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101 AND AMERICAN.
BY F. C. DUHKINGTON & CO. OFFICE: CORNER CHURCH AND CHERRY STS, OPPOSITE THE TOST OFFICE. Terms: Dully, 814; Weekly, 83. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22, I SC."!. TO POSTMASTERS. In returning tbo publication of the Union and Amebic wo contracted with the old firm of J. 0. QBirriTn.t Cotofill out their unexpired sub scriptions to the extent of the amount etill due. But M man' chances have been effected since the suspension of this paper in 1802, wc arc com pelled to ark tbe various Post Matters at whose offices tho Union jisd Amkeicak is received, to inform us promptly by mail -what papers aro not taken out by reason of the absence or death of the parties, or for other cause. Their peovpt attention will greatly oblige us nd will be received as a personal kindness. To ocn Fkiexds in V.Datrir.itt. Our Rcuto Agent, Mr. Sattekfield, is about perfecting an arrangement by which he will bo able, bright and early every morning, to place the Ustos and Aueeicax at the door of our numerous friends in that crowing and prosperous Tillage. Those who desire to receive tho paper in this way will please inako it known at our counting-room. "Washington News and Rumors. Postmaster Gcncrul Dcnnison has written a letter to tlio presidents of the different railroads upon which the U. S. mail is carried, in which ho flutes that during last winter tho delivery of the mails was very irregul 'tid that many "unsatis factory excuses were t . J, the principal ono of which was that tho 1 .gth of tho trains was so great that it was impossible to run upon sched ulo tiuio. Tho Postmaster General now demands (hat the length of tho trains be lessened, as tho public demand that tbo mails should be regularly delivered. Some days since aspcci.il dispatch tj The Pro from Washington stated that the Govern ment detectives had discovered that certain claim agencies of tho city were swindling soldiers, by making a fulso representation to tho effect that, for twcnty-Cvo dollars, they would procure for them sixty acres of land on the lino of tbo Oreat Pacific Railroad. It now turns out that the fraud was moro stupendous than was at first sup posed, the victims numbering two instead of ono thousand. In consequence of the rcfusul by the Legis lature of Tcnnoseco to allow tho negroes to testify in court, the War Department has issued orders to General Fisk. the Superintendent of tho Frccd man Bureau in this State, to take all cases in which tho rights of negroes aro involved before the in.litnry courts for adjudication. Robert II. Mnrr lias had leave to filo a printed argument, in tho Supreme Court of tho United States, in favor ofhis right to rcadmission to tho bar, without taking tho oath proscribed by Con gress. A dispatch from Washington says that if Gen eral Logan has declined tho iniseiun to Mexico, tho fnnt is not known in official circles in that city. -It h mid that Stanton declines to deliver tho Lincoln anniversary oration. Rccchor Miid in his recent lecture that, if he had been President last May, bowoiibl have insisted on negro sufirngo in tho South. Tho views of Ranks, on tho Mexican question, is understood to bo conservative. He will agree with Raymond, who I is second on tho committee. They will both support tho foreign policy of tho Administration. Tho Comptroller of tho TrTa-iury desires at tention called to tho fact that certain parties in that city aro endeavoring to raise, by means of a contribution of tho various national banks, a cor ruption fund of two hundred and fifteen thousand dollars, for tho purposo of subsidising certain members of Congress, in order to reenro the pas sago of an amendment to tho currency act, giving theso banks tho benefit of their lost circulation. This scheme Mr. Clark discountenances alto gether, and recommends that tho bnnks which have already contributed their quota, immcdiato I ly demand the refunding of tho money advanced fur so dishonorublo a purpose. Owing to the timo required for copying tho di plomatic corrojH)ndcnco with England and France, referred to in tho President's annual mcs Mse, it is not probable tho transcript will bo com municated to Congress till after tho holidays. General lluller, it is reported, told Thndoous Stevens a few days since, that it would liavo been well if there had been moro "corked bottles,' in tho nrmy in which General Grant made bis bend quarters. Of coiirso the meaning of this intima tion Is platn. Thcro is considerable complaint anions tho Radical members of Congress that tho President docs not treat them with tho considctntion they aro entitled to with regard to patronage. A pretty large force called uiion tho President recently re specting tho lending appointments in their respec tive districts. They got no satisfaction n to tho course iiciuicnns in pursue. j-.spociniiy misiuo c.v.o in regard to the New York Collectorship. Somo surprise has been oxprufcsed at tho long adjournment of Congress from December 21 to.Inn uary 8, It is reported hero that tho recess bin been taken to cnahlo Senators and Representa tive of the Radical stripe, to mnnipulalo the Northern Stnto legislators, nearly all of whom will bo in session after January 1, so ns ton-euro nn expression of opinion ugainst Prosidcut John Eon'a plan or reconstruction as woll as a decided cndorrcmciit of tho Stevens-Sumner programme. Recent dispatchoi statothat Mr. Slillwoll, Re publican member from tho clevcuthilndinna dis trict, will introduco the following resolution in tho llou'e on tho first day tho States nro called irjr.-rm, Tim war for the preservation of the I'liion and tho Constitution Is now over, the ab surd doctrine of secession ami its counterpart in su rection and rebellion havo been put down by tli strong arm of tho government, peace ami i nlon being tho object oftlio government, and that having been obtained : therefore trmulrrJ, Ttiat thoso States that have been in rebellion against tho government, and have sub mitted to the laws of the United States, have adopted a republican form of government, having repealed the ordinance, of secession, imdulm have pushed tho Constitutional amendment, forever nboliihing slavery, rcimdiatud tho rebel war debt. nnd posted laws protecting tbo frcedmen in bit li berty; that tbo Representatives of those States ch-etcd to Congress, nnd having recchod their cer tificates ol flection lrom their riwpeetun Gov 't enors, should bo received ns members of the Thirty ninth Congress when they shall take the oath prescribed by tho last nctof Congress, known as the test oath, without any unnecessary delay. Tho above will bo referred to tho Special Coiu mitteo of Fifteen, Mr. Stillnell will alo offer tho following which will create astir in tho House; " li'nrjvns, Tho Prosidcut in hl Message, says when nt the flrt movement toward independenee, the C.ingres of tho I'nitcd Stnlos instructed the several States to institute govemmeiits of their own. they left each Stulo to decide for itself the ronilitimi lor tlio enjoyment ol tlie vioetlve franchise: "Thrrrire. leit iWf(, Thatwchoartilycon cur with the President, and declare that the ioku latirms of the nlcctivo franchise in nil tho States. nnd tlieqiislifientior. of electors, belong to the State, each for itself, nnd art? subjects in which' Congress has no nglit under tbo Constitution to interfere." General Grant was nt the Whito Houso ne cessary, Ho will probabl) tako another tour as rouu as tho matters ho isnt present engaged upon w 111 permit. This timo his course will bo through tho Southwestern States, on n tour of inspection, and will iiiikI probably extend to tho Rio Grande. A.uothcrdi'patch pays, tho report that General Grant was about to visit the Rio Grande is pre mature, lie will not leave Washington until do ci .re Ongrcosioual action is taken on the matter, unk -3 iiiifirsvcti contingencies tdiould arise, do ma:i.l.ng his immediate presence on the Rio Urar.Je. - Missouri claims -t.CXXI.OOO of tho United State as being tho amount oxpended by her lor thoU:vcrnmeut. Tho President is very much displeased with then Con of the House in adopting the Stevens rctjliiti.m The Radicals are determined to prc cip.Uto an iuo with the President, -.with a view f driving him from his position. A leading Rad ical member from Pennsylvania, Mr. William, has prepared a very elaborate speech, in which he tnkei open ground against tho President's pol icy. Tbu i tho first toesiu of war. Tho speech is approved by both Wado and Steven. H is given out that Mr. Montholon, tho French minister, bos become quite alarmed respecting the answer of Mr. Seward to tho Km pcror's letter asking for tho recognition of Max imilian as the government of Mexico, and as much to with reference to tho resolutions latciy Introduced in Congress on the subjuct of tho Mon roo doctrine. It is understood that he has left for New York, where bo will remain tmtil bo hears from Paris and tho Emperor. Tho Secretary of the French legation has gone to Paris with dis patches touching tho serious turn of affairs hero. Advices from Havana and Vera Crut Just at hand s tato that additional forces arc being forwar&cd to Mexico. &niotwctity-fivo hundred French troops had already arrived at the latter port. The latest intelligence from Paris contains tho news that six thousand Freneh soldiers had embarked for Mex ico. It would seem, therefore, that Napoleon has anticipated, and is preparing to meet, the iwdicy of the l"nittl States in refcrcneo to the Mexican Republic A resolution was offered on the ISth. in the House, culling on the President to inform Con crc why Jeff. Davis has not been tried, and what obstacle stand In tho way of his trial. Mr. An drew Jackson Rogers, of New Jersey, emphati cally ItftWtoJ to tho consideration of the rcsoju S0D,ad it went orcr. COMPARATIVE GROWTH OT CITIES -COXSl'MFTIOX RAPIDITY WAIX IXO UPOX THE IIEEES OF PRO-WFCTIOX. The tendency of population to congregate 1 in towns and cities the relatively slow pace j with which the country increased in num-! tars and, as a consequence, the rapid advance of consumption over production, and the effects which necessarily follow" in the appreciation of all articles of Btibsistcnce, and in the imiiortaHce atid profit of agricul tural pureuits,larc subjects in our economic relations, as a people, of vart importance and universal intcrot. "Wc would be pleased if some one having the time and facilities, would prepare for our columns nn elaborate paper upon this sub ject. It is one from which great benefits nicy lc derived from Iieing thoroughly under stood. In this connection, some very interesting facts have lcen furnished us, compiled in a pamphlet, but recently published, entitled, "The Growth of New York." From this pamphlet wc learn that a comparative an alysis of the census returns of the United States, France and Great Britain, shows to be as fixed a law in those nations as in this that population during the present century has accumulated more rapidly in the cities than in the country at large, and in certain great central cities than in the cities at large. The growth of population during the last forty years in the United States, Great Ilrit- ain anil France, from 1820 to 18G0, is shown to be respectively as follows : 1820. 1800. United States. 0.IRS.191 31.4t5.0S0 France TO, 401,875 3i.755.S71 Great Ilritain -20,81(2,070 1W.8.S7.5H7 1. Knglandand Willed AUVMi! WKl.Tll". 2. Scotland 2.(r.H.,r.21 .WASli 3. Ireland - 0,801,827 5,704,543 Dividing these millions into city and country imputation, and the growth of popu lation during the same forty years outside of the principal cities of Great Britain, viz : Jyondon, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Bris tol, Birmingham, Glasgow and Dublin; and in France, outsidcof Paris; and in the United States, outside of its fifty principal cities, is bliovrn to le respectively as follows: 1820. 1SO0. In G rcat Hritain 1 8,011 ,731 Z1,7:M,405 In Franco .29.701,875 35,088, In United States 11.008,181 27,354,287 whereas, the growth of Kpttlation during the samo forty years in the eight above named principal cities of Great Britain, in the capital city of France, and in the fifty chief cities of the United States, is shown to be as follows : 1820. 1800. Groat Rritnin's eight cities, 2.2.7).7 5,151.192 Prance's Capital city, - 700.000 1,007.841 United States' fifty cities, 570,010 4,(.i0,rJ3 In each of the above tables the superior rapid growth of jtopulation in the United Stiles over that in France and Great Britain, whether compared in the aggregate, in the country, or in the city population, stands out in astonishing figures ; but what we wish our readers to observe is, that in all three the same uniformity of comparative increase which wo call law, steadily holds. The cities outitrip the country outside of the cities. The tables show precisely by how much; but speaking roundly, in Great Brit ain the increase-ratio of the country popula tion is about -1 to 5J, while of the city popu lation, it is -1 to 9. In France the increase-ratio of the coun try population is 4 to less than 5, whilo of the population of Paris it is 4 to almost 9. In the United States the incrca.se ratio of the country population for the same period, although rising to 4 to 12, is likewise out stripped by the increase-ratio of the popu lation in cities, which is 1 to nearly 29. But not only do cities outstrip the coun try in their growth, the great cities outstrip the smaller rilies. In Great Britain, Man chester, Liverpool, Leed, Bristol anil Bir mingham have increased in their aggregate imputation from 5:19,000, in 1820, to 1,0."1, 075 in 1800. Ixwdon in 1820 had 1,78,917 inhabitants ; tho same ratio of increase as those five ities have enjoyed would have given her, in 1800, about two and a quarter millions, but she has gone beyondthat mark by half a miMiou, just enough to make a city of the size of Manchester, the next larg est in the kingdom, and in 18G0 had a pi ulation of over 2,750,000. (ilasgow, the chief city of Scotland, has in creased three-fold in the same period, far sur passing rivals, while the country has in creased fifty per cent. Dublin has arisen from 185,000 to 250,000 steadily, despite the fluctuations of population from emigration and other causes, and the actual decrease, in Ireland and in some of the other cities. Paris has already been mentioned. But in the United States this iinifornily more rapid concentration of population in the great central cities than in the cities at large, is yet more strikingly manifest, as may biv shown compendiously by the follow ing table: SJ). 1S0O. Tortyeight principal cities. 4:SU2ll 3.00'..S7S Seven larger citie 2'i.::ll 1,452.521 The metropolis of Xcw York, .rtrooklyn. Villiamburgli, J ersey City, etc - IMO.Siil. 1 10.410 The increase-ratio of the forty-eight prin cipal cities is 4 to 27 ; of the seven larger cities 4 to 22; while of the metropolis the increase ratio outstrips that of her princi pal rivals and of their aggregate, being 1 to at. The excess in favor of New York is still greater if its rate be compared with that of tho State, and that of the other cities of that State. The nictroiolis by the term in cluding an area within five miles of its City Hall has increased alxmt live-fold in the last twenty-five years, and is growing at the rate of 100,000 a year. This wonderful growth of cities is a growth of consumers. They produce none of the immediate necoswiries of life. (Aside from the effects of four years disastrous war,) the country also has advanced in pop ulation ard production ; but, as shown, in nothing like the same ratio that the cities have. The imjortaiit information that it is desi rable to obtain, but which we have not at hand, is, the enter rtUlien IxUvtn. rnoDtrc Tiox and consumption', fltommj the dijjcr eiipe in jmt cent thai one has gained wjxm nnd kfjtt in ndinnec of the other. Demand and Supply, is the great barometer of trade. Prices go up or down as the ono or the other is increased or diminished. From this fact it follows, as a necessary consequence, that the general tendency of prices for all the pro ducts of the soil, has been and must continue to lie in the aw-ending scale; unless some agency such as the application of mcchani calskill in agricultural pursuits, by the intro duction of lalwr-snving machines, which have made such wonderful advance in the lat few years should turn the balance. That much has been done in this way to check tho hea vy ier cent, that otherwir-e would have Ikhmi in favor of consumption over production, is manifest to alL The saving effected by new nnd improved implements in Great Britain within a doien years preceding 1S00 was stated by a competent authority to lie not less than one-half on all the main branches of farm labor. The United States census rc IKirU for 18G0 show that our own progress in this respect is believed to have been more rapid than that even of Groat Britain. Nev ertheless, it is evident that it has not been mifliricnt to preserve the equilibrium letwecii consumption nnd production. The information wanting in this connec tion to make more definite and satisfactory the reader's conclusions and our own, would, among other things, show the increasing im portance of agricultural pursuit and greatly tend to stimulate the public interest in that branch of our national industry. cmntcii avd state. It is stated that the Secretary of the Treasury, J?r. McCulIoch, lias adopted, as a legend for our coins, " In God we trust." 'Whereupon, one of our cotemporarics asks "Who gave Secretary McCulIoch the right to intrude his theological creed upon his fellow-citizens?" Wc cannot see the iurtinence of the in quiry. Wc hope we are a God-trusting and God-fearing jieople, and if the Secretary of the Treasury has thought, for any sufficient reason, that it was proper the fact should be placed as an inscription on our national coins, wc cannot appreciate the reason that should forbid it. It is true, we arc also a Christian people, but we recognize Christ as God, and the two as one. If there be a unidrrof Church and State in this, wc confess to dullness of apprehension. That sort of a union, wc have been taught, was the uniting of a particular church, sect, or denomina tion with the supreme jiower in a State, and asserting the doctrines and creeds of that sect or denomination as the religion of the people of the Government. Mr. McCulIoch adopts a legend for our coin, embracing all the God-trusting people of the country. We arc sure that, on a little reflection, our con temporary will not sec so much danger of a union of Church and State in this idea. It is impossible to tell, from it, whether Mr. McCulIoch is a Jew or an adherent of any particular one of the numerous denomina tions of Christian". . If there is anything that the manager of our finances ought to be imbued with, it is the fear of God, with faith in the doctrine of uture rewards and punishments. Prwasaslipof the pen which made us say yesterday. " By calling conventions and specially delegating the necessary pow ers to the same, and only thus, can the con stitution lw changed." There is another mode given in the constitution to change or amend. Wc simply, however, desired to express the view that, under no circum stances, could the State Legislature, by its own action, lawfully change that instru ment. Ki;.vrrcitY axi the pdiihc iieiit. In the Senate of the Kentucky Legisla ture, on the 13th, Mr. Helm, from the Com mittee on Federal Itclations, to whom had been referred a resolution in relation to pub lic debt, made the following report, viz: "The Committee on Federal Relations have had under consideration a resolution referred to them, affirming the sacrcdncss of the national debt, and pledging Kentucky to the payment of principal and interest, and beg leave to submit the following as a substitute : There is no quotion now pending before the United States Government or the State of Kentucky, involving the validity or bind ing effect of the debt, or the payment of the interest ; and the committee think it prema ture, as it may be found impolitic, to agitate the question or make the subject an element in popular discussions. Kentucky will be found among the last of the States in the Union to make default in meeting any legal or moral obligation which rests on her people involving their honor. But whilst Kentucky professes a readiness to do justice to others, she will expect others to respect their obligations to her people, and to he equally prompt in payment. The Government has appropriated the property of the people of Kentucky to the public use, and to this time witl.out com pensation. It was done against the will of licr people, and at a price equal only to about one-third of its value. It is now boasted by that people who reside where most of the national debt is held, that, by the use of that property, tho nation's life was saved. This places the debt due to the citi zens of Kentucky in its moral attributes far above any other debt of the nation. It is recognized by the act of Congress, and its payment provided for by the appropriation of a specific fund. It has been withhold from them, whilst in the same manner the wives and children of colored soldiers have been de clared free. It i now proposed, by an amend ment to the Con-tin .ion of the United States, against the will and consent of the people, to take from the people of Kentucky, in the aggregate, property of the same description to the value of one hundred millions. This will he done avowedly for the public good; yet it is proposed to do it without the pay ment of adequate compensation. Can there be a more glaring disregard of constitutional obligation than that V ill be? Kcnliirkians were induced to believe that their institution would lie regarded and protected. They filled the ranks of the army, and thousands perished on the field, and none failed to do their duty in a life-and-death struggle; nor did they vield up the Government when a change of policy was apparent. Can an ob ligation b? placed on higher moral scale than that due to Kentuckians? When she is asked to redeem her obligations, may she not, by the same scale of juticc, ask that justice may be done to her? Who will in the day of payment deny the golden and christian rule, "Do unto others as you would have others do unto you?'' Besides that description of property, thou sands, if not millions, of the property ;of Kentuckians have been appropriated by the armies for the public service, for which no compensation can be had without taking humiliating oaths1 of a political character. BesiileSjhcr industrial lainir ha Itccn demor alized, if not totally broken up, reuniting in the reduction in value of real estate, whilst her public burthens are oppressive. The people of Kentucky will insist, that whilst the rule of taxation is based on in come, that the interest derived from the tamilsof the Government, held by individu als and eororatioiis, is as much subject to taxation, State and National, as any other source of income, when tested by tho inflex ible rule fixed by the Constitution "taxa tion shall be equal and uniform." Under that rule can you discriminate between in comes? It is denied that the honor of the people is merged in the bonds of the nation. One debt is of equal dignity with another. Congress has no right to create a favorite class bv exempting them from taxation. On this suliject it would, iierhajw. be more au thoritative, and, most likely, more con vincing to many to quote from President .Johnson's recent message. "Monopolies, icrpetuities, nnd class leg islation, are contrary to the geniusof free gov ernment, and ought not to be allbiced." Here there is no room for favored classes or mon oiolies : the principle of our Govern..ient is that of equal laws and freedom of indus try. Wherever monopoly obtains a foot hold, it is sure to lie a source of danger, dis cord and trouble. We shall but fulfil our duties as legislators, by according " equal and exact justice to all men." Our funded debt is now over two thousand seven hun dred millions. The unliquidated debt is not acerfained. It may be safe to presume that the funded debt will ultimately reach four thousand million, or near that sum. That will 1k found now to be one-fourth of the aggregate wealth of the nation exempt from taxation. 1 lie exemption ot the rev enue laws, not subjecting incomes of six hundred dollars and under, throws the burthen of taxation on the middle and in dustrious classes, and commercial and man ufacturing interests of the country. The rich and the poor arc exempt, the rich to the extent of their income from Iionds. Tl'e policy of the Government is looking toward the resumption ol sjieeie payments. Calculate the interest on the public liotuU, and add the public exiondilures, and you will have before you the amount of coin moving in each year for governmental pur laei alone. That received by landholders will not be thrown back into the legitimate channels of trade, except at exorbitant rates, whilst it is held free from taxation. You will have a moneyed aristocracy, constituting the Uothchilds "of America, to whom the covernment must kw in monetary troubles, and the indiudral and commercial interests held spcll-liotiiid by their power to control the circulntiiTu of the country. Therefore, Jiotolnil bv the General Afsemblu of tie Cbm. monwalth of Kentutly, That it is imjiolitic now to agitate the question of the payment of the public debt; lhat the future of our government present ouestion enough to at tract, if they will not distract, the ioputar mind. A coMriJiTK change of syhtem will be shortly introduced in the mad houses of France. Strait waistcoats and all the other instruments hitherto ucd, arc to be abolish ed, and the patients will live together, and be constantly occupied at some useful work, he cxiieriment has been tried at thclunatic ylum at Blois with great success. . Congressional rroceedlnjr Conclusion ortlielsclmtcoii Cen.Oranfsj RerMjrt. Washington, Dec 19. Senate. After the reading of General Grant's report, Senator Sumner asked that the rejiort of General Schurz should be read. Several Senators objected, on the ground that Schurz's rejHjrt was too long. Mr. Sumner asked that they should begin reading it, as it was a very important document. Hp in stanced a fact that a full report of aflairs in Kansas was read in Senate, and that the present report was much more important, lie said the massage of President Johnsou was like the whitewashing mcssegc of Pierce on Kansas aflairs. Mr. Johnson denied that there was any whitewashing in this report, which was a plain statement of facts. The Clerk commenced reading Mr. Schurz's report, when Mr. Sherman moved to print it. Mr. Sumner argued that it should be read, declaring that Schurz was sent on a tour by the President, and made a visit occupying much time and extending through different States, and had made a full and truthful re port. Mr. Sherman admitted that the report might be able and interesting, but would rather road it than hear it read. Mr. Doolittle thought Mr. Sumner ought to qualify his statement that themcssege was intended t6 whitewash aflairs which are worse than those of Kansas in the days of Franklin Pierce. lie thought Mr. Sumner could not mean that aflairs in the South were worse than those of Kansas. Mr. Sumner said he had nothing to qual ify, and reiterated the statement. "Dixon denied that there was any attempt in the message to whitewash the condition of aflairs in the South, and said he could not sufler such charges to go before the country without protest. Doolittle wa.s pained tc sec the Senator from Massachusetts make the charge of false hood, in saying the message was an attempt to whitewash affairs in the South. lie said it was a direct attack upon the integrity of tho President, which he thought no Senator could doubt, no matter how much he differ ed from him in opinion. Mr. Sumner de nied any intention of charging the President with falsehood. He said there was no ques tion before the House when he made the remark, and that the statement about white washing referred only to a document which was read, and not to the policy of the Presi dent. He denied that he had ever in public or private questioned the honehty or patriot ism of the Prei-idcnt. Mr. Dixon accepted Mr. Sumner's re traction. Mr. Trumbull rose and 'asked that this debate should cease, as it was not for the public interest or welfare. It was then vot ed that the report of Gen. Schurz should be printed with the olhcr documents. A resolution was adopted calling for the report of Gen. Howard, on the condition of the frcedmen. Mr. Cowan withdrow his objection to au thorize a resolution to refer all papers or re presentations of the lately rebellious States to a special committee of 15. The chair stated that the objection having been removed, the resolution might be con sidered before the question was taken. in Tin: iiocse. Mr. Allison, of Massachusetts, offered the following resolution : Iteolvcd, That the House cordially con curs in the views of the Secretary of the Treasury in relation to the necessities of the contraction of the currency to as near a re sumption of specie payments as the business interests of the country will permit ; and we hereby pledge co-operative action to that end as speedily as possible. The resolution was agreed to by yeas 144 ; navs 0. The bill introduced by Representative Ashley, of Ohio, to reconstruct the Southern States) is more stringent in its provisions than any bill, for a simitar purpose, hereto fore presented. It provides for the appoint ment of Provisional Governors, with Marsh als and Dislrict Attorneys, for the temporary discharge of civil duties. The inhabitants of each State, irrespective of race or color, arc to be enrolled. If a majority take the oath to support the Constitution of the Unit ed States, the Governor shall, by proclama tion, invite the loyal people to elect delegates to a convention, to re-establish the State Gov ernment. Delegates are required to take the o:vth of allegiance, and no person can tliU3 serve or vote who had held civil or military office un der the rebel usurpation. The oath to sup port the Constitution of the United States, and the oath of allegiance are to be admin istered to voters. Tho Con.titution formed must be Republican, and not repugnant to the Constitution of tho United States and tbo Declaration of Independence, nnd it must provide that involuntary servitude is forever prohibited ; that no rebel debt shall be recog nized or paid, and that perfect toleration of religion shall be secured. This is no to operate as a recognition of the State Government of the State of Ten nessee, until the conditions aforesaid are complied with, nnd until that time, Ten-ncr-see and all other Stales recently in rebel lion shall be subject to this law. Washington, Dec. 20. Tho following arc the resolutions submitted in the IIoue to-day by Mr. Lawrence, of Ohio, viz : That the public justice and national secu rity demand that, a3 soon as it may be prac tical, Jell". Davis, a representative man of the rebellion, should have a fair and impartial trial in the highest appropriate tribunal of the country for treason, of the most flagrant in character by him committed ; that in or der that the Constitution and laws may be fully vindicated, the truth clearly established and' affirmed, that treason is a crime and that the offense must be mado infamous, and at the same timo that the question may be judicially settled finally anil forever that no State of its own account has the right to re nounce its place in tho Union, Jlcnolvcd, That public justice nnd national security demand that, in case of the convic tion of tho said Jeff Davis, the sentence of the taw should be carried into effect, in order that the Constitution and Jaws mav be fully vindicated and faithfully executed, and the truth fully established that treason is a crime and that traitors should bo punished. Jlcsohrd, That in like manner and for like reasons such of the most culpable of the chief instigators and conspirators of (he re bellion, as mav be necessary to justify the demands of public justice, and furnish secu rity for the future, and thoso criminally re sP(inibIo for the tnnrder and starvation of L nion prisoners of war, should be tried and punished for the high crimes of which they have been guilty. JiV.toin, That justice should not fail of its purpose, and that all who are guilty or are responsible for the assassination of the late President, and the great offenders during the recent rebellion guilty of and resiMiiisihlc for the murder and starvation of Union prisoners of war, as well as those guilty or responsible for other un paralleled violations of tho laws of war fare arc amenable and should be trieil, con victed and punished by a military tribunrl authorized by taw and sanctioned by the com mon laws of war and the usages of civilized nations, whenever and so far as may be ne cessary to secure the ends of justice. AY.siiv, That the Committceoindiciarv Ihj instructed to inquire what legislation, if any, be necessary, to provide juries for the trial of treason and by writ of error, and to carry into effect the purposes of the foregoing resolution, and that the said committee re port by bill or otherwise. Ni:v Yoittc, Deo. 20. General Howard, in his official dispatch states that on enter ing upon the discharge of hi duties he sepa rated the bureau into four divisions ; one of lands, another of financial affairs, one of record, and one of the fourth medical depart ment. To each of these division ho assigned an officer and secured tho required number of clerks by npiointment and by detail from the ranks of the army. Before the organi zation of the bureau, freedmen's affairs had liecn entrusted to diflercut officers of the Government, thereby .'causing a diversity of the system in ditferent localities, A few commissioners wero apiointed and sent to the different States to organize a bureau and complete the work, already liegun, and settle the question of labor just as fur as tho safety of the effortjwould admit. The commissioners procured a citizen and military ofliccrforeach district, county and parish. The evident hos tilityofa portion ofthccitizens,andtheirabiI ity, in tho civil law, to outrage or take the life of an agent, hindered the extending of ojierations, except when accompanied by an otficer, in connection with a patrol. The General acknowledges the hearty supjiort of mot of the department commanders in or ganizing and carrying out the plans of tho bureau. The tenure of the Bureau iqion aliandoucd property is regarded the same as that iosessed by an actual owner, except that said property may be restored by com petent authority to it former owner. A small and comiiarativclv insignificant amount of projierty is used as iuarters for teachers and ofliccni connected with the Bu reau and hospital. With these exceptions all property in the hands of the Bureau is held as a means of revenue by order of the President. The work of restoration has progressed V ry rapidly, and it is probable that whcn the war terminates, little or no property will remain under the control of the Bureau. By this policy of restoration, the expecta tions of the frcedmen that land would be as signed to them, have been disappointed and a difficulty has arisen, thereby, which lias been overcome with comparative case. Much cmbarrxssment, and much actual suf fering has resulted for the restoration of property in use, and much more will result from the curtailment br the Bureau. About one five-hundredth of the amount of land in the insurrectionary States has even been held, and the plan of assigning it to frced men carried out. The Bureau would have been able to furnish an acre per family' Experience has shown, as a general rule, that it is better to leave the price of labor to be regulated by the demand. Schools have been cstablised but the hos tility of the white people to them is undis guised. Congress, when jt created the Bu reau, made no appropriation to defray its expenses. It has however received funds from miscellaneous sources to the amount of $498,303, deducting the amount held as re tained bounties $115,23G, and balance on hand Oct. 31st, 1S6-5; available to meet lia bilities $313,709. The amount held on as claimed Ixmnty is merely held in trust for colored soldiers or their families. The breaking up of the old plantation system has necessarily left the sick with little or no medical provision. As soon as they can earn money and become better versed than now in the order of self-support they will doubtless secure necessary aid. From information derived from various reports of military officers, inspectors, and assistant commissioners, General Howard arrives at the general conclusion that free labor, notwithstanding the sudden emanci pation, and thy thousands of causes of dis turbance incident to the war, will prove suc cessful, that the Freedmen's Bureau, or some substitute for it of a national character, will have to be continued, and that the present organization of the bureau, with the under standing that it is not to be permanent, is as good as he could suggest, except as the sub jects of Freedmen's courts, and the employ ment of civil agencies. Some general sys tem for providing for the aged and infirm is necessary, and it would be well to devote the funds raised during the war under the treas ury laws for the benefit of the frcedmen, for securing sites and buildings for school pur poses in the different States, and that a joint commission, whose object shall be to aid tin; Ioor blacks and whites in the rental, pur chase and settlement of land should be en couraged by the Government, and that the rights of the frcedmen to rent and purchase real property should be guaranteed to them beyond question. It is intimated that the amount required for expenditures of the Bureau for the fiscal year, commencing January 1, 18GG, will be '$1,174,505. Nirw Yor.K, Dec. 20. The Commercial's WaMiington dispatch says the President's action in restoring to the Southern States which have adopied the amendment, the en joyment of all their constitutional privileges except representation in Congress, paralyzes the action of radical Republicans and pro duces an intense interest. An exciting contest, however, may be ex pected between rotne of the radical and conservative supporters of the President. IWrds-I'yo View of tlio House. Washington Correspondence of the X. Y. IVorld. Taking a gallery view of the floor when the members arc in session, it is really diffi cult to believe that old Thad. Stevens is tho " leader of the House ;' that is, that on every question he actually leads the majority by the nose, or ayes, according to radical re quirements. If there is to be a real expres sion of the bile of radicalism, that expres sion is expected from " Old Thad," and there is a general and " assisting " radical squeeze in the galleries and on the floor. But I think that Mr. Raymond attracts more attention, and centers more real interest than any other member. Judging, too, from the many cards sent in to him, and his frequent I am bound to say brief absences from his seat, he at tracts considerable attention outside the House, lln the House, and thus far, he is altogether unassuming, almost retir ing. Although he is one of the most prominent men in the majority, he pleads a personal minority youth as a Congressman, and inexperience ifl the rules and usages. So he modestly rises to " inquire," and mani fests that innocent yet earnest desire for in formation about matters upon which, per haps, he is more thoroughly " posted" than any man on the floor. This inquiring turn of mind was an old game of Greeley's years ago; but the part, in this case, is played out, or rather it has resolved itself into an end less editorial asking of questions, which nei ther Greeley, nor any other man, nor even the Delphic oracle, can answer. I am inclined to think, however, before the session is much older, the House will find that while Old Thad. Stevens does the "stern patient" and other heavy business, young Mr. Raymond will appear as the leading juvenile in that stock company. I lis versatility attracts, already, much attention, particularly his daring act of double bare back riding round the ring ; and if he suc ceeds in all his performances as well, it will not be manv weeks before ho Is ring-master of the Radicals, as well as stage manager of the Conservative members of the company. Jen.Nliorinim in "Wemplits. The. -Irus concludes a very complimen tary notice of Ocn. Sherman's recent visit to that city as follows : The Argus has no reason to feel any special love for Gen. Sherman personally. Indeed, if it were vindictive, it possesses just cause for crushing him with monstrous avalanches of sulphurous adjectives. It has a faint re collection of being under the cloud of his displeasure, when basking in the sunshine of his siqiles was a privilege accorded only to the " loyal," ami the Argus didn't make that exhibit in his memorandum book. If Gen. Sherman should uver be a candi date for Congress from this district, or Mayor of Memphis, we think we will feel inclined to support another man. But we can't help admiring his extraordinary military genius ; and when we become President of the Unit ed States and declare war against England or Maximilian, or conclude to give the Fenians a helping hand, wc shall tender him the command of one of our biggest armies. Gi:n. BKAunixiAUD writes to a French newspaper as follows ! '"At one time, in order to escape tho ha tred of northern fanatics, I thought of seeking a refuge in Brazil, but the generous sentiment expressed by President J ohuon toward the Southern States have persuaded me, together withta great many other Con federate officers anil soldiers, to remain in Louisiana. 1 prefer to live here, poor and forgotten, than to be endowed with honor and riches in a foreign country." Hair Fvsiiion. An Eastern exchange says the ladies are fat discarding the "wa terfall" mode of dressing the hair, and adopting the nev fashion, which consists of coiling the hair behind, in much the same manner that a snake coils Itself up prepara tory to the "dormant" season. It requires considerable ingenuity to drcs the hair in this fashion; a "puff" three-quarters of a yard long is used, round which the hair is twisted cable fashion,- and then rolled up like a huge tail. These coils are already reaching enormous dimensions; eight inches in diameter being the average at present. The German in Mi-souri arc inviting their countrymen to emigrate to that State, and numbers are on their way thither. TO ki:.t. 0 XK OF THE .MOST DESII1A15I.E STORES in the citys For further particulars address 1'. 0. llox SW. dce22-2t. A CAICI). WITH THE VIEW OF KETIKIXO 1'llO.M 11 busine", on ncconnt of dcclininc health, I have disposed of my entire stock of Imc, Med icine, etc., to Messrs. It. P. JENKIXS .t CO., who will continue, tho business ut the old stand, Xo. 33 Market street. Intake this opportunity to return my thnnks to the public for the very liberal p.itroQneo whloh h:u txton extended to me forn number of yean, and bespeak a eontinuaneo of it to my successors, v bom I most heart ily recommend as business men of experience, application, ener cy and integrity. T. WELL.S. decMnj, Mator's OrnrE. Xa.liville, Tenn., Doc. 21st, 1M3. pnOI'EHTY OWXEP.S on Church Street, on X l.ine Street, between Summer and Collcue, and on Cherry street, between Church and Cedar, arc hereby notified to contract stone curbing and stone and brick pavement, wherever it is requir ed, according tu the specifications and rrades which will be furnished by the City Ensinecr. If said work is not commenced within ten days from this date, and pushed rapidly to completion, the contractor for tho street work will be notified to construct said curbing, the expenses of which will be charged to the property owner. do2.'-tf V. .MATT. UUOWX. Mayor. Match's Orricf. Xashville. Tenn.. Dec. 21. 1M3J PROPERTY OW.NERS on Collcsoand Market X streets, between the Square tad ISroad street, are hereby notified to construct newstone or brick pavemcntjjor to reset the old ones wherever it is required, in accordance with the specifications and grades which nill be furnished by the CityEnei ncer on application. Said work mujt bo com menced within fen days from this date, and push ed rapidly toooroplction, or the city will contract with parties for the fame, and the expenso will be chanred to the property owner". deeiMf V. MATT. imOWN. Mayor. SOAP! SOAP!!' SOAP!!! AWES IMPROVED ERASIVE SOW. THE CHEAPEST AND IJcst Saj m:tIc in Iic United Slnlcs. Send your Orders to RODDY & CO., MAN UFA OTUBE RS, Xo. OO, Church Street, XASHVII.I.E. TEXX. . dec 21 i!3ni it. KWIXO, j. u. r.wixo, mim & co., WHOLESALE GROCERS, Receiving, Forwaiding AXI Storage Merchants, Corner Euildins Market and Church strccK for merly occupied by Ewinjr, McCrory ,t Co. A HE RECEIVIXfi and havo in store the fol lowing : 100 barrel Urown Swear. 50 do A CotTco Sucar, 2.) do 1! do do 2.") do C do do 60 do Stuart's Crushed Susar, standard, 25 do do A do do do 2 do Powdered do 2 do Syrup, 2i do Molasses, 50 IvOgs Syrnp. 5 and 10 pals., CO barrels Xo 1 and 2 Mackerel, 50hfdo do do 50 qr do do do 200 kits do po 2" barrels F. X. .t Co's Whisky, 2) do S l'il;0's ,lu 2"0 boxes star candles, 50 dozen brooms, . . 100 boxes cheeso, -50 boxes raisins, 500 kess nails, 100 reams paper, 50 boxes as-ortcdsoap, 40 kegs Rinsr, 30 dozen buckets, , ,jj 50 sacks Rio coflce, 100 boxes candy, 50 baskets champagne, M cases sardines, 50 boxcj starch, 50 do pickles, 20 do Madder, To barrels apples, 50 boxes assorted wines, 1001 barrels Flour, all t;rados, 2V) do Potatoes. 100 boxes Fire Crackers, 20 cases Fifis 100 cases assorted Liquois, In addition to the above we have a general as sortment of irroccries, all of which were bousht during tho present pressure in tho Eastern mar kets. Wc expect to sell goods on short profits, and would be pleased to have our old friends call on us. KWIXtl & CO. A. G. Ewins, of the former firm of Ewins, Mc Crory & Co., will be found with the nbove lirn for the purpose of tcttling up their business. dec2l . POWELL, GREEN & CO, BANKEKS, BROKERS AND GENEEAL COMMISSION Merchants, US BKOA9 STREET. SKff YOItK. Cni.fMni'S I'mvKM., formerly C. lVwcll .t Co., Knoxville, Tenn I, V. OKEEX.formcrlyXicho!, (irccn.l- Co.Xnsh- Aille, Tenn. Cii.i.s. M. McdiiKK, livin? at Knoxville, Tenn. 1Y the above card it will bo seen wo have es J tablished ourselves in Xew Vor for the pur pose of doin; a leeitmnto coininis-ion business; and being n Tennessee house, we respectfully so licit tho patronaso of our Southern friends f-?n-crally. We are amply prepared to make cash ad vnneos on consignments : to loan currency on gold without charge of interest : to purcliii-e nod sell cotton, tobacco. Hour and pork : also gold stocks, bonds, and governmont securities on a margin ex clusively on commission. Respectfully, v. immvki.i., :ki:i:.v ,t Co dec 20 3m E!;ei'ii:m nam: i,stioxi:i. 'PIIH sale of'JO lots in Ilrynn's Addition to Edge L field, postponed on account of inclement weather, will take plaeo on tho premises on Fri day. December 22. lSti. This is most beautiful anil desirable property, within one half milo of l'ublie Npiare. and wc solicit alargo attendance. Omnibuses will leave our office, 3SJ- Union street, at 10J; o'clock, day of sale. j. u. Si n, w. nnowx. dee 20 St Agents. NEW BACON. 5000.b,Xewllams. 5.000 lbs. Xew Racon. Sides. 5.000 lbs. Xew Uaenn. Shoulders 100 Tierces Xew Lard, For Sale by MeliAUlillUX, 11UTEER .t CO dec 20 lw McCLUKE'S I 33 UXIOX STPvEET. rnillS OLD ESTAUI.ISHMEXT DEALS IX L l'ianns of Steinway and Sons, .1. 11. Diinham, Itobt. Xuiiu's, A. H.tialo .t Co.. and other first clsifs Instruments. Carhnlt, Xeeillmin .t Co's un rivalled CHURCH AXD PARLOR ORdAXS. Also. SHEET MUSIC, and MUSICAL MEUCIIAXDISE CEXERALLY. (Jive it a call before yon purchase. dec3-lm j QQQ lUSIUjLS PEACH RI.OW POTA- 000 UUSJIELS1'UIMK 0ATS' In store, anil for sale at prices below the market hi (10DSIIALL .V IIOLLAXD. Our Auction Sale on Thursday next will em brace a fine variety of Liquors. Tobacco and (Iro ccrics generally, together witht ho consignments above mentioned, OODSIIALL .V IIOLLAXD. VA South Market street, dcelO-Ct "ITE hava removed our Stock to the Waro T houe. comer Church anil College street, formerly occupied by Payne, James A Co., nhcro wc hope to meet our former patrons and the pub lic generally. s Our Stock is EAKCE. AXI) wi:m, s'Ei.i:m::, ' And we always sell The TiOMeht JInrket Prices. A. A. SPEXCER i CO. dee 19 roit SALE, -VTORTII XASHVILLE PROPERTV.-A First ! class two story llrick House, with nil the im provements, on Miiiiiner street, near Jefferson street. Price $7,0). Also: AUt on Jefferson street, unproved by two Frame Duellinrs; rentinj for $000 per an num. Price AIo: A IjOton Haslnra street, improved br tiro Rriek Houses, with four rooms in cacb. Pric Apply to DII.LIX & THOMPSOX. Heel If (icncral Agents. College it. STATE OF TEXXEEE.! Frank MS Coc.xtt. J 1 J. SIMPSOX. ADMIXISTRATOR OF L. X. Sirap,,' deeenscd, is hereby ordered to civenotieein the Umov xat Amieimn. and by written notice, at tseOurt IIonedoor in Win chester. Tenn.. for all persa.is havingclaims n?aint said estate to appear aon file the same with the i J . ! .. 1 1' Mnthj.ntfAiif.Hl in ilia n.n... SalU CSiaiC tU pt-vw. r.uic " . " tUC undersigned, duly antbcntieatetl. in the manner prescribed by law, on or lefore tho 1st of April, 13,11. WMV..., vtit". d17dlt-wit PARTIES WHO DELIVERED TttO CAR Loads of Salt at X.Jb C. R. R. Depot some two weeks ago. Salt marked E; and. 11. .t S will plcaso furnish us with duplicate Hills Lading, as salt cannot bo shipped for want of declination. dccl2-lw Y.R..10XES. Agent. Fur.tonT Office X. A C. R. R. 0 , Xashville, Dec. 11, ISIS. J X AXD AFTER TO-DA' OUR DEPOTS will Ijc opened at B'-j a. m. for the reception of Freights, and promptly closed at i p. it. dcclS-lm Y. JONES. Agent. FRESH FAMILY GROCERIES. AlfE HAVE OX HAND a( ASSORT- M EXT of sf$ RUIII.Y GROCERIES, Consisting in part of Sugar, Coflee, Fruits, Mackerel, Tobacco, Cigarx, e(e., Flour. Which wc will dispose of at private salo for fair prices. Wo havo also for sale 1000 bushels of primo heavy Oats, which wo wish to close out at once under instructions. MR. WM. PRICIIARD long and favorably known to this community has taken quarters with us, and will bo pleased to seo his old friends and customers. CODSHALL .t HOLLAND, dcclt If 3JJ South Market street. C II HIS T M A S 3r IPT UP-EIVEE Cumberland Coal, ONLY ;TE N D O LL A US THE I.OAI Ii:r.IYEKEI. AT :u SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, NEXT DOOR TO X0.2. FIREMAN'S HALL. The only genuine Cumberland in this Market. Cheapest, because most economical. Clearest, being n pure (las, ami givus no licndacbo. A. STEWART. G. II. HOLDKX. dccl3 lw SAIXT ItOUIS MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE C O M P A N Y, IIO.II E OI'I'CE: XO. fit) XOrtT II Til I IS I St SAINT LOUIS, MISSOURI. ASSirrS, July 1. 1SG5, (11501.011 37: SECURELY INVESTED. Dividends declared to Policy Holders Jnn. 1, 1SC5, Forty Per Cent. Reader, Is Your life Insured? If not, what provision havo you mado for your dependent ones? THIXIC! What would be their pecuniary situation were you to dio to-morrow ? If it is wie to Insure, is it prudent to Delay ? DELAYS ARE DAXGEROUS. inKiurrous. JAMES 1I.LUCUS SAMUEL WILLI Robert M. Funkhouser, of Funkhouer.V Iluniett. Cli.as. il. Peek, Prcsd't of the Philo Knob Iron Co. Robert K. Woods, Cashicrof the Merchants Rank. Jules Vullu. of Chouteau, Hnrri"on A Valle, flea. R. Rnbinson.of Robinson Artiarlard. Chas. W. MeCord, of MeCord Sz Co.. .Machinists, John F. Thornton, of Thornton A" Pierce. Tsaac II. Sturgeon, Prusid'tof thoX. Mo. Railroad Hon. John Hogan, Member of Congress. Henry Ovcrsteli. of Ovcrstclz, Wagner ,t Co., Lumber Dealers. Xich. Scliatler, of Xieholas SchafTer .t Co., Star Candle Dealers. William T. (lay. of Hanenkamp .V Edwards. David Keith, of Keith A' Woods, liooksellcrs and Stationers. R. P. llanenkamp. of (lay !c Hant-nkamp. Isaac W. .Mitc hell. D. A. January, of I). A. January t Co., flrocsrs mid Commission Mcrehants. Win. J. Lewis, of Lewis St llro.. Tobacconists. F. Rozier, Jr., of F. Roller. Jr., A Co. Jacub Tanun, of Tamin .t Meyer. OFFICERS. SAMUEL WILLI, President. JAMES H. LUCAS, Vice 1'rcsidcul. WM. T. SELItY. Secretary. WM. X. BEXTON, General Agent. DR. JOHN T. HODGEX. Consulting Physician. LACKLAND. CLIXE A JAMISON.Legal A.lr'rs. HON. ELI7.UR AVRKHIT, Consulting Actuary. SII.AS If. FOOT. Stnto Agent fur Tennessee. C. RARFIEI.n. F. W. STEI'IIEXSOX, Special Agents, Nashville. Ttnn. Oflire: Seeoiiil Xnlionnl Itnnk Itullillngr Nashvillo Local Heard of Reference: Hillmnn. Urn. A- Sons, J. A. McAlister A Co., Jno. Kirkman. !. J. Stubblefield, James -M. Hamilton. A. Hamilton, James Woods. Examining Physicians: Tho. R. Jennings. M. D., T. M. Maddtn. . dccl.T lm 100 RISES CHOICE AI'I'M.S; V " Dairy Salt: lCKKI " Superfine and extra fiiimly Flour; 2 Car loads Uran, in store, ami for a!o low. dcc0-;t. RHEA .t SMITH, D. D. DENTON & CO CITY STEAM RAKERV. AXD CAXRV .UAXUFACrORV, (1 AMI S RROAI) STREET. Dealers can Ikj sttpiillol on short notice with everything In bur Line, maile ly our selves. Special ' Attention given - To Cracker Anil Camly. Al-Ky Ilrcad, Cake, etc., etc. I)'. D. DENTON". : .'.. M. HUXTIXGTOX. dec 11 in TJ. S. CLAI3I AGENCY, Xo. 23 .X0RTH CHERRY STREET. Special attention paid to tho COI.EECTIOX OF CLAIMS AOAIXST THE .OVER.ME.NT. XO CHARGES IX ADVANCE. HOWARD A-NELSON. Attorneys and I. 5. Claim Agents. RrrKRExcES Hon. O. F. Trigg. V. S. District Judge: Anson Nelson, Esq., Pmldcnf Second Na tional Rank; .Maj. (Jen. Donaldson, Chief Quar termaster. deo3-lm MORGAN CO. "PARTIES INDEBTED TO THE AROV I FIRM will fins) their Notes and Account with Mr. JAMES KYLE, at tho new houe Stratum. .Pointer Jt Co.,rJJroaJ street. .Mr. K. authorised to receipt fur all money due the firm. Nu!mlIe,Dec.9. "W-Uwhii. . i V EST 5 Wholesale House, T. VT. EVAN. T1I03. P. FITR. Late of Evans t Co., LatoFitcShcphcrdtco W. II. EVAX, R.C. OABDNEK, Late of Evans co., Lato of Gardner t co. n. n. rircKriB, Ijto of Gardner CO., wu.ror.TEit, r. w. jESXixr.s, Late of Evans t co., Lato with Gardner aco. EVANS, FFFE& CO. XO. 1, BLOCK, NASinnXE, XEISTS'. WE ARE NOW OPENING A LARGE AND well assorted stock of FOREIGX AXD AUXEltlCAX VARIETIES, Boots, Shoes, Hats, AND ui:aiy maie cr.oTirixc;, PURCHASED FOR CASH Since the recent decline in prices, which wo offer to tne Inuto AT VERY LOW PRICES. Reins connected with EVANS. GARDNER A CO. of New York City, and IM PORTING all Foreien. ami purchasine from Manufacturers all Amcrienu Goods, and possessing ovcry ndvantaso of eetting Goods at LOWEST PRICES We feel every confidence in sayinic to Merchants that wo will sell them as Cheap as they can pur chasu in AXV MARKET, Having adopted the CASH SYSTEM, of both Rtiyins nnd Sullin;, enables us to do business on a VERY S3IAI.E AWVAXCE. so that those who buy from us can compete with Stocks purchased any where. Having resident partners in New York, civos us advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer chants will find large and well assorted throughout tho season. Yl'c Mollcit an Examination of our Slock. Evans, Fite & Co, XO. A, IXX RI.OCK, XAS 1 1 VI M.IU, TI'.XX ESS FE. dcel.1 3m EDGEFir.II). Croat Public Sale of M T,os. IN RRYAN'S MAGNIFICENT ADDITION. X on the premises, on TUESOAY, RECEMRER 1!. 1S05. .it It o'clock a. v. These Lots aro most beautifully located between tbo White's Creek Pike and Lou isville and Nashville Railroad, immediately North of tlio residence of lloht. Steuart, Esq., and front ing Harris" Avenue. Lishy Pike, Foster and other streets. All are familiar with tho beautiful ground in Edgefield, and tho many advantages poesrtl by them for private residences; free from tho heat, dust and Aenrj OtnnmlitmUum of tho city. Tcrm, one-fourth Cash, balance on a credit of one, two and three years, with interest from date, payable in Hunk, and lien retained. Liberal de ductions for all CASH. Omnibuses and Collation as usual. J. L. S: R. W. DROWN. Agent. dccl2-td.-: SiA Union street. Dr. Tlios. Moneos, TTAVIXG PERMANENTLY LOCATED IX 11 XashTille, has taken office on Chureh Street' A 47, (upstairs.) acd-im. DES.R.C. POSTER AND J.R.BUIST 'PENDER THEIR PROFESSIONAL SERVI- X CI-.3 to tlio citizens of XosutiIIo and vicinity, OrrtCE Xo. 2 Waililiitoii Rlock, Corner Church and High streeti. fleet tf Nailmllo, Tcnneiseo. FOR RENT. i'o: REXT. A SMALL ROOM, IX THE UNION AND V American Illoek. fronting on Church street, Apply at tho counting-room of the Union and Ami-neon ouicc. uctv n. I'OIl RENT. riWO VERY LARflK ROO J Fourth Story of tho Union ami Auriiirax lil.oCK. well adapted to many purposes. Apply at the eoui'ling-roim"l tin otiicc. F. C. DLNNINtlTON k CO. duel O-l f FOR SALE. RESIDENCE FOR SALE OX THE CORXER OF SOUTH McLEMORE street, near the Frnkliiil'iko, containing threo rooms, nlongporeh, n Kitchen, n Store Room im tho street, nnd a Stablo in tho rear, all on n lot.Vi by 100 feet. Price. KS.500 cash i'JW and in six months without interest. Possession irivcn ill ono week from sale. Apply to mo on corner of coutll Union ami Hie, oral this oilier, decfi-tf C. J. KKUTZSCHEL. Attorney tit Law, HARTSVILLE. TENN.. AY riLL PRACTICE IN THIS AND ADJOIN ing counties. Promnt nttcntiun will Lb u'wm i . ,11 ; ...... . , . I - l'i an (lupine eiiirusieu if uini. decl2 Iin Masonic HalL AIHIO! AROO I TUUItSDAY, FIJI DAY ft SATURDAY, Rcr. fiUt, litiil, nml 2:tl, II3. A RTEMUS WAMJSS FAREWELL NKIIITS IN AMERICA I Artemus "Ward Among the Mormons. 'PHESE will most positively b Artemnt Ward's 1 onlv nights in Nashvillv. nrior tn bis ilennr. tore for England, where arrangements are already 1: I 1. ! . I ..i a. uviiiK iiiiiu iir ids oHriy uppearancc ni me r.gyp tisn Hull, Londoa. The Pictorial Part of the entertainment embra ces eighteen Panoramic Views of the Streets of halt Jjike City, and the singularly beautiful Val ley of Utah, faithfully and accurately painted from Photographs taken in the Lands oftlio .Mor mons, under the immediate superintendencn of Artemus n ant. I hesc views were transferred to canvass by artists of established reputation, ami their thorough exactness has been cordially ac knowledged wherever this entertainment has been given. The accompanying descriptive lee ture by A rtemus Ward Kill aim tn le mtkrr irWy. lie believes it'far better tn stay in the sonablne while wc may, inasmuch as the shadow must, of its own accord, eomo only too soon. Admi-sH.n 75 cents. Reserved feats in front il. Reserves! seat tickets fur sale at Dorman At Fen ton's Music store, under Masonic Hall, and at the door at night. Parties at a distune can have seats rc.-ured for them by sending the amount fur tick ets to .Messrs. Dorman A" Fenton. Doors open at 7. to eoinmence at S o'clock. The dickering Piano used is kindly loaned by Messrs. Dorman Jt Fenton. decl'J-fit JNO. P. SMITH, Director. $7,000,000 Insurance Capital. Indemnity Acnlmt Eol- Fire, Itlicr nu.l Kallroiul In tho Home Ina. '. or X. V. Cash asstts-l.T.f1 Coliniililii, Cash Capital.. Utijjit) Arctic. Cash Asrts flSJJlO llartronl, Cash Assets l,ftXUM) Lo'se adjusted and promptly paid at thUOCe, N. 2 Cherry street, v- ' . i. V. FAUNSWORTII. Ajtnt. INSURANCE. THE TRAVELERS INSURANCE CO. OF HARTFORD. l'KEMIUMS FOR IXSURIXG AGAINST ACCIDENTS. Fmlcr thr General Accident Risk, TE.S DOLLAB3 ANXCAL rRSUIlIM Will seeurc a Policy granting Insurance for TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS, In tho event of death by AXY RESCRIFTIOX OF ACCinEXT, With Ten Dollars per week Compensation I?OR any Personal Injury causing total Disability . from business, sothatshoubl tUePeliey beeon tinued in force for Fivo Ycrs. any ono Accident dausing disability for iter Hr. will reimbuno- the assured for the wholo cost of bis Insurance. TWEXTT-FIVE DO LI. A 113 rKEMIUJI Will in lika manner secure a Peltey ftr Five Thousand Dollars, Ami Twcnty-fivo Dollars per wee Compensntiwn. FIFTY DOLLARS PRKMIUM Will in like iaHar ore a PMv Ar TEX" THOUSAND 3)OT.TiAICs. Ami Fifty Dalian perweek OmpenMifcn. Fuller tlio Travelers Itluli, Tho annual paj inent of Ton Dollars will inure a. Pttltey granting ImraB8 Sir F1VK THOUSAND DOLUUtS, Againt Loss of Life, e.nucd by Aewlent to any Public Conveyance, and Twenty;8vo Dollars per week Compeiiialiwn. Policies isuod at this Ageney for Ono Month to Fivo Years. P. 1. PUCK. . JOSEPH NASH. Avnttal .ViuAri'T.. Dec 41 in ins "U'ASHiXG'roX" Iiisuranco Company, 07 IV E W Y O K K . ASSETTj? JSTO.nOO IHKIIE Insurance Company, OK XEAV II A VEX. APSKTTS sKO,O0O I JOLICIES covering risks against fiio, and also by River and Rail Road issued tm most favor able terms, at this agency by P.P.PHCK, Agent at Xushvllle. OmcK temporarily at Forbes) .t Stephens, CorJ per of Collegu and Union Streets, dec I lm-ins The H(u(c Insurance t'o. OF ' X" a s Ii V i 1 1 c , C A riT A L $ !i O 0,0 0 0. "T7MRE, MARINE. HULL AND INLAND X Transportation Riks taken at equitable rates. OFFICE. SECOND .VUI0X.IL RISK EFIUUG. College Street1. CSS IS FAIRLY ADJUSTED AAD ri'.OMHLV PAID' OFFICERS. JOHN UJMSDBN, lWdent. W.J. THOMAS. Vice President. JAM US STEHI.U. Secretiin-. JOSEPH NASH. Cencrul Agent, d-ot-lm. KEEP INSURED.. XAS1IVIM.E COMMERCIAL IXSITRAXCE .HIMXV. Clip Id. I All lall In. rpiIIS COMPANY. HSTAHLTSHKD IN 11 X insures Hiiildings. Vessli in Port, Merchan dise, Household Furniture, and other property on tho most liberal terms. FIRE, MARINE. AND INLAND RISKS TAK EN AT LOWEST RATES. EonHeM I.lbrrnllyAslJiiifOf! nml I'romplly I'ltiil liy this Compiiny. Premiums paid in Gold will Itc entitled to ri tnrm in Gold in case of loss. Parties or Firm, giving us their Marine Ibwiswa will bo entitled tu preference in Firo iVHeiw. Amp Serurilv, Fair llnt't. Prompt 'uyirwnfs. IU RECTORS. ALEXANDER FALL, JAMHS WOODB, J NO. KIRKMAN. W. W. HHRHV, WM. T. IIKIM. Y. C. K. I! I LI-MAN. M.ltUUNS. JNO. II. HWIN, W. II. EVANS. HAM. PUIUIUTT. ROIIERT THOMPSON. ALEX. FALL. Pres't. R. C. McNAIRY. Seo'y. deet-tjnnl. I IS s lr It A K C E. THE TENNESSEE Marine and Fir e IKSIIRAXCE COMFAXY. Under the new charter, is now open for busmen) AT XO. :i NORTH COM. HOE STREET. Next doer to earner of Unto a street. 1 JOM-.I'II X. AI.I.r.T. Irps.lll-llt. a. w. mrri.i:it. Secretary. DIRECTORS. John M. Hill. Watson M. t.ke, C. A. It. Thompson, D. Wearer. Daniel F. Carter, Jobs II. Johbiss. Samuel Vanleer, (1. M. Fogg. R. It. Cheatham, A. (. Aslats. Josepn W. Allen. detf fcr J. C. WIIAHTOX A CO., criLn IM DRUGS, MEDICINES, Era, NO. 33 UNION STREET. dee 4-1 tn NASIIVILLHT. HXN, (J.ITAWHA JJM1ES. f finn oatawiiaorapk VINBBQMJ3 , t, 1 miTDJMil Kitsn . VA ... .'rS I V B.i liy lur Mie. iu uj .(uiuiiiiv. w, ..uncrni UaMatln, Tcnuwiec. and at 1 prfsv Addre: R. M. JjOTilKS; ia resi ueci5-wim