OCR Interpretation

The Chattanooga news. [volume] (Chattanooga, Tenn.) 1891-1939, March 11, 1918, LATE EDITION, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038531/1918-03-11/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Chattanooga, 4 p.m. Washington, 5 p.m. London, 10 p.m. Paris, 10 pjn. Petrograd, 12 p.m. ToHo, 7 a.m.
News Classified Ads
Reach iOO,000
Every Night
Don't Forget
Today's the Day
to Buy
Thrift Stamps
VOL. XXX. NO. 211
Casualty List Received From France Includes
i. 1
Telegram to State Department Says Small Band
Plans to Advance on Teheran Bol- ,
sheviki Troops to Withdraw
from Finland.
Forty-two Names Four Severely Wounded,
Twenty-one Slightly Wounded.
Eight Die of Disease.
Washington, March 11. Gen. Perth
ing'a casualty report today shows four
privates killed in action) four se
verely wounded; twenty-one slightly
wounded; four died of wounds; eight
of disease, and two from other causes.
Killed in Action.
Private Frank J. Osgood.
Cook Linnte G. FUllngem.
Private Francisco Disabantina.
Private Otis D. Green.
Wounded Severely.
Privates Joe E. Bush, John E.
Frayne. First Class Hancel Van
Hoose and Clas. Goodisky.
Wounded. (
Privates Antonio Kulig
Chas. B. Sandridge.
Wounded Slightly.
Corporal Edward J. Smith;
vatea Chas. A. Roberts, Floyd R.
I.eseman, Nazzareno Faghetta,
Emery Wolfe, Henry E. Stedmnn,
Klmore Murley. Corporal Henry
w. uaw'son, private Walter E,
little Insertions Often Un
noticedOwen Proposal '
Means Vast Saving.
British Statesman Declares It
Would Be Criminal to
Check Japanese.
(Copyright, 1918, by New York Evening
1 Washington, March 11. Little
amendments inserted before a bill
passes sometimes go unnoticed. Just
before the finance corporation bill went
through the senate there wai added to
the measure an amendment proposed
by Senator Owen, chairman of the sen
ate committee on banking and cur
rency which, it is estimated, will save
the American publio at least $100,000,
000 annually. Senator Owen, in sup
port of the amendment, pointed out
that the secretary of the treasury eon
templates selling liberty bonds issued
in the terms of foreign money in the
near future, and that in this war cor
poration bonds might also be taken and
transferred to a foreign country as a
basts for credit there, and that way
our importers and those concerned in
transacting business can avoid the
present high premium on foreign
money. The Owen amendment reads as
"Such bonds sh be issued in terms
of foreign money and sold to American
importers at par to the extent neces
sary to' cover their importations from
and credit transfers to countries whose
currency is at a premium."
On behalf of the senate committee on
finance, which was in charge of the war
finance corporation bill, Senator Sim
mons, the chairman, accepted the
amendment practically without debate,
and it was incorporated into the meas
ure by a vive voce vote.
At present the American dollar is
selling at a discount of 25 per cent, in
all neutral European countries, and
also at a very heavy discount in South
American countries. The importers,
therefore, are obliged to take an initial
loss of 25 per cent., and in some cases
even more, when chsnging the good
American dollar into the money of the
foreign neutral countries. The purport
of this amendment is to provide these
importers with bonds that will be pay
able in the money of the foreign coun- ,
tries, of short maturity, three to five
years, and the importers can use these
bonds ss psyment for the commodities
they import for American consumption.
In this wsy this initial loss of 25 per
cent will be eliminated, and, further
more, American importers will be in a
position to bring over larger quantities
of supplies at seasonable periods 'so
that the supplies on hand in the United
States will equst the demand, and.
therefore, be e-!d to the American con
sumers at a reasonable price.
at oresent the American importer can-
at prassm in- - ... . I
not afford to take an exchange risk and j
br.ng over sufficient supplies at season-
hla narlods. thereby causing tn
American consumer to psy a much
higher price for hie commodities than
art really necessary with a proper ex
change system.
This is only one of the benfiti that ,
th war finance corporation bill will;
give to the Amtncm public. It will be j
a stabiliser of credit and will supply,
tha industries of the country with cred
its that are necessary to run these in- .
ouitnei at a reasonable cost. It will
also, through the capital issues com
mittee, eliminate unnecessary expendi-
Moore, Corporal Herbert L. Liv
ingstone, Private Jos. Marcyan,
Chief Mechanic Sidney G. Land,
Private Ben A. Kosse. Sergt. Geo,
H. Bradley, Corporal His G. Whit
ing, Private Harold J. Perkins,
Private First Class Carl R. Han
son, Private 'Paul O, Nelson, Pri
vate Verd F. Smith.
Died of Wounds.
Private Lawrence Wenell, Pri
vate Henry J. Sweeney, Sergt.
Theodore Peterson, Private Jlin F.
Died of Penumonia--Private
Wm. Rhodes.
Died of Fractured Skull Wag
oner John C. Collins.
Died of Meningitis Private Fell
Died of Pneumonia Sergt. C.
Howard Peck, Jr.
Died of Accident First Lieut.
Arthur. J. Perrault.
Died of Pneumonia Privates
James McGee, Herman Pape,
Thomas J. Cate, Geo Glenn.
Died of Appendicitis Private
Wm. R. Taylor.
tures of capital so that, by conserving
capital and credit for those who have
legitimate enterprises, it will make this
credit and capital available at lower
rates of interest, and also, likewise
through the control over capital and
credits, enable the government to bor
row the necessary capital ana credit to
continue the war at a fair rata of in
terest. Aa a whole, the war finance
corporation bill is one of the biggest
constructive messures ever adopted by
any country, and it is plainly a con
servation measure which will prove ef
fective in not only financing the war,
but in financing the industries of ths
country, which, without this protection,
would not be able to continue their
legitimate enterprises, whioh would
have resulted in tremendous lossee of
already invested capital and which
would have thrown a good many hun
dreds of thousands of psople out of em
ployment. It is expected that the house
will concur with the senate, and, arter
proper deliberation, send the measure
for the president's approval within the
next few days.-
Lord Cecil's Optimism.
Ior Cecil, British under secretary
of state, says It would be criminal and
foolish not to let the Japanese Inter-
vent In Siberia. His statement to the
press, however. Is not regarded aa the
final Judgment of the British govern
ment, thuogh, it is likely in the end to
prove part of the usual method of pre
paring British opinion for announce
ments of policy.
In any event, it is the first public ex
pression which Is at variance with the
views of the United .States government,
except for the Informal outgiving to the
effect that America believed an expedi
tion by any country Into Russian ter
ritory would be Inadvisable because of
its possible adverse effect on the Rus
sian people.
Nobody in authority has said any
thing to refute the impression of mili
tary danger, of which Lord Cecil gives
intimation when he outlines German
preparedness to organize German pris
oners In Siberia, This brings out very
clearly that both the United States
government and the British govern
ment are utill thinking hypothetlcally
about the situation and without a defi
nite knowledge of what German plans
Policy depends more than ever on
a question of fact. Can the Ger
mans be of serious troutle In Si
beria with Japanese troops In
northern Manchuria and Mongolia
ready to invade Siberia, if the Ger
mans do get a foothold? And would
the Uermuns riwk such an expedi
tion with the Japanese ablo to cut
their lines of communication and
possibly capture the entire German
Again the American government
councils Cuiitlon, because. If no military
crisis arises in Siberia, and Japanese
Intervention has served to antagonize
the Russian people, another one of
those allied blunders in the Russian
situation will be chronicled such as
Arnold P. Osehe-Fluerot. of the New
York World, outlined recently in his
dispatch from Petrograd. pointing out
how Andrew Ronar I-nw's utterances
tended to weaken the Hf.rensKV gov
ernment and bring the Lcnlne-Trotzky
party into power.
Japanese Studying AH Phases.
Now comes the report that
Trotzky has resigned. Evidently,
the Russian situation is not work
ing altogether in favor of Germany.
Any sctlon on the part of the allies
that will serve to maintain the con
fidence of the Russian people is
bound. In the end. to mnkc Ger
many's Job in Russia Increasingly
difficult, something which means
more German troops will be needed
In Russia, and, therefore, less
available for the expected drive on
the western front.
That Japan realises the Brevity of
the step is recalled by the factwthat
opinion In Japan Itself is divided over
the question of Intervention In Liberia.
No formal reply hna been received to
iv.. American expressions communl-
As it is ) rated bv Morris at Tokio. but the Jap
. 1 1 . i . . t
anese government. iuu w rr,?n
understands the reasons of the t mted
.,.-iin- arainat Intervcn-
. The Japanese are hy no means Im
pel nous about it. They are going very
slowlv. and their divided public opin
ion is Jin Indication that all phases of
the matter. Including: the possible mls
understandlng' In the I'nlted state,
will be thoroughly canvassed.
It would not surprising to find
that if Japan decides on interven
tion she hne her aetlnn on the
present military necessity and
make some seciflc statements of
purpose to allay miaundcrstand-
Substitute Minor Attacks for
Intended Pretentious Assault
on Houtholst Forest Line.
British Successful in Raid Car
ried Out South of St.
London. March 11. "A successful
raid in which several of the enemy
were killed or taken prisoner and two
machine gune were eaptured, was car
ried out by us last night south of St.
Quentin, says the official statement
from Field Marshal Haig today. A
party of the enemy, which approached
our lines north of Basis, was driven
off by artillery and machine gun fire.
There was considerable artillery ac
tivity on bolh sides early thlM morn
ing southeast of Armentleres.
This Is the first report of any
British activity on tho line south of
St, Quentin since the Urltlsh took over
the sector from the French several
woeks ago. Previously tho Urltlsh
front had extended only to St. Quen
tin. With the British Army in France
and Belgium, 8unday, March 10. (By
the Associated Press.) Hesvy artil
lery fire was proceeding at various
points along the tense British and
German battle lines today, but there
has bsen no infsntry action of im
portance sides yesterday morning
when the British, in a violent counter
attack, hurled the Germans from ths
posts they succeeded in capturing in
the region of Poelderhoek ridge Fri
day evening.
The British defense here, and south
of the Houtholst forest where the
(Jennans also seized six posts Friday
mornlnv, have been re-established
completely after severe fighting In
which tho German lost heavily. Hut
these attacks were apologies for what
the Germans hnd planned originally.
They had Intended to make a preten
tious assault on the northern sector
south of tho Houtholst forest on Feb.
20 to pinch off the lirltlsh salient Just
southeast of the wood and gain a
number of Important positions. This
became known to the Hrltlah. however,
throuch a deserter and they buried
the Houtholst front under su'h an
avalanche of sheila that the enemy
1 was forced to abandon his scheme.
The (Hermans derided, nevertheless, to
make a smaller attack Friday morning
which trained them six posts tempor
arily. The final result was that they
were driven out with severe losses and
also forced to abandon some of their
own -forward positions.
IPrisonsr Told of Pises.
A strong attack had also ht en
planned for Feb. Tl aratnst the Im-
porta nt high ground held by the lint-'
, leh In the rcplnn of I'ooldc i h k find1
j southwest of that place. A prisoner1
I taken by the lirltlsh Is said to lave!
'divulged the German plans. The ftnt-
Ish artillery f-ffectlvcly prevented the
earning out of this pros-ram and latr
German prisoners said their region nt
had been prepared and Inform' d that1
th- nttnrks were postponed because
the ltritish hnd learned of It. The
prisoners said the attai k had been put
off until the morning of March ,
Tennessean Killed
Andrew Donnie Skaggi
Meets Death in Acci-
dent in Prance.
Washington, March 11. The navy
department today announced the
death of Andrew Donnie Sksggs and
Leo Shott Hsrvie as the result of an
airship acoident in the naval avia
tion eervice in France. Skaggs lived
at Newburn, Tenn., and Harvie at
Cincinnati, O. Details of the aoel
dent and the date on which it oc
curred were not given.
Thursday the British runners put
down a. terrific barrage und the Ger
mans did not attempt to advance.
Friday evening, however, they moved
against rnelderhoek ridge under a
smoke barrage and to the accompani
ment of a heavy bombardment of the
British positions. The enemy occu
pied a number of posts along a narrow
front and a hard fight followed. Karly
Saturday morning tho British organ,
izcd a counter-attack, which, although
executed gullnntly, wns without tho
desired result. A second eniinter-at.
tack was completely successful and
the Germans were driven out.
Signs of Spring Noted.
One fif tin' freaks of war occurred
near J'oelilerhoek ridge on Friday. Tho
headquarters of a British company
sustained three direct hits from Ger
man heavy guns and tho building was
demolished over the heads of the en
tire staff. When the Infantry had
cleared away the debris In an effort to
reclaim tho bodies it was found that
not. a single ofllcer had been Injured,
although some of them were suffering
slightly from shock.
This has been another magnificent
day. The balmy weather of the past
f'-w days, which might properly be
long to April or May, has brought out
the leaves of the willows nnd many
woodland flowers. The ground still
contains some frost, but the roads are
dry snd dusty.
Trotzky Dismissed as
Result Peace Dispute
liondon. March 11. Ion Trotsky
was dismissed us Isdshevlk foreign
minister by Premier I.enlne, owing to a
quarrel over the German pence terms,
according to a dispatch to ths Morning
Post, dated Saturday in Petrograd.
Trotzky held that the pence had been
extorted by force and that no law rec
ognized promises made under duress as
obligatory. Therefore, he Is reported
to have ssld. It wan Kussla's duty to
fight If only guerilla waifnre, and the
German trial v should not be ratified.
Premier 1-enine, on the other band,
held that the treaty must be ratified
and carried out on the theory that dis
astrous treat leu do not necessarily nn
nlhlla'e nutions, ns Prussia had proved
several times.
Warmer, Says Billy 'Possum.
Jt'a all right,
says Mr. Burleson
In spenking of the
malls. If you'd
like to send a
chicken to a
fii nd; ;l a tag
about h'-r ankle,
though. She may
put up a wall, but
the innrl post
will take her
m t.i re you send.
The weal bet ?
Fair snd warmer
tonight and TU'-S- I
Provision Limiting Power of
States to Levy Tax Arouses
Washington, March 11. Provisions In
serted by sensts snd house conferees In
the rsllrosd control bill to limit during
government opetlon the powers of the
ststes to tax railroads drew attache In
the eenste chamber tedsy.
Kenstor Frellnghuysen, of New Jersey,
msdn a point of order sgnlnst tha las
provision and demands'! that ths hill lie
returned to hsve It stricken out. He s
sei'ted that bolh IMS sensts snd the
house hud adopted a clause providing
that the stair's taxing powers should net
he Interfered with, snd Ihst conferees
had exceeded their authority.
The conferees stipulated that ststes
shnll nut tss the rsllriisils In greater
ratio than their taxes hme to the tnlul
of atiit Isles during the year previous
to federal control.
Penators Curtis, Knox. Johnson of Csl
Iforuln, Williams, Itepiilillrsn leader llsl
llnger snd other also opposed the ron
fortes' tx limitation. It wn defended
by Henntors 8mlth of Hnuth Carolina snt
Kohinson, of Arkansas.
fhirlng the dehnle Hrnalor Sherman, of
Illinois, ehaiged thai hy Imposition of
new switching snd ear "spotting"
ehsrges, amounting to tl7S.non.000 an
nimlly In Illinois alone, It was proposed
to "holster up" federal rnnlrol and artl
llelslly Increiise rslload revenues.
I'pon the siiKK'stion on Majority lead
er Martin consider I lull of ttm ronferrm-e
report was teinimrarlly laid aside so cer
tain precedent Involving this quest Inn
could ho examined No time named
for resuming consideration of Hie report,
hut anta leaders did not believe It
would le reached until tomorrow.
Prominent Lumber Exporter la
Held in New Orleans at
Spy Suspect.
New Orleans, March 1 1 Federal
authorities examining piipein und let
ters self ,1 In the otllces and homes id
Han Foi i ll. liner, P.rncst Albreeht nnd
Phil I. und Bobert M. Adam, nil tier,
minis and prominent lumber expoiteis
heie, who weie Hiroteil Hiitmdny sus
pected of being dangeiou enemy
aliens, stat'd today their examination
of the seized paper Indicated connec
tion between some, or Nil, of the prla.
oneia and Count Von llernstorfT, for
merly Get inati atubussndor at Wash
ington snd aliened to have been on
of the dlrectois of Gciinany' spy .
tern In this country. The authorities
declined to revnl just what was this
alleged connection, but said exuinlna
tlon of the pnp'is atienglhene-l their
foiiner suspicion against the pris
on' i s.
No forms! rluuae have yet reen
filed ag.iinst th" lour men, but today
they weie placed in the house of de
tention ! irdmg furttier ln esl Igntlon.
Bans I om 'tenner. It us st.ited, I
one of thiee sons of lluiro Forchelmer,
founder of bnt .i le;;iicd to have
been one of the ', '( lumber firms
In Germsin pilor to the war, with
headquarter at Frankfoil. Forrhel
msr came h' re s malinger of the New
Orleans lumiih In June. m?. and Al
brc ht wn sent here fiom the Frank
fort office bis assistant. Phil Adam
came to this country 'nun Bremen.
aiKiut sixteen yrsrs ago. ana
Bobert armed about erven jcare go.
Washington, March 11. Invasion of
Persia by amall detachments of the
Russian red guard was indicated to
the state department today in n tele
gram from Teheran. According to the
report there the force, which is not
more than 400, ia said to be planning
an advance on Teheran.
The concern with which the Swed
ish people regard occupation of the
Aland Island by the Germsns was re
flected In a Stockholm press report
received today at the department.
Penetrating- to Second Line, Six Hundred Yards
Back Three Raids Carried Out in Lorraine
in Co-Operation With French Troops.
Enemy Positions Leveled by Artillery, .
Paris, March 11. Amerioan
troops have made a bold raid
into the German lines in Lor
raine, the war office an
nounced. With the Amerioan Army In France,
Sunday, Maroh 10. (By the Asso
ciated Preee.) American troops, co
operating with the Frenoh, have car
ried out three raida opposite the Amer
lean sector in Lorraine. Twe of the
raids were executed simultaneously
last night.
The Americana swept past the Gar
man flret line end penetrated to the
enemy'e seoend line, 600 yards back.
The two alintitlaiiHous raids, one
northwest of (delated), were
made after Intense artillery prepare
Hons last lug for four, bonis, In which
the German positions wore leveled
At midnight two forces, each one of
(deleted), with small French
forces on their Hanks, moved upon the
Germs n objectives behind a creeping
barrage, each on a front of Aou yards.
When ths Americana reached the en
emy first lines tho buirngn wss lilted
so ss to box In the Unman liosltlous
at both point.
Germans Had Fled.
The men dropped Into the enemy's
trenches, rxpecllng a hiunl-to-hand
fight, but found tho Germans hud lied.
Continuing the advance, they went I in.
ward 601) yards to the second Gorman
linn. All the time American tiniclilmi
gun.t were tiring on cadi Hunk of the
two paitles to prevent the enemy from
nndri titklng flanking operations, (inn
French Hanking party found two
wounded ijeriiiiins in a dugout and
took them prisoner. The AimqicuiiH
found none.
The American remained for forty.
five minutes In tho enemy lines. They
found excellent concrete dugouts.
which they blew up. and ulso hroutfht
back large qiiiint It o of mitteilal und
valuable papei. While they were In
the enemy line German artillery be
gan a vlgorou counter barrage. It
waa quickly silenced by American
heavy and light artillery, which hurled
Supreme Court Reverses De
cree in Arkansas-Tennessee
Boundary Line Case.
Washington, March II. In the
uit of Tennessee ugnlnst W, A.
Clsna. of Chlcii o over title to
Mlaalasippl river land Involving
the disputed Aikuiisas-Triiiiessce
houndry, the supreme court today
leversed a Tennessee supienio
routt deciee upholding Tennessee's
claim and a Judgment for lllo.OU"
against C!sn;i for tlmbir removed.
The lund claimed by f'issna und
Tennessee Ulis In the old river bid at
levlU Flbow or the Centennial tut
The Tentiesse supieme court
claimed the rler's uvulnlwi 'icrtoted"
the land to that state. 1'ion.i w
enjoined from owiieislnp or removal
of tlmler from the bin. I Mint Judgment
given to Tennessee for Jllu.oi'u lor
timber previously i. moved.
t'pon appeul CIhsii ii.ntcndcd the
river's auddrn tiMne did not rflcit
Arkansas' Jin ldicti..n. nnd that It wns
still pa it of Alkali, is und tvl Ten
nessee, The T'niie.e authorities In
sisted Ixdorr the aupteme court that
Clssna as a pilvate individual ami fit
Isen of Illinois, loo'd not rats the
boundary question ncilitst the sov
ereign aisle or Triinesse. and that In
surh a suit, the supreme court was
without Jurisdiction. It admitted,
however, that tto- same Uom lirv Is.
sues .were Involved are piesentrd
la Arkansas suit agonal Teuuvsaec.
According to that report the German
commander explained that the landing
had been made in conformity with the
wishes of the Finnish people. A motive
for Intervention In Finland, the report
said, whs the desire to supervise the
evacuation by bolshevlkl troops. Urn
claim being mads that the biUshevlkl
had agreed to withdraw.
Disbelief of the report that Ambas
sador Francis and the apanese am
bassador are being detained at Vo-s
logda was expressed by state depart
ment officials. Tho last report from
Mr. Francis, however, was on March .
large quantities of tag ahella o the
Level Enesay Positions.
An American tsench mortar bat
tery, the homes of most of whoae men
are (deleted), participated In
the artillery preparation preceding the
raid, helping to level the enemy posi
tions. The artillery, both light aid
heavy, was manned by soldiers mostly
fiotn ' (deleted).
Boon after three two raids had been
carried out the Americans staged, an-
nl.. . I - nnl.l ..(!,.. a k. Il.
.'--. . . .U,fl. IK, ,!. (
to the rlsht. They went over tha top
arter artillery preparation of forty-five
minutes. In which the enemy'e posi
tions atlaikod worn obliterated. At
this place the dug-outs ware -found t
have been constructed principally of
logs. KugHneers accompanying the
ralJIng parly completed tha artillery's
work of destruction. Ths American
Infantrymen who took part In thlsrshl
are from (deleted), end the en
gineer from (deleted).
The raids were rarrlsd out skilfully,
snd but for tha fact that the German
fled, morn prisoners dunhttess would
have been taken. The American gas
shells are believed to have caiwert
many camialtlra among the enemy. No
Americana era unaccounted for,
Berlin Reports Action.
Berlin, Msrnh, vis. London.' A
French slirnallnff rtst "rrtonlIr
st rved on the Uheluts cathedral," any
today' army hredquarfara report,
"niraln mine into action'' yesterday.
The statement reads
"Western War Theater The artll.
lery and mine thrower activity wae
frequently revived In the evening. The
lively reconnolterlng actlUty contin
ued. (Mir own d laoliment at aeversl
point peni'trnted the enemy's trenches
on the Flanders front In the region of
Armenlleroa and on the west hank of
the Mouse and brought back prisoners
and tunc Mnn guns.
"Huiltig a German bombardment
northeast of Kaelms, a French signal,
log post, which has been frequently ob
served and which ha been constructed
on the cathedral of Khslms, again came
Into action,
"Kastern Wsr Theatei- Enemy bands
were dispersed st Bnehmatch. north,
east of Kiev and near Ksadjelnela on
ttm Fcliini ilnka-Odesas railway. F.lse
wlieie there was nothing new."
Found Guilty of Violating Order
for "BceneM" and "Pork-
less" Days.
New York. March 11. Federal food
Administrator Hoover, It waa an
nounced here today, has approved the
local food I'onid's suspension for one
ilny of the busine of f)rty-Bven
lunch room snd restaurants found
guilty of vlol iting regulations provid
ing for "lieelcns" nnd "purklf SS"
dav s.
The order will go Into effect at tnld-
nlltht t "11 1 K ti l.
Albany. Y.. March 11 Fighting
lines of the wet and doe were drawn
up today for legislative engagements
this week uioii vbl.'h may depend
ew Yoik' attitude toward ralltlca
tion of the federal prohibition amend-,
Interest was heightened by denial by
Gov. w hit man. of a published report
that be would vote the Fmeron-Ma
lone bill which would provide for
ref.rrniluoi this fall upon tha ratifi
cation question.
The immediate occasion of the line
up of opposing forces was a bearing
b.foie a senate committee upon two
bill. One would provide for prohibi
tion duimg the war period, except tor
beer -ml light wines. The other would
make provision for an amendment to
the state constitution to make the
tattv drv permanently.
Prohibition advecMee end wot at
tempt to make a big demonstration et
today'a hearing, but the wet toWes 4
were out In force t ej-gue (or a rf

xml | txt