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OOGA NEW LATE EDITION CHA ITAN (KM A TENN.; THURSDAY K lvM!J(i. .TANUAHY 24, 1918 PRICE: THREE CENTS ; VOL. XXX. NO. 173 THE WAR IS AT OUR DOORSTEP".PARTY ORGAN TJ LATE EDITION v TO REJECT TERMS OFFERED BY HUNS Russians Refuse to forfeit Baltic Provinces at Threat of Central Powers; Soldiers and Workmen's Congress Convenes. ' WAR WOM 1M OF INEFFICIENCY Senator Chamberlain Repeats Statement That Drew : President Wilson's Denunciation Hundreds of - Thousands of Deaths.' at Camps Might . Have Been Prev ented, He Says. Washington, . Jan. 24. Standing firmly by hia charge that ( America't militarv aatabliahment it enmeshed in inefficiency,. Senator Chamberlain, of Oregon, chairman of the military com mittee, replied -in the senate today to President Wilson's denunciation of his recent New York speech by repeating the statement which drew the presi dent's fire and declaring that the pres ident himself doe iot know the truth. Senator Chamberlain declared he would show that the deaths of the hun dreds and thousands of men at the cantonmente and camps were due to the war department and "that all epi demics could have, been prevented if the war department had been Affect ive." .... , , Washington, Jan. 24. Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the military committee, rose to a question of per sonal privilege in the senate today and ' replied to President Wilson's recent statement charging that the senator, in a speech at New York advocating gov ernment war reorganization and de claring inefficiency existed in . all . branohea ef the'goyernment had made an "aatonishing and absolutely ' un justifiable distortion of the truth." , In beginning his address. Senator Chamberlain said the president had attacked both his veracity and Integ rity, heretofore unchallenged,, but that in replying he did so ' without any personal feeling against the president. i- , Hie First Attack. . t"V6t twenty-four years," ,' Senator tJhamberlaln said, "I have served the , public in my state to thAbest of my ability and in all that time I have never had my veracity called in. question nor, my integrity impeached, and I. have Kissed 'through some bitter campaigns. It is' therefore ' with some feeling ot humiliation and also; sadness that I vise to a question of personal privilege when my veracity has been' called in question, not hjt n ordinary ctttsen, 'not by one of my colleagues, but by a Vvry distinguished fjentleman who has the love and admirutlon of the people and who by their suffrage occupies thi i highest place in ,the gift of the peoplt and, I iay, say, the highest place ef ' any man in the world. , - . "It Is therefore with much feeling that I. rise to address myself to the at tack made upon me, and I do so with v :ut any feeling of unkindness. "These personal charges against me amount to- nothing to the American people but affect policies which may . involve the future of this country, if not the entire world." Speech Read to Senate. Senator Chamberlain said he had been invited to speak before the Na tional Security league, accepted on short notice and without time to pre pare an address. . He recalled that on the dais with him were Alton B. Parker, Theodore Roosevelt and Julius . Kahn and that the audience was "a representative body that for patriotism cannot be excelled by any like body in the United States." t He then reiterated that he assumed responsibility for the speech as re ported by newspapers and had read to the senate a verbatim report published " In the New York Times. Senator Chamberlain, after the speech was read, declared that he ad hered to What he had said. m Query From Wilson." Upon his return to Washington, Senator Chamberlain said, he. received letter from President Wilson con taining a quotation taken from the New York World and asking if the quotation was correct. The president wrote that he did not like to comment on the statements until he knew pos itively that the senator had actually made them. The letter was received ' too late for a reply Sunday, Senator Chamberlain continued, but in a let ter sent to the White HouBe the fol lowing day he replied that he had been quoted substantially correct, in the World, hut asked the president to ead tne entire speecn as primea in ihe Ttmes instead of only a part of it. Received No Reply to Offer. In his letter the senator also offered to go over the whole situation with the president, but said he received no reply, and on the following day tne president's statement criticising him was published. The president's statement and Sen ator Chamberlain's reply then were read .to the senate, and the Oregon senator observed: "t do not know If any reply to my lotter was necessary. I assume 'that statement is the answer. "The statement of the president challenges me, of course,' for proof of . the statement In the New York Times, to which statement I adhere and re peat before this body. "The people of this country may not see this as I do,' hut as -chairman of the military committee, as an Ameri can citizen and a member of this dis tinguished body I felt that I should ay the things that are in me and if f succeed In making a rift In the ' clouds through which the American people may see, I will feel that my efforts have not been in vain.' Doee Not Do It to Hinder. "Now that my truthfulness has been questioned." Senator Chamberlain continued. "I feel it my duty to tell the country something I might not have told It under ordinary circum stances. I do It as a man who loves hi" country best of all and who would willinglv give his life for it I do it fearlessly as an American citizen who desires to heln and not to hinder." He repeated that he had not dis torted the truth in his apeech made In New York, but that owing to the rreat rush of business due to the war the president has probably not been able to ascertain the truth and does not know the truth. From the lips or those closest to the president the -,, i ve on n not learn the truth, not because his advisers desire to mislead him. but because they are i-itijs-.ed In, thj same position as lie is. What Baker Omitted. "The secretary of war, In a general statement to the country which was carefully ami ably prepared, tells us that $3,200,000,000 has been ap propriated for the ordnance .depart ment and that contracts for $1,677. 000,000 have been awarded," he con tinued. 'This is true, but the secre tary failed to tell the country that America failed to stand prepared.- "France, bled white," he continued, "is furnishing America today and the troops going abroad with heavy ord nance, machine guns and airplanes. If we relied on the ordnance department In this emergency (and this is a war of artillery) the war would be com plied before we ever got enough to the front. France agreed to deliver this artillery. To win America? - Did she furnish it in order to invite Amer ica?" It svas improper, he said, to give de tails of American purchases of ord nance from the allies, but referred senators to the confidential testimony before the committee by MaJ.-Gen Crozier, chief of ordnance. . . Speaker Shouts Question. "If the administration had wanted to be fair to the American people," he shouted, "why didn't the distin guished secretary of war, and I have the highest regard for him, let the people know so that the people could assist in getting ready for this terri ble calamity that confronts not only America,, but the whole world?" Seinator Chamberlain charged that the ordnance bureau failed In 1916 to prepare for war when It seemed cer tain. "There were omens In the sky," he continued, "that America could not keep out. What was the ordnance de partment doing? Nothing. It was ly ing supinely on its back, not making gauges for (manufacturing ordnance nor discovering the possibilities of ' manufacturing but doing nothing, ab solutely nothing." Appropriations for Jigs" and dies to make ordnance, he said, had not been used.- Cfezier Highly Regarded. - "I'm not blaming anybody in par ticular," , the senator continued. "1 have high regard for Gen. Crozier. But we haven't been able to do what England, France and all our other al lies have done and that is to retire these .gentlemen who have not proven inemseives up to tne mark. We -ought not to dismiss them in disgrace, but in other countries they have gone into Innocuous desuetude. This Isn't a question of personalities. This is not t a question between the president and myseir. it's a question of America, and every man ought to make it his whole purpose to see that America is saved. -Lewis Guns Alright. "Take .the machine ggn," said Sena tor Chamberlain. "It's an old con troversy and much may be said on both sides. The Lewis srun has been manufactured here for the British army and there are 70,000 of them on the battle - fronts. Every British officer I have seen has expressed ap ; proval of that gun. America was pre ; pared to produce them but with the J country standing on a seething vol i cabo the ordnance bureau was trying I to decide on a gun. The war depart ' ment didn't even adopt a gun until ! May, and flnaBy adopted it in June, i Deneve, ana . thet;, only on paper and it still is a gun on paper. It never has had a field test. Maybe the Browning gun is a good weapon, but the Lewis gun is doing good work. Why not manufacture the Lewis guns?" The secretary of war testified he recalled, that in September the United States had nine Browning guns "with which to go out against the millions of Germany." He denounced the cry that investigation gives information to the enemy. Germany Knows U. S. , "Germany knows more about America today than, the men con nected with the departments," Sena tor Chamberlain declared. "If the government would be frank with the people, then we could rely upon the people to rally to the support of the president and the prosecution of the war." he added. "Great Britain," he said, "did not waste time manufacturing guns. The United States could have adopted the same kind of a rifle as used by Eng land as plants In this country were equipped for manufacturing mem, he contended. After the engineers of various gun, making plants had been consulted, a gun finally was agreed upon for the American army, but "the ordance bu reau, through a very distinguished of ficer." ordered that the number of parts be increased, which added to the delay. , "Why shouldn't America know these things V the senator demanded. "Some people in the. west," he said, "believe America has al it needs. . . "If .they -only knew the actual con ditions,"1 he continued, "they would give their lives, their all, to protect America. Casual reading of .the -secretary of war's statement gives the impression that we had everything. But when we get the testimony of the men who are on the ground, different information is obtained." . Goose Not Hanging High. - Senator Chamberlain, declared that from Secretary Baker's general state ment the country would believe "everything was lovely and the goose hung high, so far as clothing is con cerned." But when you talk to the men that command these boys you find it Isn't there." he continued. "I realize the difficulties of the quar termaster-general. He. has done the best that he could under the present system. The president inherited that system and has done the best he could. The president Isn't responsible for the system. But the fact remains that we haven't the clothing." Snator Chamberlain said he proposed to show by Secretary Baker's own tes timony that the secretary did not know of actual clothing: conditions. , Somebody Lied. "That's why I say." he continued, "that the president didn't know the i truth. And I did. He must have got- I U-r his facta from the secretary, who. in turn, got them from somebody else, and somebody must have lied. And that's why I say the president has not been given the truth.'' - r- ' Striding? out Into the center aisle with an attitude of defiance, he shouted: "I felt it my' duty to my country and my constituents to tell the truth. I have no fear of God, man or the devil when my conscience prompts. And no man In the country can keep me from telling the truth. The only fear I have is that this discussion may have a bad effect on the country. But if the conditions exist they ought to be cor rected, and quickly. Great Britain found the same conditions and cor rected them quickly. So did France." Short 75 Per Cent. Overcoats. Reading from the table to show shortages of overcoats running as high as 75 per cent., the senator re minded the senate the troops were "In the midst of winter." "I am going to 'show that these hundreds and thousands of men dy ing in the cantonments are due to the war department," he declared. "This information comes right from the men who are on the the ground. They know what they . are. talking- about. 1 am going 'to call attention to the statement of Surgeon-General Gorgas that nearly all epidemic could have been prevented if the war department had been effective." Gen. Gorgas' report, he continued, showed over-crowding in virtually every camp. Senator Chamberlain said if Gen. Gorgas recommendations for greater space for each man had been observed, disease at least would have been reduced. - Dead Soldier Unhonored. The senator read a letter showing that camp authorities failed to notify a family of the death of a soldier and that the body came home wrapped only in a sheet. "If I were to print all the letters I aet alone this line," he continued "thev would shock not only cbngress but the American conscience. Senate and galleries were moved to expressions of emotion as Senator Chamberlain read a letter to Senator 'Wadsworth. The writer, whose name was not given, said he was notified through friends that his son was ill six days after he had been taken to the camp hospkal. He was first per mittedto see Uie boy through a win dow arid the first sight appalled him. The room and bed were filth, be wrote, and the patient had not been bathed for eight days. His requests for a nurse or to permit himself to aid hls'son were refused, the writer stated, but finally he was told he might provide clean clothes. . When he returned his son's face and hands had been washed but still were dirty. Father Intervened. The next day he returned again as an attendant was trying to give the patient water from a bowl. When the father Intervened, the attendant said: "I guess I better aret a funnel" and actually returned with a paper fun nel. Tha father stopped that and sug gested a spoon. Fifteen minutes later the boy died. At headquarters he was told that he might have his son's body that night Having pro vided imself with ,a pass to the hos pital he did not knock, but as he tried tn onen the door it struck a heavy ob ject. It was his son's body. As to Minister of Munitions. ' Senator Chamberlain read a let ter received from President Wil son opposing the creation of a minister of- munitions. He said he did this to counteract the presi dent's charge that he had not been consulted regarding proposed leg islation. After speaking nearly three hours. Senator Chamberlain con cluded with a - plea that he was only doing his duty In arousing the country to its danger and that he would support the president, although "grossly malhrned." Senator diirby. of Aikansas, a . ACTIVITY OE IMPORTANCE On the western front in France and. Belgium and on the Italian front, where the contending armies of the chief belligerents in the world war have displayed little activity for aome time, official reports announce a re sumption Of hostilities of unusual ao tivity for winter months. While the operatione mentioned in the etatements from the various army headquartere are of little consequence from a mil itary view, yet the general extent of the activity indicates that levelop menta of considerable magnitude are in immediate prospect. . Intensity of the artillery Are has In creased all along the, western front and raiding parties and air fighting have been under more favorable conditions. The success of a German raid on British trenches west of I..abassee is announced by the British official com munication, which claims, however, that another hostile party was dis persed west of Villeres Guistatn. In the Nieuport sector the French war of fice announces the recapture of ground gained by enemy in a raid Wednes day morning. The French state ment also says that the artillery is active in the Chaume wood front and in the sector of Hill 844 and claims the failure of an enemy attack at the democrat, began a reply. The Chamberlain reorganization, bill, on motion of Sonntor Hitch cock, was referred to the military committee without objection when . Senator Kirby had concluded. Senator Klrby said In reply: "I challenge the statement of it all. The examination before our committee does not warrant much that has been, said today or the statement that the military organ ization has broken down." i RAILROAD CONTROL ONLY WAR EMERGENCY MEASURE Washington, Jan. 24. The adminie tration railroad bill has been modified to atipulate expressly that federal op eration is undertaken aa a war emer gency measure and shall not preju dice the future policy of the govern ment toward ownership of the roads. No specific time, however, ia fixed for turning the roada back to private owners. Moderate, Says Billy 'Possum mn mj i Bomumes as i V. . go down the street ,v, I hear folks cruelly speaking Of how 1 B. 'Possum, brings ill IB if 1 on 6X1 tne cold: J' WAi i 'ere not I camou- ' if I L flaged, you see. I'd lUs contradict this leak- J& Ing; In fact, I really i' think I'd ;et them told: , So juBt to show my heart la right. Though cold, they say, k i 1 1 a tlT'4 GO B4CK TO StLO I DM? perms. And In freezing I just had your health in view. But I've called the cold wave off this time. With no uncertain terms. But be careful or I'll bring it bask to you. The weather? Fair and moderately warm tonight and Fric1- IN V AT) EDA MTC iraa rnvmo former place. During the period from Jan. 17 to 20, ten German airplanes were brought down by the French. , More intense artillery firing between the Adige and TIrenta valleys is re ported in the Irtlian offlclul statement, which also tells of small engagements on the right bank of the Piave and on the southeastern slopes of Monte Spl noncia. King Albeit in his reply to I'ope Benedict's peace note declares thst Belgium will consent to peace only upon the guarantee of absolute polit ical, economic and territorial inde pendence. The note of the Belgian government concludes with the declar ation that the repjles of the central empires to the pope's note have failed to make mention of the "undisputed rights of 'Belgium that his holiness has riot ceased "o recognize and pro claim." Evidence of unrest among the peo ple .of Austria and Germany continue to reach the outside world through Switzerland and Holland. News of the Austrian strikes and peace de mands appear to be generally known in Germany' despite the efforts of the censorship to the contrary. The Aus triart hope that the German workers would follow their lead, however, has not materialized, due probably to the very powerful military party. STRIKERS STILL NUMBER 200,008 London, Jan. 24. Reports received In Copenhagen from Vienna, ae forwarded by the Exchange Telegraph correspond ent. Indicate that 200,000 men there are still on strike, and that the strike con. tlnues In Budapest. A Vienna dispatch to the Vosaischs Zeltung, of Berlin, eays that while work was resumed In part en Monday, the strike continues In a number of large factories. The extremists are not contented with the settlement reached. SELMA, ALA., MAY GET - AVIATION SCHOOL . Washington. Jan. 24. A war depart, ment board which investigated the pos. sibflities of Selma. Ala., as a site for an aviation school has made a report, which, however. Is incomplete, and further in. vestijation has been ordered. If the board reports favorably an aviation school will be established there. NEW ORLEANS BELT ROAD NOT TO BE TAKEN OVER Washington, Jan. 24 The New Orleans belt railroad probably will remain under municipal operation and not be taken over by the government, a delegation of New Orleans citizens was told today by C. H. Markhsm. regional railread director for the south. Petrograd, Wednesday, Jan 23. The Russian delegates' to the Brest-Litovsk peace conference have decided unani mously to reject the terms offered by the Germans. ' The decision was announced to the Associated Press -tonight by M. Kameneff, a member of the Russian delegation. Final decision as to peace or war, M. Kameneff sa'd rested with the congress of soldiers .and work men's delegates, which was convened here tonight. Petrograd, Jan. 23. -Russia 4nust give up Courland and all the Baltic provinces or the Germans will resume military operations and occupy Reval within a week, the German delegates at the Brest-Litovsk negotiations in formed the Russian representatives at the last session of the conferees. Ar adjournment was taken until Jan. 29 to permit the Russians to oonsiderthe German terms. Reports of the session indicate that th Germans took a definite etand and most frankly outlined demands upon which they are insistent. The secre tary of the Ukrainian delegation gave out an account of the meeting. It says the Russians put a question to the delegates of the central powers ae to what were their final peace terms. Map Out Frontier for Russia. Gen. Hoffman; Of the German dele- EVERYBODY MUST HAVE SEAT IN CAR - Radical Order Issued and Rig idly Enforced by Provost Guard at Post. Provost guards Wednesday' afternoon and night refused to allow passengers to board cars at Chickamauga park after they had been filled to seating oapaoity. . '.As-vrault-Hudreds of la borere were thrown late into the night in getting-o, .Chattanooga.. veral inetanoes men were ejected who had entered the care after they had filled. There waa much grumbling on the part of the laborers and soldiers who were waiting to get to the city and there was some evidence that fight waa going to taJe place. The waiters built a fire and tried to keep warm while they were waiting. It was rumored that all cars from the city were being stopped at the statu line and that all passengers except those seated were made to get out and wait until ears came along with empty seats. This, however, was found to be untrue. Officials of the car company said that whoever issued thq orders to the provost guards had acted without authority anil that the order would be rescinded. " RENOMINATES BURLESON AS POSTMASTER-GENERAL Washington. Jan. 21. President Wilson today Rent to the (ionate a re nominution of Postmaster-Gene I Burleson. This action was taken because of a law which stipulates that the postmaster-Keneral shall not hold ofTIre for more than thirty days) after the end of the- term for which he was appointed. None of the other cabinet members, has been remoni pated, but It Is contended that Is not necessary. The unusual situation was brought shout by a recent agitation contend ing; that all hold-over members of the cabinet were in office illegally. Except In the case of the poatmas ter. general, th administration con tends no renomlnatlon Is necessary. The rcnate immediately went Into executive session to consider Mr. Burleson's renomlnatlon. There were rumblings of opposition. it SENSATIONAL RUMORS BUSY ON WIRES NOT CONFIRMED Stockbrokers' wires today car ried a rumor that the kaiser had been assassinated and It is un- ' derstood another press .service printed a report that there had been a revolution in Austria and .the government overthrown. No copfirmatlon of these, ru mors was to be obtained by the Associated Press, . whose report did not refer to them. HEARST NEWS SERVICE ENTRAPPED BY UNITED New York. Jan. . 24. The United Press association today announced that the International News Servtce, against which the Associated Press recently secured an injunction to pre vent the pirating- of news, had walked straight into a trap set by the United Press to show that the International News wss pirating the news of that organization. GEN. C. T. CATES COMES TO CONFER WITH FRIENDS Gen. Charles T. Cates. of Knoxvllle. former attorney-general of Tennessee, now a prospective candidate for United States senator, spent Thursday in Chat tanooga in conference with aome polit ical friends. sates, replied by opening a map a,nd pointing out the following line, which they insisted should constitute tliefu ture frontier of Russia: From the shores of the Gulf of, Fin land to the east of the Moon sound islands to Valk, to the west of Minsk, to Brest-Litovsk. This completely eliminates ' Cour land and all the Baltic provinces, v The Russians asked the terms oftha central powers In regard to the terri toi-y south of Brest-LI tovak. - Gen, Hoffman replied that was a question , which they would discuss only with. Ukraine. M. Kameneff. a member of the Russian delegation, asked: "Sup posing wo do not agree to such con ditions. What are you going to do?" Gen. Hoffman's' answer fs reported to have been: "Within a week then we would occupy Reval.'' Consented Reluotantly. The Russians then asked for a re-, cess, which was granted reluctantly. The Germans declared It was the last, postponement to which they cotllfl consent. The request was made by leon Trotzky. head of the Russian delegation, who said he desired an op poi-tunity to lay the German peace terms before the' council of workmen's and soldiers' delegates. The negotiations, between the UkraW nians and the central powers are pro ceeding amicably. The Austriana of fered to cede Cholmtchlna to tha Ukrainian republic, but only on. con dition that the Ukrainians send gruln and other foodstuffs to the , central powers immediately on the conclusion of peace. ' , V ENGINEER AND FIREMAN INJURED (Special to The Newa.) ' '' ' Knoxvllle, Tenn., Jan. 24. Engineer S, E. Price and Fireman WV J. Hampton, said to be of Corbin, Ky.,' were injured when a Louisville St Nashville train -efts, derailed between Wilde and Syner. ac cording to a report received "oy local of ficials, Trice may die. -The train oper, ates between Atlanta and Cincinnati. BUNKER COAL SHORTAGE . HAMPERS HARBOR WORK New York, Jan. 24. The' , bortg of bunker coal, which a few daya ago was seriously hampering the fueling of vessels in New York harbor, "has been entirely relieved," according to a statement today by J. E. Parson, detailed by the United States ship ping board to auprvise the bunker ing of ships at this port. , , BISHOP SEES WAY CLEAR FOR METHODISTS' UNION Savannah, Ga., Jan. 24. The com mittee of fifty ministers and laymen, representing the southern and north ern branches of the Methodist church, which has for its purpose the uniting of the two organizations, continued its deliberations here todav. It will fr in session ten days or two weekj. No reason appears now why tha northern and the southern Method !-t churches should not unite, Bishop Earl Cranston, of Washington, chairman of the northern delegation, told a largif congregation In the Wesley Monu mental church last night. Failure of this commission to agree on unifica tion would reflect great discredit upon the members, Bishop Cranston said. He spoke strongly for unity and with apparent hope for it at an early date. The principal point of difference between the members of the commit tee from the two sections has been over the disposition of the negro Methodists. Bishop Cranston Intima ted that this point is nearlng adjust ment DR. MARTIN TALKS THURSDAY NIGHT ON INTERESTING TOPIC Dr. T. Martin, of Blue Mountain, Miss., who is conducting a revival campaign at the Baptist Tabernacle, will preach Thursday night on "What does God do about the sins we commit after we ar Christians?" Uood attendance has char, acterized the meetings thus far. and the evangelist has been preaching strong, forceful sermons. lr. Martin preached 'Wednesday Bight on "the greatest curse and next to the greatest blessing on earth." A large congregation heard his message. Services will be held each evening at 7:30 throughout this and next week. PRACTICAL ECONOMY Reef drippings An be used in gin. ger cake. Always save sour cream for cheese or cooking. Honey and baked apples served to gether are delicious. Every man should know at least a little about cooking. Onion soup is a savory dish, to serve on a cold night. Salmon can be used instead of cod fish in potato cakes. Add a sprig of mint to new pota toes while boiling them. Fried filet of fish is excellent served with cabbage salad. ' If you don't serve potatoes with meat, be sure to serve spinach: Prune puddings or whips make cheap and wholesome desserts.