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EW READ LAWRENCE ARTICLES. David Lawrence la molt quoted of Washington cor. respondent!. The Newa hat haa added hla copyrighted service to our other fea ture!. Read the articles 1 Mturemp'a circulation of The News was olcse to tha ZS.JOC nark. If you Ilka ire : '.all your neigh bor t mbscilbet w will anfreeute It. Svbssrlptlon Dcpjrtm..nt, phone 373. Chattanooga, i p.m. Washington, 5 p.m. London, 10 R.xn. Paris, 10 p.m. Petrograd, 12 p.m. Tokio, 7 a.m. PRICE: THREE CENTS gSFUS. LATE EDITION CHATTANOOGA, TENN., TUESDAY EVEN1JVG, FEBRUARY 2G, 1918 THE CHATTANOOGA N VOL. XXX. NO. 201 RIGHTS OF SELF GOVERNMENT TO BEGIVENPEOPLE Such Declared Germany's m- tentfon as to Provinces Courland and Lithuania. . WAR AIMS "DEFENSIVE" President Wilson and Officials Study Speech. Similarity in Chancellor's Atti tude to That on Other Oc " casions Pointed Out. Ameterdam, Feb. 26. The central powers iptend to give self-government to the provinces of Courland and Lith uania, Imperial Chancellor Von Hert ling declared fin his address to the reichstag yesterday." The operations of the central powers in the east, the chancellor said, were being carried out with the sole aim of securing; the fruits of the peace with the Ukraine. ."He added: "We do not intend to establish ourselves In Esthonla of Lithuania." The chancellor asserted the central powers had freed Poland with the in tention of calling an independent state into i existence. The constitutional problem involved was still being dis cussed in. Its narrow sense, he said, by the three countries involved. ' Warfare) Defensive in Aim. "Our war aims, from the beginning, were defense of the fatherland, main tenance of our territorial integrity and freedom . of, our economic develop ment," said to chancellor. "Our war fare, 'even where It must be aggressive in action, is defensive in aim. I lay special stress upon that just now ia order that no misunderstandings may arise in regard to our operations in the oast. Their sole aim is secure the fruits of our peace with , the Ukraine." Eight Hours From Capital. London, Feb. 26. The workmen's and soldiers' committee for revolu tionary defense, according to a, neu ter dispatch, placed placards In" P . tron -nrr. Sunday, making this an nouncement: "The white guard "bands of Hoffmann and William, advancing quickly by rail, have occupied Pskov, which Is eight hours distant from the capital." , ' Waahington, Feb. 26. German Chancellor von Hertling's speech to the reichatag was carefully studied today by Preaident Wilaon andv state department , officials without any offi cial indication of how it was re garded, or that it 'would be mads the, baaia for a further atep in the preai dent's custom of discussing the sub ject of peace in tht open before con gress. Intimations that the preaident would make it the occasion for an other address immediately found no official aupport. Other officials who read the chan cellor's address closely thought it served to emphasize a point made by President Wilson in one of his earlier addresses dealing with the peace alms of the powers, that while the central powers appeared to accept the gen eral broad altruistic principles for which the entente allies and America were contending, when it came to the arrangement of details the central powers appeared reluctant to apply those principles. . To Create Discord. They noted particularly Von Hert ling's references to Ireland, India and Kgypt and 'regarded it as calculated to create discord between the entente allies and continue a deception of the German people, who apparently be lieve the military party is willing to make peace without annexation and indemnities.' Von Hertling's suggestion of a con ference of the belligerents apparently meets with no greater favor than heretofore and officials see not the tussion" in advance of a complete ac- ' ceptance by the central powers-or the broad principles upon which the en tente is willing to consider peace terms. , Text of Address. Following is a full report, of Chancellor von Hertling's speech yesterday in the reichstag: After a few preliminary re- marks by Dr. Hermann S. Paasche. vice-president ofy the reichstag. and the first reading of the bud get. Count Von Hertling arose and said: ''The reichstag has a right to receive an explanatory statement in regard to the foreign situation and the attitude of the govern ment concerning it. I will meet the obligations arising therefrom, even though I entertain certain doubts as to the utility and suc cess of dialogues carried on by ministers and statesmen of bellig erent countries. , "Mr. Runciman, In the house of commons recently, expressed the . opinion that we would get much nearer peace if instead of this, responsible representatives of the belligerent powers would come to gether In an intimate meeting for discussion. I can only agree with him that that would be the way to remove numerous intentional and unintentional misunderstandings and compel our enemies to take our words as they are meant, and on their part also to show their colors.- I cannot at any rate dis cover that the words which I spoke here on two occasions were re ceived In hostile countries object ively and without prejudice. More over, discission in any Intimate gatherln .ilor.e co;ild lead to un-d-rstaMtng on many individual questions Tthlch nn renlly be set tled only by compromise" I BOLSHEVIKI RECAPTURE PSKOV FROM INVADERS Kea uuaras itesisung Points Street Fighting in Pr . and Trotzky Announce No Been Received London, Fob. 26. Pskov, "175 miles southwest of Petrograd, has been re captured by the bolahaviki and street fighting ia going en there, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Petrograd, datad Monday. The red guards are resisting the Gorman advance everywhere. The bolshevik! headquarters have been transferred from the Smolny in stitute in Petrograd to a military camp, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Petrograd dated Mon day. At this camp, the dispatch re ports, the workmen of the city are assembling en masse, carrying red banners, and fighting detachments are being formed continually. It is reported that the council of people a commissioners, which forms the bolshevik governing body, has de cided to remain at the Smolny insti tute, although the military activities have been shifted elsewhere, the. dis patch adds. The capture of Pskov by the Ger mans was announced in the official statement issued last night at Ber lin. " Sirens Awake Petrograd. Petrograd, Monday, Feb. 25. Blaring sirens awakened sleeping Petrograd last evening signifying to the inhab itants that the Germans had entered Pskov. The blasts of the whistles also served as a summons to begin digging trenches for the defense of the capital. The district soldiers' and workmen's councils of Petrograd were informed at midnight that small German de tachments had taken possession of Pskov and were moving toward Petro grad. A general mobilization of the worklngmen and working women who are supporting the councils was or dered, every one being directed to re port to the Smolny institute, the bol shevik headquarters. ' Escorted by Armored Plane. There are varying reports of what happened at Pskov when the Germans occupied the city. One account has it that a small Gennan detachment en tered Pskov and subsequently retired; another reports that. a German ' ar mored train came from Ostrdv, which f had been previously occupied.'-whilo, a i third jtnpflkfi.Af .llMt. fltrhtlnar ... T Regarding Ostror, it is asserted 'that an armored airplane acted as a scout for the German cavalry advancing along' the railway. When the airplane hovering over Ostrov signaled that the evacuation had been begun, the cav alry rushed up. Berlin, via London, Feb. 26. Gen. Von Linsingen's forces operating In Volhynia have captured the town of Kolenkowitz after a battle, the Ger man general staff announced today. The statement follows: "Army group of Gen. Von Eichhorn Yesterday morning, four days after crossing Moon sound, the troops which had marched on Reval with cyclists, cavalry, machine guns and sharp PRIZE CREW ON VESSE ASHORE Spanish Ship Off Danish Coast Is Relieved of 'Its Prisoners. Copenhagen, Feb. 26. The Spanish steamahip Igotz Mendi, with a German prize crew from the Pacific ocean on board, ia ashore near the Skaw light house. Two of the prisoners aboard are Americans. The prisoners on the Igotz Mendi were taken from six ships which had been sunk, Several of the prisoners , had been aboard the vessel for eight months while she cruised in the Pa cific ocean. Twenty-two persons, including nlnt j women, two children and two Amerl- jcans, have been landed by a lifeboat I from the Skaw. 1 j The Danish authorities have In- ! terned the German commander of the ! Igotz Mendi. The German prize crew I refused to leave the ship. j There had been an epidemic of beri- berl and scurvy on board the vessel. London, Feb. 26. The steamer Igotz j Mendi, according to a dispatch from , Copenhagen to the Exchange Tei'e ! graph company, was captured by the ' German auxiliary cruiser Wolf nine months ago in the Gulf of India. Ger man navigators who wei 3 placed aboard had been following the Wolf ever since. All the persons who had been held prisopers on board the ves sel, the correspondent adds, have been taken ashore. The German auxiliary cruiser Wolf has reached port, after a raiding ex pedition of fifteen months in the At lantic. Pacific and Indian oceans, the German admiralty announced yester- ; day. A British statement yesterday rave the names of eleven ships as sumed to have been destroyed by the Wolf, one- of which was th Igotx Mendi, 4.648 tons gross. In addition to this vessel, another captured ship, the Turritetla, was fitted out as a raider, but was quickly sunk. The Skaw. where the Ierotz Mendi has grounded, is the northern extremity of Jutland. Denmark, uerman . i i . . i etr from JO, 7? VI, . shooters a of I.leut.-Gen. von oeun;ii- dorff, took the fortres'3J after a battle. "In Livonia flags were hung out in many towns when we marched in. A great many inhabitants who had been arrested by the Russians were set free. "South of Pskov our regiments met with stubborn resistance. They- de feated the enemy in a violent battle and the town was captured. Freed ' of Looters. "Near Kolenkowitz, enemy forces threw themselves against detachments which were pressing forward into Ukraine along the Prtpet. The enemy was thrown back by a sharp attack and the town and railway station were taken by storm. Within a few days the troops of Gen. Von Llnslngen's army group have covered more than 300 kilometers (186 miles) on foot; by rail and in motor cars, under condi tions of great strain and hardship. In co-operation with Ukrainian troops they have freed a great part of the country from . looting bands. The Ukrainian government has restored quiet and order in the regulations which have been cleared of the enemy, Recently there have been brought in on the eastern front as prisoners three divisional staff officers, 180 other off! cers and 3,676 men.. The number of prisoners and the amount of booty taken at Reval and Pskov cannot yet be estimated. "Elsewhere there Is nothing to' re port." . RUSSIAN WIRELESS ASKS WHEN WAR WILL CEASE London, Feb. 26. An official Russian statement sent out by wireless yesterday announced that no reply had been received from Germany to the Russian , communication accepting the German peace conditions. -, The announcement, which was signed by Premier Lenlne and Foreign Minister - Trotsky, again inquired when a reply would be given and hostilities cease. '- In'' the. reichstasr yesterday Chancellor ,Von Hertling an- nounced that Russia, had ac-"fcepteT-tnd German ternfs "and - that German- delegates had gone to Brest-Litovsk to re sume peace negotiations. V- 1 11 an DUEL ON AMERICAN LINES MORE INTENSE EACH DA With the American Army in France, Monday, Feb. 25. (By the Aasociated Preaa). The artillery duel in the American sector northwest of Toul grows more) intense daily. The Ger mans fired 100 or more shells during the last twenty-four hour, and late thia evening began to bombard vio lently aome of our batteries with gas and high exploaive shells. The American artillery has replied constantly, doing most effective work against the enemy front line trenches, his battery positions and wire entan glements. Numerous enemy working parties also were shelled. Beyond ob servation by balloons there has been no aerial activity owing to the low clouds and rain. American machine guns last night and this morning fired many thousand rounds in the rear of the German posi tions where marked movement of men and material progresses. The enemy tried unsuccessfully "to hinder the American patrol work by hurling new and powerful flares into the American wire entanglements. Picked Men Participated. Details of the Franco-American raid into the Chemin Des Dames Saturday show that twenty-six picked American soldiers participated, after every mem ber of their battalion had volunteered. The Americans moved forward ea gerly to the attack behind a barrage fire, the first time, this lias been doue by our troops. Some of the Americans made captures and others chased Prussian troops through the trenches as far as 750 metres, going beyond the objectives sought. The raid ha., been planned carefully and rehearsals were held the day be fore. The barrage fire began at 5:30 o'clock in the morning and continued until 6:35, guns of all calibres taking part. The Americans among the 100 in the attacking 'party were surprised at the precision with which the French shells tell, and went a little faster than they should have, and were within thirty yards of the dropping shells when they reached the enemy lines. Entire Party Captured. Belief had just been completed in German trenches and officers were making the rounds. The Germans took shelter in a dugout roofed with rails and sandbags. A French shell made a direct hit and the enemy scattered about the trench. At '.he same mo ment the Americans and French jumped l.i. There vas some hand-to-hand fighting, but the entire enemy party at this point was captured. The raiders chased the enemy out of other 'shelters and along communicating trenches without catching any. There was some criticism of the fact that the Americans were so en thusiastic that they went beyond the objectives. The raiders and prisoners started back across No Man's Land on scaed-i .w FIFTY AMERICANS LEAVE PETROGRAD FOR SIBERIA Petrogradi Feb, 25. A special train leu , .Petrograd for Siberia last nightwvith . fifty Americans, including.' part of the embassy and mllHary staffs., There were also forty Japanese and a num ber of Chinese and Siamese on board. One hundred and two Americans are still in Petro- grad, including twenty women . and four children. Leave Moscow Also. Washington. Feb. 26. Ar rangements have been made to move the Americans in Moscow to , Samara, 600 miles to the east. No immediate occupation of Moscow by German troops is expected, but it was thought advisable to move the Ameri cans. The consul-general at Mos. cow, reporting these arrange ments to the state department today, added that all Americans there were well. The department also received a dispatch ,'on Feb. 23 saying the Rumanian premier was preparing to go to Bucharest to meet German Foreign Minister Von Kuehlmann and Count Czernin, tbe Austrian foreign minister, presumably to re- sume peace1 negotiations. CREW FAILED TO OBSERVE RULES ' ' '!.' ,' ' Coroner's Jury Returns Verdict in Case Passengers Killed in Wreck. Columbia, S. C, Feb. 26. The twelve passengers killed near here yesterday when Southern railway passenger train No. 42, Asheville to Columbia, ran into , the rear of passenger train No. 18, Greenville to Columbia, came to their death through failure of the crew of train .jfo. 18 to thoroughly carry out the rules of caution, accord ing to the verdict of the coroner's Jury which held an inquest today. Thirty seven passengers and trainmen were injured. ? .a " ' ' : Testimony aj: the inquest tended to place the blame on H. Lockalier. flag man of No. 18. jSeveral trainmen tes tified that if ' Lockalier placed torpe does on the track to warn No. 42 they did not explode. ' Lockalier, on the stand, admitted $e probably did not go back as fars as ilwtt.snLTS iqulr , to -place the udrpedbest Tiut insisted- lie put them on the track. Engineer F. B. Long, of No. 4S, de clared he heard no torpedoes. , His fireman testified to the same effect. ule time, but were caught in a German counter-barrage. One entmy shell wounded five Germans and six French men, but no Americans. The prisoners were from 16 to 40 years old. All ap parently were under-nourished, but said that food was plentiful in the trenches. The similarity of their sto ries, however, aroused suspicions. Most of the prisoners formerly worked in factories or on farms. SENATE ADOPTS HOUSING PLANS Washington, Feb. 23. Final ac tion was taken today on the bill authorizing expenditure of $50, 000,000 by the government ship ping board for housing facilities at shipbuilding yards when the senate adopted the conference re port approved last week by the house.' The measure now goes to President Wilson. INVESTIGATING CAUSE OF SINKING OF STEAMER Buenos. Aires. Feb, 25. Several of the members of the crew of the Ar gentine stfiamer Minlstro Irriendo, which was sunk in the Mediterranean on Jan. 26, have arrived here. Their testimony will be taken tomorrow. after which the government may have occasion to frame a protest to Berlin. It has not been established that the vessel was torpedoed, but first reports were that she had been sunk by a German submarine. National Labor Policy. Washington. Feb. 26. A national labor policy, planned for the duration of the war, and backed, if necessary, with special legislation, is being con sidered by the representatives of cap ital and labor, who continued today the series of conferences arranged at Khe request of the government. The conferencs will meet daily ana proD ably for several weeks. Warmer, Says Billy 'Possum. The wars make lota of widows. But I've heard of I I a new kind. How I I the ravages of J fighting leave the geuer sex oemna; since they've put the ban on chick ens or it's hens, to be precise All the roosters will be slaughtered capon pie spells Gom voih their demise. Fuir and continued The weather? cold tonight, but Wednesday fair and armer. PARIS AND ROME ACCEPT TREATY WITH AMERICA Cablegrams From Ambassadors in France and Italy Inform Secretary Lansing of Agreement to Plan Respecting Military Service of Na- tionals England and Canada Pledged. Washington, Feb. 28. France and Italy have accepted in sub stance the proposed treaty with , the United States respecting mili tary aervice of nationals similar to, that signed by Great Britain HOG ISLAND PROBE STARTED SERIOUSLY Washington, Feb. 26. Examination of books and records of the American International corporation in connection with the 1 uilding of the shipyard at Hog Island will be started tomorrow by expert accountants of the depart ment of Justice. G. Carroll Todd, as sistant to the attorney-general, in charge of the inquiry, will go to Phila delphia tomorrow with the examiners, who for the last week have investi gated records of the shipping board. A conference next Tuesday of gov. ernment officials and representatives of all un' i whose members are en gaged in shipbuilding was called today by General Manager Picz, of the emer gency fleet corporation, to take up a proposed amendment to the so-called shipbuilding lubcy agreement to meet the views of the Brotherhood of Car penters. The agreement, signed by the heads of all unions represented in the shipyards, was repudiated by William L. Hutcheson, president of the car penter's organization, after his vice president had agreed to its terms, liutcheson seeks changes to give the cfXnters a greater representation on the shipbuilding labor adjustment board and has refused to subscribe to the terms of the agreement until this is done, REWARD OFFERED FOR ' SCHOOL INCENDIARIES Birmingham, Ala.. Feb. 26. A to tal of 13,000 reward is now offered for thc arrest and conviction" of 4he party, or paryajjresponsib) ot-tu&Jbui'fclafe of three schools in Birmingham ' re cently. Of this amount the Birming ham city commission today offered J2.5O0. while $500 hHd been previously onerea ny public suoscription. . NO COAL BILLED UNTIL IN FOREIGN -BOUND VESSELS Washington. Feb. 26. The fuel ad ministration announced last night it had amended the bunker coal order of Dec. 18 to provide that no coal, shall be billed at the special bunker coal price until it actually has been placed in foreign-bound vessels. The special price allows an additional $1.35 per ton on export and bunker coal. HURRICANE GALE HITS NEW YORK New York, Feb. 26. New York stag gered today under the force of an eighty-mile gale that blew out of a Clear eky. People on the atreeta were ! picked off their feet by hurricane blasts, tin roofs were ripped off, bill boards, chimneys and trees blown down and aome ehips torn from their moorings. In the skyscraper district the gale cut queer capers, lashing it self into whirlwinda or blowing in powerful gusts, seemingly from all di rections at once. Pedestrians were blown about almost helplessly. Two girls trying to get by the Woolworth building were knocked down and in jured eo seriously that they required hospital treatment. The front wall of a three-story building in the down town district collapsed, but no one was hurt. The gale followed a heavy rainfall during the night and continued with slightly diminishing force for several hours. Otherwise it , was a balmy spring day although the weather man promised cold before tomorrow. PREMIER BACK FROM VISIT TO WAR FRONT Olemenceau Returns Highly Impressed by Morale Belgian Army British Praised. Paris, Feb. 26. Premier Clemen ceau, who returned to Paris last night from a visit to the Belgian, British and Portuguese fronts, said today to ! a representative of the Matin: "My Im pression was an excellent one. It is three years since I last saw the Bel gian army. I had pleasure in seeing how high its morale is. The army has been completely made over and is res olute to defend to the death the little remaining corner of its country. "The Portuguese troops suffer a good deal from the biting wind blow ing from the dunes and swamps. In a few weeks fine weather will begin again and the valiant little Portuguese army will be able to repeat the ex ploits It accomplished in other sectors. "As to the British army, I cannot sufficiently praise their bearing and morale. Everywhere the defensive or ganizations are in admirable order. Our friends await with phlegmatic im patience the formidable ehock an nounced by the Germans, which, ac cording to them, cannot now be long in coming. I wish particularly to em phasize the perfect harmony which exists Wwecn the entente allied head quarters." and Canada, beoretary Lansing, aent word to Chairman Flood, of the house foreign affairs commit tee, today that ho had raeeived that word in cablegram! from the American ambassadors at' Paris' and Rome. ' RUSS SURRENDER PROLONGS WAR Hopes of Military Decision in Coming Spring Dispelled by Leaders' Action. (By David Lawrence.) (Copyright, 1918, by New York Eve ning Post Company.) Washington, Fab. 26. Prolongation of the war is the inevitable conae quence of the surrender by the bolshe viki to Germany's advancing army. No one of prbminence in Waahington has been any too optimiatio, anyhow, about an early peace since Kerensky failed to keep the Rusaian army intact. But whatever hope had bean enter tained that there might be a military decision in the coming spring can be said to have vanished. There ia no particular resentment. against the bol- shevlkl, no feeling of indignation, but a deep sympathy for the plight and virtual helplessness ot the Uussian masses. ' , Many people are today savlnr the Lonine-Trotzky government was mis taken In treating at all with Germany, but there are as many who believe the Brest-Lltovsk Parleys have driven a wedge between Austria and Germany and between the conservatives' and lib.' raiar. in. .Gwhuluw , U".t will., wit end with the enforced surrender of ttio Russians to the German army of con quest, To date the German people have been led to believe that the people in the Baltic provinces wero calling for the aid of their urmies to crush an archy. But as time elapses they urn bound to discover the truth, and the slogan of Germany that she is fighting a defensive war instead of a war of conquest will be punctured. There is every reason to believe that the minority socialists In Germany will not miss the opportunity to character. ize in the reichstag tha attack on the bolshevik! as an attack on defenseless people. A certain moral effect Is bound to ensue, especially If the Germans continue to ignore the pleas of Hussla for peace and occupy Petrograd and other parts of Hussla. The department of state had nothing to say on the Russiun situation beyond the announcement that word bad been received of the plans of Ambassador Francis and diplomats of the entente powers to leave Petrograd yesterday tor tne east. Presumably they were going to Mos cow, whether the bolshevlki govern ment goes there or not, and, if tho Germans push their armies inland, tho diplomats will try to make their way to Vladivostok. Their departure from Petrograd will mean the last of un censored communication from the Russian capital and the outside world. for the Germans may soon be In pos session ,of the cables and telegruph wires. The lines through Siberia and Persia are very poor, and messages have Ix en delayed on them as long as two weeks. One of the main difficulties before the uilled governments, in trying to d termine what their own policy should be toward Russia, has been luck of in formation due to poor facilities of communication. The United States and the allies have been virtually in the dark for many weeks, and they have, therefore, deemed it wise to keep hands off en tirely. Yet, while there Is a good deal of disappointment at the turn events have taken In Russia, It would be wrong to say that faith in the Russian people has departed. Free Russia can no more live under the rule of Germany than could free America. Friction between Germany and Russia is expected to be constant, with the probability that the Berlin government will never feel it safe to withdraw all her forces on the eastern frontier. But tho downfall of Russia has had an effect In Washington quite contrary to that which Germany must today be telling her people is the case throughout the entente countries. Instead of a dispiriting influence that would lead to a humiliating peace, such as Russia has been compelled to sign, the determination to fight on has been appreciably strengthened. Every asrency of the aovernment enaratred. in making war recognizes and realizes the new responsibilities Imposed upon America by Russia's failure. There Is no spirit of relaxation any longer based on the expectation of an early peace, but a feeling of resigna tion that the war Is to be indefinitely prolonged and that the only way It can be brought to an early end Is by an unswerving march forward. . The perfidy of the present German government has been completely es tablished. Her treatment of Russia Is an answer to those who think negotia tions with the present leaders of Ge many Is possible. All Washington ap pears impressed today by the stern in evitableness of a long war. Russia's withdrawal has spurred Amertea. ENEMY DRIVEN OFF. London. Feb. 26. "A hostile attempt during the night to raid one of our saps south of the Arras-Cambrai road was driven off by riflr. fire." sa)s to day's war office report. SURVIVORS TELL GRAPHIC TALES Persons Escaping Death' on Wrecked Red Cross Liner . Relate Experiences. ; DEAD RECKONING BLAMED Ship Was Navigated Without Patent "Log Owing to Icy . Crust on Sea. St. Johns, N. F, Feb. 26. Graphic stories of rescues from the wrecked Red Cross liner Florizel and further details of Sunday's disaster were re lated by survivor who are recovering hero from the terrible hardships they small boats from tho Newfoundland teamer Prospero. When Capt. Martin, of the Florizel, -reached here he waa In such a state of collupse ho could make no state ment. Members of the crew said the mis-' take in reckoning which brought the Florizel head-on to tho coast twenty miles north of Cape Race was due to running without tbe patent log. The heavy snow, forming an icy crust as ' it struck tho seu, made, it impossible to use the log to register the steamer's progress against the storm, The ship, therefore, was navigated bj dead reck oning, and, as frequently happens In thl i region of shifting currents and winds, the calculations were off. Trapped Below Decks. Many of the passengers were swept to death half clad in less than fifteeit minutes after the steamer- struck the, , rocks. Dozens of passengers, trapped below decks, were drowned In their berths or at the foot of the companion- . i 1 1 ... .III I Ik. , n : n a J J hum III' 1 1 in I' U mo eftiuviit Directed by' officers and crew, , those . who escaped from th& saloon. Bought ssfety on the bridge tleck.' Two hours later a giant wall of water thundered upon them, wrenching the . structure bodily from its base and esguldng thirty men and women.. , . A short while later, twenty persons clinging desperately to the roof of tho smoking room met a similar late. - The stout construction of the wire less bouse saved most of the survtvoia. Thirty-two persons piled into the wire less room, packed so closely thtiy could neither sit nor lie down., ..They were -without food, walr or adequate cloth ing. 1 They were' often engulfed by boarding seas. Home of them, badly Inlured hv Hvintf Almmrm'MnA .- nthfl wreckage, died as they stood. . v ,(Wholo Famine Ti...... . The pitiful manner-In which mem bers of families died , one by one was graphically described by , sur vivors. 1 , . ' Three-year-old Betsy, Muhn.' daugh ter of John f. Mimn, managing direc tor of the line, was swept overboard before his eyes. The child's nurse had been drowned In her berth. Munnwai swept to his death with the group on the bridge dock. Fred Butler, an ar-" rhiteet of this city, who was going to Florida, with his wife, was supporting her against the rush of water when one comber, towering above all the olhers, snatched her from hla .. arms. Ho was carried along helplessly in the torrent. Bruised and enmeshed In wreckage, he was unable to extrleato himself, and perished miserably. I Fought Death Heroically. One of the most remarkable tale of the survival of the strongest relates the way in which Maj. Michael Sulll- , van, commander of the Newfoundland forestry battalion, and Ralph , Bum ham, cadet of the royal flying corps, fought back death literally with their bare fists and brought through with them a naked Spanish stoker. Maj. Sullivan and the young subaltern con- " trived to shelter themselves in the upper section of a bunker through which ashes from the stokehold are emptied into the sea. There for twenty-six hours they maintained them selves. They newly perished with the cold, and to keep warmth In their bod ies heat each other with their fists. Into their precarious retreat crept one of the Spanish stokers, stark naked and nearly dead from the shock of ley Water after the terrific heat of the fire room. He was too numb to fight for his own life. So the major and the corporal fought for him. From pommeling themselves they took to pummeling the stoker. Secur ing: a tarnaulln thev wranned It about him and. though nearly exhausted themselves, they worked up the pros trate stoker's circulation by unceasing exertions. They brought the stoker through, but he lies at a hospital here seriously ill. Burnhnm was bndly frost- , bitten, and Maj. Sullivan was seriouslv crippled when flying wreckage crushed one of his legs. Movie Man Tells Story. Another terrible experience was that of John Kielly, manager of a moving picture theater In this city. He Is the only one of those trapped below who lives to tell of it. The first rush of water flooded his stateroom, but the air pressure at tho top of the room kept down the water, so that by lying on the iiper berth, with his nose to the ceiling, he was able to escape drowning.' His greatest fear was that lifesavers mipht board the ship, take off those on the decks and, believiue all below deck drowned, depart and leave him to die. He cried for help t the top of h's luntrs. but the howl-, ing of the gale and the crash of the seas drowned out the feeble sounds he could make. When hope had nearly gone he gave a last despairing shout. He heard an answerinar shout. Res. ruers had heard him and in a short time bluejackets from one of the res cuing vessels had smashed a way to him with axes and lifted him from his . . . V. ALABAMA DEPUTY - , SHERIFF KILLED BY NEGRO Talladega. - Ala.. Feb. i. Deputy Sheriff Will Burk. of Talladega coun ty, was shot and instantly kilted by Frank Graham when attempting to arrest th? negro near Rendnlia. The negro. wantd for having attempted to kill Chief of Police Arch Vabors, of Ironton. last Friday, made his es cape to the mountains. Burk was a mrmbcr of a posse which harl surrounded Graham in farm h?"isc.