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Beginning: Today The News Will Print for its Readers the Cop3Tighted Articles Jto Lawrence. They Give the Best Epitome of Capital Politics.
THE OH ATTANOO G A NEWS L LATE EDITION . LATE EDITION VOL. XXV NO. 198 CHATTANOOGA. TKNN., FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 22, 1918 PRICE: THREE CENTS WtS. 'DEFENSE TO THE DEATH," "STRUGGLE TO DEATH OR VICTORY IS INEVITABLE" Declaration of Russian Official Statement De tachments Plan to Resist Determinedly the German Advance. PROCLAIM RUSS LEADERS Order Issued at Midnight Thursday From Bol shevik Headquarters Calls for Resistance to German Invaders and Declares Petro - , grad in State of Siege. Berlin, via London, Feb. 22. A regi ment of Esthonian troops h gone over to the Germane, the war office an nounces. " The German troops advancing In Es thonia have captured Hapsal, on the coast, near the entrance to the Gulf of Finland, and advanced beyond Ronne berg; ' Wolmer and Spandau. They inarched into Rieshitza, about 100 miles southeast of Riga., 'and -were re ceived with rejoicing by the inhab itants, the statement says.' ' KathonTa is one of the' Baltic prov inces of Russia into which the Ger mans began an advance on tba re sumption of hostilities, giving the of ficial explanation that these provinces 'were largely German and that the hol shevikl were persecuting the inhab itants. Troops from Moon island crossed to the main land and captured several Esthonian towns and a large force was taken by boat to Reval. Farther south the Germans pushed on to J-ouzm. Minsk also was occu pled. At Novogord Volhynskl theTGer mans came into touchwlth Ukrainian and other columns marching on the Volhynian fortress of Dubno. . The communication follows: "Army group of Gen. Von Eichhorn In Esthonia, Hapsal has been cap tured. The first Esthonian regiment has placed itself at the disposal of the uerman command. r . "In Livonia our column pressed on beyond Ronneburg, Wolmer and Span- dan, our troops marched into. Ries chitza amid the rejoicings of the in habitants. Thence they pushed on to .Leniln. , Minsk has been occupied. "Army group of Gen. Von Linslngen Progress has been made in assist ing Ukraine- in her struggle for free dom. At Novogorod-Volhynskl we came into touch with Ukrainian de tachments and other columns march ing on Dubno."- . Petrograd, Thursday, Feb. 21 (Mid night). (By the Associated Press) A proclamation ordering resistance to the German advance, ' calling on all Russians to defend the, fatherland and declaring' Petrograd in a state of sisge was issued tertight from the Smolny institute, -the bolshevik "headquarters. The proclamation was-Issued at the order of the people's coi nissaries and ?- ie sinned hw rtmiir Lenin anil En sign Krylenke,- the bolshevik comman der-ia-chief. NdT, MARCH OF CONQUEROR. London, Feb," 22.- The German ad vance into Russia is not the march of a ctnqueror, for nowhere up to the present have they met any serious op position. The comparatively rapid progress is ascribsd to the fact that the Germans found a clear passage. Special dispatches from Petrograd, , none of which are dated later than . Wednesday, indicate that the invaders , are making their own pace in collect ing immense stores of wagons, muni tions, food and other valuable prop erty, which the disorganized Russian armies abandoned. The strength of the German advancing army is not believed to be great. A Petrograd dis patch to the Morning Post says there is only one division of cavalry and one division of infantry. Speculate as to Objective. Germany's ultimate objective, of course, can only be speculated upon, but according to the correspondent there is nothing whatever to prevent them from reaching Petrograd if they wish, for the demoralization of the Russian soldiers is so complete that orders to resist the invasion would be Impossible of execution. Morcver the enemy could safely reduce the capital to famine, which already is closing its grip on the people. The bolshevik capitulation to a Ger man peace and news of the German advance was received in Petrograd in various ways, according to Wednes day's reports. The correspondent of the Times says profound disgust and shame was felt and uttered by serious and intelligent' people and was re flected in the non-bolshevik newspa pers. A reply to the Morning Post says the saner element of the popula tion calls for closer relations with the allies looking to the unification of Rug bin, aim me nuunuunnieiii. me dreams of amateur statesmen, It is reported in this connection that the non-bolshevik and non-socialist ' parties will try to reassemble the con ttituent assembly wth the view of ap pealing to the allies. The Petrograd correspondent of the Daily Malt describes the attitude of the people as mostly one of apathy ind fatalism. He says that a majority would welcome the arrival oX the Ger mans in the hope that they would re store order, the feeling being yiat any thing is better than the present con dition. " Accounts Differ.' . As to the decision to surrender to the Germans, accounts differ. Some uiy that Premier Lenine and others that Foreign Minister Trotzy was re iponslble - for the capitulation. The sorrespondent of the Daily News, who las been in close relations with- the ooisneviKi, nays imi ai me meeting 01 the council of people's commissaries which voted on the question. Trotzky, who had been in favor of fighting to Ihe last, unexpectedly went to the other side. This caused 'indignation in his party and he proba" ly will re sign. The change in the bolshevik policy to one of surrender surprised both their enemies' and friends and threw their supporters into confusion. The foreign embassies, according to the Times, knew nothing of the bol shevik capitulation until Tuesday night They believed the Russians in tended to. resist the German advance at all hazards. the peace terms offered - at Brest Lltovsk. "Defense to the Death." London, Feb. 22. "Defense to the death against Germany" is ordered in the proclamation of the Russian com missioners, Router's Petrograd corre spondent telegraphs.' The commission ers appeal to. the soldiers, to destroy railways and provisions and compel the bourgeoisie to dig, trenches under penalty of death. The commissioners' appeal to the country' also intimates that the Ger mans plan the capture of ' Petrograd. "The" German generals," It says, . "de sire to establish their own order in Petrograd and Kiev. The republic is in the gravest danger. The ' duty of Russian workmen- and peasants is' de fense to the death df the republic against the masses of bourgeoisie and imperialists of Germany." An Exchange Telegraph dispatch irom petrograd says the evacuation of Finland has been ordered by the com missioners. Fatherland in Danger. In the appeal for reorganization of a defense 'of the revolution against uermany the council of commissioners says: "The socialist fatherland Is In dangeri In order to save the country in its exhaustion from further trials of war we resigned ourselves to mak ing immense sacrifices. Our delegates on Feb. 20 left Regitsky for' Dvinsk, but up to the present no news from them has been received. After stating that it is the duty of workmen and peasants to defend the republic to the death, the appeal con tinues: , . "German militarism wishes to smother the working classes and the Ukrainian masses, to give back the land to the land owners, factories and workshops to the bankers, and power to a monarchy" Points Urged in Appeal. Following are the points urged in the appeal; :-.--.. ''First -Air the. forces In the country in their entirety j must place themselves at the service .of the defease, of: the revolution; t t 'secoria All , tne council or .workmen's and soldiers' revolu tionary organizations must enter into the compulsory defense of each position to the last drop of their blood. "Third Organizations on rail way and , the soviet connected there are obliged with all their strength to check attempts of the enemy to profit by the equipment of lines of communication. In their retreat they must destroy the rail ways and blow up the station. ' All rolling stock and 'locomotives must be sent eastward aqd into the in terior of the country without de lay. "Fourth' Corn and provisions in general are placed on the same footing as valuable property when in danger of falling into the hands of the enemy and must then be destroyed without contra diction. The local Soviets must see that these decisions are carried out and the responsibility falls upon their representatives. "Fifths Workmen and peasants of Petrograd, Kiev and all towns, villages and hamlets on the line of the new front must raise battalions to dig trenches under direction of the military socialists. "Sixth All members of the bourgeoise class, the women as well as the men, must enter these battalions under surveillance of the red guards and in case of resist ance must be shot. "Seventh All institutions which offer resistance to the action of the revolution on the defensive and pass to the side of the German bourgeoise, or which have a ten dency to profit by the invasion of the imperialistic masses in order to overthrow . the authority of the Soviets, must be closed. Directors of and collaborators with these in stitutions who are capable of work must mobilize themselves to dig trenches and engage in other de- fenslve work. "Eighth Foreign agents and speculators are counted as revolu tionary agitators and German spies and must be shot at sight. The socialist fatherland is in danger. Lone; live the national so cial revolution." H .-s a- (Copyright, 1918, by the- Newspaper Enterprise- Association.) We were steaming past Mount Vernon and there came a signal -cali "All bands on deck!" and taut and trig the crew stood, on and all. And every head uncovered and every lip was mute, .' ; ' As from, president to cabin-boy we stood there in salut, For whenever a ship of the U., S. N". sails by that hpltowed spot One sentiment envelops all and aH else is forgot. ' - . .: " . . ' , ; o' ' " ', So, now, as on a larger craft, we stand upon the Earth j And, sailing -down. Time's. river,, past the houj (which gave -him nirth, We, too, are stirred of soul and turn aside fromwork or play And muse" upon the Man-who' gives his lustre to this Day, So from the glimmer of its dawn to setting of Its isun. ; America's heart leaps up and gives salute to Washington! ' TueEsrEnrasB-assrsgcsansaaBsaaanasBeaBEsns BOLSHEVIM AGAIN CHANGE TACTICS; ORDER ADVANCE HUN ARMY RESISTED AMENDMENTS TO BILL VOTED UPON , ' ' : : f Railroad Measure Set Aside for Reading of Gen. Washing ton's Farewell Address. MINES YET IDLE IN BIRMINGHAM Birmingham, Ala., Feb. 22. Despite pleas of organizers and other officials of the district convention of the United Mine Workers of America for a re sumption of work, pending an investi gation by the fuel administration into their claims that the terms of the Gar field agreement are not being lived up to by operators, the miners, after tak ing a vote on the subject, have refused to return to work until their com plaints have been considered by gov ernment officials. The mines of the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad company, affected by the strike, are reported still idle, while the Republic mines of the Republic Iron and Steel company are said to he without a full force of men. "All that we can say today is that miners at several of the mining camps are still refusing to work, despite entreaties to work pending a settlement of the con troversy" was the statement given out at union headquarters. Nothing had been heard there of the appointment of H. C. Selhetmer. of Birmingham, as umpire, beyond the announcement ear ned in the dispatches from Vt ashing- ton by the Associated Press. Washington, Feb. 22. The senate laid , aside .the railroad bill a few min utes to hear the reading of Gen. Washington's farewell, address. When that was concluded, Senator Stone asked Senator Smith, in charge of the bill, to have the senate recess until tomorrow, in memory of the former president. "I Am aware of the debt we owe to Gen. Washington," replied the South Carolina senator, "but I am sure that were he' alive today and the same emergency confronted the country as now, he would say go ahead." . Fori that reason Senator Smith said he be lieved it the senate's duty, to emulate Gen. Washington's example of" "duty first," and remain in session so that the. bill could be disposed of. Senator Cummins' amendment, bringing within the operation of the bill, all short line railroads, compet ing with other roada taken over, which Mr. McAdoo does not favor unless , Germany is advancing into" Russia ' ' 'i to restore the monarchy and the priy ileoe of the fartd'awners and the oapfj talistio classes, the bolshevik "govern ment in Petrograd declares in a proc lamation to the people, and it calls upon them to resist the German armies and defend the republic "to the death." All Russians must co-operate in the defense, the bourgeois classes by com pulsion, if necessary, the official proc lamation declares. , Petrograd has been declared in a state of siege. Explicit instructions" are given the peasants . and workers to take all measures to prevent valuable property front falling into the' hands of the Germans. Railroad .rolling stock and food supplies are particularly men tioned. ' Everything must be :done, the pe-jplvj are adjured, to keep German militarism from. crushing the working classes in . Great Russia . and the Ukraine. American troops were revealed by today's dispatches as in- action on a new front the famous Chemin-Des-Dames sector, where in a patrol fight they accounted for one German killed and brought , another , back to their lines a prisoner. One American .was slightly wounded. Previously it was known fliat Amer- i lean forces were holding a section of the front in French Lorraine,-east of ht. Mini 1, and last week's report snows American batteries In active service in the Champagne. The Chemin-Des-Dames, where they have now appeared, is on the Aisne front, the farthest point, west at which American troops have been reported. This sector is well toward the left flank of the French line, the British found necessary, was adopted 58 to 14. taken over an additional sector of the - The senate retained In the bill the 'ront 80U,th of St. Quentln, probably as provision authorizing the president to far Fere where the line is buy and sell securities with the $500.- I crossea Dy tne Olse, the rench front 000.000 revolvlne fund, defeating Eg to ; now starting in the district between 11 a motion by Senator Klrby, of Ar kansas, to strike it out. Long debate came on an amend ment by Senator Smith, of Georgia, to provide that any order by the presi dent would not interfere with the bringing of suits by the public against the roads. It was defeated without record vote. An amerfdment by Senator Town- send, republican, of Michigan, specify ing under what conditions and in what manner legal proceedings can be brought while the roads are under federal control also was rejected. The senate also went on record as being opposed to restricting the presi dent to his legal powers in issuing ex ecutive orders in connection with the control and operation of the railroads. An amendment by Senator Hitchcock. of Nebraska, restricting the presi dent's orders to those "authorized by law," was defeated. . napprira. n u irgHrora u : representative of the fuel administra probabl that the Germans will stiffen 1 tion is still awaited. TO TEACH GERMAN NO MORE IN SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOLS Sioux Falls, S. D., Feb. 22. Imme diate abandonment in all educational institutions in. South Dakota of the teaching of the German language was ordered by the state council, of defense in a resolution adopted here today. So far as is known this is the first state wide action taken in this country. ' TO BUILD MEMORIAL TO NEGROES IN ALL WARS Richmond. Va.. Feb. 22. The ex ecutive committee of the Colored Citi zens' Patriotic league of the United States last night decided to name a committee to proceed at onc to build a Richmond temple as a memorial to , negroes in the present and other wars, the Oise and the Aisne, northwest of Laon. The British" in the onward march in Palestine have entered Jericho, four teen miles northwest of Jerusalem, and have further extended their ad vance northwest of the latter city. Possession of Jericho gives Gen. Allenby command of a network of high roads pi ilating from that town and opens the way for him to penetrate northeastward in the region immedi ately rfbrth of the Dead sea, across the valley of the Jordan to Amman, on the Damascus-Mecca railroad, between tweirty-flve and thirty miles distant As the German army advances the German navy is aiding in the cam paign against Esthonia and Petrograd by investing Reval, the second in im portance of the naval bases on- the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland German troops have been landed there and forty-five German warships are nearlng the harbor. The Russian navy, however, probably will offer little re sistance. It is reported as being com. .plaieajilsorgaaned, both as v. equip ment and morale. Removal of Russian warships at Reval and Hnlslngfors to Kronstadt is considered unlikely be cause they have been idle so long. In taking I'lnsk and Rovno and in push ing the campaign swiftly on other sec tions of the long front the Germans have captured large quantities of war material, including more than 1,300 guns and 9,000 prisoners. Weight is given to reports that For eign Minister 'Trotzy will resign by the fact that his name is. missing from the proclamation ordering that the German advance be resisted. While this may not be significant all pre vious orders in the present crisis have been signed . by Trotzy and Lenine. Trotzy 'is reported to have cast the deciding vote in favor of accepting German peace. Written confirmation of the acceptance of German peace terms has passed the German lines, according to Berlin, which adds that this disposes of rumors that the Lenine-Trotzy government, had fallen. In France and Italy there has been no cnange in the general situation on the fighting fronts. Small raids and artillery duels continue, as does the aerial activity. German artillery fire has been heavy north of the Aisne and in Champagne. On the American sec tor the intense artillery firing contio ues with the American gunners doing the most damage. Petrograd, Feb. 22. If the Germans refuse peace to Russia," a struggle to the death or vrctory for us is inevit able," says an official statement issued today. The people's terrorism must be opposed to the advancing enemy," it ie declared. The statement says that detach ments, 1,000 to 1,500 strong, lightly armed and able to entrench quickly and attack determinedly, will be able, to stop the German advance. What is characterized as "real revolutionary mobilization" is .ordered. UNUSUAL MAN, JUDGELANDIS Came All Way to Washington to See President , Wilson. WORK TO RESCUE MEN ENTRAPPED, BY CAVE-IN Crystal Falls. Mich., Feb. 22. Res cuo crews worked frantically today to release eleven men who were trapped in the Amasa Porter mine near here yesterday by a cave-in. Three were taken out laM nlnlit, but little hope is held out for the ottirrs. FOUND HIM VERY BUSY So Transacted His Affair With Someone Else and Went' Away Satisfied. Demands of Austrian socialists that the government begin peace negotia tions on the basis of President Wil son's recent message has brought the threat from the emperor that he will dismiss parliament if the budget, which the socialists have it in their power to pass or defeat, is not given a majority. Not only are the socialists dissatisfied, but the Czechs, Slavs and Polish deputies in the Austrian relchs rath are openly hostile to the govern ment in its war and peace policies. The socialists have called mass meetings to support a demand for the opening of peace negotiations with the united States. COLD, SAYS BILLY 'POSSUM I wonder . if George really never did lie. Or say to his friends now and then, Tin delighted to see you," then under his breath, 'Twas ."Good night, here's an other old hen.' I wonder. If George could be living today, And the cherry tree episode happen. If he wouldn't evade. In a round-about way, Circumventing a rousing good strap pin. The weather? I cannot tell a lic it looks llke'rain and a little warmer tomorrow, NUMBER STRIKING METAL WORKERS ON INCREASE Birmingham, Ala., Feb. 22. Reports today indicate that there is no increase in the number of metal workers on strike in the Birmingham district from yesterday, when it was estimated that about J, 000 were out. William R, Fairley, representative of the department of labor at Washing ton, who is watching the strike of the metal trades union, when asked for a statement Friday morning, laconically replied: "Not a word." ' It is reported that other representa tives of the department of labor may come to Birmingham at once. The striking workers are demanding an eight-hour day with the same pay as has prevailed for nine and ten hours, with time and a half for overtime and double time on holidays and Sundays. CHANGES IN LIQUOR LAW GIVE NEW POWER BAKER Washington, Feb. 22. Secretary Baker explained in a statement today that the newly amended regulations governing the sale, gift and serving of liquor to soldiers in unifori.j do not re lax the government's hold of the situ ation but, on the contrary, are in tended to strengthen It, as they will facilitate detection and conviction of bootleggers. The exception which permits serving liquors In private homes to bona fide guests. Secretary Baker declared, per mits of no subterfuges, and he gave warning that If the exception were abused he would deal with It promptly land vigorously. (By David Iawrence.) (Copyright, 1918 by New York Evening - Post Company.) Washington, Feb, 22. Something very unusual happened at the White House yesterday. It was so out of the ordinary that one had to scrape th memory to recall when anything of the same kind occurred before. For the strange fact is that a man who came all the way from Chicago to see Presi dent Wilson found that he could trans act his business with a subordinate and promptly cancelled the engage ment with Mr. Wilson, The man was United States Judge Kenesaw M, I,andisT""w1hb 'came : Into prominence a few years ago by fining the Standard Oil company $29,000,000. He telegraphed a few days ago, asking for only a few minutes with the Pres ident. The request was granted. When he arrived in Washington, instead of waiting the hour for his appointment, he hurried about to see if he ceuld get his business done without seeing Mr. Wilson. This he did. And he then went to the White House and asked that the engagement be taken frem the lists, thus saving the president's time. Men have In a few cases before found that cabinet ofllcers or assistant sec retaries, the very men to whom the president himself might have -to refer cases brought to ' his attention, could give them the Information or take the action deBired and have not pressed their requests for engagements 'with the president. But as a rule even these persons have dropped In "to pay their respects," which means chatting a few minutes with the president and telling him they found Mr. So and So could do what they came for just as well, and they would not take his time but they do J it. just tne same. Judge Landis didn't aven intrude himself to the exten of paying his respects which gives him a distinc tion among the many who do oth erwise every day. Not that the president wouldn't like to have a lot of people "pay their respects," especially his friends, but his bur den is unprecedenteo, and every second is valuable. It Isn't that Mr. Wilson must work at 100 per cent, speed, but it Is the in terruption of relatively unimportant matters and engagements that take his mind from the tasks that require pro longed deliberation and freedom from bother. The president this week has been head over heels at work on three things the labor problem, which is by no means adjusted as yet, even though there are no new developments to chronicle; the legislation ponding in the senate for consolidation of govern ment bureaus, especially those In the war department, and the general ques tion of reorganization occasioned by the resignation of Daniel Wlllnrd as chairman of the war industries board. When Mr. Wilson picks a chair man he undoubtedly will give him virtually all the powers which a minister of munitions would have. It ie thought possible that the pres ident is waiting for the passage of the bill before instituting his plan of reorganization, though in some quarters the suggeetion is made that announcement of the prospec tive plan would help materially to push the measure through eenate and house. Judging by' the leisurely way In which comrress is acting, the latter course may become necessary any day. It is now more than two weeks since the president first requested the legis lation to enable him to cut red tape and co-ordinate speculative bureaus.- The bill has yet to pass the senate and it has not even been reported from a house committee. Mr. Wilson is meeting members tf congress every day in an effort to get action. Besides thaU he, of course. Is watching events in Russia and Europe generally. He is concerned, too, over the labor question and the . shipping program. That is why Judge Kenesaw Landis deserves conspicuous men tion. He didn't bother the presi dent, because he found it abso lutely unnecessary, if only hun dreds of ethers would do likewise, Mr. Wilson would be helped im- measurably CANT AGREE ON LEAGUEPROGRAM Southern Association Officials Delayed at 'Atlanta -MeetingMuch Debating. " Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 22. Consid- oration of the proposed playing schedule during the 191U season -was delayed at the bpening ses sion of the annual spring mset ing of the Southern Association of Baseball Clubs here today by the absence of President Robert Al len, of the Little Rook club.' Only ' routine details were taken up at the morning meeting. Some of the club owners today sxprssssd dissatisfaction, with the proposed , schedttland ;a lively,-. argument over eeveraf changea which will be demanded was expected at the ' afternoon session,. It was stated the schedule hardly would be com- pleted before tonight. A prosperous season for a ma jority of the clubs was predicted by Presidents Hememani "of the New Orleans club, and Frank, of Atlanta. The great influx of pop ulation to most southern cities by army camps was bound to materi ally increass the attendance, it was stated. , , THREATENED TO SHOOT THEIR OFFICERS Camp Lewis Tacoma, Wash., Feb. 22. Four National armyt soldiers were held In the guardhouse today awaiting a presidential warrant "from Wash ington which will mean their Intern-) ment as' enemy .aliens who plotted not only to shoot their ofllcers the first time they got Into action in Europe, but also to deliver all the American soldiers in their organiiation to the - Uerman army. WANTS GOVERNMENTTO TAKEOVER SHIPYARDS WashiiiRton. Feb. 22. Philip Hanson, of New Tors, manuRtng director of the Pacific and Eastern .Steamship company, told the senate commerce committee to day the government should take over all shipyards and abronate all agency con tracts to operate them as an adjunct to the Rovernment. Manson said last No vember lie sent to Admiral Capps, then head of the shipping board, figures from Great Britain showing ships were then being built there for Hi a ton. while the United States was paying $143 a ton. Manson urged the committee to Investi gate the government's agency contracts at Newark. N. J., and Chester, Pa, DECIDE TO INVESTIGATE DISCHARGE OF. CAPTAIN Washington. Feb. 22. Further inquiry Into recent discharge from the quarter- master-general reserve corps of Capt. A. E. Pereless, of New York, who investi gated the much-httacked base sorting plant's cloth scrap contract with the gov ernment, was decided upon today by the senate military committee. Pereless has been asked to testify tomorrow or Mon day on whether his leaving the array was voluntary or because of testimony he gave before the committee regarding the alleged profits the sorting plant had in prospect. Maj.-Gcn. Goethnls, acting quartermaster-general, in response to inquiries, re cently stated that Pereless himself asked to resign after the department had found he lacked qualification. PATRIOTIC EDUCATION DISCUSSED IN CHICAGO Chicago, Feb. 22. Discussion of pa triotic education was the feature of today's program of the Congress of National Service under the auspices of the National Security League. Adiress by President Wilbur, of Le land Stanford university, anil Louis Hammerline. president of the Ameri can Association of Foreign Language Newspapora, were on the program. Waddill Catchings. chairman of the war service committee of the United States Chamber of Commerce, spoke on The Response of Industry to tha Cia for National Servics