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/ THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD
VOLUME L BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, SATURDAY, APRIL 9, 1921 14 PAGES NUMBER 339 GREATEST LABOR Two Million Workers to Cease Duties Tuesday Unless New Development Brings Change In Decision By Associate*! Prew London, April 8.—Tuesday mid night, unless there is some new de velopment meantime, will see the commencement of the greatest labor struggle in the country’s history. Ap proximately 2,000,000 workers then will have ceased their duties in pro test against what they consider to be an organized attempt on the part of employers to enforce a general re daction in wages. This la tVr central feet e« the labor situation an It developed to day In a breakdown In the minors’ conference and a consequent de cision by the triple alliance— made up of miners and railway and transport workers for the first time’ since it was organised that its entire membership, roughly estimated at l,#0O,H0 miners and 500,000 each from the railway and transport workers’ organisations, should quit work in support of the strike of the mineral The government's standpoint as voiced by Premier Lloyd George In a brief speech In the House of Commons this afternoon, is that the action of the miners and the other members of tne triple alliance is an attempt by direct action to intimidate Parliament and the nation. The premier announced the military and other measures which the government Intended to take to defeat this attempt. MINERS’ STANDPOINT The standpoint ot the miners is thav the sodden removal of control of the coal mines is the result of a pact be tween the government and the mine owners to enable the owners to en force the unjustifiable reduction in wages. The attitude of the railway men is that unless there is support of the miners at the present time a simi lar dilemma will happen to the rail waymen on some future occasion when the railways are released from gov ernment control. The refusal of the miners to yield on the question of permitting pump men to return to the mines had as its mo ti va a conviction that the withdrawal of the pump men Is the only weapon In their hands. They argue that a week’s cessation of work will not really injure the mine owners, who. considering the depressed conditions of Industry, have ample stock of coal on the surface. They declare that the mine owners have brought this fate upon themselves by including the pump men among these whose contracts will be cancelled unless they accept new wage terms made not through Joint discussion, but by the mine owners themselves, FIND NO SUPPORT The arguments of the miners find no support except on the point of the extreme socialists newspapers. The other newspapers condemn them strongly and general regret is ex pressed that the miners refused to listen to the advice of men like Mr. Asquith, Mr. Clynes and Arthur Hen derson. In this connection Mr. Clynes, who is chairman of the Parliamentary la bor party, rtiade an interesting state ment on the adjournment of the House of Commons this afternoon. While expressing regret over the decision of the miners, he said he regretted that Premier Lloyd George had thought it proper to make Imputations against the motives of the leaders of the miners. He said that the actual dam \ age done to the mines up to the present had been so small that it did ' not justify this fact being made the cause for interfering with negotiations which might lead to a settlement of the dispute. He concluded by declar ing that the cost to the country through the strike likeiy would be far greater than would have been the case if the government had continued to control the mines a little while lorger until the wage question was settled. The momentous proclamation by the premier of a state of industrial war was made in the House of 'Com mons in quiet but serious tones. Mr. Lloyji George read it from a prepared document. A similar statement was made in the House of Lords by Elarl Curzon of Kedleston. A deputation of the railwaymen and the transport workers will visit the premier tomorrow morning to convey to him the decision of the triple alli ance to back the miners. In some quarters this visit is being regarded as a new peace move. Likewise of in terest is an authorized statement to night to the effect that the govern ment still is willing to call a confer ence as previously suggested, to dis cuss tbs question of pumping the mines. TO CONVEY DECISION A supplement at the London Gazette tonight contains all the ■ necessary proclamations calling out the reserves. The Gasettp states that steps are being taken to put Into force all the gov ernment's precautionary measures to insure the operation of the public services and to maintain food supplies. Should the strike of the triple alli ance materialize, there will be nearly 4,000,000 persons idle in England. The registers of the unemployment ex changes already exceed 1,BOO,000 per sons and dislocation of the Industries may easily, account for another 600, 000. In addition there are 800,000 per sons working on short time. Several cases arbitrated have gone against claims of strikers for the un employment benefit, but the genuine unemployment through the strike will throw a heavily increased burden of taxation on the taxpayers. Prnmier Lloyd George In a final let ter of regret to Prank Hodges, secre tary or the miners' union, over the situation, said tonight thaj the de struction of the mines would be as fatal to the nation as would have been a defeat in the war, and to secure their preservation must be the gov ernment's paramount duty. The executive committee of the com muniat party in Great Britain has is sued g manifesto congratulating the miners on their solid stand against “th's onslaughts of capitalism.” The “Divinity That Hedges Kings’* Doesn't Al wav» Consult the Convenience of the King. i. > ILLITERACY WANES IN THIS STATE AS Birmingham Has 12,200 Un able to Read or Write—585 Are Native White, Others Foreigners or Negroes By Associated Press Washington, April 8.—A decrease in illiteracy in Alabama cities is shown in figures announced today by the census bureau. Decreases in per centage of the population 10 years of age or over, unable to write, were shown in Birmingham, Montgomery, Mobile, Tuscaloosa, Florence, Selma and other cities. There were 12,300 persons 10 years or age or over who were Illiterate in Bir mingham in 1830, of which 586 were na tive white. 9* foreign-born whites anil 10,474 negroesj' The percentage was 8.4 per cent, as compared with 10.4 in 1910. For the native white, the percentage was 0.7, for the foreign-bom whits 15.6 and for the negro 18.4. The percentage in population 16 to 30 years of age was 5.4. MONTGOMERY In Montgomery there were 4,554 illit arate persons, including 81 native whites, 33 foreign-bom whites and 4,430 negroes. The percentage was 12.7, as compared with 13.4 in 1910. For the native white, the percentage was 0.4, for the foreign bom white it was 4.4 and for the negro 26.8. The percentage in the population 16 to 20 years of age was 5.4. For Mobile there were 4,502 illiterate persons, including 166 native whites, 67 foreign-bom whites and 4,267 negroes. The percentage was 9, as compared with 12.3 in 1910. For the native white, the percentage was 0.6, for the foreign-born white 3.4, for the negro 21.2. The per centage in the population 16 to 30 years of age was 3.9 per cent. OTHER CITIES Florence had 543 Illiterate persons, in cluding 138 whites and 405 negroes. The percentage was 6.6, as compared with 11.8 in 1910. The percentage for the na tive white was 2.2 and for the negro 21.3. In Selma there were 1,908 illiterate per sons, including 78 native whites, 6 for eign-born whites and 1,819 negroea The percentage was 14.8, as compared with 17.5 in 1910. The native white percentage was 1.3, the foreign-bom white 3.5 and the negroes 26.7. Tuscaloosa 1 ^1 967 illiterate persona, including 74 .wh.tes and 893 negroes. The percentage was 9.7, as compared with 17.3 in 1910. The native white percent age 1.2 and the negro 23.9. Today*s Thriller Confederate Veteran Lfpai^ Who Stole His Coon Djbg After Trying for 51 Yearaf to Find the Thief. Br Associated Press f Ripley, Miss., April 8.—Aft»r 51 years of effort, G. W. Low^+y of Alcorn county todAy learned who stole a coon dog from his Georgia home in 1870 through a conversa tion with a chance acquaintance. Mr. Lowery, a Confederate Vet eran who is visiting relatives fere, chanced to get into conversation with J. C. Fant, former sheriff, this being the first time the two men had ever met. The conversation turned to old times, and Mr. Fant. in relating his experiences on the trip through the country to Misalssippi from Georgia, told of a negro accom panying his party stealing a dog from a Georgia plantation. After hearing a description of the dog, Mr. Lowery declared he was pos itive it was his. as it was taken from the section where Mr. Lowery • was living at that time. The dog in question was brought by the negro to Mississippi and named Rock, and in later years became a very famous coon hunter. Mr. Lowery declared he has been trying for 51 years Jto find out who stole the dog, B0I*SHEVIKI INVADE FINNISH TERRITORY By Associated Press Stockholm, April R.—The tension which has been noticeable recently between Rosa la and Finland la be coming more acute. Bolshevik! have Invaded the Repo la and Porajearvf, districts, to which the Ruaao-Finnish peace treaty had guaranteed autonomy. The Inhab itants of the districts arc fleeing Into tt •' i in turlac OR Wsltti Judge Evans Announces He Will Receive Verdict If It Is Reached During Night Br inocUltd Press Macon, Cia., April.—After deliberat ing four and a half hours a jury In federal court in the trial of 46 per I sons accused of conspiracy to rob the American Railway Express company of goods valued at more than $1,000,000, had failed to reached a verdict at 7:30 o'clock tonight and at that hour was taken to supper. Judge Beverly D. Evans announced that he would re ceive a verdict, if reached during the r.ight. At 9 o'clock tonight Judge Evans in structed the jury to retire for the night and resume deliberations at 9:30 Sat urday morning. John W. Bennett, district attorney, in his closing argument to the jury to day declared that the crime of “con spiracy is the most dangerous to the law and order of a free country.’’ “Judge Maynard, counsel for the defense, made a most remarkable [ statement to you,'' said the district at torney. “He said, ‘The express com pany officials encourage their men to steal, because they want to make gov ernment ownership impossible.' "If that statement is true, then as a logical conclusion he establishes the conspiracy and the only mistake the government has made is not to indict the officials. If my friend will furnish me the testimony that the express of ficials encourage these men to steal, the -grand Jury will meet here the first Monday in May, and I will prepare an indictment agatnst these officlansand lay it before the grand jury. They ought not to make statements unless they can back them up.’’ It required an hour and 45 minutes for Judge Evans to charge the jury. He explained the law of conspiracy and said, ‘‘it is not necessary to prove that the defendants came together In formal assembly and actually agreed In terms to rob the United States bji stealing express shipments or to have such unlawful purpose, according to a previously devised plan. It Is suffi cient to show by the proof that the defendants pursued by overt acts, a common purpose to steal goods being transported by the American Railway Express company while under govern ment control, as charged in the in dictment." “The essence of a conspiracy," Judge Evans said, “is a common design and such a common design is established if it appears that two or more persons in any manner expressly or tacitly, came to a mutual understanding. If two or more persons do various acts ,so related as to indicate a unity of de sign to accomplish an unlawfufl pur pose, an Inference that there was a conspiracy may be drawn by the Jury." Judge Evans reviewed briefly the testimony that had been heard during trial, telling at least one act testi fied to concerning each of the 45 defendants. To Make Investigation _ _ By AMMOciated i rten Little Rock, April 8.—Governor McRae today promised to make an investigation of the deportation of live railroad brotherhood officials from Harrison. Ark., following a mass meeting of citi zens from towns along the Missouri and North Arkansas railroad, on which a strike of the employes has been in ef fect for several weeks. GIST OF THE NEWS ' GENERAL, With rant versus wnt, democratic nurUB promises ginger. Meyer hopes to pnt 1.000.000 bale* In Earope. Xndependenta follow Republic In hik ing ateel price. Detective think* Elwell “murderer” Is colossal liar. Adopt report to accompany reintro duction of tariff hill. Stock dealtag lighter) British labor war playa big hand la cotton. STATE Lawrence county schools planning vocational work. Experts Inspect mineral acreage In Etowah county. Newlyweds flee Atlanta -to dodge re porter*. Selasa boy captures runaway naoakey. winning fame and pans. Teel la sentenced to fire yearn la penitentiary. LOCAL * Six negroes held on charge of being members of ambash party. Advocate baying winter coal now to relieve unemployed miners. Light' Fifth avenue movement gain ing momentum dally. Coanty bringing underfed children to normal standard. Committee goes over reports la eaal strike. WILLIAMS JUR Y GOES TO BED WITHOUT REACHING VERDICT ALLIES TO AWAIT JAPAN’S AniTUDE BEFORE DECISION Full Exchanges Between Four Allied Governments Ex pected Before They Re ply to American Note Washington, April 8.—Secretary Hughes' notes to the Japanese, British, French and Italian governments on mandates are beihg interpreted abroad, according to information in diplomatic circles here, as stating an advanced position of the American government. Some diplomats who have studied the tekt of the com munication to Great Britain, as made by the state department, are apprehensive that it may be considered as reopening the whole subject of mandates. Full exchanges between the four gov ernments are expected before any one of them replies to Mr. Hughes. In the opinion of some diplomats here, Ja pan’s attitude will determine the position to be taken by Great Britain and ^Trance and possibly also Italy. This is based upon the .agreement entered into by Great Britain and France with Japan in 1916, before the United States entered the war, whereby Japan was to receive the German islands in the Pacific north or the equator. BOUND BY PACT This agreement, it is explained, was made when the activities of the German submarines demanded a reinforcement of the entente navaJ forces beyond their own resources to meet, and the opinion is advanced that since Japan fulfilled her part of the contract. Great Britain and France feel bound to carry out the agreement if Japan insists. If Japan i» willing to modify its position with re gard to these islands, and particularly to the Island of Yap, however, the view of diplomatic observers here is that the European allied governments will gladly accept that solution. In a way. the present situation is re garded as somewhat similar to that ob taining when Italy insisted upon Invok ing the treaty of London in justifica tion of her claims in the Adriatic sec* tion. Both Great Britain and France sought to induce Italy to abate her claims in the matter of Flume, but lot it be known that if Italy insisted, ’they would execute the provisions of the treaty of liondon, obnoxious as they were to the United States. The Adriatic settlement was brought about through direct negotiations be tween Italy and Jugo-Slavia, and it was thus found unnecessary to invoke the provisions of the secret treaty made by the European allies before the United States became a belligerent. AGREEMENT DISCUSSED In the case of the treaty of Uondon it was asserted that President Wilson was ignorant of its existence before his ar rival in Paris for the peace conference, but the entente contention is under stood to be that the nature and extent of the agreement with Japan was dis cussed in Paris in connection with the peace treaty. The present situation may raise the question of what the records of the coun cil of four at Paris really showed. Presi dent Wilson has said that he did not agree to the Japanese mandate for the Island of Yap, but others who were represented in the council of four are understood to contend that there are rec ords in existence which show that Mr. Wilson made objections in the course of arguments, but they were not expressed in the vote that awarded the mandate. I’nder the mandate claimed to havt been granted by the council of four Japan now has physical possession of Yap. it having accepted tne mandate with reservations. The position Japai will take in replying to Mr. Hughes' note cannot now be forecast. It has insisted upon its right to control of the island In correspondence which previously ha." passed between It and the United State .. This correspondence has been published only In a fragmentary form, but it has been the understanding that .Japan ex pressed willingness to meet the wishes of the United StateB so far as the matter of landing a cable at Yap was concerned, provided such a concession was not taken to question the right of Japan to administer the affairs of the Island un der her exclusive mandate. President Wilson has stated that he in sisted at Paris upon the International ixa • tion of Yap and this is known to have been the attitude of the American gov ernment at the international communica tions conference here. The council of the League of Nations In replvlng to the original protest of the American government regarding Yap and the British mandate for Mesopotamia, suggested that the United States send a representative to the meeting of the coun cil next month when the status of the mandates is taken up. It has been* he'd that America can accept this invitation without sacrificing her objection to en tering the league, but administrations officials have refrained from indicating what action would be taken on the in vitation. Although Mr. Hughes’ notes were ad dressed to the four allied powers indi vlduallv, it Is be"«v~* that t— r*. sponses will be In the form of identic notes, somewhat !n 1 ne With those un changed in effecting the Chinese con sortium. PRESIDENT WILL TRANSMIT RELIEF RECOMMENDATIONS By Associated Press Washington. Apr.i s.—Re. ommendatious uade by President Harding's special ■ommission on soldier relief are to he ransmitted by him to Congress when it onvenes next week in special session, rhe President is understood to be heart ly in accord with the commission’s find ngs and with explanation which a'. •eady has been prepared along (he lines aid down in the report. GREEKS DRIVEN BACK BY TURKISH FORCES By Associated Press London. April «.—The Creeks have evacuated Aflnn-Karahlsaar. the junction point of the Bagdad railway south of Bakl-Shehr, and retired ta Tomlnhunor, 40 kilo metre* to the west, says a Renter diaanteh from aosvraa Stillman, Anxious to Expedite Suit, Decides Not to Appeal Order and Pays $62,500 for Fees and Alimony By Awofiated Pr«a New York. April R.—Reports that James A. Stillman, president of the National C'ty Bank of New York was anxious to press his divorce suit td rapid conclusion were confirmed to day by his attorneys. They turned over to Mrs. Stillman's counsel $62,500 for counsel fees and alimony which they had been given until May 4 to pay In installments. With the check for that amount was a letter saying Mr. Still man "desires a prompt trial of the is sues and is not disposed to furnish any excuse for delay by staying the' pro ceedings pending an appeal." Previously it had been announced that an appeal from the order grant ing alimony, counsel fees and ex pense? would be taken, and the letter today set forth that the payment was made "without prejudice to our right to appeal from the order within the 30 days allowed by law." Proposing that hearings before a referee be resumed on April 20, Mr. Stillman's . attorneys said they would not appeal unless "convinced that ; there is no probability of a trial at a reasonable early date." Counsel for j Mrs. Stillman were not prepared to state tonight whether they would be 1 SECURITY OWNERS President Urged to Call Meet ing of Representatives of Both Sides to Discuss Working Conditions By AMOciat«d Prew Washington. April 8.—The National Association of Owners of Railroad Securities joined today with five rail road labor unions in proposing that President Harding call a conference of representatives of both owners and employes to discuss the railroad prob lem, particularly as it affects wages and working conditions now in dispute before the railroad labor board. ft. Davies Warfield, president of the afsr>ci*tion, and Darwin ft. Kingsley, j president of the New York LJfe Insur 1 ance company, conferred for an hour with the President on the general transportation situation and suggested the conference as one of the means for adjusting the difficulties the roads face. The request from the unions was in the form of a telegram from B. M Jewell, head of the railway employes department of the American Federation of Labor. Coincident with the conference at the White House and the receipt of the telegram, Chairman Cummins of the Senate interstate commerce commit tee, announced he had drafted a reso lution, for introduction next week, urg ing a geenral ai|d tfehaustive investi gation of railroad affairs. He plans to begin the inquiry about April 15. Means for bringing about a reduction in rates, operating costs and the ques tion of efficiency under private owner ship will be the principal angles to be gone into, flail managers will be heard first and labor representatives will follow. NO COMMENT MADE No comment on me conference to day was made at the White House, but after the meeting a memorandum loft* the President by the representatives of the securities owners was made public, saying the conference “covered a wide field." After suggestingthat "properly called meetings between the men anti those representing the railroads be held under the auspices of the existing governmental agencieus—the labor board and t>f interstate commission— the memorandum said. “We are on rec ord that wage adjustment is only part ! of the problem," and expressed the view talit this ‘should be attained un der circumstances carrying assurances to railway workers that whatever may be brought about is reasonable and just.” POSITION NOT UNREASONABLE “It occurs to us,” the statement con* tinued, “that it is not an unreasonable position on the part of those repre senting the men that deficiencies in * revenue snould not be met by wage re ductions alone unaccompanied by evi dences of the definite intention to bring: about obligatory general economies.” The securities owners, it was added, felt assured that in cases in which an agreement cannot be reached with an individual railroad management, the employes would enter into immediate discussion of their differences Pv tegfonal boards, equally divided. Pre cedure of this character, it was said, was encouraged by the Bsch-Cummins act./ and would avoid endless hearings and clogging of the dockets of the la bor board. The telegram to the President from the labor unions proposed that &IJ wage disputes be held in abeyance pending the- conference and settlement of the question of rules. It included 12 points which were described as “labor’s self-evident and inalienable rights/' which would have to be set tled at the suggested conference. It further specified that the national agreement should not be discounted in any way pending the outcome of the conference. The 12 points included the eight-hour day, collective bargain ing and pay for overtime worlf. HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE SYSTEM TO BE URGED V By frwi Washington. April Establishment of a definite system of highway mainten ance, to be supported on a co-operative basis by the state and federal govern ments. are expected to be recommended by President Harding in his message ... the special session of Congress. Mr. Harding has studied the highway situation for several years and is under stood to feel that, much of the money appropriated for highway improvement has gone to waste because provisions for maintenance have been neglected. He ; expected to ask that Congress make no more such appropriations until it has worked out some practical plan for keep ing highways in condition. ready to re-open hearings by April 20 The court order in question, sbestdes fixing alimonoy and fees, ruled out of consideration the so-called “confession letter” sent to Mr. Stillman by his wife and other letters alleged to have been written to Mrs. Stillman by one of her husband's servants. Fred Beauvais, an Indian guide, named by the banker as co-respondent. Mr. Stillman charged that Beauvais was the father of Mrs. Stillman’s youngest son, Guy. When the order was -granted the banker’s counsel objected both to the payments called for and the exclusion of the cor respondence. They declared it would improve a hardship upon the financier to% «give UP $62,500 on that day and they were granted 30 days to com plete payment of the sum. Mrs. Stillman’s attorneys asked for a stay of trial proceedings until Mav 19, but this was later changed to ex tend over the time required for the payments. Mr. Stillman's charges against hjs wife were contained In his complaint filed last July. The wife merely denied the allegations at first, but later took the aggressive. In an amended answer she accused Mr. Stillman of being the father of Jay Ward I/ceds, 30-month-old son of a former chorus girl and of living with this woman as “Mr. and Mrs. Franklin H. Leeds.” SAYS 15 BILLIONS SUM GERMANS ARE WILLING TO PAY Baruch Suggests Conditional Cancellation of International Debts and Outlines Ideas on the Situation By Awoflatfd Press Washington, April 8.—Fifteen billion* as the sum Germany is able and prob ably willing to pay in reparations, is es timated by B. M. Baruch, chairman of the American reparations commission, in the current issue of the official publi cation Of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. Mr. Baruch, who took a large part in drafting the economic sections of the peace treaty, also sug gests with terms a conditional cancella tion of international indebtedness. As one of the terms he suggests, for instance, instead of cancelling outright any part of -'the British indebtedness, that the United States cancel condition ally the amount spent by Great Britain in this country for munitions during the war, this sum to be a demand liability without interest, and to be collected in case this country becomes involved In a future war. He also proposes that the cancellation of indebtedness might be made a means if levelling preferen tial tariff barriers. BELIEF IN PARIS "The consensus in Paris,” says Mr. Baruch, “was that Germany could pay at least the capital sum of *15,000,000,000. About *3,000,000,000 has been paid; *50, 000,000,000 spread over 40 years is equal to about *13,500,000,000 at going rates of interest, say 8% per cent, which foreign nations have to pay in this market. In the discussion of German reparations the allied experts always took 5 per cent, which would give to *66,000,000,000 spread over 42 years a present value of *21, 000.000.000. While In the circumstances It would come with bad grace from America to say what the Germans would pay or what the allies should accept, one could say that there cannot be much doubt that, retaining Silesia and- with all dis criminatory restrictions removed from Germans and their trade. Germany could pay a present capital value of $12. 0D0 000.000. The real worth of this to the allies would depend upon the Anal judgment of the investing world as to Germany's ability and willingness to meet that amount. DEBT CANCELLATION "There has been some discussion re garding the condition of cancellation of allied obligations to us. Doubtless those who have responsibility in this matter, in case it is seriously undertaken, will have in mind the amelioration or removal of discriminatory and, preferential tariffs against our trade. In ease anything is done, there might also be a differentia tion between the funds borrowed and spent for munitions and the funds spent ir, the maintenance of the population, or ir. the .continuance of trade. If any thing id done in reference to the remis sion of that part of the obligations In curied for American-made munitions, that part, of the debt could be made gfih jeet to renewal in casf America should become involved in another war. It is fair to presume that the United States would become so involved only If It were in the interests of civilization. In that case, the United States necessarily would have to buy quantities of muni tions and other materials from other countries. The sum tentatively cancelled or proposed without interest would be come payable to the United States on demand only in such an event* This thought it worthy of attention as a pos sible aid in meeting an extremely dif ficult question"’ NUMBER ARE INJURED IN WRECK BETWEEN EUFAULA AND OZARK By Associated Press Maroa. (is, April 8.-V mixed train, passenger a ad freight, w*» derailed'between Eufaala, Ala-, and Osark. Ala-, tonight, according to reports to the Central of (irorgia here. 1'nrly reports Indicate that several persons were Injured. Mrs. Birdie Dnnn and fonr ehll * drrn ef Elamvllle, Aln.t J. C. Torn Ua df (mark. Ala, and Mra. Wil liam R< hertson and three children of Clay on, Ala., are In the lint of Injured, hat early reports Indicate that th y are not seriously hurt,' railroad officials said. SevCr il negroes also were In jured. I The cause of the derailment has not been determined. : DELIBERATIONS TO 1 BE RESUMED AFTER BREAKFAST TODAY Before Retiring Jury Wakes Judge and Has Him Repeat^ Entire Charge to Clear Point of Law By Associated l’rw« Covington, Ga-, April 9.—The jury trying John S. Williams on a charge of murder of onte of 11 farm hands, went to bed at 12:55 a. m. today without having reached a verdict, aft er nine hours’ deliberation. The deliberations will he resumed after breakfast time today. Before retiring?, the Jury had aroused Judge John B. Hutcheson from bed shortly before midnight and had him repeat hla entire charge. After a abort deliberation nnd apparently nnother ballot. Foreman T. It Starr announced the jurors would retire. In asking for the entire charge to bo repeated, the foreman said the jurors were not certain as to the ex act portion of the charge they needed to clear up a point of law. Judge Hutcheson suggested they might re tire and get the charge on convening of court. “We would rather hare it now,** the foreman replied, and the charge was repeated. The jurors appended heavy-eyed and tired. Judge Hutcheson, Solicitor General Brand, Grefen F. Johnson, counsel for j the defense, and Williams himself, all had to be aroused from sl6ep to come into court. Williams was smiling as he entered the room, where a score of spectators, in addition to the law yers and newspaper men, awaited the Jury. The solicitor and Mr. Johnsop, who did not take time to put on their col lars and ties, and before ,the Jurors camp in, bantered each other about their appearance. WUjIj tin 1KInU AuAlli Should Williams be acquitted, Solici tor General Brand said he would be tried on one of the other murder war rants against him In this court as soon as it could be arranged. Judge John B. Hutcheaen, presiding, charged the. jury on three verdicts, murder, which, under Georgia law, Would carry the death sentence; mur der with recommendation for mercy*, which automatically carries life im prisonment, or acquittal. Spectators and court attaches discussing the prob able verdict also talked of the possi bilities of a mistrial. Closing argu ments that occupied the day, admit tedly powerful efforts by two at torneys with brilliant legal reputa tions, drew a crowd that filled every inch of the Newton county courtroom. The spectators maintaining the good order of previous days silently list ened, but they showed no less emotion than the defendant. Williams, surronnded by Ms wife and family, watched attentively, as he heard himself denounced as the author oj one of "the state's most atrocious crimes,*’ and was as little affected, out wardly at least, by the plea for hta acquittal. NO SIGN OF UNEASINESS Arguments and charge over, at 3 p. m. and the case gone to the jury* the Jasper county planter remained in tna courtroom, chatting first with his .wife and family, his face wreathed In sfmiles at something which was said. Soon he was one of a group of men who drew their chairs together and talked as friends do when they gather around the general store at the county seat. Williams was placed on trial here for murder of one of three of his em ployes drowned in Newton county, and the state arranged, in event of ac quittal. to hold him on the other two indictments. .Deaths of the eight killed in Jasper county are to be in vestigated next Monday, and depart ment of Justice agents announced if be were acquitted of all the murder charges they would arrest him on peonage warrants. The deaths of the 11 negroes took place between February 24 and March 3 following a federal Investigation into alleged peonage there February IS. and former Congressman Howard termed the place a' "Plague Spot.” .Only the 11 negroes he had paid out of Jail and were working out their debts to Williams were subject to tha "dreadful contagion of death,” he de clared. "The others," he said, “seemed to be able to live and move freely without being affected by this con tagion, this disease of death." MUST SEEK CAUSE The lawyer said physicians always sought the cause of a pestilence, and added, "We must do the same.” Turning from this Into a discussion of peonage, he seemed to leave it to the Jury to draw its own conclusion. Denying that Clyde Manning, the ne gro farm boss who said he helped Wil liams kill the men, had any motive for the killings, Mr. Howard accosed Wil liams of being willing to sacrifice these convict lives to maintain his awn security and. "pride of position,” and pleaded for legal punishment for the slayer of negroes as. well' as whites. Kven if the Jury did not believe Manning, the lawyer said, the facts remained that the bodies were found;, (hat the motive lay in Williams. As lie closed, ho left the courtroom seek ing. he said later, a breath Of freah air and a cold drink of water. There were rumors he had been seriously af fected by the strain, but he went to lunch as usual and said he felt all right. MANNING DENOUNCED Manning came in for severe denun ciation from Green F. Johnson, closing for the defense. He termed the ne ■ gro a “confessed liar and admitted murderer," whe “knockd a negro In the head as he would an ox." and asked the Jury if th*y would cqgiviet Williams, a white man. on the word of "this worthless negro." The attorney dwelt at length on Manning's ignorance and declared the negro, frightened by federal agents into the belief he was guilty of peon age and being told by them he "ought to be hanged,” he committed the crimes to save his neck. Manning, and net Williama had a motive was the deduction Mr. Johnson drew. Mr. Johnson also denounced the (Continued wm Pace Eleven!