OCR Interpretation


Winchester daily bulletin. [volume] (Winchester, Tenn) 1863-1863, February 01, 1863, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038524/1863-02-01/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

WINCHESTER DAILY
BULLETIN.
, , "T1IK WL lt?TOK;jMpLVfi TOT JiR FIIEK IS LITTLE LESS THAN OMNIl'OTENT.-
VOL. 1.
v WINCHESTER, TENN.. FEBR (JAR Y 1 . 1863.
S 1 ' I . . !..) ..!,
NO. 8!
he limit! -'Metta.
W. J. SLATTER, PROPRIETOR.
Terms :
van 3&& aat mwjw
Notice to Subscribers. '
Whkn you find bcforo your namo on
your paper, pleuso renew your ubscription,
i it is a notice that the tinio for wlnck it
h been paid will expire in a few ilays.
jgfc, A very limited space in the Daily Bul
letin will bo ullowed for advertisements.
Terms, $1 for each square, 1st insertion ; 50ots
for each subsequent insertion.
Articles of much length, intended for publi
cation, must be handed in in the forenoon to
insure publication next day.
Obituaries, Tributes of liespect, and Funeral
Invitations charged as advertisements, but nmr
riages and deaths published as news
Advertisements of charituble institutions at
half prico.
J1J 11 L .1 1 J. . .' t -.' I . I . .
ADDRESN
OK
troops in Kpntucky for the . military
service of the United States.
GENERAL HUMPHREY MARSHALL,
To the People of Kentucky.
You are about to enter upon a new
phase of the unholy war in which, for
eighteen in uiths, the United States
have been engaged against the Con
federate States of America. To pur
sue tho war through this hint utage,
you will incur sacrifices and en
dure sufferings to which nothing
you have yet seen or felt will bear
comparison. You have been robbed of
your constitu'i mihI rights' by the action
of the Federal power, assisted by un
principled men in Kentucky: now, yon
are to be robbed of your property, and
equirod to descend to the (une soci.i i
level with your slaves You have, i
heretofore, borne patiently the yoke j
imposed on you by hard task-masters, ;
boih at home and from abroad; now,,
they propose to plunge you into an j
abyss of ignominy from which there'
will bo no emerging.
Fellow -Ken tuckians, I am your friend.
1 havo no aspiration so high as that of J
assisting you out of the labarynth of j
difficulties into which you have been j
deceived by those in whom you have
trusted. I refused to submit to a
deprivation of onstituti Mial rights, to
the eniovment of which I was born.
I became an exile from Kentucky, only
because tho people of Kentucky would
not resist tho sacrilegious hand laid j
upon tho very altar of their most in es
timable rights. I have resisted as best
1 could. The confiscation of my prop
erty the spoliation of my home the
breaking up of my family the disper
sion of its members the imprison
ment of my sons arc calamities to
which I have been subjected ; The
compensating consideration has been
only u sense of freedom and the con
sciousness that I have never basely sold
my birthright for a mess of pottage, or
bont the kneo to elicit power. I ask
you to retrace calmly the progress of
events.
Mr. Lincoln's election was followed
by the secession of the Southern plant
ing states. .Northern Legislatures ten
dered men and means to sustain the
power of the Union. What said Ken
tucky ? Through her General Assem
bly sho answered, that she would resist
ny attempt at coercion by the Federal
government. To this she stood pledged
oi only by her publ c representatives,
'but through nooular Dolitical conven
tions of all parties.
Mr. Lincoln's inauguration was fol
lowed by a call for 75,000 men. It was
"sou in jventucky that tuia levy was
designed tonrntert tho. Natinnnl (1initnl
jrom invasion, and fot no other object:
Kentucky found in this explanation
sufficient reason not to enter unon tho
ademption of the pledges of her As
sembly and Convention. :, '
ho persuasion t,o preserve neutrality
between the contending powers was
Jxt successfully offered to Kentucky;
rl immediatelv on its acceptance the
"resident
piHiripqUon x of arms to, the , Unionists
V ntuckyf the , formation of a mili-
Jary camp in the central part of the
state and tho concealed enlistment of
. At. the elections for V. nil (rt-oatiirtna I
Representatives,-' which took' 'placo
directly, candidates made pledgos to
refuse men and money to coerce the South
ern States. You trusted and elected
them. They audaciously betrayed their
pledges by voting half a million of sol
diers and five hundred millions of
money to prosecute the war, and to
cocrco the Southern States.
The elections of Stato representa
tives were carried under similar pro
tences, but when tho Assembly con
vened, tho representatives, usurping
tho constitutional functions of the Ex
ecutive branch of tho State Govern
ment, assumed through their agents
tho distribution of arms and the man
agement of military affairs in the Stato
enforcing their will upon tho people
of Kentucky by decrees, as odious in
their sanctions as they were extraor
dinary in their soverity.
You, people of Kentucky, by a few
politicians in your State, were thus
first hoodwinked and betrayod, then
humiliated and doe reed to u lino of
action which wo all know has not rep
resented your sympathies, your feel
ings or your will. You know it you
feel itand thousands among you daily
confess it. Pardon mo for saying that
this condition of things bespeaks a
people subjugated who have y'ulded to
force who aro under an influence they
cannot throw off. I appeal to you to
look and see what that force is'whieh
thus has enthralled yon, and you must
recognize the fact that a few audacious
politicians at home, assisted by Federal
bayonets, wield it now and h ive dono
so from the beginning, and that these
men act as your mwtcru, and not as
your representatives.
Am I ti"t right in these 'a scrtions ?
I refer to what was called your elec
tion's, last spring, to bear out my views.
Did not a Kentuckian, acting under
thtf authority of the National Govern
mci.t. disfranchise all men in tho Stato
of different opinions from his own?
V;us not this done boldly and in ad
vance of election days ? Were not his
ukase recorded in tho Louisville Jour
nal, and published for tho control of
the people in the State? Were not
native citizens exiled for the crime of.
being candidates professing respect for;
constitutional liberty and sympathy
for Southern wrongs or good will for
the Southern peoplo and havo rot
these citizen been confined ever since,
away from home, business, family auc
tions and interests ?
How ooul I such tyranny bo success
fully exerted except over a subjugated
poopie ? Again : have not . men wear
ing Federal uniforms or assuming Lin
coln's livery, among you, arrested your
citizens, male and female, in open day
and in defiance of right, chargod them
and collected from them from $100 to
82,500, for tho privilege of having the
oath of allegiance to tho United States
administered to them ! You know this
could not occur and go unpunished
among a frco people. There is not a
community in Europoorin Asia, where
such a practice would have been toler
ated as you have tolerated this for the
past year. I do not record it here to
humiliate you by the publication of a
fact discreditable to you, but to prove
to your own senses that you have been
subjugated demoralized and are this,
day enslaved! You aro not aware of
tho spectacle you exhibit you cannot
be. You aro not conscious, in the com
fortablo homes in which you dwell,
and surrounded by tho luxury to which
you havo become accustomed, that all
tho nobler attributes' of your naturo
havo perished in a political sense
The minions of a despot dress in pur
ple and .fine linen; Luxury may bo
found in tho vilest courts of the world.
Tranquility is one of. the conditions of
despotism, as stillness broods over the
Dead Sea. Rouse yoursolves, men of
Kontucky 1 Awako from your dream
ing to re-assort your rights. .Tho peo
plo of Northern Commonwealths havo,
as mero witnesses of tho practices of
tho Federal powor exerted in your
midst, entered their protests, and Gov.
Seymour of New York has forbidden
those arrests amona his fellow-citizens
in the State f Now York, which arc I
daily practicod in Kentucky without!
explanation to you or to the friends of
tho persons arrested. New Jersey and
other States will follow the example of
New York. You cannot, without a
revolution at homo; for your raastora
aro politicians bred at home, who use
this very power of arrest, imprison
ment and confiscation, to disfranchiso
you to rob you of your property
to deprivo you of your constitutional
liberties to enslave you and to gov
ern you, regardless of your wishes and
your feelings.
Lot us, however, resume tho review
of events. The party in powor in Ken
tucky in Soptembor, 1861, affected
great indignation at tho advance of
Southern troops to Columbus and
Bowling Green, although it was ovi
dont that the occupation of those places
was necessary to defend Tonnessoo
from tho invasion threatened from Cai
ro aud Louisville. They made the en
try of thoso troops an excuse for their
invitation to Major General Robort
Anderson to enter upon Kentucky as a
Federal military department, and to
place the Stato under the control of
Federal armies, . which by invitation
wero introduced at once into your
midst. By the most fervid appeals to
tho young men of your State to pro
tect her from Southern invasion, at the
very moment they wore making hor tho
victim of Northern invasion, they in
duced thousands of your sons and broth
ers tto enlist for three years in tho
army of,tho United States. Directly
tho Southern troops vacated the Stato
of Kentucky Nashville fell into the
hands of Lincoln's Gor.crals, and Ken
t u sky was made to play a new part on
the theatre of tho war. Her regiments
wero now led against the Southern States,
to carry dessolation and devastation over
the fields and homes of the South. Such
was the curious commentary Kentucky
made in a few short months upon tho
resolvos of her Assotr.bly and hor po
litical Conventions. Tho same Ken
tuckians who figured in the Conven
tions and Assembly as orators, profess
ing Southern sympathies, now turned
up as Generals and Colonels in Lin
coln's army, leading the young men of
Kentucky to the field against the South,
and flaunting hor now inglorious ban
ner over tho soil of her sister. States.
Some of thorn are to be found yet in
those places, though sorno have paid
with their lives tho penalty for posi
tions so ignobly acquired. I am quite
suro the men of Kentucky thus led
into sorvico against tho South would
protest that thoy did not design to
enter on a war of aggression against
the South, and they would have been
soriously offended at the chargo of be
ing Lincoln's mercenaries. But, wero
they not ? Aro thoy not, and his worst
mercenaries?
Tho foreigner who knows nothing of
our institutions has the plea of neces
sity, lie is iu a strange country and
wants bread. : ilo fights for money.
The fanatic from New England has
I been reared amidst tho bowlings of Ab
olitionism, and ho fights under the hal
J lucination that ho is assisting to enlarge
' the area of freedom. The Northern ar
tizans may fight in the interest of free
labor; tho dreaming visionary may
: tight for the myth of "the Union as it
, was and tho Constitution as it is," and
' the Northern capitalist may shed blood
'to prevent the rise of a rival system of
manufactures In the border slave States
These all have' excuses, but the Ken
tuckian who eats from the mess-pan
with them, who sloeps under tho same
tent, warms at the same camp-firo,
draws his pay from tho samo treasury,
is clad in tho samo uniform and uses his
bayonet to carry out Abraham Li ncoln'a
accursed policy against the Slave-holding
States, has no oxcuso.- He stabs
his own mother. He carries desolation
to the hoarth-stones of his own kindred,
from no motives that can be imagined
but tho lovo of gold or office, or bocauso
ho has been betrayed into a position
ho nevor did intend to occupy, yet from
which he has not tho manliness to will,
draw.
I have seen the traces of Ibis war
over one part of Kentucky. I have
witnesssd the protection given by the
Federal arms to your people along the
Eastern border of tho State, and I have
wished you could all look upon it, to
the end that you might then answer
why you are engaged with tho North
in this wicked crusade against tho lib
ertios and independence of tho South
ern people. But 1 havo no space or
time to paint tho desolation of that pro
tection no inclination to call to my
own memory tho images of burning
dwellings, of ravaged fields, of tho
groans of old men shot down in thoir
own doors, or the frantic shrieks of
Kentucky's fair daughters flying from
the touch of pollution and dishoner. I
have seen, it, and I havo stood in muto
wonder that God witnessed itin silence,
or saw your support of such a cause
without tho visitation of His just and
divino retribution.
But, now again tho Bcono changes,
and a now act of tho terriblo drama
opens. It remains to bo soon if your
part will bo played falsely to the closo,
reckless of famo and interost and
honor I
Regardloss utterly of every consider
ation for the constitution of the United
States and for tho rights of tho Statos,
Mr. Lincoln has attempted at onco
centralization and the effectuation of
social and industrial revolution, by pro
nouncing the emancipation of the slaves
within the States named in his procla
mation. IJo has gone farther by de
claring his Intention to accept them
armed as soldiers in the United States
army, and through tho force of his and
thoirallicdarmsto maintain their rights
to the freedom he bestows!
This is attempted to bo justified ou
the plea of military necessity. Hu
manity and civilization, speaking from
the other side of tho broad Atlantic,
have entered a protest against it and
the horrors to which it must give rise,
but still tho President, like tho beagle
intont upon his prey, rushes boldly and
wildly upon his course amid the cheers
and vivas of Abolitionists who crowd
this American theatre for tho spoctaclo
of servile insurrection, as tho Romans
were wont to throng tho Colliseum to
witnoss wild beasts tear christians to
piecos. We ask you, Kentucky's, it
among the soldiery which enforce that
proclamation and marches sido by side
with tho enfranchised slavo, now dress
ed in the uniform of the army, your
faco3 will bo seen ? Will you desecrate
your time-honored flag by unfurling its
broad stripes over such associations?
Will you lend passivo acquiescence to
such a stato of things ? Do not deceivo
yourselves with the idea that your'
slaves will be paid for and colonized.
Years will not bo sufficient in this gen
oration to-remove the natural increase
of the blacks, whilo continued associa
tion upon the same level will ultimate
ly destroy the desire to havo such re
moval effected at heavy pecuniary
sacrifice. One year will not move over
your heads without servile insurrection
in Kentucky, unleas you rise to tho occa
eion promptly and throw off a connec
tion and dependenco which have bo
come as unnatural and unseemly as they
are disreputable.
Ten thousand of your fellow citizons
will rush to your aid whenever you de
clare against the usurpor who has trod
den your dearest rights and privileges
under foot- they stand ready to do it
or to perish in tho ef rt. If you feel
anxiety and doubt us to your ability,
then I advise you to organize at home,
and act boldly and frankly. You have
the constitutional right to such organ
ization, if you retain -any right at all;
and if not, then you have tho right to
sock safety under this government,
which will savo your rights, and by
youraiditsown independence. Awake!
arise, or bo forever fallen !
January, 1863.
H. MARSHALL.
$gy The Press Convention is to be
held at Augusta, Ga., next Wednesday,
February 4th.

xml | txt