urxr ftjM llHr"5.5rEPn. apprehending an 'OuF
' 1. T
Voluntary communications, conuinlnslnterest-
intr or Important newt, solicited from any quarter.
News letters from the various counties of tho
State especially desired.
All communications should bo addressed to the
141 1 tors of the Union ami American."
F. SEYMOUIt, X D.,
(Late Bricadc Surgeon. U. S. A.)
.OCULIST AXD AUICIST,
Office 38Col.ir strect.betwcon Summer and Cherry.
Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Kyc
and Knr, operations furSamntinsr, Cataract, cct
IlOX 7CC, I'. O.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
'IMIE firm heretofore cxistinc under the name
.1 firm mid style or V. Jl A IT HHOWN A (V...
in thin 1hv diwohed liy mutual content. Air.
ilrowu retire from the business. Mr. Callender,
in connection with I'luneas iiarrctt, will eo
tiiiHe the Heal Kstalo business at tho old stand
V. .Matt, lirowu A Co.. 4! Cherry street.
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
($ucceson to W. M att. liitow.x A Co..)
WILL (rive their prompt attention tothesellinj
awl rentiHc ol eTcry description el Ileal utate.
desi ni 11.1; itnsi ii:ciis
Itiilldiiii; IoIh for Sale.
Ipt. A fine llcsidme, containing 12 rooms. In
rcr territory. Also two vacant Iotf njijoininc.
111. That splendid Itcsiilenco of the late James
Johnson, on Ilroad .Sstrccl, between Summer and
Jlich streets, contniiiini: 8 moms, bolides servants
rooms ami other out house.
3d. That splendid Itesidrncc of tho late Hardin
I". Itosticlccontniiiitiz about 10 room, out houses.
etc. (!ood Sprinc and sprinc house with 8J4
crr ol land, immcliatcly adjacent to tuccily, on
mo marlotlc riKe.
4lli. tO ncres of rround of tho Harrow property
on me lliarlollo 1'iko, WHICH will boilirlil
Mb. A rerj- larjro iiiiiuber of Lots in the City
mid tho different Addition to Nnsorille. 2" Lots
' In Kdrcficld ami Ilrownsville.
Olli. A very lanro immber of the HKST FARMS
in this and the adjoining counties. Apply to
J. L. A It. W. ItltOWX.
dee( lm Uniou street.
KELSON 0 MTJEFEEE
ki:ai. kstate acjkxts,
Hit I'lK-rry ,Str'l, noar Iliilon.
,'Kn'T15Ii?watoI' Kenl IfaUilotoscllin
.I t. ihteand Uiandloiuiui: Stntac.
tjilf". Coii'iify iiliil liile IJwnJi mi i-ciiiiinT-icm, as
'wj1iS CTutj? dewriplloil of (lovernmvnt iecuri
tiea TWO MAUHV COUNTY I'AK.MS
ari'-fiflVrrd jit very rrasotiahlo prices. Also, one
in M iMimii'Hxi
A 1'I.ACi: ON Till: CUMIlKItLAM) HIVLU,
off) neros. in Jnohson county, Tcim., for rale.
NII'.Mtllt 'ITY l'UOI'lIUTY
ron rali:. .
1'IIRT on Cluirch street, opposite the Max
wi'II House andMasiinic remple.iita rc-:non-pricn.
This is eentrnl. choieo property, and
is mora thsn 1M0 feet deep.
45 IVrf. improved, on Vine street, between
Chiireh and Union, cry choieo location, buttlie
iinprovwiicnts uro moderate. Tho pries is very
O'J I'cel. with lnrco brick dn cllinc. on Vino
l-tieet. between Union and Cednr, bciue about the
most desirabU hraution for rosidencea in tho city.
200 1VI on Metlaroek street, West Xashrille,
on which is a neat Itrick Dwcllinir, 6 or 7 rooms,
Jlitehen, stalde, tle:, nod fiirt-rato citeni. l'riee
only $V,iKW. House and premises in cood oriler.
100 IVel on ltroad street. West XnhTille. w lib
defiant new Itiirk House, coiitainiuc 10 or Vi
room, kitehrn, stiible; t ciftcni', Fliriibberr.
to., cici, at jMOiO. ery desirable. If not fold
within ton days, this larre and choice place will
bu rented tor the rcmaindiT of this and tho whole
of next J ear.
BO IVrt on North Market street, corner of Lo
eust, on which i the well known l'leosiut Smith
house, l'ricc $12.r.
at) IVf on Spruce street, with Inrre, elcsunt
ami new lliiek Huclliur. containine 10 room, 2
liath rooms, kitchen, extra sine, with cas. M uter,
and over' modern improvement.
4.1 I'cct on l'ark street, with common Im
provements, very low. This property riinsthrounh
40 IV n CdWo street, beine the lower por
tion of the lot now occupied hv Hcpartmrnt
llenibiuarters, belonrlnc to lr. Waters. Trice.
() per foot.
A choice little lot on North Collcce, just below
he l'ubljc S'lHflrc, at a saeriGce,
SALOON ANI UKSTAUKANT.
Wc otTcr fSrsftle anlon ami Restaurant, nivf
dolnc n rofitalde limine", in tho very centre of
trade, at a price perfectly sat hf,ietory.
Wc have over 1X) feet of cmtind on the mot
choice and dexirable streets in Kdircficld, for leae
forfio .ik from .launao" noxt, at price
which oncht to be satiIaetorj' to those ueslrtnc to
m.i.sox a .nrni zti:i'
AI.BKKT . PILUN.
W. IIRVCI THOUrSOX.
DILLIfl & THOMPSON.
iu:ai. i-.st.vti: am
COLL IJ C T IX (3 A ii K X T S.
U0MIS1N(1 1'AITIirUL ANI 1'ltO.v
1 attention to all business entrusted to ok'
wo respectfully tender vor er iens to tl
nstioneral Airents. fort lie 1'nrrlnMO
Heal lirtate ; lteotiiic BHil LntMor
C.imtry l'rt.iwty : Coll4ou oJ .
and Vouchers; Investiratiou T
OfTice, over Pceond jTaU' . .
r; HAitnn n
jsd and Market ft.
MKIUUY A ltllltKE.
.east comer Broad nd Market tr, i
it 1. 1 jiRi'M xnv York aiti.ks,
J the best in the market.
MHUAHY A lll'ltKR,
C. DUXXIXGTOX &
. EDITORS & PJlOrniETORS.
GROCERS & BANKERS.
a. ii. kwixo.
Corner Iluildinr Market and Church streets
merly occupied by twins, McCryrj' A Co.
AUK lUX'KIVINO and hao in store the fol
100 barrels llrown Suar.
l ilo A Coflco hiiKar,
no ii iu do
C lo do
Stuart's Crushed Snirar, standard.
do A do do
U) koRsSyrup. 5 hihI 10 caN.,
fp liurrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel.
Mbfdo lo .to
M (irdo ilo do
p kiU lo po
Imrrnt. V X' (. r.S- l'l.:l...
'S, do S.N.l'ikc's Uo
i0 . boxes star candles,
fiO dozen brooms.
100 boxes eheess,
V) boxes raisins,
500 koRS nails,
10i) reams paper.
i Poxes asortcu8oap,
40 kcff. irinirar,
;x dorcn buckets,
SO sacks Rio eoflce.
100 boxes candy.
ii nagkets cliiiiupasoe,
Sti cases ardinos.
S0 boxes starch,
ft) do pickles.
20 do Madder.
7.') barrels anfdes.
.V) boxes uortfl witii-4
100!) barrels Klour. all Kraile?,
n no 1'oiaioes.
100 boxes I'ire Crackers,
100 cases urted Liiiuors,
In addition to the above we have a eencral as
sortment ofirroccries, all of which were IxHight
during tho present pressure in the Ka.tcm mar
kets. Wo expect to sell (roods on short profits,
and would be pleased to have our old friends call
u JiWIXH .V CO.
A. G. Kwinp. of the former firm of Kwinir, Me-Cron-
A Co., will be found with tho alvo firn for
tho purpi.c ofstttlinc up their huiness. deeil
C. POWELL, GREEK & CO.
8 ItliOAi) STREET,
Coumnrs I'owki.i.. formerly C. l'owcll .t Co ,
I. F. (1REEX, formerly Nichol, GrccnA Co. Xash
Ciias. M. MctiltLE, livins at Knoxvillc, Tcnn.
1Y the abovo card it will bo seen wo have es
L tubli.hed ourselves in New Yor for the pur
pose of ilointr a Iccitiiiatecoinniiion business;
nnd bi'inir a Tennessee house, we respectfully so
licit the patrouago of our Southern friends (ren
crally. Wc are amply prepared to make Cash ad
vances on consignments ; to loan currency on Kolil
without ehiiriro of interest: to purclmso and sell
cotton, tobacco, llour and iiork .' alsoirold stocks,
bonds.iiiiil government securities on a margin ex
clusively on conimissioii.
'. i'owi:i,i iri:i:.v a to-
F R E S H
n: ii avi; on
HAND A GOOD ASSORT-
M EXT of
ConiistitiR in part of
Which wc will dispose of at private sale for fair
Wu have nlo for sale 1000 bushel of primo
heavy Oats, which wo wish to close out at oneo
MR. WM. PR1C1 AHD omr and favorab v
known to this community has taken quarters with
lis. and nil! be plfiisctl to seo hi old friend and
customers. GUDSHALL A HOLLAND.
dcat tf 3!$ South Market street.
PEACH J1LOW- POTA-
000 m,SIIK,'slUIMK 0ATS-
III tore. and for sale at Prices below tho market
;UHM1A1.L X JIULLA.M).
Our Auction Sale on Thursday next will em
brace a liuu arict of Liquors, Tobacco and Gro
ceries generally, together witht he consignments
tiUllMi.Wil. ,V 1HI1.1,A.I.
South Market street.
K have renins cd our Stock to the Ware
house, corner Church nnd Collcce streets.
formerly occupied by Payne, James A Co.. where
we hope to meet our former patrons and the pub
Oar Stock is
WELL SELECTED. ;
And wc always sell
A. A. SPENCER AlCOi
IUII.S CHOICE AlrLI'.S;
" Superfine nnd extra family Flour;
Car loads 1 1 rati, in store, and for kale
SU RHEA A SMITH,
B. D. BENTON & CO
CITY STEAM RAKEIlY
AND CANDY MANUFACTORY,
0 AND S RROAD STREET.
IValers cm c siiiliexl on short notice
with everything in our Line, mailo by onr-t-olvcs.
AIo, Itronil, Cates, etc., etc.
D. D. DKXTOX G. M. HUNTINGTON.
STATE OF TENXISSEF, I
Fbxklix Cocxtv. j
i J. SIMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L.
Slapln. deceased, is herrbv onleret to
rise not iw in the II.MOX A.n Auwurux. nml br
"written notice, X the Court llonsedoor in Win
chest er, Tenn. for all pcron hsvinrclaims against
ralil itnle to appearand tile tho same with the
unilcriiruxl, duly authenticated, in the raaancr
Trexeribed by law, on or Iwforo the 1st of April,
Wk , THOS. SHORT, Clerk.
MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE
iiom i: offci'.: so. r.o .onrn th ikd st
SAINT LOUIS. MISSOURI.
ASSETS, July 1, 1SC5. Hsm,G41 37 :
Dividends declared to Policy Holders Jan. 1, 1SC5,
Forty Per Cent.
Reader, Is Your Life Insured
If not, what provision have yon made for your
dependent ones? THINK 1 What would b
their pecuniary situation were you to
If it is wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay ?
DELAYS ARE DaNGEROUS.
JAMES H.LUCUS SAMUEL WILLI
Robert M. Funkhoucr, of Funkhouscr.t Huructt.
Chus. H. Peck, Trc'd't of the I'hilo Knob Iron Co.
Robert h. oikI. CashierofthcMcrcliants Bank.
Jules alle. of Chouteau. Harrison A- Valln
Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson & Garlard.
Chas. V . McCord, of McCord A Co.. Machinists,
John J', lhornton. of Jhornton .t Pierce.
fviMKil. Sturgcpn, Presid'tof theX. Mo. Railroad
I lion. John llojran, Member of Concress.
Henry Ovcrsteli. of Ovcrstclz, Wagner A Co.,
Xich. SchaCcr. of .Nicholas SchafTcr ,t Co., Star
William T. Gay. of Hancnkamp ,t IMwanls.
David Keith, of Keith A Woods. Rookscllcrs and
R. P. Hancnkamp, of Gay A Hanenkamp.
Isaao W. M tche .
J). A. January, of D. A. January A Co., Groetrs
I : ,r i .
unit tsuiiiiiiircniii .ucrcuanis.
Win. J. Lewis, of Lewis A Ilrn., TohaceonisU.
F. Ro7icr. Jr.. of F. Rt izier. Jr.. .t Co.
Jacob Tamm, of Tamm A Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI, President.
JAMES 11. LUCAS, Vice President
WM. T. SELRY, Secretary.
WM. X. 1IEXT0X, General AKcnt.
DR. JOIIX T. H00GEX, Consultine Physician.
LACKLAND, CLIXE A JAMISOX.Lwral Adv'rs.
HON. ELIZUR WRIGHT, Consultine Actuary.
State Agent for Tennessee.
Special Agents, Xashrille, Tenn.
Otncc: Scroml Antioiinl Itimk Iliillilliig'
X'ashvillc Local Heard of Reference:
Hillman. Hro. A Son", J. A. McAlister A Co.,
Jno. Kirkinan. G. J. Stuhblcficld,
James M. Hamilton, A. Hamilton,
Examining Physicians :
Thos. R. Jennings, M. D.. T. M. Madden.
Inilciiuiily Aniiist lAtMsbj- I'ire, River
mill Rnllrontl in the
Home Ins. Co. of S. A". Cash assets ..$4,(100,000
Coliimbin, Cash CapiUd .710.000
Arctic, -Cash Assets 0:5,000
Hurtronl, Cash Assets -.1,010,000
Lmscs adju'tcd and promptly paid at this Office,
N. 25M. Cherry street,
1 T V ( V(?,l'AIfPir
XJ. S. CLAIM AGENCY
No. 20 NORTH CHERRY STREET.
Special attention paid to tho.
or CLAIMS AG'AIXST
NO CHARGES IX ADVANCE.
HOWARD A NELSON,
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents.
References Hon. C F. Trigg. U. S. District
Judge; .non .Ncl.-on, l-.sq., Prendent Second Xa
tionnl Hank; Maj. Gen. Donaldson, Chief Quar
MORGAN & CO.
DARTIES IXDEI1TED TO THE AROV
I rllt.M will find their Xotes and Account
with Mr. JA.Mhb KiLh. at the new houso
Stratton, Pointcr A Co., llroad street. Mr. K.
authorised to receipt for all money due the firm.
Nashville. Dec. 0, Yo--Jwlm.
CHRIS T M A S
Gr 31 J?
TEN DOLL AllS
AT 3 1 SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, NEXT
DOOR TO NO. 2. FIREMAN'S HALL.
The only genuino Cumberland 1n this Market.
Cheapest, because mot economical. Clearest,
being a pure Gas, and gives no headache.
A. STEWART. a. II. HOUIKX.
d eel 3-1 w
SOAP ! SOAP!! SOAP!!!
DAWI7S IMPROVED ERASIVE SOAl.
Rest Soap made in .the United
Send your Orders to
RODDY & CO.,
Xo. 0, Chureli Street,
dec 21 Um
f NEW BACON.
S,0tO Iba. New nacon. Sidt.
R.UW lbs. New Jlacon. Shoulder
1U0 Tiercee New Lard,
For Sale by
Mclaughlin, hutler a co
dec 20-1 w
NASmLLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY,
T. W. EVAXS,
TIIOS. P. KITE.
J.atc ol brans t CO.,
W. II. EVAXS.
Late of Gardner co.
Late of Lvans t CO.,
n. B. Bl'CKXEK.
Late of Gardner coM
K. w. JESXIXOS.
Late of 1. van J t Co.,
Lato with Gardncrico.
EVANS, FITE & CO.
XO. 4, IIYX BLOCK,
AVE ARE NOW OPENING A LARGE AND
well assorted stock of
FOREIGN" AXI AMERICAN
Boots, Shoes, Hats,
READY MADE CjLOTIIIXC,
PURCHASED FOR CASH
Since the recent decline in prices, which wo offer
to the lrarto
AT VERT LOW J'RICES.
Reing connected with EVANS, GARDXER A CO.
of Xew York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign,
and purchasing from Manufacturers all Americau
Goods, and possessing every ndvautago of getting
Wc feel every confidence in saying to Merchants
that wc will (ell them as Cheap as they can pur
Having adopted tho CASH SYSTEM, of both
liuying and Selling, enables us to do business on a
VERY SMALL ADVANCE,
so that those who buy from us can compctcwith
Stocks purchased any where.
Having resident partners in X'ow York, gives us
advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer
chants will find large and well assorted throughout
Wc fcoliclt nn Exniiiliintinnor our Slock.
Evans, Fite & Co.,
SO. 4, 1SS It LOCH,
XASHVI LLE, TENNESSEE.
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c.
J. & L. AVH0RLEY.
lUl'OETKRS AXI PKAI.EB3 IX
FOKKIOX AND DOMESTIC
- gigaks & tobacco,
'. dect 3ra
(Successor to Ciias. Liebcnstcin.)
Cor. Cedar ami Cherry Sirccls,
(Under Commercial Hotel,)
A heavy stock of fino Imported and domestic
Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs,
3f EERSCIIAUJI PIPES,
Constantly on hand.
33 UXK)N STREET.
'PHIS OLD ESTAHLISIIMENT HEALS IN
1. l'innos ofStcinway ami Sons, J. II. Dunham,
Robt. Xunn's. A. H.t.alo A Co- and other first
class instruments. Carhait, Xcedhain x Co's un
CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS.
Also, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY.
Give it a call before you purchase. dec3-lm
SMALL ROOM, IN THE UNION AND
JY. American lllock, fronting on Church street.
Apply at the counting-room of tho Union and
American blfice. dect tf.
rpVO VERY LARGE ROOMS IN THE
L Fourth Story of the Uxtos a.np Auwicax
1Iuk-s,wc11 atlapteil to m:iuy purposes. Apply
at the counting-riHimOf thi otlice.
F. C. DUNXIXGTON A CO.
w c COLLIER,
WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL DEALER IX
school rooks, blank books, gold and
ArnolilSs WritlncFlnlil t Copj lnu Ink,
Wedding, Vbiting and Printer's Cards,
And the Latest; literature of the Day.
XO. .17 UXIOX STREET,
' (Between Cherry and College,)
Ordrs solicited for every description of Prinlinj.
Head Centre ol' Itatlicalism in
Speech of Mr. Stevens, of Pa.
HE STRIPS FOR THE FIGHT.
Sir Stevens said: A candid eiaminntlnn
of the power and proper principles of rc-
. r 1 tr . .
Luiiuuiuuun ran ik ouensive 10 no one. and
?i i i-. , . . i
may possiDiy oc prontaoic tiv cicitinK cn
quiry. One of the suggestions of the Mes
sage which we are now considering has rjhj
cial reference to this. Perhaps it is the
principle most interesting to the people at
this time. The President asMimcs, what no
one doubts, that the late rebel States have
loit their constitutional relations to the
I nion, and are incapable of representation
in Congress except by permission of the
government. It matters but little, with this
aumtsion whether vou call them States out
of the Union and now conquered territories.
or assert that; because the constitution forbids
them to do what they did do they are, there
fore, only dead as to all national and polit
ical ai-nuji, ami w in remain so until me gov
ernment shall breathe into them the breath
of life anow and permit them to occupy their
former position in other word, that thev
are not out of the Union, but only dead car
casses lying within the Union. In either
case it is very plain that it requires the ac
tion of Congress to enable them to form a
State government, and send representatives
to Congress. No bodv. I believe, pretends
that with their old constitution and forms of
government they can be permitted to claim
their old rights under the constitution. They
liayc torn their constitutions into atoms, and
built on their foundations fabrics of a totally
different character. Dead men cannot raise
themelves; dead States cannot restore their
own existence as it was. hosc especial
' duty it is to do it? In whom docs the consti
tution place the. power? Not in the judicial
branch of the government, for it only adju
dicates, and does not prescribe laws. Not in
tne .executive, tor lie onlv executes and can
not make laws. Not in the commander-in-chief
of the armies; for he can only hold
tliem tinder military rule until the sovereign
legislative power of the conqueror shall give
them law. There is fortunately no difficul
ty in solving the question.
There arc two provisions in the constitu
tion, under one of which the case must fall.
The fourth article says, " new States may be
admitted bv the Congress into the Union."
In my judgment, this is the controlling pro
vision in tins case. Unless the law of na
tions is a dead letter, the late war between
two acknowledged belliirerents severed their
original compacts, and broke all ties that
bound them together. The future condition
of the conquered power depends on .the -will
of the conqueror. They must come in as
new States, or remain as conquered Prov
inces. Congress the Senate and the House
of Representatives with the concurrence of
the President, is the "only power that dan
act on tins matter. Hut suppose, as some
dreaming theorists imagine, that these States
have never been out of the Union, but have
only deetroved their State Governments, so
as' to be incapable of political action, then
the fourth section of the fourth article ap
plies, which says, "the United States shall
guarantee to every State in this Union a Re
publican form of government." Who is the
United Mates ISot the liidiciarv : not the
l'resKlent, tmt the sovereign power of the
people exercised through their Representa
tives in Congress, with the concurrence of
the Executive. It means the iwlitical gov
ernment, tho concurrent action of both
branches of Congress, and the Executive.
J. lie separato action of each amounts to
nothing either in admitting new States or
in guaranteeing Kepublican governments to
lapsed or outlawed States. "Whence springs
the preiw)sterous idea that either the Presi
dent, or the Senate, or the Mouse of Repre
sentatives, acting separately, can determine
the right of States to send members or Sena
tors lo the Congress of the Union. To prove
that 'they are and have been out of the Un
ion for all legal purposes, and arc now con
quered subjects, subject to the absolute dis
posal of Congress, I will suggest a few ideas,
and adduce a few authorities. If the so call
ed Confederate States of America were an
independent belligerent, and were so ac
knowledged by the United States and by
Europe, or had assumed and maintained an
attitude which entitled them to be consid
ered and treated as a belligerent, then dur
ing such time they were precisely in the
condition of a foreign nation with whom
we were at war, nor is it necessary that
their independence as a nation be ac
knowledged by us to produce that effect.
Jlr. btcvens then quoted from Mr. Jus
tice Grier in the prize cases all the laws on
those points. After such clear and repeated
decisions he said, it is something worse than
ridiculous to hear men of respectable stand
ing attempting to nullify the law of nations.
and ;declarc the Supreme Court of the United
btates in error, because as the constitution
forbids it, the States could not go out of the
Union dc facto. After proccedim? further in
his argument he remarked it is obvious that
the first duty of Congress Ls !o pass a law de
claring4he condition of these outside or de
funct States, and providing proier civil gov
ernment for them. Since the conquest tlicv
have been governed by martial law. Mil
itary rule is necessarily despotic, and ought
not to exist longer than is absolutely neces
sary. As there are no symptoms that the
people of these provinces will be prepared
to participate in a constitutional govern
ment for some years, I know of no arrange
ment so proper for them as territorial gov
ernments. Tlicro they can learn the princi
ples, of freedom, and eat the fruit of foul re
bellion under such governments. While
electing members to the Territorial Legis
latures they will necessarily mingle with
those to whom Congress shall extend the
right of suffrage. In the Territories Con
gress fixes the qualifications of electors, and
I know of no better place nor better occa
sion for the conquered rebels and the con
quered to practice justice to all men antl ac
custom themselves to make and to obey all
laws. As to these famed rebels, they cannot
at their option re-enter the heaven which
thev have disturbed, nor the garden of Eden
which thev have deserted, as flaming swords
arc pet at the gates to secure their exclusion.
It becomes important to the nation to in
quire when the doors shall be reopened for
their admis'ion. According to my judg
ment they ought never to le recognized as
capable of acting in the Union, or leing
counted as valid States until the constitution
shall have been so amended as to make it
what its framers intended, so as to secure a
perpetual ascendancy to the party of the
Union, and so as to render republican gov
ernment firm and stable forever. Tho first
of these amendments is to change tho bams
of membership to actual voters.
Now. all the colored freemen in the slave
States and three-fifths of the slave are rep
resented, though none of them have votes.
The rclx?l States have nineteen representa
tives of colored slaves. If the slaves are
now lrcc, then thev can and lor tne otner
two-fifths thirteen more, making the slave
representation thirty-two. I suppose the free
blacks in those States will give at least five
more, making the representation of non
voting people of color about thirty-seven.
Tho whole number of representatives now
from the slave States is ecventy. Add the
other two-fifths and it will be eighty-three.
If the amendment prevail", and those Stitw
withhold the right of suffrage from persons
of color, it will deduct about thirty-seven,
leaving them but forty-five, with the appor
tionment unchanged. The eighty-three
Southern members, with tho democrats that
will in tho best times be elected from tho
North, will always give them a majority in
Congress and in the Electoral College.
They will at the very first election take pos
fession of the White House and the Halls
of Congress. I need not depict the ruin
that would follow. The assumption of the
relicl debt, or repudiation of tho federal
debt, would Ixj sure to follow. The op
pression of the frcedmen, the rc-amend-ruent
of the State constitutions and rc-estab-lishment
of slavery, would bo the inevita
ble remit. Tliat they would pcorn and dis
regard their present constitutions, forced
upon them in the midst of martial law,
would be both natural and juL No ono
who has anv regard for the freedom of elec
tions can look upon tho(c governments,
forced upon them in duress, with any favor.
If they should grant the right pf suffrage to
jHjrwns of color, I think there would al
ways be Union white men enough in tho
South, aided by the blacks, to divide the
DECEMBER 23, 1865.
rcpr;niauo:j, ami inus continue the re
publican asccudancv. If thev should re
fuse thus to alter their election "laws it would
reduce the representatives of the late slav
States to about fortv-five and render them
powerless for evil.
It is plain that the amendment must be
consummated before the defunct States arc
admitted to lie capable of State action, or it
never can le. The proposed amendment to
allow Congress to lay a duty on exports is
precisely in tne same situation. Its impor
tance cannot wen oe overstated, it is vcrv
obvious that for manv vears the South will
A 1 1 " . .
noi pay mucn unucr our internal revenue
laws. The onlv article on which we can raise
any considerable amount is cotton. It will
be grown largely at once. With ten cents
per pound export duty, it would be furnished
cheaper to foreign markets than thev could
obtain it from anv other part of the world
Aiiciaiu war nas suown mai. xwo millions
of bales exported at five hundred pounds to
the hale, would yield lM 00,000,000. This
seems to be the chief revenue we shall ever
derive from the South. Resides, it would be
a protection to that amount to our domestic
manufactures. Other proposed amendments
to make all laws uniform, to prohibit the
assumption oi me reoet ucot arc of viral
importance, and the onlv thing that can prc-
:ii. wie comuiinxi iorccsoi copperneads and
. !-. If i , ,
secessionists from legislating against the in
terests of the Union whenever thev mav at
tain an accidental maioritv. Rut this is not
all wc ought to do before these inveterate
rebels ar6 invited to participate in our lesU
lation. We have or arc about to turn loose
four millions of slaves without a hut to shel
icr iiium ur-u cem in ineir pocKCts. a tie in
fernal laws of slavery have prevented thorn
from acquiring an education, or from under
standing the commonest laws of contract, or
irom managing the ordinary business of Iif.
i ins congress h bound to provide for them
until they can provide for themselves. If
we do not furnish them with homesteads and
hedge them round with protective laws, if
we leave to the legislation of their late mas
tcrs, wc had better have left them in bondage.
mi.: j:.: , .
aiic-ii uiniuiiiou wouiu dc worse man our
prisoners at Andersonville. If we fail in
this great duty now, and when we have the
power, we shall deserve and receive the exe
crations of history and all future ages.
1 wo things arc of vital importance: So to
establish a principle that none of the mbol
States shall be counted in any of the amend
ments Of the constitution until thr-v nro dnlv
admitted into the family of States by the law
making power of their conquerors. For
more than six months the amendment of the
constitution abolishing sl-vcrv has boon rat-
ified by the Legislatures of three-fourths of
the fctatcs that acted on its passage bv Con
gress, which nan legislatures or which were
States capable of acting or reouirin!' to art
on that question. I take no account of the
aggregations of whitewashed rebels, who,
without any legal authority, have assembled
in the capital of the late rebel States and
simulated legislative bodies: nor do I re
gard with any respect the cunnmg bv-plav
with which they deluded the Secretary of
btate by frequent telegraphic announcements
that "bonth Carolina had adopted the
amendment." "Alabama has adopted the
amendment, being the twentv-scventh State."
c ajiis was intended to delude the peo
ple, aim accustom ingress to heir the
names of these extinct States as if thev
were alive, when in truth they have no
more existence than the revolted cities of
Latium, two-thirds of whose people wero
colonized, and their property confiscated,
and their right of citizenship withdrawn by
conquering and av'enging Rome. It iseoual-
lv important to the stability of this republic
that it should now be solemnly decided what
power can revive, recreate " and reinstate
these provinces into the family of states, and
invest them with the rights ot American cit
izens. It is time that Congress should as
sert its sovereignty and assume something of
the dignity of a Roman Senate. It is fortu
nato that the President invites Congress to
take this manly attitude. After stating with
groat frankness in his able message his the
ory, which, however, is found to be imprac
ticable, and which I believe very few now
consider tenable, he refers the whole matter
to the judgment of Congress.
If Congress should fail firmlv and wisely
to du-chargc that high duty, it is not the
fault of the President. This Congress owes
it to its own character to set the seal of rep
robation upon a doctrine which is becoming
too fashionable, and, unless rebuked, will bo
the recognized principle of our government.
Gov. Perry and other Provisional Govern
ors and orators proclaim that this is the white
man's government. The whole copperhead
party, pandering to the lowest prejudices of
the ignorant, repeat the cuckoo cry " This
is the whito man's government."" Dema
gogues of all partie", even some high in au
thority, grovelling, shout "This is the white
man's government.'' What is implied by
this ? That one race of men is to have the
exclusive right forever to rule this nation.
and to exercise all acts of sovereignty, while L
all otner races, and nations and colors arc to
be their subjects and havenovoiccin making
the laws and choosing the rulers by whom
they are to be governed. Wlicreiniloes this
difl'er from slavery except in degree ? Hoes
not this contradict all the principles of the
Declaration of Independence. While the
great and good men promulgated that in
strument and pledged their lives nnd sacred
honors to defend it, it was supposed to form
an epoch in civil government. Rcforo that
time it was held that tho right to rule was
vested in families, dynasties of races, not be
cause of superior intelligence or virtue, but
because of a Divine right to enjoy exclusive
privileges. Our fathers repudiated the
whole doctrine of the legal superiority of
families or races, and proclaimed the equali
ty of all men before the law. Uton that they
created a revolution nnd built the republic.
They were prevented by slavery from per
fecting the supcr.-drncturc whose foundation
they had thus broadly laid.
For the sako of the Union they concnted
to wait, but never relinquished the idea of its
final completion. The time to which they
looked forward with anxictv has come. It
is our duty to complete their work. If this
republic is not now made to stand on their
great principles, it has no honest foundation,
and the Fatlicr of all men will shake it to
its centre If wc have not been sufficiently
scourged for our national sin to teach us to
do justice to all God's creatures without dis
tinction of race or color, we must expect the
still more heavy vengeance of an offended
Father, increasing his inflictions as He in
creased the seventy of the plagues of Egypt
until the tyrant consented to ito justice ; and
when that tyrant reopened of his reluctant
consent, and attempted to rc-cnslave the
people, as our Southern tyrants are attempt
ing to do now, he filled the Ilea Sea with
broken chariots and drowned horses, and
strewed the tthore with dead carcases. Mr.
Speaker, I trust that the republican party
will not be alarmed at what I am saying. I
do not profess to speak" their sentiments, nor
must they be held responsibtc for them. I
speak for myself and take the responsibility,
and will settle with my intelligent consti
tuents. This is not a white man's govern
ment in the exclusive sense in which it is
used. To say so is political blasphemy, for it
violates fundamental principles of our gospel
ofliberty. This is man's government, the
government of all men alike. Not that all
men will have equal power and sway within
it accidental circumstances, natural and
acquired endowment and ability will vary
their fortunes but equal rights to all the
privileges of the government is innate in
every immortal being, no matter what the
shape or color of the tabernacle which it
If equal privileges were granted to all I
should not expect any but white men to be
elected to office for long years to come
The prejudice engendered by slavery would
not soon permit merit to be preferred to
color. Rut it would still be beneficial to the
weaker races. In a country where political
division will alwavs exist, their power
joined with just white men, would greatlv
mouliy, ii ii uiu r.ui entirely prevent uiv in
justice of majorities without the right of
sullrage in the iatc slave Mates. 1 do not
speak of the free States. The slaves had far
better been left in bondage. I sec it stated
that very distinguished advocates of tho
right of suffrage declared in this city that
they do not expect to obtain it by Congres
sional lejislation, but only bv administrative
action, because, as one gailant gentleman
said, the States had not been out of the
Union ; then they will never get it The
President is far sounder than they. He sees
the administrative action has nothing to do
with it. If it is ever to come, it must be by
constitutional amendments or Congressional
action in the Territorial and Enablin acts.
How shameful that these men of intlucncc
hould mislead and miscducatc the public
mind. They proclaim that this is the white
man's government, and the whole coil of
copperheads re-echo (hUs) the same sen
timents, and upstart republicans join the
cry. Is it any wonder ignorant foreigners
and illiterate natives should learn this doc
trine and be lead to despise and maltreat a
whole race of their fellow-men? Sir, this
doctrine of a white man's government is as
atrocious as the infamous sentiment that
doomed the late Chief Justice to everlasting
lame, and, 1 tear, to everlasting lire.
The committee rose and the House ad
Alnbaiitn nnd the Frecilmcn.
an act cxixoeuxixo vaukaxts and va-
That the Commissioners Court of any
county in this State may purchase, rent or
prorido such lands, buildings and other
procrty as may be necessary for a Poor
house, or House of Correction, for any such
county, and may appoint suitable officers for
the management thereof and make all nec
essary by-laws and regulations for the gov
ernment of tho inmate: thereof, and cause
the same to be enforced ; but in no case shall
the punishment inflicted exceed hard labor
cither in or out of said house ; the use of
chain gangs, putting in stocks if necessary to
prevent cscajes, such reasonable correction
as a person may inflict iqon a stubborn, re
fractory child, "and solitary confinement for
not longer than one week, on bread and
water, and may cause to bo hired out sueh
as are vagrants to work in chain gangs or
otherwise, for the length of time for which
they are sentenced, and the proceeds as such
hiring must be paid into the cormty Treas
ury for the benefit of the helpless" in said
Poor house or house of Correction.
Sec. 2. That the following persons arc
vagrants in addition to those already de
clared to be vagrants bv law, or that" mav
hereafter be so declared bv law: a stubborn
or refractory servant, a laborer or servant
wno loiters away Jus time or refuses tj coin
ply with a contract for a term of service
without just cause; and any such person
may be sent to the House of" Correction in
the county in which such offense is commit'
ted; and for want of such House of Correc
tion the common jail of the countv mav be
used lor mat puriiosc.
one. J. liiat when a vagrant is found anv
J ustice of the Peace of the county must
upon complaint mado upon oath or his per
sonal knowledge, issue his warrant to the
bhcrifl or any Constable of the countv to
bring such person before him, and if upon
examination and hearing of testimony it
appears to the Justice that such person is a
vagrant, he shall assess a fine of fiftv dol
lars and costs against such vagrant, and in
default of payment he may commit such a
vagrant to the house of correction, or if no
such house, to the common jail of the coun
ty for a term not exceeding six months, and
until such cost and charges arc paid or such
party is otherwise discharged bv law ; pro
vided, that when committed to jail under
this section the Commissioner's Court may
cause him to be hired out in like manner a's
in Section 1 of this act.
Sue. 4. That when any person hall be
convicted of vagrancy as provided for m
this act, the Justice of the Peace before
whom such conviction is had, may at his
discretion cither commit such person to
jail, or to the house of correction, or hire
such person to any person who will lure the
same torapenod not longer than six months,
for cash, giving three uavs notice of the
time and place of hiring; and the proceeds
ot such hiring alter paving all costs and
charges shall be paid into the county treas
ury for the helpless in the poor house.
bEC. o. 1 hat all lines received bv any
Justice of the Peace shall be paid into the
county ireasury for tho purposes as stipula
ted in the first section ot this act.
Sec. 0. That it fihall be the duty of the
Justice of the Peace to settlevith the county
Treasurer at least once a month for all fines
received bv him under this act, and for a
wilful default so to do, he shall be guilty of
a misdemeanor, and uikhi conviction in anv
court having jurisdiction shall be fined in
double the amount so received, or collected
iv mm. and ail costs of suit.
Sec. 7. That the Court of Countv Com
missioners of each county shall have full
and complete control of the public works
and public highways therein, and shall
make all contracts 'in relation thereto; and
shall have power to appoint a superintendent
of said public works and highways under
such rules and regulations as said court shall
determine, and any Justice of the Peace try
ing anv cause under the this act, on convic
tion shall have power to sentence sueh va
grant to work on said public works and
highways under the supervision of such su
perintendent for not more than forty days.
An Act to protect frcedmen in their rights
orjierbon and property in tins btate.
Jie it (iiaeted, &c, That all frcedmen, freed
negroes, and mulattocs, shall have the right
to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded,
in all the different and various courts of this
State, to the same extent that white persons
now have by law ; and they shall be compe
tent to testify only in open court, and only
cases in which Ircedmcn, tree negroes
and Imulattocs are parties, either plaintiff or
defendant, and in civil orcriniin.il ces for
injuries in the persons, and property of frecd
nien, free negroes and mulattocs ; and in all
cases, civil or criminal, in which under this
act a freedinau, free negro or mulatto, is a
witness against a white person, or it white
icrsoii against a freedman, free negro or mil
alto, the parties shall be competent wit
nesses, and ueitticr interest in tne question,
or suit, nor marriage, shall disqualify any
witness from testifying in open court.
Death of Kinir Leopold, or I!c!glul.
From tho New York Times.)
Rv the last steamer wc get the news of the
leath of Leopold, of Ilelgiuni. Though ad
vanced in vears. his health had been of late
so improved that the intelligence is somewhat
Leopold w.is born in Coburg in the year
17!0. and was a son of Diiko Francis, of
Saxe-Coburg-Saalfcld. In his nineteenth
voar he entered the Russian army, hut by the
Influence of Napoleon was soon compelled to
rclinguish his position. In 181:5, however,
he rejoined the Lmperor Alexander, and
tool: active part in the famous battles of that
campaign, tic accompaiucu me Allied
Sovereigns to England the Bubfcqtient year,
nnd it was on this visit that he made the ac
quaitance of Princess Charlotte, whom he
married two years alter, lie was mado a
Rritish Ficld-Marshal,-and !ccame a mem
ber of the Privy Council, was made a Duke
and pensioned with Xo0,000. Ilo continued
to reside in England after the death of his
wife, which occurred in 181 1. On the divi
sion of the Netherlands, in 1831, he was
lected King of tho Relgians, having pre
viously declined the crown of Greece. In
1802 he married the Princess J)Uise, the
laughter of Louis Philippe, by" whom he
had three children Leopold, who succeeds
im. now 30 years old : a second son, the
Duke of Jlanders ; and a daughter, Marie
Charlotte, the wife of Maximilian, the Em
peror ot .Mexico, ao me J'-nglisli Uourt
Leopold held a double relation, not only
through his marriage with I'rinccw Char
lotte, but as the brother of the Duchess of
Kent, the mother of ictoria and these ten
have led him to make frequent visits in Kng-
, . 1. ! ,1
lana. j i is relations iu ins own pcoj
to the Governments of Europe hav
tinned harmonious during a long reign and
through many political agitations and
clianges. His administration of government
was wise; his court, without ostentation, was
attractive and even brilliant; his wealth was
immense ; his habits of life unaffected and
simple His death will bcBinccrcly larnenlcd
not onlv br Ins own ru meets but throughout
Europe. Not only his own de voted nuhjecM
but the btatcs of Europe will Klncereiy
mourn the lo'Jiof the long honored old King
Tun Way to Tit Them. The agonv of
the radical press is manifest in their pitiable
attempts to prove that their party and the
President are in accord. They extend col
umn after column to establish this hy Meory
and by argument, when it can in a day lie
perfectly established by acU. ict tne radicals
in Congress introduce a resolution approving
of the President's doctrines and position in
relation to the South, and carrying out his
views. Let them admit the Southern Repre
sentatives and enable the President to i-tie
hit proclamation of general amnesty, and
then it will be universally acknowledged that
they arc perfectly agreed, and of the re
construction policy there will be but one
opinion. Tin will be proof jxMitivc, and
is far better than the insane wriggling at
prcnent manifested in their organs.-ZiHmI
j. &JjVX story.
Rntiimiec nnd Itenlitj of Llirnirj-. Lire
Correspondence American Literary Gtiiette.l
r. ... , . . October IS. LSitS.
lis ill playmjjwith edged tools. T.wlav
I would tell yon of an ill-starred jmir who
set out in life with the best, with the most
laudable intentions to end their career with
weeping- and wailing, and gnashing of
teeth. They play with edged tools. Who
cannot call to mind a dozeirinstancvs where
unhappiness wa tho fate of jeople who
thought they might play with intellectual
gifts bid inspiration descend at the crook
of their finger and lure fame as eailv as
the falconer does his t:iscl ? The child of
genius persuades himself that if he had In
niniiey, he could soar to the master's pride
of flight. He meets a woman who would
gladly share her dowry to he Iiorn on such
pinions. They marrv. Wrinkle come.
Gray hair appears. He is a child of genius
all the days of his life. Genius will not
weir fetters. Resides, children of sewiins too
often shut thuir eyes to the great truth thnt
experience of life is absolutely necoessary to
give maturity to genius. One might as well
cxpjcMouse Ip m. befoa'it has Wn rotted,
;is io see inc lotticst talents bloom into
genius until they have gone through that
iermentation ol life called experience. Tears"
must be siieil, blood must be spilkd. the
check must burn with blinhe, the heart mt it
be wrung.the brain fevcred.the soul donntuJt.sl
to the gates of death and nil this time and
again oeiore genius uiooms. As the nightin
gale sings sweetest after its cvs have been
torn out, as the aromatic herl hn Vi lm nr.
der until they have been bruised, so senilis
must be bowed down to earth before it can
dream of scaling heaven. Therefore is it
that wealth hath stilled more genius than
poverty ; therefore is it that the road to im
mortality does not lie through an heiress's
bridal chamber, but rather th mnph th.
cheerless prrct, liereaved of fire, whose
wardrobe (a row of nails liohind the doorl,
hath nothing hut rags-. A hundred demon',
armed with weapons more formidable than
smithy ever forged, to wit : the world's jers,
the world's contempt, the world's scorn, the
world's rebuffs, the world's cruelty, must
stand at every avenue leading to the world,
and drive one hack time anil again, until
out of sheer despair he shrinks into himself
and explores his every fold, his everv recess,
his every plait and crease. Then, knowint;
himself, he knoweth all things. Heaven
aiu earth have no secrets hidden from him.
To expect this imitation from wealth's part
ner would lie as idle as to ask tho iooliau
harp, packed in bran, to rival the instru
ment exposed in the window to the current
of winter's air. Forgive me this Ipn pre
face, but the story I proceed to tell you
threw me into so many and bitter reflections,
I have hitherto been unable to recover my
" Happening to Iieat Saint M . a small
town in the South of France. I visited the
lunatic asylum. I have always !een fond of
lunatics. 1 have never met 'among them a
stupid or a bad man. I was shown into a
tidy cell, occupied by a little old man, Int
over a desk-, and writing with his finger on
the board with inexpressible rapidity. He
rose timidly, twirling his fingers. lie was
at least sixty years old. but occasionally did
not seem to be above fifteen. His white, al
most, blonde, hair fell in childlike curls, and
his sweet face, smiling and uneasy, wore the
the expression of iiif.ints when thev both
weep and laugh at the same time. Never
theless, one could detect profound grief,
trembling agony, in his dilated eyes, which
word the fixed expression of madness and
despair. My jcmlant made a gesture and
the poor old man resumed his sent with ex
travagant delight, and began to write as fast
as ever no count, l lien, seated in a corner
of the cell in front of this iufantice old man,
my attendant told me the unhappy creat
ure's history. Some forty or more years
ago, there lived in n small town named St.
R a young orphan. She was intellectu
al, wealthy, and beautiful. Eycrv unmarried
man. of the province was at fier feet, his
eves fixed on her fortune. She was so flat
tered, so admired, so complimented, her
gorge would rise at night when iijNin going
to bed she would think of the sugar forced
upon her during the day. At last such was
the nausea she experienced, she resolved to
give her hand unit till it contained to a
promising voting man, who would givo
her in afleetion and reputation a sulHtautial
exchange for the beautv and estate? she
gavq him. There was at that time in her
town a prodigy of eighteen, who had rhymed
from hii infancy hail "lisped in numbers."
He bad already written many a fable, trage
dy, sonnet, and epic, and the whole province
had for firm belief that he would bloom into
a great genius. She married this prodigy
that no material obstruction might delay his
iirogress on the road to lame, bhe brought
lim.up to Paris, and so planted him in
wealth s hnt-holisu to force him to Iiear fruit.
Strange and inexplicable fatality! unheard
of catastrophe! The poet lxre no fruit. He
had n charming stud v; it was nothing hut
bronze and black iarblc. He lived in mot
favorable quiet, lie knew nothing of the
thorps of life. And after all he rhymed as
lit' rhymed when he was Oft ecu mere dog-
gore), lit at best tor a conlectinncr s kiei.
lie was the best little htislmnil that ever whs
seen, gentle and timid, amiable and lafio-
nous, she was the bet little wile that ever
was recn, conciliating and encouraging, ex
tremely tolerant, anil of an invariable good
humor. Nevertheless, by degrees, she be
came nervous and irritable. He became
a-hamcd of himself. Every morning he
would lock himself up in his study, write
madly, blot quire after quire of pajier, read
it over, anil m despair conferred 'twas not
worth the ink 'twas written In. Everv eve
ning she would come,' her heart throbbing
with anxiety, to see if some good linfs had
at last made their appearance. She would
question the poet, who every day hung his
head still lower. At Iat impatience and
disdan apjieared; she could not long check
their outbreak; and she upbraided her hus
band for defrauding her, because, in return
for her beauty nnd her money, lie had not
given her genius.
"After this scene matters went from bad lo
worse. 1 he husband became a child scolded
by the wife. He lived in a state of con
stant iineasines, eternal shame. Hb lived
blushing and trembling; his heart was wrung
by all the tortures of the impotent artist anil
the insolvent man. Hesuflcrcd the torments
of the damned bv the side of the woman ho
hail robbed (so she said) and whose only
sentiment for him now was disdainful pity.
So long as that woman had not abandoned
all hope of seeing her huslnud bloom into
a gemn-), she chained him to his writing
desk, and made him write a given number
of linos every day la-fore dinner. I he un
happy man addressed himself to the task,
'and daily wrote worse, 'iwan an nonriy
battle between them of contempt ami pain.
She laughed disdainfully. He hiverd with
fear and angui.-li.
"He had sjant $2,-00 of Iter money in
attempting to become a great jioet. Thin
was his galled wither". One morninr he re
fused to do his daily tak set him every
morning by his wife. He had found in the
office of (tome joint stock couiany a copving
c,erk,H wjh a mIarv ..cg-j,-, an(1 iK-nct
f()rWan j,c ixHran to pav his debt to his wife.
He lived under thewinic roof with her, lrtit
ho paid rent fur fU room ; he took his soli
tary meils in restaurants wIiomt price wm
fourteen wms; he dressed himself withliLtowu
money, and nevertheless managed to pay his
wife a considerable amount of money annunl
in payment of his dibt to her. He lived in this
way above thiity years, silent and uneasy,
shunning every eye, and Uiwliitig udden!r
when no one was looking. His role pleavure
was to consult a little blank book wherein
he recorded the money he had paid to his
wife) in extinguishment of his debt. Hi
wife, seized by pity, by love iktIibiw, for thin;
great baby, so pure and ,o young, devpitu
hi years, tried to rofue Lif money and win
back to herself the poor hewt she had shat
tered to pieces. Her wear, will-Jts bus
land refused with energy, lie would liten
to nothing. Work he would to pay off hi
wife. Ho copied letters. Ho inula out
bills. When h'u employer suggested ad
vancement antl increase of jay he would
blnsh and beseech them to take pity on him
and not jeer his want of intellect. " He wan
crazy pne of those harmTcM insanities akin
to mania for collecting old pipes, old snuff
boxes awl the like. The day when he saw
from hi blank liook that ha owed his wife
nothing, he Lecauie furiously insane. He
midc somersaults, he danced, he walked on
hfs head, he wrote a sonnet and an elegy.
It litcaruc nccensary to lock him up in an
TUT. A-ASTltlLl.E BAIL'S tXIGV ASTi
OEco Vnion and American. EIcciconicr Chcrch
and Cherry streets, opposlt tUalVit'OSKe.)
UMJ . , .. 1I O
. .. . 3 CO
Proportionate rates for lUortar periods
Sobscriptioas invariably in: advance.
in anc asylum. "His inranity is intermittent.
He remains whole weeks together wri tire;
with his finger on, the board of his deskv aui
occasionally adding together imaginary
sums. Then, on the day when he believes
he has obtained the desired sum total, he
gives way to unbounded joy, which he ex
hibits by howling; and leaping like some wild
If you can read that poor wretches tale
without feeling your blood and marrow
freeze, yon arc made of sterner stuff than I
Letter rrnm l!ic North.
Nmv Yon-K, Dec. W.
To judge from the magnificence and th?
grand proMrtioi of this citv of the North,
from its rapid extension and froin the ex
travajrance ami display of its people, on
cannot but think that it may one day b
come the metropolis of the world, and ' tha
its gay leaders of fashion mav dictate their
bulletins of democratic toilettes, republican
morals ami eqnal-right company manner
to the benighted inhabitant of Europe. In
the days of old Home- air foreigners were
barbarians. The jwpid rtrides which New
York has made during the past few vtars t
a highly develop civilisition, places her
now in advance ot the age. A few year
more ami site mar look iiiwm sav Parisian
ami dissipated Viennese with hc sainc pitv
that an intelligent Chinaman regar Is a -tol.d
ami heavy looking John ltu.II.
Wealth meets the eye on every sjih. ii
town ami out of ton n. In the bnsiiu -s i c.
and fur away from noisy trade, it is all t' o
same. An atmoxphere of wealth surrounds
one, and one feels that if ever there was'a
plneo where the streets were paved with gold
anu wuere rat-toiiM streams ran along the
gutters, this is the spot. Early in the after
noon, when Jiroa.1 street is fiill, and wlu -j
Wall street is erowded,and when everyliodv
seems eager to .-Hid to the store already gar
nered, the farther end of Fifth avcnr.w h
crowded with carringesi on their way Us t.;
Park. An hour or two later tho very nan
who have been running hastily, shouting
screaminsr, lmvimr and selling tiirdear hK,
come rolling aloitf, themselves, in essv car
riage", or with jaunty tandenu, attended by
a sniall groom in breWhes ami top, with a
bird's-eye tie and a rosette or coekmte, as it
may suit the owner's feney. The obj. i t if
the New Yorker h to make every' thirjj
count drmble. lie lives two lives "in ore,
and one is crowded so clnecly on the hec!.
of the other llmt breathing time, is left for
neither. It is, perhap, best, after all, to be
magnitk-cnt while You can. There arc no
old people New" York. There are tvw
poor onen. The weak and the unlucky ar
crowded out, or they- ar? trampled tqwuanJ
Now that the opera m closed, a new c x -eitcment
ii ireKirinx. Now skating ci. !j
are lieing put in order, refreshment rooms arc
being built ami a few more days of cell
weather will cause a greater nwh to the P.irk
than did the beautiful weather of last weik.
Each year the paion for this sport inir.oj
ly.aiid after two or thru winters we need n-t
be surprised when Mr. Cranston has ercrt-.l
his ir w New York Hotel on the lurgi-1 it a,
thegateof theP.irk, to find skntinK-mad young
ladies drag their parents there fbra wintcm
residence, to lie near (lie tcenc of their inpv
ment. This hotel is not yet comiucn' cd,
though the plans arc in preparation. The
present one is too small for the friends of the
very isqmlar proprietor. It is crowded to
oxce. Many of the old uditic will begtad
to know that the old system is to lie renew
ed on Monday. The European svstcin ha
proved a failure, ami monU a h titrte have
not only given low satisfaction, but have
been Ie proltitablu than the old hiWi- ifhott
Ian. The charge will probably be five din
ars per day. Enormous as this seems, it has
no effect on travelling. Wo live in a new
age. High prices seem to encourage l ii.-i-nexs.
High rents seem to increase the Ja
iitand for houses. In one or two instances
furnished hou'cs have rented for ?1,000 and
$1,100 per month for six months, and ?-IOO
and $500 jkt month is quite common fcr
houses twenty-five and twenty-seven feet
Srenent the Threshold r the I'll I fed
StntcH IIoiiho or IleprencntntlvrN.
From the Hithmotxl Ifaquirer.)
llIt.YMATIS r-KRHOX.V M'l-IIKHSON, (I.IKIv
OPTIIK HOISE, A.NDTIIK KKI'nfXfNTl
TIVIX OP VIHOIXIA.
"Good morrow, Mr. McPhcrson."
"Givo you good morrow, sweet Gent.
What business liavc yon here?"
" We be divers poor gentlemen from ir
giuia, and we have come hither to entreat
entrance at your cltamber door."
" On what grtmnds do you k admis
sion?" " In verity, we be loyal men and true, we
have ta'cn mm oath, and the other wc will
gladly gulp "
"O'dso! Yu lw in quest of dollars, a thou
sand three timo old I ween."
" Nav, but we will gulp-the oath, and we
be tired of standing in the cold without, and
of eating poHiiuU withal."
"Marry, come up I yoursorrow touih my
heart. Hut ve are Virginian, and mc
thinks your loyalty U HHiiewhatdoulrtful."
"Say net so, fair irf for wu will gulp the
oath. Nay. lie entreated, and let us in, lor
we are a'cold, and our WalluU aro empty,"
" Hut stuv, ye claim to repwvnt the peo
ple of Virginia?"
' Itv wet and pye, we ilo."
" Ye took no rt in the rebellion ? "
"Not a tilths."
" When vimr land wa invaded, what did
" Good sooth I we stayed at home."
" When your house were burnt, your cat
tle ami netjnies stolen, and your field laid
waste ; what did ye then ?"
" We fled to a iafVr place, and kept out i f
"When your brother awl your son were
-hot down for defending a muse they deemed
righteous; what then did ye?"
" Zounds I we ijtood " by with folded
" WbetiyiHir mothers were imxtlted, your
wivex and kiighter sooflt-d at, and your
sister imprisoned, fell ve no sympathy for
" Not one iwrtiele. Nay, start not back
in horror, for wo arc willing to swear it on
the Holy Evangelit."
" Aye 1 fur the mike of thret- thousand du
cats per annum, some men will take any
oath, Virginians, I trow, are not so btbc.
Rut when all arms-Wring men weru con
scripted with wIhU mogif and by what arts
withal ilid vu isseapu couseription 7'
"Gadooktil wu lmd amuwed great store
of Confederate scrip, and deftly did we use
it. Moreover, many of ii hdd numerous.
African moil in bondage, awl thereby gained
" Vertex 'twa a tunning dodge. So then
yo loved the Union."
"That we did, goed ir."
' Ye ftMfbt for the 0ih V
"Not ovwyinli. ave in our devout
prayer, whieli daily and iMnhtly acended
until God, our Father, for lh of tho
"So, to. Being hm mmjh, .and ever
ready to go to your last aeeount, yt, ncver
thelosd, yu wre not willing to peril lift- 1' r
the blusMed Union 7"
" Nay, Ihj not wroih with iH,.Mr. Mcl'lur.
son, but 1 entreated, ami let im in, for wu
will gulp the oath."
Y " Veri ty, if ye did not fight for tke Un ion,
yeistireJy wrote for it?"
"NoWo Master Mcl'hensoo, we did not
write, neither dul we Kjnrak for the Union,
for we were afraid."
"Afcard of what?"
" We pray yo qmssskm not m ekwely."
"I demand an anvr; oy, of what yc
were aftmrd V
" Softly, softly, g rwiotM, fienwoi w si r. An
it ih-aeeyoii, we were afraid of our property.
Hut we will gulp the oath oh, hew glibly!'
"It appears! by jrowr own showing, thatvc
jeriled neither life, litwb nor property fur
the rebellion. Yet ye eunte hither to repre
sent tho rebel. Also, it appears that yc
periled neither lids, limb nor property for
the Union. Yet ye claim to lve the
Union. Famih I
Get ye gwie,
"Nav, jirociosw Matter Mclliemm ;
we will gulp the"
And the door wa-t nhut.
Djun" RiciiJtosrp fas Ihmii re-eleettd
Pres-ident of the New Yr!c Central Rail
road. It, M. lUntehfonl bus been elected
M.ur. Gejt. 2 La fax uitk MoLcw, who
commanded a division hi Ifgtretf eor-,
is a candidate for Clerk of ta Sep"'"'1'
Court of Kichmooa emtnty, Qwurm Gvn.
McLaws, who wa an officer of iheald army,
married a lad v of this vitinity.
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