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DAILY $8; TRI-WEEKLY $5; WEEKLY $8.
Offlce-Corner of Church and Cherry Streets
G. C. TOBBETI & CO.
E.G. EASTMAN, F.C. BDNXIXGTOX k G.C. TORBETT
THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 8, 1857.
THE BANKING SYSTEM OF TENNESSEE THE
DUTY OF THE NATIONAL DEMOCRACY.
In our " first article tvo declared it to be the
imperative duty of the National Democracy to
establish for each State, as they hare done for
the General Government, a sound and uniform cur
rencyone not susceptible of indefinite expansion
and contraction one that can not incessantly cle
vate and depress the value of all real and personal
estate, of all products of human labor one that
trill ever act as an insuperable check to all fraudu
lunt credit-systems, to corrupt speculations, eices-
Eire importations and an inflated domestic and for
At present we find the citizens of our State suf
fering intensely from the embarressments of a finan
cial panic or crisis, produced solely and immediately
by the imperfections of our Banking system. To
extricate our citizens as far as possible from im
pending ruin, and to remedy, for all future time.
the inherent evils of our rotten system, devolve
upon the members of the present Legislature in
eeseten; but especially upon the Democratic portion,
,-whiohis deokledly in the ascendant in both branches
The knife, that must prune or eradicate, must be
guided, however, by expert hands, by calm and sa
gacious minds. You cannot slash with a cimetar.
or with one fell swoop sweep all banks from tin
board. But by judicious legislation you may avert
the evils incident to our system, and assuage thosi
with which we are at present, and may hereaftei
"What in our Stale at present is the standard oj
the valve of all of our real and personal estate ot
all the products of human labor! Is it gold and
silver! No; but the spurious paper of a corrupt
ing and unsound banking system paper issues dc
ureciatcd at the very counters of the banks thai
issae them, almost worthless abroad ever fluctua
tiDg at home and elsewhere entailing upon the ap
gregate wealth of our ci liens and State annually
the less of hundreds, thousands, and during a panic
of millions of dollars. We, ourselves, within thi
last few days, have feen upon the streets of on
city, and ai the counters of our brokers, the issue'
of seme of our Free and Stock Banks sold at froin
20 to 60 per cent discount, while those of other-
were refused at any price This cruel and intolera
"ble less falls mostly upon those least able to bear i
upen poor widows, day-laborers, guardians nl
"heirj, Mechanics and honest farmers of small mean
who heard their savings at home These, too, at
the very persons who suffer so severely as deposi
tors, when one of these destructive magazines blow
If a farmer in East Tennessee should sell his
wheat for 100; or a planter in West Tennessee his
cetton for $100, of the issue of some of their local
"banks, and come to Nashville with some of his en
graved regs to pay a note of this amount in one ot
our city banks, they would refuse to receive it,
theegh their $100 has cost them what they could
lave sold their cotton or wheat for in gold or silver
if cither of these had been the sole legitimate cur
Tency of the State. Now let these honest farmers
resort to a broker's office to convert their depreciat eJ
bills into current notes, and the broker would thave
thea from 20 to 40 per cent, and then only paj
them in branch-bank notes, which to convert into
geld or silver, he would charge them from 6 to 7 per
cent additional. The personal loss and suffering.
the depreciation of the aggregate wealth and labor
of tho State, by this fraudulent and iniquitous sys
tem of banking are incalculable.
Gold and silver have by the common consent of all
civilized nations, been established as the standard
of all value the medium of all exchange; and not
the worthless and spurious procreation of banks
paper itcuu. Among all nations from year to year
through indefinite periods, gold and silver have
maintained better than any other medial commodity
an unvarying value, and therefore is better adapted
among all men and States to be the standard bv
which all contracts and obligations should be
squared er cancelled. Paper issues may be by
banks er bankers multiplied indefinitely, as their
Lspes, wiekw, anticipations, caprice )r avarice may
dictate. But gold and silver can not, for they have
an intrincic value, consisting of the cost of labor
and oapiial of mining, smelting, refining, coining
attd stataptBg them apart from the valuable and
etBftsenlal uses to which they are applied. If a
currency ef gold and silver were adopted by all the
Sttftes ef the Union, it would be impossible for their
ojiiiees to experience any thing lite a monetary
convulsion. Amid all the embarrassments, from
financial crises, that affected both Europe and Amer
Sea for 30 years, did Cuba or Gibralter, whose cur
rancy was alone gold and silver, feel the 6hock?
Was their financial condition disturbed by these dis
asters ! Never. Do you hear of panics and finan
cial distresses resulting from a deranged currency
5n cither Texas or Arkansas? No. ISecaue theirs
is gold and silver. Indeed, what States and coun
tries do these financial SamucTs desolate? Only
these that abound in unsound and rotten banks
tDte States and nations whose currency is based
Bpen go-Id and silver never suffer generally from
Ike fraud of bankers and the explosion of shin
plaster establishments. Hence it is the imperative
slaty of the National Democracy to establish at once,
where it is possible, the currency of the States upon
the enifona and solid basis of gold and silver.
Is there not a sufficient quantity of these precious
we-tals in the world, and annually accumulating,
to make them the sole currency of the States of this
Union? Tho yield of the mines of Australia, Cali
ft-mift, Mexico and South America alone, for one
or two years will quite suffice to furnish gold and
silver as a medium of exchange for all commodities
between tho several States, or between these and all
foreign countries. Will not our exports of cotton,
tobacco, wheat, rice and bacon, exclusive of others,
bring into this country over two hundred million of
dollars in gold, or its equivalent, foreign exchange ?
Gold and silver, like every other commercial com
jaoJily, always flows abundantly wherever it is
wanted. There never was a country whose commer
cial affairs were not disturbed by imprudent legisla
tion, whose enrrency was gold and tilver, that ever
lacked a sufficiency of these precious metals to
transact all of its exchanges.
Members of the Democratic party of our State
Legislature: These are the evils which our present
tanking system have brought upon our State, and
which you in duty and in principle, more than nil
others, must remedy. It has advanced the rate of
interest to Eueh a degree that no profit upon honest
labor can afford to pay it it has deprived solvent
business houses of tho means of meeting their le
gitimate engagements, without ruinous sacrifices
it has caused a universal reduction of prices anil
thus baffled th'c calculations of the most prudent it
has panic -stricken our wealthiest merchants it has
deprived manufacturers and mechanics of the meant;
of executing their orders, and thrown hundreds of
industrious people out of employment it has re
duccd the price of all tho products of industry, and
thus caused a great loss of wealth to the State it
lnw destroyed confidence and credit and paralizcd
every department of human industry.
Is ear next we will endeavor to analizo our bank
ing system, pointing out its evils and suggesting
their rem odies.
THE TRADERS BANK.
"We notice in the New York Herald a dispatch
from this city giving a list of the Nashville Banks
which were paying specie for their notes In this
list the Traders Bank is not named and we presume
that omission were accidental. The Traders' Bank
1ms continued to pay gold for all its issues, and we
fcaro every assurance that it is upon as hcalty a
3m sis as the best of them. This Bank is under the
asrwgecnt of A. R. Croiicr and W. B. Dortch.
Pjsrsosal. Among tho number of distinguished
gentlemen sojourning in our city, whose arrivals we
have not heretofore announced, are Hon. Burton
CralgofNnrth Carolina, and lion's. A. O. P. Nichol
em, Jho. H. Savage, and Gen'l Smith of our own
The Boston Evening Netrs bears the follow
SE testimony to the long-settled policy of the demo
cratic party in regard to banks and banking:
"A word in all candor. If the policy of thi
democratic party in regard to banks and banking
enunciated twenty years ago, had been resoiutel
adhered to, we should not at this day be in danger
of bank suspensions or bank panics. With million
of the precious metals coming in from the mines ot
California for years past, to swell the aggregat.
wealth of the nation, the ratio of specie to the cii
eolation of bank bills has not been increased an iota
"Wc mean to say that there are more bills incircula
tien in proportion to the specie in the vaults of th
ank than there was before the treasures of th.
golden realras were opened unto us. How and wbj
is this! Where has all this vast treasure gone?
Surely the reign of the 'rag barons,' which demo
cratsiin eld times used to talk about, is not return-
ill iMs MrsTTsTI ITssT I lilsMl ' '
We are indebted to the accommodating Operator
the Nashville and Chattanooga Telegraph Office
for the following dispatch;
Chattanooga, Oct. 7,
Large democratic gains in Georgia, six democratic
members to Congress. Two doubtful. It is thought
Brown will carry the State by fifteen thousand ma
CUATTAXOOOA, Oct, 7.
In Fayette county, Democratic majority 70. Trcup
county, American majority 644. Fulton county,
Democratic majority 200. Twiggs county, Democrat
ic majority 149.
Baldwin county, Hill over Stephens 26. Jasper
county, small American majority for Hill. Wilkcr
son county, Stephens beat Hill 220. Daugherty
county, Democratic majority 70. Baker county,
Democratic majority 300.
Most of the counties heard from give Democratic
Accounts this morning state that Brown, the
Democratic candidate for Governor, will be elected
by twelve or fifteen thousand majority.
Trip is elected from the Third District. "Want-
man, k. n., elected in Crawfcrds county.
THE SPEAKERS OF THE TWO HOUSES.
Our duties confine us so closely to our room that
we have hardly yet had an opportunity of visiting
(he capitol since the organization of tho two Houses.
We have seen enough, however, to assure us that the
Legislature has never been composed of a more in
telligent body of men than tnose wno constitute me
present General Assembly of the Stato. The ac
cession of the Democratic party to power in all the
tepartments of the State Government is signalized
y the election of men of ability and intelligsnce to
Sice. In this fact, we have an assurance mat the
ession will be a short one, and that the duties which
he people have the right to expect of their repre
sentatives will be wisely performed.
The happy selection of Speakers of the two H'ouses
will facilitate the despatch of the public business
ind increase the chances of a short session.
Mr. Jons C. Buncn, the Speaker of the Senate.
s yet a young man, but he is thoroughly versed in I
parliamentary law, and has had considerable expe-
ience in legislative proceedings. He was the rep-
esentative, in the last Legislature, of Hamilton
:ounty, and occupied a position second to none in
hat body as a ready and fluent debater. Of pleas-
tntand patient manner, he will be popular with both
ides of the chamber, while his promptness and ac-
uracy of judgment will insure the speedy transac
tion of business.
Gen Damel S. Doselsos, the Speaker of the
louse, is well known to the people of the State as a
Jemocrat who has seen hard service in all our past
mtests with the opponents o the Democracy. UN
-lection was a compliment due alike to these servi
ces and to his eminent position as a safe and pru-
lent counsellor and as a man of sound, practical
udgment That he will wisely, ably, and imparti
ally discharge the dut'es of his new position, the
oiembers have an assurance in his past life.
THE FOREIGN NEWS.
Oar eastern exchanges contain the Arabia's foreign
idvices to the 19th ult: The intelligence embraces
K ems of much interest. After prolonged delay and
Ulceration, the Atlantic Telegraph Company have
letermined to store their cable at Flymouth until
next summer, when they purpose to renew the at
empt to lay it between the continents. May the
-cieutifi cand engineering community improve the
interval by devising machinery and sugecsting ex
i.edicnta which will increase the probabilities of ul
limale success! The religious riots at Belfast, Ire
land, had been suppressed, and martial law pro
laimed, to prevent a renewal of the outbreak. Such
conflicts are of spasmodic occurence in the "Emer
ald Isle." The feud between the Orangemen and
the Catholic seems unquenchable. From the Conti
nent we havo information which will startle our
financial circles, already sufficiently agitated by our
domestic difficulties. There has been a monetary
panic oa the PariB Bourse, and the shares of the
Credit Mobilier have suffered a decline. This panic
has extended to Vienna, and a general convulsion is
naturally anticipated. Certain political seers have
prophesied that a money crisis in France will be the
forerunner of a revolution, inasmuch as the general
distress of the people, following such a depression
in financial affairs, renders them inimical to the gov
eminent, whether it be in fault or not. We think
that in this case, the imperial government is to
blame, and that it will not take the quick-witted
French very long to become aware of the fact, if
they do not possess that knowledge already. Louis
Napoleon has played a game at once daring and
?hrewd. He has amused the dangerous classes of
the empire with the glitter of a false prosperity
and tempted their inclination for gambling and spec
ulation, to divert their love of excitement into a
harmless channels harmless, as far as his own per
sonal authority is concerned. But those acquainted
with matters of finance, and who comprehended the
nature of the Credit Mobilier, knew that a day of
reckoning must come when the bubble would burst.
It is possiblee that Louis Napoleon may have a
trump card in reserve, of which we know nothing.
But it is more probable that his hand is exhausted ;
and in that event, he may be compelled to claim that
protection of which ho has been seeking to deprive
Ledru Rollin and Mazzini. In the meantime, he is
endeavoring to concilhUe the Czar, and is making
extraordinary preparations for the meeting at Stutt
gardt, about which European statesmen arc greatly
From Spain, we learn that a ministerial erisis had
occurred. Themembers of tfte cabinet had tendered
their resignation, which, however, had not been ac
cepted. It is stated that Concha is to be continued
as Captain-General of Cuba. If this report be true,
we may expect to hear weekly accounts of large
cargoes of slaves being landed upon the island the
Gaptain General issuing magniJoquent decrees
against the infamous traffic, punishing nobody, and
pocketing a share of the profits. There is nothing
further concerning the proposed invasion of Mexico.
The probabilities are that Spain will not venture be
yond a diplomatic "difficulty " with her quondam
The news from India is somewhat contradictory.
More insurrections of the natives are reported one
in the Bombay Presidency having caused much np
prehcnsion among the English in that quarter. But,
as an offset, we have intelligence of several victories
achieved by General Havelock. There is a rumor
that the besiegers of Delhi have been compelled to
retire; in consequence of the prevalence of sickness
among the soldiers; but there is another report that
i hey have been reinforced and would soon assault
i he city. We can scarcely believe that Nicholson
would attempt to assail such a stronghold until his
small force wero trebled, at least; and we do not
think that indomitable band, who have given so
many proofs of valor and endurance, and who are
aware of the responsibility restingupon them, would
shrink from the position they have so bravely main
tained, though disease have ravaged their ranks.
Thus far they have earned for themselves n lofty re
nown, by a stubborn courage and fortitude, worthy
of Thcrmopyla). Upon the whole, the news from
India cannot be regarded as particularly cloudy for
British interests, though it may stimulate the wick
ed hopes of the Sepoy sympathizing fraternity. It
is true that this indefatigable commander has been
compelled to fall back upon Cawnpore, in consequ
ence of his troops having been attacked by cholera.
But his long march under an Indian sun, and splen
did triumps over the superior forces of the foe, must
have struct terror to the hearts of the mutineers,
and they will hardly adventure to attack him, how
ever be may be reduced in men and means. Well
may the English bo proud of such a general and
such valliant troops ?
jjgy We call the attention of shippers and busi
ness men to the card of Col. n. B. Clifford, in
another column. He is one of the sufferers by the
late fire on Third street, but we understand his
loss was mostly covered by insurance, except about
$2,0(10, and about $4,000 for which ho is not re
sponsible, as the goods were destined for other
parts. He has taken a very large fire-proof house
in Fourth street, next to I. S. Morchead & Co ,
where he will be pleased to see all his old custom
ers, and as many new as may favor him with a call.
Col. Clifford is a high toned gentleman, and of the
strictest integrity, and prompt in all his dealings.
The Col. came to our city nearly four yeaas ago
from ihe city of Richmond, Ya., from which place
he brought letters of introduction from some of the
first gentlemen of Virginia, to. some of our oldest
and best citizens. A part of his time he has done
business in Jeffersonville, but for tho last twelve
months in this city, and we are informed that he
has done a business of from $15,000 to $20,000 per
month, and in no instance has he f-iiled to give en
ire satisfaction to all that have done business with
him Again, wo recommend all that have anything
m the way of storage, forwarding, or to sell on
commission, to call on him at 2',i Fourth street,
oetween Main and the river. Louisville Courier.
Mr Clifford's card will be found in to-day's
aper, to which we take pleasure in directing the
mention of business men.
The CrBREXcr or E.voland asi Fuasce. The
iJank of France, it is stated, issues no bills under
ne hundred francs (until lately none under five
iundred francs) and the Bank of England has none
mder five pounds sterling. Thus the real circulation
tmong the people of those countries is gold and sil
ver, and tho quantities of these in aclivo use at all
limes among the French and English largely exceed
The Setibt riant at Kuormts betweke Mitciie lt.
ahd Flbmiso. The following letter from KnoxviDie,
giving the particulars ot a difficulty between Jo hn
Mitchell, the Irish patriot", and Fleming the edit torr
of the Knoxville Register, was received byna so me"'
days since, with the request that, as there was no
domestic paper in that city, wo would givo ths.fa,cta.
publicity through the Usios asd America, in ord .cr
to correct any erroneous statements that might go
out prejudicial to Mr. Mitchell. We have declined.
doing so heretofore, not feeling authorised to give
publicity to matters of a personal character, aboi it
which there was likely to be conflicting statement a.
The Banner ot yesterday having copied' from th j
Register Mr. Fleming's statement of the facts, w o"
have no further hesitancy -in giving place to ,th is
communication, with remork that it eomes from a
reliable and responsible source.
F. C. Ddssikoton, Esq.:
The Know Nothing papers here will endeavor,. I
have no doubt, to produce a false impression up on
the public mind with reference to an assault mai le
upon Fleming, the editor of the Register, by Joh n
Mitchel. You have seen I suppose the articles re
cently appearing in the Louisville Journal, in which
Mitchel is charged with having effected his escape
from Van Demand's Land by a breach of parole.
One of these articles, during Mitchel's recent ab
sence in New York, was republished in the Register,
accompanied by some impertinent comments. Day
before yesterday, he met with Fleming, and ap
proaching him, (no friend of Mitchel's having tht'-
slightest intimation of his intentions in the premises).
said to him in the hearing of sundry persons: "Mr.
Fleming, sir, in my absence, you published a scurri
lous and impertinent article, respecting myself in.
your paper. Here iteming interrupted him by
saying "scurrilous?" "Yes sir," said Mitchel,
"scurrilous" and it is in Mil way that I shall answer-
it, and immediately commenced caneing him, a doz
en or more persons witnessing it. His cane was:
broken upon Fleming, the latter making such resis
tance and parrying tho blows as best he could,
though inflicting no injury whatever upon Mitchel
They were separated by bystanders, an officer seiz
ing Mitchel. In ten or fifteen minutes afterwards.
Mitchel stepped into the Lamar House with a friend,
and remaining there perhaps a half hour. Fieming's-
friends became quite anxious to know why he did'
not appear upon the street, that F. might repair the
injury he had suffered. Mitchel not being armed
in the first melee provided himself with such weapons
as he thought necessary to his defence and appear
ed upon the street, though told that there were Know
Nothings around and intending to mob him. He
passed by Fleming, who accosted him when Mitchel
halted and said "well, sir, what do you want ?" At
this time Fleming had a half dozen or more of his
friends about him, all of whom were armed. Flem
ing said "you made a dastardly and cowardly at
tack upon me when I was not prepared for it, and
I now pronounce you a coward. " Well," said Mit
chel, "words ar J nothing now, what will you rfo?"
Fleming thereupon repeated his denunciation. To
which Mitchel replied, "you area whiptman; what
are you going to do t" At the same time inviting
those who stood about not tojnterpose that he and
F. might settle, as it was a personal difficulty as be
tween them. F. made not the slightest demonstra
tion of an intention to make an attack, and when
Mitchel pronounced him a " whipt man, " and that
words were nothing then. He (M ) turned and start
ed on when one of F.'s Know Nothing friends spoke
out saying, "you sneak off do you." M. turned,
stepped back and inquired " who said sneak !"
whcreupon'he who spoke thrust his face viciously at
M. and said "I did sir." Instantly M. though
surrounded by the whole pack, with their pistols and
knives, slapped him in the face with su;h force as
came near prostrating him. As he recovered from
the blow he drew a pistol and snapped it at Mitchel,
the cap exploding only. Mitchel immediately drew
his pistol and was about to fire upon him, when some
one told him not to fire, that the fellow was drunk,
whereupon Mitchel put up his pistol, saying, "I
will not shoot a drunk man."
As he stood there casting a glance first at one and
then at another of them, neither F. nor any one of
them dared further to molest him. Whether any
one of them will yet do so remains to be seen.
However, yesterday, he was upon the steets, and no
further assault was made.
I have endeavored to give you a narrative of the
occurrence as it transpired, and I hope you will take
such notice of it, as will counteract any false im
pression, that I nm sure will be attempted to be
made by the Know Nothing press here, there being
as you know, no other here now. It is deemed a
great offence here that Mitchel should dare, in the
midst of so large a majority of Know Nothings, to
edit a paper, and I have no doubt but that every
thing that can be, will be done here to impair the
influence of the paper, but it will be to no pur
pose. Since the foregoing was in type, wc have received
the following correspondence, which we publish at
the instant of Mr Mabry:
October 3, 1857.
To JosErn A. Mabrt, Esq;
Dear Mr. Malry : perceive that Fleming's
published account of the little affair the other day,
is full of falsehoods. For example, he says I was
armed when I first attacked him. You know that I
was unarmed except with an ornamental cane, which
instantly broke. But the strangest falsehood is that
in his subsequent speech tome upon the street, he
suggested " an open and honorable encounter."
This is the first time I have heard (or you either) of
such a suggestion front him. You are aware that it
was precisely to give him the opportunity of exact
ing such satisfaction that I walked down the street,
with you, where, as I understood he awaited me for
that purpose that I expressed such intention to
him, and when he reproached me with having at
tacked him "unprepared," I demanded whether he
was prepared there and then expressed my dispo
sition to give him any sort of satisfaction he desired,
Asked him whether he was there only to talk, and
finally informed him that talk from a whipped man
was of no avail. All this he very naturally supres
ses. But my object in this note, is not to get you to
contradict anything of his statement; as I presume
from the very nature of it, nobody will believe it.
And besides, I despise newspaper altercation. My
object is to requst you to call irpon Fleming and to
tell him that neither you nor I heard nnything of
his attention to an " open and honoralbc encounter"
that I am still willing (notwithstanding his false
hoods and abuse) to afford him that satisfaction if
he has the spirit to seek it but not on the streets of
Knoxville, surrounded by an armed mob. You can
suggest to him that Georgia is not far off.
All this I leave to you. If you agree with me
that this course is admissible under the circumstan
ces, you will do it for me. If you think otherwise,
I shall be entirely guarded by you, as I feel that I
tun perfectly safe in your hands.
Jons Mitcheil, Esq:
My Dear Sir : I have received your note of this
morning, and do not hesitate to say to you that
Fleming did not use the language which he pub
lished as a report of his declarations to you.
am quite sure that he did not propose or suggest
such a thing as an equal and honorable encounter
with you. In other respects, also, my recollection
of what occurred tallies with yours. I have no hes
itntion whatever in advising you to notice him no
further. As you remarked to him, he was a "whipt
man," and words will neither relieve him from his
diserace nor should they provoke you to so great a
a condescension as either to meet him as your equal
(in any sense) or to repeat the caning you gave him,
Oct 3, 1857. JO'S A. MABRY.
John Mitchel, Esq.,
My Dear Sir: By my note to you of this morn
ing, I advised you that you should notice Fleming no
farther; since that writing, it occurred to me,
(and I deem it my duty to advise you of the fact,)
that it would be a liberal concession to him, that 1
should, upon my own responsibility, approach him
upon the subject. I did so, and called his attention
to the expression which he represents himself as
having used to you. I said to him that neither you
nor myself had heard him use any language what
ever importing a desire or willingness to meet you
in an "equal and honorable encounter," and, fur
thermore, that J, as your friend, entertained no
doubt, whatever, that if he desired it, (notwith
standing what had occurred, ( you would still meet
him in any manner and at any place he might in
dicate, and thus concede to him an opportunity to
obtain such satisfaction as an ' equal and honora
ble encounter" might nfford him. He declined
compliance with the suggestion, I y faying he was
satisfied. So the conclusion 1 rxtirved in my note
this morning now recurs with gi cater toicc.
JOS. A. MABRY,
October 3d, IS57.
. ( J ,
UTICA, Oct. 5 The bank of Central New York
has clesed and receiver appoisttdi
B6B The Postmaster General, through the finance
bureau of his Department, on Tuesday, returned to
foreign countries tho following dead letters, under
existing treaty stipulations : To the General Post
.ofSceof England, 19ji49; Jo Canada, 8.450; io
Bremen, 2,270; to Prussia, 6,180; France, 690; New
Brunswick, -534; . and-to Nova Scotia, - 516 total
38,389. This vast amount of correspondence was
received from - the countries of the Old World arid
.mailed to the various points-of destinations, where
all the facilities of delivery was extended on behalf
of the persons superscribed, each letter in addition
being duly advertised. But all having failed to
fiecure the object of the writers in far-off lands the
letters are returned to the General Postoffice of the
United States for transmission, which they now
promptly get. ,
A Black Republican State. Tho State of Ver
mont exhibits sad evidence of religious indifference.
The annual report of the General Convention in that
State discloses the following fact, published in the
Congregational (N.H.) Journal:
" More than 30,000 families in Vermont habitual
ly neglect all public worship, only about one-fith of
the people in the average attend upon evangelical
worship, and four-fifths of the inhabitants on each
returning Lord s day, are absent from the sanctua
ry. Vhat do these things mean? Making all due
allowance for tho necessary absence of those who,
in the Providence of God, cannot be present, there
ougnt to oe at least three-fifths instead of one-mth
of the people at public worship. Where, then, arc
the 150,000 souls that ought to be in the house of God
every baDoathi What are their thoughts and deeds
on God's holy day?
Upon this state of things the New York Journal
of Commerce remarks :
" Vermont, in proportion to its population, is, if
we mistake not, the most thoroughly Black Repub
lican of any State in the Union. "Only about one-
fifth of the people in the average attend upon evan
gelical worship" on the Sabbath. Abolitionism is
That's So. The Boston Evening News Letter
has the following in relation to tho Banks. Every
word of it is true :
A word in all candor. If the policy of the Demo
cratic party in regard to banks and banking, enun.
ciated twsnty years aeo, had been resolutely adhcr
ed to, we should not at this day be in danger of
bank suspensions or bank panics. With millions of
the precious metals coming in from the mines of
California for years past, to swell the aggregate
wealth ot tne nation, the ratio of specie to the cir
culation of bank bills has not been increased an
iota. We mean to say that there are more bills in
circulation now in proportion to the specie in the
vaults of the bank than there was before the treas
ures of the Golden Realm were opened unto us. How
and why is this? Where has all this vast treasure
cone? Surely the reign of the "Rag Barons,"
which Democrats in old times used to talk about, is
IMPATIENCE THE VICE OF THE AGE.
Tho following admirable portraiture of tho impa
tience of the age is found in Bulwer's preface to his
That eager desire to press forward, not so much
to conquor obstacles, as to elude them; that gambling
with the solemn destinies of life, seeking ever to set
success upon the chances of a die; that hastening
irom tne wisn conceived to the end accomplished
that thirst after quick returns to ingenious toil, and
breathless spurrings along short cuts to the goal,
which we see every where around us, from the Me
chanics' Institute to the stock market beginning in
education with the primmers of infancy.deluging us
witu "Philosophies for the million," and "Sciences
.made easy;" characterising the books of our writers,
the speeches of our statesmen, no less than the deal
ings of our speculators, seem, I confess, to me, to
constitute a very diseased and very general symptom
of the times. 1 hold that the greatest friend to man
is tabor, that knowledge without toil, if possible,
were worthless; that toil in pursuit of knowledge is
the best knowledge we can attain; that the continued
enort lor lame is nobler than fame itself; that it is
not wealth suddenly acquired which is deserving of
homage, but the virtues which a man exercises in
the slow pursuit of wealth the abilities so called
forth, the self-denials so imposed: in a word, that
Labor and Patience are the true schoolmasters on
Cotton Manufactures in tue South. The pa.
pers of Northern Mississippi, especially of Grenada
are doing their best to wake up the people of that
section on this subject. There is certainly no reas
on why cotton manufactories should not be establish
ed throughout the South. There is everywhere an
abundance of water, a healthful and favorable clim
ate, and once in operation the labor cannot be want
ing. Besides, the experiment has been already
tried, and found successful. There are one or two
factories, now, we believe, in Mississippi, which pay
as well as any other permanent investment in the
State, and the same may be said of the well known
and prosperous ones in the State of Georgia. The
proposition, therefore, is not only a patriotic, but
every way a wise one. St. Louis Leaaer.
Domestication of Ostriches. After numerous
unsuccessful trials, the natural incubation of ostrich
eggs has just been accomplished at the government
establishment at Algiers, and no doubt now exists
that these birds may be reared in a domestic state.
This is the only successful experiment yet made.
From the U. S. Democratic Review.
BY YIRGINIUS HUTCHES..
In young life's gay and vernal days,
What blissful visions Fancy brings
When Love fans heart fires into blaze
With his mischievous wings 1
Of Beauty's iridescent bowers
Her young form seemed a Rose to me ;
And from her two lips (love's sweet flowers)
My soul drew honey, like a bee.
Years, years have flown, and my fond trust
Lives but in dreams that fancy brings,
Yet that bright Rose's stamen-dust
Still lies upon my spirit's wings.
Her love was a delusive dream
From which it bled my heart to wake
'Twas like Sahara's mirage stream,
Which mocks the thirst it cannot slake.
Years, years in rapid flight have flown
To sink in Time's unsounded sea,
Nc other dream my soul has known
Half, half so sweet as that to mo.
I oft forget the present hour,
So full of manhood's cares and woes,
And, bee-like, fly to youth's gay bower,
To kiss the sweet heart of the Rose :
A "gay deceiver" was my Rose
A wild coquette the pretty elf
And 'spite of all beseiging beaux.
She was the sweet heart of herself.
Of thoso Brilliant Comic Artists.
Mr, and Mrs. John Drew.
Who-f unqualified Dellnallnnscontlnuetoattrac. crowded
and delighted audiences, co nposod of
OUK FIKST CITIZENS AND FAMILIES.
MORE NOVELTY ! !
TWO NEW PI E C K S.
Mrs. John Drew, in three new Characters.
John Drew, in two favorite parts, with the Song
of Nora Crcna.
T1IUIISDAV EVENING, OCX. Sill, 1S5T,
Will be presented ihn ellegant Comodietiaonlilled,
THE COLLEGE ROY.
Kanny rurry t Mrs. John Drew.
torn ijuii;, i
Balster John Drew:
Overture By the Orchestra.
The perfoimancs will conclude with the roaring Irish
MORE BLUNDERS THAN ONE.
Larry John Drew
Susan 'llrs- John Drew.
In active rehearsal, GRIST TO TI1E MILL, and PAUL
Gentlemen Take HoticcS
THAT AVE NOW OFFER FOR SALE,
At Our Store, No. 15 Cedar St
Tha largest and best selected Assortment of
DRESS, FROCK AND OVER COATS,
PANTS, VESTS, SHAWLS,
D1.ANKETS, GLOVES, SHIRTS,
HALF HOSE, Etc-,
To be feund in the ruv,and that all our Goods are always
of tha very best make, quality and mateiials
CLIFTOS & ABBOTT,
oct8 15 Cedar street.
JUST RECEIVED DY
JOHN YORK & CO.,
38 Union Street.
For Sale by
JOHN YOItK Jc CO.,
Mackej's Lexicon of Free Masonry, 4th edition.
Moore's New Masonic Trestle-Board.
Moore's Ancient Charges with notes.
Macay's Masonic Guide, Remaiks and Songs.
Davis & Chandler's Freemajon's Monitor.
Moore's Craftsman and Freemasons' Guide.
Crosse' Templers' Chart, with a supplement.
Stuart', troemason's Manuei all the Dtgrees.
Morris' Llsjhtand Shadows of Freemasonry.
Tannehtll's Portfolio complete.
MAGAZINES FOR OCTOBER.
DICKESS' HOUSEHOLD WORDS;
LESLIE'S MAGAZINE fc GJZKTTE OF FASB10S;
EMERSON & PUTNAM'S MAGAZINE
For sa'o by j0lljf YOPK & CO.
.oct7 So. 23 Union Street.
rnllB GBN1DS OF CHRISTIANITY or the spirit and
-- beauty of the ubrlstian Kslition, by Cnareiubnan.
Josl received by OttN YORK & CO,,
M' " ss Union rtreet.
SENATE. stehiho session.
Tuesday, Oct, 6th, 1857.
A Message was received from the House, inform
ing the Senate that the House had agreed to proceed
with the election of a United .States Senator on
Mr. Jones from the joint committee appointed ot
wait on the Governor, reported that he would send
in his message at 3 o'clock, P. M. - -
Mr. Whitthorn introduced a bill to cede certain
grounds to the General Government, and exempt
them from State, County and Municipal taxes,
which passed the hrst reading. This refers to the
grounu occupieu Dy uustom Houses andosFOffices,
Mr. Bratcher offered a hill in lieu nf tfcB nn
offered by Mr. Bullen in tho morning, authorizing
tho Proprietors of the Union & American, and the
Proprietors of the Banner and Patriot to do the Job
Work of tho Senate, until'a Public Printeris elected.
ine resolution was disagreed to.
Mr. Bullen withdrew his resolution, and Mr. Da
vis offered one appointing G. C. Torbett & Co. to do
the printing of Ihe Senate at the same rates that
were paid the rublic Printer at the last Session.
The resolution prevailed.
Mr. Harris, introduced a bill to repeal tho act of
1850, creatine the office of County Judee. -which
passed the first reading.
The Message ot the Uovernor was then read and
5,000 copies ordered to be printed.
Mr Meness introduced a bill prescribing the time
of holding the Circuit Court of Cheatham county.
The Senate then adjourned until 10 o'clock to
HOUSE. EVENING SESSION
On motion of Mr Rowles. it was ordered that the
Clerk acquaint tho Senate with the action of the
House upon the two resolutions communicated from
that body this morning.
Mr Rowles, from the joint Committee, appointed
to wait upon the Governor, to inform him of the
organization of the General Assembly, and its read
iness to receive his communication, reported that
they had performed the duty, and had received for
answer, that the Governor would be prepared at
mice uuon mis evening to transmit iiis Annual
Accordingly at the hour of 3 o'clock. P. M.. his
Excellency, the Governor, communicated his Annual
Message m writing, by the hand of F N W Burton.
Secretary of State.
On Motion, by Mr Wilson, it was ordered that
the Governor's Message be now read ; and it was
then read by the Clerk.
On motion of Mr. Bate, it was ordered that the
Message lie on the fable, and that 7.000 conies be
printed for the use of the Members of the House of
The House then adjourned till to-morrow morning
SEANATE. MOENisn session.
Wednesday, Oct. 7, 1857.
The minutes of yesterday beingread, the Speaker
presented a communication from C A Fuller, inviting
the Senate to be present at the delivery of a Masonic
uratton oy me itev. a j uainl, and on motion by
Mr Bullen the invitation was accepted.
Mr Jones introduced a resolution that the Senate
meet the House in Convention on the 9th inst., for
the purpose of comparing the vote cast for Governor,
under a suspension of the rules the resolution was
adopted and transmitted to the House.
Mr Harris presented a petition from Jos Hunter
for leave to set free a boy of color and that the boy
be permitted to remain in the State.
Mr Walker from the committee to draft joint rules
for the government of the two Houses l sported and
recommended that the rules eovernintr the last Lee-
islature be adopted with an amendment providing
that where cases may arise to which the rules do not
apply, that the rules in " Jefferson's Manuel " be
used by the two Houses. The report was adopt'
Mr Bratcher from the committee to draft rules for
the Senate reported and recommended the adoption
of the rules governing the last session, with amend
ments abolishing certain committees. The report
wan amendments was adopted, except the amend
mcnt abolishing the committee on public lands.
On motion of Mr Bratcher, 120 copies of the rules
of the Senate were ordered to be printed.
And on motion of Mr Harris, the Constitution of
the State and of the United States was also orderd
to be printed with the rules of tho Senate.
Mr Travis offered a resolution that the Senate meet
the House in Convention on Saturday, the 10th for
the purpose of electing a Public Printer. The rules
were suspended, the resolution adopted aud trans
mitted to the House.
Mr Menees called up bill prescribing the tim of
holding the courts ot uneatham county, which iriie
ed the second reading.
Mr Walker called up a bill exempting certain grounds
Irom taxation, which passed second reading.
Mr Goodpasture introduced a bill to allow Con
stubles a levy tax. Passed 6rstreading.
Mr Davis introduced a bill, entitled an act to re
peal the act of 185C, entitled an act amend the re
venue taws ot tne State, ana provide lor a proper
Mr. Goff introduced a bill to amend the Charter of
he Franklin College and Stone Creek Turnpike
The Senate then adjourned until to-morrow, 10
HOUSE. MOUSING SESSION.
Wedxesdat, Oct. 7th. 1S57
The Journal of yesterday was read and authenti
Mr B E Holmes, for the county of Gibson, an
swered to roll call this morning, was qualified and
took his seat.
Mr Davie introduced a bill to incorporate the Lin
wood Landing Company, which was passed the first
Mr Carter, of Carter, introduced a bill, No. 2
to repeal the County Judee Law.
Mr Newman introduced a bill. No. 3. to res
tore the Tiplins Act of January 21st, 184G.
Mr Copeland introduced a bill, No 4. to repeal
the act of February 28, 1850, entitled an act to
amend the revenue laws of ibis State, and to pro
vide for a proper assessment, &c.
Mr Wilson introduced a bill, No. 5. to repeal
the act of February 28, 1850, chapter Ixiv, entitled
an act to amend the revenue laws, &c.
Mr Schmiitou introduced a bill No. 0. to amend
the act of 1850, chapter lxxiv, to abolish the office
of Tax Assessor.
- Mr Cooper introduced a bill, No 7. to prevent
useless expense, &c, in Chancery Proceedings.
Wnich bills were severally read and passed the
Mr Algee submitted the following:
Resolved, That the Ministers of the Gospel of the
various denominations is the City of Nashville, be
invited to attend and open the sessions of this body
On motion of Mr Wilson, it was ordered that this
resolution be considered now; and then, on his fur
ther motion, it was modified so as to require the ap
pointment of a Committee of three members to
wait upon and request the Ministers of the Gospel,
&c, and, as thus amended, the resolution was
Comparing the Vote for Governor.
Mr Richardson submitted the following :
Resolved, That the House of Representatives will
meet the Senate in the Representatives' Hall on
Friday, the Oth inst., for the purpose of Comparing
the votes for Governor.
Tho resolution lies over one da under the rule.
Mr Algee asked, and obtained leave of absence
from the Hall, for the Committee on Rules.
Mr Rate moved an adjournment ; but withdrew
Mr Dnnlass, on whose motion, tho House took a
recess for 15 minutes.
After the expiration of the term of this recess,
Mr F W M Kine. a member from the county of Shel
by, came forward with his credentials, received the
nnth nf a member of the House of Representatives,
administered by the hand of Josiah Ferris, Esq., of
Davidson county, and took his seat.
A Message from the Seiate, by Mr Stone, their
Secretary, announced the pissage in that body of a
resolution, that tne senate win lutei- jiuuseou
Friday the 9lh instant, for the purpose of compar
ing the votes for Governor, and requested concur
rence. On motion of Mr Richardson, tho Senate joint
resolution, just communicated was taken up and
adopted ; and the Clerk directed to acquaint the
Senate of this action.
The Speaker laid before the nouse an invitation,
hv Charles A. Fuller. Grand Secretary, for the of
ficers and members o- the House of Representatives
to attend at the Second Presbyterian Church at 0
o'clock this afternoon, on the oscasion ot an Ad
dress, to be delivered before the Most Worthy Grand
T.odce. Free and Accepted Jiasons, oy me nev. A.
J. Eaird. of Winchester.
This invitation being formally accepted, the
House adjournad till to-morrow morning ten o'clock.
Of oyer 300 Rich Fancy Bonnet?,
HEAD DRESSES AND MII.LIMERY,
MAGIC SHOW ROOMS OF E. WISE, Agent.
n THURSDAY. 8TH. OCTOBER. Of course, Ladie
W thMn incentives will be euffici-ntto brli e jouout If
nnihir..n.nrtrrii.rns3.the elative merits of Velvets, Heath
era and Lace, and Giber topics, infrtstinc and incidertal.
to tne octaslon ujhk ranics uuu'i lasw utcvci. uu ui"
you must have a Sne Bon net, our Stock is bountiful, and
prices reasonable to meet the crisiis.
IOuO Pieces of Klobons, every new and beautiful style:
510 cantons of Paris Flowers, for Uonnets, Bantjs, A-c.j
50 do Rich Manabon and Ostrich plumes, new designs:
30 cases of itch and medium price culored Gimps and
plain Straws; n
10 eves colored Leghorn Flats, Misses Glpseyi, Plain
2Ju boxi-s Rush caps and Illusions.
Our stock of Fancy bonnets will surpass anythirg we
have displayed at our previous openings. ia large stock of
cloth 'almas and cloaks, latest shapes, at half the price ol
any tn the city. Buzal collars and Laces, a very large stock;
Embroideries and Needle -woik Goods in endless variety; SOU
dozen Hooped shirts of eTery new des'po; wttja large slock
o Fancy and ornamental goods, cousisilnz of line aCbbas
combs, he new style Bonnet c irnb. and GumelaaMc Head
role a now article, Extracts, a superior article at SO cents,
worth 75, Gloves, Parasol., Fos, ic , at extremely low
prices. A eood stocfc of Wollea Goods for children, Tal
mas, Jackets. Mills. 1-efiafS. Iloso. new style, Klgoletls for
sheatei and psntys; LaJirs Worked and Fancy Dress caps;
Mobairand silK neiianJ Fancy H. ad-dresses, Lheniei vel
vet and Clnl.a large stock or chemells.
Now ladles it is useless to live a desrttntlon of the entire
stock, for it will require our personal attention to examine
tbe great dlspla of goods selected with 13 tars experience,
.idsuiiiivtiuauu ius mush Idsuuifius. nattering juysaii
shbola know how to oleasebyUiistlm-.
The ereat inrreaseln our business thix vearhas fullretab
lished os, we flatter ourselves lor plessineand selllnggtwds
low. It wit' be our constant endeavor to rive aatlsiactlon
In fair dealing, punctuality, and no deception, as regards
the latest styles, having our ag-nt at Paris and Loudon to
keen us oosled We profess to show th latest fashions as
the? come out in Europe. Trusting to receive the same lib
eral patronage we have reeeired tor many years past. Mer
chants and Milliners supplied with a small bill of goods as
low aa purcnzsingeasi oi ibis city,
rr-p Bonnets douenpin superior styleat Parisian Millinery
BaxTrr. . E. WISE, Agent,
otlS Fevw, Valea iueei,nit docrto out max.
BARE CHAPICE FOR SPECULATION.
TF any person has $25,000 mors tain he wanta, tad will
loin it to oi, wa wi'l take grett pleunre In naming oar
Machine Shop andFonndry after him. Don't all call at once.
Speculator calling on the above bnslnesi will please call
between the hoars of 3 and 4 p. m. The most important
part is a big name. See advertisement below.
Saihvllle, aag. 19 hUIS & J10ORB.
JS O T i t. I JSTGr NSW,
Ellis & Moore,
Nos. 82 A: 84 Market Street,
ARE happy to Inform their old friends and the pnblle gen
erally that they have made large additions to their Ma
chine Shop and Foundry, and have now double facilities for
rendering satisfaction to all who may favor them with a tail.
It it our Intention aa heretofore, to keep ourselves well
sepplif d with every df scrtption of steam Engines, Boilers,
Mill Mathinery, f-hafling, &c Also, all kinds or work, for
Hour .Mills, Steamboats, Saw Mills, Tobacco Factories,
Banks and Jails dona at the shortest notice anl lowest cash
prices. KLLId & MOOK ,
Ntw. 82 & Rt Market, eonth of Broad Street, KishvUle, Tenn.
CLAIBORNE MACHINE WORKS.
WE have now slatted our new and extensive Foundry
' on the old stand of the late Nashville Manufacturinz
Company, an.1 are prepared to execute heavy and light
wuiKui an; description at mo snoresi nntice. urni iafia
tots to small amounts at moderate eltv Drtcis.heivv list
ings to large nmoanH furnished per eontrart tl Cineianall
prices with adcitimisof lrrigbU We have also commenced
ircta.iuus in uur new
Steam enstnes. awmills. Flniirmlllsnfthmo.tlmnmvmi
patterns made to order Jobbing r A rAmlHn,dnnnlmmi1l.
attly. We are resdy to make contracts for hnglnes and 41111s
snu man lurms.i pi ins 10 enanie purcnasers to put up their
Mills with little expdnse. Manufacturers and Farmers will
find It profitable to see us, before going Bast or West for
For stationary engines and steamboat., mads tnnriter ofth
best material, complete with Firefronts, Grates, Standpipes
and Valves, warranted to ttant' any pressure required for
Manufacturing or porpelllaz purposes.
Any description Of Smlthwork done In STrellent atvle
none but flretrate Iron used Sawmill work, Sternrs, Dogs,
Pitman Irons, Saw cranks, Bolta and all kind Mill Irons
made toorder on short noilce.
Fanners wishing to purchase good, cheap Machinery, will
do well to call at our office or address by lxtter.
U JACKKR & CO.,
Claiborne Machine Works, Nashville, Tenn.,
nlySS-tf Late Nashville Man. Co.'s Shops.
Bragg's Improved Liniment.
DR. BRAGG'S ARCTIC UNEHEJiT.
Haveyou the BRONCHITIS t
Have you the NEURALGIA ?
Have you the KA R or TOOTHACHE t
Ton may rid yourself entirely of these distressing evils
by the use of Dr. Bragg's Arctic Llntmtnt.
Are you affliced with old seres T
Are ou suffering from old bruises T
Are you enduring pains from sprains ?
One bottle of tho Arctic Liniment will surely give relief
Rheumatism is a dreadful complaint!
Scrofula is a loathsome di esse!
Cancers are very alarming!
Tet, such are the wonderful neallnz nroDertles of Bnrr'i
Arctic Liniment, that It will almost tnslantlv cure acute anl
chronic Rheumatism; remove Scrofula, and in time kill that
most stubborn oi enemies to health, the Uaacer.
Why will you endure Scurvy I
Why will you suffer with the Files!
Why will you submit to Chilblains ?
When by uslne the Arctic Liniment vou may find perma
1 he Arctic Liniment is the discovery of the far-famed Dr.
A G BRAGG, of Saint Louis, who since severing bis con
nection with the ence celebrated Mexican Mustang Lini
ment, nas devoted tne most or his time to tne stuay woica
has given to the world a Liniment which possesses even
more of the healing quality. Ia this he baa beau success
ORIGIN OF THE NAME.
Whoc Dr. Kane, nnderthe auspices of the Untied P tales
Government, was about to proceed lo the vast froxen re
gions of the north himself a medical man applied to sev
eral sciecunc physicians lor a prescription mat snouia ena
ble in . sTbtem to endure tne narasnips or a land oi irosiana
ice. Among others was Doctor A G Bragg, then on a visit
to the eait, who, after many trials, procured bis RUBEFA
CIENT, which having been submitted the severest analysis,
ws accented by Dr. h... and used by him during mat won
derful voyage of discovery. Hence the origin of the name
HOW IT 18 RECEIVED.
The very announcement of this medietas has been re.
ce'ved with Joy . na commence. letters containing certtn
cales of permanent cures are da ly received at the manufae
tary, while expressions of gratitude are borne to them by
The ingredients of the Arctic Liniment are of the most
cosily kino, wnue tne utmost care is nesiowea upo com
pounding tliem by one member of the company, who makes
a personal examination oi every oottie put up.
EAR31EUS AND LIVERY STABLE KEEP
The Arctic Liniment is also a sovereign remedy for Hot
ses and Mules affl.cted with bruises, sprains, wounds,
ecratches, aweny,spavln, ring bone, big head, poll evil, &c.
no person owning votuanie corses or muies snouia oe witn
out It. for it will cure tbem.
Hj" It is pat up tn 25c 50c and SI bottles. The 50c Dot
lies ana si Domes ceniain au ana ivu per cent more i.ini'
ment in proportion to their cost, and are the cheapest. Er
ery person buyinga one dollar bottle of Brag;' Arctic Lin
imentwillbe fnrnisbed with Emerson's United states Jiur
nal for one year by filling up tbe cenificila around every
dollar Dottle ana sending it lo J il Emerson, 371 Broadway
For sale by Bragg & Burrowes, sole proprietors.
St. Louis, 31 o.
W W BERRY & DBMOVILLB.
And bv A. H. HOECOE, G. W. HESDKHSUOT, and J,
&TKUTCH. oct 1 mwtftwly
The Excelsior Com & Cob Mill.
TAS last received the highest piemium at the great Xa
LJL tlonal Fair at'LouIsville, and also at the Oblo Stale
Fair at Cincinnati, over the LI ale Giant, Star and Jaglc
It Is adaptod to cruhinz Corn and Cob. Rye. Oats &c
for etncV, and forgrindlng for family use, distilleris, Ac.
it. grinding suriaces can be renewed at a cost oi tnree dot
lurs, nelng cast separate Irom the other pontons or th
Furnished complete with two pairs of -rlndinz rings for
nny dollars, i raveling Agents wantea to sen tne aosv
JllllS, J. U DAbUtV m OC I U.
oct 2 d-tw&w3m 37 College street, Nas ville
OWING to the death of Dr. A. M. Debow, (one of the pro
prietors of the Springe,) it is deemed advisable on the
part of the Executors of the estate to sell his inl-rest, (one
ballot the Epperson Springs tract nf land and its appurte
nances.) Should t suit those tebinie lo purchase, t pur
chase the whole premi-es, the subscriber will seil hi. Interest
also This Watering Place is too well known to rrqu.re
'I EK.MS One fourth in cash, the balance in three annual
payments, for lurtner particulars apply to mo on tne nreni
ise,orH.T Tray and K. Ai. Potts, (Executors of Dr. A. SI,
WM. A. DEBOW,
Hartsville, Sept. 5. 1S57. tw 2m a
Bransford, llcWhirter & Co.,
Importers and Wholesale Dealers- in
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
itt m mg&m,m
Heady "Made Clothing,
NO. 3 NASHVILLE INN BLOCK,
HAVING removed to our new and capacious Warehouse,
as indicated above, wo most respectfully call the atten
tion of the Retail Traue lo our Very Largo and complete
T- ATT A TVTT" fZTTT' I A 1 ,TT" docsmetils ia tie wjr ot KiiBflULU auttiiinji,ia
H A I . . A I ) W I l I H, K 9'ect, elegant styles of slock generally, as be has never be--ti-X-AJ
Xi-J.-ly TV 111 -A- -Lli r,ah..hifnito. I?n mkir.f the butlnr community gen
GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS,
READY-MADE CLOTHING, $c, $c.
Comprised in the assortment (and to which we most par
ticularly invite tne attention oi tne iraaei win neionna a
mu ana attractive sioec or
Plain Black and Fancy Dress Silks,
Tlain and Printed Merinos.
Plain, Mack and Fancy Mohair Lustres,
While Goods Embroderies,
Dress Trimmings, Rinbons, Ac.
Plain, Black; and Fancy French Cloths,
" " " " Doeskins
Fancy Plush Vestings,
Ladies Cloaks, Ace.
Besides a very larze and well assorted stock of
SHIRTS, &c. Manufactured under the immediate suner.
vision of one of our firm expressly for the Tennessee Trade.
OurStock of PLA&TATION GOODS, such aa Osnabnr.s
White Llnseys, Plain and Twilled Kerseys, very heavy Geor.
gia Pialns and Twills, Negro Blankets, country made Jeans
and Socks, will be found very large, and as cheap aacan be
offered in Ibe Southern country.
Our faciliiies for business having been very much increas
ed. We .hail offer extra Inducemeeta to those who may la
yer us witu a can tuts season.
eeptl-d&w2m BHASSFORD, McWHIRTER it CO.
Snyder & FrizzelJ,
NO. 91, PUBLIC SQUAKK.
Are now in receipt of their Fall and Winter Stock of
Boots and Shoes,
Which have been made up expressly for the retail
trade, t or Ladies they have in part :
Fine Buttoned heel Gaiters, Black and Bronze;
do Consress do do do do
do Side Laco dr do do do
do Congress, side lace Gaiters without heels:
do Kid bootsAhick and thin soles;
do While kid and satin slippers; ,
do do do do Gaiters;
do Toilet slippers-
Kid Boots; thick and thin soles;
do do do do with heels;
Lasting Galter wllhor wlthont hi-nlic
Calf and Goat Boots tor school shoes;
Jjovs and Children.
Roys' calf and Congress .lino.-
Youths' do do do
Boys' and Youths' Thick boots.
Urogans and Thick Boots.
A fine stock of Broirans for Plintatlon use. Also a good
tock of shoes 'or women. These roods were all made to
oruer ana are certa n y a sunerlor article, aita iuen s
thick boots of every description.
Persons wishing anything
in our linewillfind 'tto thirlnterest to call, aswe are de
termined to givo them tbe worth ot their money.
Call at No. 21 Public Square,
to SNYDBK dc FKIZZELL
VALISES AND CAKPET BAGS.
" ADIES' flneTraveliog Trunks; extra sire;
i Aa sole leather TraDks,. 11 sizes:
Fino sale leather Valises.
dodo do Ashland uo
do Russett values;
A large stock of
Carpet Bags, Satchels, and Black Bags, of all sizes and
tyles; ail cneap lor m.
Call at No. 21 Public Square.
oet2 SNYDER & FRIZZ ELL.
VALUABLE HOUSE AND GKOUA'DS FOIt
Monday the 19th of October, 1857, at the upper end oi
".!.. .w cnnrt house bnlldinsr. betwe n th- hours of
.a ,o nvioek!a.m..will be sold at oublie sale to the hlghes
bidder, that vauanie piece oi grounu oi icu ncics, hhi
comfortible 'dwelling bouse and all necessary out houses
thereon, lying on the north sideof the river, about two mll.s
from ' ashville, and lately occupied by capt iirooss am
t un n ,..MpneA. Thi s.i!h will be made under adeedv
tm.t fTucnted bv Cant. Brooksand wife, and Henry Turnet
i'rTitee. and rertstered la the Registers Oflce ol
Lis UOUnty, in liOOK, P.O. zi. w -tew. auu uaaei
nnwer of Attorney from Captain Brooks and wife.
' . . 1 . .. i. J IJ .OJ, ..J
Iso duly proved and registered, so as to convey the
hnu title, free from any eaulty of redemption. The our
chaser will be required to pay one forth of the purchase
money in cash, and to give notes, with good security, to
equal Instalments for the residue, payable In Bank, at six,
twelre ana eigoteen monius, wiui iinercst irom aais, ana 9
lien will be retained oa the land nntll the purchase mooer
fully paid- v. r. ruvvbtui. Trustee ae
t'SiiUii ltt B, f, GlYEflj Altoiay la fttli
FsAliL STYLE HATS
WATEEFIELD & "WALKER
vJ Fall of 1857. Anticipating a large demand thetr stoc
Is unusually full and desirable; and they reed only surge
thattbe quality of their oodwill fully sustain the fato
able reputation the house for sr. manv years hai Irlny.d.
-vimv u j..h. Ia Ktvinnf ueniiemen's u lis lor in
21, PUBLIC SQUARE,
Dealers in Ready Made
GENTLEMEN'S FI'RNIsniNG GOODS.
rvssps. unvsR A- p.r.VKRaON hxye cow on tuna a
IVi very large assortment of the most ahinnable styles of
far thu Fall and Winter season.
They believe their stock of Ready Made Clothing Is free
from tbe usual objectincs of Eastern made Clothing. a
much of it has been mao to their own order, by tbe best
manufacturers East and the remainder nas oeen seiectea
out of the best llrurcs by one of the Srm,whohs had ixaay
years esprienee In the jianuiacturing Department.
YOUTH'S AND flOY'S CLOTHING
nf every yarictv. Gentlemen's Furnisblng Roods in all Its
Departments, eniris, wnite ana coioroa; b ery une lot
with Marsallles bosoms and eufft; Scarfs, 5ecK Ties and
Stocks of esery siyle; Uuderware tn great variety.
A flimertor lot of Cloths. Casslmers and Vestinss, which
they will maae to oruer im noauic, c.cpanco uu uia-
patch. i-t. io
A UC TION SALE Of GR O CURIES
H- S. French and Son.
v N TTTHs DAY. OCT. 6. we will offer for sale in Irom
I I nf oar warehouse, on Claik street, at 10 o'clock, the fol
lowing articles, some of wnicn we desire to close outwiui-
out reserve, vix:
- . . . ...... 11 i . . n .
3U hhds suear. irom lair toisu uox. rainteu duckcis.
Drirue: 51 0 reams Wrspplng iper,
100 bags 21. 0. and Baiumore DDIs domestic Branoy;
r.nftee: 25 bbls. Holland Gin:
1000 kezs Xalls.eholee brands: 50 bbls Julius Smith's Old
50U boxes star uanaies, iuu - eer-e rmsj,
weight: 20 cases Matches;
2000 bbls. Whisky, variouslOO boxes Corn starch;
brands; 100 " Whealen starch;
100 boxes Tobacco; KO " Cheroot Cigars;
looo.act.ermireand line Salt: 150 " Tallow Candles:
150,000 Cigars ass'dbranasj iu ciacxing, targe ana
150 doz. Brooms: small.
250 boxes Fine Brandy
With other articles n ins grocery line too numerous to
mention. sep 3D a s. (tiwiit ac
MSnVILlE TO CHARLESTON AXDSAYAmn.
T?ROM and after thiadat) cotton will be carried through
J.' to Charleston and Sa annaa tor S3JU Der Dale, or not
oyer 500 weicht Bales weizhln2 over 5tj0 lbs will be snbiect
to a charge oi 06 cents per liw ids lor tne excess, i ms u a
reduction of 75cts Dr bale from former rates.
Snippers must furnish the Agents wlih a correct list of
weights, and are Informed that cotton not in
GOOD SUlFI'IJiG OnDKR
vrlllbe refnsed. CU AS. W. ANDERSON.
oct 4 ri General Agent
ITJ Cotton from all Stations west of Stavenson will bo
cnargea same rates.
Xaahville. Oct. 1st. 1857.
TIME SALE OF GROCERIES
By W. H. Gordon & co.
vO WEDNESDAY next, 7th October, If 57, we will offer
W at puolic sale, in our usual quantities:
32 hnds fair, prime and choice Louisiana Sugar;
So bbls crushed "
50 " loaf u
1000 ken Shoenberzer's Nails: all sizes:
1000 bundles medium nd double crown Wrapping Paper;
SOU boxes Madison starch;
500 boxes Prescotl's oap;
500 West O.'s Star Candles;
SCO bbls Reetlfled Whisky
EDO do old Kourbonan i Rye do
100 pkgs Urandies, ;,., aud a pipes;
200 boxes line brandies, I doz each,
50 " ALinutactured Tobacco; with many other articles.
All sums under 200, cash; over $SC0 and under J 1000,
sixtv days; over Jiuoti and under J2U00, ninety days; over
$200",four months, with approved eudorsed notes, payable
In one or our city banxs.
oct 4 W. H. GORDON & ' O.
MIS K NOTES.
TTTE have three excellent brick hiuteson High street.
y and two on Market street, which we win sen ataralr
valuation, recelvlrsr in payment notes and certificates ef ir-
po,lts of the Bsnk of Nashville, notes of the Bank of Shel-
bjvllie and bxenange uanE. ar par tvewiu also pay cash
tor not-sand certificates of deposit of the Bank of ?iashville
at rates to oe agreeu upon.
If you wish to trade call 'oon at the oflce of the subscri
ners on union stree . oct4 Animussastu,
NO. 13, UNION STKEET,
(Green's New Block.)
HAVING returned frm the Eastern Cities with a magnl
flcent stock of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
take pleasure in stating to his old friends In Davids-n and
tneaojoining tommies, insvue is prcpsrou w uudi .utuiu,
erally an Inspection of his ttuckof LADIES DRESS GOODS,
consiung in part oi
Ranging from J'2,50 to -(5,00, embracing splendid velvets die.
EMBRODIERS IN GREAT VARIETY,
(from 23 cents to $15,00 a set.)
FRENCH MERINEOSALL COLORS.
5 WOOL D'LAINS. ALL SHADES.
AJircniCAN D'LAINS. FROM 810 to 40.
JACONETS, SWISSES AND MULLS
EDGING'S, INSKKTINGIS, &C, kC.
A Full Line of Gentlemen's Ware,
OF EVERY VARIETY.
A full assortment of all kinds tf
to all of which ho erspectfully solicits your attention.
sept lo w. JIUUKE.
TWO handsome Lot In Edgefield, on Woodland Street.
The LoU front 50 feet each, and are ITO feet deep.
Apply to A. V. S. LINDSLEY.
sept 15 p o
OrtllE larsre Room In bulldlnr on tha corner of Cedai
SL and Deadrlck streets, lately oceutied by Mr. PlogneJy
SCpl. 12, 1857.
.wm. 4 1 1' U 1 J, iu i,. . . u w
Bank of Nashville.
Twenty Thousand Dollars Worth of Real Estate for
WB will take noles of the Bank of Nashville at par. in
nantnrnt or .ma e i kji in f.20.000 of most yalnable
and desirable Baildli z Lots In Edaefield and Browdsville.
" . T I. ,tf RRftWK
sept20-lwd. 4K Cherry st,
I HAVE for sale a large amount of prepsr y which I w
i n rnr . of the Bank of Nashville, or certified
checks nit at the same prices that I base always askad for
- AA A "1 U I 1 SlT it! ff TJ V f
me property. ep hhuqupi,
City Bailding and Loan Association,
Trust sale oi vaiuanie utiy A-roperiy.
-rjy virtue of a mortzsge wl h power to sell ftc. exeeutec
L) hr Edward Liwrence to the City Bulidincand Loan Aa
Delation of Nashrllte. which mortgage 1- of r cord in tha
Ite?sirr's oflice of Davidson county. In book No S3. nn
2: 1 will expose to sale at the court hmre yard eatx In .h.
villa, on Saturday, the 10th dayof Uctob-rnext to'.he high
est oioaer torratn. tne property cnuyeyeo in saia mortgage,
k nown as Lot No 10 and part of Lot No 12. of Rarne nl.n
of Lots, beglnutngat the east corner of Dickson's lot
oa s.reet. running eastward y on said street tntaei.
uieuce ai rijcat anctes witn saiu street northwardly 110 feet
to a 10 foot alley, thence westwarrily with said alley 4i)feet
to Dickson's coilh corner, thsi.ee southwardly 110 feet
to uie Beginning, on wnicn mere is erected a good double
win icucucm faugriuer wiui uut-BOUSCS, OcC.
The right ol Redemption is eipress'y waived In, aid mort.
gage s pt20 le57-tf SAM SEA Y, Treasurer
JUST RVCE1VED alargolct of fresh Enzllsh Dairy and
ej W. R. Cheeie, Canvassed Beer, Hams ai.d Tongues,
. vsvuca, ukjan uoiucS) uiu nod Apples.
i" "K-SBI. dc THOMPSON,
White Rluif Hotel.
WHIT: BLOFF U1CK0. COUNTY. TEXNKree.
rpll K Snbriber has ope-ed a Hotel a th s place, and k
X prepared to accommodate th tr-iTlino fi.mmm.ltr
In tbe best manner. White Bluff silnated on the Char
lotte Turnpike, 28 miles from Nashville, and 10 from Char
otte, and is a verv desirable a oDDinr? mint for thma nass-
ing to and from t ashville. Soliciting a share of tbe pnb
lie patronage, the subsrriber assures that all bis best ef
forts shall be directed to please.
may as worn A. r. j IUB.O.
- - fit YT7-
PUHB HOLLAND 61" fir 1 I t 1-
TWO NEW BOOKS !
Fanny Fern's NewSBook,
Pae vol., Elegantly bound In Blue and Gold.
, MADAM LE YERT'S KEW BOOK t
Souvenirs of Travel,
Madame OclaTia Le Terf,
Of Mobile, ;Ata.
Two vols. 13a- CM
Jilt received by
W. T. BERRY" 4 COMPANY.
Doesticks on Nothing to Wear."
W. T. BERRY & CO.
Have Just received
NOTHING TO SAY,
BECta A SATIRE 05 SSSBBEET.
XOTHIXG T0D0WIT1I "XOTHIXC TO WEIR."
' Q. R. PHILA5DER DOESTICKS, P. B.
1 Vol. 12mo. Elegantly Bound. Superbly llmatrateil on
T. T. BERRY & COMPANY
Hare also Just received
A NEW SBPPIT or
NOTHING TO WEAR,
(From ITarper'j 'Weekly,)
Profusely and Elegantly Embellished,
And printed on Tinted Paper,
With Exquisite Wood Engravings from Original
Designs by Herris,
(The first humorous artist In America,)
12mo. Handsomely binnd la cloth. Pp.63.
This wonderfully clever satire upon the 'asblens and ea-
travagance of New York female aristocracy, appeared first
In Harper's Weekly Journal, and so complete a hit did It
prove that One Hundred and Forty Thousand copies wero
sold, and new editions are still being called for.
A NEW SURGICAL WORK.
W.T. BERRY & CO.haveJust received A COLLECTION
OP REMARKABLE CASES IN SURGERY. Selected and
arranged from American and Foreign Journals, by
Prof. PAUL F. KVK,
Royal oetavo, 853 pages $3 50
In this volume are presented, la a dasleal fo'm.the
history, the treatment, and the results of more than elgh
hundred cases, exhibiting every varlely of injury, and many
of the forms of anomalous disease, with which the surgeon
would be likely to meet. Many of the cases here recorded
have occurred at inte rials long distant, la different coun
tries, and under different surgeons. Hence this volume
obviates the necessity of a laborious reference to the
ezhaustle's series of volumes of the various Journals, by
the practitioner who Is seeking for tbe experience of others
In unusual eases; and he may here rearitly find ezamplea
for which he would search the text books In vain. He Ii
furnished. In line, with an RneyeVopedkt of Practical Sur
gery, which, after harlngo.ee examined, It Is thought, he
rould be no more wllHngto disperse with than with his
W. T. BERRY & CO., hare j ast received MOSS SID,
by Marion Harland, author of "Alone" and "The Hidden
Nothing need be saM to awaken an interest in a new book
by this charming authoress- Forty-seveu thousand copies o
her "Alone "and 'Hidden Path " have been sold by her
American Publishers, and the demand is at present as con
stant and regular as ever. In Europe they have met with
till greter success ; no other American authoress has jet
beea honored by re-pubHcalKin la the Leipsle edition of
standard American authors; Those who have seen the ad
vance sheets of MOSS-SIDK unite la the opinion that it I
superior to both of Marion Harlaed's former productions, la
interest, style. and populsrtset ; Ills full of lecMent, of aa
exciting nature, while the p4o. is better and more systemati
ABRIDGBMENTOP THE DEBATES OP CONGRESS.
(Published by subscription only.;
W. T. BERRY & CO., have just received.
Vol. Ill of
AN ABRIDGEMENT OP
The Debates of Congress,
FROM 1789 TO 1856.
From Gales b Seaton's Annals of Congress; from their Reg
ister of Debates, and from the OSMal Reported Debates,
by John C. Rives.
BY THB AUTHOR OF "TniRTY YEAR'S VIEW."
To be completed ia 15 vela., 750 pages, eaeh, comprising
what is now contained la over Oae Hundred Volume? :
Three Volumes of which are new ready.
Cloth, S3; Law Binding, $4 50.
JaJ" Subscriptions reeeived by
W. T. Berry & Co.,
THESK Machines outnumber. In practical use, all other
combined, and have been extensively and profitably
nsedfor the past seven years, oa eyery conceivable descrip
U"n of work. The average prt lit oi using one Is
0 ne Thousand Dollars a Year.
They alone combine the three great essentials o' mechan
ism, vixiSPEEO, STRENGTH, and DURABILITY, and
will sew tie finest as well as the eoar'eat fabrics, without
fault. For family use. DreM-makinz. Tailoring Boots and
Shoes. Harness work, Bazs, die., they in Invaluable. Both
sides of the stitch being alike, it can neither rip nor raveL
The Machines will be courteously exhibited, at all limea,
OFFICE, 40 PUBLIC SQUARE,
(Over Hicks' China-Hall,)
Or conies of I. M.Sincer&Co.'a Gazette will be furnish
ed, or mailed gratis, to all who desire Information concern
ing Sewing Machines. WM. A. SINOKR, Jr., Aeent
jjj'uentrai cm.ee a uroauway. a. v isept.i
NEW FALL STOCK:.
f HAVE just received my new Stock of ROOTS AND
L shubs Inrin t all ana winter iraue
comprise a few of the leadlnz articles :
Ladles thing and mm sole ft. id B ote;
" " Huskies;
" Lasting Gaiters with asd without heels;
' 'White Kid and Satin Slippers,
" " " Gaiters,
" Plain Lasllui and Kid Slippers:
" Thick and thin sole Lasllet Bssclns;
" Eng. Kid Bootees, Congress Carters and Buskins;
u Goat sewed and pegged Bootees:
u Gum OverShoee, Ssedsls and Baffak;OyerSioes
For CTIsscsand Children.
Misses Kid and.Moroco Bootees, with and without II els;
Oat BooK-es, with and without Heed;
" Calf Bootses. &c.
Children's Shoes, every variety, with and without Heels,
For Gents, Iloye and Girls.
Hen's, Boy's, and Youth Heavy Calf Beets;
" " Calf Coegiess Callers;
" " Oxford's, sewed and pegged :
" " " Calf nrngaas,
" " Kip do;
For Plantation and House Servant.
Men's, Boi's, and Youth's Brogans,
" " Kip and Calf Boots;
Woman's Coat, Calf and Bootees
Extra Heavy Dutch Beota for Winter ;
All of which will be disposed of on jeasonable te rms for
Casti. I sept 24 1 CHAS. B.HALL.
A large lot of Sole Leather Traveling Trunks;
Iron framed, Russett and Hog Skla Trunks,
Common Leather Trunks,
Ashland and other styles of Sole Leather Valises,
Fine sole Leather and Kip Bonnet Trunks,
Ladles' extra sized Oress Trunks,
Carpet Bags and Satchels. Velvet and Brussels
On the above goods 1 challenge competition. ( all and
examine before purchasing. CHAS. tt. H LL,
sep 24 jr0 ia paella iqaare, soma side.
NEW HARDWARE bTOEE,
47 Market Street.
WM. H. MINCHIN,
Hardware, Cutlery, Guns,
IS vow opening at his establishment No. 47 Market street,
next door to U. Burns' a targe and well selected stock
of Hardware, Cutlery, Guns, ore-, which he intends offering
exceedingly low for Cash, or to prompt dealers n bort
limn Among the leadmg articles now oa hind will be
found the following, viz :
Pociet and Table Cutlery. Double and Single barrel shot
Carcenters'and Blacksmiths' Guns.
VnoU. Mill Cross Cut and Pitt Saws.
Axes of every description Cotton, Wool, and Horse
ir,d make. card.
A Urire assortment of Leeks. Trace, Halter, Wagon, and
utrirfli and Screws. Lor Ch.ini
Plush and Square Dolts. Hams aBd Collars,
fhovels, Spades and Porks. Picks and Mattocks.
Grindstones, Cranks and Curry Combs dc Horse brushes
BUM and Pistols.
1 ff Boxes fresh Ohio Cheese, reeeived this day by
Express, tof sale wholesale or retail by
UOLLISTKR oc CARTBK.37 UolB.St-
WANTED TO IXlflE
TWO of tnret reel djnisj teen ilrtanto
AMI 18 rtt