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The Chattanooga news. [volume] (Chattanooga, Tenn.) 1891-1939, January 08, 1918, LATE EDITION, Image 1

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J C ;
EW
LATE
EDITION
LATE
EDITION
VOL XXX. NO. 159 J
CH AIT A N ( )OGr A, TKM N.t TUESDAY KVKNjjSIG. JANUARY 8, 1918
PRICE: -THREE CENTS
WAR
Woodrow
Wilson
-waRWEM COM
SET om-
Easily Met If
,nemy Is
Sincere.
QMJSES OF
W IQRS :FM: PEACE
T
fl
1
n.
7
EPOCIMAKING ADDRESS
TO CONGRESS BY PRESIDENT
No Secret Treaties, Disarmament, Freedom of
Seas, No Economic Wars, Friendship to Rus
sia, Righting Wrongs of Alsace Main
. Subjects Moderate Tone to
Germany. ,
Washington, Jan. 8. The president pre
sented the following as necessary elements of
world peace:
1. Open covenants of peace without private
international understandings.
V 1 2. ' Absolute freedom of the seas, in peace or
war, except as they may be closed by interna
tional action.
; 1 3. Removal of all economic barriers and es
tablishment, of equality of trade conditions
among nations consenting to peace and associat
ing themselves for its maintenance.
4. Guarantees, for the reduction of national
armaments to the lowest point consistent with
domestic safety.
k" .: " ' Impartial ; adjustment of all colonial
claims, based upon the principle that the peoples
concerned Have equal weight with the interest of
the government. . ; '
" 6. Evacuation of .air Russian- territory and
; opportunity for RussiaVpoliticar development.
tempt to limit her sovereignty. . " "
' 8: All French territory to be freed and re
stored, and righting of
of Alsace-Lorraine.
9. Readjustment of
' clearly recognizable lines
10. Freest opportunity for autonomous de
velopment of the peoples
11. Evacuation of
Montenegro, with access
international guarantees of economic and politi
cal independence and territory integrity of the
Balkan states. .
12. Secure sovereignty for Turkey's portion
of the Ottoman empire, but with other nationali
ties under Turkish rule assured security of life
and" opportunity for autonomous development,
with the Dardanelles permanently opened to all
nations.
I 13. Establishment of an independent Polish
state, including territory inhabited indisputably
by Polish populations, with free access to the sea
' and political and economic independence and ter
ritorial integrity guaranteed by international
; covenant.
i ; 14. General association of nations under
specific covenants for mutual guarantees of po
litical independence, and territorial integrity to
large and small states alike.
"For such arrangements and covenants'
said the president, in conclusion, "we are willing
, to fight and continue to fight until they are
achieved, but only because we wish the right to
prevail and desire a just and stable peace."
"Such a program," he said, "removed chief
provocations for war."
"The moral climax of this, the culminating
; and final war for human liberty has come," said
the president, in ending his address, "and they
. (people of the United States) are ready to put
their own strength, their own highest purpose,
- their own integrity and devotion to the test."
President Wilson today, addressing
, congress, delivered a re-statement of
.war aims in agreement with the re
cor! declaration by the British pre
mier, David Lloyd George.
The president presented a . definite
progra.n for world peace containing
fourteen specific considerations.
The president spoke as follows:
"Gentlemen of the congress:
"Once more, as repeatedly before,
the spokesmen of the central empires
have indicated their desire to discussed
wrong done in the taking
Italy's frontiers and on
of nationality.
of Austria-Hungary.
Rumania, Serbia and
to the sea for Serbia and
the objects of the war and the possi
ble basis of general peace. Parleys
have been in progress at Brest-Litovsk
between representatives of the central
powers and Russian representatives
to which the attention of all the bel
ligerents has been nvited for the
purpose of ascertaining whether it
may be possible to extend these par
leys into a general conference .-it' re
gard to terms bf peace nd settlement.
The Russian representatives present-
not only a perfectly definite peace,
SENDEECH BY CABLE
AND WIRELESS TO WORLD.
New YorOjan. 8. uittribu
tien to all part of the world of
- President- Wilion'e addr a to
coi.gress today by cable and
wireleee has b;en arranged fop
by the committee on publio in
formation. The sending was to
begin at the press censor's of
fice here as soon as word was
received from Washington that
the president hsd begun to
speak. ,
but also an equally definite program
of the concrete application of thoee
principles. ' The representatives of
the central powers, on their part, pre
sented an outline of settlement which,
if much less definite, seert.ju suscep
tible of libsral ' interpretation until
their specific program of practical
terms was added.
.INTENDED TO KEEP ALL.
That program proposed no con- '
cessions at all, either to sover
eignty of Russia or to the prefer
ences of the population with ;
whose fortunes it dealt, but meant,
in a word, that the central empires
were to keep every foot of terri
tory their armed forces had occu
pied every 'province, every city,
every point of vantage as a per
manent addition to their territories
and their power.
"It is a reasonable conjecture
that(tho general principles of set-'
tlement which they at first sug
gested, originated with the more
liberal statesmen of Germany and
Austria, the rr-n who have begun
to feel the force of their own peo
ples' thought and purpose, while
. . the concrete terms of actual set
tlement came from the military
leaders who have no thought but
' to keep what they have got. . The
negotiations have been broken off.
The Russian representatives were
sincere and in earnest. They can-
. not entertain- such proposals of.
. conquest and domination.
INCIDENT PERPLEXING. ,
' '"The whelo incident is full 'or,
significance.' It is also.tytf-aMar- .
wpvtttyiAlWhtfnV are-h"'RusV
eian representatives 'dealing? For
whom are the representatives' of
the central empires speaking? Are
they speaking for the majorities of
their respective parliamente or for
the minority parties, that military
and imperialistic minority, which
has so far dominated their whole
policy and controlled the affairs of
Turkey and of the Balkan states
which have felt obliged to become
their associates in this war? The
Russian representatives have in
sisted, very justly, very ' wisely,
and in the true spirit of modern
democracy, that the conferences
they have been holding with the
Teutonic and Turkish statesmen
should be held within open, not
closed doors, and all the world has
been audience, as wasdesired. To
whom have we been listening,
then? To those who speak the
spirit and intention of the resolu
tions of the German reichstag of
the 9th of July, last, the spirit and
intention of the liberal leaders and
parties of Germany, or to those
' who resist and defy that spirit and
intention and insist upon conquest
and subjugation? Or are we list
ening, in fact, to both, unrecon
ciled and in open and hopeless
contradiction? These are very se
rious and pregnant questions.
CENTRAL POWERS NOT FRANK
"But, whatever the results of the
parleys at Brest-Litovsk, whatever
the confusions of counsel and of
purpose in the utterances of the
spokesmen of the central em
pires, they have again attempted
to acquaint the world with their
objects in the war and have again
challenged their adversaries to say
what thsir objects are and what
sort of settlement they would
deem just and satisfactory. Thare
is no good reason why that chal
lenge should not be responded to,
and responded to with the utmost
candor. We did not wait for it.
Not once, but again and again, we
have, laid our whole thought and
purpose beforo the world, not in
general terms only, but each time
with sufficient definition to make
it .clear what sort of definitive
terms of settlement must neces
sarily spring out of them. With
in the last week Mr. Lloyd George .
has spoken with admirable candor
and in admirable spirit for the
people and government of Great
Britain. There is ne confusion of
counsel 'among the adversaries of
the central pc ere; no uncertain
ty of principle, no vanueness. of
detail. The only secrecy of coun
sel, the only lack of ' fearless
frankness, the only failure to make
definite statement for the objects
of the war, lies with Germany and
. her allies. The issuee of life and
death hang upon these definitions.
No statesmen, who nas the least
conception of his responsibility
ought for a mornent to permit
himself to continue this ragical
and appalling outpouring of blood
and treasure unless he is sure, be
yond a peradventu that t!-e ob
jects of the vital sacrifice are part
GERMAN TROOPS
BALKED IN DRIVE
Paris,' Jan. 8. GermaVjferoops
which attempted to, advance on
the Verdun front af tcr bom
bardment were driven back by the
French fire last night, t-fs an
nounced officially. Heavy" artil
lery fighting continues on , the
Champagne front.
SUBJECTED TO FIRE.;' 1
Berlin, Jan. 8. (via London.) The
Austro-German lines In the Monte As
olone sector on the Italian front were
subjected yesterday to sudden bursts
of artillery fire at Intervals. army
headquarters anriouonced today!' There
were similar demonstrations along the
Plave line to the north of VIdor. The
Are continued Into the night. , Tba
statement reads: -' " ' ' 1
"Italian front:- Throughout -rbe day
the enemy directed violent surprise llr
ing attacks on Mo nte Asolone and on
the Plave sector north of Vldor. At
night' also a lively artillery Vflre was
ncyi up. ' ,
REPULSED NEAR BULLECOURT.
Kerlin, Jan. 8. (Via London.) The'
i. ' , . , J.,..L '.IT '.. l "Z
Bullecourt is reported in today's of- cntrnl Ior hnllf' n nd; '!' m ?
flclal communication. The announce f1lM bepn Biven ',8.,to.w,L will be
menf . . , i done. It is expected tiliat the session
"Western front: Army group of wl be a lively. one. Secrecy seems to
Prince Rupprecht isolated sectors In ' the policy in regard to happenings
Flanders, and southwest of ;Cainbral ' the machinisls, no far as their
were subjected at times to A violent meetings are concerned, but It Is un
file. At Duck British companies at derntood that Matt Itobinson has been
tacked east of Hi. Hp, -mid ' Thv t restored to the ofliCe of buisneas agent.
repulsed. '
"Army group of Duke Albrecht In
the Sundgau, a lively artillery duel
developed inrt.ie evening. t was re
vived early. this morning after a quiet
night. j '. ,v u.
"Eastern front: There, Is nothing
to report" ' ' , i ', '
RUSSIAN TROOPS' IN
Mtrrnntlii ui runnilii
MACEDONIA WITHDRAW
'i...
Berlin Reports Spirited Fight'-
. . . f
7-
tv
f: .: , in
3riiiL Jau. S. via lAtti '.onwlsul,'
ummMi-w CBB3Trnr-trBenB froura sec
tor on th Macedonian front is reported
la today's statement from army head
quarters. It follows:
"There was spirited artillery flehting
between Lake Ochride and Lake
Presbn, in the Cerna bend and between
the Vardar and Lake Doiran, German
Jaegers brought .in French prisoners
from trenches west of Lake Presba,
which hitherto have been defended by
Russians."
All fronts are embraced In the terms
of the armistice agreed to between
Itussia and the central powers, and in
conformity therewith the Russians In
Macedonia evidently have been with
drawn from the trenches as were those
in France recently. A contingent of
Russian troops arrived at Salonikl in
July, 1916. When the first Russians
were landed it was said some 80,000 in
all were expected.
NEW YORK ANTIS PLAN
FIGHT FOR REFERENDUM
Albany, N. T., Jan. 8. The NeJV
York State Association Opposed to
Woman Suffrage decided today to be
gin a vigorous light at the present
legislative session for the referendum
In 1920, op a constitutional amend
ment which would take away from the
women of the state their right to vote,
acquired last fall.
and parcel of the very lif of so
ciety and that the people for
whom he speaks think them right
and imperative as he does.
RUSSIANS' CALL COMPELLING.
There is, moreover, a voice calling
for these definitions of principle and
of purpose which is, it seems to mef
more thrilling and more compelling
than any of the many moving voices
with which the troubled air of the
world is filled. It is the voice of the
Russian people. They are prostrate
and all but helpless, it would sesm,
before the grim power of Germany,
which has hitherto known no relent
ing and no pity. Their power, appa
rently, is shattered. And yet their soul
is not' subservient. They do not yield
either in principle or In action. Their
conception of what is right, of what
is humane and honorable for them to
accept, has been stated with - frank-
ness, a largeness of visw, a generosity
of spirit, and a universal human sym
pathy which must challenge the ad
miration of every iriend of mankind;
and they have refused t-j compound
their ideals or desert ot.i's that they
themselves may be safe.. T.iey call
Warmer, Says Billy 'Possum
With one eye
out and scarce a
single feather,
ah e dove of
peace has flut
tered Into view;
a woeful sight,
but still quite
together. If he
iiiould llftht.
Rood night!
What would the
kaiser do?
The chief ben
cold hower baths
efit derived from
and sleeping porches is to be able to
brag about them.
The weather? Snow or rain and
watmer tonight " and Weduday,
NEWS PRINT PAPER
TRUST DENOUNCED
Smoot Wants Sunday Issues
Reduced to Twelve Pages,
'j, - Control Proposed.
, Washington, Jan. 8. In opening de
bate today on the resolution for gov
ernment control, through the federal
trade commission, of the news print
paper supply. Senator Smith, of Ari
zona, denounced th- American News
Print Paper Manufacturers' assocla
ticn as an "infamous, lawless and im
pudent trust."
Senator Smoot, charging congress as
well as newspaper publishers with
waste of paper, advocated reducing
large Sunday issues to twelve pages.
Senator Smith, today Introduced an
amendment to empower the president
to have the trade commission take
control of print paper Industry when
ever he deems it necessary. The reso
lution, as it now stands, would direct
the commission to take control at
once, n '
MACHINISTS' UNION
MEETS TUESDAY NIGHT
The regular meeting of the local
1 machinists' union, which has tigured
quite prominently In the limelight
latf-lv. w II be IieJU Tuesday nigm. m
i Phil Shngart, who waa nominated for
the presidency of the organization, de
clined to run, it became known Tues
day. "
VALUATION OFFICE HANGS
OUT FIFTY-TWO-STAR FLAG
with flftv-two stars represenflng
'men in the service of uncle am tne
valuation bureau of the interstate
j commerce commission ai mo mumui-
' 'al building has hung out its service
i flag. Chattanooga Is headquarters lor
the southern district. Maay of tne
men represented by the service stars
are from thihs city, but the flag rep
resents the entire district This is the
largest flag hat has boeajUnfMl
'far hare.' ,' "
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS
HOLD UP FOR RULING
' Washington, Jan. 8. The treasury
decision that in milking Inventories
for excess profits'ami income tax re
turns, dealers in merchandise or se
curities might use the cost price or
market value whichever was lower, is
being reviewed by the department ot
justice and may be revised. Millions
of dollars in taxes ar dependent on
the final ruling.
LIEUT. F0ULKE DIES OF
PNEUMONIA IN TEXAS
San Antonio, Tex., Jan. 8. Lieut.
Walter Foulke, 31, of Philadelphia,
former captain of the Princeton foot
ball team, died ot pneumonia, todny
at the base hospital at Kelly avia
tion field.
LIEUT. BAGLEY OF FATED
DESTROYER COMING HOME
London; Jan. 8. Lieut. -Com. David
Worth TJagley, who commanded the
American torpedobont destroyer Jacob
Jones, sunk by a (c;..ian submarine
In the war zone on Dec. 6, left for the
United States last week.
to us to say what it is that we desire:
in wf.at, if in anything, our purpose
and our spirit differ from theirs1; and
I believe that'the people of the Unit
ed States wpuld wish me to respond,
with utter simplicity and frankness.
Whether their present leaders believe
it or not, it is our heartfelt desire
and hope that some way may be
opened whereby we may be privileged
to assist the people of Russia to at
tain their utmost hope of liberty and
ordered peace.
PARLEY MUST BE OPEN.
It will be our wish and purposs that
the processes of peace, when they are
begun, shall be absolutely open and
that they shall involve and permit
henceforth no secret understandings
of any kind. The day of conquest
and aggrandizement is gom by; so is
also the day of secret covenants en
tered into in the interest of particu
lar governments and likely at some
unlooked for moment to upset the
peace of the world. It is this happy
fact, now clear to the view of every
public i.ian whoss thoughts do not
still linger in an age that is dead and
gone, which makes it possible for ev
ery nation whose purposes are con
sistent with justice and ths peace of
the world to avow now or at any oth
er time the objects it has in view.
We entered this war because viola
tions of right had occu..u which
touched us to the quick and made the
life of our own people i npossible un
less they were corrected and the world j
secured once for . ag:nst their re
currence. What we demand in this
war, therefore, is nothing peculiar to
ourselves. It is that the world i-o
made safs for every peace-loving na
tion which, like cur own, wishes to
live rts own lire, oetermine its own j
institutions, be assured of justice and
fair dealing by the .ther peoples of
the world as against force and selfish
aggression. All ths peoples of the
world are in effect partners in this in
terest, and for our own part we see
very clearly that unless justics be
dons to others it will not e done to
us. Ths program of the world's peace,
therefore, is our program; and that
program, ths only possible program,
as we see it, is this:
PROGRAM FOLLOWS,
1. Open covenants of peace,
openly arrived at, after which
there shall be no private interna
tional understandings of any kind,
but diplomacy shall proceed
always frankly and in the public
view,
2. Absolute freedom of naviga
tion upon the seas,1 outside terri
torial waters, alike in peace and
in war, except as the seas may
be closed in whole or in part by
international action for the an
forcement of international cov
enants. 3. The removal, so far as pos
sible, if all economio barriers and
the establishment of sn squality
of trails conditions among all thj
nations consenting to the peace
and associating themselves for its
maintsnanoe.
4. Adequate guarantees given
and taken that national armaments
win be reduced to the lowest point
consistent with domestio safety.
b. A tree, open-minded and
absolutely impartial adjustment
of all colonial claims, based upon
a strict observance of the prin
ciple that in determining a'll such
questions of sovereignty the in
terests of the populations con-
r.firniirl mini hlui aua! weinht '
with the equitable claims of the
government whose title is to be de
termined. 6. The evacuation of all Rus
sian territory and such a settle-
, ment of all questions affecting
Russia as will secure the best and
freest co-operation of the other
. nations of the world in obtaining
for her . an unhampered and unem-
,. barrassed, opportunity foi tfiehr
. 'dependent,, determJixipViJ .UAarj,
own" political development and
national pelioy.and assure-her 'of
a sincere welcome into the society
of free nations under Institutions
.. or her own choosing, and more
than a weicomo assistancs of
every kind that she may need and
may herself desire. The treat
ment accorded Russia by her sister
nations in the months to come will
be the acid test of their good will,
of their comprehension of hsr needs
as distinguished from their own
interests, and ,of their intelligent
and unselfish sympathy.
7. Belgium, the whole world will
agree, must be evacuated and re
stored without any attempt to
limit the sovereignty which shs en
joys in common with all other free
nations. No other ringle act will
serve as thia will serve to restore
confidence among the nations in
the laws which they have them
selves set and determined for the
government of their rlations with
one another. Without this heal
ing act the whole structure and
validity of international law is
forever impaired.
8. All French territory shou'd
be freed and the invaded portions
restored, and the wrong dons to
Francs by Prussia in 1871 in the
matter of Alsace-Lo-raine, which
has unsettled the per.ee of the
world for nearly fifty years, should
bs righted, in order that peace
may once more be made secure in
the interest of all.
9. A .readjustment of the fron
tiers of Italy should be effected
along clearly recognizable lines of
nationality.
10. The peoples of Austria
Hungary, whose place among the
nations we wish to see safeguarded
and assured, should be accorded
the freeset opportunity of autono
mous development.
11. Rumania, Serbia and Monte
negro should be evacuated; occu
pied territory restored; Serbia ac
corded free and secure access to
the sea; and the relations of the
several Balkan states to one an
other determined by friendly
counsel along historically estab
lished lines of allegiance and na
tionality; and international guar
antees of the political and economic
independence and territorial in
tegrity of the several Balkan
states should be enters -I into.
12. The Turkish portions of the
present Ottoman empire should be
assured a secure sovereignty, but
the other nationalities which are
now undj.- Turkish rule should be
assured an undoubted security of
life and an absolutely unmolested
opportunity of autonomous de
velopment, and the Dardanelles
should be permanently opened as a
free passage to the ships and com
merce of all nations under interna
tional guarantees.
13. An independent Polish state
should be erected wh'ch should in
clude the territories inhabited by
indisputably Polish populations,
which should be assured a free and
secure access to the sea, and whose
GREAT INTEREST
INSUFFRAGEVOTE
Thursday Will Be Decided Fate
of Women's Amendment to '
Federal Constitution.
TELEGRAMS INDORSING
Congressman Moon Yet Unde
cided Whether He Will Favor
Submission of Eesolution.
(Special to The News.)
Washington, D. C, Jan. 8. Mrs.
Carrie Chapman .Catt, president of thn
National Woman's Suffrage associa
tion, when asked today if she had
given out an interview In 'January,
1917,. in favor of the Poindexler
amendment to the federal Constitu
tion, as stated in some southern news
papers, said that she did not recall
ever having made any such statement
and that the woman's suffragist or
ganization had not ever taken any ac
tion in favor of reducing southern
iv'irDi:iiinnuii.
"The plan is not very practicable,"
said Mrs, Catt, "and it was not in-,
tended to reduce southern representa
tion in congress or the representation,
In fact, from any state. It wax in
tended to place representatives strict,,
ly on the voting population at which
of course would have been favorable,
to suffragists because more power
would he hold by states where women
vote. It I made any remarks about
the Poindexter amendment in Janu
ary, 1917, I do not recall, and certainly
If they were made they were not in
tended to reflect on any section or U
mean that the representation' ot the
(Continued on Page Ten.)
political and economio independ
ence and territorial integrity
should bet guaranteed by interna- ;"
&j?!i ?yan.r iv. ;-. vj-v
' general association or na
tions must be formed under spe
cific covenants for the purpose of '
affording mutual guarantees' of
political independence and terri
torial integrity to great and small
states alike.
UNITED UNTIL THE END. '
In regard to these esential rectifl-
cations of wrong and assertions of
right we feel ourselves to be intimate
partners of all the governments and
peoples associated together' against
the imperialists. We cannot bs sep
arated in interest or divided in pur
pose. We stand together until the
end. ,
For such arrangements and cov
enants we are willing to fight
and to continue , until they are
achieved; but only because we
wish the right to prevail and de
sire a just and stable peace such
as can be secured only by remov-'
ing the chief provocations to war.
which this program does remove.
We have no jealousy of German
greatness, and there is nothing in
this program that impairs it. We
grudge her no achievement or dis
tinction of learning or of pacific
enterprise such as have made her
record very bright and very en-,
viable. We do not wish to injvre
her or to block in any way her
legitimate influence or power.
We do not wish to fight her either
with arms or with hostile arrange
ments of trade if she is willing
to associate herself with us and
the other peace loving nations of
the world in covenants of justice
and law and fair dealing. We wish
her only to accept a place of
equality among the peoples of the
world, the new world in which
we now live instead of a place of
mastery.
Neither do we presume to suggsst to
her any alteration or modification of
her institutions. But it is necessary, -we
must frankly say, and necessary as
a preliminary to any intelligent deal
ings with her on cur part, that we .
should know whom her spokesmen
speak for when they speal. to us,
whether for the reichstag majority or
for the military party and the men .
whoss creed is imperial domination.
NO ROOM FOR FURTHER DOUBT.
We have spoksn now, surely, in
terms too concrete to admit of any fur
ther doubt or question. An evident
principle runs through the whole pro
gram I have outlined. It is the prin
ciple of justice to all peoples and na
tionalities, and their right to live on
equal terms of liberty and safety with
one another, whether they be strong or
weak. Unless this principle be made
its foundation no part of the structure
of international justice can stand. The
people of the United States could act .
upon no other principles; and to the
vindication of this principle, they are
ready to devote their lives, their honor,
and everything that th:y povsesV
The moral climax of this the culminat
ing and final war for human 'iberty has
come, and they are ready to put their
own strength, their own highest pur
pose, their own integrity and devotion
to the test ,

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