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r-7 FHE CHATTANOOGA NEW Chattanooga, 4 p.m. Washington, 5 p.m. London, 10 p.m. Paris, 10 pjn. Petrograd, 12 p.m. ToHo, 7 a.m. News Classified Ads Reach iOO,000 Readers Every Night Don't Forget Today's the Day to Buy Thrift Stamps VOL. XXX. NO. 211 LATE EDITION CM A IT A N OOG A, TEN N ., MOM DAY EVENING, MARCH 11, 1918. PRICE: THREE CENTS ftESrtJSl wUV FOUR KILLED IN ACTION, ' REPORTS GEN. PERSHING Casualty List Received From France Includes THERE AINT NO MEATLESS DAY IN THIS SHOP! INVASION OF PERSIA BY RED GUARD REPORTED i. 1 Telegram to State Department Says Small Band Plans to Advance on Teheran Bol- , sheviki Troops to Withdraw from Finland. Forty-two Names Four Severely Wounded, Twenty-one Slightly Wounded. Eight Die of Disease. Washington, March 11. Gen. Perth ing'a casualty report today shows four privates killed in action) four se verely wounded; twenty-one slightly wounded; four died of wounds; eight of disease, and two from other causes. Killed in Action. Private Frank J. Osgood. Cook Linnte G. FUllngem. Private Francisco Disabantina. Private Otis D. Green. Wounded Severely. Privates Joe E. Bush, John E. Frayne. First Class Hancel Van Hoose and Clas. Goodisky. Wounded. ( Privates Antonio Kulig Chas. B. Sandridge. Wounded Slightly. Corporal Edward J. Smith; and Prl- vatea Chas. A. Roberts, Floyd R. I.eseman, Nazzareno Faghetta, Emery Wolfe, Henry E. Stedmnn, Klmore Murley. Corporal Henry w. uaw'son, private Walter E, BILLS AMENDED AT LAST MOMENT little Insertions Often Un noticedOwen Proposal ' Means Vast Saving. CECIL FOR INTERVENTION British Statesman Declares It Would Be Criminal to Check Japanese. BY DAVID LAWRENCE. (Copyright, 1918, by New York Evening Post.) 1 Washington, March 11. Little amendments inserted before a bill passes sometimes go unnoticed. Just before the finance corporation bill went through the senate there wai added to the measure an amendment proposed by Senator Owen, chairman of the sen ate committee on banking and cur rency which, it is estimated, will save the American publio at least $100,000, 000 annually. Senator Owen, in sup port of the amendment, pointed out that the secretary of the treasury eon templates selling liberty bonds issued in the terms of foreign money in the near future, and that in this war cor poration bonds might also be taken and transferred to a foreign country as a basts for credit there, and that way our importers and those concerned in transacting business can avoid the present high premium on foreign money. The Owen amendment reads as follows: "Such bonds sh be issued in terms of foreign money and sold to American importers at par to the extent neces sary to' cover their importations from and credit transfers to countries whose currency is at a premium." On behalf of the senate committee on finance, which was in charge of the war finance corporation bill, Senator Sim mons, the chairman, accepted the amendment practically without debate, and it was incorporated into the meas ure by a vive voce vote. DOLLAR SELLING AT DISCOUNT. At present the American dollar is selling at a discount of 25 per cent, in all neutral European countries, and also at a very heavy discount in South American countries. The importers, therefore, are obliged to take an initial loss of 25 per cent., and in some cases even more, when chsnging the good American dollar into the money of the foreign neutral countries. The purport of this amendment is to provide these importers with bonds that will be pay able in the money of the foreign coun- , tries, of short maturity, three to five years, and the importers can use these bonds ss psyment for the commodities they import for American consumption. In this wsy this initial loss of 25 per cent will be eliminated, and, further more, American importers will be in a position to bring over larger quantities of supplies at seasonable periods 'so that the supplies on hand in the United States will equst the demand, and. therefore, be e-!d to the American con sumers at a reasonable price. at oresent the American importer can- at prassm in- - ... . I not afford to take an exchange risk and j br.ng over sufficient supplies at season- hla narlods. thereby causing tn American consumer to psy a much higher price for hie commodities than art really necessary with a proper ex change system. WILL STABILIZE CREDIT. This is only one of the benfiti that , th war finance corporation bill will; give to the Amtncm public. It will be j a stabiliser of credit and will supply, tha industries of the country with cred its that are necessary to run these in- . ouitnei at a reasonable cost. It will also, through the capital issues com mittee, eliminate unnecessary expendi- Moore, Corporal Herbert L. Liv ingstone, Private Jos. Marcyan, Chief Mechanic Sidney G. Land, Private Ben A. Kosse. Sergt. Geo, H. Bradley, Corporal His G. Whit ing, Private Harold J. Perkins, Private First Class Carl R. Han son, Private 'Paul O, Nelson, Pri vate Verd F. Smith. Died of Wounds. Private Lawrence Wenell, Pri vate Henry J. Sweeney, Sergt. Theodore Peterson, Private Jlin F. Edgar. Died of Penumonia--Private Wm. Rhodes. Died of Fractured Skull Wag oner John C. Collins. Died of Meningitis Private Fell Hall. Died of Pneumonia Sergt. C. Howard Peck, Jr. Died of Accident First Lieut. Arthur. J. Perrault. Died of Pneumonia Privates James McGee, Herman Pape, Thomas J. Cate, Geo Glenn. Died of Appendicitis Private Wm. R. Taylor. tures of capital so that, by conserving capital and credit for those who have legitimate enterprises, it will make this credit and capital available at lower rates of interest, and also, likewise through the control over capital and credits, enable the government to bor row the necessary capital ana credit to continue the war at a fair rata of in terest. Aa a whole, the war finance corporation bill is one of the biggest constructive messures ever adopted by any country, and it is plainly a con servation measure which will prove ef fective in not only financing the war, but in financing the industries of ths country, which, without this protection, would not be able to continue their legitimate enterprises, whioh would have resulted in tremendous lossee of already invested capital and which would have thrown a good many hun dreds of thousands of psople out of em ployment. It is expected that the house will concur with the senate, and, arter proper deliberation, send the measure for the president's approval within the next few days.- Lord Cecil's Optimism. Ior Cecil, British under secretary of state, says It would be criminal and foolish not to let the Japanese Inter- vent In Siberia. His statement to the press, however. Is not regarded aa the final Judgment of the British govern ment, thuogh, it is likely in the end to prove part of the usual method of pre paring British opinion for announce ments of policy. In any event, it is the first public ex pression which Is at variance with the views of the United .States government, except for the Informal outgiving to the effect that America believed an expedi tion by any country Into Russian ter ritory would be Inadvisable because of its possible adverse effect on the Rus sian people. Nobody in authority has said any thing to refute the impression of mili tary danger, of which Lord Cecil gives intimation when he outlines German preparedness to organize German pris oners In Siberia, This brings out very clearly that both the United States government and the British govern ment are utill thinking hypothetlcally about the situation and without a defi nite knowledge of what German plans are. Policy depends more than ever on a question of fact. Can the Ger mans be of serious troutle In Si beria with Japanese troops In northern Manchuria and Mongolia ready to invade Siberia, if the Ger mans do get a foothold? And would the Uermuns riwk such an expedi tion with the Japanese ablo to cut their lines of communication and possibly capture the entire German force? Again the American government councils Cuiitlon, because. If no military crisis arises in Siberia, and Japanese Intervention has served to antagonize the Russian people, another one of those allied blunders in the Russian situation will be chronicled such as Arnold P. Osehe-Fluerot. of the New York World, outlined recently in his dispatch from Petrograd. pointing out how Andrew Ronar I-nw's utterances tended to weaken the Hf.rensKV gov ernment and bring the Lcnlne-Trotzky party into power. Japanese Studying AH Phases. Now comes the report that Trotzky has resigned. Evidently, the Russian situation is not work ing altogether in favor of Germany. Any sctlon on the part of the allies that will serve to maintain the con fidence of the Russian people is bound. In the end. to mnkc Ger many's Job in Russia Increasingly difficult, something which means more German troops will be needed In Russia, and, therefore, less available for the expected drive on the western front. That Japan realises the Brevity of the step is recalled by the factwthat opinion In Japan Itself is divided over the question of Intervention In Liberia. No formal reply hna been received to iv.. American expressions communl- As it is ) rated bv Morris at Tokio. but the Jap . 1 1 . i . . t anese government. iuu w rr,?n understands the reasons of the t mted .,.-iin- arainat Intervcn- Jjfn . The Japanese are hy no means Im pel nous about it. They are going very slowlv. and their divided public opin ion is Jin Indication that all phases of the matter. Including: the possible mls understandlng' In the I'nlted state, will be thoroughly canvassed. It would not surprising to find that if Japan decides on interven tion she hne her aetlnn on the present military necessity and make some seciflc statements of purpose to allay miaundcrstand- GERMANS FORCED TO GIVEJJP DRIVE Substitute Minor Attacks for Intended Pretentious Assault on Houtholst Forest Line. SIX POSTS RECAPTURED British Successful in Raid Car ried Out South of St. Quentin. London. March 11. "A successful raid in which several of the enemy were killed or taken prisoner and two machine gune were eaptured, was car ried out by us last night south of St. Quentin, says the official statement from Field Marshal Haig today. A party of the enemy, which approached our lines north of Basis, was driven off by artillery and machine gun fire. There was considerable artillery ac tivity on bolh sides early thlM morn ing southeast of Armentleres. This Is the first report of any British activity on tho line south of St, Quentin since the Urltlsh took over the sector from the French several woeks ago. Previously tho Urltlsh front had extended only to St. Quen tin. With the British Army in France and Belgium, 8unday, March 10. (By the Associated Press.) Hesvy artil lery fire was proceeding at various points along the tense British and German battle lines today, but there has bsen no infsntry action of im portance sides yesterday morning when the British, in a violent counter attack, hurled the Germans from ths posts they succeeded in capturing in the region of Poelderhoek ridge Fri day evening. The British defense here, and south of the Houtholst forest where the (Jennans also seized six posts Friday mornlnv, have been re-established completely after severe fighting In which tho German lost heavily. Hut these attacks were apologies for what the Germans hnd planned originally. They had Intended to make a preten tious assault on the northern sector south of tho Houtholst forest on Feb. 20 to pinch off the lirltlsh salient Just southeast of the wood and gain a number of Important positions. This became known to the Hrltlah. however, throuch a deserter and they buried the Houtholst front under su'h an avalanche of sheila that the enemy 1 was forced to abandon his scheme. The (Hermans derided, nevertheless, to make a smaller attack Friday morning which trained them six posts tempor arily. The final result was that they were driven out with severe losses and also forced to abandon some of their own -forward positions. IPrisonsr Told of Pises. A strong attack had also ht en planned for Feb. Tl aratnst the Im- porta nt high ground held by the lint-' , leh In the rcplnn of I'ooldc i h k find1 j southwest of that place. A prisoner1 I taken by the lirltlsh Is said to lave! 'divulged the German plans. The ftnt- Ish artillery f-ffectlvcly prevented the earning out of this pros-ram and latr German prisoners said their region nt had been prepared and Inform' d that1 th- nttnrks were postponed because the ltritish hnd learned of It. The prisoners said the attai k had been put off until the morning of March , Tennessean Killed Andrew Donnie Skaggi Meets Death in Acci- dent in Prance. Washington, March 11. The navy department today announced the death of Andrew Donnie Sksggs and Leo Shott Hsrvie as the result of an airship acoident in the naval avia tion eervice in France. Skaggs lived at Newburn, Tenn., and Harvie at Cincinnati, O. Details of the aoel dent and the date on which it oc curred were not given. Thursday the British runners put down a. terrific barrage und the Ger mans did not attempt to advance. Friday evening, however, they moved against rnelderhoek ridge under a smoke barrage and to the accompani ment of a heavy bombardment of the British positions. The enemy occu pied a number of posts along a narrow front and a hard fight followed. Karly Saturday morning tho British organ, izcd a counter-attack, which, although executed gullnntly, wns without tho desired result. A second eniinter-at. tack was completely successful and the Germans were driven out. Signs of Spring Noted. One fif tin' freaks of war occurred near J'oelilerhoek ridge on Friday. Tho headquarters of a British company sustained three direct hits from Ger man heavy guns and tho building was demolished over the heads of the en tire staff. When the Infantry had cleared away the debris In an effort to reclaim tho bodies it was found that not. a single ofllcer had been Injured, although some of them were suffering slightly from shock. This has been another magnificent day. The balmy weather of the past f'-w days, which might properly be long to April or May, has brought out the leaves of the willows nnd many woodland flowers. The ground still contains some frost, but the roads are dry snd dusty. Trotzky Dismissed as Result Peace Dispute liondon. March 11. Ion Trotsky was dismissed us Isdshevlk foreign minister by Premier I.enlne, owing to a quarrel over the German pence terms, according to a dispatch to ths Morning Post, dated Saturday in Petrograd. Trotzky held that the pence had been extorted by force and that no law rec ognized promises made under duress as obligatory. Therefore, he Is reported to have ssld. It wan Kussla's duty to fight If only guerilla waifnre, and the German trial v should not be ratified. Premier 1-enine, on the other band, held that the treaty must be ratified and carried out on the theory that dis astrous treat leu do not necessarily nn nlhlla'e nutions, ns Prussia had proved several times. Warmer, Says Billy 'Possum. Jt'a all right, says Mr. Burleson In spenking of the malls. If you'd like to send a chicken to a fii nd; ;l a tag about h'-r ankle, though. She may put up a wall, but the innrl post will take her m t.i re you send. The weal bet ? Fair snd warmer tonight and TU'-S- I day, ATTACKS MADE ON RAILROAD BILL Provision Limiting Power of States to Levy Tax Arouses Opposition. Washington, March 11. Provisions In serted by sensts snd house conferees In the rsllrosd control bill to limit during government opetlon the powers of the ststes to tax railroads drew attache In the eenste chamber tedsy. Kenstor Frellnghuysen, of New Jersey, msdn a point of order sgnlnst tha las provision and demands'! that ths hill lie returned to hsve It stricken out. He s sei'ted that bolh IMS sensts snd the house hud adopted a clause providing that the stair's taxing powers should net he Interfered with, snd Ihst conferees had exceeded their authority. The conferees stipulated that ststes shnll nut tss the rsllriisils In greater ratio than their taxes hme to the tnlul of atiit Isles during the year previous to federal control. Penators Curtis, Knox. Johnson of Csl Iforuln, Williams, Itepiilillrsn leader llsl llnger snd other also opposed the ron fortes' tx limitation. It wn defended by Henntors 8mlth of Hnuth Carolina snt Kohinson, of Arkansas. fhirlng the dehnle Hrnalor Sherman, of Illinois, ehaiged thai hy Imposition of new switching snd ear "spotting" ehsrges, amounting to tl7S.non.000 an nimlly In Illinois alone, It was proposed to "holster up" federal rnnlrol and artl llelslly Increiise rslload revenues. I'pon the siiKK'stion on Majority lead er Martin consider I lull of ttm ronferrm-e report was teinimrarlly laid aside so cer tain precedent Involving this quest Inn could ho examined No time named for resuming consideration of Hie report, hut anta leaders did not believe It would le reached until tomorrow. BERNSTORFF NAMED IN PRISONER'S LETTERS Prominent Lumber Exporter la Held in New Orleans at Spy Suspect. New Orleans, March 1 1 Federal authorities examining piipein und let ters self ,1 In the otllces and homes id Han Foi i ll. liner, P.rncst Albreeht nnd Phil I. und Bobert M. Adam, nil tier, minis and prominent lumber expoiteis heie, who weie Hiroteil Hiitmdny sus pected of being dangeiou enemy aliens, stat'd today their examination of the seized paper Indicated connec tion between some, or Nil, of the prla. oneia and Count Von llernstorfT, for merly Get inati atubussndor at Wash ington snd aliened to have been on of the dlrectois of Gciinany' spy . tern In this country. The authorities declined to revnl just what was this alleged connection, but said exuinlna tlon of the pnp'is atienglhene-l their foiiner suspicion against the pris on' i s. No forms! rluuae have yet reen filed ag.iinst th" lour men, but today they weie placed in the house of de tention ! irdmg furttier ln esl Igntlon. Bans I om 'tenner. It us st.ited, I one of thiee sons of lluiro Forchelmer, founder of bnt .i le;;iicd to have been one of the ', '( lumber firms In Germsin pilor to the war, with headquarter at Frankfoil. Forrhel msr came h' re s malinger of the New Orleans lumiih In June. m?. and Al brc ht wn sent here fiom the Frank fort office bis assistant. Phil Adam came to this country 'nun Bremen. Germsnv aiKiut sixteen yrsrs ago. ana Bobert armed about erven jcare go. Washington, March 11. Invasion of Persia by amall detachments of the Russian red guard was indicated to the state department today in n tele gram from Teheran. According to the report there the force, which is not more than 400, ia said to be planning an advance on Teheran. The concern with which the Swed ish people regard occupation of the Aland Island by the Germsns was re flected In a Stockholm press report received today at the department. AMERICANS SWEEP PAST GERMANS' FIRST LIKE I Penetrating- to Second Line, Six Hundred Yards Back Three Raids Carried Out in Lorraine in Co-Operation With French Troops. Enemy Positions Leveled by Artillery, . Paris, March 11. Amerioan troops have made a bold raid into the German lines in Lor raine, the war office an nounced. With the Amerioan Army In France, Sunday, Maroh 10. (By the Asso ciated Preee.) American troops, co operating with the Frenoh, have car ried out three raida opposite the Amer lean sector in Lorraine. Twe of the raids were executed simultaneously last night. The Americana swept past the Gar man flret line end penetrated to the enemy'e seoend line, 600 yards back. The two alintitlaiiHous raids, one northwest of (delated), were made after Intense artillery prepare Hons last lug for four, bonis, In which the German positions wore leveled At midnight two forces, each one of (deleted), with small French forces on their Hanks, moved upon the Germs n objectives behind a creeping barrage, each on a front of Aou yards. When ths Americana reached the en emy first lines tho buirngn wss lilted so ss to box In the Unman liosltlous at both point. Germans Had Fled. The men dropped Into the enemy's trenches, rxpecllng a hiunl-to-hand fight, but found tho Germans hud lied. Continuing the advance, they went I in. ward 601) yards to the second Gorman linn. All the time American tiniclilmi gun.t were tiring on cadi Hunk of the two paitles to prevent the enemy from nndri titklng flanking operations, (inn French Hanking party found two wounded ijeriiiiins in a dugout and took them prisoner. The AimqicuiiH found none. The American remained for forty. five minutes In tho enemy lines. They found excellent concrete dugouts. which they blew up. and ulso hroutfht back large qiiiint It o of mitteilal und valuable papei. While they were In the enemy line German artillery be gan a vlgorou counter barrage. It waa quickly silenced by American heavy and light artillery, which hurled LAND CLAIM OF TENNESSEE LOST Supreme Court Reverses De cree in Arkansas-Tennessee Boundary Line Case. Washington, March II. In the uit of Tennessee ugnlnst W, A. Clsna. of Chlcii o over title to Mlaalasippl river land Involving the disputed Aikuiisas-Triiiiessce houndry, the supreme court today leversed a Tennessee supienio routt deciee upholding Tennessee's claim and a Judgment for lllo.OU" against C!sn;i for tlmbir removed. The lund claimed by f'issna und Tennessee Ulis In the old river bid at levlU Flbow or the Centennial tut off The Tentiesse supieme court claimed the rler's uvulnlwi 'icrtoted" the land to that state. 1'ion.i w enjoined from owiieislnp or removal of tlmler from the bin. I Mint Judgment given to Tennessee for Jllu.oi'u lor timber previously i. moved. t'pon appeul CIhsii ii.ntcndcd the river's auddrn tiMne did not rflcit Arkansas' Jin ldicti..n. nnd that It wns still pa it of Alkali, is und tvl Ten nessee, The T'niie.e authorities In sisted Ixdorr the aupteme court that Clssna as a pilvate individual ami fit Isen of Illinois, loo'd not rats the boundary question ncilitst the sov ereign aisle or Triinesse. and that In surh a suit, the supreme court was without Jurisdiction. It admitted, however, that tto- same Uom lirv Is. sues .were Involved are piesentrd la Arkansas suit agonal Teuuvsaec. According to that report the German commander explained that the landing had been made in conformity with the wishes of the Finnish people. A motive for Intervention In Finland, the report said, whs the desire to supervise the evacuation by bolshevlkl troops. Urn claim being mads that the biUshevlkl had agreed to withdraw. Disbelief of the report that Ambas sador Francis and the apanese am bassador are being detained at Vo-s logda was expressed by state depart ment officials. Tho last report from Mr. Francis, however, was on March . large quantities of tag ahella o the batteries. Level Enesay Positions. An American tsench mortar bat tery, the homes of most of whoae men are (deleted), participated In the artillery preparation preceding the raid, helping to level the enemy posi tions. The artillery, both light aid heavy, was manned by soldiers mostly fiotn ' (deleted). Boon after three two raids had been carried out the Americans staged, an- nl.. . I - nnl.l ..(!,.. a k. Il. .'--. . . .U,fl. IK, ,!. ( to the rlsht. They went over tha top arter artillery preparation of forty-five minutes. In which the enemy'e posi tions atlaikod worn obliterated. At this place the dug-outs ware -found t have been constructed principally of logs. KugHneers accompanying the ralJIng parly completed tha artillery's work of destruction. Ths American Infantrymen who took part In thlsrshl are from (deleted), end the en gineer from (deleted). The raids were rarrlsd out skilfully, snd but for tha fact that the German fled, morn prisoners dunhttess would have been taken. The American gas shells are believed to have caiwert many camialtlra among the enemy. No Americana era unaccounted for, Berlin Reports Action. Berlin, Msrnh, vis. London.' A French slirnallnff rtst "rrtonlIr st rved on the Uheluts cathedral," any today' army hredquarfara report, "niraln mine into action'' yesterday. The statement reads "Western War Theater The artll. lery and mine thrower activity wae frequently revived In the evening. The lively reconnolterlng actlUty contin ued. (Mir own d laoliment at aeversl point peni'trnted the enemy's trenches on the Flanders front In the region of Armenlleroa and on the west hank of the Mouse and brought back prisoners and tunc Mnn guns. "Huiltig a German bombardment northeast of Kaelms, a French signal, log post, which has been frequently ob served and which ha been constructed on the cathedral of Khslms, again came Into action, "Kastern Wsr Theatei- Enemy bands were dispersed st Bnehmatch. north, east of Kiev and near Ksadjelnela on ttm Fcliini ilnka-Odesas railway. F.lse wlieie there was nothing new." SUSPENDS BUSINESS OF 57 LUNCH ROOMS Found Guilty of Violating Order for "BceneM" and "Pork- less" Days. New York. March 11. Federal food Administrator Hoover, It waa an nounced here today, has approved the local food I'onid's suspension for one ilny of the busine of f)rty-Bven lunch room snd restaurants found guilty of vlol iting regulations provid ing for "lieelcns" nnd "purklf SS" dav s. The order will go Into effect at tnld- nlltht t "11 1 K ti l. FIGHTING LINES OF WETS AND DRYS DRAWN UP Albany. Y.. March 11 Fighting lines of the wet and doe were drawn up today for legislative engagements this week uioii vbl.'h may depend ew Yoik' attitude toward ralltlca tion of the federal prohibition amend-, ment. Interest was heightened by denial by Gov. w hit man. of a published report that be would vote the Fmeron-Ma lone bill which would provide for ref.rrniluoi this fall upon tha ratifi cation question. The immediate occasion of the line up of opposing forces was a bearing b.foie a senate committee upon two bill. One would provide for prohibi tion duimg the war period, except tor beer -ml light wines. The other would make provision for an amendment to the state constitution to make the tattv drv permanently. Prohibition advecMee end wot at tempt to make a big demonstration et today'a hearing, but the wet toWes 4 were out In force t ej-gue (or a rf ervndum.