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The Chattanooga news. [volume] (Chattanooga, Tenn.) 1891-1939, January 03, 1918, LATE EDITION, Image 1

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VOL. XXX. NO. 155
FhTTft ABAfi A IT.
Radical Bolshevik and Ardent Peace Advocates
v Find Fault Leon Trotzky Declares Gov
V ernment of Russian Workers Will Not
Accept Plan Outlined.
, Petrograd, Jan. 3. The bolshevik foreign minister, Leon
Trotzky, declared today that the government of the Russian workers
would not consent to the German peace proposals.
, The Russian peace delegation officially has suggested to the
central powers that the meeting place of the peace delegates be
transferred to neutral soil, and has protested against certain articles
in the Austro-German terms already submitted.
The halt in the Russo-German peace negotiations and indica
tions of a German refusal to move the conference to Stockholm have
revived universal discussion in Petrograd of a resumption of fight
ing, with a greatly reduced army, probably three million men.
Even the most radical bolshevik and the most ardent peace ad
vocates have been aroused by the German position. They declare
that a resumption of hostilities is imminent and express the belief
that it is possible to organize and make effective a small army.
Indications are that the German at
titude Is harmonizing domestic differ,
ences and is convincing Russians that
they roust fight to save their revolu
tionary principles. - -'
Chairman Joffe, of the Russian peace
delegation, today sent an official tele
gram to the chairman of the German-Austrian-Bulgarian
and Turkish dele
gations, saying the Uussian. republic
lcems it necessary, to conduct further
peace negotiations on neutral soil and
suggesting a transfer of the confer
ence to Stockholm. The telegram de
clares that replies to the message are
exj cted by Russia in Petrograd.
Article 1 and 2 of the Austro-German
terms submitted Dec, 12 (Pec. 25
new style), the message .says, are in
.direct conflict with the principles cf
Hell'-deflnitioH of. jOttVkji 1ds1sUiU upon 1
- by the Russian peace 'delegation anal
supported by the Russian republic and
the central executive committee of the
congress or workmen s ana soiuiers i
Article 1 'and 2 of the Austro-German
terms, as cabled undqr a Brest
Litovsk date by way of Berlin last
Sunday, covered the ending of a state
of war and evacuation of occupied
territory. In article 2, however, it was
declared that the people of Poland,
Lithuania, Courland and portions of
Ksthonia and Livonia demand inde
pendence and separation from Russia,
and that the German occupation of
Russian territory did not apply to
these districts, which Include most of
the Russian territory captured by the
Director-General Turns Atten
tion to Kailroad Labor and
Washington, Jan. 3. -Railroad labor ;
and finance questions engaged the at-
tcntlon of Director-General McAdoo
and his staff today, along with the
movement of coal to New England
and the cast.
Heads of the four railway brother
hoods were culled into - conference to
discuss the general employment situa
tion under government operation. Al
though the union chiefs had no inten
tion of pressing their demands for 40
per cent, higher pay at this time, it is
understood their case will be taken up
along with many other wage matters l
as soon as the railroad administration
has disposed of the more pressing
transportation problem. Many railroad
executives are prepared to recommend
a general increase, especially for unor
ganized labor, to prevent the men from
going to other industries where wages
are better.
John Skelton Williams, comptroller
of the currency, and the director-general's
advisor on railroad financial
questions, dif'-ussed with Mr. McAdoo
the situation which will develop soon
when railroad eompanies" t-onds and
other obligations fall due.
Since Director-General McAdoo be
came head of a unified and government-controlled
railroad system a
week, ago the main tangible result has
been the acceleration of coal ship
ments, and a beginning of the clear
ing up of congestion in railroad yards
by abolition of all priority orders.
Surveys also are under way looking to
a practical pooling arrangement.
Rome, Jan. '3. "On the whole front,"
says the official statement Issued to
day by the Italian war office, "there
ias been nothing of importance to re
port. "On Tuesday night enemy airmen
dropped bombs on Castelfranco Vene
to, obtaining two direct hits on two
hospitals. Eighteen patients were
Berlin, Jan. 3. (Via London.)
Following .is today's report from army
"Western front: Artillery -duels oc
curred. Near the coast prisoners were
captured In a successful raid. French
attacks In the Champagne north of
Prosnes and north of Le Mesnil broke
own .inderour Are.
(( "Eastern, Macedonian and Italian
fronts: The situation is unchanged."
Hitch in Brest Litovsk Peace
Proceedings Arouses Activ
ities of Politicians.
created by th hitch in the Brest-Li-
negotiations," dispatches from
Amsterdam reflecting newt from Ber
lin show, has "aroused the activities of
I the rulers and politicians of Germany
and Austria -Hungary.
Emperor William yesterday received
in join audience Chancellor Von Hert
ling Field Marshal Von Hindenburg,
Gen. Von Qudendorff, Finance Minister
Von Roilern and Foreign Secretary
Von Kuehlmann. The foreign affaire
committee of the German bundesrat,
under the presidency of Count Von
Danal, discussed the Russian situation
Von Hertling had a long conference
with Admi' Von Tirpitz, the former
minister ot marine, and tmperor
' Charles received in audience Prof.
Kucharevski, the Polish premier.
Foreign Secretary Von Kuehlmsnn'a
return to Brest-Litovsk, after a hur
ried visit to Berlin, is said to have
created surprise as did nit conference
with reichstag leaders who were sum
moned suddenly.
Leaders of all parties wer present
at the conference, according to infor
mation in Amsterdam, and they in
formed Dr. Von Kuehlmann they ad
hered strongly to the demand that the
reichstag be summoned as speedily as
possible. It is expected that the de
mand will be discussed at Thursday's
session of the reichstag main com
The feature of the conference is said
to have been the outspoken speeches
of Philip Scheidemann and Friedrich
Ebert, for the official socialists, and
Hugo Haase, for'the independent so
cialists. They are credited with hav
ing told Von Kuehlmann his attitude
in the Kussian negotiations was prej
udicial to peace. They told him that
to say one day that Germany wanted
no Kussian territory and to say the
next day that it wanted virtually all
territory occupied by German troops
justified entente statesmen in declin
ing to place confidence in the word of
Germany's, leaders. The foreign sec
retary is said, however to have made
"complete explanations."
, It ia said that both Von Kuehlmann
and Count Czernin, the Austro-Hun-garian
foreign secretary, returned to
Brest-Litovsk, where they were ex
pected to arrive yesterday with new
The Leipzig Zeitung, the leading in
dependent socialist newspaper, com
menting on the Brest-Litovsk situation
and the activities of Von Kuehlmann
and the government, says:
"Germany now reveals her eastern
peace aims. Everybody In Germany,
Russia and entente countries now
knows that she is not aiming at a
just peace, without annexations and
indemnities, such as Von Kuehlmann
depleted, but at a peace providing for
an enormous increase in Germany's
military, political and economic
"These intentions must . strengthen
the war will of the entente. Germany
Intends really to anne all territories
she now holds. Her excuse that the
populations of these territories have
declared their willingness to be severed,
from Russia is untrue. Individuals
may have done so. but they always
have been irresponsible, acting on some
German suggestion."
Petrograd, Wednesday, Jan.
2. (By the Associated Press.)
Petrograd newspapers are
unanimous In declaring that '
the Germans and the Austrians
have, after one week, thrown
off the mask and made It clear
that the central powers do not
want a real democratic peace.
The Pravda says:
"German imperialism Is
9 gain beginning to show its
- Germany's apparent unwil
lingness to give Poland, Li
thuania, Livonia, Courland and
Ksthonia the privilege of free
self-definition is the rock upon
which the negotiations have
split. Other peace conditions
are Ignored by the bolshevik
leaders, who say that Germany
opposes the most vital princi
ple underlying the Russian
revolution. In an interview
with newspapermen Foreign
Minister Trotzky said that
peace negotiations probably
' would not be resumed at
Brest-Litovsk, as the Russians
oppose stoutly the principle of
annexation. . :,
On Tuesday evening, at a
Joint meeting of the central
executive committee of the ,
congress of soldiers' and work
men's delegates, representa
tives of the peasants' deputies,
the Petrograd workmen's and
soldiers' council and represen
tatives of the general army
congress for the demobilization
of the army, a resolution was
adopted unanimously declaring
that the German peace terms
were unjust. It denounced
Germany's attitude toward the
Baltlo provinces as tyrannical
and authorized the government
to take steps to transfer fu
ture peace negotiations to a
neutral country. .. -. '
Russians ,- generally favorer
(Stockholm aa the place for the
peace conference, but it is said
the Germans are not willing 'to
go to Sweden. . , .
State Health Board Acknowl
edges Serious Spread of
.; Meningitis. "
board o.
'health, in a statement issued
today, noted the possibility of, a state
wide meningitis epidemic. The disease,
which has been prevalent at Camp
Jackson, near here, haa appeared In
various sections of the state, the
health board reports. In each case, it
is stated, contact haa been traced to
one of the several military camps.
The quarantine ordered at Camp
Jackson several weeks ago because of
the disease was lifted last Sunday. .
Three new cases and five additional
deaths in the last twenty -four hours
among the troops at Camp Jackson
were reported to the state health office
today. .
Argentine Ambassador to U. S.
Implicated in Luxburg
Secret Telegrams.
Buenos Aires, Jan. 3. It is reported
without confirmation that Dr. R. S.
Naon, the ambassador at Washington,
has resigned in consequence of friction
arising on the publication of the serwet
telegrams sent by Count Von Luxburg,
before his dismissal as German min
ister to Argentina, to Berlin through
the medium of the Swedish legation.
In these telegrams Count von Lux
burg advised the "sinking without
trace" of Argentine vessels and ad
vised his government concerning Ger
man propaganda in South America.
Some of the dispatches were withheld
from publi cation for several weeks,
and it has been reported .previously
that they would be given out was to
be recalled.
Washington, Jan. 3. Dr. Naon, the
Argentine ambassador, when informed
of the foregoing dispatch from Buenos
Aires, said there was no comment he
could make and added in response to
a question as to whether he had re
signed, "not that I know of."
The government here also has re
nelvrd nno:" al reports without ion
flVnatlon that Ambassodar Naon 1b to
ICUi i'.
Tucson. Ariz.. Jan. 3. Two Ameri
cans were among 'the thirty-six per
sons killed yesterday and two among
the wounded when the Yaqut Indians
attacked a Southern Pacific train south
oft Empalme, Sonora , according to
messages reaching the railroad's of
fices here today.
The railroad reports also said, Mexi
can federal troops in jursuit of the
Yaquis encountered a party of raiders
last night, and lost five killed. The
Yaqui losses were not given.
A relief train which went out from
Guayamas returned this morning with
the bodies of the dead.
The attack occurred between. . Ma
poli and -Lencho, about forty m'les
from Guayamas. Encountering an ob- .
structlon on the track, the engineer!
stopped the train, when the. Indians,
who were hidden in the brush, at
tacked the train fro mthe rear. It was
in the rear coach that the massacre of
the passengers occurred. The Indians
fired through. the windows and doors 1
until every man. woman and child had i
been killed or wounded. The military j
train was dispersed.
Madison, Wis., Jan. S. The Indict
ment charging Congressman John M.
Nelson with conspiracy to evade the
selective draft lew W.s quashed by
Tidge Carpecter in federal court to
Some Austria s,.
. Captured, ' K Jnd to Be in
Ranks ufenemy.
Veteran Sfflefif&ils Thrilling
Story: wattle.
Never Saw
j Fitifnl, Etart Lot of Sol
; i.
Italian HC ' r ,
Italy., Jan? MK
Press.) Tha ' Fren I in ,
jn Northern
their' recent
successful Operatic i Ip Monte Tombs
captured more prise,. than they had
men engaged, acoorr' fig to a veteran
officer who witness, the fight.
"It was a' recorder iking fight in
many respects, he ''declared. "The
French took more pr goners than they
had men engaged, which la among the
record f in military' pais. They also
captured their ' firs'K Austrian pris
oner, whion , in anou r milestone tor
them, as heretofore C ly had captured
only Germans. .'; j
"In addition to the 1,400 prisoners
we counted 560 dead in h ground,
and no on know hw.mariy more
were in the everni ,d ' under the
bushes. The perfect iVencd military
system enabled thee)" 4 ,coemplish
this with ' insignifioji Jqises less
than fifty' mmn. .-" -.L,.' ii;r' t
"The Fiftlrth Austrian division, the
on attacked, is considered a good
fighting organization.' -y But' the Aus
trian wer accustomed t fighting
nussian ana numamans anp tniswas
th first tim thy fi'ad Jimetthe highly
trained Freitehtroep. JThf' result wA
that waiitit end1 1 iWnftipliire were
swept away before discipline and
training. ..
"When the prisoners were brought
in I never saw a more miserable, piti
ful, starved lot of soldiers. When the
officers were lined up there were forty-two
Austrians and two Germans.
The Austrians were told they would
receive the usual treatment given of
ficers and gentlemen, but the two
Germans were told plainly that they
would receive exactly the same treat
ment given French officers in Ger
many. The group of Austrian officers
was impressed greatly at this and
openly declared their hatred of the
Germans. A little later we heard the
Austrian soldiers cheering and it
turned out they were cheerir"; their
French captors."
A crisis is nearing in the Russo
German peace negotiations and
indications are that a definite
break is not far off. The Russian
government has demanded that the
conference, which was to have re
convened on Jan. 4, be transferred
to Stockholm and has protested
against the German attitude re
garding occupied territory. A re
sumption of hostilities is not im
probable should the Germans de
cline to meet the Russian de
mands. Emperor William and the rulers
of Germany apparently are aroused
over the sudden change in the sit
uation, and th German and Aus
trian foreign secretaries are re
ported hurrying back . to Brest
Litovsk with new instructions.
German military and political
leaders conferred yesterday with
th emperor and ther is a wide
spread demand throughout Ger
many that the reichstag be con
vened immediately.
Reichstag leaders, at a confer
ence with Foreign Secretary Von
Kuehlmann, discussed th situa
tion and th leaders of the regu
lar and independent socialists are
reported to have expressed dis
satisfaction, with th German at
titude concerning occupied terri
tory. A breaking off in peace negotia
tions probably will upset all Ger-
JUST explained
TO me
WHY an engine
IS akin
TO a loaf
OF bread.
WAR bread.
THE one.
A necessity;
THE other,
AN Invention:
Q. E. D.
The weather? Fair and continued
co.d tonlgbt and Friday.
first to Be
- if'l
Lieut. Walcott, a son of the secre
tary of the Smithsonian institution, IS
reported to have fallen in his first big
battle with the Boche airmen, fie
went from Princeton, vhere ho was
graduated last Alay, to a French flying
school, and became a member of the
Lafayette Escadrille. Recently he was
transferred to the American force.
. ' Washington, Jam 3. A substi
tute for the war tax law Is to be ,
introduced soon by Senator Smoot,
It would practically reconstruct
the present incombe and excess
profits tax sections from which it
is proposed to obtain about three
fourths of the total amount to be
raised by the bill. Excess profits
rates. Senator Smoot said today,
will be sll ghtly hi gher but there
will be no additional levies on in
comes. Senator Smoot said his purpose
in Introducing the bill was to sim
plify the law and muke it more
New York, Jan. 8. China already
has 126.000 men behind the firing ynes
in Mesopotamia and Fraanoe, Dr.
Wellington Koo, Chinese amhassndnr
to this co utnry, said in nn address'
here today before the chum her of
commerce of the utate of New York.
When the Chinese commissioners now
in the United States return to their
own country their advice to their gov-'
eminent, Dr. Koo siiid, undoubtedly
would result in increased military ac
tivity. "China Intends doing her utmost In
this struggle ngainst autocracy," the
ambassador declared.
man plans to press a formidable
attack on the western front. Con
fidence is expressed in Petrograd
that the Russian government might
put an army of 3,000,000 men in
the field, and the bolshevik Red
Guard, made up of armed Russian
workmen, already has started
toward the fighting front. A
complete break undoubtedly would
compel the Germans to return to
the eastern front the troops they
have taken away within the past
six weeks and would make it im
possible foH the Germans to renew
trade relations with Russia in or
der to obtain much needed food
stuffs. Snow and inclement weather are
holding in check any large scale
operations on the western and Ital
ian fronts. ' The British and Ital
ians continue to repulse enemy
raids at various points, while the
German artilk.-y bombardment in
the Ypres and Verdun sectors still
I very strong.
Increased loss of merchantmen
is shown in the current British
and French reports. Through
mines and submarines the Brit
ish lost twenty-one vessels, in
cluding eighteen of more than
1,600 tons, or nine more than the
previous week, when twelve, in
cluding eleven of the larger ton
nage, were sunk. French losses
were nine steamers of more than
1,600 tons, a compared with two
in the previous week.
December shipping losses wer
only slightly higher than those in
November, which established a low
record. Submarine sinking, also
are said to have been more com
mon in December than in any
previous month, being greater than
the German probably wer sble
to build. The sever weather
conditions are believed to have
added to the effectiveness of th
submarines, in tS.t it compelled
them to operate closer together
and nearer th shore. This fact
may account in part for the in
crease in the nur.ber of U-boats
caught by th allied fleets.
Bennington, Vt Jan. S. Mrs. Annie
Sherwood Hawks, author of many fa
mous gospel hymns, including "I Need
Thee Every Hour," died at her home
here today at the age of 83.
, t -
Pamphlet Issued by Bolsheviki So Characterizes Austro
German Promises of a Democratic Peace Twenty .?
Persons Perish in Mysterious Fire.
Petrograd, Jan. 3. The Iz
vestia today gives the text of a
pamphlet, which the bolsheviki
are circulating in the German
lines, in which it is declared that
the pence conditions submitted by
the central powers show the Aus-tro-(erinan
promises of a demo
cratic peace to be "unconscion
able lies."
After describing the actions
of the Germans in Poland and
Lithuania in recruiting forced
labor aiftl shooting hunger strik
ers, the pamphlet says:
"The German government only
found support in Courland from
the hated slave-owners, the Ger
man barons who have their proto
types in the Polish land owners."
The document declares Ger
many desires to free the peoples
on Russia's western frontier from
the scope of the Russian revolu
tion in order to subjugate them
with German capital, impose an
Austrian monarchy on Poland
and make Lithuania and Cour
Washington, Jan. 3. Congress, re
convening at noon today, after its hol
iday vacation, planned immediate ad
journment until tomorrow, out of re
spect for Senator Nawlands and Rep
resentative Hathrick, who died during
the recess. The big. war legislative
program will Ugin tomorrow, when
President Wilson Is expected to out
line his plan for government operation,
cf railroads in an address to a Joint
aesssion. . " ; '
Bills embodying the president's
ideas alfcudy. have been drafted and
are. renrt'"for. introfluctkrjii iiidhoili
ares SpeAly -nclion on the noceaawry
r;itli':i.fl legislation' Is lOOKefl In.'- v ,
Nevt Monday the Senate expects to
c'lspose of the Walsh -Plttman coal
;tnd oil land leasing bill, anil Jan. 10
tlio house plans to vote on the wom
an's suffrage nmomlment.
TIiiro upprr prlutlnn bills are In
I ro paint ion for early action in the
bouse, which nls'i plans to consider
waterpowrr development this month.
Tho bona.' nl:-o will consider as first
in II- program the senate bill author
izing the tromsury to purchase $1,000,-
3 till A History-Making Year j:
The News will keep you
informed on the happen
ings as they occur, and at
a cost to you of less than 1
cent a day.
The News
One Year
By Mail
This price does not pay for white
paper, yet the offer is open to all
who subscribe or renew their sub
scription during the present month.
land German duchies. It con
cludes: '?'
"On such a basis the Russian -workmen's
government can never
enter negotiations."
Twenty Persons Perish.
Petrograd, Jan. 2. Kleven hundred1
airplane machine guns and a quantity
of American munitions were destroyed
and approximately twenty persons
were killed as the result of a myste
rious fire and explosion today in a
military depot in the Outuyevsky ba-;
sin in Petrograd.
Ukraine Makes Demand.'
Petrograd, Jan. 2. A small party of
delegates from the Ukraine elected to
the constituent assembly arrived in
Ietrograd today and demanded an an
swer from the council of people's corn
mlBsloners as to when the constituent
assembly would open. A conference
of all parties except the bolsheviki,
from which the members of the left
of the social revolutionists withdrew,
decided that the constituent assembly
should be opened upon the arrival in
Petrograd of one-third of the mem
Washington, Jan, S. The report also
says a general state of lawlessness pre
vails In Moscow and that martial law .
Is threatened. The repoft, which is a
long one, was so garbled in transmis
sion, that the foregoing facts were all
that could be announced with cer
tainty. .
000 of farm loan bonds. The senate
plans soon to pass the bill subjecting
congressmen to excess profits taxes, t
Petrograd, Jan. S. The ' Moscow
branch of tne National City J3aak of
Ntw York, which for several days es
caped the general orler for the con
fiscation of all banks there, was 'seized
by the bolsheviki Saturday night. H.
J. Drehcr, the manager, waa not ar- .
The Petrograd branch cf the Na
tional City him It, w hich waa Muted by
Hwrtottiaheylkj week, ago, MpccN to1"
aeft. jto , Uika tare Vt' thA :1
needs, ot American reeidenls in a, u-, -dajfk
; The currency shoring in Ru- '
eia ia becoming; increasingly serious,
London, Jan. 3. "Hostile '. raiding
parties were repulsed last night south
and southwest of La Bassee,1 leaving
a few prisoners In our hands," the .
war office reports. "The enemy artil
lery showed considerable activity dur
ing the night east of Epehy.1 I

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