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Don't Forget Today's the Day to Buy Thrift Stamps THE News Classified Ads Reach 100,000 Readers Every Night Chattanooga, 4 p.m. Washington, 5 p.m. London, 10 p.m. Paris, 10 p.m. Petrograd, 12 p.m. Tokio, 7 a.m. VOL XXX. NO. 209 LATE EDITION CHATTANOOGA, TENN., THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 7, 1918.' DDirr. tuorc nrMTc Delivered By Curiam ' rniUt. I nnt.1. 1E.li I O Twelre Cents WML UllAl TAJN OOGA I s FINLAND AND GERMANY SIGN PEACE TREATY . , Soldiers and Workmen 'Agree to Terms Because of Lack of Army and Weakness of Ger man Class Movement. PRINCE CHARMING TO THE RESCUE Amstsrdam, March 7. Official an nouncement was mad in' Berlin today of the aigning of a peace treaty be tween Germany and Finland, and also of trade and chipping agreement and a supplementary protocol. The treaty wae signed at noon today. Workmen Accept. London, March 7. The decision of the central executive committee of the soldiers' and workmen's council In fa vor of accepting: the German peace HUNS WITHIN SIXTY-EIGHT MILES OF RUSSIAN CAPITAL London, March 7. Tht Germans have captured Jamburg, east of Narva, while the Turco-German offensive is continuing beyond Trebizond, says a Russian official agency dispatch re ceived here today. This action, adds the statement, is despite the official announcement by the German, high command that hostilities against Rus sia have ceased. Jamburg is on the railway line from Reval to Petrograd, and only sixty Mght miles from the Russian capital. The Germans were reported in yester day's dispatcher to, have- halted at Narva, approximately 100 miles from Petrograd. Trebizond is on the Rlaek sea coast tf Turkish Armenia.. The Turks were reported to have reached the Trebizond region in their offensive when the re cent peace treaty was signed. The bolshevik government has been showing concern over reports that the central powers were continuing on the MUST POSTPONE TRAIN11ISSUE President Holds Legislation Providing Universal Military Instruction Impractical Now. BAKER OPPOSES ACTION United States Fighting for World in Which Large Ar mies Will Have No Part. (Ry Pavid Lawrence.) (Ry Telegraph to The Chattanooga News. Copyright, 1918, by the York Kvening Tost Company.) Washington, March 7. President Wilson has made It clear to Represent ative Dent, of Alabama, and the latter has impressed it upon the members of the house military affairs committee, of which he is chairman, that legislation providing for universal military train ing of all boys under the age of 20 would be impracticable at this time. Organizations such as the National Security league have been conducting an education propaganda with the ob ject of securing universal military training either now or after the viy. Secretary Baker, while favoring the principle, raine out in his annual re port against it, saying it would be un wise to decide this question until after the peace conference, when the state ot armaments of all nations will have been regulated. But notwithstanding this, many bills have been Introduced providing for various kinds of military training of the nation's youth: President Opposes It. But there will be no bills reported and therefore no legislation, because the president has decided against it. The president's objection Is that of ficers are not available for the purpose, that all officers and those in active service who would be able to instruct the younger men are vitally needed to instruct the officers in command of the new draft army. To put Into effect any scheme of universal military training that would be worth the name military would re quire a vast number of officers. New York state has already Intro duced military training In school and colleges and other states are being urged to do the same but the National Security league has been endeavoring to obtain federal action. The argument of Impracticability, however, is recognized as convincing so far as the present period is con cerned, but those who favor the legis lation plan to renew it on the basis of an after-the-war safguard. Senator Chamberlain, chairman of senate committee on military affairs, is a warm advocate of universal military training and will champion the measure In the senate. In this he has the support mostly of republicans and notably of Col. Know velt. But the administration's position with respect to postbcllum universal military training is this: The I'nited States Is fighting now to obtain a du rable prc. on in which it shall not be necessary to cor.tinne the race for armaments. The rivalry In armies as well as navies, something that not only bss cost manv milions In taxation but has beea hUd S a fundamental cause terms, was arrived at, a Fotrograd dis patch to the Exchange Telegraph com pany reports, In view of the lack of a strong; army and the weakness of the German working class movement. The resolution adopted by the committee, with twenty-six dissenting votes, at the same time declares that the Rus sian people will never be reconciled to the T)eace terms and will accept them merely in order to gain time in which to gather fresh strength for another struggle. agressive against the Russians, despite me conclusion or peace under the re cently-signed treaty. Petrograd dl patches on Wednesday announced that Jnsign Krylenko, the bolshevik com manaer-in-cnier, nas sent a message to the tierman and Austrian chief com manders, declaring the German and Austrian troops were still fighting and asking whether the German high com mana naa taken an the steps neces sary for the cessation of hostilities. Resumed to Consolidate Line. London, March 7. The German ad vance eastward Into Russia stopped early Tuesday, according to an Ex change Telegraph dispatch from Pe trograd dated Wednesday, but was re sumed during the night on several sec tors in order to allow the Germans to reach and consolidate the line between Jamburg and Gdoff (east of I,ake Pel hus and south of Narva). It is re ported in Petrograd that banks have been reopened, the property of land lords restored and other conditions ap proaching the old regime revived Jn towns occupied by the Germans. BRAZIL EXTENDS LAW TO CHECK GERMAN PLOTS Rio Janeiro, March . A presidential decree was Issued today,., extmrittn - wiartlaf" law:: in the federal district and sevV. eral states untH May , T-hen congress convenes. Martial inw has been In force since No vember in order to keep Jn check the activities of 1lt maim, who have Mtrmptod to embarrass Brazil in its war activities. of Germany's Imnnlne to make war nn ! the slightest provocation. I Assuming Triumph. --Of course, If the present war should not bring about a league that can en force peace and make a possible re duction of armaments, not only would a large part of the army which has been mobilized for the present war have to be retained, but provision made for permanent military service. But the Washington government is going on the assumption that the cause of democracy will triumph, and that byrgo armies and high Income taxes will be unnecessary after the peace treaty Is signed and that the subject of war and preparation for it can be safely forgot ten because the futility of militarism will have been demonstrated. To ar gue with the masses of people that when the present war Is over, prepara tion must be begun for another war, is viewed as particularly unwise. To de ride the nuistlon of after-the-war mil itary training before the outcome of the war is determined Is regarded as unnecessary and superfluous. There will be ample timo to frame a military policy alter the peace treaty Is signed, for no one In the government here se riously believes any 'of the powerful nations of the globe will be ready for another war for many years after the present conflict has been ended. As for the alleged menace of Japan, which the advocates of military train ing are constantly preaching, the ex pectation here is that Japan will Join the league of nations and abide by the agreements made Just as she has faith fully kept her pledges of the Anglo Japanese alliance. Japan's statesmen have In recent years seen the wisdom of playing a large policy In company with Great Britain and France and they are seeking constantly to promote i good relations with the I nlted Mates, as the lansing-isnii agreement indi cates. Dangerous to Good Relations. To urge unlverslal military training only as a preparation against possible trouble with Japan is considered y opponents of this legislation, particu larly members of the house committee, with whom I have discussed the mat ter, as very dangerous to good rela tions. ' America is fighting to mawe the world safe for democracy, which means safety from every military menace, so thnt large standing armies will be de mobilized and the enforced training of the nation's youth to think In military terms shall no longer be necessary. AMBRISTER DENIES HE OWES STATE ANY MONEY Replies to the Bill in Knoxville, Jan. 18, by State of Tonne. Knoxville, March 7. Denial that he Is indebted to the state of Tennessee in anv amount Is made by Fleyd I Amhrister. formerly warden of the Brushy mountain penitentiary. In sn I answer filed in chancery court here In I reply to a bill tiled Jin. It b the state j of Tennessee ex telator va. Hoyd Ie Amt.rtster. The hill filed Jan. 1 al- leged about $ ToO to he due the efat on account of three carloads of coal. The complaint was lirourht by John S. Ienton. Iwis f. l'o. who com pos- the state board t'l control inn have charge of the usinen cf the liushy mountain mine ALLIES HAVE SUPERIORITY IN Ut MEN AND GUNS Bonar Law Declares More Troops Front, But They Are of Britain's Loans to Allies. 1- 'VA; hi:: --:- s i - - i ri fi , rt st arch 7. Great Britain's loana to her allies up to Feb. t had totaled 1.264,000.000 pounds sterling. Andrew Bonar I,aw, chancellor of the exchequer, announced In the house of commons today. The national debt at the end of the financial year, the chancellor stilted, would not exceed 5,900,000,000 pounds sterling. The average dally expenditure from the beginning of the financial year up to Feb. , Mr. Bonar Iaw said, was 6,557,000 pounds sterling. The chancellor moved a vote of credit of 600,000,000 pounds, bringing up the total since the outbreak of the war to . 842,000,000. The new vote Is intended to start it on the nev year, beginning April 1. Regarding the military situation, the chancellor said: "The nermann have transferred thirty divisions from the Russian front." "The allies still have a slight superi ority in men and guns on the western front, but there is a possibility the appearance of Austrlans there would change this." "More troops might be brought from the Russian front," continued the rha'icellor, hut they would be of in ferior quality. "This we know," he went on, "that taking Into account the whole allied front from the channel to the Adriatic,' Including the Italian front, the number SUFFRAGE AND PROHIBITION TO BE LEADING PLANKS Chicago, March 7. Nation-wide prohi bition and womnn suffrage will bs thn leading planks in the platform of the new nations? party, which resumed ses sions of Its first national convention here today. The adoption of a platform was expeeted some time today. The American lied Cross and the na tional administration were scored from the floor of the eonvenllon by Vrn. Frances Heauchamp. of Islington. Ky., In an address. Mrs. Heaurhemp st larked the Bed Cross for Its policy of encouraging the sending of tobacco to soldiers, and alleged that It Is unwitting ly a tool of the American Tobacco com pany. She asked the convention to sp peal to the administration to prohibit this policy, which, she contended, la di rectly Interfering with the efflrlency of America's fighting men. Khe said that under the present policy of the Red Cross persons sre not allowed to contribute packages for transmission overseas unless the packages contain cigarettes or tobacco. ORDERS CREATING DRY ZONE OPERATIVE MONDAY i Washington. March 7. In announc. Ing today that the order creating five mile dry gone around the naval academy and seven naval training posts would become effective next Monday. March 11. unlesa otherwise , or.lered. hecretary ranlels .-Id be ! had taken under advisement tirirent requests from liquor Interest st ser ersl of the places affected that fhev be given further time to move out of the .ones. ATTORNEY AND MARSHAL SUSPENDED.F0R 30 DAYS Washington. March 7. Assistant t'nlte.l stales Attorney John K 'ougneriy ni leputv nlted Stnt Marshal Williams, of IUk k Island. Ill have l.een suspended for th'rty diys for lark of sympathy wl'h the pol""' 1 of the department . f'islico fegaMipg th sale of .1'iuor and er.forcement of the law In vice sonea adjacent to army cam pa THt GUARDS r 4rJyS ON WESTERN FRONT r ; ' ; Might Be Brought From Russian Inferrior Quality Great ' ', jjl : ' : of men must remain In our ft avor." The chancellor said that despite the successes of the central power agnlnst Russia, great discontent exists In Turkey. As to the value of the Intervention of the United States In the war, it de. pended, the chancellor pointed out, upon tha success of the American transport operations. ' Referring to the alllet forces In the Halonlkl area, Mr. Bonar Uw Inti mated they might now be attacked by the central power. "Tho central powers," he said, "might be able to send a force which would bo difficult, perhaps Impossible, for us adequately to meet. That Is the great danger. But the manpower of Germany- Is not inexhaustible. They cannot do everything at once, and In an expedition of this kind Merman? would pay dearly for every yard. "I admit that what, has happened In Russia doe greatly Improve the posi tion of our enemies." the chancellor said, "hut It Is difficult to estimate the extent of the advantage. It Is absurd lo assume that Mermany ran exploit Russia. The amount of food which can be produced In Bussla this year will not be more than sufficient to feed the Russian population. If the Hermans take any of It that means starving Russia, and tbst would not make friends of the Russians." COURT-MARTIAL HAS COMPLETEDJNVESTIGATION San Antonio, Tex.. March 7. The prosecution In the trial of forty en listed men of the Twenty-fourth In fantry negroes, on trial before a court martial at Fort Sam Houston for crimes committed at Houston the night of Aug. 23 last, practically com pleted Its case st noon today. The court adjourned until Monday to permit counsel for defense further time to prepare his esse. DEATH CLAIMS NOTED CATHOLIC CARDINAL r.ome. Wednesday, March t Cardinal iHiminlo Hfrdflnl, piefect of thfc Congre gation of tha i'rnpaganda. Is dead, lie was created a cardinal In May, 1114. end appointed to the prefecture In March, l!M. He was born In Horn on Aug. I, id:. PACIFIC STEAMER REPORTED AGROUND A rselflc Port, March T. Tha I'srlfic f-teamshlp comi.sny's liner t'mslllla. re torted aground on the southern Japa nese coast, has twen floated and I pro ceeding to llonKknng, according to com pany advices twlny. FAIR, SAYS BILLY 'POSSUM A year ago to day I wrote, H I hesitate tn quote. but what 1 wrote a year ago, I write about t'idsy, and ere another year Is run, I wrmd'-r If the peikv Hun will e-ir stKut a i-nr from now as be now a'.irs today? The weather? Fair and l"i id ay. slightly cooler lonig t and Ji'i i!7' A hut .A s.Mrt RAIDS REPULSED ON VERDUN FRONT Allied Forces Check Assailants. Artillery Fire Heavy at Various Points. Paris, March 6. German raids en the Verdun front last night were re pulsed by the French, the war office announces. The communication fol lows! "Rathsr heavy artillery fighting oo curred in the regione of Cormiey and Rheims. Last night the Germane made raids against our trench at Avocourt-wood and northwest of Hill 344 (Verdun front). Our fir every where checked the asssilants and prisoners, including an officer, re mained in our hands. "Our line were' bombarded Inter mittently today In the region of Avo- rourt and north of Dounumnnt. At times there was heavy artillery filing at various points In Lorraine and Al sace. "On Tuesday three Oerman air planes were brought down by our pilots snd two by the fire of our anti aircraft gun. "Macedonian front: There was re ciprocal-artillery activity west of Lake Dili ran In the Crrna bend and north of MonasUr." Enemy Repulsed. London, March 7. "A raid, at tempted by the enemy last night, east of Kpehy, under rover of a heavy ar tillery banage, was completely re pulsed," the war office report. "Other hostile raiding parties, which endeav ored to reach our lines southeast of Hols tjrenli r and east of t'oelcnpelle, were equally unsuccessful. The en emy' artillery has been active In the Mcrpi valley, west of Ins and east or i pres. and shortly before dawn de. veld considerable activity In the Keuve-O'hapc.ile sector. " Bomb Railway Sidings. I-ondon, March S.--"After two days of wind and rain the went her cleared slightly on the afternoon of Tuesday," says today's official report of aerial op erations, "ttoinbs Were dropped on railway sidings northeast of Lille. "In air righting two hostile machine were downed and one was driven down out of control. One of ouia la miss ing. "After dark the Ingelmuster railway station and an a li drome northeast of Ht. VJuentln were heavily bombarded. All our machines returned." AIRCRAFT BROUGHT DOWN. Berlin, March 7. (British Admiral ty per Wireless f ress.J r allowing is today's official communication! "Army fiioup of Crown 1'rlnce At A a r.tult ef an attack on two Bel gian farm northweat of Dismud our terming datachmente brought in three officere, 114 men end come mechine gun. Th activity of th artillery was revived in many asctere. Several re connoitermg attack by the British were r.pul.ad. "Army iioup of Cron I'rlnre -At manv x,itite f.f the front tho activity of the irniih artm-ry lm rcaae.i. Northwest of A occur t storming triwipa rwne,Btel f,ir Inlu the Kirtieh poa.tlona J end returned with t went y -semi pris oner aflcr violent figtitlng. haling de stroyed numerous hitew. Nineteen enemy airplanea nd two captive balloons wer Lronght down etcrUttjr ta aciul OahUt. A gical LIVELY BATTERY FIRE ON ITALIAN FRONT RENEWED Enemy Efforts Reciprocated in Vigorous Way on Important Sectors Aerial Craft Playing Ef fective Part in Engagements Begun. Rome, March 6. The Italian and en emy batteries on Important sectors of the front have again taken up recipro cal firing aotivity, The statement from the war office today also report ef fective work by Italian airships. The statement reads: "There was a lively renewal of re ciprocal fire between I-ake Oarda and the Aatlco In the region of Afontello and along the coast gone. Our bat teries made effective concentrations of fire on enemy troops in movement la ADVISES ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS OFFERED BY "POLITICAL BANDITS" Petrograd, March 7. The central exseutive committee of the sol-, dlers and workmen's council, while recognising that the German peace term wr tho of Apolitical bandit," ha called en its delegate t th Moscow congress la vote for the ratification of th peace, y the' livestia, the bolshevik organ. ' This action I adviied because the peace has afforded th social revolution an "absolutely necessary" respite. . " MISSINQ U. S. PATROL MAKES "HOMK-RUN" With the American Army In France (Wednesday), March I. (Ry the Associated I'ress.) An American patrol, com prising one officer and eight nten, which had been missing since last night In the sector northwest of Tout, suddenly emerged from a shell-hole close to the Oerinan line today and made a dash serosa No Man's Iiand, without a shot bring Bred at them. It wu noon when h patrol carried out Its rush to the American line. The men' comrades, looking on, ex ected every second to sea them wl.tod out, and their safe return was an agreeable surprise. They explained that they had lost their way In tha dark, . Tlte enemy osllUory . b- remitted its aotivity, AtnnrU can run today ffnctlvely shelled th enemy first lines and also a town behind Ihe Mermen lines, where building's their troops were using, were destroyed. There was much aerial activity throughout the day, the American antiaircraft batteries driving nX a number of enemy machines. many French civilians were killed by Mrlllsh aviators who dropped bombs on the hospital at Torcolng." ATTACKINQ PARTY DISPERSED. Paris, March 7. Continued activity on the Verdun front, where heavy ar tillery fighting and raiding operations hav been in progret for vrl dys, is reported in today' official communi cation. Th tatmnt followsi "There was spirited fighting with ar tlllery during the night In the region of Jleaumoiit and llessnvaiu (Verdun front), and In upper Alsace, near Man da Kapt, end east of I JUglUcn. In Irfirralne the Hermans undertook a number of raids, after bombardments In Ihe region of the forest of I'atruy, Near Neuvlllcr attacking troops were dispersed by the Kicnch fire. In lh region of Mures there was a spirited engagement. The French repulsed the Hermans, who sustained appreciable losses. Near Venn the Germans also were rrptilaed by tha French, who took prisoners, The night was rnlin on the rest of the front." AMBASSADOR FRANCIS IN OPEN STATEMENT Vologda, Russia, March (. In e pub- lie statement to the people of Vologda today on th international situation it ffct Russia, David R- Francis, tht Americen ambassador, eaidi "Ameriee ha no plan or desire for territorial conquest in Russia. While the present government has nsver been formally recognised by my government or eny of the allies, both Premier Lenine and Foreign Minister Trotsky are aware, be cause I e advised them, that I had recommended to my government that it recognise any government the Russian people might select, end would alee earnestly urge that material assistance be rendered to such Bvsrnment, provided that it would continue the war against th central power. "The eueee ef Germany would result in the less by the Russian people ef all the libertiee they hove gained by the revolution. Conee ejutntly, the freo people of the United Slats sincerely hope that the severe term ef the parol po imposed by Germany will net be retibed by the Rusnen people." HOUSED WITH SIAMESE . AND BRAZILIAN ENVOYS Washington. Match 7. Am basaadur Francis, reporting to the stats d. -purtnent under date of Marrh t. l 1 ha wis trmixi rarily quarteied with the Mmn eae an t liraiillan i1:pb'int In a lilt house plon d at their tt'.a posal l.y the naor of Vologda, lie added thtt a f- w of the lied Crosa and publicity workers were atlll In I'etrcgiait the Aaiago basin, south of Prlmolano, on the back slopes of the Col Delia Ilcretta and in the vicinity of Lnmpol to the loft of the Place. South of Tlerne hostile reconnaissance parties who attempted to reach our linea were repulsed with losses. On the raaubto we exploded a mine, damaging the en emy's . positions. "Our aircraft bombarded the enemy avlution grounds at Motta dl Uvenza. and a column of troop marching In the neighborhood of Orderio. 'A llrlt lah aviator brought down a hostile machine." NEAT COUP MADE BY U. COLONEL Three American Forces Now Facing Enemy on West- ' em Front. With th American Army in Fran Wdndsy, March I. (By the Aso aiated Pr.) An American ataft colonel, while with French raiding party for tho purpose ef securing In formation a few dye before hi men took tip their positions' In tha ; Mew Amerioan ssctor on tht Lorralna front,,, met a Prussian lieutenant in an enemy trench and captured him. The oolonel, with an American captain, brought the Prussian trficsr book to the lines tht Amsrican ar now occupying. Sharp Fight Took Plaet. The Herman raid In thla new sector occurred on Monday night, a sharp light taking place, In which tht CJer mans suffered a repulse, with losses. In It a unit which was among the most recent arrivals displayed the cus tomary American flghtlnit 'ncrgy nd apparently gav the enemy a much warmer reception than he expected. The American troop here are train Ing wit,h French tioops, a at the Che mill de Dame position. This makts thn third American force now facia the enemy. liming several days of the Ameri cana' seivlco the casualties have been extraordinarily slight, ss the sector t one of the ciuletent. The lines are far apnit and the position la held by strop j points tether than by continuous Item lies, Th" rrusalan lieutenant's capture was thn first Instance of eunmy of fleer being taken prisoner by the Amer icana and also the first occasion upon which sn American officer had cap lured either an enemy officer cr a ol dirr In this sector. Prisoner Tkn, Pari. March 6. An official state ment issued today by th French war erhc, announcing the repulse of Ger man raiding forces on trenches hsld by American In a new sector of Lor reine, ssysi , S'M,.,lh , fh...lfi flames Mffl.t east of t'ouicy, French troops con ducted auccraafiil ralda on the Uermari trenches and brought back about twenty prisoners. "On the right bank of the River Meuse there was violent artillery fight ing In the ng Ion of Curlei- and t buuine woods. At the last mentioned place the liermena yesterday morning delivered an attack, but were repulsed after spirited ttghtlng, "Another tleimsn attack at Cheva. Hers wood in completely checked by the French and we took some pris oners. "In I-orrulne a Oerinan rajd en trenchea held by American troops wa repulsed. I'atrol of our alllee operat ing In this iegUm took soma prison- ra. "In the Vosgee th enemy mad sev eral vain attempts lo reach tho French lines." NAVY WANTS ELECTRICIANS AND QUARTERMASTER MEN No more apprentice eemen can he accepted oy tn local naval recruit ing offlcea. according to an order Just received, wnn me enccpnon pi mow who may deaire '. take thetr pre.iml nary examination hero and pay thetr own way over lo asnvuie io cum in the form. They will then be en listed In the naval eeerve force, and permitted to return to their homes un til called. Th recruiting officer here, however. has been authorised to take in all available recruit Undmn for tha . quartermaster's t-oip of the aviation department, or men experienced aa electricians and who wish to enter either tha radio or genera, service aa such. These n -n will be sent to training achooU Immediately, the le. trlcian probably to New York and. the recruits for the avlatlo- to Flor- Ma. v