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THE CRATTANOOGA NEWS
SATURDAY, JANUARY f. t I i 1' i 4! CIIATTAKOOGA NKWS PUBLISHED T THE CHATTANOOGA NEWS CO. Entered at the Chattanooga PoBtoffice as Scood.Uau Matter. . ftiiharrtntlnn Rates; B mail, S4 per an. num. 13.26 six months. 11.26 three -rt months, 4S centa per month; by carrier, 10 ocnta per week; single copy I cenU. If you ' have anf trouble setting The News, ejepnone me wrcuianon uk :' partment and have It promptly reme. died. Special Advertlolnr Aaents: John M. Branham Co., Brunswick building. New Tork; Mailers' building, Chicago; Chemical building, su Louis. MEMBER OF ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively en titled to use for republication of all news dispatches credited to It or not other, wise credited In this paper, and also the local news ouhilsiied herein. U rights of republication of special aispatone nerem are also reserved. China wants a new constitution. Tennessee needs one, but doesn't seem to want it. Oh, Mr. Hoover our Mr. Hoover you are needed here to put a little pep In the service. Of course, Unci Sam will keep hit powder dry pending whatever there may be of peace talk. The French academy has voted to make Joffre an Immortal. But that was not what mads him one. The nest best thing to being a mem ber of the council of national defense is, apparently, being kin to a mora. her. If the price of cotton shall continue its upward flight much longer, we poor folks may be forced to wear silk, In self-defense. 1 Jews are going right ahead raising funds, for restoration of Palestine re gardless of any turn in the progress of peace negotiations. The Atlanta Constitution appar ently thinks a bond issue of $500,000 ta too contemptibly small to Justify the holding of an election. A newspaper predicts that the Brit ish will soon fix it ao that a man may go from Jerusalem down to Jericho without falling among thieves. There la to be a hog rally day Jan. 11. The hogs in mind are of the four footed variety, the two-legged hogs having rallied some time ago. On the heels of the New Tork World's "Judas" editorial, the allies announce their purpose to recognize the Knlne-Trotzky government. Tennessee's senior senator has al ways seemed a little Blow about com Ing around on suffrage. And he Is try. lng to make democracy safe, too! The old joke about the railroad train arriving not on time, but twenty-four hours late, may have. to be applied noon to the Missionary ridge street CAT. ', . . The president favored a "selective' draft.' and now wants a "revolving' railroad fund. The colonel sheuld look to his laurels ' as a coiner of new terms.-, " The appearance of the pink boll worm in Texas, following in the wake of boll worm, makes it look like Just one thing after another for the rot ton crop. A magazine article declares that government ownership of railways would add tA. 000.000,000 to the pub lio debt. It would also add somewhat ttT the' public property. The feminine instinct for spreading . the news maizes the appointment of girls ' as telegraph messengers espe cially appropriate. They will cer tainly carry the news. It is hinted that the brotherhood men have decided to wait until some thing la done for those who are not ' brotherhood men, before pressing their demands. Besides that 5 per cent profit doesnt afford a very wide mar gin for Increases, anyway. . In the nature of things, candidates for the legislature will soon be mak ing their appearance. If one accosts you, ask him what he proposes to do about that treasury deficit. If he doesn't know, which is altogether probable, make up your mind to sup port somebody else. The Charlotte Observer thinks the strange explosion or noise in this neighborhood may have been caused by "our comet, whatever that is or was. Didn't so much as know Char lotte was possessed of a comet, but It Is known to have an ancient reputa- tion for seeing things which nobody else ever heard of. - It is a very unusual circumstance that navigation of the upper Tennea see by the larger steamboats should be held up so late by lack of a suf ficient tide as la the case this season. When there has been enough water in the channel recently the river has been so full of ice as to preclude the operations of boats. The New Tork Mali, which has be trayed a more or less languid Inter est in the cause of academic freedom as illustrated at Columbia university, at once sits up and takes notice when Prof. Beard, who recently resigned from the faculty, mentions that Pres ident Nicholas Murray Butler, once interdicted his recommendation of a bull mooser. The Mall Is ready to lirten when there' is anything to be few weeks. Ton mav decide which you bare een cut down in great And may have to wait some time e wid of the bull moose. ' one it is. shape! . . fore achieving her ambitions. ARE OUR SIGHTS HIGH ENOUGH? Necessity of thrift in order to win the war is bcinir impressed on our people. We had yester day Mr. M. W. Harrison, who made his bearers realize as never before perhaps how serious was the war situation and now neces sary were unity and sacrifice in our country so that we might win. The London correspondent of the New York World gives its readers an estimate of the avail able effectives of the combatants Germany has five and one-half million: Austria-Hungary, 2,7fU,- 000; Bulgaria, 500,000. No esti mate ii made for Turkey, but even without that country you have over eight millipn men for the enemy. Great Britain is maintaining three million in the field. The correspondent gives no estimate for France or Italy. It is dim cult, however, to find possibility of over eight million men for our European allies. "These estimates arc not far from those we have given our readers. It is seen, as we have said often, that it is incumbent on us to furnish the preponderance. Now the question we must consider is this: How many troops must we put in Europe to turn the scale? Odds of two or three to one are needed at any point of at tack. We are now talking of one mil lion more. Gen. Crowder an nounces that only the first class will be called under the draft. There is no dis cussion in congress .of a change in minimum age. Yet all previous wars in this and other countries have been fought by the boys of between 18 and 21. Is our vision of the war yet big enough ? It will cost us less in lives and in injured, and in money if he war is short. But our limited preparations seem to forecast a long war. There is the psycho logical effect also to be consid ered. Will bleeding France, and exhausted Italy, along with Eng land, now bearing much of the burden be heartened if we can promise no more than a million men within a year? The likeli hood is that in despair of succor in time they will make terms with the enemy terms which may lead to, another war. Will Germany be daunted by our one million, or even double that number? We thought, as Mr. Harrison said, that when it was announced that we had en tered the war Germany would quit. Such is the egotism of us Americans. But they haven't. Over there they don't count a million men as much. Now if we proceeded to draft about five million men and took other steps in proportion, don't we know that Germany would yield even to the featherweight blows of the bolshevik! at Brest Litovsk and would make peace on our terms right now. Since we are in this war we must see it with eyes that measure properly the. length of the steps necessary to achieve success. So far we haven't done so. CROP DIVERSIFICATION. In concluding an editorial on the appearance of the pink boll worm in southwestern Texas, the Birmingham Age-Herald made the following obser vation: "If some of the Alabama cotton farmers had intended to increase their acreage this spring, it might he well for them to 'go slow' and give more attention to intensive methods of cul tivation. Hut above 811 things, let there be no waning in diversification. America's allies will need even more food this year than last. Let's try for a new record in corn and potato pro duction." The pink boll worm may prove as destructive an enemy of the cotton grower ns the older boll weevil, or It may not. The price of cotton may continue to advance or It may go down. Next season's cotton crop may be a big one or a short one. But there is one thing which is prac tically certain, and that is that there .will be no surplus of food produced. With a considerable Increase in cot tage acreage, it makes no great amount of difference whether a large or small yield is produced it will preclude the' production by cotton growers of a sufficient amount of food crops to supply their needs. If the cotton crop should be short, the price will probably be high, but there will be less of it to buy food. If the crop should turn out to be large. It would take more of it to buy the necessary food. If the southern planter shall raise enough hog and hominy 'for his own requirements, he can the better afford to gambJe with the cotton situation. Hence the preservation and extension of crop diversification would seem to provide the safer assurance of good prices for cotton, while making the grower measurably independent of the uncertainties of cotton growing. Tennessee has one senator who has been earning his salary for the past RUSSIAN TERMS. Terms for which the bolahevlki are said to b? contending at Brost-Lltovim, according to a London dispatch to the New York World, are embodied In the following fourteen paragraphs: 1. The evacuation of all Russian territory occupied by Germany, and autonomy for Poland and the Lithua nian and Lettish provUicej. "2. Autonomy for Turkish Armenia. ". Settlement of the question of Alsace-Lorraine by plebiscite, with guarantee of perfect freedom of vote. "4. ' The restoration of Belgium and indemnity for damages to be provided by an international financial fund. "5. The restoration of Serbia and Montenegro with indemnity for dam ages to be taken out of a similar In tcrnational funl, Serbia, moreover, to have access to the Adriatic; Bosnia and Herzegovina to have complete au tonomy. 6. Other contested territory In the Balkans to enjoy temporary autonomy until a plebiscite Is taken. "7. Rumania to recover all territory -iihin her previous frontiers, after promising to grant outonomy to the Dobrudja, and to give effect to article 3 cf the Berlin convention concerning the eauallty of the rights of Jews. "8. Autonomy for the - regions of Trent and Trieste, inhabited by Italian populations, until a plebiscite is taken. "9. Germany to receive back ber colonics. "10. Restoration of Persia and Greece. "11. Neutralization of all maritime straits leading to Inland seas, includ ing the canals of Buea and Panama; freedom of commercial navigation, the canceling of all charters during war time of enemy ships, and the torpedo ing of commercial ships on the high seas to be forbidden, by International agreement. "12. All belligerents to renounce war indemnities under any form or iiKiriiie whatsoever, and all contrlbu Hone exacted since the beginning of the war to be refunded. 13. All belligerents to renounce definitely any commercial boycott after the war, or the institution of special customs agreements, '14. Poace conditions to be settled by a peace congress composed of dele gates chosen by national, representa tive bodies; diplomats to bind them selves to sign no secret treaties, which are to be declared, by their very na ture, null and void. "15. Gradual disarmament on land and sea, and the rc-establishmcnt of militia, to replace standing armies. If the Russian delegates can induce the enemy to airree to suoh a program as tlhe above, we shall be on. the road to permanent peace. The territorial settlements offer jus tice to the populations innuuiuna them. The promise of disarmament will make future suspicion and fear leas likely. Abandonment of economl war after the WuT will tend to good feeling. It Is very significant In this connec tion that the speaker of the British house of commons recently stated that there would be no economlo war. Per haps the threat of such has done more to keeii Germany in arms than aught else. Preparations on the part of the al lies to recognize the Trotzky govern ment are important straws as to the way the wnd Is blowing. It Is a vote of confidence, to a limited extent at least, in the present regime at Pelro irrad, It will strengthen the hands of the peacs conferees and inspire Ger many with the thought that by con cessions a general peace is possible, Of course, that country has been guilty of arrant hypocrisy in claiming It was for peace without annexations. That has boon exposed. But it Is evi dent that Germany will make concea- siors. If not, ii is doomed. Within a few days events fraught with interest to the world may happen. BIGGEST OF GAMBLES. The biggest gambling game in this country Is not in Wall street or .the Chicago . pit. The biggest gambling frame is farming, and it goes on night and day, the year around, with more and greater odds against the bettor than has any other game. The farmer bets his time, money, labor and life against the weather, In sect pests, trusts and storage sharks, and, if he wins against these odds,' he verv likelv must overcome railroad blockades or rate pools. But, unless the farmer risks these odds, gambles with the cards always being ehufned and dealt by somebody else, everything stops. . Government cannot go cn. No such Important gov ernmental business as war can go on. This being true, it follows that the country's greatest concern should be that the farmer win his bet Govern ment should see to it that he has money orv easy terms, seed in plenty and the necessary tools, especially tractors and other devices for pro ducing much at the minimum outlaj of labor. During the past year our whole country was stirred to the duty of producing foodstuffs. Millions of peo ple became actual producers who had never before produced enough to keep a chicken in good condition. The to tal was something Remarkable, but we've got to do better the coming sea son, and we will. But while we fanner gamblers won, in the past year, against the natural odds, there was one odd that pre vailed against us, Jo a sad, discourag ing, wasteful extent transportation blockade Wo had the food, but could not deliver it where it would do the mcst good. Get your seed! Folish up the plow, the hoe and the spade! , Uncle Sam has the railroads. What you grow will move, not go to rot The odds ngaliist LINKED TOGETHER. Why are emissaries of Che entlsuf fraglats working up petitions against tho federal amendment in, dry states? IV e are lavorea wun a visit iruro gentleman from Iowa, who has had wide experience as a lobbyist He Is telling us what we ought to do in this matter. There is a very suspicious correlation of efforts among those who oppose the prohibition amendment and the opponents of the suffrage amend ment The advocates of booze know they can't beat prohibition In the southern elates, so they say r nothing about that isrue. But they are also well aware that there are many states In the Union not now dry states which would vote the prohibition amend ment if the women were allowed to vote,- So they are working in states which are supposed to be reactionary on the suffrage issue in order to defeat the submission of that amendment and thus defeat also prohibition and give a new lease of life to the saloon. Of course, there are many very good pro hibitionists who are opposed to suf frage, from some archaic reason or other, probably because they haven' studied the question. We do not ques tion their , sincerity. But we do know that when they have examined the question from all phases they will realize that in order to abolish alco hollo stimulants from the length and breadth of these United States it very desirable that the good women of this country who are most Interested in this reform and who In nearly ev ery community .have done much to bring it about, because the suffering caused by liquor falls so largely on them and tihelr offspring, ought to be permitted to cast their ballots along with their husbands, sons and brothers against John Barleycorn. The senator or representative in congress Who has a primary Interest in this cause and who is not merely swept along with the crowd because he is afraid to face his prohibition constituency will also realize at once the close relationship of the two Is sues. It he will survey the papers of the country, for instance, he will find that most of the sheets wtilch have given themselves for years to the li quor traffic are lined up against suf frage. He will see that the political leaders who have some faint hope of the return of the saloon and the dirty politics it brought In its wake are contemptuous in their reference to suffrage and are active against the amendment . In a day when tho national govern ment Is controlling nearly all our leg islation; when it has taken over the railroads, food, fuel prices and prob ably labor, we hear people of very nar row view talking about "states' rights." The nsgro was given suffrage by federal amendment; shall White women be placed on a lower level? It Is the "right'' of the state to Join wiUi three-fourths of all the Mates to change the federal constitution in any way it sees fit The constitution it self came Into being with this right of three-fourths to govern one-fourth, It has been exercised in sixteen changes of that instrument There is no more precious state right than this one of being a party to an amendment of the organic law. Suoh a process is pure democracy. It is the highest form of the rule of the people. To question it Is to question the justice of our infet.it utions. We resent the expression that the south is reactionary. We believe- that If Ihe members of congress from this region vote the sentiments of their people they will not defeat an amend ment desired by their own people as well as .those of other parts of the country. Let the members from Ten nessee think well on this subject. It will be an Issue In the next congres sional election. A GOVERNMENT BILL. Friday's dispatches from Washing ton stated that a water power bill "de signed to secure extensive develop ment of these (water power) resources, with due regard to both public inter ests and interests of the developers' had been drafted by three members of the cabinet with a view to early pas sage in contrress. An item of this tfind appeared in the newspapers about a month ago, but was derided as un founded, by partisans of the author of the bill which has twice passed the senate. - It has seemingly been assumed by these footers that both the name and provisions of the bill passed in the senate were sacred from the touch of ordinary mortals. The country has not been kept .well nformed as to the differences between the two houses of congress respecting this Important and urgent measure, but It is known in a general way that the senate bill was objected to because it surrendered too much to the Inter ests of capital. The fact that the ad ministration has apparently become In terested in a modified draft lends color to the contentions of the house con servationists. From time immemorial the senate has been considered as the protector of special interests. In a matter so vital to the welfare of the country as the general water power bill, too much care cannot be taken to safeguard the Interests of the public But whatever the cause of disagree ment, the country is not in a humor to condone unnecessary delays in the en actment of the necessary legislation to permit the Inauguration of this great development and conservation move ment We repeat that if the interests of capital and of the public cannot be harmonized with justice to both, the government ought itself to undertake the work. This would seem to us to be an enterprise upon which the govern ment could more properly and consist ently Inter than that of railroad oper ation. Germany can cheerfully await fu- ture, declares chancellor. Headline. THE MODERN SOLDIER. Under the caption of "Making; Army Officers," the Clarksville Leaf Chronicle says: . "It is interesting to - see ' how the work of training an army officer is de veloping under the strain of real war. It used to be a process largely of textbook study and dignified drill, cal culated to produce an Instant and pre cise control over a body of men. . "Now at the training camps, partic ularly behind the lines in France, our boys are learning every bit of the technical work. An officer now must handle machine guns until he knows them better than the gunners,' must throw grenades and discharge .shells, rehearse formations for an attack and operate the gas and flame work. He must know every detail so that when things go wrong he will know why, "It Is a great training. Not merely will it make a man a better officer than the old textbook drill, but It' will make him mechanically resourceful when the war is over." Instead of producing a dignified fig ure of courtly bearing and of severe countenance it is the purpose to give officers a versatile equipment in much the same manner as the manager of a big industrial establishment They are to command of course, but they must first know what, they want done even to the minutest detail. War is no longer merely a test of brute strength. It Is a contest of scientific preparation and execution. Mathematical calcula tion has largely supplanted the thrill of heroic appeal. Everything is done with precision and exactness. The army' and navy are ' to a great extent' technical institutions. Their requirements provide places for and make demands upon nearly every 'class of craftsmen and artisans known to civilian endeavor. Making a charge upon the battlefield or navigating ship Is only one of the many duties of Uncle Sam's enlisted men. Before a private even becomes a good soldier, according to modern standards, he must become a skilled laborer in more than one line of wofk. He must serve an apprenticeship much like that re quired in the technical trades. "As for the bolshevikl," says the New York Evening Poet, "these "wild men' have now accomplished enough to entitle them to serious and respect ful consideration." Reflecting observ ers have had to change their mind often during this war. Those whom our newspapers have bean abusing as traitors to the allied cauara and real democracy now show themselves de fenders of tihoso principles.- Indeed the German delegates in Petrograd are now seeking to deal with the leaders In the constituent assembly, men who are endeavoring to wrest power from Trotzky and Lenine. The bourgeolse are said to be willing to yield to Ger many's terms more readily tfhaa the workingmn. Under Gen. Crowder's latest order, it ought not to be so difficult for Ban Johnson to figure out how his league will fare. The bolshevikl have adopted pho netic spelling, which may help some. STATE POLITICS (By T. J. Campbell.) Developments in the Tennessee po lifical situation lately have neither been frequent nor of especial interest No public announcements respecting the senatorship or governorship have been made, but it is understood that Gen. Charles T. Cates is conducting an " active correspondence campaign for the former against the incumbent Senator John K. Shields. The latter spent the holidays in the state, and, apparently was reluctant to go back to Washington. Gov, Kye still maintains silence re specting his future political plans, if such are formulated. Chairman J. Will Taylor has issued a call for a meeting of the republican state committee at Nashville a week from -next Monday. This is for the purpose of considering plans for the nomination of republican candidates for the appellate courts and "other matters of vital Interest to the party." It is probable that a judicial conven tion will be ordered for some date in the early spring, and Mr. Taylor de clares he has discovered "quite a sen timent in favor of holding this conven tion in Chattanooga." and predicts that It will be ordered accordingly, it will be a matter of mutual congratulation If Chairman Taylor's . prophecy shall prove true. Republicans are to oe commended for wanting to meet in a community where there is something coins: on all the time. A good aeai may be learned that way. On the other hand, Chattanoogans wno nave oeen spending their good money for hotel bills and car fare to jNasnvine may have the treasure of witnessing the ex hibition at home without money and without price. It is quite probable hat a Tennessee republican conven tion in 1918 will be a more or less tame and denatured affair, devoid of thrills, but Chattanooga is entitled to and will appreciate the best show that can be offered under the circumstances. . A mutual friend is responsible for the information that Hon. T. L. Stew art the well-known Sequatchie county lawyer, wiil be a candidate for chan cellor to succeed Hon. Footer ri. Mercer in the Twelfth division. If this should prove correct it will make three candidates in the field, viz: Hon. L. EwelL Hon. T. L. Stewart ana Mayor Clem J, Jones, of Athens. There mav yet be others. It is inferred that Chancellor Mercer does not desire re election. Mr. Stewart is regarded among his friends as a good lawyer and a man well qualified to fill the po sition which it is said he will seek. SomeLhiEsr of a sensation has de veloped out of a recent primary In the FMirMti luriicial circuit where fraud is alleged in the- nomination of a candi date tor attorney-general. The candi dates were Hon. Hoyte T. Stewart ot Cannon county, and Hon. J. D. Mur phree, of Bedford county, Mr. Stewart Inning by a tew nunoiea on me mio of the returns. An investigation Has been demanded by Mr. Murphree. of the voting in Cannon county especially, and he is strongly supported by the Murfreesboro Home Journal, one or me leading weekly papers of Middle Ten nessee. The Home Journal insinuates rather pointedly that Cannon county nominating primaries have for a rood many years been tainted with suspic ions of fraud and thinks the matter ought to be looked into. Tliat -paper cites as instances, two r.f Congress- man's Houston's races for nomination THE JARR FAMILY " By Roy L. McCardell (Copyright, 1917. by the Press Publishing Co. The New Tork Evening World.) The package Mr.' Jarr had so mys teriously received, after being passed on from one place to another with whlBnered mes- 1 sages of camou I flags comment to him as . ten pounds of pol ished rice. But in its heavy wrapping it felt like sugar, and when he got op portunity tO tfetol It by his nose u n o b s e rved it smelled like sugar. So Mr. Jan was reasonably sure it WAS sugar. It had taken, him four hours visit ing a raincoat maker asking for corn meal; a lawyer asking for navy beans, and a jeweler "asking for Cuban or Louisiana diamonds, and, finally, to a grocer with a request for ten pounds of polished rice, before he had re ceived the sugar. Mr. Jarr was tired. But it was his thought that when nationwide prohi bition went into effect through constir tutional amendment that he could get a hot Scotch when he had a cold after going to Alaska to see an osteopath to whom he would make, demand for a dozen eggs; and then, after being sent to a milliner In Mexico to get a waffle iron, could come back to the United States and seek out a moving picture scenario writer and ask Mm for a gross of carpet tacks- and be sent by the scenario writer to a chem ist's laboratory, where, when he asked, still as directed, for a copy of the poems of Robert Burns, he would re ceive his hot Scotch. ' Anyway, Mr. Jarr had his ten pounds of sugar. And he started for home, elated, yet cautious, for he bore with him a king's ransom. He knew he should bs circumspect In an otherwise sugarless land, but he could not help replying boastfully when a clerk in a cigar store, regard iqg the package enviously, asked him if it wasn't sugar, "No, it's only a gallon of rubies I" In the crowded street car home a score of envious people cast eager eyes upon his package. When the street car collided with a costly limousine and wrecked it and a lady covered with sables had alighted from the auto to get the conductor's num ber, Mr. Jarr could see she forgot her hysterical anger when she saw the package under his arm and sensed its contents. "Only the poor can afford sugar these days," cried the lady In sables. DEMOCRACY AND SOCIALISM (Commercial and Financial Chronicle.) The first essential of liberty, and the soul of all democracy, is the freedom of the individual to preserve his own life and development with the instru mentalities of head, heart and hand that are his divine endowment, in the environment of earthly resources in which he finds himself. If either en dowment or environment so shackled no justice can develop, no liberty ob tain, no advance ensue. We cannot applying these truths to the present time, say, as many do, the supremacy of the state is a German theory and ideal, that this war is the final strug gle between democracy and autocracy. As we view the year, we must note and appraise with even deeper interest the strangle hold of socilllsm in tho transforming of Russia, No, In so far as this world war is a culmination of an age-long development, a culmina tion in force, that truly or falsely claims to be the only way, the causes. lost now in the conflict, go back into remoter times, and embrace this whole endeavor and evolution of freedom for the Individual man. And today, in the very assumptions of government to engage and use all the lnstrumentalties of industry and endeavor to win a war. exists a threat of ensuing socialism as fatal to democracy as the fierce and foul autocracy it would overcome. What are to be the terms of peace. when the battle does die' down, and peoples are free? Not a triumphant and domineering statehood that stifles, by the declarations and impositions of S. static, so-called, liberty, the true liberty of the individual to be and do. States are but convenient fictions, made by man to serve his own free dom. When truly liberated, they will have boundaries only by consent and no longer by military force, as all will admit. But it must be understood, therefore that .the boundaries of con sent can neer be unalterably fixed upon the map. They exist in the free will of free men acting In concert Are there conditional elements neces sary to the existence of the free lndii vldual in a state (not State) of democ racy? Yes. They are complete dis armament and thus the liberation. from force, of endeavor manifold and agreement unlimited; local self-government, that there may be unions and federations of states; freedom of trade, that the individual may survive by his own efforts, that he perpetuate the state; freedom of the seaa. neutrality of the narrows, and the right of emi nent aomam to reach, over the terri and one of Mr. Stewart's (the same gentleman concerned this time) races for the state senate when Judge T. B. Lyltle was the opposing candidate. It Is declared that "the Home Journnl will support no man who wears a badge of fraud." " A day or two ago it was noted that Hon. James May, of Sweetwater, had been commissioned as county judge, to serve until the next August election. it was not generally known amona- Mr. May's friends that he is "learned in the law," but it is known that he is a man of versatile talents as exem plified in a capacity for handling busi ness anairs, and that may be lust what is needed in Monroe county. If Is the case In most of the counties. Mr. May has made creditable records in the offices of state senator and prison commissioner, in the latter of which he was especially efficient Good busi ness judgment is more often needed in county administration than expert law knowledge, and Mr. May has finely de veloped business judgment The springing of an ouster suit has somewhat complicated and aroused in terest In Hamilton county politics. but everybody seems disposed to await developments. It has, however, for the time, overshadowed the discussion of a non-partisan county ticket and the quarrel between Circuit Clerk Hayes and the city commission. The Indications are that Hamilton judicial nominations will be arranged for at an early date, thus getting them out o fth eway of the purely political contests. Lucrative. (Life.) "Is your mine profitable?" "I should say so! It's worth its weight in paper," "Do you work in an ammunition fac tory?" r, Mr. Jarr ignored the remark. But he deemed it best to get oft the car at the next corner, for he felt he was a marked man. In th next car he wasxcareful to hide the ten-pound package of sugar under his evercoat but he was in agony lest he drop the package and spill its precious contents. A young man acquainted with Mr. . Jarr got in the car and took a seat beside him. The young man had a small leather satchel chained to a strap around his wrist He was a bank messenger. "I'm glad you are going my way, Mr. Jarr," said the young "man. Tve got fifty thousand dollars In negotia ble bonds and securities n this bag and I think I've been followed." "I've got a sore arm, I'm afraid I couldn't help you," said Mr. Jarr, and he held his good right arm in a con torted position over the package of sugar under his overcoat , "I've got an automatic pistol with me we bank runners have permits to carry 'em, you know,"' whispered the young man. "But you never can tell how these desperadbes will attack you." Then Mr. Jarr realized ihat he should have carried an automatic pis tol, permit or no permit since he was conveying valuables in the shape of sugar. "ep," the bank runner went on, "they throw red pepper in your eyes or hit you over the bean with a piece of lead pipe wrapped up in a news paper." You never can tell." Mr, Jarr determined to get ont at the next corner and take another car. He did so, but the bank runner kept bis protecting company. Mr. Jarr was relieved to see that he was now only a few blocks from home. He did not wait for a car, but stepped along briskly. A taxicab that had been following- the street car stopped and three men alighted. The bank runner proved his title; he took to his heels, shouting "Thieves! Robbers!" "Not that guy!" cried the leader of the taxicab bandits. "The other one. I saw him get the sugar in Lana han's!" Mr. Jarr darted away, upsetting an ashcan as he sprang from the curb. The bandits fell over the ashcan. Mr. Jarr darted safely up his street paused a moment for breath and to get his latchkey, and then the precious pack age slipped from under his left arm and burst all over the wet and muddy -sidewalk. Oh, well, it's all in a lifetime. And molasses is good ersatz for sugar! tory of any state, the open waters of the world, to the end that exchange, the greatest civilising influence known may be free, and natural laws of sup ply and demand establish the wealth of nations and the welfare of masses. To give these things to others they vmust exist In their purity In us. They do not exist In a representative re public as it .was designed for the United States, for when this nation was born, no great statesman thought of constituting this government a business agency more than he thought of infusing into it thel force that i embodied in the instrumentality of war. And that government is ourefto preserve or destroy. So, this memorable years passes. To the horrid nightmare of an over whelming war is added the floating vapors of state control. Nothing is the same, nothing ever will be the same. Do the hilltops of endeavor lighten with the fires of freedom, while miasmas gather in the valleys of decision?- The great outstanding fact of this year is, not the entrance of the United States into a world war for democracy, a war that wilUend some time, but the introduction of a new relation between the ci:'zen and his government that though it may be necessary to win the war, Is still op posed to the democracy which is the object ft the war, and which once faateried upon the individual and free man, may so enervate his powers, and confine his potentialities, as to render hiqi too weak to resist, and which will therefore and thereby fasten upon him a new form of slavery that will endure under the name of democracy, the slavery of socialism. Search all the is sues the year has developed and say if this is not chief among them. "Democracy must fight with Its own weapons" truly an Illuminating state ment! Not that it shall not fhrht but that It shall not fight with weapons, the lnstrumentalties, of autocracy! We look upon the year, and this part of the waking dream alarms us with apprehension. The momentous step of war has been taken; it cannot be un done. The citizen bows to the con dition, means and purpose. He no longer dwells upon other than Its vig orous prosecution to victory. But as he struggles in the entanglements of government control of his energies and industries, he must wonder. If the coils grow tighter, what virllitv, what original strength, will be left him, to assist and prosper the can bp, three years from now, If the war shall last so long. , A Delicate Youth. Here is a little story made public by the United States marine corps: Fearing that the rigors of warfare would be too much for her delicate son, a woman living at Fresno, Cal., wrote to the United States marine corps headquarters at Washington, asking thatthe young man be dis charged. "He Is too weak and delicate to be In the service," she wrote. "He is a blacksmith's helper by trade and I would prefer him to stay At his last Job." The mother was informed that for the time being, her son must remain a marine. . 1 How Snakes Crawl. Acearding to an old legend that Is be lieved to some extent even to this day. a snakes legs can be seen if you throw course, there is no foundation in truth for this belief; the fact Is snakes' have no legs to be seen. w Locomotion is effected by means of the ribs, which are jdfnted at the backbone and extend down the sides of the body. At their lower extremities they are con nected with plates along the underside of the body. On the edges of these plates are projecting edgea which en in the reptile's path. By moving Its ribs, therefore, practically the same results are obtained as would be the case if It had a number of legs. Surfaces must be confparatlvely rough in order that the edges of the plates on the snake's belly may rrip and hold sufficiently for it to thrust itself for ward. Snakes can do little more than en smooth glass, and they cotild do no better on Ice, even if unaffected by the low temperature so that th remained normally active.