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01 7 I ! !!!& .! Gtf.w
in i i niiin "i n inwnim'f if
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J.1 O t3KRl FT I T H 'C O .,
(SBCCctsera to E.G. Eastman & Co.)
fIfllSFHTH, F. C. DUNNINGTON; J0.jfl.I!dR0n
W T.E0H. TBOTJSDALS, THOMAS S. MAER.' ' '
DAILY $8 TEI-WEEKLT $5; WEEKLY $1
INVAU1ABLT HI ADVAKCE.
WEBNESJP'AY OTOKNIIVGf JAN. Oi 1801.
TVetaiie it that .the adoption of Adrian's .resolu-
tion-DJligUlouse ofipepresentatije;, isToos; un-
SSffitood. ajikrationioTTrMigaSis Wile's tatc
of the South that have determined, or will hercafr
ter determine, to seek their safety apart from the
Blade Republican States of the North. Wo cannoV
we will not believe that the people of Tennessee
will hesitate in such an emergency to cast her lot
with the South, and resist, at all hazards, and to J
hejast J2ltr6tnltythebjugatidh of H5e people of
i'W Yk Y fctnncsseej msncr aociaraoon oi
rights, rclpiemthll iMpccple have, it all
ttaA, anaffcWenffclSblbTisBfto al
tor, reform, or abolish the government in such man
ner as they may think proper." She spoke for and
meant the people " of Tennessee. Whatever she
asks for herself, she will grant to others. Under tho'
circumstances which surround us, and which are
, rapidly Jwktening'up'on-u, we cannot believe that
our Legislature will delay action looking to the
-arming and equipping and thorough organizing of
.- the militia of the State. Let them speak boid
f ly the sentiment oftheir constituents. Mr. Cut,
Jv- in EreaVspcech on 'the fere'dk" Revolution, said :
" The experience of the world instructs us, that
conaueats arc already achieved, which are
mjf boldly and firmly'" resolved ; and that men
fonly become slaves who have ceased to re
solve to Le free. If we wish to cover out;
selves with the best of all armor, let us.
xot) discourage four pepple, let us stimulate their
ardor, let us sustain their resolution, let us pro
claim to them that wc feel as they fell, and that,
with litem, we are determined to live or die like
freemen." Letour, jstate Representatives listen to
the language of tho great American Commoner to
our national Representatives in 1824. Put the means
of defence in the hands of the people and let them
determine whether they will use them for or against
, itheir Southeijyfrlcnds. We presume, there vis no
jrmember who jthinka himself superior to the people
whosent him hcrof TVc presume there! no mem
ber who thinks himself more capable of judging
for his constituents in this perilous hour than they
aroojjadgingfqriemselvcs. -Ifinot;-no one can
efuse to g'vo his people the chance to determine,
what they th'nk lest for their own safety. This
whole government rests upon the solid basis of tb.3
judgment of the people. Let them speak for them
JTlccUng in Jtladlsnn Caunty. ,
1 -A veryJargo jind respectable meeting of he citi
JS'snsnf Mdilpn, cpnnty'was held at the Court-house
in Jackson on the 1st of January, and T7as organized
by the appointmenfof the following officers : Presi
" dent, Wm. H. Stepuess, Iiq. ; Vice Presidents, Capt.
' T. P. JoNKd, A. S. Rodgeks. Esq. ; Secretaries, Jons
M. Pakker, G eo. W. Tamot, E. 15. McCijlxaii as. The
President appointed tho following Committee on
Resolutions : Hon. A. 0. W. Tottkn, John W. Ciur
BEiij Esq., M. D. Wcixii, Esq., Dr. Aucsaxder Jack-sot-.fGent
Joh.?J! Br.ools- I ' I " I I
The committee reported a preamble and resolu
tions, and A. W. Campbell. Esq., offered a series in'
lieu of the committee's report. Both sets of resolu-.
. i ' . fi 1' "k: .1 ' 1 y.
4iiuns Jire Kiruiir( luruiuju aiiu .up. 10 111c crisis, -lucr
considerable, discussion, .ivliidi, was articipated in
by the President of the meeting, Hon. A. O. W. Tot
to.v and M. D. Welch, Esq., in favor of the resolu
tions reported by the committee, and by A.AV. Camp
bell, Esq., J. S. Lyon, Esq., and E. B. McClanahan,
Esq., in favor of those of Mr. Campkeij., the conj-
mtttec's resolutions wera,finally adoi)tcd.
as follows: 4 I - "i.,
I'REAUnU; ANI CESOIXTIONS.
Tl fact now appears by the ballot box, the true
test of public opinion, that the anti-slavery party is
dominant in all the free States. This party has suc
ceeded in the election of a President on the slavery
issue aione, without the aid of a single electoral vote
in a slave State. Its great central idea is the de
struction of the institution of slavery in theSouthcrn
States. For two score years, since the Missouri
controversy, the South has struggled t3 resist the
aggressions of tho anti-slavery party, but in vain.
It lias prown and spread over all the North, until the
p.iWic mind of tjiat section of the Union, regarded
as a unit, haSftComc to believe that .slavery as it ex
ists in the South', is an evil and sin. and that it i.i its
duty and mission to abolish it. In the consumation
of this wicked and lawless purpose we see nothing
but a general and common ruin for the whole South.
Our property and pursuits of every kind would be
destroyed the safety of our families and homes
imporiled our bocial and political condition de
graded. To these evils done and impending it is impossible
to submit, while any power is lelt us to resist.
But how is resistance to be made? We are to
( consider that the anti-slftvery party, having control
of all the North, is about to inaugurate its President
and its policy. It will have complete possession of
tho Government and the army, navy and revenue.
Its officers and advocates will be spread over the
South free speech and a free press will be invoked
to assail our institution and to demoralize the minds
of our slaves : slavery will be abolished in the i)is
trict of Columbia, and in the arsenals and dockyards
in the Southern States. The removal of slaves from
one State to auother will be prohibited and fugitive
.slaves protected. The public territory in which we
fjluivoia. toinmon interest, will be tappropriated to
free States, and rapidly settled by the North under
the operation of a homestead law. And in tho end
the free States, thus increased in number, will have
the power to change the Constitution and abolish
slavery directly in the clav States.
-Such is the programme of tho anti-slavery party,
a dominant power, proceeding, as they say. pcace
nbly and according to the forms of law. Being in
the minority the slavo States will have no power to
resist this policy according to the forms of the pre-
sent Constitution; it will go on step by s,tep, if not
"arrested, until it be fully accomplished, and we be
come a ruioed and degraded people. It can only be
resisted in one of two ways:
.1 First, a Constitutional guaranty, securing to the
South all its rights in respeat to slavery and the
public territory. If that be denied us. then a dis
solution of the present Union and the formation of a
Southern Union, hi view of these great and im
pressive facts, we conclude ami declare, as follows:
1. It is the dutv ot the Legislature to instrnet nml
request tho members of Congress from Tennessee,
.icimg in concert wun memoers irom other slave
States, to demand of tho North in the form of an
amendment to the Constitution, a full and ample
..., .guaranty oi me rignis oi me souui, in respect to
slavery and the public territories.
fcjtha matters in issue having been under discus
sion more than a quarter of a century, and dilatory
.action being injurious to our remedy, it is but reas
onable and right that tho demand of a guarantv be
disposed of without delay, In this view, it might
pass by the requisite majority in each House of
Congress, and be ratified by the Legislatures of the
requisite number ol btates
'J. Without such guaranty, we deem it unwise
. - and nnsate in ttie last uep-ee, to permit the anti
slarcry party ito C into possession of the Govern
JiTiemVnnd1 exercise its power over the Southcrr
State", without taking timely steps for our protec
tion. It is, in effect, submitting to the demands and
tyranny of a sectional enemy, whose avowed o!iey
is a declaration of war against the South. And in
such case, the arniv, navy, and purse, the Govern
ment patronage and influunre would bo powerfully
wielded to our prejudice in the struggle for our
4.' It is proper and expedient that a State Conven
tion be called, and that it take timely action for the
formation of a Southern Confcderacv in the event
of the denial of any proper guaranty by the North.
to establish a form of government on the basis of
Inlthi8jVicw it lias power to,send-dclegates to a
Soutlfcrn Convention, to be called b'ythe Southern
wSiateSi'of'iuch of them as concurnn'theTuovemcnt
our present Constitution and laws, making only
such change therein as the case requires.
a. It.is proper that the State Convention continue
its existence, in concert with the other slave States
as before stated, so as to act finally upon the
Constitution and form of government proposed by
tho Southern Convention.
C. Wc consider that for cauu. a State has the
right to sever its connection with the Federal
Union : .and whether it be called s.vession or revo
lution, cannot be material ; the right is original and
' inherent, and belongs to its sovereignty.
7. And for cause, wc alledgc that the free States
have committed overt acts of treason against the
-Constitution, in this they have passed - liberty bills"
annulling the Fugitive Slave Law. and reais'ted the
public officers who attempted to enforce it Besides.
O their whole nnti slavery policy as before indicated.
is' ra.ir.il treason against tho Constitution, and tho
rights of the Southern people. For these causes, in
the absence of a proper guaranty tor me luture. it
is the right and dutv of the Southern States, tobreak
tlm ontamrlintr alliance that connects them with the
'- vNorthern States, and to provide for their peace.
W safetrand happiness, In a Southern Confederacy.
V S- Wc deny that the Federal Government has anj
power under the Constitution, to make war on a
YiecedinSUte. to coerce it to submit and remain in
"the Union. The idea is absurd and despotic-the
act of war itself is a dissolution of the Union- and
in tins connection we repel, with indignation, the
doctrines and opinions on this subject of Andrew
Johnkon, of Tennesseo, recently uttered in the ben
, vate. consider that his action was wrong in doc
. trint ahd'and unnatural in sentiment.
. t. WcVlso disapprove the action of Senator
Johnson inihe support of the Homestead Law: ft
Black Republican agrarian law adverse to the
rights and interests of his own section in a matter
of the greatest consequence.
The Moi2om;ry4fItrUw gives tho popular ma
jority for secession, in AlaiJaroAS reported to tbo.
, gpcretaryf bt&te, at ore;0Wr
Letter frew-Hea. Weat
tinc:- : TV Citt nrtrlorfiirmed. citizens of. this
cityiin common with many others,-aStf your opinion
m -writinr. upon tut queaUomptMie i day, wluah m e
sarioullyrgilafingthemindsf thoeople of tjs
United States at tho present time, so that the same
may be published in one or more of the city papers.
.Hoping that itroaye conveniens jor,ypuj ocompiy
. . - . . ft .1 a ft. AAVlfT llaiT ll'A Hlli.
With Ul6 DDTC request vnwj uoj. nnuun,
yJamesWhelesa, E A Home, II O Johnson, P II
Mitchell, Jo W Horton, Edward D Hicks. John D
Horton, A II Roscoe, E. A Harbcrt. U F Kevins,
Joseph Wlielcs?, W'-Uoopcr Harris; Fred Terms?
John U icrrass, M u lyariwrigui, JU"" "ul-
Arcuer incauiiiui, jo. ik.-cb,iv . - "
TToT-.t-nvi .TnVifil.TiViTiie.-J'osenn TiElleston, James H
You5g,M PauU, Frank'Gricr.ma' Hunter, John-
Arisner, A' lyunninguaiu, .. -
Gaines,' Jno J McCanh, J O Griffith Thoa b Marr,
S R Anderson, M D Card welt, Hugh Francis.
NiKimiiE. January 4, 1861.
Mb. Aictek Cueatbam and QTUERSI.psoceed to
mvrripCTs)n the nresent'crisis in the af-
' fairs in the United States, according to your request.
This will be done by an exposition of the past course
and of what must be regarded as the permanent fu
...- nf hn nnti.s!.iverv nartv. Tins Will
enable us to judge what dangers impend, and what
means must be taken, to resist that policy- 1'irst, I
tffll refer to the" deliberate na weii-uxca conuc-
The rresiaent elect was nomman-u '"
of United States Senator, by a convention which met
at Springfield, Illinois, on the 17 th day of June.
LB54. He prepared carefully, as he admits, and de
livered a platform speech on which he stood till the
end of the canvass, and on which he still stands.
He said in that speech: "We are now in the fifth year
since a pol'cy (non-intervention) was initiated, with
ther avowed object and confident promise of putting
an end to slavery agitation.That agitation has not only
not ceased but has constantly augmented. In my opin
ion it will not ceaso until a crisis shall have been
reached andpassedv A houseivided against, itself
Ctnnbt stand: f believe this government cannot en-:
dure half free anil half slave. ' I do not expect the
Union to be dissolved; I do not expect tho liouso to
fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It
will become all one thing or all the other. Either
the opponents of lavery wjllarrest, the fartlicr
spraUverx.and.place it whgrfe thejiublic mind
shall rest in the belief that it ismtlie'course of ulti
mate extinction, or its advocates shall push it for
ward till it shall become alike lawful in all the-
Statcs, old as well as new, North as well as puth."
The nrincinle here alluded to, which ho says aug
mented the agitation, was the principle embodied in
the compromise raeas'ure of .1850, and in tbo Kansas,
and Nebraska bill, which left the power in the hands
of the people to settlo the question of slavery as
they chose, xne nrst step in tne progress oi
his avowed policy of making all the tStates
free States 13 to prohibit slaveryinall the Ter
ritories of the United btatea by Congressional
enactments. This brought mm necessarily in
conflict with the decision&of 4he; bupremcUourt
of theHnited States in. jho; cafe, of Drpd. Scott vs.
Sanford, VJ now. no states mat uecigiun as ioi
" First. Thatno negro slave, imported as such from
Africa, and no decendant of such, slave, can ever be
a citizen of any State, in the sense' of that terra as
used in the Constitution of the United States.- This
point is made in order to deprive the negro in every
possible event of the benefit of that provision of the
Constitution which declares' that the "'citizens of
each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and
immunities of citizens in the several States."
Second. That8ubject to the Constitution of the
United States, neither Congress nor a Territorial
Legislature can exclude slavery from any United
States Territory.. This point is made in order that
individual men may fill up the Territories with slaves
without danger of losing them us property, and thus
to enhance tho chance of permanency through all
Again he says, " the opinion- of the Court, by
Chief Justice Taney, and the.separate opinions of all
the concurring Judges, expressly .declare that the
Constitution of the United States permits neither
Congress nor a Territorial Legislature to bxcludc
slavery from any United Stitcs Territory."
He charged that the decision. in the case of Hre3
Scott vs. Sanford was the result of a settled con
spiracy between Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan,
Stephen A. Douglas and Roger 15. 'laney. to carry
slavery into all the Territories of the United btaws,
and legalize slavery in Illinois and all the other free
States, and that while they were pleasantly dream
ing of making Missouri a free State, they would
wake some morning and find that the Supreme, Court
had established .slavery in Blfnoia.- ne stated that
in the Fremont election, the Republicans had mus
tered one niil'ion three hundred thousand strong,
and that to meetjar.d overthrowjthis dynasty mean--,
ing the aforesaid Douglas, Buchanan.; and the Su
nreme Court was the work before them, so as to
ifput slavery in a course of ultimate' extinction and
and make all the states tree states, nisfcompctitor,
Dphglas.staled that the charge of a design to establish
-slavery in the free states was toocontemp;iblc to de
serveTiotice, that the charge that there was a con
spiracy to effect any such purpose was an infamous
falsehood and that James Buchanan was absent in
a foreign country for scyeral years previous to the
decision. The President adhered pertinaciously to
Jiis charge through the carivass.
On the 10th day of July. l&jS. he madi a speech
in Chicago, in which he declared that '"one-sixth of
the whole population of this nation," nieaning the
four.millions of slaves, "was kept in a state of op
pression and tyranny unequaled in !the world." lie
held tliat th& Declaration of Independence was ap
plicable to the slaves of tho United States, and that
they were entitled to their liberty according to the
principles ot that ceiCDratea mamtcsto, inane by
the representatives of the people of the United
States, and again assails the decision of the Supreme
Court in the case of Dred bcott.
Drcd Scott, a negro claiming to be free, asserted
the richt. as a citizen of the United States, to sue for
the recovery of his freedom in the Circuit Court of
the United fetatej lor me state oi .Missouri, me
Supreme Court of tho United States, on appeal,
said that at the time of the formation of the Consti
tution thev (negroes) were bought and sold, and
for a 'hundred years previous thereto, treated as
merchandise that they were regarded as inferior
beings, and not the equal ot the wluto man
that they were excluded by common consent, by
civilized governments, from thc.family of nations,
and that this opinion was fixed and universal in the
civilized portion ot the human race at mat day.
The Court savs that the people described in the Be
claration of Independence as free and equal, and
asserting their right to freedom, were the free
white citizens of tlie United States, and not negroes
bond or free : that if the Declaration of Indepen
dence were intended to include the negroes, (then
live hundred and fifty thousand in number,) " the
conduct of the men who issued it would havo been
llagrantlr inconsistent with the principles they pro
mulgatcd :" for twelve out of thirteen colonies
were slaveholding communities. The Court also
state that the people mentioned in the preamble to
the Constitution of the United States were the free
white citizens of the United States and not negroes.
and they determined that negroes can not, under
the Constitution of the United States, be mado citi
zens of the United States. In support of this deci
sion, the Court refer to tie contemporaneous and
previous legislation of Northern Btatea to show
that they were not co-equal members of the com
munity ; that in Borne of the States, free negroes
were not allowed to go from place to place with
out a passport from the township officers 5 in
othors, they were not allowed ta receive
instruction in others subjected to "be striped
at the discretion of a Justice of the Peace
in others not allowed to be enrolled in the militia
in most of them not allowed to intermarry with a
white person, and in all of them except one, subject
to civu aisamiiues placing tnem below the position
of the free and equal white citizens of the States.
The Court say that if they were made citizens by
I the Constitution, they would as citizens have the
1 igiift 10 cnier any omcrovaie wiicnever iney picascu,
smuly or in companies, without pass or passport, to
sojourn there as long as they pleased, to go wken
they pleased, at any hour of the day or night, unless
they committed some violation of law, for which a
white man would be punished. It would give them
full liberty of speech in public and private upon all
subjects upon which its own citizens might speak
to hold public meeting, to keep and bear arms
whenever they went; and all this would be done in
the face of the subject race of the same color,
inevitably producing discontent and insubordination
amongst them, and endangering the psaceand safety
of the State.
Tho Massachusetts Judge (Curtis) maintained the
opposite opinion, that the negroes of the United
States, bond and free, were a part of the Deonle in
cluded in the Declaration of Independence, and that
tree negroes made citizens ol any state were citi
zens ot the United States, and were entitled to all
the privileges of other citizens.
Tho President elect, from the first to the last of a
long canvass, introduced and maintained the posi
tion, that the four millions of slaves in the United
States were entitled to their libertv according to the
i.-vuaranun oi independence, that it applied to them
in its terms, and was intended to embrace them by
those who issued that celebrated manifesto, and
that the holding of slaves, though condemned by the
wciaariiuun oi inuepenuence, was permitted by the
framers of the Constitution as a necessity imposed
upon them, which they could notnvoid. On the
10th day of July. lS3t, he said, "If the Declaration
le?s not mean a negro, why docs not another say it
docs not mean another man? If that Declaration
does not state the truth, let us get the statute book
and tear it outf " After denying the chartre of his
competitor, that lie wishes to establish complete
social and political equality, he concludes: -My
friends, I have only to state. let us discard nil thio
quibbling about this race being inferior, and there
fore, must bo placed in an inferior position: let 11s
discard all these things and unite as one people
throughout this land until we shall once more stand
up declaring, that all men are created equal.
He concludes as follows: '-I leave vou.
hoping that the lamp of liborty will burn in
your bosoms till there shall be no longer a doubt that
an men are created free and equal."
Three months after this he stated, "I believe the
first man who ever stated that Declaration of Inde
pendence did not include the negro, was Chief Jus
tice Taney and the next was Stephen A. Douglas,
and now it is the catch-word ot the entire party."
Although it was insisted by the President elect that
to vindicate the Declaration of Independence it was
necessary to abolishslavtry, and that that declaration
was intended to condemn slavery, and although 1
was asserted that no person had ever asserted before
thief Justice Taney, that the Declaration was intend
ed to embrace the slaves, it is certain that this posi
tion was denied in the debates on the question of the
admission of Missouri in 1S20, and that Mr. Clay
had previously asserted that "to impute a secret and
avowed purpose to abolish slavery," would be to
charge a fraud on the noblest band of patriots that
ever sat in council The pertinacity with which the
I resident clet-t, labored to establish the application
of the principles of the Declaration of Independence
to the lour millions of slaves in the United States,
goes far tocstab isl, he charge of his competitor
Judge Douglas, that he was an ultra Abolitionist
intending Jand desiring to establish political and
social equality between the white and black races
'.In' October, ISoS, he says : " Tho Republicans in
sisted that slavery should, so far as may be, treated
as a' wrong, and one of the methods of treating it as
a wWmffa'10 make provisions that it shall grow no
larger.-. They also desire a policy that looks to a
UOns anu.ueiruiiuauuja " 17 - ---3.-. --
tho latest'mahifestations of aff ,organization,estab-
p3seful ed of slavery the eternal struggle be
twen rijfct and wrewg ' M
pctobl3fhr 1838,13 says: "Wc believe itfa
mweal, social and political wrong. We think it a
wwwf iwt confiniagjtsclf to the persons or States
wKire i exists, bat that it is a wrong in its tendeii
cyjito iay the least, that extends itself to tho whole
nation. We propose a course of policy which will
deal with it as a wrong.''
After the lapse of more than a year, in-a-speech
delivered at Columbus, Ohio, in September, '59, ho
said : "From the adoption of th'e Constitution down
to 1820, the precise period Of our history when;, we
had comparative peaco on this subject, the precifc
.period of time when we came nearer having peace
Kni,r;i-4l,ftn ,fY,f.Tft fimn tf tliftf 1 -
UUU. ft ft fcftft.ftftl ftij ftyftft.ft-ft ---w ft ft'JMft llttUL ftlUU-
area and sixty years in wnien it began, or of the
eighty years of our own Constitution, this was the
precise period of time in, which our forefathers
adopted policy of restricting slavery, and tho
whole Union, was. acquiescing in .it ; the Whole coun
try looked fjprward.tojts extinction, watching Jt as
, If these facts are lpoked at. that" this matter has
been an element of discord for one hundred and
sixty years among the people, and that the only com
tiaratiVG DCar.e .Wft hav nA nlinnl. t vena ujjinn lliat
J nnilmr i.ftft.!l. J t !'ftL , ft-, i T ' ,
1 iui.i,jr lucY.uicu inniiisurovernmeni, nci tuougiasj
mignuiavd neen broughttaamorejustappreciation
of what I 'said fifteen months ago that a house
divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this
Government can endure permanently, half slavo
andhalf frqe ; T do not expect this house to fall;
I do not expect the Union to bo dissolved. But do
expect 'it will cease to Ms divided it will become
all the one. thing or all the other. Either the oppo
nents, of slayery will arrest the further spread of it
and place it where the public TOind"will;rest in the
belief-thal'It is in.thc course of ultimate, extinction,
or its "advocates wULpush it forward till it shall
become -alike lawful in all the State$,'old as well
as new, North as .well as South.
That was may sentiment at tho time.
I bay it to yoa now, here, that we ire advanced far
into the sixth year since the policy of Popular
Sovereignty -(non-intervention.) adopted for the
purpose of'quieting the slavery question 'was made
the national policy, and I call upon all right minded
men to say whether" that-fifteen months has belied
or corroborated my words.. "
While upon this subject, I can not but express
gratitude that this true View of the subject this
element of discord amongts us as I believe it is,is at
tracting more and more attention. I do not believe
Gov". Seward uttered that'jsentireent, because I had
done so before. "but because ho. reflected on the sub
ject and saw the truth of it. Nor do I believe because.
Grov.be ward uttered it, that Mr. Hickman of Penn
sylvania, in different language sinco that time lias
declared Ms belief in the utter antagonism which
exists between the principles of liberty and slavery.
You see -we are multiplying.
Now, while I am speaking of Hickman, let mo
say I know. but little of Mm, but I will say this
much for him, of all the' Lecompton Democracy
that has' been brought to my notice, he alone has
the true, genuine ring of the metal, and now with
out endorsing anything else he has said, I will ask
this audience to give three cheers for Hickman.
(The audience responded in threo rousing cheers for
On the 8th day of October, 1858, tho President
elect stated that, ."it had been said tliataltof this
difficulty and agitation in regard to the institution
of slavery, sprung from the mere ambition of poli
ticians. Is that the truth t
There never has been a party in the history of the
country, and there probably never will be, of suffi
cient strength to disturb the general peace of the
country. Parties may be divided and quarrel 011
minor questions, yet such divisions extend not be
yond the parties themselves. Does not this question
make a disturbance outside of political circles!
Does it not enter into the churches and rend them
asunder? What divided the great Methodist Church
into two parts, North and South ? What has raised
this constant disturbance in every Presbyterian
General Assembly that meets ? What disturbed the
Unitarian Church in this very city two years ago !
What lias jarred and shaken the great American tract
Society not yet splittingit, but sure to divide it, in
the end ? Ls this the work of politicians ! Is tliat
irresistible power which for fifty years has agitated
the people and shaken the Government, to be settled
and subdued by pretending that it is an exceedingly
simpjo thing, and we ought not to talk about it! Is
it not a false statesmanship that undertakes t'o'build
up a system of policy upon tho basisof caring nothing
about the very thins every bodv does care most
It. was. the strenuous assertion of this alleged inl
herent antagonism that mado his competitor, Mr.
Douglas, declare that he "advocated boldly and
clearly a war of sections, a war of the North against
the Seuth, of the free states against the slave states,
a war of extermination to be continued relentless
ly until oi.e or the other shall be subdued, and all
the states shall become, either free or slave." When
we connect all these facts with the declaration that
he regarded the Southern people as holding one sixth
of the entire population f the United States in a
I'state"' of oppression .and tyranny unequalled in the
.world, will he not be impelled by every principle of
-v-' 1 t 1 i j. -.i- . , .
iMuiuiiiift nunur, uy every regaru lur itauonaisaieiy,
by every sentiment of moral and religious obliga
tion, to prosecute a war on this institution during
his Presidential term, by every means which ho
can 'use, which would not dissolve thq Union or
involve, us in tho horrors of civil war?
But it may be told that the President accompanied
many of these declarations of opinion with a most di
rect and positive denial of any power in the Govern
ment to interfere with slaves tliat he made such dec
larations from time to time is freely conceded. In
weighing the value of such declarations, as guaran
tees of tlie future safety of the rights of the southern
people, I am" content to lay aside the state
ment of his competitor that he made different
declarations amongst the Kentuckians, Tennessee -
ans, and Virginians, of Southern Illinois, and in the
Abolition portions of the State ; but I must insist
that such declarations are divested of all their
force and weight, as guarantees, by his long-continued
and oft-repeated opinion, that this Government
could not long endure half free and half slave ; and
that a controversy of fifty years standing could only
he subdued by the ultimate abolition of slavery in all
the States. I muitt also insist that his declarations in
regard to tlie South being entitled to a fugitive
slave law, as he understood the Constitution, with a
right to trial by jury, was in direct contradiction
of the settled construction of the Constitution, and
divested of its furce by his labored arguments to
sustain the application of the Declaration of Inde
pendence to the slaves of the United btatcs.
must also consider, in estimating the value of such
declarations, that thev have been made by a largi
portion of the most violent and determined Aboli
tionists m the Upited States at all time. Some of
them have said slavery was founded in a dishonor
able compromise in the formation of tho Constitu
tion ; others that the Constitution was a compact
with hell ; and others that they were bound by a
higher law, proclaimed 111 tlie Declaration ot I rule
pendence, and engraven on tho consciences of all
men. I must ask here if the rights of the Southern
people can be trusted in the hands of a man who docs
not scruple to denounce them as tyrants and op
pressors unequalled in the world? Does the expe
rience of the past demonstrate that chartered rights
of property can withstand the hery assault of fa
naticism? Let the fate of the British West India
planters answer this question. Eight hundred
thousand slaves were discharged by act of British
Parliament, and tho owners compensated by pay
ment about one hundred and twenty-five dollars for
each, by tax levied upon colonial produce. I do
not condemn the President elect for the expression
of opinions which may be honestly entertained, but
1 cannot avoid expressing tnc opinion delivered by
Mr. Clay, in the House of Representatives, many
years ago, to a New 1 ork Abolitionist, that his pro
testations of non interfurence .were contradicted by
his deadly assault upn the character ot the slave
holder and the justice and policy of the institution,
With one breath he declares that he has no power
to interfere with slavery in the btates, and with au
other that the States cannot permanently exist un
der one Govarnment half slave and half free. With
one breath he declares that he has no inclination to
interfere with the institution in the btates, with an
other that it is the most stupendous system of op
pression and tyranny in the world, and that it af
fects not only the individuals and States which hold
it, but it extends to the whole nation, and that the
house will tall it It is not abolished in nil the states.
and that it must be put in a course of extinction.
With one breath ho declares that he has no inclina
tion to establish negro equality, yet he proclaims on
all occasions that the Declaration ot Independence
applies to the four millions of slaves in the United
States, and maintains, in substanco, the doctrine of
, -. i ........ 1 ... .. 1 . j :
negro equamy, jhiu uiuiuiin .luium; mu ul-w
sion of the Supreme Court, which constitutes the
bar to nccro citizenship of the United States, and
nezro admission to Federal offices. With one breatl
lie savs he will maintain all the constitutional rights
of the Southern people; with another he hoots down
with scorn and contempt the decision of the Supreme
Court, which establishes the right ot the boutliern
people to so with their slaves to the territories,
.Mr. jiauison uucmreu uua cuuaftiiuuuiiai iiiii, 111
1819. If the Supreme Court had decided that Con
gress had the power to prohibit slavery in the Ter
ritories, the President might properly have vetoed
such an act of Congress, .acting on his own opinion
that such law was unconstitutional; and every
member of Congress might have voted against such
prohibitory act on the same grounds, for they would
be defeating thereby the adjudged rights of no citizen.
let how can congress uepnve n uui.un 01 u uuusu
tntional riidit to go with his .Slaves to the Territo
ries, when adjudged to him as the supreme law of
the land. Tlie President elect boasts ma. lie voted
for the Wilniot Proviso fortv-two times. He char
ges that there was a conspiracy between Buchanan,
Douglas, Pierce and the Supreme Coprt to establish
slavery in all the States and Territories, North and
South; and declares mat lie will u.aiegai-u ui.li. uu
nisinn. and is elected on a pledge to disregard it, and
(.(pIaws again and again that the Government
could not endure permanently unless slavery was
prohibited in all the States and Teriitories. old 33
: 11 ,. K-tl, n well da South. How this stu-
nr.nfln.10 Bvst5m of oppression and tyranny is to
be removed he wlllprobally leave in the main to
fnhm nnti-Klaverv administrations.
He, however, is to perfom his part 111 this grand
;m. (oililr. in its neans. but grand and glori
ous and in its results," as Jlr. Adams said, and thai
nir-t u tn oKtahlish Ids lines of circumvallation, to
erect his ramparts, dig his'trenches, man his batte
ries throughout the Southern cities, set to work his
sappers and miners, and organize an engineering
corps of Aboliticn cohorts throughout the South
gentle as doves, but suttie as serpents. Agitation
and panic are to prevail over a poworless country.
Incendiaries are to be set to work in every South
ern State, to arouse the non-slaveholder against the
slaveholder, and a systematic exclusion of the
slaveholder from office; practiced as recommended
by sixty-five members of Congress until slavehold
ers are degraded and disgraced: the trade of the
South paraltzed, all its resources wocn down until
the owners of three thousand millions of property
shall surrender their rights to the control of an
Abolition Congress. This is the favorite project of
a large portion of the Abolitionists whe wish to ac
complish their work without a direct act of emancii
pation by Congress so as to endanger a dis
solution of tho Confederacy. Of all the schemes
this is the most wicked, reckless and desolating in'
its consequences, t hey know that lour millions ot
human beings were never removed in all time from
one country to another. They know that such an
amount of property can never be paid for. They
contemplate nothing short of a forced emancipation
without compensation, wun negro ciuzeusmp aim
negro equality, as was done in me uritisn anu
French West Indies; and the final consummation of
this unhallowed scheme is, that the slave, contenteu
with the subordinate position to which his nature ,
fits, him, hiaphysical t comfort almost invariably
increasing with the increase of his fidelity to the
interests of his master -and increase of his value,
the slave is to bo discliarged, and then, as Jlr. Clay
asserts, inlhis letter to1 Wcndenhall, will be exter
jTo accomplish this scheme, and at tho same time to
guard against civil war and divisions as to the mode of
accomplishing the result.it may be found necessary
upon final consultation amongstthe-Abolition chiefei
at Washington, to postpone decisive operations lor
a timo. It may not ba well to. risk everything
upon' the. fate of a single hattleJuntil theVicet addi
tional recruits in from the Northwest: The Supremo
Court can be remodeled so that they can get a Court
which Shall declarn Iiko Mr. Uurtis,"that the decla
ration of independedce applies to, slaves; thatfree
'negroes can be made citizens, of the States; that Con
gress has the" power ta prohibit slavery in'thC Ter
ritories, and declare that the Constitution guaran
tees "no title to slave property in conformity with
the creed .of the, anti-slavery party. It may be ne
cessary to retreat for a time, to draw down their.
flag, but the determined purpose of this party, ns
Mr. Breckinridge said in a well considered speech
before he was a candidate, teas to abolish slaveni in
all the Stales. It may be necessary in the eyes of
some to wait tut they can amend the uonstitution,
whicji they will be enabled to do in a few years; the
intermcdilto time can be profitably employed in
organizing a disguised Abolition party 111 the boutn
"The workmust be done," says Mr. Seward, "and you
and I must do it," addressing the people of New
York: The two svstem3 of labor, slave and free,-
ne'ver did and never can exist under the same Gov-
The ricecotton and sngar plantation of the south
must be cultivated by free white labor, or the grain
fields of the north be cultivated by slaves, tie boastf
that his abolition cohorts have invaded Virginia
Maryland. Missouri and Texas. The rank and file
of their party are in advance of their platforms
and cannot, as Mr. Breckinridge, says, be restrained.
In the meantime their votes and declarations furnish
the most incontcstible proofs of an intention to affect
an immediate breach in the constitutional title to
slave property. The President elect, in 1858, says
''the essence rf the Dred Scott decision is compressed
into the sentence jvhichl will read. 'Now as we hive
said already the right of properly in a slave is dis
tinctly and expressly affirmed in tho Constitution ;' "
and the President elect, might have said, also, that
the Supreme Court of the United States so long ago
as 1842, (Story delivering the opinion) decided that
the Constitution recognized and established tlie com
plete title to slaves, not only in the states in which
.they are owned, but in every state into which the
slaves might escape, (Pennsylvania vr. I rigg.) .Now
the President say8'what 13 it to be affirmed in the
Constitution made firnf in th'6 Constitution so that
it cannot separate from the Constitution, without
breaking the Constitution, made durable as the Con
stitution, part of the Constitution. I belive the
right of property in a slave is not distinctly and ex
pressly affirmed in the Constitution. Judge Douglas
thinks it is. I believe the Supreme' Court arid thd
advocates ot that decision may search in vain tor
the place in"the Constitution where the right to a slave
is expressly and distinctly affirmed1 Jlere, then.
wo behold a vast breach made, through which the
bescigers are to enter Into the states, sword in hand
and storm tho citadel of slavery, without waiting for
a grantof constitutional authority. It is well known
that tho President elect and Mr. bo ward ,nre of tte
school of politicians who hold that in the absence of
express prohibition.uongrcss can do almost anything
tbey may deem necessary to promote the gener
al welfare, under the doctrine of incidental and,
implied power?. In accordance with this bcl 1 as;
sauit on the Lkmstitution, sustaincujoy the progress
of public opinion for the last twenty-five years in
the North, a resolution at the last session of Con
cress was introduced instructing a commttteo to in
quire into the expediency of reporting a bill for the
llllilliuili.iftftuii ui 1111 ftiiu Diaica ill tuc v 1,tli:u ftjifttius
This resolution received sixty-five votes. Wheth
er this resolution was introduced for the purpose
of gaining popularity with their followers at the
North, and Creating agitation, panic, and disturb
ance at the South, or was made in good faith for
tho purpose of bringing forward a scheme for, the
emancipation of the slaves ; -in either view; it marks
the advance of this, party towards the 'Consumma
tion of their aim the abolition: of sla very 'through
out the States. At tho present scbsion, Mr. Craw
ford, ot Georgia, introdnced a resolution declaring
that tho Constitution firmed the title to slaves as
property; that freo negroes could not be made
citizens of the United States ; and that the Decla
ration of Independence did not apply to the slaves
of the United btates. lhis was laid on the table
by -a vote of 88 to 81.
Wc thus see that they have continued to advance
from the organization of tlie party, in 18J5: by
George Thompson-a British emissary, ouo year
after the abolition of slavery in the West India Is
lands, bv act of Parliament till they have electtd
a Chief Magistrate who declares that this Govern
ment cannot permanently endure unless slavery K
abolished; and that the Constitution furnishes no
guaranty to title in slaves, and who declares tliat
he will not regard tlie decision 01 the buDrcmc
Court in reference to that character of property
In the meantime the Abolitionists have obtained
control of all. the Slate governments north of Ma
son and Dixon's line, and filled the legislative, exe
cutive, and judicial departments with Abolition
tenants. Some six, eijht, or tea States have passed
liws obstructing and nullifying the laws of the
United States, so as to defeat the rendition of fugi
tive slfttvcs law.v the constitutional validity of
which haa been established from the foundation of
the Government; We behold judges of the highest
courts. Governors of great communities, legislative
bodies, and mobs o. black and white men combin
ing and confederating together, to overthrow the
Constitution of the Unitol States, iipon the very pro
vision, icilhoul the insertion of which in the ConstU'i-
l0J1, "" "io,i ",tAe -Staies WGiM CLW ''al's &ccn
We see this nullification of the Constitution and
laws rendering insecure tho property of fifteen
Southern States of the confederacy, sustained by so
many of the parties' to the original compact, we
have seen this nullification prevail for so long a pe
riod of time, and over so wide an extent of country
as to demonstrate the existence of a well settled and
matured public opinion against tho continuance of
the Constitution of the United States as our fathers
made it It rcould therefore ieem that we have liad
presented to the world a case within the principle
asserted by Mr. Webster in regard to fugitive slaves,
that a compact broken by one is broken as to all,
and that by ctory principle employed m the con
struction of private contracts, and by tint enlight
ened reason which should control in tlie construction
of all international treaties and compacts, all the
parties are entitled to tike the adjustment intothpir
own sovereign hands, and act upon those primary
principles which should control all mankind in such
emergencies. Wp have seen the public mind of the
North converted into one vast frenzied ocean, beat
ing its hostile waves against the Constitution, and
manifesting itself in mobs in every quarter for the
last ten years or mote. So that under a govern
ment professing to be a govcrment of laws, the
the Southern slaveholder who goes into a Northern
State with a view to secure his'property, finds his
life In danger at every step. Y''e aee a Governor of
a neighboring State that profits to the extent of mil
lions annually by its trade with the South, refusing
to deliver up an individual charged with stealing a
slave, on the frivolous ground that stealing slaves
was not an offence by the laws of Ohio or by the
common law. Under such circumstances, tho re
peal of the nullification laws would amount to noth
ing, and any pretended execution of the acts of
Congress by Abolition officers appointed by an Abo
lition President, with the Declaration of Indepen-
dence in his hands, is an insult to the common senso
of the people. Shall we ever see a radical correction
of the insane fanaticism which sways the. mobs?
When we behold a Senator of New York State, the
most potent man in the Northern States, imploring
the people to stand by the fugitive slaves as by their
household gods, can we expect the Constitution and
laws to be sustained? Under the teachings of Sew
ard and his followers, wc see gangs of bandits in
vade Virginia, Texas and other States, laboring to
excite insurrections amoog slaves, and committing
the gravest crimes, and when these felons have met
the fate they merited, they have been mourned
over as mattyrs in the cause of human liberty, and
when it was proposed in the Legislature of Ohio,
to pass a law to punish the organizers. of expedi
tions against sister States, such a law as is to be
found on the statute books of the United States, the
proposition is rejected, thus indirectly invitng these
aggressions Such is the state of mind which has re
sulted in the Legislative and practical nullification
of tlia Constitution of the United States, and the in
vasion of the Southern States by armed bodies of
brigands and which has' carried to tlie Presidential
chair by triumphant majorities in every Northern
State but one, a cluet magistrate, who declares that
this Union of States cannot permanently endure
without the abolition of slavery in fifteen States,
and that it is his duty to pursue a course of policy.
leading to its ultimate extinctiun. Under this state of
circumstances, Congress meets, and members from
the border slavo States introduce proposition after
proposition, and implore the Northern anti-slavery
Iteprcsentatives, to give tnem satistactory guaran
tees, as to enaoie tnem to noiu tne doutnern states
in the Confederacy. So far they have done nothing
to satisfy any but the most determined submission
ists. and the very party who have been engaged for
the last ten years, more or less, on defeating those
provisions of the Constitution intended lor the ben
efit of the South, declare that they will conquer the
Southern States, and hold thcm.as subjugated pro
vinces if they do not submit. Whatistobe dpne
by Tennessee? I wait the developcments of events.
I anxiously desire that the Union of these States
should bo preserved, if the rights and intersts of
the Southern people can be securely protected and
maintained. At no time 01 my me nave 1 ever had
any other desire man tue preservation ct tnc con
stitution and the Union created by it
But the time has arrived, in my judgment when
in consideration of tho revolutionary wrongs in
flicted, and revolutionary wrongs threatened, that
the Southern States should listen to no temporising
expedient, but demand a nnai, conclusive, hut rea
sonable adjustment of this Ion.; controversy. I am
inclined to believe that the establishment of" a geo
graphical line between the two sections, h the
basis of settlement most likely to lead to a satis
factory result It would bo a high treaty well de
fined in the face of tho nations of the earth. I
shall go for the continuance of Vie present Union of
Slates, if the able, experienced and patrotic men of
the South, who havo this matter '.in charge, shall
receive satisfactory guarantees.
In the meantime, m my judgment, the -Legislature
should authorize the people to call a Convention
with all the powers of the sovereign people them
selves, to dispose of their own destiny, and that
such Convention should hold itself oen to the last
hour, to consider and dettrnune, in qood faith, proposi
tions for adjustment All the Southern States", except
Maryland, arc now practically tco-opcratiug with
each'othcr. There does not seem-to be a reasonable
doubt but that all will unite if their rights cannot be
maintained in the Union. Tlie characters of
tho Southern people are homogeneous. Their
interests and pursuits are the same, and their
destiny will, in my judgment, be cast together
for weal or woe. Tlie overthrow of trade,
and the discharge cf hundreds of thousands of
operatives in England and in the North, who are
dependent on two hundred millions of Southern
produce, may result in a stay of the tide of fanati
cism, but is it likely to work such a radical correc
tion of public opinion as to give guarantees satisfac
tory to the able men of the bOuth who hive tbis
matter in charge. The most important events vi
modern times are likely to be crowded together in a
few months. If the Northern States have proposi
tions to make, doubtless they will bo heard in good
A Confederacy of contiguous States may be
of the.greatest advantage to the parties ill their
;foreji relations and inptlierp-espeet3. Buta'cpn
solidated Union, governed by a reckless' sectional
raaj6nty, regardless oft; the articles of confedera
tion, with States divested of all -the . material fea
tures of sovereignty, orheld'.as subjugated prov
inces, with standing armies located in such States,
such a Union would become -the engine of the
greatest calamities thatever befel a free people.
.So thought MrJeflerson. ;
When our forefathers amounted to no morc'thatt
twoand a lialf millions of whites and flyo hundred
thousand blackswhen they were poor and exhaust- !
cdbya seven-years war, with a heavy national-
deoi upon tnem wncn uiey wore assailed bv tribes
of savages ln'flio rear, an'd'fronted byth(rvIiostiIei
monarchies of-the Old World, the advantages of the"
union were ten umcsasgreatastheynow arc. Jlr.
.CLay expressed the opinionithat Texas, being-larger
in Territorial extent than France, might well become
an lnuepenueni. xiupuonc with, advantage to Ithe
then existing Confederacy. Mr. Webster thnnont
that the Pacific States might Ticcome an independent
Confederacy with safety to themselves and. with ad
vantage to tho world. Any three of tho Southern
States, with the exception of Delaware, aro larger
than GreatBritain.Unitedltaly, or Prussia. Whilst,
therefore, I entertain no feeling favorable to .the
establishment of a new Union of States so Jong? as
tho Constitution mado by our fathers mn in-
maintained, I have no fear but that ten "millions' of
people, occupying UUU.OOO square-miles of the finest
territory on the globe, with an unsurpassed cli
mate, with two hundred millions of produce annu
ally at their command, maintaining tho Constitution
as our forefathers mado it, can sustain themselves
amongst the lamiiy of nations, if wrong and
oppreslon force them to assume that position.
With respect, W. II. Hcmtokbts.
TE1VWESS1GE LEGIST AT U BE.,
Tt z-D it, January 8. 1851.
Mr. Speaker NE1V3IAN, called the Senate to or
der at 10 o'clock, A. M.-, and prater was offered by
Rev. .J.b. llays.
" jaxuart 8th."
Mr. STOKES moved that, as a testimonial of res
pect for this.day. the Senate adjourn till to-morrow
morning at 10 o'clock, which motion carried.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Tuesday, Jaxuart 8, 1SG1.
The SPEAKER called the House to order at ten
o'clock, and the session was opened with prayer by
the icev. .Mr. Kams.
Mr. IIEBB offered a series of resolutions declar
ing that the time has come when the South, as one
people, having one destiny and one interest, should
come together as a unit, for the purpose of making
preparations to meet the crisis which may occur by
depriving us of our rights, and recommending to all
the boutliern btatos the holding of a boutliern Con
gress at Huntsville, Ala., on the first Monday in
.March, ibbi, the btates to be represented on the ba
sis of Congressional representation, and empowering
the congress to designate .some central place as
permanent seat of government for the South, and
that the said Congress shall proceed to organize a'
liovernmentlor the bouthern btatcs. fTho resolu
tions detail the manner and- modo of procedure in
organizing the various departments of Uovcrn
ment.1 - Mr. SENTER made aninefiectuil. motion. sus
pend the rules for the purpose of having the reso
lutions laid, upon the table. . .
'The resolutions, therefore', the over, under the
rule. . - -
Mr.JTAY.R02i .offered a resolution providing for
the-printrng ot'issoo copies of the Farewell Ad
dngs jiWVoshinp ton, for the'usa of tho House of
ikvprcKeuuiuvtrH. .un-a uur unucruieruie.
Mr WISENER offered a series of resolutions de
claring that -secession is unconstitutional, and a
remedy for no existing evil: that nullification is
equally unconstitutional and tends only to mischief
and anarchy; that the government of the United
States is adequate to the protection of all our rights.
when properly administered, and that It should,
therefore, be maintained in- all its vigor within its
constitutional sph?re; that impeachment, under the
Constitution an 1 the ballot-box are theproporand
constitutional r medics against unfaithful or incom
petent pnblic officers. Lie over under the rule.
M n IbhNbK offered a resolution declaring that
it 13 inexpedient to pass any law at this time calling
a convention of the State upon tlie plan proposed in
the Governor's message, or upon any other plan, or
for any purpose whatever. Lies over under tlie
.Mr. WISEXElt offered a icsolution declaring that
it is inexpedient to pass any law at this time to re
organize or arm the militia of tho State. Lies over
under the rule. '
Mr. VAUGHN offered a series of resolutions, de
claring that tho constitutional rights of fifteen
States of tliia Confederacy have been trodden under
toot, and tho Constitution set at defiance in those
clauses that protect the citizens of the Southern
States in their rights to slave property; and that
South Carolina, as the arbiter of her own destiny,,
and with full power to do so, has withdrawn from
the Confederacy, acting upon the great principle
that a compact broken on one side is broken on all;
protesting against the destructive doctrine of coer
cing a sovereign State or the people thereof,
or of executing any federal law in any State that
may have withdrawn from the Federal Government;
and also protesting against the doctrine of conquer
ing a free people and holding them as subjects or
their territory as a conquered province; and in
structing our Senators and requestfqg our Repre
sentatives" in Congress to. oppose -all cffojfs, come
from what quarter they may, to . coerce any soverr
eign State or the people thereof, and to oppose the
execution of the federal law in any "State that may
have withdrawn from the Union. The resolutions
lie over under the rule.
Mr. BE.VTY offered a series of resolutions declar
ing that the election of Lincoln .and Hamlin, repre
senting, as they do, the avowed policy of the Black
KcpuDlican party, to prohibit the extension of slave
ry into any of the Territories. ta being uttfrly in
compatible with tho safety of the Southern States
in the Union without additional guarantees; that it is
tlie duty of the Government to protect every species
of property in the Territories ; that if the Black
Republican party shall insist upon our unconditional
submission to its unjust and aggressive demands.
then it will become the imperitlve duty of Tennessee
ans to ajaert their rights, in the Union, if possible,
but failing in this, to .assert and maintain them at all
hazards and to the last extremity, even though it
should result in .1 disruption of the federal Union
demanding the unconditional repeal of the personal
lioerty acts ot .Northern states; recommending
general conference ot the boutliern btates as soon
as practicable, to present to the people of the North
ern States a clear and concise statement of the ques
tions in issue and if the latter refuse to concede us
our constitutional rizhts, then to withdraw from tin
Lnion; that while wc regret the .hasty action of
South Carolina, we will resist to the last extremity
any action on the part ot the t-eueral Ijovernment
tending to use force or wjleneo to bring her into
ubjection; and behoving that the sentiments of
tlie late speech of the Hon. Andrew Johnson will
hnd no response among a mniontv of the people of
iennos3ee, respectfully requesting that gentleman to
resign his scat in the benate ot the United States, in
order that his. place may be filled by one who knows
our rights aad will dare to defend them. The reso
lutions lie over under the rule.
.Mr. GANTT offered a resolution providing for a
convention ot the two houses to hear such commu
nications and addresses as the Hon. L. P. Walker
and the Hon. T. J. Wharton, Commissioners of the
States of Alabama and Mississippi, may desire to
make on bohalf of their respective States, at such
time as said Uommissionc! miv desire, and that
committee of three, be appointed to notify them of
this action. The rule was suspended and the resolu
The SPEAKER appointed Messrs. Gantt, Gillespie
and ilurt. the committee under the resolution.
Mr. IIEBB offered a resolution providing that the
ireasurer shall pay lle olhcers and mem bars ot the
Housa their per diem as it becomes due, which was
adopted, ayes oi!,.noes 14.
MESSAGE FROM THE G0VEKX0K.
Amesssagewas received from the Governor by
thejhands of the Secretary of State, which was read
Executive Department, Nashville, Jan. S, 1861.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House Representatives:
I herewith transmit tho commissions of the Hon,
J. P. Walker, of the State of Alabama, and Gen. T.
P. Wharton, of the State of Mississippi, who visit
Tennessee as commissioners representing their res
pective btates, lor the purpose ot conferring with
you as to the policy which should he pursued by
me boutliern states in the emergency now upon the
country, as the representatives ot sister btates
with which Tennessee 13 united geographically as
well as in tlie endurance of common wrong, ldenti
ficd in interest, sentiment and sympt-thy, and in the
natural course ol evonts must share a common des
tiny, I doubt nOt you will be pleased to meet and
comer with these distinguished gentlemen upon the
vitally important questions of the day.
X also transmit an act passed and resolution ad
opted by the Legislature of Mississippi, forwarded
to me, and which I deem it respectful to lay before
All of which is respectfully submitted to your
Respectfully, Isham G. Harris.
The act relates to the calling of a convention of
the people of the btate 1 .Mississippi, and the reso
lution to the appointment of commissioners, to the
Southern States. ,
The following bills were introduced, read the
first time and passed :
By Mr. JOHNSON : No. I To repeal an act pass
ed on the 21st of February, 18G0, entitled, " an act
to amend tho usury Laws of the State and to estab
lish a conventional rate of interest. " ,
By Mr. DUDLEY": No. 2 To amend the conven
tional interest law. . , ..,.'
By JIr.WISF.NER: No. 3-To repeal' this act of
18C0, entitled, "an act to amend the usury .laws of
tho State and to establish a convcntional'rate Of in
terest.'' By Mr. WILLIAMS, of Hickman: No. 4. To
amend an act entitled ' an act to amend the usury
law3 of the State and to establish a convential rato
of interest." ' ' ' .' r
joist "select committees.
The SPEAKER announced the following joint
committees on the. part of the House, asproyided
for by resolutions adopted yesterday. , '-,
un Jlr. llarksdale's resolution: Mess'-s.Uarksdalc,
Gantt. Bickntll, East, Vaughn. Porter, EcaPickett,
and Williams of Hickman.
On Mr. Martin's resolution : Messrs. Martin, Trcw-
hitt, Johnson, Jones, Smith, Wisener, Baker of Per
ry, Dudley, Shrewsbury and Guy. ' !
Un .Mr. Brazelton s resolution : Messrs. Brazelton,.
Farrelly, Cheatham, Davis, and Harris.
RULES OP OKPER.
Mr. BRAZELTON made a motion thatseventy-five
copies of the Rules of Order be printed for the use
of the House, which was nonconc'urrcd in, ayes!2
UUCS -11, ,
INVITATION' TO COMMISSIONERS..
On motion of Jlrl. CHEATHAM, the Commission
ers from Alabama and Mississippi were invited to
seats within the bar of the House.
BATTLE OP SEW ORLEAXS.
And then, at eleven o'clock this.-being tho anni
versary of the Battle of-New Orleans - ."
On motion of Mr. JOHNSON, the House adjourned
until to-morrow morning at nine o'clock.
Twenty-two Delegates o.itoJ Uvea-
... . iib -1
The following dispatehlto a gentleman ofithis
city from a reliable business man inNew"" 3rlc.acs.
.libera kindlyjund .
New UstnAXs, Jan. ..Twenty-two oat of twcn-H
ty-five delegates for secession. Tho State will go
out certain-. ,
Car. Wooas' Inaugural
p Chicago, Jan. 7. TheTgisIaftre'mct'nT't''
ifieldto-day. ThcIIouse. adjourned, without effect
Pinjr an organization. Gov.. Woods mpssuiiwwiii
probably be delivered to-morrow. In it lib recom
mends complete reconstruction of the military. and
' S'.mcntaand brigades, and - thattho
most liberal legislative encouragement.be given for
the formation of volunteer comnanica thrmiflmnt
the State. lift recommends that tha Batiks bo re
quired to secure their circulation exclusively by
uftun-u .Diiftics suiKiis ami Illinois stocks. He .also
says if grievance to any portion of our Confederation-have
arisen within tha Union, Jet .them be re
dressed within the Union. li" unconatitntinn.al lama
encroachinp: upon the guaranteed rights of any of
uwuaujveiuunaapiacc upon our.statute
bocks, let them be removed. If prejudice towards
.ffj;.1". "ur jeuow-countrymen nas fastened upon
our minil-i . let it lm iliemUoo-o,..! f .- t,.5...
Tjb jU3t to ourselves and each other, allowing neither
mreais to uriyc us irom what wo deem to be our
jimy, nor priue, 01 ppimon prevents from correct
ins wherever we may havo errnl. ' ' !
The first-business after tho organization of both
uuusea wm oe tne election ot a United States Si
ator. . ' , ' . . :
txtract from the report of Gcu. Harney to the
War Department, relative to Montgomery "s Kansas
I believe that Montgomery's band is fully as large
as represented to be; that they are sworn to protect
.... un,,;. ..j. jjuijurjr, uaaassinaiiou, anu in every
Way possible. Their obiect is. as declared nriiiiiriV
by themselves, to protect fugitive slaves in the Ter
ritory, to assist them to run away whenever an op
portunity offers, " taking them East and receiving
uiAyuuuars pur neau," anu 10 dnye out of the Ter
ritory all who oppose them in ao doincr. A lanro
portion of tho population on thq border either bc-
longs to this organization or sympathize with them,
and those who do not dare not oppose them or give
information concerning them. I am satisfied that
tlie greater part, if not .all of tlie donations, which
are sent to sufferers in Kansas, goes into tho hand
01 mis Dana, anu tue greater portion of it Is per
verted from the use intended bv Dnrchasinr Arms
and munitions of war for carrying out their plans.
linuuui lum: n large iorce to worongtily break up
Montgomery has a recularlv onranized hand nf
about sixty men, who receive ten dollars per month.
besides a portion of tho robberies. Ac aSTn
spies ana runners All Over the countrv. tvlm riv
him timely notice of any movements set on foot
aerainst him. The dav hefn !h tmon. ohe
against him. The dav before the tinnnq wachprl
Hound City, Montgomery's men, to the number of
Between tour Hundred and 11 vo hundred, assembled
and pissed resolutions, a copy of which has been
published in the Bluzk Republican papers. I think
tho best and cheapest way to catch Montgomery
and his party will be to furnish the Governor with
funds, and let him do it in his own way.
State Co.WE.vnox3. Florida, 3d January.
Alabama, 7th January.
Texas, (by popular call,) Sfh January.
' Mississippi, 7th January.
Georgia, 16tli January.
Louisiana, 23d January.
A GOOD seconl hand Bufjy and lTarness for sale
iSL ' BENJ F SHIELDS & CO..
rJ5-" No. 37 Collese street.
'M hereby withdraw our asreemeot to taits foath Carolina,
JinS-Uillsefyb , PITE.MUSPPARI, & CO.
"wtti a., ftftftiw, ..a UftOftftUjr &. u.r
WE nave removed onr stock of Boots, Shoes. Hats and
Caps from No. 50 north tiJe of the Pnhlie S,.n a., en n.
3 Nashville Inn Block, where wa shall be pleased to see cur eld
menu tftuu cuiwmcn, ana suca panics as may msn to purchu;
jicy-aawim COOKE, BlILEY & CO.
For I'aducalis Cairo and ItTemphia.
TnRnewand staunch steaffitr Cupitolla,
J. Ii. Tijommoh, Master. Ha vini entered the
trsdeaia regular packet, will depart as abore and iXLifJ
all intermediate landings on Thursday the Ibth Inst at IS o'clock
or ireignt or ptusase apply on hoard or to
jand xt li, ii. HARRISON, Agenl-
LftlKD FOB S.lIftC
T EAT,E, THREE HU.IDItED A5D SBVBNTV-EIOnr
A acres ol land icr sue, lying In Weskiey coaaty, Tennessee,
ou choroid lealinc fr on Dresden to Trent-n. on lhsCrtvi
Boids.le&dinifrcm McEemoresTille to Hickman. There are ISO
acrescicaredlandlnagoolstataer cultivation, ,irtth s good
dwUlnrhonse,nezro kitchens, tarns, stables.a iDodwell and
two go.oa springs, auu neann appie trees; a goon peach crctard
wilt, ocurtos piant ires., quizes cc.
It is a rood stand for a TaTtrn. It is a cool chince for anv'
one wishins to purchase, as the land and l-snrovcments ' are
equal io aDy in ice ciaie.
Tor farther particulars or mformatiBn write to the nronrlotor.
orcauupTii mm on me premises.
jica-ir.'tn" JOSIAU THORNTON.
Ilciuoval anil flew Firm.
iHAVE raoTed ny entire stook of Groceries, Llnuors, Tobae
co, Seirarii dec, to No. island 15 Market street. Ware-
hossc formerlv ocousied bv Messrs. Huzh UcCrea It Co.. vhere
I will be pleased to meet my old customers aid friends.
I have associated wiihras Mr. Geo P. Akers, with -h-.m I
will e ontinue busicess under the style and Urn of Belli. Akers.
I return thanks to my former natrons and ask a ccntinnanea
oi tneir lavor to tne new arm. K X BELL.
K. F. BEI.L, lOEO. F. AKZIM
BELL at AKEKS
STAVE this day associated themselves together for the pur-
g pose oi coaoucftingja general a
Grocery tna Commission
business in the Ware-house, formerly occupied, by Messrs. Hush
i Thev will keen on hand a nod stock of Orocrl.. T imor,.
Tobacco, Sesars, ice., and eterv thiazin the flrocerr line.
From the rrieads and former natrons of Mr. It F Bell and th
puoue.tuey respectfully sqlicit a'fair snare of patronage.
FOIt SMITIIIjAftYD, PADDCjtll and CAI ISO
rflHE rega'ar St. Louis, Memphis and Louisville
I connecting packet Ma j- Duke, Davis Mas
ter, will depart for the above and intermediate land i
logs, THIS DAY.the Sthjcst ,at 11 o'clock, A M.
or passa;: apply on board or to
Jaa8-lt A. X. DAVIS, Agent
For Louisville anil Cit.ciiinit.ti.
B Mai, regular packet steamer mcirosc aisT-
U calt Master, will depart as above and all in- f
..!... 1 .-. I."...! I 1 1 tt... t.ft - ft Tr-
12 o'clock. For freight or .passage apply on board ar U
II. 11. HARRISON,
JanS-lt A. HAMILTON, Agents.
ffCST received aad forsa'e 100 sacks Fresh Corn Meal by
JJ jas Mclaughlin & co.
j'ar.G-tr No. S South Market street.
BESfJ. F. SHIELDS&CO.'S
Anction Sales (Ue Present Week.
Mondar Evening January 7tIiv(Karly Gas light i
Tuesday iTIsrnlnsr, Jan. 8tli. at 10 o'clock.
Tnursdnr morning, Jan. 10t at 10 o'clock,
FURNITURE &. STORES OF AN EATING-HOUSE,
IHUTaiNtr PUNX, JiTU.,
Saturday- ITIornliig:, Jan. 10, at 10 o'clock,
FINE 'LIQUORS, FURNITURE. ETC.. ETC., OF
, ' A RESTAURANT;
'These sales will atTord pportunlties for every description of
purcnases. ilN.-.J x SHIELDS Jc CO.,
JanCtd No 27 College street.
"6 TSTIIEItEAS Newton Jordan, absconded on the night cf De-
V V cemper -Jin, jcou, witn roar negroes and two Mares, one
mare Day anu tne otner oiack, aoout ) years oia
DESCllIPTIOftV OF THE NECHOES.
A ggy is about 30 years old, of a bright complexion, some of her
teeth o:U her eirlcbiid. Lira. 4 vetrs old. alio bright, ami hrr
chtid Burton. 14 or IS vears old. also bntht. Joibna 17 run
old dark complexion. AH of the above property was conveyed
to me by deed of trnst.by said Newton Jordan. I will give the
Buove rewaru tor tne apprensnsitn ana aeuvery oi said negroes
and mares era reasonable reward for anr portion ot said nroo-
erty to me, delivered to me. near Triune, Williamson counly Ten-
nrstee. j iv pett us. Trustee.
N. B. The said Jordan took with him a mr hom hih
kilt scsr from fistula and a sorrel horse with some white hi.Irs.
iJso a two horsa waggon Any Information rerpectinj the il)Ove
viiii uv tuaui.iuiy reccivc'i ana iiocraiiy rewaraea.
x w riSCTUS, Trustee,
near Triune, Williamson county,
"IT 051a small Boy about eleven Tears old. Ilit nl,M.
Jj has a sear on his neck. Ilad n when he left. aean. a snnir
..-!.. . I ..... T 111 -I ft . . I .
ftuiviMivft.ft-aftwft.. f in Kfvo .wenty uouars rewara rorlas
I'elivery to rae, at 3D C?.lir street. Ee has been gone about four
month3, he gees by the niTne of Teclia Copiin
Juu" ISLIZA COPLIN.
Nashyillc Female Academy.
rjnHE FIRST, or SprlnsSesiicn of .Ml, will coramenco on
J Monday. January tliat. On that dav we will 1 h.rr ,.,
meet in the.-Old Academy," ail Pupils.whose ptrents may desire
,7. . . VI,t-a M uc I'tiuiaaciftt nou peculiar aavantaes ct
ftfti...ftitiituiiuu. u, KLLIUTT.
A Io.'l Trotlins Fosxy at Auction.
WILL be sold at IS o'clock tr.ci jtlj, on lbs JOthinst, in
fiont of Our Auction Rn'osil. nndrla!tartiTr.nt Vn I
Sorrel Tony. Terms cash. ,
J" w bssj r snirLES &. co.
Daiiiugcd Ctoctl.4 at Auction.
.N rttutiduy, Jauuarv Slh, at 10 o'clock,
' A M , wewiil sell on account of whom it mav concern. tlu
entire stock of Dry goods saved from the late fire oa Union street.
atesiocic was or ths best characUrand some ofthcaaods laved
arc yeryconraoie. ierms casnon delivery.
JanGtd BENJ t SI1IELD3 k. CO.
Scedv. j, ,
liino bushels Ilucgarias Grass S:cd;
Iftl " Millet Seed;
300 Seed Cats:
S'O " Seed Corn
50 ' Clover Seed.
For sale by JAMES McLAUGIILIM & CO.
jmS-ly , , ,
J A TIES M'I.AUG1IJLIN & CO.,t
(SCCCESSCltS TO 1.. JXXKIHSJ,
Csmmlsslons Feed. A: I'roduce ilorcliunts.
DIILUJ IK 1 ' r" I
HAY, 0AT3, COES , BRAN. AND FEED STUFF.
SO. B iOVlJI 1IA.RK&1 STJISS7,
IV ASUV J Ii LEj - - ,-' t -"'- '-TEJflVESSEE-
For A'ctsr Orleunsi. "
nnnH.nne'! rasenger( jteaxer-E.,IIovard,
1 will leave as above and all tntermediata land
Incs, on Tuesday the 8th Inst., at 3 o'clock P. M.
jror freight or passage apply on board orto
janotd A, UAMILTOH, Agents.
'Thebariaess Trill te u'.-kij S ir,:,-, ,
lean &l uoi , '
'Muhville, Dec- 31.1660
MR. H V nOOrEK li ttoiltM
ifroathlttUt- in ' mn
mrtaer in our lajineH
we hire remove.. rcrocoi snoea, Eontj itiaTt.i. TTv.
04 North Kut corner of tha Public Sqare. k.V . -111 1
pleued to tea oar frieals and c listeners. w win us
Jn2-la AKMISTKAD k CO.
Tllfci W ORVMlit OF Till. AK"
BCuKi:iAS KIU.HBIATIC Ttlxirrrvv
ANODYNE EMBnOCATlOS. ,
Also, His X.lyer Alterative and Tonic 1111.
It acUDOierfnllroa tha borbents, and cares by fellolnilr
the morbid harm re Irom the system. It teta u a djscutlrnt u
wellu&anodyne,ieiolrlD;taaorsia& short time In Sur
gery It Is destined U .ie high, pUcejiappiinting Id some eases
the harshness of the-Knife. '
Tlie Liver Alterative aml.Toclc Till
Is in excellent Fill in all disease! of the LiTer.BllUrv derirjo
meats. in4 In all cases in which a caUurtic is indicated, acting
as a Cathartic Alterativa Tsnlc, aad deobstruent according to
2he Invaluable Medicine! :re aoldfcy
Cants &. Brouk, Nashville, Tennessee.
Dr.J.UcDcott, Jlurfrecsboro, do;
DxzxT & ETi.13, Shelbyville, do;
Pore & llcxx, Colambia, do;
Wasd k. HcCliuo.hi, Memphis, do:
IltxtTY & UAix, Miliedgerilfte, Georgia;
Bszia h. Echols. I'.ome. di:
Lxaaasn, Blocjt & lliLi.Montsontry, Alabana
A, A. 31cua.rt5et, Decatur, do:
And by Drujjliti and Merchants generally1.
BMKEI.Y & WOODS; Proprietors,
apl-d.tw 'lljaal oil Tnllahoma Iran.
BMOltB TAKING TUB
ATTEK TAKING THE
PT? TTTTn?TST A rnTXTi 17 r TVTDI
U V HiiNAl lJNO" JljLljLlltJ
Prepared on the strictest Pharmaceutical principles by one of the
ablest Wftenusu oi u.e aze.
rSTUIIS is altoRthera u medicine, tha remit nf ,nnl.m
B diiCOTeries in the TegetaMe liiBrdoa. belnr an entirely
ntw and abstract method of care, irrespectire of all the eld and
vorn eat systems published kr secocnUshed anacki to tha .nr-.r.
I uninitiated, felt it Ms duty at once to hare this Klliir tuttd hv
Inc.. Tlr. VTrtrht. wll knnvlnw htW.ftfttln ft.ft.,T..4 H . i. -
? wh.0,e to,1 r who ""J""' eyea one dissenting
I reduced, and when all other raaJlrines knom ta th Phrm
I Pi!s been tried, in vain. Long-tbongat years of patient
larallfsation, and a nfl iUperandum tetttalnxtton hxre
rrovnea me vector s euons, ana ne now oners ice silx'r to iar-
ferins; humanity as the only thin; that can cure the fallowing
diseases nameiy r
Mental and Physical De;res ion,
Determination of Blood to the Head,
Restlessness ad Sleeplessness at Night,
Absence or Muscular JSfflcicncy,
Loss of Appetite,
' Dyspepsia, ' x
Disorjranliatlon of , the Orrans of
Palpitation of the Heart,
And, In fact, all tte concomitants of a nenoas and debilitated
state ot the system.
As a Stimulant,
ft is quit different from alcoholic creparatlozs. It it not sub
feet to reactions In any shape; it rontlsce U exert its Influence
eraauanyand efficiently, as Ion; as the least necessity exists for
As a. Female medicines
It is equally powerful and effective, and restores the equilibrium
sooner an-1 safer than all the other n-e-iiclnes which, for Tears
' hare flooded the market, ana which areonly Injurious, in place
oi aasiaiiQK 0- renovaun- tne constitution . tor a very s;oou rea
son. too, that tbey areonly made frous the. effusions of miads
jnoiani o." the Medical proftsslen altoSether.
IVo fttltnerals I
Dr. Vt rWht thinkf it well to stake tiJ nrofessional character
on the fact, that do minerals whatever form the least component
parisoi me lZRreaiecu ol liuHyuTeajtinif Jilixir veil know
in; what ruin has been entailed on the community by opium aad
Generally, to the debilitated. Dr. Wrizht could sav. Never
despair. Ha matter bow worn down ou may be, no cutter how
weak yea are no matter what the caute may hart been fsrsake
at once whatever as led Ton to cerart from Ilrtr.enia nrineit.Ies
And you will soon fini vonrself a neT man a pride instead d
the reverse, to your friends, and a healthv. sound, and wortir
Uendiercf tte human familv- i ?
.ilTnce Zi per nottis, or three bottles rcr35,aaarorward
ed bv mall tnall nsrla of tha TTnitpd Stat,.
Sold byaltrtspectabtedrnjjists tbroajthout the United SUUs'l
ana vanauas. are uraae snppuel xt a liberal discount
jorsaie ny inepropnetcrs.
J. WUIUIIT CO.,
. 2l acdl51 Ohartm street,
Xtw Orleans, La,
Sold in Nashville by G. Vt. HendershittvEorry h EeraoTllIe,
wing lenaietoa, ana ail rceppnsiblf dJugsiata oc-a"
THESE deliciousandfar-famed Bitters are rctmnmended by
the First Fhysieius of tkm country, ou acconntof their
PURITY AND GREAT MEDICINAL VIRTUE.
Tliey are rleasant as nectar tn iri t;it. an
the best Tonic aad Stimulant ever off cil
ft ftft tut. puilllUft
1 heir curative Dowers in ces of flEVFieiT. npnif .iTV
LOSS OF APPETITE, CONSTIPATIOS.etc ,sre unparalleled,
andasa guarantee that we feel warranted in M.!-..
., . I. c,c kw s.i.c iuat our assertions are endorsed bv
a-roi.ss.i.ii.A.Ti, ot vale College,
l"rof. lis. ot fttlnksacuuictts.
and hundreds of others.
Forsaie by Grocer-, Wine Merchants, and Drn?stls!s generally.
lMm.inftlTU.Ar It- TT I . . . ft- . . . . J
......... .. ftsft.wft. "mukt .nee, new torr. dec4-iv
DECE HVE BEB.
HAiiPEii'F n cEinnntt.
llAlU'ER Fn BECE.T11IEU.
BEGINNING A NEW VOLUME.
BEGINNING A NEW VOLUME.
BEGINNING A NEW VOLUME
Subscribe for 1SGI.
Subscribe Jor 1SGI.
Subscribe for lStli
At GKEE1Y A: CO'S.
At CSREKPf 3c CO'S.
t GREElt Jc CO'Sj
IVo. o Union Street.
No. o Union Street.
4 Ho. c Union Street.
V. S. SUBSCRIPTIONS INVARIABLY IK ADVJIXCS.
nov23-dltw C. & CO.
COMMITTED to Jail in this county, a negro man, who says
that his name Is Soloraon.and belongs to Solohoh Da
via la Richmond, Virginia, about thirty years old, about are feet
six or seven inches blgb, will weigh about 113 or 150 pounds.
vcij iutiorea5t,anuo audi), color, a ne owner is requested l
some lorwarn anu prove nis prepirty ana pay expenses.
j v. n athu, BncruT or
Octotr 8,C0-w3t-pr's feet3 Dickson Couaty.Tena.
HIDES AT COST.
kN account ef the deftruction of our Tann.-ry, we now otTsr
' i or sale our stocit ci souuern nues. nair at New rrl,r,.
consisting of green salted, dry sallelacd flint. Tanners and
otnrs wisning topurcnss win please address.
Noll South Marlcetstreet,
. Union and American publish lnweeklrtwn h .-.
send accouut io uiis omce. uaaetlt. derfl
'SHS & JFIttEWORK.
Wholesale and lCctsiil.
rf10USTRY Merchants andall otluru desiring any thing in the
' .win uiftc, uii w uct assortment in tue city, at
. . LUCK'S,
Aiet-U Onion K,,,
Ilitrrah lor the Hloiuinrs.
4 S Christmas Is near at hand, It Is often a question, wh at
fa toe most accepiawe present to maie to our friends! To
- ewno pave not ueciaeu, we wonm recommend to go at once
in DiuiGuut ui hucjvi iftiinjjjc siyic ot pictures a Photc
raph c Portrait, Melalnotype, or Ivory type. Dent tfelav.
ji . ii.-. en autograpa t-nnto rapns ror z I. deem tf
g "fittSXSuKSi'Z-To aXrm
oppositetaenewuoKi, werc I have lilted up rooms mora suita- I
Die farmy uusuieo. At limej are hard and money scarce I ex-
w uk hui mu ,j iiTius. aeoiicita call from
tav couninrand citv friends.
Jar.6 lo E A. HERMAN, D.D. S I
, . , ,. . i
- 'J- -J sot JtrS.? .
aN AND AFTER HIE VIKSf DAY OP JANUARY 1861
j ourDusiness win te
and.we make this public announcenent in advance, tliatfworaay
be sa vol th necessity of refusing credit to t,ur friend, with a
IiOjo nisjority of whom our businoss intercourse lias been of
tnetcoit pieatant character, aad we most respect'olly solicit
neir patrccaae npon tne terms xagatca,as we know shall
Make it to thoir Interest
asvellasourownC . . 5233523
In mating this caange we intu ua auis to neatly j
dec3n-tf K C. McVAIRT fc CO.
FOll r.OUISVIt,l.E ASD CINCINNATI.
finHB reguUr light draujht steamer lYnsh.
3 villc. BitCLftT Master, Siddiu Cleri. will
leave tar Ihiabfiva arid all Intermediate landinnan
Thursday next 3d Inst., at 3 o'clock, F. M. For freight or pas
sage apply en ooara or u il. u. ilAUUIS'JH,
Janl-3t A. HAMILTON. Agents.
03 bales ITay;
1P00 bags Corn;
550 bags Oats;
ICQ bags Meal
300 lars Shlo Etui:
y.1 ncis utsn arositoes.
Icr tile by
JAME3 lI'LAUGnXIN & CO,
Berry & Company's
'i ft , 1,
lor I SOI
HYMN. By William Cullin
iinrarfl ra. . . - . . .
on Wc&.,n.a3,Sj'lome Thirty-two Illustration
eJ.parilirat"t!itt,,1al5ct,n Ihe country, and. piim
Kichiy bound, tin a teril ,,one ,M Ueary Warren.
style of orientaSaod arablson.Til nUn' ta ".best
."IheloklsaroldenlocV(is., , . .. .
dred poets. ,t contain. au2 SS,? "S.
aiitve?li.onrianarles-U'htart.uifof ,-mple ami hoT,
t. MORAL EMBLEMS : With Aphorisms Adac
and Proverbs, of all Kittens. With 13) IllasTatlow, Inl
5. TI.E LOVES AXD HEROINES OF THE PO
ETS: Illustrated with Eeat and Ideal Portraits Br.tiii
ard Henry Stoddard. Ivol,8ro. uyucj
. WOMEN OF THE SOUTH DISTINGUISHED IN
LITSRATURS. By Mary Torres?. An el-act marto.
"A beautiful permrr. amour the Greeks, was th.,Vt , v,
tray by thii sijjn seme secret favor f the immortal ssds, at-1
we can pardon pride, when a w&maa possesses such s figure thit
wherever she stands, cr moves or leases a shadow on th --h
or sits for a portrait to the artist, she confers a favor oa the
THE MAY QUEEN ; 1 Poem by Alfctl T xxj
ion. Illustrated with 30 Drawings. Beautfui:y print
on the finest tinted paper.
8. THE BYRON GALLERY" OF BEAUTIES. Cm
sistlng of Ideal Portraits of the Principal Female charac
ters in Byron's Poems.
9. THE POETS' GALLERY. A series cf llluj
trationaef tie British Poets.
10. THE WIT AND nUMOR OF TnE POETS. II
lustrated with upwards of One Hundred Pictures.
11. SHAKSPEARE-S TEMPEST: The .1W Kr
eBen Comntdi ,f tU lempttt. Written by Willi ua
Saakspear. Illustrated by the mcst eminent t,nil!b. Ar
12. SHAKSPEARE'S MERfilTANT OP VEVIfV
Tt'Xost KMtOmt hiitorU of tU Merchant of Tatiet.
Written by William Shakspeare. Illustrated by the most
13. PAGES AND PICTURES Fnmr tiir wit
ISOS OP J. lESIMOIiE COOPBU. Edited by Miss Susan
Jenimore Cooprr. Illustrated with 40 Steel Engravings,
Wood. '" b' "SeT' tc, aod l- Sketches c
14. BUNYAN'S PILGRIM'S pnnRTJEss. t. K
near 100 Illustrations.
TOESTATFORD GALLERY"- Corapri?irrMi
Ideal Portraits or Shakspeare'a Wemen.
GALLERY OF POETS. A Gallerr of FanrTus
English and American Poets. Illustrated by lOOEnrrav-
. WOMEN OF BEAUTY AND HEROISM.
lCItmed bY 13 Pnrtrsif.f rrok r-1 KT tr..
13. THE COURT OF NAPOLEON: In Socief,
under the first Bmslrs With aithentlo Vrtr.it, r
Wits, Beauties and Heroines.
19. LB PLUTARQUE FRANCAIS. TJ r TT-
triout Jfta and Wamtr. ef Iram e, from VI ISIA Ctn
iurutoVU 1'raent Tr.m. TTfA lAeir Portrait, at tut:
eaUy colored IjAaml. Ovoli.JtounlSvo Kslt moroctn.
20. LAUGILVBLE ADVENTUIUS ; Tun V :
KasTooa or Uiasxa. Biietvs, Jms, asb Kt.uss,.x, C
ing a History or what they Sl-ran l Did In Belgian, t:.-r
maay, Switseriand, and Italy. With 200 Charade ;st -Illustrations.
Illustrated Poets. Stantlanl Wortis.
LOSGFELIOWS P0EH3, Illustrated.
TUB GOLDE.V LEG E.D, Illustrated
BURNS' SONGS. Illustrsted.
MOORE'S MELODIES. Illustrated.
LADY OP THE LAKE, IHustraleiL
LORD Or THE ISLES, Illustrate.
LAY OF THE LtST JflNSTREL. I.IaftxatM
GRAY'S ELEGY, Illustrated.
G0ID3MITH"3 TRAVELER, IHu.tratcd,
THE BRITISH POET?, with Portraits an! TttartnConi
THE WAVERLYKOVEL3. (UoasekeU Edition.)
WAsniNOTOM IllVINfl-3 WORKS, (.Sannysr'e Editor.
ENGLISH AND SCOTTISH RALf.Au.a.R .'.
L.i....u...i. .s irv..i..-v 1 1 l. rrciirftCft (.-.
nOLY LXVINO AND DYWG. 2 vmls.
A. KEHTIS IMITATION Of cniti&r.
BIBLES, TEATElt 200 KS, Sc.
I'apier M.-icJie Goods.
WRITING DESK3, WORK BOXES, ic.
cm ronviTftT-ftftr . .. . " T
SKW5NG OTACTf I ftf
mttrt'n at. nil :,;,;-(- v..
4 t TVtrW.' J9i
' ft" till I 1ft.
.''- -5-- t - ., ,
iSFOitfl.vrtoh turn rtt&sx m
A St i
' -I i fi
LVT1T IIS HXJiKXKimf.r;
i1at. By ail (ho .Set In .liitehiucft. uv
tberoarc buttlareekliiKM ol stlici.e, tnnitn
!t. Tnc Grover A- Baker MItcIi.
2nd, Tlie Yliuttlc Stitch.
3rtl. The Single Threcu or CL.ain Mi lei
The Graver & Baser stitch is the only patented stitch and I
strictly adapted to faiilly use. Tie stitch is dco'.ie, can.
be ripped. ThemaOftUnecaklng this stltch,:ews from two era.
oon spools using no shuttle, requiring no thread to be re spc.
ed, and nnlshes Its ow n wrk. it ls the most simple, Ins liable t j
6rangement,atid mcst easy to learn .nd operate of any In nit
fossesiing a greater range of capacity for family purposes, thsa
iiy ctherother or perhaps all otker kinds '
2nd. Trite ShimO tlti:l
TMsitltchlsuads by the UHoniBe lia' of ouciio.
I. 1T1. SOGKll Jc CO.,
WMEELEK A. VII,M .
ITAUTItt L.V SIAUII tV,!.
A. It. UOM'X,
Precisely ac.re all Ift.tWe MaehW.es, and for earryin,
oweroruader Utreadaiius satnties, into waicn all the anua
nread usedon eaehaad all of taea feave to bo re-woasJ,
The capacity of the thuttHa tried In tisse tsscMno u very
. .. . ii ft I I l nil . . . . . -.-..-. ...
oexny ise rase, ires dn uhcu vita wat -
Cotton set to ixeeo! U yareta.
The shuttle jlltcb-b loaeHii.au called tte lock sate'e fcr eject
butitlsalloa and tke Taa st bmade by merei,
croa'Ing twe thread-. Tie ends el at! seass sewed by Use 5 hutt !
Machines must be Utter! by tbe bandaeolle to pre vent ripping
.The Shuttle MaskTae Is better adapt to maaafacturers than
UKIYEKSITr F iVASHTI L I.i .
J.B.rLuMUT.M,DD.ebancellor o. . iu.v r.-fty
and Professor of Chemisy and Heolwy.
Col.B It. 'Joniero. Soperintealeat of tne atiieury t . liege.
and Professor of tngineerio. .
J. ?I STxwaA M, Profer of and Latin Languago at.U
OwaoSiCStu, AM, M D. PwBwor .f Botany and Natural
History ... Wn Tr-- nr lUnM
fffl-K - La
rtuiMopttr." . p-jfeMor of Aecient Laniruaees.
C5l W!i".T.;m of th. Academlo Year iHSWH, conraecces on
SLZftfrUm 'commences oa the 27th ef January. 1M1.
Commencement Exercises Uke place oa tho 12th ef June, 1SC1.
o-n;- nairdinr. Washirg, ru-il. Boomm Servants atten.
ance,anduseof Arms, JlOJpsrTerm. MatrlesiHUoa Tee.SV
Studeiita are required to fcraUS thrir reisma. Eneineerinr,
nt. ananiab. German. LrawiEr, Book. kttplnr. andTencin.-
each 110 per Tern of tweaty wks.
Studenu unoec, ia jeara ti nu. , .u.ikcu.
n , H of Mllitar? Discipline. eCeetiva coveiSEient la a.
tahitshed. and health, physical culture, good order aad indastrt.
ouc tabla are promoted.
Sei CatalogueStOr additional ItugrmtUooppIy tt any Mesa-'
btr of the Vacalty, or B. B. JOHNSON,
alysi-au asKwitsEww Bcpenatesaent,
. . a..
- .Tjr ' ""5n