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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, April 10, 1921, Image 9

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W-Ul Proclaim, However, That
America Stands as Ready as
Ever to Stand for Right
When World Menaced
Special Correnponrlent of The Age-Herald
(Copyright. 1921, by The Age-Herald)
Washington, April 9.—(Special.)
For the third and last time, President
Harding on Tuesday, addressing a
joint session of the new Congres^,
will tuSTi his back upon the League of
Nations. It has been difficult to make
the world at large realize that it has
been the irrevocable decision of the
new administration not to enter the
league in any form. Europe has been
clinging to a forlorn hope that in his
message of next Tuesday there might
be 'Some modification of the Presi
dent’s views, as expressed in the in
augural address. But there will be
This does not mean, however, that Mr.
Harding will turn his back upon the
world. On the con
trary he will pro
claim that America
stands today as
ready as ever to.
throw her determin
ing weight in the
balance whenever a
menace shall arise
or a call from civil
ization shall come.
Mr. Harding's policy
will not be one of
American isolation,
rather he would
make it a policy* of
world co-operatidh.
ROBERT T. 8HA1A Mr. Harding visual
izes an America always ready to fight
for the right, scrupulous in her obliga
tions, and conscious of her duties. He
"would reserve to her always, however, a
freedom of decision and a freedom of
President Harding, in his address to
Congress, probably will announce that he
hopes before long to assemble, possibly
here in Washington, a conference of the
nations. This would be his substitute for
the association of nations which he prom ■
ised during the campaign. He may still
cling to fbe title, association of nations,
but he will make it clear that the asso
ciation he has in mind is an association
only for conferences »counsel. He will
assert anew that America will accept no
responsibility except as. her own con
science and judgment, in each instance,
may determine.
Few persons can realize the pressure,
directly and indirectly, which has been
brought to bear upon the President and
his Secretary of State, Mr. Hughes, dur
ing the last few day«, to commit this
country to a definite plan for aiding the
allies, especially France, in their efforts
to bring Germany to an accounting un
der the terms of the treaty of Versailles.
These efforts, coupled with the visit of
M. Rene Viviani, have brought foreign
affairs to the front in Washington the
last few* days to the exclusion of execu
tive consideration of taxes, the tariff
jjthd other wholly domestic problems. In
bis ordered moments, «*way front the in
. |g ^national whirligig, however, Mr. Hard
ing has found time to write briefly on
the subjects for the benefit of the Con
gress. There is every reason to believe
now that tax revision will come to the
fore in Congress regardless of any set
programme to the contrary. The fram
ing of a tariff bill necessarily is a slow
process, and a very extensive drive is
being made for “taxes first.”
It has been realized, not alone in
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Minimum bundle,
Seven Hectic Days in New York
Special ( orre*ponumt of The Age-Herald
(Copyright. iV'M, by »he Age-ucralti >
New York, April 9.—(Special.)—And who
is Mrs. Fairchild? You will do the New
York police a tremendous favor by ar
ranging an introduction. She is the most
talked about person of the past seven
days, and the most sought after.
According to Roy Harris, Mrs. Fair
child is a lady-bountifill, with a differ
ence. He says one evening last June
she offered two strangers $250 each. All
she asked in return was a murder of a
gentleman whose house she designated.
This is what Harris naively told the
Buffalo police when he confessed to hav
ing aided in the killing of Joseph B.
Elwcll. the New York clubman whose
taking off last June was the year's big
gest mystery. Elwell was found dying
in a chair at his residence, with a bul
let through his head. The police were
still wringing their hands over the lack
of evidence when Harris, decently
enough, decided to help them out.
Blonde, blue-eyed, a thoroughly likeable
little woman was this Mrs. Fairchild,
If you'll permit Harris, as the police
have done, to tell it. She gave Harns
and another accomplice several outings
and intimated that when they killed .El
well they would give the lady her in
nings. Indeed, she seems to have been
affable and generous to a fault—except,
perhaps, to some fault of Elwell's.
Here, then, is the sort of lady who ar
ranges murders in her odd moment.:.
Small, about 35 years old—we’d keep
looking over our. shoulder if we were
Harris and had fixed the lady's age at
this height—pretty, and adorned with
diamonds. If you meet somebody like
this—run, eh? Oh, in the opposite direc
tion, of course.
Washington but In the capitals of all the
world, that the past week has been the
foreign policy of thexnew administration
1 in the making. Step by step the adminis
tration has undertaken first of all to
convince the world that so far as Amer
ica is concerned the League of Nations
does not exist. This country will recog
nize no acts of the league which even
remotely threaten the rights of the
United States. America is willing to
meet and confer with the nations mak
ing up the league; not only willing but
insistent that she shall be called into
conference whenever a decision is to be
made affecting the rights, expressed or
unexpressed, of the victors of the war
against Germany.
At the same time the administration
has sought to make it plain to Germany
that she could expect no aid or com
fort from America in avoiding just re
parations to the allies. America has
asked no reparations, but she feels that
her allies are entitled to them. The ad
ministration has sought furthermore to
soften to the. allies the mow of "the forth
coming separate peace with Germany.
The declaration of this peace is to he
delayed until there can be no mistaking
its intent, although it always will be cl if-'
fieult for the average foreigner to under
stand the mazes of a governmental sys
tern by which a country like the United
States can be placed before the jyorld In
the position of signing a treaty through
one branch and repudiating it through
The reaction in Europe to the steps
thus far taken in the new American pol
icy has been intensely interesting.
Germany has lost her hope of ‘‘Amer
ican intervention” with the allies, and
realizes that the United States will stand
with her former associates in the war.
France feels that, the United States
should do something more than declare
a principle in the “squabble” with Ger
many. France has asked the United
States to join the allies In “forcing”
Germany to pay up which the United
States will not do. Moral, but not phy
sical support, will hp left.
England feels that America, through
her notes to the allies regarding the
mandates in Mesopotamia and in the Is
land of Yap, has shown that her con
cern is not limited to the American con
tinent. Her vision is world-wide and he-*
interests are the same.
England feels that America cannot and
will not resign her place among the
powerful forces working for world peace.
France, feeling at last that all thought
of America becoming an integral part
and a power In the League of Nations, is
asking now for co-operation, and de
clares that the questions of peace and
war, which beset the world today, can
be solved only through a working agree
ment among those who three years "ago
were fighting for the same cause.
England says a League of Nations
without the United States is unthinkable.
The British press will not go that far.
but private opinion of high officials
frankly admits it.
In the French Senate the statement
is made that unless America returns to
the councils of the allies, .there is no
way of avoiding ruin. The senator was
not speaking of ratification of the treaty,
but of international co-operation.
So here is the point where the United
States may once m6re get in touch with
Europe—through voluntary co-operation.
No doubt is left that all the world
waits to know just what America will
(Continued from Page One)
most confidential dlscussion^of the mat
However, President Harding's message
to Congress next Tuesday Is anxiously
awaited in the belief that It will throw
definite light on America s foreign policy
under the new administration. Tho
vagueness of Mr. Harding's inaugural
addreas leads to the conclusion among
some observers that his first message to
Congress may not contain precise solu
tions. There is a feeling here that Mr.
Harding intends only to deal in broad
generalities In his public proclamations,
leaving America's specific intentions to
be learned through diplomatic negotia
tions and notes from the state depart
A liberal French senator declared dur
ing the foreign policy debate at the close
of this week that unless America re
turned to the allied councils, bringing
real help toward the reconstruction of
Europe, there was no way of avoiding
ruin. He was not speaking of the ratifi
cation of the treaty, nor of the adoption
of the I-eague of Nations, hut merely of
international co-operation.
A decision by France to occupy the
Ruhr valley would not be a solution of
the reparations problem, but only a di
version—a postponement of the day of
reckoning. It would coat Franca more
than she would get and still would lsava
unsettled the <*n#ln question of how to
pay for the war.
All except the extreme reactionaries
In France would undertake the Ruhr oc
cupation with reluctance. It Is recog
nized here that American opinion would
be even less enthusiastic, but a mere
negative attitude at Washington would
6e unlikely to prevent the step. The
last hops seems to be that some con
structive proposal will come from Amer
ica for effecting world'-wide peace with
out the further employment of armed
It Is now clear that the first requisite
for such a peace Is finding a solution
For France's fiscal problem. In fact, It
nay be said that France's Internal af
fairs today are the greateet question be
fore the world. It looks as If states
men . who wgjntq find a key to world
nance minister.
It would be shameless to treat even
the outward fringe of a murder so lightly
had not the police set a precedent. Not
only did they wait until someone con
fessed before doing anything about the
tragedy, but they have put young Har
ris to a great deal of annoyance by- con
tradicting his story at every point. They
used to make you prove your innocence.
Nowadays when you confess a murder,
they make you prove you aren't joking.
But of all the women connected with
this case, none is more remarkable than
the widow of the murdered man. in
formed by telephone about the confes
sion of Harris, Mrs. Ulwell was “not in
terested.” »
This places her in, a class by herself.
The everlasting Stillman dispute is a
reminder that some people have an awful
Jot of trouble getting a divorce. Clients
of one New York lawyer have been ob
taining all the divorces they liked with
out the formality of .appearing in court.
Upon investigation it was found that
divorces were not divorces at all, much
to the consternation of the putative di
vorcees. The process apparently hud
been to pay a rtfUnd sum and not get a
square deal.
Pleasanter things, however, than mur
der and divorce have been drawn from
fate’s lottery the past week.
It's not always a bad idea to have a
rotund tummy. Frankie Spadaro. aged
five, leaned too far across a fire escape
and fell 45 feet to a cement sidewalk.
At the time Frankie was full of spa
ghetti. He landed on his tummy and
merely bounced. Horrified neighbors,
who rushed to collect the fragments,
found him toddling back with the inten
sion of trying it again. His mother had
When Vqpue Decision Handed
DoWn Cases Will Be Dock
eted—Lancaster Will Be
First Called
Montgomery Bureau, The Age-Hefald
221-2 First National Bank Building
Montgomery, April li.—^Special.;—
Sorgt. Robert J. Lancaster ami eight
other national guardsmen of Tusca
loosa, who are charged with the
lynching of Will Baird, striking, miner,
during the miners’ strike January 13,
will be placed on trial as soon as the
supreme court decided whether their
cases are still pending in the Marion
circuit court or were returned to the
Walker circuit court when the original
indictments were nol pressed and new
ones returned.
Judge T. L. Sowell, who will preside
at the trials, and who came to Mont
gomery to hear the arguments on the
application for a writ of prohibition
preventing him and his associate,
Judge J. J. Curtis, from hearing the
cases in any county except Marion,
said he was determined to dispose of
ihe cases at the earliest possible mo*
hient. Of course, nothing can be done
to expedite the trials until the su*
preme court has rendered its decision.
However, It is not probable there will
be a great delay in the supreme court,
and attorneys for the state and de
fense believe the soldiers can be ar
raigned on the second indictments
within* l& days. The petition for a
writ of prohibition is a preferred case
It is probable that Sergeant Lan*
caster will be given another trial be
fore the other soldiers are called be
fore the court. His first trial re
sulted in a disagreement of the jury
It is charged by the state that Lan
caster was one of the leaders of t\u
party which raided the Walker :ount>
jail at Jasper January 15. obtained
Baird and carried him to a lonely place
on the Jasper-Gamble mines roa<i and
took his Iffe.
Following the trial of Lancaster
Sergt. Glenn R. Stephens will next be
called before the court. The stat€
claims Lancaster was the leader of on*
section of the party and the com
mander of the automobile which tools
the lead, and that Stephens was the
commander of the car which followec
the lead of the first car.
Attorneys for the state and defense
who came to Montgomery to argue the
case indicated that they desired a trial
of the* soldiers at the earliest oossi
ble moment. Judge Horace C. Wilkin
son, special prosecutor for 'the state,
said the state has been ready and Is
now' ready and anxious to place the
defendants on trial.
Attorneys for the defense 'nsisted
that they were ready for tjial, but de
sired to protect the interests of their
clients against the effort of the state
to submit the issue to a jury in Wal
ker county after the court had or
dered a change of venue to Marion
ln-the e,vent the supreme court de
cides the second indictments were the
beginning pf another prosecution and
not the continuation of the first, and
that therefore the cases were returned
to the Walker circuit court, it is prob
able the defense will file another ap
plication for a change of venue, con
tending that a fair trial cannot be had
in Walker county because of the con
dition of the public mind. This would
put the Issue before Judge Sowell
again. The state now contends that
this method should be followed by the
defense if it desires another change of
The national guardsmen are .-om
fortably situated in the jail at Besse.
mer, according to information brought
to Montgomery. They* were trans
ferred from the Birmingham jail to
Bessemer because of the crowded con.
ditton of the former prison. At Besse
mer two large rooms have been pro
vided, and in addition a court may be
used by the soldiers^ in taking exer
cise. A furniture company has sent
furniture to the cells. The Victrola
donated by citizens of their home city
w<i moved with the soldiers when
they were transferred from the Marlon
county jail. However, the soldiers are
restless and desire to have their trials
concluded as soon as possible.
(CssHssid ina riiis Oae)
pay. It must bs realissd, however,
that apart from the principle involved
are questions of method and execu
tion. France in this connection hopes
for a more precise statement from Mr.
Harding or Mr. Hughes. It Is not suf
ficient to say to Germany that she
must make reparation to the limit of
her capacity. This only leads back
to the sterile discussions which for
15 months have been proceeding. In
violation of the treaty, as to Germany’s
so-called paying capacity.
France asks America, in view of the
latter’s great role in the war. to re
| put him on the fire escape because the
street was too dangerous.
Sprightliness, nevertheless, is not only
to the young. Look at Manning Oppen
heimer, whose one hundredth birthday
1 was celebrated a few* days since. Though
a veteran of the early Mexican war, Mr.
Oppenheimer danced a Jig before his Zd
grandchildren and 16 great-grandchildren,
and said it would have been livelier ex
j cept for prohibition.
Yet there’s nothing slow about some
! phases of these dry times, either, Per
haps art is long and life is fleeting. But
iart is pretty, fleet on occasion, take It
! from various haberdashers and hotel
men who are looking for the poet. Do
rian Hope. Dorian recently published a
»ohme of 57 poems, 1do of which have
! been identified as written by somebody
; else. Kvidently the lad is a believer m
i free verse, free as the wild flowers, for
anybody's picking. There were a few
matters, too, suoh as bills, which Hope
has deferred paying till the tradesmen
begin to remember the quotation about
Hope deferred making the heart sick.
As for the rest of the population, it
has been kept from somnolence by the
arrest of 11 fashionably dressed ladies In
a gambling raid, advocates of craps for
women; by the capture of two 15-year
old boys who helped themselves to 13,000
worth of jewels in an apartment; by a
love-sick youth who left his coat and a
suicide note on a wharf and went
around three days later to his inamorata
-a waitreas—to see if she was pliftfged
in grief, apd she not only wasn’t but had
become engaged to another man. And
by the first straw hat (male) of the
season which blocked traffic on Broad
way of this, after all. provincial town.
| mind Germany that throughout the
i war. as well as in the peace terms,
I it was understood among the allies
! and their associates that the con
! quered aggressor should pay for all
j damages and pensions. Francs also
I asks America to participate in a Just
| effort to obtain such payment.
It now seems from dispatches from
Washington that the Knox resolution
again is being discussed. Despite the j
attitude of the so-called semi-official
French newspapers, I cannot conceal
the fact that the adoption of this res
olution would profoundly disappoint
the French people.
France, in all dignity and all confi
dence, hopes that the United States wi’l
find not words but acts to compel Ger
many to honor h^r signature.
(Continued from I'rk^ One)
complice and chief witness against Wil
liams, also is under indictment in New
ton county, where the state hokis three
negroes were drowned. Manning is to be
tried later at Covington,
tried later at Covington. Solicitor Gen
eral Campbell sttaed he had evidence
indicating that In addition to the 11 ne
groes whose bodies were founl, 8 in Jas
per and 3 In Newton county, that at
least 3 more were killed and their bodies
thrown into a pond. Mr. Campbell said
active search would begin for the Wil
liams boys.
“The law-abiding citizens will show to
the world they believe In law enforce
ment," Mr. Campbell said tonight. "A
number of citizens are involved and we
have evidence sufficient to indict six or
seven. We have, the lynchers on the run
and will clean up the country.”
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Verdicts Returned During One
Week Include Hanging, Two
for Life and Numerous
Lesser Penalties
Rockforpl. A pm 3.—(Special.)—Criminal
week of the circuit court in Coota
county was especially featured by the
heavy sentences returned by the jury
w illiam raircnnu was senicnren 10 or . i
Geol%6 Barganeer for life and John Bon- '
ton for life, all negroes. Many others
were sentenced to terms ranging from |
one to three ^’earp.
The court during the week was pre- i
sided over by Judge Longshore of Co*
lumbiana, with W. W. Wallace as state
solicitor, assisted by J. J. Haynes of the
law firm of Leaner, Haynes & Wallace
of Columbiana. Felix Smith. Jr., as coun
ty solicitor, amt George T. Ray field ot
Rock fowl as court clerk. During ihe
week Judge Longshore proved *ery
agreeable and showed himself competent
of fulfilling his station as circuit judge
The following were sentenced; Wil
liam Fairchild, charged with murder,
sentenced to hang May 22; George Bar- ,
ganeer and John Boston, charged with |
murder, sentenced to life imprisonment in
the state penitentiary; !«ester Joyner
J. G. Blankingship, negro; Robert L
Boyd, Charlie Samuels, negro; John J
Lauderdale, negro; Matthew Judkins, ne
gro, hi,.1 Ira Hardy sentenced to terms
According to tho report of the grAml
Jury, a gfeat deal of violation of the
prohibition law has been noted for the
part year. In consequence many of the
cases on the criminal docket this weea
were relative to violation of that. law.
The grand jury complimented Sheriff
McDonald of Rockford for his untiring
efforts in destroying many of the stills
scattered over the country. Also Shcrif*
McDonald was complimented for the ex
cellent condition of the county jail.
Anniston. April 9.— (Special.!—Fu
neral services for Thomas A. Rest. St.
whose death occurred Saturday. -vUl be
held from the residence at 218 East
fourteenth street Sunday afternoon.
Interment will bo at the Hillside
cemetery. Mr. Best was a Cnnf’d?r-f«
veteran, having serve.! with gallantry
through the four years of civil strife
as n member of Company A, Eighth
Confederate infantry.
We Sell More Victrolas
Than Anybody in Alabama
And Why Shouldn’t We?
Robt. P. Me David, Manager
Clark & Jones
1913 Third A.ve

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