Newspaper Page Text
vVVIi 1 I
J. O GRIFFITH & CO.,
ts tcessors toE.G.astraand:CoO
J. 0. GRIFFITH, f. 0. BUNNIMaTONl JNO. 0. BUROH,
LION. SEODBDAia THOMAS S. MAKE.
DAILY 53 TRI-WEEKLY $5; WEEKLY $2,
INVAXIABLT in ADTAKCX.
PC DIVCS DAY MOItNING,Mi.T 8. 1S01.
The Action of tUo Legislature,
The seal of secrecy was yesterday removed
..from the proceedings of the Legislature. . The veil
Jias been lifted and Tennessee stands forth, so far ts
Legislative resolves can indicate her position, proud
ly defiant of the invading hordes of the North, loy
al to her Southern sisters, her own honor and rights
acd true to her historic character and renown.
These Legislative resolves but reflect the over
whelming voice of thepcople of Tennessee, as will
bo demonstrated, when the ballet box shall utter
its sovereign decree.
It is m obedience to the palpable and almost univer
sal tone of public sentiment that tho Legislature
has spoken.ia- language so unmistakable to tho
world. Uninspired by such a sentiment, tho Legis
lative voice might have been more feeble and tem
porising, 3ut confronted by the mighty voice of an
aroused and insulted people, it requires a man of
extraordinary audacity to meet his constituents and
to declare, by his acts, that Tennessee shall stand
neutral in tho face of the legions of Black Republi
can soldiers, advancing to subjugate the South.
The Legislature, lwwever, has obediently bowed
to the irresistible tide of popular acclamation, and
. has declared that the people shall speak on the, Sth
of June and decide for themsilves, whether they
will cast off from them the usurper's and despot's
yoke, or whether they will basely yield to the threats
, of subjugation, betray their own honor and man
hwd, and give themselves and their children up as
' . . f . f . I T - I. 1 J
sens oi a sccuuuai run. iu iusii w uu amis reau
v their history or who understands the character
of the people of Tennessee, can, lor one moment,
doubt which of these alternatives her chivalrous sons
will choose. The people are also called onto deter,
mine whether they will remain an isolated Stato with
out sympathy of assreiation or support, or whether
they will unite their destinies with the gallant Con
federate States, who have a common destiny and
common institution with themselves. Neither is
this auy doubtful issue. No magnet is truer to the
pole than is the heart of Tennessee to the South and
to Southern institutions. She will throw herself in
to the imminent and deadly breach," in the hour of
darkest peril, and the enemies of the South are be
leaguring her. by sea and land, for hir destruction.
Five millions of dollars are appropriated and fifty
live thousand volunteers provided to be raised for
the defence and support of the Southern Slates
against the waston, tyrannical and barbarous raid
of a horde of invaders, who will learn, by expe
rience, at what a dear cost they plant their hostile
feet upon soil consecrated to constitutional freedom
and State rights.
A temporary convention has been also entered in
to between the Commissioners of the State and the
Commissioners of the Confederate States, Hon. Hen
ry W. Billiard, similar to that of the state of Vir
ginia with the Government of the Confederate States.
The object of this treaty is to give one direction
9 to the military movements of the contracting parties,
and thus to secure the highest efficiency to our arms.
8 T . . T - I " . . - . 1 . . .
J i, at once, places me military resources oi me state
in the hands of competent and experienced direct
ors and secures arms for our brave volunteers,
who only require such assistance to render them
invincible sgainst all the invaders that Lincoln can
array against them.
lVe can not conclude this brief article without
admonishing our citizens to beware how they render
aid and comfort to our enemy, in this day of trial
to our State, by crying out neutralityor union.
We giro this admonition, for the sake of those
who may forget their holiest duties, and not for
the sake of the cause. The latter is already assured
liut impartial history is certain to cover with oblo
quy the name ot all who now oppose themselves to
their native land, in a struggle with its oppressors.
Let the joung men especially beware, and never
jilace themselves in a false position, where they
will have " the cold, uumoviag finger of scorn "
pointed at them, through all time."
2cr Tvliut doc the Xorth make War upon
Have we ever wronged the North? Never.
Have wc ever sought to deprive them of any con
stitutional right ? Never.
Have wo ever attempted by legislation to impose
any unjust burthens upon them? Never.
Have wc ever attempted by moral influences or
in any way to inter.ere with their domestic peace,
or to lower them in tUe estimation of the world by
slanderous books or otherwise ! Never. 1
In the sight of man and of Heaven, we are guilt
less of any wrong, unlcs' it be wrong to resist
jiggreMion, and maintain our rights: and chief
above all, the unalienable right of every free peo
ple to govern themselves.
For what then is this cruel war waged against us?
That it is for. our complete subjugation all men
But wherefore, to what end, and from what mo
tive! As men in life follow the sama road irom a va
riety of motives, so are those who urgp, and prose
cute this war agaiast us, actuated by different mo
tives. But they may perhaps be ranged intc two
great classes. One by motives of hate, the other of
The party which sustained Lincoln for President,
constitute the former, thoc who supported Bukck
4KKIDGE, Bum. and DociiLas, the latter. The former
the Black Republican party did not affect to
.conceal their hatred of everything that Ibore the
semblance or name of Southern rights. The Utter.
affecting a higher tense of justice, were willing to
give us a quati endorsement as long as wc continued,
or were willing to continue the contributions
which bad made them rich, while we grew poor.
So long as wc would consent to do them service,
to pay them one dollar for what we could buy else
where for seventy-live centc, and to confer upon
them a monopoly of tho profits of commerce and
navigation, so long as we were williiif, now that
fiie North had a numerical majority, to abide un
conditionally the action of that majority, no odds
what acts of robbery it might commit, whether
by onerous and unjust taxation, by robbing us of
ell share in the public domatu, or by depreciating the
4 value of our property, so long as we were will
ing to submit unresistingly to the develishattempts
at fanaticism to destroy the peace, safety and hap
piness of our people, there were those who professed
to be our friends. Among those were such men a3
jpiHECE, Dickinson. Duiows, Evesett.IFillmoiu:. and
.a seeming host of others, scarcely less clamorous
for the rights of tho South, scarcely less bitter in
their denunciations of Black Republicanism and its
unholy purposes, than we ourselves. But now every
voice and every arm is raised against us. Siibju
ttion is now the word, and for State rights, the ab
.solste will cf our masters is to be the law, and the
military arm. the means of enforcing that law.
All men of all parties are united. One, we re
jat. from motives of hate, and tho others from ino
tirea of profit.
The profit class may be again subdivided into
'those who go in for immediate plunder, the spoils
- of war-thc mob, and those of wealth, who look to
our subjugation as a means of perptlml legalized
These constitute theuianui.icuir.nz, oaiunus. uu
couanercial aristocracy. These furnish the ma
rW nf war. which they regard simply in the
light cfj pecuniary investment, to be repaid out
'of the poofcets of the subjugated South, while the
mob furnish the muscle m consideration of tho
prospect of psa gain. Whether the investment
.on.the'pxrt of the .one or the oUier shall turn out a
profitable one or not. remains t0Jf
ITiidcnco in tJUoAVP.
J!r CuiSKr, one of the editors of the Memphis
4tfan. saye, In i letter from Montgomery that
if it were proper, he might indulge his readers,
with his own convictions, founded upon the moit
reliable information, as to what will transpire here-,0-ter
bv the action of the Government in Montgo
mery ;but the suggestions of a wise policy connn
ces liiai that, m an hour of such exigency, public
Jit skovll not be cen to atwAing oaicMed to ijon
ihe ) of tie wemnds of this Govtnmnt. That
e North wT.lavc war to their heart's content,
acart the rigbt.of Ihem, war to the left of them
.war. but, effective and emphatic var, until it shall
rbelch forth iteelf, 'Hold, enough ' is certain."
The words in itilic8.should .be tcrupulously ob
served by every journal of the South. Patriotism
and common sense alike demanded that vrihitMie
1'rtas should be a pillar of fire to our own people,
t it should be a pillar of cloud to the enemy. Noth
ing should be published which can give them any
uJue to the movements of our Government.
For tVstclees the SeHth Flg-C?
;For everything worth livinj: for To resist ag
gression, to resist subjugation, to resist a, military
despotism to protect our lives, and tho 'Jives or
our women and children from the brutal and in
furiate passions of the mob, -and 'to maintain tho
doctrine of our revolutionary sires- that the con
sent of the governed is the only true and legitimate
source of power! He that falters is derilict to every
dictate of patriotism. i
The Banner whose .motives are well understood,
t is quite anxious to know what the late Democratic
J party, intends to do in reference to the momination
of a candidate for Governor. For ourselves, not
recognising the existence of a Democratic party in
this contest, we have-no right to answer. If the
Banner means to inquire whether the Convention
which will assemble' on "next Saturday,' intends to
submit to tho attempt on the part of a few of the
survivors of the late Union party, to thrust a can:
dida'te upon'the'public and cdmpcl us to accept him
under Vit threat ef discord, as tho day is but link)
way off, we shall decline venturing an opinion, how
ever much wc might te pleased to relieve the am
Idus fears of the J?awicr.
We had hoped that all questions calculated to
produce discord at the present moment might at
least havL- been deferred until we had disposed of
such questions as might be submited tothg nctionof
the present Legislature. Uut tno gaunuet nas ueen
thrown down by Messrs. MArsAitn", the editor of the
Banner, and a few others collected?together in
Nashville, after it had been generally- understood
there tfbuld be no convention, and it wfll be for the
Southern rights party, composed of all those who at
present agree, without reference to the past, to say
whether they will take it up Jiow or await some fu
Audy Johnson at Athens.
Atiiess, Tennessee, May Cth, 1861.
Editors Union and American: The manner in
which East Tenncsscans have heretofore been de
servedly spoken of, is almost enough to make one
disclaim any connexion with them ; but I take pride
in being able to say, thatEastTennessee is now very
nearly a unit
Asdt Jouxson' spoke here on Friday lastlthat fin
ished the work here.
Great was the feeling of indignation of an injured
people, whose trust had been betrayed. His ears
were constantly greeted with exclamations an em
issary of Lincoln an agent of the devil a traitor
to your county, and like epithets. His color went
but it came not while be stood on that goods box.
He saw he had ventured too far, and trembled for
the consequences. Although much effort had been
made on the part of firo or three individuals to get up
a crowd, the number present was small, and a ma
jority of them, after hearing hui awhile, would
have been quite willing to have seen him taken
down and soundly cowhided, as a slight Indication
of their feelings and a warning to him in the future
Many are at a loss as to his object in making such
speeches, (of course you know their character) but
every one can plainly see that their only tendency is
to divide us at home, not only preventing our act
ing according to the dictates of reason and a sense
of honor and justice, and unite in a common cause
of self-preservation and right, but actually engen
dering a civil strife right in our very midst the
worst of all evils ! Viewing it in this light, he
would not again be suffered to occupy a stand in
this country. If (through the invitation of itco or
three "Black Republican Tories") he were again to
attempt it, "forbearance would cease to be a virtue
and the just wrath of a terribly aroused people,'
would burst over his crown of dishonored lock3.
This section of our State is rapidly becoming all
right Numerous companies have been raised.
Some counties furnishing three or four.
On Friday, just as Gov. .Tonxsox closed his peti
tions, the first Secession flag our citizens have seen,
was unfurled on our streets and like the wild eagle
proudly floated in the genial air of a Southern
breeze. It will be unnecessary to say our flag did
not "want for protection,' when I make you ac
quainted with a 'great' fact, not, however, one of
Axpt Johnson's 'great facts,' '' who is a man of
factions and fictions, but a real fact
that at least seven eights of those who
had been listening to Axnr, and had just heard his
last petition, fell into rank and file, and marched
under our flag to the Depot to greet a regiment of
passing soldiers. Great numbers of the brave and
noble sons of the South are passing here daily.
About ten thoueand have already passed over this
road, going to check the madmen of the North in
their march of oppression and subjugation. They
are brave and determined looking men, and cheer
ful, well aware to the danger to which they are
about voluntarily to expose themselves, but know
ing that God is on their side, and that if they fall,
it will be in a glorious cause. It is witli cries of
joy and tears of gratitude that they recognize the
stars and bars of our adopted flag.
Ever may she wave, till time is no more, over
the soil of the South, the land of the noblest and
most chivalrous people n the face of the earth.
7liisiksipil and Arhansan.
VicssBCRG. May 2, 1SC1.
I have just arrived here from the State of Atkan
sas, via the Ouachita river and railroad from Mon
roe ; having first ascended the Arkansas river, call
ing at Pine Bluff. Little Rock, Fort Smith on the way
up, and at Van Buren, Fayetteville, Little Rock and
crossing ocr by stage to Camden, on my way down.
So you will perceive I have visited the principal
places in Middle and Southern Arkansas, together
with the Empire county of Northwestern Aakansasi
Rest assured there are no Union men in Arkan
sas now not cvtn in Fayetteville. The State is
virtually out of the Union, and will be formally so
on the seventh or eighth instant. Military compa
nies by scores are tendering active service to the
Confederate Government against the unwise, unjust,
unnatural, unchristian, unrighteous, unholy, un
godly warfare of the Lincoln Seward government
on the South.
Fort Smith, a3 you have heard, was evacuated in
night-time by the United States forces, who took
with them all their small arms and horses. The
number of men was small, about one hundred and
fifty, several of the officers had resigned, and quite
a number of privates, having no respect for the
powers that ruled over them, had deserted. The
Fort and appertenances thereunto belonging sre
now in the hands and keeping of the State of Ar
kansas. Persons who have not visited that State have but
a poor conception of the capacity of its soil in the
production of cottin and grain, and the cheapness
and facility with which horned-cattle, horses.raules,
hogs and sheep arc raised and made fit for market.
Hogs become seal fat on the wast of pecans, acorns,
&c, without the aid of a kernel of corn. Other
stock, except such as is set apart for service, find
excellent ranges and require very little feeding at
any season of the year. In passing from Little
Rock to Camden. I was must agreeably sur
prised at seeing po many fine fields of growing
wheat, promising a remarkably good yield. Corn
is looking very well, though the weather has been
rather cold. Lower down on the Ouachita and
between that and the Mississippi river, the lands
are fairly burthened witi it, (if it be possible to
burthen such soil with any crop) and I noticed the
plant was, in many fields from twelve to eighteen
inches high already. This is a single section. Lift
the same may be said of the crops all over the
South Yet, the infuriated, deranged North talk
about starving the Sacth back into obedience at
least ! I noticed one little piece of evidence touch
ing their belief in the starving condition of the
poor Southern people on the Ouachita, two or three
days ago. A steamboat laden entirely with corn,
had ascended the river as high as Camden, the
shipper, no doubt, expecting to fiod a ready sale
and high prices for his cargo; but the people want
ed no corn, and he turned the bow of his craft
down stream, and must now pursue his voyage of
mercy over some other waters in search of a starv
ing people: and if not attended with better success
elsewhere, he will, before he closes hi adventures,
witness the approaching maturity of a crop planted
on these grounds, and find out from actual examina
tion that the North is not the only country that pro
I have been trying to get some news from Ten
nessee but do not find it. The last I had was of
date the 2.)th, when your Legislature had gone into
secret session. Will Tennessee longer delay taking
a step in the right direction Southward. With
Virginia out tl the Northern Union and Arkansas
following, will she not wheel into line, setting an
example to her mother Stat, iTortli Garolina, then
comes her sister State Kentucky, then follow Mis
souri. Maryland and Delaware, and the Southern
Union is perfect Ox the Wixo.
JjgiraKST op Provisions from Citcixxati to Nasu
,viLLE.l5of,';iBi.T rrAvcxTEn. The Cincinnati Gazette
of the 5th say.-
Considerable excitement was created at the wharf
Saturday, in consequence of the discovery of a Urge
atsouni'of provisions on the mail boat Superior,
destined for Nashville .via Louisville. Some 'in au
thority thought thatsnder the late decision of Gov.
Dennion the provisions should go, but a number of
the Home Guard would not permit anything of the
kind. They did not approve the plan of feeding the
citizens or soldiery of a disloyal State. Hence they
removed the freight consisting of eighty-six casks
of bacon. Five hundred barrels of flour, for Louis
ville, were sent down on tho same boat Wo un
derstand that the Mail Company do not intend here
after to carry provisions of any kind, unless ap
proved by the Committee of Public Safety.
Other points not so "patriotic'' as Cincinnati, hav
provisions to f elL and they are selling them to the
Military League between the State el
XeaBecseoBBa tho Confederate 'state.
By-virtue of a joint resolution of the General
Assembly, Hon's G. A. Hexrt, A.O. W. Tottes and
wAsmxoTox Uabkow, were appointed by the Gov
ernor to confer with the Hon. H. W. Hiujami, Comt
missioner from the Confederate States, relative to
tho formation of a Military League between the
State of Tennessee and tho Confederate Sates.. e-
lo w we give the Governor's Message, announcing the
formation of the league, tozetner with the league
- -ME3310E OP-OTE GavEEXOH.-
Esecutive Departxsxt. )
Nasuviixe, May 7, 1SGI. J
Gentlemen of the Senate . . .
and House of Bepresentalives:
By virtue of the authority of your joint resolu
tion, adopted on the. 1st day .f May,inst, I ap
pointed Gustavus A. Henry, of the county of Mont
gamery, Archibald 0. W.Tolten, of the county of
Madison, and Washington Barrow, of the county of
Davidson, "Commissioners, on the part ot lennessee,
to enter into a Military League with the authorities
of the Confederate States, and with the authorities
of such other slaveholding States as may wish to
enter into it; having in view the protection and de
fence of the entire South against the war that is
now being carried on against it."
The said Commissioners met the Hon Henry W,
Hilliard, the accredited representative of the Con
federate States, at Nashville on this day, and have
agreed upon and executed a Military League be
tween the State of Tennessee and the Confederate
States of America, subject, however, to the ratifica
tion of the two Governments, one of the duplicate
originals of which I herewith transmit for your rat
ification or rejection. For many cognt and obvi
ous reasons, unnecessary to be rehearsed to you, I
respectfully recommend the ratification of this
League at tho earliest practicable moment.
Isium G. Harris.
couvextiox between tue state op tenxes3ee, and
tue Confederate States of America.
The Stato of Tennessee, looking to a speedy ad
mission into the Confederacy established by the Con
federate States of America, in accordance with the
Constitution for the provisional Government of said
States, enters into tho following temporary Conven
tion, Agreement and Military League, with the
Confederate States, for tho purpose of meeting
pressing exigencies affecting the common rights,
interests, and safety of said States, and said Con
federacy. First. Until the said State shall become a mem
ber of said Confederacy according to the Constitu
tion of both powers, tho whole military force, and
military operations, offensive and defensive of said
State, in the impending conflict with the United
States, shall be under th3 chief control and direc
tion of the President of the Confederate States upon
the same bisis, principles and footing, as if said
State were now, and during the interval a member
of said Confederacy, said force, together with that
of the Confederate States, to be employed for the
Second The State of Tennessee will, upon be
coming a member of said Confederacy under the
permanent Constitution of said Confederate Statis,
if the same shall occur, turn over to said Confeder
ate States, all the puplic property acquired from
the United States, on the same terms, and in the
same manner as the other states of said Confederacy,
have done in like cases,
Third Whatever expenditures of money, if any,
the said state of Tennessee shall make before she
becomes a member of said Confederacy, shall be
met and provided for, by the Confederate States.
This Convention entered into and agreed.in the City
of Nashville. Tennessee, on the Seventh day of May,
A. D., ISCl.by Henry W. Hilliard, the duly author
ized commissioner to act in the natter ot the Con
federate States, and Gustavus A. Henry, Archibald
O. W. Totten, and Washington Barrow, commission
ers duly authorized to act in like manner for the
state of Tennessee the whole subject to the approv
al and ratification of the prop;r authorities of both
In textimony whereof the parties aforesaid have
herewith set their hands and seals, the day and year
aforesaid, in duplicate original.
Henry W. Hilmaro, seal.
Commissioner for the Confederate Stdes cf America.
Gcstavcs A Hexrt, seal.
A. 0. W. TOTTEX, SEAL J
Washington Barrow, seal.
Commissioners on the part cf Tennessee.
JOINT RE301.TTTI0X UATIKTISO TUB LEAGUE.
Whereas, A military league, offensive and defen
sive, was formed on this the 7th of May, 1SG1, by
and between A. 0. W. Totten, Gustavus A. Henry,
and Washington Barrow, Commissioners on the
part of the Statc'of Tennessee, and H. W. Hilliard,
Commissioner on the part ot the Confederate States
of America, subject to the confirmation of the two
Be it therefore resolved hy .the .General Assembly of
tiie Slate of Tennessee, That said league -bc in all re
spects ratified and confirmed; and the said General
Assembly hereby pledges the faith and honor of the
State ot Tennessee to the faithful observance of the
terms and conditions of said league.
The followicg is the vote in the Senate on the
adoption of the League :
Ayes. Messrs. Allen, Horn, Hunter, Johnson,
Lane, Minnis. McClellan. McNeilly, Payne. Peters,
Stanton, Thompson. Wood and Speaker Stovall. 14.
jVoej Messrs. Boyd, Bradford, Uildreth, Nash,
Riiihardson and Stokes. C.
Absent and not voting : Messrs. Bumpass, Mickley,
Newman. Stokley and Trimble. 5.
The foilowinc is the vote in the House:
Ates Messrs. Baker of Perry, Baker of Weakley,
Bayless, Bicknell, Bledsoe, Cheatham, Cowden. Dav
idson, Davis. Dudley Ewing, Farley, Farteliy, Ford,
Frazier, Gantt Guy, Havron, Hurt. Ingram. Jones,
Rentier. Kennedy, Lea, Lockhart. Martin. .U3y field,
McCabe. Mornhics. Nail. Pickett, Porter, Richardson
Roberts, Sheid, timith, Sowell. Trevitt, Vaughn,
Whitmore. Woods, and Sneaker W hitthorne 42.
Aoss Messrs. Armstrong. Brazelton, Butler,
Caldwell. Gorman. Greene. Morris. Norman, Russell.
Senter.Strewsbury, White, of Davidson, Williams, of
Knox. Wisener and oodard lo.
Absent and not voting: Messrs. Barksdale, Beaty,
Bennett. Britton. Critz. Doak, Last, Gillespie. Har
ris. Hebb. Johuon. Kincaid.of Anderson, Kincaid.
of Claiborne. Trewhitt. White, of Dickson. Will
iams, of Franklin, Williams, of Hickman, and Will
Declaration oi Independence of Tcnntsscc
AN ACT to submit to a vote of the people a Dtcbrstian of In
dependence oJ for other purpssej.
Section 1 . Be it enacted by the General Assembly
of the Stale of Tennessee. That immediately after the
nassaee of this Act the Governor of this State
shall, bv proclamation, direct the Sheriff of the
several counties in this State to open and hold an
election at the various voting precincts in their re
spective counties on the Sth day of June, 1SC1;
that said Sheriffs, or in the absence of the Sheriffs,
the Coroner of the county, shall immediately ad
vrrtiae the election contemplated by this Act: that
said Sheriffs appoint a Deputy to hold said election
for each voting precinct, and that said Deputy ap
point three Judges and Iwd Clerks for each pre
cinct, and if no officer shall, from any cause, attend
nv vntinf? rjrecinct to onen and hold said election.
then any Justice of the Peace, or in the absence of
a Justice of the reace, any respectaDie jree noiaer
may appoint an olucers, Judges and uerKs to open
Hnrt linld said election. Said officers. Judges und
Clefks shall be sworn as now required by law. and
who after being so swotn, shall open and hold an
election, open and close at the f mie ot day. ana in
the manner now required by law in elections for
mpmbera to the General Assembly.
Sec 2 Be ilfariher enacted. That at said election
the followim declaration shall be submitted to a
vote of the quanneu voters oi luc ouw.- ui icu
nessee, for their ratification or rejection.
Declaration of Independence and Ordinance: nis
sm.vixn the Federal Relatiovs between the
State of Tenxkssee and the United Status of
1st We the people of the State of Tennessee,
waiving any expression of opinion, a to the ab
stract doctrine of secession, but asserting the right
as a free and independent people, to alter, reform
or abolish our form of Government in such manner
is we think nroner. do ordain and declare that all
tho lnwa and ordinances, bv which the State of
Tennessee became a member of the Federal Union
of the United States of America, are hereby abro
gated and annulled, and that all obligations on our
part be withdrawn therefrom ; and wo do hereby
resume all the rights, functions and powers, which
by any of said laws and ordinances were conveyed
to the Government of the United States, and ab
solved ourselves from all the obligatons. restraints
and duties incurred thereto : and do hereby hencc
foi th become a. free, sovereign and independent
Second. We furthermore declare and ordain that
Article 10 Stctions 1 and 2 of the Constitution of
the State of Tennessee, which requires members of
the General Assemblv, and all officers, civil
and military, to take an oath to support the
Constitution of the United States, be and the
same are hereby abrogated and annulled, and
all parts of the constitution of the State f Tennes
see, making citizenship of the United States a quali
fication for office, and recognizing the Constitution
of the United States a3 the supreme law of this
State, are in like manner abrogated and annulled.
Third, We furthermore ordain and declare, that
all rights acquired and vested under the Constitution
of the JJntpd States, or under any act of Congress
passed in pursuance thereof, or under any laws of
this State and not incompatible with this ordinance,
shall remain in force and have the same effect as if
this ordinance had not been passed.
Sec 3. Be it farOtcr enacted. That said election
shall be by ballot, that these voting for the Declara
tion and Ordinance shall have written or printed on
their ballots "Separation." and those voting against
it shall have written or printed on their ballots "No
Separation.'- That the clerks holding said election
shall keep regular scrolls ot the voters as now re
quired by law in the election of members to tho
General Assembly, that the clerks and judges shall
certify the same with the number of votes for
"Separation," and the number of votes "No Separa
tion." The officer holding the election, shall return
the same to the Sheriff of the county, at the county
seat, on the Monday next after the rlectidft. The
Sheriff shall immediately make out, certify and
send tb Jjo Governor the number of votes polled
and the number of votes for "Separation," and. life
number "No Separation," and' file one of the origi
nal scrolls, with the clerk oi the County Court;
that upon comparing the vote by the Governor in tho
office of the Secretary of State, which shall be at
least by the 21th day of June, 1ES1, and may bo
sooner if the returns are all received by the Gov
ernor. If a majority of the votes polled shall be
for "Separation," the Governor shall by his Procla
mation make it kno n, and declare all connection
by the State of Tennessee, with the Federal Union
dissolved, and that Tennessee is a free, independant
Government, free from all obligation to, or connec
tion with the 'Federal Government And that tho
Governor shaU "cause 'trie vote by counties' to be
published, the number for '.'Separation," and the
cumber '"So Separation," whether a majority vote?
lor "Separation,"' or "No Separation."
Sec. 4. Be it filler enacted, That in the pac
tion to he held under the provisions of this
act upon the Declaration submitted to the people,
all volunteers and other persons connected with the
service of this State, qualified to vote for members
of the Legislature in the counties where they re
side, saau be entitled to vote in any county in the
State where they may be in active service, or un
der orders, or on parole atthe time of said election;'
ana all other voters suau vote m tae county where
they reside, as now required by law in voting for
members to the General Assembly.
Seo 5. Be ii further enacted, That at tho same
time and under the rules aud regulations prescrib
ed, for the election herein before .ordered, tho fol
lowing ordinance shall be submitted to the popular
vote. iu wik.
An Ordinance for the adoption of the Constitu
tion of the Provisional Government of the Confed
erate States of America
We tho peoplo of Tennessee, solemnly impressed
by the perils which surround us, do hereby adopt
and ratify the Constitution of the Provisional Guv
ernmentof tho Confederate States of America, or
dained and established at Montgomery. Alabama,
on tho 8th . day of February, 1851,tobain force
during the existence thereof, or until such time as
wo may supersede it, by the adoption of a perman
Sec.0. Be it further enacted. That tbo?e in favor
of the adoption of said Provisional Constitution and
thereby securing to Tennessee equil representation
in tho deliberations and Councils of the Confeder
ate States, shall have written or printed on their
ballots the word '"Representation," those opposed,
the words "Xo Representation."
Sec 7. Be it furtlier enacted, That in the event tho
jteoplo shall adopt the Constitution of the Provision
al Government of the Confederate State3 at the elec
tion herein ordered, it shall be tjie duty of tho Gov
ernor forthwmi to issue writs oi election lor
delegate? to represent the State of Tennessee in the
said Provisional Government That the State shall
be represented by as many delegates as it was en
titled to members of Congress to the recent Con
gress of the United States ol America, who shall bo
elected from the several Congressional districts as
now established by law, in the mode and manner
now prescribsd for the election of members of the
Congress of the United States.
Sec 8. Be it further enacted, That this Act take ef
fect from and after its passage.
W. C. WniTTUORXB,
Speaker of the Hou9e of Representatives.
B. L. Stovall,
Speaker of the Senate.
Passed May 6th, 1SG1.
The following is the vote on the final passage of
the Declaration of Independence in the Senat:
Ayes Messrs. Allen, Bradford, Bumpass, Hil
dreth, Horn, Hunter, Johnson, Lane, Mickley, Min
nies, McClellan, McNeilly, Payee, Richardson, Stan
ton. Stokes, Stovall, Thompson, Wood, and Speaker
Jibes Messrs. Boyd, Nash, Stokely, and Trimble
Absent : Mr. Peters.
The following is the vote in the House:
Ayes Messrs. Baker cf Perry, Baker of Weak
ley, Barksdale, Bayless, Bicknell, Bledsoe, Cheat
ham. Cowden. Critz, Davidson. Davis, Dudley, Ew
ing. Farley, Farrelly, Ford, Frazier. Gantt, Guy,
Hebb, Hurt, Ingram, Jones, Kenner, Kennedy, Lea,
Lockhart, Martin. Mayfield, McCabe, Morphips,
Nal', Pickett. Porter, Richardson, Roberts, Shied
Smith, Sowell. Trevitt, Vaughn, Whitmore. Wil
liams of Franklin. Williams of nickman, Woods
and Speaker Whitthorne 10.
Abes Messrs. Armstrong, Brazelton, Britton,
Butler, Cardwell, Eiat, Gillespie, Gormtn, Greene,
Havron, Johnson, Kincaid of Anderson Kincaid 'of
Claiborne, Morris.Norrman, Rusell, Senter, Shrews fj
bury, Whita of Davidson, Williams of Knox, and
Excused from voting: Mr. Harm.
Paired off: Messrs. Doak and Wisenor. 2.
Absent ar.d not voting : Messrs. Beaty, Bennett,
Trewhitt, White of Dickson, and Williamson 5.
Ax Act tc repeal so much of section 9C of the
Militia Law. pissed 28th Jan . IS 10, as requires an
oath to support the Constitution of the United
Section 1 , Be it enacted by the General Assembly of
the Stale of Tennessee. That so much of section
ninety-six of the Militia Law of Tennessee, passed
the 28th day of January, 1810, prescribing an oath
to support the Constitution of the United States, be,
and the same is hereby repealed.
Sec. 2, Biit enacted, That this act take effect from
and after its passage.
W. C. WHITTHORNE,
Speaker cf the House of Bepresentalives.
B. L. STOVALL,
Speaker of the Semte.
Passed ilay C, 18CI.
About the Iteconnltlon of tho Co federate
States by European Powers.
We find in the Charleston 2feracry, a letter from
John Mitchell, dated Paris, April 5th, of which
the following is an extract :
Intelligence has just arrived here that three
leading citizens of the Southern States, including
W. L. Yancey, are on their way to Europe, to put
themselves m communication with -the principal
governments, esptciafly trance and hngland, to ex
pound the reasons and erounds of the great Amer
ican Revolution, and officially demand recognition
for the Confederated btates. It may well be con
ceived that in the present conditi u of your affairs
this proceeding will give rise to various and con
flicting appreciations. Tho Southern Confederacy
is not yet officially recognized by the rump of the
"united fctates;" and the goverment of .Mr. Lin
coin, if powerless for anything else, can yet avail
itself of diplomatic etiquette and the "comity of
nations," and affect to treat you as rebels not ac
tually and practically at home, but by manifesta
tions intended to meet the eyes of Europe, and, as
it were, ia a certain documentary manner. They
dare not act towards you as rebels, and this, it is
hoped, will embarrass you for the present In fact.
the question whether you are to be recognized, or
not to be recognized, is agitating both France and
Eocland a cood deal.
Before this reaches Charleston you will have the
report of the proposed resolution in the British
Parliament on that point. In France there are two
strongly defined parties already upon this especial
The Commissioners on their way may meet with
discouragement and will undoubtedly find a large
mass ot absurd misrepresentation to be cleared
away ; yet, I entertain no doubt that they will com
pletely succjed in their mission. A very few weeks
more of the silly arid cowardly braggadocio of the
North, and of the steadv, sell-reliant organization
of the South, will show to Europe where the force
really resides ; and to force, hurope bows with
reverent and painfully sincere homage. Already
it begins, I think,to dawn upoa men's minds that if
Southerners are not rebels, and are not to hi treated
as rebels, then the Northerners are rebels. Above all
things, it is difficult to make Europeans comprehend
that neither party is 14 rebellion, neither party ab
solutely in the wrong, but both standing upon their
rights. We must wait a few hundred years before
r-urope can rise, to the height ot that conception.
In the meantime, to solve this present difficulty
to mee" this immediate exigency I -believe, the
settled opinion in Europe will shortly be that' the
North is in rebellion with the South which is also
my own opinion.
Position of the Lincoln Gorornntcnt--Tho
Feeling' of the Cabinet.
Corre'pondence cf tbt New York Eyeairg Pest.
Washinotpn, May 2. Do nqt believe one-half of
what certain telegraphers and letter-writers say
respecting the position of tho different members of
the Cabinet One or two of the Cabinet member
have been grossly misrepresented for two months.
Gideon Welles of Connecticut has from the onteet
been one of the most bold and radical members 0f
the Cabinet. He never was in favor of settling our
difficulties by a patched up compromise, nor has he
ever believed that a peaceful solution was possible.
Ten days ago when Washington was cut off from
the loyal States it was urged in Cabinet council
that a route should be opened around Baltimore
Mr. Welles advocated the passage thrmwh the con
tumacious city. "It will take twenty thousand troops
to do it,'' was the reply. "Then use fifty thousand for
the purpose!" said Mr. Welles. Yetsomeenemy of the
becrenry of the .Navy has started the btory that he
is for a peaceful separation of the two sections of
the country. Nothing could be further from the
ttuth. Everybody knows that Mr. Seward has
been anxious to avoid a war. He has put more
lauh than any of his friends in the southern profes
sions cf lovalty and peace. Even to this hour Mr
Seward findi it difficult to dispel from his brain the
idea that the bouth will, without a conflict, submit
to the Federal Government When this delusion is
scattered, Mr. Seward will fight as zealously as any
body else. He took the ground last winter that he
would as a last resort light to save the Union.
Mr. Bates is cautious and conservative, and jrr.
Smith is not unlike him in these respects. The de
cided men of the Cabinet are Chase, Blair, and
Welles. Mr. Blair is for keeping up the Post Office
system all over the South, in the seceded States as
well as the neutral ones. He has urged upon the
Secretary of War the policy of settling the mails
running to Philadelphia and New York via Balti
more, at once. Mr. Cameron objected to this. He
desired Baltimore to suffer the natural penalty for
her infamous acts. She is now shut out from the
rest of the world, has no mail connection except to
the West, and is hemmed in on all sides by Federal
troops. It would not take a two months' blockade
to work her entire destruction. .Mr. Uiair stands
by the friends of the Union in Baltimore, and thinks
that they should not be made to suffer for the sins
of the Secessionists if it can be avoided.
In the speech of Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois,
deliycre.d n the U. S. House of Representatives on
the 2h of January 1SJ8, which we find reported,
at length in the Appepdix to fhc Congressional
Globe, 1st session, ""Oth Congress, page 94, Mr. Lint
coin says: '
"Anv neonle anywhere, being inclined and bavins
the po wer, have a rigid to rise up and shake oft tho
existing Government, and form anew one.thatsuits
them better. This is a most v.nuame, a most sacred
right a right which, we hope and believe, is to li
berate the world. Nor is this right confintd to cas
es in which the whole people of an existing Govern
ment may choose to exercise it Any portion of
such people that can, may revolutionize, and make
their oirn of so much of the territory as they in
habit More than this, a majority of any portion
of such people may revolutionize, putting down a
minority, intermingled with, or near about thpm.
who may oppose their movements. It i3 a equality
ol revolutions not to goby old lines, or old laws; but
to breakup both, and make new ones."
An Abolitionist " Picked Up." The Harper's
Ferry correspondent of the Richmond Whig, wrues
under date of the 29th ult:
There are quite a number of "niggers" in service
here; who are frequentlyjseen st;pping about the en
camptaent, fully armed, and sometimes uniformed
They are, of course, body servants, faithfully fol
lowing their masters to the field. A white man ap
proached two of them the other day, and commenc
ed a conversation by asking them "why, as they
were so near a free State, they did not escape to
freedom;'' pie y.'orda werp no sooner uttered than
the negroes simultaneously seize4 thg fellow and
marched him off to the "guard house, and' preferred
the charge of "abolitionism" against him. lie was
immediately put in durance, under the negroes.
Fitting eat or VelHHteers.
Col,GEonaE W. Lit, late aid to Gen. Scott, bat
now auVtbtho Governor of Virginia, has published
a card, in which he makes the following seasonable
suggestions in regard to the fitting out of "volun
teers: ' ''The. Statb can furnish." duly- ihe"refuipmerits" of
primary necessity, in which arc not included by
regulation many" small articles that ursjalmost in
dispensiblej.sdch as tin ,cups. sheath-ltaivesj' mate
rials for sewing with which every Russian soldier
is furnished, by his government brushes, .spare
buttons, shoe-strings, fcipc.&c. Each riian will have'
to keep his own clothes in order.
' One of tho best securities for health, in case the
soldier will be content to adopt a precaution every
where counselled by tho higesst surgisal authority
is the wearing a flannel belt uert the skin, from the
waist to tho hips, so tied as to lap well in front
A soldier's greatest liability to disease, is from ex
posure to wet, and to changes of temperature, pro
ducing rheumatic or intestinal suffering. The rln
nel belt, closely wrapped, keeps the loins and abdo
men at a nearly uniform temperature, which the
loose shirt will not effect. This belt has been re
quired to be worn by British trocpi in tho West
Indies, since many years, and was prescribed in the
French and English armies in the Crimea, and con
sidered equally important in hot and cold weather
against dysentery ana ngamst rheumatism. Tho
material costs but little and one lady could make up
a number of belts in a day."
Gaiters of linen duck or light cloth a material
that will wash is best to fasten overshoes or ankle
boots, will, by keeping out the dust, prevent the
feet from chafling, and not only increase the com
fort, but the rapidity and endurance of marching.
Tho color should be white, or very light, to keep
out heat. The experience of the French the best
marching army in the world, has caused these
gaiters to be adopted as a part of the regulation
equipment. They are, however, of less importance
than the belts.
To every company leaving for the field a suitable
quantity of such small comforts might be furnished
at a trival expense. A small package of tea, and
one of iitric acid, for light cased of sickness, when
separated from hospital stores, might bo added; but
nothing should be allowed that is nf weight, and
would burthen the small means of transportation
furnished for camp equipage, tc.
Col. Lay also accompanies these suggestions with
another excellent one, that societies be formed in
each town of the State for the purpose of providing
the means and personally attending to this impor
tant service to our brave volunteers.
DECISIONS OF TIIE SDPBEHE CODBT.
Decisions of ho Supreme Court of the
Mate of Tennessee at Nashville, De
cember Term, lSCO.
John Keith tnl other! ti. Alvin C. BtgUnd and others.
The question in this case is, as to tho proper mode
of proceeding to procure tho vacation, or recall, of
I , ? T IT Tl J
me proDate oi iue wn ui jus. u, luigiami, in com
mon form in 1819, and have it repropounded for
probate in solemn form, under an issuj ot aevisavil
This Court m the case of Cornwell. vs. Cornwel',
11 Hump, 4S5, adopted as the most convenient and
approved practice, that which is settled in North
Carolina in the case of Harvey, vs. Smith 1 Dev and
Bat, S R. 188. According to which some parly in-.
te rested in the estate in..case of intestacy (for no
others will be heard) must present a petition to the
county Court setting forth his interest and the
grounds upon which the contest is to be made.
The executor must be cited or summoned to appear
and answer the petition. Upon the case thus pre
sented the county Court may either set aside the for
mer probate, and send up the case to the Circu
Court for issue and trial or i efuse to do so. rrom
t'aeir judgment either party may appeal.
In the case before us, the petition was filed by
the defendants who were proper parties, children of
the deceased, at March Terra 1860, ot the County
Court of Jackson, and the Court set aside the pro
bate. But the other party was not cited to appear.
Properly concluding that this order of the Court
waB irregular, the parties did not take up the case
to the Circuit Court under it, but filed a more for
mal petition on the 17th May 1860, to the June Term
of tho County Court and caused subpoenas to be is
sued by the clerk, to the proper parties, to appear
The parties did appear, and moved to dismiss the
petition upon the a single ground that the County
Court then had no jurisdiction of tho case, because
it had at the preceding March term set aside the
original probate, and ordered the case to the Cir
cuit Court for trial, taking proper bonds ic accord
ing to the statute. The record to that effect was
referred to and relied upon. The Court overruled
the motion, when an answer upon tho merits was
filed by Keith and pro confesso taken against Craig.
The Court then entered a formal order setting aside
the probate and ordering the case to the Circuit
Court. From this order the appeal was taken, and
the whole case went up.
In the Circuit Court at the first term, the appell
ants moved the Court to "disstniss this cause and
strike it out from the docket, because the petition
before the County Uourc to contest the sam
was not sicorn to.and because the County Court bad
no jurisdiction of the canse at the time, as the pro
bate .in common form had been set aside at the
March term proceedings. And further, to quash
and dismiss said preceeding because there was no
ground shown in said petition to contest said will
and because the contracts did not give bond as re
quired bylaw, in the County Court or offer it to do
To remedy this last difficulty bond was then
Of the various grounds assumed in support of
the motion, the first is mainly relied upon, viz : that
the petition to the County Court was not verified by
We have no express decision on this point, and
our act of!83j and the Code are silent on the subject
But in orth Carolina it seems to have been held in
two cases that such petitions must be accompanied
with an affidavit 2 Iredell's Dig. 843. paragraph 45
In a recent work in this btate, entitled, the"llis
tory of a Law Suit" 550, it is laid down to be the
correct practice. The proper practice is there set
out with particularity,
This court has said in the case of Cornwell al!
ready cited, referring to Wynne vs. Spiers, 1 Hump
MOT, that it is not a matter of course to set aside the
probate of a will lor renroqate. it tnis were so
great mischief an'd confusion wouh be produced
E3lates long settled up and distributed in many
cases, under wills regularly proved in common
form weuld be called back, and titles to property
disturbed and damaged to the great injury often of
innocent persons. In view of these serious con
sequences, a good case should be prima facie made
out, and that in a reliable form before the solemn
adjudication of the proper tribunal, even in common
form in lavorof a will should be disturbed. Titles
to real as well as personal estate, are put at haz
ard by these contests. But it is important for the
rights of those entitled to property by succession
and inheritance, or the just and equal rules of the
statutes of descents and distribution, that in all
proper cases wills should be open to contest, and
unsolemn probates set aside lor that purpose. It is
not however, requiring too much of those who al
lege that a wrong has been done them in a recorded
probate under the forms of law, to verify the truth
ot these allegations against it by amdavit
But in this case the party was too late in making
the objection. This should have been done in the
Uounty Court, when appearance was made in
obedience to the summons or citation. Instead of
that a motion was made to dismiss the petition upon
another and insufficient ground, and on the failure
of which an answer was fifed, and this objection
made for the first time in the Circuit Cou,rt. That
Court did right then to overrule the motion, and
ordering an issue devisavil vel non to he made up
And the appeal from that ruling must fail here. So
the judgment of the Circuit Cuurt will be affirmed;
and the cause remanded tor issue and trial.
Correct copy : J. P. Clark, Clerk.
Ja8j WoojKird, Adminlitr&torof David Bimlnf, ti. Einh
This case raises a disputed question of fact, as
well as a question of law, upon the doctrine of de
scents and distrioution.
The bill is filed by the administrator ef David
Heming to compel the defendents to interplead and
settle their respective claims to the estate in his
The deceased was never married, and died.-intes
tate, leaving both real and personal estate.
The defendants, Mrs Vaughn, Mrs Hannum and
Mr3 Clark, are admitted to be the legitimate full
sisters of the deceased.
Mrs Duncan and Mrs Bigbee claim to be the same.
but that is disputed by the other defendants, and
the bill charges that they are the illegitimate chil
dren of the same mother.
This is the question of fact, as to which, the
proof brings us to the conclusion that the charge in
the bill is sustained, and that they are illegitimate.
The legal question u, whether they can mnerit
from a leait imate half brotlier. If they cart, it must
be bv some statute. By the common law thev ara
clearly excluded. Kent, 413; 9 Hump. 460.
They have' noihheritable blood. " and can neither
take nor transmit by descent
The actof 1813, cb.iu.and leoi, ch. da, incorpo
rated into the code, sec. 'irzj, change the common
law in the cases therein specified. The case there
provided for, embracing this question is, that when
an tueguimaie uies intestate, wuuoui wiie or cuu
dren. or mother living, then his estate shall go equal
ly to his brothers and sisters by his mother, or the
ucscendents ot sufn Drotners or sisters.
Wo have had two cases under this statute. In
Riley vs. Byrel, 3 Head. 20, we held that the lawful
issue of the same mother took equally with the un
lawful brothers and sisters qf ITfje legitimate de
The case of W ebb vs. W ebb, page 6Q of the saroq
book, does not touch the question.
Now it will he seen that these statutes apply
alone to tho caec of an illegitimate descedent, and
only changes the existing law of descents and dis
tributions in relation to their estates. But this is the
case of a legitamates estate. Tho common law
a ; must pievnil as to that, as there has been no
' ance by any statute. We are not disposed to go
bevond the Legislature in removing the checks up
on illicit intercourse, and the stigma from bastardy.
The cause of good morals forbids it
The decree will be reversed, and Mrs. Duncan and
Mrs. Bigbee excluded from the inheritance.
A correct copy: J. P. Curs, Clerk.
Oecrgs F.Kbodei Tf. thsSUie.
This was an indictment for an assanlt and battery
with intent to commit a rape upon a female child of
four years old. The jury convicted him and flxed
ma term or irqprisonm'ni at two years iu uv peni
tentiary. The onlv ouestion nresentcd in the case is, who
ther the facts constitute the offence created by sec.
4.G17 of the code.
After giving the common law definition of rape
in the 4,610;h sec, and in the next section prescrib
ing? the Dunishmcnt of rape upon "a female of ten
years and upwards," it is then provided in sec. 4.C10
that "any person wno snail uniawiuuy anucarnauy
know and abuse a female under the age of ten
years, shall on conviction be punished as in cases of
rape." To constituie rape, the carnal knowledge
must be Vforcjble and against the will,'' 'This only
applies to females pf ten jearj and. upwards. Bat
if under ten, it need not he' forcible and against the
will. ' Tins, though not rape is a felony. .But in
bdth cases there must be carnal knowledge. The
section now under consideration, and on which thi3
indictment is based, creates another and different
felony in which the object designed 19. not accom
plished. It requires two elements to constitute it
an act with a certain intent An sauit anil battery
must be committed on-a fnate"witli intentrriknow
her "forcibly and against her tciU." It is difficult to
conceive how any: sane man , could lwvevthis intant
in reference to .1 child of four years old. Bnt tbis
defendant was drunk, and it U said, may have hrd
such a purpose in tliat condition. If he had, though
it was lmpraet'tuble to have accomplished his ob
ject and (-arned out his unholy in'ent, the crime
might ba complete, as drunkeness ' is no ex
cuse for crime. Yet we ara of npint n that
this section has reference only to cas;8
where, if the intent wan carrkd out. the offence
would be rane. Tbat Would not be o'if the female
was under ten.' In the.deecription of crime intend
ed to bo committed, the words employed ia the -de
finition of rapo lire ttcd. The intent must tcto
have carnal knowledge of tho female "forcibly and
against her will."' This would not be neceisary to
create the offence perpetrated on a female under
ten. We must understand the Legislature, from the
language used in the definition of this felony, where
the offence is to consist of the dhtinct common law
offence of Assault and Battery with an intent to
commit another crime, which amounts to a felony
to refer to the crime of rape. It is the object and
purpose for which the assault and battery is com
mitted that raises the misdemeanor to a felony. The
intent to commit any other crime than ra e, even
that created by the -1GU section, would not make
out the felony here created. It would only bo an
aggravated misdemeanor. Of this last oflVnce the
defendant should have been convicted, as he would
have been under a correct change. No matter how
odious and detestable we may regard the conduct
of the defendant, we cannot punish him for a felony
unless the law has declared it to be such.
The little girl was not injured nor did her person
indicate that any attempt hail been made to violate
her, though he carnei her off into the smokehouse,
and the appearance of her clothes was suspicious
when dtected. His foolish and extremely impro
per and senseless conduct can only be accounted for
on the ground tbat he was drunk was to be almost
bereft of his reason.
Reverse the judgment and remand the cause for
a new trial. Carctuers.
Correct copy: J. P. Clare, Clerk.
The American ltovolutlon.
Fron the London Tines, April 19
It needs no comment of ours to impress the pub
lic with the great importance of the news from
America. We are axious to speak with caution on
this subject, and not cause alarm which may possi
bly prove to have been unnecessary. Therelore we
we would rather let the telegraphic summary from
Queensto wn speak for itself. The steamer left New
York on the Cth, and on the day previous the signs
of an approaching conflict, which had been visible
for some weeks before, became so marked that a
panic took place in Wall street. In what may be
called the two chief cities of tho rival-Federations,
the beleit that war was at hand prevailed equally.
In Ne w York there was. as we ha ve said, a panic on
tho Stock Exchange, while from Charleston the ttls
graph announces that the dread moment had arriv
ed, and a rupture would at once take place. It was
even feared that military operations had begun on
the part of the Southerners. No news had been re
ceived from Fort Pickens, for several days, and this
had led to the belief that the communication had
been cut oil" by the Southern troops. From Charles
ton it was announced that Major Anderson had been
called upon to evacuate Fort Sumter within forty
eight hours, the alternative bein that the place
would be bombarded. The belief at Washington
was that the Government was as determined as that
of Secessionists. Every man had been ordered on
duty ; a frigate, with two first class merchant
steamers, would sail al once with sealed orders;
but we learn from a private source th3t there were
still doubts as to whether they were intended to re
hive Fort Pickens or to prooceed to St Domingo.
Jj'uch is the momentous intelligence which we pub
liih to-day. We may here, however, repeat the
hope so often expressed on this side of the ocean,
that if the two sections of the late Union be destin
ed to separation the change may be accompl she d
without spilling ef blaod. It may, perhaps, be too
late to indulge in such wishes, yet we will not give
up all hope that even at this late hour moderate
counseli may have prevailed, and that this fratrici
dal war ha3 been checked In the outset. But, sup
posing that the worst has happened, and, either
through the naval operations of the United States
or an attack on the Federal forts by their rivals,
hostilities have begun, it is plain that a conflict of
no common kind must lollow. The Confederate
States though without a navy, and consequently
forced far the most part to remain on the detensive,
will be an enemy not easy to deal with. True, they
are not so powerful in men or resources as they an
ticipated some months ago. The fidelity of the Bor
der States to the Union has been a great disappoint
ment to the Montgomery politicians and their ambi
tious President The Border States, part.eulaily Ken
tucky and Tennessee, contain a population which for
military purposes, perhaps, surpasses any in the
Union, lhenne race which inhabits, these regions
would prove formidable enemies to the Government
at Washington, it they had resolved on seceding.
men mere would nave Deen the accession ot a
large white population without any great admixture
of negroes, and furthermore considerable wealth,
which, in the present state of the Southern Exche
quer, would hare been very acceptable. But,
though for toe present at least the Border States
stand fast by the Union, yet the South Shows a bold
front. The seven seceding States, being in earnest
and lighting for their independence, have raised an
army which the other 27 have not succeeded in
matching. According to all accounts the Southern
levies are large, well disciplined, and iu high
spirits. For weeks it has been difficult to keep the
Charleston regiments from attacking Fort Sumter,
and at I'ensacola we find that Fort Pickens was
hard pressed by a considerable .force. The iron
foundries in irginia were turning out guns to be
used against the government which owes the alle
giance of irginia itself. "Troops, provisions and
ammunition were flowing into the oonfoderate
army," was the intelligence received a few days
since. It seems clear that, it peace be preserved,
it win not he Dy any yielding on the part ot the se
It would be a great political error, net to say a crime.
if Vie lifpuulican Jrrfsiatnl shouia ptunne (he veis
world into war, in order to shois his attachment to his
parly or his consistency tiia Ms former principles.
When Mr. Buchanan published his unhai ny mes
sagea document to which it is probably owing
that South Carolina was followed into sec3ion,by
six otner states the itepubiican party, and indeed
opinion generally throughout the North, was so
much inflamed against the President that Mr. Lin
coln found or fancied it necessary to repudiate these
sentiments. Incautiously giving utterance to his
own opinions wherever he came on his journey
from the West, lie arrived at Washington piedged
not only to keep but to retake the Forts belonging
to the Union in tho seceded States, and to refuse
any recognition of Southern independence. The
collection of the duties at the Southern pons was
also made apart of the new President's programme.
How difficult it has been fouud to carry out all
this is evident from the long delay which has
taken place. Beforo Mr. Buchanan left
office Major Anderson was in extreme
danger, no time wa3 to be lost in relieving Fort
Pickens, and the Confederate States themselves
were lowering their tariff and letting in the pro
ductions of Europe at a rate which would make ev
ery "idler inthe border.State3 ta!r.e to smuggling at
once. It was thought that the moraantMr. Lincoln
was installed a resolution would be taken. But tbis
was not to be. For a fidl month the President and
his Cabinet havp b.een debating 'wfhat fa to he done,
and only on the Ath is it announced that the polit y
of coercion has triumphed.
The delay seems all the more to bo regretted,
since confidence among men of business had been
almost restored. There was up nearly to the last
day of March.a feeling that the worst was over, and
mai uuwever miueuiauie lingua ue me uisrupuon 01
the Republio, there would not be added to this mis
fortune the still greater calamity of civil war. The
absorbing interest in military and political matters
was passing away, and business wa resuming its
usual couii?. What will ba the result of .1 collis
ion between the two Governments is mo e than any
one can predict The vision of privateers at sea,
and partisan bands along the frontier must be so ter
rible to Americans that it is possible the public feel
ing of the people may restrain the actof their rulers.
But, should tlii3 quarrel begin and continue until
both sides are roused into animosity, the war,
though short, may be as savage as any that lias
been carried cn even by the Spanish race. The
Americans are in tho highest degree excitable and
vindictive; the ferocity which they carry into their
domestic conflicts would be increased largely when
one side fancied itself to be resisting tyrants and
the other pnnwhing traitors. Bnt we had rather not
speculate on so great a calamity as such a war would
be. We would rather hope that tho good sense, of
the Americans and the peaceful counsels of this
country may bring abouta reconciliation before the
dispute has been too far envenomed, As Ion"
as the two sections of the Union refrain from hos
tilities, it would be the height of arrogance and fol
ly to interfere; but when the soil and seas of the
New World are likelv to bo stained with blood.
foreign nations may surely remonstrate in the cause
Attack ox Pexsacom. The New Orleans Irue
Delta of the Sth sajs :
It is said that a letter has Toecn received in this
city from one of our citizens at Pcnsacola, stating
that tne commander ol rort rickens had notified
Gen. Br?.t(g to the effect that if our arm y was n,-,t
removed by the 4th inat., he would open his batter
nes upon it.
I ha expiration o the time xe4 byX,incola in hi
proclamation, the reported hlockadingof Pensacola,
the UBual preliminary to hostilities, would teem to
give some color tq this information.
TIIE Ifashvtlie Commercial Insurance Company have th's
day declared a semi annual dividend of three dollars a
share on the capital stock payable on and after the 15th inst.
Sale or Land for Taxes.
RT virtue of an crder of sa'e to mi directed from the Circuit
Court of Ilumphreys county, at Its Mareh Term. KOI. I
wlll,cn the first Monday in July next, at the court-house door
in Waverly, oler for sale at p. biie auction, ss the law directs,
the following tracts of land or so much thereof f each, ai will
be sufficient to pay tbe taxes, cot aid charges due severally
aueieon, ic-wii ;
Owner nnxnown, 1 tract of four thonand acr in civil dis
trict No -i. valued atSSOO: tax T3j: Clerk's fee Jl 5j: Printer's
fte I 20; Collector's fee 1.
Montgomery, 1 tract acres. District No. 4 sained
at 8; taxes 91, Clerk's fee 1 50; Printer's fe UO, Ccdtct-i's
Robert McOrary, 1 tract of Sro hundred acres In District No 4 ,
vaiu:aat iiiw: tax in leou lie; Ulern lee fi su; n
Pr nt:r a fc
SI); Collector's fee 1.
Uobrrt McCrarr.l trsctot fand"' avhuodredfc-rs.ln Dis
trict No 4, value! at S 00; tax in 1833 SOc; Clerk's Ice .15J;t!ven '.hat the exercises of the echrl will bs continued wilhou:
Pr'nter'a fee 1 Si; Collator's fei 1. fcny diminution of cur corps ti Icacheis
Jane Mos-e. 1 tract, 74 acres In District No 4, valcelat S8C0
tax-s SI BO; Clera's frt I 51); Printer'sfee I 5J; Col eetni's f -e 1
vtiltieUutc&erson, I tract acre". In District Ho 4. valet
t S . taxesti:In ifcjil, Clerk's r.-e 31 OJ. Printers fee I.
David Pr'wetu hrs, I tract cf j3 acres ia District No
valusd at JSUO.'tax Jl 70. Cist's fee ISO; Pr.nter.s fee 1 S
W N Artock. 1 tra-t cf 610 acres in District No 13. valued
S'C0,tax3Cc.Cltra'sfee$15; Printer's f:e 120; CoUecto
TO Smith. 1 tract of S14a-res,In District Ho 10. v-lued
1C0U tax 3373; Clerics foe 150. Printer's feel 53; Collect
LewIsO Wsrzoner. 1 tract .aerejrtaxei Cc: Clerk''
SO, Printer's f.-e 1 SX Collector's f 1.
All ivlui In UamDhrevs eour.tr, renaeesee.
WILLIAM 3IeILLTAIN, B
XlLLlNOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD.
Garden State ol ilic West.
THE ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD
havi: ron s.ue
IG E FAMIN& LANDS,
TRACTS OF FORTY ACRES AND UPWARDS
LOXG CREDIT AND AT lOtV F1IICES.
MECHANICS, PAlUIERS AND WOBKINfJ JIES.
Tbe attention of the enterprising anil !nJustrioa portion of
the conuaoaity Ss directed to the following itatementi ad lib
rtl inducement! oCered theia by fie
ILLINOIS CKXTKAL RAILROAD COMPANY",
whl:h, as they will perceive, will enable them, by proper ener
SV periererance and industry, to provide comfortable and per
manent hosn for themselves acd faallies, with, comparatively
speaking, Tery little capital.
LANDS 0? ILLINOIS.
No State in the Valley of the Mississippi offers so great an
Inducement to the settler as the bute ot Illinois There Is eo
portion of the world where all of the conditions of elioiite and
soil sj adsirasly combine to produce those ttro great, staples,
Cor and Wmvr, as the Pralrissof Illinois.
EIC1I ROLLING PRAIKIH LAND3.
The deep rlA lust ot the prairies is enltlrited with ench won
derful facility that the formers cf the Kastern and Middle States
are QOTins to Illinois in treat r u-abers. The area cf Illinois
is abont (quit to that of England, aad the so J Is so rich that
it will support twenty millions of people.
EASTERN AND SOUTHERN MASKXTS.
Tbe'e lands are oqtiiinoas to. 1 rtilroad'OO miles in length,
which connects withother roali, anl navigable lakes andnr
eis, thus aifordicgaa unbrozen communication with the Eastern
and Southern markets.
APPLICATION 07 CAPITAL.
Thus far cspltal and labor bar! been appilrd to developing the
soil; tbe great resource of Ihe btate in cast and iron are almost
untouched. The Invariable rule thit the mechanic arts flourish
best where food and fuel t.re cheapest, will follow at an early
diy In Illinois, and is the coarse of the next ten years the natu
ral ls and cecasities of the cise warrant tin thef that at
least fire hundred thousand people will be ens-aged in tha Btate
ol Illinois ia the various manufacturing employsaenU.
BalLKOAD ST3TEM 07 ILLINOIS.
Over 10il,G0O.O33 of pVivale capital hare bees expended cn
the railroad system of Illinois. Inasmuch as part of the la
corns from several of these worics, with a valuable public fund
in lands, rs ts diminish the State Expeases, the TAXES ABE
LIQUT, anl must, consequently, every day decrease.
THE STATE DEBT.
Th: Stat Debt is only S 10,1 03.393 14, and within the la
.1 -l. .... -- o-n (.! Ml ... w.
ably expect that in ten years It will become extinct. 1
The Stats is rapidly filliz up with population: SCS.OSSpe
sons havinc been added since 13iO, making the present popua-
tioa 1,1 l'J,4 a ratio 01 ivi per cent m iu years.
The Agricultural Products cf Illinois are greater than Uose
ctany ether State. The Products sert cot durlsx the past ear
exree-ted l-&!0,tMA) tuns. The wheat crop of 1803 approaches
35,UU0,OnOsf bushels, while the corn crop yields not less than
FERTILITY OF SOIL.
Nowhere can the Indnstrisns faner secure susb lmmedatere
suits for his labor as noon these prairie soils, ther beixcoa
yosed ot a de;p, rial loam, the fertility of which is nnsirpasied
by any cc tae glow.
TO ACTUAL CULTIVATORJ.
jheytcll only tn actual culllcitori. and etery contact con-
kI ttrotwA thee lands of an rxnmie nf lO.tUO.OUO
In 1S5U. the populttlon 0 Jorty-nlat countit through
which itpaiies canotlQ ;53 uMlS, tlnce whicA,l0,2VlS
Aat4 oeen aaaea,mai:'agine uaoh popuiamn Hitavl
a gain cj 1 13 per am.
2TIDENCE30F PROSPERITY. '
As an evidence of tha thrift of the people. It raiy btiifed tha
600,0 0 tans of frelilt, inelud n f,Qf'),(W bash's ef grain
and S50,OU0 battels of flour, wye foxwardsd over be line last
Mecban'cs and worilnzraea will find the free ehool system
eacourajed by the State and enlowed with a larfl revenue fcr
the support cfschcols Tlwirchildren fan liven stub t of the
church andschnolhousef,acd yrowup with the osptri.y otthe
icaaiug aiaie in me ureal c.icra x.apire.
rRICE3 AND TE1M3 Or PATME.II.
The prices of these ln !s vary from 1 to per aere, ac
cording ts Iccitloo, quality, &c sirstclas furmin lands
sell fcr about JlQae 1IJ ner acre- ant the rlatiTe .Xbtfnse of
subdains; prairie land as compare 1 with woJ Ian! Is In ntio of
1 to iu in rav.r or in ijrsirr. The terms 1 taie lor tne bulk
of tie Jacdswill be
ONE TEAR'S INTEREST IN . VANCE
at six utrcsct per annum, as 1 sis intereepotesat six per cent.
ptyaMe recpectlvely in one, two. hree,!r. Ave, and sixyears
from dte of sale and four aate. 'or prlripat. payable iu four,
Ave, six, anl seren years from d. ts of t-J: the contract stiDu
laticE .hat 03: tenth of the tract pu'cLW shall te fenced and
cultivated etch and evsry y-ar, fortivo tin Irom the date of
sale.so that at the end of five years cne-" shoulube fenced and
ancer cultivation. ;
TWESTV PER CE8T WJ.Lt. t! DEDUCTED
frsm the valuation for cash, exreot te fame should be at six
djllt-rs sxr acre, when the cash r nee nil befi e dollars.
Pamphlets d sjcriptive of the lands, sil, climaNt, productions,
prices, and terms 0: pavm-nt, ein tsyui on apuicaujnto
J. n . lujrs. ana 1,'omis'ssiocer,
I CbMAio, I linols.
For the nim-s of the towns, V
.Uicj and Cities situated upen
tbe Illinois Centr.I Railroad see n
isc. j-, l jv, .ppie
ten's lUilway (lurJe.
Governor of tha S(;tc of Tennessee
TO te Sheriffs cf thecoustiWcf warren, Cannon. Coffee,
Van Ourec. Franklin Linda, Giles, Bedford. Marshall.
Maury. KutherCr1, Wllliamsnt Hickman Uardio, Wayne.
Lswrence, in siHrtite Qreetlf : Ton ate hereby commanded
t open and ho'd an election, sall the places cf 'holding elee
tVmsin your respective counts, on the Hth day cf June next,
after having given the notice rluired by law. Or the election of
a Msjor-General f-ir the 3d illvJa of the Milliiacf said State,
to Sit tbt vacancy in said divacu ani due return thcretf male
to me. according 10 law.
- In testimony whe.or, L bave nereunta set my band
I, . ) and earned the fa: sealof said State to bsafflxed
i1" I t Nashville, ttpth day ef April, lSdl
L'yths Governor : ISHAM 0. HARRIS.
J. X. RAY, Secretary ofate.
ALL perscnshavingeVims against theeatateof W.A.Davis,
deceased, are herebnotifial to file them with the Clerk- f
the County Court cf Wefley county, Tennessee at his ofika In
Dresden, cn or before ti I-'nH cavof August next fcr adjudica
tion and prs rata distinction. I havisg suggested thorns!
vencyof said estate, arjsalu nieik having sppoJriUd that day
ior ue aujuuimion ci p claims against tue sme.
W R ROSS, Administrator,
bf tie estate off A Davis, deceased.
A LL neuens havX c'aims svainst the estate of Ann A. Wit
f son. decease! sh'reby notified toSIethem with the CIms:
c the County C urjr Weakley county Tennessee, at hiaoDre,
ia uresjeu, on or Df uie iatu aay 01 .ugosc neat, ior adjudi
cation and pro rats strllution. I having suggested the Insol
vency of sail estatand said Clerk having appcinttd that day
iir tne aujuuicautfoi ute ciainjs agamic ins same.
! vr a JiUM, Aclm'r. de bonis nan.
' the e.tve ol Ann A Wilion.dtcjjual.
from and aftsr this
Xtr sx acecnnanled
vj a remiiuncriucicui 10 cover me same.
mayMtwtpa LANIKR PHILLIPS CO.
XJNESEE AIITILLEIIY !
TrrOLDNTSRS wishing to Join tho Tennessee Ars.ll
V lerj- Brpai, will please ca-I at the Fljlrg Artillery,
ufw ywwy" vsi.1 iiimi viiunic (.oxnmcrciai Hotel.
hayi!.'ClJtf&wlt M A. 1IAYSV3
HAVINlnggrstedths Insolvency cf the estats of Samuel
Ii hiJlton, deceased, to theClera-of theCnnni n,
of Verry ajty, all rer ons are tlurefcre hereby notified U file
their elaiia.Uuly authenticated, tcfreastd Cfert on cr before
tbe Istdsjf "oveirper next, for pro rata, or tbe same will bt
oarrei. 31 191 uay i Jiay, tool.
I,, - tT. ".NICHOLS,
mav3-sl fee33 Admlnistrateri
Stray in Dickson County.
TAKJby J.C. Devore.In Iitea-snaa county, Tenn., 11th
Dl 1st, on the 3d cf April, ltd, a yellow gray Filly,
abat3?arsold. 14 hands 1 inch high, right hind foot white
up to t'.P me Joint, a small wait! star onher forehead; hltd
foot jkirt by tbe gear. Jl. DB AN. Rsnier.
ic Vqlnntccv Companies orTcn-
ORT to the Governor. Utf ltr wHh the trader for aer
ice, a complete list of the uffcrra ami mm nt . .-h
banJtne arms, 11 any, possessed by Ihe rompasy ; Its name and
felat eEce adlxtss of the captain, character cf aervlce 1 esired
wnscraa iniauiry.i-avairyor Artillery; and how provided
wil rr what arrangeaeuls have I een male by Ihe cocpatj as
to'f'rcs, ctmp squipageand t!i liie.
ii me recoct fe cettltt'd ty the raptam.
a comrasy aaouu be putuntfer Vwgh drill and Sisclp-
arms will be furcislied until ihe eomnanv Is ins'eied Into
ierv'.ce of the 3.UW. Jiahf ilIe.Tina
" " JA.KltT MiTIENRY.
,. Sfe!Lhii Arseal and Knexvilla Iie-iater CQDV tn anuiilnt
S3 each, and forward bill.
he Alhcnacnia, Columbia, ?'oitn.
HE lali-s cf this Institution br rctalvtdaet to disperse
on account or t"e excitement 1 tr.e ws-es. rublic notice ls
Sew pupils pay irca, the day f st.-nce
F. U. SMITH, Sector.
msj4 dJttvi alt
TTe are authorise! to announce W T. EEROUEVAL, of Lin
eolncounty,acaadIdstefor MaJwOaural uf the Third Divi
sion of Tennessee Militia, composcl of the couatUs of Warren
Cannon, CoCee. Tan Baren, Franklin, llscoln Olles, Bedford,
Marshall, Maury, Ruthirford, wtUlsmson, nickman, rixrd
Wayne, and Lawrezce Election, Saturday, June 8, leua.
mayS-l td r -
AUCTION sale of Espress Passage aud Miscellaneous Ax.
tides, tflil mcrnlna at 10 o'.oes. by
preo-lt t BHI1LE3 & CO.
A VlIiOBtl n.ni. un.. .. . . .
1UX7XZD ia ehaojef j tw? detinM. -
A War of UxicriHiHaiion.
XX 7lLL h7 lbs underlined fenlnt skit
TOEACCO AID REG
Determined to let no
d1 . w---
J W L4N0LIT,
t union 1
.uux. -1"! Ii J'lTi 'r'-i'.s: "vrsor: t
05 AND AJTxVR
Passenger Trains on theKaibviiu ... . .
will run w follows- e,alCliStaaori
teave Nashville it 8:30 A II and 3;t5 -p w
Arrive at Chattanooga 6.03 PMiani M.
Leave Chattanooga at C:li A M and T"?0 P If
Arrive atNashrille attlSPMand ;Sa Ti . i.
nnilE Train. !...i..x..
w.,u.viiic rranrn. pi.t i.l
The Trains leavlnz Nashville ki-kbu
ran with Sh.ih..iiVn.' " 3-" p M, connects
Through Tickets to the following wni ,.
,caabehd at all how. cn .J?i.V?lJ&!
tnfl . . n.. . . . ...wc iKssi
Holly Springs, Miss.
New Orleans .
may I a
Nashville and Chattanooga
aas&ville, Tean., April 30,
To Whom this, Slav Concern.
FevrE NnhTiTT. ... rv.... ... . .
JC " .... w
FItEE OF CIIAUGE.
aralnst the Comnanv. all v.inM r, - - ,.
Mn,IHmi.fr v.. .... . . .
.s.u. -.... ..ricw snowing tt number cf men 1
case of freight 31 transrrtr-.i.
This nrrmcsittnn will nm...t.i. ,. . .....
. 1 i.i.,, to. 13
EE-rjr. r. shiejs ic co.
DP llt . . .
n ijr. Tae stuck u Ur2T. wall 9-Mrtd-ns4
itMtoa and Soaera uret. Trr
12 Wen- Varouches and Bug;
tTT r k.T. I-,., . . .
w w jaaroucaesaai Bungles, which will be Mid at
w.icB 10 ciose, ior caaa only.
ua.ij 1 aillKLDlfc r
Central Auction itac
E"Tl u Xcs.ST and 29 College i
T-IOLTCTS Cnm rt 0l. V , ... .. .....
U ' resa ilomony, Just received and for salt ty
g-J'-tt B2SJ F BQIELC3
TIN COFFEE BOILERS, all sizes.
Tin do Cups,
Iron Fry Fans,
and other articles for Soldiers' osi. Sapslio Ls tots t
Old Hickory Guards.
THE members of this Com ysay
College street, at 10 o'clock t
111 , . .
surea laxeu ior uniforms,
4 N electUa will be held at tbe ofSct cf the Naahvl'
;J.C. i ,T PJPf"or .lectin eleven Dirteurs
i,o CcaV3T the next 12 months.
" JIJIS WSLKIS.
m i,uu ran uiscouususd. Therefore frd
be prepaid on Goods dMHnMi fn tv. at.,i
will Dotb. wmnn, M. r.. ..k . -J 1 . .
. . . cr omiBK
apij-" B r t a aur
MS W KAHOUCIIES ASD AlXCClj
tr r cr 1 t a
'WCC.TCU iwciTe new KjrOBCM -. SrarrM
U win bCNkiUCip DJ-
nrVT o arrrwT Ta
Rass, itags, Kag.
QEND inyesrBags. We want them now, and we
i. , cs tcub. pzr poana par inem.
save buy, and send in all too can.
"W UTTT T I - 1'
Jta. " . ....ui. latug VVJipiBJ 00110? UC fa
1X in 1 lPvfss nf f ha flnnek A t a si s.,
ci cQfT oioiitetrr compaiiit j la tbtienke.
- AlJJtt t
defence of the South, free of C IIARG3 Tbt officer In co
anl the area t forward! nr. will be ,n!r,! .1.. . .
of the number of troops, and adeserfptioo and tonnage of
w . . iu ABtu. a. c p iiai ci smpnnc.
This Draoosat docs net a. nhr lAT.j;ij..i. v. i .
paal'sassaeh. O'N PERKINS
Tr-.- 1 t
--.DIALUUV , KH.
SB a -V aj ICHUULIUCLMI T7X W Ilk
D 1- a.r .
.vi.1. r .
In the South and West). I am now prepared to to fur
tide of superior quality, wblca I wilt warrant
a srsniw 1 sria - -aw-si s www nisa A w w rvs .
TTT A rood sunpfr of NEGRO JEANS nJ UNSST.
Refer to Jas Walker, Nashsllle, Tenn.
tW-T frf w nTiirtlfin.
OR SALE, TO Military Caps, at
T.T. tW fnot llrMilw -fl V m -. tV- f
no eXJ ijmrrTSUtec. it IK o Jotk - ht? j.
CapUin, Wm. T. Chttrirn l lJeaeerant-JQM
T lar'ananr V W Pla.a, 44 f !.-... sa. a w u
Minor emua Inilga. Ccrxeor., Coce-il.
rm -- - '-v. wvsHwtM-wwVUVV M
J. T.iRr.V. VfT; t jaf amurfnf fir.--. . .. -
TL rwifoJ per Ida Mjvnil for le hr
s(nuu ii ft."". J W SHIELDS
ft.OVll, A.TD UltAIH KICK
Um V T n I. , . o . . .
ww - Aau,vi cuajesa, ama are Dreaarca to
xb ior siour racas piwiai in any aeneustjle.
Millers and Shippers will do well to call. '
apEU-dlm ARM3TXA& it
A Good Farm for Sale.
E offer fcr sals the Pisco on which O X Colnaas
since 1233. and Known as Uia vjnn larul.
aeuow ureea. uicxson counrv. TenTu tuiuv on tct st
uu .uiM.ci(cru aitruauShDluryt pica-ana aa-
uiupmoi acuueaaee. eaaa tana contains snoima
,M.1 l.nittM.lM. II Ui.. .., .Ut..,l.. wt
luiuais QVEiun?.flaflAr- mi, nMua. nf. aiA. ain. iv
wibu.,iRimiaiTW-iauiii( apruixs 01 nmn..
raon itck-ms in this section or country. t
barzaicln Ua land, and will sell fcr cash, tr on time 1
lives near said place, cr the undersigned at Fowler's La
Tennessee river. BTJtN BBOTE
Unto and Jtrntrioan copy, and charge Jdaoeau.
HUNTSVILLE Ft MA
rTTf nill.A H T. T. T T Tl Tar-
April aT. ltfli.
I try. It is very desirable th t young ladua. who are, n
L . . . J .... . K . . 1 I. . ? . t I V. . T .
be assured of their safety.
tuima.1. far removed from inv nelnk lulvrn ailakai h
AnaumiraDirorTauiaauon.civu &&a miiiarv.aaa ecru
The bealthfulne's and social advantages of Sunti vtlle a
wen xnawn to ropua, ri marie mere is no ptact .
South whra tkff aoeamnr emtlii h nor, nlMiantly spent t
cool spiint water, and Its invigorating mouarsln breessv
,.11 t- t. ' r. 1 Vn.llf
ceived sxd comf-rUMr eared for. Ia Yajaticn. as weH as d
the regular sessions cf the School. .
recently published la tho New Orleans "Criaten 1 Advocate
stances! I found a pleasant f.mily ai.o tr,aoa, 11 e 1
ta s .,( ssa v auiM 1 at c .
passed a Dieaiant tlxe. The beauties ti ua- u
roundings art the theme st admiration ,.. via.ao
saynothl goa that p Jnt, aad willooly aay that the Co
presents many and great attraction PeaJ i gr
lnsUtutTon, located In tbt ,Sif,;J
pare favorably with any In the. 1" 1 'stUlijecot and
moraltone. .. . ..... ....
Weneednottolssue.atuisiawiw iato as
... . ...... . M,v4Ma-
. f a VlrrtnJan.aud lshlmir. -
ofTenressev Ii e has Men w. 11 -, , . - 'm.w jwir
IDS rrcaiucA. i - wr. f. . . -
nsrt-d'tt3t 1LS0N. PwrloV
Vor rail Darticuiars.-. - -----
Sale of Drags at Auction.
I .f IWm. ufVthl IS Btvra tnit.bv tlttr... HjnM.
street, a nfumsia touoquart.
. TEEMS Of SALS.
. ;v . 1 Tn . . . .
time, foe sales wtu enaarsej, psyabM In ban t.
Forinur mors appiy swu.mustoa Ca, ee
H. Harrison, Esq.
. . S3
Savannah .-1. ' oj
Angnvfa ' ' ' v?
Columbus " jj
Montramer-T . " ' ' .
If. V! 1 1 1
. . I T