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Letter from Adjutant Watson o
Col. P. Turney.
Camp Grkoo, May 10, ISO;!.'
Dear Coi.on-kl: I wrote you a f'ow
linos on our return to camp. I will
now give you a general outline of our
marches, position and the result of onr
expedition against the Fods.
On the, morning of the 29th April,
just as wo had concluded the ceromo
nies of breakfast, we received orders
to be in readiness to move at a moments
warning. . As this order smacked very
much of the manner of olden times.
we just contented ourselves in tho faith
'that it was a "scare crow" started t"
got up a HOivsation., or to prevent us
from sleeping on our posts
dreams ot ouiet wore soon scattered
by th annearanco of another courier
with orders for us to move immediate
ly. Wo wero moved off at a tribble
quick , in tho direction of Hamilton's
fossin. On arriving there w saw
unmistakable evidences of a coming
fight Heavy lines of skirmishers wore
in frontand Yankee balloons floated
above the Stafford iloights in bold view
of our front. Wo wero placed in the
trenches on the crest to tho left of the
position we occupied at l iedertckurg
about 1 miles). Wo remained at this
'joint until about day light, oi' tho 1st
at which time we move I again.
j - ull'fi'inn. i n inl- ynn - n i a wr,T l
ts it Il,i.i , ,, . ... ....i.J
put oiffht mlloB, Avhen avc were again
Suited and formed in line of battle,
rotnained in a stato of expectation
TTIf this plaoo for threo hours, and again
Tk" vSVK P e line. of march. We had
lecf mrWtflprooee4e4' far fcforo we were
Sl4 as i rose? vV to a few brigades
jWere sent :WrneBB to
fitaln the ?oai'!o. of tbu enemy.
n ordered to move, vv ni
l'eded much farther when a 'pho:
caso from the enemy exploded
Ns, wounding a tow in tho brigade.
on about eight hundred yards
we filed to tho right into xne
'Ued wildorness, under a fire from
butteries which wad ho hair
WINCHESTER, TENN., MAY 29, 18G3.
stand in electrified horror oaeh par- t0 our support, but it was unnecessary,
ticular 'bar" for itself. We passed for the Feds were beateu and a whito
the tangled briers and cane until wo Ag brought to our lines several bun
reached a swamp more formidablo than drod prisoners. Wo moved no.w in the
that of thoChickahotniny. Intothiswe direction of the retreating columns
waded, and after padling for some halting at night wo bivouacbed within
time to reach a landing, wo succeeded a hundred yards of their skirmish-
in gotting into lino on ground c little
l. ;.,... (i
higher una bushes :i little thicker than
we dored. We bad skirmishers de-
ployt'd in -from who kept us wide
awake during the night. Early in thy
morning May 2d we were relieved
by a brigado from Anderson's Division,
and A. P. ILill'a Division was put in
mat ch to execute ono of Stonewall's
flank movements. Wo recrossod the
plank road and movod in a circuit of
about ten miles to head off Hooker's
advance. Thomas' and Archer's Brio-,
iides wero in the rear of the division. night was rapid and regular not
On our march we passed an Iron Foun- much execution was done however,
dry, and after getting about threo n Tuesday wo bad a considerable
miles beyond 'it, information was torra,aud during that night the enemy,
brought that tho trains had been at- under tho protection of darkness and
tacked by the Yankees at the Foundry. Purred on by our artillery, decamped.
Wo, with Thomas' Brigade were then Nothing of importance has occurrod
countermarched at a. double quick to sinco our return to camp. Ewell now
rescue our crackers and pickled pork, commands this corps and LTeith our
We got to the sceno of action just as division.
the Yanks had been put to flight by a : We havo sustained a great loss in
regiment of Georgians. The train had tho death of Gen. Jackson,
not 'suffered. We now retraced ourj All is now quiet along the river, and
stops, inarching rapidly in order to no one would suppose that a groat bat
overtake our division. That night we tie had beon fought. The camps are
stood picket to prevent, an advance of unchanged tho first timo (I believed
the enemy by the plank road. Before jn tho history of this war when troops
lay wu changed our position again
j pacing Jown the plank road we mov- nn cngacement.
j -,J 10 tha oxtremo right of our division, 0ur j08g jn oflIccra flt Ulia battlo was
j and Sot int0 r,f hQ l'K"t ! vcry mhh s EatilI Wfla siightly
j on Sunday morning. At sunrise wejw0nde(1 ftnd als0 Capt Turney.
mieuponine wonts oi mo
loe i e t very, close betoro either
party could see distinctly, the trees and
bushes being sn thick. They opened a
ninui lire nron our ine. ii oi n er but, lit. tin
execution. After vithin a
hundred yards of their position, we
moved at a double quick with an un
! earthly yell upon them. Tho contest
' a point was bitter but brief. We
cawicd tho lull, took troo pieces of
. ... I- .. J . .1. . - L .'
! ""iinery .j nomoer oi prisoners,
in; were now in an open neiu nnu '-a-
about ci"ht hundred yards before us ' Gen. Polk, after questioning Col.
wero their heaviest works protected by i Murray about the condition of his
j regiment, said. Where is the color
batteries. We opened the fight and bcarer? ycrfreant Oakley, a young
wo' wero now unsupported on either man about eighteen or twenty years
flank having detached ourselves from old, stepped out in front of the whole
tho division at sunrise. Archer moved regiment, dressed in common butter
, . , ,, . , . rut jeans, with real honesty and unaf
us immediately upon their trenches, ectcJd raanner and t0ok of his cap.
&upported and held by a number at Qen. Polk ungloved his hand and
least ten to one. Wo got within seven-
,t i ... j . iL . -1
maao a ae.porato suna ,ur ..u-
j titos. Their grapo and canister hailing
I aroar.rt ns; and their mlantry pouring
a stream ot leaaaiong our linos. Arcucr
tbfl nns tion from which we had lust
' , , terrmio nrei. a yauery was piaying
driven theru. Rallying again' wo apoa ti,0 regiment, and it was uncer
charged the breach but had to fall back tain whether it was our battery or
tho second time, fegram's battery that of tho enemy. This. color bearer
was now brought up which our regi- advanced in front, di8pUying bis colors
was now uiuufe .. . in a oonapicuoua manner, bo as to stop
ment eapported, aud Anderson a Livis-, tbe firfng 5f tbey werfl. fr.end8 or
ion taovednpoa them Thoy fought 1 make it more intense if they were
desperately to hold their works, but enemies. Tbe increased severity of
last care way in great confu9:on. Our . tbe firing which immediately followed
. fe, c a n . j determined the doubt and ehowo'I
brigade was row forced moved ug tQ enemy y9
upon their last stronghold, and alter a then deliberately reanmed his place in
heavy fight wo drove thera from their the line. We silonced thoir battery
trencheaand occupied them. Forming and drove back the oppoaing column.
aMin they camo-upon us with their The hfh compliment which Gen. Polk
uu y . pajd bim mado that young man as
huxar's, but tho Kebs were in tho V& & u hQnQr
breast works now and making every grcator than tho Star or Garter, lie
snot tcli they Avero soon compelled to and tho Avhole regiment will fight until
rerire Vright'a Brigade now come tho iast man falls.
er9 a the . morning (Monday), to!
prevent tboir massing their forces and
cutting through our lines, wo were put
to work on fortifications, and in about
two hours our whole line was mado
impregnable against Yankees. Wo re-
niained all ,day expecting thoy would
make some demonstration, but Ave
were disappointed. Monday night our
regiment was deployed as skirmishers
along tht? entiro front ot our brigado,
aDOUt mid way between our own and
tho Yankee lines. The firing during!
wer0 not shifted to new positions after
Lieuti Koutt wa3 shot through tho arm.
Yours, .to., W.K.WATSON.
: polk and tho Color Bearer
A young officer at Shelbyville
writes thus to a friend in Richmond;
Yesterday I had tho honor to ride
around tho camps with Lieut. Gen.
Polk and Gen. Cheatham, who were
on a frranu inspecting tour. Tho
; oamp!, alj looked in fine order, the guns
. I . 1 .1 ,
t origtit ana ino men m me very oest
said: (,I must shnko hands with you."
nnr) ibOtl VO 2l lita Kof onJ4mifk rrvant
feelinz and roal martial elonuence. " I
Q uncovor jn prosence
Qf 80 gallant a man Tho eflVct waB
tremendous and a shout rent tbo air.
yuu" w.jwy ai, vno umuo ui
J l.x..... .
TELEGHAIMl 1 (..',
A.-SOeiATm I'Kl'S.-; D!J-AT'.'!!L--
Tremendous Slaughter of
I The Dead in Front, of uin
TWO GUNBOATS SUITX..
A Regiment of Negroes and their
Officers Hung. Good !
MOIilT.I-:. M.iy '.':
A special to the i yertisor arid Kejr.stiT,
dated Jackiou 27' h. .:r.s .t is rej rd f.vn.
below that Hanks hut -u sed hU n.. Rayoo
Federal deserters conlirm t tio rrp-.,rfs (.f t Ii
great earn ago at. Vicksburg.
Grant sent in a Hag to-day in rfermice
the aick and wounded.,
Pemberton is burning tur und using mln-r
disinfectants to save his troops from tin; inju
rious effects of tha Federal dead, rotting in
front of our works.
The slaughter of Federals v, .-is fir greater
than in any battle of thf war.
The Mhxissippian statvi tuat t o gunboat
wear sunk off Vieksburg.
The ilissisaippian of Tueedny evening viv.
that. Saturday's battle at Vieksburg wr- tht
mcst ztubborn vt all
News came from Memphis t'. (Jn-nada, und
it is believed in Memphis, that Helena w:s vtr
A gentleman from the rier leac hed Canon,
who ssya he read a dispatcL to Col. Fergus'
from Gen. Marmaduke, stiting that we hi.
taken Helena, and hanged a regiment of no
groos (three hundred and forty) and their Yan
kee officers. The Qnartermaster at f'ai'.rrr:
Kays his statements may be relied on
Tha Yankee gunboats are reported to have
left Y M.oo City.
Stonkwall Ja.-'Kson Tho ltev Dr.
Moore, of Richmond, in a sermon in
memory of the much loved and lament
ed Stonewall Jackson, narrated tlu
following incidents :
Previous to the first battlo of Aliinnn
sas, wheu the troops under tho coin
mand of Stonewall Jackson had mad
a forced march, on halting at night
they fell on the ground exhausted and
faint. Tho hour arrived for setting
tho watch for the night. The officer
of tho day wnt to the General's tent,
" General, the rneu are all wearied,
and there is not one but is asleep.--Shall
I wake them '!"
" No," said tho uoblo Jackson, "le'.
them sleep, and I will watch tho canp
And all night long he rode round
that lqnoly camp, the one lone sentinel
for that brave,, bat weary and silent
host of Virginia heroes. And wH?."
glorious morning broke, the noldiar
woke refreshed and ready for actioo.
all unconscious of the coble vigils jEept
over their slumber.
Tho night preceding that on which
he received his wound, Gen. Jackson
and his staff Avere in tba open air with
out tents. One of bio aids prevailed
oft tr o General to accept of him a light
covering la the night, however, whoa
all were wrappnd in deep sleep, J.tcksot
arose, and gent!) laying the covoring
over tho young aid, he lay down again,
and slept Avithout any protection what
ever. In tho morning ho aAvoko with
a cold, Avhich brought on tha attack,
eventually causing his death, lrom
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