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The Chattanooga news. [volume] (Chattanooga, Tenn.) 1891-1939, January 05, 1918, LATE EDITION, Image 1

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VOL XXX. NO. 157
Great Britain Willing,
Greater Sacrifices to
1, Establishment Sanctity of Treaties; 2, Ter
ritorial Adjustments on Basis of Self -Deter-mination;
3, Limitation of Armaments of Na
- tions Government by Consent oi; Governed
London, Jan. 5. Referring to
, the pronouncement made on Dec.
25 by Count Von Czernin, the Aut-tro-Hungarian
miniiter, at the
Brest-Litovslc peace conference,
the premier said:
"It ia impossible to believe that
any permanent peace could be
made on such foundation."
"Mere lip service to the formula
of no annexation, no indemnity and
self determination Is useless.
Premier Lloyd George, said that
an independent Poland comprising
all genuinely Polish elements who
desired to particpate was an urg
ent necessity for. the stability of
western Europe.
. Would Save Russia.
'The prime minister said that
democracy In Great Britain would
stand to the last by the democ
racies of France and Italy.
"We should be proud to fight to
tlie end." ha declared, "side by. ,
; side . with .the new Russian de.
' mooracy.- ,? , So would America
Franco and Italy. But If the pres-
ent rulers of tusia act inde-
pendently we, have no mean ,t;
.prrest ' thft' catastrophe.' f Russia.
people. -
T Stand by French.
"We -mean to stand bv
.I'-rench democracy to the death,"
the premier continued, "In the de
mand the French make for a. re
consideration of the ,great wrong
of 1871, when Alsace-Lorraine was
torn away from them.. This sore
has poisoned the peace of Kurope
for half a century and until it
Is cured healthy conditions can
not be restored."
r'Lordon, Jan. 5. Premier Lloyd
, George, addressing the trades unions
today on the subject of war almr, said
mat oniy tne clearest, greatest ana
most just of causes could justify the
continuance even for a day of "this
unspeakable agony of nations."
The premier continued:
' "We ought to be able to state clearly
and definitely not only the principles
for which we are fighting, but their
'definite, concrete application to the
war map of the world.
"We have arrived," the premier
went on, "at the most critical hour
of this terrible conflict, and before any
government takes the fateful decision'
as to the conditions under which it
ought either to terminate or continue
the struggle it ought to be satisfied
that the conscience of the nation ia
behind these conditions."
Mr. Lloyd George said that during
the last few days he had taken spe-.
cial pains to ascertain the views and
attitude of representative men of all
He had read the statement of la
bor's war aims, he continued, and had
discussed - the subject of war aims
with former Premier Asquith and with
viscount urey. Had tne nationalist
leaders . in Ireland not been engaged
with the tangled problem of Irish self-
government he would have been happy
to exchange views with them. He
had also consulted representatives of !
Great Britain's overseas dominions.
, The premier declared Great Britain
was not fighting to take Constantino. ,
pie from Turkey.
'As a. result of these discusnions,"
said Mr. Lloyd George, "although the
government alone was responsible for
.the actual language he proposed using,
there teas a national agreement as. to
the character and purpose of the na
tion's war aims and peace conditions.
He was. speaking therefore, not mere
ly the mind of the government, bnt
the mind of the nation and the em
pire. "We are not fighting a war of agres
sion against the German people." de
clared the premier. The destruction or
disruption of Germany or the German
people has never been a war aim with
us, since the first day of the war to
now. The British people never aimed
it breaking up the German peoples
or the d sintegratiou of their state.
Our wish is not to destroy Germany's
great position in the world, but to turn
her aside from schemes of military
domination to devote her strength to
beneficient tasks."
The premier continued with the
declaration that Great Britain was not I
fichting to take Constantinople from 1
Tiirkv. nor .irr a .ri -r,,
Turkey, nor destroy Austria -Hungary.
"ve are not fighting." he said,
"to destroy Austria-Hungary or to
He Declared, to Make
Achieve Lasting Peace by
Washington, Jan. 5. Premier
Lloyd George's speech over
shadowed all other develop
ments of the war today In offi
cial and diplomatic Washington
and was regarded with the
deepest attention everywhere.
Official expressions were with
held generally, all officials say
ing they preferred to examine
the full speech. About the only 1
opinion any of them cared to
Intimate at the time was that
the premier's speech seemed to
be leading up to the expected
redefinition of war aims.
deprive Turkey of its capital or the
rich lands In Asia Minor and Thrace
which are predominantly Turkish.
"Our viewpoint," the premier de
clared, "1b that the adoption of a
democratic constitution by Germany
would be the most convincing evi
dence that the old spirit of military
domination was dead but that is a
question for the German people to de
The basis of any teritorial settle
ment' must be government with the
consent of the governed, the premier
asserted.. -, - . '
!,.. nrm LJtltJ I
oyd utorge
was not' fighting to destroy it, al
though it considered a military, auto
cratic constitution a dangerous an
achronism. After his reference to the
desirability of the adoption of a dem
ocratic constitution by Germany, he
"The days of the treaty of Vienna
are past We can no longer submit
the-future of European civilization to
the arbitrary decisions of a tew nego
tiators striving to secure by chicanery
or persuasion the interests of this or
that dynasty or nation. Therefore,
government witi the consent of the
governed must be the basis of any
territorial settlement."
No Doubt of Intentions.
Speaking with regard to the dispo
sition of the German colonies, the pre
mier said:
"They are held at the disposal, of a
conference whose decision must have
primary regard to the wishes and in
terests of their native inhabitants."
"Nobody who knows Prussia and her
designs toward Russia can doubt her
ultimate intention," Mr. Lloyd Georgo
said. "Whatever phrases she uses to
delude Russia she does- not mean to
surrender any of the Russian prov
inces and cities now occupied. Under
one name or another, they will hence
forth be part of the Prussian domin
ions ruled by the Prussian sword and
the rest of the Russians will be en
ticed or bullied into complete eco
nomic and ultimate political enslave
ment." Reparation Means Recognition.
"Reparation means recognition,," the
premier said. "Unless international
right is recognized by insistence on
payment for injury done in defiance of
ita canons it can never be a reality.
Next comes the restoration of Serbia,
Montenegro and the occupied parts of
France, Italy and Rumania. The
complete withdrawal of alien armies
and reparation for injustice ia t
fundamental condition of a permanent
Till Rumania Gets Justice.
"We regard as vital," said the pre
mier, "the legitimate claims of the
Italians for union with those of their
cwn race and tongue.
"We also mean to press that justice
be done to the men of Rumanian blood
and speech in their legitimate aspiraf
"If these conditions were fulfilled.
Austria - Hungary would become a;
to the permanent peace and freedom!
rf Pumna Inotouil itf 1m 1 n rr an I . t ,, I
nent Of the pernicious Prussian mili
tary autocracy."
The premier said the first require
ments always made by the British and
their allies had been complete restora
tton ot the political, territorial and
economic independence of Belgium,
and such reparation as could be made
for the devastation of its towns and
provinces. This was no demand for
war indemnity, but insistence on the
fact that before there could be any
hope of a Btable jjeace this great
breach of public law in Europe must
be repudiated and, so far as possible,
"Although we agree with President
Wilson that the breaking up of Austria-Hungary
Is no part of our war
aims," he continue!, "we feet that un
less genuine self-government on true
democratic principle Is granted those
Auttro-Hangarian nationalities who
Ion aealrfa " !mpos8""e,
hoj for removal of those causes of
enrest In that part of Europe which so
have long desired It, It Is Impossible
(Continued on Page 5.)
Here. Mrs. Housewife, Is 'a man In
your line. He figures on food. Rear
Admiral McGowan is the world
champion food buyer. He has been
made chairman of the general food
purchase board just created to buy the
food for our army and navy and the
allied governments. But never worry.
Mrs. H., he's a "big lot" man he
couldn't order a week's model grocery
supply for a family of four If he tried.
Uncertainty still beclouds the
status of the Russo-German
peace negotiations. Both sides
have declared that certain pro
posals of the other side did not
meet with their approval. Rus
sia has said that the German
terms concerning occupied ter
ritories could not be accepted,
and German Chancellor Von
Hertling announces that the
Germans cannot move the con
ference to Stockholm as Rus
sia has suggested.
The Russian position, cou- .
pled with reports thut the del
egates of the central powers
and even of Germany, were
divided as to the question of
annexations. appears the
stronger one, but there Is no .
indication that Germany will
. recede, although it has been
rumored that leading German
and Austrian emissaries had
returned to Brest-Litovsk with
new instructions. The speeches
before this reichstag main com-'
mlttee of Chancellor VonHert-
anJ the undersacretaryof
not make clear whether Ger
many would stand unalterably
on the conditions to which
Russia objects.
Before the reichstag com
mittee yesterday the chancel
lor admitted that Germany had
to deal with incidents which
might change the situation
overnight. Concerning the
proposed transference to Stock
holm he declared such action
would lead -to "great difficul
ties," adding that Germany
was "not in a position to per
mit the bolsheviki to say
where the meeting could be
Intense German artillery fire
on the Cambrai sector of the
western front gave way yes
terday to a local attack by
German Infantry. Four Brit
ish advanced posts near the
Canal Du Nord were pushed
hack slightly. On the remain
der of the front in France the
artillery duels continue at vi
tal points. On the Italian front
front there have been lively
exchanges of artillery Are and
some activity by raiding par
ties. British and French airmen
have been very active, as have
those of the enemy, and two
score machines are reported
destroyed by the various war
I ' British airmen have dropped
I more than 500 bombs on rail-
I way stations, airdromes and
I other military establishments
I behind the German lines in
I Flanders and report the down-
I ing of eight hostile machines
j in comhat, with the loss of
I three. Enemy aircraft have
I carried out further raids over
I the Venetian plains and Padua
I has again been subjected to a
! heavy bombing raid from the
I air.
Dallas, Tex, Jan. 5. James F. Disk,
Jr., student aviator from Tarrytown,
N. Y was instantly killed when his
machine collapsed and fell at Love
field today. Disk arrived Dec. 8, after
graduating from the ground school at
Cornell .university in December.
Richmond, Va., Jan. 5. John Gar
land Pollard, attorney-general of Vir
ginia, resigned today to go to France
to take up Y. M. C. A. work. J. D.
Hank, Jr., of Norfolk, will fill the re
mainder of Mr. Pollard's office term
ending Feb. l.
Must Know Meaning.
"We must, know what is meant, for
equality of right amongst nations,
small as well as great, is one of the
fundamental issues this country and
her allies ase fighting to establish.
"Reparation for Belgian towns and
their inhabitants," he asserted, "had
been repudiated emphatically by tha
central powers and the rest of their so
called offers were almost entirely "a
refusal of all concessions. On only one
point were they clear, under no cir
cumstanAs would Germany's demand
for the restoration of the whole of her
colonies be daprted from. AH prin
ciples of self-determination vanished."
The premier declared that unless
treaties were to be upheld, it was obvi
ous thfit no treaty of peace would b
worth the paper on which it was written.
7 , rn
p,'jf j
rVini mi" tt-i-t-tTi
I.. mi iii nuii'ipi! i iwiiiiiiHiM r
i2L 1
' - , ; y;T'v,
Trotsky Tells of Delegates'
Dispute As to Fact of .So
cialists Arrests. . ' i
Petrograd, Friday, Jan. 4. Leon
Trottzky, the Bolshevik foreign min
ister, issued a note today saying that
Count von Mirbach, head of the Ger'
man po litical delegation at Petrograd
had declared at a sitting of the son
ference which Is considering tha ait.
uation of war prisoners that he could
refute by a telegram received ky his
government the reported arrests i of
members of the minority . socialist
party in ' Germany. Recently, the
count said, only eight persons '.had
been arrested for espionage and th
were not connected w ith the Inde
pendent so cialist party. '
M. Radek, a member of the Russian
peace -delegation, replied that the Ger
man government apparently was mis
informed as theColone newspapers
had announced the arrest of the Co
logne committee of -the independent
socialists. This, he added,.-, dealt a
blow at the work of peace. - '
Herr von Eckert, in the name of the
German delegation, withdrew its re
fusal to discuss the position of Polish
workmen dep orted to Germany,,-
A Zurich dispatch on Dec, 27 said
that more than 300 of the German mi
nority socialists .were arrosted on
Christmas eve at varioua; ; towns
through Germany.
L Washington, Jan. 5. Anothai earth
quake in Guatemala l.ity yesterday
caused great damage and .; probably
cost as many lives as the first shocks
which destroyed part of the eity a
few days ago. . : :'' f
meat iNDusrarati4v
Hints Made That Government
Intends Taking Over Pack
ing Plants.
Philadelphia, Jan. 5. The govern
ment may take over the meat Industry
of the country, it was indicated at to
day's session of the federal trade com
mission here.
An official connected with the com
mission, which has been investigating
meat conditions here, prophesied that
the government intended to seize all
the packing and allied industries, and
Francis J. Heney, who is examining
witnesses, did not deny that, the plan
was being considered in Washington.
"The course the investigation is
taking is plain enough," said Mr. He
ney. "Draw your own conclusions."
"The federal government will as
sume control of the business through
a receivership," said the member of
the commission who disclosed the pur
pose of the investigation now in prog
ress. "I cannot be quoted. The meat
supply is to the nation what the rail
roads are to transportation, and it has
been conclusively proven that regu
lation at this time is necessary."
TOTALS $3,105,776,500
Washington. Jan. 5. Secretary Mc-
Adoo announced today that 362,941
insurance policies, aggregating $3,
105,776,500, and averaging " $S,557 a
policy, have been taken out by Ameri
can soldiers and sailors under the
war insurance law.
The secretary also called attention to
the fact that Feb. 12 is the final day
upon which applications for insurance
may be received by the government.
New York, Jan. 5. The American
steampship Suraga, a vessel of 4,374
tons gross register, was torpedoed and
compelled to run- ashore on Dec. 27
while In the' Mediterranean waters, ac
cording to a report received here today
in insurance circles.
The Kuraga left New York the latter
part of October for an Italian port and
it is understood that she was return
ing and bound for a French port when
torpedoed. So far as can be learned
all her crew' are safe.
Detroit, Mich.. Jan. 5. Rt. Rev.
John S. Foiey, Roman Catholic b'shop
of Detroit for many years, died here
today. He was 84 years ,of age.
Bishop Foley had been in frail health
for more than a year.
Warmer, Says Billy 'Possum
We've got an of
fice boy, have you?
Good night! Camou
flage we call him,
for he's always out
of sight. He's al
ways got an alibi,
he grins and thinks
up reasons why, he
brings a lunch that's
mostly pie and
spreads the gossip,
by the by. A fat
and happy little guy
some plight! The
weather? Probably rain tonight and
Sunday. Warmer tonight and prob
ably warm Sunday.
Toklo, Friday, Jan. 4. En
emy submarines which at
tempted to attack British
transports convoyed by Jap
anese warships in the Mediter
ranean on Deo. 30 ' were re
pulsed, says an announcement
from the Japanese admiralty.
The warships were not dam
At Numerous Points Attacking
Columns Dispersed; Aeros
of Both Sides in Bomb-
ing Baids.
Rome, Jana. 5. "There were spirited
artillery duets in the eastern sector of
the Asiago plateau and astride the
Brenta valley," the war office an
nounces. "In the Seren valley an
enemy column was surprised and dis
persed by our batteries. At the head
of the Calcino valley- hostile patrols
whiheh were advancing toward our
positions were driven back by rifle fire.
"On the middle Piave the enemy ar
tillery showed increased activity and
our own replied energetically.
"British airmen destroyed a hostile
captive balloon and brought down an
airplane. By day and night there is
considerable aerial activity on the front
lines and in the rear areas. Our air
men bombarded with good results
enemy encampments and aviation
camps. The station at Levico and ad
jacent magazines were bombarded with
1,200 kilograms of projectiles. Enemy
aircraft dropped bombs on Mestrw.
Bassano and Castelfranco. Slight
damage and some casualties resulted."
Berlin, Jan. 5. (Via London.) Fol
lowing Is today's communication from
army headquarters:
"Western front There were lively
artillery duels at times in Flanders,
east of Ypres, in isolated sectors be
tween he Scarpa and the Homme and
In the neighborhood of Avocourt and
St. Mihiel. On the remainder ot the
front ti,e activity of the artillery was
limited to a harassiog Are. East of
uaiiecourt a strong reconnaissance
was completely successful and a good
many Hrltfsit prisoners were brought
"Eastern and Alucecloniun Front
There is nothing to report.
"Italian Front The artillery fire
was revived intermittently between
the Brenta and Montcllo."
London, Jan, 5. So meager Is the
supply of meat in London that the
lirst meatless day is expected for a
Iargfe number of tho inhabitants dur
ing this week-end. Itetiiil butchers
crowded the wholesale markets In an
attempt to obtain a supply for thnir
customers, but the majority of the
dealers met with disappointment.
The government has released 3.000
carcases of lamb, but this supply is
reserved for distribution among butch-
rie, ,ii iiic mui Fi ujnilll.13. 1 lie V UHL
Knd butchers have been told to advise
their customers to cat fowl, game and
fish until meat conditions are im
Washington, Jan. 5. The bill mi-
l thorlzing the treasury to buy $100,
000.000 worth of farm loan bonds this
fiscal year and a similur amount next
year was passed yesterday by the
house. A similar measure already
passed by the senate would authorize
the purchnse of $100,000,000 worth this
year only, and only for the purpose
i of financing the production of food
Remarkable Newspaper Offer
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Mrs. M. J. O. Evans is devoting her
talent as an actress to assisting va
rious war relief funds in Khgland. She
was Camllle Clifford, tho actress, be
fore her marriage to Hoii. Iyndhurst
Bruce, who was killed early In the
war. She" then married Capt, Evans,
ot the Royal Flying corps.
With the American Army In
France,1 Jan. 6. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Germany's plans
for serial warfare on a larger
scale than heretofore, It is indi
cated in documents tu.ken from
enemy prisoners, are founded
upon published statements re
garding the aerial warfare
plans of the United States. In
formation to this effect hat
reached the American expedi
tionary forces. It Is Indicated
that the Germans, believing
Uiat America intended putting
machines by the tens of thou
sands into the battle area, 1m
difttely enlarged their own plans
in the expectation of offsetting
tho increased enemy forces.
Just when the enemy's .program
win be reulized Is uncertain,
but the information obtained in
captured documents is regarded
by ranking officers s muking it
extremolp desirable for a speedy
and complete development of
American nlr service.
Goochland, Va., Jan. 6. Dr. Asa W.
t'hamberlain, on trial hern for the
murder' ot his brother, Albert, reiter
ated on the stand today that ho was
Innocent of tho crime and. declared
that the only time he ever struck Al- I
bert was ill 1867, when he was 13 years
of ii ge.
Dr. Chamberlain was cross-examined
by Attorney L. O. Wendenlmrg and
questions of the attorney apparently
angfred tho phs'slclun at times, caus
ing him to retort sharply. At Mr.
Wendenburg'H effort to show that Dr.
Chamberlain hud figured In other trou
ble and had been indicted in a liquor
ruse in Strut ford, In., the physician de
clared the liquor case, had nothing to
do with the present ono.
The ens was not expected to go to
!the Jul.y ,,rol.e MoIullly,
Mexico City, Jan. 5. If the en
emy proposes a sepuruto pence, no
mutter how advantageous, Japan
will reject it, Itaron Fugltaro
Otorl, the new Japanese minister
to Mexico, declared today in a
statement concerning the attitude
of his country. Japan, he said,
would remain on the side of the
allies and was co-operating in the
war to her full extent. Being one
of the signatories of the treaty of
London, Japan, the minister mldcd,
would not look upon that treaty
as a scrap of paper.
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Delegation Accompanied by
Minister Trotzky Go to Meet
Central Powers' Envoys.
London. Jan. 5. When the
delegates of Hie central powers
arrived at IJre.st-Litovsk to re
sume the peace negotiations they
found no Russian delegates there,
according to a Vienna dispatch
to Zurich, forwarded by the
Exchange Telegraph company.
All that awaited them was a
telegram from the Rassians ask
ing for transfer of the negotia
tions to Stockholm,
Situation Explained.
A dispatch from Berlin forwarded
by Keuters' Amsterdam correspond
ent later In the day, gave an explana
tion of this situation, and said the
Russian delegates were on the way to
tho meeting place, accompanied hy
Leon Trotzky, Bolshevik foreign mln-.
ister. (M. Trotxky did not attend the
earlier sessions of the delegates.) Ac
cording to these advices, Baron voa
dem Busche-Haddenhausen, the Ger
man under-secretary for foreign af
fairs, Informed the reichstag main
committee that he had repeived this
telegram from JPetrograd:'
"The transfer of negotlotlons to
neutral territory has been suggested
only on account of the stage which the
negotiations have reached. In vitew of
the arrl val of the German delegation
at Brest-Lltovsk, the Russian delega
tion, accompanied by M. Trotzky, 1
leaving csaturaay ror Hrest-tatovuk.
They are convinced that an under
standing in regard to the transfer of
the negotiations to neutral (round
will give rise to no difficulty." ;
, S :
New York, Jun. 5. A letter from
President Wilson saying lie desired to
'America with a new and important
commission to make them "the govern
ment :4lapatctt biwwKH' Jr"eMi4tins;
bulletins prepared ' by ' the conimlttee
on public Information, wr made pub
lie here today it the Boy Scouts of
America national headquarters.
Kuch Boy Scout Is expected to plnce
In the hands of fifteen influential per
sons in his community the pamphlets
entrusted to him for delivery, and to
obtain a promise from each person first
to read tho pamphlet through and then
to place It "where the information will
likely do good." Through this method
ft was stated the government expects
to reacli ut least 10,000,000 . persons
every pamphlet.
Paris, Jan. 5, The first meeting of
the Interallied council on war pur
chases and finance, which considered
I Ihe requirements or the principal ai-
lied powers from the United States,
: has been concluded, and experts Have
1 begun a study ot the figures pre-
' The work will be divided between
tin; oillccs in London and the otUces
JiOndon, Jan. 5. Until the situation
Improves, the consumption of beef In
Kngland must bo reduced at least one
half, according to an official statement .
concerning the scarcity of meat.
The Daily Mail says that meat will
bo the first food dealt with under Lord
Khondda's compulsory rationing plan.
Butter and margarine will follow meat,
and other foods will be added as they
become more scarce. All the chief 4
foodstuffs, it adds, will be rationed by

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