Newspaper Page Text
Consolidated May 15, 1853. '
.L.MAJUJXQ, X.G.IOSnlN, O.C. TOUBBTT, M.C.C.CHORCO. -'XOTIN L. MARLING As CO.,-' , -EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. THURSDAY MORNING-, APRIL 13, 1854. 'Old Documents are dnngeroutS Things!" THE EDITOR OP THE BANKER THE ADVOCATE t OF. "SQUATTER SOVEREIGNTY !i" it is sn every-day remark that, if you will give some men rope enough, they will hang themselves. Our neighbor or the Banner is one of this sort. Give him, for a definite time, plenty of latitude and longitude, and he never fails to involve himself in a labyrinth of contradictions and absurdities. VTo cited'an instance the other day. At first, our neigh .bor'came out strongly in favor of that part of the Nebraska bill .which repeab the Missouri cornpro " ' mise. In less than a month, wc find hirairi utter ob liviousness of his firetpositipn, asking the question, "Who wants the Missouri-compromise repealed?" audi trying to prove by the declaration of two or three cotton raisers (or young lawyers, as report has it,) that "there is no anxiety whatever" on the subject! But we have a worse case on hand Just now. . ; Ourneighbor has been launching his thunder bolts against the Nebraska bill because, as he a' leges, it favors "squatter sovereignty. One not acquainted with him would think, from his lan guage, -that he classes "squatter soverei, amonc the most heinous political sins. We have o known better all the time, however. We have ex posed the absnrdity of the charge that the bill au thorises the people of the territories to pass a law prohibiting slavr. Further than this, we have nDt disputed with the Banner upon the amount of pjwer conceded to the people of the territories by this bill; but have btfec content to give our neighbor "a wide berth" on tile subject of squatter sove reignty generally; intending at the proper time to settle, accounts with him. In a word, we have given him plenty of rope; and having himself, as wc nnticipited, snugly adjusted one end around his neck, wo shall throw the other over a gallows, lirmly constructed out of " old documents," and proceed to draw him up I The operation will pro bably hurt, but we assure our neighbor we have "no anxiety whatever" about that! In 1850, thepresent editor of the J&inner wa, for a short limp, editor of the Washington Repul lie, the offi id organ of Gen!. Hayi-or's administra tion. Dunne tnat time, our neighbor zealously supported (lin. Tayloh's "plan of adjustment," which, so far as it concerned the territories of Utah . and New Mexico, was, to refrain from establishing g ivernmentsfor those territories, and to leave the p ojtle thereof entirely to their own local legislation until they were admitted as States. This poli cv was called the "non-intervention or let-alone" policy. Iti proposing it, Gen. Tavlois's avowed object wai to take tlx: question of slavery out cf the'hallsol" Congress, and to refer it to the people. His ore a argued that it would be impossible to pa the Utah and New M ixico bills without the Wilmot proviso, and theie.bre it would be better, initead of establishing governments for thee terri tories, to lea vo the people thereof entirely to their oianlood lecT1ution, until they were ready to be ad mittcd as Stntes. This was the gist of Gen. Tay Lon's "plan' as to the territories. We repeat, it was zlalously supported by our neighbor, then ed- itorJof the olficial paper. Ileia-neout inthestron gestf:rnis in favor of "non-intervention," and in sisted that the whole subject ol slavery in the tern toriea belonged, of riehL to the people thereof. He opposed Mr. Clat's compromise measures, and us ed 'mativ arguments against them which he has since used a-rain-t the Nebraska bill. lie asserted that tho clauses in the New Mexico and Utah bills, at originally reported, prohibiting the territorial legislatures liom pissing any law "on the subject of African slavery (which clauses were atterwards stricken oiit) were violative of the principle of "non intervention" that, under these clauses, Congre.'s cZitfj propose to have "something to do with sla very," while it wai the people of the territories, acting ihrjujh ilieir territorial organizations, who were to'have "nothing to do with it." Our neigh bored not approve this attempt to prohibit the people of the territories from legislating on the sub jecf of slavery, lie preferred the recommendation of Gen. Taylor, vie that no territorial governments should be established; that New Mexico and Utah should be admitted into the Union as soon jis prac ticable: and that in the mean time, the people of these territories should be left entirely to their oicn local legislation! This plan was the very cmbodi mentof "squitter sovereignty." It proposed no checks or limitations upon that sovereignty; it did notpropose to extend the Constitution over these terri tories, although it was known to be a controverted question as to whether the constitution, by virtue of its own inherent power and without special leg islation, extended to these territories. Thus did our neighbor, in 1850, fully commit himself to the doctrine of ''squatter sovereignty" in the territo ries, without q-ialification or limitation! We have thus stated the case which we expect to make out against the unlucky prisoner at the bar!,.. Now ftir TnE Tnoor. In the Republic of the 22d May, 1S50, our neigh bor outers into a lengthy exposition and defence of Gen. Taylor's plan. In the course of this defence, he gives the following emphatic endorsement to the priuciple of "squatter sovereignty on tho subject of sUvery." Here him. Speaking of Gen. Taylor's recommend; t on, he says : "And would not the adoption of the lino of pol icy recommended by hitn.h. vi the desired effect ? 1 1 it not a simple, practical, a vslitutionul, and perfect ly unobjectionable mode of sattling tho question whether or uot the introduction of slavery shall be piohibited in the territory acquired from Mexico, TO REFER IT TO THE PEOPLE OF THAT TERRITORY THEMSELVES, with whom alone all acknowledge the right will exist to decide the question when they come to form State constitu tions, preparatory to asking to be admitted into the Union as States ?" "You all acknowledge the right will exist in the people of the territories to decide the question of slavery for themselves, when they come to form State constitutions; then wly not lefer the subject to them enVrdy " Would.not tins be "asimple, practi cal, amstitulioiuxl, and perfectly unobjectionable mode of sottling the question whether or not the intro duction of slavery shall be prohibited in the terri tory acquired from Mexico." If we are capable of understating tho plainest language, this is our neighbor's argument, and it is as full and complete an endorsement of the principle of "squatter sov ereignty on tho subject ( f slavery" as we have ever real. In tho lhpunic of the 27th of May, our neigh bor, in a let.g hy article under the caption of ' Tho President and Mr. Clay," says : - !speakinBof thepREs.DENT spUn, the Senator M79.: "eJpre8M,;in' recommend the ad mission of California. A e are willing to admit 'California. We go with him as far as ho rocs ,&c" With the utmost deference io the Small r' we must say that we do not so understand the two plans. We understand the President to recom mend something morehan the admission of Cali fornia. We nnderslanu him to recommend the ref erence of the question, whether the introduction of elavery shall or shall not be prohibited in the rei due of theTerritoiy, to the people thereof when they shall come to form a State constitution or con stitutions preparatory to their admission into the Union as a State or States, and that in the mean time Congress, abstaining from the establishment of ttrritorial governments. SHOULD LEAVE THE PEOPLE OF THE TERRITORY TO BE GOV ERNED BY THEIR OWN LOCAL LAWS AND CUSTOMS, wiih such military protection from the Unit, d States as their necessities shall require and the exiiancies of the public services elsewhere will permit" We submit other cxtracU without comment : Fiom t!i Washington Republic of June 15, 1600. Tin: Compromise and Nox-Iktervejtio:, "The truth says tl.e Union of Thursday, "that Conjresshas nothing to do with slavery; and sucli Uthegreat truth that will he recogmzed by this adjustment" , . The adjustment" here referred to 13 the series .of measures' reported from the Senate's Committee of Thirteen, and united in one bill. There is, how ever in that part ot the bill relating to New Mex ico, a clause which declares that the territorial leg islature shall pasj no laws establishing or prohibiting African slavery." It would seem, then, that Con gress does propose to have something to do with slavery at least the bill so proposes. The Union has made a mistake; t7 1 thepevple qf'Oie territories acting through the territorial organization which the bill proposes to establish over them, who are to have nothing todowitli slavery." This was very well understood by Gen. Cass; it was very well understood by Mr. Douglas of Illi nois, who moved to strike out tho prohibitory clause, on the grouud that it was at variance with the principle of non-intervention. That Senator insisted that the whole subject ought to be left to the people of the Territory themselves, and that they should be allowed to adtHit or to exclude .slaves, as they might see proper." From the same paper of June 20th. "Popularity of Gen. Taylor's plan at TnE North. The Whig party of the North have accepted the truly national, republican, wise, and conciliatory propesition of their Chief Magistrate. It opened to them the way for ceasing to insist upon tlte enactment of the proviso, without" subjecting themselves to TOE IMPUTATION OF INCONSISTENCY, AND AN ABANDON' MENT OF THEIR PRINCIPLES, AND TilEY ARE FOLLOWING IT. From the same paper of June 22J.J "Squatter Sovereignty.'' "Why, the grounds upon which. wo have advoca ted the adoption of the principle of adjustment re commended by tho President are, that it is strictly national in its character that it is far above the reach of all imputations of a sectional bias, and one in support of which patriotic men of all par ties and sections may rally, without a surrender of their pride of opinion, or what they have" been ac customed to regard as tliemconstitutional rights. And is not all this undeniably true? Do not all men of both sections, and all parties, concede to the people of a Territory, when they form a State con stitution, preparatory to asking admission into the Union as a State, the right of admitting or exclu ding slavery ? And then, as to the furQier recom mendation of the President, that, until the people of the territory acquired from Mexico should be prepared to comply with the requisitions of tho Constitution, and ask for admission into the Union as a State or States, THEY SHOULD BE LEFT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF THEIR OWN LOCAL LAWS, without the establishment over them by Congress of territorial governments does this recommendation come in conflict with any par ty or sectional doctrine, principle, or prejudice? Not at all. It is a mere question of expediency, to be decided by the circumstances which surround it. And surely these circumstances were, and are, of a character not only to justify the recommenda tion, but strongly to commend its acceptance by the patriotic "of all parties and of both sections of the Union. They were clearly and strongly set forth in tho message containing the recommendation." From the same paper of June 25th. IJon-Ihtebvxntion. "Docs Congress propose to say and to determine what sort of domestic institutions shall exist m New Mexico and fn Utah, or what shall not exist? Honorable gentlemen, under present circumstances you may not be able to pas3 a territorial bill, with out saying the one thing or the other? Nor can you pass a territorial bill, if you say in it the one thing or the other. That is your dilemma. Now, if it should ever occur to a majority of both Houses just to let the tiring alone, and go on with the public business, exercisinq a reasonable faith in the capacity of the people of the Territoiesto take care of Vieir own internal affairs would not tbe experiment be worth trying? We throw out the remark simply as a suggestion begging, how ever, to append to it some of Wordsworth's home ly verse : "Disasters, do the best we can, Will come to great and small; And he 'soft the wisest mau Who is not wise at all." Silence is often better than speech, and to for bear action may sometimes prove more wise than action especially when the thing to be done may be better done by some other agency." From the same paper of July 6th; Gen. Taylor's plan compared with TnE Com promise. "Again, by the mode which avoids the proviso, 'no member of Congress from the North or from tbe South,' quoting Jthe Union again, compromits any constitutional or other principle. JNothing said about slavery or the Wilmot proviso but in pro viding for Die admission ot the acquired territories into the Union as Statei, this, as well all other do mestic or municipal regulations, is left-to the inhab itants, who are to govern themselves. 'No South ern man,'adds the Union, 'can justify himself in denying to them this right.' This is very well put? and it stands in a most favorable contrast with the coercive requirements of the other plan, that of the Omnibus bill, which many members of Congress from the North and from the South cannot vote for without, in theirjudgment, compromitting consti tutional or other principles; it involves the whole controversy about slavery and the Wilmot proviso; and, instead of leaving the domestic regulations of the Territories to thetnhabttants who are to qovern them selves, it converts Congress into a municipal Legis lature, to use the appropriate language of Mr. Pres ton, now Secretary ot the JNavy, as applied in his able speech during the last session of Congress, when this same principle was under discussion." Wc end our extracts here for the present. The next leisure hour we have we may take the trouble to look up some more of the same sort. In the mean time, we advise our neighbor to be calm; not to fly into a passion; not to feel too bad at once; not to betray " any anxiety whatever;" but to con sole himself with the reflection that all great men are guilty of inconsistencies, and that he is a great fool who never changes his opinions. By the aid of such philosophy, our neighbor can face a wagon load of "old documents" without quaking. Any other course, wo assure him, can only expose him to a repetition and increase of the dose. E EG VI. AH U'ASIUSOTOX CORltESPOXDEXCE Washington City, April 5,1854. Messrs. Editors Union and American: The arrival of the Baltic conclusively settles, the question as to war. The grand conflict will begin upon the land about the 15th of April. ou will find an excellent article in the Union of to-day, "American Sympathy on the Eastern Question." If France and England continue as they have begun, our interests will lead us to wish success to Russia. Both France and Great Britain lmvo selfish objects in view in this war; asd as Judge Butler said in a speech in the Senate not long since, if they succeed in crushing Russia, we shall have to pour 'out streams of blood to maintain our ju3t rights in the West India seas.' The re mark of the Union is well made that "the late num bers of a "Retired Statesman" in our paper fthe Union) have produced asensible influence upon the public mind in our country, whilst the late arrogant announcement of Lord Clarendon as to the ob jects of the English and French alliance has greatly increased that influence. Prussia has declared herself neutral, and I think cannot be moved from her position. How Austria will decide can be easily conjectured. The Paris correspondent of the Union in that paperof to-day says, "Russia needs time to collect all her forces, for she will put forth her whole strength her, and the crash will be fearful when it takes place." The news by the Baltic of this morning states that her armies are receiving immense re-inforccments. I am not sanguine of the ratification of the Gadden Treaty, although I most earnestly wish that" it may be ratified. It is supposed that its fate will be decided by Monday next The weather to-day just begins to be fine. Sulpicius. Dr. Morse's liiviSoraUue Cordial. The only tnreandufa RemBdy,TeiduCoTr.l r. r. riout tnlnof Nervous Affection.; It wUlalw ramoN ion Incitement. Dislike of Society, InpawnS to7tZK cr Bu.fne..,Lo or Memory, MenUib.MU,Tc.T,i ail THE BALTIC'S NEW?. Thflrenlv of thn Kmnnmr nf rtiucT in TS .,1m- -- I -J- - ujvjii . Ul II malum of England and France hail not been officially-announced, but it was known that hehad re solved to refuse the terms, ollered, which included thtVsnpedv fivar-nnlinii nf il,,. Tr;:':.;. The St. Petersburg advices announce 'the prohi bition of the export of bullion, anil a consequent fall iii the exchange on London to 34.1," thuaslto w-. ing a serious depreciation in the paperr currency. Under these circumstances, on the London 'ex change, to-day, bilk on Russia were unsaleable. The deputation of Russian merchants to Lord Clareuden yesterday consisted of Messrs. Wegue liiLJlrandt, Morgan, Mitchell, Teoke, Hill. Robihr son, and Hodgson. In answer to their inquiries, his Lordship stated that the government -are dis posed to respect the person and property of all Russian subjects residing as merchants in this coun try to the full extent promised by the Emperor of Russia toward British subjects, and that all neces sary measures will be adopted to enable them to remain unmolested in the quiet prosecution of their business. By Electro Telegraph. London, Wednesday, 22d March. In the Houso of Commons, March 17, Mr. M. Gibson moved an address, praying her Majesty to give special instructions to tho ollicera command? ing Her Majesty's cruisers, in the event of war, to abstain from interfering with neutral vessels on ac count of any goods or property not contraband of war contained therein; and to direct her Ministers to consider the policy of entering into treaty stipu lations with foreign countries on the principle that free ships shall make free goods, and the neutral flag give neutrality to the cargo. The question as to the rights of neutral flags had already involved this country in war, and we had, in former times, recognized by treaty the principle that free, ships make free goods. Mr. Horsfall, in seconding the motion, called the attention of the Government also to the kindred subject of privateering and letters of marque.' Lord John Russell said it was the intention of the Government to advise her Majesty, before hos tilities took place, and he hoped shortly to issue, in some shape or other, a document declaring their policy in this matter; but it was obvious that a doc ument of this kind, involving questions of policy a3 well as law, requires very great care in the word ing. Any incautious expression might be attend ed with very Eerious consequences. After a few words from Mr. J. Richards and Mr. T. Baring, Mr. Bright observed, that Lord John Russell had taken no notice of the latter part of the motion, the'iraportance of which, as respected the United States of America, he pressed very strongly upon the Government. Lord John Russell said, tho Government were fully aware of the great importance of the subject referred to, but he thought they had some claim to forbearance. Mr. Gibson withdrew his motion. On tho 20th, Mr. Kinnaird begged to ask in what state the correspondence between the British and the United States Government, with reference to colored seamen (being British subjects) on the vessels to which they belong arriving at a port in any of the Southern States being imprisoned on ac count of their color, now was, and whether there would be any objection to lay the correspondence on the table of that house J Lord John Russell, in reply, stated that there had been a great deal of correspondence, and beneficial changes had been proposed in Georgia and Carolina which would soon be carried into effect. He thought it was better not to produce correspond ence, as hopes were entertained that there would be great improvement in tho legislation of the States he had mentioned. Several ships of war have sailed, and others were on the eve of sailing to Teinforce the Baltic fleet. Numerous vessels on the stocks were being hur ried on toward completion, and ccuntless small crafts were shipping bread, beef, spirits, and other supplies for the force in the Mediteranean. On shore all the men and horses especially in the ar tillery arm wero being assembled at spots conve nient for embarkation. The Times' Paris correspondent writes : " I am assured on excellent authority, that it has been de cided that 3,000 British troops, viz., 2,000 cavalry and 1,000 artillery, will pas's through Franco to embark at Toulon or Marseilles, and that the first detachment is expected at Paris in a week or ten days from present date." The London papers publish the secret and con fidential documents that have passed between the British Government and their ambassadors at St. Petersburg since the commencement of the present year. The documents are voluminous, filling seveu or eight columns of type, and are of much interest. as they relate in dialogue shape the conversations between the Emperor Nicholas, and Sir G. H. Sey mour, the English representative at St, Petersburg. In one of these conversations, the Emperor dis tinctly intimated that tho interests, meaning the ac tion, of Russia and Austria were identical in the Eastern question, and further, that France was en deavoring to embroil Europe in war in the East in order to advance objects of her own among other things, to obtain possession of Tunis. In talking of the partition of the Turkish empire, Nicholas said he would consent to give Egypt and the island of Candia to England, while Russia would keep the protectorate of the Principal! ties, Servia and Bulgaria. It confirms the previous information of the Czar's designs upon Turkey, and shows that at one and the same time Nicholas was assuring Great Britain of his desire for the maintenance of the Ot toman power, promising her Egypt and Candia as her share of the spoil in case she would consent to a partition of Turkey, and sending Menschikoffto Constantinople to pave the way for his own con quest of the Porte. So many inconsistent state ments and acts will surely defy the most able cas uist to reconcile. It tells us further that though Nicholas declared that he would not permit the Russians to hold Constantinople, he thought it very probable that he might possess it "as a trust" We learn also that the Czar would not permit any of the AVestern Powers to erect an empire on the ruins of Turkey; saw that Greece could not and ought not to possess it; was convinced that left to themselves the Turks would fall a prey to the most frightful of anarchies; and left it plainly to bo infer red that the only possible solution of the Turkish problem that would satisfy him was a Russian pro tectorate. We are further told tliat Nicholas never took France, Austria, or Prussia into his calcula tions. The first he seems to have despised, and deemed unworthy of notice; The second Aus tria ho considered so wholly and entirelvhis. that he assumed to speak for Francis Joseph as fully as that monarch could have done for himself. Of the third he said nothing. The English Government was only awaiting the arrival of the messenger with the Czar's refusal. So soon as the official refusal comes to hand, the announcement will be made to both Houses of Par liament, and war will be formally declared. it is staiea on uie authority ol the Paris corres pondent of tho London Morning Chronicle that the telegraphic announcement of the Czar's refusal in terms short, dry, and disdainful was received by the French Government, via Berlin IStli, and that as soon as the English minister was inado ac quainted with the answer, he dispatched a courier, by way of the Prussian ports of the Baltic, to Ad miral Napier, in order that he may be prepared to act upon his instructions. From Vienna, under date of Sunday evening, 19th, the folio wing is telegraphed: "A Russian cour ier, who arrived here on the lGth, brought dispatch es to the effect that Russia will positively refuse to evacuate the Principalities. Four French ships-of-war, under the command of Admiral Deschenes, have sailed for Toulon, to join Napier's fleet in the Baltic. Correspondence of the Commercial Advertiser. London, March 21, 1854. A remarkable sensation has been produced by the publication, challenged by the Emperor of Rus sia, of the secret correspondence carried on a year ago between England and Russia on the fate of Tur key. The true character of the Emperor being now exposed in a light which admits of neither evasion nor palliation, the belief which was adhered to in many quarters that some arrangement mi"ht yet be entered into with him has been wholly" dissi pated, and it is admitted on all sides that he can be dealt with only belligerently. There remains scarcely any one in this country who now believes in any settlement save such as may be obtained bv coercion, and the acceptance of proposals, no mat ter how favorable, if they were secured only by the Emperor's word, would no longer be tolerated, even if tbe government were to desire it The consequence has been a further decline in the funds, since all are arranging their affairs for the immedi ate and inevitable struggle. The correspondence in question has been pub lished at length in the newspapers. It fully ex plains tho disappointment now felt by the Czar, who occupies the position of a repulsed suitor for an accomplice in his conspiracies. Prepared to ar range for a division of the spoil of the territory of his neighbor upon any terms that England might think desirable, and to treat what all tbe other Powers might think or do under such circumstan ces as "immaterial," he got nothing in reply to his invitation but the simple statement that England could have nothing to do with any negotiations save such as were open to the world and fairly shared in by all the parties interested. The temper that could have stimulated the Czar to provoke the publication of these documents i3 'incomprehensible to any one capable of conceiving ."an emotion of shame, since they contain hot a sin gle paragraph to mitigate either his menuacity or his 'hypocrisy." At the same time the satisfaction felt at their contents by the English public is such as has never been exceeded by the production of ,any State papers known in history. They are cal culated greatly to strengthen the accprd with France, and, if tho" governments of Austria and Prussia were capable of being animated by any thing higher than the cunning of momentary sel fishness, tho effect on those powers also could not fail to be salutary. MURDER AND RIOT IX SAINT LOUIS. bequel to the Baker and Hoffmau Case Hoffman shot by Mrs. Balcer Jail Surrounded Military Ordered Out Mayor How wounded and Police man Shot. From the St Louis Bqniblican of Thursday, we extract the following particulars of a recent tragedy in that city : The affair so fresh in the recollection of our citi zens has at last terminated in bloodshed and pro bably death. Yesterday afternoon, about 3 o'clock, the news was spread that Wm. O. Hoffman had been shot by Mrs. Baker, on Fourth street The antecedents of this case aro too well known to re quire any recapitulation here. On repairing to the spot where the occurrence took place, we found the neighborhood thronged with people, and much excitement prevailing. The locality was of the most public character, being on Fourth street, be tween unve auu locust, at tno wen Known dry goods establishment of J. G. Simpson. Mr. Simpson and those in hi3 employ, state that Hoffman came running into tho store, apparently greatly fatigued, closely pursued by Mrs. Baker with a revolving pistol in her hand, and that Hoff man was crying for help and protection, when about the middle of the store Mrs. Baker dis charged one barrel, and Hoffman ran around the counter and stooped down, placing his head under the counter, some goods underneath preventing I r 1 tr i ...Tr -r. mm irom concealing rus oouy, anu mat Airs, iia ker leaned over and placing the pistol over his body, fired again. She was prevented from repeating it Dy the young men in the store, who, by this time, caught hold of her and took the pistol from her. The last shot took effect, and Hoffman exclaimed, "I'm shot, you are an ungrateful woman," or words to that effect He was immediately raised from the floor and placed upon the counter Mrs .Baker in the meantime having walked forward afewpaces to the front of the store and sat down with her back towards the wounded man. We understand that Hoffman expressed a desire to speak to her be fore he died. In a short time afterwards medical aid was called in and he was removed into the of fice of Dr. J. B. Johnson, in' the second story of the same budding. When his wound was dressed and an investigation had by Drs. Johnson, Alleyne and Baumgartner. As he was being conveyed from the store, he addressed Mrs. Baker and said, "Mary, I forgive you." Deputy Marshals McCa- mant and (Jgden in the meantime arrived and took charge of Mrs. Baker, who all the time remained in the store, the doors having been locked to keep out the crowd, which, by thi3 time had began to assemble in great numbers. At the time the shoot ing took place, there were some six or eight ladies in tho store shopping, all oF whom ran out m the greatest fright upon the discharge of the pistol. with the exception of one lady in the rear of the store, who was within a few feet of Hoffman when tho first shot was fired, who swooned and fainted. xne impression exists in the minus ot those pre sent in the store, that the first shot also must have taken effect, or else the barrel was not properly loaded, for the reason that they can find no trace of its contents alter a diligent search. In a short time after, the affair occurred, Mr. Ba ker, the husband, who had been sent for, arrived at tbe store. He appeared to be greatly excited, and as soon a3 he entered the store, the husband and wife embraced, and Baker exclaimed, "Mary, what have you done.' .Mrs. U. was perlectly calm and composed during the whole time, and exhibited a degree of firmness that is almost incredible. A carriage was sent for, and Mr. and Mrs. Baker, ac companied by Capt Couzin3 and two other gentle men entered, and they were carried around to the jail, it being deemed under the circumstances the most secure place. Mrs. Baker was delivered to the jailor, and a commitment was afterwards made out, her husband remaining with her. Hoffman was subsequently conveyed in a car riage to the Sisters' Hospital, accompanied by his physicians and one or two friends. The excitement .was so great to learn the extent of his injuries and their probable termination, that the neighborhood of the Hospital, upon the arrival of the carriage containing the wounded man, was crowded with people. ino pnysicians, However, reported only one wound, and that on the right side a short distance below the armpit, between the nbs. They give it as their opinion that the wound, though exceeding ly dangerous is not necessarily a mortal one, as there are no signs of the ball having struck any of me loiernai urgaus, aunougn irom us course, u it did not touch, is in close proximity with the lungs. There was no bleeding or any other symptom that indicate that uie Dan bad touched this organ, al though there is a possibility of its having done so, When Hoffman was first conveyed into Dr. John son's ofiice, he was very feint and almost unable to articulate. I he proper restoratives were applied and he seemed to recover a little, when at his own suggestion, he desired to make a statement of the occurrence. Justice Johnson was sent for when Hoffman made the following declaration, which though very short, appeared to give great physi cal pain. Hoffman states that he came up Fourth street anu met Jtrs. Uaker coming down Fourth street, near the corner of Olive; as I passed her she turned round and drew a pistol I ran into Simpson's store, she followed me and shot twice, one ball took effect in my side. I make this statement, with the advice of my physician, believing that I am going to die from the effect of this wound. There are a great many rumors afloat relating to the meeting of Hoffman and Mrs. Baker on the street. It is said by some that he accosted her before she made the attack upon him. Certain it is that she run him from thb street near the corner of Olive into Simpson's store, and that in her pursuit so eager was she for her victim that she dropped her shawl upon the sidewalk, and never stopped until she shot him, as before stated, in the store. P. S. 1 o'clock, A. M. Soon after dark last evening a largo concourse of people assembled in the neighborhood of the jail; composed of the Ger man element, who seemed disposed to take Mr. and Mrs. Baker out ofjail and inflict summary punish ment upon them. .Mayor How and a body of police were in at tendance to preserve order, but at a given signal an aiiacK was made upon Uie jaw. Tbe doors wero violently assailed with stones and other missiles. and Capt Couzens was struck with a sling-shot or some otner weapon, on the head, and rendered in sensible. A discharge of firearms in the airjon the part of we puuee, seni uie insurgents in ev ery direction m me greatest coniusion. The alarm soon spread that Capt Couzens was Kineu, and the word was quickly passed down the street, creating consternation and excitement in its course. In a few minutes the fire bells rang, and large crowds were seen hastening towards the jail. In the meantime two or three military companies marched up the street and took their stations on the ground in front of the jail. It was thought that the "insurgents," after tho panic, would reinforce themselves and come again, but they doubtless considered discretion the better part of valor, and kept off for the balance of the night Capt Couzens was taken down to the Police Office where his wound was dressed. We are hap py to state, however, that though severely he was not seriously inj'ired. In the melee Mayor How narrowly escaped be ing injured by the missiles which were cast against the jail door, near which he was standing. In the early part of the evening ho was attacked by some ruffian, but with one blow of his stalwart flat he levelled him. At the hour of our going to press, the military surrounded the jail and there was certainly no fears of an attack. VS HENRY'S INVIGORATING CORDIAL: The merits of this purely vegetable extract for the removal and cure cf physical prostration, genital debility, nervous afleis Hons, Ac., Ac. are fully described in another column ol tht paper, to which the reader is referred. $2 per bottle, 8 boe tlesrorW, six bottles for ?3; 16 per dozen. Observo the marks of the csotink Prepared only by S. E. COHEN, Nn. 8, Franklin Row. Arnr8bnne!?T.?,iffhtb- Philadelphia, Pa,; TO WHOM ALL ORDERS MUST BE ADDRESSED? For sale by respectable Druggists and Jlerchants througheut the For sale at the Patent Medicine Depot, No. 12 CoIIeee street, by J P. DROMGOOLE, Wholesale Agent for the otato and ouly agent in NashvilJu. 6m d. and tn-w. ENGLISH WALNUTS 10 bags English Walnuts, just received. feb25 JOHN NIXON. Js. APELPHI THEATRE. CHARMS A ASH....'.: Managers. E. C.-HU3TLEY . . TreasnW: The public is respectfully informed that at great ex pense the management his effected an engagement with the great FRENCIT "BALLET TROUPE, From N'iblo's New York, New Orleans, Memphis, and the principal Theatres in the United States. The Troupe comprises the following: MADEMOISELLE TOUOAUD, " LAVIGNE, " AM KLINE, MONS. MEGE, " , CORBY, the celebrated Comique, And Moris. CANNE. FO URTU NIGHT OF THE BALLET TRO UPE. THURSDAY EVENING, April 13, 1S54, will be pre sented the laughable farce of the D U M II BELLE: Eliza, Miss Kate Reignolds. After which Comic Gjmnastic Exerc;e with Chairs, by MONS. CANNE, never attempted by any other performer. The somersets with a Chair m which he will introduce several New Feats, to the astonishment of every one pre sent During the evening, tbe Orchestra will perform several favorite Airs with Herr Hessing's Brass Band. To conclude wiih tbe beautiful Spanish Ballet, called ltOSITA, Or, the Pearl ol Arugon, in which the wholo Troupe appear. During the Ballet, the following Dances: La Rondeja, by M'lle Poogaud. The Castelliane, by M'lle Larigne. MANOLA, by M'lle Pogaud and Mons. Mege. Box book open from 9 to 12 A. M. and 2 to 4 P. M. Doors open at 7 o'ekek. Performance to commence at 6 o'clock. Prices of admission, liox and Parqnette 75 cents; Second Tier 0 centi; Colored Gallery SO cents. april 12 HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE. BY virtue of a decree of the County Court of Davidson countv, rendered at the .April term, 1S54, 1 will again offer for sale, at the Court House in the city of Nashrille, on Wednesday the 5th of May next, a house and lot situated about one mile from the Court ilouse, on the north side of the Charlotte turnpike, fronting on said pike 43 loot, and extending back 244 feet. Said houso and lot belongs to the estate of Wm. Hend ricks dee'd and is sold for distribution. Terms: Fifty dollars will be required in .cash and the balance upon a credit of one and two years. Notes with good security required, and alien to be retained on tho property until the notes are paid. apia ui r.ji.uut.Ai llAJI, (Jl'fc & Master. NOTICE. ALL persona indebted to the State Penitentiary are re quested to come forward and make payment by the 1st ofMay next, or their accounts will be placed in the hands of an officer for collection. RICHARD WHITE ap.13. tf. u. A w. Agent T7KTRAY HICKMAN fTOTTTVTV Tl- Jtiiby John Moore, liring in Hickman County, Tennessee, and in District No. 5, a SORREL HORSE COLT, about firn vas2 fM '.l'lt h oil hta fat.t U V. ! lace; appraised on the 7th January, 1854, at ISO. R. DEEN, apUS. 3tw. Ranger of Hickman county. PEDIGREE OF RANDOLPH'S ARAB. ARAB was got by Muskat, who was purchased by an Arabian prince in Arabia at $5,000 and sent a nrc- sent to the President of the United States. Arab's dam by imported Whale, and she by Lien's old race mare, who run in three States successfully, and she was got by Jo hanna, who was sold for $14,500. Arab is a mahogany bay, sixteen hands high, und has a form and symmetry not sur passed by any horse in Tennessee. Breeders to fine stock will please calland take a look at him. All persons having large fine blooded marss, may have a colt gratis. The sub scriber has fire or six different grass lots for mares and colts, with running water, which can be fed with grain low. One dollar to the groom. Ir will be seen bv the above pedisree that Arab hua sprung from the best horses in England, Arabia and Amer ica. apl3 ltw JOHN Y. RANDOLPH. Montezuma, McNairy county, Tens. VALUABLE WATER POWER AND LAND FOR SALE. BEING determined to remove to Texas, I now offir my valuable Mills and Land for sale, lying on Elk river Z miles from Winchester. If I do not sell privately by the first Monday in October next, I will at that time sell to the highest bidder, in front of the Court House in the town of Winchester. It is well known that this is the most valcable wate power in Franklin county; it not the best in tbe Stato of Tennessee. The GRIST and SAW MILLS on it are in goodrunningorder, and are the best in Franklin countv. They are situated 2 miles from Alisonia, and three miles from Dechard, on the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. The water power is capable of running any amount of ma chinery. Any person or Company that may desire to go into tbe manufacturing business, now have an opportunity of procuring a location superior to any in this country All such are respectfully invsted to come and examine for tlieinselres. Connected with the Mill property is a tract, of Land containing 10 acres, which I will sell all in one bodr. or divide into lot tn Mitt nnrrlinqprv It w .11 trail timbered, with the exception of about 70 acre9, which is in cultivation. Near the Mills is a GOOD DWELLING and out houses, and convenient to the dwelling there are three excellent sprinss of pore Freestone water, besides others. There aro also two fine SDLPHER SPRINGS on the tract auording as goouj sulpher water as can be found in the State. The location of the residence is high and healthy, and the scenery is beautiful. J2f I will sell this valuable propcrtv on terms to suit purchasers either for cash or on a credit Lorn-or abort credit will be given. JAMES II. ESTILL. apii3 uw. w. it. PRO CLAMATION. ' ANDREW JOHNSON, Governor of the State of Tennessee-. To nil who shall see these presents Greetings: Wnr.iit.i5, it nas oeen made jt) known to me that a certain' -rKiT?JS5w DAVID B. ALLEN, chareed with 'rtftr'bu . . . " . fcJdt V v. :.a atrocious .Murder on the 27th day of January 1S51, upon the body of Pleasant F. Cornwell. late of our county of Smith, has fled from justice and is now running at large. Now, therefore, I A.ndriw Joaxsox, Governor as afore said, by .virtue of the power and authority in mo vested, do hereby offer a reward of FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS to anv person or persons who may apprehend the said DAVID B. ALLEN, and deliver him to the Sheriff or Jailor of our county of Smith, in order that justice in that ucuui mo uc uuu uuu caetmeu. mmx n les-imonj- thereof, I have hereunto set IkRIl ianJ an(J caused the Great Seal of the m B ni.ite in rw nnirod t Ynch'iu n.t. -- H. 1 lilt. VU UiC i I 111 day of April 1854. ANDREW .Hinvsnv By I he Governor. V . li. A. Kavset, becretary of State. DESCRIPTION. Allen is about 24 vears old. rather slender ml r feet hich. full dark orhazle eves, dark stmlolit lioir .;. ate riiyjmj iretwcu, reuiarKaoiy une ana beautiful front teeth, slii'hilr sens rated from each other: hi .l-nra-im, la r . i : l . . I c T. i i i '.t .- . ... gentlemanly and courteous, but swears with vehemence in cunTerKiiion. Farll tf I 17OR THE LADIES. TUCKING COMBS. . We have iut received an as-wrtment orlomnt Tv. ing Combs, of Toitoise shell, BuQalo, and IndPa Rubber. Also, Puff Combs, and Hair Pins of the same. Forsale bv apl 2. MYERS A McGILL. rpoiLliT SllAI'S. Ttie best quality ofToilet Soaps JL received and lor sale by JllfcllS A .McGILL. P UFF POTS. This day received a variety of elegant For sale by mi j ui, vi Kjniuu, uiass, oiiver-puieu, anu 1 aoer. apl2 MYERS A McGILL. JEWELRY CASKETS. A choice lot ol Caskets lor Jewels of Pearl and Toitoise shell, received and for sale by apl2 MYERS A McGILL. TTAIR BRUSHES. We havejust received a large I I assortment of llair Brushes. For salebv rur saie uy MYERS A McGILL. upi. rpOOTH AND NAIL BRUSHES.-JustlereiT. JL edasunnlvof sunerior Tooth and Nail Itnuho. re sale by 8pl2 MYERS A McGILL. ladies ana Uentlemen s t urmshing Store, corner of Square and College street FENCING ACADEMY. CAYETANO VIGLIETI begi leave to inform the citi zens of Nashville that he will give lessons in fencinir with the small sword at the "Odd Fellows' Hall," as soon as he will have secured a sufficient number of pupils. It is useless to say, that this noble exercise, besides be ing orieof the accomplishments of a Gentleman, improves the health and gives a graceful appearance to the bodv l.'.- r. . - V : .. r. i : r . i r street, No. 33. xu luiMcuuuHuMuuu icier hi air. LIKQROVC. Uunln aplll. tf. T7IOR SALE AT AUCTION-Ou SATURDAY. L tne House, Ewen s on the day of sale. R. A. BALLOWK. apl 11. General Agent, No. 17, LVaderick st SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS. IANDE & ELSEBACH, No. 48, -Market Street, Nashville, Tennessee, MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN READY MADE CLOTHING, are now in receipt of a largo and well assorted stock ot elegant READY MADE CLOTHING of the best Materials; so that persons who are desirous of procuring j-asuiu.auij. VAiiiirSiVis can be suited. Customers and Strangers visiting the City are respect fully invited to call and examine their Stock before pur chasing elsewhere. We are convinced that we can se'l LOWER TH N AY OTHER HOUSE IN THE CITY, either wholesale' or retail. ALSO: Received a larc lot of TRUNKS smriTa STOCK, Ac apl3 LANDE ELSEBACH. ' "1 ATE also, iuforra our friends and the imhlli. tl,,( V V have now on hand, a large and well assorted stock of the latest styles of SILK, FUR, STRAW,' LEGHORN And CAPS, unsurpassed in quality, style aud lowness of f v.iuudiinu unit?. jviMj. criuaren m r.in-r ii itn P"ce-. . IjAA UE A ELSEBACH. aplSJ llat and Lap .Manufacturers, No. 43. Market st. "VTOTICE. At a meeting of the Directors of the Ten- nw.-wimmc.Liii i-iIC insurance i;omnanv. a divi dend of FOUR DOLLARS per share was declared, to be applied to the reduction of the STOCK NOTES held bv Company. aplSd2w. b JOSEPH VAULX, Sec'ry. ?nv$L LEATHER TRAVELLING TRUNKb This day received, a supply of Sola Lea ther Trunks, latest style and best quality. VALISES. Just received an assortment of Sole Lea ther Valises, best quality, for sale by ttPrS MYERS A McGILL. KAZORS. We Lave just received a supply of HosteC holmes, Wade A Butcher and Rodgers' best Raiors For sale by aPI6 MYERS A McGILL. boots, shoes; &o? HAMILTON & FULLER, -5 TENNESSEE BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTORY' vuruer ui isuikci uuu spring sis., NASHVILLE, TENN. WE bave in store, and are daily manufacturing., work of the following kinds, from the bcstvHI material, the workmanship of which we warrant: I MEN'S superfine Calf Boots, sewed and pegged; " and boys' tine Shoes, " " " " " Kip BooU, double front and sole; " " " - - single " " " " " Thick Boots, double saler ' i NEGRO BROOANS, double soled; Women's Plantation Sboes: House Servants' Shoes; Youths' and children's coarse and fine shoes; LADIES' Calf Boots, alwed and pegged; " Morocco ' . 63 " Kid " " u - " Lasting Gaiters; Also, a general assortment of Stock; All of which we sell nearly as cheap as the Eastern article can can now be bought, and of a superior quality. . , HAMILTON 4 FULLER. N. U. We have engaged the services of an experienced Foreman, and are now prepared to make all kinds of work to order. Z3 Repairing neatly done with all possible dispatch. ap!7 '54 tljan. PATENT DOOR AND GATE SPRINGS. It. W. 1NMAX, of Sheffield. England manufacturer of "Inman's PATENT DOOR AND GATE SPRINGS," to which was awarded the first premium at the World's Fair, in London, 1851 announces that he has constituted J AS. B. CRAIGHEAD, of Nashville, as sole agent for the county of Davidson. For neatness, simplicity and full performance or all it is intended to do; its exceeding usefulness, its durability and its cheapness: it certainly take its position in the front rank of modern inventions. We do not intend to "puff," for. a single examination will convince the judgment of its utility. fapl7 lm R. W. 1NMAN. VALUABLE FAIUIS FOR SALE. A de sirable COUNTRY RESIDENCE 4 miles from Nashville, on the While's Creek Pike, containing 162 acres; a LARGE BRICK HOUSE, ic, 120 acres of the Land is creek bottom. ALSO: A VALUABLE FARM, containing 220 acres, about 30 acres timbered; fine improvements. Said Farm is about 6J miles from Nashville, between the Louisville Branch and Brick Church Turnpikes. Apply to JOHN Li R. W. BROWN, ap!7 tf Real Estate Agents. LYONS CO. Importers and Dealers iu Havana Cigars, To bacco, mid nil kinds of Foreign Wines, Liquors, etc. No. 19 Csdae Strut, Nashville. Country orders respectfully solicited and punctually at tended to. ATE ARRIVAL. CIGAR.-! CIGARS Received this day a large lot of superior Regalia Cigars, which tor flavor and quality will surpass auy ever brought to Nashville. We keep constantly on hand a very large as sortment of all descriptions of Cigars, which we will sell either at Wholesale or retail, at the lowest prices. Country and City dealers are respectfnlly invited to examine our stock before purchasing ebewhere. ap7. LYONS A CO.. 19 Cedar st LlQUUlfS". We keep constantly on hand a lull sup ply of Brandies. Wines, and all other Liquors, or va rious qualities, for eithtr wholesale or retail by ap7 LYONS A CO., Ill Cedarstreet CHEWING AND SMOKING TOHACCO. Tbe lovers of the weed would do well to call on us,, we having just received an article of Tobacco of a very superior quality. LYONS A CO., ap" 13 Cedar street. O ELLING AT COST WALKING CANES. MEER- O CH.VUM PIPES, &c We are selling'lhe balance of our siocK oi me auove articles at cost, io crose out. Any one in want of them would dn well to call at ap7 LYONS A CO'S, 19 Cedar St. FRANCISCO At WHITMAN, WHILE congratulating their friends and customers on the advent of Sprin, invite their attention to their beautiful style of HATS for the season, and its varieties and modifications to suit all taste and ages. All who hare "shockin? bad hats" could not better disnlav their tosto than to treat themselves to a Fntociscu i Whitman new style Moleskin Hat. FRANCISCO A WHITMAN. apl '54 No. 23 I'ublicSquare. PANAMA, MAR1CABO, CANTON, UMON Black and Tea colored Leghorns, Campcachey and Rutland Straw Hats for men and boys. We have a splen did assortment of Straw Hats for men and bovs, for Sum mer wear. FRANCISCO A WHITMAN, apl '54 No. 23 Public Square. WE have just received an assortment of FANCY STRAW GOODS for children, infanU and little Misses, to which we invite the attention of the ladies. FRANCISCO A WHITMAN. apl '53 No. 23 Public Square. A GROSS SCHIEDAM SNAFFS-Just received "I and for sale by W.F. GRAY. apl 17 Broad war. OAfl BUSI1ELSMILLET SEED Just received t)JJ and for sale by W.F.GRAY. op I 17 Broad wav. TWENTY GROSS McLANE'S LINIMENT, Just received and for sale bv ap7 W. F. GRAY. 17 Broadway. rpWENTY GROSS PAIN KILLER Just ree'd JL and for sale by W.F.GRAY, ap7 17 Broadway. r BULS. SCOTCH ALE Just received and for sale by W.F GRAY. 17 Broadway. ap7 LADIES' AVHITE KID AND SATIN SHOES " Super White Satin (Jailers, ' Glove Kid do; " " Black " " do; ' " " Satin " do; " " " Slippers; " " White " do; " " " Glove Kid do; " Italian Cloth (front laced) Gaiters; Ladies and Misses Kid Boots; Ladies' White and Colored Mo. Boots; White, Brown and Black Rosetlts (for slippers and boots,) At, just received by RAMAGE A CHURCH. apS 42 College Street. ENTLEMEN'S ELEGANT PATENT LEA- IT THER SHOES; Gentlemen's elegant Patent Leather Congress Gaiters; do do do do Union do; do do do do Oxford Ties. Justopenedby RAMAGEA CHURCH, apnj 4 J College street. CARRIAGES! CARRIAGES!! MRS MARTHA SLOAN would take this me- .;ra, thod of infrmiug her friends and the pub lie generally thtt she has moved all of her Carriages, Ba rouches, Buggies, Ac, to No. 6'J, Lower Market street, (it being tbe well known Factory of F. Sloan, dec'J.,) where sne niviies ner inends anu customers to examine Iier stock. wmcn consists in part, ol Unrriolas, liaroticlii-s. Coaches, Buggies, Ac, Ac.; all of tbe most modern and improred plans, which she is offering very low for cosh, to close business. maris '51-2in 11. H. BROCICWAY, Manufacturer and Wholesale Dealer in Clothing, No. 71, Public Square, NASHVILLE, TENN. WE have now in Store over 20,000 Garments, suita- j ble for the Spring and Summer trade, to which we uviioiuc uucuiiuu oirfyanu vajuniryueaiers. These goods are all new and cotten up in the most ap proved manner, and will be sold at less than Eastern tri fx. r..k - .. ,; ., 1 ces for Cash or to puntual lime dealers. mar30 B R. H. RR0CKWAY. ISO. B. STEVEJIS. JO. T. CIBSOS- STEVENS A: GIBSON. WHOLESALE AND BETAIL GROCERS And Commission Merchant's, No. 3 College Street., JUST RECEIVED DIRECT FROM BOS TON 5 bbls large No. 1 Mackerel, 50 kits - "1 do, 5 bbls " " 2 do, 5 kilts " " 2 do, 3 drums Cod Fish, 5 kits No 1 Salmon, 2 boxes smoked Salmon, 5 lla'ibat, 20 dozen 2 pound cans Lobster, 20-2 " Salmon, 10 boxes Sperm Candles. STEVENS A GIBSON, apl5. No. 3, College stmt. MORE NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED. I HAVE received in addition to my former supply a beau tiful assortment of Printed Muslins and Lawns, from 125" cents to 30 cents per yard Barege D'Laines from 12to30 cents per yard, Uoyle's Prints and 4-4 wide, perfect in colors and in style Figured and Dotted Swiss Linen Lawns, Chintz's patterns, entirely new styles Ba reges, Tissues, Twisted aud Foulard Silks Emb. Flounces, Amiwiliannenrui4 ur.li.n.'Iil nvanlnv ilrojf&i I I T Muslins, Plaid Challey Bareges, and a great variety of Dress Goods of entire new styles, all of which will be sold at nucn prices as shall be perfectly satisfactory to all. I have also a splendid assortment of new stvle Pari Mantillas, which will be sold at cost. Crape Shawls, Mal tese Chemizettes and Sleeves, Collars, Laces, Ac., at very low prices. JAMES NICHOL. apr3 No. 20 Pnblic Square. 3 doors from College street. FRENCH, SPANISH AND ITALIAN LANGUAGES A STEADY GENTLEMAN, lately banished Irom Mex' ico by General Saxv A.n.na, for his liberal views, of fers his services to teach the above languages to Academies Colleges, and private lesson. ' The extensive commerce that will be carried on botween this country Havana, and all the Southern Republics, where the Spanish language is the only one sjmkcti, it will be very useful for the young gentleman to acquire some iumi uuiiuu ui tuat luuguage. The best relerences of his capacity will be given. Any orders left at the Bookstore of W. T. Berry A Co., on the public square, will receive attention. p5 tf TrlSUING TACKL E. Fish Hooks, Lines, Keels, -a rtoas, jjait, floats, Minner Itets, Arunciat ilmners, Flies, Worms, Ac. Just received and for sale by apl3. A. MORRISON A CO. NEW PUBLICATIONS. .NEW VOLUME OF DeQUINCEY. W. T; BERRV &.CO., hare just received- LETTERS TO A YOUNG MAN AND OTHER PAPERS. By Thomas DeQuincev, . Coirrcrrs Letters to a Young, Man Theory of Greeks - J ... . ouiguage rrencri and Lnsnsn Manners-Califbrnia and the GoHl Mines-Cey Ion Pres; enceofMind. 1 vol.1 2mo. . J T.B. & CO. have also Just received v ' HEROIC WOMEN" OF THE WEST-Containin- thril ling examples of courage, fortitude. deV8l..dn .nrl lt f sacrifice, among th pioneer mothers of the Western Cow w. xy-ouiirrosi.m.D. One handsome volume, with illustrations, ALSO ESSAYS AND MISCELLANIES By Leigh Hunt. New edition. In one xolume. ALSO THE GENIUS AND CHARACTER OF BURNS. New.edition. In one volume. apl LACOUR ON THE MANUFACTURE Of" LIQUORS. W. T. BERRY & CO. faavejust received 1TUE MANUFACTURE OF LIQUORS, WINES. AND CORDIALS, without the Aid of Distillation. Also, the Manufacture of Effervescing Beverages and Syrups, Vine gar and Bitters. Prepared and arranged expressly for the Trade. By Pierre Lacour, of Bordeaux. "grays elegy. beautifully illustrated. W.T. BERRY &CO, Uavejiwt received : GRAY'S ELEGY, beautifully illustrated with new and original designs, by Berket Foster. One volume 8 to. printed on stout vellum tinted paper. This is by.lar the most unique cabinet edition of this im mortal poem ever published. W. T. B. & CO, have also just received : 1. Tlifr Works of Thomas Gray, including his Letters and Poems, Sr. 2. Howitt'a Stories of English and Foreign Life. 8. Redding on Wines. 4. Rome in the Nineteenth Century. C. Life of Wellington, by an Old Soldier. 6. Battles of the British Navy, 2 voL 7. Victories ef Wellington and the British Amies. By " MaxwelL 3. Pickering's Races ofMan. 9. Prichard'i Natural History of Man . 10. Philosophy of the Sciences. By Augusts ComU. JUST PUBLISHED Speeches of Governor Aaron V. Brovrn. W.T. BERRY A; CO, have just received from the Publishers SPEECHES, CONGRESSIONAL AND POLITICAL AND OTHER WRITINOS OF EX-GOVERNOR AARON V. BROWN. Collected and Arranged by the Editors of, the Union and American. CONTENTS. 1. Biographical Sketch. 2. Congressional Speeches. 8. Political Speeches and Addresses. 4. Messages, Reports, and other Miscellaneous Docu ments. W. T. B. V CO, have also jut received: HEROIC WOMEN OF THE WEST. By John Frost. L. L.I). marl 1 'it 1YEW BOOKS. THE OLD DOCTOR; Or, Stray leaves from my Journal, being sketches of tho most interesting reminiscences of a native physician SCENES IN THE LIFE OF AN ACTOR. Compiled from tbe journals, letters, and memoranda or the late Van. keeUilL THE LOVER UPON TRIAL. A novel by Elizabeth M. Stuart MA3ANIELLO. The Fisherman of Naples. Br Dumas. HISTORY OF THE FRENCH PROTESTANT REFU GEES. By Charles Weiss. THE OLD BREWERY, and the CId Mission House by the Ladies of the Mission. MR. RUTHERFORD'S CHILDREN, bv the author or Wide Wide World, it, Ac. HYPATIA: Or. new foej with an old fact By the au thor of Alton Lock. HOMESCENES AND HEART STUDIES. By author of Home Influence, Ac., Ac HAIS AND MISHAPS. By the author of f reeflwood Leaves. 1 1TTLE FERNS, for Fanny's little friends. By Fanny Fern. FLUSH TIMES IN MISSISSIPPI AND ALABAMA. By Baldwin. AUTOBIOGRAPHY OFAN" ACTRESS Mrs. Mowatt. LIFE OF WILLIAM PINKNEY. "-J,ra---owl,u . LIFE AND WRITINGS OF JOHN C CALHOUN Complete. THE LAWYER'S STORY A romance founded on fact. For safe by aprilaj JOHN YORK A CO. GOV. BROWN'S SPi:i!HIf l-'s. Speeches, Congressional and political, and other Writ Ingsof Ex-Oovernor A. V. Brown, of Tennessee, with s tine SUrvl Portrait, For sale by . , JOHN YORK A CO, Booksellers Comer of Union hnH rK.m .tr.,. n:, tne Bank ot Tennessee. " ' .pnlj LIFE OF BASCOM. ' me laieol II. It. Bacom,D. D., L. L. D. SWAN'S HEPfTRTS varnw i-o Reports of the cases aroied and deurmini preme Court of Tennessee, during the years 1332 -3, br William G. Swan, State Reporter. For sole by aprilS '54 JOHN YORK A CO, Booksellers, corner Union and Cherry streets, opposite the Bank of Tennessee. rr RECEIS TLY P UBLISHED HLSTORY OF THE WARS. Toon, Nelson & Co., 44 Union st, have jusi recn'rtd THE HISTORYOF THE WARS OF THE UNITED STATES From the Earliest Colonial times to the close of the Mex ican War, br J. Liwis Thomsox; iUuitrated with numer ous Engravings, by W. Croome and other artists, 1 vol. HISTORY OF THE SECOND WAR Between the United States and Great Britain, declared by act of Congress, the lsth June, 1312. and concluded br Peace, the 15th February, 1315. By C. J. Ixotasou, FIVE VOLUMES OF BANCROFT'S Historv cf the United States, (vols. 4 and 5, being the 1st and 2d of the History of tie Revolution.) THE HISTORY OF THE PURITANS. Or, Protestant Nonconformists; from tbe Reformation m 1517, to the Revolution in 16 comprises an accouatoT their principles, Ac. By U ixitr. Near. MUSIC BOOKS. ' Toon, Nelson & Co.. Arr on hand THE ALPINE GLEE SINGER A complete collection or Secular and Social Music tor Choirs, Singing Classes, and Musical Societies; with a. full course of ocal ExercVs lor ihe cultivation of th o:ce, and improvement in Musical Notation. Bv. W.B. BruDucnr. ' The SHAWM" : A Library of Church Music; embracing about 1,000 pieces, adapted toevery metre inn?e. By W. B. Brad bury and Geo. F. Root. assUtcd by Thos. Hastings an J , S. B. Mason. TSALMISTA; Or, Choir Melodies, an extensive collection of new and availablo Church Music ByThos. Hastings aud Y. B. Bradbury. Z5J The Southern Harmony, Mason's Sacred Harp, Carolina Sacra, Christian Minstrel, Juvenile Minstrel, Sab bath School Melodies. Western l'salniodist. For sale at No. 4 1, Union street. GOLD PENS. Toon, Nelson & Co.. keep constantly on band a supply of Shspturd's 'rtlibU" iimnurciil. Accountant i bar rel land Engrossing Pens. E"lf a gotut pen is wanted, try Ihe barrel pen. NEW BOOKS. MARIE LOUISE; Or Ihe op posile Neighbors. By Erni lie Carlen. FIRST LESSONS IN MUSIC, and Book of favorite Me lodies, for Children. By Ph. Rohr, Prof, of Music BROWN'S SPEECHES. SPEECHES, CONGRESSIONAL AND TtfLITICAL. and other Writing, of Ex-Governor Aaron V. Brown. KATE CLARENDON; Or Necromancy" LTthe Wildr ncss. By Emerson Bennett. "This is a beautiful romance, and oae that will never fail to please tho reader. The scene is laid on thi bank of the beautiful Ohio, some five or six n-iles abort Cincinna ti, at a time when that now great city, contained onlyaffcw log cabins, and w hen the great Forests, stretching awsy, ca either hand, were alive with wild beasts and murderous savages- As a faithful picture of the early times, when danger hung upon every step of tha bold pioneer, it taPJitf , be excelled. The description of tbe scenery is accurate; and thousands, since reading the work, hare been induced to visit the spot where the scene is located, and have view, ed it with all the interest of classic ground. The charac ters, too, are drawn from real life. Kate Clarendon oner of the most beautiful and fascinating beings ererdascribed; is a fictitious name; but there are man old pioneers, now livincr. who can point out tbe oriirinal. Never was a mors Late Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Jjy Rev.M.Henkle, D. D., irith a fine steel Portrait. Priced I. tor sale by faprilj. JOHN YORK A Co. strange and impressive character drawn, t&an Blind Luth er, Ihe Necromancer and the reader hardly knows wheth er most to fear, reverence, or love him. The sale of this book has been unprecedented in tbe annals of Westers lit erature, and no romance reader should be without it. It has already reached the tenth edition." . marSi . F. HAOAN. FOR APRIL. GOOEYS LADY'S HOOK Excelsior, useful. Orna mental, and instructive The Book uf the Nation, and tha Arts Union of America. Tbe April, together wiih all tha r numbers for this year. Subscriptions receired and single s numbers sold by "AOAN, apr7 PublubtriAgent.