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F. C. IUXXlA"GTOA & CO.
EDITORS A PROTRIETORS. Voluntary communicalSons, conUirdnc Interest' in or imnoriant neir. solicited from any qotrter. New letlen from the vsxioui counties of the KtMe cciinclallr desired. All communications should bo addressed to the ' Editors of the TJxiox asp AJiraicAS." MEDICAL. F. SEY3I0UB, M. D., (Late Rricadc Sorccon. V. S. A.") OCULIST AXD AUKIST, Office 39 Cod or s trect.bctwecn Summer and Cherry. NASHVTId'.E. Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Eye and Ear, operations for bquintine, cataract, ecu. perform!. K(x G0 p Q dceC Jmlftp. . REAL ESTATE AGENTS. rpnE Cm heretofore cxWinnder the name 1 firm ana style oi . .haii "' is this day dimolved by mutual consent. n Mr. Airoivn rciirca irum m- yiismujo. V ui er. in connection wun nimeM uairi-u, m y 1 mim Die Heal Kstatc buf int-M at the old itaud W. MatU Drown & Co, hmrtrj THOS. CALLENDEIt. GABRETT. T. CAltlKDEE. CALLENDER & GARRETT, (Successors to f. Matt. Ujiowx A Co..) Real Ewtiito jVjrciitM, 41 Clirrry Street, WILL rive their prompt attention to the selling and renting ul srery ucscnpuon oi jveai rauuc dccl-lw. INKSIKAHI.1? RESIDENCES luilIiu(r I.ols for Sale, ALSO, A LAltOE NUMBER OV FARMS. 1st. A fine RcMilcnco. cnntnlnlne 12 rooms, in rre territory- Also two vacant Lots adjoininr. 2d. Tliat splendid Residence of tho late James .Tolinson. on Broad Sdrcet. between Summer and Ilieh streets, containing 8 rooms, besides servants rooms nnd oilier out nouses. 3.1. That splendid Rosidcnce of the late Hardin Yl 1 1 ! .1, i.nnlntti1nir nlmtll Id mAtlll ntlt llflllftfHI. etc. ( Spring nnd sprine house with 8)4 Brrc- i)i mini, nil 1111111111.1 n'Jjniii.h iv iiii.viiji vi. tho (.Imrlutle rifee. ilh Ml nrroa tit irrntinil nf the Harrow property. on the Charlotte Tito, which will be divided to. suit pnrciiascrs. 5th. A very larsre number of Lots in the City and the diflVrcnt Addition to Xascville. 2" Lots in Edgefield and Brownsville. Cth. A very larto number of tho BEST FARMS in this nnd the. adjoininr comities. Apply to J. L. A R. V. BROWN. diel-lm Uniou ftrcct. NELSON MERFEEE HEAT, ESTATE AEXTS, 20'licrrj' Slrool. nrnr Union, .NASHVILLE, TENN. AYE a lnrre amount of Real Estato to sell in this mm! tliu ndjoiniiiB States. THEY BUY AND SELL Citv. Cuimty and Slato. Bonds on commission, np Veil as eie-ry dwcrlrHton of Government Securi ties TWO MAURY COUNTY FARMS are oUcrcd at very rcasonablo prices. Also, ono in W illiaiiisoiiZ . - A l'LACE ON THE CUMBERLAND RIVER, of 400 acres, in. Jaeksou count-, Tonn., for sale. HI'I.r..MII CITY IMtOST.UTY FOR SALE, OO FERToii Chiiroh street, 'opioito the Max I'H'cll House ami .Mnsitnic Temple, at n reason ableiriee. This is central, chuico property, mid is mora than UK) feH deep. 45 lVct. impriivisl, on Vine street, between Chiirthiu.il Ilium, iwy choice locution, but tho liuprorements are moderate. The price is very low, 02 IVpt.wllh Inrse liiie-V dwelling, on Vine' street, between I'nion and Cedar, bring about the most uidrable lueutiou for rofideucos in the city. 200 Voot on Mctiavoek street. Wet Nabville. on which is n m nt Brink Dwelling, 0 or 7 room. 5itrhni, stable, ete;. nnd fuit-nito cistern, l'riee only $ i.tXW. House and premises in good order. 10O lVrt fin Brnnd street. We-t Nabvillc. with elegant new Briek lloiist etuitniiiing 10 or 11! rooms, kitchen, stable. tv ritprt, sbrubberv. etc., o:e:, at SbVluA. Very dosirablj. IfuotMtld within ten days, this rge ami choiee placowill b rented for the remainder of this and the w hole of nest j ear. no lVot on North Market street, corner of Lr rut. on which is the uvll known l'leasaut Smith house, l'rico $12,WM. 50 1'opI on Spruce street, with large, rlojrant and new Briek Dwelling, containing 10 room. 2 bath rooms, kitchen, cxlrpsiro, with gas, water, and every modern impioTcmcut. 4,1 lcl on l'srk street, with common im provements, very low. This property runstbrough to Summer. 40 IVct on Cidleste Mrect, being the lower por tion of the lot now occupied liv Department llcadiiuarters, beioiiginc to Dr. Waters, l'riee, t& per foot. A choice little lot on North College, just below he l'ublic Sjunre, at a sacrifice. SALOON AND RESTAURANT. Wo offer for salen Saln nnd Restnurnnt.'now doing a profitalt InttifneM, in thervery ecntrc of traJe. nt a price perfectly satlsfuetory. HDftEFlELl). We hao nvr 1.9ft) fet f grmtiHl on the mot eh nnd dwIrnMc strvpts in liUcfield. for liwr for five vears froi 1st .Inmiarj next, at prices wich ought to lc sotkfectoty to those dwiring to i uii.ro vc Calb M'.i.sox a jirnrur.r. dt' lm Air.KRT W. PILLIX. W. BRYrK TiiourstiN. HV.A1. l'.STATi: A.M COLLECTIXO ACEXTS. )ROMISINO TAITIIITL AND PROMPT X attention to all busine entrusted to our oare we respectfully tender our serriees to tho Public, astteicral Agents, fur tin. Purehae nnd Sale ot Real Krtatc; Renting ami Loasing of City or Country Property; Collection of Nates; Aeonts anJ oueUers; Investigation of Titles, cte etc D1LLIN A THOMPSON. Office, over Sseod National Bank, College street, ileel tt sgiwWB.swam.Aimifc.ismjHij.f ! --n i-rm it.vititr.i.s rKAMii:it:iir.s. Just re.'eh'i-d. J1WARY A HI RKK. S 'Htheast eirer lln..vi nnd Market sts. d " !t. 500 sacks iu-hviii:it n.ont. dotfant article. Just receivwl and for sale , MEDARY .V BI'ltKi; by tJUU the bcttln themarkou MEDARY A BPRKE, Southeast corner Broad and Market sts. dec!5 3t YOLraiE XXXIII. GROCERS & BANKERS. It. EWIX0, j. n. Evrixc, EVVING & CO., WHOLESALE GE0CEES, EeceiTing, Forwarding AXD Storage Merchants, Corner Building Market and Church streets, for merly occupied by kwing, McCrory & Co. ARE RECEIVING and have in store the fol lowing: (W barrels Jlrown bugar. H) do A Coffee Sugar. 2Ti do B do do 1T do C do do CO do Stuart's Crushed Sugar, standard, ' do do A do .do do 25 do Powdered do 'St do Syrup, 25 do Molasses, J kgsSyrup, 5 and 10 gals., m barrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel, SOhfdo do do 50 qrdo do do 21)0 kits do Vo 25 barrels F. N. k Co's Whisky. 25 do S. N. Piko's do 250 boxes star candles, 60 doicn brooms, 100 boxes chces, .VI boxes raisins, .7X1 kegs nails, 100 reams paper, 50 boxes assorted soap, 40 kegs ginger, .TO dos.cn buckets, COsacks Rio coffee, i 100 boxes candy, ' ' v 50 baskets chainpagoc, 3) cases Fardines, 50 boxes starch, 50 do pickles, 20 do Madder. 75 barrels apples, 50 boxes nsortod wines, 1009 barrels Flour, all grades, 2W do Potatoes, 100 boxes Fire Crackers, 20 cases Figs, 100 cases asfortcd Liquors, In nddition to tho above wo havo a general as sortment of groceries, all of which were bought during the present pressure in tho Eastern mar kets. We expect to sell goods on short profits, and would bo pleased to have our old friends call onus. EW1N0 4C0. A. fl. Ewinir. of the former firm of Earing. Mc- Crory A Co., will bo found with tho above firn for the purpose of settling up their business. dcc21 C. POWELL, GREEN & CO. BANKERS, BROKERS AND GENEKAL COMMISSION Merchants, .18 ItKOAI) STIIEET, NEW YORK. Comimhus Powell, formerly 0. Powell & Co., Jvnoxvillc, ienn T. F. CiREEN.formerlyNichol, Green & Co. Nash- Aille. Tcnn. Ciias. M. MctiiiKK, living at Knoxvillc, Tcnn. BY the above card it will bo seen we have es tablished ourselves in New Yor for tho pur pose of doing n Icgitmntc commission Inn-mess: nnd being a Tennessee house? wo respectfully so licit tho patronago of unr Southern friends gen erally. Wc nro amply prepared to make cash ad vance on consignments ; to loan currency on gold without charge of interest: to mirchaso nnd tell ration, tobiuHo, flonr and pork : also gold stocks. Itonils.uiKl government securities on a margin ex clusively on commission. Respectfully, c. iwrai, (iUEEV A Cif dec 20 3m IT JO. S II . FAMILY GROCERIES. lri: HAVE ON HAND A GOOD ASS0RT- MENTof FAMILY GKOCEKIES, Consisting in part of Supir, FruilK, Mackerel, Flour. Tobacco, Which we will dispose of at private sale for fair rice. W'r Iirvo nlso Tor salo 1000 bushels of nriinc heavy tl.its, which wo wish to close out nt once nder instructions. Ml) Yt'M Pit I I'll Altll l,n. i- mi,! ffivnrnlilr known to thiscommunity has taken quarters with s. nnd will be pleased to sec ln old triemts anu customers. (iUDSIIALl. X 11U1, I.A.N D. decll tf A'i Niutli Market street. 0 00 ,Torvlf,'S 1KACU 1IL0U' 10TA-; QQQ BUSHELS PRIME OATS. , n store, nnd for sale at priecs below the market ' GODSHALI. & HOLLAND. Our Auction Pnlo on Thursday next will cm- iracc a fine variety of Liquors, Tobacco and Gro- erics coiicrally. togclucr w tint no consignments uovc mcnlioncu. tiUl'MIAIil, .V IIUI.li..l'. ii South Market street. dcclD-St inc?ioVjVL. . "lfE havo removed our Stock to tho Ware II bouse, corner Cliureh and College streets. formerly occupied by Payne, James A Co., where wc hope to meet our former patrons nnd the pub lic generally. Our Stock is ' I..VRUE, AXD m r.i.i. si:li:cti:i, And'wc alwaji sell I ' AT The Lowest MtirUet PriceM. i f A. A. SPENCER A- CO. d ec 19 t 100 IIIll.S CHOICE AITI.r.S; .V. " DalrSaIt; 1000 " Superfine and extra faimlylloun 2 Car loads Brail, in store, nnd for sale tier-. l0W' RHEA .t SMITH. D. B. DENTON & CO CITY STEAM IIAKEKY AND CANDY JIANCl'.HTOItY, . AXI S ItltOAD KTItEirn Dealers can he Mipplinl on short notice with everything in our Line, made by our selves, Sjccial Attention given To Crackers Anil Candy. Also, llrond, CaUcs, etc, etc D. D. DENTON G. M. HUNTINGTON. deet lm STATE OF TENNESSEE. I l'Htssi.ix Ooitstt. J 4 J. SIMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L. J, N. Siwnsfln, dceacd. Is hereby ordercsl to civcnoUeciu ilie IImuS ami AMKRiCiX. and by written netiee. at lh Court Housedoor in VI in ehter. Tenn for all person ha inrclahasanuist saM estate to appear and Die the same with the undersigned, duly authenticated. In the manter proserlbeil by law, on or Jf're the 1st or April, hfA THOS. SHORT, Clctk. decl7dlt-wU DAtTY 'UNION' ' AND. AMERICA!. INSURANCE. SAINT tOUIS MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE C03IPANY, home oftce: yo. co xoftTH thihd st SAINT LOUIS, MISSOURI. ASSETS, July I, 1803,. SECURELY. Efy ESTED. Dividends declared to Policy Ilolders Jan. .1, 1855, Forty Per Cent. , Reader, Is Your life Insured? If not, what provision have you made for your dependent ones? THINK 1 What would he , their pecuniary situation were you to dio to-morrow T If it is wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay T DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS. DIRECTORS. JAMES II. LUCUS- .SAMUEL WILLI llobcrt M. Funkhouscr, of Funkhouscr& Burnett. Chas. II. Peck, Presd't of the Philo Knob Iron Co. Robert K. Woods, Uasmcroi me jicrcnantsuanK. Jules Vallc. of Chouteau, Harrison k Valle, Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson A Oarlard. Chas. W. McCord, of McCord A Co., Machinists, John F. Thornton, of Thornton & Pierce. Isaac II. Sturgeon, Prcsid'tof theN. Mo. Railroad Hon. John Hogan, Member of Congress. Henry Overstclr, of OvcrstcU, Wagner Co., Lumber Dealers. Nich. Schaflcr, of Nicholas Schaffer A Co., Star Candle Dealers. William T. Gay. of Hancnkamn k Edwards. David Keith, of Keith k Woods, Booksellers and Stationers. R. P. Hancnkamn. of Gay k Hancnkamp. Isaac W. Mitchell. D. A. Januaryt of D. A. January k Co., Grocers and Commission Merchants. Wm. .1. Lewis, of Lewis k Brn., Tobacconists. F. Rozicr, Jr., of F. Roiicr. Jr., A Co. Jacob Tamm, of Tamm k Meyer. OFFICERS. SAMUEL WILLI, President. JAMES II. LUCAS, Vice President. WM. T. SELBY, Secretary. WM. N. BENTON, General Agent. DR. JOHN T. HODGEN, Consulting PLysician. LACKLAND, CLINE k JAMISON.Legal Adr'rs. HON. ELIZUR WRIGHT, Consulting Actuary. SI I. AS It. FOOT, State Agent for Tcnnessoc. c. n.vitFiEi.n, r. W. NTEI'IIEXSON, Special Agents, Nashville, Tens. Odicc: Second Nntionnl Ilnnk Iltilldin? Nashville Local Bcanl of Reference: Hillman. Bro. k Sons, J. A. McAlistcr & Co., Jno. Kirkman. G..I. Stubblcficld, James M. Hamilton. A. Hamilton, James Yi ooils. Examining Physicians: Tlios. R. Jennings. M. D., T. M. Madden. dccl3 lm $7,000,000 Insurance Capital. Indemnity AKnlnst Ixsh1ij- l'lrc, River and RallroncI In the Home I us. Co. of X. Y. Cash as.-cts-$4.000.000 Columbia, Cash Capital 500.000 Arctic, Cash Assets - CS.OOO IInrtfor.1, Cash Asscta 1.000,000 Losses adjusted and promptly paid nt this Office, No. Cherry street. 10 Agent. GENERAL NOTICES. TJ. .S. CL.AI3I AGENCY, No. 29 NORTH CHERRY STREET. Special attention paid to the COLLECTION OF CLAIMS AGAINST THE CiOVEItN'MEXT. NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE. HOWARD A NELSON. Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents. References Hon. C. F. Tries. U. S. District Judge: Anson Nelson, Esq., Proidcnt Second Na tional Bank; Maj. Gen. Donaldson, Chief Quar termaster. dec3-lm MORGAN & CO. PARTIES INDEBTED TO THE ABOV 1 FIRM will find their Notes and Account with Mr. JAMES KYLE, at the new house Stratton. Pointer A Co.. Broad street. Mr. K. authorised to receipt for all money duo tho firm. aslivillc. Dec. V, Ur- -Iwim. C II 11 1 S T M A S G-T ip'T UP EIVEE Cnm&erlafid Coal, ' ' i ; i 1 . ' ONLY TEN DOLLARS THE LOAD DEIAVKKED. AT 31 SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, NEXT DOOR TO NO. 2. FIREMAN'S HALL. The only genuine Cumberland in this Market. Cheapest, because most economical. Clearest, being a pure Gas. and gives no' headache. A. STEWART. C. II. IIOLDES. dcclS-lw SOAP! SOAP!! SOAP!!! Il.VVES IMIMtOVEn EUASIYE KOA1. THE CHEAPEST AND Host Soap made in'.thc United States. Send your Orders to ' RODDY & CO., MAK UFA CTTJR E RS. Xo. 90. Church Street, NASHVILLE. TE.XX. dee 21 d3m NEW BACON. 5,000 lb4-Xc fM lbs. New Bacon. Sales. .r.,lW) lbs. New Bacon. Shoulders 1CXJ Tierces New Lard. ' For Sal by McLaughlin, butler, a co? UceSO-ln NASHYILLE, TENNESSEE, SUNDAY, DRY GOODS. S3 S Wholesale House, f.W.ETASS, Tn03.D.FITE. Late of Evans CO., Late Fite.Shcpherd tco W.H.l!TAa. B4c.OABr.SEE. Late of Evans t CO., Late of Gardner co. II. B. BCCK5KB. Late of Gardner t CO., WM. PORTER, JESSlyOS, Late of Evans co.. Late with Gardner co. EVANS'-FITE&'CO. HO. 4, IKS BtOCK, IN VS I IVILI.1l: , XE1NT1V. "YE ARE NOW OPENING A, LARGE AND well assorted stock of FOREIGN AXD AMERICAN VARIETIES, Boots, Shoes, Hats, AND READY MADE CLOTHIXG, PURCHASED FOR CASH Since tho recent declino in prices, which wo oTcr to tne 'trade AT TEKY LOW PRICES. Bcingconncctcdwith EVANS, GARDNER k CO, of New York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign, nnd purchasing from Manufacturers all Amcricau Goods, and possessing every advantage of getting Goods at LOWEST PRICES AVc feel every confidence in saying to Merchants that wo will sell them as Cheap as they can pur chase in ANY MAHICET, Having adopted the CASH SYSTEM, of both Buying and Selling, enables ns to do business on a VEKY SMALL ADVANCE, so that thoso who buy from us can compete with Stocks purchased any where. N Having resident partners in New York, gives us advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer chants will find large and well assorted throughout the season. Wc solicit nn Examination of our Stock. Evans, Fite & Co., NO. 4, IN'N IILOCK, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE. decl3 3m SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c. J. & L. WH0KLEY. IMrORTKnS AND DEALERS IX SNUFF, PIPES, FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC CIGARS & TOBACCO, N'o. 32 SInrltct St reel, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE. dect 3ai JOHN B. SMITH, (Successor to Chas. Licbcnstcin.) TOBACCONIST, Cor. Cctlur and Cherry Streets, (Under Commercial Hatch) NASHVILLE. : : : TENNESSEE A heavy stock of fine Imported and domestic Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs, AXD MEERSCHAUM PIPES, Constantly on hand. deel lm McCLURE'S MUSIC STORE. 33 UNION STREET. THIS OLD ESTABLISHMENT DEALS IN 1 Pianos of Stcinway ahd Sons, J. B. Dunbam. Robt. Nunn's. A. H. Gale A" Co.. and other first class instruments. Carhait, Nccdham A Co s un rivalled CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS. Also. SHEET MUSIC, and MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY. Give it a call before you purchase. dcc3-lm FOU RENT. A SMALL ROCfM. IN THE UNION AND American Block, fronting on Church street. Apply at the counting-room of tho tnion ana American office. dect-tl. FOU KENT. m-VO VERY LARGE ROOMS IN THE JL Fourth Story of the Umos and America Block, well adapted to many purposes. Apply dccio-tr Vf. C. COLLIER, Tmo.rsii.n axd setail daleb is SCHOOL BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND STFJJL TENS. Arnold's Wrltlns FInlcl it Copying InU, Wedding. Visiting and Printer's Cards, STATIONERY. And the LatesCLiterature of the Day, XO. 37 UXIOX STIIEET, (Between Cherry and ColIesO NASHVILLE. TENN. Ordtrs solicited for every description of Printing. dec(-lm UNION&AMERIGM The Head Centre in tne Senate. JUL SCaiXEIt HAS DELIVERED III3ISELF. Special to the Cincinnati Gazette. Washington, Dec 20. Tho great speech of the season, thus far was made in the Senate, .o-day, by Mr. Sumner, to pecurcthe froetlmcns' rights guar anteed them by tbc Constitution. Its drift was to show that the condition of affairs in the States lately in rebellion demands inter ference on the part of the Government, and does not warrant the President in the lan guage he used in his message to the Senate on Tuesday. Beginning with Virginia, and naming those States in order, he brought to gether a large mass of testimony respecting matters in each. This embraced official do cuments, reports of conventions and Legis latures, private letters and newspaper cor respondence. The speech occupied two hours in delivering, and was listened to by crowded galleries. "When he had concluded Mr. Saulsburr improved the occasion to ex hort the President to stand firm in his policy and pledged him the moral support of two millions of Democrats in the States never in rebellion. Mr. Cowan closed the debate with a characteristic speech, in which ho said Mr. Sumner's argument rested wholly on one sided reports of anonymous scrib blers, cotton thieves, Ac. No definite action was had on the bill. The Alabama Legislature have adjourned to the loth of January next, having been in session twenty-one days, and having transact ed much important business for their con stituents. The following are 6ome of tho bills that have passed and become a part of the Slate laws : An Act to protect frecdmcn in their rights of per son and property in thi State which gives ne groes tho right to sue and bo sued, plead and be impleaded, and to testify in all cases in which they are interested. An Act to rcgulato contracts with frccdmen and to enforce the same. An Act relating to vagrants and vagrancy. An Act to regulate tho relation of master and apprentice as relates to frccdmen, free negroes and mulattocs. TiieVikoixia Senators. The Philadel phia Inquirer, a bitter opponent of the Presi dent's policy, says in its Washington corrcs dencc of Sunday last : John Minor Botts, the ex-Rebel Major General Anderson, of Tredegar Iron Works, and Brigadier-General Archer arrived here together yesterday, from Richmond. The two former are candidates for United States Senators, and will probably be elected as the present Legislature is disposed to ignore the doings of the Alexandria Legislature. This move to choose Senators is an alliance or the Union men of the John Minor Botts and F. II. Pierpoint pattern, and reconstructed Rebels of the Anderson stripe. Owing to the complicity of Botts in Rebel contracts in the early part of the rebellion, he cannot take the test oath. Gov. Pierpoint is in favor of his election, but though he is a pliant tool in the hands of all tho Virginia politicians, they will never allow hint to be chosen to any important position. The steamer De Soto bound from New Or leans to Pascagoula, recently exploded her boiler, killing four persons, scalding four others, and wounding the pilot and second mate. The True FccIIiiff In Mississippi. A meeting of the people was called at Columbus, Mississippi, last week, to give ex pression to their true feelings and sentiments in relation to the course of affairs in that State. The Sentinel, of that place, referring to the meeting and its objects in advance, holds the following language : " In other portions of the State along the sea-board in the lagoons of the Mississippi bottom, where the people have seen but little of the United States troops, and where rev enue stamps arc yet almost unknown, the fact of the complete restoration of Federal authority is not yet fully appreciated. It was the representatives of constituencies liv ing in such out of the way places, that per formed such strange antics in our Legisla ture. These fellows did the big talking about " our rights," and went on the suppo sition that they could hide out negroes in the swamps and pine woods, and retain them indefinitely. A nice flock of ostriches they were, but the representatives from the cities and the populous districts, where the fact of the surrender was fully realized, and where the extinction of slavery was known to bean inevitable fact, could not out vote them. To protest against the action of these impracti cablcs to endorse the course of Governor Humphreys and those of our Legislature, who were "loo bold to be awed by the clamor of a majority, and too wise to be deceived by their sophistries and to give to the country assurances that these were the true representatives of tho patriotism, the intelli gence and the moral power of the State, is the object of the meeting to-day." The Lomlon Times AVillliis to Ivc Ep Cnnmln. The London Times indulges in a friendly editorial towards America. AnwM.na nf Knnrrt 1 rtf Sl ffn ril'4 TPlllvtn till Lincoln condolence addresses, after lauding tln United States Govern ment in times of great and unparalleled . rr 1 . ,i nV .. ....,.,7 rt U1IUCU1I1CS, ine Jlncs Nl nuiu ui tnu about the present lecling in i-Jigianu towards tiinlTiiWml Rt.itM. " Wo hare not the least objection to the United States increasing to any extent anu annexing any amuunj ui InTTitnrv nr nil mlior nf States, so Ion? as it is done honcstlv, above board, and by our appeals to uie synipauiy anu goou puusc oi lm ruvinliv Tf lhn Twnulation of our own provinces, or of Mexico, freely and f poij taneously declared that they thought this . , , , c 1 .. . w.! meir oesi cnaueu ui iatvauu uuj)a.u;, the British people would only feel the mo?t passing regret at the loss of a name and the proportionate aggrantiizeraeni uiu uuiuai States. Only as a great State we cannot bear niitwittnl and coerced, and to sec our own people suffer for Iheir loyalty." A Wrl- frirroflnnnilrnL TVakinir of of the departure from that port of the Scc pntnrr nf Iimtion for France, writes under - - . " ' date of Dec 10: The steamer Ssoia, which sailed last Wntlnpsil.ir. tnolc out the Count do Taver- nay, French Secretary of Legation. The Count dc .Moninoion, rrcnen .viinisier, wciu !,!, nfT P.nnli iumn nt tho mnelil- sion that the mission is important, and hint .. . ., . . . . , - , i ,1 ri tliat tne .Minister llimscu may raumj iui ln. fnT!.n fwnla Iinrp fvrtfilnlv lon .t.va.vu.. ....... j sold to a larccr amount than was anticipated, . P. . .. , i : thougu at wnat price is noi Known, anu it in asserted that not a few have found their way into the pockets of members of Congress, who hope to turn an honest penny by driving off .uaximiiian aim nnswuiwiuiij, v Government. Tlie enterprising but penniless agents of the Mexican Republic arc certainly busy mnm nrrdprU than one. and have. too. some very strong backers among influential men. ilH uuMumuiif;, khm iii-.u. sion among capitalists seems to be that there cannot possibly oe a war; inai rnuicv wm not fight, that this country ought not to ; that it is the general interest of all parties to maintain peace, and that, therefore, Na poleon will sensibly draw hi support, and t,n nr cltniilii Inrc imdertnken to hold. This class of people, too, arc satisfied that .... i? , 1.1 . the one million oi men aisoanucu anu m;iii to their homes have become quiet nnd peace able citizens, and that the captains and sub alterns, who have hung up their bruised arms, no longer sigh for military renown and major generalsnips. If this be true, the human nature of to-day is not the human nature of tho past, and wc cannot but think that, in confiding too strongly in the peace able disposition of a set of men used to a life of turbulence and vicissitude, onc'a con- i!.l., n.n .An. .11 tin mlffnlliv,! The trade in canvas back ducks is quite extensive. A large number arc regularly sent out to England. The Scotia took out nearly a hundred pair, which cost in New XOrK. lu civ per jiuir. A YiotXANcn committee has been formed at Titosvillc, Pa. The oil region is infested by ruffians, who rob ana murder. DECEMBER 24, 1865. Bad State of Affairs in the City. ? rgrro Soldiers on the O (Tensive Fifteen of them Invade tbc Premises of n Citi zen An Altercation A Harder In Cold Blood. From the Argus. On Monday evening, about eight or nine o'clock, a party of twelve or fifteen colored soldiers, who were out on tho rampage, went to the grocery store pf Mr. J. W. Hanks, situated on the corner of Calhoun (South) street and Rayburn avenue. The soldiers went into the store and began an altercation with the proprietor. The difficulty became serious, and Mr. Hanks retired from the por tion of the house where they had found him at first. It seems from the most reliable sources of information we have been able to consult, that Hanks was retreating from the overwhelming force pressing upon him. When he had reached the doorway leading to a small back room, it appears that he made a stand and fired upon the soldiers as they anvanced upon him. His aim, how ever, was defective, and the ball did not take effect; the negroes then fired seven or eight shots, one of which took effect in Mr. Hanks' head, just behind the ear, passing entirely through from the right and coming out on the left side of his head, when he fell and soon after expired. Coroner Erickson held an inquest over his remains yesterday morning; some six or seven witnesses were examined, all of whom were colored except one, Mr. Pendc grast. The testimony of these persons was about the same as the facts stated above. The verdict of the jury was in words to the following effect : " that the deceased came to his death from a pistol shot, fired by negro soldiers, personally unknown to tho jury, and that it was done with malicious and felonious intent." There seemed to be no design entertained by the assailants of Mr. Hanks to rob, as neither money nor goods were taken. It must have been a premedi tated design of those men to murder Hanks, and they went there for no other purpose. . AxoniEtt Murder. Late last night we learned that ex-Alderman Ryan was mur dered on South street Monday night, by negroes. Ten shots were lodged in his body. Tiic Jlnlntennnce of Order. From tho Memphis Commercial. The disorder and crime which it has been our painful task to record, within the last few days, enforce tho duty upon our citizens, not only of vigilance wit ot unusual calm ness, caution and prudence in dealing with the circumstances of the case, and also in avoiding any pretext for the renewal of the outrages which have occurred. Apprehen sions have seized the minds of many persons that even more violent scenes are meditated, but wc sec no ground to indulge such fore bodings if all classes will act with becominff prudence and moderation, discarding all prejudice and resolving to discountenance any act or language which may lead to vio lence. In the mean time the city authorities will of course exercise proper precautions in policing every part of the city and pre venting large and riotous asicmblies. We feel authorized in saying they will be sup ported by the General commanding the Dis trict. The very panic which is tho natural re sult of apprehensions, generally indulged, has a tendency to bring about a state of feel ing that may precipitate an unfortunate col lision which all good citizens should use every exertion to avoid. This state of feel ing ought to be toned down to calmness and moderation, and by no means ought the ap pearance of threatening to be exhibited. Such ignorant frccdmen as may have im bibed the idea that the white citizens have unkind dispositions toward them, should be so treated as to reassure them of the kind feelings of those whom they may have be lieved to be their enemies. There are not many who have adopted such a view, but, on the contrary, wc believe that the great mass of them will readily believe in a kind disposition, of which they have had evidence all their lives, if encouraged so to think, and if wc are not too ready to visit the sins of the worthless and vicious upon them. It is proper that kind dispositions should be en couraged, to prevent any probable scenes of violence. The law should take hold of the guilty, but not mobs, in any case, which lead to retaliation. When this begins the wisest cannot sec the end. The Late Lord Fnlmcrstoii Hostile to Hie United Stales llenlli of I'rince Albert Prevented n War with Eur Innd. From the Cleveland (0.) Herald. Wo. had reason to suspect the British Min ister was hostile to the United States from the first breaking out of the rebellion, and only sought a plausible pretence to declare war but were not prepared for such duplkity as there is evidence was practiced by the late Premier. A trcntlcman who spent the last season m Europe, who enjoyed unusual facilities for information, was informed by a high official in London, that the Trent aflair was greedily kimzm! unon bv Lord Palmerston to settle old scores with our Government. During the many years his LonMup had been .Minister of Foreign Affairs, and at the head of the Government, several important questions had been disposed of and treaties made with our Government, the Northeastern boundary, the Oregon boundary, eta, settled. Palmer ston was strongly impressed that he had becn overreached in negotiation, and was biding Ins time loran opportunity w auuuiupiinu u war what he had failed to by diplomacy. The taking of Mason and Slidell from un der the cross of St. George was a Godsend to Palmerston an opportunity to help the rebels under the guise of national insult, and to pay an old debt. A Cabinet council was called, the Premier was for letting slip the dogs of war," but, upon the suggestion of a peaceful member of the Cabinet, the question was referred to the principal law member to examine and report at a subsequent meeting of the Cabinet. Lord Palmerston, at the uoxt Cabinet meetinir. with a copy of Mr. Seu-ard's dispatch in his pocket, admitting the illcRalitv of the act of Commodore Virk. and the decision of our Government to return Mason and Slidell under the Brit ish flag, found the law-member to whom the question was referred, in a meditative mcoa, with his hands under his coat-tails. "Well," sav Palmeriton, "have you examined that question J" " YeSj my Lord, but wish to make further examination ociorc x repon "It is needless," savs I'almerston, " my mind is made vp." "Wc will have a shy at them." Forthwith troops were dis patched to the American Colonics, and great activity in the dock-yarda and arsenals pre- 1 vailed. It will be remembered that Prince Albert died a short time previous, and the Queen was laboring under great depression of spirits. The Prince pove&'ed great influ ence with the Queen, was friendly to our country, and had deprecated a war with us as one of the greatest calamities mai coum befall England. The warlike demonstra tions of her Ministry alarmed and excited the Queen, and her physicians, knowing tliat insanity was hereditary in her family, represented "to Lord Palmerston and the Ministry that a war with America would dej throne reason and make a lunatic of their sovereign. This, and this alone, caused the ministry to pause. The official referred to is a high-toned Christian, and believes " There's a divinity that shapes our ends, Rongh-hew them now we will," and the death of Prince Albert, though nearly a crushing blow to the Queen, was yet an event in the Providence of God to save England and America from the calam ities of war. rp.n. fim-ifii it crtiT Till Jntprest- A .11. ................ . ing bodv representing the interests of the Presbvtcrian church in the South, finished , . ., ,. . i their labors and adjourned nnenieycsicmay. We have given much space to their conclud ing proceeding which will well repay the reader for his trouble. The Pastoral Letter is a superior document, both in matter and style. It is worthy of note that a proposition to" establish a liturgy, as part of the church vrl ai-rtiwi ml1- Tho aarr catcs of the change are quite hopeful of . .i . n i a .-.ui ir. eon Telegraph. The first trial for treason in East Tennctv- sec, before the United States Court, has re sulted in the acquittal of the party Gam mon, who was a Confederate enrolling officer. Sflasisslppl Apprentice Law. The following is the Mississippi apprcn-' tico law, as approved November 22d : Sectkct 1, Be il emeled by the Legidan tare of the Slate of 2Iissi&vppi, That.it shall bo the duty of all siicriils, justices of the peace, and other civil officers of the several counties in this State, to report to the pro bate courts of their respective counties, semi-annually at the January and, July terms of sail courts, all frccdmen, free ne groes and mulaiiocs, under the age of eigh teen, within their nzpective counties, beats or districts, who are orphans, or whose parent or parents have not the mevvr who refuse to provide for and support said ninors, and thercupo.nit shall .be the duty of raid pro bate court to order the clerks of said courts to apprentice said minors to some compe tent and suitable persons, on such terms as the court may direct, having p. particular care to' the interest of said minor : Pro vided, that the former owner of said minor shall have the preference, when, in the opin ion of the court, he or she shall bo a suitable person for that purpose. Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said court shall be fully satisfied that the person or persons to whom said minor shall be apprenticed shall be a (suitable person to have the charge and care of said minor, and fully to protect the interest of said minor. The aid court shall require the said master or mistress to execute bond and security, payable to the State of Mississippi, condi tioned that he or she shall furnish said mi nor with sufficient food and clothing, to treat said minor humanely, furnish medical atten tion in case of sickness, teach or cause to be taught him or her to read and write if under fifteen years old; and will conform to any law that may hereafter be passed for the re gulation of the duties and relation of master and apprentice; Provided, That said appren tice shall be bound by indenture in case of males, until they are twenty-one years old. Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That in the management and control of said apprentices, said master or mistress shall liave power to inflict such moderate corporeal chastisement as a father or guardian is allowed to inflict on his or her child or ward at common law; Provided, That in no cafe shall cruel or in human punishment be inflicted. Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That if any apprentice shall leave the employment of his or her master or mistress, without his or her consent, said master or mistress may pursue and recapture said apprentice, and bring him or her before any justice of the peace of the county, whose duty it shall be to remand said apprentice to the service of his or her master or mistress; and in the event of a refusal on the part of said appren tice to so return, then said justice shall com mit said apprentice to the jail of said county, on failure to give bond, until the next term of the county court ; and it shall be the duty of said court, at the first term thereafter, to investigate the said case, and if the court shall be of opinion that said apprentice left the employment of his master or mistress without good cause, to order her or him to be punished, as provided for the punishment of hired frccdmen, as may bo from time to time provided for by law, for desertion, until he or she shalLjurcc to return to his or her master or niistrtln Provided, That the court may grant continuances, as in other cases: and provided further, that if the court shall believe that tho said apprentice shall have good cause to quit his said master or mistres", the court shall discharge said apprentice from said indenture, and also enter a judgment against the master or mis tress, for not more than one hundred dollars for the use of said apprentice, to be collected on execution, as in other cases. Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That if any person entice away any apprentice from hi or her master or mistress, or shall knoving lv employ an apprentice, or furnish him or her food or clothing, without the written consent of his or her master or mistress, or shall sell or give said apprentice ardent spirits without such consent, said person so offending shall be deemed guilty pf a high misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof before the county court, be punished as provided for the punishment of persons enticing from their employer hired frecdmcn, free negroes or mulattocs. Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the" duty of all civil officers of their re spective counties, to report any minors with in their respective counties, to said probate court, who arc subject to bo apprenticed under the provisions of this act, from time to time, as the facts may come to their knowledge ; and it shall be the duty of said court, from time to time, as said minors shall be reported to them or otherwise qpme to their knowledge, to apprentice said minors as herein before provided. Sec. 7. Be it further ntacted, That in case the master or mistress of any apprentice shall desire, he or she may have the privi lege to summon his or her said apprentice to the probate court, and thereupon, with the approval of the court, he or she shall be released from all liability as master or mis tress of said apprentice, and his said bond shall be canceled; and it shall be the duty of the court forthwith to re-apprentice said minor, and in tho event any master of an apprentice shall die before the term of ser vice of said apprentice shall close, it shall be the duty of the court to give tho prefer ence, in re-apprenticing said minor, to tho widow or other member of said master's familv: Provided, That said widow or other memoer of said family shall bo a Hiiitablc Kjrson for such purpoc. Sec. 8. Be it further enactal, Tliat in case anv master or mistress of any apprentice, bound to him or her under this act, shall be about to remove, or shall have removed to anv other State of the United States by the laws of which such apprentice may be an in habitant thereof, the probate court of the proiKjr county may authorize the removal of such apprentice to such State, upon said mas ter or mistress entering into bond, with secu rity, in a penalty to be fixed by the judge, conditioned that said master or mistress will, upon such removal, conplv with the laws of such State in such cases; Provided, That said master shall be cited to attend tlie court at whu-h ueh order is proposed to be made, and shall have a right to resist the same by next friend or otherwise. Sec. 9. Be U further enacted, Ihat it shall be lawfull for any frecdmcn, free negro or mulatto, having a minor cluul or ctiiiuren, to apprentice the said minor child or chil dren as provided for by thii act. Sec. 10. Be U farther enacted, That in all eases where the ace of the frcedman, free ne gro or mulattocannot be ascertained by record testimony, mc juage oi me cuum shall fix the age. Sec. 11. Be itfurther enacted, That thi act take effect and be in force from and after ita gassage. Approved Nov. 22, 18C5. How one Planteu Fills his Plaxta- tiok. A Memphis paper lias the following : On. tf nnr nlfinllniT friend, who Was a ... ' " I Tery large slavchclder before the war, has de veloped tons a plan of operations for the cn- suiac vcar, which seems a "step in the right t. .1 i i.:i. i.n i,. l.!,.,. uirecuon. it is yiuu Hiuuuniiwam .al'a,?nnul ami bo !a itinfTiiine that it will m-ti t...'j '.v... j - o work successfully and advantageously both to himself and his employers, ins pian is t a-;li nnv number of hands, to the extent of the requirements of his very large , . . . Ju.nl. r.. , 1. a nnmlwr plantation, uHigiiin mui vm. ..-..."w of acres he may wish to cultivate say fif , i e - ... 1... 7:,1 teen, ten, or a less nuimier vi ai", i u off and designated. The employer furnishes all the necessary animals anu iinpiemenm at . fiwt vTlmtinn nnd mnnlies all necessary clothing and provisions at tbc cost price a lair account oeing xejn ui uui v,...w may be drawn during tne year. ir .,:..1.,a. r,,rfl,or lint If anv lalmrer 11C P. Ij'U u. .,.. , .- to cn dancer it. n.ivuau, ..v.ww - I , . v' , . 1 i ,,11-lT ftf lie retains ine ngu. vu nuiuivu view, selected from inn icliow-iaoorcrs, wiu may. if they find his crop going to waste from ElOuliuinesi, ueciuiu i.u , anu mc ciujiiwjt lm.,, ..0.. i-- of cround, with its growing crop, to any in- uu&irious laoqrer wmi m .. save it. At the end of the year the crop pro duced is divided equally between the eni ,,tnr.. nnil thn fmTilnmi the latter navinsr y m .. 1 1 1- ..1 1 . , Ut Ot lllC proCCCuS OI Ills Dliaru iuo ,r?,;rl, lio mir have created for his food and clothing. He niav, also, if he wishes, take to his own account the mule, plow, and other implements with which he worked during the year, at the valuation price agreed upon, to be deducted from his share of the crop, or return them to the proprietor. The employ er takes upon himself the selling anil reali zing the value of the crop, and a division of the proceed, without other charge to the la borer than their proportionate charge of the costs of shipments and the usual charge. The Columbus, Ga., factory which was burnt down last Spring by V ilson'B fbrecf, has been put in operation agrin. TST0. 18. Circumstantial . Evidence ! ! A Sinsnlar Train, of Events and their Result. How Sullivan was Detected and Captured!! From theDetroit Free Press. Uth. Circumstantial evidence 1 has coitvicted more than half the criminals who arc now justly suffering tho penalties of the law. A more remarkable case ot tracing out the criminal by circumstances than that which led to the arrest of young Sullivan, the post office robber, whose capture was announced in the Free Iras of yesterday morning, wc have never met with. It seems almost provi dential, but yet there wa3 nothing out of the usual course of events, only the several links in the chain were exposed to view, connected palpably with each other, and Icadiug straight from the crime to the crinnn.nl. On the 5th or Cth of July lat, an old Frenchman, while walking along the beach of Lake Erie, near the mouth of the Kaisin river, picked up a little package which had been washed ashore by the waves. He opened it, and found it to contain documents of whose nature ho was wholly ignorant, be ing: unable to read a word of Englulu Hi dried it carefully and took it home. His wife and children were equally unable as himself to divine the contents, lie then he camo possessed of tho idea that the package contained documents of great value, perhaps deeds of houses and lands, which would make him at once a millionaire. Beinir somewhat superstitious, ho believed that he was provi dentially led to the discovery of this myste rious treasure, and that he must keep it a secret until Providence should disclose to him how he was to cotpe into full possession of his riches. For a long time he kept the package concealed in his house, bnt finally becoming tired of waiting for mysterious r s- closurcs, he took it to an attorney at Mon roe, having first enjoined secrecy. The at torney discovered at once tiiat the supposed package of deeds and mortgages was nothing but a package of letters that had been thrown into the lake by some person who probably wished to destroy them. A further examin ation disclosed to him that it was a rbcular post office package, sent from New York to Detroit, and containing only registered let ters, all of which had been opened ahd de prived of their contents, except oneSoO check which the thief evidently dared not take, lest it might lead to his detection. Satisfying the covetous finder that the contents of the aek agc were not what he supposed them, but old letters of no value to hint, the lawyer brought it at once to the Detroit post-onicc. This was the lirst and not least mysterious link in tho chain of evidences which finally bound the guilty man tight. Then com i ., -.i "i?-i-- t. menecil tne groping iorotiic- iiiik. it was taken for cranteil tliat the package was thrown overboard from some p;uing steam er. As the regular lake steamers do not pass in that vicinity, it must have been an excursion steamer. It was found on the 5th or Ctli of July ; evidently, then, the person who threw it into the lake must have been a passenger on a Fourth of July excursion. This settled, the next point was" to find out which of the iost-olfice clerks participated in the excursion down the lake. Py refer ence to the list of passengers, it was discov ered that only two of them were on board. Hero was the whole tlitng narrowed down almost to a point. Hut which of the two men was the criminal? The most dithcnlt part of the whole case was reached. Which should be arrested, and on what evidence could he be convicted ? The two men were narrowly watched, until finally suspicion was aroused against Sullivan. He was ar rested, with what result is already known. The contents of the rifled letters were found in hla nnsspsalnn to the amount of nearly $2,500. Other valuables were also found. One gold watch, which was mailed at New York, to a gentleman in Milwaukee, and could be traced to the Detroit Fost-oflice, but no further, was found in the same trunk. A quantity of gold pens Which had been dc nositcd here, found their destination in the same trunk. He had carried on a sjte- matic course of thieving for a long time, and with singular economy had carefully pre served hut treasures to answer as witness against him. So conclusive was the evi dence tliat he made a clean breast of tho. whole thing, pleaded guilty on his examina tion, and was remanded for sentence. Under the law the lightest sentence which can be iiasscd upon him is ten yean in the State ,'rison. Tlie Amcrirnii Cotton .llonopoly. To the Editor of the N. V. Time?. Tt wna mrwirffll fl bllfirt fllTlO MinCf tlmt Mr. Dudley, our efficient Consul in Liver pool, had an interview in Washington with Mr.McCuIIoch, and urged an export duty on cotton 01 SIX cents per pounu, as a niram of raising revenue in part out of llritish consumers. Mr. Lanier is alo reported to liave advocated the same measure in a public TIicmc L'ontlcmen do not, wc presume, inUnd to urge an amend ment to the tanstiiuiion lor tne purpose laying such a duty, but to get round the ob vious meaning of "the proviso bv sonic in ternal revenue tax or "drawback." Wo I.i;,-n t,nt nthprx nr nrtrlii!? the samo uvi iv , '- .......... n r course on theSecrctary of the Treasury, with .1 ? 1 il.i l.,ln,l.U1 ni!11iinj tiw win fmm 1'riti.sh iimtiiifnt'turerH toward paying the annual tax resting so ncaviiy on inu iiuiiuu. iuvj A -K.rlr-i nossrsscUinicticallv a monopoly in cotton ; that Europe must have it, and that 31 per pound would oe reauiiy paiu uy foreign consumers in addition to a paying price. There arc some considerations in connec tion with this subject which should not cs- caie attention. The tinted State Iras had almost a monopoly in cotton, uuuw, whi, labor and mean' of transport, and the na tional energy, have enabled us to produce a cotton of such quality, nnd to export it in such quantity, as practically to command the markets of the world. Hut this monop oly has been rudely awailtsl in this war. The high price ha stimulated ii prmmt- :.. r nt tint world. Hundreds IIUU 111 tin; l' , . . T of miles of railroads have been built in In dia, opening up immense traets of cotton erowing country to the demand. Tho pro duction 5n Uraril, in Egypt, Turkey and ..i .nrm tiiM vaatlv increased. Israzil and Egypt comicto with u, also, in quality, anu ineir cuuu wuii- -' ay i-;--- , the American. The Indian is, indeed. interior, btit mc r.riKnin niiinuuiuu- 1o-tmrl In mir it with other IKl 1M V t' vihv. " . . . . stocks, so that it will be a com-Xititor tstill in the jyiropcan nmrKvu. umwi.sj-. .i t.:i .,,,,1 Tmlin need to make them aim uiaui ' -- -- - . absolute rival in the markets of the world with our Southern estates, ana eventual i m break up our mono-wly, is a certainty of a hiirher price. Three pence a pound, fixed, wo mid be precisely .- . v-7. . i-grower, or Hindoo ryot and lanawrii, cviuj"-,vwv., " ----- , . r or Brazilian planter, nas oeeii prayius , it would build railroad, iari gin. maiiu r .....Iniwrr I'Tmr nil mloocn- lactorics, civvv inwi.vyi -i- pied lands, and lay the foundation ftr a cr- 1 . ..... 1 Ciinl, an nrirf mancnt coiion irwiu.uun. .j,,.... w.,-.. duty would lie a Ixmnty On cotton-growing in all Asia and Africa. m v- il. I.Wtnrnar onpmr in Rilffland to .lUk hllV ' J - O , American prosperity could .-vsk for anything worec Tor the interests our jjr-uw ti. 1.1. fnilin nrrnliif linn m India and j,'11" -- -- Esrypt are the expenses of transport, the want ot luaciiiiii-iji . ,.ir., Orntnl ntTtilrs. A certain Inch price would enable all these to be overcome that is, It would uaiancc mc- iui '" t . ,. l.;l, l,.j. ontnil. Oriental cotton- ,, .' V v. growing would become a permanent and re munerative branch ; wo should find ourselves on the world's market getting only a lialf or a third the former price for our greatest ex port. Furthermore, in the beginning, when the English were paying this duty, with cot ton at a high price, and discharging a MUua , r :i :,u,wlnl-j wi. tho con- oi our nauwiiai .. , - ; sumcrs in America, mwt, by r. weU-lnwi, law. pay a portion of the three penny tax, I A nf fnttiin L'oods here. in tne inmaiv i""-- " i .rnnrvdr of the jiMUiudeturera being .W f- " Itot we houId also ol.ject to thia tax on moral grounds. We need a cotton monopoly for the in terest of emancipation. When the slaves were freed in Jamaica, one of the greatest cviU to-emancipation was the low -.mo or socar, cansesl by the widtlcn reduotioii of the English tariff. The planters found thwr pro fits immediately rcductd; many could, not riiri XAKnrix.us,iAii.7 jwiejf xsrt AXERICAX. OSes Union u American Block, comer Church arid Cherry ilreehi, opposite Ihfbst 05c?.) TrsJts: Daily $11 0 Weekly . i - .,.4 s 00 Proportisnaite rates for shorter period;. SaWrTpthrris invariably In idTince. a w keep up their estates; Ihcy were made to pay the negroes fainrages; the frccdmen became discontented nnd aband-yhed tho large pro perties, and th"c separation was established which has afflicted Jamaica ever siacej be tween capital and labor. The present high prices. o' cotton, afllic tivc as it is to ns, the consnrjers, b an im mense advantage to tlie great task of recon struction. When cotton is forty or City cents a pound, no master, however exasperated, will long ill treat good cotton hands; and if he does," capital will certainly flow in to em ploy them. The Interest of all classes is to settle the condition of the laboring class to satisfy it and do justice. The slaves are raised bv everv penny put on the price of cot ton, limarrclpntirnr will be more of a boon and liberty will be attended by justice. The great laws of economics come in to se cure rights and privileges to the freedmen, when their labor is so valuable, Then, if the freed slave need extra inducements to labor if forced labor begets a desire for slave ry after emancipation if he would be suspicious nt rccviying a small rate of pay ment all theso obstacles are removed by tho wages which must-bo paid when cctton is fifty cents a pound. Put suppose that, with art export cuty, in a tun wuuu-jjiuiuu ... ....... and Africa, and cotton falls to its ancient j pric?, what a tremendous disaster would this be tr all the intcreti of the eniancipatcilJu class. What discoiiragemCKi and idleness iL ' might produce. Jamaica emancipation might be re-enacted in the South. The South, too, ' needs all the help we can give her. Now she is receiving for her small crops all that she noed tff recetve'for her large, and tho financial wouuilvof, warfare- being- healed Hut destrov her monoply. and where will Syulhcrn prosperity lie ? With cotton at six cents a pound, the fearful track of war might remain in tho Southern fields for a genera tion. AiiEiucA:. llKtoryot" Constitutional Amendments. From tho X. 0. Fieajiinc. There have been, previous to this, only three successful attuinpta to amend tho con stitution. There have tan many attempts but no others got through Congress. There have lieen twelve amendments adopted ; but of the ten were submitted to. gether by the first Congress, Thcv wero supplemental to the original const.tutiop, submitted in compliance, a was recited in tho preamble, with the desire expressed by conventions of a number of the States in their adopting of the constitution, as " fur ther declaratory and restrictive claiL-cj' in order " to prevent miscoiwtruction or abuse of its powers." TJiey were entitled, "Arti cles in addition to, and amendment of the constitution of the United States of Amer ica." , . Twelve amendments were submitted, of which only ten were ratified. Number one and number two of the original scries were not ratified. Numbers three to twelve, in clusive, constitute the articles which arc now numbered from one to ten, inclusive. Tlie two articles which failed of approval mado constitutional rules for the apportion nient of mcinbers for representation and re spect to their compensation. Hy the first, It was provided that the rule of representation should be pne member for every thirty thousand, until that should create a Jlousc exceeding one hundred members. Tho ratio should then be forty thousand, until the Homo reached two hun dred membcr.i Afterwanls, there should never be IeJ than two hundred member, and thcro should never be more than ono representative to every forty thousand. Tho second provided that no law, varying the compensation of BcpresenUtivcs and Senators! should bo valid until nn election of Itcprescntnttves shall have intervened. These two amendments were not ratified with the ten others. We have at hand rsa means of knowing whether they failed by a positive rejection, by States enough voting in the negative to reject them, or simply by the failure to act on them. It might be a curious subject for inquiry whether any time runs again.it the adoption of an amendment after it is once submitted. The Articles numbers I to X which passed Congress September 25, 1789, did not receive the requisite three-fourtlw until December, 1701. Vermont liad then been added to tho number of States, making fourteen. Of those, eleven were ncccasary to niaka tho three-fourths. Thcelovcnth was given by Virginia on the 15th of December. Our rcacarchos have not liccn able to find how the fact wis promulgated. We only find that the date of the ratification by Vir ginia is given as the date of tho completing of the constitutional number, and thu formal ratification of the amendment. The Eleventh Articlo was proposed at tho Third Congress, and bears datu March 5, 171) 1. It is tliat Articlo which provides Ihat " the judicial jwwer of tho United States shall not bo construed to extend to any suit in law or equity commenced, or prosecuted againt one of the United States, by citiicns of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State," an amendment prompted by the jealous regard with which the found ers of the (Jovenimcnt wntelicd over the re served rights of the Suites. ( The amendment was ratifisd iu 1797, and announced to Congrefw by President Adams, in a motwagu to both Houses, dated January 8, 1793. The twelfth artirlc is tliat which changed the manner of voting for President. Origi nally two pcraons were voted for on ez-li ticket for I'residunt ; tlie person having 'ho highest number of vote to be President, and the person havfug the next highest, ico President. Tlie conflict in IsOO riling out of an equality of votes bvtwwn Jcffert n and Hurried to this change. It was prpos-l in IHvcmber, 1303, and went t i the .w at Legislatures with such rapidity tliat the rn tilicationwas completed Soptenibi rll, 101 That ratification was promulgated by a sua pie notice from the Secretiry of State There has been no amendment nihcr, unt I the present time, u period of sixty-om' years, without any alteration in the text of the in strument, in all the old interpretations of which civil war ahd political jiassioai aro making such Kid havoc now. In all previous cats', the question of ratifi cation was a question cf fact. Tho doubt rest cd over the true number of State, not of their competency to give a vote entitled to bo counted. It was tins making up of a roll of undUputcd members of a common gov ernment, and the matter of form in announ cing of tLo vote, was of no ort of coaic quOTcc. Jti 'different now. The points what States are entitled I vote, and what department of the Government, if any, can exclude them from, voting, and what is tlrj course of action, and what will be Uie chect, if one branch of the Government acerpti m valid, votes deculve of the ratification cf tt: UlllU"MHvmn, miiujt 1'iiviuiivuiLi u.m.,... -- the (ioverniuent pronounces to Ixt nnil zz mino'nirv complicated (iHCstions. the c! :' of which, in the existing state of affair at The Ftnunn or the Socth. Thcrr I a hoicful future- for the South, but It u net 'o le found in tlie councils ot tnosetimcHtvm ami ubniiii(Miit8 who are br y.c.'ding un conditional obeliwiee to erery behest i f a political party in po-e.', and are anxocs that liioMt in aiaiiorny may spit upon that they may give evidence of thi ir doc .dy. The Swith Itas nothing of gooil t t pcct from its timid and mercenary pr.J.4. It l.n nothingof gool to oxp,ctfnini nu."-cjire na tation in Congrcrt, wlw claim u ! t- ve qualification, and a peculiar m-r.t, th.-.ttbey can swear that iu a war which invaded the homes of the South Uay wen? tiic heart!r creatures who ttood mute anil neutral in tho face of tho grand tragedy that ran with blood and tears, without aid, comfort or countenance to their countrymen dying be fore their eye, reaching their hamLi for bread, fighting and itarving btntath tho glorious banners of Lee, and Jarkjcn, and Johnson, nnd Picket, and Gordon' Councils obtained from u h .urcca are notwliat the South nctsU, or wlintho should accept. She should take a new lesson of courage and fclf-respcct. She ihould rc-as-ert tome of her former spirit. She hoaM rest her hoped in some brave organiiat:n of public opinion, resolved to concede not!-.ng to the fforth but what was decided in tLr ime of the war. determined to resist cvi-y cncroaclimeiit uin hercowtitutional nh'-, pnniiit to claim the benefit of the CnsUa- tion wot oHi, awimeauuy anuevtn ucuocc ly averting tlie ancient land mar Ls cf tho Union. Such ajwrty may retoro the fi!!cn fortuns of the Smth; it will, at ka-t ct-t again the sclfraspect awl pride ti. l-."h fitandanls of rwnwnol eharacter n":. a fjf moriy dlsttngufelml thh part of tL. iKei. DipaUk. I c. n. The. sugar, wedding thirty days afb:r marriage u the newest1 thing.