Newspaper Page Text
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v , "X" e t 111
THREE DOLLARS IN ADVANCE.
'W gitiiA.yjY 18 I865-.
fay tke Soldiers.
"We have on our table a sumber of
conmHhications from private1 soldiers
ceapkining of the neglect of the gov
ernment to p7 them. P16 writers are
married men whoso families are in dis
tresa for the want of money to purchase
food and clething. We deeply sympa
thize with them; but nothing can be
accomplished by publishing heir cor
respoadence. Lay your complaints,
boys, before the President He will
beed aad have them attended to.
The pro-slavery prophets are all at a
gad discount. They 'assured the coun
try that there never would bo an end1
of the rebellion unless the emancipa
tion policy of the National Government
was abandoned. The war has come to
a close, and bo has slavery. The proph
ets occupy back seats.
Meeting of jglsslsslpplans.
A meeting of " loyal Missisfiippians
was held at Memphis on the llth inst,
for the "purpose of appointing delegates
to a Reconstruction Convention to be
held at Yicksburg on the 5th of June
next John W. Wood, Esq., presided,
associated by W. C. H. Bugh .and T.
Qillespio as Secretaries. The follow
ing preamble and resolutions were
v Whbbkis, We deem it our duty to
heartily co operate with our fellew-cit-iiens
who are endeavoring to restore
our State to its proper position in the
1st Resolved, That we -hereby request
all loyal MiBsissippians to attend, as
delegates, a convention of the loyal cit
izens of Mississippi, to be held at Vicks
burg, on the 5th "of June, proximo, for
the purpose of reorganizing civil Gov
ernment iu the State of Mississippi
2d. Resolved, That we, as loyal citi
zens of the State ofjMisssBsippi, obli
gate ourselves to return to our respect
ive counties in the State, and exert
ourselves to the best of our abilities to
secure full delegations of loyal repre
sentatives in said convention.
Resolved, That ,we heartily endorso
the policy of the Government of the
United States with regard to slavery,
and that we deem it the duty of the
convention at Vicksburg to adopt such
measures as will place Mississippi in
her practical relations with the Gov.
ernment.as. speedily as possible.
Resolved, That we denounce the as
sassination of Abraham Inn coin, late
President of the United States, as a
crime of the deepest dye, and believe
that the people of our State condemn
the act, and denounce it as atrocious.
The very best feeling prevailed and
the meeting adjourned with the under- j
standing mat au presem, ymo cquui
would attend the'-Yicksburg CpSpM
Clement C. Clay. The Washington
correspondent of the. Boston; Journal
Positive information has been ,rc
ceived here that Clement C .Clay, of
Alabama, who fas in Canada last fall
and' winter, reached Richmond brf'the
dsy .before its evacuation by .the rebels,
aBtL-there are. reason, for .believing.,
&&t'he -carried tidings of the atrocious
plat for the murder of the President,
the-sgents-of which, excepting perhaps
Booh, were the mere hirelings of the
The rebel General Ben. Hill has
turned over all his men, some .seven
hundred, with their arms and horses,
to the United States. The men were
paroled. Ben. goes to his" home at
The Selma (Ala.) Union of May 1st,
sayB Forrest had a personal difficulty
with Chalmers, another rebel General,
during the fight there- with Wilson.
Forrest choked Chalmers nearly to
During the week ending the 6th in3t,
the subscriptions to the 730 loan,
amounted to 10,300,000 ;the ensuing
week' to $9S-,3S4,C50. Thus in twelve
working days the people loaned the
government upwards of oxe hckdred
AND THIRTl'-EIGIIT AND A HALF MILLION'S OF'
dollars. What a country and what a
JJrig.-Gon. H. M. Judahhas assumed
command of the District of the
Etowah, Headquarters at Chattanooga.
Gen. Cruft is to have an important
command in Upper East Tennessee.
When Jeff Davis was caught in his
wife'B dress ha said lie thought our
" government more magnanimous than
to hunt down women and children."
We presumo -he meant to include him
self among the fonrier: though the
silliness of his conduct might stamp
him as one of the latter, and a very
young one at that
iBportSHt Orders from the WarDc-
partmeBt Unemployed Generals to
be Mastered Out.
Washington, Kay 17. A general or
der has been issued from the War De
partment, as follows:
All forces of the enemy east of the
Mississippi, river having been duly sur
rendered by their commanders to the
army of the United States, under agree
ments of parole and disbandment, and
there being cow-no authorized troops
of the. enemy east of the Mississippi, -it
is ordered that from and after the 1st
day of June, 18C5f alL such persons
found in arms against the United
States, or who may commit
acta , of .hostility against it east
of the. Mississippi river, will be re
garded as guerrillas and punished with
death. A strict enforcement, and exe
cution, of this order is especially en
joined upon the commanders, of the
United States forces within territorial
limits o which it applies. According
to an order of theWarDepartment the
Adjutant General has been directed to
commence mustering honorably out of
the service all General, Field and Staff
officers who are employed, and whose
services are no longer needed.
Wae Dsfabtmkkt, W-ASEiKGTOJf, May
17, p. JC-A review of the gallant
armies now assembling around Wash-.
ington will take place hero on Tuesday
and Wednesday of next week.
E. M. Sxaktojt.
Th Cincinnati Gazette of the 17th inst.
.coadexass the bilTwhich recently pasa
dthed pepsdar branch of the Tennessee
Legislature eeacting a code for the gov
ersmeatlfthd "free persons of color" in
this State. The Gazette regards it as
"very muck like a measure to retain
aUrwy under another "name."
.. T Mroctjtex law.
ANACT to amend em act!, entitled "An
. . .a t. -a
act jot .the couecmn of direct taxes in
insurrectioneoy.districts within the United
.. States, and far oilier purposes" approved
June seven, eighteen hundred and sixty
two. Re it enacted ly the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States' of
America in Uongrcss assembled, That the
seventh section of an act imtitled "An
act for the collection of direct taxes in
insurrectionary districts within the
United States, and for othBr purposes,"
approved June seven, eighteen hundred
and sixty-two, be amencjed so as to
read as follows ; Section 7, And be it
furUier enacted, "That the :taid board of
commissioners Bhall be required, in
case ihe taxes charged upon the said
lots and parcels of land shall not be
paid as provided for in the third sec
tion of this'act, to cause the same to
be- advertised for sale in -a- newspaper
published in the town, parish, district
or county, or if the publisher thereof
refuse to publish the same, then in
any other newspaper to be selected by
said'eommissionqrs in said district, or
in the citv of Washington, for at least
ffour weeks, and by posting notices of
s.iid salo in three public places in the
town, parish, district, or county within
which said lands are. situate, at least
four weeks previous to thii day of 'sale:
and at the time and place of salo to
cause ,tho Bamo to be severally sold to
the highest bidder for a. sum not less
than the taxes, penalty, and costs, and
ten per centum per annum interest on
said tax, pursuant to said notice, in
all cases where the owner, of said lots
or parcels of ground shall not, on or
beiore the day of sale, appear in per
son before the said board of corumis-
'sioners and pay the amount of said tax,
with ten per centum interest thereon,
with the cost of advertising the same.
The said commissioners shall be author
ized at said sale to bid off the same for
the United States at a sum not exceed
ing two thirds, of tho assessed value
thereof, unless Eome person shall
'bid a lareer sum: and in that case the
same shall be struck off to the highest
bidder, who shall, upon paying the pur
chase money in gold and 'silver coin, or
in the Treasury note3 of the United
States, or in United States notes, or in
certificates of indebtedness against the
'United States, be entitled to receive
rfrom said commissioners their certifi
cate of sale; which said certificate shall
be received in all courts and places as
prima facie evidence of the regularity
and validity of said sale, and of the
title of tho said purchaser or purcha
sers under the" same: Provided, That
the owner of said lots ot ground, or
any loyal person of tho United States,
having any valid lien upon or interest in
the same, may at any time, within sixty
days alter said sale, appear beiore the
said board of tax commissioners inliis
or her own proper person, and, if a
tcitizen, upon taking an-oath to support
the Consitution ot the United btatcs,
and paying the amount of said tax. and
penalty, with interest thereon from tho
date of the said proclamation of the
President mentioned in the second
section of this act, at the rate
of fifteen per centum per annum,
together with the expenses of the sale
and subsequent proceedings to bo de
termined by said commis3ioners,may re
deem said lots of land from said sale; and
any purchaser under the same having
"paid moneys, Treasury notes, or other
certificates ol indebtedness ot tho Unit
ed States, shall, uoon such redemption
(being made, be entitled .to have tho
same, with the interest accruine after
said sale, returned to him by the said
commissioners, upon surrendering up
the certificates of sale : And provided,
further, That if the owner of said lota of
ground shall be a minor, anon-resident
alien, or loyal citizen beyond seas, a
person of unsound mind, or under a le
gal disability, the guardian, trustee, or
other peraon having charge of the per
son or estate of such person may re
deem the same at any time within jtwo,
years after the sale thereof, audinthe
parcels, or lots of land which may be
selected under the direction of the Pre
sident for government uiie, for war, mil
itary naval, revenue, charitable, edu
cational, or police purposes, may, at
said sale, be bid in bv said commission
ers, under the direction of tho Presi
dent, for, and struck o!F to the United
States: And provided, fvrther, That tho
certihcate -ot said coinmis loners sbal
only be affected as evidence of the re
gularity and validity of sale, by estab
lishing the fact that said property was
not sut ject to taxes, or that the taxes
had been paid previous to sale, or that
the property had been redeemed ac
cording to the provisions of this act
Approved February 6, 18G3.
EXTRATS FROM THE
TORY ACT OF 18G5.
Sec 2. And be it further C7iacled, That
atter the time allowed lor the redemp
tion of any lands or tenements which
have been or shall be sold fly a board
of tax commissioners shall elapse, and
after the purchase money shall have
been fully paid, tho President is au
thorized and required to cause a patent
lor patents to be issued to any such per-
Eon as may be the bona fide purchaser,
owner, assignee, cr transferee of Buch
lands or tenements under and by virtue
of any certificates of sale, or under and
by virtue of any assignment or trans-
fer of such certihcate : Trovtdcd, That
in,, case of an assignmenUbr transfer
ot a certihcate ot tale, the person ap
plying for such patent shall give satis
factory proof to the Commissioner of
the General Land Office of the pre
ceding transiers or assignments.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That
any lien creditor (being a loyal citizen
of tho United States from the com
mencement of this rebellion, or alien
subiect of a friendly nation who shall
not have taken part against the United
States in this rebellion) of a person
whose lan'ds or tenements shall have
been sold by a board of tax commis
sioners and not redeemed, shall, after
the period ot redemption has elapsed,
be entitled to payment out of the bal
ance of the proceeds of sale of such
lands and tenements, after the same
shall have been paid into the Treasury
of the United States, of the amount of
his lien, it a sumcient sum shall be left
for such purpose, after the pavment of
ad claims of tho United States, togeth
er with the cost and expenses of sale,
the payment of all prior liens, under
such rules and regulations, and after
exhibiting such proof of his right, as
the Secretary of the Treasury shall pre
scribe. Provided, however, That no own
er shall bo entitled to redeem unless,
in addition to the oath prescribed by
existing laws, he shall swear that he
has not taken part with the insurgents
in this present rebellion, or in any way
given them aid or comfort, and shall
satisty the board of commissioners that
said oath is true: Provlied, also. That a
tenant at suffrance or at will, shall not
be.allowed to redeem, nor shall a tens
ant for years be allowed to redeem,
unless he shall satisfy the board of
commissioners, in addition to the other
requirements ol the law, that the own
er of the reversionary estate has been
loyal and not in any manner engaged
m mis rcneuiun, nor m giving aid and
comfort to the rebels.
Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That
where lands or tenements have been,
or Bhall hereafter be,-sold under the
provision of the several acts op Con
gress, relatiiy to tho sale of lands for
direct taxs . insurrectional districts,
in tracts which, at the time of sale,
were held by two or more "freehold
owners, in severalty, any one of these
owners, being otherwise entitled tore
deem, shall be .allowed toredeem for
the piece-or parcel of land held.byhim
as a freehold owner, &s aforesaid, on
paying his proportionable part of the
tax, penalty, costs, expenses, and in
terest the said proponionable part to
be "ascertained by the said board of
commissioners." And it shall be ops
tionnl with tho purchaser -eithor to res
tain the residue of the tract purchasedj
after a redemption of a.pari, or to bui
render his certificate of purchase to tho
commissioners, and receive back from
them the amount of the purchase mdn
ev paid, with interest; and in case he
shall elect to retain tho piece or parcel
unredeemed, ho shall surrender his
certificate for the whole tract purchas-
ed, and tho said board shall issue a
new certificate for the piece or parcel
of land retained.
St. losls Spring Races Laclede Assd
elation Course. ,
Last Dat Saturday, Mat 13.
'5 per cent entrance to go to the second
H Taylor enters b h Pairie
Bird, by Sovereign, dam
by Glencoe, 5 years, old;
colors red and red
E Thompson enters s4h
Prince of Wales, by Lex
ington, dam Cylonia, by
imp. Herrold, 5 years old;
colors red and orange
W H Renfrew enters b m
Mampna, by imp. Sover
eign, dam by Glencoe, 7
J W Weldon enters b h . Le
gal Tender, by imp. Sovs
ereign, dam tho dam Idle
R G Mayfield enters s h Abu
Beker, by Mahomet, dam
Rescue, by Beethoven; col
ors red and white....,
Time 1:45 V.
Selling Race Purso 250 dash for
two miles. -Entrance,
50. per cent to go. to tho
W. H. Renfrew enters. s. c, by Rin
gold, dam Little Peggy, 3 year's old. Old
price $500. Weight 76 pounds.
J. Uallard enters, b. h.j Alfred Harris,
by Sovereigu, damMistress, G years
ola Price $1,000. Weight 123 lbs.
J. W. Weldon onters b. g. Red Oak,
by Second Altorf,- dam by Job. Price
$500. To carry 107 pounds.
Time 3:51 A
Mile and repeat Purse $500 free to all.
Entrrnce 5 per cent , to go the Second
R. J. Mayfield enters ch. g.,
by Pots8-tos, dam byMam
ona, 3 years old; color fan
J. 0. JKelley enters b. f. Lute
string, by Lexington, dam
by trlencoe, 4 years old;
Uolor black and orange
C. C. 'life enters b. h." Jim
Sherwood, by Lexington,
dam Nancy Perkins, 5
years old; colors red and "
white M 2
Time 1 :502; 148.
Cotton Crop of Mississippi
The New. Orleans Price Current of
tho Gth inst contained an elaborate
review of tho condition and prospects
of the cotton trade. The writer of
this article, Mr. J. B. Gribble, is an old
factor, and has been for many years a
close and intelligent observer of the
staple. As such, his views at the pres
ent time are entitled to the careful
consideration of all parties interested
in the trade. Mr. Gribble says noth
ing remained on hand of the
crops previous to 1861 and that
in estimating the quantities on hand
we have only to deal with the past
three years. Sarting,t then,, with tho
subsequent years he makes the follow
ing estimates, which he supports by
statistical references, and the result of
liis recent observations in lower Missis
sippi and Eastern Louisiana:
18G2... .-. 500,000
T)Td exports to date 500,000"
" consumption u.
S., 1861 and
1863 Inclusive 2,200,000
Burned and otherwise
Deduct also damaged and rot
ten cotton 500,000
Wo have, then, of merchanta
ble cotton, including the
probable crop of 1865, avail
able both for export and
home consumption 1.900.000
If we take from the above tho amount
sot down for tho growing crop (600,000
bales), and add the quantity deducted
as damaged and rotting in tho interior
(oUU;UUU bales), we have 1,S00,000 bales
as the entire amount now on hand.
The popular estimate in our cotton cir
cles is from 1,500,000 to 2,000,000 bales,
showing no great discrepancy with Mr.
imbble s views.
A severe blow for the suppression of the
rebellion m Jbast lennestfeo was given
last week at Cleveland, in Bradley
county, lhis charge and route of the
enemies of the Federal Government,
says the Knoxvillo Whig, was made
by Hon. Elijah T. Hall, Judge of the
Judicial Circuit, and the jurors of the
county ot .Bradley.
We refer, to the suits brought by loy
al citizens of Bradley county against
their rebel neighbors tor having them
incarcerated in rebel jails lor their pa
Dr. Wm. Hunt, Local Agent of the
treasury Department in this city, re
covered for false imprisonment, the
sum of twenty thousand ($20,000) dol
lars in a suit brought against W. 11
Tibbs, (member of tho rebel Congress,)
Jame3 w. uuiespie, colonel- ot the de
ceased Confederate States Army, and
Elijah F, Johnston.
Stephen Beard, Colonel 6th Tennes
see Jiiounted lntantry, recovered
twenty thousand dollars from this
same Wm. H. Tibbs and Wm. L. Brown,
Captain of the' defunct Confederate
Stites Army. Mnjor J. S. Bradford,
United btates- Army, recovered the
same sum from tho same parties.
bam. llunt recovered ten thousand
dollars from the same Southern rights
wm. uamuio recovered twenty-two
thousand hve hundred dollars ol J ohn
B. Carmichael, Captain William Snow,
Confederate States Army and Caswell
LuttrelL James Kirby recovered ten
thousand dollars off several rebels
whoso names we have not learned
Several other Union men recovered
sums similar to those mentioned, from
their rebel neighbors, au these men.
were in prison with Dr.
Extra Pay to Army Officers.
The Cincinnati Commercial says some
doubt has been expressed, by officers
of the army, as to the passage of a bill
introduced in the last Congress, grant
ing three, months pay, as a sort of bo
to such of them- as remained
the service until the close of the war.
It is a law, and is published officially in
the Btatutes at large of the Thirty,
eighth Congress, second session. It
was made a part of the Army Appro
priation Bill We quote as follows;
Section 4. And be il further enacted.
That all officers of volunteers now in
commission below the rank of Briga
dier General, who Bhall continue in the
military service to the close of the war.
shall be entitled to receive upon being
mustered out of said service, three
months pay proper.
a he bill was passed on the 3d of
March last "Pay proper" means pay
exclusive of commutation. for rations.
Tni'RSDAT, May 18.
The Senate met at .9 J o clock. Pray-
er by iiev. jut. rrettyman;! .,
Mr. Trimble introduced, Senate Bill
No. 89, to do justice and render persons
of African decent competent witnesses
in all the Courts ot .Tennessee.
He said that he thought that Teh"
nessee ought to keep puce with the
United States on this question, whose
Courts received tho testimony of ne
groes, and that he would, like to hear
anv one speaK who rras not m lavor ot
me Dm, sua.no wouiu reapecuuuy jisk.
any Senator what his reasons are and
why ie opposed the same.
Mr. Butler said that at tho beginning,
of this session it was agreed that this
kind of legislation should be let alone
until the regular session. That jio one
had been thinking on the same and he
supposed that the gentleman, had and.
was prepared to mane a speech.
Mr Trimble Raid that he had not pre
pared himself and that her never had in
his life; that ha wasnero to do his duty
and not merely to write out and make
After some further debate Mr Trims
ble moved thatitbo deferred until tho
Fall session, which motion was goncur
A messago.from the House informed
tho Senate that it had passed House
bill3,Nos 1, 19 and 31 and House' Joint
resolution No 31 and returned tho
sahie for the signature of the Speaker
of the Senate.
Mr Frierson introduced Senate bill
No 90. for the benefit of freedmen.
Passed first reading and referred to
the committee on Freed, men.
Mr Butler offered Senate resolution
No 60, that the Governor be requested'
to lay betore the .Legislature all cor
respondence, if any, he may have had,
with James T. Dunlap, late Comptroll
er of the Treasury, relative to a return
of the archives of the Slate, also with
'XT IT Pi.-'. T 1 . a .Pit..
v biuuu ji. owjvbubuu, a resilient, or mc
Nashville and Chattanooga ItailJload
Company, relative to said road; also.
with Granville C.Terbet late President.
it : ti i m ' r "t
oi mo xsanK oi lennesseo, relative to a
return of the assets of said Bank
Mr Peart introduced .Senate Bill No.
91, to aid in tho burial of theSouthorn
Confederacy and for other purposes,
Mr. Hall moved that it lay over
until. the fall term, which ho withdrew.'
Mr. Smith .moved its roferenco to the
Joint Judiciary Committee, as it was
on the subject of enfranchisement
Mr. Senter said that he would like to
have some bill on the franchise of some
Tvhite man, and not mix the color of
Mr. Hall's motion was renewed and
adopted, and the bill was transmitted
to the Housa
House Bill No. 43, to encourage the
.investment -of foreign capital for the
uGveiopoienb oi me mineral weaun oi
the State. Passed third reading.
House Bill No. CO. to repeal Articled
ot the oth uhapter, Titlo o, ot the sec
ond part of the Code. Passed third
senate .Bill xo. 58, giving further
time for thecompletion of all railroads
in this JState. Passed second reading.
Senate Bill No. 63. to incorporate the
Nashville Gymnastic Association. Re-
lerred to Committee on, Corporations.
Mr. Hurst introduced Senate Bill
No. 82, to incorporate the Tennessee
Agricultural and Hechanical Associas
tion. Referred to the 'Committee cn
fcenate Bill No. 84. to compensate the
Judges of the Special Courts of the citv
of Memphis, with petitions. Passed
faenate Bill No. 55, to pay the salaries
of certain Judges and Chancellors ap
pointed by the, late military Governor
.of the State. Several amendments
were offered and lo3t Passed third
Xeftdinc r... r
SenateMll N6 81, for the
discharged Union Soldiers. Passed
third reading. Reconsidered, made the
oraer at iu a. m. to-morrow.
Mr. Smith introduced Senate Bil
No. 93, to incorporate, the Memphis
turners Association, i'assed first read
ing and referred to Committee on Cor
The Senate then . adjourned until to
mcrrow morning at 9 o clock.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Thursday, May 18, 1865.
The House was called to order at 9
o'clock Prayer by Rov. Mr. Hunting
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES,
Mr Henderson, from committee on
Enrolled Bills., reported House bills Nos
1, ly, 61 and 35 as correctly onrolled
Mr Cooper reported Senate bill No
14, recommending certain amend
Mr Thomas, of Benton, reportedSen
ate bill No 56, recommending, its re
ByMrGaut: To amend section 114
of the Code. Passed.
xar feimmeriy s resolution, requiring
the public printer to publish the pro
ceedings of the Tennessee Liberty and
unionoonvention,- was adopted.
tMr Cooper presented a 'memorial from
the State Treasurer, asking action by
the Aegislature in providing, for his use.
an -onice with suitable furniture. Re
ferred to tho committee on the State
Senate bill No 56, redisricting the
state lor congressional representation.
with a bill in lieu reported by the Com
mittee tor redisricting the State was
taken up. The following is the bill in
lieu, which passed on its second read
bee. X. Joe it enacted by the General
Assembly of the State of Tennessee
that the counties of Johnson
Sullivan, Washington, Hawkins, Han
vat tci .
cock, Greene, Cocke, Jefferson, Grain,
ger and Sevoir, shall compose the First
The counties of Claiborne, Union,
Knox. Campbell, Scott, Morgan. Ander
son, Blunt Monroe,. Polk. McMinn.
jjraaiey ana itoane, snail compose the
'ct j n r i -r,. t , .
T y 11 T
obcuuu uoogressiona-i xusirict.
Ihe counties of Hamilton. Marion'.
Grundy, Bledsoe, VanBuren, Sequatch
ie, Warren, De Kalb, White, Smith,
uumoenanu. jcrutnam, Jackson, Over
ton, and Fentress shall compose the
Third Congressional District
Ihe counties ot liutherford. Cannon.
Coffee, Franklin, Lincoln, Bedford,
Marshall, and Giles shall compose the
fourth congressional instri-t
ihe counties ot Williamson, David
son, vviison. juacon, oumner, Kobert-
son, and Cheatham shall compose the
rum congressional xnsirict.
T.f.t r, . , T-V 1 . .
The counties of Lawrence. Wavne.
Hardin, Decatur, Tarry, Lewis, Maury,
Hickman, Humphreys, Dickson. Mont
gomery and Stewart shall compose the.
sixm congressional xustrist.
The counties of Benton, Henrv
Weakly, Obion, Dyer, Gibson, Lauder-
dale, Henderson and Carroll shall
compose the osventn congressional
Tho counties of McNairy, Harde
man, Fayette, Shelby, Tipton, Madison
and Haywood Bhall compose the Eighth
sec. z. Joe it lurther enacted that
sections two. three and four of an act of
the General Assembly -passed the 20th
day oi February, low, entitled an Act
to Apportion the Jttepresentationin the
Congress of the United States, be, and
the same iB "hereby revive'd. and the
same shall govern and control all per
sons therein named, and this act shall
take effect from its passage: 1 t
senate bill No 14, to amend, the rev-
i .enueiaws oi me otaie, me question po-
i ai' m a t
ing on concurrence -with the Judiciary
commitlea. who" "ilenorted "certain
concurred in anditftrbjll'atf-wneHded
passed its third andjlast reading, ayes
uuua -it), i j
A BII.L FitOM. JOINT SEIECT COMMITTEE.
ihojmiita'ry bills (heretofore b'efdre
the Legislature, haviag elicited great
dealbf discussion wifhout any concert-
titi hD,m.N!A... J. 1 ? ' 1. V ,
tho subject,- a JointijSelect committee
from both Houses wi.s appointed some
days since. to consult over, the matter,
and to brins forward such amendments
or such a bill as would be likely to
meet with general I approbation. In
view of this, tho committee, reported
bill differing from all others previously
before tho House. I '
In general termfl ft authorizes the
Governor to" organize and eAuip a suffi-
ycu, provisional volunteer iorco to
suppress guearilla warfare in the State
and lor other purposes.
On its presentation, it Was immedi
ately made tho theme of an' animated
Air Jarvis moved an amendment to
to the bill providing that each county
uc&inijg iurais3 sucn torce, emu bare
sponsible for its. necbssary expenses.
Duggan and others .opposed the
amendment, while some favored it,
and, pending the diifcussion, the ITou3o
took recess till 2 o'dlock.
lho discussion of tho new military
? . . ..... .j
Diu reported by a select joint commit
tee was resumed.
Mr. Davis asked lea'vp to withdraw
his amendment Granted. "
MfJMullins"spoksat some length ih-
uvor oi me diu, wnen xmggan movea
the previous question, and the bill
passed its first reading. . .
House bill No. 13, amending an act
incorporating the (Jay Street Railroad
Uimpauy ot Jvnoxwlle. with report of
committee recommending its passage.
Passed second reading.
House bill No. 82, 'to more effectual
ly manage theState Penitentiary, with
an amendment abolishing, tho office of
auuiung cierK. . rinsed third and last
House bill No. 4$!, to incorporate the
Great Southwestern Mining and Oil
Company. Passed third-reading.
House bill No, 72, for the benefit of
executorsj and administrators, with an
amendment Pasiied third readme.
House bill No. 27, authorizing county
courts to raise a fund for indigent sol
diers' families. Passed last reading.
House bill No 104. to charter the
Union Oil Company, with an amend
merit incorporating the Sycamore Man
ufacturing Company. Passed second
House bill No. 56, to prevent persons
irom wearing Kebfel unitorm. A sub
stitute was presen led regulating the im
position oi nnes on those guilty ot a
viplatioa of the. law. This .imposes a
firJe of not less than five, nor more than
twenty five dollai-s on private soldiers,
and not less than twenty-five nor more
than fifty dollars on commissioned offi
cers for first viols,tion : and for a repe
tition of the offense, the fine to bo in
A lively discussion ensued, several
members participating, the main point
ot contention being as to what really
was rebel uniForni.
Mr. Smith was decidedly in favor of
the bill, and thought there would bo
very little difficulty in determining
who were offenders and who were not.
The detestable uniform was to be found
everywhere you go in the streets, in
the saloons, hotels and theatres. The
wearers gloried inj,beir badge, altho' it
was a continual insult to loyal eyes, and
if they did not feel disposed to doff it
voluntarily, they should be compelled
to do so.
'Mr Thomas of Benton county was.in
favor of the bill, if the status of rebel
uniform was regularly defined; other
wise ho could not vote for it
It Simerly suggested "that in case of
scirilim. Lhf:nnffflArntftFmv. an s:-
tho style of habilfrnents" recently adopt
ed by Jeff Davis, if it was not so ex
On tho previous question being put
the bill passed its third and last read
ing aves 58, noes 5.
House bill No. 97, to repeal all laws
in relation to slaves. Passed last read
House bill No, 88, to incorporate tho
lennessee uu, -aiming ana iaanuiac
luring Company. . Passed last reading.
House bill No 97, to supply lost deeds
and title papers. Passed last reading.
House bill No. 80, to release citizens
from paying btato taxes tor the years
1862, ,1863 and 1864, with amendment.
Passed Jast reading.
LEAVE, OP AB3EKCE,
Mr. Waters of Wilson was granted
leave of absence lor hve days.
MEFSAGH OF SENATE.
A messenger Irom the senate an
nouncing .the pa?:sngo by:that body of
Senate joint resolution No.- 6a, and
asking"the concurrence of the Hause.
On motion the House adjourned till
to-morrow at U o ciock.
(Mr. Dugan's House bill No. 1, with
Senate amendment, should have been
reported in yesterday's pay or as having
passed, instead of being lost, on its last
reading. riiEP ;
. . SENATE.
' " Friday, May 19.
'. Senate met at- 9 o'clock. Prayer by
the Rev. Mr. Tawneyl
Mr Senter. Irom the committee on
Corporations reported upon the fol
lowjng bills: Senate bills Nos 82, 70,
11. 79,36, 8. SO, wid Houso bill No 36,
and as amended recommended their
Mr Bowen offered Senate resolution
No 67, that the committee on the Asy
lum for the insane bo instructed to call
upon Dr.SCheatham to report on that
Mr Trimble introduced Senato bill
No 93 to rechartcr the Tennessee Fire
and Marine Insurance Company. Pass
ed first reading" and referred to the
committee on Corporations.
Mr Randolph, ottered feenate resolu
tion No 68, to take the sense of the Sen-
ate on the limiting of the elective fran
chise and regulate the qualifications of
voters according to the vthsection of the
schedule of the. amended Constitution
ratified by the people on the 22d of
February last. ' '
Mr .brazier otlered an amendment
that the disfranchisement be only.as it
concerned the ensuing Congressional
election. This elicited a general dis
cussion. Mr Senter said that East Ten
nessee had the numerical-strength and
could take care of herself, but it was
fnr Jiliddle and west lennessee to see
to the franchise or disfranchisement of
rebels. That he wanted to see the bill
on. that pass.
Jlr Jitogera spoke very ireely on the
subject, saying that he would do any
thing that he could to put down the re
bellion, that he would not associate
with such wilful murderers, that he
would disfranchise them all until they
had fulL time t: show themselves true
to the general government That they
had no right to- live, much les3 toyote,
that it was a piece of impudence ,for
them to come hero and ask the immu-,
nities of loyal citizens of America.'
They should do as a man did in the
county of Kno:c When he came there
after participating in the rebellion for
some time, he asked only to live there
and not any more to exercise the right
of an American, citizen. That the prodi
gal son had buen received into his fa
ther's house but was more in the form
of a servant,, and he felt himself as
such but he was not taken in to rule.
and he thought it was enough to let
them live? in the State, and that they
had neither the right to vote or hold
Mr Frazier s-aoke at some length on
1- -i - t: -1 . .1 i i f I
tho subiect, oh which ho said that he
stood ready to' disfranchise any man
that would, pro re to him that ho is not
ready andj. willing to co operate with
the.law, not nly of Tennessee, but
theUnited State. That he was for. the
pastv, proclamations, of our lamented
President Lincoln and Andrew John-
son,'untiI they are prove to mo io be
abjured. At tho election in February
end March there were a certain 'num
ber of rebels who voted, and take the
list of rebels away" who voted for" you
and-'Me, you would lack the number
demanded iniMr. Lincoln-'s proclama-
tion. Should he declare tho guilt of
those Tvho came up. and.voted for rati
fication, and supported the present
Governor of Tennessee? should he dis
franchise them ? He never would, and
as-the Senator from Davidson very
properly asked, where will you draw
the line. In. 'his Senatorial District
there was a. largo voteca3t for the rati-
fication-of the amended
of the voters had
beeainked up to the heels in tho re
belliorj. He told them that if the
amended constitution was adopted that
it would become the law of tho land
and slayery was abolished, and that
if he was elected he would vote for the
amended constitution of the , United
States, andHhey came up like patriots
and sacrificed-all their former princi
ples and their negroes,.
Mr. Rogers asked how it would Ke
in Che fall ?
Mr. Frazer could not tell, and that
Was why ho did not know that one side
wouldswaliow up the other, and he
wanted to know who would rule in this,
State unless tho future would BetOe
. Mr. Trimble did not propose to dis
cuss the .merits of the question, but
wished to know if the resolution would
help us along or expedite the business.
The great end we all have is to have
the governing of Tennessee in loyal
hands, and to make it a free loyal
State of the United States. That this
resolution proposed to take the sense
of the Souatc on the Oth section of the
amended constitution. He could not
see the use of it, as they had the bill
now under thejoint Judiciary Commit
tee's consideralion," and the anxiety of
tho Senate embarrassed the members
of the committee
Mr. Trimble moved that it be laid
over informally, which motion pre
A message ffom'tho House informed
the Senate that it had passed House
bill No. 12, and adopted House Joint
Resolution No. 42, Senate Joint Reso
lution No 66, and Senato bill No. 14,
with amendments, asking the concur
rence of tho Senate'in the same. Con
Mr Trimble offered Senate Resolution
No. 69: To ascertain the indebtedness
of tho State, at tho instance of Mr
Butler, in lieu of Senate bill No. 10 on
the same subject Adopted.
Senate bill No. 80: ror the beneht
of discharged Union soldiers. Passed
Senato bill No. 95 : Directory to Rev
enue Collectors. Passed first reading.
Senate bill No. 58:- To extend the
limo for the completion of railroads in
this State. Laid on the labia
Senate Sill No, 84. to compen sate the
Judges of the Snecial Courts of tthe city
of Memphis,accompanied by memorials,
passed, its third reading and transmit
ted to the House.
A special message wa3 received from
the Governor, giving tho correspond
ence between himself, James T- Dun
lap, and others, on the return of the
Assets ot the Sank ot Tennessee, eta,
which will be foun in anothe r s olumn.
On motion tho message was read and
adopted, and requested to bo printed
in all the daily papers, and transmitted
to tho House.
House Joint Resolution No. 42: That
the public printer of tho State be re
quired to print and publish, with the
acts ot this Assembly, the proceedings
of the Liberty and Union Convention,
with the alterations and amendments
of the Constitution and the schedule
annexed by said Convention., Adop
Mr. Case was granted leave ot ab
revenue, waB returned Irom
with amendments, which were concur
red in by the Senate. .
Houso Bill No. 12, to incorporate the
Bndgeman Coal and Salt company.
Passed first reading and referred to the
Committee on Corporations.
The Senate then adjourned until to
morrow morning at the usual hour. '
HOUSE OF REPRE3ENTATIVFS.
Friday, May 19, 1865 The House
came to. order at 9 o'clock. Prayer by
Rev. Mr. Huntington.
Mr. Arncll presented a petition from
the Chancellor ol the 4th Chancery di
vision, praying for tho payment of cer
tain lunds duo him lor .services ren
dered since 1862. Also a bill author!
ziDg tho State Comptroller to pay such
lunds. 1'asscd farst reading s.nd reler
red to Committee on Finance.
P.EPORT3 FROM COMMITTEES.
Mr. Henderson from the Committoe
on Enrolled Bills reported House bills
No. 12 and 14 as correctly enrolled.
Mr. Duggan, from the Committee on
Corporations, reported iou30 bill 116
which was placed on the calendar.
Mr. Cooper, Irom the Judiciary Com
mittee, reported Houso bills N03. 112
117, sand llo, recommending their
rejection. Also Housebill No. 109, and
recommended its passage.
ME33AGE FROM TOE SENITE.
A messenger irom tno senate an
nounced tho passage by that body-of
several bills and asking the concur
rence of tho House-
By Mr. Ryder: To incorporate the
United Hebrew .Brethren .Benevolent
Society of Memphis. Passed and re
ferred to Committee on Ways and
Senate resolution No. 64 was taken
up and adopted. This requests the
Governor to lay before the House cer
tain correspondence with the late Comp
troller of the Treasury; aliio with V.
IL. Stevenson,- President of the Nash
ville and Chattanooga Railroad: and
with Granville C. Torbett, late president
al the lian k ot Tennessee, if such m
formation will not be injurious to the
Senate bill No. 56. redisricting the
mate lor congressional representation
An amendment attachins; DeKalb
county to fifth, and Macon county'Eo
the sixth District was adopted, and the
bin as amenaed passed its last reading.
Ayes z noes -ju.
House bill No 109, to amend the
laws in regard to the Eank of Tennes
see at Nashville. Passed second read
ing. House bdl No 124, authonzine the
Governor to raise a volunteer nrovis-
lonai lorce lor me suppression ot guer
- , f r i, .
rillas, ana ior otner purposes.
Mr Garret offered a bill in lieu, which.
in general terms, authorizes tho Gov
ernor to establish patrols in each county-
when deemed necessary.,
Mr Hudson thought it would be ut
terly impracticable to carry out the
provfuions of the bill in lieu,
Mr Garrett defended ltatsomelencth.-
stating that he was utterly opposed to
any thing favoring military despotism,
and would favor vesting in the civil
courts the control of social troubles and
Mr Hermans was against the bilL in
lieu. The cries of suuenngi loyalty de
manded a military force sufficiently
strong to keep rebellious elements in
Mr. Henderson thought that when it
was necessary to bring military power
. - -a; T? J 1 X.
into requisition, reaerai troops were
the, more preferable, but Javored the
civil courts having the fulle st power in
the. regulation of tho matters referred
to in the bilL ' '
. Pending- thdldiaottwiawj a Moaaoagee
from the Sente jtraRMnitte!,- to the
House a' special mee&g from the Gov
ernor, with (mpannnjfdoctnha
They -ill be fond infanother pjl¢.
After their reading $'f the Clerk, Mr,
Hood offered, the foil wing r,ewlations
which was-unanimously adopted,
Resolved by the Bate and House
of JHepresentatives of the State of Ten
nessee, That the aotfon'of His Excel-'
lency, William; G, Jiewnlow, Governor
of the State, in regard to.the.Pxesident
and officers of the Bank of Tennesseex
and in regard to the' communications
addressed to himhy J. T. Dunlap, J",
E. R Ray, and Jj R Battle, and in re
gard to the, communication of V, X.
Stevenson, meet our hear tyf approval.
Leavaof absencef was granted for a
few days to four manabers.
On motion, the, Souse took a recess
till 2 o'clock- v
-Senate. bill-o. 68, .tp; establish the
Eighth Chancery District of Tennessee.
Passed first. reading
Senate bill No. 31,. repealing an act
incorporating the (j ay Street Railroad
Company of Knoxville. Passed, third
and last reading. I
"Senate bill No. 1$, fo'iacorporate. the
Tennesso Fire and Marine Insurance
Company, with an' amendment Passed
xf.w iiorsE cif.L
MrBTJnd, on leave of the Houso, in
troduccsTa bill-repealing the internal
improvement laws of tho State. Passed
and 100 copies ordered printed.
THE MILITARY BILL.
Mr. Garrett having withdrawn his
bill irLlieu, the consideration of House
-bill No."l2i was resaraM.
Mr. Doughty spoke in favor of the
bill, saying that, under all the circum
stances, a better bill could not be pre- j
Mr. Raulston proposed as an amend
ment, a substitute, that section 474 of
tho code be repealed, and tho militia,
laws of the State put in force. On mo
tion to lay it on the table, the amend
ment was lost ayes 32, noes 27.
, 8EXATE BILLS ON FIRST READING.
Senate bill No IS, to amend tho crim
inal laws of the State. Passed
Senate bill No 25, to amend the mil
itia laws of the State., Passed.
Senate bill No 3, to provide- for the
election of connty officers. Passed.
Senate bill No 77, to extend section
1759 of tjie Code for the benefit of loyal
persons injured in person or property.
.Senate bill No 46, authorizing the
investment of funds, and for other pur
Senate bill No 59, to repeal an act re
pealing section 4766 of the Code. Pass
ed. Senate bill No 61, to discourage treas
on, and defend justice, passed.
Senate bill No 72, to accept a certain
grant of land, proffered by the United
Sates Government Passed.
, Senate bill No 61, to facilitate legal
Senate bill No 67, to incorporate the
Agnomen Club of Nashville. Passed..
Senato bill No 84j allowing Judges of
tho Common La-T and Criminal Courts
of Memphis a salary of ?'?000 per an
uum HOUSE BILLS ON SECOND BEADING.
House bill No S4, amending section
1IT of the Code. "Passed.
House bill No 106, repealing 3809 of
the Coda Laid over till next October.
Honse bill No "1 20, to change- ,to,a
coun ty fund tho railroad fund of Blount
House bill No 79, fo establish a claim
agency lor Tennessee -interests in me
citv of Washington. Passed.
House bill No 81, to incorporate the.
Memphis Jjidies Institute, iteterrea
to Committee-on Education.
Mr. Duggan offered a resolution ex-
rtending the working hour3otj,he
MESSAGE FROX SENATE.
A message from the Senate announ
ced the passage by that body of vari
ous bills, and asking the concurrence
of the' Housa Oa motion, the House
adjourned till tp-jmorrow' morning at 9
Saturdat, May 20, 1S65.
Senatemetat O o'clock. Prayer by
Rev. Mr Tawney.
Mr. Bosson was granted leave of ab
sence for two dayB,
Mr Frazer presented a memorial
from W. B. Campbell, President, and
of Middle Tennessee.askingthe Legisla-
ture to accept their charter and relieve
them from the tax imposed on Bank-r,
and give such aid by legislation as will
enable them to wind up and liquidate
Mr Peart introduced Senate Bill No
96, to provide for ihe registration of
voters in Tennessee. Passed first read-,
House Joint Resolution No 32, de
claring certain civil offices vacant, and
providing for the filling of the same.
Mr Bowen introduced Senate Bill No
97, to incorporate the SipsiaOil and Min
ing Company. Passed first reading and
referred to the Committee on Corpora
tions. -A message from the House informed
tho Senate that it had adopted House
joint resolution No. 44, that no new
bills be introduced into this General
Assembly after Monday next, except
bill3 from tho Committee on Finance.
and ask concurrence of the Senate in
On motion laid on the table.
Senate bill No. 68, to provide for
limitations of actions and for other
purposes. Passed third reading. '
House bill No. b2, to amend- the
Statute of Limitations, was indefinatelv
Mr. rrazierrfrombpccial Committee.
reported on Senate bills Nos. 0 and S3
and offered accompanying bills in lieu,
o 1 -vr n 1 i f
oeuuie uju rjo. v, 10 recnaner mo
Tennessee Fire and Marine Insurance
Company. Passed second reading and
Senate bill No. ST, raising
of the code. Withdrawn.
Mr Smith introduced Senate bill No
9S to incorporate the Memphis Steam
Ferry Company. Passed first reading
and referred to the committee on Cor
Mr rrazter introduced Senate bill
No 99, to accept the Charter of ihe
Bank of Middle Tennessee. Passed
first reading and with memorial refer
red to the committee on Ranks.
Senate bill No S2, to incorporate the
East Tennessee Petroleum Company.
Passed seoond reading.
Senate bill No y, to incorporate the
Manchester and Barren Fork Mining
and Manufacturing Company. Passed
Senate bill JNo u, to incorporate
the Memphis, Mound City and Arkan
sas steam Jrackec company, rassea
Senate bill No 11, to incorporate the
Nashville Barbers' Association. Pass
ed second reading.
Senate bill No 3(, to incorporate the
ennessee Mountain Petroleum and
Mining Company. Passed second read
ing ' . -
House bill No 37, to incorporate the
Rawlston Oil and Salt- Company." Pass
ed second reading!
Senate bill No 8, to charter the Mem
phis Savings kBanki Passed second
senate bill No fib, to incorporate the
Tennessee Manufacturing and Improve
ment Company; Passed second read
Mr Lasater was granted leave .-of abv
scence until Tuesday next
The Senate then., adjourned .until I
MohdayW6rning'atthe;usual hour" I
it ". . MORxnm nonotoy..
Satvrbay, May 2&
The House came to ord at 9 o'deefc
Prayer by P.ev. Mr. Huntington.
MtDagganfromthe Committee or
Corporations reported Hose bill 31.
Placed on the calendar. - .4
Mr Elliott moved to reconsider House
bill No 31, creating a railroad in the
city5 6T Nashville. Concurred in, aad
bill withdrawn for amendment.
By Mr Gautr Te iiacorporatc the
Camberland Mining and Petroleum:
Company. Passed and referred to
Committee on Corporations.
By Mr Steele: To collect taxes ia,
lawful money of the United States.
Passed and. referred to Committee oa
Ways and Means.
By Mr Ryder: To incorporate the
Union Transfer Company of Memphis.
Passed and referred to Committee on
' J3y Mr.i Grimmett: to disfranchise,
rebel soldiora and citizens. Passed,,
and referred to Judiciary Committee.
By Mr. Grove: House joint resolution,
that the General Assembly adjourn on
Monday, 29 lh inst, to meet on the 1st
Monday in October; Laid over till
3y the same: That; no new bill3 shall
be introduced after Monday, 22d inst,
except bills from the Finance Commit
tee. Adopted and transmitted to the
BILLS ON BICOND RFUDIXC.
Senato bill No. 66, to establish tho
eighth Chancery District of Tennessee,
with amendment Passed. t
House bill "No 116, to incorporate
the Union Mining Company. Passed.
House bill No. 101, to attach the
counties of Morgan and Scott to tho
third Judicial Circuit Laid over till
House bill No 113, to chahgo the time
for holding the Chfijicery Court at
Athena and Benton. Passed.
House bill 'No 114, to charter Ten-,
nessee Express Company. Passed.
House bill No 110,to amend tho char
ter of the Cleveland. and Ducktown
Railroad Company. Passed.
House .bill No 89, to incorporate the
Tennessee and Cumberland Oil and
Mining Company, with'amendments.
House bill No 121, to incorporate tho
EastTennessee and Camberland Moun
tain Petroleum, Coal, Iron, salt, Copper
and Zinc Company, with amendments.
MESSAGE FJiOH SENATE.
A message from the- Senate was re
ceived, announcing concurrence by that
body with Houso joint resolution No 31;
also non-concurrence with House
amendments to Senato bill No 2.
HOUSE BILL OX THIBD BEADINd.
House bill No 104, to charter
Union Oil Company. Passed.
House bill No. 109,.to amend the laws
in regard to, the Bank of Tennessee.
This, among other amendments, pro-,
vides for five directors, one of whom
shall be -President: the Cashier to be
appointed by the directors, and receive
a salary of $2000; the President to be
An amendment was proposed iu ref
erence to the payment of outstanding
bonds, but on the explanation of Mr.
Cooper that it was of great importance
thatthe bill as it is should be immediately-passed,
the amendment was with
drawn and the bill passed its third and
last reading, ayes 56, noes none.
House bill No 38, to incorporate the
Appalache Oil and Mining Company.
LEAVE. OF- -1BSSXCE.
Mr Moss was granted leave of ab
sence until Monday morning.
On motion, the House then adjourned
till Monday morning at 9 o'clock.
From tho JTasutigt"!! ChrooicIeT" ---.
Ihe Tood-Proiluclng Capacity sf the
,. ri A . -
There is much present distress in the
South; and more is to be apprehended.
But it is impossible that in a country
possessing agricultural capacities suffi
cient to feed more than twenty times
its population, there can be any perman
gent difficulty of this kind. A few
rhonths' labor by each Southern man,
without distinction to color, would
easily supply all that is absolutely re
quired for sustenance.
The Agricultural Census Report of
1860 is full of proofs of Southern pro
ductiveness of food Many of our
ad?r? bf surprised to learn that
irgmia raised more wheat in that
veari at?d Alabama more swine, than
Pennsylvania; that South Carolina
produced more than 4,000,000 bushela
of sweet potatoes, and that several of
tbe OUier insurgent States exceeded
thatamountr that Georgia and South
Garolina yielded more thm 170,000.000
pounds ol rice; that there were 15,562,
867 swine in the Southern States, 14 -435,316
in the Western States, and
only 2,614,236 in tho Middle States:
and that the product in the, Middle
and Southern States of the great
staples of wheat, rye, and corn, was aa
I follows :
FRODCCT OF I860.
- A'o of bushels to
Middle States. JVb. of Insh, each inhabitant.
No of bushels to
3.50 ' -
Soutlin States. Xo of bush.
Total -.;3 16 271,656
The .inhabitants of
a coantry that
has made such additions, and others of
almost equal importance, to its vast
products of cotton, sugar, and tobacco,
however much they have suffered from
the ravages of war, cannoCiha mild
climate, where comparatively little
shelter or clothing are required, have a
dark future, unless they have entirely
lost the instinct of Belf-preservatiou,
and all power to exert a self-sustaining
If the destiny of the South 13 to be
narrowed down to a mere question of
existence, it is evident its inhabitants
can secure the means of sustaining life
with less real trouble than any other
people on the globe. The whole "Con
federacy" can keep body and soul to
gether with one half the work that is
required from the citizens of NewEng-
lanu, or 01 new xoik, or ot Jr'enrt3yt
vania, respectively. Some new indus
trial system can certainly be inaugura
ted to do the little that they require
to obtain, all the necessaries of life, sus
tained they are, for the present m
many instances, by the bounty of our
uovcrnment, and encouraged by its ex
pressed desire to promote the re-organization
It is folly to doubt the ability of the
South, in the absence of slave labor, to
raise all that is required for food and
raiment It is more probable that the
chief difficulty in. re-establishing tho
culture of cotton, sugar, rice, and to
bacco, will arise from the ease with
which potatoes, corn, wheat,nd swine,
can bo procured, and the disinclination,
of the emancipated laborers to continue
the sieadjr toil necessary to insure' the
first-named crops, after they have been
relieved from the accustomed, compul
We expect much, however, from the
demonstrated superiority of American
soil for cotton culture and the peren
nial demand for that staple. Tfais will
be a constant stimulus. to exertion, and
it will combine influences that will
eventually overcome all temporary dif
ficulties. The South will yet -prove that.
.under a.free labor svstera. sha cb feed.
'herself and clothe the worttl.