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T T TPfjpi!
"THE WILL OF A PEOPLE RESOLVED TO BE KREE IS LITTLE LESS THAN OMNI TOT EM.1
WINCHESTER, TEMNL MARCH 18, 1863.
W. J. SL ATTER, Proprietor.
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Advertisements of charitable institution at
takes property, the Government should pay yet failed to creato a sense of intolera-
jot it. u n U.CKS nour, u does not ble wroug, and the most vehement in
lacic paper money, it should pay, and
par tbe true, not a false price. Not
only is this tbe dictate of common
honesty, but the promise is clearly
written down in the Confederate Con.
stitution, that the property of no cit
izen shall betaken lor public use with
From the Richmond Examiner.
The Commissary Department of the
toiifedcratc Slate has taken a step
Jfithin the last two day, which lias
miaou a great deal ot bitterness, and
Jrhieli will be tho cause of fatal injury
i tho most vital interest ol the cotin
iv, it not retraced. Hitherto it had
ilpresscd only such articles as weie
fcecessary to the armv, and it it has
Jot paid the market value it lists at
oast saved the o nor from actual loss.
,'ommon flour has been , one of those;
rticlcs, but the higher brands, extra
,:id family, such as never used in any
riny, have not been touched. Hence
tuny person- with large lamiliestn
Itjil, have invested their surplus mon
K in such Hour, and put it away, eon-
MVing that there was no eom petition
I'twee'i themselves and the army.
ill veVeriiay the Gumniissan- seized
ic flour wherever he c-uld 1 1 i it, a a I
reposes in pay. th1 o wner-. . imtrtc-'u
m,d fifty cthtu
riiN, we heli. ve, is mtitli less than
c (i"Veru iik-ip i pays its wealthy icn
i' Ioik lor common flour. J lie mar
l price nt extra and Jamil flour
i.u'i's n-Mfii i weni v-cight t thirty
'.us. Ni he "(' it thai has b en i t : i
wed during uiauv months since has
"i!it''u hitiihi at a much larger price
i ..in tli Government utters the owner
it Here is an instance which
lues within our own knowledge.
Uu we k- us?" a man paid in current
'tiey, twenty. three dollars tor the
lain barrels ot flour; yesterdav it
Uhi-izod bv the Commissary, and
uctceii dollars and tii'ty cents, or
'thing, offered him in payment.
IhlU tlnu r.ifiyiitt .... i lt r .I f-n. 1 hilt ri I l-
- , VINCI LILU.t.ll I I. .,., IIWU VIII,
(lie iiHe and advantage ot his prop-
but is ccrtainiv robbed of three
liars and fiftv cents on every barrel.
i taken from him without equiva-
I't) without law, aud in deliaiice of
"precise provisions of the Co n fed-
pte Constitution. lie is robbed .of
money as surely as it he had been
Rotted and his purso wrenched trom
'"and. that much money is stolon.
every law of everv country, and
fording to the principles of all
JtuIs, human and divine, it is stolen.
I . are theft androbbcry. .None
f fools commit them. Attached to
j acts is a grievous penal t Courts
ct it on individuals ; society and
turo. inflict it with still gieateree
rit7 on Governments that are stupid
lUirh 1 1 H, l, 1.V..1. ..,:r,.,.-T
J'onored, live precariously, and die
ut, is not the right of impressment
I indisputable right of war ? Qcr-
r 7 is. if the arm needs bread
I'lU tllfiPA ia fl
m it not go to tbe army ? Indis
bly. Xbe country mu9t bo -de-
ooiaiers cannot fight unless
y are fed. If the Gorerntncnt can
lnPply its army from tho markets,
ls bound to take food wherever
While a sack of flonr or a
"d of beef remains in the South -
I Confederacy,' it must go to keep a
i strong. j0 'Sane man ques
' the rifrht, of the Government" to
'tho flour it. 1ms sA'nci within the
days. Whethef Extra, or
U'J makes no '-difference, if other
p could not be found. Hut when it
dignation. Tho amount of unpopu
larity, inveterate opposition, and deep
dissatisfaction, which the acts ut tbe
commiasiariat in two days have secur
ed for the Government, is poor
ly compensated bv the gain of three
: dollirs. wrested trom thn m-Dm-intni-fil'
out "Just Compensation." Wht in i,..vt rA- fl
ju9t compensation? A majority ap- of tho robber. Nobody in tho laud is
proaohing unanimity .would docido it willing to yield what ho has for the use
to be tho amount ot money that the ot the army; all would bo content il
property would sell for if put up for they were "saved from actual loss in
sale in the public mart on the day that- case or impressment. I'.ul when prop
it was taken by the Government. ' But ertv is seized without navment oven
wo acknowledgo that it is possiblo to of the price which it cost, "it is certain-
depute that rule, mere are thos: ;v "taken without
who trunk that the (joverumtul shoui l h is a vile act. whethnrit.-ine bv m in.
pay something less than ii.dividuaU lor dividual or a Govuriimoui it is an
all property it buys, and support their injury and an injustice which will be
opinions by a variety of reasons. Let rightfully and fiercely resented. How-
us admit ihon, to avoid doubtful asser- ever those mav prate who live on tho
tions, that it is not easy to decide what Upd, not by it, who have nothing to
is "just compensation." But it is easy lose through such formal robcries, the
to state what is not just compensation Confederate Government may rest
When acltizen has bought, on the pub- assured that it will, bv these acts, oh-
lie mart, property for tho lowest price tain the detestation of eveay man who
at which any would sell to him, it the 1, a V(i stake in the country.
Government seizes it without hia wish . .
or consent and gives him less money Th0 R hfc t Thompson.s Station , sum
m return than he has lately paid lor il, r I hir"
certainly, that U not a just 'compensation, i Fr":n a leWer not intor.ried f..r publieution, i
ir -. i . ... i..if..n l, ell l I . I-
11 a citizen ouys a oarret 01 Hour at n uim-na., -n. o.t. rv. (
twenty three dollars, and the Govern- Khook, (who is a innmb-r of Ftarms's Itogi- i
jmonl takes it away from him, givinu- wnt) to hn brother of .his place, we ure per-
- , "'IIIUIIIIIIIlllllllll
a circle to the "WV-it m' th road. L'p . thi;.
tiiuo we hud not boeu moved, still n-mainin
on the hill where we ,-iuJd ull tli.
inaneuvereii of the tru(ji.s, and otir ff.-clinjr
would riband fall HS-iin-ctss ..rd. l'ent ntteridrd
our arm.s. - w.t.- then (.-ay h.-dl' ju.m 1
M.) moved frem our poiiien, and with f;.tn.
other reserves, say three er four iiund.n-d,
man;hed due North until a had pu's.-d the
Yankees, th?n West, ueross a valley till we
.struck tho came, hill on which they were
posted being now e.nnplt.-ly in their r.-ur.
The tiring then reused m the right, nud th
Tanks w.r.1 falling Wek around the bend of
tho hill until they tmn within one hundred
and lilt v yard.' of u.- ,. l,;,d formed tt hUM
just compensation." ; f "xn(x UIuJ ,Mu ''nemy seeing ibis paused a
.Hume-Hi. ie lai-ugni iney wire t'"ing t"
surrender, but our mistake was apparent when
they commeneed tiring upon us. Wo returned
the tire promptly for twenty or thirty mimues
and the clash of firms was terrific. Wo. took
shelter behind t.ree and logs, the- V.-.nks lving
llat uu thn groiwd and the bench ab.:us.
Th'M-asualities in our comjny all liapje-ne,!
when tl ey li red lie- timt v-dley. Our bova
I afterward charged uj. the hill upen the Yan
kees, who fell back, and finding themselves
surrounded, surrendered. Tin- lulled was not,
irge upon either sid-. I would
put ours at
Oir wounded were sent to Sj,rii.g IT I II, and
will be sent to t'olumbu tn.Jav.
i him nineteen dollars in return, ,U ni'tt .-d to extract th- folbiwinj partieular. re-.
' I I I .1 l, ..... (I
siinpiy a ne lo say no is justly eompeij. garuir.g tne ngiu ai i uuinpson Mation :
J sated. He is detracted, robbedof lour : Campj nkak Si'kino Hill, Mareh 7, '?..
1,1.11 I i. i . e a . '
u..ii:u.s,u.rvvery such oarrei ii uoar . T Dear Lrother: We I;1,-., l,d
that tho Commissary seizes.
a great I
battle and gained a most complete victory.
i KXPUKSShr J on TllK U.VII.Y BCU.KT1N
Vdmitting again that it is diiKya't Tllli h.MU W)iafoUj,ht n t!. ,;lh, e0muwhvi'
I to settle with precision the questions
wl.at is or is not just. r-nmperisnliGh, if.
is eav to establish l;v irroJ'ragibl
proof, public and leg.l peo(;''. Jeeipts
and tdlicial retwrUV, the pi'Ce leaily
paid foe property. J I t h G venutiun'.
would keep vvitlii'i the most doitbtfai,
; shad'iwy, extfinie.l lint- ot honesty u tli
ft, i tinitioiiully. it must, at h'ast rejjd
, thi- owner what he gaw for his gojda
; When it refuses i o do thai, and y. t
1 tj.lv property, ii is quite ceitain V:tl
il n , take property withonl l oir.j'ei
'salioii. Iripiop.-r terms, ii stcai.--;
flic agent who seizes, the .;ilie;r wh
, ci iiiinaiids the seizure, are both, viola
tors ot neutral law, statute law, and
j common law. They have u.i color or'
: aiiih"iity from the Constitution.
j Tried in a court of justice they would
j bo convicted of felony,
j Hut the iniquity ot such acts is not
! equal to their folly. The more flour
' the commissary takes without just
! compensation," the nearer is the army
to tho goal of starvation. Liko the
! pig that swims with wind and tide, he
cms nis inroai at every stroae. ne
kills the goose that lavs the golden egg.
When the Government seizes the far
mer's produce without j'ist compensa-
ahout 10 o'clock in the m.-irnirnr and endin" i;t
RICHMOND. -Match 1.
A,, i,n;..i,.; .1w,..,i..i, ...... t; n... .:....
7 '' vV 15 fal,turwl ,lliV ,,,uird I-"ry. I i'ort JIu.I.m.1. and th- burning of the MiU
"ut g n .. .-avalry or wagon train. The u- jppi. farragut a Flaj .ship went down tha
."".igeiri 'iit wa within two miles of our caniji r'v,'r hi a disabled. eonuition Two ot' the ib-et,
. i :'..,, ,.a!es north Spring Hill, on both ! M'.,nti,,,,,. ml Hart lord. gt by our bat
, , . v. , ,. ., 1 . , , ! tenes in u crippled .vndmon. Lund turees
evie.,1 UoJranklm pike. It was an Inlnn-,! advanced on oor work, but failed to make an
'.V iiht. We were ad dismounted, evert 1 attack. No further attack Ii.ij been made en
f-.irth man being detailed to hold horses, ,he ! I'ert IVinberton by gun boat.,, but battcri..
:..r.-..i b.'ing left half
1 w.i s.-nt
j...,'.. 3x111 to be held as a reserve and support j
I 1 !...!... I. .... I. e...
. e : .o.ve men siiinu mihi ai air. mil
a in. ic from our encamp-! , . . , , ... ,
- j in me. rcnaio iv-iay a mil w.v intr,.(.uuvl
to organize the Supreme ( 'i;rt. W igt'all de
with (.'o. ' K " to th top of a j livired some long argument in favor of tu
amendment, utter which the r-nate went into
The Mississippi v;i,i one of h.vt pteamers in
the Yankee Navy and was built at Pluladcl
phia iu 1S41. Sim carries twelve heuvy guns,
and in September last u commanded by
Smith of New York.
Wl L.MlNdTON, N. C, March 10.
Tho Uritish steamer llrittanic, fortv davs
f:r Hi.- ba'tery of our JJrigade, The battery
uj jii another high hill nearly in our front
f. 1" t ween us and tin- enemy, the shells of
t-j -f-;.'iy falling, many of them, on the hill
aieh we were stationed, and a littln to
batt-rv was moved from ; trom tilasgow, l.ngland and live davs from
A'ter awhile tbe
car front and the r -serve of our regiment
mov "i forward'fo a position on the hilt former
ly oc'-upiod by our buttery. This hill was at
last '-'U0 feet high, and there, we set for three
quarters of an hour and watched the progress
of the conflict. From this elevation I could
8i a circle of 'hills and knobs encircling a
beautiful valley of cleared Luid about two
'miles in w idth.
I could seo all the pr-parations for the en
tion, when it shuts the market on the Ragement f small arm- on our part, the bat-
farmer by seizing without jnst compen- t.-ne? being only engaged as jet. I could sec
Billion, what is sold there, it Stops the every regiment and squadron as they marched
j production of those articles more com- o-tt av oss the valley, one of Van Dora's Lri'-
pletcly than if it a nixed the death pen- fdw, f Jackson's we believe) being mi our left
aHy to the cultivation of the soil, and and West of the pike. After awhile we could
hung evcy man convicted of plowing distinctly s th enemy advancing up about j
I Na-sau, arrived at a. ContV-derate port ves
PA NO I. A, MISS., March IB.
A gentleman direct from Culd Water statu
that two formidable gun boats is at Chi!!iefhe.
Two rams with cotton defenders, tnree bat
teries, three hundred cavalry and a thousand
men, compose the Y'ankeo force in the Yazoo
Some boats not leaded, accompanung the ex
pedition, it is thought cum! along for the pur
pose of stealing cotton. Th.y lett Helena with
one days rations noal, plenty bread and ether
:a;pjilles. They rely OTi the resource of the
country for meal, whieli thev are sterding.
Tin- Appeal .-iys a gentleman who wi;KtSs.i
tin- ligtit at Kort .I'cmherton, says our rrooji!
waded in water up to th.dr waist to get a
chance ut the menu's licet.
iilCHMOND, .March 17.
Tbe. Herald of the IJth has been received
iV reconnoiteriiig party .lUeeeedod m iie;i.iLg
I , n i 1 .
. einiueimum a.iTOui.i-u o viie mues j on -west oi our po,mon. Their Mue u- ftlll0Ullt 0l- un-dicm, and ether contra-
tiller Oi the ground IS loft to the 'aw Ot coahi in the dirtance eked like a cloud cerdly band articles.
supply and demand. Ho must pay the rising, and thev moved slowly hut steadily to Thft li'' si'l.-iit wiii call for morf m.-n in is.
market price for v; bat he buys, but he th cauiwt. until thev were tired upon' bv '-'w Jn the South-west new arm has
fircior iret the rroirhnf tiricn f;-r whe i . i i " , , ", heen introduced into the L i.itd SUfes service.
y U irl ' 1 -V. V . Jot, . brigade, or a part of it. which mad , be called the Mi,siippi Marin, llrigP.de.
he made to Bell. W ho will continue tO the Ykeea turn and sedc fheltr under and I It is to operate auml rebel guerillas on the
till the soil on such terra? Wbat , t :&a of hi h whica Uy th,jr ! river.
produced irora the : earth to supply .tho ri it tal wbki we?(JC0vuvd with timber ux v' lh;. F? ?J'
iir;ee?inec5 oi tnu ia,wirflr ann ni wira. " e. .m ... wm iuh-
... e IC . , " ' . -ur men n v&uej sua. lo protection, save
wilt be hidden from tho sight a? th : . jih-- . vrta , , A r
wild beasteiido thoirbalf eaten prey. a cross force.
Thn mlcf. thn r'f ,,, aLj ! Hcre ,J-e a-aS WMtrememdous on both sides,
M th( flriYlV flnfl tn of 1 nt Wa orncn in Afii
will be omptie4 aod, ehuf up at one.'. roar' tuShi no person could
Buying aud filing, and the production P8 After a white our brave troops
of surplus to buy and getl, cease' tege'th-, chl ,hoJO P fce, at
cr. The Government will have to- uu- o( teh.ill & which he enemy was
press the land too, and become tho far-: "k''011; The enemy fell back, but reformed
mcr to support tho army. after rein$ ' few' moments, and then in turn
Does any' one realize the moral charged o'ur-f-jreea down to tbe fence alluded
consequences which result from . this ' aucl w'' 'troops foil back over thu sumo field
'manifest violation of the fundamental across whih'thoy made the tirt etouge. liui
law ot property? " That' law does not t at'r'a while they retormed and again charged
;depend on statutes. It IB an innate he 'enemy, up the hill, our soldiers taiing
,;deaof tho man', tho dog, tho tiger, Ot! shelter under the hill vacated, the top being
every animal posessing a ray Ot Intel- 1 now between the contending forces. The hill
ligenco. Violation of that law never was about a mile in length, running round ir.
ita?y disasters of 1S')1 and iSfi. A military
suol'.'ss is inuperiously demanded, and is one
thing needful to save the adm! nis; ratios and
country from tnipwrock.
Lincoln considers tho raid at Fairfax a ?ri
ous matter as far as horses are concerned, lie
says he can make a Itrigadier Oeneril in a few
minutes, but it is not so easy to replace one
hundred and ten horse's.
European dates to tho I'oth are received.
Tho American war caused considerable f.xcite
raent in tho House of Lords. Earl Kusseh
alluded to tbe question of recognition of the
Southern Confederacy, and requested Lord
S'ratlurt to postpjru. until the 'd lv.-i his hk
tivii, which he had gtvr. i.,-,;i0i. 0l 'presenting,
of the presentation "of copies ot ah u minum
cat'ions from Mason tu h..r maje:;t y s govera
mer.t, and the claim of the Southern Coi.U.l'
e.-acy to be ackr.oW le !e J as t.a i:idep'jnde::t
power by Urei.t Hrluiu. tu Which re.'.;e.st iori
t M '