a fact commented upon with pride
iv the American commanders and com
ilimented by the allies that,seven of the,*
livisions that drove their way through
his hard action never before had beer
n an active sector, while green troops,
'resh from home, were poured in as re
The Associated Press dispatches frorr
dav to day told what these men did
tow the enemy was slowly pushed bacl
from his strongest and most vital posi
tions, through one defense system aftsi
(Continued on 1‘nge night)
Paris Celebrates Return to
France of Alsace and Lor
raine After Years of
German Rule
Ffcri* NovifoikSr T^ffWy*VS-Preai
dpnt Poincare.* speaking at today's cele
bration over the return to France of
Alsace and Lorraine, said those provinces
had been awaiting in silence the await- |
ening of sleeping justice.
Germany, by her declaration of war, he
satd, had liberated the French from the
coercion to which they were constrained
to submit through their love of peace
and horror of bloodshed. The country
and the army had passed through four
years of alternate hope and dejection.
The nation had seen death pluck the
flower of its youth, but riothing had
broken its will to vanquish. Perseverance
and energy, said the President, had final
ly been rewarded and Alsace-Lorraine
liad again become French.
M. Poincare praised the sagacity and
energy of Premier Georges (Memenceau,
who had worked for the liberation of
the captive provinces. The greatest num
ber of the heroes who had fallen li) the
fight, he said, had not known Alsace
Lorraine; the people there were not theii
neighbors. But'they had kept their eye!
on the ineffaceable vision of Alsace
Lorraine's blue mountains and wldl
plains and had sacrificed themselves to
return them to France.
He declared that the proposal for a
plebiscite to determine the disposition ol
the provinces was naught but a snare
and an attempt at a controversion of
justice. What had come was restitution,
pure and simple, and that was what the
universal conscience demanded.
The President declared that the forces
of the allies had won equal glory on land
and sea in their struggle for a common
I-Ie ended with an expression of rev
erence for those who had died.
Naval Shell Found
in Basement Cause
of Much Excitement
in the Fairvlew park neighborhood yes
terday when a six-inch naval shell was
found in the basement of an apartment
house in the park. It is alleged that a
lady occupant of the house was search
ing the basement when she found the
shell, which is 24 inches long, laid care
fully in a box, which was evidently
made for that purpose. The police were
summond and now the huge bullet is
at the city Jail.
Dim marks on the express label on
the box show that It was sent from
abroad and consigned to someone in
Birmingham. The shell unscrews at the
top and, upon an investigation, three
unusually large glass marbles were
found within. There are small letters
on the top and numerous other morn
ings that make it resemble a time-lock.
Canadians Defeated
Harrison, N. J.. November 17.—The
Bethlehem Field club soccer team, cham
pions of the United States, defeated a
Canadian selected eleven by a score ot,
— goals to one, at Federal league park
here today in support of the united war1
work fund ca’mpatgn. The contest was
played on a muddy field.
American Soldiers
Celebrate Behind
Negro Jazz Band
London, Saturday, November 111.
American aoldirra stationed here or
stalling the city on leave ot ab
aencr, paraded thin afternoon be
hind the typical negro aoldier Jaaa
1 band of 40 plecea. The Parade halted
In front of ■arklagham palace,
where it disbanded. Hie band than
proceeded to the parade grennda,
where It gave a eoneart lasting an
hoar. Thonaaada of persona list
ened to the .jausir. Tonight the
band played far a donee aader Brit
ish military' eaatral.
^-r:--axvar r.-m'iymmnranMi 1 i aiiaiiu
Socialists Attempt to Rescue
Friends in Prison, But
Failed After Several
Are Killed
•London, Saturday, 4*<rrWrb©r 1$,
In view of the measure of an agree
ment reached betwen Dutch delegates
and representatives of the allied gov
ernments and of the United States and
the serious distress in Holland arising
from insufficient food supplies, the al
lied food council in London has ar
ranged to divert to Amsterdam the
steamer Adria with wheat on board.
The vessel carries 7100 tons of wheat.
London, Saturday, November 16.
A dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph
from Amsterdam says an attempt by
socialists *to rescue friends from a mili
tary prison Friday failed and that four
persons were killed and 14 injured as a
result of street fighting.
Th© dispatch added that the trade un
ions in the provincial cities refused to
join the revolutionary movement and
that it is therefore believed the revo
lution has collapsed.
-- •
London, Saturday. November 16.
Reuters' Amsterdam correspondent, tel
egraphing Thursday, reports a collison
near the cavalry barracks between rev
olutionaries and the military and police.
The correspondent says three persons
were killed and eight wounded.
London, Saturday, November 16.
Authoratative dispatches received from
Holland today show that the situation
in that country has considerably im
The disturbances and excitement had
not died out completely but the situa
tion was well in hand. The queen drove
out Thursday in an open carriage. She
was cheered and received everywhere
with respect.
Previously the latest information
from Holland was contained in a Cen
tral News dispatch from The Hague
dated Wednesday. This wus to the ef
fect that soldiers had been posted to
guard all public buildings and govern
ment offices. Cavalry was patrolling
the streets of The Hague, and forces
also were assembled in Amsterdam,
where revolutionary demonstrations
have taken place.
rresident vv iisuii ociiuk
Message to Lloyd George
London, November 17.—(British Wire
less Service-)—President Wilson has sent
the following message to David Lloyd
George, the British prime minister:
■"‘May l express my sincere admlfation
of the admirable temper and purpose of
your address of the 12tli, just reproduced
in part in our papers? It is delightful to
be made aware of such community of
thought and counsel in approaching the
high and difficult task now await
ing us.”
The speech of Mr. Lloyd George refer
red to was the one he made last week
in which the prime minister said there
must be no vindictive peace but a just
peace. In this speech Mr.' Lloyd George
emphasised the added importance of a
league of nations and declared that vic
tory should be an impetus to reform.
Summary of the News
1—In high spirit the tanks get away
I in Rhine march.
Twenty-one divisions of Americans
were in (Inal drive.
London celebration over armistice
most hilarious In history
Car turns over and many are iu
jurrdi two at them die.
2_Promise of new day among thinks
to 'he thankful for, says Wilson.
4_ted Brace talks about wonderful
trip. . —
Editorial eoBimeat.
5—Appointments will be made at
K morning session.
Jollfiratlon dlnnrr 1s to mark dune
of war work.
'Mr. Jacobs called by Sovth High
lands Presbyterian. *
0—Hum of southern industry,
K._terrain patrols still lingering with
in Ilm»s o| Belgian capital,
London Celebration
Over Armistice Most
Hilarious in History
Age-Herald Editor Describes Sweeping Away of
British Stolidity—Emotional Demonstrations
of Women After Four Years Strain Such
as Had Never Before Been Witnessed
(Special Cable IHupnt eh to The Age-Herald
London, November 11.— (Delayed in transmission.)—British
stolidly and calm were smashed to bits today when the armistice
announcement was made, and London let itself loose in a way
| unprecedented in the whole history of the nation,
i This great city, with its millions of people, literally went wild,
■and for many hours the streets seethed with a howling, happy,
! hilarious, hysterical mob, unlike anything ever seen here be
fore. It was a sight never to be forgotten.
i ne oriton was shaken by peace us
ho had not been and could never be by
war. For once in his life he let him
self go. he gave way to emotion. The
barriers came down with a crash and
no American crowd in any American
city could have gone crazier.
It was wonderful to see, when at
11 o'clock the guns boomed the
announcement, \yalters. chamber
maids, guests and bellboys all
rushed like mad out of the hotels.
Clerks, janitors and shopkeepers
dashed out of shops. Women In the
munition plants threw down theii
work. Everybody who was doing
anything just threw it in the air
and leaped for the street.
There they joined 'the singing and
shotting throngs that surged up and
down the streets. AH businese wap
suspended, including all public busi
ness. and London gave Itself up whole*
heartedly and unrestrainedly to re
joicing. The rtipst wonderful part of
it all was the women. Thousands upon
thousands of them crowded the streets
and poured into the Strand like a tor
rent. They captured and commandeered
tram ears, taxis, vehicles of all de
scriptions. upon which they piled in
unbelievable numbers. Police authori
ties were swept aside. The London
"bobby" stood stunned, while the
women sat in human pyramids upon
the toj^s of automobiles, upon the ra
diators''and upon the mudguards. They
clung to the steps and footboards, they
jammed the streets and they laughed
and screamed and sang and. wept with
JFor four long year* these WOihrti
0£ Vcmviow had. home tht* burden $.1
war and knew the horror of It in
a way that Cud has spared un In
America. There was not one among
them who had not lout a husband,
a nun, a brother or a sweetheart,
burled Nome where In France. For
four yearn they had carried on, mm
the IlrltlMli May, but when the end
came at laNt and the victory was
achieved they broke.
For days the nation's nerves had
been taut while the armistice hung
fire, and the tension was tremendous.
Saturday and Sunday from ail prov
inces people poured into Londftn until
standing room was almost at a pre
mium. Thousands were unable/to find
beds or to get into hotels or bo^pling
houses. Thousands camped all night
on the Thames embankment and
waited, waited for the hour to strike,
and when it struck London, for the
first time in its history, gave com
pletely away to emotion.
Girls of high degree and girls of
low degree joined like sisters. All
class distinctions were*swept aside
in the joyous flood. Women flung
their arms unrestrainedly about
thje necks of any man who wore
khaki, and it made no difference
whether he was an officer or a
nuiin a oiarr unacnnu)
T saw a girl la ill® uniform of a
Savoy chambermaid lean upon the
footboard of a car in which rode a
staff general and hug him, and the
staff genetal laughed with glee and
patted her back and squeezed lie:
hai*els. British captains and British
majors lost that haughty Mare and j
became boys—laughing, happy boys.
The city literally blazed with flags. I
The British union, of course, pre- i
dominated, but up and down the Strand
were hundreds of American flags, and
hundreds of American soldiers, and
American civilians joined in the hi,;
celebration, waving the star-spangle.l
banner and shouting madly with the
Everybody loved everybody else.
Wherever you looked you got an
answering laugh and a whole
hearted response, and the crushing
mass of humanity on the streets
and in the hotels were for the time
being all brothers and sisters, It
made no difference whether you
were English, American, French or
Italian. It may be difflrent tomor
row. the Briton may n^gain his
sti lid calm, but today lie threw it
away for once. ft. was the great
est, the most joyful, the most won
derful day London haw ever known.
Ail day the pandemonium kept up.
For the first time in foitr years,
freed from the fear of air raids, Lon
don drew back its blinds at night and
turned on Its lights. The inky black
ness of the street disappeared and it
was a wild, wild night. The pentup
feelings of a great nation That had
suffered terribly and fought splendi. -
jv tr. a vtct'ortous finsh were release 1
and swept everything before It.
Occident Occurs on Pickett
Springs Line, 20 Soldiers
Being Among Those
Sent to Hospitals
Montgomery. November 17.—Twenty
people were Injured, at least two of them
latally, tonight when a Pickett Springs
street * ear. crowded with passengers,
.timed over while traveling at a rapid
•ate after the brakes failed to hold,
among the injured are a number of sol
liera from Camp Sheridan, through which
the Pickett Springs line operates.
The accident occurred as the cur was
turning into the business district. A.
large number of soldiers at the inter
section of the streets where the accident
occurred, at once rushed into the street
gnd bodily lifted tjie car upright, width
in a>i iKcbahllttj.'" cdlmlnSted danger*^
suffocation to the tangled mass of hu
Twenty-five persons were rushed to a
local hospital and '-*0 of them, soldiers,
were transported from the hospital to
die base hospital at Camp Sheridan,
where it was stated late tonight that none
was fatally Injured. Half a dozen peo
ple refused to go to the hospital, but
had their injuries, largely bruises and
gashes from flying glass, dressed at
nearby drug stores.
Airs. 1 Kratz of this city suffered a
fractured skull and her condition is re
garded as serious; a negress was inter
nally Injured, the extent of which had
not been determined tonight.
Washington, November 17.-—Teles*
raphers and associated employes of the
St. Louis Terminal railroad were- re
buked by Director Ceneral MpAdoo for
their threat to.strike tomorrow^unlf**
the order giving them higher wages
were issued before then.
“You must understand that the Uni
ted States government cannot be in
timidated and that it Is highly im
proper to do fso,” said the director gen
eral in a telegram to a leader of the
St. Louis employes, made public to*
day. He explained that the strike
threat was received Saturday after he
had signed the order advancing wages
of all railroad telegraphers, and
added: *
“If the decision had not thus been
made, the ord^r would have been
withheld until this threat had been
The wage increase was announced
The Peace Envoys From
China Headed This Way

Peking. Saturday. November l«.‘
(By the Associated Press.)—The cab
inet has appointed Foreign Minister
I.u Cheng-Hslang as envoy extraor
dinary to tlie peace conference. Dr.
V. K. Wellington Koo, minister to the
United States, and most, of the min
isters to the European countries will
act as deputies. The first contingent
of peace delegates has already left
China for Europe by way Of the
United States.
Influenza Killed More People
In A merica Than Died in Battle
Washington, November 17.—'^he r®‘
cent epidemic of influenza In the Lul
led States caused more deaths tnon
oocurred among the American cape
didonar^ forces from all lapses from
%e Un>the first unit landed in
France until hostilities ceased.
This announcement today by tn<
census bureau, was based on unoffi
cla! estimates of the total casualties
among the overseas forces and to
norts from 46 cities having a combined
population of 23,000,000, which showe I
82 206 dcatsh from Influenza and
pneumonia from September !» to Nu
i ember 9. ...
Normally these oities would hav
had iOOll deaths from these causes
during this period, it was said, leaving
approximately 78.000 as the number
properly chargeable to the epidemic.
"The total casualties |ti the Amer|
can expeditionary forces, said in* in
nouncement. "have recently been un
officially estimated at 100,000, On tup
basis of the number thus far reported,
it may be assumed that the deaths
fiom ail causes, including' disease and
accidents, are probably Less than ii
per cent and may not be more than
40 per cent of the total casualties. Ou
this assumption the loss of life in tho
American expeditionary froces to date
about 40.000 or 45,000 "
Ihc total deaths due to the influen
za epidemic is this country is not
known, the announcement said, as omy
the 40 cities fix- which figures weie
river report vital statistics to tile
census bureau. The greatest mortality
d ie to the epidemic, in proportion to
population was 7.4 per thousand tn
Philadelphia, and itte next greatest,
ii.1 j-er thousand, reported froip Bal
timore. 1 ■, i

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