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LATE EDITION LATE EDITION J1J ATTaMHMJ A, TEN N'. TUESDAY KY UN I N;, JANUARY 15, 1918 PRICE: THREE CENTS VOL. XXX. NO. 1 65 ITALY'S FIGHTERS SCORE SUCCESSES DESPITE WINTER HANDICAPS A TVPThTKO A TV! TB E6 r a LJI Jim: 9 91 i t - AUSTRIANS FAIL TORETAKEPOSTS INCOUNMOVE . Oq Mountain Front Defensive k . Forces Gain Considerable Ad-" '.; ;Aanage Over Enemy. ' "'Italy's mountain fighters are showing their ability, to cope with the 'difficult' winter conditions on the Italian nortern front and are ' eorirhj successes In loal opera- tions in important sectors'.' One; such operation was car ried out yesterday In the Monte Asolone region, just east of the Brcnta river, where' the Austro- vf German ,,veiige was pushed fuf- thereat during the early winter ," campaigning in 'effort to out- flank .:tlie. dominating Monte i Grapa The Italian .defensive !; was strengthened hj-, this v move and serious (asses inflicted on -the cneroj1: " ' ;'? '";' . ' . " -. Fujcther... ' cast, near Monte Spinwncia, a ' similar successful ; movement was effected, while on the lowef tPiave; river front ah -Italian 'attack east of Capo Sile ' resulted 'in 'the capture of trenches which extended the Ital- ian-bridgehead, 'The Austrians launched repeated counter-attacks-' but failed to. dislodge the Italians fiqm 'their, sew positions.' , .Konle; Jaiv 1 1. By an attack . in the Monte solone region,, on the northern fronts ,the Italians havt, gained "ctsfderable advan tage) and? inflicted very .; heavy lvs.se on the, eiieniy, says the war ' . office."." ' ."'.-: FIRED FORCES Three Killed and Ten Injured. First Hostile Attack From . Sea in Some Time. London, Jan. 15. Yarmouth was bombarded from the sea last night, it is announced officially. About twenty shells fell in the city. Three persons were killed and ten injured. The following official an nouncement was given out: "Yarmouth - was bombarded from the sea last night. Fire was opened at 10:55 p.m. and lasted about five minutes, some twenty "shells falling into the town. . "The latest police reports state that three persons were killed and ten injured. The material damage done was not serious." Attacks by German naval forces on English coast towns, of which there were a number early In the war, have been Infrequent In recent months. The last previous occurrence of the kind officially reported was on Sept. 4, of .him year, un inai uay a uermai submarine bombarded , Scarborough, causing the death of three persons and tlip Injury of five. Yarmouth Is in the Xorth Bea, 115 miles northeast of London. It Is a city of some 50,000 Inhabitants with im portant shipbuilding a"nd fishing in dustries. ' BLACKNESS OF NIGHT HID ENEMY NAVAL VESSEL Yarmouth, England, Jan. 15.--The enemy craft which bombarded Yar mouth last night presumably was a fcubmariire or ..a light- cruiser. The bombardment, which was preceded by illumination of the ' town by largs star shells, continued , about eight minutes. Owing to the blackness of the night, the enemy waa not seen. He fired twenty to twenty-five shells in rapid succession. Many windows were shat tered and a number of roofs and chim neys were wrecked. Alost of the inhabitants were in bed at the time of the attack. One of the three persons killed was a sailor aboard his ship who had escaped sub inarires in mid -ocean.' The other two 'were killed in the street. SENATE DEFEATS MOVE TO . GIVE PRESIDENT POWER Washington, , Jan. IS. An amend ment to the pending resolution for government control of news print pa per, which would have placed author ity with the president, was defeated today in- the senate, which voted to place the power entirely with the fed eral trade commission. Another vote will be r.eccssary before the resolution finally is passed. The senate as a committee of the whole then accepted the amendment of Senator Jones, of Washington, lim iting -newspapers to sixteen pages thirty days after the approval of the fsolutioiu.. . YARMOUTH UPON BY GERMAN NlVA'Ii DECORATION CEREMONIES UNDER OLD GLORY ; This picture shows French decoration ceremonies taking place under the American flag.1-' A French general is shown on the left sahitingin the fashion of his country, a hero'who has just been decorated with therCrpsj of War. The decoration ceremonies took place during a review of the American troops in France. The Sammies are in familiar kKaki. , . REJECT PLAN TO RAISE DRAFT AGE , War Department Requests Bill for Registering Men Newly, Become 21 Years Old. Washington, Jan. 15.--At the request of. the war department today, Chair man Chamberlain, of the senate mili tary committee, introduced a bill for the registration for military duty of all men who have become 21 year old since June ii, 1517, when the draft law 'went .into H ct.- i -? -. w ' I .noI1i-r bm"which Sbator Cham berlain introdiiced at the request ot the administration would provide for furloughing national army men for harvesting crops and other agricul tural duty.- Another bill .would, put the quota of the states on the basis of available men 'in the first cluss Instead of on population. ' In determining upon the registration of men who Imve become 21 since the draft law was enacted, the war de partment has rejected any plan te raise the age limits 6f the draft to take in men more than 31. Registration of men who have be come of age since the draft law was enacted was recommended In the re cent report of Provost Marshal-General Crowder as one rf the means by which a supply of men for the national army might be assured without-taking those who have others dependent up on them. " 700,000 Each Year.. U could be done also, the provost marshal-general pointed out, by ex tending the age limits above the pres ent line of 31. The war department had adopted the first suggestion, it is estimated that it will add about 700. 000 men to the draft availables each year.- Congressmen have been advised that further leg'ielation would be neces sary to perfect and carry on the draft, and' the passage of Senator Chamber lain's bill with administration sup port. Is expected promptly in both houses. .... ' Button For exempted men. Another bill will be introduced by Senator Chamberlain which will pro vide a distinctive badage or button for exempted men. . The bill changing tne oasis or state nnota Is believed to provide a more ,"J,tab, e 8yst em, as it will .exclude en ! ",.. " " i:. the haul. relv enemv aliens from the basis. Knemy aliens were Included in the basis for tl . first draft and there was much complaint. Heavy enemy alien populations lit) some congested districts forced Americans to . army duty regardless of . exemption .claims to make up district quotas. ... The bill to permit troops to go to agricultural work merely would au thorize the secretary of war to: fur lough men for civilian duty. It is known, however, that the war depart ment intends to use the authority prin cipally to provide men for harvest time and other agricultural work vital to the food supply. , Army Record as Proof of Death. To facilitate collection of private in surance policies held by troops, an other bill would' require private insur ance companies to accept the official army record as proof of death of men. among the army insured. It is de signed to meet the cases of men re ported missing. to which there is no actual proof of death, fn case, of pay ment by insurance companies upon policies held by men rpojted missing, and who later should appear, the bill provides for reimbursement to the in surance companies by the government Exemption of the government from payment of the new war tax on auto mobiles is the purpose of anothei bill introduced by Senator Chamberlain to deal principally with the large govern ment purchase' of motor trucks. ; To Fill Vacancies. Arrangements have been made by the war department to fill from the second draft some time this spring the extensive .vacancies i the coast ar tillery caused by the organization of provisional regiments of mobile heavy artillery for service in France.' . A limited number of men, who have particular aptitude for the special work of the corps. ere obtained from I the first draft, but there is still a ne ficiency of several, thousand. Un less some unforeseen emergency de velops, organisation of regiments for foreign service in the corps will not be carried any further than to complete units .now In progress of development. llliliiiiliifflllP : aAv.J f t.v.V . y v. tires' r-.; CONTROL OF DESTIimiN iHAndsofmujtUMsts Pan-Germans Determined to Hold What Has Been Won by the Sword Dismissal Von Kuenlmann" Demand ' . ed Ministers to Neutral Nations Return Un- ' ' expectedly to Berlin. , r. . , Control of the destinies of the German empire, press accounts from neutral countries agree, is passing into the hands of the militarits,..yttr the leaders who w ant1 to ' ' wh'ity'kf l ,J3.e?rt gauncd by lftighff and the sword. Chancellor jVon Hertling, the aged incumbent of the chief po litical office, again is reported ill and preparing to resign, while the militarists and pan-Germans are demanding the dismissal of Dr. Von Kuchlmann, the foreign sec retary, who has headed the Ger man delegations at Brest Litovsk . In connection with the reported ill ness of the imperial chancellor it is re ported from Berlin that Count Von Hertling's address before the main committee of the reichstag has been postponed for several days. It was said previously that , the, chancellor would answer the recent war aims statements of President Wilson : and Premier Lloyd George before the main committee on Wednesday. Coupled with .these reports is the fact that the German emperor and the crown prince have been holding con ferences with the political and. military leaders. It is reported, also that the German ministers to Denmark and Holland have arrived unexpectedly in Berlin. Indications are that the pres ent turmoil witiiin the German ruling class will result in the acceptance of a firm policy, either favoring the mili tarists or the more peaceful element, with the probability that the pan Germans will be victorious. The so cialist Vorwaerts believes a military dictatorship is in the making. No explanation has been vouchsafed by either the Germans or the Russians as to the reasons behind the temporary halt in the peace negotiations. Nor has it been announced o'flloially- why if continued, are to -j be resumed at Warsaw. A Bavarian newspaper says ''Egypt ian, darkness enshrouds" Germany's peace terms. 1 - - . The winter idleness on the western and Italian fronts has not been broken by large' ppera tions. Raids and patrol ene-aeements occur here and there and the artillery, fire breaks into violence J at important points now and then dui there is hardly anything in the official statements to indicate that Germany's huge reserve of 1,600,000 men from the Russian front is to begin its heralded Mow very soon. ALLEGED GERMAN SPY . . . TAKEN TO BALTIMORE Saltihtore, Jaan. 15. Walt Spoer mann, alleged German spy, wholes arreste'd near Newport News, Va., charged with attempting to fire an army magazine near there, was brought here late this afternoon. Handcuffed to a naval intelligence operative, Spoermann was conveyed from Union station in a taxicab to the office of United States Marshal Chas. H. Stockham in t.'.e federal building. ' HAD NO REGULAR HOME. Richmond, Va.. Jan. 15. In reply to questions. Spoermann. before leaving Richmond, said he had no regular place of residence, having lived in New York, 'Philadelphia and Baltimore in recent years. . - i When asked where he stopped in Norfolk, he said he "always put up at the Monticello." He had forgotten the hotel recently was destroyed by fire. ; When it was suggested that he may ho iin-cted of having been a mem- , ber of the crew of tne ueutschlanrt, tne submarine merchantman that made i two trips to America, he frowned. "That sets me thinking." he said. "I wa in Baltimore when the U-Boat ar rived and met several of the crew, l'erhaps they think I may resemble j one of them." - DISCOVERED NEW ARCTIC LANDS Capt. Lane Brings Direct NeWs From Stefansson Claimed " Territory for Canada. Fairbanks, Alaska, Jan. 15. Several new large Arctio lands were discovered . northwest of Banks Land in the spring of 1916 by Vilhjalmur Stefansson, the Arc tic explorer, according to Capt. A. Lane, who arrived here last night from the Arctio ocean bringing di rect news from the explorer, who, he says, is spending the 1917-18 winter in the northern seas at B artel island. The explorer claimed the new lands for Canada. WANT MONDAY MADEHOLIDAY Fuel Administration Recom mends Means for Saving in Eastern Section. New York, Jan. 13. As a' means of conserving fuel throughout the east ern states, which have been vitally af fected by the coal shortage, it was an nounced today that federal fuel admin istrators have recommended that President Wilson declare Monday- a legal holiday throughout this territory for the next eight or ten weeks. PROPOSES INQUIRY OF "SLANDEROUS CHARGES" Washington, Jan. 15. Congressional investigation c-f "slanderous charges" against the character of American troops abroad, alleged to have been circulated by the Antlsaloon league, was proposed in a resolution today by Representative Cary, of Wisconsin. 0- RUMANIAN MINISTER AT PETROGRAD ARRESTED London, Jan. 15. The Ruma nian minister at Petrograd and his entire staff have been ar rested by the bolshevik, the RumanianJ legation here arf- nounces. NO, HOPE, SAYS BILLY A sergeant was calling - the com pany roll at the post yesterday when ' he hap pened to sneeze. Three Poles, two Swedes, five' Ital ians and a half dozen Greeks an swered "Here" spontaneously. The weather ? Fair and colder tonight; Wednes day increasing cloudiness. . prob 'oUawwt by snow and continued ably cold. Hit toPgftj ft? ?! LANSING'S NOTE CAU8E OF CJILLAUX'S ARREST Paris. Jan. IB, The arrest yesterday of Former Premier ' Caillaux was due principally to -a cablegram from Secretary Lansing at Washington, say ing that in 1915 Caillaux had been in . 'communication with the Berlin office.- - Seccelary Lansing's cable gram' stated that the American representative at Buenos Aires had been able to establish that M. Caillaux, during his visit to Argentina in 116 had been in communication with the Berlin foreign offloe thiough Count Von Lux burg, (hen German' minister to Argentina, with the object of concluding peace with Germany at any fiirlee, so as to permit the resunintlon of busl ness. It 4s understood this evl-i aence, win te imbiished . , in Ameriea, immediatt'ly -. . ..- V -nlmTmn Washington, JaA. 5. Secre- . tary Lansing todajy refused to . affirm or deny or comment upon the foregoing . dtnpatrh from ..Paris. There' seems to be no doubt, however, that some such dispatch is contained in the captured correspondence. Karly ." today there was i6 Immediate prospect of its being given out ror publication here. INNOVATION AT ; CAMP SEVIER One-Fifth of the Soldiers To Be Allowed to Leave Camp v Every Afternoon. Camp Sevier, S. C, Jan. 15. The soldiers of the camp will doubtless welcome-the recent innovation of camp discipline to be in effect next week, when one-fifth of the soldiers will be given leave each afternoon instead of all on Wednesday and Saturdays as heretofore. This will allow a much greater number to visit tliu city during the period of one week, and will mean that they can get better service when they come and that the merchants will do a correspondingly greater business. The general half-holiday Saturday afternoon will be continued but in place, of the general holiday Wednes day afternoon, a certain number of organizations will be given leave each afternoon, the particular outfits hav ing been so selected as to disturb the instruction schedule as little as pos- ! slble and at the same time to allow joughly 6,000 men leave each" of the five days from Monday' to Friday. General Sunday leave will continue us formerly. TWO SOLDIERS DIE FROM MENINGITIS Four More. Cases Develop at Camp Baureiard, Near Alexandria, Louisiana. Alexandria, La-, Jan. 15. Two deaths in Alexandria and one at Camp Beauregard from meningitis during the past forty-Jcight hours were re ported by health authorities last night. Four new cases developed in Alexan dria, it was announced. "The situation now is well in hand." was the statement Issued at the base hospital at the camp last night. No intimation was given at to when the quarantine against tJie city and camp would be lifted. The meningitis victim at Camp Beauregard was Private Luther S. Collins, of Louisiana. Corporal Her bert L. Fcncy and Private Chester Spainhauser, both of Arkansas, died of pneumonia. HAIG'S INQUIRY PROVES DRIVE WAS NO SURPRISE . . e . London, Jan. 15. Andrew Bonar Law. chancellor .f the exchequer, announced in the house of com mons today that as a result of Field Marshal Haig's inquiry, the general staff, war cabinet and the government considered that the British higher army command had not been surprised by the German attacks in the Cambrnl region Nov. 30, and that all ' proper and adequate dispositions had been made to meet It. The chancellor said it was not necessary to dispel the rumor that Field Marshal Haig was being re lieved of his comman" EMBITTERED DEBATE ENGAGED IN BY RUSSO-GERMAN PEACE ENVOYS Brest-Litovsk Conference Adjourned, Teutons Finally 'Refusing Evacuation of Riga and Other Terri-, ' tory Of fered at 0 pening of Sitting. ; Disagreements Involved Date of Proposed Evacuation, Extent of Territories Affected, Admission Provincial Delegates and Meaning of "Self -Determination" Amsterdam, Monday, Jan. 14. The WolfT bureau, the seini oflicial Hews agency of Berlin, publishes a Brest Litovsk dis patch as follows: "A committee composed of Germans, Austro-IIungnrians andf Russians, for the discussion of territorial questions, held three long sittings on 1'riday and Sat urday. It was agreciP that the first parugruph of the peaee treaty should be a clause an nouncing that the- state of war between the parties had . been concluded. ,,Cllllluio UUivmii - v, u..-u reading that the contracting parties . have resolved henceforth to live In peace and friendship.' Trotzky Refutes Sanction. "Ion Trotatky, the bolshevik foreign minister, refused, to indorse this, de claring; that It was 'a decorative phrase, which does not describe the relations which in the future will ex ist between the, Russian and German peoples.' "It wus confirmed that the evacua tion Of occupied territory by both par ties should take place on the basis of full reciprocity so that the evacuation by the central powers of HUsslan ter ritory would synchronised with the evacuation by Russia of tlin occupied regions In AustriaiHungaYy, Turkey and Persia. Later, Persia, was struck out, as not being a belligerent party, and M. Trotzky proposed, to add the following: . . W " 'Russia undnrtakes a& gpeedlly as possible to remove her tioops from neutral Persia.' , "He said he had no ojber ground for this than a desire to yrophaslse the crying wrong commVtti-4 by ' the former Russian government tealnst a neutral country." . 4 ijO'lM.- ti'fcmi'epirt ctwSi-r?- nearly O.ouo words, ffll snows tnat -the discussion. Conceiving the date of the evacuation wwaVhfokeBi off by the parties failing to Nagree. A long discussion concerning which parts of the occupied! territory should ho evacuated alw resulted In a disagreement. A prolonged . debate arose over the question of admitting representatives of Po land, Coiirland and Lithuania to the negotiations and on, the iues tion of what constituted self-do-tjrminatlon by these provinces. Tlhe Yeac A History The News will keep you informed on the happen ings as they occur, and at a cost to you of less than 1 cent a day. The News One Year , By Mail A REMARKABLE NEWSPAPER OFFER! This price does not pay for white paper, yet the offer is open to all who subscribe or renew their sub scription during the present month. The discussion beeame embittered and the only result was a protest by Gen. Hoffman, ot the German 'delegation, against the tone of-thfl Russian delegation, which he said "speaks as if it stood victorious in our countries and could dictate, conditions." , - Hoffman Makes Charge. Ren. Iloffinnn reminded the dele gates that the bolshevik authority. as much as the .German, was founded tm force, as Instanced by what he termed the attempts to suppress this Whito Russia and the Ukrainian at tempts at self-determination. Gon.A Hoffman finally declared that thefler man supreme army command must re fuse to evacuate Coiirland, Lithuania,. Rigt and the islands In the Gulf of Riga. . Pr. Von Kuchlmann, the German foreign minister, then declared that he. must reserve, a further statement of the position of the central powers on all points. He protested against th-v position the Russians had adopted of presenting their views in written dec larations and said that the conference must be adjourned tn order that Jther might be a consultation between tii Teutonlo allies. No date for the re sumption of the conference was fixed. DEFENSE COUNCIL IN SAVINGS TO NATION director Oifford Tells of Econ omies Effected by Efforts , of Committees.' 1 , Washington, Jan. IS. -Th council of national . defense and its commit tees, Dlreclor, Oifford told' .the senate' war inquiry committee today, had filled a breach in the government's war machinery (at a critical Juncture and had saved the taxpayers mlllfonfi of dollars. . . , , Through voluntary agreements in' price fixing, fc,e said, the oattou had, been saved more, than, three billion dqllnr.,tufr , teiiL Otb xwingut rtirr ning'' hrto th millions, -were oued on. copper! lead, lumber and raw male rials. Twepty million dolars alone was" saved, he said, by changing plans for the army cantonment building frn ' one to two stories. Other " snvlimn. Director Gilford cited In detail as fol lows: ' Oats for army horses, $1,000,000; cotton duck, (1,226,000; leather, op tions, $4,000,000; shoes. $1,832,000; air-, plane motors, $7S0 to $900 on each bne; srJruco for .airplanes,- $2,850,000;, lum ber for army cantonments, $i,iWl,tt00: - Making Year EmZTtE 1 ' . "K!.