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The Chattanooga news. [volume] (Chattanooga, Tenn.) 1891-1939, January 21, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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VOL. XXX. NO. 170
Business East of Mississippi
Generally Suspended Man
ufacturing Plants Idle.
Embargo on Freight in Effect
on Pennsylvania Railroad.
' Others May Be Made.
Washington, Jan. 21. Buaineaa ac
tivity generally cast of the Mississippi
rivsr was suspended today for the first
of the series of ten heatless Mondays
ordered by the fuel administration to
release eoal for private consumption
and transatlantic shipping..
At' the same time manufacturing
plants throughout the east were idle
for the fourth successive day in com
pliance with the administration's five
day closing order, effective last Fri
day and designed also to save coal and
assist materially in relieving the traf
fic congestion.
Fuel officials declared there had been
a radical change of feeling: in the coun-
try regarding the orders. Industries
were co-operating fully, they said, and
virtually complete acquiescence was
expected of concerns affected ' by the
Monday closing: program begun today,
Food Dealers C pen All uay.
, Although this order only forbids the
use of fuel for heating, officials were
sure business would cease and Dr. Gar
field last night Issued a direct request
that retail establishments, except food
and drug stores close their doors for
today received requests to observe tne
was changed to Tuesaay Dy a special
rulins: Saturday, opened as- usual,
Owners and leaders of office buildings
today, received requests to observe the
spirit as well as the letter of the order
an doperate no light ana elevators ex
cept for the use of excepted persons
or concerns, such as dentists and doc
tors, who are housed in their building,
Stores handling food, permitted to keep
open until noon by the original order,
were granted special dispensation last
night under which they may sen gooas
throughout the day. Drug stores are
expected to use fuel (or the sale of
.irucs onlv. but officials pointed out
,liat there was no way to prohibit the
.iule of other articles unless store pro
prietors followed the intent of the or
Weather. Handicaps Work.
HandicaDoed bv another cold wave
.overing the greater part of the coun
Irv east of the Rockies and adding to
(he winter's record of the severest
.LPBther in recent years, railroads en
1 ileavored to increase the movement of
coal to favored classes and straighten
ihA frele-lit tunale. ReportH at the or
lice of the fuel' administration said that
the sunnlv to householders and steam
.Mn interests had been increased, but
: fflclals directing the railroads asserted
I here was little hope for material Im
provement In traffic conditions until
the weather moderated.
Those who have urged a general em
l.nrsro aeainst shipment of freight from
' plants shut down by the closing order
tl bel eved totlay mat sucn acium
would be necessary before the conges
lion 13 Improved. A general embargo
on freight was put into operation on
the Pennsylvania railroad, today and
other roads are expected to institute
.similar embargoes on other heatless
.Mondays if the jam is not broken .
Columbia, S. C, Jan. 21. Business
here was generally suspended today,
due to the heatless Monday order,
manv establishments being closed for
the first time in their history.
(Associated Press Review.)
Russia's constituent assembly had
been in existence only a few hours
before it 'was dissolved early Satur
day by the executive committee of the
congress of workmen's and soldiers'
delegates. It Is reported it will be
succeeded by the workmen's and sol
diers' congress, which has been sup
porting the Lenins government.'
Dissolution came after the bolshe-
vikl adherents . had been defeated in
attempts to gain control of the assem
bly. . Bolshevik troops now guard the
deserted assembly meeting place and
Premier Lenlne announces he will not
permit the delegates to reassemble.
Whether the social revolutionist ma
jority will submit to the bolshevik
orders without protest is not yet clear.
Winston-Salem. N. C, Jan. 21.
Winston-Salem today was observing
strictly the heatless Monday order. All
manufacturing plants and stores were
Augusta. Ga., Jan. , 21. The first
heatless Monday found about 25 per
cent of the business houses in Au
gusta closed. . A. large proportion of
those keeping open are operating
without heat, but the weather was
comparatively warm.
Raleigh, N. C, Jan. 21. Business in
Raleigh was suspended today in ac
cordance with the heatless Monday
order. Only banks, drugstores, thea
ters, newspaper offices and food shops
remained open.
Albany, Ga., Jan. 21. Heatless
Monday found all the retail stores in
Albany closed, except grocerieswhich
will remain open till noon, and drug
stores, which were observing Sunday
hours. The Retail Merchants' asso
ciation voted for the full-day closing,
despite the fact that many winter
days in this section are warm enough
to dispense with fuel. All emoloys
are to be paid in full. '
, Mobile, Ala., Jan. 21. The Monday
closing order was observed in Mobile
by manufactories and plants, but the
majority of the wholesale and retail
stores remained open for a part of the
day. - .
Jackson," Miss., Jan. 21. rJackson
observed its first heatless Jdonday to
the letter. Every store in the city was
closed and drug and food stores ob
served the rules rigidly. A sleet storm
and sidewalks like glass added to the
deserted appearance of the city.
Memphis, Jan. 21. Nonessential
business was at a standstill here to
day in observance of the fuel adminis
tration's "heatless Monday" order,
while fuel dealers, with the aid of
trucks and delivery wagons donated
by closed business houses, made
strenuous efforts to recover from the
handicap of snow and ice-covered
streets and ,catch up with orders. .'
Coal merchants generally were a week
or more behind in deliveries. . .
Lynchburg, Va., Jan. 21. The first
heatless Monday was greeted here by
zero temp-raturev but' Lynchburg
never experienced such a general clos
ing. It is believed all have obeyed the
mandate of the fuel administration.
With the pan-Germans in the polit
ical ascendency in Germany there are
serious strikes in Austria. More than
100,000 workmen have quit work in
the vicinity of Vienna as a protest
against Germanism and in favor of
peace. The Vienna correspondent of
one German newspaper says the Aus
trian strike movement demands speedy
peace with Russia and has grown too1
strong "to be stemmed by force."
British warships finally have evened
the score with the former German
warships Goeben and Breslau. In an
action at the entrance to the Darda
nelles Sunday the Breslau was sunk
and the 3oeben, suffering serious
damage, .was beached. The British
losses were two monitors, one com
manded by a nephew of Earl kitch
ener and whose fate is unknown. The
former German ships have been the
mainstay of thi naval defense of Con
stantinople since they found refuge
there from pursuing British and
French vessels ,it the opening of the
Much, damage had been done to Rus
sian transports and supply ships in
the, Black sea by the two vessels.
Increased artillery and aerial activ
ity on the western front has been ac
companied by more frequent raids on
both sides. There have been no at
tacks in force, however, and there is
little to Indicate any serious break in
the winter inactivity. On the Italian
front there has been only artillery
fighting, . most marked in the Monte
Asolone sector and along the Piave.
No "Late" Edition Today
In accordance with the order
of the fuel administrator of the
United States. The News
issues only two editions today,
this being the number issued
on the last national holiday,
Jan. 1. The "Early" and
"Home" editions will be issued
as usual, but there will be no
"Late" edition.
Sixteen , German airships were
brought down Saturday in France by
French and "British airmen. Entente
warshipB have bombarded Ostend, one
of the important German submarine
bases on the Belgian coast.
New York, Jan. 21. Almost de
serted streets in the downtown busi
ness section and shopping districts
gave evidence today that industrial
New York generally observed the first
of the "heatless Mondays."
.Skyscraper office buildings virtually
were untenanted; great department
stores closed their doors; hundreds .of
factories and small business houses
were igle. All transportation lines in
the city and commuting service were
run on holiday basis. Food stores were
open, as were specially exempted in
dustries, but many of them operated on
restricted basis. . - '- ..'. ."
New York atock exchange opened for
business, but without heat, and banks
did business as usual. Saloons were
privileged to open until sunset on con
dition that they did not use either fuel
or light. Local fuel administrators even
forbade the use of lamps, lanterns or
candles as substitutes for gas or elec-
First arrest for violating
government fuel order came
Bhortly afternoon Monday when
Patrolman Howard Peck took
into custody J. H. Abbott, a
chauffeur. Abbott Is charged
with using gasoline to carry on
his business on Monday con
trary to the government order.
He was arrested at the corner of
Ninth and Market street and .
was taken to the city jail. His
hearing was set to come up be
fore United States Commis
sioner Sam McAIlester during
the afternoon. The car he was
driving was being operated in
dependently and specialized in
transporting persons to and
from Chlckamauga park.
Amsterdam, Jan. 21. The negotia
tions between the central powers and
the Ukrainian '"people's republic" at
Brest-Litovsk have resulted in an
agreement on the principles of a peace
treaty which is to be concluded and
the war be declared terminated, ac
cording to advices from Brest-Litovsk
J. H. Daly Placed in Embarrass
ing Position by Evidence Be
fore Grievance Committee.
Ice Menace Increases.
To assist, the fuel administrators in
enforcing the order a Special force of
detectives .under United States Mar
shal McCarthy was detailed for duty,
assisted by volunteer workers from
various federal and city departments.
The authorities were prepared to insti
tute proceedings promptly against vio
lators of the orders.
The advent of colder weather had a
discouraging effect on the transporta
tion officials, who have, been making
almost superhuman efforts to relieve
freight congestion and to bring more
coal Into the city. The increasing ice
menace in the harbor has held up hun
dreds of coal laden barges from tide
water. To add to the problem nearly
50 per cent., of the tugs In the harbor
have been temporarily put out of com
mission by ice damage.
Pittsburg, Jan. 21. With the tem
perature below zero and a heavy fog
hanging over the entire district, rail
roads were seriously hampered in
their efforts to clear the freight con
gestion today. The plan to get coal
to mills along the Monongahela river
by breaking the sixteen-inch ice in
the third pool and thus open a way
to the mlpes south of. the city was
carried out yesterday, but it was nec
essary to keep boats moving today, as
the ice formed quickly in the low
. Petrograd, Sunday, Jan. 20. A. I.
Shingaroff, minister of finance in
the Kerensky cabinet, and Prof. F.
F. Kokoshkine, state comptroller
under Kerensky, were murdered in.
their beds last night at the marine
Washington, Jan. 21. President Wil
son has served notice on democrat
leaders in the senate that he will use
all his influence and power to beat the
bill to create a war counoil. "The
president will fight to the finish" was
the word brought to the cspitol today.
The war; cabinet, the bill provides,
shall be appointed by the president
with the consent of the senate and is to
have the following jurisdiction au
thority Bill Provides as Follows.
-To consider, advise and formulate
plans and policies, general and special,
for the effectual conduct and vigorous
prosecution of the existing war and to
direct and procure the execution of
the same.
"To supervise, co-ordinate, direct and
control the functions and activities of
all executive departments, officials and
agencies, it may be necessary r ad
visable x x x x for the effectual conduct
and vigorous prosecution of the existing
"To procure and determine, upon its
own motion or upon submission to it
subject to review by the president, all
differences and questions relating to
the conduct and prosecution of the war
that may arise between any such de
partments, officials" and agencies of the
Another section would give the war
cabinet power to use the service of
any or all executive departments and
Exists Six Months After War.
Subject to review by the president,
the proposed cabinet would have au
thority to make any necessary orders
to any department or bureau an all
the necessary rules and regulations.
The secretaries of war and navy are
directed to assign to the cabinet such
commissioned officers as may be re
quired, and the president may appoint
other officials to serve as subordinates
of the cabinet, each with a salary of
$12,000 annually. An initial appropria
tion of $500,000 is proposed.
A provision limiting the life of the
war cabinet to six months after the
termination of the war or at any ear
lier date after peace which the presi
dent may designate is provided.
The cabinet would be given author
ity over construction of appropriation
acts, subject to the president's revision.
A sensation was sprung at the meet
ing of the grievance committee Mon
day morning when a check for $250
made out to J. H. Daly and signed by
Edna Brown and which Mr. Daly had
previously told the committee he had
destroyed because it wae valueless, was
produced and was shown to have been
cashed by Mr. Daly at the Hamilton
National bank. The check was pro
duced and Sam A. Strauss, assistant
cashier, stated that he remem
bered the transaction of Sept. 7
for the reaaon that Mr. Daly was no
tified the check was good and came
to the bank and got the money on it.
Mr.-Strauss also produced a deposit
slip which showed thst the following
day Mr., Daly had received the money
on the cheek, that he had come to the
bank and deposited in cash $250. Mr.
Daly when confronted by Mr. Strauss
and the cheok stoutely denied that he
had goqe to Mr. Strauss about the
cheok and denied that he had ever gone
to him about any check. "Are you
aura," asked Mr. Daly, "that I pre
sented that check and got the money on
it." "I am absolutely sure it was you,"
replied Mr. Strauss. The incident
came as one of the closing incidents of
a three day session held by the com
mittee, for the purpose of investigating
acousationa that several young'crimihal
lawyers were soliciting the business of
making bonds and representing im
moral women, who had been arrested
in connection with the soldiers.'
Claims Woman Left Town.
Seceral days ago at the hearing given
Mr. Daly, Capt. Kern recited the
Edna Brown case in which the women
. Petrograd, Sunday, Jan. 20. The de
cree issued by the central exeoutive
committee of the congress of work
men's and soldiers' delegates' dissolv
ing the constituent assembly says
that the revolution created by the
workmen'a and soldiers' council as the
only organization able to direct the
struggle of the exploited working
classes-for complete political and eco
nomical liberation, during the first pe
riod of the revolution the workmen's
and soldiers' congress, it is added,
perceived the illusion of an under
standing with the bourgeois and its
deceptive parliamentary organization
and realized that the liberation of the
oppressed classes was impossible with
out a rupture with the bourgeois. '
Terms of Decree.
"Therefore the revolution of No
vember arose, giving all authority to
the congress of workmen's and sol
diers' delegates," the decree says.
"The constituent assembly, being
elected from the old election lists, was
the expression of the old regime when
authority Uelonged to the bourgeois.
The people who voted for the social
revolutionists were unable to distin
guish those of the right, who were
partisans of the bourgeois, from those
of the left, who were partisans of so
cialism. Therefore the constituent
assembly necessarily become the' au
thority of the bourgeois republic, set
ting itself against the revolution of
November and the authority of the
workmen's and soldiers' councils."
The revolution of November, the de
cree continues, has shown the work
ers that the old bourgeois parllamen-
tarianism had had its day and was
incompatible with the tasks before
socialism and that only such Institu
tions as the workmen's ami soldiers'
councils were able to overcome the
opposition of the rich classes and cre
ate a new socialist state. .
Would be Backward Step.
"Every refusal," it adds, "to recog
nize the authority of the republican
workmen's and soldiers' councils and
to place in the hands of the constit
uent assembly and the bourgeois the
liberty which had been won would be
a step backwards and toward bank
ruptcy of the workmen's 'and peas
ants' revolution.
' "The constituent assembly opened
on Jan. 18, and for known reasons
gave a majority to the social revo
lutionists of the right the party of
Kerensky, Tchernoff and Avksentieff.
It is comprehensible that this faction
refused to debate the Just and clear
program of the central executive com
mittee of the congress of workmen's
and soldiers' delgH,tes, and to recog
nize a declaration of the rights of ex
ploited working classes, as well as the
revolution of November and the au
thority of the workmen's and sol
diers' council."
Fighting Against Council.
This, the decree ssys, made a breach
In the assembly and tho departure of
the bolsheviki and social revolution
ists of the left inevitable. The social
revolutionists of the right, it says, are
fighting openly against tho authority
of the workmen's and soldiers' coun
cils and supporting the exploiters of
labor, and If this party only remained
It might play the role of leading a
bourgeois counter revolution. The
decree concludes:
"The central executive committee
therefore orders the constituent as
sembly dissolved."
Movement of Unrest Through,
' Austria-Hungary Related to
Demand for Peace.
Socialists Seek to Calm Work
men by Assurances War
Will Be Concluded. .
Washington, Jan. 21. Character'
ing former President Roosevelt as "the
most potent agent the kaiser has in
America" and "the most seditious
man of consequence in America," Sen
ator Stone, addressing the senate to
day, charged that republican leaders
are engaged in a studied effort to
make politics out of the war. Their
object is to "take the government
over into their own hands" by parti
san criticism of the conduct of the
war, he declared.
Senator Stone's address, carefully
prepared, the first of political signifi
cance made In congreas since the
United States entered the war, and
regarded as the forerunner of bitter
partisan strife, excoriated partisanship
in the war. Besides Col. Roosevelt,
the Missouri senator named Chairman
Willcox, of the republican national
committee, and Senator Penrose
among republican leaders as his "wit
nesses" to the political plot he alleged.
Investigations by congress or war op
eratlons, Senator Stone also, declared,
have almost entirely been launched by
republicans and adroitly exploited for
pariiBan purposes. ,
Mr. Root Not a Jovs.
Senator Stone dealt with published
criticisms of the administration for
not making use of the capabilities of
the republicans prominent in public
life, such, as Col. Roosevelt, Gen. Leon
ard Wood, former Senator Root, for
mer President Taft and Charles K.
Hughes. He pointed out. that Mr.
Root had been sent to Russia on an
important mission and that former
Chairman Willcox, of the republican
had been arrested three time's on the national committee, had just been
same night on the same charge of being
in company with soldiers. He stated
that on one of the occasions Mr. Daly
had signed the bond and that he had
met Mr. Daly and told him that the
Brown woman was one of the worse
women he had to contend with. He
said that Mr. Daly then said that he
would Immediately surrender her.
However. Capt. Kern said he later
learned that Mr. Daley had gone to
the woman and hed her give him a !
check for $250 to cover her bond In 1
the event Bhe left, and then had run
her off and had kept the money.
Capt. Kerns further stated that the
Brown woman had been seen coming
out of the hotel where she was
stopping, and Mr. Daly .was carrying
her grip?. Later at the trial Capi.
Kern said that Mr. Daly had told
Judge Fleming the woman had left
called to assist the director-general of
railroads. Senator Stone paid high
tribute to Mr. Root, but said he did
not regard his former colleague as "a
sort of Jove sitting on Olympus."
After speaking of the abilities of
some others named, Senator Stone
"Mr. Taft and Mr. Hughes I pass in
respectful silence."
Oen. Wood had been called repeat
edly to great responsibilities, the sen
ator said, adding that the substance
of the criticisms in that case has been
a failure to call him to supreme com
mand of military forces.
' Pershing a Republican.
"Gen. Pershing is his equal," the
senator said, "and a republican as
well as Wood."
In anticipation of the speech gal
leries were packed. and many house
members went to the Benate chamber.
Senator I'enrose, of Pennsylvania,
whose presence was especially re
quested by Senator Stone, and other
republican members listened atten
tively. Emphssizes With Gestures.
With characteristic gestures Sena
tor Stone emphasized his points. In
shrill falsetto he declared the repub
lican plans were shrewd. He tapped
his desk with his fingers In milder
emphasis and then pounded.it vigorously.
Senator Penrose and Republican
Leader Galllnger took notes as he pro
ceeded. Senator Penrose and Senator
Lodge whispered In conference and th!
Massachusetts senator also took notes
on the address. It was apparent that
the republicans were preparing to
make some sneeches also.
Penrose Not Disturbed.
As he began presenting his "wit
nesses" Senator Stone named Senator
Penrose and glanced from his reading
to the Pennsylvania senator, who, ap
parently calm and undisturbed, gazed
IntPntly at the speaker and fingered a
booklet while sitting at rase.
Senator Penrose Interrupted Sena
tor Stone's statement of partisanship
in appointing state explosives inspec- j
"All the references made to me are
literally true," said I'enrose, "and
am astounded at my own moderation.
But does the senator mean to state
that partisan, dyed in tne wool, noto
rious democrats were not appointed
explosive Inspectors in all of the for
ty-eight states?
"I do not know; I hope the senator
Is not mistaken. Senator Stone re
torted, and proceeded with his address.
London, Jan. 21. The strike move
ment is spreading throughout Austria-
Hungary and it is associated with i
demand for immediate peace, accord
ing to dispatches received in London
from Swiss and Dutch sources. , A
general strike was declared at Buda
pest Friday, when the entire transport
system came to a standstill, while from
all parts of the dual empire strikes
and demonstrations are rported.
The food situation and the question
of peace were the solo objects of dis
cussion at the sitting of the budget
committee of the Austrian chamber of
deputies on Friday. The socialists, Ac
cording to the dispatch described the
situation as extremely serious and de
clared that peace could not be post
poned. Count Von Toggenburg, the
minister of the Interior, told the depu
ties that Count Czernln, the Austrian
foreign minister, and Leon Trotsky,
the Russian foreign minister, exhto
ited many similarities, which fact, he
added, offered a guarantee that the ne
gotlations at Brest-Litovsk, would go
(Special to The News.) 1
Nashville, Jan. 21. State Superin
tendent S. W. Sherill received tele
grams from many educators through
out the Btate today reporting that his
request that public schools close for
three weeks, would be observed.
Only a few refusals have been re
ported to him. He was notified that
the Knoxvlllo, Dyersburg and Lebanon
schools had already been closed for
three weeks, and ho thereupon with
drew his request so far as those schools
were ooncerned.
Chattanooga is the only city that has
positively refused to comply with the
request, so far as Prof. Sherrtll has
been informed.
Bolshevik Government Procla
mation Disclaims Deeds Ac
credited to Soldiers.'
replied that she was going to the sta
tion, but? did not intend to leave until
the following day. Mr. Daly said that
the woman said, "I will give you a
check for $250 to cover my bond and in
case I leave you would be protected."
The next morning Mr. Daly stated
that he took the check to the bank
and they told him that the woman
never had a deposit there, and later at
town and that some woman hollored out the police station he tore up the check
. ' . ' Ua - .1 Via rl A Til A era, I) I n TV i r if t h ul
that Daly had taken . the woman
21. The constituent
Petrograd correspon
New Orleans, Jan. 21. New Orleans
presented a holiday appearance in
complying with the fuel administra
tion's order for a heatless Monday.
Large and small retail stores, except
ing groceries, and many office build
ings were closed, street cars operated
on Sunday schedule and the cotton
exchange was closed.
Hayden Wren, superintendent of the
"JJ1ZJZmJIJ' board, reported today there has
been no delay to shipping here and
vessels have been supplied with
bunker coal as rapidly as needed. The
railroads,, he said, were bringing in an
increased supply of coal.
nothing of the character of a serious
meeting of patriots prepared to work
together for the creation of a new
Russia. There is no essential differ
ence between the aims of the social
revolutionists and the bolsheviki, their
opposition being merely personal. The
correspondent adds:
"Russia, judging from Friday's
meeting, is fairly unanimous regard
ing what it wants. The queston is
less what is to be done than who is
to do if
Asheville, N. C. Jan. 21. Cotton
mills and other plants are today oper
ating all the factory or part of it on
hvrirfW.lM.tri,. nrirv Tin aranm i n or
NOTHING TO REPORT used. One or two small establish-
Paris, Jan. 21. "Aside from the ments are closed. Stores are observing
usual artillery Are, there is nothing to I the rule and there will be a business
report." says today's war e.ffice com- men's meeting today to organize the
munication . sale of thrift stamps.
check for $250, and had run her off.
Mr. Daley when testifying, stated
that on Sept. 7 he was called by a
woman who ran the hotel where the
Brown was living, and told that Edna
Brown was In Jail and she wanted a
lawyer to get her out. Mr. Daly said
he then went to the police statien and
made the woman s bond and received
$25 for same. He said he left police
station 'and went to Thompson's res
taurant, where he met Capt. Kern and
told him of the Brown incident, where
upon Capt. Kern told him that the
woman was a bad one and would jump
her bond. Mr. Daly stated that he then
went in search of a policeman at the
corner of Ninth and Market street, but
finding none went to the Union Station,
but could find no officer tjiere. He said
it was then he decided to go and ar
rest the woman himself and when he
arrived at the hotel the Brown woman
was coming down the steps with her
grips and he stopped and accused her
of jumping her bond. It was then she
No plumes of
smoke pollute the ;
sky, To selntllate ;
on" passers by
their soot; And
"dopes" cannot
be bought today.
It matters not
how much you
pay to boot; And
at the jail, they
tell to me, No :
lawyers h a n g i
around in glee to i
bail; It's strange, 1
the ravages of
friend, there's no use get-
Just grin and bear , it
more. And "bootleg" soft
score, for sale. The i
He said he told Judge Fleming that
the woman had run off and Judge
Fleming gave her a small fine.
Denied Cashing Creek.
It was the check that Mr. Daly
stated he had torn up that he was con
fronted with Monday morning. He
stoutly denied to the committee and
Mr. Strauss that he cashed the check,
but Mr. Strauss was equally positive
that Mr. Daly had come to him and
got the check cashed, and had got the
currency,' and the next day had come
to the bank and deposited in currency
the same amount as the check had been
cashed for the preceding day. The
Daly incident came during the hear
ing of Percy Long, and furnished some
diversion from the charges and de
nials of the transactions of Mr. Long.
The committee was only in session
about an hour and adjourned till Wed
nesday morning, at which time Sergts.
Woodward and Cummings will be
brought before the committee to
testify to charges made by Capt
Kern and denied by Mr. Long. Capt.
Kern charged that he had heard Mr.
Long on several occasions go to the
sergeant's window at police head
quarters and say, "What have you got
in tonight?" Air. Long stoutly denies
that he ever at any time made such a
J. H. Anderson, who is a member of
the committee and who has been con
fined to his home on account of illness,
was present at Monday's session of the
committee. Mr. Anderson has returned
to his usual good health and spirits.
San Juan, Porto Rico, Jan.
20. Military guards today
were placed about the federal
building, in which are located
virtually all the offices of the
United States insular govern
ernment after officials had re
ceived information considered
important. Guards were also
placed on bridges near the city
and at other important points.
court. The appeal was brought by
twenty-four transcontinental lines
from reparation awards to seven
hardwood lumber shippers of
Memphis, Tenn., Arkansas, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana and Wisconsin.
Petrograd, Jan. 20. The bolsheviki
government has Issued a proclamation
to the people of Tetrograd saying In
part: '
"Enemies of the people spread
the report that revolutionary
workmen and soldiers have fired .
on a peaceful labor demonstration.
This is done .for the purpose of
sowing trouble in the ranks of the
workers, causing excesses and in
citing against the revolutionary
loaders. It has been proved that
the authors of these rumors fired
at sailors, soldiers and workmen
who are keeping order in the city. :
The central executive haa opened
a searching inquiry and the cul
prits will be tried by revolution
ary tribunals."
The proclamation concludes by ad
vising the people to ignore the ru
mors and remain calm and by assur
ing them that order Is being main
tained by sailors, soldiers and workmen.
ting sore,
there'll be
drinks by the
weather? Snow flurries are probable,
with continued cold tonight and Tuesday,
Washington, Jan. 21 Ruling of
lower federal courts that shippers
awarded reparation by the inter
state commerce commission for
freight overcharged may recover
the excess without proving actual
damages, or that they had not
shifted the extra .burden to con
sumers, was today sustained and .
- put into operation by the supreme
Petrograd, Jan. 20. The Ukrainian
rada of Kharkov, controlled by the.
bolsheviki and a rival of the rada of
Kiev, has designated three delegates
to go to the conferences at Breat-Lltovsk.
The delegates came to Petrograd to-
Aav unA fnnferreri with the hntnhevlki
. authorities, who extended them rec-
- I J.I J A V. OvAf T , .
UKMiuuii mill bciu iiirciu i.nn.-iji-
tovsk with instructions to confer with
the other Ukrainian delegates and de
termine w-ho actually represents the
Ukraine. Only fifteen Ukrainian mem
bers of a possible 100 attended the
opening of the short-lived constitu
ent assembly.
London, Jan. 21. "The night passed
quiet," the war office reports. "We
Chicago, Jan. 21. The first "heat- captured a few prisoners in patrol en-
less" Monday was generally observed counters.
here, except by a number of saloon-i ,w,, . r- .
keepers, who disregarded the spirit of l,"n"tL6 onvuto v-uwat ,
the mandate by serving drinks to cus- 1 Nashville. Jan. 21. Heatless Mon-
L0nHeriS thC h8 of.mWnlh day ooened here with tho thermometer
and 1 o clock a.m., although no fuel ' " . , ,
was used. Liquor dealers are required at 8 decrees above zero. The Closing
by state law to close their places on
sunaay, Dut they may open between
midnight and 1 o'clock Mondays, clos
ing again until 5 a.m.
Bartenders wearing sweaters, over
coats and gloves dispensed drinks to
muffled patrons in rooms where the
heat had been turned oft. The elec
tric and gas light also were extin
guished, wax candles being used in
their stead.
Twelve proprietors of saloons and
poolrooms had been reported to fed
eral authorities by police early today,
and M. J. McCarthy, secretary of the
Liquor Protective association, ex
pressed the opinion that a large num
ber of saloonkeepers plan to operate
today without heat. It was estimated
that 200,000 persons were idle today
order is being observed by the vari
ous lines affected. Public schools are
closed. Loose floor tobacco ware
houses in Sumner, Trousdale and
Smith counties, Tennessee, and War
ren. Simpson, Allen and Logan coun
i ties, Kentucky, announce the closing
or their plants for the day.
Copenhagen, Jan. 21. Foreign Min
ister Trotzky, before leaving Brest
Litovsk, told Dr. Von Kuehlmann, the
German foreign minister, according to
a te lea ram from Berlin, that tie was
some 400,000 others who were left I : . .
without work by Dr. Garfield's order " L u . . '
closing factories and other industries Port to congress ef workmen's and
last Friday. j soldiers' delegates. He is quoted as
General fuel conditions became less I havina added that him daoart u rm in m
stringent here today with the arrival j i-j;w A...
of 100.000 tons of coal yesterday. This m"nn,p M'Cted discontinuance ef
amount is practically Chicago's nor- I "sgotiations, wnicn woum continue
nuU ahipmeat of coaJL I during his absence, .

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