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mfirlllimt&SllltCHtimJi I. O. BASIMAK, O. C. TOIUIETT, K. C CCnCBCU. JOHN L. MAKtING & CO., EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. WEDNESDAY MORNING, U'EC.iH, 1853. NASHVILLE TRUE TO HERSELF AND TO II ER . FRIENDS. Referring, in our paper of Sunday, to the fact that the Mayor and Aldermen, after Ending them selves unable to agree how the vote of the city on account of her stock in the Nashville and Chat tanooga railroad should be cast for directors, had agreed to submit the question to the division of the people, we expressed the confident opinion that the majority for the old board would bo very decis ive. We were not . mistaken in our judgment. Yesterday the vote ,was takeiij.with the following tmphalie result : roil OLD EOAED. AOAIH3T, OLD BOARD. Tirst Ward, Second Ward, Third Ward, ' i . tWfhv 25" 2 ;30 . 10 9 29 111 iourth Ward, Fifth Ward, Sixth Ward, 9G5 The vote is not a full one; yet as' the enemies of the i.i i.,..rrt ,irf much mnriTrritifl than their Inenas, it is reasonable Jo suppose that a full vote woum have increased the lnajoJity in a stui greater pro portion. The result is a brilliant compliment to the Presi dent of the road, V. K. Stevexsos, Esq., against whom the main attacks of those who have used D: ' Aemstroxg have been IcavelleiL It is a compliment, however, which lias been richly earned; and the city honprs herself quite aa much as illr. bnvEK sox in its bestowal The llayor and those Aid men who felt themselves ''instructed" by their elec tion, to vote against the old board,-will doubtless re- ce:-v the proper sympathy of the public in the dis mv v 'th which they must receivo this voto. JUDGE DUKLAP. jil, C. Dcxlap, the distinguished Senator from Shelby, who has been confined to his room for j somo weeks with an attack of chills and fever, has, we are happy to announce, so far recovered as to be able to resume his seat in tho Senate. The char acter and talents of Judge Dcxlap would give him great influence in any Legislative body. In tho( present Legislature of Tennessee, his services are invaluabli. We concur in the graceful compliment of the True Whig to tho Senator from Marshall, Mr. Jbsts, who has so ably and acceptably acted as chairman of the Judiciary Committee during-the sickness of Judge DtJNLAP. MR. CLIAMBLISS' SPEECH. This speech was very incorrectly printed in our paper yesterday; so much so, that, instead, of at tempting to give a list of tho errors, wo republish it corrected this morning. THE PRESIDENT'S MES3AGE. Tho independent press, which is usually a good index to the popular sentiment, speak highly of the President's message. The Baltimore Clipper says: ''The Message. Tho first annual message of President Pierce was delivered yesterday, immedi ately on the re-assembling of Congress. The docu ment, which will be found on our first page, is a moJpl State paper, chaste and eloquent in style, and characterized by unusual explicitness. As the first message of President Pierce, it will doubtless bo trued with unwonted interest, not only by the people of America, but throughout the world." The Savannah Courier says: The President's Message. It is with mingled feelings of pleasure and pride, that we present this important document, even to the exclusion of other raattiTS, to our readers this morning. We have not time nor space to make comments at length; we will say, however, that it is well and carefully written, and we believe it wilt bn considered throughout the Union as another pledge of the ability, fidelity and patriotism of the President. The -Baltimore Sun says: "It is a plain written document, embracing a care ful and deliberate survey of the affairs of the Union, and all tho incidental relations pertaining to its ried interests. Several of the topics introduced eur notice are of manifest importance, not only th respect to the United States, but in their rela . n to other countries. All are, however, discussed . a dispassionate and statesmanlike tone; other rernments are referred to witbrcspect: and the utmost conGdence is expressed in their liaberality of purpose and cordial relations with our own ; at the samo time, the zeal and devotion which cliarac terisiM a patriotic concern for the best welfare of the United States pervades the wholo document." And the Baltimore American, a whig paper, in an article adopted by the Charleston Courier, says : " Eepeating the doctrines of the inaugural, the message is better as a composition than that docu ment, being more brief and not so academical It is lather historical than controversial, and re states rather than- re-argues the positions of the author. The growth of the country, and the corres ponding iucrease of public business, have necessarily limited the message to a cursory detail of the sub jects proper for legislative aid in some instances, and to a mere reference to Departmental reports in others. We cannot of course discuss the topics treated of by the Message at this time, but we take pleasure in raying that whilst its style and temper are worthy of approbation, the nationality of its doc trines in main'aining the rights of our citizens, in restraining depredations against other nations, in protecting and developing our infant and distant acquisitions, in the general supervision of our domestic interosts, and above all, in pledging him self to maintain the compromise measures, and to see that the repose which he assumes has succeed ed the adoption of the-se measures shall "suffer no cheek during" his "official term" "if he shall have power to avert it is worthy of all commendation mid support. Indeed, in studying the State papers of an Administration whose chief has written so little that evn his political opponents can condemn. the future historian will bo at a loss to imagine why such an Administration should have experienced so great a loss of party confidence, or such a diminu tion of legislative strength." THE INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT BILL. A correspondent of the Knoxville Register re views the action of the Senate on the internal im provement bill, and compliments those who were mostactive in its advocacy as follows: "The Senators from East Tennessee to a man sustained the bill, and your Senator, CoL Kelson, made two most excellent and effective speeches in its behalf speeches which were such as he can make when in his best moods, llo was heard with the profoundost attention, and did honor to himself and the constituents whom he represents, by the liberal, enlightened and patriotic manner in which he treated the subject. Dr. Bell also addressed tho Senate, in vindication more especially of the Ra bun Gap road, and I am sure his constituents in Blount county, are very much indebted to him for the manner m which he devoted himself to their in terests, so far as they are involved in the fate of that road. o one, I know, could be more faithfiilthan ho. Dr. Carriger, though he did not ,!m ,v cessary to address the Senate at length whilo the bill was under consideration, was constantly on the alert to sco that in nothing was any parliamentary advantage obtained by the enemies of the bill, and in this way and by the private encouragements of its friends, he too did good service. Of Messrs. Nave, Bevvley and Havron, I may be permitted to say that they were steadfast friends, and wem in constant readiness to take such position as would secure the passage of the bill. To the aid of the iast Tennessee benators, came Dr. Robertson, who hpoKo sevcrm umes, anu wiui muen energy and power, in favor of tho bill. Gen. Polk also took the floor, and advocated the bill in his felicitous yet forcible manner. He has shown himself to be not only what all admit him to be, a gentleman in the Legislature and out ofit, but one of the most en lightened and liberal friends of internal improve ments in tho State. I have been thus specific in me ujcuuuu v iaid iiomes ui oci.siors wno support ed the bill, in order that it may be known to whom we are indebted for tho passage of the bill through the Senate." 207, ,"124 , -127 .178 173 15G WASmsO-TOy CORKESPOSDEgCk'. ? W , Editor foflhe TlhTon and American: jTng'erc'TlIisrreaches you tho wires will have j told you who'is elected Speaker, Sic I will men tion, however, tho names of the officers elected:, Tinn Uovt Speaker; Jon V. Fqrkkt, Clerk; . r r " ' . . '4' m McKefxe, Doorkeeper; Jonx M. Jotrxsos Post master. This organizatiomvas effected yesterday, the first day. I beg leave fo correct a-representation which has been quoted in your columns; but not editorial- j ly sanctioned by you. It is in the Union and American of Nov. .26. ITou seem. 'however, to. think that-there is something .questionable in the case. iThere. Is prima facia .evidence .of the good faith of the Atlantic nnd Pacific' Railroad Compar ny chartered'by Uie Legislature of New York, in the names 6f several men of known honor and pe cuniary means, who have subscritied, and "three" of whom aro' directors. I refer to stich men as Hon. Robert J.Walker, Gen. T.J. Ru3K, and Phillip Thomas. The character of these men is a guar anty that they will attempt no humbug ; and their discernment is such as to ensure, that tney wouia discovsr this scheme to be one, if it were such. A few facts will refute some of the accusations afloat concerning them. The Charleston Mercury says, "we expect great things froin this Company, it will contrive to absorb about half the time of tho next session, and if it docs not absorb a like proportion of the monies in the'Treasury it will be the fault of somebody beside the President and Directors." The refutation of this appears In the fact, that Mr. Walker, himself, at the first opportunity, at the meeting on tho 7th Novemberf offered .resolution which was unanimously passed, "not to apply to Con gress or any grant of land or money." This nails that accusation to tho counter as bad coin. The Company relios upon ' tho intrinsic merits of the route, and upon private enterprise. They expect, .however, that Texas and any other Slates through Iwhoso territory the road will pass, will aid them, as such.State would have a right to do, and as it -would be good policy for it to do. Moreover, it -has already adopted tho Southern'route, which is assuredly that route whicu naturally wouia connect with greatest advantage to Tennessee, with Rail road improvements- of her own, Tho Company has withheld large amounts from being , subscribed, that all who had to subscribe, five, ten, twenty, and fifty share lots might do so; and part of those Im mouse subscriptions are being distributed also m such lots. Thirdly, the Company long since des patched an experienced engineer, with a competent icorpj, who are now in the field, and will soon com- rplete an instrumental and scientific survey, upon which proper estimate can bo based. The New York Herald is utterly hostile to the Company, as I have seen myself by articles pub lighed in it of the most adverse nature. Tho editor has not been paid black mail by the Company; and hence he fifes at them like a hawk hungry for his prey. In your paper of November 2Dth I perceive that "Tenn'essean'' concludes a loDg and interesting let ter from Athens. In Blackwood for November, is an article of great merit "Athens in 1853' Ono of the points on which the Greek scholar will dwell with complacency, is the restoration of tho ancient Greek language, which for ages past ha3 been in process of completion; so that that noblest of languages is really now a living tongue in Greece- in fact, always has been, though corrunted. The writer says, (page 579,) "Those who know to what a statn centuries of neglect and abusohad brought the fine language of Homer and Plato: will at onco perceive the great public service per formed by that band of patriotic translators and original writers, who have, in the course of two generations, made Greek, pure Greek a second time the grand organ of a national culture and a popular regeneration." As many of our readers perhaps labor under the erroneous impression thai the language now spoKen at Athens is a mere composite language, standing in the same re lation to classical Greek that Italian does to Latin, we can only advise them at present to procure a catalogue of his most recent publications, from the bibliop&le Coromelas, street of Hermes, Athens, and by ordering any of these works, they can sat isfy thomsel VPS with their own eyes of the genuine Hellenic character of the language now used. The Europa's news for three days, has not yet been telegraphed. Much anxiety is felt for her safety. 1 P. M. I have jat perused the Message of tho President and find it an excellent document. Sclpicius. LATER FROM TEXAS. By the arrival of the steamship Louisiana this morning, we have Galveston papers of the 31st Austin of the 29th ult, and jl number of other Texas papers. The Austin State Gazette, of the 29th ulL, has tho following paragraphs; Governor P. H. Bell has resigned the office, of Governor of Texas, and the duties of that station have been thereby devolved upon our presentLieu tenant Governor. J. W. Henderson, by whom they will be discharged until the 21stDecember. Gen. A Sidney Johnson, who returned on Sun day evening last, from his periodical trip to the forts on the upper waters of the Brazos and Trinity, informs us that the Indians are quiet on that part of our frontier, at present. In noticing tho proceedings in the legislature tne uazttte has the loiiowing paragraph m relation to the Pacific Railroad: "The committee on Internal Improvements of the fcenate, have given the bill lor tho construction of the Mississippi and PaciSc Railroad a thorough examination, and although not yet reported, we are informed have come to the following conclusion: To extend the time for the construction of the first fifty miles, to eighteen months. To reserve from location a belt of country sixty miles in width, to leave open and undetermined the point at which it shall enter the eastern boundary of the State, but to bear in such direction from where it doc3 enter as to reach the 32d deg. of north latitude in tho vicinity of tho Trinity. They recommend the strik ing out of the 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th sections, as their substance is provided for in the general railroad law of the State. Tho principal difficulty is now the fixing the point at which the road shall cross the Trinity river. Twenty instead of sixteen sections of land to the mile are given to the com panywho shall construct the road. Hoxors to Mr. Mitchell. The congratulations offered to John Mitchell are not confined to his countrymen only. He is daily waited upon by rn tive citizens of respectability and distinction,' anx ious to testify their regard for his character. He was called upon yesterday forenoon by com mittees from the common councils, of the cities of New York and Brooklyn, to inform him of the ac tion of the bodies which they represented, in ten dering to him the use of tho Governor's room in their respective City Halls, for tho purposo of re ceiving his friends, and of extending to him their congratulations on his restoration to freedom. Mr. Mitchell accepted tbo privilege, and thanked the committees for the honor in his usual brief and sen tentious manner. He appointed Monday next as the day on which he would occupy tho Governor's room in New York. The committee of the com mon council will call for and escort him thither at 10 A M., of that day. Mr. Mitchell was unable to name the day on which he would receivo his friends in the Brooklyn Citv Hall, but said it would be soon, and that ho would Bigimy h io tne committees at some future time. At 9 o'clock P. M, the Ship-builders Associa tion, numbering several hundred, commanded by Capt Maurice Welsh, and accompanied by Turf's patio , 01 v miamsburg, called at the residence of iur. iiitcneii. iY. x. Times. Tnitr-vrn of the Telegraph. On Saturday even ing messages passed through the magnetic telegraph, direct and uninterrupted from New Orleans to New York. The click of the operator in New Orleans, which was instantaneously answered by that of the operator in New York, was communicated a dist ance of some 2,500 miles 1 It is the first time this feat was ever accomplished. M AN ACT .. ? To incorporate the Missisvppi Cenhflhu'dnnessee -Jlaihotxti. Compctvg.' & . ' 1. Be it enaeial ly tJi' General Assembly of the I Slale of'Tinneis'Tnit "'Slltton Brown. JolmW.1 Campbell, Thomas Jlewt,-Jweod jiiu, niuaui Butler, A W. 0. Totten', S. P. Hays, Edwin Polk, .CiUzenSlVoodvIsaac..R- Hawkins, G- C Hurt, Jno. Norman. Wm. W.lterron, David Green, sr., H. W. McCorry. Jno: H, Bills," E. P. McNeal Ja. Wood,LA.Puchett, David Mckinnie, James B. Hacrii tod their asweiate? and their successor nn-. . derthe name and fctyle of "The Mississippi Cen tral and Tennessee Riilroad Company, " are hereby declared to be a body, corporate and politic, under the laws of TenneJsee, with succession lor nve hundred years, and a common seal, with capacity, to have, receive, and enjoy, to them and their suc cessors, property and estate of whatever nature, and quality; and the. same to alien, transfer and dispose of, scfar 03 may ha necessary to carry into effect the main object'o'f this charter, which is hereby de clared to be the construction, uso and maintenance of a Railroad from the South line of the State of Tennessee, at the- point -where lhetlis?issippi cen tral Railroad may touch or cross tne oiaic une, nun passiug at or near Bolivar to Jackson, and. with power to extend the road or branches of tho road in the direction of or to Nashville, and also to any point or points in the direction of or to the Ken tucky Slate line. Hi:C. Z. lit It enacien, .mat nam vouijjiiiijf is ueie- by declared capable of mating all contracts, to suo and be sued, to make by-laws, to appoint officers', servants and, agents, and finally, to do all things which may be necessary' to carry on the business and object lor whicasaiu corporation is creaieu. The said Company is vested with all the powers necessary for the construction, repair, use and main tenance of said, llailrpud, with as many tracKs, ue- pots, (urn outs; sme tracKs, landings, warehouses, . . . . . ,i fj workshops, ana appuneuancesas iucy may unu ne cessary, and is authorized to make all works what ever which may be necessary or expedient for the proper conipletion, use and utility of said road, a'nd to use the, same ior proui, uuu luase uinuams amoncr the stockholders, to procure by purchase, gift orTelcase, or otherwise such lands and other property a3 may be necessary for the site of said Railroad, or Us construction and convenient use, or for the erection and use of depots, warehouses, landings, bridges, or other works connected there with, and to as many lateral roads with appurtenances connected with said main stem or branches athey may deem proper, not extending more than fifty miles from ihe main stem or branches of said road. Sec. 3. Be. it enacted, That tho capital stock of said Company may be two million dollars, or such other sum as may bo necessary to complete the work3 authorized by this charter, and that said Company shall be authorized to open books for the subscription of shares of fifty .dollars ($50) each in the capital stock of said company, at such times and places, and. for such lengths of time as may be deemed "proper, and that upon two hundred thous and dollars having been subscribed as aforesaidthe Mississippi Central and Tennessee Railroad Com pany shall be regarded as formed, and the subscri bers to the stock shall form a body politic and cor porate in deed and in law, by the name and for the purposo aforesaid. Sec 4. Be it enacted, That so soon as the Com pany is formed as aforesaid, the affairs of said Com pany shall be managed by a Board of Directors, to consist of twelve, who shall be chosen by the Stock holders from their own body, and a President of the company shall be elected by the Directors from among their own number, and such other officers for said Company may be elected by said Directors, as" may bo deemed necessary and proper. All which elections may be held in such manner and under such regulations as tho Company may prescribe. The Board of Directors may fill up all vacancies which may occur in it, and in the absence of any officer, may fill his place by pro lem appointments. Sec. 5. Be it enacted, That at any time after the Mississippi Central and Tennessee Railroad Com pany shall be organized, as aforesaid, that tho Board . of Directors of said Company may unite ?3id Com pany with the Mississippi Central Railroad Com pany, chartered by the General Assembly-of the State of Mississippi, and by the agreement of the Hoard of Directors of each of said Companies, they may become united into one board and body cor .porato upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon, under the name and style of the Mis sisippi Central Railroad Company, or the Missis sippi Central and Tonnessee Railroad Company, as die Companies, when united, may determine upon, with all the corporate powers, rights, privileges and immunities, and subject to the same rules, condi tions and liabilities as aro by this act conferred and imposed on the Mississippi Central and Tennessee Bailroad Company: That upon such union of said .Companies the Stockholders of both roads shall bo stockholders in common in said road according to i he respective amounts of their stock; and at the first regular election for Directors after such union, the stockholders shall elect one Board ofDirectors for said Company under such rules, regulations and, in such manner as the Company may prescribe. Sec. G. Be it enacted, That said Company hereby -created either before or after its junction with the Mississippi- Central Railroad Company as aforesaid may unite with any company, and form a junction with any otherroad at any point on the majn stem or branches of said road extending towards Jfash ville or the Kentucky line, as aforesaid, upon the same terms.rules, conditions and liabilities provided in Sec. 5 of this charter in reference to the union of this Company with the Mississippi Central Rail road Company. Sec. 7. Be it enacted, That the right of way is hereby granted to said Company to pas3 in and through the State of Tennessee with said Rqad. branches and laterals as aforesaid: and to use all lands, rocks, timber, earth, sand, gravel, water, or other materials, which may be found on the routes selected, and which may belong to the State of Tennessee, and be necessary for tho use of said road, -and also to appropriate and use all such land and materials, beimrnnvate Dronertv. as mav be neces sary for said road and its appurtenances, makiDg just compensation tor all private property used, by con tract with the parties or by arbitration with them, and when the parties cannot agree upon the com pensation to be made by the Company for the use of the road, depots, Va, then tho value shall be as certained by legal proceedings as hereafter prescri bed. Seo. 8. Be it enacted, That where any lands or right of way may be required by said Company for the purpose of constructing their road, and for want of agreement as to the vauio thereof, or from any other cause, the same cannot be purchased from the owner or owners, the same may be taken at a val uation to be made by flvo commissioners or a ma jority of them to be appointed by the Circuit Court of the county where somo part of tho land or right of way i situated the opposite party to have five days n Jtice before the appointment of said com missioners; and the, said commissioners before they act shall severally take an oath before some justice oi the Peace faithfiilly and impartially to discharge the duty assigned them. In making said valuatiqn the commissioners shall allow tho actual valuo of the land taken by said Company, without any general or special effect that tho actual or contemplated construction of the road Or its location may have, had on said land taken or on the surrounding lands. And in all other matters the commissioners shall take into consideration the losses or damages which may occur to the owner or owners in consequence of the land being taken or the right of way surren dered, and also the benefit and advantage he, she, ' or they may receivo from the erection or establish ment of tho railroad or works in any manner what-, ever, and shall state particularly the nature and amount of each; and tho excess of loss and damage over and above the benefit and advantage sliall form the measure of valuation of said right of way outside of the actual value of said land aforesaid. The proceedings of said commissioners accompa nied with a full description of said land or right of way shall be returned underthe hands and seals of a majority of the commissioners to the court from which the commission issued, there to remain of record. In caso either party to the proceedings shall appeal irom the valuation to the next session of the court granting the commission and give rea sonable notice to the opposite party of such appeal, the court shall ordera new valuation to be made by a jury who shall be charged therewith in the same term or ns soon as practicable, which verdict shall be final and conclusive between the parties,. unless a new tri&I shall be granted; and the lands or right of way so valued by the commissioners or a jury, shall vest in said Company in fee simple so soon as the- valuation is paid or tendered and refused. Where there may be an appeal, as aforesaid, from the valuation of the commissioners by either of the parties, the same shall not prevent the worla inten ded to bo constructed from proceeding; but when the appeal is by the Company, demanding the sur render, they shall be at liberty to proceed in their works only on condition of giving the oppojite par ty a bond with good security, to be approved by the Clerk of the court when the valuation is returned in a penalty equal to double said valuation con ditioned for the payment of said valuation. and in terest, in case the same be sustained, and in case it be reversed for the payment of the valuation to be thereafter made by the jury and .confirmed by the court. Provided, that when the land cannot be had by gift or purchase, the construction of the work shall not be hindered or delayed during the pendencyjpf "any proceeding to assess 1 its value as. . aforesjiid,nor.sliall any injunction or supersedeas bo awarded.by any Judgj orcourtito delay tho" pro gress of "said work. Seo. 9. Be it'enacted,- That in the absence of any coninict-with said Company in relation to the .lands through' which sAiif road may pass, signed '. by. the owner thereof, or by his agent, or any claimant or ( t --rr. "; ' l.TjLi - "i n.'.Ia ..., person in possession,- which mav i-uiuiruieu uy the owner, it shall be presumed mat tne land on which said road mav be constructed, together with a space of one hundred feet, or so much thereof a3 may. be necessary for the construction and main tenance of said road and no more, on each side of the centre of said road, lias been granted to the Pnmivinv hv the owner thereof, and said Company shall have a good right and title thereto, and shall ! have and enjoy the same, as long as the same be used only for the "purposes of the road, and no longer; unless the person or persons owning said" land at the time that part of tho road which may be on said land was finished, or tho3e claiming under him. her, or them, shall apply for an assessment of tne' value ot said lanus wiuiin uireeyears, hcauuuu afterthat part of said road was finished, and Incase said owner or owners, or these claimingunder him, her, or them, do not apply within three years next, 'after said part Was finished, he, she, orthey, shall be forever barred from recovering of said landorhav-Ing-any assessment or recompensation therefor. Provided, nothing in this section contained, shall affect the right of femes-coverts or infants, until two years after tha removal of their respective disa bilities. Sec. 10. Be it enacted. That if any person shall willfully or maliciously destroy, or iu any manner hurt, damage, or obstruct the said Railroad, or any bridge or any vehicle used for, Or in the tranporta tion thereon, such person or persons, so offending shall be liable to bo indicted, therefor, and, on con- ' victlori, shall be imprisoned not more than six or less than one month, and pay a nne not less than twenty dollars, and shall be further liable to pay all the expenses of repairing the same: and it shall not be competent for any person so offending against the provisions of this section to defend him self by pleading that he Avas the owner, or agent, or servant of the. owner of the land, where such destruction, hurt, damage, injury or obstruction was done or caused at the time the same wa3 caused or done. Sec. 11. Be it enacted, That every obstruction to the safe and free passage of vehicles on said road, shall bo deemed a public nuisance and may be abated as' such by any officer, agent, or servant of the company, and the person causing such obstruc tion may be indicted and ipumsuea ior creating a public nusiauce. Sec 12. Be it enacted. That said company is hereby expressly prohibited from carrying on any banking operations; but may effect insurance on lives and property transported on said road. Sec 13. Be it enatced, That the officers, agents, and servants shall be exempt from serving on juries and from working on public roads, and tha,t tho capital stock .of said company and the road with its.fixtures and appurtenances including work shops, ware-houses and vohlcles ot transportation shall bo forever exempt from taxation. Sec. 14. Be it further enacted, That the slock heretofore subscribed for the extensipn of the Mis sissippi Central RauRoad through Hardeman coul ty, by way of Bolivar to Jackson,Tennessee, shall be gooa ana vana unuer mis cnaner according to me terms of said subscriptions. Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That a body cor porate and politic is hereby incorporated and con' stituted by the name and style of the Central South ern Railroad Company, for the purpose of con structing a Railroad from a point of intersection with the Tennessee and Alabama Railroad, at Co lumbia, in Maury county, by way of Pulaski, in Giles county, to the Alabama line, in the direction of Athens and Decatur, Alabama, to connect with "any railroad that may be constructed from Decatur, Alabama, to the said State line in the direction of Pulaski; and the said Company shall have all the powers and priviliges, and be subject to all the re strictions and liabilities provided in the charter of theNashville and Chattagooga Railroad, and in the various amendments thereunto, except as hereinaf ter prescribed, provided nothing contained in this section shall be so construed as to require the aid of the State to said road. Sec. 16. Beit enacted, That the capital stock of said Company shall be one million of dollars, to be divided into shares of fifty dollars each, and the Company shall have power to increase tho capital stock to any amount sufficient to insure - the com pletion of said, road, and whenever one thousand shares of the capital stock shall be subscribed for, said Company may organize by the election ot a board of directors, who shall elect a President from their number when a vote is to be taken each stockholder shall be entitled to one vote for each share of stock held by him. Sec. 17. Beit enacted, That Roger B. Mayes, S. D. Frierson. James H. Thomas, W. C. Whitthorn, R A L. Wilkes, George Gantt, Thomas Martin, Giles A. Reynolds, Thomas E, Abernathey, Dr. B. Carter, Tyreo Rodes, Thomas R. Gordon, David Maxwell, be and they are hereby constituted a Board of Commissioners, a majority of whom may act, to manage all the affairs of said Company, un til it shall be organized by the election of a Board of Directors, as aloresaid, to procure the subscription of Stock, by the appointment of an agent or agents for that purpose, or in such manner as they may deem best; to provide for experimental surveys of routes lor said tiailroad, and lor the payment tor making said surveys, and for procuring said sub-, scriptions, out of such call on the Stock subscribed for, as they may deem advisable, and out of the funds hereafter provided for, hot they shall not be compelled'to require any partof the Stock subscrib ed for, to be paid in cash at the time it is subscribed for, and at all meetings of said Commissioners" they may vote in person or by proxy, in relation to the affairs of the Company before its organisation as aforesaid, and they shall require each subscriber to execute his note to the Coropauy for one dollar for each share pf Stock subscribed for by him, and it shall be lawful for the same to be sued for and re covered of such subscriher3, In tl)a name of the Company, whether organized as aforesaid or not; to be used when paid in defraying the expenses incurred by the Company in the manner aforesaid. Sec. 18. B it enacted, That if said Company snqum run mo eaiii auroan continuous on mo une oi an- turnpiKQ rqaa, tne company snail nave pow er to do so, upon such terms as the Company may agree upon with said Turnpike Company, by per mitting such Turnpike Company to subscribe for such amount of Stock in' said Railroad Company as the parties may agree upon in lieu of the value of, or damage to said turnpike road, or otherwise, but said Railroad Company shall not bo liable to pay to any Turnpike Company any damagps for running laterally with, parallel or adjacent to any turnpike road, unless the Railroad should be run continuous upon the bed of such turnpiko road. Spc. 19.. Be it enacted, That it shall not be lavf ful fqr said Company to make any unequal discrim inations in their charge for freight or passage,- or in the transportation of freight or passengers, in favor ot any reads that may connect therewith, Sea 20- Be it further enacted, That the 13th Section of an act, passed December 11, 1.845, incor porating the Nashyillo and Chattanooga Railroad Company, shall not be a partot this act. Sec. 21. Be it further enocted, -That should any of the Stockholders desire to pay their Stock or any portion thereof, in 'work or labor required in the construction of said road,- they shall have the right to do so; provided, tbey will do such work (to be specified) upon contract with the President and Directors' of said road, on as good terms, or for as low a price, as the Directors are able to get it done by others, and said Stockholders desiring to pay their subscription in work shall have preference over all 'others desiring the same contract, and should any two or more Stockholders desire or bid for the same work; and neither will underbid the ' other, the one making the first application shall have preference; provided, in all cases, where it is required, satisfactory security shall be given to the President and Directors for the completion of the wort upon the terms speomea in the contract, William H. Wisener, Speaker of the House of Bepresaitalives. Eoww Polk, Speaker of the Senate. Passed November 30, 1853. A true copy from the original in file on my office. W. B. A. Ramsey, Secretary of State. December 12, 1853, A Soldier's Bountt. It has been decided by the proper officer of the government, that a soldier who enlists on the western frontier under the act of June 17, 1850, and the general order of June 22, 1850, and who is discharged on Surgeon's certifi cate of disability before the expiration of his time, is not entitled to all the bounty provided by that act which is to be paid in unequal instalments the last at the expiration of his servicfj but only to a pro rata bounty according to the time he may have served, and the scale established by the general or der. LECTURE. 2UR. VAN ZANDT WILL DE LIVER a Lecture on Ihe Rise and Progress of Ameri can Liberty, at the Xashrille Inn on Friday night next at 8 o ciocc card j at me acor, so cents. aec is id SPEECH OF W. P. CHAMBLISS, On fiie motiSii. of Mr. Smith, of Haywood, to non--oncur in the Report of the. Committee on Tippling, - Mr.- Speaker: I have listened with attention and J very great pleasure to the. able and elaborate argu ments that haya beerr made by representatives, both for and against the motion to non-concur in the report oFth'evcom'mittef?on tippling, now under consideration. I regret but one tiling that has oc curred thus' far in the debate, and that is, gentle men, on both sides of the question have been ac cused of" an attempt to avoid responsibility. I have no such charge to make. Juicu member who his .addressed the House, I have nq doubt, has given ui j his sincere convictions without shrinking, ana with out tear. - Jor the 'correctness or incorrectness of the positions taken, and the views presented, repre sentatives are responsible to tKeirconstituents, to their consciences, and to their God and to these I leave them. I should not, Mr. Speaker, have deemed it mv duty to say one word on the question, but for the bold and defiant manner; thearrogant, and, I must say, egotistic assumptionsof gentlemen who sustain the motion. impeueu,tuereiore, oya senseot what is due myself, and those I have the honor, in part, to represent, to claim the indulgence and. attention of the House for a few moments, I shall endeavor to confine myself strictly to the question under dis cussion. I will first state, sir, What I consider to be the issues before the House. Five thousand citizens of the State, men, women, and children, presented a petition to this General Assembly asking for the passage of a resolution submitting a proposition to the people of Tennessee, to ascertain their wishes in referenco to a Jaw prohibiting the sale of intoxi cating drinks within the State. The subject was referred to a special committee of the House. That committee, after maturely considering the nature and object ot the petition, through tueir chairman, Mr. Odell, report that it was the opinion of a ma jority of the committee that the prayer was unrea sonable, and snouia not dc granted, .ur. amim, oi Hay wood, moved to non-concur in the report. r c 1 l ? T : . 1 iNOW, sir. speaker, wnue i, in connection wnn other friends of the report, believe that it should havo been laid on the table, and there remained, until the friends of submission had presented their proposition In the shape of a law or resolution, that we might have had an opportunity to examine its merit3 in detail, before being called upon to give a vote that must settle tho question, yet I must confess, that to my mind the motion of Mr. Smith presents a tangible and distinct issue for the consid eration and action of the House. Several points are raised by the committee, which are properly be fore the House under the motion tb non-concur. 1st. Is tho principle of submitting resolutions to the people to ascertain their views on a given sub ject, which, when ascertained, are to be regarded as instructions to the General Assembly, pronged a numerical majority vole in their favor, in accordance with the spirit and genius of our State govern ment? 2d. If tho principle be correct, would jt be sound policy in the legislature to adopt the practice? The constitutionality, expediency and necessity of such a law aa is proposed to be ingrafted upon tho policy of the StUe, by means so extraordinary, are questions also legitimately open, to discussion. But I propose to confine myself to the two first points, leaving to others, more able and better pre pared than myself, tho examination of the later branch of the subject. However, that I may bo committed on tha whole question, I remark, that in my opinion, such a law as the petitioners desire, is unconstitutional and In expedient, because it is a violation of the laws of commerce, the laws of property, and the reserved rights of the people. "1st. I assume, sir, that to" submit a resolution to the people in the manner here proposed, for the purpose of ascertaining their views on any subject, which aro to be received by the General Assembly as instructions, and as such obeyed, provided a mere numerical majority of tho3e voting approve the proposition submitted, if not a violation of any ex pres3 provision of the constitution, is contrary to, its whole spirit anu meaning. Tho government of the State of Tennessee Is a representa'ive government, formed upon the princi ple of checks and balances, with a written constitu tion, in which all the legislative power of the State is committed to a General Assembly, composed of a Senate and House ot itepresentatiyes, ech acting separate and apart, and indppendent of the Other. No hill can be passed into a law unless it receives a concurrent majority of bothhou3es. But it isinsis ted in argument by the gentlemen from Haywood (Mr. Smith) that the 23d section of the Bill of Rights impliedly confers the po weron the legislature to submit resolutions to the people In the manner and for the objects now contemplated, at least would iustifv the adoption of the practice. That section reads as follows: "That the citizens have a right, in a peaceable manner, to assemblo together lor their common good, to instruct their representatives, and to apply to those invested with the powers of government for redress of grievances, or other proper purposes, by address or remonstrance. I have been snrpriBid, sir, at gentlemen who have some reputation tor astuteness, and lor legal information, for their total misconception of the theory of our government. What is the obvious meaning of the above section of our Bill of Rights? 13 it susceptible of more than-one construction? I think not, and that construction is mo3t clearly against gentlemen who favor submission. In the form ation of our State governmenttlie people surrendered into the hands of the General Assembly a part of their sovereignty, and enjoined upon that Assembly the performance of certain duties, among others, the passage of all laws necessary for the peace, safety, and happiness of the people of the commonwealth. But for fear the representative in an hour of tempt ation and folly, might forget his obligations to the people, and vote for laws against their will and in terest, theyv reserved toTthemselves the; right of in struction, and consequently, the implied duty of the representative to obey.- .But this is aright.to be exercised or not at the discretion of the people. The necessity of its exercise is not a question for tho determination of the legislature. It is not even a joint act gf the representative and his constit uents. Iris a dormant, power in tho hands of the people to be used whenever by a voluntary, free will act they see proper to put it in force. Has the re presentative the power, then, to compel his constitu ents to ins'ruct? None, sir. What is the prayer of the petitioners? "That the legislature pas3 a resolu tion calling the pfople together to vote instruc tions to their representatives." Would not such an act compel every citizen to vote upon the proposi tion, or he ditfrancliized. The citizens, of Tenncs- see, sir, correctly presume that in voting for mem bers to tho General Assembly they discharge the only duty binding upon them under the constitution connected with tho legislation of the State. They ."t the sarao time know they have the-right and power to instruct their representatives, and that the representative is bound, to obey or resign; they also know tha,t there exists no power to compel them to vote instructions, or in case they refuse.disfrancliise them. I call upon gentlemen to controvert this reasoning, or yield the point The gentleman from Carroll, (Mr. Hawkins,) in sists that we have a precedent in the submission of our present constitution to tho people for their rat ification or rejection. Thi3 is not a parallel case, as any one may see from a moments exami nation. The submission of the question referred to was as to an alteration of the organic law of the State a change In the fundamental principles of the government, and was made in accordance with the firstsection of thellill, of Rights, totally different in intention and meaning, from the twenty-third, to which I here call the attention of the House. The first section reads as follows : ''That all power is inherent in the people, and all free governments arc founded on their authori ty, and instituted fqr their peace, safety and hap piness; for the advancement of those ends, they have, at all times, an unalienable and indefeasible right to alter, reform or abolish the government in such manner as they may think proper." You see, sir, that it is the government the people can alter at their pleasure the government they can abolish. Therefore the constitution, which wa3 the organization of a government, should have been, and was, correctly submitted to the people for their approval previous to its being declared the law of the State. None but the sovereijm voice can speak a government into existence. In this coun try the people are sovereign; none, therefore, but the people can change, alter, or abolish a constitu tion. But our people having formed a government and by the organic law committed the legislative power of the State to a Genera! Assembly, the voice of all the citizens of the State united cannot over ride the constitution, or take from the General As sembly its legislative power, except in the manner pointed out in that constitution, or by resolution. The gentleman from Carroll (Mr. Hawkins) tells us that the will of the people should be the law of the land. What does he mean? Their will a3 ex pressed in a constitutional way ? If so, I agree with him, and so will every gentleman in the House. But I did not so understand the remark; I presume he meant the will of a numerical majority. Judge Marshall telbus that that government can not be considered free in which the properly of the people depends upon the will of the majority. So I believe. I am a -democrat, sir a progressive, destiny" democrat, if you please but the doctrine that the property and rights of the citizen depend upon the will of a mere numerical majority belongs not to my. creed ot profession. ,1 have been taught, sir, that under the constitution every citizen could feel securo of fife, liberty and property, and that nei ther the legislature nor the voice of the people coma aisturD him m the enjoyment ot either, t should this resolution be submitted, in violation frnvprnmnnf T wTcTi h cJL rwil fT- t Hawkins;) who enlightened the House with an able argument on the subject when tho amendments to the constitution were under consideration, to tell us whether he would require a majority of aU the citizens of the State entitled to vote, to vote in their favor, or a majority of those actually voting. 2d. I assucne, if it can ba proven, for it has not yet been done, that the principle of submitting res olutions in the manner, and for the objects here pro-, posed is correct, that it wo id be unwise and dan gerous for uA to adopt the practice. The' object sought to be accomplished by the "pas sage of the resolution, Is to ascertain whether a majority of the citizens of the State da not consider it immoral and injurious to society, for the citizen to acquire property m a certain article vinous orspir itous liquors and to transfer the same by sale. If live thousand citizens ot tthe state have a right to demand of the legislature the submission of a resolution to ascertain their wishes, on a given subject and we are bound to obey, or it would be unreasonable to tefusc, with what degree of consistency could a subsequent leg islature, with such a precedent staring them m the face, rofuse a similar requcst7 Suppose then, sir, that when the General Assembly convenes in 1855-C, five thousand, or any number of the peo ple of the State, should present a petition praying f, i i u i- .-.A, . .. J , mac a resolution suuuiu va suumiucu to tne peonie of the State to ascertain whether a majority did not consider it immoral and injurious to society for men to acquire and hold property in his fellow man and to transfer the same by sale, how could such a request be refused ? How decided unreasonable? Liquors are property so are slaves. A portion of our people believe that property in, liquor should be destroyed another portion believe that property in slaves should be destroyed. Could you consistent ly grant the request of one and' refuse the other, to ascertain public sentiment? Otherillnstrations could be given, but thbis sufficient to show that the poli cy is unurtfc and that its tendency would.bc dan gerous. Jd. 1 assume that it would be unwise to grant tbe prayer of the petitioners, because notliing goooV even in favor of the object sought to be attained, could be accomplished, and that such a course would not settlo the question. Members of the present General Assembly ore responsible to their constituents for the positions assumed in tho late canvass, and must act upon this and all other questions presented for our considera tion in accordance therewith. I know well the wishes of a large majority of those I have tlie- honor to represent, at the time of my election. It would be a reflection upon their intelligence and stability for me to vote for a resolution to ascertain whether thoy had. changed their views since that time. Other gentlemen are similarly situated. Nothing, there fore, could bo accomplished with the present legisla te, even if there was time, which there is not, to order an election, previous to our adjournment 1 think an effort to control by such means, the action, on this subject, of the Xegislaturo of 1855-6 would be equally futile. Tho petitioners ask that it bo disconnected with any other election. The vote woald consequently have to be taken previous to the election of members to the next General As sembly. The defeated party would not, as a mat ter of course, be satisfied with the result Candi ates, therefore, for the Legislature of '55-C, would be compelled from the force of public sentiment and nuny would do so from inclination to take posi-, tions either for or against a prohibitory law. The consequence would be that the effect and force of the vote taken under the resolution of this Legis lature would be entirely lost, and the vote diregard ed. This cannot be controverted. Where then Is the good to be accomplished? "Jl vanishes into thin air." 4th. It would be unwise to grant the prayer of the petition, because it would engender excitement, strife and heart burning3 among the people, sun der the ties that bind family to family and friend to friend and neighbor to neighbor. Every gentle man who knows anything of the history of the late canvass, where the subject of a prohibitory law was discussed, knows this to be true. But the gentle man from Montgomery, (Mr. House,) tells us that excitement in this country does no harm, and very eloquently remarks that the ballot-box settles all contentions. That It is the great arbiter. That it speaks to the waves and they are stilL That such i3 the case, in ordinary political excitements 13 tho great boast of our country. As I -am an American I am proud of it. But there is another characteristic of tho American mind of which I am equally proud. It is this: we are the most jealous people on earth of our rights and liberties. A large portion of our people believe that the passage of a law prohibitinfr tho sale and manufacture of distil led liquors would bean Infringementof theirreserved rights; that the constitution of our country guarantees to every man the enjoyment of life, liberty and prop erty. The excitement upon this question would, therefore, be no ordinary political excitement Let the waves once commence rolling- and there may be no voice to speak peace to the troubled waters. None to say "Thus far shalt thou go and no far ther, here shall thy proud waxes be stayed." Better, Mr. Speaker, far better, address the con sciences and the reason of men; better control them by moral suasion; better hold up the beauty of vir tue and the deformity of vice; better spread the be. nign influence of the christian religion, than to at tempt by arbitrary enactments the enforcement of amoral principle an imperfect obligation. Better, sir, stave off this innovation; stand by our ancient landmarks; preserve the constitution in letter and in spirit; that the liberties we have received from our fathers, unimnaradandunabridged,may be trans mitted to. our soni For the3e and other reasons, sir. I 3hall vote against the motion to non-concur. EXTENSIVE SALE OF WINTER DRY GOODS, AT AUCTION, BV DUNCAN, MORGAN & CO., '7 On Tuesday, "Wednesday nnd Thursday, Vtcemtxr ISth, UtA unJ Uth, 1S53. CLOSrXG SALE OF AVLVTER GOODS, at which time it will be an object to close out a large, Block of WINTER GOO DS, embracing the greatest variety, of Forciizn and Domestic Goods: SlaDle and Fancv Dress Goods, of new styles just received direct from iha Import- i blM- I tiMa Tlr f!n4ii IVollana QhifT. Wm.n 1 and Gentlemen's Wear, superior black and colored' Twilled French Cloths, and Doe Skin Cassimcres,' new style Fancy Cassimeres, Mottled Cassimcres, black, blue, cadet ana mixed Sattinets, Fancy Plaid do. of entirely new patterns, Marino Janes, black, blue, gray and gold-mixed do, bright colored Plaid Jeans, black and fancy bilk and Satin "V estintr. Cashmere and Valeicennes da. French Vest Shapes, black Silk Velvet of superior buality, black and colored Tabby Velvets, high colored Casstmervs; Cashmeres de Coss, 3Iuslin deLaine, Scotch Plaids, Can ton Cloths, Solid colored Muslin de Laine, all wool French and English merinos, Silk warp Alpacca, rich lustre, Bro cade Alpaccas, fancy colored Alpacca, silk figured Lama Cloth, extra 6-1 Cashmeres, riossv. black Instrintr Silks of all widths, fancv colored Silks, Dress Silks of new sivla and great variety, rich Paris fig'd BIkSi Iks, Fluid SilkWa tered Poplins, Lyons blk Silk Velvet, fancy Paris Silk Ves ting, Baratba do, Bonnet Ribbons of great variety, new styles' and superior quality, black and colored Mantua Ribbons, Cap and Black Velvet do, brown, green and blue Berage, Silk Gloves of all qualities, Cloth Gloves fleeced lined, Men's and Women's Cashmere Gloves, Twisted Silk Mitts, Lace Mitts, and Gloves of all the different prices and qual ities. Black and colored Casunere, Alpacca, Lawns, Wool and Merino Ho.e and half Hose, black, red, bine, yellow and fancy colored Prints of evety variety; four quarter double purple and English Printg; Furniture I'rinU, Tur key Red do.. Cashmere do., new stjle English do.; bleached Muslins and Drillings of all qualities and widths; brown Muslins and Drillings of all widths; blue, drab, red, green and marble Blankets; large stock of Bed Blan kets, Crib Blankets, steamboat berth do, heavy grey, brown and white Mackinaw Blankets, DuflU da, Union twilled da. Plaid Alpacca (travelling) Blankets. Negro Blankets, Plaid horse da, white, yellow, scarlet and green Flannels, Bed Tickings, 8-4, IS and 4-4 wide Furniture and Apron Checks, Hickory Shirtings, Mariners stripes, and counterpane Checks, Fancy Nett Caps, woollen Hoods, woollen Comforts, and the greatest variety of Trimmings and Lace work, white goods of all qualities, Swiss, Nain sook, Book and Mull Muslins, Jaconett Cambric, Cross, barred Muslins, white and colored Cambrics, Needles, Pins, Silk, Linen and Cotton Threads. Buttons for Over coats, dress coats, mats and vests. Braids. Tapes: Ac. Ac Also 150 cases Beaver, Silk, Moleskin and Angola Hats, I Kossuth and Mexican soft Hats, black, white and colored; ' black and colored wool Hats, large stock of Caps of every variety, Umbrellas, of all the ditterent sizes and qualities; , new fall style Silk Bonnets, trimmed ; Travelling Bi-gs, I Carpet do., Satchels, Hardware, Cutlery, Paper, Ac Ac i The stock is tbe largest ever offered in this market, and will be sold freely. Several large consignments which we have instructions to close. The latest styles of French and other continental Goods compose a large portion of this stock, which will be sold without reserve. Terras liberal, DUNCAN, MORGAN 4 CO. nov30 td. TTOLT AND MALTBY'S CELE-,j JUL BKATEO PLANTED BALTIMORE' O rsTERS Broaeht in ice. and for sale at No. 7 Public Square, between Market and Front. All Oysters sold at this Depot are warranted fresh and good. nov22 WILLIAM M.MILLER, Agent. younj; American democrat a manifest mS PUBLICATIONS. IMP0UTATi5EWCIESTin(XW0KK3. IV. T. BEHRV &. CO. I. . ; V i)7 ContaimDff a dear exposition ot their principles aod Pff . ' ' 1IIIu,tra'i m,b Wm ngnvi,. Coom pfete in twolarje volumes; counts over 9,m pages. inis n civ edition u nearly aqqarterot accotnrT.in ad vaace of any previous one. . It contains one-tbird mora matter than the latent previous ione. Tbe statistics, inventions, .and improvements are aU brought down to the present time. TheresolU of the London Exhibition cn the, respective subiectsof which tbe iiictionary treats, are presented with, , (Treat fullness and accuracy. II. SIR CUARLB L.YELL'S IT.ISCIPLES OF GEOLO GY; or, Tbe Modern Changes of the Karl h and its . Inhabi tants, considctel as, illustralive, cf Geology. A neir and much enlarged edition. Illustrated wilfc maps, plates and wood-cuts. I voLSvo.pfS50 pig, in. SIRCnARLES.iYfXLiIASUAI.OE-KLEMESTA-RY GEOLOOYj pr, The.ncien: Changes r.th Earth and. . its rnhabltantJ,uaiustraledbrGeoloffeaf Monamtnti-i A new and greatljrenlarged cdiuotf. , niustrat Wj with 600 wood-cuts. 1 voL Jttx1 ' ' 1 ' ,V Theauthorof these worb&famlMa thfrverrtront rank orscientific men, and his works upon the science Ui whicbr lie lias devoted hUcreat power aad his iadektiVjble stu dy, are the standard boots upon these subjects. iy. URANDES; DICTIONARY OF SCIEXCE, LITERA TURE AND ART.-Cothprfeng the UUtdry. DeieriDtion. and Scientific Principles of every Branch of Human KnowU edge; with the Derivation and Definition of aU tli Terms in General use. ItoLSvO. London 142. V This is a new edition of this TaluabJe work, with much supplemental matter. ItluatrateU by numerous em graving on. wood. ,The varioasDepartmenti bv Eminent Literary and Scientific, Gentlemen. V. WEBSTER'S EKCYCLOP-EDIA OK DOMESTIC ECONOMY: Comprising such Subjects as are most im mediately connected with HOUSEKEEPING; aa the CON STRUCTIOX,OF. DOMESTIC EDIFCES, with tha modea cf "WARMING, VENTILATING, and LIGHTING themiAv Description of the various articles of Furniture; with the Nature of their Materials; Duties of Servants; a General Account of the Animal and Vegetable Substances used, as Food; and ths Methods of Preserving "l Preparing thaa by Cooking; MAKING BREAD; the Chemical Nature aoj the Preparation of,, all kinds of Fermented Liquors used as Beverage; Materials employed in Dress an J the Toilette; Business of tho Laundry; Description of, the various Wheel Carriages; Preservation of Health; "Domeotic- Medicines; Ac, Ac New.editibn in J-ol, Srtt. Illustrated with ntxtr. ly 1,000 wood engravings. VI. THE NATIONAL -CYCLOPEDIA OF tHEFOL KNOWLEDGE, fn sir vo!ome of more than 1000 pagfft crch, elegantly bound in half Ruraia. Tho National Cyclopaedia comprises Ancient and Jloilern Literature; History, Civil ami Edesiastical; Cbro t ology; Biographv; Ueotrrapy and Topograph v; Law and Government; Philosophy; Mathematics; Pbvsickl Science; Caemlstry; Geologyj Botany; Arts, M-nuUcturea, Trades, Ac , . VJL BELL (SIR. CHARLES) ON THE nAND; It Mechan ism and YltilEadovnccnts, as Evincing Design. Fourth, edition with wood-cuts. This Valuable Work was criginallv written by Sir Charles Bell as the Fourth Bridgewater Treatise on the Power, Wisdom and Goodness of God as manifested in the Creation. targe and Valuable Snlo or CITY PROPERTY AT AUCTION. ON SATURDAY, TIIE 2 ITH BAY OF DE CEMBER, 1853, at the Court House in Nashville, at 11 o'clock, will be sold at public sale to the hisrhest bidder, unless previously sold at private sale, on u creditor one and two years, without interest, tha following REAL ESTATE, situated in Nashville and South Nashville viz th THREE STORY BRICK HOUSE, Fronting on Chcrrjr street with Lot No, 52, 25 feet front, running back 50 feet to an alley, now occupied on the lower Boor by Drs, Winston A Jones, and thu third tioor by tha Sons ot Tomperancv This house is substantially built, has cue of tha best cel lars (eight feet deep; in the city, coal vault attached, aad stone pavements. Several rooms in it have been lately plas tered, painted and papered, and it rails this jear for tlii). ALSO, ABRICICDWEIXTNU HOUSE, With lotNo.71 on Cedar street, neit to the Catholic Chutcb. 23 fet front, running back 105 feet to an alley now occu pied by Dr. Thos. A e!U- This bouse is one of the best built inNashville; the stone, brick, and carpenter's work being' of tbe Erst order, and, the style modern and in good talie it lias nine- rooms, mo.it of them large, besides halls, kitchen, ferrant's roomy smoke house, stable, and a hydrant. "It has this vear been. thoroughly drained by an eftdual rock drain sunk txo feet below the basement's or oy Win. Haslam, withs tmtti guaranty from him iiunring it front being troubled by wa ter or dampuess during bia life time. It has been this vear thoroughly repaired, and the first and second stories hand somely papers J and painted, as well as all of tLa out vds work,' ALSO, POUR LOTS IX SOUTH NASIIVlLIiE, Two fronting on Cherry street 8 feet each, running bade 13SKfeet to a 10 foot alkr, known a LottKo.5 and tf, aro! the next buttwo to the brick store belonging tn Iiac Paul; and two fronting on ' College street extended" 80 feet ecb, running back 13 1 feet to a 10 fwt alley, known as lots A and B next to Mr. Meacham's residence. Notes with approved security, payable In Bank, will b required, and alien retained nritil the pa vraent of the pur chasemoney. declO-Sw- A. V. BERRY. GROCERIES, &C FRESH ARRIVALS. 200 SACKS PRIME RIO COKFEK-new crop; I 35&acKs wguyra uouee; 10 ' Mackerel, fish of '.33: Z'l oo goca Java, uo, 20 Kit do; 20 boxes Cndfisb; 30 " Smoked Herrings; 2 " Sardines; 20 gaLqtarsPickI; 20 " Lemon Strop; 10 " PepperSauce; 5 " St. Bittern M hhds. now Suar; SO bbls. Molasses; 50 do; 23 " Golden Syrup; 20 Crushed "Sugar; 20 " Powdered, do; 30 Loaf do; 10 Tierces fresh Rice; 20 dor painted Bnckets; 50 boxes and half boxes M. U Nests " Tubs: R. Rabins;) T Casks London Porter;. 100 drums Smyrna Fig; 10 bags Abpiee; 10 bags S. S. Almond; 20 " Pepper; 2 casks Pecan Nuts; 10 " IUceGinjen 2 bblsL Brazil, do; With numerous, other article in tha OROtSRY lin just received and for sale lowibr CASIIh? decll. b E. S. CUSATAAALJt Ct CUA3IlV(vNE. PA BASKETS and hoxen fine Chair pagne; a superior O J article of the best brands. Jnstreceired and ftr sah by .. dedllj K. S. eilEATnAM A CO. FINE WINES, BRAXDIES, iO. 10J$ CASKS OLD MADEIRA; " " Sherry; hi " " Port; 10 PIPES PURE COGNAC BRANDY, ofd and fine; 20X Casks, " " " 2 Pipes. " HOLLAND GIN- ' 2 Puncheons IRISH WALT WHISKY; 10 Box's assorted CORULtL?; For sale by dec!!. E. S. CHEATHAM" A JO. ' RECTIFIED WHISKY. K( A BAURELS RECTIFIED WHISKY; O J J For sale by decU.) E. S. CHEATHAM A CO. FINE WHISKY. 1 flfl BARRELS', J D OLD CORN WHISKY. 1"'ForaIeby fdectil E.' S. CHEATHAM . A AO. MANTLE FIECKS AND OTHER .MARBLE. WORK, at Reduced Prices. HUGH HENDERSON i proposes to sell Marble Mantle Pieces, Monument, and a vaneivoiotnerwott, oi nne iiALUA,UiUTIA.i AM, AMERICAN MARBLE, at reduced prices. nov29 If. FRESH ARRIVALS. 502" BBLS. Pikes Magnolia Whisky; Domestic Brandy; 10 " Uin; 10 ' Malaga Wine; 40 Boxes Star Candlos; 20 " Mould dot SO Bbl Loaf, Crushed and Powdered Sugars; 5 Boxes best D. D. Loaf; 5 BblsSt. Lcuis Golden Syrup; 1000 Lbs Dried Beef, canvassed. . , For sale by fdecll R. F. BEEL. r HALF Pipes Cog Brandy, best brands; O 16 Quarter Casks Port Wine; 10 " " Madeira do; 1 Pipe Old Holland Gin; 25 Doz Zinc Washboards; , 30 000 Regalia Cigars, various brands. Ferule br decU R. F. BELL. O K BBLS Old D. D. Tennessee Wblskr. for so by ZD "R. F BELL. decll. No. 23, College street, opposite Sewanee Hons flows i PLowsri THE Southern Sta'es that have so-long PIS,, depended on Pittsburg and Cincio- JS .i i -r til - nr i iEJMJ other Fanning implement can now get all ihey want at tbe Agricultural Manufactory, on Market street, Nashville, Tenn. We would call the atfentiou of Planters and Mer chants particularly to cur very large rtockot Plows, con sUtingofa great many of the most improved kinds now in user and at as l""' prices as they can be brought bera from other places At tbe same place may be found all kinds of Wagons, Railroad Carts. Wheel Barrows and Rail, road Plows, Cultivators and Harrows. Those wishing Plows sent can order them direct from me or from most of tbe principal dealers in such things in Nashville, as they keep themof oormannfactnre. GEO. C ALLEN, Pres't of Agricultural .Manufacturing Company, Lower Market street. Nashville. Tenn. nov24 4m, fwA f(f I WISH TO PURCHASE 5)lUUUv. 10,000 Stock in the Wire Suspension Bridze. at par. payable in Merchandise at cash prices. vlS 8ni R. H- BROCKWAY, No.7i Public Squrv I A new and much enlarged edition ef IQM D'R;TOISDfcTIotRroFAnT3lA1rorTc:','