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X J. JtJllA'A'lACiiTOJV te COTT EDITORS A PKOPRIETORS. Voluntary communications, contilnlnr Interest Inr or important news, solicited from any quarter. Kens, letters from tin Trioui counties of the State especially desired. All communications ihouM bo addressed to the Editors of the Usiov asp Ahemc-is." MBDICAL. F. SEYMOUR, M. D. (I.ato Brigade Surgeon, U. .S.A.) OCULIST AXI AUK 1ST, Office 23 Cedar streetbetween Summer and Cherry, NASIIVILLK. Office for treatment of all Diseases of tho Eye and Ear, operations for Squinting, Cataract, cct. performed. ItOX 706, I. O. decC Juilstp. REAL ESTATE AGENTS. mssomjtiox. 'PJ1E firm heretofore cxislinr under tho name 1 firm and stylo of W. MATT UllOWK A-Co., is this day dissolved ly mutual consent Mr. llrown retires from the business. Mr. Callcndcr, in eonneetion with Pbineas Oarrett. will co tinue the Kcnl Estate buiness nt the old stand W. MatU llrown A' Co.. 'Sfo)WIf . T1IOS. CALLENOEU. T. OARRETT. I. CALLiniKE. CALLENDER & GARRETT, (Successors to YV. Matt. Brow X Co J 41 Cherry Street, WILL civo their prompt attention to the selling and rmlinc of every description of Ileal Krftat c. - dcol lw. II1S1 RAIJT.T: 1511SII)ECES Ituildiiiff TMis Tor Sale,, A LSI), NUMBKIl A LAUOE Of FA11MS. lft. A fine UeMlenc, containing 12 rooms, in rrr territory. AUo two vacant Lots adjoinine. SI, That splendid Uesidenco of the late Jatnc Johnson, on Broad Sftreet, between Summer and llitrli rtrrrts, rontaininic 8 rooms, besides kvrvants rooms and other out hoiifcs. 1. That splendid Hesidenrn of the Ute Hardin P. Bo'tiek.eontatnint; nlMiiit 10 rooms, out bouses, cle. !(kI iS;irinc and spring house with 8J acres of Inn. I. immediately adjacent to thocity, on th Chnrlotte Pike. 4th. 50 acres of eroimd of tho Barrow property, on the Ctiarlotto Pike, .which will be divided to suit purchasers. fill.. A vrry Unto number of Lots in the City ami the different Additions to N.vorillo. 25 Lots in Eilircfivld and Brownsvillo. filh. A very lnrre number of the BEST FAP.MS in this and the adjoinine counties. Apply to J. L. A H. V'- BUOWN. dwt 1 in &'A UnioU street. KELSON I MHRFEEE KKAJ. .IJKTATK AHXTS, Clicrry SI rt'Vt. iioar Iliiioii, NASHVILLE, TENN., B 'A VI5 larno nimnml of Kcnl listalc lo sell in ti'm uud tho udjiiiuiiii; Statu'. T11HV BUY ANDSHLL Gth", Coiihlyxiid Slnle Bonds on rouiiniwinn, as Mill US Wiry ilossriplion of (Jovernineiit inclin ing TWO MAURY COUNTY FARMS nrttfiffered iit vc'r' In Williamson- riiixoiiublo price. Also, one A l'LACE ON THE CUMBERLAND RIVER, of 'HQ acres, in Jackson county, Trim., for sale. Ki'i.r.Ninn crrv pitoi'intrv FOR SALE, 39 FUET on Church street, oppoito the Max "A' ill House and MuS'iuin rcinide. at a reason- able'prici. This is ventral, choico property, and is moro tii an j, leel dee. IVrf. improved, on Vino street, between Chun'li and Union, very choice location, lint the improvements nro moderate. The price is very low. 02 IVrf, with largo brick dwelling, on Vino idri'et. between Union anil tVilnr. being about tlio most daiirable liHKition for residences in (lie city. 200 IVrf on MeGavnek street. West Nashville, on which Is a neat Brick llwrllinc, fi or 7 rooms, Xitehen, stable, etc;, nnd firt;rato cistern. Prire only .P,WW. House and premises in good order. IOO IVrf on Broad street. West Nahville, with legnnt new Brick House, containing 10 or 12. riKims, kitchen, stable, tw cistern, shrubbcrr, ' tc, rtec. at?l.V. Very desirable. If not sold within ten days, this large nnd choice place M ill ! rented for the rciuaiuder of this and tho H hole of next year. tiO IVrf on Norih Market street, eonier of Ln" rust, ou which l the well known Pleasant Smith house. Price HUM. BO IVrf on Snnieo streot, with large, elegant and new Brick Dwelling, containing 16 room. 2 linth rooms, kitchen, oxtra slje, with gas, water, and every modem improvement. 4.1 IVrf on Park street, with common im provement, cry low. This property runs through to Summer. 40 IVrf on College street, being the loner por tion of tho,"lot now occupied Uy Department llend'lnarters, belonging to Dr. Waters. Price, JHJ per Toot. A choice little lot on North College, just below he Pubtlo Square, at a sacrifice. SALOON AND RESTAURANT. We offer for sale a p.iloon and Restaurant, now doing n prolltnble lniine, in the very eentro of trade, at a prieo perfectly satisfactory. EDGEFIELD. Wchave,.nerl1ifeetof gnmnd on the most cliuicemHd dwiirable streets ia BilgrGebl, lor leasr for live jetti-s fnm lt Jnnusry next, at prices whish omlit to bctatisfnrtory to those desiring to iutpr Call O I de-lm NEKMrX .V 11 ITKI'ltia. AI.DKET M. ItlLUX. w. nuvri: Tiuiwrsov. DILLIH & THOMPSllH, HKAI, ESTATE AM) COI.1.KC T I.G A E , T S. PROMISING FAITHFUL AND PROMPT I attention to all liusinexsentrusliHl Inmimr. DILLIN A THOMPSON. Offic d '4"" S0oml IClionaI 1Unk. CvllrcestreL Of nAKKEI, tUAMIEUKIEN. J Just rvcritnl. medary .t nruKr, S00 5Ar'f"-.ll.rC,KW,l,1W FEOIJR, JJJ elegant article l Just received d for sale by c .. . Mt,,AUY A BUUKE, d i&iu,b,''ulc'rucrllroBj',Jilrl"''- the bestiu themaiket, .MEDARY A BURKE. di3-a rorncr 1 nJ -M-'kct u- we rrspoetfully lender our services to the Public ..tJenrral Agents for the Purebas an.! Sale ol" Real Irftate; Uentinr ami U-asing r City or lountry Pmperty: Cllection of N.i Aetounts and ouchers; Investigation of Titles, etc, etc. VOLUME XXXIII. GROCERIES, LIQUORS &c. XEW STORE. PandolM & Eiva, XO. 12 X0UTII CHEUItY STHEET. DKALIKS IX FANCY GUOCEUIES, WINES. LIQUORS. CIGARS. ETC. jMOXQ THEIR STOCK MAY BE FOUND : Java. Rio nnd Mocha CfTcc: Crushed, Powdered, Coffee, Porti-Uico, and every (Trade oturown rueari; Teas, Candies, Starch; Castile, Palm. Eraeivc and Laundry Soaps; Almonds, Filberts, Currants, Prunes, llasins; lluttcr. Oysters, Fancy and Almond Crackers; I : a I i i . i Ik 4 : - f H . Mixed, lilrkim, Chow-chow and Imperial Hot Pickles; Mushroom, Walnnt, India, and Sir Robert Feel Catsuti : Sultana, Royal, Table, Beef Steak, Royal Osborne, Jolin Hull, fcoho, .Mogul ana ncrvey cauccs; r.-t-nee 01 .rtnciiuvjcs ; r.K?eiivu ui curiu'js, Huille. riniierial anil Durham Mustard: Mushrooms ; Dutch Anchovies; Anchovy Paste; Strasbourg Meat", fulled J.ongue. rolled 11am; Fruit of every variety in cans and jars, ix-Timu stock or W i it c s and IS r :i n (I i e h ALL OF WHICH A1U! a r x it i x i: a x i i n i.o ute d. MAY BE FOUND Pcmnrtin and DutTOordoit Sherries; Old Choice and HcscrveMadeiras ; London Dock and Htinrundv Port: Pcmnrtin, Blanuucfort and St, Julier. Mcdoe Claret; Haul Santcrnc, Nicstcincr, Hockheimcr nd Ca- Dcmcrcier. (!old Medal and Hciilsick.Chamnacne; Pinct Castillion. Utard. Dunuy.t Co's Brandies: Irish, Scotch, Bourbon and Robertson County sh. Scotch, Whiskies; Holland (!in: Marxschino Alxintho; Vennoutho and all A- rorted Luiuors; Baker's and Holland Bitters; GENUINE HAVANA 0I0AU8, Choice brands, toccthcr with every variety of Do- every vsJnct lucslie CitarfCliewinc and Smokinr Tobacco of all brands: together with all other articles usual ly luunil in a FIUST CLASS FANCY OUOCEItY STOUE. It is tho intention of PANDOLFINI .t IUVA to kcci on hand at all times a complete assort ment of everything in their line, of the very best quality to be purchased, which tticy are deter mined to sell as low as any other establishment in Ibis or any other city. They respectfully ask an examination of their stock, feeling assured that no One will go' away uissatisiicti.! l'AXDOLFIXI fc It IV A, Fnney (irorrrs, AMI IiEAI.ERS IX WINES, LIQUOItS AND CIGAIIS, '. 12 Xorlh Cherry Street, dee Mm. NASHVILLE. TENN. An. X I.AUflllt.l. O. W. II. butlkr. r. A. lltWI.V. Formerly of Evans, Keith .t Co. M'LAUGHLIN, BUTLER & CO., (Sue tssors to V. A. Irwin & Co.) W If 1. K S A Is K It O C E It S Commission Merchants, Corner of Market and Clark streets, NASHVILLE, TENN. Wc have In store nnd forsalu a large stock ol SUGARS. BROWN, CRUSHED, AND POWDERED. RIO COFFEE, FAMILY FLOUR. SALT. MACKEREL, STAR CANDLES, SOAP, TOBACCO. CHEESE. OYSTERS. RAIS0NS, ASSORTED CANDY, LOBSTERS, WIXWI AXIs I.MIUOIIS. Bourbon Whisky. Holland Gin, lloliertsoii County do Jamaica Hum, f rrneli Jlrandy, Apple do Peach do Cherry do Baker's Bitters, olierry inc. Port do Champagne do Claret do Catania do And a complete assortment of othor Groceries. Mclaughlin, butler .t co. dec3 lm I) ISA EE IIS IX FIXE FAMILY UKOCERIES, PURE WIXES, UltANDIIvS, c, etc., etc. NO. 33 W1MT SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE, Nit)tM tile. Trimrjts-rr. riJ HAVE IN STORE AND FOR SALE n large stock of BUOWN SUGAR. CUU 11 ED do POWDERED, do . RIO COFFEE. FAMILY FLOUR. SALT. "'" ' , MACKEREL ' ' " " ' STAR CANDLES, SOAP. etc, etc. etc. OYSTERS. COVE AND SPICED, CHEESE. . ' ' U 1 SARDINIA. PICKLES. RAISONS. ALMONDS. FILBERTS. '' : -' PECANS. ASSORTED CANDY, LOBSTERS, et 1VJ etc. Wines and Liquors. Burbon Whisky, Robertson County do. French Brandy, Apple Brandy, Peaeh llrnr.ly, Cherr)- Brandy, Baker's Bitters, cte etc. Holland Gin, Jamaica Ruin. - . Sherry Wine, Port Wine, Champagne Wine, Claret Wine. . , Catawba Wine, etM etc., Willow-Ware; i Superior Cigars : SmoMiic Tobacco.: Pickles; French Mustard; Caper Catsup: Java Coffee, ete.-4 l'OSTER I1ROTIIEKN. deot-tf J. !HT. LU3LSDEX A. CO., 1 UASCrACTCEtSS Axn CEALSU HIDES, OILS, LEATHER, Findings & Currier's Tools, so. e eouth market steket, Dec, XASHTIX.XX, mi'" -- ' ,ur ' - 1 1 J " ' ' - " ' "' ' ' " 11 "' ' 111 .'J111'1 11 , jtm, DAIII UNION AND AMERICAN, XV jTL XI XXjs, , M "VJ m T). c SIGN" OF PADLOCK HrNJ) . "E RECEIVING ianrc Dd iapla e u.ck ot &nglisn. ucr- Which rjow-e selling at reasonable prices. Tho stock cOTuists in part of FINE IXL POCKET CUTLERY, 200 GROSS TABLE CUTLERY, 200DOZ.KNOB LOCKS, assorted. CO do HAND AND RIPPING SAWS, 300 d. ASSORTED AUGERS. 25 do FOOT ADZE, 2000 lbs, HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted. i!2 t 48 inches. 1000 lbs. H DOIL CHAIN. 1000 " BLACKSMITH'S HAMMERS, all kinds; .25 WRIGHT'S ANVILS. 100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, i to VA fct. G03IILL SAWS, 6j4to 3 feet; , 'f ' AXES, CHISELS. FILES. HATCHETS, CHAINS LOOKING GLASSES, -CANDLESTICKS of all kinds. BA7.0US, SCISSOUS, SHEARS, TIN CUPS and PLATES,- TEA and TABLE SPOONS. COFFEE MILLS. SHOE NAILS. TACKS. A very large stock of PLANES of every variety Also, I R K 31 1 17 31 ST V. EI. V E O TV S , Those wishing to purchase in our lino will do well to giro us a call before buyinf. , SAJI. VANTJSEIt, A CO. decllin. . A. A. I1BRAHT. T1IO. D. CBAIGIIKAD. ARTHUR A. BREAST & CO., WHOLESALE DEALERS I-IAllDWAIlEi Si AND CUTLERY, NO. 29 PUBLIC SQUARE, NASHVILLE. WE HAVE NOW. ON HANI), AND ARE I f continually, receiving, a iare ana wen se lected stock ol irAKDWAIlEAXn:;tJETEERY, in all its branches. Wo invite Merchants and tho Trado generally to our stock : TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERY; AXES AND HATCHETS; CHAINES AND ROPES: COTTON AND WOOL CARDS; HORSE SHOES AND NAILS; RIFLE AND BLASTING POWDER. TANNER'S BELTING AND TACKING; FARMER'S AND MECHANICS TOOLS. in evcrw Taricty, etc., ete. Call and cxamino oar Stock. . We are prepared to sell as cheap as any house west of the Allcghe- nics. A. A. RIIEAST A CO. dec4 lm. G. W. FALL & CO., IMPOKTERS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS HARDWARE AND CUTLERY NO. 34 PUBLIC SQUARE, NASHVILLE. TENNESSEE, (Kirkuian .t Ellis' old stand.) o would respectfully invite the attention of SPORTSMEN to our stock of Gr TJ NT , Which cannot bo equalled here. ' It comprises all grades, from th . PLAIA DOUBLE ITiARREL TO THE GELEBIIATED GUNS OF WESLEY RICIIAItn.S A GR EI , itso a rrw Rroacli Loadini; or Cnrrllj;c SHOT GVXS. AMUNITI0N S PORTING dee-lw APPARATUS jis. ji'Lironux. o. w. ii. nrrLxn. r. a. irwik. Formerly of Ncvins, Keith A Oo. McLaughlin, Butler & Co., '(Successors to F. A. Irwin 'A Co.,) WHOLESALE OltOCEItS mt Com mi s s i 6 n ; Merch ants,, DEALtU IX HKAXDIIX, WIXEA AX1) EIQrOlUi, Corner Market and Clark ttJU. Nashville, Tenn. T pay the highest narket prices for DRIED FRUIT. FEATHERS, , . ' 'BEESWAX. GINSENG. i And OHBtrj- Produce GescrallT. , MtLATJGHLIN, BUTL1CB 00. NASHVILLE, TEMESSEE, WEDNJESPAV, DECEMBER 20, FAMILY GROCERIES &a FAMILY GltOCEHY NO. DEADEUICK STUEET, (old stand of Adams and Eves.) ROBERT EVES & CO., rTTT'WOUCD TtESPECTFULLY ANNOUNCE V TO THEIR FRIENDS AND CUS. tomers tnat iney nave openu a am ciass xamuy Grocery Store at the old stand, so long occupied by Ait. ma k V.vca. on Deiuleriek 'street. Tno Stock has been selected with ca'e, and embraces a com plete assortment of all the staplo and fancy arti cles, together witi OLD WINES .LIQUORS, CIQARS, TOBACCO, ETC., ETC. ""IT700DEN WARE. 20 nests Wash Tubj, 20 doicn Wash Boards, 20 dozen i'ainted iluck. cts. 10 dozen Siucrs. a large lot ol 11 rooms, etc., in store. WHISKY SO barrels pure Old County Whisky for sale, by th Robertson c sauon or barrel. flOVE OYSTERS, Sardines. Pickles. Mustard, Brandy iruits, liitsups, etc. JCOTCH ALE. 20 dozen Bottles of J. Walker Sc t.' rplolirntnl liottlcd Scotch Ale. Also a largo lot of Young A- Co.'s Edinburg Ale, in bot tles. "UNDIES, Soda and Butter Crackers, Craok- V ncll Biscuit, etc. QUNDRIES-rNoils, Bed Cords, Rope, Wrapping KJ Paper, Dcmljons, fcoaps, handles, etc. r 10FFEE. SUGAR. TEAS, etc. We desire csne- J cially to call attention to our stock of Cotlec, Sucar. Teas. Also. White Fish. Pickled Hcrrinir. ilour by tne barrel or sacK, lor lamuy use. decl-lm. ROBT EVES & CO. TERRASS BROTHERS WHOLESALE GROCERS, COMMISSION AND . FORWARDING .MERCHANTS, Wo. fOUTH MARKET 8TREET. NASHVILLE TENNESSEE. SUNDRIES. 1 fr boxes Rosin Soap; casks Soda: 03 boxes Indigo (best:) 25 do Madden ' . 25 kegs and half barrels Golden Syrup : 10 barrels Blacking; 100 boxes Graiiand Ground' Popper; ; 25 do Spice;. 2 do Ginger; 200 ream Wrapping Paper; 20 cases Matches; 100 boxes Star Candles; 5 cases Sunny Side Tobacco;! 20 boxes Imperial Tea. For sale low by TERRASS BROS. dec! lm 35 South Market street. QUGARS.-n50 IihdJ. common. nrimc and choice Kjl jBrown Suear. 100 bbls. Crushed. Powdered and Granulated. For sale by TERRASS BROS. MOLASSES. 100 bbls. common nnd choice Molasses. Forealoby TERRASS BROS. I7L0UR. 200 bbls. extra to choice brands. For sale low by TERRASS BROS. "WHISKY.-iM bbls F.N. .V Co.'s Robertson county: 25 bbls extra fine do: 25bbls. Tennessee t hitc. For sale low by TERRASS BROS. ARD. 25 bbls. Country Lard. For salo by J TERRASS BROS. COFFEE. 100 bags prime Coffee. For sale by TERRASS BROS. Icc3-lm. G. W. BOWLAN'n, LAKDOS STOCKTON", Vitut v m i t f tiei-nw ont'o i, v Late of Nashville, Tcnn. Late of Nashville, Tcnn. 01V1ANI, SPERRY ifc CO. WHOLESALE IGROCERS AM) OENERAE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, FOR TUB SALE Or COTTON. TOBACCO AND TRODUCE GENER ALLY. B'-lParticulnr nttention civen to the nurchaso of all kinds of Western Produce. U No. WEST SECOND STREET. deel lm- CINCINNATI OHIO. TREANOR & CO., WHOLESALE GltOCEIlS And dealers in Foreign & Domestic Liquors, N0.S8 MARKET STREET. decs NASHVILLE. TENN. SALE & LIVERY. IX SERVICE AO A IX. TJI?-VJVr.XJi LiyBB,Y, :S ALE, EXGHANQE STAB JJE DEADEUICK STREET. BETWEEN CHERRY A XD SUMMER. i J. F. PENTECOST, Prripnlifer. I A fPUE UNDERSIGNED HAS JUST RETURN J. cd from ihe North, with the best stock to be had in the country. ItUUUlES AND CAR RIAGES ALL NEIV, and horses superior lo any In this t ity. Mjr facilities for HOARDING nORSES BV THE DAY, WEEK OU MONTH, are unequalled in tht city. The'services cf an experienced Host ler nave been secured, who will ffivo his exclusive attention to Stock. Constantly, on hand, a fine lot of HORSES AND MULES for sale at tht LOWEST MARKET HATES. , . Uavinx bad a lost cxperienc in tht bonnets, I foci satisfied thaticaa fire satisfaction io all eases ; dert-la J. F. PENTECOST. UNION & AMERICAN ) SPiniT OF THE RADICAL PBI-SS- "We publislicd on yesterday an article from the Xew York 2Yms, upon the subject of re construction, and the right of the Southern States to reprcscntatibn in Congress. The following from the Chicago Times, the leading radical journal of that eectipn, ifl a tone and temper very different. Wc give it that our readers may better understand the different shades of opinion that are held at the pros ent time toward the President's policy of re construction within the Republican ranks Reconstruction. The appointment of a Joint Committee of the two Houses of Uoncrcs3 on Keconstrue- tion, and the reference to such committee of the credentials of the members elect from Tennessee, indicate that the American people as represented in Congress, intend to exert their proper influence over the whole subject of reconstruction, iennessee has mora plaus ible claims for immediate admission than any otiier fetate. in tnc iiastern part ot the fetate the majority of the white population were loyal to the Union throughout the war. That portion of the btate has elected members to 1 Congress who pcrsonallr would make worthy nnrli'rpiiirrtnli rt rr nrnsentntivna. In thi di vided condition of the State during the war its white population rendered some support to the Union, though a great aeal more to the rebellion. The present effort at recon struction was begun under thcGovcrnorship ot Andrew Johnson, and Uo Presidents desire that the Government of that State shall be held to be already fully rccon fetructcd. and that its representatives Miall be admitted, is well known. Yet bv an em- phatic vote, including all the Republicans in the faenate, except Cowan, Dixon, and Doolittle, and by the unanimous vote of the Jicpubhcan majority in the House, with only a dissenting squeak from Mr. Itav' monu, Longrcss passeu tne lenncssec cre dentials to the same committee which will receive those from the other Statcs,Jhe Joint Committee on lieconstruction. All this is an emphatic contradiction of the I'resiuent s statement in his messaee. that it now only remains for the seceded States,. i r i . i e. . i . ft 1 i i 1- nient, to resume their places in tho Union, while Congress will judge merely of the regularity of their certificates of action. Li ins attitude of Congress is sound. Itreiv resents the loyal people of this country ex actly. It will alford Congress time to ma ture its own plan of reconstruction, and to come forward in solid phalanx in favor of a policy which shall represent the interests of the whole people of the South, and of the country, and not merely of the late rebels. Something more than mere delav in the business of reconstruction" is necessary on the part of Congress. Their course will fail to satisfy the country if it tends merely to stave oil the issue. hat justice and statesman ship demand, what the late elections demon strate that the people demand, is not somuch a postponement of reconstruction for its own sake, as that subversion and overthrow of the President's partial and one-sided mode of rccuiisirueiiuii in ruierence 10 inu voting basis, which restores rebels to power through out tlie South and dooms a whole race to peonage or bondage, until wiser councils or a bloodv revolution shall wrest from their oppressors their fair share of political rights. Every Republican victory at the last election is a verdict in favor of extending tho suf frage in some form to some portions of the four millions, who embrace a third of the population and ninctecn-twentieths of the in dustry, morality, loyalty and republicanism of the Southern people. In this matter President Johnson ' point of departure was wrong, and every step he has since taken has only made the wrong more manliest ana glaring, lie assumes that even in States wliere two-thirds of tho citizens are colored, they are to have no rights except those which the political mi nority choose to confer upon them. This is an undemocratic blunder and will convert the South into another Jamaica, a scene of slow torture for the black man and of con tinued despotism and terror to the white. It will condemn the South to hopeless pov erty, crime, and violence. We do not ask that any ignorant, depraved, pauper whether black or white, shall vote. But wc do ask that intelligent, moral, self-supporting men of whatever color shall not be excluded by law from anv avenue to influence or useful ness to whicli their abilities and the votes of their fellow-citizens would raise them. Wc demand this in the name of the principles of the Republican party and of the Declara tion of Independence. c ask it as the proper fruit of the war, the completion of the work of emancipation. We ask it in the name of the martyred Lincoln, as he ex pressed his convictions in his letter to Gov. Jlahn and to Gen. Wadsworth. To do this it will be the duty of Congress, if ned be, to join issue with any earthly power that desires to make the issue, and try the matter out as a question of power. But the end will never be attained if Congress merely dallies with and postpones the Presi dent's plan. Do Congress need further light upon the question ? Must more " black codes " be passed, in all their hideous atroc ity, more frecdmsn massacred, more rebels elected to office at the South ? Must more legislatures grant bounties to rebel troops while refusing them to loyal soldiers? Must more petitions be sent up for the lives of liv ing traitors, more church prayers refused even to the President who champions their equality ? Must more honors be tender ed to living rebel', or more monument erected to dead ones? Must more ar rogance be displayed by the haughty rebel minority in South Carolina and Mississippi in overriding the rights of the loyal majority and disfranchising them utterly in the courts and at the ballot box, except where the Presi dential edict,- behind which glitters the memory of a million of bayonets, compels some reluctant compliance. with justice? If Congress desire more of all this, let them wait; but while they wait events will crowd jast them, and the opportunity for justice without revolution will be gone. Our thirty-seven States will once more join hands over the crater of our volcano and await its next explosion. If Congress is so profoundly pervaded by anabsenceof independence, vigor and states manship, as to write itself down as the mere recorder of the precedences of the executive, then it will allow reconstruction to proceed on the basis, already tried and found want ing. If not, and we believe it will not; it will take a new point of departure, which shall be in harmony with the genius of Re publican institutions. It will do this In maturing in its joint committee .on recon struction, n general enabling act for those districts of the South in which State govern ments formerly existed, whercbv they shall be constitutionally governed so long as they rcmaiu in a territorial condi tion, by a Governor lawfully appointed by the President, and confirmed by the Senate, and by a Territorial Legislature elected by such portion of the population as the enabling act shall permit to vote. The majority of all the people of the South and its entire loyal and anti-slavery population favor this course to-day. Heretofore the President has treated the question of recon struction as a military one, over which he alone, as .Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Javy, had jurisdiction, and to which the constitution anu laws ol the L nileil states nnd the powers of Congress did not applv. He has appointed Governors of States with out asking their confirmation by the Senate, nnd has substituted his Presidential procla mation for the enabling acts by which Con gress liad previously directed the formation of State governments in territory wlicre none existed. But let Congress adopt the sound doctrine that State governments must be constructed in the same manner as the State governments of every State, since the orig- J iiui uuiiciai, were consimcica, yK: py me joint action of-Congrcss, as expressed in an enabling act or an act cf admission, and sub stantially the whole people of the territory reeking a State government. When wc adopt this doctrine we strike the hard pan of constitutional law and precedent, and the course is plain before us. A few days since the telegraph announced the election" of lion. Wm. A. Graham as a Senator, tp JCongress .froni Korth Carolina, for ihe long term. We arc now informed of the election of John Poole, of Bertie county, as" Senator for the short term. Mr. Poole, we believe, haa all the time been a Union man. He is a man of fair ability, and was once the candidate of his party for Govern or. Both the Senator dect were Whigs in days of yore TIic I'?iiln Troubles. From the Baltimore Gazette. The hopes- of Republican Ireland are growing darker and darker every day. Fe nianism has been so grievously' wounded in the house of its friends, that its convales cence will be slow at the best; whilst the chances of its reeovcry.at all are so proble matical that the life of the Brotherhood seems to hang,ias it were, upon ,a gasamer thread. Weliave already stated that the Fenian Senate have deposed CFMahony from the Presidency, and liave installed Vice President Roberts in his place. Our read ers also know that (JMahonyin turn, has forbidden tho Senate the. use of his head quarters; but what has passed since, then is not so well known, and is quite, deserving of being duly clironicled. The Senators, ten in number, charge that O'Mahony and his Secretary of the Treasury, Killian, were leagned together " to bring about the ruin " of the Fenian Brotherhood and the rob "bery of a confiding people f that O'Mahony as other Presidents have done before htm has' disregarded the Constitution which he had taken a sol e mn oath to support ; that he lias refused funds to the Secretary" of War General Sweeny who was eager to measure swords with the Sassenach, but found the Treasury locked against him; that he", Mahonv, lias nirea a patace tor ins Headquarters, at a rent of twelve thousand dollars a yearj paying tho rent for a year and a half eighteen thousand dollars in advance, besides, de iwsiting five thousand dollars as. a security against damage to the building, and laying out five thousand dollars more in rosewood furriiturc and carpets to match, and in pror vlding' sumntuoua sleeping rooms. &e &c: and, finally, that although a million of dollars has been paid into the Treasury iti the aggregate, he was in the act of issuing bonds for sixty-eight thousand dollars more in an illegal and fraudulent 'manner. Foe these reasons, and because he refused to plead to the indictment, the Senate met and for mally deposed him from, his high office. Un the other hand, 1'rcsident O Mahonv charges that O'Rourke the former Treas urer of the Fenian Brotherhood one of the malcontent Senators, who is foreman of the press room in the olhce of the .New lork lYibune, and one of the stockholders of the Tribune Company, actually loaned to a noted Republican journal of Xew York was it the lYibunel two hundred and thirty thousand dollars of the funds of the Irish JIapublic, and also that the same Senator speculated in gold, and thus lost, irretrievably, forty-seven tiiousand dollars ot the money belonging to the Fenians. O'Mahony further charges thai another of the malcontent Senators Patrick J. Meehau was sent to Ireland on business of the Brotherhood ; that he carried with him a draft far five hundred pounds sterling, and also dispatches of importance. That the draft in question and his letter of instructions fell into the hands of the British Government, in some mysterious manner, and that Median cscaned in a vcrv inexplicable sort of a way; and returned to America unmolested. It is more than hin ted also, that the immunity from arrest en joyed by Median, arose from the fact that he betrayed Ins associates, and that his disclo sures led to the capture of Stephens and the suppression of the Irish Fenian newspaper organ, "The People." Lastly, O'Mahony will arraign the ten mal-contcnt Senators for collecting sixty-eight thousand dollars from Irish men and women in the rural districts, not a dollar of which, says the Cabinet " O'Mahony" and his Secretary has been deposited in the Treasury. It will be claimed by the latter that the sixty-eight thousand dollars of bonds nbout to be Is sued, were designed to protect the interests of the Brotherhood by using the money to cover up this default. All these charges and counter charges arc to come up for adjustment before the Fenian Congress, which O'Mahonev has sum moned to assemble at New York on the 2d of January next. We believe that the senators, against whom (J Mahoney, taking time by the forelock, has already pre ferred articles of impeachment, have also called the Fenian Congress together to meet at a somewhat later day. Iu the meantime, both parties to the quarrel are preparing vigorously for the struggle for supremacy which is soon to take place. Both have is sued addresses to the innumerable circles throughout tho States, and both have already received by telegraph quite a number of re sponses and pledges of adhesion and support. The Fenians of the Western district of New York and of Xew England have announced that they will stand by the Senate, whilst those of the Department of Manhattan JTcw York city and Brooklyn have rallied almost to a man, to the support of O'Mahony. The latter are eager for the fray. Their ilclegates assembled in Convention, at New York, on Saturday last, and in a long ad dress to their brothers of North America, emphatically repudiating "the sectional com "bination of perfidious Irishmen," styling themselves Fenian Senators, who are de scribed as "traitors" of the deepest dye; " T,irlnci3 t..- I i. .1 4l.n 1,!.-.!. " position of Fenian Scnatorship to the most "ignoble purposes." As for John O'Mahony his name " stands "like a star in the IlcavciiSj receiving new " lustre from the clouds which obscure for " an instant, but vanish before its power." The traitors, "slimy and snake-like," have poisoned it is alleged, "the holy stream of "patriotism in its course towards liberty," and they are admonished, with the most in tense, melodramatic fervor to " Beware ! " The reputation of O'Mahony " is too well " known," they add, iij be even dimly ob "scurcd by thcwingsT of envenomed rancor " or petty jealousy." The figures. are rather mixed up in this part of the address, but when men and especially Irishmeu speak strongly, thev are not ant to be dioicn in thn selection of their phrases, nor is it supposed that the people of a 'country from which St. I'atrick banished all the serpent tribe four teen hundred years ago, should know wheth er that species of reptile was gifted with en venomed winp, or was without any wings at all. But the most marvellous part of this whole matter is, that although a million of dollars has been paid into the treasury, it was so short of funds when John Mitchcl was sent recently tor Europe as an emissary of the Brotherhood, he had to tarry several days in New York before the necessary means could be procured to enable him to proceed on his voyage. We shall await, with some curiosity, the explanation of thii singular, but not altogether surprising state of affairs. The Cnttlc I'lnsruo IiicrofJiig'. The advices by the City of Baltimore, in dicate no abatement of the Rinderpest or plague among cattle, which now theatens such a curtailment of the ordinary supply of animal foodr throughout Great Britain, as must inevitablr affect provision market. In the course of the past month the increase of thediseasc hasbeenmost marked. During that period the attacks have risen, from a previous monthly average, from 14,000 to upwards of 27,000, and the deaths, destruc tion included, to upwards of 21,000. Be tween the 4th and the 11th of November the number of cases increased by fifty per cent. In the ensuing week things were not quite so bad, but there was a further increase still. The London Times assumes that the death, instead of 700 a week, are at least four times that number, and if winter docs not brine a change for the better, the loses may be 5,000 or b,000 a week before Christmas, This is certainly a sad state of things, and the worst of it is, that tiiiu far no adequate remedy for it secrai to have been discovered. The journals teem with suggestions and re commendations with a view to checking the disease, but practically they appear to amount fo but little, the Rinderpest mean while having mn it own way. ' The theory is still generally adhered to, that this cattle disease was imported from ihe continent, and that it can be checked by keeping animals affected by it ajiart from those, that are healthy1. If this; be sd, then it is now, more than ever, a question with us of the United States, whether we ought not to exdude European cattle altogether from our ports for the present. The Guatcitv to Mns. Lixcqlx. The, Washington correspondent of tlid Albany (N. Y.) Argus says: Fentioniny the Presidents Widov. It ia proposed to give $100,000 to Mxs. Lincoln. When Congress voted Mrs. Harruon $25, 000, the appropriation ras denounced in de bate br licnton, Calhoun, Woodbury, and othexJJeruocraU, but w passed in theScn? tc br a vote of twcctyta ,nxUcn, and in the llousc one hundred and' twenty-two t& thirty-six. It ia to be hoped that the rir enmstanecs nndcr which Mrs. Lincoln loX Washington, will not be Lroaght- op in discussion. 1S65. SOUTHER XETi S. Escape op Mat LuxroN.The Memphis Jsulleim. says: Mat Luxton ecaed from Irv 1115 Block yesterday morning and at this writing had not been recaptured, despite the efforts puf forth to that end. lie is 'under sentence of death, for guerrilla operations during the war. and it is only a day or two since a petition for the remissipn of'his sen tence signed by nearly two thousand citizens, "wa.s lorwaruetl to aslnngtoa for tlio con sideration of President Johnson. He hushed by the guards at about four .o'clock, one of: wnoui nrcu, out did not succeed in wounding him. It was believed that Luxton'a case would have met with favorable considers- Jaon at the hands of the President, but it is now thought that his chances of pardon are sum. Peksoxal The Hon. Landon C.IIdynes, late Confederate Senator from this State, is among the rt cent able accessions to the Mem phis liar. Mr. Hayncs goes to Memphis uiion a parole from the President of the United States, protecting him against arrest and anv interference with him in the prose cution of his business; Maj. Gen. GuptavtjS W-. Smith, who resigned the position of Street Superinten dent ot JNcw lork to come bouth, and who resigned-his commission in the Confederate army two years afterwards, has appeared in New York as the agent of the National Ex press company. Sekioulv III. Wc regret to learn that our esteemed friend and co-temporary, Col. Benjamin F. Dill of the Memphis Apinxtl, is not expected to survive the,' serious attack of sickness, with which he lias been for some- nine amicicu. Pajdoxed. Doctor Morgan, also known as Capt. Morgan, of Arkansas, who was sen tenced to imprisonment lor life by a military commission in Memphis, for organizing panus ol guerrillas during tlie-war, lias been pardoned, by the I'resident and is now en route from Jefferson Citv, where he was con fined, to his home. It will be remembered that he was first sentenced to bo hanged, but at the instance of some influential legal gen tlemen, the sentence was commuted to im prisonment during tho term of his natural life. Ilis final pardon was obtained through the ctlorts of his attorney, . II. 11. Hussell, tusq., who recently returned trpm ashing- ton. flic Cleaveland Banner says that Col James Parks, of Polk, was elected, at the , election on the Cth instant, to represent the counties of Meigs, McMinn and Polk, in the present legislature, to nil tne vacancy oc casioned bv the resignation of Mr. Conclaml Just as it should have leen, for there is no liettcr man in the district, and he will make jusi sucn a representative as ute people neat in the Legislature. We will vouoh for that. Freed ii ex. About two hundred freed- mcn says the Chattanooga Gazette, arrived in thin city yesterday morning on the At lanta train en route for Arkansas, where they have made arrangements to g6 on cot ton plantations. The crowd consists of men, women and children. Thev hall from the neighborhood of Atlanta. Oimjanizixo. A meeting of the citizens of Atlanta is called through the city papers, for the purpose of organizing a regiment iu order to clean the city of the scoundrels whose business is murder and robbery. Mii.lepoeville. Dec. 15. In the elec tion to-day, Barnett was elected Secretary of ,iatc; isarnes as Comptroller Ueneral; jjones, ireasurer, and J. W. Burke & Co. iPrinters. Gen. Bennett has issued an order forbid ding the organization of colored militia in Charleston, as having a tendency to bring on a war ot races. considerable excitement was created in -in audience, in which were many Federal olticcrs, at the theatre m savannah, recently. utiring uie penormance ot tnc omnia " Smiles and Tears." A song in which the following words occurred was introduced in the piece, and sung by Miss M. E. Gordon : "I despise the North. Give me the sunny, punny South." Tlio emphasis with which the words were rendered, created loud ap plause from the Southern and hisses from the Northern spectators. The Iluntsvillc .Mroatc says, Ave arc glad ta'find that our people are alive to the im portance of farming orations fir the next year and are getting ready to engage in the cultivation of cotton with energy. Small farmers are meeting with most success those who work their own lands, and only hire help to a limited extent. This class, who have land of their own, can make more money fanning now than ever before and will do so will make money rapidly by persevering industry. Large land holders find it more difficult f o farm now, because of the uncertainty of securing reliable labor for the whole year. They are willing and anx ious to engage the freedmen at constant wage, but they want to lie assured of having the labor all the time. Tho pay is w?curi- let the work be certain when paid for, and the battle is won. Gov. Humphrey, of Alabama, authorized by the Legislature, )oa appointed five com missioners to proceed to Washington to rep resent to the President the present condition of aflairH in the State, the bad effect tho ne gro troops are having on the other ncrgocs in the State, and to act, in conjunction with our Congressional delegation, in endeavor ing to have these troops removed. W:lminotox, C Our city bids fair, rays the Journal of that city, in a short time to become one of the greatest commercial places in the South, as will be seen by the quantity of shipping now in port, anu the continued arrival and departure of steamers and sailing vessels of.au kinds. The facil ities for the shipment of produce are now greater than they have been nt any time since the close of the war. Steamers con tinue to arrive from Charleston, Savannah and other Southern ports for the purpose of procuring freights, and it has not, at any time, been the case that they have departed without a full cargo. Get. A. P. Stewart. We desire to cor rect an error into which wc, with others, have been unintentionally drawn sayB the New Orleans Picayune. Gen. A. P. Stewart, late Ljcutcnant Gen eral in the Confederate States army, was elected a professor in the University of Mis sissippi, but declined the honor intended him. A paragraph iu our paper this morning also states that he was "surveying in Galla tin last week." It has also been said that he was to take charge of some edcuational in stitution in Memphis. AH the statements are incorrect. General Stewart is a member of the com mcrdal house of Stewart & Brother 47 Ca romblct street, in this city, and it li his in tention to devote himself exclusively to the business of his house, and all statements to the contrary are injurious to him, however kindly intended by those who make them. Oiuectionable BLTroys, The Mobile Time says that Mr. Jos. W. Davis, was ar rested in New Orleans, on Saturday lat, and taken before the Provoctt Court foe wearing a grey coat with bras buttons attached thereto. These dangerous looking orna ments' were then and tliere cutoff, in thcaw-r ful presence of the court, and Mr. Davi won permitted to go about his business. In about half an hour he was rearrested by the same zealous officer that had nailed him before, and he had on the same .coat, bearing the identical, or similar buttons. His case was postponed. Rev. Dn, Wit. X. Hxwkk, of the Episco pal Church, died in Columbus Inst, Priday night. Col. Withers, of 3liwssippl, formerly pen. Pcmbcrton'a Chief of. Artillery, re orts his efforts to induce .Ronton capitalists to embark in cotton growing and other Southerrr sjicculatlonf Vfery sutxtspfttl. Col. John Avery, one of the largest land owner Li Virginia died, recently in Prince George county, Yo- JIe ownciT pver nine thousand acres in that county and Surrey the adjoining one. He was, eighty-two year old. Amende. A short tirao since wc stated that Daniel Helton, living in our county, had twelve sons who" had acrved in "the Union army; We now learn from. Mr. Helton that he haa twentv-two tons, sixteen of whom served in the federal army, one in the rebel army, and live thai vrcretoo young to do any fighting oa their own hook. We take pleas ure in making the correction for the benefit of the gallant aire'' of the "patriotic sons." Who will contest tho field with old Roane, and present inch an array of, gallant ipirita from beneath, the same ' roof and the. same household I All hail, old J.toanc,and her gallant sons! IST0. 14. Tlio Operation of the Confiscntion Ijitt, From the New York Times. Many ieople of proiwrty in the Southern States are excrcisctl about thcr loannM of me connscation law and the effect upon con fiscatcd property of a Presidential panloil The Supremo Court at Washington ha bo- fore it the case of Lcroy M. Wiley whidi was tried before the t'nitcd States I)rtrict Court in this dty, and excited some attention in tho early part of tho year. Tho appeal is to reverse, the decision" given hercy which covered the "confiscation and forfeiture of seventeen hundred and fiftv-six shares of the capital stock of tho Great Western Railranrl Company of 1S59, and of upward of So0.- yw uu lvuiiuiu u uoiiua Ol uio same corporation," and involved tho miestion. uucs me i resiueni s paruon remit the sen tence of forfeiture of rebel property and re instate tnc rebel in all his nchU thereto?" The decision of tho Supreme Court will be looked lorwant to with groat interest by large numbers of iersonH in the Southern States. whose cases will be affected bv the result of mis appeal. A couple of instance in which the military authorities have vcrv recently taken action c " . i i- - "iv" tuuii-cuiiuii lans mav muiuioneii m this connection. The well known General Pillow had two hundred mules taken from his plantations in Arkaiv-, lie nnmrmv and learning tliat many of thesewere still at ct. Louis, andjbelieving, as lie savs, that the "effect of his pardon was to entitle him to the restoration of nil proierfv tchieh had net been sold by decree of any courts under the confiscation law," he made application to the military commander of fhe division. Gener al Shtrman, to restore to him the "mules. General Sherman referred tho application to me quartermaster, who inudo. an endorse ment on it, that as General Pillow had leim pardoned bv the President, ho was clcarl'v cntitled to all property Liken from him which had not been sold by deoreoof .ipnnrt of competent jurisiliction". General Sher man then referral the nnnliratiun to tho Secretary of AV.ir. and - nsk-ml if Tin ulinnLl . restore tlie mules. Secretary Stanton de clined restoring them; and there tlio matter now rests. General Canby. couimatidin!r in Lonisi.in.i. nas also just hail a case before him. in which Mr. Luther Ronald-vai made application for me restoration ot htty-one acres of land, wit li the improvement, lying within the breast works at Port Hudson. To the annlieation he replies that " this property was captured lrom the public cnemv at the expense of much blood and treasure, and that tho title IS now in tlio (inri.rnmi'iif nf tb I'nlf.il btates as cajdured propcrt-v." I le adds : "Ihave'lio idea that this title will lie re lilUlllished. or the uronortv rrsfiirrd. ui Inntr as the control of the .Mississippi riv6r is of any value to the C luted btates. U liu legal reclamation or the applicant it against the late rebel government, and not air.iiiwt tin- Government of tire United States." If he is. in equity, entitled to' anv reliur. it m under niu tuuaiuuuunai provision mat private property shall net be taken for public use without just romtiensation, or under the 1... ..,.....:,..,; 1 .i . provisions of the third section of the act of Mardi 12, 1S63. In either cue, the claim must be supported by clear proof of title, 1 Ti. . .1 1 . p ... . luyaiiy ai tne tiate ot uie original seizure, and that no compensation was paid, or agrcctl to bo paid, Uy the rebel Government." There militarv decisions will undoubtedly be appealed froni as soon as civil Jaw re- vumes iU full swav. Tliere will be a vai number of caseK itiVolved, and the general result arrived at it of srreat imtiortanee to the CQtmtry, as well an tt the jiartieri rnter- esteii. Lincoln aiitl JoIiiisoii lluw IlWlorv i 1 1 1 Paint their Port nil Is. From the .Memphis. Ilullctin. There are those disposed, in view of the exactions made by President Johnson, to believe that Mr. Lincoln would have dealt much more generously with the South. If ,we are not mistaken, Mr. Lincoln devised a Scheme of "restoration," applied to Loui-d-hnaand Arkansas. In July, 18(51, General Ranks, under orders of President Lincoln, issued a proclamation which contemplated tlio organimtiori of State government under revised constitutions and iron-clad oaths. Negro suffrage waa coiupul.ory. The Stnto was a non-entity. A null recession had de htroved State vftalltv. In Arkansas, theone-fenth basis of rcprc- .fCntatioh Avas applied. The names of the States were retained, if we recollect aright, hud by this means alone, could their identity bo recognized. The retention of lioundary lines wa4 of no iignilicance, and trginia. the mother of State, was ruthlessly dis membered. inter' Davis concocted scheme, paved by Congress, and we heard that t'rcsidcnt Lincoln verbally approved it The States were deemed dead ; rebellious citizens, forever disfranchised, were pro nounced unworthy of any ollicc; Represen tation was based upon the one-tenth system, infinitely worse' than the three-fifths basis against which Andrew Johnson, with marvelous prescience was wont to in veigh in the halcyon days of unwashed icnncsscc democracy. We remember read ing in a Southern village, sooti thereafter burned bv Sherman, a speech on this suli- jeet, delivered jn, Congress by a man of Such glowing iancy. that, in vulgar mrlancL. he is known as Sun-et Cox. He urged that this plan of restoration would, in Tennessee permit seven thousand two hundred ani sixtv-cigtit voters to rule a btate ol one hundred and forty-live thousand three hun dred and forty-eight voters. One tenth of this number is 11. Ml. A m.aioritv of this would be 7,268, nr.d these monopolizing offi ces would hold the bt.ato in subjection' Froni this destructive, cold'bloodcd wiutry Davis plan, Brownlow's model government derives its conception of duty to the jicople bf Tennessee. Seven thousand Radietil-i would thus enslave the State forever. Mr. Lincoln was satisfied with this plan, though he pocketed the Bill, with the declaration that lie would, it pasKd, give it J'Jcecutive aid." It appears that I'resident Johnson ap- E roves .neither the Hanks plan, applied to ouisi.ana and Arkansas, witli the sanction of Mr. Lincoln, nofthe Winter Davis mode of eviscerating statehood. JoIinon holds that State government! and Ixiundarv lines arc no lesa indestructible than the Federal Union. The Constitution contemplates the possibility of individual criminality, but its framere nevcrso defined treason, that States could comjass it. Johnson, by a sweeping amnesty, relieves citizens of disabilities, and by his conduct of local and national govern ments, makes Tennessee a wedge which so dcaves the Union, compacted by Radicalism, that all thcsA Stale may become cmlxxlitd iu the great tree of Lilierty, beneath who-m branches, counflcfs myriads and generation df freemen, in perfect isecurity, Inay reiMc forever. John.on 'ignores the one-tenth mode of defining votcnt, utid deniex Federal right of interference in thu question of Mif frage, whether affecting whiten or Mucks, He restores rights, HiHpendcd, to Slate, Jrhoc entity and entirety were never suspen d. Hu resorta not to military power, but by ConvcntiuiM( cho;n by unawed, unrestricted miflrage, reinvests them with all seemly habiliment to make them welcome guest a't an endlew "re-union." Hi-requires slavery to lie abandoned finally and forever because, lie would poxtponc, finally and foruvcr, another such reign of mudm-wand deinoiiLuu as that which slavery enabled Witiciani to bring down nprttt our unhappy country. Whatever .blotting inaV bo ascribed to ne gro servitude, the woes it Jian innocently in dicted on tlio country outwsigh tlicm all; and wc may ifot complain that the President render their recurrence impossible. Lin coln once required anient to negro suffrage; not Joha-on, who would only, have the Afri can protcctel in all rights a a man. There .but one: body of Ia-.giver on earth, thit tide Dahomey, who would hare dmirtl freemen Uie right to texrify, and that wan found buried in stone and stupidity, at Nashville. We had innocently supported, though attendance at our white criminal court might confuse somewhat. Ideas on this subject, that the object at testimony wan to elicit truth. What it hai tu dp with "negro equality," iinlew it equalize blacks and knaves, addicted to juridical liard-s wearing, ke could never Imagine. If negroe wcr tlie only ,liariatlie wnrJd, we wotdd .have that, testimony rjcctcd and not ciher-. fftzc. The bill to prevent for the present tlmm portation of foreign cattle, in order to gttani. against the plague, ha panstd both Tfouse' bt Congress, nnd nceiLionly the PresidontV lignatuw.to liecpmo a Iawi This th, fiwt. biU passjed this session. Bat little lHexpectl totraiwpiro'W Coh'' grew uatil After the holiday; - ' . ' THE XASHVIXU: B.UIT VX19X,XX9 Omen Unloitnd'Amcric3tr Block, ernerCnnrea anil Cherry streets, opposite th Post Olsa.) Daily Ji, o Weekly .. j co Proportionate rates for Sorter periods, gabscriptions invariably in adranee. Sound IMillnvopliy. From .tho Uiehuwnd Times, j It I a reeeived maxim in kiiiio rc-fcr'aMn schools of moral philosophy. Ih:t mankind ad" mire most thoso. titniM In which they are mor deficient. If this be founded in truth.it arenej that of all human virtues courajreis ibn ms-i rare. In the estimation of men this world over this virtue takes tho palm from ehanly n th' muUittiduofsins it cover. Its mrfnifcytatfr -ij t ennuxh to Imieo tho ditrkvet crimes; tho want ef it f.itally mars the eflVctof the mostdumtertitr 1 and ireneroas aet. It was fttrartlyadvauccl. n oppnitiontopnbllo MeeutlOns, that tho eou -s-i exhibited bv criminals at tho stake or on tho scaffold tended to -anctify .their deeds in tho eyti orthc people, and raised them to tho iltetv of martyrs.. If tho hiahwayrnan and murderer antmcd pluck, the ptoeewion from Stwjato to Holbprn Hill wasdives ted of its umominy. and assumed tho charaetenor n triumphal march. If ho died 'came, hetoon'&hlftya i tk. .t. i" of popular heroes, and- insured tho perpetuation or his memory in romantic traditions and lecnj. Y nether tue maxim bn trrnni-f-.l ... r. deduced from t is, we believe, essentially tru Courairo in the sens of the Koman 1 tr-fus tho (Troupinc of those hishet friahtand tilraetcri.,t , of chivalrous manhoods "hravprv in nr..rl dancers or diSkuUicn; resolution in nniwMtn, them, aod. aboyo all, paticuco and iortitude nndcrsnffenmr-ls certainly hut rarely m. : witlu Resolution and bravery tho Southern people h.rrtj manifested lulhnhiirhwfc development ( which they are suscentiMe i thev nro nnr .iti.-i ... tho exhibition of the crowning virtui'- patu-ii j and fortitudes To mrtaiirtheir character th r mustshowtliinselvptwicssl.iiotouly of n t necat.ve. ratye n:irirrKeh-h if.i.iit.- .ul..T complaint, to what U ituvit:iM, but of a nx'-a Positive. nr netire Drineinlr (VhiM. ..i . strcnstlu ii manifi-su iuir in emanuuitjtbHl evennrssormmd-and temper whi.h ... ' turbedbythe .shwlssof niMbftune.oc wiich. If stajawred or borne down by a sudden bt w. Ln. the vital enetjry, thereon iterative brmyacsy ord elastu-itv'tto riso again ami right itself. people those most aeousuvned to thunk for them selves those who best Understood and appric alcd tlio lsallr moor !.it afraif., ..! '.1. ..,.. cherished them are men who have ncycr r coverol from Ihe overwhelming confusion of enr overthrow. Ther nr tik men tr,nni . s(n in mute bewilderment. unabU in iit, that the axiom ot tho tulh in whu-h they were educated iHfr heneefhtih hn i!t-.wtnl.t .ihA.. . These axioms were their irfn. without hieh there can be Tor them n foundation Tor political faith r iitstitu(Hirtal Koveriiinenr, no liberty worth livinir for. This over-mnsin. never-ortinc melancholy is not consutMit with the spiritwc have e.imracndoL Despair, while iris fimrri3rar,lr.wl hr I,,-, , aud resolution, ntt silinetisrfs 'cvjii aivts birtn. to them eilll never elfeet ilaenfrn,,., int.v n-l-. . animated and sustainetl by ftrtitula tho ncM'-fr attributes of genuine uonrucc. A Nbvr.r, "CoMrnntcff. Mr. JefK rsnn Dayi, being a prim, clerical kind of man, believe in theSeriidiiral inmnction oa tn , short h:ur. During hi conliuement at a certain jmblie watering place near Hamp ton Roads, he has found it convenient to cull ,in the aid of a barber. The first occa Isionof sjiearing or Uimming dinted iL. jtinguishitl altentioa from (i.n. Milc. win 'drrects the watering place afore-ald N . 'fcoonor hud Mr. Davin' loek-t fallen into tW toniwrial towul, whun they were borne off in a charger, like John the Baptist's hi-.L 'totJie cii-olv or (rencral Miles. WIu.I.ir lany of tht' daughter of Hcroflias- Fo.'t n..l ithwctreWew or not, the veraoioui Ndrthem chronicle, from which we cull this incident, refuses furthee information. At leu-;' , .however, Mr. DavIV hair, as Tuir v.iU d" t 1 jthe crowns of liiiijt 6r diatl men, i, .. .again; and agaiii.thorcwaA an apj iicat, iof the ahoaw. Gen. MiK Hut an crd rly after the sacred ringleti, but lo! tf e rcl :.- -tory Davis, antrdputing the attai 0 I it with a pair of tong, and, whisking hi, several head ornaments into the f.rc, tlio firo puffed them up the chimney. Whcnr.t it is rccocdetl that Gen. Miles waxed vrc'.h. t We do trust, for the sake of decency, r. aiot less fof the sake of so gallant a man s Irii.ti Artlo. il,, tut rnn ;.. j r.i,..i... - . . . inu vi f .i. itfuuiuiu anything in Froissart or Bnrou Mimdiaucn, If it lie true, Mr. Iavu will, by this tmr iiext year, appear among the sons f,f r.itn like unto a venerable Aholom. or in the f-imi lit tnlo of thoa human bisons one occa bionally beholds from, Texai or ML-ucuri. jFrotn thu text of our Northern rcc rd. we Eire led to presume that Gen. Miles dv. ire 1 he castaway hhir for relica. Since then i.i io morp hair to 'bo hail, let Mr. David dv Ware how he paros his finger nails. I Again we express the hope that thN is all K foul slander iqmti the comuiaiidant at Fortress Motiroci Sfuiuld it so appear, at liny time, we will lie mot happy to correct the story and denosneu the man mid tht journal thus scanilul'uing the public. Ju yima l mitnlwMUil. i:s. edition of ii kio. J'rom tho Xew Orleans Star. I About a nunrter nast 11 o'clock v sft nT.iv forenoon, in one of the yards of the Pari, h I'rNon, i negro, named Joe I'olydor, nliai jjohn Mitchell, aliout SO youni of ngc. a jiiuted, to some extent, by. a horrible tit-alb (m the giillow, the comtniiwion of two of thr tvnrst crimes that liuinan nature i.;c..ia!.lc f rape and mnrder. i In this insttuiee tho offencorj were aggmvat" td by the victim bciutj. colored child on'y even years of ago, named Eleanor GiIhoii, jvhnm he cntlcctt to a place where he pcrpc (rated the first foul wrong, nnd no doubt with inch brutality, that, feutful rf discovery, lie endeavored to prevent it by killing her and hiding the body in tho wood. But such a deed almost Invariably "will Out," anil after jho finding of-the mutilated corpse, suspicion rested upon him; he was arriwtiil, and sul seipiently proof was found of his guilt, and le was trieil and sentenced to be hung. Religion, which, in every instance of i ho kind that we remember, except one", iiakos the criminal resigned, and give him noral ,sw wdl a physical courage to mtxt his most shocking and trying death, s::. ained I'olyilor up to the last moment. Yet, Iiongh hU demennor was calm anil evert ' hverful, liis mental disquiet mibt have been terrible, for he was unable to sleeji during lie three days and night preceding hu i t ution. ! Early in tho morning ho expressed a tie--sire to nddres the colorml men confined iu the institution. At half-pnst V a. m., in a- fordancc with hw wishes, the cdls of the colorctl yanl vero thrown ojicn. Being then informed tliattlioy awaited his coming hu aroe from thu di-iir in which he was Hittin;-, and with steady ntew, ajiprixiclicil the crowd, when he addressed them in the fullow.it, Wonls: Jy (Unred Friend;- Ncnrly all among jou aru ntrniigern to mo and a great many Hmonjjyou have. doubtless harbored feelings Of eminily against me, and have cxprcn.xil mlrwlves on hand as such, and now, at I soon mutt drmrt tliU life, I hoj-0 If any otio ijxl wight ngaintuie will fortcive iMcht- rr.I ly iw I forgive my enemim. The crowd Ijerc remarked, " Vou have no cncmif ipnongst tis." i 'Tis tnie my friendi, I soon must die. Yet tliere is u consolation ill knowing I am pre pared to go. Ye, my friends. I am per fectly reconciled to go, for I plac my tniit ih a better world. I trust my frlcids, yjti 4 ill all take warning by me, and bo prepared ti nitct oor crenteHt cuuniy. ileath. TJkii allow me to bid you a huj farewell. 1 tfToniA lirrrnn. ! Soon after II o'clock Ih; wasr escorted t tliegalhmv. After being seated ho spoke a ffcw wonl to thdiprMeiit, raying that Uv i tlie will of God for him to die and that he was tireimred. He thanked th- effi' i the prison tm their krVwlneoH to hirnr n ' .t-kul a a kut mwst that an old ( 'jl.iv ' woman who won uwlur suuteuci? U r v- . The dergyman t!tii reciu-tl p. a; - ' Sreauvely, tlie convict n-ieiitfI tin I , rayer, and in ft feV ntfimtmt afhTWir 's f' trap fellr nnd the murderer sptd to t : rf i lUenuil Judgment. ! ita 5fK DnvlH lo Treitlcit. The Fortrft Monroe eorrespondt-nt of t v. rr i.i I " 1 started only in wriln the fact that J F 5)avf h a prfsoner Jiere, and that the fait lay not be wholly forgotten by the public lie is (.till In Carroll Hull, still in a large Ijiit wdl and plainly furnished room , ttul Ui the enjoyment uf a good fire anil- good a -fi-ndance; still allowed alHindant rt.ij. mnttcr: still iKrmittvl hU daily walk.j mi tjie iratet ; and las but not least, i.ti.1 granted, as regards estting, a say the h '.1 mtwr- tlie ix.it the ranrfeet offiinU. t x 1 1 ecasional boils, whleh tnwiWc Ihdi w.: 4 ob-llke perten-y, thwmU liajipilr r.-t ulte no plviitlfullv. hu haalth coiihii- i nod. The mutliislical nreeMion of oik L: L- itualed to iMHiueiw is evident in hw arrir;--ment of hi paper and book, and tin. w c istii'iinirnet m t!i snbjwt of drvstt rr.-l dean linen Is still a uroailttent charactt'r t-tici When he walk out he is alwi Seatly gloveI, and hi jaunty oine bear h.vi Untiling company HU strfngth of will 1 jjwaarkaldc. U haa sustained him, thtM far, Quroqgh' 11 long, uml wliat, to one of his 3 five habit, resUew enrgier'l and grasj .k ambition, must be 4 torturijie itiipri. nii,ti:T With his will so Indomitable, tunl hU r ourriM of thought and intellect, he can truul Infinitely morv," " ... . . . . ... 1; Commercial block, Giiro, w destroyed ' fire oa Sunday. Theliiternalional Hotel s in ruins.