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OOGAMEW LATE EDITION VOL. XXX. NO. 161 CHATTANOOGA,'- TKNN JTHUllSDA KVKNING, JANUARY 10, 1918 PRICE: THREE CENTS THE CH A LATE EDITION NATIONAL INTEREST 1I1MS I SUE PR AGE MEASURE RUSSIA AND mGARIMGREE ON SEPARATE PEAC , fERMS ITALIAN FRONT BURIED IN SNOW Austro-German Offensive Brought to End, ' at Least Temporarily Enemy Guns Roar in Area of Arras. ' Russb-Central Powers' Peace Emissaries Re ' sume Discussion at Brest Litovsk. Bulgaria and Russia have concluded a separate : peace, according to circumstantial advices by. way of ' Switzerland. If a separate - adjustment between these nations has been reached it seems probable that it was because Bulgaria found no difficulty in subscribing to the bolshevik formula of no annexations and no indem nities so far as Russia was concerned. Bulgaria has "desired no Russian territory, seeking her acquisitions from Rumania and Serbia. It was for Serbia's assist ance, however, that Russia prepared for war under the old regime, her mobilization after Austria had threat--u ened Serbia being made the occasion for. Geramny's declaration of war. Turkey likewise has been seeking a separate peace with' Russia, but accordingi to today's advices, the bol sheviki have declined to entertain the Ottoman propos al, requesting the Turks to participate in the general conference between the central powers and Russia. From Petrograd comet a report, bated on a newepaper ttatement, that representativea of Germany now in Petrograd are teeking to have Sweden act aa a meant of communication with Great Brit ain, France and Italy. The Ger man delegationa in Petrograd which are represented at seeking thit mediation through the Swed ith legation there were understood originally to have been charged only with commercial,, and other similar negotiation!- , outside the' j realm of major politfcaf affaire.' Reports from Petrograd that the bolthevik government intendt to repudiate - Rueaia'a foreign debt are reiterated today in newspaper ditpatchea to England. A aimilar report late latt year wat denied thortly after it became current. According to unofficial reportt from the peace conference at Brett-Litovsk, the Ruttiant are insisting upon the removal of the negotiationa to Stockholm. The Germane are repretented at ap parently undecided what courte to take. From bolthevik toureet comet the report of the defeat of -Gen. Katedinet and Gen. Dutoff, the Cottack leaders, who have been retitting th bolthevik in the Don region and eltewhere in South Central Ruatia. The latter gen eral it reported in flight, with revolutionary toldiert and the red guard in purtuit, while Gen. Kal edinet it said to be in retreat. Snow hat come to the aid of the Italians and the Auatro-German offensive apparenty hat reached a halt if not an end. The whole mountain front where the enemy had been making slight but steady gains, it buried under from three to five feet of snow, making in' fantry operations impossible and hampering the Austro-German supply lines. Heavy snowfalls in the Alps are re ported to have blocked the heavy com munication system in the Trentind and Carta, leaving them only two lines across the Venetian plains to the Piave, which would be of no help to the snow bound troops between Lake Garcia and the Plave. The enemy troops on the eastern bank of the Plave are not troubled so greatly by the snow but previous efforts to cross the river In force have failed. On the western front the opposing; guns have been active near the Scarpa, in the Arras area; northeast of Tpres, and northeast of Verdun. The Ger mans have failed thus far to take counter measures against the success ful French sortie in the Woevre. ijTEEL TRUST -M Senate Inquiry Committee Toii of Failure to Get Ship Plated A at Reduction. " Washington, Jan. 10. Charges' thai "steel trust" officials blocked a plan by which the government was to get steel for ship plates at one-third less than, it is paying; were made before the senate committee investigating shipbuilding today by I. P. Feather-- stone, president of the Texas Steel company, of Beaumont, Tex. Featherstone's motion proposed, .to. sell to the government ore. lands in Texas and coal properties in Alabama and erect a steel plant at' Beaumont to make steel ship plates at about $15 a ton as against $65 other steel com panies are charging the government. His plan, he said, was referred by the shipping board to the council- Of national defense and thence to a sub- committee on which were Charles Schwab and other officials of large steel companies. . t. "They turned me dow'on the ex cuse that the government was rot prepared to go Into business for - it self," said Featherstone. "I might not have expected anything different from the crowd of dollar a year me who were beneficlarls of high prices,. ITALIAN SHIP MILAZZO :;0 SUNK IN EARLY DECEMBER New York, Jan. 10. The big Italian steamship Milazzo, 11,477 tons gross register, was sunk during the early part of December by a German gub marine while the ship was in Medi terranean waters, according to wot"& received in shipping circles here to day, it is understood no lives were lost. , .- CATHOLIC HOSPITAL IN OTTAWA PARTLY BURNED "..' estttettsttattatj Ottawa, Ontario, Jan. 10. Heroio efforts by nuns and nurses taved all but four of 158 patients in the Water Street General hospital here today when fire broke out' and ' destroyed a part of the build- - mg. A child who wat atrapped to a bed with weights fattened to art: injured leg was burned to death. In all, four children lost their lives. An approximate' esti- ' , mate says the damage amount ed to. $100,000. The victims, the oldest of whom was 4 years of age, wore patients in the institution. One woman died from . shock after being car- .ma. yui, . fJ AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE OF SUBSTANTIAL SIZE NOW AND READY FOR ACTIVE SERVICE SEPARATE PEACE WITH BULGARIA IS CONCLUDED Russia Sigfls Agreement Ending War, ' Resuming Diplomatic and Economic Relations. Total Number Men in Field and Training Camps Is One and Half Times as Large as Any force Mobilized by This Nation, Asserts Secretary Baker to Senate "In- . v vestigating Committee Morale of Enemies Certain to Be Depressed by . . Realization That American Democracy Has Neither Blundered . : Nor Hesitated. CENTRAL POWERS CONSENT fix ENEMYHALTEDBY DEEP SNOWFALLS Closing , Vital Link in Commu mcation Ffom Austria South ward Threatened. v British merchantmen lost during the last week equal the losses of the previous week, when eighteen of more than 1,600 tons and three of less than that tonnage were sunk by submarines or mines. The French report the loss of one merchantman as compared with nine the previous week. Peace emissaries of Russia and the central powers are meeting at Brest Litovsk. It is reported that the first discussion revolved around the selec tion of a meeting place which has not yet neen decided upon. It is added. nowever, tnat a -settlement probably will be reached. The Russian govern ment has refused Turkey's offer of a separate peace and has informed that country that she must participate in the general conference. President Wilson's message has been Indorsed without reservation by the British labor party and British public men, from the labor, socialist and lib eral parties. Attention is now directed to Germany and Russia to see what ef fect the message will have on the people's of those countries. It is felt in London that the German govern ment may be compelled to answer the president's address because of the con tinued differences between the milita rists and nonmilitaritsU In Germany. - Italian Headquarters in Northern Italy, (Wednesday) Jan. 9. (By the Attociated Prett.) The enemy's winter campaign appears to have been interrupted terioutiy, if not halted definitely, by heavy tnowfalls dur ing the latt twenty-four hours. The snow covers the mountain front to a depth of from three to five feet. Monte Grappa, which it the central point of the operations between the Piave and the Brenta rivers, has three feet of tnow while further north the positions occupied by the enemy are buried to a much greater depth. The tnow barrier is operating strongly against the enemy, at they are on the higher summits, while the Italians are on the lower ground sloping toward the plain. On Monte Grappa, which is the dom inating summit held by the Italians, and on Monte Pertica and Monte Ca- prile nearby, held by the enemy, the cannonade fell off today and there was little activity beyond patrol move ments. Most of the soldiers are busy clearing the mountain paths so as to permit the steady movement of sup plies. Huge tractor, snowplows are being used and sledges are taking the place of trucks for carrying food and munitions. May Close Alpine Past. In addition to the interruption at the mmediate front, the heavy snowfall may cloae the enemy's line of commu nication from Austria southward into Italy. The principal route runs through the Stelvlo, an Alpine pass, and has a railway down to Trent and thence to Primolano, whicn is only ten miles from Monte Grappa and the fighting front. It is this route which has been open up to this time and has given the enemy direct communication to the front. While the lower section is not blocked, indications are that Stelvlo pass, which is the vital link in the route, is blocked by from ten to fifteen feet, and connects the Adige valley of est pass In Europe, exceeding 9,000 feet, and conects the Adige valley of Austria with the Adda valley of Italy, Snows in that section invariably are followed by avalanches which further block the valleys and available out' lets. The enemy's eastern communications into the Friuli region are similarly, but it is believed not seriously, af fected. Railway Blocked. The railway line running southward along the upper Piave is blocked by heavy snows and avalanches. Further east the route to Gorizia which passes through the transalpine pass of Feis tritz, is snowbound, though two other routes across the Car bo range are less affected. The indications are that the enemy will be unable to carry on any large operations, particularly on the moun tain front front, during the period that his communications are snowbound. FOOD 8ITUATI0N IN ' EUROPE CRITICAL Wash I n gton, - Jan. X0. The , situation in Europe is regarded ; so critical that the foood ad ministration Is planning to re lease an additional 80,000,000 "V bushels of wheat despite the 1 fact that the '-normal export ; surplus had ' otfefhlpped by to make ui the deficiency. The demand from the allies is so insistent that the food administration has decided to take a chance on a shortage in the Bpring to meet in part their needs. If consumption is not reduced officials see a pos sible shortage of flour in the United States in May before the new wheat crops come in June. Food administration officials are seriously considering ask ing congress for legislation to force wheatless days, and are taking up with millers and bakers the subject of mixed flours and the baking of war bread. Representative Lever, author of the food control bill, is drawing legislation now to make wheatless days compul sory and the food administra tion, it is understoor, has given its approval to the new measures. M inisfer Appointed to Petro .. flrid; Consul to Odessa. Right, of Ferdinand's Kingdom to Voice in International Dan ube Commission Recognized. ,, f-'.vv ,, Berne,' Jan. 10. A separate ; peace agreement has been signed ''..by Russia and Bulgaria, the Bund ' reports. A, Bulgarian correspondent of the Bund says Premier Rados lavoff read the following dispatch from Brest-Litovsk in parliament: .""War between Russia and Bul . garla - ceases. Diplomatic and economic relations between Russia and Bulgaria are resumed. Rus- t- tela, reoogn lses Bulgaria's right to noiHlnate.'it. delegate to as, wier- iupu uy . .. ',i ----- - AIIlttflfH.II TlHfJIflU Will lit cLHKCU I ' t- w ' . . TO CANCEL RUSSIAN NATIONAL DEBT London. Jan. 19. The bolshevik government intends to publish a decree within a few days cancelling the Rus sian national debt, telegraphs the cor respondent at Petroirrad of the Man chester Guardian, The correspondent City, La- understands the decree will contain these provisions: First All loans and treasury bonds held by foreign subjects abroad or in Russia are repudiated. Second Loans and treasury bonds held by Russian subjects possessing more than 10,000 rubles in capital are repudiated Third Loans and treasury bonds held by Russian subjects possessing capital in loan scrip or deposits not exceeding 1,000 rubles are to receive 6 per cent, interest on the nominal value of the loan and those possessing 10,000 rubles are to receive 3 per cent. . Fourth Workmen and peas ant holding 100 rubles worth of loans or bonds may sell their hold ings to the state at 76 per cent, of its nominal value. Those hold ing six hundred rubles worth may sell it at 70 per cent, of its nomi nal value. : the consent of Bulgaria's allies." The. Bund Bays Bulgaria has ap pointed a minister to Petrograd and a consul to-be stationed at Odessa, and has ordered the re sumption of navigation to Odessa, Washington, Jan. 10. Secretary Baker today replied to criticisms of hit department's conduct of the war, in a' long and exhauative pre pared statement presented to the senate military committee. Conceding delaya and errors of judgment in so vatt an undertak ing Secretary Baker epitomized hie' reply in these wordt: "No army of similar size in the history of the world has ever been' raited,, equipped or trained eo quiekly. No such proviaion has ver beeh made for the comfort, health and general well-being of an army. America now hat in France an army of "substantial" size ready for active service, Secretary Baker today told the senate war investigating commit tee. Office re and men, he' explained, have been trained specially for modern war fare, independent lines of communica tion and supply are in procett of con struction, 'and grtat programs . have been formulated for the production of new inttrumentt of war. Arms of the mott modern 'and ef fective ' kind, the secretary declared, have been provided ifor every soldier in France and are available for every' fighting man who can be aent to I Bulgaria took part with Germany, Austria and Turkey in the first nego tiations at Brest-Litovsk and it has been assumed that no peace terms would b9 agreed to by the central powers except in concert However, advices yesterday giving the names of those who took part in the first ses sion of the Brest-Litovsk conferences, when they resumed this week, made no mention of a Bulgarian representative. King Said to Have Opposed Move. King Ferdinand of Bulgaria is cred ited with ODonsing the formula of peace without annexations or indemni ties, declaring Bulgaria should retain the territory she had won. This would not interfere with a peace between Russia and Bulgaria, however, inas much as the territory Bulgaria desires consists of pai-ts of Serbia and Ruma nia. Premier Radoslavoft was quoted in a Sofia dispatch last month to tne effect that Bulgaria had accepted the Russian proposals, providing for end ing the war. restoring commercial treaties in effect before the war and settling the Danube question. Crozier Not to Blame. Scretary Baker said he thought a federal powder plant advisable, but declared the present powder supply adequate for present needs. Senator Nw askd if there was any mistake of Judgement when the Lusi tanla was sunk, in not beginning preparations for war. "It would have been very wise," Mr. Baker replied, "if a dozen years ago the ordnance department had begun preparations. To be perfectly frank, 1 think Gen. Crozier is not entirely to blame. In season and out he has rec ommended ordnance expansion." Secretary Baker denied that the first American contingents sent abroad were not completely equipped. All sent then and since, he declared. I have had adequate, standard equip CAVALRYMEN CLASH WITH INDIANS; TEN CAPTURED 7 Douglas, Ariz, Jan. 10. A detach ment of American cavalry sent Into Bear valley, twenty-five miles west of Nogales, yesterday to observe trails. clashed with a band of Taqui Indians, capturing ten, one of whom died at Nogales of wounds, according- to telegram today from the commandant at Nogales. POWDER PLANT MAY CLOSE FOR LACK OF COAL Paterson. N. J Jan. 10. Closure of xne au font powder plants at Pomp ton Lakes and Haskell, enirasred exclu sively on war work, was declared to be only a matter of a few hours by the management today unless fuel were received promptly. PERSHING REPORTS DEATH THREE SOUTHERN MEN Washington. Jan. 10. Gen. Pershine xoaay reports tnat Private T. H. hharpe, signal corps, was killed on Jan. 7 as the result of an airplane accident. xnere were no details given. L. K. Shame, his father, lives at La Marque, La. The following deaths from natural causes also were reported: Private Dcwitt Martin, stevedores, Jan. 7, pneumonia; Lamar, Miss. Private James Riley, quartermaster crps. Jan. 7. pneumonia; Morgan on French sources. Senator ,Wadsworth asked If the American artillery program is large enough. Agrees With Senator. "You never can have too much," Mr. Baker replied, "but the program fully engages the resources of country as they ought to be. Every country's artillery program has grown every montn during tne war. Secretary Baker assented to Senato Wadsworth'a statement that the war was a competition of industries, and that whichever produced the most materials and men would wear out the opposition. -That is tn present aspect or n,- he said. SNOW, SAYS BILLY T0SSUM I hate to be per sistent; it's ob noxious, don't you know, and very in consistent with our war plans as they go; but my per verse disposition makes me want what I can't get. tAHYoustue "Yi ,lnce they y cwct - want more than ever yet. The weathr? Probably snow and slightly warmer tonight. Friday, probably snow and moderate ly cold, France in 1918, An army of nearly a million and half men is now in the field or in training at home and abroad, he at tertea. me eubtittence of the , army, he continued, hat been above ' criti oism, while its initial clothing 'supply. temporarily inadequate, it now tub stantially complete. , "I state the foregoing .conditions of the w.ar department's problem, and some of the results attained, for two purposes," he said, "In the first place, me American . people are entitled t Knvf-tho splendid effectiveness with which they have been able to or ganlee the manpower and the mate rial power of the nation, and second, our army in France and our allies are entitled to have the benefit resulting from the depression of the morale of their enemies which must come when the Germans realize that the Amerl can democracy has neither blundered nor Hesitated. No Army Raised So Quickly. "No army of similar size in the his tory of the world has ever been raised equipped or trained so quickly. No such provision has ever been made for the comfort, health and general well-being of an army." The secretary gave the committee an outline of the work of the department ana itt various bureaua. "On the first day of Aprill, 1917. the regular army," he said, "comprised 5.- 791 officera and 121,797 enlisted men, the National guard in federal service approximately 3,733 officers and 76,713 enlisted men, and the reserve 4,000 en listed men. There were also at that time approximately 2,573 officera in the reserve, but as these were on in active duty they cannot properly be considered in estimating the strength of the army of the United States at tnat time, on tne 3lst day or De cember, 1917. the regular army con titted of 10.250 officers and 475.000 en listed men: the National guard, of 16,031 officers and 400,900 enlisted men; the national army, of 480,000 men. and the reserve, of 84,575 officers and 72,750 enlitted men. In other wordt, in nine months the increase has been from 9,524 officers to 100,856 officers, and from 202.510 men to 1,- 428,650 men. Nation t Greatest. "During the war with Spain, the army of the United States at Its max imum strength aggregated 272,000 men and officers. The army now in the field and In training Is, therefore, roughly six times as great as the max imum number under arms in the Spanish-American war. "The total number already In the military service is one and a half times as large as any force mobilized by this nation. "The death rate in forces In the United States from mld-Septembej to the end of December averaged 7.6 per thousand, slightly less than would have been the death rate of men of the same age at home," the secretary said. "In 1898. the death rate per thousand was 20.14, or nearly three times as great," he continued. "Our death rate in the army during the year 1916. Just before the war, was 5 ner thousand. Leaving out the the ' deaths . due to measles and its com plications, our rate among an troops in the United States since Sept lhas been about t per thousand. "For the fiscal year 1915 congress aooroorinted for the war deoartment $158,000,000; for the fiscal year 1916, $203,000,000; for the fiscal year 1917, $403,000,000; for the fiscal year 1918, $7,527,338,716. In other wordt, taking 1915 at a normal yttr, the appropria tions for 1918 are nearly fifty timet as great. War Department Given Tenth. "The regular appropriations made by congress for all government pur poses for the fiscal year 1915 were $720,000,000, or nearly one-tenth the 1918 appropriations for the war de partment alone. "Of the total war department ap propriations for 1918, $3,200,000,000 was for the ordnance department, of which contracts amounting to $1,677, 000.000 already have been placed." Many of the classes of ordnance ma terial requiring to be designed, speci fications drawn and contracts let were wholly unfamiliar to the country's nor mal military practices. The trench warfare material alone Involves com mitments of $282,000,000, Mr. Baker said. For the quartermaster-general's de-i partment .in 1918, .$3,018,000,000 was appropriated, or a sum more than four times as great as the 1915 appropria tions for all governmental purposes, Kept at Main Task. "I make, this statement," continued the secretary, "fully aware that there have been produced before the mem bers of this committee some expres sions of doubt, difference opinion, and disapproval. The war department has spent eight months hearing similar ex pressions, analyzing them, correcting the conditions out of Which they grew, perfecting its organization to prevent their recurrence; and all the while driving on to the accomplishment of the main task. . "My military associates' and I ap preciate the work which this commit tee has done, and will value sugges tions from the committee as a whole, from its Individual members, and from every other patriotic cltiaen which will enable .us to carry on this work more effectively and more rap'dly," " The secretary declared there were two exceedingly significant figures? in his Btatement, namely, that on the first day of April the ordnance department consisted of 97 officers and the quartermaster-general's department of S47 officers, while they now respec tively comprise 3,004 and 6,431 officers. "There was no trained body of men In the country who could have been selected suddenly to assume the high technical and specialized work of these two divisions," he said. "Men of some what similar training had to be chosen. As the work proceeded, subdivision and resubdivislon became possible. Results Accomplished. "On Dec. 15 I was, therefore, In a SUFFRAGE BILL OUTLOOKBRIGKT With Hard-Fought ' Goal hi Sight, Attention Already ' Turns to Senates Or J position to announce a general reor ganization, accomplishing the follow ing results: .... "1. Created a war oouncll upon which Gen. Crozier, Oen. Sharpe. -Gen. Vfeaver, General Crowder, and the chief of staff have been designated to sit with the secretary of war and the assistant secretary of war, and to which council men of capacity, either from tho army or from civil life, will . be added from time to time. The purpose of the r.nuncl!-ts that its members .can take a large supervisory view. t of all qiif!Hyons'Aif';frg(uilatlOin v; ana supply, ami give to tne gov ernment tho highest value of their talents and experience. "2. Under Oen. Wheeler, the ma chinery of the ordnance depart ment is being thoroughly reorgan ized in preparation for the new phase of its work upon which it is now entering. Its several oper ations will be conducted under the direction either of officers already in the service, or by men specially ' chosf'n from civil life because of their experience ahd capacity. "3. The quartermaster-general's department is In process of sim ilar reorganization and subdlvls ioning under Gen. Oocthals. Here also the efficiency of the depart ment Is being strengthened by the calling from civil life of men of the highest capacity to adminis trate certain of its great subdivisions. "A new view of the work of council of national defense and of the war in dustries board Is now possible. Defense Council's Work. "The council of national defense Is, of course, an advisory body without executive power. The members have severally the powers of their respective dapartments. The purpose of the council, however, was a reconciliation of conflicts and a survey of the na tional needs and resources. This pur pose it has served and is serving. The general munitions board and its suc cessor, the war industries board, with their committees, were organized by the council for the following purposes: 1. Assign priorities as among the several departments of the govern ment and the allied governments !n their demands upon the Industries of the country. Advise as to supplies of ma terials and labor. "S. Advise on questions of price. "4. Secure industrial and labor co operation. ,6. Avoid enhancement of prices, confusion of Industry, exhaustion of labor, and generally to prevent all avoidable evils which might result from the speed and magnitude of the new operations. "To these objects It was admirably adapted, and it has accomplished great work. "We can now see the entire situation. The initial rush needs are substan tially supplied. The technical corps have been expanded and reorganized upon Industrial and efficient lines. "The co-ordination of ally needs with our own purchases has been effected. An agncy exists to prevent conflicts and to adjust those which cannot be prevented." ' "On the first day of January, 1918, nearly two billion dollars of the appro priation had been obligated by con tracts, or disbursements," said the sec retary. Details Staggering. "This business Involved accounting, determinations of standards, prices, quantities and the creation of new manufacturing facilities. "In the woolen goods section alone, the co-operation of over three hundred mills was involved, and the following items give some idea of the extensive character of the operations: There have been purchased over 19,000,000 (Continued on page five.) SUPERINTENDENT KILLED IN POWDER EXPLOSION Wilburton. Okla., Jan. 10. James Garvin, superintendent of the glazing department of the Patterson Powder company, at Patterson, Okla., near here, was killed today when an explo sion wrecked the plant. As far as has been learned, Garvin vm.i the only person killed. The property damage, it is expected, will be heavy, i Washington, Jan, . 10. With President Wilson's unexpected ; aunnnrt and the eleventh-hour ln . dorsement of a republican caucus, the woman suffrage amendment , came up In the house today un aer agreement ror a nnai voie do fore adjournment. ; When the house convened at IX o'clock suffrage advocates were certain of victory. With the weight ; of the president's influence to swing doubtful ' democrats. Rep resentatlve Raker, chairman of the suffrage committee declared, the necessary" two-thirds' would b." exceeded by at least fifteen votes. As the house met,: among those op posed to the amendment, there was a frankness that the president's declara tion had probably changed enough votes 10 insure aaopiion,' aunougn sorry; of the opposition still contended : It. would be hard to break the align ment against it in the south. Speaker Clark said he exrected the vote to come between 6 and 6 o'clock. Billy Sunday on Hand. 1 The session of the house Was opened with prayer by Billy Sunday, the evangelist, who invoked 'Divine mercy on the president) the" cabinet, the al lies, and American . soldiers. He re ferred to the world as slu-curted, de nounced the Germans as a "wolfish pack of Huns" and prayed for peace. , In the senate, where the resolution. favorably reported, now on the cal ' endar awaiting actton.. aa early, .vote is expected, but trtth. present prospects , unfavorable. , f luuay n urutiio luriimuea a epeetacu-. -lar scene. The house was In a happy ( mood and heard the arguments with , applause and laughter. Women packed the galleries. It was a field day for 4 the suffragists and buoyant with the expectation of victory they made the. most of tho occasion. Fostsr Opened Fight. Representative Foster, of Illinois. opened the fight by offering the spe cial rule which fixed four hours for general debate and reading of the bill for amendment to begin not later than 5 o'clock. Representative Parker, of New Jerx - scy, republican, led off the debate. opposing the amendment. . ;, When Representative Cantrell. of Kentucky, told of going ta the White House conference last nlnmt at which the president approved the amendment, i the house broke out in laughter, ap plause and Jeers. He was not ashamed, he declared, to ask advlcs of the president. . , This house will follow absolutely his advice," suid Cantrell. Nothing doing" shouted Reore- Carolina. representative Jeannette Rankin, of . Montana, spoke for the resolution. "Nation Needs Itt Women." "We are facing- a question of noli 1 1- ! cal revolution, a question forced to an issue now by International ctrcum- , stances," she said. "Every great 1 women to serve more effectively tho has asked the government to permit women to serve more effectively, tho national welfare. Todav aa never he- fore, the nation needs its women." Uses Mist Rankin's Words. Representative Gray, of New Jersey. ," opposing the resoltuion, recalled that Miss Rankin, when congress voted Xoc war on Germany, said: "I love my country, but I cannot vote for war." "How would you 11 ke to have con gress made up of a majority of wo-s . men before the war is over? he de- manded. The function of women ; hould be the rearing of children, be. said. . For the anti-suffragists. Renremmj ' tative Clark, of Florida, democrat, anji nounced he purposed offering . sua amendment providing for conventions i In the different states for the Wpress ; ' purpose of passing on the amendment. I nns nam courage. . ' ' . As the debate wore on the ant la' ' seemed to be getting up fresh cour- t age over a nw poll of the house. Son.n " of the leaders of the opposition de-; dared that on a basis of 40g wn- bers present they thought they had a chance to beat the resolution by four or nve votes. The suffragists, how ever, were little disturbed and re mained confident. Votes Pre and Con. Representatives Treadway, Mas sachusetts, and Powers, Kentucky, .favored the amendment. Representative Small, North Carolina, invoked state's rights in his opposition to the amendment. Representative Dyer, Missouri, favored It, and Representatives Slayden, Texas, and Burnett, Ala bama, assailed it, ANOTHER COLD WAVE ' : EXPECTED IN SOUTH Washington, Jan. 10. Another cold wave is expected to sweep the south! this week. The weather bureau today gave warning of a disturbance now over the extreme southwest moving , eastward. It will extend through tho west gulf states Thursday night and Friday, cover the east gulf states Fri day and Saturday and reach the south Atlantic states Saturday night and ' Sunday.