Newspaper Page Text
t. U MAELCO, E. O. tASTVAX, O. C. TOKBCTT, J. C (1 CUCIUsL
FKIDAV5 MORNING, FEBRUARY 3, 1834.
The paper maker having failed to furnish 113 with
the proper quantity of paper in season, Ave were
- Hihuble to:issue' 'our daily and tri-weekly! papers of
,,yesterday. -Wc learn that tho high water, for a
"' welj'passeSjJiaa made it Almost impossible to get
'paper to Ihe city .from the paper mill, located some
1 'seren preight miles in the country. "Vb shalltake
every precaution in future to avoid the necessity of
""another apology' of this character, 'as unplcfuant to
,us asltcan possibly be to our readers.
TUE LAST GU.V.SPIKKD.
For sometime past, the New York JTerald has
" bWrfanxusinfilts readers with the charge. ihatjGen.
.(Tieuce, in 184S, wrote aleiicr lo t!te Utica con
r.uve'ntibmwhicli nominated M Aims "Van Bc'rtKN for"1
.President, ''sympathizing and concurring Tally in
ajl thejhovcnients of 5"xlunra and his Treesoil
' "partizang in, New York." This charge has been
- widely. circulated by the whig press of the country,
ever ready as it is to make use of any slarider against
'a 'democrat,- no'matter Low unworthy the. .source
iVon wtancelt emanates. The Louisville Journal,
only tho other day, copied the charge, with the re-
-' tiiarWWe-have no very1 exalted opinion of the
.principlesof the editor of Ihe IhraJ, but he has at
$ea?t!a fair-share of worldly .wisdom, and this, it
Fpmso'n, precludes the idea that he would inako.
such a-statemcnt unless he lcno ws it to be true, . Tor
he must I e aware, that, if it is false, its falsity can
'boproved, and'that the effect would be injurious to.
liimsIfand advantageous to tlioso against whom
he is waging war. Under tee circumstances we
A"oannot doiotherwise thair believe" him." Notwith
standing thc'worldly wisdom" of the editor of tho
In Herad, Js nowvfully established that his charge is'
grossly and utterly false. His own witnesses dis-
. priuve his cliarge, and hold him-up to the world as a
Hireckless: slanderer. Join OocunASE and Judge
Watehuiiiiv, distinguished democrats of New York,
..were referred toby the Herald for proof of its charge.
These gentlemeu have each written a letter in re
ply, denying the charge, and giving further proof
. -3y their statements of the .fact that Gen. Pierce
has never faltered in his devotion to national .sent!
' in"erts.'f' We makoTOom below fur Judge Watermj-
nv'silettor, and invite the special attention of whig
T- editors .to its contents. 1 Perhaps tho more CJn
"'scientioiiJ portion of them will think proper to copy
" if.'bnt'wedare'say tfiat many who have aided in
spreading; the slander will never give the refutation
to their readers?
". LtTTEK ok Mit. WATKncunr G. .Burnett, Esq.,
Editor of the Herald. Sia: Tho Herald recently
stated tliat "alter the ratitication of the Van JJuren
Buffalo ticket and platform by the frce-soilers of
this city, in 1843, a JefteriWaj-received from Gen.
Pierce expressive of his sympathy with the politi
cal fortunes of the Buffalo candidate, and his pe
,cu!iar. friends and partisans." Tliis " statement is
substantially reiterated in the Herald of to-day.
And on -bath occasions it is alleged and realleged
that I have some knowledge of such a letter. I
. must therefore requestyou to publish this commu
nication. . I remember reading a letter from Gen. Pierce to
the commitlee of arrangements of the meeting
. slield in tho Park,- in this city, on tho 18th of July,
1S4S, of which Stephen Allen was president, to
respond lo the action of the convention of the de
' inocraeyof. this Slate, held at Utica on the 22d of
the, preceding June, which convention nominated
Mr. an Buren for President, and General Dodge
"for ' ice President. That letter, which was writ
ten nearly a month previous to the Buffalo conven
tion, was in reply to one of the printed circular
invitations of the committee, and only stated that
he, General Pierce, had received an invitation to
attend and address the meeting in this city, -and
mat. ne uecnnea 10 uo so. w tiat became of the let
ter i Uo not know. I have some of the letters
then received, but none of the merely formal ones;
nor have I seen the one from General Pierce since
. ,-thepcriod of thatmeeting. I am, howeverv quite
. positive as to its contents, from the fact tliat'the
high reputation for disinterestedness which Gener
al Pierce enjoyed, ,hi3 intimate personal relations
:witli the lamented Silas Wright, and his firm and
hearty support in Ccujmiss of the trreat. radical
measures, which distinguished the administration of
ueu. Jackson and Mr. Van JJuren, led to hopes that
he would give tho weight of his influence in New
Hampshire, and the aid of his talents, to the sup
port of die radical democracy in their practical pro
Jest against the action of the Baltimore Uon
volition in rejecting the delegates arid 'silencing
the voice of the democracy of this State.
And the letter of General Pierce was one of
the mobt significant indications then, presented
that the radical democracy of New York, in ' the
prosecution of that contest, would have to rely
mainly upon themselves. If so uniform and dis
tinguished a democrat as General Pierce had given
any encouragement to the movement, it is hardly
necessary to add that his letter would have been
promptly published, as were those of the JI011.
Greene O. BrOnson and Others. I never heard of
any other letter from General Pierce at any time
during that presidential canvass to any of the sup
porters of air. Van Buren: and I am very confident
that no other letter was received from General
Pierce by any committee forming part of their or
ganization in this city. Yours, respectfully,
NEI.SO.Y J. WATEKBUItY.
1 New Yoik, January 23, 1834.
KEPOUT OX COLONIZATION?"
., , We publish to-day the Report of theSelect" Com
mittee Messrs. Svkes of Maury, Hum: of Lincoln,
and IIoLMESof Shelby to whom was referred the
mbject of tho removal of free persdns'ofcolor from
theStafe. This jeport is ably prepared, and is
l.Ljhly creditable in its sentiments and suggestions I
to itsamhor,51r. Stkes, as well as to the other
members or the Committee who assisted in its prep-
'aration. Mr. Stkes is well known throughout the
State as a man of talents, and wo take pleasure, in
-this connection, in bearing testimony to tho fai t
that his labors in the House have been able and in
defatigable. I ' 'As has been stated in our legislative reports, the
bill recommended by tho committee has since been
, EUIi: lTUM-S.
We take the following items from the Cleveland
tJferald of tho 2oth hist: 1
Entn. The Marshal of Pennsylvania will be at
Erie to-day. Judge Tliompsou, of Erie, informed
apassenger yesterday, that to day the rc-layin"
would commence, and without opposition. Wo
think Judge T. will Cud itCiisier to raise the storm
than to allay it. The mob are shrewd enough to
know that men who excite to violence connot be
relied upon, and consequently become objects of
suspicion, when their tone changes.
Erie Rioters o.v runn Knees. At tho open
'DB or th, Circuit Court at Pittsburg yeste'rdliv
fhe" Tlte. ?ml e toKilpatricks presented
thevarom ; 1 """"" diiage irwin, stating that
wicy are in ja,i j.r .,, f n .-b. .1.
intenJ t. " """"'P1- "l aurt uicy
PER AXD ISJCNgVlus ! U"r'' W,H BEV ,T 0,!"
And they 2n,v ti, (' vuvn AntiiORmr."
Judge Irwiua!'1 Url l" dlscharKe
"I shall direct the.prisoners m h v v j, '
der audi an order as' will ' f J f'rged un-
- Court. 1 U' dignity ol the
With regard to the disavowal of tl,. ,
their guilt in tho offence for which . l1)nsoncrs ol
committed, J can only say that will 1,7, U",w staml
consideration hereafier-S d 74 Lal f lbr
iufficientforthe present purposcfS
That you severally enter into recognizance in
the sum of five thousand dollars, that you Zeir
at the next term of the United States Circuit K
fortlie W csteru District of Pennsylvania, then and
there to answer to any order which Ibis Court may
make in the premises; that you do not depart the
Court without leave; and that' in the meantime you
keep fnviolate the injunction issued hv thi, rU..
at tha suit of Buffalo and SuteLine ltailroad Com-
BV Prer Ule P--P-0' of the Eriernd I
xnortli-tast JJailrniil Pnmnn o...l 1 , 1
'Thereiipon, the prisioners complying .with this 'I
order, they were discharged from custody ' j fi,
Qf th Select lCommtteB ?j ihe i-emovalof Free
: Persons of Cor Worn Via 'Sialel
rarheSelfiit Committee tol whom-were1 referred;
onllie aubject of IheSremova ofjfrec Wacka from-
llusState, the memorial of the Tennessee oloniza-
tionrSocielyrand alscf"IIouf?iH.To.-20,-tor reg
ulate tho emancipation 01 Slave., ana 10 proviuc iU1
the transportition of free persons of color to the
Western JCoast.of Africa,'; havoJw4the samo. under.
conSderaiTori, and ask leave to submit the following
report: 1 - ' "
ThBconuilion of the frecnegroea in Tennesseej
and the propriety, of- prqviding ?neans for their
removal "beyond the limits of the State, arc matters,
of no little importance, aniarc worthy.tho serious
cousideratioh of the Representafii'ei of the people.
T he free, negroes m Tennessee, and, V0' may add,
in every Southern State, occupy a strange and
anomalous position. 'They are not under1 those
wholesome guards and restraints which .tend so '
much-to pomqto,the happiuess and well-being of
tlic slave population, nor are.they possessed of those
rights end privileges -which belong' to the white
population. It would not only bfc contrary to eve
ry 'dicfatecT'sound policy, arid to eVery principle
of enlightened legislation to place the negro upon
a Tooting of equality, either social or political, with
the white man; but it would be revolting to nature,
and' subversive of the whole, . structure of society.t
Two, races, so dissimilar cannot Temain together
with any prospect of' advantage 'to either, unless
the negro is in a state of bondage This.fact we
consider almost self-evide'nt, but did it'heed any
argument to sustain it, we could point to the condi
tion of the free negroes in the.norihern States of
this Union, as proof conclusive of the fact. Their
conditiou(in thpse.States, is, with few exceptions,
one of the utmost degradation, and often of qtter
misery and want. Whilstwe are free to admit, that
niatiy of the freo negroes in this State are quiet,
orderly and well behaved; yet it cannot be denied
that their presonce.is often of serious inconvenience.
They occupy a position alike hurtful to themselves,
injurious to the slave population, and detrimental
to the Vest inferesfs of society.' The increase of
this kind of population will be seen to be very rap
id by reference lo tho census fables since 1800.
The. free blacks in the United States, in the year
1800, amounted to 10S,39S; whilst in 1850, their
number was 419,173, showing an increase of over
300,000 in fifty years. The whole slave population
of the United States in the year 1790 was only
C97.897, but little more than the present freo black
population. The number of slaves has increased to
over three million, and should the free negroes
continue to increase as they have done within, the
last half century, their number will ere long amount
to as'much as the present slave population. In our
own State the number of free blacks in lS50.waj
C.221. whilst in 1800 the whole free black popula
tion in Tennessee, Kentucky, and the territory of
. 1 i nrtn mi 1 . 1 I
Aiaoama was onry i,vvu. ine important aim :u
.terestiug question is then presented, what js to be
done witha population, increasing withsuch fearful
rapidity, and which m thefanKiiaeeot oneot theme'
dom and slavery, enioymsthe benefits of neitner.oo
jects at the same time of compassion and suspiciou."
We are clearly of the opinion that there is but one
remedy lor tins evil and that is their removal to
-country where the government is under the 'control
of people of their own color,upon the western coast of
Africa, bo long as they remain in this country,
either in the Northern or Southern States, their
condition must, of necessity, be one of social and
political degradation, and this very fact will have a
strong tendency to make them, in many instances,
idle, dishonest and worthless, and render them
public nuisance. Their own best and highest in
terests demand imperatively their removal to Li
beria, a country iii ail respects suited to their wants,
where they may enioy social and political pnvi
leces. and .where the experiment can bo fairly made
whether the- can ever be so elevated in the scale of
being as to establish and maintain a. tree govern
ment. That they may be able to do so is doubtless
the earnest desire of every friend of humanity.-
The idea is entertained by many, that the negro
race, owing to its natural inferiority, can never be
come capable of governing themselves, llus ques
tion we shall not undci take to decide and it must
find its solution; in the result of the experiment of
the tlepublicot Jjibena- i hat government is rep
resented to be now in a highly flourishing and pros
perous condition, considering the circumstances by-
wluch it has been surrounded, and the difficulties it
has encountered. It ha3 aided greatly in the sup-
pression ol that infamous trallic winch our own
government was the first to declare piracy, and has
also been the means of extending into the interior
of Africa some of the arts of civilized life. There
is no other mean3 of civilizing that vast continent
which contains one hundred and fifty millions of hu
man beings, and whose growing trade i3 attracting
the attention ol tho commercial world, than
through the instrumentality of the Libcrian gov
ernment. We doubt not the free negroes of this
country will, in a few yeare, be so much dissatis
fied with their condition in this country, and so well
persuaded of. the advantages resulting from their
removal, to .Liberia, that many, it not all of them
will voluntarily seek homes in that country so ad
miraoiy aa&ptcu to their necessities and their con
dition, and where' they may .enjoy privileges which
the' can never hope to possess in the prseence of a
superior race. The wicked eflorts of the abolition
ists to induce them to remain in this country will,
we doubt not, prove tma vailing when they become
more acquainted with their own true interests and
better satisfied as to the advantages which Liberia
holds out as inducements for their emigration thith
er.' ' Maryland and Virginia have made liberal ap
propriationsfromiheirState'Treasnries to provide
the mearns for the transportation of such ofitheir
iree biacKs as might wish to remove, but as there are
so many applications for appropriations from our
State Treasury for more immediate and pressing
wains, we.uo nor tnmk.it advisable to recommend
any appropriation for any such purpose, at' Mistime,
though we are decidedly of Ihe opiniou that no
more slaves-ought to be emancipated in this State,
unless the means arc provided by their owners for
ineir transportation to Liberia, we believe it
would be much better for them, and much more
conducive to the best interests of societyfor them to
remain in slavery than to be liberated and pcrrait-
leu 10 remain in tins Mate, havingthename of free
dom without any of its advantages. The idea of
colonizing our froe blacks on the' western coast of
Africa had ils origin in Virginia, and was advocated
oy ner aoiest, ami most dislinguislied statesmen.
Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Marshall and Mon
roe wero aiiiong its warmest advocates, and it js to
this day a favorite scheme with the people of that
noble State. Mr. Jefferson in 1811 said, "I have
longago made up my mind on this subject, and have
no hesitation in saying I have ever thought it the
most dpsirable measure for gradually drawing off
tins partof our population (thefree blacks). Going
from .1 country iwssessing all the useful arts, tht-y
might be the means of transporting them among
the inhabitants of Africa, and would thus carry
hack to the country of tlmir origin the seed of civi
lization which might render their sojourning here, a
blessing in the end to that country. Nothing is
more to be desire.d than that tho United Slates
would themselves undertake to make such an' es
tablishment on the western coast of Africa. Exclu
sive of moli vrs of humanity, the commercial advan
tages to be desired from it might defray all its ex
The attention of the committee has also been di
rected to a subject of much interest in every slave
holding community, and that is tho propriety of
penmiuug iree negroes to intermarry with slaves.
This we consider to be a serious evil, not only to thp
rious evil, not only to the
, uu uai. uuui 10 uie siave auu 10 uie ireo
negro. Jt is highly important that there should bo
but few family ties between slaves-and free negroes,
as it may sooner or liter become necessary for all
the' free blacks to be removed. In addition to this,
there are other reasons which wc do not deem it
necessary to dwell upon, why marriages between
slaves and free 'negroes should be discouraged,
though we do not think proper to advise any legis
lation upon this subject, believing that it may safe
ly be left to the discretion and good sense of slave
owners. The committee do not wish to recommend
any harsh means for the removal of free negroes,
nor do they think that anything ought to be done
in tho slightest degree inconsistent with humanity.
J bey believe that, the bill which has been referred
to them will accomplish all that is needed at this
time, and that the i est. may be left to an enlightened
public sentiment, and they therefore recommend
that it may be amended by the adoption of another
section, aud that it be passed.
W. J. SYKE3, Chairman.
Nkw Ar.KANdEMENT. G. W.Mayo, Esq., has be
come proprietor of Leuty's Hotel, Loudon, and, took
possession ou Wednesday. Mr. Mayo has been cn
man " keeli"S 3 public house at this place for
.. t y rCairs' ?n(1 "no one 'ias a n,oro perfect knowj
ricrhi 1; U,'erbu!ines3- We know he will keep the
urJ .in lit " v0,IS0 at I'ouilon, and we take pleas
ure ,n commending it to the public-,irtiS W
to recede 1
L The river continues
burnt dowTTtiiis morni,",; larlment H,Ue
-Montreal, JTeb. 1 P.
'WBcnoiATiFeh. 1, P.M.-The riverhas
.cvi Piuue msi evening. F.'onr SO 60.
Tha democracy otsTeii&ssee Ihnj&io
more coruiauy uuucu uuuit a m wo ay
.the present naUonal(niimstrauoA'he'excephn- Scnate met nviZit to.adjoSrWeM Thgninu-
among our politiciansf influencfconds wnding is I of yesterday wre read. 1 y 85 f I
xaliCHni: while the democratrc Dress. soTar as we 1 Jr. rerifins presenter a memorial irtnn u. u.
(approval of tlie policy
we tt-JaVVadd to 'these
irora tue jacoii democrat :
know, isKunit.-- WchavefKmrmetoftiffiirhStr iBap-yi-icoueaetw,-the
pleasure of copyingjfrom oPp7rierf
of-nhe admmi3tratimrfiltlT " reFeal an act I lands, passed third reading
fnvn'rfKitJ.rt f,'ln.,-!h passed Feb. lo. lS5l-j Changing the line between The Dill to extent! Uiof benehtof
' r- "o , .. -. t i-t av. - . I p Mill fl.'J.ii' io.n'i
.. 'SAs tho conductors of .a journal devoted rto th(!'';orypVterUavV-b'og"the: Omnibua bill the ques-
lieving that the only surety for the successful main
iii4Aitii.ii4iic ji uic uuuu,tdui; ItllLitUHc?- UUU LH1
.1 . .i t . . ' .. .
lenance oi inose principles, depends upon, the um- ,
tty aud entirety of the party, it is 'with -extreme rer
gret that we .notice, the factious course and appar-"
entoppo3jtion of gentlemen, whojiave Jieretofure,
stood deservedly high -in the cs'h;e-6ptlie:rparty.
Thtfcoursc of'thesc gentlemen 'is more3 to be pitied
than harshly condemned, when.-wjC' re fleet? that it is'
a defection the .offspring of disappointed "ambition '
on the part of themselves or their friends, rathen
,than a. deviation from the great politicablandmarks.
of thsir party. We are .'all more or. less liable tot;
this frailty, and nono more so than political aspir
ants; but it Js. an .ev.ililiat' will cure itself, for op
position to an administration, grounded - oni mere
I personal pique and malevolence, without the; shail-
o w oi principle w sustain n, wjii soou , lauy jvay
for principle, in the end. must,. and will, prevail. ?
For most of these gentlemeu, of our faith, who aro 'j
now seemingly antagonistic 10 iresiueni, i-ierco
and his Administration', wc havo had great adrjiira
tion and respect; their self-sacrificing' courser eh
deared them politically, to us, but in their1 present
course wo cannot sustain them. The strongest; at-1
tachments and prejudices must and will give way,
when party leaders, without just.cause, anil in the
face of principle, abandon their party organization.
We havo. yet to see that President Pierce has prov
ed false to a solitary principle of that "platform of
nrincioles" which carried the Dartv so triumDli'ant-.-
iy through the last Piesidential contest; and. until
ne uoes prove, recreant to the trust reposed in mm (
by his party, we will sustain him. In his nomi
nation and election, the party Jiad great ends in
view the correction.of the corruptions-and abuses
of a former Administration, and, in iine, ,the mod-'.'
elllng of the Government to the standard ol'Dem6 -cratic
principles; administering it in all its' various'
departments, according to the doctrines ofilefTe'r
son. This was the aim and obiect of the nartv. .
They never had in vlow the elevation aiid aggrim I
djzement of any man or set ol men. It was-pnn-ciples
and not men, that they contended for; imd
no man, or set of men, on personal grounds, has a
right to take advantage of a misplaced confidence'
on the part of their constituents, and expect them
, :fi r
iu Buvjuuu imuiipie?, uu uiu uuucauy oi wmuu.
their very existence, as a political party depends, to
to their personal advancement and ambition. And
these gentlemen will yet. learn, if. they have not al
ready done so, that a party which stands and acts
upon' principle organized with a view togreat
political ends, is not easily led astray by mere-raau
TU1HTV-THIUU CONOKKSS FIRST SESSION". ,
Washington, Jan. 30.
Senate. The chamber- was crowded to-day to
hear Mr. Douglas on the Nebraska bill. lie com
menced by explaining the two objects that had been
sought by the conimitteo in preparing Ihe Nebraska
bill. 1st As to the Indians, lo protecttheir rights.
d A3 to slavery, it was Uie object and desire of
uie committee to be equally explicit. They Half ta
ken the principles Of the compromise acts of .1850
as their guide, and had made each and every pro
vision of this bill accord with those principles
leaving to the people of the territories the privilege
of governing themselves, free of all control, except
UJ, UIUVUU3UIUIIUUU1 uie uiiueu ouues, .mci lim
ited and restricted upou no particular subject by
their position North and South of ' aiiy aibitrary
geographical line. The committee considered that
the Missouri compromise had been superceded by'
me compromise oi ieou. tie alluded to:he address
published by the Senators from Ohio and Massachu
setts to the people.-charging this bill with a want 6f
faith in the solemn compacts, and charging him per
sonally with concerting an atrocious plot, and apply
ing to him epithets which could not be used be
tween gentlemen. He charged that this address
had been signed by a majority of the members from
Ohio in order to influence tho Legislature of that
State before which resolutions were pending ou the'
subject. The address had not all of those signa
tures, and ho believed that the staterrent that it
ever had been so signed, wa3 a wilful falsehood.
Mr. Chase rose to make an explanation, but Mr.
Douglas refused to yield the floor, saying that a gen
tleman who had so violated every rule of propriety
and fairness was not entitled to any consideration
at his hands,and proceeded at great length to argue
in favor of Uie bilL
House. The House took up the resolution of Mr.
Ewing requesting the Senate lo return loth'e'Hotise
the joint resolution adopted on the 18th insf pro
posing a select committee by him on tlie amend
ment to the constitution to change tlie mode of
electing the President and Vice President of" the
Mr. Ewing said tliat his object was to withdraw '
the resolution, as he had learned, thaj the Senator "
who had made "a motion in fhe'Senate "to lay it on.
the table would withdra.v 'that' motion, .and -the
probability was that the benate would appoint a'
committee on lis part
After some debate Mr. Ewing withdrew his mo
tion. Mr. McMullen introduced a bill to change the
modo of compensating Senators and Itepresenta
tives. Mr. Boyce offered a resolution requesting the
President to communicate any correspondence tliat
may have taken place between this government and
Holland, relative to the refusal by the Dutch in the
East Indies to receive or recognise American Con
suls. Iteferred. ' c. -i
wyi iu uiitiiaiKuluuuu lliskl uuuug Uie r
committee on foreign Affairs to imiuire into tho I
1 rt 1 1T-. ,i 1 1 r r f qnl'nnnlA,lin ' 1 . ...... .,7.. !
Liberia. Laid over.
On motion of Mr. Wade, the committee, on Post
offices was instructed to inquire what is safe to se
cure safe and expeditious conveyance of mails' by
railroad, and report to the House.
Mr. Churchwell introduced a bill -granting public
lands for the support of education. "
,The same- gentleman offered ' a series of resolu
tions asserting the Monroe doctrine:, "and avowing
that this government can never look with indiffer
ence upon the obliteration of an independent 'State
by a third power, because of the political freedom of
such State. ....
AR1UVAL OP TUB' OHIO.
New Yohk, Jan. 30, M.
The steamer Ohio arrived from Asninwall to-dav.
having left tliat place on the 18th, with 3i0 passen
gers and $1,000,000 in gold dust.
Ihe U. b. sloop-ol-war Albany sailed from Navv
Bay on tho 17th for San Juan del Norte. All
We have dates from Panama to the 15th. The
steamers Golden Gate aud Uncle Sam left Panama
on the eve of the 1st for San Francisco, with 1100
1 lie English s'.eamer Bogota arrived at" Panama
on the 4th with dates from Valparaiso to the 15th
and Callaoto the 21th of December.
Business at Valparaiso was. dull.
The revolution at Bolivia, before reported, broke
out at La, Passe, and extended to other nlaces.
Gen.Belsen hadlqft the capilal with a batallion of
Infantry, and some cavalry to suppress the; out
break. The revolutionists had appointed another admin
istration and made overtures tq Peru for an amica
ble settlement of the difficulties between the two
A revolution has also broken out in the province
of Ica,in Peru. - .. i
The Australian steamer Great Uritain.'froni T.ip-
erpool, August 11th, arrived at HabronV Bay Oct.
10th. . a "
There is a quantity of gold coming forward'
There is an incieaso of C per cent, in Uie mine prire
of gold. ., , '
The news from the diggings is favorablo. New
diggings have been found.
There is a fine business doing at Melbourne but
prices have not improved. Flour lias slightly" de
clined, tho best samples selling at JE33 per ton.
Provisions are in fair demand. American bbl. flour
AVrniotrr a Parallel. The amount invested in
school houses In Boston, i3 $1,500,000. Tfio year
ly appropriations for education are $1,200,000,
while the amount raised for all other city expenses
is only $870,000. The amount expended for in
struction in the Common Schools of Massachusetts
lastyear, was 4 50 for each child five and "fifteen
years of age in the State. This is unquestionably
the best commentary, ever afforded, upon Boston
influence; if there be any city out of Massachusetts
vhJch' tauelies"lheduteKedge of the:shadow.of um
approach' to it,,wa know not where the pWce. jj
i r 11 . , t , - . 1 . r m .
withdrawn for amendment.
i - , - . ,mrin;,hej business
tlirv motion of Mr.' Faronharson to
re'eohsidor the" volo .rejecting Uie amendment .'oFTer
edby Mr. Northctfttpwhifch prevailed, and the vote
-wasTecOrisidered: ThS question, wis then, on , said'
amendment .adopted. Ayes, 13; nays,- 12, Mr.
Iteid offered -to amend by providing' that .the law
take effect' mnnmulMdrjlts passage, which was
adopted. . , '
' Mr.t'Ook'c'oilefed an .amendment proposing to
extoudthe-timoroCtho South Western Railroad,
'two1 "years loj!gerp brtnj tliemsCtves. within the
prg.yjsioiij.blf tiiejaw, which 'wasadoptedj-ayes, 17;'
nay,.S: .'"''.,, ' ' 'J
Miv IHayrpp, jafftircd.ap-amendment, to aid in
bridging' the'liUUs eiines3e,einnd Hiwassee rivers,
&u.. which was rejected; ayes, 7; nayst18.
Mr1. Frazci- offert'dO amend by providing tliat
'tlie Governor, shoutd.inot issue the bonds of the
South Westbrn Hailroad; unti) tho road should be
gjadedromMcMjnnville, tq the.Kenfu'cky line&a
ii Miv Northcutt moved to lay tho amendment on
the table, which motion prevailed and tile amend
ment went to Uie table.
Mrt Dunlap, "of Shelby, called for tlie previous
question jlyjncii was ordf rcd,-aud th bill put upon
its padsagc, and -wa3 determined in the affirmative;
ayes, 15; nays, 10.,
And on motion'tho' Scn'afo 'adjourned uptiljialf
.:pi4t 2 oIcIoqICj r, F. ' '
HOUSE MbtlNtNG SESSION..
'I'"'.", .' Wedxesdat, Feb. L
Tho House met pursuant to adjournment.
And tho jpurna of 3'esterday was read
' Mr. Hichardpon Tcported several bills as correctly
engrossed,' and on motion, Mr. Steele was added to
the .cdmihiltccTon enrolled bills. .'. '.
Mr. Tfiompson, from the coramitte on-Edueation,
reported on several' bills,-which take their place on
'the Calendar. -'
Mr. Tilibsintrddttceda bill to incorporate; the Ring
gold amVCJeaveland. Railroad Company; passed first
Mr. 'Brown, of MJiiroe: a bill to provide for tho
l' perin'an'ent'localion of school lfouses'lri this State.
Also, a bill to,appropriatoi,vu.uiortneimprove
meut of Little 1'ennessee River, and $3,000 for Tel
. Also,- a liill to increase the tax on hawking and
peddling; all of which passed on the first reading.
Mr. Hawkln: a biU tq provide for, the repairs on
the Penitentiary, and for other purposes; passed first
reading; ' ,
Mr. Smith, of Davidson: a bill to amend'an act
of 1842, relative to rents and Jeases of lands, town
lift", &e-passed first reading.' - '
Mr. Palton:' a bill to improve tho navigation of
Clinch and Powell's Rivers, appropriating 10000;
passed and referred to the epmmittee on Internal
. The House then took up the resolution to elect a
Chancellor on the luth ins t.; adopted.
" Also-j the resoflttion to dismiss the present Ar
Mr. Stewart moved its indefinite postponement,
on which, Mr. Harris called for the a3'es and noes.'
Apd tho motion prevailed ayes,' 54; noes, 33, aud
uie resolution was inueiinneiy postpoueu.
The Housa then pro-.-eeded with tlie unfinished
.uuinciii uiyestcruuy, 11 uenig tne 0111 to amenu uie
chaiterof the North Western Railroad, and Mr.
Stovall withdrew his motion to indefinitely post-pQiie-and,
Mr. Mathis offered an amendment that the
point for commencing the work on the Mobile and
Ohio Road, 'be on the shortest andbest route in the
direction of Madrid Bend, to bo determined by ac
tual survey of a sworn Engineer, which was adopt
pil. ... . 5 ,
- , . ,. . ... .
Mr. Cavitt .offered an amendment to the caption
of- the bill adopted, and then the bill passed on its
The House then resumed the Calendar, and dia
posed of the following bills on' their third and last
A. -bill to authorize the Trustees of the Bolivai
'Academy to loan muney passed.
.Abill to repeal part of an act changing the line
between Uannon aud LeKalb.-
Mr. SteWart.inoved, its indefinite postponement,
Mr. Mathis inoved.'a. reconsideration ofthevote,
wfncii was taken up aud agreed to; and,
Mr. Wood, of Cannpn, 'spoke in favor. of the bill.
explaining the circumstances, which rendered
proper to change the'linel and, 1
Mr.'Stewart withdrew his motion, and the bill
passed 3d reading.
A bill o incorporate Spring Street .Bridge Com
pany passed, " '
A bilL to amend the Charter of the Taylorsville
Turnpike Company, and for other purposes, to
which Mr. OdcIl offered an amendment, appointing
auuiuonai commissioners, anu 1110 uiu, aiamenucu.
A bill toauthorize the Register of the Mountain
District to transcribe grant3 of certain lands.
3Ir- moypd to postpone indefinitely, and
alter, some remarks by 3Jr. Herd, the. motion failed;
and,.Mr. Cooke spoke in opposition to the bilL
which had. .been r'eporte'd 'on adversely'by the Com-
inutcaon me duuiciary.
-Mr. IleHl teplicd'in favof.of"thcr bill, antl then
tht1 bill passed ayes 33, noes 22.
A Kill to incorporate the Alton MiuiDg .and
tSmclting Company passed.,
A bill to establish a chancery 'court in the town
of Purdy. -with a like provision for Perry and De
catur counties.. 1'assed.
A bill to charter the Memphis .Building aud Loan
A bill to repeal the act- declaring the Middle
I' ork of Forked Deer river nav igaMe.' Passed.
A bill to charter the Memphis Fcmalo College,
and for other purposes. Passed:
A bill to amend' the act authorizing Hutcherson
and Rit-ker to open a turnpike road, &c. Passed.
A bill lo charier the Odd jFellows' Female. High
School at Jonesboro'. Passed,
A bill to authorize church officers to convey real
Mr. Walliico offered an amendment to strike out
thp clause requiting the consent of a majority of
as amended; .it
ration the control of
their property, and -gave too much power to the
trustees'. He nioved to refer " the bill and arriend-
nient,to theJudiciary Committee, which was.agreed
, A bill to appoint commissioner j on J. F. cfc W. J.
Scott's Turnpiko road,- and for other purposes.
i assen. "
A bilHo amend tho act of 1S35, prescribing the
doty of Sheriffs in leporting lands to. be sold for
taxes, &c Passed. - ;
A bill to change time of holding courts' in 'Car
roll county, 'Passed. "
Abill to authorize tlie Trustees. of. Carroll Acad
emy to .sell Ian tla, iS;& Passed.
A bill to define boundary line of Shelby and
Tipton counties, requiring surveyors to run and
.jnark the line.
!llr'iSmiiI,i,f'P'lv'll3on, m'oveU6" strike .'out tho
preamoie, lo wmcn
Mr. Lamb objected, unless "a 'gpod reason could
be'givenfor striking out. Ho thought, the pream
ble important to the fullunderstanding of the bill.
Mr. Smith's mo'lioii prevailed. ' '
-Mr. Farritigton-spoke in opposition to the bill;
the petitioners had asked a change without giving
any good reason why their prayer should be gran
ted. He reiterated his assertion made On.n former
occasion: that they would Hot have-petitioned for
mo- cii.iii..'j um iui mm uusiru tu avoid liie oneioy
.1.....- K.. 4.n i . -, ., i ,f,i ,
couuty Railroad fax by beeoming amiexed to Tip
ton cunty.( Mr. F. contrnued tQ discuss the ques-
uonat consiaerauie lengtn; ,ur i,anib replied: The
bill had been fully discussed on its'secomi reading
but he feit it his duty to reply to some remarks
which had fallen from tho gentleman from Shelby.
He asked whether citizens had not the right respect
fully ,to petition -without giving their reasons? He
thoug'htit was enough that they Avished the change.
He repelled the cjiarge; that to escape'taxation was
the motive of the petitioners, and adduced facts" in
suppprj. of his assertion, J5ut he, thought this was
irrelevant. :He wotildjiut it on the ground of the
1 iw passed in 1823, requiring a survey to be- made.
The survey had not been made, and thev sfmnlv
asked this legislature to order the survey to be made
r, Ml,- Tl.il . n tl n.nnln.1 n . . .1 1. . . I. : 1 .
... , . .
lias u iucj, toiii.i:u, aim lie uiuugn
their request "should be granted as a matter of
,And then Uie bill passed third reading.
Mr. Holmes entered a motion to - reconsider he
vote; just taken. ,. ...
A bill to authori2e towns separated, by 'county
lines toapply to either county forcorpora'te privileges;
ssMN. m US
uie congregations, adopted; and
, Mr.lLiiley objeoted-to the bill
loo.i lrom the church congre:
the price of lublioHrinting:
1835) passed. Ayes', 5ftioes, 9;
sojoumeu until & oewxjK, r. M.
E AlTERlfOON SKStOK.4
ThobiH-- to iaeorporate thertowaof Wetmore, and
L to, encourage manufactories, passed third read
liiQg1 1 if
The bill to .correct errora in the sale of school
an act of Con-
tha officers and
soldieneagaged-inOimilitaryj serrice of the U.
StateswthhifJiStafe Tennwsee,"was read tho
thirdtimet """" " u " "
Mr. Farauharson moved" lo 'amend, bv nrovidlni
ahaline number of acres mentioned in'tfie warrant
shall be exemptfrotn sale. by execution,4 without re
gard to'vatue' as'longi3,the' land 'remains in the
hands of the person' to whom! the warrant was ls
Jx'jNavo.spokaearnestly in support of the Ml,
and a conversationaldebate arose, m; which seve
ral participated. But, before taking tho vote, the
biU was informally" passed overj to enablo tho Sen
ate' to take up House bills.
Thirty-five House bills were passed' op the first
reading, and appropriately referred.
House bill to secure to counties the tar on slaves,
was rejected ayes, 9; noes, 15.
(Mr. Dunlap, of Henry, when this bill was up on
its second reading, advocated its passage, instead of
opposing it, as he was then .reported.)
House bill to incorporate the Ocoee Turnpike and
Plank Road Company. :Passed on the third read
ing. The Senate adjourned.
HOUSE Atteknoon Session.
Wednesday-, Feb. 1.
Mr. Tliarpe asked the favor of the House to be
permitted to make a few remarks In reference to the
action of the House this morning on the North
western Railroad bill. The bill vas suddenly or
dered to be transmitted to the Senstej immediately
upon its passage. He asked to bo permitted to
move to reconsider the vote transmitting the bill.
He asked it as a courtesy and personal favor. The
motion was entered, and lie3 over under the rule.
The House then proceeded to the special order,
being the bills to reduce and regulate the. tax on
A motion by Mr. Stewart to lay the special or
derpn the table and take up the Senate's message
transmitting tho "Omnibus" bill failed, and the'
House refused to suspend the special.order.
Mr. Wisener offered an amendment combining
the two bills, so as to leave the tax as it now is on
goods purchased out of the State, and to abolish
entirely the tax on goods purchased in the State.
Mr. Lamb thought that as tho law now stood it
imposed an enormous tax on the merchants gener
ally. If the amendment just offered should be
adopted, it' would leave the same burthen ou the
wholesale mercliant, whilst it. would relieve the re
tail merchant from any tax whatever this would
be an unj'ust and unequal distinction. There was
also another unjust distinction between classes of
citizens who should all enjoy the same privileges
In Davidson county, for instance, the' owners of
real estate of twenty-three millions, pay l,000
tax, whilst the mercantile interest on 2,000,000 of
capital invested, pay upwards ot 518,000 tax, un
der the present law. Mr, Lamb adduced other in
stances in proof of the unjust operation of the law.
He thought all these taxes should be reduced.
Mr. OJell was opposed to any reduction of the
tax on merchants. He had listened attentively to
the bills, and he found no proposition to reduce the
tax on. the poor man's scalp. Tt showed- favor to
me mercnani in nis piace wun nis cancoes, ging
hams, silks and satins all around him; but not a
word to help tlie poor man with his wife and white
headfd urchins, fcc., &c (The main gist of Mr.
O.'s remarks was on tlie basis of labor vs. capital,
country vs. city.)
Mr: Farrington followed in favor of a reduction of
tax on the merchants, but he did not think that the
measures proposed by the gentleman were calcu
lated to 'correct the evil complained of. The com
plaintis that the taxiiow is onerous. and.oppres
sive. The amendment does not propose to reduce
the tax except in fhe case of the retail merchants;
it will benefit that class to the : prejudice of the
wholesale merchants! Tie thought this was an un
just distinction. He wasr willing to reduce the tax
ori both classes of mcrchauts in ' due proportion;
hut at least give all a fair chance. The merchant
who does a largeamount of business on a small cap
ital, pays many more times the tax paid by the
owner of land ami negroes who is perhaps worth
ten tiraes'as much property as' the merchant.
Mr. Buford rose .tq move the indefinite post
ponement of the ivhole subject, and proceeded to
give his reasons for that course. He thought the
House needed more information on this matter,
none'of the bills now before the House touched the
root of the evil. He showd, Ihe difference between
.taxes on absolute property and those on privilegos.
, Ifxhe merchant pays the tax, he adds it to the
price of his goods, and .the consumer pays tlie tax
at last (Mr. Buford "continued his discussion of
the principles of the tax with great skill and ear
nestness, and referred to the experience and action
of former Legislatures ort this subject) He con
cluded by moving, tlie, indejinite postponement of
Mr. Lamb rpse in reply to Messrs. Odell. and
Baford. After what he had seen in 1844 he was
surprised to see his friend from Giles on this (tho
democratic).side-of tlie House, If high taxes made
cheap gopds, he wouldiiko to ktiovy what would be
the effect of a high tariff.
Mr.. Lamb then addrecssed himself to refute 'the
position of Mr. OdelL
Mr. Buford resumed, in reply to Mr. Lamb, and
explained his views in reference to what Mr. Lamb
called his high tariff views. Hi3 argument had not
been what it was' represented.- He wanted mer
chants to be taxed reasonably; the difficulty was to
arrive at the correct .'principle of determining the
amount of tax.
Mr. Bullen moved the previous' question, which
was sustained, and the main question being on the
indefinite postponement ef the bills and amend
ments, it was rejected. Ayes, 29, noes, 42; and
tne tiouse reiuseu tq postpone.
Mr. Wisener stated that tho amendment offered
by himself met tho approbation of merchants gene
rally, lie did not propose to make a distinction
between wholesale and retail merchants; the dis
tinction was Intended to be made between foreign
invoices and Tennessee invoices. The retail mer
chant was released from tho taxonly on goods pur
chased in the State, and which had already once
1 . 1 .t. - - .- . .1. . n. .
uc-t-a uucu, on uieir importation into uie oiaie.
Mr. Wallace rose to defend his position. He
should vote for the bill not that he approved it in
an its part bufbecauee he believed it approxima-
tell to a true principle, lie thought that mer
chants ought not to be taxed on a different princi
ple lrom other citizens. He could see no good
reasonfortaxing'priviIege!,as thoy were called.
Mr. Arnold moved to lay Mr. Wiseners amend
ment on the table, which motion prevailed,-and tlie
amendment went to the table.
Mr. Patton offered an amendment to tax mules.
horses, &c. &r., In the samo manner a3 other pro
perty, wnicn was iaiu on me tabic. Ayes, ul;
Mr. Bailey offered an amendment lo make the
tax on goods equal throughout the State, Laid on
Mr. Clemonf moved to reconsider tho vote.
Mr. .Ricliardson' offered an amendment reducing
tne tax privilege ot Keeping a atud-norse or Jack.
Mr. R.said he could not see the consiitpncv nf
complaining of the injustice of taxing Merchants
uity cents on the 100 and yet tax Stallions, itc,
nve or six uouars on tne tuu worth. The amend
ment was ruled out of order at this time.
And on motion the House adi6urned until 9i
o ciock, to-morrow.
Nom In tho renort of this morning we omitted
bill passed, it was on motion of Mr. Iiucas, ordered
to be at once transmitted to the Scnate. Tins is
w owivc lutib ivucu mi;-jluiui imicm xiatiroiiu
necessary to explain tlie action of Mr. Tharpe, at
uie commencement ot tne aitcrnoon session.
SENATE MOttNtxa SES3IO.V.
TnuitaDiiY. Jan. 27
Senate met petsuant to adjournment and read
the minutes of yesterday.
Mr. Carrigcr presented a memorial from citizens
of the county ot Union, praying that the Taxes of
.uie present year be collected for Uie benefit of said
county, which was read and referred.
Mr. Nelson, chairman of the committee on In
ternal Improvements, reported on several bills, on
their second reading, some of which were passed
Tbe bill to rive State aid to the Ocoee Turnnike
.and Plank; road was read and Mr. .Farquharson
moveu itsmaeumte postponement,
Mr.- Havron rose and spoke at length in favor of
the passage of the bill, at the close of which Mr.
Farquharson withdrew his motion and Uie bill
nassed its second readiher.
t Ji. biU-directory to the Comptroller for the benefit
ViflTIasSl "VVpIU -wr rp'ad'lhiffl tim fnnA
- - - ' - ....... ... pooocu.
Mc IJixon. chairman of Uie committee on Claims,
reported on the bill directory to Uie Comptroller,
for Uie relief of Abraham Tipton, and recommend-
33T fJT -
dits rejection, witch was concurred 3f, aithe
;bul rejectee!. f jj A S
air. uanlap, of Usnry. chairman of tJifr-emfcit-
"Jeo on Ways and Min3, reported on Se bilffor
the relief of John Lecky, and -recommended itre
jectioBr which wasVconcurredS in andJlJk bitUre-
' Mf. Dunlap, of Shel6y,chaJrmarT'fecomr
mittee on the J udiciary, reported on the bill topreven t
the laws delay, and recommended its passage, and
briefly. explained. Lhe.pro visions of. tlmhiii
Mr. Dunlap, of Henry, vm .opposed .to the bill.
Th&bfll was passed second reading: ' .
Same committee reported on several bills, on
their-aecond reading. .
Mr..Frazer jntroducad a bill to secure the com
pletion of Turnpike-roads in Smith and other coun-t
ura, icau ursi. time, passeu ana reierreu.
Mr. Caniger introduced a bill to. encourage
the making of Railroad Iron in this State; read,
nrst time and passed. And on motion tho isenate..
adjourned until half past 2 o'clockKV, j I
HOUSE MOUSING SESSION.' '
Thcbsd.it, Fcbi 2.
The'Houso met pursuant to adjournment, and
the J ournal of yesterday having been read, . .
Mr. Holmes presented a memorial fromuthe
Grand Jury of Shelby county. Referred to'thtf'
Mr, Erwin: a petition from, citizens of Hamshire;'.
auu reierreu to the Judiciary Com
mittee. J -
Mr. Mabry, of Knox: a memorial from Sam'I
f : i -. i. -. . .. . -
A "u,cu was similarly aisposeu of., '. '
Mr. Stovall: a memorial from citizens of Obion,
embracing a report of negotiations for cession of
Territory from Kentucky, by which it appears "that
tho negotiation fails and the cession will not' be
made. ReatLand transmitted to the Senate.
Reports were received from the Standing Com
mittees on various bills, petition?, &cr which will
come up in the regular order of business.
The industrious chairman of the Committee on
Enrolled Bills, reported another long list ofl-bills
which had been examined and found correctly en
rolled. - '
Mr. Wood, of Cannon, presented a mmorityl re
port from the Committee on the Penitentiary, with"
a bill to lease oat the Penitentiary and chan"e the
present system of labor. The bill was read and,
passeu ist reaumg.
Mr. Wynn offered a resolution, that ih
mittee appointed to investigate the Bank affairs be
airecieu to report as speedify as possible. Lies over.
Mr. Cooper introduced a bill to secure the pay
ment of County debts. Passed first reading and.
Mr. Farrington: a bill to incorporate tho Bluff
wty aims, ior motion and Woolen and other man
ulactures, &c rajsed first reading.
uuu cuiora a motion to rceonsiderf
the vote rejecting the bill to nav forRecnnl
Lies over. '
Mr. Wynm a bill to protect the property of
married women. Passed first reading.
The House then, on motion of 3rr.Holmcs, 'took
up the bill to charter the Western Bank of Tennes
see, (the Bluff City Bank,) with an amendment
chartering the Bank of Chattanooga.
Mr. Steele offeree! an amendment to make liable -j
the property ot Stockholders for the debts.of: Ihe
The Chair ruled it out oforder, as a rider. '
Mr. Steele appealed from tli
Chair, on which Mr MeKmght called for theayesH'
and noes, and th Ifnnoo ra,0,l !,. . . .-"1
auu uues, aim tue nouse reversed Uie decision of
tne unair, ayes JJ, noes 38; and,
3Ir. S eele made some remarks In support.oLhis:
amendment He thought that tha insertion of the
"individual liability clause," was necessary and"
proper to protect the holders of notes and claims ,
against tlie Bank; f j
Mr. Temple remarked tliat there were IwJ prin
ciples embraced in the amendment, bniotjyhi'ch'1
reserved to the Legislature the richt to repf at the
charter atany future period. He ihovud to' amend
by striking out that portion of the amenrlmfn'if"-
Mr. Richardson thought it useless to be. offering t
""uiuumiij, iiucu uie xiouse. on the second
reading of the bill, had shown a determination not
to admit them, but to act on the bill purely oa its,
own PRcrits. He was opposedto thJ arriendment.
And Mr. Lamb called the pre viousquestfori, w'hich
was withdrawn after much confusion, seyeralgen-,
tlemen addressing the cliair at once, and some, ex
citement being manifested, Jlr. CIemon3 moved to
lay the amendments on the table; which motion'
uuicu. -n-yva, ou; noes. j(.
And tlie question recnrnVg on Mr. Steel s amend
ment as amended by Mr. Temple. Mr. Farrington
showed that the amendment was unnecessary'' the
"liability clause" being already substantially" 'em
bodied m the bill It was plain, he thought, that
the object in offering the amendment was to stran
gle tlie bilL He , depreciated in strong terms Puch a
course. Fight the bill on it3 own merits, but fight
tMtr:S?!,th of Davidson, replied: He thought
the bill did not afford sufficient security to note
holders. He was a friend of the Free Banking
System, and was opposed to chartering any Banks
possessing privileges which were not granted to the
iree Bants. Stock Banks could easily issue notes
on the basis of sfock which perhaps had nof been
paid m, and the noteholders had no means .to 'as
certain the facts. Mr. S strenuously opposed the
bat chartering Stock Banks was calculated to- des
troy tha Free Banking system, and hecallcdon ev
ery fnend of the latter, to vote against tho bill.
Mr. Holmes took the floor in sunnort orA i.m
and in opposition to the views offered by Mr. Smith!;
He proceeded to show that tho FreeHnntt-d.Mrtf i
afford sufficient facilities to the commercial interests 7
anu moreover they (the Free Banks) were mere
cloaks to cover up a Brokerage busiue'ss. The "en-
tleman lrom Davidson had talked of issuing hilk 4
two for one he would tell him th.ittl.pf.V.wTWl.-'K
wre issiiinir thrro f!i- nn. tf 1 r. .-
0 ..... vm, m lup luimer practice
was useless, the Litter was more so. Mr. Itthoriht
it unnecessary to rencaUvhat he kad fnrmprt ';.
as to the great want of Banking capital at the "most
important commercial point in West Tennessee.
ne hoped the amendment would notpass, and that
the House would vote directly on the bilL
Mr. Steele made somo remarks-in reply to Mr.
Farringtotij and Mr. Brown, of Monroe continued
the discussiotu The provisTonsof tho Bmp'ri
were not new; they had b-en engrafted in the char
ter of the Lawrenceburg Bank., He was in favor
Of Memphis having such banks as. she wanted, but
.he wanted them safely guarded.
Mr. Lamb arose to 'correct a- statement or the
gentleman from Monroe; anldmHa'eisome conciliato
ry remarks. His friends from TJar$Ison and Shelby
had got a little warm all:war3.-were more or les
uncertain, and he LiJpedlgentlerticri would take it
coolly. He did not "Wish to hurt the free banking
system. But he would tell his friend from David
son what ho did want; he wanted Memphis fpbc
freed from the control of Nashville. Memphis .had
been too long like a Miss in pantalettes, ,kpt in
leading strings by Nashville. Xet her try for- a
while to manage her own financial affairs and
banking busmessand if she does not do it well
then check her up a little.- ' '
Mr. Lamb proceeded in a very calm, but forcible
manner, to point out the great inconveniences re- !
suiting irom ue lact mat JUerapliBandothernoints
in tlie State are entirely dependent ou' Nashville
for every dollar of Banking capital; and deprecated
any little piques or jealousies being suffered to en
ter into the question.
Mr. Smith, ofD.iTidsori. renhed toVMr. Tlanih
The gentleman had spoken very insinuatingly, but
he had not met tho argument. He (Mr. S.) had
not opposed the Bank at Memphis as a local-matter,
but their issueTwouId go ail over theState. and
he wanted to adequately protect tho holders of these
notes. He referred to the Io?3 occasioned' by the
failure of the Bank at MeraDhis some vear mm
He wished to guard against such results in future;
he had no local prejudices in this matter. He was
acting on a broad principle.
Mr. Smith continued hisremarksatsomclenglh;
in fhe course of which it did not appear lljathhofc
marks of Mr. Lamb had produced auy' very cooi
ng eueci on me gentleman trom IJaviiMoii.
And on motion of Mr. Farrinetou die Home ml.
journed until two o'clock
SENATE Evcn.vo Ssssio.v. '
On motion of Mr. Morris the Senate took nn thfv
b!II to incornorate the Mississippi, Tennessee and
Kentucky Teleeraph Comnanv. which was- rr-nl
and passed a third time.
ihe special order of the day being the bill to es
tablish a system of Common School?, which was
Mr. Davis offered to amend bv nrOVHlTnT flint nn
county should be entitled to its distributive share
unless they raised a like sum bv tha
supported I his amendment by appropriate remarks.
Mr. Bell opposed the amendment in a like man
ner. Mr. Hall spoke in favor of Uie amendment
Mr. Moore was oonosed to th. mar,m . .i
gave ms reasons, xc., and notwiUistandmirhi3 dis-
. , ..i... l, , uij-l
-- ij-jr ujuuu larger sum than at
would receive, he wa3 willing to lay an advalorum
tax for that purpose.
Mr. Cook made a speech in favor of Common'
Mr. NaTe offered an amendment to the amerid-
ut wafcot williajr tvpte for the amead
ith o Without his aJfcudmentlo it
DavisSbVeu to lavVfte iamendment efired
Sy thcJSenirfrom Carter on tlie table: whietfwas
agreew lo- St!
--Sfr.BQhaiaoapoke la favo of the amendment
offered by Mr. Davis.
question was taken ou Uljamendiryent aid Jtwa3
rejected. Mr. Moore moved fb strike bnt fifty and
LinsoA twenty-five (poll-tax.) JMr Dnntap -P-Sbel-
jay. maijea.6peecu against tuisproposilioo, -of con
KsidcrabUJengtli, he.said if yoiiwisu to indeed tie
-pflopleto BCbool theircnildrenj joumust tax-all ot
motion by striking out and inserting one dolrarantl
twenty-lite cents; "which failed".
,i! .Mr-i Bowles was for striking out poll tax entirely.
ilr., Nave, thought it wrong to release those that
had the children, to educate, entirely.
,j Mr. .Nelson., spoke in .favor of .raising a. (had, from
the paoperty ot tho country, and was not la avor
of a poll tax. The question wa3 then taken, oa Mr.
3Iobre motion to strike outff.y and insert twenty-
, M.J . ':-?- .r -i t . ,
uve; wmca mouou prevaiieu anu me amendment
.Mr. DaviJ.Vffer'ed to amend" by piejiriJingibrJlhe
appointment'or'a Superintendent and pniicribng
his duties, to, and had itfread at the table, and llm
qaestiaa1 was then' taken on the mouoti of Mr.
Bowles, to strike out the tax on polls; which mo
tion was rejected. "Theauesfion'thenrccnrringon the
amendment of Mr. Davis, and Mri Dnnlap, bfShel-
uJi ivjvocm w auiciiu me uiueuuuiciib uviusciuuij
pative .oP Tennessee dnd made an, able aru
mentr'iirroprwrtbfJmpiiOnjjand without action,
on niotion,'tae Senate adjourned until 10 o'clock,
to-morrow- morning. '
Note. On-the third reading ef the bill to Secure
to counties' the tax oa slaves, MrEebertspn should
Jiave.becn rpporteU as making a speech, against tt
HOUSE Armtxoox Session.
T.tr'f TncRSDAr, Feb. 2.
.-The hour of meeting having arrived, on motion
of Mr. Cooke, of Mcllinn, took the chair, m the
absence of Mr. Speaker Wisener, and the House
resumed the unfinfahtd business" being" the hUf lo
tCharlerHhe Bank of West Tennessee, tc.
ftf rjfnti.imMida. mrwn.l llt i,,u ti,,j
which Mr, Farrington demanded the ayes .and
noes and the call was sostaiaedjayes.SO.noes;?
and the main question, being put on the parage ot
the biif, it passed third reading; ayes, Co; jioefi, 31.
Mr. Bulbrd called for the i-pecial order of the
day, being the ''Law lteform Bill.' Tho bill was
taken up and read, and Mr. C-hambliss obtained tht
floor. He remarked that most men were mora or
less actuated, by professional prejudices, and, law
yers were especially jealous of any innovations" m
f li7- nfnfpMinn f I .. Vio t . t Hm U . ..1. . J .1.1
---- , ,uu ,...v. i.ouuu. i
vote against the bill, butsmeehehad exaimtej s
provisions, and found it to contain principle wfeich
it would bo proper to establish, he was now pre
pared to support tlie- bill regardless ol" sneers or
ridicule from any quarter. We owed it to our
selves to give' the" bill a full, serious and cartfujl at
tention. , .
Mr-Chambliss then proceeded to advocate the
pat sage-'of the bill, and discussed its prmciplin4aii
a'ble and eloquent speech, which, however, was" too
long lor inset tion in this report
When Mr. Chambliss concluded, a motion toad-
t- journ until OA o'clock to-morrow, wa- kc.
minutes past nine to-morrow, which was alsolost
.- ', 1 . .,
And Mr. Kichardson moved to amount until .
And. sn motion of Mr. Lamb, the House ad
journed until 7 o dock to-nigh r.
. ADELI'JII TIIK.VTKE.
, . Secoud .appearance f tlie
; y-AS.lLVIL'L.E DRAMATIC C I. L' B,
un wntcn occasion laejwm pcriona, oj request, tue twau
tifuf Tragedy of EVADXK t arid the operant TracCif r
. A. NE W 1VAEDIIO JJ Ef
.l',OE TILE BENEFIT OF THE POOU'
TUESDAY EVKKIXG, Febmarj-7
the beautiful Tradgedrof
rrill be pcrfbnJ
,. EVApXEj.On THE STATUE- t
, Kiug of Naples, Ludcrrico, Colouoa, Yicentio, Srnlairo, bv
ltu CInb; Kradne, illru Idle Keigooidi, Ouria, Jlri.
To conclude with the cutaic Operatic Trmgtdr of
BOMBASTES FURIOSO. "
King ArlaximoDiwu, Kiubos, his Miuister. Boinlusle.. bjr
thu Club;. UeitUiiu, Mri. Carpeuter.
5T" Doors open at 6$ o'clock,
meuce ul 7, precUlr
I'erfonziaitce U com-
A LAROE lot cf Medical Boob, latent editions. 3mt
, nccired aud Cr tale br
CHARLES W SMITH.
The . American ami foreign Christian Lmuii.
THE undersigned is an Authorized Agent for the shore
Magaane, The books published bribe Sfcietr may
be fouaa at raj store. CUAKLES W SJUTl'f,
feb3'a4 4t College street.
YAIjETTIXE'S DAY. An nsMrtraeutof rjeautXl
Valentine's mav be found lor i-ale bf
OUAULE3 W. HUlTin
Jayyj . 1 College itreeC
VALEATEVES-. " J
Sentimental and Comic Vi in in prices from 10 tenli
I-to t)0 each; this collection Fs renr large enci beantifuL- -
City atid 'country dealerssupplfed ou accommodating ierm-j
feb3 '5j - ' Market street.
TAIilfABEE 1WXD I-'OItAEE
E baTe for sala'lba Trast oT LA.X1) on which Win.
Y V Mcilurray now lires, six and-.hair miles from Xaah
Tills, near tha tibinon I'ike. coatainin? LTO acres tiuclr
A, Jlcllnrray now Urea, sUand-hir miles from Saah-
imi-rored with a tiae Stone Quarry on it. The-true t will
divided to suit purchasers, or wil be exchand for prop,
ertyin Xathrille, or for Xegroes. This is a liiperiof iraC,
of Land, inferior to none iu thiridsoa county. Serentr
acres iu timber Will bv shown to anr- nernm hi- Mr
Lllurrajt fahS'54 UAUISS i-VORTUK,
HOTEE. FQItSAXE Olt ItEA'Ti
The Hotel iu Ihe beautiiul villas of Alt. PWt CSV
ant, Tenn , is forRileor rent, on ILo Terr beU ol.TTJ.
terms, as the propnelor jribes to more to this city. It, 1
the only public bt,use ia. the place,"aud u an excellent
stand tor business The lot oa which it stand coutiins
acrcrf cf flrsi rati ground under god fence. The Depot of
the NaihrlJIe Si AJaba.ua llailnuU will be touted ou it.
The lurriiture now lu the houe can be ptircha.'ed wi'li 1.
Karlv anDlicatioa nbonld he inula l l J r,u-,r. 11.
preinUeiJor to, It. HALLOW E.
fb- 01, Jteal n.tata Aguut Xashtule.
TTOUJiiVLEAT AUCTION.-On Saturday- 'neii,
JU 1 tb8.UUi tnsCjl will uffer for side at the IWt liouieat
H o'clock, the PJlowmtf building- lota, in HaueiV plan oT
lots, to wit i 2(03. 15. IS. 17. IS. 92. 23. 2L 2.V . 7. J.,.
CO, 37, 33, 5S, 10, 11 and. 42, a plat of wbicri can be Seen at
TskMs. One-half Cash, balance iu 12 month." without
interest. i A. U A LLOWK,
'tP3 Oeneral Airtnt.
KEW CA2EIAOE WARE 2001T,
Nof. 31, 3C and 38, Deadcriek Street.
- ri-Mrw rrtr .t sjiipii.'iJi ..-h
- ,wi,iu iKSllViiUUJiT 11
I form Ihvir friends nnd tho mi.?;-tttw t. '
-- L - . . v . iii, OliC
completed their'new A arc Rccm, and are now ja wca.i:"
of a splendid assoitmcnt of Carnage material weich w
areprej-ared to manufacture into Carriages of err de
scription. We intend to keep au asscrtmcnt f Carriao-)
and Harness on band which we trill diajia, c f on as teas
ocable terms as any bouse in the city.
ltepairinyln all us branches at low rales wuh prvmiil-.
neas. All work done by us will be warranted as oud a-
Thantiful for the liberal rufrocage extended us, we re
reb3 'M-1y. '
JUST received per Xew Orleini. Cincinnati and
burjsteamers; the foilon-injj article?, whieb wojreof
ferinplow forcah. Country .Merchants and dealeia eene
jally will do well to call and examine for themseltes;
75t) bjg prime Rio Coffee; So dji Ilrooms
60 do liiguyra dor 1 ,000 keRJ l'ure' LeaJ
2(X) bbls prime X O Jlolassesw do No 1 dV
,1i0.?li,bc do,. d05 IWcaikybestnogiS, Soda;
150 IdiSajar., all grades; 20 bag Race Ginger, '
JoafCrutlied and Powdered buirars. an awonment
23 Wg5 1 epper, tJ.estj Teas, r.rfedr
13 do Spice:
60 bbli Soda Cracker
10 tierctifre--.il llice;
100 boxes M Kaisins;
50 boxes Cod Fish;
60 do. Uorrinjn
0 bbls Mackerel;
100 kits, assorted numbers;
10 ease fresh Sardine;
23 boxes Iickles, assorted;
S bbls Hrimstone:
10 do Alain;
2o0 bags fine Salt;
150 Demijohns, as3'd sizes;
to do Ituaer da:
t'ottoa Yarns: arsotled;
Sfrross Wash Koardi;
15 nests Tubs;
5 casks Brandy;
3 do Signette Itrandr,
. do do;
Tt in Madeira Wine
5 do Sherry do;
Ii) do Port clu;
23 bbls S M Wine;
50 do American JJrapdy.
50 do Old Itour mUkj.
50 do Old IfiKioiiir dir
'Ciirarf. Tar brand?:
,3-JQ. boxes prime Cheese;
150 do Qnart Flasks;
iw co l int do;
23 do Old lite do-.
50 do Fluted Tumblers. a3:21o do ItccfiiiMl rfu-
!00 keg Nail, assorted; 20 do Old Peach Brandy,
Together with all other articles usually kept in our hoe.
Call at NICHOb, PEACOCK A CO,';5,.
feb3 Comer r.f Church .! rark-r
'rAJLst '1i.vt.i : i
ALL persons owning property wiUun the corporsts Jfea
jts of Ua dry of .Nashville, or who are fcucotfe therein
are reriuested to cull at the-office cf W. A. ilkii hn rhwJ
! smeet, and give in a list i4 their taxable property and bolli.
TUdii i ii. , t ,, .
febS'St lw, W. A. GLKNN. j AscMora
QTKATEI'OU STOEE.V.-A small Scueh Tar
O tier DOG, of a light brindfe clor. The finder of which
will be liberally it warded by returning bim to
feb2 54 GEO. UKEIG, Unioo jj.