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WINCHESTER, TENiNT., JANUARY -24,-18G3.
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Synopsis of President's Message.
Tho message of tho President opens
with ti review of tho military position
of affairs, which is described as very
satisfactory. Tho fourth grand army
t invasion has been defeated in Vir
ginia, and Gen. Burnsido has expori
need the fate of his threo predeces
sors, McDowell, MeCledan and Popo
In the West, the fortunes of war
have been various. Battles have been
fought with fearful carnage on both
sides, but hopes of tho enemy of any
decisive results have been battled. On
tho Atlantic coast, the enemy are still
confined to the protecting cover of their
Hoots. A review of our history shows
that the war has entered its third and
ilal stage. The first effort was to re
store the Union, and has been aban
doned. The second wax to conquer
the South, and govern it as a depen
dency. This, too, has proven impos
sible, and has been abandonod. The
third design is to destroy mid plunder
what they could not subjugate. If we
continue the same efforts as in tho
past, t his design will likewise bo defeat
ed, and we 'may confidently expect
that this is tho closing year of tho war.
Tho enemy will possoss neither the
spirit nor resources for continuing it
in tho fourth year on so exhaustive a
scale. We desire peace, but will con
tinue tho war at any sacrifice until out
right to self-government and sovereign
ty, and tho independence of tho States
ji'ro vindicated and established.
Foreign relations are then reviewed.
Our right to recognition is shown by
roferonco to tho past history of our
States, some of which were recognized
us independent by Great Britain in the
treaty of peace of 1783, and had been
previously allies in war with Franco.
When our Commissioners demanded
recognition, they were told that foreign
Governments could not decido between
conflicting statements made by our
Government, and that of tho United
States, in respect to our mutual rights,
and that Europe would simply recog
nize us as belligerents, and preservo
strict neutrality. This apparent refu
sal to decide, was in reality a decision
against us, bocauso we were thus un
justly deprived of diplomatic inter
course on tho same footing as our
The question of the blockado is dis
cussed at length. Its invalidity is
shown, as tested by tho principles of
tho Congress of Pans in 1850. -I he
. whole conduct of neutral nations is
summed up, so as to show that they
have enforced all neutral rights that
affected us injuriously, and refrained
..from asserting those that would injure
the United States.
. ' The correspondence between the
Courts of France and Great Britain and
Uussia is adverted to. The -language
of the French dispatch is construed as
a formal admission of our ability to
maintain our independence, and justi
fies the hope of early recognition. .
The barbarities committed by North--orn
troops are referred to, and tho ac
tion taken in relation to the atrocities
vom miued by Gen's. McNeil, Butler
and :lilroy explained. The opinion iB
ex (rested that tho infamy of their con
duct must be shared by .their superiors,
who had in no onoinslanco punished
the perpetrators ot these crimes.
In regard ho Lincoln's proclamation
ho says, our detestation is temperod by
profound contempt for his impotent
rago. Tho action of tho Government
will be confined to delivering up all
commissioned otticers hereafte? captur-
ed in tho ten States named in the proc-
lamation, to be tried Iry tho States un-
der tho laws which punish those that
excite servile insurrection. Tho proc-
lamation is treated as possessing great
significance in a political view. U
proves what were tho designs of the
Republican party from the beginning.
notwithstanding their efforts to conceal
them by false declarations.
The proclamation is next considered
as a guaranty against the possibility of
re-construction. His also treated as
a confession of inability to subjugate
the South, winch Europe will be bound
to consider as justifying our immediato
recognition, as an intimation to tho tho captmo of Arkansas l ost, and say
people of tho North that they must that tht Rebels were out oil' from re-Mbraittoufinalsoparutioi,oftboStatcij.-tlieato1
LotI, 8,dtf(, ot-tll0 rivci, Xo
Adequate taxation is rocommonded; , .
also, the issue of bonds, to bo guaran ' llhmI i"latiun reached here
toed by the State- Jt was his' con vie concerning the affair,
tion that the people of the Confedera- Northern dispatchosconfirm the hows
cy would freely meet taxation on a the Confederate success on the Cum-
scale ado mate to l lie support of their , , i .-. i , i ,i ,'i .
1 ... 11 .. herland river, and acknowledge the
government; and the nassago of some . . .,
enactment carrying still further t destruction of tho Inderal transports
policy of tho law of the'btst session, ' and gunboats, but give the credit tj
for funding oiitstandifigTreasury notes, Forrest instead of Wheeler,
by fixing a limitation not later than j Tlic bllidin,P 0j tlic jai,.0ad by tho
the 1st day ot Julv next, to the delav ,, , , , ... n .
... i , ,. , ,, let era s towards Ivmg Grove Court
allowed lor tunning the notes issued
pri ! to tho 1st December, 1 od2, would, Houso and corduroy road across the
in the opinion of the Secret a ry of tho swamp, protecting the same by a strong
Treasury, have the effect to withdraw mloubl, would seem to indicate that a
troin circulation nearly the entire sum
issued previous to tiie l:i -t named date.
The I'ro.ident specially rccoinmends
gome revision of the Kxe'in pi ion law ofj
last esM(iii nii in. to leave at home a
sullicicnt local police, without making
discri m i iki t ion between different class
es of our eiti.ens. Seri jus e m:laints
had reached him of the ineouaiit v of:
Attention was also caile.! to tin
ports of the Sccretiiry of War and the ! ()f A t;ix lt poa pro;,erty and gross in
Navy, and tlic report of the lWn.as.j Sll(li,klll to viekl :l rcvt.I1U0 0l
ter (leneral. J ho revenuo of the kit-! . ' . . .... .. . ,,
tor was in ,'xccss of that of the :ISL j at least forty-eight millions ot dollar,
postal year, hut there was still a con- and shows tho amount may be uicreas-
sidcrablo deficit as compared with its
expenses, and he recommended some
legislation, if any could bj constitution
ally devised, for aiding the revenue of
that department during tho ensuing
The President also recommends a'
proper mode (d' relief to those citizens :uid won) rop!isou; lllK driven into
whose property has been destioyed by . v; u un
order of the government as a-means of i v" .
defence. ' ' Tho Baltimore American of the nth
The Message, which is the longest ' says, reliable information has been re
yet issued by the President, embraces oeived from scouts to tho effect that
a comprehensive review of the whole , .u.0 bci ,n.ulo L tho 1cbcIs
internal and external relations ot the, "1... .. . .
country. It is confident, even trium- lJ cul RoHeerau J oft from all his
phant, in tone, and closes with a tri- j supplies, and then crush it. Jlosccrana
oute to our women, without whose sub- will not move upon Long-street, until
lime sacrifices it declares that our sue-! cmaiu expeditions effect the destruc
cess would have been impossible, and , t;on o,. fl anJ (. tuj.e Forrcst
asks the people of tho Confederacy to 1
join in returning thanks to (iod, and in j -110B1LK, Jan. 21.
beseeching the continuance of His pro- T,0 Advertiser and Holster has a
tec.ive care over our cause, and the ; - j 2(Hh which
restoration of peace, with its manitold 1 . '
blessings, to their beloved country. i W tliC PeCKl1 correspondent of the
Crisis, furnishes a dispatch, dated
Philadelphia has buffered a severe Tangipahoa, 20th, which nays tho New
mortification in tho fact that the An -; Qv0ixm "picayune contains nn official
derson Troop, a cavalry regiment, rais- repurt 0f hn engagement between the
edoutof the "wealthiest and most res-;A,a)um:; ,U)(1 ulCti yUltes gunboat
pectablo young men of the city," rclus-: latteras, thirty miles from Galveston,
ed to go into, the Murfrecshoro tight, 1 he llatteras was sunk with all on
alleging that their officers were inexpe- j
Falling. The Sandersville Georgian
says that Salt is falling as vapidly as it
went up. Speculators are beginning
to discover that there is- Salt in the
countryand are putting on tho market
the Salt so long hid away in cellars.
Eight sacks of Liverpool salt sold in
Savannah, on Saturday last, at auction,
at fiftv dollars per sack.
.exi-kkssly ioh . thk daily bulletin
,- -- - -
v- ,- . , , , L w
T . d,sl,sltchw wcoivod last night.-
Ic 13 aggravating to have to pay tho
samo as all the press for telegrams,
and got only a part now and then of
what mu. temporaries receive. If it
.,, , ,
18 . 1,0Sil,ll0 10 h;i 11 chango lor the
better it shall bo effected forthwith.
Vo have borne enough and must have
a change for better or worse.
RICHMOND, Jan. 20.
Dispatthcs to Northern journals,
tmle1 ('ai'o, 10th, repeat tho story of
forward ni"veinciit on the Rajipainm-
nock was designed to he made in ear-
,IONt' whilst the operations in -North
Carolina were designed as a feint to
,,.:,w trooi.s horn l.ee's army.
Alexander Gait, tlu; giltel young
Sculptor, died ycterday, of small .ox
.i.i n ..... i n ? .
1 lie Sccrcta'.y of the lieasury, in
ins report reeemmeuos me iissessn.cni
I t . I A
ed to sixty millions, a sum sjillieient to
pay the interest on the public dobt, and
provide a sinking fund.
Two hundred federals attacked a
scouting party of Confederates, near
Windsor, oiv Blackwater, yesterday,
board, except ono officer and five men,
who were picked up by tho Brooklyn.
Tho llatteras was au iron clad, carry
ingthrce rilled thirty-two pounders.
The Brooklyn pursued tho Alabama,
: but could net catch her.
; RICHMOND, Jan. 21
Tho Indianapolis correspondents of
the Cincinnati Commercial says, Indi
ana is ripe for revolution within her
borders. A plot of the- Democratic
Uaders to seize the State Arsenal has
been defeated by the vigilance of Gov.
Morton and a few others.
The establishment of a North-western
Confederacy is boldly advocated by tho
democratic leaders in Indiana.
Vnlhiridigham, in tho House of Rep
resentatives on the 13th, advocated an
armistice. The Herald's correspondent
says his speech was listened to with
the closest attention.?
Napoleon did not ulludo to American
affairs in his reply to the diplomatio
corps. During his new year's tecep
tion when tho Kmperor passed where
Dayton stood, he enqifired what news
and on Dayton referring to bad news
just received, His Majesty replied, ho
regretted to hear it and hoped it would
bo better within tlic year.
MO BILK, Jan. 21.'
The Advertiser and Register has the
GRENADA, Jan. 18.
Five moro prisoners captured off the
transports, opoosito White river, ar
rived here to-night. They confirm the
report of dissatisfaction among the
Federal troops. Tho separation of Il
linois and Indiana from tho Yankee
Union is freely canvassed and favored
by western troops.
YICKSBURG, Jan. 22.
Sixty gunboats and transports passed
Greenville to-day, coming down. We
arc prepared for them.
CHARLESTON, Jan. 22.
The Fiench war steamer Milan left
this port this morning for Baltimore.
Another .steamer has arrived at a Con
federate port this morning, bringing a
valuable genera! cargo. She was chased
and fired at unsuccessfully by tho Yan
kee gunboat Tusearora, near Punch al
She brings Nassau dates to tho 15th.
The British screw steamship Thistle
Icit Nassau on the Uth.
The Nina, Nicholas, First Gladiator,
Dora and Florida, were at Nassau; also
the British warNhteanvers Galatia,
Stromboli and Briconta.
The blockaders have captured two
schooners, supposed to be tho Hetawan
and Georgo Chislom, with naval stores
Tho Washington Republican Btates
autiioritively that forty vessels havo
recently Jeft British ports to run
A return shows that during theprcs
ent year forty -six American ships have
been registered in Liverpool under
Weatherstiehl. Connecticut, is rebel
lious. It has directed its select men to
pay no attention to any Government
order for a draft.
Tho Yankee dispatches from Fort
Monroe, say the Federals buruta rebel
baggage train at the White House and
captured ?5U,000 worth of goods from
"Jim Brown, of Baltimore," a blockado
runner, who is now a prisoner aboard
tho gunboat Mahagken.
Tho Augusta Chroniclo and Sentinol
announces the death of Judgo Holt, of
Go rgia, ono the- most able members
of the bench and bar of that State.
Tho Governor of New Hampshiro has
postponed tho threatened draft in that
Statu sine die.
Governor Curtin, in his annual mes
sage to the Legislature of Pennsylvania,
gives tho President's Emancipation
Proclamation a wide berth. He refus
es even to touch it