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- 1 urxr ftjM llHr"5.5rEPn. apprehending an 'OuF ' 1. T r -A V CO., Voluntary communications, conuinlnslnterest- intr or Important newt, solicited from any quarter. News letters from the various counties of tho State especially desired. All communications should bo addressed to the 141 1 tors of the Union ami American." MEDICAL. F. SEYMOUIt, X D., (Late Bricadc Surgeon. U. S. A.) .OCULIST AXD AUICIST, Office 38Col.ir strect.betwcon Summer and Cherry. NARHVILLK. Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Kyc and Knr, operations furSamntinsr, Cataract, cct performed. IlOX 7CC, I'. O. dec0-r3mitp. REAL ESTATE AGENTS. IIS.SOIUTIX. 'IMIE firm heretofore cxistinc under the name .1 firm mid style or V. Jl A IT HHOWN A (V... in thin 1hv diwohed liy mutual content. Air. ilrowu retire from the business. Mr. Callender, in connection with I'luneas iiarrctt, will eo tiiiHe the Heal Kstalo business at tho old stand V. .Matt, lirowu A Co.. 4! Cherry street. v..;att. iiuow.V. TilOS. UALLENDEK. OAnsirrr. T. CALLCXDRK. CALLENDER & GARRETT, ($ucceson to W. M att. liitow.x A Co..) 41 Clicrrj-Ntrct, WILL (rive their prompt attention tothesellinj awl rentiHc ol eTcry description el Ileal utate. deei lw. desi ni 11.1; itnsi ii:ciis Itiilldiiii; IoIh for Sale. 1I.RO, LAKOH NUiUIKR OF VAHUS. Ipt. A fine llcsidme, containing 12 rooms. In rcr territory. Also two vacant Iotf njijoininc. 111. That splendid Itcsiilenco of the late James Johnson, on Ilroad .Sstrccl, between Summer and Jlich streets, contniiiini: 8 moms, bolides servants rooms ami other out house. 3d. That splendid Itesidrncc of tho late Hardin I". Itosticlccontniiiitiz about 10 room, out houses. etc. (!ood Sprinc and sprinc house with 8J4 crr ol land, immcliatcly adjacent to tuccily, on mo marlotlc riKe. 4lli. tO ncres of rround of tho Harrow property on me lliarlollo 1'iko, WHICH will boilirlil l,o suit purchasers. Mb. A rerj- larjro iiiiiuber of Lots in the City mid tho different Addition to Nnsorille. 2" Lots ' In Kdrcficld ami Ilrownsville. Olli. A very lanro immber of the HKST FARMS in this and the adjoining counties. Apply to J. L. A It. W. ItltOWX. dee( lm Uniou street. KELSON 0 MTJEFEEE ki:ai. kstate acjkxts, Hit I'lK-rry ,Str'l, noar Iliilon. XASIIVILLK. THN'iV, ,'Kn'T15Ii?watoI' Kenl IfaUilotoscllin .I t. ihteand Uiandloiuiui: Stntac. ... tiihyi!iivaxi)5i:ll tjilf". Coii'iify iiliil liile IJwnJi mi i-ciiiiinT-icm, as 'wj1iS CTutj? dewriplloil of (lovernmvnt iecuri tiea TWO MAUHV COUNTY I'AK.MS ari'-fiflVrrd jit very rrasotiahlo prices. Also, one in M iMimii'Hxi A 1'I.ACi: ON Till: CUMIlKItLAM) HIVLU, off) neros. in Jnohson county, Tcim., for rale. NII'.Mtllt 'ITY l'UOI'lIUTY ron rali:. . 1'IIRT on Cluirch street, opposite the Max wi'II House andMasiinic remple.iita rc-:non-pricn. This is eentrnl. choieo property, and 30 able' is mora thsn 1M0 feet deep. 45 IVrf. improved, on Vine street, between Chiireh and Union, cry choieo location, buttlie iinprovwiicnts uro moderate. Tho pries is very low. O'J I'cel. with lnrco brick dn cllinc. on Vino l-tieet. between Union and Cednr, bciue about the most desirabU hraution for rosidencea in tho city. 200 1VI on Metlaroek street, West Xashrille, on which is a neat Itrick Dwcllinir, 6 or 7 rooms, Jlitehen, stalde, tle:, nod fiirt-rato citeni. l'riee only $V,iKW. House and premises in cood oriler. 100 IVel on ltroad street. West XnhTille. w lib defiant new Itiirk House, coiitainiuc 10 or Vi room, kitehrn, stiible; t ciftcni', Fliriibberr. to., cici, at jMOiO. ery desirable. If not fold within ton days, this larre and choice place will bu rented tor the rcmaindiT of this and tho whole of next J ear. BO IVrt on North Market street, corner of Lo eust, on which i the well known l'leosiut Smith house, l'ricc $12.r. at) IVf on Spruce street, with Inrre, elcsunt ami new lliiek Huclliur. containine 10 room, 2 liath rooms, kitchen, extra sine, with cas. M uter, and over' modern improvement. 4.1 I'cct on l'ark street, with common Im provements, very low. This property riinsthrounh to Summer. 40 IV n CdWo street, beine the lower por tion of the lot now occupied hv Hcpartmrnt llenibiuarters, belonrlnc to lr. Waters. Trice. () per foot. A choice little lot on North Collcce, just below he l'ubljc S'lHflrc, at a saeriGce, SALOON ANI UKSTAUKANT. Wc otTcr fSrsftle anlon ami Restaurant, nivf dolnc n rofitalde limine", in tho very centre of trade, at a price perfectly sat hf,ietory. KlXllIl'Il'.l.l). Wc have over 1X) feet of cmtind on the mot choice and dexirable streets in Kdircficld, for leae forfio .ik from .launao" noxt, at price which oncht to be satiIaetorj' to those ueslrtnc to impro t Cu'll , dce-lii m.i.sox a .nrni zti:i' AI.BKKT . PILUN. W. IIRVCI THOUrSOX. DILLIfl & THOMPSON. iu:ai. i-.st.vti: am COLL IJ C T IX (3 A ii K X T S. U0MIS1N(1 1'AITIirUL ANI 1'ltO.v 1 attention to all business entrusted to ok' wo respectfully tender vor er iens to tl nstioneral Airents. fort lie 1'nrrlnMO Heal lirtate ; lteotiiic BHil LntMor C.imtry l'rt.iwty : Coll4ou oJ . and Vouchers; Investiratiou T 1)1 LLP OfTice, over Pceond jTaU' . . deel-tf i 25 r; HAitnn n .v nritk'n. jsd and Market ft. .5:UW1IKAT lMtl'lt. MKIUUY A ltllltKE. .east comer Broad nd Market tr, i it 1. 1 jiRi'M xnv York aiti.ks, J the best in the market. MHUAHY A lll'ltKR, C. DUXXIXGTOX & . EDITORS & PJlOrniETORS. VOLTME XXXIII. GROCERS & BANKERS. ii. cwixc. a. ii. kwixo. 0 WHOLESALE GROCERS, ' Eeceiyiiig,Porwardiiig AXD Storage Merchants. Corner Iluildinr Market and Church streets for- merly occupied by twins, McCryrj' A Co. AUK lUX'KIVINO and hao in store the fol lowing : 100 barrels llrown Suar. l ilo A Coflco hiiKar, no ii iu do do C lo do Stuart's Crushed Snirar, standard. SO do do do do do A do do I'owdered do Syrup, do U) koRsSyrup. 5 hihI 10 caN., fp liurrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel. Mbfdo lo .to M (irdo ilo do p kiU lo po Imrrnt. V X' (. r.S- l'l.:l... 'S, do S.N.l'ikc's Uo i0 . boxes star candles, fiO dozen brooms. 100 boxes eheess, V) boxes raisins, 500 koRS nails, 10i) reams paper. i Poxes asortcu8oap, 40 kcff. irinirar, ;x dorcn buckets, SO sacks Rio eoflce. 100 boxes candy. ii nagkets cliiiiupasoe, Sti cases ardinos. S0 boxes starch, ft) do pickles. 20 do Madder. 7.') barrels anfdes. .V) boxes uortfl witii-4 100!) barrels Klour. all Kraile?, n no 1'oiaioes. 100 boxes I'ire Crackers, -"(leases l'iir. 100 cases urted Liiiuors, In addition to the above we have a eencral as sortment ofirroccries, all of which were IxHight during tho present pressure in the Ka.tcm mar kets. Wo expect to sell (roods on short profits, and would be pleased to have our old friends call u JiWIXH .V CO. A. G. Kwinp. of the former firm of Kwinir, Me-Cron- A Co., will be found with tho alvo firn for tho purpi.c ofstttlinc up their huiness. deeil C. POWELL, GREEK & CO. BANKERS, BROKERS AND GENERAL COMMISSION Merchants, 8 ItliOAi) STREET, SV.W YORK. Coumnrs I'owki.i.. formerly C. l'owcll .t Co , Knoxville.Tcun I. F. (1REEX, formerly Nichol, GrccnA Co. Xash rille, Tcnn. Ciias. M. MctiltLE, livins at Knoxvillc, Tcnn. 1Y the abovo card it will bo seen wo have es L tubli.hed ourselves in New Yor for the pur pose of ilointr a Iccitiiiatecoinniiion business; nnd bi'inir a Tennessee house, we respectfully so licit the patrouago of our Southern friends (ren crally. Wc are amply prepared to make Cash ad vances on consignments ; to loan currency on Kolil without ehiiriro of interest: to purclmso and sell cotton, tobacco, llour and iiork .' alsoirold stocks, bonds.iiiiil government securities on a margin ex clusively on conimissioii. Respectfully, '. i'owi:i,i iri:i:.v a to- dec0 Sm F R E S H FAMILY GROCERIES. n: ii avi; on HAND A GOOD ASSORT- M EXT of FAIII.Y fJKOCi:KIES, ConiistitiR in part of CollVe, Fruits, Muckcrcl, Tolmcco, Clptro, elc., Flour. Which wc will dispose of at private sale for fair prices. Wu have nlo for sale 1000 bushel of primo heavy Oats, which wo wish to close out at oneo under intriiction. MR. WM. PR1C1 AHD omr and favorab v known to this community has taken quarters with lis. and nil! be plfiisctl to seo hi old friend and customers. GUDSHALL A HOLLAND. dcat tf 3!$ South Market street. 1,000 HUSH ELS PEACH J1LOW- POTA- TOES 1 000 m,SIIK,'slUIMK 0ATS- III tore. and for sale at Prices below tho market by ;UHM1A1.L X JIULLA.M). Our Auction Sale on Thursday next will em brace a liuu arict of Liquors, Tobacco and Gro ceries generally, together witht he consignments above mentioned. tiUllMi.Wil. ,V 1HI1.1,A.I. South Market street. dcel9-3t KEMOVAL. K have renins cd our Stock to the Ware house, corner Church nnd Collcce streets. formerly occupied by Payne, James A Co.. where we hope to meet our former patrons and the pub lic Kencrally. Oar Stock is LARCE, AXI WELL SELECTED. ; And wc always sell AT The Lowest Marliel Prices. A. A. SPENCER AlCOi dec 10 100 IUII.S CHOICE AlrLI'.S; DaioSalt: " Superfine nnd extra family Flour; Car loads 1 1 rati, in store, and for kale low. SU RHEA A SMITH, locm decO- B. D. BENTON & CO CITY STEAM RAKEIlY AND CANDY MANUFACTORY, 0 AND S RROAD STREET. IValers cm c siiiliexl on short notice with everything in our Line, mailo by onr-t-olvcs. . ' SiKvial Attention given To Cracker Ami Candy. AIo, Itronil, Cates, etc., etc. D. D. DKXTOX G. M. HUNTINGTON. deet lm STATE OF TENXISSEF, I Fbxklix Cocxtv. j i J. SIMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L. Slapln. deceased, is herrbv onleret to rise not iw in the II.MOX A.n Auwurux. nml br "written notice, X the Court llonsedoor in Win chest er, Tenn. for all pcron hsvinrclaims against ralil itnle to appearand tile tho same with the unilcriiruxl, duly authenticated, in the raaancr Trexeribed by law, on or Iwforo the 1st of April, Wk , THOS. SHORT, Clerk. declTdlt-wtt DAILY INSURANCE. SAIXT TiOUIS MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE C03IPAN Y, iiom i: offci'.: so. r.o .onrn th ikd st SAINT LOUIS. MISSOURI. ASSETS, July 1, 1SC5. Hsm,G41 37 : SECURKLY INVI"STED. Dividends declared to Policy Holders Jan. 1, 1SC5, Forty Per Cent. Reader, Is Your Life Insured If not, what provision have yon made for your dependent ones? THINK 1 What would b their pecuniary situation were you to dio to-morrow? If it is wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay ? DELAYS ARE DaNGEROUS. DIRECTORS. JAMES H.LUCUS SAMUEL WILLI Robert M. Funkhoucr, of Funkhouscr.t Huructt. Chus. H. Peck, Trc'd't of the I'hilo Knob Iron Co. Robert h. oikI. CashierofthcMcrcliants Bank. Jules alle. of Chouteau. Harrison A- Valln Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson & Garlard. Chas. V . McCord, of McCord A Co.. Machinists, John J', lhornton. of Jhornton .t Pierce. fviMKil. Sturgcpn, Presid'tof theX. Mo. Railroad I lion. John llojran, Member of Concress. Henry Ovcrsteli. of Ovcrstclz, Wagner A Co., ljiimbcr Jlealcrs. Xich. SchaCcr. of .Nicholas SchafTcr ,t Co., Star l.unule Dealers. William T. Gay. of Hancnkamp ,t IMwanls. David Keith, of Keith A Woods. Rookscllcrs and Stationers. R. P. Hancnkamp, of Gay A Hanenkamp. Isaao W. M tche . J). A. January, of D. A. January A Co., Groetrs I : ,r i . unit tsuiiiiiiircniii .ucrcuanis. Win. J. Lewis, of Lewis A Ilrn., TohaceonisU. F. Ro7icr. Jr.. of F. Rt izier. Jr.. .t Co. Jacob Tamm, of Tamm A Meyer. OFFICERS. SAMUEL WILLI, President. JAMES 11. LUCAS, Vice President WM. T. SELRY, Secretary. WM. X. 1IEXT0X, General AKcnt. DR. JOIIX T. H00GEX, Consultine Physician. LACKLAND, CLIXE A JAMISOX.Lwral Adv'rs. HON. ELIZUR WRIGHT, Consultine Actuary. MI.AFtK. FOOT. State Agent for Tennessee. '. F.. RARlTi:i.I, W. STEPJIEXSOy. Special Agents, Xashrille, Tenn. Otncc: Scroml Antioiinl Itimk Iliillilliig' X'ashvillc Local Heard of Reference: Hillman. Hro. A Son", J. A. McAlister A Co., Jno. Kirkinan. G. J. Stuhblcficld, James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton, James Woods. Examining Physicians : Thos. R. Jennings, M. D.. T. M. Madden. declS lin $7,000,000 Insurance Capital. Inilciiuiily Aniiist lAtMsbj- I'ire, River mill Rnllrontl in the Home Ins. Co. of S. A". Cash assets ..$4,(100,000 Coliimbin, Cash CapiUd .710.000 Arctic, -Cash Assets 0:5,000 Hurtronl, Cash Assets -.1,010,000 Lmscs adju'tcd and promptly paid at this Office, N. 25M. Cherry street, 1 T V ( V(?,l'AIfPir 19 Agent. GENERAL NOTICES. XJ. S. CLAIM AGENCY No. 20 NORTH CHERRY STREET. Special attention paid to tho. collection the or CLAIMS AG'AIXST ;ovi:r.vjie.vt. NO CHARGES IX ADVANCE. HOWARD A NELSON, Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents. References Hon. C F. Trigg. U. S. District Judge; .non .Ncl.-on, l-.sq., Prendent Second Xa tionnl Hank; Maj. Gen. Donaldson, Chief Quar termaster. dicJ-Im MORGAN & CO. DARTIES IXDEI1TED TO THE AROV I rllt.M will find their Xotes and Account with Mr. JA.Mhb KiLh. at the new houso Stratton, Pointcr A Co., llroad street. Mr. K. authorised to receipt for all money due the firm. Nashville. Dec. 0, Yo--Jwlm. CHRIS T M A S Gr 31 J? UP-RIVEIu Gnralieriand Goal, X ONLY TEN DOLL AllS THE LOAD DELIVERED. AT 3 1 SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, NEXT DOOR TO NO. 2. FIREMAN'S HALL. The only genuino Cumberland 1n this Market. Cheapest, because mot economical. Clearest, being a pure Gas, and gives no headache. A. STEWART. a. II. HOUIKX. d eel 3-1 w SOAP ! SOAP!! SOAP!!! DAWI7S IMPROVED ERASIVE SOAl. Till-: CHEAPEST AXD Rest Soap made in .the United States. Send your Orders to RODDY & CO., MANUFACTURERS, Xo. 0, Chureli Street, NASIIVILLI TENN. dec 21 Um f NEW BACON. 5t000"wNc',,Um, S,0tO Iba. New nacon. Sidt. R.UW lbs. New Jlacon. Shoulder 1U0 Tiercee New Lard, For Sale by Mclaughlin, hutler a co dec 20-1 w UNION NASmLLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, DRY GOODS. Wholesale House, T. W. EVAXS, TIIOS. P. KITE. J.atc ol brans t CO., LateFitc,Shcphcrdco W. II. EVAXS. R-IC GAItllXER, Late of Gardner co. Late of Lvans t CO., n. B. Bl'CKXEK. Late of Gardner coM WU.POItTER, K. w. JESXIXOS. Late of 1. van J t Co., Lato with Gardncrico. EVANS, FITE & CO. XO. 4, IIYX BLOCK, AVE ARE NOW OPENING A LARGE AND well assorted stock of FOREIGN" AXI AMERICAN mm VARIETIES, Boots, Shoes, Hats, AND READY MADE CjLOTIIIXC, PURCHASED FOR CASH Since the recent decline in prices, which wo offer to the lrarto AT VERT LOW J'RICES. Reing connected with EVANS, GARDXER A CO. of Xew York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign, and purchasing from Manufacturers all Americau Goods, and possessing every ndvautago of getting Goods ut L0AVEST PRICES Wc feel every confidence in saying to Merchants that wc will (ell them as Cheap as they can pur chase in AXY MARKET, Having adopted tho CASH SYSTEM, of both liuying and Selling, enables us to do business on a VERY SMALL ADVANCE, so that those who buy from us can compctcwith Stocks purchased any where. Having resident partners in X'ow York, gives us advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer chants will find large and well assorted throughout the season, Wc fcoliclt nn Exniiiliintinnor our Slock. Evans, Fite & Co., SO. 4, 1SS It LOCH, XASHVI LLE, TENNESSEE. declS 3m SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c. J. & L. AVH0RLEY. lUl'OETKRS AXI PKAI.EB3 IX SNUFF, PIPES, FOKKIOX AND DOMESTIC - gigaks & tobacco, No.3'JMnrliot Street, NASHVILLE, '. dect 3ra TENNESSEE. (Successor to Ciias. Liebcnstcin.) TOBACCONIST, Cor. Cedar ami Cherry Sirccls, (Under Commercial Hotel,) NASHVILLE, TENNESSEF. A heavy stock of fino Imported and domestic Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs, AXD 3f EERSCIIAUJI PIPES, Constantly on hand. dec-t lm lUcCLUUE'S MUSIC STORE. 33 UXK)N STREET. 'PHIS OLD ESTAHLISIIMENT HEALS IN 1. l'innos ofStcinway ami Sons, J. II. Dunham, Robt. Xunn's. A. H.t.alo A Co- and other first class instruments. Carhait, Xcedhain x Co's un rivalled CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS. Also, SHEET MUSIC, and MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY. Give it a call before you purchase. dec3-lm FOR RENT. SMALL ROOM, IN THE UNION AND JY. American lllock, fronting on Church street. Apply at the counting-room of tho Union and American blfice. dect tf. FOR RENT. rpVO VERY LARGE ROOMS IN THE L Fourth Story of the Uxtos a.np Auwicax 1Iuk-s,wc11 atlapteil to m:iuy purposes. Apply at the counting-riHimOf thi otlice. F. C. DUNXIXGTON A CO. declO-tf w c COLLIER, WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL DEALER IX school rooks, blank books, gold and stkel pens, ArnolilSs WritlncFlnlil t Copj lnu Ink, Wedding, Vbiting and Printer's Cards, STATIONERY, And the Latest; literature of the Day. XO. .17 UXIOX STREET, ' (Between Cherry and College,) NASHVILLE, TENN. Ordrs solicited for every description of Prinlinj. deel-lm AND TMON&AMERIOAN Head Centre ol' Itatlicalism in the Housed Speech of Mr. Stevens, of Pa. HE STRIPS FOR THE FIGHT. Sir Stevens said: A candid eiaminntlnn of the power and proper principles of rc- . r 1 tr . . Luiiuuiuuun ran ik ouensive 10 no one. and ?i i i-. , . . i may possiDiy oc prontaoic tiv cicitinK cn quiry. One of the suggestions of the Mes sage which we are now considering has rjhj cial reference to this. Perhaps it is the principle most interesting to the people at this time. The President asMimcs, what no one doubts, that the late rebel States have loit their constitutional relations to the I nion, and are incapable of representation in Congress except by permission of the government. It matters but little, with this aumtsion whether vou call them States out of the Union and now conquered territories. or assert that; because the constitution forbids them to do what they did do they are, there fore, only dead as to all national and polit ical ai-nuji, ami w in remain so until me gov ernment shall breathe into them the breath of life anow and permit them to occupy their former position in other word, that thev are not out of the Union, but only dead car casses lying within the Union. In either case it is very plain that it requires the ac tion of Congress to enable them to form a State government, and send representatives to Congress. No bodv. I believe, pretends that with their old constitution and forms of government they can be permitted to claim their old rights under the constitution. They liayc torn their constitutions into atoms, and built on their foundations fabrics of a totally different character. Dead men cannot raise themelves; dead States cannot restore their own existence as it was. hosc especial ' duty it is to do it? In whom docs the consti tution place the. power? Not in the judicial branch of the government, for it only adju dicates, and does not prescribe laws. Not in tne .executive, tor lie onlv executes and can not make laws. Not in the commander-in-chief of the armies; for he can only hold tliem tinder military rule until the sovereign legislative power of the conqueror shall give them law. There is fortunately no difficul ty in solving the question. There arc two provisions in the constitu tion, under one of which the case must fall. The fourth article says, " new States may be admitted bv the Congress into the Union." In my judgment, this is the controlling pro vision in tins case. Unless the law of na tions is a dead letter, the late war between two acknowledged belliirerents severed their original compacts, and broke all ties that bound them together. The future condition of the conquered power depends on .the -will of the conqueror. They must come in as new States, or remain as conquered Prov inces. Congress the Senate and the House of Representatives with the concurrence of the President, is the "only power that dan act on tins matter. Hut suppose, as some dreaming theorists imagine, that these States have never been out of the Union, but have only deetroved their State Governments, so as' to be incapable of political action, then the fourth section of the fourth article ap plies, which says, "the United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Re publican form of government." Who is the United Mates ISot the liidiciarv : not the l'resKlent, tmt the sovereign power of the people exercised through their Representa tives in Congress, with the concurrence of the Executive. It means the iwlitical gov ernment, tho concurrent action of both branches of Congress, and the Executive. J. lie separato action of each amounts to nothing either in admitting new States or in guaranteeing Kepublican governments to lapsed or outlawed States. "Whence springs the preiw)sterous idea that either the Presi dent, or the Senate, or the Mouse of Repre sentatives, acting separately, can determine the right of States to send members or Sena tors lo the Congress of the Union. To prove that 'they are and have been out of the Un ion for all legal purposes, and arc now con quered subjects, subject to the absolute dis posal of Congress, I will suggest a few ideas, and adduce a few authorities. If the so call ed Confederate States of America were an independent belligerent, and were so ac knowledged by the United States and by Europe, or had assumed and maintained an attitude which entitled them to be consid ered and treated as a belligerent, then dur ing such time they were precisely in the condition of a foreign nation with whom we were at war, nor is it necessary that their independence as a nation be ac knowledged by us to produce that effect. Jlr. btcvens then quoted from Mr. Jus tice Grier in the prize cases all the laws on those points. After such clear and repeated decisions he said, it is something worse than ridiculous to hear men of respectable stand ing attempting to nullify the law of nations. and ;declarc the Supreme Court of the United btates in error, because as the constitution forbids it, the States could not go out of the Union dc facto. After proccedim? further in his argument he remarked it is obvious that the first duty of Congress Ls !o pass a law de claring4he condition of these outside or de funct States, and providing proier civil gov ernment for them. Since the conquest tlicv have been governed by martial law. Mil itary rule is necessarily despotic, and ought not to exist longer than is absolutely neces sary. As there are no symptoms that the people of these provinces will be prepared to participate in a constitutional govern ment for some years, I know of no arrange ment so proper for them as territorial gov ernments. Tlicro they can learn the princi ples, of freedom, and eat the fruit of foul re bellion under such governments. While electing members to the Territorial Legis latures they will necessarily mingle with those to whom Congress shall extend the right of suffrage. In the Territories Con gress fixes the qualifications of electors, and I know of no better place nor better occa sion for the conquered rebels and the con quered to practice justice to all men antl ac custom themselves to make and to obey all laws. As to these famed rebels, they cannot at their option re-enter the heaven which thev have disturbed, nor the garden of Eden which thev have deserted, as flaming swords arc pet at the gates to secure their exclusion. It becomes important to the nation to in quire when the doors shall be reopened for their admis'ion. According to my judg ment they ought never to le recognized as capable of acting in the Union, or leing counted as valid States until the constitution shall have been so amended as to make it what its framers intended, so as to secure a perpetual ascendancy to the party of the Union, and so as to render republican gov ernment firm and stable forever. Tho first of these amendments is to change tho bams of membership to actual voters. Now. all the colored freemen in the slave States and three-fifths of the slave are rep resented, though none of them have votes. The rclx?l States have nineteen representa tives of colored slaves. If the slaves are now lrcc, then thev can and lor tne otner two-fifths thirteen more, making the slave representation thirty-two. I suppose the free blacks in those States will give at least five more, making the representation of non voting people of color about thirty-seven. Tho whole number of representatives now from the slave States is ecventy. Add the other two-fifths and it will be eighty-three. If the amendment prevail", and those Stitw withhold the right of suffrage from persons of color, it will deduct about thirty-seven, leaving them but forty-five, with the appor tionment unchanged. The eighty-three Southern members, with tho democrats that will in tho best times be elected from tho North, will always give them a majority in Congress and in the Electoral College. They will at the very first election take pos fession of the White House and the Halls of Congress. I need not depict the ruin that would follow. The assumption of the relicl debt, or repudiation of tho federal debt, would Ixj sure to follow. The op pression of the frcedmen, the rc-amend-ruent of the State constitutions and rc-estab-lishment of slavery, would bo the inevita ble remit. Tliat they would pcorn and dis regard their present constitutions, forced upon them in the midst of martial law, would be both natural and juL No ono who has anv regard for the freedom of elec tions can look upon tho(c governments, forced upon them in duress, with any favor. If they should grant the right pf suffrage to jHjrwns of color, I think there would al ways be Union white men enough in tho South, aided by the blacks, to divide the AMERICAN. DECEMBER 23, 1865. rcpr;niauo:j, ami inus continue the re publican asccudancv. If thev should re fuse thus to alter their election "laws it would reduce the representatives of the late slav States to about fortv-five and render them powerless for evil. It is plain that the amendment must be consummated before the defunct States arc admitted to lie capable of State action, or it never can le. The proposed amendment to allow Congress to lay a duty on exports is precisely in tne same situation. Its impor tance cannot wen oe overstated, it is vcrv obvious that for manv vears the South will A 1 1 " . . noi pay mucn unucr our internal revenue laws. The onlv article on which we can raise any considerable amount is cotton. It will be grown largely at once. With ten cents per pound export duty, it would be furnished cheaper to foreign markets than thev could obtain it from anv other part of the world Aiiciaiu war nas suown mai. xwo millions of bales exported at five hundred pounds to the hale, would yield lM 00,000,000. This seems to be the chief revenue we shall ever derive from the South. Resides, it would be a protection to that amount to our domestic manufactures. Other proposed amendments to make all laws uniform, to prohibit the assumption oi me reoet ucot arc of viral importance, and the onlv thing that can prc- :ii. wie comuiinxi iorccsoi copperneads and . !-. If i , , secessionists from legislating against the in terests of the Union whenever thev mav at tain an accidental maioritv. Rut this is not all wc ought to do before these inveterate rebels ar6 invited to participate in our lesU lation. We have or arc about to turn loose four millions of slaves without a hut to shel icr iiium ur-u cem in ineir pocKCts. a tie in fernal laws of slavery have prevented thorn from acquiring an education, or from under standing the commonest laws of contract, or irom managing the ordinary business of Iif. i ins congress h bound to provide for them until they can provide for themselves. If we do not furnish them with homesteads and hedge them round with protective laws, if we leave to the legislation of their late mas tcrs, wc had better have left them in bondage. mi.: j:.: , . aiic-ii uiniuiiiou wouiu dc worse man our prisoners at Andersonville. If we fail in this great duty now, and when we have the power, we shall deserve and receive the exe crations of history and all future ages. 1 wo things arc of vital importance: So to establish a principle that none of the mbol States shall be counted in any of the amend ments Of the constitution until thr-v nro dnlv admitted into the family of States by the law making power of their conquerors. For more than six months the amendment of the constitution abolishing sl-vcrv has boon rat- ified by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the fctatcs that acted on its passage bv Con gress, which nan legislatures or which were States capable of acting or reouirin!' to art on that question. I take no account of the aggregations of whitewashed rebels, who, without any legal authority, have assembled in the capital of the late rebel States and simulated legislative bodies: nor do I re gard with any respect the cunnmg bv-plav with which they deluded the Secretary of btate by frequent telegraphic announcements that "bonth Carolina had adopted the amendment." "Alabama has adopted the amendment, being the twentv-scventh State." c ajiis was intended to delude the peo ple, aim accustom ingress to heir the names of these extinct States as if thev were alive, when in truth they have no more existence than the revolted cities of Latium, two-thirds of whose people wero colonized, and their property confiscated, and their right of citizenship withdrawn by conquering and av'enging Rome. It iseoual- lv important to the stability of this republic that it should now be solemnly decided what power can revive, recreate " and reinstate these provinces into the family of states, and invest them with the rights ot American cit izens. It is time that Congress should as sert its sovereignty and assume something of the dignity of a Roman Senate. It is fortu nato that the President invites Congress to take this manly attitude. After stating with groat frankness in his able message his the ory, which, however, is found to be imprac ticable, and which I believe very few now consider tenable, he refers the whole matter to the judgment of Congress. If Congress should fail firmlv and wisely to du-chargc that high duty, it is not the fault of the President. This Congress owes it to its own character to set the seal of rep robation upon a doctrine which is becoming too fashionable, and, unless rebuked, will bo the recognized principle of our government. Gov. Perry and other Provisional Govern ors and orators proclaim that this is the white man's government. The whole copperhead party, pandering to the lowest prejudices of the ignorant, repeat the cuckoo cry " This is the whito man's government."" Dema gogues of all partie", even some high in au thority, grovelling, shout "This is the white man's government.'' What is implied by this ? That one race of men is to have the exclusive right forever to rule this nation. and to exercise all acts of sovereignty, while L all otner races, and nations and colors arc to be their subjects and havenovoiccin making the laws and choosing the rulers by whom they are to be governed. Wlicreiniloes this difl'er from slavery except in degree ? Hoes not this contradict all the principles of the Declaration of Independence. While the great and good men promulgated that in strument and pledged their lives nnd sacred honors to defend it, it was supposed to form an epoch in civil government. Rcforo that time it was held that tho right to rule was vested in families, dynasties of races, not be cause of superior intelligence or virtue, but because of a Divine right to enjoy exclusive privileges. Our fathers repudiated the whole doctrine of the legal superiority of families or races, and proclaimed the equali ty of all men before the law. Uton that they created a revolution nnd built the republic. They were prevented by slavery from per fecting the supcr.-drncturc whose foundation they had thus broadly laid. For the sako of the Union they concnted to wait, but never relinquished the idea of its final completion. The time to which they looked forward with anxictv has come. It is our duty to complete their work. If this republic is not now made to stand on their great principles, it has no honest foundation, and the Fatlicr of all men will shake it to its centre If wc have not been sufficiently scourged for our national sin to teach us to do justice to all God's creatures without dis tinction of race or color, we must expect the still more heavy vengeance of an offended Father, increasing his inflictions as He in creased the seventy of the plagues of Egypt until the tyrant consented to ito justice ; and when that tyrant reopened of his reluctant consent, and attempted to rc-cnslave the people, as our Southern tyrants are attempt ing to do now, he filled the Ilea Sea with broken chariots and drowned horses, and strewed the tthore with dead carcases. Mr. Speaker, I trust that the republican party will not be alarmed at what I am saying. I do not profess to speak" their sentiments, nor must they be held responsibtc for them. I speak for myself and take the responsibility, and will settle with my intelligent consti tuents. This is not a white man's govern ment in the exclusive sense in which it is used. To say so is political blasphemy, for it violates fundamental principles of our gospel ofliberty. This is man's government, the government of all men alike. Not that all men will have equal power and sway within it accidental circumstances, natural and acquired endowment and ability will vary their fortunes but equal rights to all the privileges of the government is innate in every immortal being, no matter what the shape or color of the tabernacle which it inhabits. If equal privileges were granted to all I should not expect any but white men to be elected to office for long years to come The prejudice engendered by slavery would not soon permit merit to be preferred to color. Rut it would still be beneficial to the weaker races. In a country where political division will alwavs exist, their power joined with just white men, would greatlv mouliy, ii ii uiu r.ui entirely prevent uiv in justice of majorities without the right of sullrage in the iatc slave Mates. 1 do not speak of the free States. The slaves had far better been left in bondage. I sec it stated that very distinguished advocates of tho right of suffrage declared in this city that they do not expect to obtain it by Congres sional lejislation, but only bv administrative action, because, as one gailant gentleman said, the States had not been out of the Union ; then they will never get it The President is far sounder than they. He sees the administrative action has nothing to do with it. If it is ever to come, it must be by constitutional amendments or Congressional action in the Territorial and Enablin acts. How shameful that these men of intlucncc hould mislead and miscducatc the public mind. They proclaim that this is the white man's government, and the whole coil of copperheads re-echo (hUs) the same sen timents, and upstart republicans join the cry. Is it any wonder ignorant foreigners and illiterate natives should learn this doc trine and be lead to despise and maltreat a whole race of their fellow-men? Sir, this doctrine of a white man's government is as atrocious as the infamous sentiment that doomed the late Chief Justice to everlasting lame, and, 1 tear, to everlasting lire. The committee rose and the House ad journ ed. IMI'OltTAXT LF.OISLATION. Alnbaiitn nnd the Frecilmcn. an act cxixoeuxixo vaukaxts and va- djfcGKAXCY. That the Commissioners Court of any county in this State may purchase, rent or prorido such lands, buildings and other procrty as may be necessary for a Poor house, or House of Correction, for any such county, and may appoint suitable officers for the management thereof and make all nec essary by-laws and regulations for the gov ernment of tho inmate: thereof, and cause the same to be enforced ; but in no case shall the punishment inflicted exceed hard labor cither in or out of said house ; the use of chain gangs, putting in stocks if necessary to prevent cscajes, such reasonable correction as a person may inflict iqon a stubborn, re fractory child, "and solitary confinement for not longer than one week, on bread and water, and may cause to bo hired out sueh as are vagrants to work in chain gangs or otherwise, for the length of time for which they are sentenced, and the proceeds as such hiring must be paid into the cormty Treas ury for the benefit of the helpless" in said Poor house or house of Correction. Sec. 2. That the following persons arc vagrants in addition to those already de clared to be vagrants bv law, or that" mav hereafter be so declared bv law: a stubborn or refractory servant, a laborer or servant wno loiters away Jus time or refuses tj coin ply with a contract for a term of service without just cause; and any such person may be sent to the House of" Correction in the county in which such offense is commit' ted; and for want of such House of Correc tion the common jail of the countv mav be used lor mat puriiosc. one. J. liiat when a vagrant is found anv J ustice of the Peace of the county must upon complaint mado upon oath or his per sonal knowledge, issue his warrant to the bhcrifl or any Constable of the countv to bring such person before him, and if upon examination and hearing of testimony it appears to the Justice that such person is a vagrant, he shall assess a fine of fiftv dol lars and costs against such vagrant, and in default of payment he may commit such a vagrant to the house of correction, or if no such house, to the common jail of the coun ty for a term not exceeding six months, and until such cost and charges arc paid or such party is otherwise discharged bv law ; pro vided, that when committed to jail under this section the Commissioner's Court may cause him to be hired out in like manner a's in Section 1 of this act. Sue. 4. That when any person hall be convicted of vagrancy as provided for m this act, the Justice of the Peace before whom such conviction is had, may at his discretion cither commit such person to jail, or to the house of correction, or hire such person to any person who will lure the same torapenod not longer than six months, for cash, giving three uavs notice of the time and place of hiring; and the proceeds ot such hiring alter paving all costs and charges shall be paid into the county treas ury for the helpless in the poor house. bEC. o. 1 hat all lines received bv any Justice of the Peace shall be paid into the county ireasury for tho purposes as stipula ted in the first section ot this act. Sec. 0. That it fihall be the duty of the Justice of the Peace to settlevith the county Treasurer at least once a month for all fines received bv him under this act, and for a wilful default so to do, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and uikhi conviction in anv court having jurisdiction shall be fined in double the amount so received, or collected iv mm. and ail costs of suit. Sec. 7. That the Court of Countv Com missioners of each county shall have full and complete control of the public works and public highways therein, and shall make all contracts 'in relation thereto; and shall have power to appoint a superintendent of said public works and highways under such rules and regulations as said court shall determine, and any Justice of the Peace try ing anv cause under the this act, on convic tion shall have power to sentence sueh va grant to work on said public works and highways under the supervision of such su perintendent for not more than forty days. An Act to protect frcedmen in their rights orjierbon and property in tins btate. Jie it (iiaeted, &c, That all frcedmen, freed negroes, and mulattocs, shall have the right to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, in all the different and various courts of this State, to the same extent that white persons now have by law ; and they shall be compe tent to testify only in open court, and only cases in which Ircedmcn, tree negroes and Imulattocs are parties, either plaintiff or defendant, and in civil orcriniin.il ces for injuries in the persons, and property of frecd nien, free negroes and mulattocs ; and in all cases, civil or criminal, in which under this act a freedinau, free negro or mulatto, is a witness against a white person, or it white icrsoii against a freedman, free negro or mil alto, the parties shall be competent wit nesses, and ueitticr interest in tne question, or suit, nor marriage, shall disqualify any witness from testifying in open court. Death of Kinir Leopold, or I!c!glul. From tho New York Times.) Rv the last steamer wc get the news of the leath of Leopold, of Ilelgiuni. Though ad vanced in vears. his health had been of late so improved that the intelligence is somewhat unexpected. Leopold w.is born in Coburg in the year 17!0. and was a son of Diiko Francis, of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfcld. In his nineteenth voar he entered the Russian army, hut by the Influence of Napoleon was soon compelled to rclinguish his position. In 181:5, however, he rejoined the Lmperor Alexander, and tool: active part in the famous battles of that campaign, tic accompaiucu me Allied Sovereigns to England the Bubfcqtient year, nnd it was on this visit that he made the ac quaitance of Princess Charlotte, whom he married two years alter, lie was mado a Rritish Ficld-Marshal,-and !ccame a mem ber of the Privy Council, was made a Duke and pensioned with Xo0,000. Ilo continued to reside in England after the death of his wife, which occurred in 181 1. On the divi sion of the Netherlands, in 1831, he was lected King of tho Relgians, having pre viously declined the crown of Greece. In 1802 he married the Princess J)Uise, the laughter of Louis Philippe, by" whom he had three children Leopold, who succeeds im. now 30 years old : a second son, the Duke of Jlanders ; and a daughter, Marie Charlotte, the wife of Maximilian, the Em peror ot .Mexico, ao me J'-nglisli Uourt Leopold held a double relation, not only through his marriage with I'rinccw Char lotte, but as the brother of the Duchess of Kent, the mother of ictoria and these ten have led him to make frequent visits in Kng- , rn pie anu yc con- , . 1. ! ,1 lana. j i is relations iu ins own pcoj to the Governments of Europe hav tinned harmonious during a long reign and through many political agitations and clianges. His administration of government was wise; his court, without ostentation, was attractive and even brilliant; his wealth was immense ; his habits of life unaffected and simple His death will bcBinccrcly larnenlcd not onlv br Ins own ru meets but throughout Europe. Not only his own de voted nuhjecM but the btatcs of Europe will Klncereiy mourn the lo'Jiof the long honored old King Leopold. Tun Way to Tit Them. The agonv of the radical press is manifest in their pitiable attempts to prove that their party and the President are in accord. They extend col umn after column to establish this hy Meory and by argument, when it can in a day lie perfectly established by acU. ict tne radicals in Congress introduce a resolution approving of the President's doctrines and position in relation to the South, and carrying out his views. Let them admit the Southern Repre sentatives and enable the President to i-tie hit proclamation of general amnesty, and then it will be universally acknowledged that they arc perfectly agreed, and of the re construction policy there will be but one opinion. Tin will be proof jxMitivc, and is far better than the insane wriggling at prcnent manifested in their organs.-ZiHmI Courier. NO. 17. j. &JjVX story. Rntiimiec nnd Itenlitj of Llirnirj-. Lire In fnri. Correspondence American Literary Gtiiette.l r. ... , . . October IS. LSitS. lis ill playmjjwith edged tools. T.wlav I would tell yon of an ill-starred jmir who set out in life with the best, with the most laudable intentions to end their career with weeping- and wailing, and gnashing of teeth. They play with edged tools. Who cannot call to mind a dozeirinstancvs where unhappiness wa tho fate of jeople who thought they might play with intellectual gifts bid inspiration descend at the crook of their finger and lure fame as eailv as the falconer does his t:iscl ? The child of genius persuades himself that if he had In niniiey, he could soar to the master's pride of flight. He meets a woman who would gladly share her dowry to he Iiorn on such pinions. They marrv. Wrinkle come. Gray hair appears. He is a child of genius all the days of his life. Genius will not weir fetters. Resides, children of sewiins too often shut thuir eyes to the great truth thnt experience of life is absolutely necoessary to give maturity to genius. One might as well cxpjcMouse Ip m. befoa'it has Wn rotted, ;is io see inc lotticst talents bloom into genius until they have gone through that iermentation ol life called experience. Tears" must be siieil, blood must be spilkd. the check must burn with blinhe, the heart mt it be wrung.the brain fevcred.the soul donntuJt.sl to the gates of death and nil this time and again oeiore genius uiooms. As the nightin gale sings sweetest after its cvs have been torn out, as the aromatic herl hn Vi lm nr. der until they have been bruised, so senilis must be bowed down to earth before it can dream of scaling heaven. Therefore is it that wealth hath stilled more genius than poverty ; therefore is it that the road to im mortality does not lie through an heiress's bridal chamber, but rather th mnph th. cheerless prrct, liereaved of fire, whose wardrobe (a row of nails liohind the doorl, hath nothing hut rags-. A hundred demon', armed with weapons more formidable than smithy ever forged, to wit : the world's jers, the world's contempt, the world's scorn, the world's rebuffs, the world's cruelty, must stand at every avenue leading to the world, and drive one hack time anil again, until out of sheer despair he shrinks into himself and explores his every fold, his everv recess, his every plait and crease. Then, knowint; himself, he knoweth all things. Heaven aiu earth have no secrets hidden from him. To expect this imitation from wealth's part ner would lie as idle as to ask tho iooliau harp, packed in bran, to rival the instru ment exposed in the window to the current of winter's air. Forgive me this Ipn pre face, but the story I proceed to tell you threw me into so many and bitter reflections, I have hitherto been unable to recover my self-command. " Happening to Iieat Saint M . a small town in the South of France. I visited the lunatic asylum. I have always !een fond of lunatics. 1 have never met 'among them a stupid or a bad man. I was shown into a tidy cell, occupied by a little old man, Int over a desk-, and writing with his finger on the board with inexpressible rapidity. He rose timidly, twirling his fingers. lie was at least sixty years old. but occasionally did not seem to be above fifteen. His white, al most, blonde, hair fell in childlike curls, and his sweet face, smiling and uneasy, wore the the expression of iiif.ints when thev both weep and laugh at the same time. Never theless, one could detect profound grief, trembling agony, in his dilated eyes, which word the fixed expression of madness and despair. My jcmlant made a gesture and the poor old man resumed his sent with ex travagant delight, and began to write as fast as ever no count, l lien, seated in a corner of the cell in front of this iufantice old man, my attendant told me the unhappy creat ure's history. Some forty or more years ago, there lived in n small town named St. R a young orphan. She was intellectu al, wealthy, and beautiful. Eycrv unmarried man. of the province was at fier feet, his eves fixed on her fortune. She was so flat tered, so admired, so complimented, her gorge would rise at night when iijNin going to bed she would think of the sugar forced upon her during the day. At last such was the nausea she experienced, she resolved to give her hand unit till it contained to a promising voting man, who would givo her in afleetion and reputation a sulHtautial exchange for the beautv and estate? she gavq him. There was at that time in her town a prodigy of eighteen, who had rhymed from hii infancy hail "lisped in numbers." He bad already written many a fable, trage dy, sonnet, and epic, and the whole province had for firm belief that he would bloom into a great genius. She married this prodigy that no material obstruction might delay his iirogress on the road to lame, bhe brought lim.up to Paris, and so planted him in wealth s hnt-holisu to force him to Iiear fruit. Strange and inexplicable fatality! unheard of catastrophe! The poet lxre no fruit. He had n charming stud v; it was nothing hut bronze and black iarblc. He lived in mot favorable quiet, lie knew nothing of the thorps of life. And after all he rhymed as lit' rhymed when he was Oft ecu mere dog- gore), lit at best tor a conlectinncr s kiei. lie was the best little htislmnil that ever whs seen, gentle and timid, amiable and lafio- nous, she was the bet little wile that ever was recn, conciliating and encouraging, ex tremely tolerant, anil of an invariable good humor. Nevertheless, by degrees, she be came nervous and irritable. He became a-hamcd of himself. Every morning he would lock himself up in his study, write madly, blot quire after quire of pajier, read it over, anil m despair conferred 'twas not worth the ink 'twas written In. Everv eve ning she would come,' her heart throbbing with anxiety, to see if some good linfs had at last made their appearance. She would question the poet, who every day hung his head still lower. At Iat impatience and disdan apjieared; she could not long check their outbreak; and she upbraided her hus band for defrauding her, because, in return for her beauty nnd her money, lie had not given her genius. "After this scene matters went from bad lo worse. 1 he husband became a child scolded by the wife. He lived in a state of con stant iineasines, eternal shame. Hb lived blushing and trembling; his heart was wrung by all the tortures of the impotent artist anil the insolvent man. Hesuflcrcd the torments of the damned bv the side of the woman ho hail robbed (so she said) and whose only sentiment for him now was disdainful pity. So long as that woman had not abandoned all hope of seeing her huslnud bloom into a gemn-), she chained him to his writing desk, and made him write a given number of linos every day la-fore dinner. I he un happy man addressed himself to the task, 'and daily wrote worse, 'iwan an nonriy battle between them of contempt ami pain. She laughed disdainfully. He hiverd with fear and angui.-li. "He had sjant $2,-00 of Iter money in attempting to become a great jioet. Thin was his galled wither". One morninr he re fused to do his daily tak set him every morning by his wife. He had found in the office of (tome joint stock couiany a copving c,erk,H wjh a mIarv ..cg-j,-, an(1 iK-nct f()rWan j,c ixHran to pav his debt to his wife. He lived under thewinic roof with her, lrtit ho paid rent fur fU room ; he took his soli tary meils in restaurants wIiomt price wm fourteen wms; he dressed himself withliLtowu money, and nevertheless managed to pay his wife a considerable amount of money annunl in payment of his dibt to her. He lived in this way above thiity years, silent and uneasy, shunning every eye, and Uiwliitig udden!r when no one was looking. His role pleavure was to consult a little blank book wherein he recorded the money he had paid to his wife) in extinguishment of his debt. Hi wife, seized by pity, by love iktIibiw, for thin; great baby, so pure and ,o young, devpitu hi years, tried to rofue Lif money and win back to herself the poor hewt she had shat tered to pieces. Her wear, will-Jts bus land refused with energy, lie would liten to nothing. Work he would to pay off hi wife. Ho copied letters. Ho inula out bills. When h'u employer suggested ad vancement antl increase of jay he would blnsh and beseech them to take pity on him and not jeer his want of intellect. " He wan crazy pne of those harmTcM insanities akin to mania for collecting old pipes, old snuff boxes awl the like. The day when he saw from hi blank liook that ha owed his wife nothing, he Lecauie furiously insane. He midc somersaults, he danced, he walked on hfs head, he wrote a sonnet and an elegy. It litcaruc nccensary to lock him up in an TUT. A-ASTltlLl.E BAIL'S tXIGV ASTi AJIEKICAN-. OEco Vnion and American. EIcciconicr Chcrch and Cherry streets, opposlt tUalVit'OSKe.) tesxs: UMJ . , .. 1I O Weekly . .. . 3 CO Proportionate rates for lUortar periods Sobscriptioas invariably in: advance. in anc asylum. "His inranity is intermittent. He remains whole weeks together wri tire; with his finger on, the board of his deskv aui occasionally adding together imaginary sums. Then, on the day when he believes he has obtained the desired sum total, he gives way to unbounded joy, which he ex hibits by howling; and leaping like some wild beast. If you can read that poor wretches tale without feeling your blood and marrow freeze, yon arc made of sterner stuff than I am. Letter rrnm l!ic North. Nmv Yon-K, Dec. W. To judge from the magnificence and th? grand proMrtioi of this citv of the North, from its rapid extension and froin the ex travajrance ami display of its people, on cannot but think that it may one day b come the metropolis of the world, and ' tha its gay leaders of fashion mav dictate their bulletins of democratic toilettes, republican morals ami eqnal-right company manner to the benighted inhabitant of Europe. In the days of old Home- air foreigners were barbarians. The jwpid rtrides which New York has made during the past few vtars t a highly develop civilisition, places her now in advance ot the age. A few year more ami site mar look iiiwm sav Parisian ami dissipated Viennese with hc sainc pitv that an intelligent Chinaman regar Is a -tol.d ami heavy looking John ltu.II. Wealth meets the eye on every sjih. ii town ami out of ton n. In the bnsiiu -s i c. and fur away from noisy trade, it is all t' o same. An atmoxphere of wealth surrounds one, and one feels that if ever there was'a plneo where the streets were paved with gold anu wuere rat-toiiM streams ran along the gutters, this is the spot. Early in the after noon, when Jiroa.1 street is fiill, and wlu -j Wall street is erowded,and when everyliodv seems eager to .-Hid to the store already gar nered, the farther end of Fifth avcnr.w h crowded with carringesi on their way Us t.; Park. An hour or two later tho very nan who have been running hastily, shouting screaminsr, lmvimr and selling tiirdear hK, come rolling aloitf, themselves, in essv car riage", or with jaunty tandenu, attended by a sniall groom in breWhes ami top, with a bird's-eye tie and a rosette or coekmte, as it may suit the owner's feney. The obj. i t if the New Yorker h to make every' thirjj count drmble. lie lives two lives "in ore, and one is crowded so clnecly on the hec!. of the other llmt breathing time, is left for neither. It is, perhap, best, after all, to be magnitk-cnt while You can. There arc no old people New" York. There are tvw poor onen. The weak and the unlucky ar crowded out, or they- ar? trampled tqwuanJ forgotten. Now that the opera m closed, a new c x -eitcment ii ireKirinx. Now skating ci. !j are lieing put in order, refreshment rooms arc being built ami a few more days of cell weather will cause a greater nwh to the P.irk than did the beautiful weather of last weik. Each year the paion for this sport inir.oj ly.aiid after two or thru winters we need n-t be surprised when Mr. Cranston has ercrt-.l his ir w New York Hotel on the lurgi-1 it a, thegateof theP.irk, to find skntinK-mad young ladies drag their parents there fbra wintcm residence, to lie near (lie tcenc of their inpv ment. This hotel is not yet comiucn' cd, though the plans arc in preparation. The present one is too small for the friends of the very isqmlar proprietor. It is crowded to oxce. Many of the old uditic will begtad to know that the old system is to lie renew ed on Monday. The European svstcin ha proved a failure, ami monU a h titrte have not only given low satisfaction, but have been Ie proltitablu than the old hiWi- ifhott Ian. The charge will probably be five din ars per day. Enormous as this seems, it has no effect on travelling. Wo live in a new age. High prices seem to encourage l ii.-i-nexs. High rents seem to increase the Ja iitand for houses. In one or two instances furnished hou'cs have rented for ?1,000 and $1,100 per month for six months, and ?-IOO and $500 jkt month is quite common fcr houses twenty-five and twenty-seven feet front. Srenent the Threshold r the I'll I fed StntcH IIoiiho or IleprencntntlvrN. From the Hithmotxl Ifaquirer.) llIt.YMATIS r-KRHOX.V M'l-IIKHSON, (I.IKIv OPTIIK HOISE, A.NDTIIK KKI'nfXfNTl TIVIX OP VIHOIXIA. "Good morrow, Mr. McPhcrson." "Givo you good morrow, sweet Gent. What business liavc yon here?" " We be divers poor gentlemen from ir giuia, and we have come hither to entreat entrance at your cltamber door." " On what grtmnds do you k admis sion?" " In verity, we be loyal men and true, we have ta'cn mm oath, and the other wc will gladly gulp " "O'dso! Yu lw in quest of dollars, a thou sand three timo old I ween." " Nav, but we will gulp-the oath, and we be tired of standing in the cold without, and of eating poHiiuU withal." "Marry, come up I yoursorrow touih my heart. Hut ve are Virginian, and mc thinks your loyalty U HHiiewhatdoulrtful." "Say net so, fair irf for wu will gulp the oath. Nay. lie entreated, and let us in, lor we are a'cold, and our WalluU aro empty," " Hut stuv, ye claim to repwvnt the peo ple of Virginia?" ' Itv wet and pye, we ilo." " Ye took no rt in the rebellion ? " "Not a tilths." " When vimr land wa invaded, what did yc ?'' " Good sooth I we stayed at home." " When your house were burnt, your cat tle ami netjnies stolen, and your field laid waste ; what did ye then ?" " We fled to a iafVr place, and kept out i f the army." "When your brother awl your son were -hot down for defending a muse they deemed righteous; what then did ye?" " Zounds I we ijtood " by with folded arms." " WbetiyiHir mothers were imxtlted, your wivex and kiighter sooflt-d at, and your sister imprisoned, fell ve no sympathy for them V" " Not one iwrtiele. Nay, start not back in horror, for wo arc willing to swear it on the Holy Evangelit." " Aye 1 fur the mike of thret- thousand du cats per annum, some men will take any oath, Virginians, I trow, are not so btbc. Rut when all arms-Wring men weru con scripted with wIhU mogif and by what arts withal ilid vu isseapu couseription 7' "Gadooktil wu lmd amuwed great store of Confederate scrip, and deftly did we use it. Moreover, many of ii hdd numerous. African moil in bondage, awl thereby gained exeinHion." " Vertex 'twa a tunning dodge. So then yo loved the Union." "That we did, goed ir." ' Ye ftMfbt for the 0ih V "Not ovwyinli. ave in our devout prayer, whieli daily and iMnhtly acended until God, our Father, for lh of tho I'niwi arms," "So, to. Being hm mmjh, .and ever ready to go to your last aeeount, yt, ncver thelosd, yu wre not willing to peril lift- 1' r the blusMed Union 7" " Nay, Ihj not wroih with iH,.Mr. Mcl'lur. son, but 1 entreated, ami let im in, for wu will gulp the oath." Y " Veri ty, if ye did not fight for tke Un ion, yeistireJy wrote for it?" "NoWo Master Mcl'hensoo, we did not write, neither dul we Kjnrak for the Union, for we were afraid." "Afcard of what?" " We pray yo qmssskm not m ekwely." "I demand an anvr; oy, of what yc were aftmrd V " Softly, softly, g rwiotM, fienwoi w si r. An it ih-aeeyoii, we were afraid of our property. Hut we will gulp the oath oh, hew glibly!' "It appears! by jrowr own showing, thatvc jeriled neither life, litwb nor property fur the rebellion. Yet ye eunte hither to repre sent tho rebel. Also, it appears that yc periled neither lids, limb nor property for the Union. Yet ye claim to lve the Union. Famih I Get ye gwie, sirrah : Avaunt V "Nav, jirociosw Matter Mclliemm ; we will gulp the" And the door wa-t nhut. but Djun" RiciiJtosrp fas Ihmii re-eleettd Pres-ident of the New Yr!c Central Rail road. It, M. lUntehfonl bus been elected Vice Ptcaklcnt. M.ur. Gejt. 2 La fax uitk MoLcw, who commanded a division hi Ifgtretf eor-, is a candidate for Clerk of ta Sep"'"'1' Court of Kichmooa emtnty, Qwurm Gvn. McLaws, who wa an officer of iheald army, married a lad v of this vitinity.