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7 T T TPfjpi! "THE WILL OF A PEOPLE RESOLVED TO BE KREE IS LITTLE LESS THAN OMNI TOT EM.1 VOL. 1- WINCHESTER, TEMNL MARCH 18, 1863. NO. Ill) WINCHESTER DALuY 13 iuUetitu W. J. SL ATTER, Proprietor. w a ermw ; One Dollar jor Month. Notice to Subscribers. Wbih you find 4 beforo your name on ur paper, please renew your subscription, 'it it notice that the time for which it am been paid will expire in & few days. 1 j. A very limited space in the uaily Bul imia will bo allowed for advertisement. terms. $1 for each square, 1st insertion; 60oti Yr each subsequent insertion. ' '"" - Articles of much length, intended for pulli (tion,jmU8t be handed in in the forenoon to injura publication pextdsy. Obituaries Tributes of It -spoct. uiid Funeral invitations charged as advertisements, but uiui -riii and death published a9 news Advertisements of charitable institution at )!' price. takes property, the Government should pay yet failed to creato a sense of intolera- jot it. u n U.CKS nour, u does not ble wroug, and the most vehement in lacic paper money, it should pay, and par tbe true, not a false price. Not only is this tbe dictate of common honesty, but the promise is clearly written down in the Confederate Con. stitution, that the property of no cit izen shall betaken lor public use with From the Richmond Examiner. The Commissary Department of the toiifedcratc Slate has taken a step Jfithin the last two day, which lias miaou a great deal ot bitterness, and Jrhieli will be tho cause of fatal injury i tho most vital interest ol the cotin iv, it not retraced. Hitherto it had ilpresscd only such articles as weie fcecessary to the armv, and it it has Jot paid the market value it lists at oast saved the o nor from actual loss. ,'ommon flour has been , one of those; rticlcs, but the higher brands, extra ,:id family, such as never used in any riny, have not been touched. Hence tuny person- with large lamiliestn Itjil, have invested their surplus mon K in such Hour, and put it away, eon- MVing that there was no eom petition I'twee'i themselves and the army. ill veVeriiay the Gumniissan- seized ic flour wherever he c-uld 1 1 i it, a a I reposes in pay. th1 o wner-. . imtrtc-'u m,d fifty cthtu riiN, we heli. ve, is mtitli less than c (i"Veru iik-ip i pays its wealthy icn i' Ioik lor common flour. J lie mar l price nt extra and Jamil flour i.u'i's n-Mfii i weni v-cight t thirty '.us. Ni he "(' it thai has b en i t : i wed during uiauv months since has "i!it''u hitiihi at a much larger price i ..in tli Government utters the owner it Here is an instance which lues within our own knowledge. Uu we k- us?" a man paid in current 'tiey, twenty. three dollars tor the lain barrels ot flour; yesterdav it Uhi-izod bv the Commissary, and uctceii dollars and tii'ty cents, or 'thing, offered him in payment. IhlU tlnu r.ifiyiitt .... i lt r .I f-n. 1 hilt ri I l- - , VINCI LILU.t.ll I I. .,., IIWU VIII, (lie iiHe and advantage ot his prop- but is ccrtainiv robbed of three liars and fiftv cents on every barrel. i taken from him without equiva- I't) without law, aud in deliaiice of "precise provisions of the Co n fed- pte Constitution. lie is robbed .of money as surely as it he had been Rotted and his purso wrenched trom '"and. that much money is stolon. every law of everv country, and fording to the principles of all JtuIs, human and divine, it is stolen. I . are theft androbbcry. .None f fools commit them. Attached to j acts is a grievous penal t Courts ct it on individuals ; society and turo. inflict it with still gieateree rit7 on Governments that are stupid lUirh 1 1 H, l, 1.V..1. ..,:r,.,.-T J'onored, live precariously, and die f crab.y. ut, is not the right of impressment I indisputable right of war ? Qcr- r 7 is. if the arm needs bread I'lU tllfiPA ia fl m it not go to tbe army ? Indis bly. Xbe country mu9t bo -de- ooiaiers cannot fight unless y are fed. If the Gorerntncnt can lnPply its army from tho markets, ls bound to take food wherever While a sack of flonr or a "d of beef remains in the South - I Confederacy,' it must go to keep a i strong. j0 'Sane man ques ' the rifrht, of the Government" to 'tho flour it. 1ms sA'nci within the days. Whethef Extra, or U'J makes no '-difference, if other p could not be found. Hut when it dignation. Tho amount of unpopu larity, inveterate opposition, and deep dissatisfaction, which the acts ut tbe commiasiariat in two days have secur ed for the Government, is poor ly compensated bv the gain of three : dollirs. wrested trom thn m-Dm-intni-fil' out "Just Compensation." Wht in i,..vt rA- fl ju9t compensation? A majority ap- of tho robber. Nobody in tho laud is proaohing unanimity .would docido it willing to yield what ho has for the use to be tho amount ot money that the ot the army; all would bo content il property would sell for if put up for they were "saved from actual loss in sale in the public mart on the day that- case or impressment. I'.ul when prop it was taken by the Government. ' But ertv is seized without navment oven wo acknowledgo that it is possiblo to of the price which it cost, "it is certain- depute that rule, mere are thos: ;v "taken without who trunk that the (joverumtul shoui l h is a vile act. whethnrit.-ine bv m in. pay something less than ii.dividuaU lor dividual or a Govuriimoui it is an all property it buys, and support their injury and an injustice which will be opinions by a variety of reasons. Let rightfully and fiercely resented. How- us admit ihon, to avoid doubtful asser- ever those mav prate who live on tho tions, that it is not easy to decide what Upd, not by it, who have nothing to is "just compensation." But it is easy lose through such formal robcries, the to state what is not just compensation Confederate Government may rest When acltizen has bought, on the pub- assured that it will, bv these acts, oh- lie mart, property for tho lowest price tain the detestation of eveay man who at which any would sell to him, it the 1, a V(i stake in the country. Government seizes it without hia wish . . or consent and gives him less money Th0 R hfc t Thompson.s Station , sum m return than he has lately paid lor il, r I hir" certainly, that U not a just 'compensation, i Fr":n a leWer not intor.ried f..r publieution, i ir -. i . ... i..if..n l, ell l I . I- 11 a citizen ouys a oarret 01 Hour at n uim-na., -n. o.t. rv. ( twenty three dollars, and the Govern- Khook, (who is a innmb-r of Ftarms's Itogi- i jmonl takes it away from him, givinu- wnt) to hn brother of .his place, we ure per- - , "'IIIUIIIIIIIlllllllll a circle to the "WV-it m' th road. L'p . thi;. tiiuo we hud not boeu moved, still n-mainin on the hill where we ,-iuJd ull tli. inaneuvereii of the tru(ji.s, and otir ff.-clinjr would riband fall HS-iin-ctss ..rd. l'ent ntteridrd our arm.s. - w.t.- then (.-ay h.-dl' ju.m 1 M.) moved frem our poiiien, and with f;.tn. other reserves, say three er four iiund.n-d, man;hed due North until a had pu's.-d the Yankees, th?n West, ueross a valley till we .struck tho came, hill on which they were posted being now e.nnplt.-ly in their r.-ur. The tiring then reused m the right, nud th Tanks w.r.1 falling Wek around the bend of tho hill until they tmn within one hundred and lilt v yard.' of u.- ,. l,;,d formed tt hUM just compensation." ; f "xn(x UIuJ ,Mu ''nemy seeing ibis paused a .Hume-Hi. ie lai-ugni iney wire t'"ing t" surrender, but our mistake was apparent when they commeneed tiring upon us. Wo returned the tire promptly for twenty or thirty mimues and the clash of firms was terrific. Wo. took shelter behind t.ree and logs, the- V.-.nks lving llat uu thn groiwd and the bench ab.:us. Th'M-asualities in our comjny all liapje-ne,! when tl ey li red lie- timt v-dley. Our bova I afterward charged uj. the hill upen the Yan kees, who fell back, and finding themselves surrounded, surrendered. Tin- lulled was not, irge upon either sid-. I would put ours at Oir wounded were sent to Sj,rii.g IT I II, and will be sent to t'olumbu tn.Jav. i him nineteen dollars in return, ,U ni'tt .-d to extract th- folbiwinj partieular. re-. ' I I I .1 l, ..... (I siinpiy a ne lo say no is justly eompeij. garuir.g tne ngiu ai i uuinpson Mation : J sated. He is detracted, robbedof lour : Campj nkak Si'kino Hill, Mareh 7, '?.. 1,1.11 I i. i . e a . ' u..ii:u.s,u.rvvery such oarrei ii uoar . T Dear Lrother: We I;1,-., l,d fflfgrajilj. that tho Commissary seizes. a great I battle and gained a most complete victory. i KXPUKSShr J on TllK U.VII.Y BCU.KT1N Vdmitting again that it is diiKya't Tllli h.MU W)iafoUj,ht n t!. ,;lh, e0muwhvi' I to settle with precision the questions wl.at is or is not just. r-nmperisnliGh, if. is eav to establish l;v irroJ'ragibl proof, public and leg.l peo(;''. Jeeipts and tdlicial retwrUV, the pi'Ce leaily paid foe property. J I t h G venutiun'. would keep vvitlii'i the most doitbtfai, ; shad'iwy, extfinie.l lint- ot honesty u tli ft, i tinitioiiully. it must, at h'ast rejjd , thi- owner what he gaw for his gojda ; When it refuses i o do thai, and y. t 1 tj.lv property, ii is quite ceitain V:tl il n , take property withonl l oir.j'ei 'salioii. Iripiop.-r terms, ii stcai.--; flic agent who seizes, the .;ilie;r wh , ci iiiinaiids the seizure, are both, viola tors ot neutral law, statute law, and j common law. They have u.i color or' : aiiih"iity from the Constitution. j Tried in a court of justice they would j bo convicted of felony, j Hut the iniquity ot such acts is not ! equal to their folly. The more flour ' the commissary takes without just ! compensation," the nearer is the army to tho goal of starvation. Liko the ! pig that swims with wind and tide, he cms nis inroai at every stroae. ne kills the goose that lavs the golden egg. When the Government seizes the far mer's produce without j'ist compensa- ahout 10 o'clock in the m.-irnirnr and endin" i;t RICHMOND. -Match 1. A,, i,n;..i,.; .1w,..,i..i, ...... t; n... .:.... 7 '' vV 15 fal,turwl ,lliV ,,,uird I-"ry. I i'ort JIu.I.m.1. and th- burning of the MiU "ut g n .. .-avalry or wagon train. The u- jppi. farragut a Flaj .ship went down tha ."".igeiri 'iit wa within two miles of our caniji r'v,'r hi a disabled. eonuition Two ot' the ib-et, . i :'..,, ,.a!es north Spring Hill, on both ! M'.,nti,,,,,. ml Hart lord. gt by our bat , , . v. , ,. ., 1 . , , ! tenes in u crippled .vndmon. Lund turees evie.,1 UoJranklm pike. It was an Inlnn-,! advanced on oor work, but failed to make an '.V iiht. We were ad dismounted, evert 1 attack. No further attack Ii.ij been made en f-.irth man being detailed to hold horses, ,he ! I'ert IVinberton by gun boat.,, but battcri.. :..r.-..i b.'ing left half :ucnt 1 w.i s.-nt j...,'.. 3x111 to be held as a reserve and support j I 1 !...!... I. .... I. e... . e : .o.ve men siiinu mihi ai air. mil a in. ic from our encamp-! , . . , , ... , - j in me. rcnaio iv-iay a mil w.v intr,.(.uuvl to organize the Supreme ( 'i;rt. W igt'all de with (.'o. ' K " to th top of a j livired some long argument in favor of tu amendment, utter which the r-nate went into secret session. The Mississippi v;i,i one of h.vt pteamers in the Yankee Navy and was built at Pluladcl phia iu 1S41. Sim carries twelve heuvy guns, and in September last u commanded by Smith of New York. Wl L.MlNdTON, N. C, March 10. Tho Uritish steamer llrittanic, fortv davs f:r Hi.- ba'tery of our JJrigade, The battery uj jii another high hill nearly in our front f. 1" t ween us and tin- enemy, the shells of t-j -f-;.'iy falling, many of them, on the hill aieh we were stationed, and a littln to '..:r rii.'bt. batt-rv was moved from ; trom tilasgow, l.ngland and live davs from A'ter awhile tbe car front and the r -serve of our regiment mov "i forward'fo a position on the hilt former ly oc'-upiod by our buttery. This hill was at last '-'U0 feet high, and there, we set for three quarters of an hour and watched the progress of the conflict. From this elevation I could 8i a circle of 'hills and knobs encircling a beautiful valley of cleared Luid about two 'miles in w idth. I could seo all the pr-parations for the en tion, when it shuts the market on the Ragement f small arm- on our part, the bat- farmer by seizing without jnst compen- t.-ne? being only engaged as jet. I could sec Billion, what is sold there, it Stops the every regiment and squadron as they marched j production of those articles more com- o-tt av oss the valley, one of Van Dora's Lri'- pletcly than if it a nixed the death pen- fdw, f Jackson's we believe) being mi our left aHy to the cultivation of the soil, and and West of the pike. After awhile we could hung evcy man convicted of plowing distinctly s th enemy advancing up about j I Na-sau, arrived at a. ContV-derate port ves tterday. PA NO I. A, MISS., March IB. A gentleman direct from Culd Water statu that two formidable gun boats is at Chi!!iefhe. Two rams with cotton defenders, tnree bat teries, three hundred cavalry and a thousand men, compose the Y'ankeo force in the Yazoo Some boats not leaded, accompanung the ex pedition, it is thought cum! along for the pur pose of stealing cotton. Th.y lett Helena with one days rations noal, plenty bread and ether :a;pjilles. They rely OTi the resource of the country for meal, whieli thev are sterding. Tin- Appeal .-iys a gentleman who wi;KtSs.i tin- ligtit at Kort .I'cmherton, says our rrooji! waded in water up to th.dr waist to get a chance ut the menu's licet. iilCHMOND, .March 17. Tbe. Herald of the IJth has been received iV reconnoiteriiig party .lUeeeedod m iie;i.iLg I , n i 1 . . einiueimum a.iTOui.i-u o viie mues j on -west oi our po,mon. Their Mue u- ftlll0Ullt 0l- un-dicm, and ether contra- tiller Oi the ground IS loft to the 'aw Ot coahi in the dirtance eked like a cloud cerdly band articles. supply and demand. Ho must pay the rising, and thev moved slowly hut steadily to Thft li'' si'l.-iit wiii call for morf m.-n in is. market price for v; bat he buys, but he th cauiwt. until thev were tired upon' bv '-'w Jn the South-west new arm has fircior iret the rroirhnf tiricn f;-r whe i . i i " , , ", heen introduced into the L i.itd SUfes service. y U irl ' 1 -V. V . Jot, . brigade, or a part of it. which mad , be called the Mi,siippi Marin, llrigP.de. he made to Bell. W ho will continue tO the Ykeea turn and sedc fheltr under and I It is to operate auml rebel guerillas on the till the soil on such terra? Wbat , t :&a of hi h whica Uy th,jr ! river. produced irora the : earth to supply .tho ri it tal wbki we?(JC0vuvd with timber ux v' lh;. F? ?J' iir;ee?inec5 oi tnu ia,wirflr ann ni wira. " e. .m ... wm iuh- ... e IC . , " ' . -ur men n v&uej sua. lo protection, save wilt be hidden from tho sight a? th : . jih-- . vrta , , A r wild beasteiido thoirbalf eaten prey. a cross force. Thn mlcf. thn r'f ,,, aLj ! Hcre ,J-e a-aS WMtrememdous on both sides, M th( flriYlV flnfl tn of 1 nt Wa orncn in Afii will be omptie4 aod, ehuf up at one.'. roar' tuShi no person could Buying aud filing, and the production P8 After a white our brave troops of surplus to buy and getl, cease' tege'th-, chl ,hoJO P fce, at cr. The Government will have to- uu- o( teh.ill & which he enemy was press the land too, and become tho far-: "k''011; The enemy fell back, but reformed mcr to support tho army. after rein$ ' few' moments, and then in turn Does any' one realize the moral charged o'ur-f-jreea down to tbe fence alluded consequences which result from . this ' aucl w'' 'troops foil back over thu sumo field 'manifest violation of the fundamental across whih'thoy made the tirt etouge. liui law ot property? " That' law does not t at'r'a while they retormed and again charged ;depend on statutes. It IB an innate he 'enemy, up the hill, our soldiers taiing ,;deaof tho man', tho dog, tho tiger, Ot! shelter under the hill vacated, the top being every animal posessing a ray Ot Intel- 1 now between the contending forces. The hill ligenco. Violation of that law never was about a mile in length, running round ir. ita?y disasters of 1S')1 and iSfi. A military suol'.'ss is inuperiously demanded, and is one thing needful to save the adm! nis; ratios and country from tnipwrock. Lincoln considers tho raid at Fairfax a ?ri ous matter as far as horses are concerned, lie says he can make a Itrigadier Oeneril in a few minutes, but it is not so easy to replace one hundred and ten horse's. European dates to tho I'oth are received. Tho American war caused considerable f.xcite raent in tho House of Lords. Earl Kusseh alluded to tbe question of recognition of the Southern Confederacy, and requested Lord S'ratlurt to postpjru. until the 'd lv.-i his hk tivii, which he had gtvr. i.,-,;i0i. 0l 'presenting, of the presentation "of copies ot ah u minum cat'ions from Mason tu h..r maje:;t y s govera mer.t, and the claim of the Southern Coi.U.l' e.-acy to be ackr.oW le !e J as t.a i:idep'jnde::t power by Urei.t Hrluiu. tu Which re.'.;e.st iori Strntutrt accede.!. t M '